Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 29, 1907, EDITORIAL SECTION, Page 3, Image 14

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( Musical Education
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Hur Bnholm. EOirf Sullivan. (Mm. A Mnrri. Chapron. Alfred Mnrrts, Instructor). PauUne Trout Vera Bmith
WUli Morria. Mtrlk.n Olover. Ada Morrla. Pearl Eaton. Prank Mullen.
Victor Morria. May Glover. iKinald Smith. Helen Keynolda. Mont Wlr.
OR twenty-five year or more
ja . - -
luui nr vi m.
vioua to mat time-sinrihC in
the schoola had been part of
the oenlnt' eRerciBea, but no attempt
had bees mad to Instruct children In the
u ot mueie books or in the cultivation
their voices. The first musical In-
tractor In the Omaha public schools was
Lucla Rerers, but to the majority of the
rraduates Miss Pannls Arnold will al-
ways ue wmikto -"
f the system of teaching music in
Omaha. Ehe cams to the work In the
tall of IS 17 as Instructor of music In
the hih school. Two years later she be
came assistant to Miss Rogers in the
trades and high school and a sho: t time
.ft.i thnt ru m . KiinrviMiir rtt muBtlr.
a position ehe has held continuously for
more than fifteen years.
While her prime object Is to teach the
children ths theory and practice of music.
Incidentally her work goes far toward
maintaining the physical condition of the
pupils, for the foundation of a good
musical voice Is deep and regular breath
ing, and deep and regular breathing is
also the foundation of good bealtb.
Tb musical course In th. Omaha pub-
Uc schools begins with the kindergarten,
bnt Miss Arnold takes the child only after
It has entered the grades. Previous to
that time It Is supposed te have learned
something of singing by the rote songs
of the kindergarten, and the first year'
work starts with an examination to dls
oover Just bow much It has learned, for
the first six months of th school year
la practically given over by the super
visor to studying ths children who come
to her for the first time.
It la a theory of Miss Arnold that prac
tically every person can be taught ts
sing if takes early enough, but after her
long experience she is wllUcg to admit
thst a few children cannot distinguish
sounds, and to them the term "mono-
toi.e- U applied. So far not more than
two or three true -monotones Lave been
found In the schools. These are boys, no
gin so Tar perns; jouna wuo is uuauie 1.0
aictlnguisn some ainerence
in musical
notes. There are, however, a large num
ber of children whose ears are unculti
vated and they must be taught to dis
tinguish the various notea This is the
tnaln work of the early part of the
first year. That tbe children take kindly
to ttus courss of study Is shown by the
large number wiio carry the work Into
the homes; and here. Miss Arnold says,
lies one of her greatest difficulties, as
veil as one of ber strongest aids. In ths
drvelopnwnt of ths pupil. Many parents
whs do not sing think th time wasted
which Is spent In teaching their children
His First Elevator Ride
NCLE REUBEN came back
Ul from the city, excitea ana
I nervous. He had gone to the
I fir-v tn trniurf Mime law busi
ness cunuwled wiLh his farm,
with a lawyer whose office was
In a modem skyscraper, and whose address
Reuben carried along fur memorandum.
"Wall." he began, sfter his wife, alarmed
at his changed condition, had threatened
to sumjuea lbs doctor from the nearest
village if he would not explain lis csuse,
"1 had about th' sainnlr-st shave from
duath thla morning I ever heard an! It
wus In that lawyer s bulldln. too. V see. I
found the rlstit place s' start -d lot in
through th' bulldln' fr his nam an' num
ber. Finally, after walk In" np stairs after
stairs Tr over two hours. I set daowa ail
tired out ob th" lop step ' th' last stair
way, completely discouraged.
- "Where kin I find Lawyer Barnes s of
nosT I asked a man fcurryln' by m. H
didst stop, but Just pointed his thumb at
jr"'f fr'1 tanAM' insld tttU Ce-
thla branch and the iroperTiaor f reauently
mow wwiiaua uiiu da j uuiui who. xi
wiu never De ame xo uhl ror i
lnr and neither can his father. Ue haa
no oic and sever will have."
