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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, JULY 31. 1908.
The -Omaha Daily Ufa.
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSEWATER
VICTOR ROSEWATER. EDITOR
Entered at Omaha postofflce a second-
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DELIVERED BY CARRIER,
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Communication relating to new and
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Remit by draft, express or postal ordr
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps received In payment
of mall account. Personal rh.'cka. except
on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not ac
cepted. STATEMENT OF CIRCUNATION:
Stat of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
Qeorge B. Txechui k, treasurer of The
B-a Publishing company, being duly
sworn, eaya that tha actual number of
full and complete copter of Tha Dal y,
Morning, Evening and Sunday Be printed
during tha menih of June. l0. waa as
, Toll 1,089,090
Less unsold and returned copies.. 9,877
n f.et t0Ul 1.078.313
Dailcy averag M tTf
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK
M. P WALKER,
WHEW OUT OF TOWH.
abacrlbers leavta clty fem.
por.,11, .boom k.r. Th. M
mailed to tkem. Addraa. will bo
chained a. ,., aa requested.
Wonder if Candidate HIsgen has a
Nan Patterson haTbeen ordered out
of Pittsburg. That's the limit.
Two "Bills," two ""Toms" and two
"Eugenea" are la the presidential run
ning. It Is not certain even that Mr. Bryan
will approve of Mr. Taffs letter of ac
ceptance. Buffalo claims to have the poorest
union station In the world. Kansas
City please write.
In other words, Mr. Taft asks that
labor treat him as fairly as he has al
ways treated labor.
The Joke would surely be on Mr.
Hearst If Tom Hlsgen should be elected
president of the United States.
The Bultan has agreed to give
Turkey a constitution. lie had to do
so tq save his own constitution.
Mr. Hearst Is opposed to overcap
italization of about everything except
the editorials In his newspapers.
Judge Grosscup announces that he
Is preparing to retire from the bench
The president will not try to hold him.
The Chautauqua managers doubtless
feel that they have already contributed
their share to a certain campaign fund.
"Intellect and conscience are written
all over the face of John W. Kern,"
says an Iowa editor. Thought it was
According to advices from Falrvlew,
Mr. Bryan will look Into the matter
and pulverlre the editor of The Bee a
The real dark horse of the Olympic
games was a negro from South Africa
who showed all the other runners a
clean pair of heels.
William Waldorf Astor announces
his Intention to stand for Parliament.
No objection over here, If Parliament
will staDd for Astor.
Whatever the verdict may be on
Mayor Jim as a debater, he can put
himself down as a success from the
b0 office point of view.
Omaha Is to have an Improved mail
collection service. The way to test it
Is to post a letter to yourself and see
how soon it comes back.
Chautauqua managers are already
reserving open dates for Mr. Bryan for
next season. The Chautauqua man
agers appreciate the odds.
Pittsburg authorities are trying to
learn the cause of the alarming number
of suicides in that city. Can it be due
to awakening conscience?
The charter revision committee Is
getting In Its licks early. But In the
matter of charter revision the legisla
ture gets In Its licks last.
That new Union Pacific headquar
ters building may have to be enlarged,
whan It finally comes, to take In the
Missouri Pacific and Wabash, too.
There Is no question about there
being room for a new bank In Omaha.
Scmo of 08 are not quite so sure, how
ever, about the need of a twelve-story
uiiding la which to house U
The refusal of William Randolph
Hearst to aceppt the nomination of the
national independence mrty for the
presidency la puzzling some people
Mr. Hearst is the father, discoverer
Inventor and next best friend of the
new political organization, which
would undoubtedly make a better
showing at the polle nnrter his leader
ship than under any other candidate.
With Hearst ns Its standard bearer,
the Independence party would rally Its
full strength and might gain recruits
who would fail to respond to an un
derstudy. But Hearst's declination has
finally been explained. He keeps a
Mr. Hearst was born with a silver
spoon in his mouth and most of the
side dishes were wrought of gold, but
In spite of all that he has made some
thing of a study, by observation, con
tact and absorption, of the rights, sen
timents and feelings of the plain peo
ple. 'He has studied their grievances
and has often stood champion for
them in their battles with Predatory
Wealth, the Money Devil and the Wall
Street cohorts. His position. It now
appears, is mental, pnytncaiiy, ne is
still the victim of environment and
early training. While his heart may
bleed for the oppressed and the down
trod, his physical being demands the
creature comforts that belong only
to the rich. He wants some man to
black' his shoes, to press his trouserB.
adjust his shirt studs and buttons, act
ns barber, hairdresser, servant and
general factotum. So he employs a
valet, to whom he pays wages ana
holds out hope and prospect of politi
According to the dictionaries, a valet
Is "a male waiting servant; a servant
who attends on a gentleman's person;
a body servant, see hibu tu
vassal." Mr. Hearst has read history
and knows the American proletariat.
