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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 25, 1907)
The Omaha Daily
VOL. XXXVI -NO. 210.
OMAIIA, MONDAY MOKNING, MAIJC1I 25, 1!X)7.
SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS.
CHINA IN A FERMENT
Alarmist Kewi from that Country Received
by ths Btate Departmeit
FAMINE GIVES PRETEXT FOR AGITATION
Li fa of thi Present Dynasty is Eeliered to
OFFICIALS APPRECIATE THE SITUATION
Making Strenuous Efforts to Beliefs the
OTHER NATIONS EXTEND HELPING HAND
Should General t prising- Oemr Not
Only Property But Life of E-rery
Foreigner la China Woild
WASHINGTON, March 24. From Shang
hai advices received at the State- depart
ment It appear that the ruling 1 . sty m
China ) seriously alarmed o feet
of the epread of famine throui. .
try and the opportunity It ofK .- "
dittonary societies to enlist conven 'f 'Ys
cause directed against the gover, 't. 'i
The government's Inability to relieve .
forlng, It Is said, has been magnified a.
the hardships of the people are attrlbuteo
to lurk of sympathy by the government
for tho poor classes.
The Information Indicates that a propa
ganda has been organised to further the
circulation of stories of tho charater out
lined and It Is said that BUUe department
officials fear that a spread of hysteria may
engender a general uprising. If such should
be tho result there Is danger that the gov
ernment might not be able to control tha
situation.. American and other foreign in
terests then would be Jeopardized. So
great Is the concern that diplomatic and
consular officials In China have been in
structed to keep Washington advised of
every turn In the situation.
That the Chinese government recognizes
the danger is shown by the fact that Vice
roy Tuan Fang of Yn-nktng has memorialised
the throno for $1,000,000 to purchase Bast
Indian rice to feed his people. Undoubtedly
this step was taken to offset the work of
the sedltlonary societies aa well as to re
lieve the Immediate suffering. In taking
this action tha viceroy predicted a general
uprising in the famine stricken districts un
less prompt relief is provided, but he did
not reter to the trouble that has been
stirred up by the anti-government societies,
. An extra effort will be m-de In the United
Statee to broaden the scope of the move
, merit to find relief for the Chinese. Already
there has been large sums of money- col
lected and dispatched to China to bo used
In the purchase of food, and In the near fu
ture the transport Buford will sail from
San Francisco with a shipload of provis
ions given by-Louis Klopsch, editor of the
, CM1tlfttt..ye.raJ1-1 A general movement
" throughout -the civilized" -wWTB"to aid the
sufferers. It Is believed, will enable tha Chi
nese government to strengthen Its hands
and possibly suppress uprising and riot.
That any movement threatening tha over
throw of the present dynasty In China gives
alarm to the) United States and every Euro
pean nation which has Interests and people
In China Is not denied. The Hfe of every
white person In China Is believed by offi
cials of the State department to depend
upon the continuance of the Chinese gov
ernment as It stands.
ROUMANIAN CABINET RESIGNS
Liberal Ministry Formed Which tt Is
Hoped Cam Stop the
BUCHAREST, March The conserva
tive cabinet haa resigned and a liberal min
istry has been formed upder the presidency
of M. Sturdia, who was premier In a
former cabinet. It is hoped the disorrs
In the country will soon be ended.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, March 24.-News re
ceived from Stekoff and Nlkpolkl, Bulgaria,
ay that many Jewish refugees and large
Bulgarian proprietors have arrived there
. In boats, fleeing from the excesses and
persecutions of the Insurgent Roumanian
NEW TORK. March W.-The Roumanian
Jews of the lower east side held two mass
meetings tonight to protest against the
"atrocities and outrages committed on the
Jews in Roumanla." About 11.000, It was
announced, was raised oy contributions at
A telegrarn from Jacob H. Schlff read at
the meetings said that the American Jewish
committee, through the State department
and direct sources to Roumanla, was en
deavoring to get correct accounts of the
Situation In Roumanla. Mr. Bchiff added
that the subject would be brought up at
Gee next meeting of the Russian massacre
general committee, which has been called
for next Thursday.
BUCHAREST, Saturday, March 23. Aa a
train conveying peasant reservists from the
diet! let of Telrorinan. on the Danube, was
proceeding to Moldavia it was stopped at
the town of Alexandria by a large number
ot reservists belonging there. They stoned
the train and persuaded their fellow re
Bervtnts to Join them In demolishing a
synagogue and In completely ruining Jew
ish and Greek shops. The rioters were
charged by cavalry and took refuge In a
I'VHtiioairillK W N
The authorities have warned all Jewa
In the small towns and villages' to leave
Immediately for the sake of safety, and
Urge numbers , are continually arriving
In view of the serious state of affairs
a number of members of the Chamber of
Deputies Intend to propose proclaiming a
state of siege In the disturbed districts.
