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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 2, 1907)
TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE; SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1907.
The Omaha Daily Bee
rOL'NDttB BT EDWARD ROSffWATER.
VICTOR ROfiEWATER, EDITOR.
Ktvterd at Omaha postofflo M second
TERM a OP SUBSCRIPTION.
Pally Fee (without Bunday), one year.. WW
Illr Hoe and Bunday, on year .. 00
Bund Bee, one year t60
Saturday Be, "ne year 1 60
DKL1VERHD B CARRIER.
Tally Bee (Including Sunday), per week.. Mo
Illy ) (without Sunday), per week.. ..loo
Kvenlng Fee (without Sunday), per week. So
Evening Dee (with Sunday), per week.,..10o
a in re us complaint or irrcmiiarttiea in ae
llvery to City Circulation department.
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omaha City Hall Building.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street..
Chlcaso 1640 Unity Hulldlng.
New Vork-IK Home Ufa Insurance B'.dg.
Washington tul Fourteenth Street.
Communication relating to newt and ed
itorial matter ahould be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or poatal order,
rayahle to The Bee Publishing Company,
mly 2-cent a tamp received In payment of
mall account. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eaatern eiehange, not accepted.
TUB BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT Or CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, aa:
Charlea C Rnsewater, general mnnsger
of The Bee Publishing company, being duly
worn, aays that the actual number of full
and complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of February, 1907, waa aa follow:
1 ; 81,800 16 IUBII
l aieo IT 80,3o
1 80,100 IS 88,630
4 81,630 It.;........ 88,080
B S1.6G0 IS 38,680
8 81,670 11 83,470
1 88,180 82 38,460
..A. 81,660 It 38,060
I.... 83,180 14 30,630
It. 80,490 15....'...... 33,080
it.. ai.rso ss 81,860
it 81,670 IT 80,060
13 ..... 81,840 28 38,130
14.. T 8M40
15. ... . 81,860 Total... t. 896,780
Less unaold and returned coplea... 6,763
Net total , 886,957
Dally average.. 31,077
. , CHARLES E. ROSETWATERv
Subscribed In my presence and -worn to
before me thla 1st day of March. 1907.
(Baal) . M. B. H UNGATE,
Notary Public. .
WHE.1 OCT OF TOIW.
'. Safcserlbers leavtaa; the eltr tem.
orarfly ehanld have The Be
ehaaarea arte aa .vested.
Exports are testifying . that Harry
Thaw's pulse and Impulse are both
erratic. ' '
It might help some If the railroads
were required to" supply each purchaser
of a ticket with an accident policy.
At any rate,-engineers of the" army
assigned to duty at Panama are im
mune from the ravages of the resigns
. tlon microbe.'
The base bail schedules are out and
the office boy may now arrange the
dates for the death of his grandmoth
ers next summer.
Honduras and Nicaragua are express
ing fear that. somebody will get hurt
if President Roosevelt does not hurry,
up and Intervene.. ' . '
The men who stole $173,000 from
the subtreasury at Chicago may argue
that they were Just trying to help
Vncle Earn get rid of his surplus.
The member of the legislature who
is tempted to yield to the blandish
ments of the lobbyist should remember
that he. has to go home some time.
So far as methods for the accomplish
ment of his plans were concerned,
Mr. Harrlman evidently recognised the
Chicago A Alton as "The Oniy TVay."
Members of the Water board will be
allowed to continue to draw pay for
managing a municipal water works
plant which the city has not yet ac
quired. , V
Having had their salaries Increased
" ' by 50 per cent, the congressmen 'have
' - bravely killed the anti-tipplng and
anU-UpplIng bills in the District of Col
,v umbla. .
" Woo Ang of San Francisco raised a
check for $8, to $8,000 and got away
with th4r.ny. No wonder 8an Fran-
clscans are opposed to the education of
" the Chinese.
, Editor-Congressman Hitchcock has
now doubtless squared himself for the
aid and comfort that he - gave" the
A. P. A.'s through his newspaper when
, the fight was on.
, Senator t Bailey of Texas has ex
plained about everything, after a fash
Ion, except why a Standard, Oil mag
cate happened to loan him a large
sum of money without Interest.
,. It would be interesting to know how
much 8herlff McDonald collected from
the state as mileage for trips traveled
on free passes during his previous .in
cumbency of the sheriff's office.
Some railroads of the Rocky moun
tain region still insist that the passen
gers should be required pa pay an ex
tra tat for the privilege of looking
out the car window at the scenery.