When auch a complaint la received the
uaual response 1: "Wen. d net tall that
to Johnny. MuHo is part of the school
course and be will be reauired to study
tt. It you disoourase him he win cer-
xy mate no prop-en. and IX he la en-
mnrapid he ot lt
This nmnm is nsuallv uffirtnt and
while John may never beooms a slnrer hs
will fenerally learn snouch about the
theory to understand the meanlnr of
musical terms. As a rule children learn
to sltig, and each year shows a larger
proportion who seem to show the effect of
tb ritnK"
With deep breathing the foundation of
cf ,ciUb. U)tmry.
the work may not be without Interest to
the little ones rote songs are used for ths
first two years. In the second year sight
reading begins and before the year Is
ended the pupil Is taught something of the
transportation of keys. Phrasing is takes
tip la th. third year and more
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: Exhibiting Nebraska Farm Products by Special Car
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MH. Iirm procuci- .v
- i-mrtnMnt of
of the passenger department or
th Burlingum rout, which
has been on exhibition at the
Burlington station for some
time, starts on a tour of the
oounty aeats of the eastern counties of
8rliaEa January C It returned te Omaha
arirr . Ucefssful trln of 12 days through
Iolr minole and Missouri during which
tlm0 more Uiao loo.ouit people passed down
tn, lllle rtewm(r tbe product, rown is the
WeBt both lrrleaUoo wi cry farming
The car Is divided Into fourteen booths,
seven showing samples of crops grown
under Irrigation and seven showing samples
grown without Irrigation. The booth from
the Bill trigs district shorn crops grown In
the Yellowstone valley on land that was
suge brush two and a half years ago.
One sheaf of wheat Is from a field which
produced fifty-two bushels per acre and a
bundle of oats from a fit-id w hich produced
116 bushels pur acre. The booth ',e shows
sugar beets which run as high as twenty
five tons to the acre and samples of alfalfa
which ran srven tons to the acre and
like room, chewin' gum like sixty. So I
stt-pTKid ovsr and' Into this little room a a'
asked th' boy if he wus Lawyer Barnes
tiers.. 'No,' he sea, a bti frr-shlike, but
111 see Uil y' see tr. '' Then that fresh
youx.g fellar hit th' wall a punch that ditt
th' hull business!"
Here Rt-ubea paused to . cover his eye
and shake all over. v
"He hadn't any more ' hit that wall,
when he dislodged that room's git-rk-b-oulck
faetenin a," he went m. when his
spell was ever, an' th' hull floor o' that
room fell fight out and' daown them fifteen
stories to th' ground, takin' me an' that
young fellar w It h tt !
'Wall, thank God. here I be, Surahy,
How aitheer ' us escaped gu tin- every
bon In ur bodies broke I dos t know, an'
droit car. Ail I know is that floor fell
fiat on th' ground an' we didn't luse our
footia,' When that shock wus over I
bugged th' young fellar fr Joy an' give him
a fiv-doilar bill fr open in th' door an
lectin m out ahead o' htm. The I hustled
fT bom."" Th anhTiilsta,
as a Feature of Omaha's Public School System
work in tv,. in , .
the voices being; divided between soprano
and alte, and the Instruction regarding the
scales begins to take on more sclentlflo
phase. In the fifth year the now work
starts with the chromatic scale and In
sistence la placed upon rapid reading,
both voice and eye coming in for extra
attention. More difficult phrasing and
three-part songs, introducing tener, comes
with the sixth grade, and there is no new
work Introduced after this time, except
In the eichth grade, where, when oc
casion warrants, a few baas voices are sot
apart and four-voice songs Introduced.
This completes the work to the high
far as known there Is but
musical society In the grade schools. At
Franklin school there is an orchestra
composed of boys of ths eighth grade. A
few months ago It held a concert at the
Teachers interested in the musical de
velopment ef the child. Including Miss
Arnold, regret that there Is nothing done
in the high school In ths wsy of musical
Instruction. In the earlier days, when the
school building was not so crowded, there
.i..v.- v,.n -iv .n
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Three booths are filled with Big Horn
-ucl ihbttUA howing th
u, mTrmBrm cf the farmers fur-
tJlli the proaucta. A sample of oats,
roor, than six feet taU was taken from a
v. m.rf. iwi hn.hMa nr acre and
a number of sheaves are from fields which
fron. jrbtv-fiv te 100 buahela. A show-
1. tta. of arral nt prone which
n, than naili for the land on which thev
wers grown. This exhibit also shews aam-
4 i'
:'V-7. fci K.'.S
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were choruses In which practically all pn-
plls took part. At present there is no
room large enough to accommodate a
chorus, and therefore none la being
trained. AH musical Instruction; received
by high school pupils is distinct from reg-
ular school work. This year there Is but
ne organisation of pupils which has any
thing to do with song and that Is the
girls' German class. To acquire famil
iarity with German sons the girls have
orrauifced a German chorus, which is
drUled occasionally by Miss Arnold,
Meetings are held twice a month, when a
murttaJ program of German songs is car-
ried out.