He understands that customs and
prejudices cling to life like front yard
dandelions, and he doubtless under
stands that no man who keeps a valet,
varlet or vassal In constant attendance
can ever hope to be elected president
of the United States. That must be
why he declined the nomination.
WORLD'S DEMAUD FOR WHEAT.
The American farmer appears to
have the habit of disappointing the
statisticians and the theorists who
spend a great deal of time preparing
predictions for the future, based on
past performances. Had the farmer
accepted these predictions as a guide
most of the civilized world would be
going hungry today, or finding some
substitute for wheat and other cereal
products. Some ten years ago Sir
William Crookes, admittedly one of the
most eminent of scientists, delivered an
address before the British Association
for the Advancement of Science, in
which he predicted that before third
of the twentieth century had passed
the wheat supply of the world would
fall bo short of the demand that tne
people would be faced with danger of
starvation, unless resort was had to
food substitutes prepared In the
.1 kU A
laboratory. In tne course 01 mo u
dress, Sir William said:
Practically there remains no uncultivated
prairie land In the United States guitablo
for wheat growing. Tne virgin mnu hm
been rapidly absorbed, until at present
there la no land left for wneai wunoui
reducing the area for maize, hay and
other neceasary cropa. It la almost cur
tain that within a generation the ever
tncreaslng population of the United StaUs
will consume all the wheat grown within
Its borders, and will be driven to Import,
and. like ourselves, will scramble for a
lion share of the wheat crop of the
The population of the United States
has grown even more rapidly than Sir
William predicted and yet the facts
show that the country has more wheat
than it needs for home consumption
and Is annually exporting something
like 200,000,000 bushels, as compared
with 16,000,000 bushels in 1866 and
100,000,000 bushels ten years ago.
The nation's wheat crop, up to 1870,
had never exceeded 191.000,000 bush
els. It exceeded 735,uuu,uuu Duuneis
in 1907 and will be very considerably
larger than that this year.
It is estimated that the bread-eating
countries of the world now consume
about 3,000,000,000 bushels of wheat
annually and It Is Interesting, If not
also surprising, to .note that the per
capita consumption of wheat In the
United States Is less than that in al
most any other country, being but 275
pounds per annum, as against 473
pounds In France. This Is explained,
perhaps, by the large use of corn as
a bread In the south. The world's
consumption of wheat has Increased
about 100.000,000 bushels a year for
the last ten years, the United States
leading in the Increase. The wheat
consuming countries, outside of the
United States, have to Import about
500.000,000 bushels of wheat an
nually and this country Is supplying
from one-quarter to one-third of that.
It takes about 600.000,000 bushels an
nually to supply the home demand for
wheat, leaving the balance for export.
Sir William Crookes' statement that
the wheat belt has been practically de
termined In this country Is nearer ac
curate than some of his predictions. In
1898 there were 44,000.000 acres In
the United States devoted to wheat
rniturs. while the acreage last year
was 47,000,000. The yield per acre,
however, Is being constantly Increased,
having risen from an average of 11.9
to 14 bushels per acre from 1898 to
1907. This Is due largely to the de
velopment of Irrigation and to ini
proved farming methods. While th
area suitable for wheat culture may
not be materially enlarged, the Im
proved methods of farming, the nur
ture and protection of the soil and the
general Improvement In seed and in
harvest methods hold a promise that
the American farmers will keep the
I nSEHS fVR MR. ft RT AX-
The democratic platform is entirely
silent on the negro question, much to
the disappointment of Colonel Watter
on and other democratic leaders who
have made advances looking to the an
nexation of the negro vote, and Colonel
Bryan has declared that he has not
said a word about the negro and does
not Intend to discuss any political
question not Incorporated In the plat
form. This position may please democrats
In the border states where the negro
vote holds the bslance of power, but It
Is far from satisfactory to democrats
in the south. Editor Hemphill of the
Charleston News and Courier, who Is
supporting Bryan because he must and
not from choice, wants to know where
Mr. Bryan stands on the negro ques
tion. In a recent Issue the News and
Courier propounds these four ques
tions to Mr. Bryan:
Kltst If elected president. Mr. Bryan,
ntll you attempt any Interference with the
renditions of negro suffrage In tha south
Second Will you make any effort to re
store the negro goldiera who were dis
missed from the military service of the
country because of the affair at Browns
Third Will you appoint negroes to offi
cial places In the federal service?