St Petersburg cables state that the
'officers criticised in Kouropatkln's
book now want to fight It Is too bad
for Russia that they did not feel that
way while the war with Japan was on.
Only 658 bills Introduced Into the
lower house, of the Nebraska leElsla
ture this year.' The f uslonlsts beat
that record .by running far Into the s
hundreds when they last controlled
The railroads ought to equip every
one of their local freight solicitors
with their new pamphlet 'entitled
"Omaha The Sponge," for use when
soliciting business from Omaha uianii
lecturer and jobbers ...
W110LESALK JUD HKTAIZa
In the discussion of the I -cent pas
senger fare proposition Nebraska rail
road spokesmen hate made a great
deal about the difference In doing
business wholesale and retail. They
admit that tbelr proclamation of the
forthcoming sale of a I-cent Inter
changeable 2,000-mile book while the
rate bills were pending was a tactical
blunder because It showed that they
are willing to carry a traveling man
tor I cents a mile, providing he has
bought a mileage book, while Insisting
on exacting I cents from a fellow pas
senger sitting in the same seat
, Unable to justify their position by
asserting that it costs more to carry
the man, provided with a mileage book
than It does to carry the man who
bought his ticket at the station, the
railroad' representatives have argued:
First' that mileage book passengers
agree to travel 8,000 miles during the
year; .second, tha they constitute a
Class especially whom the railroads
like to favor because they stimulate
and Influence freight traffic; ' third,
that the railroads get the better of It
by - having the use of the money re
quired to be paid In advance for the
mileage books. . .
In all of this there Is a great deal of
epecloua argument In the first place,
the mileage book passengers .are for
the ' most part commercial tallers
who do not pay their, fares themselves,
but who charge them back, to the
houses for which they, travel, rTh
traveling men would continue to make
their r6unds irrespective of the rate of
fate, whether t cents or 2tt cents, or
even 8 cents, and the cost la collected
back fh the expense account and made
good out of the sales to customers.
As to Influencing freight shipments by
concessions on mileage books, no rail
road would dare i to make that point In
courts because It would be pleading a
form of rebate strictly forbidden by
the interstate law. The . only valid
point made, therefore, is that con
tained in the claim of the roads that
they get more than I cents per mile
for mileage book travel because they
have the use of the money paid In ad
vance. ' '"
But -this advantage la greatly exag
gerated. The railroads" own figures
indicate that the life of a 8, 00 0-mile
book Is eight months, so that, assum
ing that It is used up proportionately
during that time, they have the use of,
the purchase price ISO, of which
9.50 Is refunded for an average
period of four months. If the money
Is worth to them 8 per cent, they get
1 additional on each 1,000 miles.
Reduced- to a mileage basis, thla would
mean that the fare oh a 1. 000-mlle in
terchangeable book is equivalent to a
flat rate of .8 1-20 cents-per mile. It
remains to be seen how much fight the
railroads will put up for the 1-20 of a
cent If it is not made up to, them by
Increased travel or In soma other way.
THK DATK OS PACRtlfO PRODUCTS.
The senate has amended - the agri
cultural appropriation bill by adding
a; provision requiring the packers of
meat and meat products to date their
cans. This has been one of the hotly
contested points in all of the legisla
tion affecting the packing house indus
try, and opposition to the can-dating
provision was so strong last year that
It waa nqt Incorporated, In the original
Inspection law. The packers are still
bitterly opposing the adoption of the
provision, but the sentiment In the
bouse" Is so strong that the senate pro
vision will likely be accepted.
The meat packers ,ot the' country
have shown a disposition to accept the
provisions of the inspection law as
passed at the last session, most 6f
them having expressed their entire sat
isfaction with It and voluntarily of
fered' aid in Its enforcement They
realize the benefit accruing to their
trade b having their products placed
on the market with the government's
certificate of purity on their labels.
They have, however, persistently op
posed the proposition to have- the cans
labeled, showing the date' of packing,
their contention being that if the con
tents were properly prepared and
canned they would not deteriorate by
age. Purchasers of canned meat
products, however, would undoubtedly
appreciate having some means of as
certaining the vintage year of canned
meat products. Under the old order,
the purchaser bought canned . meat
products at bia own rlskl If the con
Cents of a can, when opened, furnished
evidence of antiquity, it was the pur
chaser's Joss. Under the proposed
provision he Will have but to use his
eyes to ascertain if the goods he Is
buying were canned thla season or
Packers and grocers who have large
stocks of canned meat products In
their possession might suffer some loss
incident to the disposition of this old
stock when the new law becomes
operative, as the public will want none
but the dated cans as soon as they are
placed on the market. In the - end,
however, the packers will gain by the
can-dating provision, as It shduld re
sult In completely regaining for their
products the confidence that had been
seriously shattered by last year's dis
closures and creating a farther demand
for them they could . not gtherwtse
stimulate. This confidence has ' been
restored in the matter of fresh meats,
and the enforcement of dating will
surely bring the canned product Into
equal favor. ,
It is interesting to note In this con
nection that the British government
has just renewed an order for 15,000,
000 worth of canned meats from a
Chicago firm, after having once re
voked the order. . A special agent of
,th4 British government made, a care
ful inspection of the packing plant hav
ing the order and reported that It was
temarkably clean. This Is a . very
practical result of the government's
Inspection laws which are proving ben
eficial to the meat Industry as well as
to the public.
