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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 27, 1908)
THE 0MA1IA DAILY DEE; lOXDAY. JANUARY 27. IMS.
Tiif, Omaha Daily Bee
FOUNDED TiY EDWARD ROBE WATER.
VICTOIt ROSE WATER. EDITOR.
V Kntirrd at Omaha Poet off Ire cond
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btato of Nebraska, Douglas County.
George B. Txschnrk. treasurer of The
B Publishing Company, being duly worn,
says that the actual number of full and
. complete, copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of December, 1W, waa as fol
IT . S.0
fl ' 36,360
II ' 36,400
Less unsold and returned copies. J04
Nat total 1,199,776
Dally average . 36,444
OEORQE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before mo this id day of January, WH.
' WHEN OUT OF TOWN,
"barrlbera Imlif tho elty tea
, p-orartly ahoald have Tho Bee
nailed to them. Address will be
changed as often reqaested.
Cuba has bought sixty rarload of
Missouri mules. Cuba It always punt
ing trouble. '
Colonel Bryan has been to Kentucky
and departed, but the senatorial dead
lock there Is still on. ' !."'
"why does a man Ho to his wife?"
sake the New York Sun. Probably to
meet her expectations.
The army of the unerriployed in Ohio
has a prospect of getting a recruit in
the person of Joseph Benson Foraker.
A South Omaha sewer inspector
naniprf Pnmi hnu lieon droit Wrn A&v
If It was sewer gas that made him
"I expot u meat every brewer in
the hereafter," nays Carrie Nation.
Has Carrie abandoned her hope of
Since the patronage counter has
been thrown open to them, Nebraska
congressmen must feel almost as big
as senators. .
Matches, according to a statistician,
caused a. fire loss of $2,000,000 in the
United States last year?" Also lots of
work for the divorce courts.
if Is stated that the original estimate
of the cost of constructing the Panama
canal wag $100,000,000 too low. What's
$100,000,000 between oceans?
A graphophone company with a cap
ital stock of $3,000,000 has just de
clared a 24 per cent dividend. What'8
that old saying about talk being cheap?
It might help if California's ad
vertisement of the fact that the state
does not punish grafters should induce
all the grafters to go there and stay.
Southerners will doubtless take
kindly to that white coal that has been
discovered In Kentucky. It will enable
them to draw the eoler line in a new
At any rate. Mayor "Jim" has the
consolation of -having had good com
pany at Sioux City in the person of his
fellow democratic mayor from South
Ninety-eight students have been
dropped from Leland Stanford uni
versity for poor scholarship. Of this
number ninety-eight were cigarette
It was a little humiliating, of course,
to Theodore Shonts, to have his house
raided by customs officials, but they
explained that It was only la line with
'.Torn Law son declares that the Amer
ican, people are- "gelatine-splned
shrimps." Tom has discovered that
he was mistaken when he took them all
ii i iu mp iu nituc pas
promoted hi chief deputy to a posi
tion In the "field that paya half, his
former -alary. Anyone can see where
.a few promotions like that would land
It I not a one-tided bargain by any
means in that wedding of Gladys Van-
derbilt and Count Lasilo Jeno Maria
Heurlk Blroon Kiechenyl. Think of the
generosity of a man who bestows a
name Ilka that am his bride.
PtMUCRATS AMP THE SKSAtt.
In his appeal to the members of the
Kentucky legislature to elect former
Governor Ueckham to the United States
senate, Mr. Bryan offered an argument
which, lu Its final analysis, proves the
hopelessnPRs of the democrats, no mat
ter what the outcome at the polls next
November. Mr. Bryan, of course, had
another purpose in mind In presenting
his argument, but the effectiveness of
it remains just the same. In emphasis
ing the possible importance that might
attach to the election of a democratic
senator from Kentucky, Mr. Bryan
I know this, that while we may succeed
in getting the house, anB will probably suc
ceed In getting the house If we get the
president, the senate is more difficult fur
ua to get. It will require quite an over
whelming victory to give ua the senate, or
enough rtrmorrata in the senate acting with
the republicans to secure the passage of
democratic reforms during tthe last two
years of the administration. But I am
h!?oeful that we can make gains this year
thst will give us the assurances of enough
gains the secr.nd year to ensure us the
senate for these democratic reforms. And
yet, my friends, the vote may be so close
that upon the vote of one senator
will rest the fate of a bill; and the point
that I want to make to those who have an
opportunity to vote In this legislature Is
this: Are you prepared to express an In
dividual dissent uKn which may rest the
fate of national legislation? I'pon one vote
In this legislature may depend the election
of a senator. Upon the vote of that senator
may depend the passage of a bill that
means weal or woe to eighty millions of
The records and a knowledge of the
political conditions of the country show
the magnitude of the task before the
democrats if they undertake lo secure
a majority in the United States senate
for the last two years of the adminis
tration beginning March 4, 1909. The
changes necessary to realize on this
democratic dream of future power
would have to made by the legislatures
choosing senators to succeed these
whose terms expire on March 4, 1909,
and those whose terms expire on March
4, 1911. There are at present ninety
two members of the senate, of whom
sixty-one are 'republicans and thirty
one are democrats, giving the republi
cans majority of thirty. Accepting
for granted that the states of the south
now represented by democratic sena
tors will continue to send democrats to
the senate, the changes will have to be
looked for in the states now repre
sented by republicans. The repub'lcan
membera whose terms of service ex
pire on March4, 1909, are:
Allison of Iowa.
