Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 31, 1907, Page 4, Image 4

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The Omaha Daily Bee
Entered at Omaha pout office as second
class matter.
Pally Bee (without Sunday) one year. ..1400
lally Hee and Sunday, uoa year 6.
Sunrtar Hee, ono year "
Saturday Hee, one year 1 W
Pally H- (Including Sunday). Ir weck..lSc
Iwiily Iee (without Sunday!, per week... 10c
Evivilng Bps (without Bundayi, per week. Oo
Evening Bee (with tfunilayt per week... .Inc.
ASdress compalnts of Irregularities In de
livery to City Circulating Department,
Omaha The Roe Ualldlng.
South Omaha City Hall Building.
Council Bin flu 10 Pearl Street.
Chlraar- l I'nlty Building.
New York im Home Ufe Inn. Building.
Washington 501 Fourteenth Street.
Comunlcatlona relating to news and edi
torial matter should be addreased: umaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft. cxpre-n or postnl order,
payable to The Hee IUhlishlng Company.
Only 2-cent stamps received In payment of
mall accounta. Personal cheeks, except on
Omaha or eastern cichanges, not accepted.
8Ute of Nebraska, Douglas County, sa:
Charles C. Koacwater, general manager
of The Bee Publishing company, being duly
sworn,' says that the nr'ual number of full
and complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Pee printed during the
month of December, IMS,- waa as follows:
I njtm it.... . nam
J 30,960 1 31.760
I 31.610 1 31,760
4....;.... 31,710 .,20 82,670
B. ........ 31,700 ' '.SI 31,680
31.80 32 31.9U0
T 81,880 ' 30,850
1 38,080 t ...,..... 31,719
t 30,630 25 31,630
10 31,760 2 38,180
11 . . .r 33,160 - - M 81.770
1 83,060 ii 31,610
II 31,680 . 2i 31,880
14 81,690 30 30,20
11 39,170 11 31,810
1 30,400 '
Less unaold and returned copies.. 9 J 41
Net total.'...'.,..'.., 973,149
Dally -average....? '..''. 31,391
i ' General Manager.
Subscribed In ray presence and sworn to
before me this Cat day of December, 11)06.
(Seal.) M. B. HUNOATE,
Notary Public.
Subscribers lenTlng the city tern
porarlly ehoold ksTt The nee
mailed to them. Address will be
chanced as often as requested.
An Ohio woman has made application
In verse for a divorce. The husband
is entitled to the decree.
"Salome" must at least be given
credit for demonstrating that there Is
a limit to what New York theater
goers will stand. .
"The day of the clown Is gone,"
says the Philadelphia Press. Yet one
would hardly .think so atter reading
the senate proceedings. .......
Tillman's speech is to be kept oat
of the Congressional Record, but no
one will ever be able to keep it out
of the Chautauqua Record.,
Five Spanish ministries have gone to
pieces in eighteen months. A Spanish
ministry is about as short-lived as a
Panama Canal commission.
If the gas tank business is really
settled someone will have to provide
our democratic councilmen with an
other toy balloon to play with.
, A traveler states that the forests
of Java consist almost entirely of teak.
American's pay. about. 40 cents a
pound for it, after it is roasted and
ground. "
The quietus which the house has
put upon the "technicalities" bill
should make several prisoners await
ing trial in Nebraska jails sleep more
soundly.' ,'
"Did John SmUh marry?" is now be
ing discussed in connection with the
Jamestown exposition exploitation.
Every city directory in the world bears
proof that he did. '
Perhaps the only way for the house
and senate to retain the services of
their pages 'after enacting the child
labor law will be to declare themselves
a school and charge tuition.
Secretary Wilson says the farmers
of America lose $300,000,000 a year
through insectlyerous pests. The farm
ers are the only persons who could
stand such a loss and keep out of
bankruptcy.' ' ; ;
Congress may 6rder an investigation
of the Cotton exchange to ascertain if
the market is being manipulated.