Fourlh In the selection and appointment
if United States Judges for the supreme,
circuit or district benchea would you be
controlled by political or factional consider
ations or regard these offices as rewards
for assistance Riven to you and the party
you represent in the presidential election?
However much Mr. Bryan may de
sire to avoid discussing the negro
question, he must admit that the ques
tions asked by Editor Hemphill are
pertinent and that the negro voters
arc entitled to know his position on
them. Fairness to the negroes should
Induce him to answer at least the first
three questions, although he has In
former speeches attempted to make his
position on the first two propositions
In a speech at Cooper Union In New
York last April Mr. Bryan, In response
to a question from a man in the audi
ence, stated In explicit terms that he
approved cf the laws adopted In the
southern states for the disfranchise
ment of the negro. He asserted that
the whites of the south were Justified
In their course by conditions existing
there and that If similar conditions ex
isted In any northern state the negroes
would be disfranchised In the north.
Mr. Bryan has also defined his atti
tude on the Brownsville case. When
the case was pending In Washington
he wrote an editorial in the Commoner
in which he approved of President
Roosevelt's course. The negroes who
have been opposing Mr. Taft because
of President Roosevelt's dealing with
the Brownsville soldiers have nothing
to expect from Mr. Bryan on that
On the question of appointing ne
groes to office Mr. Bryan Is not on
record. President Cleveland thought
he was playing good politics when he
appointed a negro democrat to a high
federal office In Washington, but It
was never demonstrated that the dem
ocratic party gained a vote thereby.
The democratic party never had and
has not now any real sympathy for the
negro and the few negroes associated
with the democratic party have always
found themselves In a forlorn position.
HARRIMAN AKD GOVLO.
The entrance of E. H. Harrlman
Into the sphere of railroad Interests
hitherto dominated by members of the
Gould family Is of moro than ordinary
moment to Omaha, which Is one of the
Junction points of the Harrlman and
Gould railway systems. Omaha la not
only the eastern terminus and head
quarters city of the Union Pacific,
which Is the backbone of the Harrlman
holdings, but It is also the northwest
ern terminus of the Missouri Pacific
and of the Wabash two of the main
Gould lines. If there Is to be co
operation In business management be
tween these two great railway mag
nates Omaha as a point of contact Is
sure to be on the new map.
Whatever may be said about Mr.
Harrlman's stock-Jobbing manipula
tions and financial exploits, It is con
ceded by all that his influence as a
practical railway man is always ex
erted toward new construction and
improved operation. In this respect,
where Harrlman Is strong Is Just
where the Goulds have for the most
part been weak. While the Goulds
have. It Is true, branched out 6ome In
the east and far west, their control
over the Missouri Pacific and the Wa
bash has not been specially conducive
to their betterment as physical prop
erties. If Mr. Harrlman really takes
hold of the Gould lines It is reasonable
to expect that It will not be many years
before he will have the Missouri Pa
cific and the Wabash In first-class op
erating condition and endeavor to util
ize them up to their full capacity, and
such a development could not but con
tribute to the growth and prosperity
of Omaha and its surrounding terri
tory. It Is plausibly aurmlsed that ' the
identification of Mr. Harrlman with the
Gould Interests is for the purpose of
protecting the roads with which he is
already connected on the theory that
the embarrassment of one system
would produce complications for all.
It goes without saying that a prosper
ous railroad helps to make prosperous
communities and that a dragging, de
crepit railroad la the worst kind of a
burden for people dependent upon It.
If Mr. Harrlman should undertake auc-
cessfully to bring the Gould lines up
to the standard of the Union Pacific
he would accomplish wonders.
