Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 26, 1907, Page 4, Image 4

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Tiie Omaha Daily Bel
Entered at Omtli Fostomce aa ootid
claae matter.
r!ly Bee (without Sunday), en yer..M.0
leily Bee and Sunday, so year
Sundar Bm, on year J 60
Saturday Bm, on year X.M
Dally Bee (Including Bunday), per week.. 15c
Ually Be (without Sunday), par week..lOo
Evening Boa (without Bunday), pr weak so
Evening bee (with Sunday), Der wee.. . .10o
Addreaa all oornplelnta of irregularities
In delivery to City ClrculaUon Department,
Omaha Tha Be Building.
South Omaha City Hall Building.
Council Bluffs U Scott Street.
Chicago HMO University Bulldlnf.
New Tork 15 Horn Life Insurance
Washington T2S Fourteenth Btreet N. W.
Communlcatlona relating to newe and edi
torial matter ahould be addressed, Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, exprese or portal order
payable to Tha Bee Publishing Company.
Only S-eent atampa received in payment or
mall aocounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or aaatarn exchange, cot accepted.
State of Nebraska, Douglaa County, ss:
Charles C. Kosewater, general manager
of Tha Bee Publishing company, being
duly sworn, aays that the actual number
of full and complete copies of The Daily
Morning, Evening and Bunday Be printed
during tha month of October, W7. was
1 M,70 IT SS.790
S 3g,aao It 3S.B60
I M,00 II .. SS,S40
4 94,360 JO 40,600
1 33,650 1 36,650
1 35,500 tl 36'90
T 36.440 tl 37,313
36,630 24 S6.800
36,700 II 36,760
II 36360 tl 36,700
11 36,40 . 11 38,680
II 36,130 II 87,0l0
II 86,300 29 86,U0
14 36,630 10 36,0
II 86.B30 II 37,330
II 3680
Total 1,133,480
Less unsold and returned copies. 3,835
Net total 1,189,656
Dally average 38.4J7
Oeneral Manager,
ubaoribed In my presence and sworn to
belore me this 1st day of November. 1907.
Notary Public
afcecrlbers IcatIbs; tbe city teas
rarity eavoald hare The) Baa
aaalie tkem. Addreaa will ba
Wonder If Mayor "Jim" left tbe lid
t French Lick Springs?
A dollar In a turkej does
ffood than two In a stocking.
It is understood tbat Senator For
Sker thinks very highly of Mr. Jus
tice Brewer's political decisions.
No hurry about putting those bonds
voted st the last election on the mar
ket so long 38 present conditions con
tinue. .
Notice how little figure Newport
has cut In the news columns Blnce the
financial barometer went low in Wall
Tbe financial stringency in Wash
ington is being relieved 3s the states
men arrive and draw their mileage
According to Vienna reports, the
price of radium has been reduced to
11,000,000 an ounce. Now is the time
to lay in your winter supply of ra
dium. . According to latest advices, Japan
does not want Us citizens to cume to
the United States, but opposes any
.Ian of th United States to keep
them from coming.
Omaha can get along very nicely
without itinerant street corner ven
ders. Most of them have been oper
ating under permits granted by the
ir.ayor without even paying a license
A New York jury has failed to agree
as to the proper amount of heat for
a flat. Why submit such Questions to
a Jury, anyway, when the Janitor
finally settles the question to suit him
self? While no announcement has been
made of the fact, the eight other Jus
tices of the supreme court are thought
to hold dissenting opinions from Jus
tice Brewer's decision against Presi
dent Roosevelt.
New York City owns seventy-four
automobiles, purchased at a cost of
1180,000, and the annual cost of main
taining them is $140,000, or $1,1100
each. Those automobiles must drink
something beside gasoline.
The cornerstone of the Young
Women's Christian association build
ing has been duly laid with impressive
ceremonies.. Resumption of the so
liciting campaign to complete the
building fund will next be in order.
