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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 16, 1907)
TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, FEHRUAUY 16, 1907.
The Omaha Daily Dee.
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSEWATER.
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
EJr.tered at Omaha postoftlc s second
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
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Dully bee and Sunday, one year
rundnv Uo, one year J
Saturday Hee, one year M
DELIVERED Y CARRIER.
Dally Hr (Including Sunday. er wwk..ljc
Dally Hee (without Sundnyt. Pr week... 100
Evenlns, Bee (without Sunday), per w-ek. Sc
Svenina liee (with Sunday) per week....l
Ad'irena o.nipalnts of Irregularities tn Oe
llvery to City Circulating; Department
Omaha The Roe Building.
South Omaha City Hall Hulldlntv
' Council Bluffs 10 Irl Street.
t'hlrno-.) I'nlty HulMlng.
New Vork Krfis Home Life In. Pnlldlnf.
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Comunlratlons relating to news and edi
torial matter shxiilfl be addressed: Omana
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Remit hy draft, oxnress or postal order,
nayible to The Bee Publishing Compftny.
Only J-rent stamps received In payment or
mall account, pers.mnl check, except on
Omaha or eatern exrhahgrs. iKt accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHINO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OT CIRCULATION.
tste.nf Nebraska. Douglaa County, a:
- Charts C Roeewater. general manager
of The Bee Publishing company, helrfg duly
worn, eaya that the actual number of full
' and complete copies of The Dally. Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of January. 1307. waa a ionowe;
t. , 30,900
2 J .-...31,700
Total. . ...... 989,480
Leaa unaold and returned copies.. 9,134
Net total 973,348
Dally average 31,398
CHARLES C. ROSEWATER.
Subscribed fn my preaonce and aworn to
before me thla 3 1 at day of January, 1907.
(Seal) ROBERT HUNTER,
' Notary Public.
Subscribers leaving: the city tem
porarily ahonld have The Re
mailed to them. Address will be
chanced as often aa requested.
Evidence, is . accumulating that the
ground hog made a mistake.
Life at Lincoln hotels la undoubt
edly leading many a legislator into
line with the antl-tlpplng bill.
General Kuropatkln assigns about
every reason except Feld Marshal
Oyama for the defeat of Russia in the
Cuba expects Governor Magoon to
do something for Cuba aa soon aa con
gress adjourns. The Cuban opinion
-of congress Is no new.
KanBas has a bill providing for
municipal cemeteries. This looks
like running a municipal ownership
business into the ground. - '
Eastern cities are making a good
deal of fuss over the establishment of
all night banks. Council Bluffs has
had several of them in operation for
Mayor Jim put in his little plug at
Lincoln on the charter amendment,
but he made the mistake of securing
only fusion opposition to changes pro
posed.' More Indian lands in South Dakota
,are to be opened o settlement. This
means an extension of Omaha's
"sphere of Influence" in the business
Dr. Wiley, the government chemist,
is now assorting and labeling the va
rious brands of disease germs that
lurk, in ice cream. Boil your ice
The American Tariff commission has
returned from Berlin, bringing a per
sonally conducted expense account and
report of progress, with a request to
A Wall street report says the clear
ings house banks "lost 112,000,000
last week." The' matter might fie
serious if Wall street's losses were-In
The senate chamber at Washington
is to be fl re-proof cOi during the com
ing vacation. Is. U a .precaution'
against the coming of Senator Jeff
Davis of Arkansas?
Congress has refused to pass a na
tional child labor bill but offenders
might be punished by having Senator
Beveridge's 110-column speech on the
subject read to them.
A London scientist predicts an
earthquake for Illinois, but former
Senator. "Billy" Mason and, former
Governor "blck" Yates may fool him
by refusing to start anything.
Mr. Cone of Saunders persists In
allowing a partisan seal to outrjm hie
calmer Judgment. A safety valve of
some sort would render him a more
effective "leader of the opposition."
Speaker Cannon says the ship sub
sidy bill must wait until it has more
public opinion at its back. Tariff re
vision will please move np a little and
make room on the bench for ship sub
The' Concessional Record is "hot
printing a word about the Thaw trial,
the editor evidently' feeling that the
reports of 'Tillman's speeches and Sen
ator Foraker'a conduct of the Browns
ville investigation are sensational
enough for his needs.
wf e.t railroad Doctors disagree.