Ankeny of Washington.
Brandsgee of Connecticut.
Dillingham of Vermont.
Foraker of Ohio.
Fulton of Oregon.
Hansbrough of North Dakota.
Hemmonway of Indiana.
Heyburn of Idaho.
Honklns of Illinois.
' Kittredge of South Dakota.
Long of Kansas. '
Penrose of Pennsylvania.
Perkins of California.
8 moot of Utah.
Stephenson of Wisconsin. '
Even the most enthusiastic demo
crats, Mr. Bryan among them, will
hardly expect any political changes in
the states enumerated. While the per
sonnel of some of the senators may be
changed, all indications are that the
men named will be succeedfeij by repub
licans. On the other hand, the terms
of Senators Newlands of Nevada and
Teller of Colorado empire next March.
While Senator Newlands may be 're
elected, although Nevada Is now a re-
publican state, the return of a republi
can from Colorado to succeed Teller
Is generally accepted as certain. Sena
tor Teller appreciates the situation and
has formally declined to be a candidate
for re-election. So that, instead of
making gains in the senate that will
go into office next March, the demo
crats will more probably lose at least
The outlook for democratic gains In
the senators whose terms of office be
gin March 4, 1911, is but slightly more
promising. The republicans whose
terms expire on that date are:
Aldrich of Rhode Island.
Beverldge of Indiana.
Bulkeley of Connecticut.
Burrows of Michigan.
Carter of Montana. '
Clapp of Minnesota.
" Clark of Wyoming
Depew of New York.
Dick of Ohio.
Dupont of Delaware.
Flint bf California.
Hale of Maine.
Keait of New Jersey.
Knox of Pennsylvania.
Ia Follette of Wisconsin.
Lodge' of Massachusetts
MoCumber of North Dakota.
Nixon of Nevada.
Pile of Washington.
Proctor of Vermont.
Scott of West Virginia.
Sutherland of Utah.
Warner of Missouri. (
For the sake of argument, admit
that democratic aenatora may be
elected In 1911 In the states which Mr.
Bryan thinks ha can tarry, or which
aro in any way debatable ground. Fig
ure on one democratic aenator from
each of the states of Nebraska, Dela
ware, New Jersey, Nevada. Rhode Is
land and Missouri and the democrats
hardly have courage to claim more
and the party division in the senate
would be: Republicans, fifty-fire;
democrats, thirty-seven, a clear repub
lican majority of eighteen In a mem
bership of ninety-two.
Using Mr. Bryan's own argument,
the democrats cannot hope to get con
trol of congress within the lifetime of
the next presidential administration.
''"Uncle Joe Cannon: can safely and
confidently be given the place at the
wheel," says Judge Gr'osscup of Illi
nois. Uncle Joe understands the ma-
Lhlnery. jH- right.
- Jim - tun evidently believes In run
ning bis ranroaa on the principle of
promotion W employes. The principle
of promotion furnishes a pretty good
rule for the government of employes
In other corporations as well as railroads.
ixrtsriMi IH scmxjL rvyps.
In a public interview State Treas
urer Brian is quoted es taking exception
to The Bee's proteet against the loan
ing of Nebraska's school funds to dis
tant states like Tennessee and Utal on
long time bonds that will tie the money
up for many years, when by waiting
until the pending constitutional
amendment Is passed this money can
lyi.Jtept 'at home by Investment in
bonds of Nebraska's cities and school
districts without losing more than 1
per" cent of . Interest for one year.
Treasurer Brian thinks The Bee masses
the . point because the' permanent
school fund is accumulating at the
rate of nearly $1,000,000 a year, while
the total bond Issues of Nebraska cities
and school districts last yeardld not
exceed $1,000,000, and, therefore, the
current accumulations in coming years
will suffice to take up all the new Is
sues of such bonds, lie thinks the
difficulty will be the same after the
field of investment securities Is wid
ened as it is now to secure enough
bonds of Nebraska counties, cities and
school' districts to provide an outlet
for all the School fund and favors giv
ing the state board permission to loan
out the money on real estate.
