Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 14, 1908, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE' omaha daily bke: Thursday, may u, ioos.
: f
i i
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Compiles with th
pure food taws
of every state
nnrBf XI! Clw la made of the finest material pos- jfS
I.E&L I II slbl to select, and makes light, easily disesttd 'Vv
1 mended by leading pbrsiclane and
Tm r1tiat
a rood haklnc:
material or time.
cant: It will
raitisn power.
Tresident Eooievelt Addresses Lead
ing Men of the Nation.
Executive Sara it la Greatest Prob
lem Confronting; American Peo
ple Meaua Mncb. for Good
of Posterity.
(Continued from First Page.)
on the right of the platform, with the
vice president on his left, Rev. Everett
Hale, chaplain of the senate, arose and,
leaning with one arm on the back of the
president's chair, read a portion 0f the
scripture descriptive of the promised land
and then pronounced a feeling: Invocation,
tn which he asked heaven's help In the de
liberations to be had.
At the conclusion of the Invocation the
president, without preliminary ceremony,
began his address to the governors. He
'I welcome you to this conferonce at the
White House. Tou have come hither at
my request so that we may Join together
to consider the question of the conserva
tlon and uso of the great fundamental
sources of wealth of this nation. Bo vital
la this question, that for the first time In
our history the chief executive officers of
the states separately, and of the states to
gether forming the nation, have met to
consider It.
"With the governors com men from
each state chosen for their special ac
quaintance with the terms of the problem
that Is before us. Among them are ex
perts In natural resources and representa
tives .of national organisations concerned
In the development and use of these re
sources; the senators and representatives
In crngress; the supreme court, the cabinet,
and the Inland Waterways commission
have likewise been Invited to the oonfor
ence. which is therefor national In a
peculiar sense.
"This conference on the conservation of
natural resources in In effect a meeting of
the representatives of all the people of the
Ui.lted States called to consider the weight
iest problem now before the nation; and
the occasion for the ' meeting lies In the
fact that the natural resources of our coun
try are in danger of exhaustion if we per
mit the old wasteful methods of exploiting
them longer to continue.
Relation of Man to Nat ore.
I "With, the rise of peoples from savagery
Ito civilisation, and with the consequent
growth in the extent and variety of the
need a of the average man, there comes a
steadily Increasing growth of the amount
demanded by 'this average man from tbe
iactual resources of the country. Yet,
lather curiously, at the same time the aver
;age man Is apt to lose his realisation of
,thls dependence upon rature.
"Savage apd very primitive peoples gen-
rally concern themselves only with su
,pertlolal natural resources,., with those
which they obtain from the actual surface
' of the ground. As peoples become a little
less primitive their Industrie) although in
a rude manner, are extended to resources
below the surface; then, with what wa call
civilization and extension of knowledge,
more resources eome Into use, industries
re multiplied ant foresight begins to be-
Let the diet consist of fooda -that
are nutritious. " '
; Is made by a physician and chem
ist and leader of. the world in'
pure food products! ' Its daily
j use helps to regulate the bowels.
For sal by all Grocers- u
Saiurday, May 16fh
Begini the greatest sale ot strictly High Grade RUGS and
CARPETS ever held in this western country.
Our buyer secured great quantities from the New York
'. Auction Sale of
Alexander Smith & Sons
Wkh Friday Evening's papers for particulars and prices.
Sec big display in Uth St. windows. Come early Saturday.
Try HAYDEW'S First
1 wrv. '
vnii an alwlvl aaanrsxl at
therefore, there la do wants or
Calumet It put up la alr-titrht
keep lone" tnan any oioar
Hmr rowner on ins marcci ana uas asn
Is to car folly and tcteo-
tmcany prepared tnac
the Ineredlents It absolntely perfect. 0
Therefor. Ctlumat leaves no KocheUa V
or Alum In tba tooo. it la iA
cnemicaii) etrrecu
$1,000.00 ra
given for any snbstance In
jurious to neaJtn louoa in
come a necessary and prominent factor In
life. Crops are cultivated, animals are do
mesticated and metals are mastered.
'Every step of the progress of mankind
Is marked by the discovery and use of
natural resources previously unused. With
out such progressive knowledge and utili
sation of natural resources population
could not grow, nor industries multiply,
nor the hidden wealth of the earth be de
veloped for the benefit of mankind.