An experiment with the "pay-as-) ou
enter" system, of collecting street car
fares is being made in Chicago. The
experiment that is being made on the
street railway in Omaha seems to be
with the "get-off-before-you-pay" sys
aomeming met in mo way oi a
monument should be provided for (hat
negro woman who has Just died in
Kansas City at the age of 126 and
who never claimed that she served
aa a domestic In George Washington's
General Gomes, the leader of the
Cuban radicals, says it will do no harm
to continue the American provisional
government In Cuba for another six
months. It would do no harm to con
tins it Indefinitely, until the Cubans
how some real capacity for managing
their svb affairs.
As the pure food commissioner for
Nebraska, Governor Sheldon has
finally asked the attorney general for
an official, opinion on the meaning of
that section of the pure food law
which relates to tbe misbranding .of
food packages.
It seems that without watting for
any advice from the state's law depart
ment the deputy food commissioner
has been slashing right and left on his
theory of what the law ought to be.
When this deputy wrote to the county
attorney of Douglas county some time
ago, calling upon him to arrest and
prosecute the South Omaha packers
for not stating the weights on their
encased hams and bacons, the county
attorney in reply politely suggested
that the section of the law referred to
would not warrant the reading the
deputy food commissioner gave it and
asked outright whether the attorney
general had ever made a ruling upon
it. But the great deputy food com
missioner disdainfully ignored this
very pertinent question. Instead of
first finding out whether he was right
before going ahead, this over-officious
underofflclal began a series of lecture
engagements through the state and
started a round robin in the country
newspapers, telling how conscientious
he Is in the performance of his duty
and what a tremendous task .he has
undertaken to prevent people from
being short-weighted by their grocers.
The particular section of the pure
food law which is supposed to be in
question would not seriously trouble
any grammar school pupil able to
parse a sentence. It declares that an
article of food shall be deemed to be
mlsbranded "If sold for use in Ne
braska, and in package form other
than canned goods, contents, weight or
measure are not correctly stated on
the outside of the package." The all
wise deputy food commissioner, him
self, admits that in order to support
his position he has to insert a word
out of his own mind and make it read,
"contents in weight or measure," al
though even at that he has been una
ble to find any positive mandate in
the law to require the packages to be
labelled at all with any one of the
three Items of "contents, weight or
There are other undisputed sections
of the law relating to other matters
whose enforcement would keep the
deputy food commissioner quite busy
It so disposed, but it would not enable
him to pose as a modern AJax defying
the meat packers nor to issue daily
proclamations that "the law is on the
statute books and must be enforced"
before he has even had a legal opinion
as to what the law calif for.
lawful mosey and reserves.
The flood of recommendations for
legislation revising the currency sys
tem contains many plans that would
be set down at once aa ludicrous, were
not the lack of appreciation of basic
principles emphasized by a semi-official
notice from the Treasury department
relative to the uses to which the pro
posed issue of $100,000,000 in "cer
tificates of Indebtedness" may be put.
The notice Indicates that even the
financiers at the head of some of the
biggest banking institutions do not
clearly understand the laws limiting
the use of different forms of money.
The Treasury department announces
that the proposed issue of 3 per cent
short term certificates of indebtedness
cannot be made, directly or indirectly,
a part of a national bank's reserves.
This information is not vouchsafed
gratuitously, but because certain New
York bankers had conceived the notion
tbat they would be allowed to use
these evidences of government indebt
edness to replenish their depleted re
serve resources.
The failure of the New York banks
to maintain the reserves demanded by
law has been one of the most fruitful
sources of financial trouble. These
funds have been considerably below
the legal requirement since the be
ginning of the depression in August,
lut a marked Improvement has been
lately accomplished and, with the re
cent gold Importations, normal and
legal conditions are being rapidly re
stored. Completo restoration of the
lfBetve mubt be accomplished by the
bankf themselves, through legitimate
methods and not by any assistance
offered by the government's issue of
certificates of indebtedness. The law
Is explicitly plain on the questlou of
legal reserves, so plain that it is sur
prising that bankers anywhere should
need further advice or instruction.