The president, the congress and the
state legislatures may reasonably be
excused for falling, to find a common
ground for the solution of some of
the vexed problems connected with the
transportation interests of the coun
try, when such eminent lights' in the
railroad world as E. II. Harrfnian and
James J. Hill come to a parting of
the ways in an attempt to place thej
responsibility for the congestion of
traffic, the car shortage and other
present day evils of railroad manage
ment against which the shippers and
consumers are loudly protesting.
Mr. Hill, who was a railroad builder
before he became a railroad manipu
lator, contends that the development
of the transportation facilities of the
country has not kept pace with the
growth of business demanding such
facilities. He Insists that new rail
road construction has not kept pace
with the expansion of business in other
lines and that 100,000 miles of new
rails would not more than place the
railroads of the country on a level
with the business of the country. He
offers rather convincing figures in
support of his contention by showing
that the business of the country has
Increased a hundredfold in the last ten
years as against an increase of but
21 per cent in railroad mileage. Mr.
Harriman takes square Issue with Mr.
Hill on this proposition and declares
that the facilities of the" railroads have
increased in a larger ratio in the last
ten years than has the volume of busi
ness and tht the shipping public is
to blame for the congestion of traffic,
the car shortage and other ills that
are hampering the commerce of the
nation today. ,
Much 'depends upon the viewpoint.
Both Mr. Hill and Mr. Harriman may
have grounds for their contention, but
Mr. Hill supports his arguments by
statistics, while Mr. Harriman con
tents himself with assertions. Mr. Hill
has spent most of the aejive years ot
his life in the country now clamoring
for relief from existing transportation
ills, while Mr. Harrlman's chief suc
cess has been won as a railroad finan
cier. Harriman looks at conditions
from the Wall street viewpoint. Hill
keeps his feet west of the Alleghenles.
In the meantime, the merchants of
the great empire in the west and
northwest are unable to get cars to
carry their goods from the eastern
market, while the grain men and
stockmen ore compelled to suffer an
noyance and financial loss by the fail
ure of the railroad companies to fur
nish prompt and ample facilities for
the transportation of their traffic to
profitable markets. The shipper, ham
pered and hurt byMnsufflcJent railroad
facilities, will have little patience with
Mr. Hill and Mr. Harriman in their
academic, discussions of the causes of
existing traffic congestion, but will con
tinue to use every effort and influence
to secure, from whatever source, the
relief that is Imperative Jrom ejclstlng
TAXI ICO BPECCLATIOy.
The tax of 25 cents which the 'Mis
souri legislature has just levied ou
each transaction in commodities for fu
ture delivery on boards of trade or In
bucket shops was undoubtedly sug
gested by the New York law specially
taxing 2 cents a share on transfers of
stocks. There Is, however, a material
difference of method. The New York
tax bears proportionately to the value
transferred on the number of shares,
while the Missouri law fixes the tax at
26 cents on a transaction whether the
value involved be $100 or $100,000.
The principle Involved in special tax
ation of such dealings for future deliv
ery, the great bulk of which are purely
speculative 'has, been fully .vindicated
by the courts. The New York law
evoked most vehement protest, but it
was mainly from the comparatively
small class who as middlemen thrive
on the volume of such speculation, and
they exhaustively litigated the law only
to have the court of appeals uphold
it in its length and breadth. Experi
ence has confirmed public satisfaction
since the New York tax yields an an
nual revenue of about $8,000,000. '
In point of fact such special taxation
does not fall on the boards of trade or
the bucket shops, but for the most part
Is ultimately charged back to the spec
ulators' themselves. The former would
be affected by material reduction of the
volume of speculation only, where the
tax is severe. But a moderate tax act
ing "proportionately to values on the
New York model would likely be a bet
ter revenue producer and more work
able than the arbitrary Missouri levy.
TROVBLE IN CVBA.
The ugly circumstances that have In
fluenced Secretary Taft to annul Gov
ernor Magoon.'s recent order doubling
the Cuban rural guards are not cal
culated to hasten the withdrawal of the
United States from tho Island. The
order was of course Intended to
strengthen public authority against
discontent and disorder and pave the
way for elections setting up a stable
government. But this waa precisely
what the restle spirits and habitual
revolutionists who overthrew the
Palma government did not want The
object of these patriots is control for
themselves ot the spoils, and the or
ganization of a strong native force to
maintain a native government against
revolutionary outbreaks fhrew the rev
olution marplots into convulsl6ns.