"From the, first beginnings of civilisa
tion, on the' banks of the Nile and the
Euphrates, the Industrial progress of the
world has gone on slowly, with occasional
setbacks, but on the whole steadily,
through tens of centuries to the present
day. But of late the Rapidity of the process
has increased at such a rate that more
space has been actually covered during the
oentury and a quarter occupied by our na
tional life than during the preceding 6X
years that take us back to the earliest
monuments of Egypt, to the earliest cities
of the Babylonian plain.
Early Commercial Methods.
"When the founders of this nation met
at Independence hall In Philadelphia the
conditions of commerce had not funda
mentally changed from what they were
when the Phoenician keels first furrowed
the lonely waters of the Mediterranean
The differences were those of degree, not
of kind, and they were not in all cases
even those of degree. Mining was carried
on fundamentally as it had been carried on
by the Pharaohs in the countries adjacent
to the Red sea.
"The wares of the merchants of Boston
of Charleston, like the wares of the mer
chants of Nineveh and Sidon, If they went
by Water, were carried by boats propelled
by sails or oars; If they went by land
were carried In wagons drawn by beasts
of draft or In packs on the backs of beasts
of burden. The ships that crossed the high
seas were better than the Bhlps that had
once crossed the Aegean, but they were of
the same type, after all they were wooden
ships propelled by sails; and on land, the
roads were not as good as the roads of
the Roman empire, while the service of
the posts was probably inferior.
"In Washington's time anthracite coal
was known only as a usful black stone;
and the great fields of bituminous coal
were undiscovered. As steam was un
known, tbe use of coal for power produce
tlon was undreamed ot. Water waa prac
tically the only source of power, save the
labor of men and animals; and this power
was used only in the most primitive fash
Ion, But a few small iron deposits had
been found In this country, and the use of
Iron by our countrymen waa very small.
Wood was practically the only' fuel, and
what lumber was sawed was consumed
locally, while the forests were regarded
chiefly as obstructions to setiement and
"Such was the degree of progress to
which civilized mankind had attained when
this nation began its career. It is almost
impossible for us In this day to realize
how little our revolutionary ancestors knew
of the great store of natural resources
whose discovery and use have been such
vital factors in the growth and greatness
of this nation, and how little they required
to take from this store In order to satisfy
their needs.
' Growth of the Nation.
"Since then our knowledge and use of the
resources of the present territory of the
United States have Increased a hundred
fold. Indeed, the growth of this nation by
leaps and bounds makes one of the most
striking and Important chapters in the
history of the world. Its growth has been
due to the rapid development, and alas
that It should be said, to the rapid dcstruc
tion of our natural resources. Nature has
supplttid to us In the United States, and
still supplies to us, more kinds of resources
in a more lavish degree than has ever been
the case at any other time or with any
other people. Our position In the world
has been attained by the extent and
thoroughness of the control we . have
achieved over nature; but we are more,
and not less, dependent upon what It fur
rli lies than at any previous time of history
siure the days of primitive man.
"Yet our fathers, though they knew so
little of the resources of the country, exer
cised a wise forethought in reference
thereto. Wanhlngton clearly saw that the
perpetuity of the states could only be
secured by union, and that the only feasible
basis of union was ah economic one; In
other words, that it must be based on the
development and use of their natural re
sources. Accordingly, he helped to out
Una a erheme of commercial development.
and by his influence an Interstate water
ways commission was appointed by Vir
ginia and Maryland.
"It met near where we are now meeting,
ri i lal
as M w
" V ' '"tvW given for anv snbstance In- JlSfv'
7 " ' ' , i'J ' r' V iuriout to health lound In
Calumet 8f
in Alexandria, adjourned to Mount Vernon,
nd took up the consideration of Interstate
immerce by the only mesna then avult
blo, that of water. Further conferences
were arranged, first at Annapolis and then
t Philadelphia. It was In Philadelphia
that the representatives of all the states
met for what was In Its original concep
tion merely a waterway I conference; but
when they hsd crosed their deliberations
the outcome was the constitution which
tri-ade the states Into a nation.
?fed of n romtltttloa.
