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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1907)
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. SXXVI-NO. VJO.
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, ' FEKRUARY 5, 1907-TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS.
FOREST RESERVE LAW
Hr. Heyburn Fakee Bitte? Speech ia
S-nate AtUck.nc Ita Admisittntios.
SAYS ITS OPERATION IS VICIOUS
' cy thine that Would Deitroy it Would
EXTENSIVE FRAUDS ARE CHARGED
larcert Land Grabbet Faid to Ee Tie
President of Forestry Association.
NEWLANDS DEFENDS THE ADMINISTRATION
Srvada eaetr Says Laad Uw
thoald Mo Asseaded te Mt All
Valid Okjtfllmii Westera
Mea sfcoald Orcaala.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. The senate occu
pied the Brat two heure of lt session to
ds y In perfecting the house bill permitting
the govern' .to take an appeal on polnti
of law Ir A- criminal ease. The WU
la Intends jC'' csaes similar to that
The Mil wi to permit further
Vscnsston ef b .' O, -ter's reaoluUon
aimed at the rece. 'VV th cr",arT
of the Interior preva .. "asusnce of
land patent to entir )'. after an
examination on the grow 'V y special
agent Mr. Heybunj concluo. . remark
he began aeveral days ago wnd Senator
Jewlenda followed In defense of the aecre
tarjr. Mr. Baoon made brief atatement In
tended to ahow that Senator Beverldg bad
been In error In regard to the operation
of the child labor law In Georgia. Mr.
Beverldg had aatd that there had been
I.on application for child labor permit In
Fulton county, Georgia, under the new
tate law and that all of them had been
granted. Mr. Bacon aald he had ascer
tained that but ten application had been
HeyVara Centlaaee Speech.
Continuing hi rcch today In the sen
ate tn criticism of tb administration of the
public land lw. Senator Heyburn aald
Kira waa nn nnneasltv for and no likeli
hood that congreaa would loan the for
estry, bureau IT.,000,000 a asked by the
president. He aald the last report of tha
bureau showed K71.0TI0 to the credit of thl
bureau, "and yet the proposition I to
pawn the forests of the government to the
government for 00,000. Thee gentlemen,
seem to treat the forest a their own
Mr. Heyburn aald tha government had
gone inta his home county In Idaho and
taken per cant of the county as a forest
reaerve. The county had previously made
public Improvements, but theee all had been
lost to tha county and acquired by the
Senator Depew aaked if the senator
, contention would destroy the whale system
of foreat'reaerrea. . ,
perattKj, responded air. Heyburn,''"! so
violous that anything that would destroy
,lt would be we loo roe."
Mn Depew aaked If It was not true that
' combmatioo of eastern capital had gone
into tha west and grabbed up large timber
' laxr-reet La a a Gnkker.
"The largest land grabber Is one of the
. vice presidents of the National Forest R
ecrv asaoctatton of the United State,"
answered Mr. Heyburn. "He own more
. land the title to which waa Illegally ob
tained than any other man or all other
men In the United State, and he Is one of
the vloa president of the forestry associa
tion, the president of which la our worthy
secretary of agriculture. I read in the
' papers that thl vice president Is going to
build in the neighboring county to which I
live the largest mill in the world for the
' purpose of working up these vaat areas of
timber that have been wrongfully obtained
In tha stats of Idaho."
"Were not these land acquired by the
1 vies president apoken of before tb reserve
' were created V aaked Mr. 6 moot.
' "No. a number of them were acquired
while w aat hare in the vain supposition
V that wa were heading off these land grabs,
while In another branch of the government
contract were being rushed through with
all spaed that the Ink might be dried on
them before w paaaed tb act which abut
out tha exchange of land," answered Mr.
1 icy bum.
- "On of tha greatest points for criticism,"
' aald Mr. Heyburn. "waa that two acre of
grastng land to an of timber had been
withdrawn aa forest reserves."
, Tb remedy, he aald. wa to tak the
administration tf the public land law from
the Interior department and put It In the
liajaCs of a apeclai land court, provision for
which be had made in a peula! bill now
When Mr. Heyburn had concluded Mr.
Kewiand secured the floor to address him
a. If' to lb same subject.
Before he proceeded Mr. Hal remarked
tuat the secretary it the interior had been
very sharply censured all through the de
bet. "My Impression about that official."
he continued, "is that he la a capable anl
boat-st public servant and that whatever
mistake be may have made do not In any
aray touch hit integrity or hi capacity
a aa administrator. But over and above
all. the jurisdiction which he exerclsrs la
ttie control of then matter by the presi
dent. I want to ask senator whether
tlM-ae matters have been laid before the
Mr. Heyburn said at once, that be C 3
not think either the secretary of the In
terior or the president wa or could be
guilty of doing a wrong act. but they had
been misinformed or were uninformed aa
to the fact and had thus been led Into
doing the thine he had suggested were
harmful. Answering a further suggestion
of Mr. Hale aa to whether he had talked
the matter over with the president. Mr.
Heybura said he had discussed the for
estry matters, but that bs had no tntlma-
.I that the president contemplated pre
- ntlug- the Issuance of patents to settler
n tin' public land until the measag had
cuf.t t congress that he had taken this
Tfeerlaad Defeats Hltcheaek..
ata. Newland defended the secretary of
Lka Interior. Tha aearetary. he said, wa
pemetie aat a Mead of the west.