It was only to be expected that the
local democratic organ would promptly
orld from going hungry for
years to come.
J apologize for the action of the demo
cratic council In piling up the cltr tax
burden for next year to the top llmjt
allowed by the charter. If it were a
rercbllcan council the democratic or
gan would be excoriating It for extrav
agance and recklessness.
Uncle Sam Is again trying to get his
postofflce clock at Omaha running
right. We presume it would be pre
sumptuous to suggest that the mls
taktn location of the federal building
over flowing natural Bprlngs with walls
constantly settling may have some
thing to do with dislocating the time
piece. Deal Jackson, a negro, has marketed
the first bale of Georgia cotton and
the Atlanta papers pay him a fine com
pliment, declaring that "his word is
as good as his bond and that he Is re
spected alike by black and white."
Wonder If he is allowed to vote?
This John Temple Graves who is
running for vice president on the
Henrst party ticket Is the same gentle
man who appealed to Mr. Bryan to rise
In the democratic national convention
and nominate Theodore Roosevelt for
Democratic National Chairman Nor
man E. Mack has one consolation. He
cannot make a bigger failure In the
management of the campaign than
achieved by his predecessors. Tom
Tageart and James K. Jones.
Texas and Georgia are tied In the
lynching score for the month, but
Georgia will doubtless claim the record
on a foul, as the Texans admit that in
one of their matinees they lynched the
Mayor Jim wants it distinctly un
derstood that every member of his
family does Just as he pleases In the
matter of Indulging his appetite and
so does he, especially when he Is at
It is said the rug business in Persia
has been seriously Injured by the polit
ical disturbances Still, Paterson, N.
J., is making the genuine Persian rugs
in quantities sufficient to supply all de
mands. An appeal Is to be made by one of
our popular clergymen to the farmers
for contributions to help out his
"House of Hope." That is what comes
from getting the reputation of having
It would be interesting to know
what kind of vests "Tim" Woodruff
is wearing since the crusade for the
suppression of unnecessary noises was
started In New York.
"Bryan is 'the beloved child of the
American people," says an exchange.
Perhaps, bu the American people are
not electing-children to the highest
office in the land.
Mr. Bryan must feel relieved to
know that the day has at last been set
when he will be relieved of his uncer
tainty as to what happened out at
Legal Opening? for Trusts.
New principle for succeaaful business on
the enormous scale: By splitting yourself
up Into numerous small corporations you
can decrease expenses In the line of fines
Helps for Urttlna Around.
Bt. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The Censua bureau reports that there
are In the United Statea 20.(100,000 horses
and 4,000,j00 mules, the highest number
yet returned. Add the steam and trolley
cars, boats, automobiles and airships, and
the American passion for getting around
appears to be in a hopeful way.
AnntUrr Lncky Man.
An employe In a power company's plant
at Vlsalia, Cal., while at work one day last
week, received 34,000 volts of electricity In
his system and was knocked senseless, but
revived. If he had received the electric
company's bill at the same time the shock
probably would have killed him.
A Remote Possibility.
It must, make Johnny Bull more choleric
than ever to contemplate the mighty sprint
ing of the Americana In the Marathon
hike of twenty-six miles, and with the
winner a fellow wearing the bucolic and
pleblan name of Hays, at that. Doubt
les Hobaon expects that Britain will try
to take it out of us when It comes to
GIvIiih Away Transportation.
The government Is "attacking the rail
roads" again, as may be noticed from the
indictmenta returned by a federal grand
Jury against the Illinois Central and Rock
Island roads for violating the anti-free
pass law. How do the railroad companies
appear In relation to tha higher freight
rate question when they have to be prose
cuted by the government for giving away
RKVIVAL OF I'nosPEHITV.
Brilliant Harvest Prospects Supple
ment Industrial Activities.
New York Herald.
The harvests are atlll the basis of pros
perity In this country, and with the fulfil
ment of their present brilliant promise the
foundation will be laid fur a reatoration of
the Industrial and commercial activity In
terrupted by the panic of last autumn.
Much depends upon settlement, and the
special dispatchea from every part of the
country In the Herald ahow that the Amer
ican people are cheerful and encouraged
by the considerable recovery that hat
already been made and are confident of a
reatoration of the full tide of prosperity In
the not distant future.