"The constitution of the United States
thus-tgrtw In large part out of the neoea
slty'for united action In the wise use of
ons of our natural resources. The wise
use of all of our' natural resources, which
are our national resources as well. Is the
great material question of today, I hare
asked you to come together now because
the enormous consumption of these re
sources and the threat of imminent ex
haustion of some of thrm, due to reckless
and wasteful use, once more calls for com
mon effort, common option.
Since the days when the constitution
was adopted steam and electricity have
revolutionized the Industrial world. No
where bas the revolution been so great as
n our own country. Tho discovery and
utilization of mineral fuels and alloys have
given us the lead over all other nations In
the production of steel. The discovery and
utilization of coal and iron have given us
our railways and have led to such Indus
trial development as has never before been
seen. The vast wealth of lumber In our
forests, the riches of our soils and mines.
the discovery of gold and mineral oils,
combined with the efficiency of our trans
portation, have made the conditions of our
life unparalleled in comfort and conven
"The steadily increasing drain on theae
natural resources has promoted to an ex
traordinary degree the complexity of our
ndustrlal and social life. Moreover, this
unexampled development has had a deter
mining effect upon the character and opin
ions of our people. The demand for effl
clency in the great task has given Us
vigor, effectiveness, decision and power and
a capacity for achievement which in its
own lines has never yet been matchVd. So
great and so rapid has. been our material
growth that there has been a tendoncy
to lag behind In spiritual and moral
growth; but that is not the subject upon
which I speak to you today.
Prosperity and Intelllarence
"Disregarding for the moment the ques
tion of moral purpose. It is safe to say
that the prosperity of our people depends
directly on the energy and Intelligence with
which our .national resources are Used. It
is equally clear that these, resources are
the final basis of national power and per
petuity. Finally, It Is ominously evident
that these resources are - in the course of
rapid exhaustion.
This nation began with .the belief that
Its landed possessions were illimitable and
capable of supporting- all the people who
might care to make our country their home
but already the limit ol' unsettled land Is
In sight, and, Indeed, but little land fitted
for agriculture now remains unoccupied
save what can be reclaimed by irrigation
and drainage. We began with an unap
proached heritage of forests; more than
half of the timber is gone. We began with
roal fields more ; extensive than those of
any other nation and with iron ores re
garded as inexhaustible,, and many experts
now declare that the end of both Iron 'and
coal la in sight.
"The mere increase , In our consumption
of coal during 1907 over 1B0G exceeded
the total consumption In 1878, the Coo-
tennlal year. The enormous stores of
mineral oil and gas are largely gone. Our
natural waterways are nut gone, but they
have been so Injured" by lu-glect, and by
the . division, of responsibility and utter
lack of system In dealing With them, that
there Is less navigation on them now than
there was fifty years ago. Finally, we
began with , soils of unexampled fertility
and we have so lmproverished them by
Injudicious use and by falling to check
erosion that their crop producing power
is diminishing Instead of increasing. In a
word, we have thoughtlessly, and to a
large degree unnecessarily, diminished the
resources upon which nut only our pros
perit but the prosperity of our children
must always depend.
Time to Take Accounting.
We have become grwit because of the
lavish use of our resources and we have
Just reason to be proud of our growth
But the time has come to Inquire seriously
what will happen when our forests are
gone, when the coal, tbe iron, the oil, and
the gas are exhausted, when the soils shall
have been still further lmproverished and
washed Into the streams, polluting the
rivers, denuding tho fields, and obstruct
lug navigation. Tlieso questions do not
relate only to the next century or to the
next generation. It is time fur us now as
a nation to exercise the same reasonable
foresight In dealing with our great natural
resources that would be shown by any
prudent man in conserving and widely
using the property which contains the as-
surence of well-being for himself and his
The natural resources I have enumer
ated can be divided into two sharply dls
tlnguishud classes accordingly as they are
or are not capable of renewal. - Mines If
used must necesurlly be exhausted. The
minerals do not and can not renew them
selves. Therefore in dealing with the coal,
the oil, the gas, the iron,, the metals gei
erally, all thut we can do Is to try to see
that they are wisely used. The exhaustion
is certain to come in time.