The rescinding of the order strength
ening the Cuban rural guards, how
ever, does not mean surrender to the
malcontents and agitators, although
they were foolish enough to Imagine
that to be the meaning. They are
now beginning to awake to the fact
that the strong arm of law and order
will simply continue to be represented
by the American army and navy, in
stead of proposed strengthened native
forces. The United States has as
sumed the obligation of protecting
property and public order, and It was
for this purpose that It reluctantly In
tervened and it will not and cannot
rightfully lesve the Island until the
continuance of such protection under
native anspices is thoroughly assured.
It Is not a hopeful sign that revolu
tionary Influences are strong enough to
compel the abandonment ofso Impor
tant a step. The result necessarily de
fers . the withdrawal of the United
States army. It also explains why the
property owning, commercial, indus
trial and professional classes on the
Island, whether native or foreign, have
from the first been distrustful of in
dependent Cuban government and are
becoming everyday more converted to
the Idea of permanent American occu
pation, as the condition of stable and
Whatever else may have been ac
complished by the public hearing at
Lincoln on the terminal taxation bills,
it has produced at least one good re
sult it has smoked out the paid
spokesman of the tax-shirking rail
roads on their main line of defense.
Up to the present the railroad lob
byists afnet publicity agents have In
sisted that terminal taxation for munic
ipal purposes would simply transfer
to the big cities taxes now paid by
their roads into the treasuries of rural
counties and school districts. They
have assumed the' unselfish and pa
triotic role of protecting the rural
districts from spoliation by over
reaching municipalities, although at
the same time insisting that the rail
ioads would not be directly concerned
or affected. If these apologists for
railroad tax-snirKing were to De De-
lleved, it was nothing to the roads
where they might have to pay their
taxes, but they would much prefer to
pay them In remote corners of the
When driven Into the corner,' how
ever, the railroad representatives have
been forced to admit publicly that it
would make a great deal of difference
to them if they, were compelled under
the proposed terminal tax bills to pay
city taxes which they now evade. One
or two of them, more frank than the
others, were even forced to admit that
the little cities and villages
would not only lose nothing by ter
minal taxation, but that they might in
fact be gainers thereby, as well as the
big cities containing the more valuable
The issue is therefore simplified Into
an effort on the part of the railroads
to, perpetuate an unjust and inexcus
able condition by which they have for
years succeeded In escaping their fair
share of city taxes, and in sp doing
unloading the burden . which , they
ought to bear on to the shoulders of
other property owners, who have to
pay city taxes and other taxes without
any recourse. With the Issue thus
plainly put, the cause of equal taxation
can not suffer. . .' .
San Francisco notifies Mayor
Schmlts that if he concedes anything
in the Japanese fight he need not
come home from Washington. Re
membering the number of Indictments
pending against him In San Francisco
it is difficult tp understand why
Schmltz should want to go home.
The charge that woman has no busi
ness ability falls in face of the record
of a California girl who married a
man who had lost ( both legs and an
arm in a railroad accident and then
managed a case which resulted in a
verdict of $100,000 damages against
the company. '
Nebraska farmers .are learning pew
tricks rapidly. 'The latest is against
the Sugar trust. Whenever the sugar
company does not care to buy the
beets the farmer feeds them to his
cattle and realizes more than $5 a
The president received a number of
valentines of the offensively comic
variety. Some Sherlock Holmes should
Investigate and see if Senator Foraker
has any ink on the left side of the big
finger of his right hand.
Value of a Stiff Blaff.
Tha evidences are wanting that the Japa
nese have as much respect for other na
tions as they are In the habit of exacting
Outgo aad Income.
It does sound a little cynical for tho
news columns to report at the end of the
week that John D. Rockefeller makes his
big gift, that the prices of refined petrol
eum and its products are put up a half
4 Greatest of Projected Reforms.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat,
A politician's trust Is about to-be organ
ized In Washington to control the prices ot
room and board during, the meetings of
congress. Government ownership of hash
erles will be the next step of reform.
ForrlKaera la Aurrlris Trusts.
Federal Indictments at Savannah against
the alleged Turpentine Jrust bring out the
fact that Antwerp and London concerns
were In the combination. There must have
been something In our laws peculiarly
favorable 'to the torganlxaflon of trusts
when foreign capital was attracted to
methods that were not practicable In Its
own horn Aelda.