The production of Iron and ateel furnish
tha basis of other Industries, and there
fore there ts special encouragement la the
recent starting up of Idle plants and tha re
employment of many thousands of oper
atives. It la true that aa yet the great
United Btates Bteel corporation la operat
ing to but little mora than half the enor
mous rapacity of its mills, but the total
output Is steadily Increasing, tha resump
tion of planta bring made possible by In
telligent workmen reeognmg obvious
facts and accepting tha necessary reduction
ROl'Nn ABOVT 7SKW YOItK.
Ripple on the Torrent of l ife la tne
Fatalities In thi streets of greater New
York for the twelve months ending Julv
IS. lpf. exceed the losses of the fnmoua
battle cf Rull Run In or at El Caney.
Cuba, In 1SKK. Statistics for that period
complied by the World show 1M persons
killed by surface line street cars and
'buses, C In subway accidents, 1 on ele
vated roads, 1 on steam railroads. 11 by
street vehicles. 44 by automobiles. 1 by
explosives and falling walls. Stw by falls
from buildings or downstairs or off ve
hicles and cars, making a total of l.nao
violent deaths, almost all directly at
tributable to traffic nnd building condi
tions In the big cltv. "The high rate of
street fatalities In New York." comments
the Wrld, "has two basic causes. The
shape of Manhattan Island congests husl
nesa between the two rivers and also con
gests foot travel and means of trans
portatlon. Coupled with this la the great
American desire to 'get there.' which con
stantly demands and constantly Is cettlng
faster and still faster means of travel."
"Jacques I. emperor of the Sahara," Is
In New York. Although actually urem
ployed at the emperor business at pres
ent, the new arrival has more money than
he could count In a month. When off duty
he answers to the name of Jacques
baudy. He is the nn of Ibaudy. the
French sugar king, himself a picturesque
personality while alive He has Inherited
the Immense sugsr business, vftluahl"
properly In many parts of Europe and
much ready cash. His majesty, accom
panied by the Imperial court, consisting of
four advisers, who are paid for kef ping
their advice to then-selves. regMtcred at
the Hotel Pelmont last week. The cleik,
mistaking them for street musicians, at
first ordered them off, but he was d s
lllusloned when the "emperor" flung a tl!
gold piece on the desk and asked Im
periously for the "royal suite." The men
hsve apartments nt the hotel, but they
don't sleep or eat there, and all attempts
to find where they spend their time and
what they are doing here have heen fruit
less. A year ago I.ebaurtv was In New
Tork loaded down with gold and registered
nt half a dozen different places, keeping
reporters busy during his stay. His ec
centricities have from time to time made
Paris turn around and look, but his estab
lishment of the Empire of Sahara, with
hlm.olf as riler, won him his greatest
notoriety. He announced that he Intended
to transform the desert Into a flourishing
kingdom. He was measured for a throne
and crown, but before the roval court
had a chance to get together, France In
terrupted and forced him to shut up shop.
A woman who shared the spotlight with
him was an actress known as MI'e
Mr ray. He promoted her to be Countess
When the dancing rr. asters' convention
took place In New York last year all the
delegates received a neatly printed book
let giving a brief history of the waits., with
pictures of lnner, dung. Weber, Strauss
and other celebrated composers of waits
music. The little book also contained an
appeal to the teachers of dancing to give
their aid toward saving the walla, which
was threatened with abandonment. "If
for no other. reason than to save for the
world the beautiful compositions which the
waits have It and to encourasre the pro
duction of similar works, let us save the
waits." The subject has the attention of
the first international dance congreaa
which opened at Berlin on July 0, where
representatives from seventeen countries
began their work by discussing measures
to prevent the disappearance of the "most
beautiful dance, which la threatened with
The men In a family living on the upper
Weat Side divide their business between
two tailors, and each tailor has for two
years been doing his best to drive the
other out. The consequence Is that the mem
of that household have the best at the
smallest cost. Recently the younger mem
ber of the family by mistake sent a gar
ment to his brother's tailor to be pressed.