Tbo teachers of the schools have a
musical society known as the Wagner
ihom: It Is the outerowth of a spries
ef lectures held in IMS. After the lectures
Mies Anna Fooa, then principal of Kellum
aohool sunrested that the organisation be
continued. The society meets once a month
for practice and sociability. The officers
of the chorus at this time are: Mrs. Cora
Anderson, president; Mies Franc Eaton,
vine president; Miss Minnie P. Baker,
secretary; Miss Helen Thompson, treas-
urer; Miss Mary Austin, president courtesy
fund; Miss Helen Rogers, librarian; Miss
i.iaa of alfalfa and natural cresses that sur-
r -
prise ail wno visit xne car. rnnfi tn p-
tatoes. sugar beet, turnips and other vere-
tables of mammoth sise from the Basin
ooountry are also shown. Other samples are
those of cauliflower, squasnea. pum;Jcins so
irr that ona can acaroelv realise they
are the real article, A fins fruit display is
also made.
The North Platte Vallev booth contains
a bundle of wheat from a field that pro-
duoed fifty-seven bushels per acre and a
hf" tmiiMTi .. "'1H1-a'"'y
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"I , I I.IMI m 111 111 I in n.i l l.l II II win i - mi Hi m iii i iii in
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J etuis PyrUe, chairman refreshment com- on study at the state university, while
mlttos; Miss Ida Blackmore, pianist; Miss Miss Grass Cenklin is at home.
Fannie Arnold, director. There are about Miss Jessie Towns, one of the teachers
alghty-flve members of the chorus, with at the high school and a graduate of
seventy-five taking active part in tho work, that school, is considered one of the best
of the society. pianists m the city, but she does little
Aside from toe vocal work tn the school
Omaha has reason to be proud of some
of the prospective artists In Instrumental
muslc, which It has graduated from the
high school. Until this year there were
two strong organisations at the school,
cut this year there is but one. the cadet
band. Formerly there was a glee club
and an orchestra, but they have not been
reorganised. A large number of both the
boys and girls are carrying on music
studies outside of school houri and they
are In demand for scrtool entertainments,
tt being an easy thing to arrange an ao-
oeptable musical program at short notice.
The graduating class of 1W7
markable for four young musicians of
more than ordinary ability two boys ana
two girls. The beys were pianists and the
girls violinists. Stanley Ltovsky. ons of
the . boys, is in Prague, completing his
musical studies, while C'eeai jjerryman
at home. He is doing some leacmng. ui
the girls. Miss Helen Summer is carrying
sample of oats from a
field that ran 110
ww,. -v.- ...l
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vegetables shewn la this booth give the
visitors an adequate Idea of what western
Nebraska produce
Two booths show the crops grown In
northwestern Colorado under irrigation and
ons without irrigation. The Irrigated crops
come from the vicinity of Fort Morgan,
Brush ' and Sterling. A sample of giant
ns that made ninety musbeis per acre at-
tree ted oonaidarabl attention, as aid ls
i t-
public work at this time. Miss L-ouisa
Shaddnck. who with Miss Emily Owes and
naoiss weoa. lormea t pni uar-
t8t with violins and piano, is now studying
k Germany. Miss Wood preceded bar to
that company to complete her musical
education. Mlas Corlnno Paulsen,- who
teaching In Omaha, is another grad-
u1 of the school, as is her brother,
Carl Paulsen, a violinist of more than
ordinary ability. Miss Olive Carpenter
now at Cornell, was another of the high
"" """""" "
siso devoted to the palate and is more
often thought of as an artist. Miss Helen
Budllek Is another musician who ahowed
her ability while In school.
a lew vocjis i mure miu
merit have been graduated from the high
school and one or two of them have found
appreciative audience before the footlights.
J"m u
ci eevera, nm.,,
has been at Lincoln and dith the Lni-
a case of alfalfa honey from Sterling. Ths
.hnr r.f .noi11v tho. rr.m-
without irrigation, are roost surprising,
several samples being shown where th
107 crop far more than paid for the oost
ol the land.
Ehcridan county has ne mixed booth
aticairs crops grown with and without
irrirlltj0n. The grass display was a reve-'
laUou to MJilra peupie.
Two booths are utilized for showing the
products of southwestern Nebraska In
which are splendid samples of all kinds of
grains and vegetsMes from Red Willow,
Dundy, Perkins snd Frontier counties. A
standard Nebrafka county ts also show
by Nuckolls county. Here are shown sam
ples of grains, grasses and manufactured
mill products as fine as can be shown from
any state.
Tbe booth from Box Butte county, Ne
braska, was altogether the work of George
E. Douglas and his sons, who furnished
a booth from their own farm. Mr. Doug
las stood by his booth during the eastern
Journey snd told of tbe great Baas of Box
Butte county. This feature was most
pleasing to the visitor to ths car,
as they seem to like te talk te a real
farmer, th man who raises th stuff ha
Northwesisrn Kansas Is represented by
fine display of grains, grasses and veg
etables from Rawlins county, ths samples
making a very creditable display of crops
grown without Irrigation.
