Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 15, 1907, Page 6, Image 6
"is r? THE OMAITA DAILY BEEt FRIDAY, MAr 15. 1007. Tiifomaha Daily Bee FOUNDED BY EDWARD ROSEWATER. VICTOR ncflEWATKH, EDITOR. Entered nt Omaha ' p'wtofflce aa second class matter. 7 TF.RMS OF PinSCRirTlOK, Dally Mee (withnjt Bunria)). one year..40 Dally lice and Sunday, one year 00 Sunday He., one year M Saturday bee, one year 1-M DKIJVERED BT CARRIER. Dally Be (Including Su I 'aily Hee (without Hun Sunday), per weck..l&e ndsy). pr week 10c Evening Ke (without Sunday), per week. 6c Evening I;ee twlth Sunday), per week... .100 Add rem pnmplqinta of Irregularities In de livery to City Circulation Department OFFICES. . Omaha The Bee Building. South Omaha City Hall Building. Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street. . Chicago-161 fmtv Hiilldln. New York-IMS Homa Life lnuiran-a Bid Washington Sill Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to newa and ed itorial mutter should be addressed: Omaha Bee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, -express or postal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only 2-ccnt stamps received In payment of mall account. Personal checki. except on Omnhn or etatem exchnnir, net accepted. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCtT,ATIOIf. St.ite of Nebraska, Douglas County, sa: Charles C Rweyvater.. general manacjr pf The Bee publishing company, being duly worn, snvs that the actual number of full ind complete copies of The Dally. Morning, Svcnlna- and Sunday Bee printed during the nonth of Febnisrv, 1907, was aa follows: 1 .. '.. ai.ftoo 18 31,980 : 81.830 I...,. 80,100 4...1 31,639 B 31,680 ai.ffO 1 33.H0 S 31,660 ........... 33,130 10 30,450 II 31,780 12 31,570 13 81,848' 14 31,540 IT ......... 30,390 1) 33,830 It .......... 33.010 JO C3.660 1.. 83,470 H, 38,400 13 33,060 14 00,620 IS 83,080 !.,. 31,060 17 83,050 28....; 33.130 IS 31,830 Total.. .896,730 . t.763 Leas unsold and returbed copies. Nr-t total .' 688,987 Dally average ' 31,677 CHARLES C, ROSE WATER, General Manager. Subscribed In my prVsenoe and sworn to before me this 1st day of March. 19-T. (Seal) M. B. M UNGATE, Notary Public. WHE OUT OF TOWS. gab'acrbeis leaving-the city tens porarlly sboaid bar Tke Bee mailed to them. Addreee will ba changed aa eftea' aa reaested. Wall street's near-panic Is creating no concern west of Jersey City. Are we to have a threat of moving the headquarters every time the rail roads want something? Don't forget that the issue at Lin coln today is whether the people or the railroads will govern Nebraska. A Paris professor claims that fish can bear. It that'a true, they must be awful hot over the yarns told about them. Twenty ornate lamp poet around the postofOce square at Lincoln ought to provide the capital city with a "great white way." .. . However, Mr. Harrlman's hope for pence with the administration has not yet Induced hln to Join the ranks of the third-term boomers. - American export to Panama now amount to 1 1,000,000 a month, exclu sive of cash for the construction work and $100,000 engineers. Later the stockholder will be casu . ally informed that what the railroads made in 2 -cent fares waa lost in law yers and court fees in fighting the law. The scare talk of the railroad mag nates is having its echo in Wall atreet and the water is gushing forth, as it did in Horeb when Moses smote the rock. The ball teams will soon undertake the task of taking the pennant away from their rivals, who have had It draped over the corner grocery stove il winter. The Sugar trust is laughing at the man who has brought suit against it for (30.000,000. The average citizen would laugh at a man who sued him for an amount like that Chief clerka will run a god ahare of the federal offices of the different states in the first week in June, while the Rough Riders are holdlog their reunion at Prescott, Arizona. The state railroad commission In Iowa has reduced freight rates to the tune of 18 per cen in Iowa. The rail road standpatters will he more than ever opposed to the Iowa idea. The e.tejmion of one of the great packing houses at South Omaha in dicates mat tna orokers nave more confidence in the future of the country than do the railroad manipulators. The American ' consul at Blueflelds failed to call on Speaker Cannon and will have to explain to the State depart ment whether his failure waa due to discourtesy, bashfulneaa or fear. According to the Congressional Reo ord only 9,000,000 words were spoken In congress during the short session It Is evident, then, that Senator Mor gan did not conclude his speecft on the Panama canal. New York proposes to commence suit to collect $18,900,000 in back taxes due under the franchise tax law passed in 1900. That'a a signal for the francbleed corporations of New York to move to Kansas City. It Is peculiar, to say the least, that the chief floor manager of