ODESdA, March 31. The Odesskl No
vostl claims to be In Vossesaton of Infor
mation connecting the anti-Semitic exces
ses in Roumanla and the provocative agi
tation in Bessarabia with the machinations
' of the Union of True Russlaa people, and
ays that In consequence of this Premier
lolypln has telegraphed the governor of
Be urging immediate energetic,
measures to prevent the spread of disor
ders In that province.
RUSSIAN SQUADRON ON CRUISE
First Vl.lt to Foreign Waters
Since the War with
SPITHEAD. England. March It A Rus
sian squadron, consisting of the battleships
Tsarevltch and Neva and protected cruiser
Rogatyr, arrived off Spit head today. This
la the first visit of UawKn , warships to
Kngllrh waters since before the Russo
Japanese war. Many feoilv Ittes l ave been
I.Uuixd for the ciiBi'id and crews during
ls ot ILo Stiuadruii.
SUMMARY OF THE DEE
Monday, Marrh 2(V, lOOT.
1907 MARCH 1907
sua mom rut wto u sat
' i' 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 II 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 10 20 21 22 23
Ht 25 26 27 28 29 30
FORECAST FOR NEBRASKA Partly
clmidy Monday, showers In northwest por
tion; colder In west portion. Tuesday, rain
or snow und colder.
FORECAST FOR IOWA Increasing
cloudiness Monday; rain In the afternoon
or at night. Tuesday, rain and colder.
Temperature st Omaha yesterday:
Hour. leg. Hour. Deg.
6 a. m 63 1 p. m 75
6 a. m 61 2 p. m 7!
7 a. m 50 i p .m 7S
8 a. m 62 4 p. m 77
9 a. m 6i 6 p. m 7ft
10 a. n; fi4 6 p. m 71
11 a. ni f.9 7 p. m 72
12 a. m 73 8 p. m , 68
1 p. m 66
St. Joseph man boyls 619 in the singles
and pushes Beselln of Omaha Into fourth
place. Mets Brothers team gets Into the
money in five men team. Paga 8
S 'wi from the orient received by the
department Indicates a condition of
v unrest In China on account of the
S1 'at of dynasty may be In-
vk ' Page 1
W fbi panic Is expected some firms
arc IVrile to be squeezed before stock
market reaches a stable busts. Page 9
Government spending millions of money
to make the arid lands of the west suita
ble for farming. Three million acres to
be redeemed. , .Page 1
SpecKl train containing party of stu
dents returning from a track meet collides
with Overland Limited train on the
Santa Fe at Los Angeles. Number of
people killed and many Injured. Page 1
Harry K. Thaw Issues a statement de
nying there Is dlsscntion among his at
torneys. Jerome reiterates belief that de
fendant Is crazy. Pag a
Dr. A. A. Wlllets, apostle of sunshine,
delivers address at first meeting held in
assembly room of new Young Men's
Christian association building. Page 8
Coadjutor Bishop Williams takes as his
theme of Palm Sunday discourse at Trin
ity cathedral article from society col
umns of The Bee, deprecating non re
ligious sentiment of outer world during
Lent. Pag 8
Terms of settlement of plumbers lock
out are: xNo strikes or lockouts for year,
open shop and $5 a day, advance of 1.0
cents. Pace 8
Wednesday or Thursday expected to gee
all the platform bills In the hands of tho
governor. House has boen prodigal with
apprprjrijitjons, .find either senate or gov
ernor must use the pruning knife.
Opponents of late procurator of the
holy synod pay tribute to his purity of
character while holding him rr sponsible
for deferring the dawn of Russian lib
erty. Fare X
Conditions In Romania continue turbu
lent and Jews In country and smniler
towns advised to seek the larger cities
for safety. Vf 1
Chalutica, strongest fortified place in,
Honduras, captured by Nlcaraguana and
President Bonllla of Honduras a fugitive.
War practically ended. Page 1
NICARAGUA IS THE VICTOR
lloadaran Army Defeated and Presi
dent Bonllla Said to Be a
MANAGUA, Nicaragua, March 24.
Bantos Romlres, director general of tele
graphs and telephones, today made the
following statement to the Associated
The Nlcaraguan forces have captured
Chuluteca, Honduras, which was held by
the Honduran and Salvadorean troops, and
President Bonllla has fled by boat.
Steamers will pursue the fugitive presi
dent 1 believe the war is ended.
The government is without further ad
vices concerning the capture of Choluteca,
but details are expected Bhortly. Choluteca
Is the moot strongly fortified town of Hon
duras. It la on the Choluteca river, about
three miles from the Oilf of Fonseca. It
was here some years ago that ex-President
Vasquei was defeated by allied revolu
tionists and Nlcaraguans.
WASHINGTON, March 24. President
Bonllla has fled from the battlefield and
the Central American war has practically
ended, according to cable dispatches re
ceived In Washington today by the Nlc
araguan minister, Mr. Corea. The fall
of the Honduras capital, Tegucigalpa, to
morrow Is predicted by the Nlcaraguan
secretary of foreign affairs, Mr. Oamex.
The cablegram from the secretary of for
eign affairs follows: '
Choluteca taken. Salvadorean and Hon
duran combined armies defeated. President
Bonllla hidden In San Lorenzo with 'JOJ
men. Sent steamers to capture them.