When at! the facts are ascertained the
manipulators may'tsk congress, what
it proposes to do about it.
ii '
A member of the congressional
party that has Just returned from
Panama says he saw "twenty-one alli
gators, all In a row,? near Colon. The
anti-canteen law cannot be observed
on congressional Junkets.
John D. Rockefeller has been Inter
viewing Ills workmen at his lake shore
place as to how much money they save
out of their wages of 11.60 a day. It
Is not clear whether hl Inquiries are
prompted by cariosity or -cupidity.
Aboutthe busiest men In the coun
try these days are the telegraph op
erators opt In Minnesota and Montana,
whose duty It Is o mark up on the
blackboard the number of minutes,
hours or. days the trains are behind
The boy 'major and the cowboy
mayor have"beetr exchanging official
courtesies. If they would exchange
orflclal places the boy mayor could be
made to feel perfectly at home In
Omaha while the cowboy mayor would
surely feel more at - home near the
Xount tU the fanie-glvlng Leverage. ...
wnt xon "
In the' public discussion at Lincoln
of proposed direct primary legislation
the clinching argument of the oppo
nents of statewide ,prlmary nomina
tions was embodied in this question:
"Would you want a judge of- the
supreme court to be compelled to
tramp up and down the state begging
for votes for nomination and thus
drag the Judicial ermine in the mire
of petty politics?"
It is surely an appalling prospect
that the Judges of our highest tribu
nal, who are elected by popular vote,
should ask for votes tor themselves
before the nomination as well as after.
What would, indeed, become of the
dignity of our courts If the candidates
for the bench had to submit their qual
ifications for ' nomination to all the
voters of their respective parties in
stead of to a mere handful of politi
cians, who are not so particular about
their legal experience . as they are
about their political antecedents?
Why should a candidate for an elec
tive Judgeship take the trouble to pre
sent his claims to his fellow repub
licans, or fellow democrats, or fellow
populists, throughout1 'the state when
it is so much easier to call at two or
three railroad headquarters and have
the railroad bosses set the machinery
In motion to deliver the nomination
on a silver platter?;- ' . '
Why give the people a , chance to
say whom they wanto run "for office?
Why go through the form of popular
ratification at the polls? Why not rVt
the railroad bosses issue the certifi
cates of election at Once and save all
trouble and expense?'
On the heels of increased rates of
dividends, a general ' nibvement is
impending to increase railroad capital
ization, many of which were previously
excessive with reference to real in
vestment and also to Income availa
ble for needed Improvement. .- The
same roads have in many . cases al
ready authorized or are preparing to
authorize immense stock issues, and
some in their haste are putting out
short time notes by tens of millions
to be transmuted a little later Into
stock. As a sample, one road which
for the last three years has paid out
dividends aggregating $28,600,000,
apparently with a view to speculative
purposes. Is now selling an even larger
amount of notes on the plea that the
money is Imperatively required for
betterments, with arrangements for
new stock issues to care for the notes.
. The staple excuse that' has been of
fered for the material increase of
freight rates has been to' provide for
the new facilities Which rapid growth
of tonnage is obviously creating. Even
enforcement of the anti-rebate laws
has been taken advantaee of to pro
mote this increase. If the prodigious
resultant revenues had" been- hr tarr
part devoted to railroad enlargement,
thus meeting at least one great public
requirement, the case would not ap
pear so bad. 4"
But the public has been mulcted in
excessive charges in order that stock
holders, or controlling cliques, might
reap a harvest of excessive dividends
and of stock manipulation through
dividends, while the transportation
service has been confessedly permitted
to fall far behind the heeds of busi
ness. And now the country is threat
ened with being made the -victim of
the use of this very inadequacy of
service for further swelling; the cap
italization, which in turn will be em
ployed to resist all efforts for - lower
service charges.