the rail roads and the first to repudiate his s! fried pledge should be Tom Hamer of Kearney, representing the dUtrlct honored by the choice of the Hon. Norrls Browc. aa United States senator. ItT TBEM HEAR FRO.M HOME. The performances of certain repub llcan members of the legislature at Lincoln, which would Indicate that hey have been led astray by the rail road lobby to the point of repudiating publicly-made pledges to the people who elected them, suggests that the members should all hear from home. Not only should those who hare openly allied themselves with the rail road contingent hear from home, but so also "should those who have stood np and had themselves counted for honor and honesty, so that they may know that Integrity and good faith are appreciated and approved. In addition to this the work-a-day members, who have gone along thus far without yielding to temptation, al though perhaps without distinguishing themselves as leaders, should hear from home to strengthen tbem in their good intentions and to Inform them that they are being watched by the friends of good government who sent tbem to Lincoln and who will condone no selj-outs or backsliding. The railroads are bringing to the capital all the railroad sympathizers and pass or rebate beneficiaries they can scrape up to make men think that treachery can be respectable, but fof every railroad capper brought to Lin coln there are a hifndred at home who owe allegiance to no railroad and who will Insist upon an accounting when the legislature shall have adjourned. So we eay, Jet the members bear from home. Let every republican newspa per In Nebraska call attention to the conditions existing at. Lincoln and In vite its readers to write, to their rep resentatives and tall them whether they want them to represent the peo ple or the railroads. INDIANS AS POLITICIANS. Those well-meaning, but misin formed, persons who meet over at Lake Mohonk every summer and pass long resolutions asking congress to safeguard the Indians of the country and protect them from being robbed of their birthright by designing white men may see a new light if they will read the proceedings of the constitu tional convention in Oklahoma. The new state will be composed of Okla homa and the Indian Territory, which are about equal in area and have equal representation in the convention. Tho white population of the two territories is composed of keen, shrewd, resource ful men who have received their polit ical training in other states, and what they do not know about political schemes, is not worth knowing. They had Intended to run the constitutional convention In their own way, leaving the Indiana, who own most of the land in the Indian Territory, half of the proposed state, to pay, the taxes and pick np an occasional political crumb, but the Indians took a hand In the matter and turned a trick that made the would-be political bosses look like amateurs. The result of the constitutional con vention beara abundant proof that the poor Indian la able to take care of hlmaelf. By shrewd political tactics the Indian delegates to the convention formed a combination which gave them the balance of power and en abled them to frame a constitution to suit themselves. They captured a good share of the best offices and forced through a county formation bill which will guarantee them rea sonable representation In the legisla ture of the state and a share of the state and county offices. They showed the result of their education and train ing and clearly established the fact that they are capable of self-govern ment and to hold their own in compe tition with white men. Their work In the convention was marked by Intelli gence, . patriotism and a high regard for the welfare of the people who will become citizens of the new state. The sympathy that has been lavished upon Poor Lo may well be reserved In the future for others who need it. THE COST OF GOVERNMENT. While congress is being criticised in some quarters for making an annual appropriation of about $1,000,000,000 for federal expenditures, the rest of the country, according to a bulletin of the Census department, is matching this, dollar for dollar, with appropria tions for state and municipal admin istrations. The figures of the Census department are for 1902. when the total cost of government in the United States national, state, county and municipal was $1,773,950,360. Of this amount the rational appropria tions required the odd figures, while the expenses of local, state and county. affairs amounted to a round $1,000 000,000. The expenses have kept atep with advances in cost in other lines and It is estimated that the American people were taxed at least $2,000,000, 000 a year ad the price of government. With an estimated population of 85, 000,000 the per capita cost of govern ment would be $23. S3. Large as the total coat of govern ment Is, it amounts to a tax of but 1.7 per cent