It strikes us that Treasurer Brian,
himself, misses our point, which is
that the money in the school fund
should be kept at home and not sent
to Tennessee and Utah because of an
apparent profit of 1 per cent for one
year. After the proposed constitu
tional amendment Is adopted it will be
just as easy for the state board to buy
on the market outstanding city and
school district bonds issued by Ne
braska cities and school districts
as it Is now to buy state bondh
issued by Tennessee and Utah!
These municipal and school dis
trict bonds are maturing from time
to tlm and being renewed or reissued
and in the course of a few years would
all come into the possession of the
school fund by direct purchase In the
came manner that the state board is
now buying county bonds direct from
the counties issuing' them. We real
ize that this method of investment
would not be popular with the bohd
brokers, who drive a good business
selling bonds, to the state, but we be
lieve It would be popular with the tax
payers of Nebraska and with the pub
lic generally. ' '
As to real estate loans for school
fund investments, opinions are sure to
differ. Nebraska started out loaning
Its school funds on real estate security,
but soon developed a scandal of huge
proportions which incidentally led up
to the Impeachment of one "governor
and, if we mistake not, some of the
money loaned out has not been col
lected back to this day. Good real
estate security is the best possible se
curity, but the opportunities.lt offers
for favoritism and financial juggling
are too apt to prove dangerous.
A much needed reform in the han
dling of current state funds, begun by
Treasurer Mortensen, has been worked
cut to completion by Treasurer Brian.
We hope that before Teasurer Brian
finishes his second term he will have
accomplished the much needed reform
in the investment of the permanent
DURUM WHEAT AKD PURE FLOUR,
Wheat growers of the country, par
tlcularly thdse in the regions where
the rainfall is slight and where durum
wheat flourishes as will no other va
rlety of that cereal, will be keenly ln-
terested In an action brought by the
federal government charging certain
Minneapolis millers with a violation of
the pure food law' for having labeled
as "Pure Hard Spring Wheat Flour,"
a flour which the millers admit is com
posed of a mixture of durum and hard
spring wheat. The flour so labeled
was shipped by a Minneapolis firm to
a bakery at Richmond, Ind., where it
was seized by the federal officials.
The first, effect of the seizure will
undoubtedly be to create the impres
sion that durum wheat is not equal In
quality to the hard spring wheat, but
this' is far from the fact. Experiments
conducted by the Department of Agri
culture show that, pound for pound,
there is more muscle-producing ma
terlal In durum wheat than in beef
steak. Jt is too "heavy" for the Amer
lean taste, but has been found to add
greatly to the food value of other
wheats, when properly mixed. It can
not, under any circumstances, be con
sldered an adulterant. In the offensive
sense of the word, but adds to rather
than detracts from the value of the
spring wheat flour with . which It is
mixed. It is really a high-grade wheat,
producea high-grade flour and whin
blended with spring wheat flour Is
especially desired by bakers and pastry
Anything that would place durum
wheat under the ban would be nothing
short of a calamity to the wheat grow
era of the west. The production of
durum wheat laat year was about 60,
000,000 bushels and most of it was
raised In districts where, owing to the
limited rainfall, other varieties of
wheat cannot be raised successfully
The question Involved In the seizure in
Indiana Is not as to the value of durum
wheat flour, but purely whether a
blended flour may be labeled as "man
ufactured from selected hard spring
wheat." To an outsider It looks like
s case of overiealousness on the part
of the officials charged with the en
J IUI lllll'U vi V U U fill D SWtl 1BWB
I "A insane man rever experiences
l"out one Impulse to kill," sayi one of
thone high-priced alienists, "but after
one outbreak he may be regarded sa
harmless." The way to cure a man of
Insanity then Is to let him kill some
body. If the experiment has to be
tried, let it be on the alienists.
No prosecutions have grown out of
that package of Missouri Pacific passes
delivered to the members of the Ne
braska Railway commission a few
weeks ago. The other railroads, how
Wer, seem to have profited by the ex
ample and haVe been careful not to
make the aame mistake.
Under the call of the republican na
tional committee not less than thirty
days' notice must be given of conven
tions to select national convention del
egates. It is np to the committees of
the various congressional districts In
Nebraska that have not yet acted to
Judge Parker does not say so in that
many words, but he leaves the Impres
slon that swimming will be fine up at
Esopus about the time Mr. Bryan ex
pects him to deliver some campaign
speeches , next summer.
New Mexico and Arizona will have
to wait a while longer to be admitted
to statehood. Nevada has furnished an
impressive object lesson on the folly
of picking territories before they are
King Gustav of Sweden wants to
raise everybody's salary. If he should
come over and run for president on
that platform they would never get
through counting his majority.
Hla Seconal Wind.