Last, but not least, is tt showing md
f th crops grown' en Uie HUnkaid aectltm
of homes load lands. This booth shows sam
ple of ourn, wheat, osta. alfalfa, native
grease, potstues, squashes, turnip, cab
bages aiid other vegetable that show as
wall as stuff grown on more expensive
In speaking of ths manner of collecting
Ummm sample Ix Clem Deaver. head of ths
land seekers' information bureau of ths
Builti-cxon. said.: "The aampltss are hon
est exhibits of the crops grown In each
locality. They are by no means picked
sampiea It would not be fair to only show
th best and we could not afford to be un
fair. Of course these samples are net ths
poorest we could find, nor are they ths
bast, but Just a happy medium. Wo hav
had hundreds of people In th car who
bvs told us they have never seen bettor
samples growing than we were showing.
This exhibit has been aa eye-opener t
eastern pee pie and baa don vaot suiussil
cf good is advertising th iwouros th
versity Glee club has received plaudits fa
his bass voice of fine timbre and groat
power. Miss Augusta Lehman added to her
local instruction ty study abroad and baa
established a local reputation for her voloa,
Miss Mildred Inmn. another graduate.
la studying and training her voioe la
Reconstruction of Rome
(Continued from Page Two.)
world were stayed. Here very stone, a
to speak, is carefully reproduced, trt
utriphal arches and columns, temple ant
shrines and rostra and all ths other
Th Hereon Romult, r Temple f
Romulus, so of Maxentlua, the Forum
of Pence with Its tempi; th ForuA
Nervae enclosed within marble coated
walls supporting a richly carved en
tablature; the Forum August urn, with, tt
wall raised to a great height ts screw
the view of the mean bouse clustered n
tbe slopes ot tbe Qulrinal Hill, soma
typical specimens of which hav also bea
reconstructed In order to give an idea af
what common Roman dwelling hous
looked like; ths Forum Julium. around
tb tempi dedicated by Julius Caesar ts
Venus Cenetrtx, where th masterpiece f
Arkesllaos waa, end finally the Forum
Tralanl, ths most magnificent of them aS,
masterpiece of architecture and a won
derful feat of engineering, wtth Its col
umn "to show posterity bow feign ros
the mountain levelled te max room far
tb forum," th propylaia with tbe tri
umphal arch of tbe founder, th aquar
with the equestrian statute In the middle,
tb Basilica llpta. th Bibltotheoa UlpL,
two hemlrycles, and th Temple of Tra
jan, may all be seen side by side, nobi
mass of buildings ths Hk of which has
never been attempted elsewhere.
Tb CUvus Capitoliaus, as ths end of th
Sacra Via which ascended tb waster,
slope of the Capltollne Hill was railed,
forms one extremity of Prof. Marcellia&i'a
model. Just as the Coliseum forms th
other. Her are to be seo th Arx ot
Citadel of Rome, surrounded by fortlAV
rations which were supposed t be th
work cf Etrusraa masons; th Tempi ef
Coneord. entirely built of whit marbl
profusely enriched with mstrpleoe off
the Greek school, which served as saaet
tng place for the Senate en ertraortlnrr
occasions: tbe Temple of Vespasian, that
of Saturn, the Portio ef th Twetv Gd
with its twelve gold Images, six gods and
six geddeeeea; th Tabula rl urn, destined
for the eafs keeping cf deeds of pu bli
Interest, a considerable portion of wrhesfc
Is preserved today, and finally th Capt
tolium or Tempi of Jupiter Optima
Maxlmus, th national sanrtwary of
ancient Roma, which ros In th center of
a sacred area bounded oa three sMes by
precipitous cliffs and was built ta pur
Etruscan style.
The Theatre ef MarceDus, erect d by
Julius Caesar and completed by Augustus
In memory of his beloved eon-la-law, an,
the Forum Bnaiium. or oattl snark. ax
seen to the right ef the CapltoL Th nug
nlfleent Ttiermae TralanL or Baths f
Trajan, on ths Esxjuiltnl Hill oa tb north
east side of th Coliseum oowiplet tb
enumeration of ths principal buildings tn
tlx reconstruction cf th Rom of tb
Caeaara, done
by Prof. MaroeUlaal. bat
such an enumeration does not ooraprt
all th buildings Included In th model,
such for Instsnos as private bona, toe,
noble and plehlan, specimen of which
differing, In architect urs and mod at
construction, are scattered ber and
Nor doe tt give an Idea ef tb aeaeo.
tngly Insignificant details which are fasja4
in every building, such as deom alien,
statuary, streets and even email fcnmaa
figures which serve to shew ff tb pee.
Dortlar.s ef th eUfferes
A better Ids of tb whole wsrk Is
Tyd by tb tws accompanying iliuatrw-
takan from ppoit ef tb