"The second class of resources consists of
those which cannot only be used In such
manner as to leave them undiminished for
our children, but can actually be improved
by wise use. The soil, the forests, tho
waterways come in this category. In deul
lng with mineral resources man is able to
Improve on nature only by putting the re
sources to a beneficial uso which In the end
exhausts them; but in dealing with the
soil and Its products man can improve on
nature by compelling the resources to re
new and even reconstruct themselves in
such manner as to s-rva Increasingly bene
flclal uses while the living waters can be
so controlled as to multiply their benefits
"Neither the primitive man nor the pio
neer was aw ire. of any duty to posterity in
dealing with the . renewable ne sources.
When tho American suttler felled the for
ests he felt 1a there was plenty of forest
left for the sons who came after him
When he exhausted the soil ot his farm he
felt that his son could go west and take
up another. So It was with his immediate
(.successor. When the soil-wash from the
farmer's fields choked the neighboring
river he thought only of using the railway
rather than boats fur moving tus produce
and supplies.
Un Vent of Timber Famine.
"Now all this is changed. On the average
the son of the furmc r of today must make
his living on his fuilu-r's farm. There- 1
no difficulty in do;i;g this if the father will
exercise wisdom. Xu is use of a tarn
exhausts its f.-r;ll!;y. Bo with forests. W
are over the verne of a timber famine In
this country, and it Is unpardonable for the
nation or the state to permit any further
cutting of our timber save in accordance
with a svHtem which will provide that th
next generation shall sue the timber In
creased Instead of diminished. Moreover,
wa can add enormous tracts of the most
valuable possible agricultural land to the
national domain by irritation In lha arid
and sm!-urld rtgioi.a and by drainage of tract of swaujp laud Ui U. humid
regions. W can enormously Increase our 1
transportation facilities by the canalisation
pf our rivers so as to complete a great ys-
em of waterways' on the Pacific. Atlantic
nd Gulf coasta and In the Mississippi val
ley, from tho Great Plain to the Alleghen-
ea and from the northern lakes to the
mouth of the TnfKMy Fnther of Waters.
But all these vatos use of our natural
reaourrss are so' closely- connected that
they should be co-ordinated, and should he
treated as r art of ona ooherent plsn and
not In haphazard and piecemeal fashion.
It Is largely because pf this that I ap
pointed the Waterways commission last
year and that I bae- sought to perpetuate
its work. I wlKh to take this opportunity
to express in heart'ert fashion my acicnowi-
edgment to all the-' members of the com
mission. At great personal sacrifice of
time and effort they h.ive rendered a serv
ice to the puhlle for Which we cannot be
oo grateful.' Epoclal credit Is due to tho
Initiative, the r-nergy, the devotion to duty
and the far-slghtednoss of Otfford Plnchot,
to whom we owe; so much of the progress
we have' already tnada : In handling thle
matter of the' coordination and conserva
tion of natural .-resources. If It hnd rot
been for him this convention neither' would
nor could hrtieifceen called.
.Right Uo Gaard Reanarces.
"We' are riimlng to recognize as never
before' the right of the nation to guard its
own future in the essential matter of
natural resources. In the past we have
admitted th right of the Individual to In
jure the future of the republlo for his own
present profit. The time has come for a
change. As a people we have the right
and the duty, second to none other but
the right and duty of obeying the moral
law, of requiring and doing Justice, to
protect ourselves and our children against
the wasteful development of our natural
resources, whether that waste Is caused by
the actual destruction of such resources or
by making them Impossible of development
Any right thinking father earnestly de
sires and strives to leave his son both an
untarnished name and a reasonable equip
ment for the struggle of life. So this na
tion bs a whole should earnestly desire
and strive to leave to the next generation
the national honor unstained and the na
tional resources unexhausted. There are
signs, that both the nation and the states
are waking to a realisation of this great
truth. On March 10, 1S08, the supremo court
of Maine rendered an exceedingly Impor
tant Judicial decision. This opinion was
rendered In response to questions as to
the right of the legislature to restrict the
cutting of trees on private land for the
prevention of drouths and floods, the
preservation of the natural water supply,
and the prevention of the erosion of such
lands, and the consequent filling up of
rivers, ponds and lakes. The forests and
water power of Maine constitute the larger
part of Its wealth and form the basis of
Its Industrial life, and the question sub
mitted by the Maine senate to the supreme
court and the answer of the supreme court
alike bear testimony to the wisdom of the
people of Maine, and clearly define a
policy of conservation of natural resources,
the adoption of.. which is of vital Im
portance not merely to Maine, but to the
wholo country.