The Job was quickly and well done, and
the man of business delivered It himself,
because, as he said, he wanted to see
young Mr. B. "No wonder your tailor
gives you clothes cheap," he said. This
coat Is made of cotton and wool cloth, and
you've been cheated." The charge waa In
dignantly denied by the other tailor, who
proposed that three reputable tailors be
asked by the customer to decide as to the
quality of the goods, the loser to pay for
a day's outing for twelve poor families se
lected by the winner. The outing took
place last Sunday, and thirty-six children
carried llttlo flas inscribed: " 'i cloth
Is all wool, and he's all right."
Tha old Van Buren homestead, two
houses In a large garden In Fourteenth
street, between Fifth and Sixth avenues.
New York, is not to be obliterated as yet,
although Elisabeth Spingler Van Buren'a
death at an advanced age has left one of
the houses (Nos. 21 arjd 29) without a ten
ant. Her sister, Mrs. Emily Van Buren
Reynolds, occuplea No. 29. and ahe la the
surviving descendant of Henry Spingler,
who bought the property In 1783. as part ol
a considerable farm, and of Michael M.
Van Purerj. The estate, extending back
to Fifteenth atreet, occupies ten city lota,
and Its dwelling houses are the only ones
remaining In the lot between the avenues.
On Monday the tjcw house of John D.
Rockefeller at Pocantico HIKs was fin
ished and occupied. The Institution of
Merry building, a home for orphan chil
dren, la a little southwest of Mr. Rocke
feller's new honv, and Its roof, painted a
bright red, was not a pleaslrg sight for
him. So Mr. Rockefeller proposed to the
sisters In charge that if they would let him
paint the roof green he would send his
men down and do the work free. As the
roof reded painting, the sisters readily
agreed, and Mr. Rockefeller's men have
painted the roof green to hsrmonlze with
the surrounding foliage. Now tha view at
every point of the compass Is wholly agree,
able to Mr. Rockefeller.
An Italian contractor who has suffered
much from Blackhand outrages In New
York makes the sensible suggestion that
the police advertise In all Italian papers
that complaints and reports of threats can
be sent to a certain postofflce box. He
thinks that with secrecy assured many peo
ple would give Information who are reluc
tant to go to the police. Such organised
brigandage, he says, has betn destroyed In
Italy, because the government went about
Practical False Prtlrau,
Philadelphia Record Idem.).
It was a clever scheme of some of tha
populists to have the Bryan electors put on
the Watson ticket with the understanding
that if Bryan should need their votes hs
should have them, but If Bryan could b
fleeted without them, their votes should b
given to Watson. But It was a discreditable
piece of political Jugglsry. Democratic
electors should vote for the democratic can
didate, and the Georgia nominees for elec
tors have refused to be parties to the plan.
Let tha populists furnish their own votes;
democrats hava 00 business trading with
A man named Hlsaen says ha left tha
democratic party beams It neglected to
Earl Roberts, the famous British general,
will visit Winnipeg August in. and will
later go west as far aa Banff In ths
The city council of Spandau, In Branden
burg. Prussia, has Inaugurated a move
ment to raise Il.tSX.Ono as a national gift
for Count Zeppelin.
Having secured the consent of both fam.
Mrs to her wedding, the daughter of a
Colorado millionaire elope1. It really
Seemed the best method of cutting out the
rice and old shoes.
Senator Joseph W. Bailey of Texas, who
has been under treatment In New York
for bronchial ailment for more thai a
month. Is about t3 go home. He siys
that he does not expect to make a political
speech until about October 1.
Klngdon Oould, hclr-presumptlve to the
George Gould millions, who was In Pueblo
last week decided not to visit any Colo
rado mines and has gone to Salt Lake
City. He will spend the aummer proapeot
Ing along the line of the Western Pacific
railway. While there ha said the reports
concerning his Intention to larn prac
tical mining by going Into a mine as a
workman were considerably magnified. H
is still studying mining engineering at
LABOR AMI DKMAWOGY.
I'aets from ' Political History nn 1 m
When General Jackson was president an
attempt was made to gather Into one poli
tical party everybody who waa not a mem
ber of the order of Free and Accepted Ma
sons. It failed, carrying but one state of
the union. Where Franklin Pierce was
president It was sought to gather Into one
political party everybody not of foreign
birth and not a Roman Catholic in religious
faith. It failed, earring but one state for
president. When General Grant was presi
dent It was undertaken to put every farmer
in the union Into one political party. It
was then taught that nothing was patriotic
but labor, and nothing was labor that did
not delve in tha soil. Out west It was
called "the granger movement." Down
south It went under the name of "the far
mers' alliance." It failed, as It deserved
to fall, as every sort of class politics In
evitably falls In a free country with an
Intelligent and patriotic cltlxenahlp.