Under the provisions of tho national
biiiiklug act, every national bank in
'reserve" cities, of which there are
sixteen in the country, must have on
band at all times "In lawful money of
the United States," an amount eo,ul
to at least 25 per cent of the aggregate
of all its deposits. In non-reserve
cities, the minimum reserve required of
national banks is 15 per cent of its
d posits. This leaves but one question
which should be plain to' the banker,
however ill-posted the lawman may be,
as to what constitutes "lawful money
of the United States." The courts have
repeatedly passed upon this proposi
tion and the definitions are thus com
piled by the New York Commercial,
from six different sections of the re
vised statutes:
Gold eoln, standard silver dollars, sub
sidiary silver, miner coins, 1'ntted States
notes and treasury notes of lsSu have the
legal-tender quality aa follows: Gold coin
's legal tender tor Its nominal value when
not below tha limit of tolerance In weight;
when below that limit It la legal tender
'u proportion to Ita weight; standard silver
dollars and treasury note of lsSt) are
Ipgal tender for all debts., public and
rr'.vale. except where otherwise expressly
stipulated In the contract; subsidiary sMver
is legal tender to tl.e extent uf $10, minor
coins to the. extent of 25 cents, and United
States notes for all debts, publio and
private, except duties on Imports and In
terest on the public dobt. Gold certificates,
silver certificates and national bank notes
are non-legal-tendrr money. Both kinds
of certificates, however, are receivable for
all public dues, and national bank notes
are receivable for all public dues except
duties on Imports and may be paid out
for nil pnhllo dues except interest on the
publio debt.
Hie new certificates of Indebtedness
cmi'ot be used as "lawfnl money" any
more than could bills of lauMmr or
warehouse receipts. The financial de
pression, the remedies proposed for its
relief and the discussion aroused by
existing business conditions are at least
affording facilities for education as to
the ' trope, possibilities, defects and
linilintlons of the nation's currency
Two potent arguments in support
of Postmaster General Meyer's plan
for the establishment of a postal sav
ings bank system have been furnished
recently. A Brooklyn worklngman,
alarmed over the reports of the bank
ing conditions, withdrew $2,000 of
his savings from a local bank and
bought with the money twenty $100
money orders, payable to himself. He
then resumed his work, apparently
satisfied that his savings were secure.
The second argument Is supplied In
the reports that thousands of men
and women from all parts of the coun
try are sending offers to the Treasury
department at Washington for noma
of the new certificates of indebtedness
to be issued by the government, bear
ing 3 per cent interest and running
for one year from date of issue. These
offers, according to Washington Ad
vices, are in various amounts, running
from $50 to $5,000, the majority of
them being from persons who want
amounts less than $500. The total of
these tenders has not been announced,
but it is admitted to be large, and Is
accepted as proof of the existence of
a vast sum cf money belonging to
working people and others who prefer
to hoard their earnings or to invest
them In some form of government de
bentures rather than leave them in the
custody of the banks.
Under the plan proposed by the post
master general this people's hoard
would be kept in circulation, regard
less of financial flurries in Wall street
or elsewhere. The money deposited
with the Postoffice department would
bo at once placed in the banks in the
districts where the deposits originated.
Thus the money would go into circula
tion immediately, instead of being
congested in eastern financial centers
or hidden by over cautious persons
Those who insist upon having the fed
eral government become responsible
for their savings would receive a mod
erate rate of interest, suggested by the
postmaster general at 2 per cent, on
deposits in postal banks and would
thus help to keep the country pros
perous by making use of these govern
ment depositories of the safety of
which even the most timorous could
entertain no doubt. Clearly the post
master general has all the arguments
In his favor in his efforts to convince
congress of the necessity of establish
ing the postal savings banks.