on the tangible wealth of the country, a smaller assessment than Is necessary in any other country In the world. The tables show that the cost of government ts much heavier in the cities than in the rural districts and there is a wide discrepancy in the per capita cost in dlffereut cities. New York leads the list, with a per capita tat burden that is nearly three times aa large as the per capita charge of the country for both local and state government. While the average cost of govern ment is perhaps not excessive, the trend of sentiment Is all In favor of a general policy of retrenchment a'nd reform, calculated to Improve the serv ice with a reduced expense. There Is r.o concerted action along this line, but the records of the legislatures that have ben in eesslon this year show much legislation looking to a lopping off of needless offices, a centralization of authority and dismissal of superflu ous boards, the holding of fewer elec tions and the adoption of regulations providing for a more careful Inspection and accounting of funds impropriated for the purposes of state and local gov ernment. The cost of the country's government is amazingly large in the aggregate, but there Is a cheerful promise In recent and pending legisla tion that the people will soon be able to feel that they are getting their money's worth. A TIMELY MESSAGE. Governor Sheldon's message to the senate, calling upon that body to take action against the invading lobby, is timely and to the . point. ' Nebraska legislatures have In the past been fre quently overrun, with corrupting agents of the great corporations, but probably never before has such an array of rail road manipulators been centered at the state capital as during the last few days, in their desperate effort to head off measures that would compel them to pay city taxes on their ter minal property, the same as la levied on other property, and incidentally to defeat the antl-pasa law. the direct primary bills, the reciprocal demurrage bills and several other measures de signed t'o give the people .relief from railroad oppression. Governor Sheldon is plain spoken in his message in saying that "this legis lature should not only redeem, every pledge and promise made to the people of this state, but should also pass a law regulating and controlling: lobby ing." The railroad lobby .Is the chief obstacle in the way of redeeming these pledges, upon which every republican member of the legislature, as well as the governor, stood before the people. The message is especially gratifying as indicating Governor Sheldon's de termination to insist on having the legislature redeem every pledge, even if it takes a special session to do It. MR. CORTELTOtTn raLicT. The first official orde. of Mr. Cortel- you, secretary or tne treasury, loucn lng relations between the Treasury de partment and the New York bankers, must be reassuring to the Wall street financiers, who have been fearing the new secretary would adopt a radical policy that would deprive them of the privilege of looking upon the govern ment's treasury vaults as a very pres ent help in time of trouble. Mr. Cor- telyou has Just issued a notice that it is not his intention to fix a time for calling in the additional $30,000,000 which were' deposited with the national banks last October, with the under standing that it would probably have to be returned early In March; It la officially explained that there is no present need of the funds by the gov ernment and that conditions are such in New York that the withdrawal of the amount might have a tightening effect upon the money market. It will not do, however, for the Wail street bankers to take it for grauted that there will be no change in the Treasury department's policy. Beyond stating that he is keeping a close watch on the situation in New York, Secre tary Cortelyou refuses to indicate what bis further plans are. It is known in administration circles In Washington that Secretary Cortelyou is determined that he will not follow the path beaten by so many secretaries before him. He proposes using tie surplus federal funds as an emergency currency to meet the demands.for increased circu lation when the demand arises from legitimate business causes, but will not under any circumstances follow prece dent in extending relief for specula tive banks that have got caught by un wise loans on stocks. This is an evil which has been tolerated in the past and which Mr. Cortelyod declares must be stopped. It is also certain that he will refuse to overlook the conduct of banks in New York which have per sistently in the past violated the bank ing laws as to reservea and other mat ters on the plea that the market needs a continuance of free loans in order to avoid a stringency. Many of the New York banks almost habitually re port a less sum In legal reserve than Is required by the law, an abuse which would place the offending banks