And now It Is proposed to gather organised
labor Into one solid mass and offer Its
votes to the political party that bids high
est In promises of special privilege. The
Sixtieth congress refused to offer legisla
tion for that. vote. So did the republican
convention at Chicago In June; but the
democratic convention at Denver In July
made a high bid, and It waa declared that
the trade had been consummated, and that
In consideration for the democratic plank
regarding Injunction, organized labor
would reinforce the democracy with some
millions or so of votes.
But a discordant voice comes from Chi
cago, where certain labor organizations
have rebelled and are Ill-mannered enough
to say that they do not Intend to ba In
cluded In any. bargain and aale of the la
Labor's only safety is precise, exact equal
ity before the law with capital. labor's
safety is the turning of Its back on all
FIGHT FOR THE SQUARE DEAL.
The Uraursp Standard Oil Decision
I.lahta the Way.
Kansas City Star.
The late dec.alon In the Standard Oil re
bate cases discloses the reasons why this
trust, like practically every other, main
tains a variety of nominally separate ex
istences. It Is to shift responsibility or to
divide It, so that the one exclusive trust
may never be brought to account.
This Is a mighty shrewd game of cor
poratlon policy, but like every other sub
terfuge of that stripe. It can last for Just
a certain while. The poo pis are familiar
with It now. and this standard case prob
ably marks the beginning of the end to It.
No man, that Is, no finite person, can he
Henry Jones in one Jurisdiction and BUI
Smith, Richard Roe and John Doe in a
variety of others. But that convenience
of aliases is exactly what great corpora
tions, like the Standard, employ. Judge
Grosscup probably could find no alterna
tive as the law now exists to his declara
tion that the Standard Oil company of
Indiana had no connection for the pur
poses of punishment with the. Standard Oil
company of New Jersey the parent trust.
But the popular sense feels with certainly
that If nominally different entitles are one
for purposes of operation and profit making
they are one, and should legally be consid
ered one, for the purposes of punishment
and of being held accountable for acls that
Involve all the constituent elements.
The problem presented can easily be
worked out In legislative channels. The
sanity of the American people will leave
the courta absolutely untrammeled to de
clare tha law to be aa they find It and as
they are In conscience bound to determine
It. But never doubt that they are going
to have the law governing corporation re-
aponaibllliy and the law controlling the trial
of causes so conformed to ths needs of the
national life that when Judges declare It
there will be no reasonable feeling that
Justice does not prevail evenly among all
men and all Interests.
And this Is one of the fundamentala of
the Roosevelt-Taft fight for the efficient
square deal all along the line.
Fresh and Crisp
baked in white tile, Top
floor ovens of the $1,000,000 bakery.
sMade from the best whole wheat
i'fiSL. . t ri - : ...t,1
&?mtef$i&i tome graham wafer.
M&MSk Come to you in the
thrice-scaled, dark brown,
iSW00'0ys moisture-proof package.
'.r-:-;." ;!.?::".'. S' .'ii'".vi '.'tVv'.'- rf.'W A t ttiSnf crmrrr 1 fi
New York Mall: It la no leas than r
. ... . - .,'r
rrestilng to se campaign committee
the vows of monastlrlsm -poverty, chastit I
snd obedience. The nation should assist l'
the keeping of these vows
Washington Tost: A contemporary averl
that neither Mr. Bryan nor Mr. Ta't can
sit on the gross cross-legged This Is probl
ably true; but the distressing Met Is no".
thought to be an Insurmountable barrier In
th way of elilier gentleman a candidacy
Mr 1 .SM 1 1 jmh.. 1 . Mr rin ri
has received more than a dollar a word for
talking Into a phonograph. But what will
posterity think of the present generation
when It gets hold of these record. No
doubt the same aa people experience nowl
when they try to read a fr. e silver oratldc, .
of twelve years ago.