A point decidedly interesting in Its
bearing upon the financial depression
has been raised by the attitude of cer
tain manufacturers in the east, beaded
by the United States Steel corporation,
In refusing to cancel orders for goods
for future delivery. The cotton and
woolen mills in the New England dis
trict and the manufacturers of bal
briggan underwear throughout the
country have Joined in the movement
and are notifying patrons that orders
placed in the early summer for fall
or winter delivery cannot be cancelled
now, but that the goods ordered will
bo delivered at the prices then agreed
upon. The Steel company has given
an emphatic order to Its agents to
maintain prices and to accept orders
only on the same conditions that were
In force heretofore.
For years the textile and other
manufacturing concerns have been
working overtime and have been un
able to meet promptly the demands for
their wares. As a result buyej-s have
placed orders far In advance, at stiff
prices, in order to secure the goods
when needed. With the prospect of
reduced demand, the merchants natur
ally expect lower prices and want to
cancel in order to take advantage of
readjusted prices. Manufacturers con
tend, on the other hand, that they
have bought their raw materials, on
the basis of these orders, have either
manufactured the goods or arranged
for their manufacture on the old basis
and that they must enforce the terms
of the early contracts or suffer heavy
losses. Buyers, of cour-je, made the
contracts supposing they were advan
tageous and assumed obligations which
they presumed were in their favor,
even though they are now pressing for
cancellation that they may benefit by
lower prices.
Aside from the merits of the contro
versy between manufacturers and Job
bers, the refusal to accept cancella
tions Is a significant recognition of the
stability of business conditions in tbe
country. The manufacturers are evi
dently convinced that the merchants
are in position to meet their obliga
tions. Otherwise there would be less
determination to enforce such con
tracts. Manufacturers do not seek to
fore their wares upon jobbers who
are unable to pay for them, contracts
or no contracts, and jobbers are no
more disposed to force delivery upon
retailers in financial stress. The re
fusal to cancel orders In effect, em
phasizes the idea that the fundamental
I f
conditions of business are sound, de
spite the collapse of over-Inflation.
Over in Chicago members of the
school board have been having quite
a tilt with the superintendent of
schools over the form of a test to be
given the boys and girls In the higher
grammar grades to show whether they
can spell correctly the ordinary words
they would be required to use if they
sought employment in business. The
real test is being given day by day by
those who are passing from the schools
into business employments and the al
most unanimous verdict of the busi
ness man, not only of Chicago, but of
Omaha and elswhere, is that the school
work ls defective In this particular.
Instead of quibbling Over the form of
a test those in charge of the public
school should busy themselves with
plans to make the instruction more
Colonel Bryan's Washington press
bureau seeks to make a point out of
the fact that Secretary Taft stopped in
Oklahoma to make a speech on his
way to the Philippines and a full dem
ocratic state ticket was subsequently
elected in a majority In the neighbor
hood of 30,000. It is densely silent,
however, on the further fact that on
the eve of the recent election in Ne
braska Colonel Bryan made seven
speeches at different points in the state
and the republican state ticket was
elected by a majority averaging more
than 30,000. On this score honors
are easy.
A cargo of 162,000 bushels of wheat
was shipped direct from gulf ports
laBt week to Odessa, Russia. This is
the first instance in many years in
which the United States has sent
wheat to southern Russia, as that sec
tion usually Supplies European coun
tries with a large amount of its sur
plus wheat. The entire world Is look
ing to the United States this year for
things to eat.
In answer to the question of a sub
scriber who wants to know why Chi
cago is called the "Windy City," the
New York Tribune solemnly says "be
cause of winds that blow upon it from
the lakes and wide prairies." The
Tribune is mistaken. Chicago gets
its nickname from the winds that blow
from it, not those that blow upon it.
School board revenues are nt likely
to be very largely augmented by the
order requiring clubs dispensing
liquors to take out licenses because
the number of social clubs able to
raise the $1,000 is strictly limited.
Thirst quencherles in the neighbor
hood of some of the club rooms, how
ever, ought to profit by It.