Senator Kvwland Insisted that tha
proper remedy wa for amendmenta to the
public land laws and that western sens tar
should meet the sltuatlvu by getting to
gether on tb term of a revtalon. Sen
ator Carter remarked that the Lumber
trust aa the result ef the a dminlst ratios
of the Uou land laws by tb present ecre
tary ef tha Interior. He aald that rail
road war allowed re exchaag large hold-
K'it' on bcoad PegeJ
SUMMARY OF THE BEE
Tuesday, Fehreary ft, 107.
1007 February 190?
tun oa rv I wco re mi ear
' T i 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 II 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28
FORRCAPT FOR NEBRASKA Snow
Tuesday and Wednesday; slowly rising tem
perature. FORRCA8T FOR IOWA Snow and not
quite so old Tuesday; Wedneady fair.
Temperature at Omaha yesterday:
t a. m 3 1 p. m 1
a. m 1 2 p. m 0
7 a. m j t p. m 1
a. m s 4 p. m 1
" m j 6 p. m 0
10 a. m 1 r. p. m 2
11 a. m 7 p. m 3
U m i g p. m I
p. m 4
Nebraska enate passe bill making
levy to reimburse school fund for the
Bartley defalcation. rag a
Two-cent fare bill 1 reported back by
subcomlttee U Joint committee of bouse
and aenate at Lincoln and will be soon
presented to the legislature. rag 1
Two drastic bills In Iowa legislature
dealing with railroads. One 1 Intended W
prevent watering of .tock and the oth-r j
"ov raies. rs-
Joint committee of Nebraska legislature ,
vote 10 to 4 to draft a state-wide pri
mary bill and report It to both houses.
Seven coal miner killed by wreck tf
coal train near De Moines. rags 1
Secretary Shaw denies the report that
favpred financial Interests have profited by
advance tip of department' action.
Thaw' attorney in opening statement
announce that the defense will be hered
itary insanity. Prosecution close it case
In two hour. Iaga X
Cold weather and deep snow prevail
throughout west and nprthwest. There 1
much suffering among people and live
tock and railway traffic la delayed 'or
Interstate Commerce commission takes
testimony at Kansas City, Wichita and
Muskogee regarding alleged discrimination
In freight charges. rag t
Senator Heyburn in a sensational speech
in the senate denounce forest reserve
system aa vicious and ay it r.hould be
destroyed. rags 1
Aged couple who have lived by them
selves In Fremont fpr many year found
dead in their home a a result of escaping
coal gas. rag a
Mayor Dahlman vetoea th Brucker gas
tank ordinance, saying that tank should
not be built In residence section.
Omaha Commercial club 1 arranging a
banquet In bonor of Senator-elact Brown.
- .. ... - ,-.... rar e
lew, ran road t may advanc all propor
tional grain rates, thus giving Chicago an
advanta; ever Omaha. - rag 10
' Trial of "Coal trust" cases la post
poned pending ' bearing of the Bassett
divorce case. rage 10
Hugh Murphy purchases the old Bos
Stout atone quarry a Louisville ag
The Women' club of the Second dis
trict' of th Nebraska Federation have
fixed on Thursday, February Zl, aa the
date and Omaha a,a the place for holding
their annual meeting. rag e
rza-Ajrca in tbastc.
Omaha grain market. rag T
Omaha live stock market.' rag T
Omaha general market. rag T
New York stock and bond. rag T
NEW LAW FOR NETHERLANDS
State Coaaaalaaiaa Hepart ta Favar at
Cbaaarc la Law at fe
THE HAGUE. Feb. 4.-In it report Jut
Issued the state commission appointed to
revise the constitution of Holland recom
mended the exclusion from succession to
the throne children born after th abdica
tion of the sovereign and authorisation for
the State General to provide for th suc
cession or alter it in case of emergency.
The commission also propose to mak
the approval of the State General essen
tial for the conclusion of treaties, recom
mends proportion1 representation and eli
gibility of women for election to the States
General: that the qualifications of candi
dates be the ame in the case of both
chambers, and that the first chamber be
grunted the right to amend a well aa ap
prove or reject bill, except in tb oa of
th budget. '
MILITANT CATHOLICS BLAMED
Bepablleaa .Press Advise Preach ta
Resaavt th Uells-loas Opla
laa of Other.
PARIS. Feb. t The republican press re
proaches the militant Catholic with ex
hibiting a spirit of intolerance toward
Archbishop Vlllatte yesterday oa the occa
sion of the Inauguration of tb services of
the new French Apostolic Catholic church
at the Church ct the Uuly Apostlea, con
sidering it to be bad policy aad adding:
"Now. when a state religion no longer
exists In France, it I advlaabl that all
prudent peupl respect tha opinion of
other if they expect their own to b re
spected." Aid far Avaiaarhe latmr.
TARBES. Feb. 4 Relief partlee hav
; been sent to th villag of Baregea, near
Lourda. France, where tb casino and
twenty houses wer destroyed February 2
by aa avalanche of snow. Detail Just re
ceived show that aeveral person were
buried by the avalanche.