KKIiHAtKAa RKW tXDIRAL JVDOt.
The new federal Judgeship for the
district of Nebraska just created by
congressional act has been filled by the
appointment of Thomas C. Mungef of
Lincoln. . y, , .
The new judge Is a lawyer of long
standing practice, yet still in the prime
of life, thus conforming" to the prefer
Once of President Roosevelt for judges
who give reasonable assurance of long
service on the bench. Even during
the brisk competition for the place
nothing has been said by other as
pirants disparaging of Judge Munger
beyond caliliig attention to' his com
paratively meager practice In the fed
eral courts. It is admitted that at the
local 'bar and before the state courts
he has always stood . high.
It Is to be presumed that the. new
judge will take the dockets to be heard
In the southern division, his selection
being unquestionably in recognition of
the claims of the South Platte country
as distinguished . from the territory
north of that dividing line. It is here
that he la better known personally to
the other members of the profession,
but the lawyers in the north divisions
may expect to have an opportunity oc
casionally to get In touch with htm, as
nothing In the new law confines either
of the two judges to any particular
The federal judgeship carries with it
a life tenure and. Js supposed to remove
the occupant entirely from the field of
politics. It. may be confidently ex
pected that. Judge Munger will bend
every energy, to make good In his new
position, and in so doing will only
meet the expectations of his friends.
tANTODOMlSQO TRXATY RATlntD. .
President Roosevelt has achieved an
other triumph over senate opponent
ot some of his policies by securing a
ratification of the treaty between the
United States and Santo Domingo,
which has been hanging fire in the sen
ate for more than a year. The original
treaty was opposed by some senators)
both republican and democratic,' be
cause they feared it Involved An. alli
ance of the entangling brand, but the
successful operation of the modus
vlvendl, substituted by the president
when the ratification of the treaty waa
withheld, served to end hostility to the
agreement between the United States
and the Dominican republio and- the
senate has finally agreed to the plan
which the executive established with
out'Waltlng for the ratification of the
treaty. The disposal of this measure
removes all probability ot -an extra
session of the congress, about which
there has been considerable specula
tion, v ,
As the prime features of the treaty
have been in operation, under the pres
ident's orders, for nearly two years,
the effect of the formally ratified doc
ument may be easily forecasted since
the treaty merely gives legal validity
to ah arrangement based on expedi
ency, The record shows that much
has been accomplished In the way of
pulling Santo Domingo out of the mire
ot bad debts and unstable government
by American Intervention. Placing the
collection ot customs in the bands of
American officials for the purpose of
providing a fund for the payment of
obligations of the republic removes
the danger of revolutions which used
to occur in the Island every time the
customs authorities were found to have
a tew extra dollars in their possession.
Under the new treaty It Is stipulated
that the American government shall
have charge of the customs collections
until the debts of the Island have been
extinguished. This, at the ' present
rate, will require American supervis
ion ot Dominican revenues for twenty
years or more, by which time the
Dominicans should have learned the
lesson of good government and be )n
position to manage their.own affairs.
The enforcement of the treaty obliga
tions will mean a brighter day for the
Island, assuring a removal of the
archaic conditions that have prevailed
In Santo Domingo for generations.
Whatever the effect 'of the treaty may
be on this country, it will undoubtedly
prove a good thing for the Dominicans.