Heritage for Posterity.
"Such a policy will preserve soil, forests,
water power as 1a- heritage for the children
and the children's children of the men and
women of this generation; for any enact
ment -that provides for the wise utilization
of the forests, whether ki public or private
ownership," and tot' the conservation of the
water 'resources Of the country, must nec
essarily tie ' legislation that Will promote
both private an pstbllc welfare; for flood
prevention,-: ?wai' r. power -development,
-preservation of ,tr; sotl, and Improvement
of navigable flvess.aro al) promoted by
such a policy--of forest conservation.
The opinion of tho Maine supreme bench
sets forth, unequivocally tho principle that
the property rights of the Individual are
subordinate, to the rights of the community.
and especially ha the waste of wild tim
ber land derived originally from the state,
Involving as it would, the impoverishment
of the stato and Its people and thereby de
feating one great purpose of government,
may properly be prevented by state re
The court says 'that there are two rea
sons why the right of the public to control
and limit the use of private property is
peculiarly applicable to property In land:
First, such property is not the result of
productive labor, but Is derived solely from
the state itself, th original owner; second.
the amount of land being incapable of In
crease, if the owners of large tracts can
waste them at will without state restriction.
the state and its people may be helplessly
impoverished and one great purpose of gov
ernment defeated. - We do not think
the proposed legislation would operate to
'take' private property within the inhibition
of the constitution. While It might restrict
the. owner of wild and uncultivated land
In hi Use of them,- might delay his taking
some of the product, might delay his an
ticipated profits and even thereby might
cause blm some loss of profit, it would
nevertheless leave him his lands, their pro
duct and Increase untouched, and without
diminution of title, estate - or quantity.
lie would stll have large measure of con
trol and large opportunity to realize values,
He might suffer delay, but not deprivation,
The proposed legislation would
be within the legislative power and would
not operate as a taking of private prop
erty for which compensation must be male.'
Other Court Decisions.
"The court of. errors and appeals of New
Jersey has adopted a similar view, which
has recently been sustained by the supreme
court of the United Btates. In delivering
the opinion of tho court on April 6, lUOs.
Mr. Justice Holmes said: 'The state as
quasi-sovereign and representative of the
interests of the public has a standing In
court to protect the atmosphere, the water,
and the forests within its territory, irre
spective ot the Bent or dissent of the
private owners ot the land most immediate,
ly concerned. It appears to us
that few public, interests are more obvious,
lndUputabU and independent ot particu
lar theory than the Interest of the public
of a state to maintain the rivers that are
wholly within It substantially undiminished,
except by such drafts upon them as the
guardUn ot the public welfare may pvr
mlt for the purpose of turning them to a
more perfect use. This public Interest is
omnipresent wherever there is a state, and
grows more pressing as populution grow.
We are of opinion, further, that
the constitutional power of the state to
Insist that Its natuiul advantage shall
remain unimpaired by Its citizens is ,aot
rlepcnrtont upon any nice estimate of the
extent of present uae or apeculation as to
future needs. The legal conception of the
necessary Is apt to be confined to some
what rudimentary wants, and there are
benefits from a great river that might es
cape a lawyer's view. But the stats is
not required to submit even to an aesthetic
analysis. Any snaly'sls may be Inado
quate. It find Itself In possession of what
all admit to be a great public good, and
what it has It may koep and give no one
a reason for Its will.'
"These decisions reach the root of the
Idea of . conservation of our resources tn
tbe Interests of our people.
National Ufflciency.
"Finally, let us rmtJibtr that the con
servatlon of our natural resoun-fcs, though
the gravest problem of today, la yet but
tart at ajjoUitr auvl greater problem to
See This
$ $ $
which this nation Is not yet awake, but to
which It will awake in time, and with
which It must hereafter grapple If It Is
to live tho problem of national efficiency
the patriotic duty ot Insuring the safety
nd continuance of the nation. When the
people of the United States consciously un
dertake to raise themselves as citizens,
and the nation and the states In their
several spheres, to the highest pitch of
excellence In private, state and national
life, and to do this because it Is the first
of all the duties of true patriotism, then
and not till then the future of this nation,
In quality and In time, will be assured.