PACKERS LEAVE ARKANSAS
Caaaalee Plaed far wialattaa; Aatl
Trait Law Deeld 41 alt
LITTLE ROCK. Ark-. Feb. 4.-Certlfloate
were filed today with the secretary of Stat
hewing the withdrawal from the state of
tb Hammond Packing company and Mor-
rim ft Co. of Chicago.
judgment lutiy entered against
the Hammond Packing company for IM.flue
for violation of the Arkanaaa anti-trust law
and cults are now pending against Morris
A Ca. aad four other firm oa th ram
INSANITY THAW'S DEFENSE
Attorn Eayi He Ibouebt TL Waa Aetot
of Frarideco; in Eillisc White.
STATE PRESENTS CASE IN TWO HOURS
rraaecatlaa I Rerrla( It EsTart
(ar Rebattae Tbaw'a " lfa
aad Mather ta
NETW YORK, Feb. 4.-The state laid It
case against Harry K. Thaw today a plain
unemotional story of the snooting on the
Madison Square garden roof. The defense
replied with a plea of hereditary Insanity.
It wm asserted that Thaw In slaying S an-
Lford White believed he was acting a an
agent of provldrnce; that real or fancied
wrongs committed against him by the arch
itect and former friend of his wife had
caused the Impulse to kill. When the deed
was done Thaw made no move to escspe
It consequences, but holding the fatal re
volver aloft he stood as If mutely pro
claiming to the world. "The deed 1 done,
it wa right. It wa not wrong." Thus
Thaw' counsel outlined the case to the
Jury thl afternoon after the prosecution
had occupied less than two hour of the
morning sitting of the court In relating
through eye witnesses the narrative of the
tragedy. Tomorrow momirwr the first wit
nesses In Thaw behalf will be heard.
"You will hear the story of thl man
i Insanity." Attorney John B. OleTn for
the ,,efenM. the Jury, "from his
, tni wife from his relative
ana tr,m hlB vhy,icinl,. You will Judge
him by hi acta, by heredity and by stress
which entered Into his mndnes and when
you come to Judge him you will ny to your
self that hi art may hav been one of in
sanity, but It wa not one of crime."
"Wife aad Mother ta Testify.
That Thaw s wife Is to be 'one of hi
most important witnesses has long Sean
known; Mhat his mother, Mrs. William
Thaw of Pittsburg, was to take the stand
only became known today when the court
amnounced the rule, excluding from the
court room all witnesses save experts.
Thaw's mother, his wife and May Mae-
Kensle left at the word of command.
Thaw seemed dejected at this. Many times
last week during the dull day of Jury se
lection he turned to his wife for comfort
and found her ever ready with a quick re
sponsive smile. Now that the serious work
of the trial was to begin he waa to be
denied her preeenoa.
Durlng the opening address by Mr. Olea-
son. Thaw eldom looked up. Just a fleet
ing glance now and then t the man who
wa making th initial plea for hi life
At one other time during the session
Thaw did .not look up. Thl wa when
Lawrence White, the 19-year-old son of
Stanford Whit occupied the stand as
the flrst witness for the prosecution.
Young White, who Is a Harvard student.
said he was with his father at dinner the
evening of thb tragedy, but left him before
ha want to Madison Square Garden,
aeasatlaa HI ted At.
Thaw's counsel told the story of th
prisoner's love for th girl he was to make
hi wife. He met Evelyn Nesb't . in 1SM1
aad Cbera Uuua began ia (aim aa. bonarabl
lov and regard for "the girtr H-old her
mother of his love. The girl was tn
precarious condition," following a serious
operation in a sanitarium, and Thaw sug
gested to the mother that she take EH-clyn
abroad to recuperate. It wa arranged
that Thaw should accompany the two aa
tha open and avowed suitor of the daughter.-
In 1908 he asked her to marry him
and she refused.
"Th reason for thl refusal you will
bear from her Hps," announced Mr. Glaa
son. -Suffice It to say the reason bad to
do with an Incident in bar lit with refer
ence to Stanford White."
Thus laying the ground for th plea of
Insanity, Mr. Qleason declared brain die
ease had laid hold of Thaw three or four
year ago. It was claimed there have been
many cases where a person haa been pro
nounced lnsan upon one subject only. He
cited Instance of temporary Insanity,
baaed upon a single act.
"We will not base our plea, however,
upon a single act," be added.
laaaalty 1 Hereditary.
"It will be shown that there waa Insanity
on both side of thl defendant's family.
Our ctae 1 far removed from the much
discussed defense of emotional Insanity.
You must disabuse your mind of all you
hav read In the newspaper and especially
of the Idea that ha gone abroad that we
are to rely on rant higher or unwritten
law. W rely upon the constitution and tha
law of the Imperial state of New York and
upon them alone.
"You will understand thl man' Insanity.
It will not require expert to tell you of
it. It ia within you to Judge him and you
will say, from the evidence that when h
killed Stanford White be waa an insane
It wa announced that Thaw labored
under tb deJualoTV that M life waa always
tn danger when he wa In New York. Thi
accounted for the fact that sine fanuary.