Tegucigalpa will be taken tomorrow.
General Romlres, director generul of tel
egraphs and telephones, sends this mes
sage: It Is my onlnlon that the war la term
inated. Bonllla has fled from Chuluteca to
When shown the Associated Press dis
patch tonight announcing that President
Bonilla had fled from Honduras, Minister
Corea said he believed the fugitive presl
dent would go to Salvador and again re
cruit his army for a second attack 'on
Nicaragua unless the United States and
Mexico exercise their good offices to the
extent of Insisting that Salvador and
Guatemala maintain neutrality. If this
Is done, Mr. Corea says, the war la ended
otherwise be Is firmly convinced that it
will only be a question of a short time
until hostilities are again resumed. The
Nlcaraguan minister tomorrow will ask
Secretary Root and the Mexican ambassa
dor, Mr. Creel, to take some steps to fore
Salvador and Guatamala to keep their
Cannon Held In Uaaraattne.
COLON. March 24. The steamer Bluecher.
with Speaker Cannon and representatives
of the United Statue congress on board, ar
rived here today. The congressmen were
not permitted to land owing to the fact
that the Bluerher had been out from Vene
zuela but five daya Six days art required
by the quarantine regulations and the
health authorities were unwilling to estab
lish a precedent la tavr uf the couoxess
moa. . - -
MILLIONS FOR MOISTURE
CempreheniiTa, Enmy of Government
Irritation Work in Wait.
TWENTY-FIVE PROJECTS ARE UNDER WAY
Vast Tact of I seleaa Land to lie Made)
to Rapport Many Thousands of
Families Twelve Hundred
Mile ot Ditches.
(From a Staff Correspondent
WASHINGTON, March 24. (Special.)
"Millions for Moisture" was the subject of
an address delivered before the National
Geographical society of this city Monday
evening by Mr. C. J. Blanchard. statistician
of the reclamation service. The lecture was
profusely Illustrated with colored views of
the work of the government In the west.
In this connection It Is interesting to note
that Mr. Blanchard was at one time con
nected with the ' Council Bluffs page of
The Omaha Bee. H Is an Iowa boy, hav
ing been trained In the hard school of news
paper work, and Is now enjoying the fruits
of his early labor In holding one of the
most responsible positions In the reclama
"The policy of national Irrigation Is
broadly paternal," said Mr. , Blanchard,
"yet It Is so thoroughly common sense and
business-like that the wonder Is it was not
adopted long ago. With the examples of
other nations In similar works constantly
before us for years, It Is well nigh Inex
plicable that our nation, the most pro
gressive In the world, should have been so
tardy In Initiating the work upon which It
finally engaged less than five years ago.
'National reclamation plans to break
down the barriers which the g'eat American
desert has so long Interposed to western
progress and development. It plans the
subjugation of the r ion's waste places,
the fructification of the land that 'God
Three Million Acres to Redeem.
The full Importance of national reclama
tion Is obtainable only by comparison. The
twenty-five projects upon which the gov
ernment Is now engaged, when developed
to their full extent, will add 8,198,000 acres
to the crop producing area of the United
States. Add to these thirteen other projects
which are held In abeyance, pending the
completion of the first mentioned, and
which will reclnlm 3,270,000 acres, and we
have a grand total of 6,468,000 acres. This
enormous area today Is practically worth
less. It returns revenues neither to the
states In which ft Is located, nor to the
nation to which it largely belongs. It Is
utilized only a short period In each year
for grazing nomadic herd that are driven
over It. Potentially, It Is tlie richest, the
most fertile and productive land In the
world, and Is capable of supporting In com
fort an agricultural population as dense
as can be found In any of the older settled
parts of our country. By expending $0.-
000,000 on the twenty-five engineering works
now In process of construction, the recla
mation service will reclaim a cultivated
area equal to the total acreage In crops In
the four states1 of Connecticut, Massachu
setts., New Hampshire and Florida. The
diversified crops, enormia 'yields "from
Irrigated lands and the excellent prices' for
all farm products In the west warrants
the assumption that this land will return
annually an lfccome larger than the farmers
receive In the four states named. For com-
.nlnb. 1a lis aaaw thai Via fatranuaa r,ar
acre will be the same. It I. apparent then
w .,.. .r reclaimed will 'each vear In-
crease the value of farm crops by $60,000,000.
It will add J232.000.0IXI to the taxable prop
erty of the people. It will furnish homes
for 80,000 families on farms and in villages
and towns. '
Landless Man Meets Manlesa Land.
"On several of the projects- the work
has reached the point where the hum.in
Interests involved overshadow in import
ance the engineering features. The most
intensely Interesting period In the work of
reclamation Is at hand the landless man
has been brought to the manless land. It
has been well said that he who helps to
establish the security of the Irrigable home
will .also help to establish that greater,
that composite home, the United States of
America. Our nation Is Indeed afferted by
this problem which the reclamation serv
ice Is on the eve of solving, for on the
success of the Irrigable home rests today
the prosperity and stability of more than
one western state.