Just prior to the last democratic con
ventlon. Judge Alton B. Parker was the
greatest human sphinx on earth; now he
seems likely to develop into the greatest
A Dlarrrdlted Closes.
Thomas W. Lawson Is going to get
out of politics and let this depraved re
public go right on to the bow-wows be
cause It Is too profoundly cussed to worry
with. And It Is too blindly stupid to go
upon its knees and beg the Boston states
man to be Its Moses..'
ThlnklnaTT That's Werk.
Philadelphia Record (Ind.).
It is reported that when Representative
Champ Clark, speaking from the floor of
the house, predicted the nomination of Wll
Ham J. Bryan by the-Denver convention
"some republicans joined with the demo
cratic members in the hand clapping.'
This republican enthusiasm for William
ought to set him thinking.
A In (que Distinction.
There la one little quality In the. letters
and public statements of Oovernor
Huailea that rlvea I him nraf.fl.nllv
tl n In 1 1 Hlattnetlnn artinnv rnm1iimtnm TT.
ciuaiiy anows ine ) oirrerence between
nan ana win. ana. wnai is more, he
observes It. All the grammarians and
purists ought to be sir him.
- "Didn't Do a Thing; to Him."
New York Hun
tft urging the democratic members of
the' legislature In Kentunkv tn .ioi -
Oovernor Beckham to the United States
senate Mr. Bryan declared that In 1(04
he took hla medicine in Parker vhnn h
didn't want, and that he did what he
could ror him. The parallel certainly au
gurs ill for Mr. Beckham. Mr. Bryan's
8trenue.ua exertions for tltnn n di,..
In 1904 had an unerring precision and
deadly effect of a boomerang thrown by
a praoU-O hand. Juda-e Parker w
uiimuii uemocraue votes enorf when
mr. Bryan had finished doing WJiat he
.....1.1 M 1- I .
iuuiu mr nun.
e for the Mlllenlnna.
New York Herald.
Yoiinsr Ifr Tt rwL a f..l T .... i.n. . i . .
the astonishing conclusion that money la
nnt irnrui n lha ....... . . . .
The poor would not be poor If they had
all the money they want. Omaha Bee.
Our astute contemporary never falls to
give expression to utterances of ineffable
wisdom. Sociologists have devoted vol
umes to expressing the thought whl.-h ha.
thus been so deftly minted Into the coin
ot language, it would be. looking at the
matter from another anrle. a neneriren
ordering of affairs if everybody In the
Limeu states were wealthy beyond com
pare. Life would be so much easier for
i ue poor:
AsklBtc To Marh.
New York Tribune.
A western psychologist Is reported to
nave opened up a new branch of his
science; the psychology of newspaper
reading Is the unexplored domain Into
which he is plunging. From the tlrst
queatlona which he has put to several
hundred persons under Investigation the
early failure of the undertaking may be
confidently, prophesied. The professor
has sent out circulars containing, with
space for name, address, occupation, etc..
tnis question and It appropriate blank:
"What dallies do you read, and what are
the reasons for your choice?" That ends
the whole matter. To put such a query
Is to ask a man what his inmost moral
character and Intellectual machinery look
If Wntterann Were Senator.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The democrats of Kentucky are being
showered with advice from outside the
state to break the legislative deadlock by
electing lienry Watterson to the United
States senate. It is a remarkabla tribute
to a man Who haa long been an ornament
to the newspaper profession. What Mr.
Watterson would say to such a proposal
no one apparently has taken, the trouble
to learn. lie bas more than once declined
to stand as a candidate for office when
It Involved the hardships of a campaign,
but this he might consider a different
proposition. Mr.. Watterson as a aenator
would be a credit to his state, and a fit
companion to tlie other grand old men
who have represented ttv southern people
A PenrtThree Urdilia.
The railroad companies In Pennsylvania
will not hail the decision of the supreme
court on the legality of the 2 -cent fare
law with any great degree of satisfac
tion. It Is a close decision. In which
the dissenting justices seem to have the
better of the argument," and - it leaves
the question open for future and more
painstaking legislative consideration.
Having stated the advantages of the lower
rate, the public appetite will be whetted
for whatever possible concessions may
be In he future secured through statu
tory regulation. It would be, indeed, a
stroke of policy on the part of the rail
road managers to give a further trial
of the reduced rates, or at least to make
such a rearrangement of rates as would
fully teat the advantage growing out of
Increased travel as a result ef pecuniary
Ol PRKeiDICITI At, KlfUNO I.HIC.
ome Reasons treed Why Bryan
fthonlel Retire from the Rare.
New Tork World, diem ).