A Missouri man, charged with a
crime, made this frank statement to
the coroner's jury":' '
I am very sorry.' 1 did not mean to kill
the gentleman.' I meant to kill another
man. ',
The question is now, should a man
who is that honest be given a chance
to get the right man?
Miss Mabel Todd, who has been aid
ing her father in photographing Mars,
expresses the opinion that the Mar
tians are as careless about their for
ests as we are and predicts an early
dearth of timber there. Glfford Pln
chot should at once Bend one of his
assistants to Mars.
It is said that trouble is being en
countered In finding judges to serve
for the Intercollegiate debates in
which the University of Nebraska Is
entered. The privilege of umpiring
an oratorical sparring match evidently
no longer commands a premium.
"Washington is rapidly filling up in
anticipation of congress," says a dis
patch from the national capital. An
other Women's Christian Temperance
union argument.
Soap makers should be pleased to
know that an organization has been
formed in Chicago to have the "Black
Hand" supplanted by the "White
Moil Kvrritblng Goes.
Memphis Journal.
Thtie i no utrlke or shutdown at the
United 8'ates mints. The people seem will
ing to take ttlmoHt anything except con
federate bills.
Work for Uvtry Dollar.
Wall Street Journal.
From the western grain areas mid from
the southern cotton belt, comes the com
mon call for funds with which to start
Hie crops movfiig fnim firm hands. Th
team of proxperiiy us Hiullnd at the foot
of the lull. More KliouMors to the. wheel
id th m i d of the hour. Every dollar hid
away holds back what is iiff-d.-U elsewhere
u hundred limes more.
haLeu? In the Parties,
Leslie's Weekly.
The sliukt-un which President Roosevelt's
reforms have riven to the politics of Ihe
lat.t few .curs has nuule sweeping chuiiges
In the pvrkonuM of the working leaden of
both pttrtU-a, as well ad In their ideals and
their method. The six years which hitvc
piUhi'd eince Kooeelt enterod the While
llouxe have pieced new men at the. helm
in the control of buth the republican and
the democratic parties In most cf the Im
portant states. ;
A red I ess last It attea.
Boston Transcript.
Tha project for establishing at Washing
ton a great national university under dis
tinctly government auspices Is presented
In a new guise. The convention of repre
sentative! of state universities now in ses
sion thr has resolved that such an insti
tution, entirely ' post graduate In character,
would e desireble j, the crown of our
public educational system. The great na
tional university founded and administered
by the federal government never la, but
la always about to bo. Possibly Ita explu
- fr its non-appearance to answer
repeated demands Is that there is no place
for It at present, and no guarantee that It
would do any work which aslallng limit u
tiona are uuabla to 4 1
Current Events Gleaned from the
Army snil fimry IleaUter.
The ofllcers of the army signal rorrs have
been experimenting with the Imported tele
prolo camera, whloh was purchased out of
Uio funds at the dlnposal of the board of
ordnance and fortification and submit
ted to the chief signal oftlcrr of the army
for teat. Tha report of the Initial experi
ment has now been submitted to General
Allen. Tho camera was used In taking
views from the top of the Washington
monument, and is an Improvement on simi
lar cameras, Is being of the snap-shot
variety. Photographs were taken of the
White House, the capltol, the new union
station, and other prominent buildings. It
was found that long-range photography
was accomplished with the distinctness of
detail possible In snap-shots taken In the
Immediate vicinity cf the object. It Is be
loved that the Instrument will be of mili
tary use. The experments will be con
tinued by Captain Chandler and Lieuten
ant Lahm from the military balloons.
The army signal office Is in receipt of
gratifying Information of the efficiency of
the wireless telegraph system which has
been Installed on board the army trans
ports. A report from the Thomas shows
that the naval station at San Francisco
was picked up 1.4(H) miles distant on the
last homeward voyago of the transport.
On the same trip the Thomas received a
message which was being sent by the naval
station at Sitka, the distance at the tlma
being 2,300 miles. The full message was re
ceived and Its source has been verified.