Neallavaco of Taxpayers.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Most of the tlma the people pay precious
little attention to what is done with the
money gathered from them by the tax col
lector. They grumble when they are railed
upon to. pay the Mils;' perhaps their
"grouch" Uikis rhre or tour days while
they are reflecting upon the necessity of
tepplng up to the captain's office to settle;
hut when that Is ine they let things slide.
The taxpayers' control of the purse strings
Is beautiful In theory, but It does not work
out In practice Just as the eloquent eulo
gists of popular government pretend.
Vanishing; War rioada.
It certainly looTts as If Callfoonla had
agreed to sound the "cense firing" signal.
This and the announcement of Sir Wilfrid
Laurler that Canada will never willingly
make war on the I'nltid States ought to
open the way for whlte-wlnged peace to
assert Its supremacy and dissipate the
war clouds on the horlson. mhlch, begin
ning no larger than a man's hand, have
nerer Increased their Initial dimensions.
Penetratlnar a Mystery.
Very little of the earth's surface remains
unexplored. Thirty years ago Mme. Bla
vatsky located her "Mahatma Koot Homi"
In an oasis of the desert of Oobl, deeming
that neighborhood pretty secure from the
Invasion of the curious. Yet Svcn Hedln
has now twice crossed the desert of Oobl
and Mr. Landor has also explored It. It
may be said Incidentally that they saw
nothing of Koot Homl or. his oasis. The
Circumstance Indicates that he who would
create a land of mystery ought to locate
it on another planet. Any place on this
sphere Is' likely to be Invaded by restless
people of the Hedln type.
The llnnrer nnd the llnnted.
Prof. Thomas of Chicago university fame
thinks the ancient mode of capturing wives
by force preferrable to modern Institutions
of matrimony. Bernard Shaw, who can
give Chicago professors cards and spades
on the whole art of getting notoriety with
out waiting, advances the theory that Irt
modern society woman Is the hunter and
man the game she mercilessly tracks down, peers of Scotland and Ireland. The full
These two gentlemen might Join forces ln!n"Renibly contains 3 princes of the blrod
evolving a theory of social revolution which I royal, 2 archbishops, 22 dukes, 23 mat
takes the race back to theprlmltlve days, I quisles, 124 enrls, 40 viscount. 24 bishops.
were It not for the opposing fact that un
der primitive conditions the race has no
use for freak theorists, poets of passion or
the performing clowns of dramatic litera
ture. Rossdlnt'Ont Pensloa I.earlslat Ion.
The service pension act Just signed by
the president provides that soldiers and
sailors of the Mexican and civil wars hav
ing reached the age of 62 years shall re
ceive $12 a month; 70 years, 116; 75 years,
$20; the pension to commence ' from the
date of filing the application. There can
be no accurate estimate of the amount of
money 'which will be needed to cover the
additional charge upon the treasury made
necessary by this legislation. There is no
doubt, however, that It will serve aa a
precedent for future pension legislation for
the aged sun-Ivors of later wars. It rounds
out and completes a policy of grateful
recognition for warlike service on land
and sea without parallel In any other
Shooting t p Fort Brona,
' , Philadelphia Record.
Mingo Sanders' testimony la quite unlike
any testimony obtained by Colonel Oar
lington or Major Blocksom or Mr. Purdy.
It Is highly picturesque. According to him
Fort Brown was attacked by the popula
tion of Brownsville. The gallant men of
the Twenty-fifth Infantry were panic
stricken. Some of them fell upon their
knees and prayed for deliverance. Others
shouted to have the lights put out, as they
were drawing the Are of the enemy, The
heroic sergeant ordered the men to fall In,
and not fall down, and assured them It was
better to die In the ranks than anywhere
else. The guna were locked up, the cus
todian of the keya could not be found, and
Lieutenant Greer the , sergeant says he
recognized the-voice ordered . that the
racks be broken. Sergeant Mingo Banders
has been In the army R long time and
borne a good reputation and he wants to
get back Into the army. v
MAKIXU THIS GOODS MOVE.
A Merchant's fhanare from Window
Morns to Newspaper Advertising.