Mr. Bryan is reported to lisve said that
If a third iif the party leaders were un
favorable to Ms rsndidncy, or If a third
of the delegates 'o the Denver convention
should lie opposed to It. he would volun
tsrlly retire. More than a third of the
democratic leaders are already unfavorable
to his candidacy. Indeed, a large majority
of them are convinced that the greatest
service he could render to his party would
tie to acquiesce In the nomination of a
candidate like John A. Johnson, mho
could poll hundreds of thousand of votes
that Mr. Brrin could not poll, who would
have a fighting chance to carry states
that Mr. Hryan could not pnasibly carry,
and who would rehabilitate the democratic
party even If he failed of election.
J- Mr. Bryan has declared that lie thought
well of Oovernor Johnson, of Senrtor Cul
berson and of Governor Hoke Smith, but
that he atrongly objected . "to another
Parker," The World is In accord with him
In tlfn objection. It too has no desire to
see another Judge Parker nominated. It
Is asking only for a candidate of ability
and conviction, whq represents democrstlc
doctrine, who canunite the party, who
can appeal to the . Independent and dis
satisfied republican vote and hold out to
a disheartened democracy some hope of
success, however fsint that hope may be.
Mr. Bryan cannot do this. There is no
stste that he lost in im whlcTi he could
carry In 1908. There Is no electoral vote that
he lost In 1900 which he could win back
next November. The democratic party can
not afford to nominate Mr. Bryan and the
World cannot understand why he should
desire the nomination. Certainly a'nother
defeat will add no new laurels to the
wreath be already wears.
Tnft's Center, Shot.
Charleston News and Courier (rtem.).
The speech of Secretary William H.
Taft In New York was an admirable de
liverance. In the audience were a num
ber of socialists and others Inclined to
wards socialistic experimentation, and
when he had concluded his address he an
nounced himself ready to answer ques
tions. The reports agree that his an
swers were quick, strong and to the point.
Someone Inquired: "Would not govern
mental ownership of mines and railroads
solve the labor problem? ,
"No," said Secretary Taft, "there would
still be disputes. And I want you to
think what a tremendous power that would
put In the hands ,of the government. The
Lord knows thatlpower Is sufficiently con.
centrated at Washington now, and that
it is hard enough to administer the gdv
ernment properly. Give the government
the ownership of mines and railroads and
like enterprises, and I tremble to think
or the danger to the republic."
Perhaps It may not be to the advantage
of Mr. Taft to say so. but we are sure
that no democrat In Amertca could have
made answer more satisfactory to all
Mark, the sentiment was spontaneous
an instant, flashing and driving reply to
an unanticipated question. Atone, it does
not entitle the secretary to even honorary
classification a a democrat and only - a
sound democrat should be elected presi
dent, but It adds strength to the growing
Deuei mat American Institutions would
not totter in the event of William H.
Tart s election.
Pittsburg Leader (Ind. reo.).
Members of congress In both houses at
this session are displaying much activity
In this new political fad of theirs, the
"rebuking of Roosevelt." They are doing
It because they believe the "big Inter
ests" whom they oerved so long have suc
ceeded in discrediting the president and
that he no longer has the people back of
Politicians who gather at Washington
at every session of congress seem to have
a anack of misrepresenting the political
feeling of the people of the country. When
It is possible for them to be wrong, they
win pe wrong. They are wrong in be
ueving that the -money power of the
country haa Roosevelt done for politically.
iney win learn that before this year has
If Roosevelt has lost any of hla dopu
larlty. nothing will aid him more in the
regaining of it than these "rebukes" from
the Forakers and Dicks, from the defend
ers of the timber thieves and the tools of
the trusts. ,
The Bryan Band Wagon.
New York Tribune (rep.).
The offer of Mr. Bryan to withdraw from
the race for the democratic nomination If
any considerable number of "earnest, re
liable and responsible" democrats will make
known their opposition to him, if it has
really been made, Is extraordlnarly hand
some. The opponents must be headers who
are now supposed to favor him, for Mr.
Bryan will pay no attention to the wishes
of the reactionary opposition. What he
wants to convince him that this la' not his
year is that a large and Influential number
of persons now securely seated on the
Bryan band -wagon should dismount and
explain that they tblnk democrats might
well be tiding on another chariot. . For the
accommodation of such public spirited pas.
sengers the band wagon will perhaps stop
Whr Wot Taftf
Bioux City Journal (rep.).
The voice of Iowa republicans is ' for
Taft. Shalt the will of the people govern?
William II. Taft haa made good in the
public stations to which he has been called.
And It Is welt to emphasise , the fact that
he has been called.- He retired from Judi
cial office to accept the responsibility of
the governorship of the Philippine Islands.
He. has put behind him opportunity to go
upon the supreme bench of the United
States because it was made to appear that
his service elsewhere could not well he
spared. He la the trusted adviser and
friend of Theodore Roosevelt, n whom
the people of Iowa have large confidence.