1W4. he had carried a pistol. He had placed
It la hi overcoat pocket the night he went
to th Madlaoa Square roof garden. There
he turned suddenly and saw what he
thought wa a demon glowering at him.
The impulse cam. H felt that to kill
White would be aa act of provideaoe and
wo believing he set deliberately about hi
Counsel told the story of Thaw defense
In a cm w ei atlotwl way. aa If he were tak
ing every Juror of the twelv'1 Into hi con
fidence. They listened carefully. Mr.
Gleasoa wa twtc Interrupted by District
Attorney Jerome on the ground that he was
arguing th case from the evidence Instead
of plainly stating what th evidence wa
Praaeratlaa I Brief.
Assistant District Attorney Gat-van
opened for the prosecution at the begin
ning of the anul jo. Th rumor that there
wer to be further chungea in the Jury
box would not down uatll Mr. G&rvan be
gan hi address. It wa Bald that District
Attorney Jerome had brought all the prest
Bur and persuasion at his command to
gain oonaect to the removal of one or two
of the men. but Thaw' counsel held out
agalust all pleading for a further revlaioo
of the trial panel.
Mr. Garvaa, In telling th story of the
allegwd murder, occupied lea than ten
minute and th prosecution' entire case
waa kept within two hours. With the. ex
ception of young White and the coroner'
phvalclan. who performed th autapay, th
only par ns called te th stand by th
tat were flv ey wttns ii. They were
rrosa-examlned briefly by Attorney Del ma
for the defense, who thus appeared actively
j lb. pTOC9udlag, tar th Dret nt
m1tne-lle, related tb deliberate manner tn
! .h,,.h TKw fired at Wblta Thev remit
, W-B uht,: h ruied my wlfe.-
and Mr. Thaw remark to her husband:
"Yea, but look what a fix you are In now."
(CaaUnuad aa Saroad PagaJ
BROWNSVILLE HEARING OPENS
lergeast Harrta Say at the Mea
af C'sasssr TD Arc lsaalteated
WASHINGTON"! Feb. The Investiga
tion by th senate committee on military
affair of the Brwwnsvllra, Tex., affray be
gan today. A soar of the negro soldier
of th Twenty-fifth Infantry who wer d!
clisrged without honor were present, but
only a limited number were permitted to
It in th committee roam during th
Attorney were barred from the hearing,
the negro soldiers paving no representative
present. It I understood, that Senator
Forakrr will look after the interest of th
men If they ar placed in Jeopardy.
Senator Foraker called former Sergeant
Israel Hani ta th stand. (Regarding tha
happening of August IS and 14 he said:
On that night w had some disturbance.
some shooting, I mea I wa asleep In
D barracks, and at about 12 o'clock I waa
aroused by the noise of guns. Then ther
waa the sound to arms' and D company
got dressed and w started for our gun."
Th witness told of getting th gun In
th dark, after .th rack had been opened.
He described the racks and showed that
there Is but one key to a rack and that
thl key will unlock only one rack and that
the key are la - the possession of non
commissioned offloers. The witness aald
when the company formed outside Captain
Ivlna of D company wa present and
immediately called the roll and personally
counted hi men and that nona waa absent.
Senator Warren (developed the fact that
trouble had prevbusly occurred between
the negro troops and people In Texas and
that Harris, when h heard tha shooting,
feared that members of hi company might
Harris aald it would not hav been pos
sible for th men to hav cleaned their
gun between th time of the shooting
and roll call.
WRECK AT BURNING BRIDGE
Barllaatoa Eaclse aad Fiva Car 6
Tkraaak aad Arc a TaKal
EDGEMONT. S. D Feb. 4. (Special Tel
egram.) A bridge at Dennis, near Edge-
mont, caught fir Sunday and burned out.
Train No. 4a, running down hill, went into
the hole. The engineer and fireman Jumped
and were saved. The engine and five car
went down and fire broke out at one. Th
car contained the stock and good of Ira
migrant, and th heat of the burning cars
prevented salvage work. AU trains are
held here until tonight. The bridge la at
the foot of a long hi 1 and a big curve pre
vented the engineer and fireman from
seeing the hole until they were right on li
lt wa a miraculous escape for them.
Two men bad been sleeping tn the car,
but had Just gone t the cabooa at Provo,
the last statioa passed. They lost every
thing by the wreck.
The wrecking gang i working hard to
get everything cleared, but the extreme
cold weather 1 retarding work. The bridge
waa about 1V fact long over Cottonwood
creek, and Is a bad place to do anything.
Passenger ar to be transferred as soon
aar .plan can b nda. . Tramp building
fire to keep warm ta auppoaed Xq have
caused the fire,' as thara are several gang
through the eauntry. Tfinglneer Rathburn
came near staaying with his engln and
riding the bridge.
ALLIANCE. Neb., Feb. 4. (Special Tele
gram The wall circulated report of a
wreck of a Burlington passenger train near
Kdgemont yesterday Is untrue. A freight
engine and flv car went through a small
bridge. No one was hurt and traffic waa
delayed but slightly.