'The Autobiography of a Business Man,"
In Everybody's Magazine, recounts with
tare simplicity the development ct the bust-
naam Ufa rt Tn.n Mii.p.w a Chlnaon V. i. I., , -
dasher. Chief among the Incidents of hU
career Is the transition from window .l.iw
to newspaper advertising, the Impulse the down everybody and eyerytmng wn.cn
change gave his business and the C0B stands In Its way. I hope that thta demon
sequent expansion of business and adver- trat,n not a temporary burst of pa
tlBl trlotlsm. but that It represents the fixed
"For a number cf years." he says. "I determination of my people to stand to
advortlsed only In my windows and in some ether taT a whlch contributes to the
of the street cars, because I did not feel 1 &rY nd &"1 e" ?"r ""'""
that I could afford to advertise In the dally ! "many has learned he ort of victory, and
papers. Two year, ago last September I . 1 hftve no ubt U will tlnue to . th
was having a cravenette coat sale, and I i Brt lt haB learne"- '
succeeded In selling for .a couple cf weeks '
about fifty coats a day. I thought I would Probably one of the most notable results
try a column ad In one of 'the evening of the return- of the liberals to power In
papers. The next day this column ad a'p- I England Is In the progress that has been
peared' in one of the evening papers, and. j made toward the establishment of repre
by the bye, it was not the one that has the sentatlve government In the former Boer
largest circulation in Chlcigo; I selected colonies. Bo long as the Chnmherloin party
the paper that this ad appeared tn because was In the ascendancy It was te be ex
they gave me a low rate, but they agreed pected from Its associations and hahit of
to give my ad a good position In the paer. J thought that the Interests responsible for
The result waa that the next day the sales, the extermination of the Boer republics
whioh formerly had been about fifty coats i would have matter their own way in the
a day, Jurped to 142, and In fifty daya-f-sold , Transvaal. But with the entrance of the
over 3,500 rain coats.
-for rne rear roiiowinr mat sale I ern. i
tinued to advertise In tliln nne miw,p Tji.t
fall I felt that I could afford to Invest, say,
about $5,000 in advertising In some of the
other papers. I used three morning papers
and three evening papers, the best In Chi
cago. The results have been something
phenomenal. 1 did not have to Invest the
$o,0rX). The profits came back from the
newspaper advertising before th-lr bills
came In, and I do not figure today that I
' have a dollar invested In advertising. In
my opinion the only way to advertlxe is to
give them plain, common-sense talk. Tell
them the truth. Do not get a customer
to come to your tore and find that you
have faked him. for that Is poor adver
tising, besides being dishonesty.
"Most of the advertisers nowadays seem
to think that they must hunt the dictionary
through for all the large words they cm
find. I rend an article a short time ago In
a Chicago paper that stated that tho ad
vertising man of nowadays and In the fu
ture must be of necessity, a college graduate,
I wanted to reply to It, and I wnuld have
done so, only the newspaper would have
thought that I wus trying to advertise
Tom. I do not believe that a c liege
graduate is as well fitted to be an adver
tising man aa the man who knows enly how
he write good, plain? common sense. I
left school when 1 was 13 years of age, and
it is just aa easy for me to sit down and
write an ad as it Is to rmoke a cigar, be
cause lt Is so easy to tell the truth In small
'hlssass Works rirrer Prasd.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 15.-A private
detective Mgency and the police depart
ments of Oakland and 8an Francisco are
endeavoring to locate in China nn Amei.
Ican-born Mongolian. Wno Ang by name,
who recently Vuixed a draft from $ ti tri.Ojo,
secured a bill of exchange for the latter
sum from an O.ikland bank, sailed Herons
the Pacific and cashed the draft in Hong
Kong. The police theory is tliat the Chi
naman worked with a confederate In the
person of a man named Woods. The Job
began In the state of Kentucky, whers
Woods bought a draft for $ on the Una
over National hank of New York. The
draft was transferred to Woo Ang from all
appearances. Whether Woods or the Chi
naman did the raising Is not known. But
Woo cashed his hill of exchange In Hong
Kong before the fraud was discovered, and
beyond tha fact that h a in China the
detectives tuiv no clue to uls whereabouts.
OTHER LD THA Ot R.