This appears to be the best showing which
has been made by the wireless afloat-and
Is considered a remarkably good perform
ance for tho three-kilowatt wireless sets
with which the transports are equipped.
Equally good In Its way Is the showing
made by the new small portable wlrelens
"pack" sets adopted, by the signal corps
for use In tho field. In the experiments
which were held on the White Lot this week,
communication was maintained with the
naval station at Indian Head, Md., a dis
tance of twenty-six miles, air line.
A new volume of army regulations will
be lsued on January 1. There have been
many changes since the last edition, al
though It is now recalled that when this
volume was put forth it was with the an
nouncement, with all apparent sincerity,
that the regulations were not to bo
changed. It was supposed to be a perfect
book. As army regulations are made, ac
cording to some cynical observers, for the
purpose of amendment. It was not long be
fore the new Issue was ruthlessly mutilated.
Indeed, between tho time the regulations
were approved and the date when the vol
ume appeared, there were a few amend
ments all ready to mnr the text. No such
Integrity of composition is vouchsafed for
tho army regulations of 1908. The various
bureau chiefs have been called upon for
drafts of such paragraphs as remain to be
changed on account of the new system of
disbursement and accountability under
th Treasury department. The army regu
lations of January 1, 19(8, will bring the
present volume up to date.
The tests in army horsemanship have re
sulted In an unexpected draft upon the
mileage fund. The auditor for the War de
partment Is in receipt of some of the dis
bursements which have been credited
to that appropriation and there are
Indications that before these testa of
physical endurance have been completed
the government will have paid out In mile
age to the officers for travel In connection
with the test something like $15,000. An
unprecedented demand of this sort upon
the mileage fund makes it necessary to
limit the allowance In other directions, aa
the mileage for travel In connection with
the tests In horsemanship was not con
templated when the estimate for the allot
ment was sent to congress last session.
Of course. It will have to be taken into con
sideration hereafter. Some of the travel of
offlcera ordered to submit to this test has
been extensive. One officer that of the
corps of englncera-who has Just been or
dered to take the test at New York, was
on duty In Yellowstone Park, and with
others was ordered to proceed by way of
The commissary general of the army lias
arranged for the testing at Fort Riley,
Kan., by the cavalry board at a mess out
fit for troops with pack transportation.
This Is the design of Captain G. E. Stock
ier, Eighth cavalry, and the chief packer
of the Phlllpplno division. The mess out
fit is known as the Stockier-Smith outfit
and Is caluculatcd to provide cooking fa
cilities for a troop of 100 men and may be
specially devoted for detachments of less
strength. It consists of two mess boxes
and two ration boxes to be carried on two
mules or conveniently packed In wagons.
A report will be made on the test.
Oxford Standard: With alfalfa $10 a ton,
even If corn, wheat and hogs have gone
down In price, the valley farmer Is In
clover. There are thousands of tons In
the stack east and west of Oxford on the
Republican river.
Kearney Hub: Omaha bankers are nat
urally proud of the fact that of thirty-three
cities reporting bank clearings last week
Omaha led all the rest. And of course
Omaha does not forget that back of Omaha
lies all Nebraska with full treasure houses
of wheal, corn alfalfa, cattle, poik and
sheep, and butter, eggx and poultry. 'Rah
for Nebraska.
Falrbury Cassette: We have looked the
town over for a nuin with a long face
slnco tile "panic" swooped down upon us.
There i more money in the country than
there hua betn at one time since the flood.
The crops raised on t'nele Sum's domain
this season are worth seven billion dol
lars ;tmi1 we can diaw on tho rent of the
world for a few weeks, ut h ast.