CHICAGO LOSES GAS SUIT
Ordlaaaee Pro vidlag far eveaty-Flv
Ceat Per Thaasaad Feet Will
Hot Be Effective.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 4. Justice Day of
the supreme court announced .that th
court' decision In the case of the City of
Chicago against Darius O. Mills waa ad
verse to the city's contention. The caa
involved the Chicago city ordinance fixing
the price of gas at 7E cents per 1.000 cubic
feet. Mill is a stockholder of the People'
Gaa company of Chicago. He reside tn
California. He sued In the federal court
for the northern district of Illinois for an
Injunction to prohibit tb enforcement of
the ordinance, and his prayer was granted,
the dry immediately appealing to the su
preme court. Th principal question at is
sue was a claim that th auprem court
lacked Jurisdiction, and th city charged
that Mill' suit had been instituted In col
lusion with the company, the local eltlxen
ahip of th company admittedly depriving
the national oourts of Jurisdiction.
Th district court failed to find evidence
of surh collusion and on the merit of the
case granted th Injunction. Th auprem
court sustained that course by affirming
the decision. It la made to appear from
the clty'a pleading in the caa that sine
19(10, when the ordinance wa enacted, th
company had collected at the rate of SI
per 1.000. thu securing an aggregate of
tltOOO.tOO In excess of the total that would
have been obtained under the rate of th
PRESIDENT NAMES NEBRASKANS
Resrlste aad Reea-lver af tha garth
Flatte La ad Oeftac Ar
WASHINGTON. Feb. 4. Th president
sent to the aenate th following nomina
tions: To be a Member of th California Debria
Commission Captain Thoma H. Jackson,
corps of engtnwer.
To be Collector of Internal Revenue' for
the Sixth District of Missouri Chaxie G.
Burton of Missouri.
To lie Surveyor of Customs For the port
erf Denver. V infield S. Boynton; for ttfe
port of fioux City, la., James H. Bolton.
To be Registers of Land Offices Kriward
j E. Armour, at bierung. joio. ; jonn tvana.
at isonn t lane, rt-u. , uwreutv jh. riu lis
ten, at Guthrie.. Oki.
To be Receiver of Public Moneys at
Kmh Platte, Neb. William H. C. Wood
hurst HCWBERT AND DOYLE WIN
Bara Lase Fight far Caatral af
Portia d Mlalaar Casspaar aad
Appeals to Coaurt.
CHEYENNE. Wyo., Feb. C Tha annual
meeting of the Portland Gold Mining ra
pany wa held her today and resulted
In d complete victory for th Howben
Doyle faction over James F. Burna. In
th district court Burn secured an alterna
tive writ of mandamus citing the officials
of the Portland company to produce In
court forthwith th corporation books and
account record, etc. The writ Is made
returnable March S. Burns charge mis
management and mak as aUiar aeaaational
ON RECORD ON PRIMARY BILL
Committee Totei Tea te Four to Eedremi
the Farty Fledce,
M'lKULlXN WILL KEEP UP THE FIGHT
lesatsr Aldrlra Makes state-seat f
Haw Railroad Arc Trylaar t
Defeat a tatelde Primary
Heariaat aa Demarrage.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN. Feb. 4. tSpeclal Telegram.)
The Joint committee appointed to draft a
primary election bill, by a vote of 10 to 4,
decided tonight to draft a state-wide pri
mary bill. In accordance with the plank In
tb republican, democrat and populist stat
platforms. This action, however, wa not
taken until after a lengthy debate and a
hard fight by McMullen for hi limited
primary, backed by Farley of Hamilton,
Luce of Kearney, and aided and abetted by
J. L. McPheely of Mlnden, who prompted
Luce In the question he asked. Those who
voted to carry out the state platform pledge
were: Farley. Dodge. Brown, A id rich,
Phillip, Wilson, Alderson. Holbrook,
Thoma and Patrick. Those voting no
were: McMullen. Mackay, Marlatt and
Luce. McMullen waa then empowered to
appoint a committee of flv to draft th bill
in accordance with the platform. Thl he
will do later, and he will also make a fight
on the floor of the house for his limited pri
That the vote wa so overwhelmingly for
the pledwla the party platform wa a
surprise. Inasmuch as Farley. Wilson, Luce, !
Marlatt and Alderson each Indicated he wa
opposed to It while Alderson and Marlatt
said their constituents were against the
Work aa CoasBslaslaa Bill.
The commute waa practically at aea tn a
discussion of th Dodge primary bill until
Aldrlch, who la klso a member of the
Joint railroad committee, got there.
Aldrlch at onoe expressed himself In favor
of a state-wide primary, in accordance
vlth the party pledge, and that such a
measure be drawn. This precipitated a
discussion of the merits and demerits of
the primary in general, those opposed to
keeping the party pledge objecting to the
cost of the primary, claiming also the
farmer would not get a vole in the selec
tion of candidates, and proposing th lim
ited measure b tried until the next legis
lature, when the tate-wlde primary could
be adopted. , If delred. Urglnj for th
state-wide measure were Aldrlch. Dodge
and Ned Brown, while Patrick. Holbrook
and occasionally Byrne of Platte, though
not a member of the commtttee, chimed In
a suggestoln In its favor, though Patrick
wanted to be assured that it could be ar
ranged so a full vote would be cast.