Si.. C , - ,T I. .. - 4
duclng me to the public, and he hat been
at It. off and on, ever since." This la cer
ant It Is to know that Mr Williams re
jolces in a state or puysual nnd mental
preservation that will easily make him
good for twelve or even twen;y-four more
years of service in Ititrodin lrn Mr. Bryan
as a candidate for president Long live
William and John! Men Rh.i bear such
substantial and sturdy names l nve no right!
to be anything but "stayers"
New York Sun: After calling passion-'
ately on all democratic newspapers to col
lect campaign funds Mr. Bryan line seen
the propriety of chipping In himself. From
now till after election the net profits of his
Commoner will be given to the democratic
national commlttee-pr.iperly acknowledged,
we hope, and not divided Into $1flrt lots. As
the democratic party hHs made Mr. Bryan
and his paper this temporary tax upon Its
receipts Is natural. Besides. If Mr. Bryan's
million army has been enlisted the re
ceipts after November will very soon make
up for the sums given awav; and now that
the destination of the profits is known rjj
It not every democrat's duty to subscribe.1
On the whole Mr. Bryan seems to combine
business with generosity to himself. He Is
doing a great stroke of advertising and his
brother Charles must be highly pleased.
.. . . . 'i
The chairman called his personally con
ducted convention to order.
"Understand, gentlemen.'' he said, briefly, I
"you are here to carry out the will of the
people tappiause), and any member refus
ing to do so will he carried out hlmsslf."
The Young Man Yes. I shall be away a
month or more, Miss Sklmmerhorn. May
may I write you occasionally?
The Young Woman We are scarcely well
enough acquainted for that, Mr! Uoovlua.
But you may send me a picture poatcard
every day, If you like. Chicago Tribune.
The unappreciated poet was feeling much
"No matter how careful I nm to take
pains," he complained, "the editor always
gives me one more." Kansas City Timea.
"Remember," said the earnest Inventor,
11 mill iu tery muny yrars since Hie
telephone caused laughter.
"That'a true," answered the man who
has trouble with central. "At flrnt It
caused laughter: now It causes profan
ity." Washington Star.
"Tell us about the lettor you are prepare
"Certainly, gentlemen," replied tha can
didate sweenlnrr with v.nlr.1 ov th .IrU
of reporters. "You may say that on the
paramount Issue I express myself with ut
"But what la thla paramount Issue?"
"Tha question aa to whether I accept or
not. rniiaaeipnia ueager.
"I fine you." said the police Justice, "H.1J
no conrs. 1
"T'r hortori" ' protested TtTfTom KnnttJ
wno nad been hauled up for vagrancy, "all
me prop ty 1 ve got in the world la
plugged nickel, an me clo'ea. an' theJ
hain't wuth more'n about two hits. Thai
fln'a onreasonable. It'a confiscation, an' il
won't never stand the test o' the fed'rut
courts. 1 shall take an appeal, y'r honor!"
The smaller man bristled tin. .
"Pee here," he growled, "you have ap
plied two unpleasant terms to me." Then
he paused and scowled and cam a little
closer. "I Just want you to understand
that a third term doesn't go In this coun
try." Whereupon the big man drew back a
little and sa'd no more rhicaeo News.
JOHN BUM., SPOItTI
In extended observation on the ways and
works of man, 1
From Nevada wild and woolly to tha plaint
I have drunk with mixed assemblages, seer
the racial ruction rise,
And the men of half creation damning half
I have watched them In their tantrums, all
that pentecostal crew,
French, Italian, Arab. Spaniard. Dutch,
and Greek, and Celt, and Jew,
Russ and savage, buff and ochre, cream
and yellow, mauve and white,
But It never really mattered till the British
had In aluht
Something that they renlly wanted wanted
bad cnniiKh to take
By hook or crouk, fair means or foul, force
of arms or pious fake
Like that famous race Olympic, with Its
brulsinp flnsl hiat
When our Carpenter and Robblns ran their!
naisweue on nis xeei:
i nen watcn wen me "mooei sportsman,
and observe the "courteous host,
With his cry of "British fair play." that
has always been his boast!
Hear mm peiiow "roui: and so race!
hear him plead the baby nt!
See hint rob us of our victory, tear tol
shreds his bond and pact: I
Build ye on the flanks of Aa'na, where ttaf '
sullen smoke-puffs float--Bathe
ye In the tropic waters where the
lean fin dogs the boat
Cock the gun that is not loaded, cook the
But beware of John Full's "fair play,"
with the thing he wants In sight!