In the hands of receivers if the law were strictly enforced. Mr. Cortelyou' de termination to adhere to the law will put a new aspect on so me phaaea of -Tlhe relations between the federal treasury and the national banks that have heretofore been the object of severe criticism. When the anuexation of the Hawaiian islands waa proposed it was argued that they would furnish a won derfully good place for the overflow of America's population. The dream does not seem to be In any fair way of realization, as it has been found neces sary to suspend the contract-labor law In order to allow Hawaii to import workmen from Europe to take care of fta industries. A tuberculosis- congress will soon be assembled in New York and make its chief feature a discussion by experts of the effects of bovine tuberculosis upon the milk supply and the effect on the human system of the consump- tlon of milk from cows so affected. The derisions of this congress will be of great Interest to the country. There Is a vldo difference of opinion as to the extent to which the spread of tu berculosis may be due to Infected milk supply and the congress will do a great service to the country if it succeeds in removing all doubts and establishing tbo facts in the case. , The anti-Omaha prejudice which the paid railroad lobbyists are inciting in the legislature reacts to tho detriment of Qmaha at every turn. The railroad spokesmen are so thoroughly trained by their teachers to attack Omaha that they by force of habit hit at Omaha and Omaha's business Interests on all occasion, with or without excuse. If the railroad managers here who are telling our business men how much they want to help build up Omaha care to give evidence of good faith they will call down their anti-Omaha claquers at Lincoln. Nebraska railroads are charging only 2 cents a mile for carrying passengers between points wholly within the state, but they are still exacting 2Vt cents a mile whenever they sell a through ticket from any point In Nebraska to a destination outside the state. How can they prove that the 2-cent fare Is confiscatory so long as they pursue this practice, which makes it impos sible to separate the expense of carry ing local S-cent fares from the expense of carrying through 2 M -cent fares? The general building campaign in Omaha has not been checked by the action of the Union Pacific in suspend ing operations on its headquarters building. The taxpayers of the city are Just as active in their efforts to improve as if the railroad company had gone ahead with Its needed con struction. The supreme court of the United States haa upheld the South Dakota law which prohibits the sale of liquor la that state in less than five-gallon lots. It is a little rough on the South Dakotan, however, to ie compelled to have a hip pocket made with demijohn accommodations. Beatrice pays $3,000 annually In interest on a bonus voted to the rail roads and collects $900 in taxes from the railroads within the town limits. The citizens of Beatrice should be, and probably are, especially proud of the Gage county members of the house of representatives. Boston doctors claim to have suc ceeded In ascertaining the weight of a human soul. The weight of a Boston brain will be ascertained after the scale makers get out a product that will take heavier loads than those now oa the market. - Senator Depew'a statement that Mr. Roosevelt is" the only presidential candidate, In sight is Just proof that the senator la beginning to Joke again, even if Messrs. Root, Fairbanks, Taft, Shaw et al. do not see the point. They Deliver the Goada. New York Commercial. There la one thing- tolerably certain, that if James J. Hill leaves the carrying' trade of the Pacific coaat to the Japanese the good will be delivered. , Aa Overworked Job. Washington Herald. Mr. Harrlman says he would be perfectly willing to act as the president's adviser. Mr. Roosevelt gets more advice now than he knows what to do with. !o Room for a Kaoclc St. Louts Globe-Democrat. Appropriations by the' congress Just closed foot up $1,800,000,000. "But as the treasury surplus for the last eight months haa paafced $40,000,000 the financial outlook Is not the sort the democratic party needs in Its business. lanocenta la Repose. Kansas City Journal. The cost of living In Washington has In creased much faster than In any other city In recent years, and nobody can account for It. The Washington boarding house keepers wear the innocent look of the cat that swallowed the canary. Get Oat and Posh. Baltimore American. Do not stand by the roadside of Industry and grumble at the man and the team struggling In the middle of the muddy road hauling a load of wheat up a steep hill, but put your shoulder to the wheel ard help a comrade who helps himself. Prom Silence to Loquacity. Baltimore American. The trust magnate Is now no longer the ."silent man." He Is not' only willing, but also glad to