It la known In this wtate, as it is known
elsewhere, that the president would be
delighted to have the republican national
convention name Taft aa the standard-
bearer of the party in the compaign of IX!.
Why not Taft?
Bark In the Fold.
Baltimore Aimikm (rep.).
Leslie M. Shaw has resigned his position
as president of tlie Carnegie Trust com
pany, and H la Intimated that he will re
turn to politic.- Thia would Indicate that
Mr. Shan haa faith in the development of
a certain little boom that has been occa
sionally mentioned in the dally papers.
Halls la Coantry Towns.
New York Globe.
There are thousands of small cities, towns
and villages throughout the country where
similar fire traps are regularly used for
public entertainments, and where chance.
In the guise of a careless child er adult,
may at any moment precipitate such an
other horror as that at Boyertown. Tr
lives of the people In these settlements are
just as precious as 4hose ef the dwellers
In large cities, where every precaution is
taken by the Inhabitants to protect them
selves from being burned to death in their
places of public congregation. There is lit
tle excuse for the country town's criminal
eareiessneoa tn such matters, for the halls
and onera houses" could ha made rela
tively aafa at small expense by keeping
them on the first floor and surdrtv multiply.
ABtSC I TRIMl!. I.W.
Proposed Change In Proeedore I
New Tork Sun.
No crltlra have denounced the exist In
aystem of Amern-an criminal procedure
more vigorously than two prominent fed
eral officeholders. Mr. Justice Brewer of
the t'nlted Stales supreme court and th
Hon. William H. Taft. secretsry of wsr.
It is an Interesting fact, in view of the de
nunclntlnns In which these gentlemen hav
Indulged, tfiat the moat conspicuous abuse
in our criminal law arises out of tho opera
tioh of a federal statute which congress ha
for many years vamly been asked to re
peal. - .
We' mean the statute under wlilcli
person convicted hf crime In a state court
may apply tn a-federal Judge for a writ
of habeas corpus, and upon the refusal to
grant such writ may appeal from the order
denying his application to the supreme
court of the Unl'ed States,' such appeal be
lug operative of Itself an a stay of all
proceedings tn the state courts until a de
termination is rendered by the supreme
court of the fnited States. ,
tTnder this law a largo number of appeal
are taken every year In habeas corpu
proceedings in capital cases which are
utterly without any substantial merit. "Tlie
law Is such," said Mr. Llttlefield of Maine
In congress the Holier dsy. "that It Is only
necessary in the proceedings to suggest
frivolous or fictitious federal question, have
the petition overruled, and then take a
appeal to the supreme court of the United
States, which delays the execution of
sentence anywhere from one to two' years
ss the rase may be."
Mr. Llttlefield la entitled to the credit
of having at last Induced the house of
representatives to pass a bill which will
put an end to this gross abuse, If the
measure receives tho concurrence of the
senate and the approval of the president.
The bill provides that no appeal-shall be
allowed to the supreme cpurt or the United
States in a habeas corpus proceeding where
the prisoner Is detained by virtue of process
issued within a state court, unless permis
sion to appeal Is granted by the court In
which the decision was rendered or oy a
Justice of the supreme court of the United
States. In order to grant such permission
ths Judge to whom the application Is made
must be of the opinion and must certify
mat tnere exists probable cause for an
This simple change In the law. which
ought to have been made long ago. will nut
an end to a practice which has brought
aeservea reproach upon our jurisprudence.
DR. BRYAN'S PANACEA.
Proposed Conrnntee of Nntlonal Bank
New York Tribune.
Three or four bills have been Introduced
in congress within the last few davs oro
vldlng In various ways for the insurance
of national bank deposits. Presumably
the authors of these measures think there
exists a public demand for sucit a guar
antee, if so, why haa It never been in evl
denco before? Why have depositors been
perfectly content to put their money In
banks, trusting to their own Judgment to
select established institutions of good repu
tation under the control of saXe and con
servative bankers? It la always assumed.
and with Justice, too, that where there Is
a real demand private enterprise Is ready
10 cattery it. Why haa no insurance com
pany entered Into the field of guarantee
ing bank deposits? On practically every
thing in which tho risk la sufficiently
large for the public to desire inauranco
against it a policy may be obtained. The
fact la that, the chance of ultimate loss
through bank Yallur s negligible, and de
positors reallr that It Is. If a company
should enter the field, offering to write
polieiea on bank deposits, it could not hope
to obtain any patronag-e, even though It
could do a profitable business at a tenth
of i per cent. If such -private Insurance
is irapracucame, why, supposing there la
a public drAand for insurance or deposits.