Aldrlch seemed to break th back of the
opposition when he said tha railroads and
the selfish Interests opposed th primary
because it would prevent the interests
from controlling nomination, a they bad
In the past. Farley questioned the ln
orrity of the opposition af the railroads to
1 happen to know," replied Senator Aid
rich, "that a senator had prepared a pri
mary bill and Intended to Introduce it, Th
general TaoHetfco-- fc luroad wrote, bint
te n axrtirmc more about tb bill until b
had -talked with him. Nothing mora was
done about the bill, either. It Just died. I
am in favor of state-wide primary, because
It "will give the people a chance to nominate
their officer. .It will hav a tendency to
bring out a higher standard of candidates;
It will out on the shelf a number of per
sons who hav already done so much work
in Nebraska polltica. W are pledged to it
and my people, mostly farmers, are forlt,
and I am for It"
It wa decided the ubcommltte in draft
ing the bill will make a flat rat filing fee
and no petition will be required.
The house committee on railroad tonight
listened to arguments against th reciprocal
demurrage bill which have been Intro
duced. Those attended the meeting a rep
resenting the railroad were: O. L. Dlck
on. J. E. Kelby and Le SpraUen of the
Burlington; Edson Rich. W. L. Park and
Charles Lane of the Union Pacific; Ben
White, General Manager Walters and Bob
McGtnnl of the Northwestern. All spok
agalnat the bill except Spratlen. McOlnnl
and Lane. The house took no action on
the billa Governor Sheldon wa present at
the latter part of the session.
Elmer Thoma. attorney for the Civic
Federation, I here tonight but he ha not
yet called upon Governor Sheldon regarding
the charge filed by the federation against
member of th Omaha fire and police
eotnmlsalonera Governor Sheldon ald to
night h did not know when h would ot
a date for a hearing on the charge.
SOUTH DAKOTA BANK CLOSED
national Baak Exasalaer Hepart He
ghat Door af lnstttate
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. National Bank
Examiner George A. Silaby ha advised th
comptroller of the currency that h ha
closed the First National bank of Scotland.
S. D. No reason 1 given for th dosing
of th bank.
SCOTLAND. S. D.. Feb. 4. The First
National bank of Scotland haa been cldsed
by Bank Examiner Silsby at the request
of th officera Th publication of a dl
patch from Sioux Fall stating that a Judg
ment for over 17, (W0 wa rendered agalnat
th tockbolder of the old Bank of Scot
land, the predecessor of the First National,
caused heavy witbdrawala, and it is said
the action of the examiner was taken to
protect the depositors. Th examiner I
now in charge a temporary receiver
The bank statement January X showed
tl , 000 deposits and a capital stork of
rj&.OuO. The total resource were 1150.000,
including R7.00 loan and discounts.
The bank wa organized in HQS by C. C,
King, president; O. S. Barker, vice presi
dent and J. P. Reaner, cashier.
JEWELERS WANT NEW LAWS
Forty State Will Be Aaked ta
Follow Lead af t alted
NEW YORK, Feb. 4. Manufacturer of
Jewelry, silverware, watches and optical
supplies have formed an organization to
adopt In all ataxia th enactment of law
conforming to th principles of the na
tional stamping law paaaed by congress
last winter and which will become effac
tivs on June 11 boat Th legislature of
forty states win be aaked to adopt uni
form law without which. It Is trrted, the
reform begun with th federal legislation
will not be ccmplete.
In the movement are enlisted all the
men who were bark of the work, which a
year ago resulted tn the paaauge of th
federal law prohibiting tais stamp oa
gold and silver article entering lucu Inter
state ar luiatgn a .mm arc.
SHAW REPLIES TO SLANDERERS
Rrpert that Favored lateroet Hav
Profited by Tip ladlg
NEW YORK. Feb. 4 Secretary of the
Treasury Shaw wa In the city today and
when hi attention waa called to a state
ment that Secretary Cortelyou Is to reor
ganize the treasury department from top
to tiotjom, remarked: "Som Washington
correspondent must have learned aome
thlng of what ia already being done, for 1
announced In cabinet meeting a week or
more ago that the reorganisation of the
bookkeeping system within the department
was In progress and congratulated my suc
cessor that he would be able to ee Its con
sumalton. From the organisation of th
department to the present time th old
single entry system has prevailed. Boon
after I came Into the department I tried
to get an assistant secretary with opecial
training to establish a double entry system
and through Senator Knox got In touch
with such a man In Pittsburg. H could
not be obtained for less than $10,000 a year.
I then asked congress for a special appro
priation but failed to get It. Soon arter
that the Keep commission wa appointed
and at my request went Into the matter
with om care and made a report but It
will take some time to work It out In all
It detail. Many other change are neces
sary and I am glad to say are being con
sidered. "The other intimation that certain finan
cial Interests have received advantageous
'tip' from the department Is both false and
gratuitous. There 1 no way to discredit
a secrrtary of the treasury so easy, so
cheaply or so universally practiced as to
reiterate the charge of favoritism, and lte
falsity Is Immaterial provided It be re
peated with sufficient frequency.