CHVRCBGROirTHAltD BIBLE ttXADISQ.
s Ministers of the gospel are responsi
ble for the oft-repeated assertion that
tbe United States Is ceasing to be a
Christian nation. The charge baa been
made jtdd reiterated by enthusiastic
pulpiteers and by writers in religious
periodicals until many good people, have
come to believe it and to bemoan the
fate they, are confident awaits a nation
that becomes first indifferent, then
negligent 'and finally hostile to Its re
ligious duties. Perhaps It Is natural
for the preacher of the gospel fired
with seal inhls cause, to be Impatient
tor better results and to feel that his
efforts re not sufficiently productive
of desired results, and finally to be
come' convinced that the powers of evil
are In the ascendancy-In his community
and In the nation. Under such condi
tions he is apt to voice his-fear that
the nation is ceasing to be Christian,
but tbe facta are all against him. The
growth ot the churches of the coon
try, In ministers and membership, is
greater than ever before and In full
keeping with America's progress and
development In secular affairs.
Dr. H. K. Carroll, one ot the editors
ot the-Christian Advocate, has just
published a table of church statistics
showing that at the end ot last year
there were In the United States 169,
508 ministers, 807,707 congregations
and a membership of 82,288,668, an
increase for tbe year of 4,800 minis
ters, 8,686 congregations and 870,689
members. The . church membership
was divided as follows: Catholics,
11,148,465; Methodists (17 bodies).
6,661.891; Baptists (14 bodies),
5,140,770; Lutherans (28 bodies),
1,967,488 1 Presbyterians (12 bodies),
1,771,877;' Protestant Episcopal (2
bodies), 846,492; Congregational,
694,923, and Ihe balance divided
among a. score of other denominations,
with membership ranging from a few
hundred to 600,000. Each of the
prominent denominations showed a
large Increase In membership, with the
exception of the Friends, which lost
slightly,, and the Unitarians, which re
According to these figures, 40 per
cent of- the American people are Iden
tified with some Christian church. No
other country shows so large a per
cent of Its adult population taking
active interest In church wVk. al
though Comparisons to America's dis
advantage are sometimes made with
other countries in which church bap
tism Is used In the preparation of sta
tistics, regardless- of the fact that a
majority of those baptized fall to be
come Identified with church work or
church membership In after life.. Dr.
Carroll's figures furnish emphatic
refutation of the charge that America
IS ceasing to be a Christian nation.
It goes without saying that South
Omaha public school teachers serl
ously object to having their pay raised
to a level with that of Omaha school
teaohers .and to being protected by
civil service against personal or polit
ical eviction from their jobs, as Omaha
school teachers are protected.
It Is to be noted that the pamphlet,
"Omaha The Sponge," Is signed only
by the tax commissioners ot the Union
Pacific and of the Burlington and not
by the tax commissioner of the North
western. Bre'r Fox Ben White is too
shrewd to get caught in a trap like
Colonel William J. Bryan does not
think much t people who leave their
fortunes so that not one dollar can get
outside of the circle of blood relation
ship. Presumably this Is a hint 19
Colonel Bryan's family as to what they
may look for when they read his will.
Lyonella Fredgunda Cuthberga Ethel-
swytha Ideth Grace Monica de Orellana
Plantaganet Tollema:he was married
the other day in Surrey, England. The
telegraph editor and the proof reader
join in a vote of thanks to her 1 f orJ
changing her name( '
The house comml(tee on deficiency
claims has squeezed out one-third of
the sheriff's bill tor feeding state pris
oners 'as pure graft' Even then, of
the amount allowed, as much more
represents pure . profit for the Jail
Before . becoming alarmed over a
financier's predictions of a panic, wis
dom and caution wilt suggest an In
vestigation as to what hjs Interest 1b
in stocks ''that may be Influenced on
A Hot FlnUb,
Harriman'a atatemeht that he Intends to
retire In another year Indicates that he
expeota to keep up a terrific pace mean
while. He'll have to, if he gets all tn
rest pf the railroads in twelve months.
back Tame to Ikt Pro!.
Baltimore American. 1
Kallroada in Nebraaka will have to pay
tax arrears to the state amounting to
three millions. In the general upheaval
of things nowadays back taxes seem com
ing to the front
Their Tara Will Coaae.
"While paying hla reapects to the molly
coddle the president might have uttered a
few earnest worda concerning the geexer,
tbe alob, the mutt, the pleface, the fink,
and the cheap skate.
Beautiful la Theory.
New Tork Commercial.
Mr. HarrlmaiV theory that combination
of railroads means lower rates proves how
the world lags along In a rut and refuaes
to accept a new scientific discovery. If -we
could believe that all the rest would be
Hlatorr Ilepeata Iteelf.
Bt. Loul Qlote-Democrat. ,
la 1873 the, granger members of the Iowa
leglal&ture enacted a maximum freight law
that is being' used aa a model by the legis
lature of 1807. Everybody, poked fun at
the grangers, but they were only about
thirty-four years, ahead of time.