have not banks themselves recognised it
and accordingly formed associations for
the mutual Insurance of one another's de
posits? If there were any desire for ouch
a guarantee tho members of such mutual
associations might have easily outdis
tanced their uninsured competitors in ob
The demand for a guarantee of deposits
then, la not sufficiently strong to Invito a
private company Into that field of insur
ance, nor to commend Itself to the consid
eration of banks in the intense competition
for deposits, nor even to keep ltv the
practice when once established. The de
vice is just now simply an after-panic sua
gestlon one of the innumerable panaceas
witn which a host of volunteers are offer
ing to cure Incurable ilia. It cornea dalv
labelled from lie intellectual laboratory
oi our greatest financial quack, who dem
onstrated his ability to show tho country
now to get well quick Just after the are
vlous panic, in tho moot famous year In
tno annals or quaekdom to-wlt, MM.
SENATOR ALLISOVS FORTUNE.
n oar i toaapvtenoo After Forty
Cedar Rapids (la.) Republican.
Senator Allison, has a little laid by.
enough to product hint the Income of Ki.bUO
to which the Regleter and Leader refers
But he received that from hla wife's estate
Hla wife was the adopted daughter of Sen-
ator Orioies, Iowa's first republican United
States senator. We believe she inherited a
fortune of about $tt,0M or SM.OOO, not mor
than fSO.OOO, -deluding the home in Wash.
ington, which is known as Senator AHIson's
home, a modest Prick building, wedged be
tween other buildings. Senator Allison has
never tried to build up a fortune, but be
has been Just about able to maintain in
tact the money which he Inherited. Other
fortune he has none.
-The editor of this paper became ' ac
quainted &ith these facts aa long ago aa
1888, when he was a reporter on the Des
Moines Register, and went to Dubuque at
the suggestion of James 0. Ctarkson, then
editor of that paper, lo prepare some mat
ter for general publication about the life
of Senator Allison, who was then a candi
date for the nomination for president. One
of the questions asked the senator was
about his success in business life and his
business pursuits. He answered that his
work In the senata and in the campaigns
had absorbed ail of bis Ufa and all of his
energies, that he had no children and hud
no incentive to accumulate money. We
thick he also stated at the time that the
money that belonged to his wife had been
invested In railroad bonds or stocks.
It ought not to he necessary to dig into
these matters of the private life of a man
whose eminent fitness and untiring devo
tion to public duties have made him con
spicuous. But t reducers of personal honor
must sometimes bo answered, and tn the
case of Senator Allison one needs no other
defense than the plain unvarnished facts. '
"Clothes Do Make tho Man."
i New York Sun.
From tho ease with which miscreants ef
various degrees succeed tn personating offi
cial dignitaries in Buropeaa countries it Is
evident that to a oertain extent at least
: lot hoe do make tho man. If Oeraaa aol
diers aro deoeivod by a thief dreoaed aa a
captain and Ruaalaa guards Pass Impostors
clad tn Imitation of the governor and hla
staff, tho ordinary waiter need not J
badly if he Is sometimes mistake" tor a
IMHKtOEII R 4 1 1. It OA f S.4FKTY.
of Low ' Limiting llohra of
The managers of Interstate rallroada are
getting ready for cliRna.es In operating
met noils tuariy neceesary by the law limit
ing the hoars of labor of railroan em
ployes. Thia act waa approved March 4
last, to go Into effect one year from thst
time. It provklee that no telegraph or
telephone operator, handling messages af
fecting the movement of railroad tralps
shall be on duty more thiin nine hours In
twenty-four. When the art was passed it
Was thought that this provision 'would In
crease the demand for railroad telegraph
ers. Now, however. It la reported that the
mSnagera are planning to auhstltutn ths
telephone for the lelegTaph wherever pnssl
ble and to employ women as telephone
operators. ' j
Presumably no Very serious objertlon to
the employment of women as telephone
operators on railroads can tgt made on th
scorn of Impairing provisions for the safely
of travelers. But from tho point of view
of the public, concerned also about broad
aorlsl Interests, any reorganisation of a
labor force which tends to draw more wo
men from the home Into Industry Is not
The new law and Its promised enforce
ment have quickened railroad officials In
the work of Installing automatic block
signal systems. By permanent Improve
menta of this sort managers hope to avert
the necessity of hiring more telegraph
operators than they employ at present.
Some of these officials predict that an Indi
rect result of the new law will be to dis
place telegraphers almost altogether by
automatlo devices. .' . -'s
If tho Installation of theses devfres dis
place telegraph operators -that will be
hard on many deserving employes, but it
will be one of the unavoidable misfortunes
whioh come in the Wake of progress. Laat
year SfT passengers and 4..1&S employes were
Xllled and 13,697 passengers and 78,286 em
ployes were Injured on the railroads of the
United Slates. The Interstate Commerce
commission tn Its recent report giving these
figures advocates the enfqrced Installation
of block signals and .government super
Vision of their operation.