talk for publication and to take the dear public Into his confidence. It haa been discovered that the public, aa a great abstraction, can no more be con signed to perdition than can a corporation. Vellow Backs Conilna- Back. Sprlngfleld Republican. Soon there will come Into general cir culation "yellow backs" of the denomina tion of $10 these being authorized by the financial bill of the last cession. Hitherto a man had to deal in quite considerable sums of money to catch a glimpse of yel low bill or gold certificates, wince they have never been of lower denomination than $3). But- now we' shall hear It said that gold at last has been made the "poor man's money." Perhaps the poor man will feel richer on this account and per haps he will detect no particular change in the condition either of hla feelings or his pocket. Aa laflalshed Crime. Chicago News It seems clear at last that nobody ever will be convicted and punished by law for the monstrous crime of December 80, 19U8, by which &9e lives were lost and hundreds of persons were seriously Injured. Vet the recklessness of thoee who took chances by crowding an unfinished building with hu man beings, the levity or public- officials who were easily satin nW that no accident would result, and the horrible rinks taken by thoae In charge of lights 'and scenery constituted a desperate gamble with death. The stakes were a multitude of human Uvea. The whole combination of circum stances Is a lasting reproach to this city. The dead were plied In heaps and yet the law finds no one to pur. lab I BITS OF TVAIUJTO LIFE. Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched an the nt. Political vocalists of the democrailc per suasion Invariably nre greeted with thr rude hoarse lauah when they assert w'.lh straight faces that prosperity la an idle drenm. When thry strike this keynote and solemnly Interpret the'r sorrows, the chorus of workshop and msrt translates the dirge Into Joyous son. Tct theirs are the voices of sober truth. Distance from the flesh pots of power and pie ts enouiih to make their melnneholv the real thing. Put there Is greater warrant for claiming "there Is no prosperity." The parly treas ury Is empty nnd not a nickel coming In. The famous party vocalist In Wnshlnirton, Colonel Charles A. Edwards, secretary of the democratic congressional campaign committee, sent a touching note to demo cratic memlers of the senate and" house some days before adjournment,- reminding them of the financial needs of his office and delicately suggesting that a contribu tion of $3! would help some. In due time the colonel was rewarded with this re sponse: Dear Charlie: T received your tetter re questing a contribution to assist you In procuring the services of a stenographer for the prosecution of your "labor of love." It Is a real pleasure to Inclose herewith my personal check for the amount. Allow me to indulge in the pleasing hope that this shall by no means result In "Love's Labors Lost." Mav I ask that you mail me a receipt? Tour true friend. SENATOR E. Z. MARK. Ia It any wonder that democrats pipe a sad song and Insist "there is no prosper. Ity?'fc It la hard for a man to be a hero to his valet: It sometimes Is harder still for a father to fill the role satisfactorily In the eyes of his son, especially If that son be so young that he treats everybody with candor. Secretary Taft has a son, "Charlie," 9 years old. Ever since his father hns held his present position In the cabinet "Charlie" has been an enthusiastic warrior. He and Quentln Roosevelt go to the same school, and, aa might be expected, Quentln also has military aspirations and Ideals. For the last week or two snow fortp and snow battles have engrossed their time, so much Indeed that "Charlie" Taft's studies have suffered. At 'last his reports showed such a marked falling off that his father thought the time ripe for a few words of parental reproof. "Charlie" listened with respect ful, though plainly unconvinced attention, and was ready with a crushing rejoinder. "Father," he Bald, In pained surprise, "you talk Just Ilka the school teacher. You know that building forts and digging tunnels and thing like that are a part of my education, and don't you think that If you had spent more time on such things when you were a little boy you might not be having such a hard time now, especially digging that big ditohT" It' la believed that with the expiration of the Fifty-ninth congress, says the Wash ington Herald, the last maimed veterans of the civil war who have served In the na tional lawmaking body have ben retired to private life. Senator Berry of Arkansas, a one-legged veteran of the confederate army, is now in private life after a con tinuous service of twenty-two years in the senate. Representative Roswell P. Bishop of Michigan, who wore an empty sleeve as a result of service In the union army, has followed the one-legged confederate into re