Jaat One More
M. E. Ingaila, former president of the
Big Four, aays there are tos many million
aires In this country. Every man. who la
struggling alcmg on a small salary believea
that there ought to be at least one more
millionaire In thla country to make it an
Some Itemed r Imperative.
Baltimore merlcan. '
If there la any force in public opinion
and any authority in .the government to
atop the appalling ataughter by the rail
roads It ought to be done. It seems an
absurdity to say there la no aucb means
and that nobody is to blame for the fast
Aaelher Treaaary Raid.
Before the National Educational aaaocla-
tton goes to oongresa for an annual appro
priation of some millions of dollars in aid
of public schools it would do well to con
sider the fact that the money In the na
tional treaaury, as well as that In the state
treasuries, comes from the earnings of the
people and that It la obtained by less Just
and equitable modes of taxation. Thus
ivery shifting of burdens from the state
treeaurles to th national treaaury involves
more Injustice. It seems to be necessary
to remind people now and then that the
money In the national treaaury does not
coiue from foreigners or from the clouds.
' OTHER XAMnS THAN Ot'ttS.
The remorseless sweep of war over the
Bwth African republics flve years ago
wrought changes hardly more notable than
the political reconstruction of the country.
The first election since the war resulted
In - giving control of the country to the
Boers, who, though defeated on the battle
field, score a triumph through the Instru
mentalities of peace. There are at present
four parties In the Transvaal, three of
Whtoh are composed of - English speaking
men. The leading party Is called ' the
progressive, and la representative ot the
mine owners, merchants and professional
men. Directly opposed to the progressive
party Is Het Volk, the Boer party, repre
senting the farmers and the Dutch speak.
Inf element of the country. Were the line
drawn distinctly between these two
parties the English would have won easily.
But there were other elements to decide the
Issue. The second English party, the na
tionalist composed of native born colonials,
and an English labor party. Joined forces
with Het Volk and voted and worked for
the Dutch nominees.1 The result was an
overwhelming defeat for the English
brought about by English votes. Ueneral
lxuls Botha, the new prime minister, hero
of Splon Kop, Is a broad-gauge, level
headed leader. Qolonel Secretary Smuts
was a general during the war and formerly
was state's secretary in the government of
President Kruger. .Minister of Justice de
Vllllers was attorney general during the
late' war. The liberal government In Great
Britain Is giving an exhibition of concilia
tion toward and trust In a conquered peo
ple that cannot easily be paralleled, and
there is reason to believe, that their policy
of granting self-government under the
crown, to the colony won at such tremen
dous cost in war, will be vindicated In the
The Frenoh ministry In Its hunt for
trouble promises to go against the real
article at an early day. It la proposed to
regulate the tipping system, which has at
tained perfection as a gouge In Paris.
Within a month the chamber will consider
a measure Jo prevent cafe proprietors from
taking fees from waiters for the privilege
of serving In their establishments. In the
fashionable restaurants the waiters make
so much money in tips from wealthy custo
mers that their employers demand as much
as to or even 80 francs a day as their
share of the tips. But for this systemj
which Is a regular part of boulevard econ
omy, waiting would be the most lucrative
f6rra of labor In the city. Speaking of the
Americans' dislike of tipping, it Is In order
to remind them of the fact that they are
themselves very much to blame. They
have always given tips In "Vrance, but
until Americans .came over there every
year with their wealth, which they seem
only too anxious to get rid of, the amount
they tipped waiters was so small as to be
of no consequence whatever, and the wait
ers originally did not expect any more
from strangers than they were used to
getting from their countrymen.