The dominant note struck by the min
isters on the reassembling of the British
Parliament Is a determination to 'deal"
with tha House of Lords. All other ques
tions am necessarily subordinate to that
of mending or ending the veto power of
herediUry legislators. Just what mess,
ures wlil be adopted to secure the end
desired has not been disclosed. Evidently
the ministers fully realise the gravity of
the lf.rue and the difficulties Involved. ' No
matter what legislative means may be
adopted by the Commons, 'the measure
must receive tha approval of the peers,
and there is no likelihood that the upper
house, as now constituted, will vote to
diminish Its powc-r. TWs fact was made
clear and unejo!vooal In the sacond rejec
tion of the education bill. Then the peers
gave the Cnmmoiu to understand that It
proposed to exercise its prerogatives un
deterred by ministerial threats, and de
fiantly challenged an appeal to the country
on that Issue. A fate similar to that of
i the education bill awaits every Important
measure of reform on the liberal party
program. Home rule for Ireland, land
legislation and fiscal reform will receive
scant consideration from- the tory ma
jority In the upper house. Confronted hy
obstructive tactics against progressive legis
lation the liberal party must change the
character of the House of Lords or cease
to be a party of constructive statesman
ship. , Whether the change will come by
creating a sufficient number of new peers
to evercome the tory majority or by an
appeal to the country, time will deter
mine. The situation possesses elements of
a political upheaval, the development of
which will be followed with keen Interest.
The House of Lords consists of the
spiritual lords of England, the temporal
peers of England, Great Britain and the
United Kingdom nnd of the representative
33S barons and 14 Scotch and 28 Irish repre
sentative poors, making a total of 818. The
conservative or tory party has a clear ma
jority 4t the membership, 347. Affiliating
with them are 125 unionists. The liberals'
strength Is only 91; 45 are classed as In
dependent and 10 are minors. The great
preponderance of the tory strength In the
upper chamber readily explains why lib
eral party measures are pounced upon and
deformed beyond recognition. Even whore
party expediency does net Influence action,
the nn-ture of the measures proposed by
the liberals, designed to promote the gen
eral welfare, constitute a menace to the
privileged class which Is resented with the
arrogance of false pride. A nation which
boasts of being In the van rf progress,
"the torch-bearer of civilization," presents
the paradox of .possessing a chamber of
hereditary legislators less responsive to the
electoral will than any similar body cf the
1 nations of Europe. The French Senate Is
! changeable practically at the will of the
i ministry. So are the members of the
Bundesrath of Germany. The upper houses
of Austria, Italy and Spain are amenable
to the will of the respective governments.
Among all the chambers of arlstocrscy
that of Great Britain stands alone on the
highway of progress defying the onward
rush of the locomotive.
Far different from the rmrllsmentnrv
situation In Great Britain Is that Which will
greet the German government .on the
assembling of the Reichstag next Tuesday.
The response of the country to the appeal
of the emperor's ministers was an em
phatic epdorsement of the Imperial policy
of colonial expansion, nnd the "measures to
provide the necessary revenue. The most
remarkable feature of the elections Is the
tremendous losses suffered by the socialist
party. Its strength of seventy-nine In the
old Reichstag diminishing to forty-three
In the new. Every other party represented
scored a gain. That, the government Is ex
ceedingly pleased with the certainty of :
strong working majority In the Reichstag
was made apparent by the remarkable
stump speech of the kals'or. delivered In
response to the cheers -ot partisans In
Berlin. It Is worth repenting:
"I thank you from my heart for your
ovation. The result of the election shows
the truth of the. chancellor's words that
Germany can ride In the saddle, and if my
people remain united, both cf high and
,ow and all confessions of faith It
nPl on r,de ut. know" h?w to .r
r-rsold . Transvaal, uui wmi hip rnuimt
1 liberal government better days were pre
I ccn- dieted for the Boers. So it has come about
I that renresentatlve government Is to bo
established much sooner than had been
considered possible even by tho most opti
mistic. The new 'constitution of the colony
provides for the election of a legislative
assembly of sixty-nine members, the elec
torate Including all males, except negroes
over 21 year. Returns from the first
electlon show a clear majority for the
Boers, who will have the satisfaction of
Initiating legislation lor the protection and
preservation of the homes they vullantly
The echo of a shot fired In the middle of
the" eighteenth century was heard In the
Paris law courts the other d:iy. In 1757
the Dauphin son of LouIb XV. shot and
killed a courtier. Yves de la Boissiere do
Chambors, and a perpetual pension of $1,200
was awarded to his family. The Dauphin
was out ostensibly to shoot game, but
either the rabbits were scarce or his royal
highness got tired of shooting them.- but
he announced hla desire to vary the sport
by blowing off the end of a courtier's
mustache. The selected victim knelt for
the ordeal, the heir apparent rested hi
clumsy flint-lock on the man's shoulder
and fired. I'niuckily. M. de Chambors ap
peared at that moment, and received the
whole of the charge at close quarters, even
the wadding, it Is said, enterng the body I
The Chan7bors' pension was one of three
which was not abolished at the revolution,
and of late years the 6.000 fruncs, honorably
paid by successive governments. was
divided between two direct descendants.