tirement after an unbroken service In the house of twelve years. In both branches of congress there are still many men who fought In one army or the other during the civil war, but none of them, "except Senator Daniel, is maimed or crippled. The Vir ginian had hla right leg badly shattered by union bullets, but, unlike Senator Berry, he did not loaa that member, although he usually walks with the aid of a orutch. It is not known that among the large number of new men elected to the next congress any are maimed even in so alight a manner as Major Daniel. Among the men now in public life who bear the honorable scars of war none is more conspicuous for the number of wounds received In the terrible conflict of the '60s than Is General J. C. Black, the democratic chairman of the Civil Service commission. General Black, who won dis tinction in the ujlon army, but who haa always been a democrat, was shot more times than probably anybody now on the pension rolls. He draws a pension of $100 a month. Except for a slight limp in his walk and a weakness in his arms, he shows no effect of his many wounds. Shortly before congress adjourned a United States senator asked Secretary Taft for some papers cn a question which was about to come up. Mr. Taft made a note of tho request, but the papers were not forthcoming. The senator called upon the secretary, who expressed surprise. He pushed a button and a messenger appeared. "You remember I told you to send certain papers to Senator Blank. Did you send themT" This with a touch of sternness. "Yes, sir. I remember distinctly .sending them," was the reply. The messenger was dismissed, whereupon the secretary said with a laugh: . "To be perfectly frank, senator, . I forgot all about your request for those documents and they were never sent I only called the messenger to show you what a perfect system we have up here. Now," the secretary continued, with a chuckle, pressing another button, "I am going to sea that you get the documents." "Foreign relations," said Senator Cullom, the chairman of the senate's committee on foreign relations, "are delicate things, and must be handled delicately. "Foreign relations, In fact, remind me of a newly married couple I heard about the other day. ."Their life had been very happy for a year. Not a cloud had marred their perfect felicity. Then, one morning, the wife came down to breakfast morose and wretched. "She was snappish with her husband. 8he would hardly speak to htm. And for a long while she refused to explain her un wonted conduct. "Finally, though, the young man, Insist ing that he be told why his wife was treat ing him so badly, she looked up with tears in her eyes and said: " 'John Smith, If I dream again that you have kissed another woman I won't speak to you again aa long as I live. " HOKOR TUB FLAG. Decision la Omaha Beer Ibel Case Warmly Commended. New York Tribune. We must regard with profound satisfac tion the decision of the supreme court cf the United Btate-though we regret to see that one Justice dissented -to the effect that any state may constitutionally enact a la' prohibiting the use of the national flag for advertising -purposes. It Is as sound In morals and In patriotism as It is In law. If, then, any state may make and enforce such a law, we may add that every state should do so. Every state worthy of its place in the union, as every one of them Is, should surely have sufficient regard for that union to forbid the sordid defilement of Ita emblem. In thus honoring the flag each state will manifest its own senee of self-respect. In the near future, then, we trust an other form of expression jnny be used on this subject, and that InsiKtd of saying any ftate may pass a flag protecting law, or that every state ahould do so, we may say that every state has done so tu an effective manner. tired a;:d sic:; yet f.1ust work "Man may work from snn to sun bet woman's work la never done." ta order to keep the home neat and pretty, the children well dressed and tldy women overdo and often suffer In alienee, drifting along from bad to worse, knowing well that they oiifht to have help to overcome the pains and aches which dally make life a burden. It is to theae women that Lydla E. Piokham'a Vegetable Compound, made from native roots and herb, comes a a blestfnjr. When the spir it are denreaaed. the head and back aches, there are dragging-down paina, nervonsnesa, aWplearoeM, and reluctance to go anywhere, these are only symptoms which unless hcededv are soon followed by the worst forms of IPemale Complaints. . Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound keeps the feminine organism ina strong and healthy oonditlou. It cores Inflammation, Ulorra,t!on, displacements, and orgnnlc troubles. In preparing; for child-birth and to carry women safely through theChang-e of Life it is most efficient Mrs. Augustus Lyon, of East Earl, Pa., writes: Dear Mra. PinV ham: "For a long time I suffered from female troubles and had all kinds of aches and pains in the lower part of back and sides. I could not sleep and had no appetite. Since takingr Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and following the advice . which yon gave me I feci like a new woman and I cannot praise your medicine too highly.' Mrs. Pinkham's Invitation to Women Women suffering from any form of female weakness are Invited to write Mrs Plnkham, at Lynn, Mass. Opt of her vast volume of ex perience ahe probably has the very knowledge that will help your ease. Her advice is free ana always FREMOST DOES SOME FIQt RISO. Effect of Terminal Taxation Teata tlrely Applied to Kebrasha Towa. , Fremont Tribune. It will be Interesting to note what effect terminal taxation would have on the as sessment roll of Fremont. The valuation of Union Pacific property may be used as an illustration, since for It most of the figures are at hand. The road was for the year 1906 assessed at $lM.fi8 for the 1.7 miles of main tins within the city limits. Under the plan of terminal taxation for municipal purposes the total valuation would be' as follows: Main line. 1.7 miles . .$154,674 Switches, 6.08 miles ll'l.sno Kight-cf-way, 26.88 acres 61,7tiO Tool house , 40 Stock yards 100 Watchman house ,. ' IS Stand pipes $.000 Passenger station Freight depot 7,215 Tool house..., 16 Pump house , 1,150 Repair shop SO Well 110' Water tank 1,600 Watchman's house 15 Section house,....,. 250 Coal house 10 Tool house 40 Water system...'...'. 8,500 Lime house IB Watchman house 34 Coal house, , 125 Total..... ,.$374,603 The foregoing Items, all except main line and aide tracks, are an Inventory given out by the company; the main line and side tracks are, according to the figures of the 'State Board of Assessment. .For the latter the figures may be too high for local as sessment, for they include whatever of terminal distributed valuations may be represented, though it is certain that Item ia small. Compare the two valuations and It will be aeen that if Fremont taxed all property of the Union Paolflc located within the limits of the corporation it would be as sessing property worth $374,608, instead of $154,679. In other words, there ta $220,009 of Union Paeiflo property in Fremont that contributes absolutely nothing to the city In return for fire and police protection, for water, sewer, light and other municipal purposes. ' Ths Union Pacific Is now paying but $804 In municipal tax on Its $374,603 of property In the city. If it paid In proportion to other property it would pay $1,671 a year. That Is to say, it would pay 3 mills on the dollar en, one-fifth of $374,803. The Fremont National bank with a capi tal stock and surplus of $250,000 pays for purely city purposes $1,811.80 tax. In other words, the Union Pacific with 48 per cent more property, pays 62.8 per oent less taxes. KIXDKE89 TO LAHD GRABBERS. Slgalflcance of an Episode In a Washing-ton Court. Baltimore News. President Roosevelt made his sweeping reservation of forest lands before signing the agricultural appropriation bill beoauaa the bill contained a provision that here after no forest reserves shall be created except by act of congress. Through pres sure of the western demand for Irrigation work under the direction of the national government an act was passed years ago authorising 'the president to withdraw for est lands from entry so as to guard the river sources. Under that law some ob struction has been put In the way of fraud ulent seisure. The recently adopted amend ment puts an end to that. In order to protect tho public interests President Roosevelt used the old law to the fullest extent before signing a bill that virtually repealed It. thus giving free jlay to the operations of the land grabbers. That repeal has been known as the Ful ton amendment, because it was proposed by Senator Fulton of Oregon. This fact gives point to an Interesting Incident that happened on the day that congress ad journed. Senator Fulton was called aa a character witness In behalf of Binger Her mann, ex-congressman from Oregon, who la now being tried on charges growing out of the government prosecution of land fraud caaea. After Senator Fulton had testified to the excellent reputation that Hermann had borne, he was asktd If he remembered writing a letter to the then commissioner pf the general land omce re questing that United States District Attor ney Hall of Oregon be instructed to nolle pros certain indictments against William K. Burke and William CI. Gimsiln. Senator Fulton made a heated denial. The letter waa then produced, and he had to admit that It was In bis own handwriting. It was In a mlnslve "inclosing a letter by Mr. Hermann" and asking that Mr. Hall should "return.lt when read." The incident throws light on the springs of action in congressional policy regarding publlo lands, and enables the publlo to un. derstand