Orientally benighted Persia persists In
showing the way to occidental Russia In
the matter of working a new legislative
system. From occasional dispatches we
learn that there is agood deal of quar
reling and maneuvering at . Teheran, but
on the whole no more than Is to be ex
pected from a healthy young Parliament,
which must make a trial of Its 'strength It
It would not grow up to be a coward and
a weakling. The shah seems, to be acting
In perfect good faith. His conduct Indeed,
presents a marked contrast to the futile
waverings and hesitations of his royal
brother, Nicholas II. It Is'vustomary to
excuse the latter on the ground that the
sovereign Is helpless 'When surrounded by
a camarilla of self-seeking politicians. Tet
the same situation presented Itself before
the new shah, and was met with manly
resolution. Several high people at court,
we are told. Interested-In maintaining the
eld regime, sought to secure1 the open ad
hesion of the present shah, then heir to
the throne, whose views were believed to
be antl-llberal. Immediately there waa
formed. In rejoinder, a vast conspiracy,
modeled after the famous assassins of the
middle ages, and having for Its object the
forcible removal of any person hostile to
the liberal cause. A critical situation thus
arose. But on hla arrivat In Teheran the
prince In unmistakable terms announced to
a deputation of the Chamber his absolute
adherence to tbe constitution and to prog
ress, and "from that day there were no
The Irish Belfast seems to be rivaling
the Scottish Glasgow In the alarming mor
tality from spotted fever," and the fact
that a naval commission has been ap
pointed to Inoulre Into the situation indi
cates a preva a of unsanitary conditions
along the waur front of each city. Tbe
pest, which Is still called "spotted fever"
In the cable dispatches. Is actually cerebro
spinal meningitis. Mail advice show that
the disease has also made Its appearanoe
in Dublin and Edinburgh. ' Although spo
radic cases are on record in these cities
for the IgiMt few years, March, April and
May of 1.406 showed a veritable epidemic in
the Scottish city, whlc then drew Atten
tion to several Interesting points.' Eighty
per cent of the cases were found to be
under ten years of age, and nearly all came
from the poorer sections of the lty. Olas-1
gow observers have also noticed a number
of chronic cases, 60 per cent of thsm run
ning Intermittently "for four or five weeks,
while one was discharged from the Bel
vldere hospital after. 163 days. Tbe Glas
gow authorities are now using a serum
treatment, but it Is too early to 'discuss
Its merKs. Other treatment Is mainly .pal
liative, and recoveries In Glasgow are
usually aaid to be complete, although tem
porary deafness and some paralysis have
been noted. The fact that the disease at
tacks Infants of the poorest class and dur
ing the coolest months of the year la taken
as a sign that depreased vitality Invite
contagion mors, thon anything else. The
health authorities have therefore appealed
to the charitable authoritiea to procure
food, (clothing and heat for those families
which Include very young children that ars
In a state of poverty and want
The position of the children of those
Danes in the fron)Ier districts of Schles
wlg, who, after the annexation of Schles-wlg-Holstein
by Prussia In l&tt, selected a
Danish nationality, gave rise to questions
of peculiar difficulty. The peace of Vienna
of October , 1864, gave th Danes In the
annexed territories the Tight of choosing
their nationality, and article v of th
Peace of Prague concluded between Prus
sia and Austria arranged for th eventual
restitution of the northern districts of
Bchleswlg to Denmark If a majority of the
inhabitants should' declare In favor cf It
Prussia and Germany evaded a plebiscite,
and In .1S7 the provision for It was re
scinded by a special agreement between
Germany and Austria. Ths question of tbe
Sobleswig Danes by -option, however, con
tinued to cause trouble and unrest In the
frontier dlstrlots of the province. Th Dan
ish party argueCthat Denmark not having
been a party to the Austro-Oerman agree
ment of 1878, was not bound by It terms.
Tbe question of the nationality of the chil
dren of the Schleswlg Danes, therefore, re
mained troublesome. In Prussia these chil
dren were not regarded as Prussians, and
In Denmark they wr not allowed to count
aa Danes. In tbe event of their spuieioa
by Ut Prussian authorities th Danish
I government refused to permit them to ntr
Denmsrk. The new Danlnh nationality law
of 1KSS modified this situation by admitting
as Danes children of this olaas who were
born subsequently to the enactment of the
law, but It left the older children of the
"optants" Hi their, unsettled position.
. BARKING VP THR WROSQ TREK.
Assaalta ( Western Senators oa See-
Senator Clark ot Wyoming did not dis
tinguish himself In his recent assault upon
the secretary of th Interior. Mr. Clark Is
chairman of the select committee of the
senate which waa charged with the duty
of Investigating the condition of the In
dians In the Indian territory. As th re
sult of experience, obtained In that work,
Mr. Clark claims to have discovered that
Mr.- Hitchcock's management of th For
estry bureau Is entirely wrong. He com
plain because of the autocratic power
vested In th head of the bureau to with
draw graslng lands from settlement and
to. lease them Instead of selling them to
cattle raisers and ranchmen.
Several western senators directly or In
directly sustained Senator Clark In his at
tack upon th secretary and the forestry
system. One of these, Mr. Warren, also
of Wyoming, has been charged with fenc
ing In public- lands for his own use, con
trary to the Intent of the lew. He thinks
that charge emanated from Secretary
Hitchcock, Perhaps It did. He declares it
to be false. Possibly It Is, but Mr. Hitch
cock has made few charges that have not
been proved, and he has Qio.de a good many
during his tarsi of office, much to the dis
gust, distress and humiliation of 'several
alleged statesmen from Mr.' Warren's neigh
borhood. - - "
Against what Mr. Clark charged and Mr.