"I did not receive my appointment at the
request of any financial Interest nor have
the plans of the treasury department dur
ing the five years of my Incumbency been
controlled by the advice of any one Interest
or by all Interests combined, and none of
them haa known In advance what waa to
WRECK ON THE NORTHWESTERN
Part af Coal Trala Derailed Sear De
Motae aad Bevea Mlaer
DES MOINES. Feb. 4. Six miner war
killed and twelve or more Injured in a
wreck of a coal train on th Northwestern
railway near the corporation limit of Das
Moines this evening.
PETER EX N WR.
The injured, all of whom live in Dee
Molne. are a follow:
C. J. Carlson.
Charlea Carlson, back injured.
Gus Carlson. .
Johann Leff. .
Amu Haglof. ' '
Otto Johnson. , -
Conductor A. Harlan.
Miss Blanche Rosser.
Mia Jean Horsburg. -
Samuel Drew died after he had been re
moved from th wreck. Th' aiaildVut ' war1
due to the car In the middle of tb train
leaving the track and ditching . the car
behind It The train had on board about
thirty miner, scattered In group on dif
ferent coal car, and aeveral passenger
were In the caboose. The victim were all
buried under the wreckage and the coal,
which later caught fire, mad th rescue
work difficult It I feared that when the
wreckage la .fully cleared away that other
victims may be found.
CANAL COMPANY IS FORMED
Ceaerra ta Balld Waterway at
Istaaaa Files Article af
ALBANY. N. Y., Feb. 4.-The Panama
Construction company, incorporated to
finance the Panama contract bid for by
William J. Oliver of Knoxvllle, Tenn., filed
articles of Incorporation today with the
secretary of state. The capital authorised
Is t5,0fD.0t0. The company will begin busi
ness with n. 500,000.
Th company' principal office win be In
New York -City.
The director named are: John B. Me
Donalfi. John Pierce, Robert A. Smith, 'Wil
liam A. Sayre, George H. Harrlman, all
of New York City; William J. Oliver of
Knoxvllle, Tenn.: Charlea H. Ackert, Rob
ert A. Chester. Patrick J, Brennan of
Washington; George Pelrc of Frankfort,
M. : Patrick T. Walsh of Davenport I a.,
and Robert Russell of Lynchburg, Va.
Each of the directors subscribes for S.000
ahare of the capital stock. ,
PEACE CONFERENCE IS HELD
Meet lag ta Prepare far Aaaerieaa
Teaa-ree. Which Hold
feiiies la April.
NEW YORK, Feb. 4. A meeting In th
interest af International peace waa
last night at the I" n I led Presbyterian
church. It was held under th auspice
of tb Peace Society of th City uf New
York as a preliminary to the American
Peace and Arbitration congress, which la
to b held her in April.
A general outline of the plan for thl
congress was announced last night It win
be held in Carnegie hall and will be opened
on Sunday night, April 14, with a service
of praise. The congress will last thre
The most important feature of the con-
grass will be the "International meeting."
which will b attended by representative
of aU th leading civilized countries. Ad-
dre.se. will be made by James Bryc. th
Baron d Eatournelh a and William T. St end.
THREE FIREMEN ARE KILLED
Velaateer at White Plalas Lose
Their Lives While Work
in tf aa Hales.
WHITE PLAINS. N. Y.. Feb. 4. Thre
volunteer firemen were killed and four In-
! Jured. one of them probably fatally, early
, 'today while working on the ruina of th
Mead building, which wa destroyed by fire
last nifciit. The dad:
1 JOHN CHESTER CROMWELL. 0 vears
old. assistant casailer of th First National
! bank. f which institution his farther Is
i C'HAKLEB F.. COOI.EY. tu year old. a
; real estate ait.
(AUr.H I'Mitl'.HlLL. X? year old. a
j fc.MIL Bl"ROESS. St year old. a candy
makr, u believed to be fatally Injured.
hegrves tt Hold Pl'r
MOBILE. Ala.. Feb. 4. A negro national
fa r wl.l be held In thla city next Novem
ber. A feature will be the exhibit of In
vention and craftsmanship of negroea. Aa
Invitation will h extended to the president
uf tiie Lulled State to open tu fair.
FOR TWO-CENT FARE
Bill to Amend Existing Statute Eeported
by Subcommittee ta Joint Body.
MERELY CHANGES FIGURES NOW ON BOOK
Fill Committee Endorsee the Work of the
OTHER REFORM MEASURES WELL ALONG
Joint Committee Will Vaka Report of tba
Bailread Cemmit-i.on till.
TERMINAL TAXATION GETS CONSIDERATION
Argaaseats Aa-alasf the Prapasd Law
Are Met by Reareaeatatlve Clark,
Who Kallabtea Measbera t'aa
rerala Its Apallcatlaa.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Feb. 4. (Special. )-The ub
oommittee of the Joint railroad committee
of the house and senate appointed t
draft a S-oent passenger rat bill hat
completed It work and reported to the full
committee, which approved the bill and It
will be Introduced In the house tomorrow,
probably. This commit te Is composed of
Senators Wilts of Cedar. Hanna ef Brown
and Representative Keifer of Nuckolls and
Marsh of Seward. The bill Is the same a
the present law except that the maximum
rate I 2 cent Instead of t cent. '
The bill In full Is as follows:
A bill for an art to amend Se-tlons 1WRI
and liitif of Oohbey'a Annotated Statute
for th year 1WB, to fix a maximum passen
ger rare and to repeal said section.
lie It enacted by th legislature of th
state of Nebraska: Section 1. That seo
tions KM&a and of Cobbey's Annotated
Statutes for the year 1903 be and th same
are hereby amended to read aa follows:
"Section KM ML It shall be unlawful for
any railroad corporation operating, or
which shall hereafter operate, a railroad
In thi stale to charge, collect demand or
receive for the transportation of any pae-senger-over
12 years of ags, with haagage,
not exceeding pounds in weight on
any train over Ita line of roads In th
state of Nebraska, a sum exceeding 1 cent
per mile. .