why the efforts of the government to stop land frauds by Improvements In the laws meet with no response from con gress, i Spring innoaocement 1907 ' We are now displaying a most Complete line of foreign novelties for spring and summer wear. : Your early Inspection is invited, aa it will afford an opportunity of choosing from a large number of ex clusive styles. We Import in "Single suit length," and a suit cannot be dupli cated. , An order placed now may be de livered at your convenience. j ,"' MRS. AUG. LYON neipiui. rEnsovit, Xotes. Boston doctors profess to have found that the soul weighs an ounce. That Is the Boston soul, however. James Lane Allen's old home In Ken tucky Is again for sale, Senator Bailey of Texas, the present owner, having adver tised it A man etx Baltimore sang hymns while undergoing an operation for appendicitis, but probably a glimpse of the bill made him change his tune. Among the recent purchases for the Pan ama canal are ten steam whistles. If they don't keep the hands from falling asleen at the Job nothing will. - A rural Pennsylvania justice of the peace has decided that a swain charged with hugging his sweetheart against her will was not guilty of assault and battey, as charged, but of 'the crime of embracery. And ha certainly was. If the English lan guage means anything at all. Admiration for the perspicacity of courts grows apace. A Mississippi judge declares that a boy has "the Inalienable right to climb a tree," and an Indian court denied Na decree of divorce to a woman who charged her husband with the crime of saying "O fudge" and other "silly things" In her presence. It Is recalled by a close observer In Washington with a good memory that Mr, Spooner has been opposed to nearly every Important subject of republican party pol icy since he has been In the senate, In cluding the annexation of Hawaii, the Span, lah war, the holding of the Philippines and the rate bill legislation, but he ended by advocating and voting for them all. Last Friday waa ths forty-seventh birth day of James A. Hemenway, junior United States senator from Indiana. As a boy he waa a bootblack and newsboy. Recently a friend said to him; "Jim, how'd you get up there, anyway? I remember when you used to shine my shoes, and I didn't sea any senatorial possibilities sticking out of you then. He replied: "You saw me working and hustling, didn't you? That the only way I can answer your question.' "There goes Mr. Poorman," said Mis Qaddie. "My! he looks as solemn aa an undertaker these days." "No wonder," replied Mr. Batchelor, "he's going to undertake a wife neat week." Philadelphia Press. "Pa," asked little Willie, "what doas food for the gods' mean?" "Well," replied the old flrt-n!ghtei "probably it means peanuts, plug tobacco and the like." Philadelphia Press. Woman of the House "Did you ever earn an honest dollar in your life?" Goodman Gonrong I reckon not, ma'am. I ne-.er got a dollar fresh from the mint, and I wouldn't even feel sure about that.'1 Chicago Tribune. "Do you think that session of congress was a success?" . "It waa," answered Farmer Corntoseel, "a great success. It didn't do any particu lar damage." Washington Star. "Did you lose much by that fire out at your house?" asked Townley. "Two quarts of fine old Scotch whisky," replied Subbuha. Was that all?" "Yea, you see, only about half of our volunteer Are company got there." Phila delphia Press. "Pnw, can anybody tell fortunes by cards?" "No, my son. Many a man who has thought he could has found by subsequent experience that he didn't bold the right cards." Chicago Tribune.. '1 see," said Wtttacus to the host, aa his eye roamed from the broiled oysters at one end of the bountiful table to the chicken salad at tie other, "that your wife Is not a good manager." "What do you mean?" demanded the irate spouse. "Don't you se that she doesn't make both ends meat?" Philadelphia Press. SEEDTIME I'LEASIHES. New lYork Bun. I've just received a catalogue Fresh from tho eMedsman's -store, gorgeous book of fruits and flowers And veg'tables galore; And I can hardly wait until The winter's Ice and snow Melt frojn my well loved garden plot To spade and rake and hoe. For In this catalogue I find New radishes and peas, Six kinds of lettuce, elKht of corn I waitt to try all these; Cucumbers slim, cucumbers fat, ' And llmaa short and tall, And melons, cabbage., beets and greens i want to try them all. Tomatoes, ten varieties. And onions white and red; Asparagus and celery I want of eurh a bed. And turnips early, turnips late, potatoes try the score. And squashes, iny! don't say a word, A dozen kinds or more. I herewith thank the seedsman kind For sending me his book. When all these things re coming on, How pretty they will look! And when the frost has left the ground. I'm going to plant my total plot ' Twi-Ivm fnt t,v ft htv l.i.i ir1 Guckert (L McDonald TAILORS 317 South 15th St. ESTABLISHED 1SST.