Clark's supporters echoed may here be set
the tribute of Mr. Spoonor. Of Mr. Hitch
cock the senior senator from Wisconsin
"He Is the taost conscientious and pains
taking public jervnnt who ever occupied
that office. He Is honest. He may make
mistakes; we all make mistakes; but he
has made a reoord unequalled by any ot
his predecessors, and one that will not
be equaled by his successors."
What Mr. Spooner declared ot Mr. Hitch
cock's character and record will be In
dorsed by every unprejudiced observer of
that gentleman's career a a cabinet officer
under the two presidencies of Mr. McKlnley
and the two presidencies of Mr. Roosevelt.
What he predicted for Mr. Hitchcock from
the comparisons at the future must await
the verification of Urns. One thing Is very
clearly established nowyMr. -Hitchcock Is
marvelously fortunate In the enemies he
ha mad. Every claim Jumper, every land
thief, every timber grabber, every coal
stealer, every gratter Illegally fattening his
cattle and his' pocket book ft government
expense Is his sworn foe. In assailing him
Mr. Clark and his associates are barking
up the wrong tree. '
.FROM HIGH TO LOW,
Examples of Railroad Magnates De
New Tork World.
President Truesdale of 1 ths Delaware
Lackawanna A Western Railroad company
complained In an Interview that Increase
In th pay of employes had not been fol
lowed by better .'service. . There. Is evidence
to support hi case. The service Is worse
rather than . better. Apparently the em
ploy Is following the bad example of his
superiors. . ; , .
His opportunities are necessarily limited.
The humble brakeman' cannot emulate Mr.
Harrlman by selling to th Equitable and
New York Life Insurance companies for 93
and 96 Alton bonds that cost him only 66.
He cannot use th, treasury funds of th
railroad corporation for speculative pur
poses.' He cannot' Issue flOO.OOO.OOO worth of
bonds to buy stock in - other railroads.
Tli ere are no Union Paclo melons for him
to cut Th best he can do Is to exact the
highest possible wages and give the least
possible rturn m the way of service. Even
this ha td be donen a crude, clumsy way
which Is almost ridiculous In comparison
with the methods of his employers.
Tet there was a tlms when the railroad
employes were the most competent most
faithful and best disciplined body ot men
In the Industrial army. They took pride
In their work. But their employer were
watching th ties, the tracks, the locomo
tives and the cars instead of watching th
stock ticker. The demoralisation of the
employ began with the demoralisation of
the management. If will end when the
Wall street demoralisation of the manage
Railroad Rearalatloa 1) Caaada.
' Baltimore News.
The Canadian Railroad commission wields
soma power. The Canadian Pacific has a
special Immigration rate of 1 cent a mile
from Montreal to Calgary, In the Canadian
northwest, but then the rate goes up to 4
cent a mils. In pursuance of an agreement
with tbe Amsrioan ' roads handling' Immi
gration iramo to the extreme northwest.
Now th Canadian Railroad commission
ha reduced the rate west or Calgary to
cents a mile, and the Western Lines Pas
senger Association of the American Rail
roads Is confronted with the need of im
mediate action to meet th competition. An
Interesting feature of th situation la that,
It Is generally admitted tha what the Ca
nadian Railroad commission says goes, and
there la nothing left for ths railroads con
cerned but to obey. The probable result
will be lower rates on American lines also.
Wasroa Vmm la the Rear.
With the average railroad employ ac
complishing ft per cent more In th move
ment of passengers and 70 per cent more
In the movement of freight than In ItfiO, it
would appear that ther la something be
sides th cost of living that wage haven't
kept up with.
Do You Know What It Is-
You can hear it Saturday evening
at HOSPE'S Piano Rooms.
The greatest musical instrument
the world has eer known.
. v You and friends cordially invited.
a. hospe: co.
. , . 1515 Douglas '
Comparisons Are Odious Wo Olmply Day
IS SEST. OOOO FOR ALL, PURPOSES. TRY IT
VICTOR WHITE COAL CO.r U05 rirtiara-Tel. fcuj. 121
' POUTICAI, DRIFT.
Governor Hanly of Indiana ha auto
graphed th l-cent passenger far bill.