"Our desert region Is the only section
of our Imperial country wherein there Is
an equality of opportunity. In no other
part of the nation are the rewards for In
dividual effort more constant and certain.
When these facts are more fully realized
the wisdom of the president's policy of
safeguarding and conserving this vast
estate for the people will be appreciated.
America has furnished a safety valve
against the over-crowding of the great cen
ters of population In the old world for
fifty years. Is It not about time to look to
our problem and prepare against the day
when there shall be a glut of population
In our own cities?
"President Roosevelt has called atten
tion to the fact that the nation Is giving
away public utilities of priceless value to
greedy promoters who are monopolizing
power sites, large areas of agricultural
lands, Immense tracts of coal lands, and
miles and miles of forests without com
pensation to the people to whom thoso
utilities belong. Thoughtful men are pre
dicting a population of 200,000.ono In 1950
and 400,000,000 at the close of the century.
How shall we take care of this vast in
crease? Flaares Are Stupendous.
A summation of the work of the re
clamation service to January 1 shows that tire from the postal service will continue
It had dug 1,267 miles of canals, or nearly! In the service. Those who had given notice
the distance frpm Washington to Omaha. ) of their intention to resign included not
Some of these canals carry whole rivers, i only clerks and carriers In city offices, but
like the Truckee river In Nevada and the ! rural mall carriers. Their oomplalnt was
North Plat;e In Wyoming. The tunnels j that they could not live on their preent
excavated are 47 In number, and have anlI'"'les by reason of the Increase In their
aggregate length of nine and one-half household expenses. The Increase In eal
mlles. The service has erected 94 large ! voted by congress at the last laesslon
structures, including two great dams in caused many to decide to remain.
Nevada and the Minidoka dam In Idaho.
80 feet high and 660 long. It has com
pleted 670 head works, flumes, etc. It has
built 376 miles of wagon road in mountain
ous country and Into heretofore Inacces
sible regions. It has erected and In oper
ation 1,373 miles of telephones. Its own
cement mill has manufactured 70,0X1 bar
rels of cement, and the purchased amount
Is 312.000 barrels. Its own raw mills havej
cut l-OM (board measure) of lumber, and
6.640,000 feet have been purchased The:
surveying parties of the service have cum-
pleted topographic surveys covering 10,970,.
square miles, an area greater than thenooiL The flr. iB .., ya undcr
comoiaea areas ot M&ssacnuseits and
Rhode Island. The transit lines had a
length of 18.Su) linear miles, while the
level lines run amount to 24.218 miles, or
nearly sufficient to go around the earth.
"The diamond drillings for dam sites and
canals amount to 17,615 feet, or more thun
nine miles. Today the service owns and
&CyuUaued. ea oWmd Pad.
GREAT IN HIS EVIL' INFLUENCE
Trlhnte from Opponent to Personal
Parity of Lender of Rnsslan
ST. PETERSBURG. March 24.-The news
papers today call attentlrn to the death
of M. Pobedonostseff. ex-procurator general
of the holy synod, and unite inn apprecia
tion of hl commanding personal qualities.
Irreproachable character. Indefatigable
energy, deep erudition and groat powers
of mind and will, by renson of which he
was the most dangerous enemy to Russian
liberty. The ultimate failure of all the
aims to which he had consecrnted his life
permits the country to Juile him without
rancor. His death Is accepted as the
boundary between the sombre epoch when
his guidance was supreme and the new
era of liberty against which he foueht
Inexorably, the sight of a complete triumph
of which history spared him. The country
views the drnmstlc moment when he Is
lowered under the tombxtonc beneath which
he endeavored to kcp the nation, but from
which the nation already has escaped. The
greatest Interest Is attached to the ap
preciation of him by Frff. Paul Mllukoff,
editor of the Rech, In which the guiding
personality of the new era estimates the
careers of the guiding spirit of the old.
"With Pohedonostseff g whole era Rus
sian hlntory sinks Into the grave. To him
personally Russia Is Indebted for twenty
five years of postponement of constitu
tional life, which has made the deliyed
process of liberation so stormy and painful
now," says Prof. Mllukoff. "As the mentor
of Alexander III he personally was the
author of the famous manifesto about the
maintenance of the autocracy which blasted
the hopes awakened by the reforms of
Alexander II. His role In reactionary
circles was peculiar. '
"Aversion to a change In the organic law
was a trait of Pobedonostseff's which grew
with his passing years and led him to try
out every manifestation of life.
'Tobedonostseff pemonnlly was Irre
proachable. He never was suspected of
selfish motives and did not seek power or
Influence, These came itaturally because
the dreadful dearth of men In Russia left
him without a competitor in the chief
sphere of Influence. When he lost Influence
he stepped out without a struggle, confining
himself to an old man's utterances of pre
dictions of a unavoidable future of cata
clysms. He always was afraid to permit
the full play of life. Several years ago no
one could have guessed that Pobedonostseff
could survive himself, but this actually
COMBE PREVENTED DISASTER
Major Penrose Gives Credit to the
Mayor of Brownsville Mght
SAN ANTONIO, TeX., March 24. "Mayor
Frederick Combe," aid Major C. W. Pen
rose," who . wa yesterday acquitted by a
court-martial of neglect of duty In con
nection with the Brownsville raid by ne
groes of the Tweoty-flfth Infantry last
August, "was the ohly man lr Brownsville
who could. .have handled the situation. I
believe i wa -ifty-reomejrislble for the
prevention of a disaster and he did this
work through his personal force and will.