Heat rice Ijipnss: It N a credit ill which
all Nebraska shurcs that Omaha Is the only
city aaiong thirty-three other leaders of
the 1'nited Htales resulting un In'-reaae
in clearings for the week ending Novem
ber lti. It Kliows thai Omaha bus been
little uffeeleil by the money stringency,
wliieli iioMiiou of tiupcrior stability la mail"
possible by u lull and resourceful sur
rounding Ne-hraska Is substan
tially inosrou!. and lis prosperity la re
flected in tho commercial strength of Its
Lincoln News: Secretary MuVann of the
Omaha Gram exchange, John L. Weuaier
ami one or two other leading lights of
Omaha have been endeavoring to convince
the Interstate e'uuuuerce con'milaf Ion that
tho railr-md nuiilii s'lll make a profit if
rat'-s uie as low west of the Mississippi
aa they ere east. They have shown that
Minneapolis and Ut. I'aul are treated bet
ter than Omahi, Kansas City or St. Jos
eph and ask to be put on the same basla
with the Twin cities. It might be pointed
out that the argument for equity In rates
applies Just aa forcibly to the Interior cities
of Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma as
It does to the Missouri towns. Secretary
McVai'.n. however, wants to suspend the
low rales when the Big Muddy Is reached.
Lincoln hopes Omaha and Its down-stream
neighbors will get what they arc entitled
to In the matter cf rates, and that thev
will not resist a square deal for other cities
,n this territory. ,
Washington Herald.
Perhaps, however, the eagle's cumber
some pyjamas will keep the money from
Cyiiig so fast la tha future.
A Sivcot
Vou (Ban't Boat
Love ".snaps'' and gingerbread?
.They're best when nude with
Delightful on bread. Best for every
thing that's better with a syrup on.
In Air-tight tlnv
Method of Employers ReveaJe In
Northern Court.
Boston Transcript.
Almost as remarkable as the vitality of
"peonage" In the gulf states was the argu
ment advanced by a lawyer for tha de
fense in tho United States circuit court, In
New York, the other day. Ho contended
that the constitutional inhibition of slavery
referred only to the kind of slavery the
framers of the thirteenth amendment had
In mind, and that therefore the constitu
tion should he deemed silent on "peonage."
The retort of government counsel that
peonage was "involuntary servitude," seems
to dispose of the argument that It Is not
slavery, In the particular case before the
court, a gang of laboring men sent to the
turpentine forests of Florida found that
they could not get out without fighting
their way through the armed guards of
their employers, and. were prisoners until
the federal authorities were Informed of
their plight. Another form of peonage la
baaed on what is graphically called "cut
throat labor contracts," signed by Illiter
ates who do not realize until they try to
give up their Job that they have bargained
away their freedom. Of course such con
tracts, being against public policy, are
void from the first, but the class of laborers
who are victimized are too ignorant to real
ize the invalidity of these documents.
A Connecticut lawyer has abandoned his
profession "out of sympathy for clients."
Perhaps with a new lawyer they will need
less sympathy.
.Another Wall street clerk "with no bad
habits" has been arrested for stealing.
However, stealing strictly viewed, could
almost be termed a bad habit.
"I am very sorry; I did not mean to
kill the gentleman. I was shooting at
another man," handsomely apologized a
Mlssourlan to the coroner'! jury.
One by one tho rights of "mero man" aro
being .vindicated and upheld by the courts.
A Massachusetts court. In granting a de
cree of divorce, declared that "persistent
and continued intrusion of his wife into
tha personal affairs particularly tha pock
ets of the plaintiff sustain the charge of
cruelty." Now will you be goodT
Paul Mllyoukov, the leader of tha con
stitutional democrats in the Russian Duma,
will address tho civic forum in New York
during the Christmas recess of the Duma.
LAter on that body will be addressed by
Frederlk van Eeden, who Is considered by
some to bo the foremost poet and author
of contemporary literature in Holland.
Oregon has one man in prison whose
faith in the predictions of dootors la below
zero. Relying on a doctor's word that his
wife could not live to exceed two weeks,
the heartbroken husband hiked Into an
adjoining county and married another
woman. Cnder the clrcumstsnces the wife
flouted the doctor and got well, and hubby
got a lot of trouble.