Mr. Cleveland's suggestion of disfran
chising bachelor come too late to mak
David Bennett Hill alt up and say some-,
Judge Dunne of San Francisco, strangely
Indifferent to the acclaim of th multltudo,
propose to treat Mayor Schmlta a he
would "any other defendant charged with
Th ergeknt-at-armS of th Iowa legisla
ture arrested a minister charged with lob
bying for a Sunday rest law. "This season
promises to be the most unprofitable en
lobbyists ever Encountered. '
Jsmes a Martine, the "farmer orator"
of New Jersey, enjoys the dUtlnotlon of
having been th candidate or his party
the democratic for almost every offlc
his county and senate district for th I
thirty years without ever having won.
Hats off to Walter Preston Brownlow,
member of congress from th First district
of Tennessee, a man of rare forbearance
and one who has saved th government
as much money, perhaps, as any other.
Mr. Brownlow has been a member of con
gress for ten years and yet he never mad
a speech before last Saturday.
Speaker Cannon, was In a facetious mood
when he arrived at the capltol th other
! morning. Th keen wintry air that pre-
v-iiiti vuiniuo minru iu inviKorai mm.
Meeting a prominent democratic member
from the' sunny south In the Marble room,
"Uncle Joe" clapped htm on "the back and
aid: "I say, old man, are you not ashamed
to be a democrat!" "Well, no, Mr.
Speaker," replied the representative from
the southland, straightening himself up.
"I cannot say that I am. But,". he added,
aft-r a slight pause, "whsn I consider th
tendency of the times I often think that I
am a fool not to loin youuarty. How-
' .,'nK T A.-lr n n T -. at tn hMbIh virinw k.J
honest, rather than become rich and a
republican." "The gentleman's time has
expired," said "Uncle Joe," as he mad his
way to th speaker's room.
. . POINTED PLEASANTRIES.
' "Can you give me a good Illustration ot
the harmony of OpposltesT"
"Certainly. The Indorsement of a red hat
by papal bull." Baltimore American.
"Do you think your name will be handed
down in history?'' ,
"I can't discuss that" answered Senator
Sorghum. "I'm too busy keeping It front
being passed up by th legislature."
"I have heard It said that Mlbbsley'a for
tune is close to S1.OUO.000."
. "Correct aa biases. It consists of the two
ciphers that 'follow Immediately after th
aecimai point. --Chicago Tribune. ,
"Henry, I can't make over this bonnet
for another Easter."
"All right, dear" responded tha press
humorist. "I'll see If I can't make over a
few of last year's Easter Jokes." Wash
Mrs. Gasser I was outspoken In my Sen
timents at the club this afternoon.
Mr. Gaaser I can't believe it! Who out
spoke yon, my dear? Puck.
"I'm told." said Miss Pepprjy, "that your
bride Is very pretty."
"Yes. Indeed!" replied Mr. Con Beet;
"several of the guests at the ceremony
were pleased to call It 'a wedding of beauty
and brains.' "
"Really? She must be a remarkable
woman to-have beauty and brains, too."
"I know a man who Is responsible for a
big Jail delivery, and yet has escaped with
out even question."
"Hs must have a very strong- pull."
"No. be hasn't any. He Is merely th
letter carrier on that post.'VWashlngton
Upgardsoi You're acting like a lunatic.
What's the matter? Exaggerated ego or
Atom Worse than either! Just got 3
hard knock on my crasy bone! Cnlci3 t
" "Have yod made any effort to Impress
the correctness of your opinions on the
minas ot your constituents? '
"It Is not necessary," answered Senator
Sorghum. "I never utter any opinions un
tll I am stirs the majority of my constitu
ents have already Indorsed them." Wash
AN I'VE GOT HOME.
Carrie Jacobs-Bond in the Housekeeper.
Been a traveltn' moat a year, '
Been a powerful way from here,
Seen some sights I won't forget
Heard soma sounds I'm hearln yet
But now I'm homev
Been to cities strange and new,
fome I liked, but Just a few; '
till, there's none of 'em can be,
What this old farm is to me,
'Cause It's my home.
There's my sxe beside' the tree
Seems to sort o' beckon mej
Wonder ff I've clean forgot
How to sliver off a knot
Since I left home?
How I'm lovln' ' every sound!
Acorns droppln' on the ground
Sounds like musio In my ear.
Kind o' slngin' Joy and cheer
'Cause I've got home.
Is there anything o good
As beln' home an' understood?
Folks don't criticise your ways.
Where they've known you all their days
Right in your home.
Well I'm thankln God for this
I've been liked (enough to miss)
In the place I love the best 1
And I've Just come back to rest
x An' stay at home. '
.ns rtlrr nsVe II
laches lesfl-hlgh grsde, speciaL.25.50
U for Cemslst Offle Outfit
Orchard &Wilfcetni Carpet Co.
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