One of them died recently, but the treasury
refused to pay his share of the pension tu
the survivor. The survivor brought an
action, and the other day Judgment was
Elven In his favor.
Fare Harks of Civilisation.
Chicago Record-Herald. ,
Another of the benefits of civilisation has
betn shewn at JnJUinapolis. where a num
ber of girls have been disfigured for life by
being branded with acids during their
lmtiatii n Into the Alpha Garni Tau society.
In heathen countries no such refine 1
methods of branding can tx practiced.
They have no acids.
Senator Bailey asserts that the unwi it
ten law of Texas la all right In his rase.
Mr. Hearst Is convinced that $25.000
Is to mtieh to pay for the exercise of run
ning for governor and favors ,t Hmtt on
the campaign expenses of candidates.
The legislature of Nevada has passed a
bill declaring It to be a crime for any
legislator or official of the state to ac
cept, a railroad rass fr reduced rates.
Among the superior qualities conceded
to Frank O. Bridges, senator-elect from
New Jersey, Is his ability to dodge a sub
poena server of an investigating com
mittee. 1 A member of the Wisconsin legislature
has Introduced a bill requiring bed cloth
ing In hotels and boarding houses to be
nine feet long, In order to prevent unduo
exposure of rulled limbs.
The legislature of Illinois, liks tlint of
Nebraska, la wrestling with an employers'
liability bill aimed at railroad relief de
partments. The lower house almost un
animously advanced the measure for pas
sage". Fred A. Busse, postmaster of Chicago,
has concluded ta stand for the republi
can nomination for mayor. Judging by
his picture Mr. Busse would be more com
fortable sitting down. His physique Is
built on the Taft order.
Carter Harrison thinks that Chicago
does not need a business man as mayor
so t much as a man who has had some
experience as mayor; and as UdWard F.
Dunne thoroughly agrees with him, the
situation remains pretty much as it was
General Grosvenor's succ-ssor-elect has
had his first experience ' in Washington.
He looked over a small but comforlabk
suite of rrpms at a hotel, and, favorably
Impressed, asked the price. When" told
that It was $1,000, a month he concluded
that his education ns a statesman would
have to take a freslf start.
William Rudolph Benkert of Daven
port, la., has Issued a call for a conven
tion to be held May 1 to organise the
Christian party. He has constructed a
platform which has In it the Ten Com
mandments, prohibition, government own
ership, woman suffrage and uniform di
vorce. SQI ADKHI PiriLIC LA0.
Eastera View of Western Land Grab,
A western senator made an Intemperate
attack the"" other day on the Interior de
partment. He charged, among other
things, thnt It had arraigned the whole
community for fraud In connection with
the public lands. Of course, this . was
a huge hyperbole, but the senator must
have hlmnelf known that lt was not so Im
possible as It appeared on Its face. There
are communities In the far west where
the relations between government lands
and the people are badly confused In the
public mind. Public lands and Indian re
servations are assumed to be the people's
lands, and by an easy transition they be
came the property of Individuals.
This has been the greatest obstruction to
the enforcement of the land laws for gen
erations, and ,has been the main cause of
the rapid absorption of these lands by the
people. When mineral or metallic wealth
has been discovered on the Indian reserva
tions, for instance, it has been immediately
claimed by the people of these commun
ities, and they have been excluded with
the utmost difficulty, and sometimes after
serious encounters. Of course, the people
reflect to a large extent the sentiments of
the entire community, and It Is against the
rigid enforcement of the land laws with
regard ta both the public' lands and the
It Is a fiction In some Western communi
OW that we
the work of rearranging our store
for the greaterronvenience of our
customers we are offering almost
our entire stock of Men's Suits
and Overcoats at reductions in
prices that must presently trans:
fer these goods to the possession of several
Our Children's Clothing has been re
duced to keep step with the present sale
of men's suits and overcoats. '
The established high character of our
Suits and Overcoats for men. boys and
children is what gives emphasis to those
P. S. Mallory Cravenette Spring Hats have arrived.
rowning, Ming & Co
RS. WILCOX, Manager.
said: ''You can fool some of the people all of the time, and
all of the people some of the time, but you can't fool all the
people all the time."