President Roosevelt is to occupy Thanks
giving day by a pilgrimage to the early
home of President Madison, near Mont
peller, Va. With this visit to tho estate
which was owned by the father of Madison,
and on which President Madison spent his
early dava, Mr. . Roosevelt will have com
pleted visits to the homes of most of the
former presidents of the United States who
lived in the south.
Bowning, Ming & Co
uf as good materials as anyone lias, and in a -tyle quit our
own. Priees for suits range from $lo to ;f.'!0. rf
The selection at $'20 and $2." are likely to attract most men.
Overcoats, $13 to $.")0.
Furnishings and Hats in an equal range of prices for mer
chandise of trustworthy qualities.
15th and Doutfl&s
t x
R. S. WILCOX, Mgr.
The Dest Is Cheapest in the Long Run.
Bast and Chaapsst Wyoming Goal, Hot and Clean, $7,50
VICTOR WHIT COAL CO., 1214 Ftroam. Tel. Doui. 12)
JOc, 25c, 50c
SAID IN rex.
"When I go Into politics, I am going to
hire out my bralna to the best paying
"Hut when people hire brains, the want
furnished thoughts: not , empty flats."
Baltimore American.
Miss Passay Thla is my twenty-third
Miss Pert What?
Miss Passay I say this Is my twenty
third birthday. Didn't you know It T
Miss Pert Well, I declare, I didn't: it
has aged terribly since I first saw It.
Philadelphia Press.
The stage was holding the mirror up to
"Great Rcott!" exclaimed nature, aghast.
"Do I look and a.t like that?"
A closer scrutiny, however, revealed the
fact that It wes one of those freak mlrrora
that grotesquely distort things. Chicago
Gaddle He'a got a G Whizz motor car,
hann't he?
Wise I don't know.
Oaddle Why, I thoue-ht you told me you
saw him In one yesterday.
Wise Yes, that was yesterday. Catholic
Standard and Times.
He Why don't you women who are al
ways talking about early Christmas shop
nlng, and sparing the poor clerks, prac
ce what you preach, and do your own
-vrrtlp- early?
Bhe What! And miss all the best bar
ealns? Baltimore American.
"Is there malaria around here?'' asked
the stranger.
"I should sav ao," answered Farmer
Corntossel. "There's so much shakln'
go in' on that all a man needs to do to
shine his shoes Is to hold a brush In his
hand and stand still." Washington Star.
Mrs. Kawler Your husband has such a
calm, even temper.
Mrs. Crossway Yes; hut when we havs
a sllsrht difference of opinion about some
thing or other he can say; "Well, dear, w
won't quarrel over a little thing like that,"
in such a calm, even, superior, maddening
sort of way that I just want to fight html
Chicago Tribune.
Chicago News.
A maid! A maid! We're crying ' for
My wife Is very weary and la much In need
of aid.
I don't care what the wages: they will
cheerfully be paid
If only we can get some sort' of maid.
A cook! A eooklvWh knenvs where there's
a cook?
I'm sure there must be plenty if I knew
Just where to look. .
I've i-cbed a'l sorts of places, every
.likely sort of nook.
But, oh. It's awful hard to find a oookt
I weep! I weep! I really have to weep
To think how scarce the help Is and now
very hard to keep.
They do so very little and their wages r
so steep
It really is no wonder that I weep.
A flat! A flat! We only have a flat. .,
It makes the work so easy and there's not
much work at that.
We haven't any children; we don't even
own a cat,
And send out all our washing from the
flat, ;
It's tough! It's tough I It certainly Is
J saw one at an agent's, but to meet with
a rebuff.
I offered her W, which she thought Was not
And certainly that girl looked pretty
tough. A girl! A girl! I only ask a girl;
I do not ask a treasure or a paragon of
We're up against It proper and my brain
Is in a whirl.
Does anybody know where there's girl?
ESS than a week before Thanksgiving day
and thousands of men are yet to got their
new Suits find Overcoats. . .
Our's are offered to you as goods to be
They are made in our own workshops,
: v
15th and Douglas
: t