"Dr. Combe said to mo that when he met
that band of 300 armed men that night he
told them to return, that If they were con
templating marching to the post they did
" appreciate what they were really do
! " B''"8 against three of the best mil
itary companies In the world, and that they
would be wiped oft the face of the earth.
"It was only his Indomitable will und
courage that prevented Brownsville from
being in ruins today, for J.f that mob had
come to the post that night all I could
have done w6uld have been to defend my
self and that would have meant the ruin of
Major Penrose Is under orders to proceed
to Washington to testify before the senate
TAFT AND PARTY ENTERTAINED
People of Charleston, 8. C, Do the
Honors for Secretary of War
Enroate to Panama.
CHARLESTON. S. C, March 24. Secre
tary Taft and party, en route to Panama,
Cuba and Porto Rico, arrived in Charles
ton early today and were met by Mayor
Rhett and a number of citizens. The vis
itors were entertained at breakfast, there
being about twenty-five persons present,
representing the navy, the army and the
city. The visitors were then taker in auto
mobiles to see trie Magnolia Gardens, a pri
vate estate on the Ashley river.
Returning to the city at 1 o'clock the re
ception committee became the guests of
Secretary Taft and went aboard the May
flower. The luncheon was held on board,
after which the Mayflower raised anchor
at 4 "o'clock and sailed for the Isthmus,
Colon being- the first stop, according to an
nounced plana. The secretary and party
are all In splendid health and the best of
spirits. Mr. Taft only laughed when sug
gestions of his possible candidacy for the
presidency were made. .
POSTAL MEN RECONSIDER
With Increase of Salaries Many
Decide to Remain in the
WASHINGTON, March 24. Information
has reached the Postofflce department that
many clerks and letter carriers who indi
cated their Intention some time ago to re
SOLDIERS FIGHTING FIRE
Large Tract of Both I'ralrle and
Timber Burned Over Near
STVRGIS. 8. D.. March 24. (Special Tel
egram.) Timber and prairie fires, raging
six miles south of the Sturgls military' re-
.T.. .....-..) Wijtav hwvja nlrinlv hurauH
i ov ; Urg. v, country. A troop of
soldiers sent out from Fort Meade lat
night, came back to.'tlKht and was relieved
,.tWP ,roOD. w.,.h ief, this uft.r.
but may be soon.
Miners Burled hy Avalanche.
BEI.LINGHAM, Wash , March 24 Eight
miners were buried alive in an avulnnciie
of snow at the Urittania mine on Howe
sound, forty miles north of Vancouver.
yeMerday. Four were taken out dead and
four were rscued. Two Japanese were In
tho gioup, cj whom one was killed. The
surnames of the dead white men are 11c-
STUDENT TRAIN IN WRECK
Collides with Eaitbonnd Limited on Eanta
Fe at Los Aneeles.
FOUR KNOWN DEAD, OTHERS UNDER DEBRIS
Larar Namhrr of Injured. Among;
Them Heine Students Who were
HeturnlnK from Intercol
legiate Track Meet.
1X18 ANGELES, March 24. A special
train on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe
railway, carrying scores of students home
from an Intercollegiate field meet at Clnre
mont, collided headon with the outbound
limited No. 2 on the same road while both
train were moving at a rapid rate, within
the city limits here last night. Six per
sons were killed and seventeen Injured,
several of them fatally.
Both engines, one of the baggage cars
on the Overland Limited and the smoker
on the special were demolished. The crash
was terrific and was heard many blocks
away froqi the scene.
The known dead:
C. O. FRANKLIN, student at University
of Southern California.
A. H. EDWARDS.
J. C. GALL.
FRED HODGSON, the three latter stu
dents at Occidental college.
Workers at the wreck stated they were
convinced there were at least two addi
tional bodies under the wreckage of the
Among the Injured are the following:
Engineer Fred Walker, Overland train.
Fireman H. H. ileal Overland Limited.
A. Grossman, Philadelphia.
C. Stuart, Claremont, Cal.
Clarence Jones, Ixs Angeles.
J. Smith, xs Angeles.
K. F. Smith. Los Angeles.
Eugene Estoppey, winner of the two-mile
race, Los Angeles.
F. H. Cutting, conductor of special train,
L. Worley, Claremont.
Lloyd Worrell, Los Angeles.
H. W. Wilson. Los Angeles.
L. N. Morrell. Los Angeles.
Miss Ktta Lane, Los Angeles.
Charles Parsons, Los Angeles.
Guy Goodwin. Ixis Angeles. .