"Section inosi. Said railroad corporation
hall not charge, collect, demand or re
ceive within the limit above specified for
the transportation of any child under II
yeara old in the care or control of any
passenger on any train a sum not ex
ceeding one-half of the rates prescribed
in section 10UW of this art."
Section 1 Sections 10M and lonfi of
Cohbey's Annotated Statutes for the year
If as the asm now exist be and th
same are, hereby repealed.
raiamlttee's Work Well Advaaead.
Wrjlle some of the member are becoming '
Impatient because ' th railroad bill and
the bill for a direct primary have not yet
been introduced. It 1 very evident all
of the measure will be almost through
both house before th forty-day limit In
which bill can be Introduced ia up. Ther
la no doubt the railroad commission bill
will be Introduced either Wednesday or
Thursday, if not before. The 3-cant pas
senger rat bill will reach the legislature
about the same time. This leaves th prt-
jnary bill and th antl-paa blj). yet Va be.
reported back by the subcommittee, but
' there la little uneaattra about either. Tb
! rewtuit hill Which wa prepared by a Jrtlnf
j committee tt the house and senate' during
tha legislature of 190 wa Introduced tn
th house February M. o the Joint com.
mltteea still have om time to spar te
-keep up with the record made by that
Joint committee. :
Among the member of the aubcommlttee
on the anti-pass bill there la a considerable
difference of opinion. Unle the full com
mittee maVes It apply only to state,
county, city and district officers and dele
gate to political convention and newspa
pers, then some member of th commute
want to draft a bill which prohibit tha
giving of free transportation to anyone. In
cluding employe of railroads.
The subcommittee oppolnted to draft th
antl-paaa bill, consisting of Senator Gould
and Gibson and Representative Knowlee
and Mar ah, was not ready to report but
agreed to be ready by tomorrow afternoon,
when another meeting will be held. Thla
committee 1 divided and the indication
ere two bill will be offered to the Joint
committee. Knowle and Marsh have pre
pared a bill which exempts from the opera
tion of the antl-paaa law all bona fid
employe of railroad and their Immediate
f ami Ilea A fine and Jail sentence la fixed
aa a penalty for violation to be Imposed
en the giver of the pas and the re
cipient. Gould prepared a bill providing only of
fice holder should be exempt from receiv
ing passe. Knowle and Marsh both
objected strenuously to thla and Gibson
thought it waa not sweeping enough.
Should the subcommittee refuse to accept
Gould' bill he will report to the Joint
committee a bill providing no on shall re
ceive a pass, not even bona fide employee
of a railroad. Uihaon probably will b
with him on thl bill, though th other
two never wl'.l, hence two bill ar llabl
to go to the Joint committee. The Joint
commltte will finish th railway -comml-
.U. Kill ...... XI'. . . .
I "Bunceasy morning and
w ii.uuu ultu nisi aay. ah or In
joint commute measures will lie Intro
duced In the house and not In th senate.
Object to Coat af Primary.
Th committee read section by sectloa
about one-third uf the railway commlsstun
bill, but did not conclude this, a th
house member had to listen to a discus-
aton of other bills by railroad agent. Th
committee changed the salarv nt
r.'.DUO to be paid the aaeretarv an n via .
j be paid each of two clerk to a round sure
j of $.;,0u for salaries for these parties, to b
! apportioned by the commlasloners.
i the section providing the commi.
; .loners shall Inspect bridges, the committee
changed ".hall" to "may." No other chang
j wu mad In the sections read and no
: change la likely to be mad In any other
U1 of the bllL
j While there 1 Utti doubt all of tb
j measure prepared by Joint committee will
be passed as they come from the commit
tee, there 1 some sentiment for changing
one section In the commission bill. Thla
is the section which provide th stat
' railway commission shall lnnpect railroad
bridge. It has been suggest-d. should
this section be left In the bill. In aa; q
acridents at bridges the state would be ra
spor.slbla. providing the commission faui
. to report the bridge In bad condition.
Clarke Aaswer Ha 11 roads.
1 The Omaha Examiner was laid on tkej
' deak ( f the immbe! of the legislator
today and in It wax iid arilcl cc main! tag
the raiiroad argument against the laxaLiota
of railroad terminals' for rlty puipuaoe
'under tra disguise tf an tdtoiiaL Tii
' article contained tlie same matter whit k
the rallruaJa have caused to t circulated
tver the a tale fur the last few year, at
. has been ansaered and prove ral.-a vm
j numerous occasions and Juat receaUj aa
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