President to Continue Commission.
The disposition to c::press frankly their
sentiments was Indulged in on the part of
the governors throughout the president's
speech, which occupied ten minutes short
of an hour. He was applauded and cheered
many time and after giving a praising
estimate of the work of the Inland Water
ways commission, he remarked:
"The commission ought to be perpetu
ated and if congress does not see fit to do
so, I will do it myself." The gathering wrs
fairly stampeded by cheers, applauses,
shouts and laughter. '
When the president had finished he made
the suggestion that at the afternoon ses
sion a committee on resolutions be ap
pointed. Merely as a suggestion, he said,
the following names for this committee had
been mentioned: Govemard Blanchard of
Louisiana, Fort of New Jersey, Cutter of
Utah, Davidson of Wisconsin, and Ansel
of South Carolina. After the president had
stated, further, that it might expedite the
work of the conference to have all sug
gestions for action referred to this com
mittee ho yielded the floor to Governor
Johnson of Minnesota, who moved that the
suggestion of the president regarding the
committee and its personnel be adopted
by the convention. This motion was put
by the president and carried without dis
sension or opposition. The suggestion of
the president that all speeches by experts
be limited to twenty minutes duration also
was made a rule of the convention on
motion of Governor Johnson.
Informal Reception.
The session ended at noon, when the
president and vicepresldent gave an In
formal reception to those who had at
tended the meeting. Immediately after
wards he met the governors, members of
the supreme court and others who wero
hi dinner guest last night in the blu
drawing r.iom. After the reception the
governors assembled on h portico of the
White House with the president and vice
president and the specially Invited guests,
which Included William J. Bryan, Andrew
Carnegie, J. J. Hill and Gustave Schwab,
where several group photographs were
made. While the group was being formed
President Roosevelt chatted enthusiasti
New City Hall,
; U'
i ,rr,
' - - x -
The unique position of the corporation of ths city of Keglna. Canada, In
tbm beautiful buildin from the unit, of
of the inducement
cements wiiii-li l resulting
ill o..i., yvtr Two Mil II....
'ilio city u
tiio late nay
sMpney' to
cally with Governor Hughes of New York,
also with Mr. Hill, Mr. Bryan and others.
Mississippi Governor tn Chair.
President Roosevelt opened the after
noon session of the conference at 2:40
o'clock. He called Governor Noel of
Mississippi to the chair to preside, explain
ing that his duties would not permit of his
being in constant attendance. The presi
dent expressed the belief that the conven
tion would be glad to hear Mr. Bryan
toward the end of the afternoon session,
which Invitation tho latter gracefully ac
cepted. The president also requested Gov
ernor Johnson of Minnesota to preside at
tomorrow's meeting, and be accepted. Both
suggestions were greeted with tremendous
Introductory to his remarks on the con
servation of ores and minerals, Mr. Car
negie departed somewhat from his written
remarks when he declared that most presi
dents follow precldents, but that President
Roosevelt Initiates them.
He expressed a hope that when the con
ference adjourned it will do so at the call
of the prealdent. ,
Waste of Fuel Resources.