Edward McClellan, Pomona,
The collision occurred In that part of the
Los Angeles f.ver bed occupied by the
Santa Fe tracks and directly beneath the
Buena Vista street bridge.
A large force of men worked for hours
because of the report that two passengers
were still missing and It was believed that
their bodies were plnr.ed beneath the teles
Several of the Injured are In a critical
ocndltion and It Is feared that two may
Enalneer Blamed for Wreck.
Responsibility for the collision will not
be officially determined until arter the cor
oner's Inquest on Tuesday. The railroad
officials Indicate that the accident was due
to disobedience of orders on the part of
Engineer Kelly of the limited train. Kelly
has admitted that he received written or
ders to stop his train at a tower 00 yards
before reaching the scene of the collision.
The engineer stated that he "had not had
time to read hl orders before pulling ouj
Deputies from the coroner'
coroner's office spent
day at' the scene of
the greater part of today
the colllslcn and stated that one or more
arrests for manslaughter were pending.
TRAINMEN REJECT THE OFFER
Notice of Result Will Be Handed
the Railroad Managers
CHICAGO, March 24. Representatives of
r.iilway trainmen and the conductors cm-
I ployed on western roads will call upon tha
I general managers tomorrow morning and
renew their demands for an Increase In
wages, according to plans given out by
the men tonight. A canvass today of th"lr
recent referendum ballot on the accept
ance or rejection pf the railway managers'
offer of 10 per cent Increase to men In the
freight service and of about 7 per cent
to those In the passenger service showed
that nearly 40,000 votes had been cast.
Unofficially It was declared that the offer
hart been rejected and that a demand for
a 12 per cent Increase In wages and a
nice-hour day would be made.
Grand Master Morrlssey of the train
men's organization said a definite announce
ment of the result of the vote would not
be made until tomorrow afternoon or Tues
day. Chairmen and secretaries of com
mltteesefrom each road, however, admitted
the vote was In favor of rejecting the offer.
ONE DEATH AT SOLDIERS' HOME
Remainder of Those Poisoned by
Tainted Hash Said to Be Out I
LEAVENWORTH, Kan., March 24. One
death resulted today among the 900 old
soldiers at the National Soldiers' Home
here who were poisoned yesterday by eat
ing tainted hash. The victim was Wil
liam J. Cook, aged 64 years, a member
of the Fourteenth Missouri cavalry. He
leaves a widow at Mexico, Mo. About
seventy-flve of the veterans are still In a
serious condition, but it Is not thought any
of these will die. The majority of the
others 111 have entirely recovered.
A report that some of those affected were
missing was emphatically denied at the
home today. The government physician
stated that only those who were already
suffering from disabilities and were in a
weakened condition were seriously af
fected. CONFERENCE AT WHITE HOUSE
Campaign Plans for 11K)H Are Dis
cussed with President
WASHINGTON. March 24. Secretary of
the Treasury Cortelyou and Timothy Wood
ruff of New York, chairman of the repub
lican state committee of New York, were
In conference with President Roosevelt at
the White House for more than two hours
today. Mr. Woodruff said the conference
related to presidential campaign plans for
lid 8, but that candidates were not dis
cussed. DEATH RECORD.
CRESTON. Ia., March 24. (Special.)
George Watterman, an engineer, who was
recently stricken with paralysis while be
tween this city and St. Joseph, on his regu
lar run, died Thursday at Cottage hospital.
Call for lleney at Portland.
PORTLAND. Ore., March 21. The Ore
gonian says I'AUu is being raised as an
Investigation fund to bring Francis J.
Heney anil Hpecial Agent Burns to Portland
to probe into local municipal graft Trnn
kctunis for years bark and up to the pres
ent will be examined under the searclillptt
of the Investigators. The nhture of the
transaction to b, 'uvtmt aW-d U Out stale1.
BCNAPARTE J3N SOCIALISM
Doctrine Jnstlrted Neither hy Reason
Xor History and Contradicted
NEW YORK, March Il.-Attorney Gen
eral Charles J. Hoii'apnrto lectured at Car
negie hull tonight on ' Socialism and Char
ity." A.chblshop John M. Farley pre
sided. "It has hoen said on high authority."
said Mr. Bonaparte, "that the poor need
not. alms, but a friend. I should say rather
that they need both. Alms, to do good,
must come and be felt to come from a
"As I have snli on another occasion, the
root of socialism Is the doctrine that all
men of right ought to he nnd therefore
should bo made and kept precisely equnl.
This doctrine Is a wholly arbitrary dogma,
a pure assumption. Justified neither by rea
son nor by history, and, In fitct, contra
dicted by the dally experience of all man
kind; but It Is so earnestly and so widely
preached by the precursors and npostles of
the French revolution and has so gravely
affected legislation, custom ajid public
opinion wherever the Influence of, the,, revo
lution extended, that to question Its truth
even now seems to a certain class of teach
ers and thinkers little short 'of blasphemy.