The Piano dealer who pays commissions and has a flldloi? price
fools some of the people. He gets that small percentage wbo
'seem to love to be humbugged. For it is humbugging for a
dealer to put a price upon a Piano which be will got if he can,
all the time expecting to come down $50 or f 160 if the cus-
tomer is a good bargain driver. . It is humbugging for a dealer
to pay commissions to people for sending or taking customers to
his store. ,
The Hospe Piano store Is the only one In the west that pays
no commission and that has one price. , I
We Save You S50 to $150 on a Piano
A. HOSPE CO.
1515 Douglas St.
ii -- . a. .11 - i i
THINK AHEAD AND PLAN AHEAD
18 WHAT YOU'LL NEED LATER ON. GET IT NOW ,
ties that public lands belong not rttily to
the people, but to any Individual among
the people whu may choose to enter and
occupy them. By this fwllacy all kinds of
fraudulent devices cf land frrsbbers and
sharks have been at least condoned, and It
has been possible to rob the government
of a hose empire This Is an obstacle to a
Judicious land policy which has existed for
fully three-quarters of a century, and It
has grown so formidable that any attempt
to enforce the laws with rigor and effect,
and preserve to the- peorle the scant rem
nants, must be msde In the face of. It and
directly against It.
. It Is well nigh Impossible toVxpect popu
lar sympathy or approval of such a policy
In the far west, but as the government
lands are the lands of the whole people ot
the t'nltrd States, and the Indian reserva
tions belong to the Iiullnns, it Is gratifying
to'note that n honest effort Is being made
In that direction, even at this late date.
What Is left, though very small In com
parison with what has been squandered, Is
still valuable In many ways, and will be of
groat service, not only In our own genera
tion, but to those who succeed us. It is
well worthy of the determined efforts of
"I understand Mrs. Croaker Is a great
one f r asking the loan of thinRs."
"Indeed she Is. I believe If he had
nothing else to apk for, she would ac
tually try to borrow trouble."wHltlmora
"You ugly thing!" exclaimed the giraffe.
"I may not l a prise beauty." retorted
the camel, "but- I don't look like a crosa
between a stepladder and a kangaroo.
"Do you wish." asked young Mr. Sap
hedde, after the girl had promised to be
his. "to hear the story of my life?"
"Henvens. no!" she replied; "1 should bn
so shocked that I could never look you In
the face again." Chicago Record-Herald.
"1 don't know why, but I always fed
as If young Sorted otmht to havo a "To
lxt' sign hanging on him."
"Perhaps It Is because he always has
such a vacant air about him." Washington
lleruld. i v
"Of course," snld Miss Gausslp,' "soma
of the stories you hear are not worth be
lieving." "No," remarked Miss Knox, "they're,
merely worth repeating, ehT" Cathollo
Standard and Times. '
Towtip T had the worst luck with thst
old unibrella of mine last evening at 'ha
concert. I put It In the stand with tha
others , ,
Browne And when you went to get It
It was gone, eh?
Towne No; hang It! it was the only
one left. I didn't get a shot at the others.
"I suppose you are glad to get Willie
back, Mrs. Dutt.nn. He didn't stay ,lond
with the circus, did he?"
"Indeed he didn't. Willie Is too tender
hearted. They found hiin one day in the
rhinoceros' cage putting court plaster ou
the cracks In the animal's hide, and they
fired him." Chicago Tribune.
BK1TEH THAU GLORY.
. 8. E. Klser In the Record-Herald,
lie wooed her when her hair was brown
And when her waist was slim,
When every other boy In town
Was envious of hini.
He walked with her in country lanes
When she was young and glad
And youth and strength and hope and
Composed the sum of "all the wealth
That he had ever had. -
He won her when her heart was light
And when her laugh was gay.
v nen every oay wasxiair ana urigm
And care was far away.
He claimed her as his own when aha
Regarded him as one
For whom the fates had much In store.
Whom men would honor more and more
For great things nobly done.
He has not won the world's applause.
She knows he never can;
His step Is slower than lt was,
But he's an honest man.
She wears the bloom of youth no mora.
Yet side by side they fare,
Poor, bent old husband and gray wife.
Along the humble walks of life.
And still are lovers there. '
are in , the midst of
j VICTOR WHITE COAL CO., 1605 Farnarn -Tel. Doug. 127
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