J. C. White, state geologist of West Vir
ginia, spoke on "The Waste of Our Fuel
Resources." He detailed the practices,
especially in coal and oil lndustrlces, clos
ing as follows:
What will It profit this snatlon to have
won the wreath of Industrial supremacy, If
In our thirst for gold and sudden riches we
permit corporate greed, as well as Indi
vidual avarice, and selfishness to waste and
devastate the very sources of our pros
perity? For Just as sure as the sun shines,
and the sum of two and two Is four, unless
this Insane riot of destruction and waste of
our fuel resources which has characterized
the last century, shall be speedily ended,
Our Industrial power and supremacy will,
after a meteor-like existence, revert before
the close of the present century to those
nations that conserve and prize at their
proper value their priceless treasures of
Whatever Is possible In the shape of legis
lation for the protection of our fuel re
sources should be done by the Individual
states which you represent. Twenty-nine
of the forty-six states of the union produce
coal and twenty-four of theae produce
more than 1,000.000 tons annually, while
practically the same number produce vast
quantities of both petroleum and natural
gas. The percentage of coal left in the
ground beyond recovery, as we have seen,
varies from 40 to 70 In the different fields,
to say nothing of the wasteful and ex
travagant use of the portion extracted,
while the waste of natural gas, the most
precious fuel of all, Is so vast that no one
can even approximate the percentage. The'
task before you and your constituencies la
Indeed formidable. The forcea of greed and
selllnhness are so entrenched behind cor
porate power and Influence, that to attack
them may often appear to you as useleaa
as the labors of Sisyphus. But as you lovs
your states and country I adjure you to
take up tills fight for the conservation of
our fuel resources with the determination
never to surrender until the f-". o "rr"-'
and avarice which are so rapidly Sapping
the very foundations of our country's
greatness, capltulaie, and ug.c to -u ...
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
r- v
ifr -'crr;-
few loli. tur?by not coBtin the rU navfii on Vni tm- . 2nK MW I
in attracting Investors, who dl.llke being
ulUr. utU ul e.iat,. ittkiUl
i. . , . . .
wild riot of destruction that has char
acterized the past.
Address of Andrew Carnearle.
In concluding his paper Andrew Car
negte, after giving an exhaustive statement
of conditions and supply of minerals, said; '
No practical man can study our mineral
supplies without seeing that they are melt
ing away under our national growth at a
geometrically increasing rate, and without
realizing that unless the loss Is checked
his descendants must suffer; nor can he
consider ways of preserving the' supply
without realizing the need of wider and
deeper knowledge than we now possess. It
was not resources alone that gave this
country its prosperity, but Inventive skill
and industrial enterprise applied to Its re
sources. Individually we have been both
forehanded and foremlnded; nationally we
have been forehanded chiefly through the
accident of discovery by John Smith and
Walter Raleigh, but nationally we are not
yet foremlnded. So far as our mineral
wealth Is concerned the need of the day
is prudent foresight, coupled with cea.e
leaa research, in order that new minerals
may be discovered, new alloys produoed,
new compounds of common substances
made available, new power-producing de
vices developed. The most careful inven
tory of the family patrimony should be
made. I plead for economy, that the next
generation and the next may be saved
from want but especially I urge research
into and mastery over nature, In order that
two blades may be ' made to grow whera
one grew before, that the golden grain may
be made- to replace woody grass, that crudo
rocks may be made to yield fine metals.
In conclusion, Mr. President and govern
ors of our stales, it seems to me our
duty Is:
First, conservation of forests, for no for
ests, no long navigable rivers, ho rivers,
no cheap transportation,
Second, to systematize our water trans
portation, putting the whole work in the
hands of the reclamation service, which
has already proved itself highly capable
by Its admirable work. Cheap water trans
portation for heavy freight brings many
advantages and means great aaving of our
ore supplies. Railroads require much steel;
water does not.
Third, conservation of soil. Mors than a
thousand millions of tons ot our richest
soil are swept Into the sea every ysr,
clogging the rivers on Its way and filling
our harbors. Vaua soil, less crops; leas
crops, less commerce, less wealth.
A general discussion was opened, by John
Mltohtll, former president of the United
Mine Workers of America. j
Democrats Plan to Insert On In Wyoming-
CHEYENNE. Wyo.. May 13. As the line
are now drawn, an anti-land leasing plank
will be Incorporated In the platform which
Is to be adopted by the democratic a tats
convention, which will meet In Cheyenne
tomorrow. The convention will send to tha
national convention In Denver a delegation
unanimously Instructed for Bryan.
A Total Eclipse
of the functions of stomach, liver, kidneys
and bowels Is quickly disposed of with elec
tric Bitters. 60c. For sale by Beaton
Drug Co.
. ''-
9 K,
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j ' ifr '-"'' ' :i V'' v : '
I i l WzaXS;
kiln- In fiK'nlnv kiA . . ..... m
taxed to death' to mil. r,,,t,i!
eounul, J,ubJ
. . - -, .v u in. i ii n . a
no do
c Improvement
laout burueuina;