In Its original and salutary form and as
It found echo In our Declaration of Inde
pendence, the cry of eqallty' wns coupled
with one for 'liberty.' and In this country
it amounted to n protest ngalnst arbitrary
and oppressive privileges, against distinc
tions Justified by no material difference, to
a demand that the law give every man a
fair field and no favor. But It was quickly
seen that to make men more free would
make them less nearly equal, tha the
fairer the start the more qulrkly and
surely would some come to the front and
others fall behind, that, In short. If
'equality' had the same meaning which
lenders In revolutionary thought are more
and more Inclined to give It, 'equality' Is
Inconsistent with 'liberty.' nnd they must
choose between them; they recognized. In
fact, though not In words, this necessity
and gave up liberty."
TARIFF REFORM THE PANACEA
Cleveland Would Turn to that from
the Control ot Cor
porations. PRINCETON N. J., March 24.-"There
IS much of the nature of delirium," said
former President Grover Cleveland In an
Interview yesterday. "In the popular outcry
against railroad corporations. We shall
all be ashamed of It by and by. There Is
much that is not only groundlss, but
wrong In the off-hand attack made on the
railroads by thoughtless people. We should
reflect that the railroads are vitally re
lated to our prosperity and that to attack
them needlessly Is to attack ourselves. It
Is not the stock of soulless millionaires,
but the property of citizens, widows and
children whose earnings are Invested In
railroads that are being damaged. We
should recall what railroads have been
and are to be In the development of our
country, fc-nd this craze will pa"- Of course
there .must be some form of governmental
supervision, but it should be planned "in a
quiet hour, not In one of nngry excitement.
Popular emotions follow peculiar laws."
Discussing the political situation, Mr.
'.'It behooves democrats to lose no time
In bringing to tho front the Issue of tariff
reform and In focusing the attention of the
country upon It. Tariff reform Is the Issue
that will clurlfy the atmosphere, solidify
the friends of democracy and bring victory
to the party."
FUTURE OF THE COLORED RACE
William Lloyd Garrison Discouraged
Over Attitude of the
BOSTON, March 24. William Lloyd Gar
rison presided at a mass meeting held In
Tremont temple today under the auspices
of the Industrial department of Morris
Brown college of Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Garri
son said In part: '
What disturbs me more than the attitude
of the southerners who are making cap
ital out of race hatred are the concessions
of northern friends of the' colored people
who have been truly helpful In the en
couragement of southern schools. Because
prejudice so deep rootec" nd Is again dem
onstrating its strength the north. It Is
all the more urgent thu,. no countenance
be given to this hateful spirit. Not even
southern lynchlngs are so disheartening to
the friends of equal right as the acqui
escence of such men as President Cleve
land, President Eliot of Harvard and Bishop
Lawrence of Massachusetts, all desirous of
uplifting the colored race, in the nullifi
cation of the fifteenth amendment and the
maintenance of caste schools.
Mr. Garrison argued that the white south
haa shown no sense of responsibility since
uurplng all political power," and that It
ha t discriminated against colored schools
FLOOD SITUATION GLOOMY
Prospects of More Rain Is Dis
heartening: to People in
SACRAMENTO, Cal.. March 24 The news
from down-river points received today was
far from encouraging. Saturday night
levees crumbled' and Islands containing
thousands of acres were Inundnted, while
the people were yet battling to save them.
On the top of the discouraging news from
the south. Weather Observer Scarr of this
city announced today that the barometer
was failing rapidly and that this was an in
dication of heavy rain In the valley.
Conditions on the Southern Pacific lines
are much improved today and although
much inconvenience and delay was occa
sioned a line was. opened all the way from
San Frunclaco to Ogden. It will be many
days btfore traffic to Portland can be re
turned, as there Is a bridge out above Red
ding and several washouts.
NEGRO RIDDLED WITH BULLETS
Identified by Woman as Person Who
Committed Assault on
FLORENCE!, Ala., March 24. Cleveland
Harding, a negro, who attacked Mrs. Ben
F. Rice near here Saturday, was today
lynched by J"0 citizens, Including his in
tended victim's husliand. Tied to a tree.
j the negro was riddled with bullets, the
first shot being tired by Rice. Following
this every man In the crowd emptied his
revolver at the prisoner.
The negro was captured today and was
taken before Mrs. Rice, who fainted at
sight of lilm. Upon recovering she fully
Identified her assailant, and on being asked
what should be done with him, told the
negro's captors to do as they thought best.
Beyond confessing bis guilt, the negro
hud nothing to say and seemed Indifferent
to hi fate,
WEEK OF GOOD WORK
Legislature Makes Decided Headway in
laaotment of Platform Bills.
ALL WELL ALONG ON WAY TO GOVERNOR
Anti-Fass Bill Likely to Get Throueh the
APPROPRIATIONS BEYOND THE LIMIT
Senate or OoTeruor Will Hare to Wield
the Frnoiii? Knife.