The mayor of Evanaville.Jnd., has or
dered the police to censor Mrs. Leslie Car
ter's "Du Barry" costumes. He even di
rects those' officers to appear in plain
John Adams charged George Washington
with stealing $2, In the Washington police
court recently. You nyty give a boy a good
name, but you cBn't make him live up to it
all through life.
J. Plerpont Morgan haa presented to the
Wadsworth Athenaeum at . Hartford, in
memory of ' his father, fourteen volumea
descriptive of his art collections In Len-
r don and New York. Each volume is valued
r Colonel Theodore A. Dodge, who has lived
for more than ten .years in Paris, while
completing his masterly "History of Na
poleon," which is now being published In
four volumes, has Just been elected presi
dent of the American club in Paris.
Judge Smith of Texas has the distinction
of representing the biggest district of any
member of congress. It takea the, judge
three days to make the trip from one end
of his district to the other, and there are
seventen countlea that , must be looked
Joy Morton, the wealthy banker of Chi
cago, Is hatching out .a scheme to turn a
deeert country of Wyoming 4ntw!v great
garden, where 16,000 people may live and
become independent. He Is going to Irri
gate the sect lop andwhen ready for culti
vation he will aell the land at a such a
nominal sum that almost anyone, will Is
For a long time It haa been expected thai
Mrs. J. L. Gardner of Boston would pro
vide by legacy that the famous Gardner
collection shall go to the Museum of Fine
Arts, but instead it Is understood she will
provide for the perpetual maintenance of
the Fgtiway museum as a separate Insti
tution, i .
Sl..l UK MS.
Mrs. Vkk-Senn s eyes flashed.
lohnnv doesn't aet that weak chin of
his from my side of the house!" alio ex
claimed. . ' . .
No. my dear. meemy reeponumi nn-
husband. "Johnny lias my chin. Out be
inherits his mother's tlrelees capacity for
keeping- It In motion." Chicago Tribune.
-fir nlwii-i contended." ' aald Miss
Passav. whose engagement had Just been
announced, "that a woman should marry
at . but never beiore tnat.
"Indeed?" remarked Miss Knox, "then
why did you refuse Mr. Hoamley when
he proposed to you tea years ago?" Phil
'I'm a. little hard of hearing." said the
man in the audience. "Did you say you
were a "deceptive" candidate?"
'I said a "recDtive candidate.' replied
he speaker, with the air f being pained.
"Oh, excuse me." rejoined the deaf
auditor. Philadelphia. Lodger.
Would you send a man who uses pro
fanity to oongreas?"
"I dunno." answered Farmer Corntossel.
"Of course I don't approve of profanity.
K l'a mmnt him tn b able to hold hla
own In any of them argumenta that come
up." Washington Star.
of M.in. vnu Ann't want anything you
are not entitled to," said the conscientious
'Of course not." answerea nensior ooi-
fhum; "but I will Incidentally remara tnat
always have the best legal talent avail
able to ascertain what I am entitled to.
Washington Btar. .
The alert looking atranger approached
tho famous alienist.
"If I agree in advanre to pay you any
fee you may demand, will you swear that
J am insane?" he asked
i sure win, ruapwiiuEu mw .""'i"'
promptly. "And have a clear case extnai.
he added, out nor so me tuhvi vuuiu .
ninnrn rirnnned Into the. comer store.
"Gimme a new cndlKfor my lantern." he
said. "And charge It," he added at tn
psychological moment. .
"Now see here. Dl," protested the pro
prietor, "that blamed old lantern of your n
is on my books yel. Say. when yeh find
yer honest limn I hope be 11 convert yeh. -Philadelphia
g. B. Klaer In the Record-Herald.
You promlaed once that you would guide
Me where the fields were fair;
You aald you gladly would provide
Protection for mo there:
You vowed the path I trod ahould bo
A pleasant one and clear; ,
How have you kept your faith wtth me
Along the way, my dear?
You promised once that I should claim --
Your never ceasing trust; -You
vowed that you would never blame
Nor cease to tblnk me Just;
My Inaplratlon you would be ,
From peaceful year to year;
How have you kept your faith with mw
Along the way. my deart
There was so much 1 did not know
And could not understand:
I fancied lhat the winds whk'h blow
Might cease at you command;
But I have learned along the way 4
And I will raaaa tu chide: , ' '
The price a not too much to pay
To Journey by your side.
There waa so much I had not guessed.
So much I bad to learn;
But while your baud, In mine may rest
I would not. dear, return; '
Oft have I iieedxd on the way ,
The courage ou surplled;
Come lot ua start anew, today.
The Journey, side ty olde.-
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