HOUSE OVERDRAWS 1HE STATE FUNDS
Indications Lealslatare Will Not He
Able to Adjourn Saturday
Planned and May Possibly
Stay Another Week.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, March M. iSpci'lal.) Moi!
bcrs of tho legislature made great progress
on their plvilees to tho people during the
last week and the Indications are tho close
of the present week will se every repub
lican pl.itf. rm pledge In the hands of the
overnur DurOur ),., ..... ..n
mwjv viiu rniiway
commission bill wan agreed upon and the
coiifeience cdmmltteo amen.loien.t8 accepted
by both houses, and it Is now In tho hands
of the enrolling clerks preparatory to be
ing taken to the governor. The terminal
tax bill passed both the house and tho sen
ate and will go to the governor the first of
the week If the house amendments are
agreed upon In Che senute. Of course If the
senate balks then a conference committee
will have to bo appointed and both branches
of tho legislature will have to agree upon
amendments. However, the head of the
railroad lobby unnounced last night there
would lie no further fight on this bill, but
the friends of the measure will not relax
their vigilance until the bill la delivered to
Governor Sheldon. At least one member of
the senate Is not favorable to the amend
ment which provided that the local asses
sors shall not assess the franchise, but
friends of the bill believe this amendment
Is a good one, as It leaves Uic franchise to
the state board. Whether the terminal tag
bill will be the success Its sponsors claim
for it depends largely upon -the state board
and the plan Its members adopt to distribute
the value of railroad property to the various
towns of the state. Some or the members
of the board, however, have taken a great
Interest In tho bill, especially Governor
Sheldon, to whose firm stnd for the plat
form pledges is largely duo the passage of
the bill, so It is likely, unless the railroad
control the board majority, the bill will be
Interpreted as its friends Intend It to be.
Primary Dill in House.
The Semite has amended the house prl
mnry bill und that will be back to the lower
branch for concurrence during tho first
days of tho week. There eveni Uttle qua
tlon that- tfiesle ainon.lnients will be ac
cept en, tnotigti some of the members object -to
the provision which requires the voter
to ay ho will supix.rt the ticket at the
coming election. This Is Interpreted to
mean he will vote for a majority of the can
didates nominated by his party. Several
members believe It Is sufficient to have the
voter swear he has generally supported the
ticket at the la election nnd not attempt
to control his action in the future election.
There may be, a fight this provision
which may necessitate the appointment of
a conference committee.
The anti-pass bill should he settled In the
houKo Tuesday. There has been more play
over this than nny other measure, and
those republicans who want to keep their
pledges are getting exeoedlrg tired of the
way some of the members are acting and a
showdown certainly will come Tuesday
morning when tho bill comes up aa. a spe
Riot of Appropriations.
The one pledge which the republican
party made to the people, and a most Im-
.-..v, unM biiih co pieces wnn a
recklessness that Is short of appalling.
That pledge la the promise to he economi
cal In the appropriation of the people'
money.' Npver In the history of the state
has a house of representatives run so com
pletely wild on the money question. The
most optimistic do not estimate the income
of the stae during the next blennlum at
more than $3,500,000, and yet the house has
passed aqd recommended tor' passage ap
propriation bills amounting to almost
$5,000,000. Bills carrying large approprla.
tlons have been rushed through without a
protest and without attention being paid
to them. Now that they huve done their
worst In this line the hou.-e members are
beginning to realize that they must go
home and face their constituents, and they
are hoping the senate will use better Judg
ment. The senate may, and the senate
may not, cut down theBe appropriations.
If the senate dqes not of course Governor
Sheldon will, but that will not save the
house members from the odium which al
ways will attach to them for the reckless
handling of the people's money. The way
Is open for enormous cuts, and they will
have to be made, or. as Springer of Scott's
Bluff suggested, "We had better apply for
a receiver for the state." Boards have
been created by the house without number
and each bill creating' a board carries an
appropriation. Appropriations have been
made by the house for Investigations along
numberless lines nhd they went through
because some members claimed they were
In the Interest of the farmers. One mm
br suggested that the house treated the
farmers as though they knew nothing, and
he wanted a bill put through creating a
board to "teach the farmer how to sharpen
a plow." Of course the bills are not In
tho Interest of the farmers at all. but In
thd Interest of some fellows In town Who
want Jobs on the boards.
Senate Una Chance to Prune,
It has been suggested that friends of
some of the big appropriations should get
wise to the fact that the governor cantiot
reduce an appropriation or Increase one,
but be must either endorse It or veto It
In its entirety. The governor will begin
to veto the minute the appropriations reach
the limit of the state's Income. But the
senate has the first whack at the enormous,
house appropriations, and where the mem
bers will begin to cut of course la not
known at this time. It is more than llkoly,
however, one of the tlrst appropriations t
receive the pruning knife will be the
Di.uu0 for bulMlngs at the state f.inn.
Unless the friends of tills measure consent
to allow this Money to come out of the
1-mlll levy se t apart for the university they
may not get a cent, because it la asserted
a women's building at the ktate farm U
not so necessary that It has to be built
this year and neither are the other build
ings asked for.
Another appropriation which probably
will undetgo a Very severe surgical opera
tion la Uie fliiOU) fur the Kvariiur ttuueJ
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