Pessimistic interpretation otJ the
commerce commission's report on the
Standard Oil monopoly la not war
ranted by a broad view of the situa
tion. It may Indeed appear from the
commission's investigation that, the
monopoly is most . formidably en
trenched, that many grave abuses still
operate to its advantage against com
petition, and that no. way has yet been
found to cure certain fundamental
conditions like Its control of pipe lines.
Neither does the commission, although
reiterating some suggestions of a
more or less general character, pro
pose any practical remedy promising
immediate and conclusive solution of
the great problem.
After al. however, was such. a. solu
tion to be reasonably expected at this
Juncture? This trade conspiracy has
grown into a gigantic monopoly
through thirty yeara,o intense co-operation
among the most masterful
brains and greatest wealth combina
tions, and the baslk'of Its success has
been woven into the warp and woof
of' our universal, financial. Industrial
and transportation system. The trust
in large part Is the outgrowth' of per
vading condltiona against ' which the
mass of the people have risen In ef
fective revolt only comparatively re
cently. Public 'resentment has prop
erly and inevitably centered upon the
gigantic combine as the most conspicu
ous emblem and chlefest offender
against froe opportunity nd action
in commerce, but its summary abate
ment was for thievery reason and in
the nature of things Impossible.
Moreover, It is untrue in fact and
pernicious In tendency to assume that
nothing has been, done because all has
not been done. Publicity alone has al
ready accomplished memorable re
sults. Official Inmdlgatlon has poured
a flood of light upon the methods and
actual workings of this "mother of
monopolies," causing It to modify or
abandon some of them. .The new na
tional rate law In' aU Its salient pro
visions against rebates and discrimina
tions has struck effectively at one of
the chief suppyrUug abusva.. Not lag
Important has been the energizing of
executive and Judicial power, state
and national, for the execution of
remedial laws, many of them long
standing on the statute books, but
not enforced. Thus public authority,
compelled and sustained by public
opinion, Is actually grappling reso
lutely with the oil trust In many
states, both through legislation and
through prosecution for past offenses,
and many convictions have been se
cured with the prospect of like re
sults In Innumerable other cases.
No view can be adequate which does
not take In these achievements, and
It is to be remembered that they have
been reached in a comparatively short
time. They do not Indeed uproot this
giant trade conspiracy, but they mark
a stage of the struggle which had to
be gone through If the full fruits of
a public victory were ever to be gath
ered. And while not yet conclusive
they are cause for congratulation that
so much has been accomplished for
the public good.
The Tehuantepec railroad illustrates
how quickly and Irresistibly the open
ing of a short cut for freight across
the Isthmus affects general trans
portation and even local Interests
throughout the United States. Al
though scarcely a month since freight
began to be received for that route,
already It Is a factor with which every
tianscontinental railroad has to reckon
In bidding for business. The new and
potent fact Is that freight can thus be
dispatched between New York and
San Francisco on a guaranteed time
limit lesB than the average time re
quired over the old all rail route,
while by the Tehuantepec route the
freight Is water borne except only 168
Comparison suggests the tremen
dous significance of the isthmian ca
nal, which will abolish not only the
168 miles of rail connection, but also
the delay and heavy expense of break
ing bulk at both ends of it. The ca
nal wide enough for ships to pass and
deep enough for the biggest ships is
also destined materially to shorten
even the remarkable time of transit
over the Tehuantepec route.
The lawyers in the Btate senate
have killed the bill for a constitutional
revision commission on the plea that
every one of them knows what the
defects of the Nebraska constitution
are and that ' they, themselves, can
draft the needed amendment just as
well as any lawyers on the outside.
The ability of the lawyer law
makers Is conceded, and it Is quite
possible that If they had nothing else
to do they might formulate the needed
changes in the constitution with suffi
cient care and study to make them
stand, the test of experience, and run
the .gauntlet of the courts, as they
must surely do.
But formulating amendments Is one
thing and getting them ratified at the
polls is quite another. No proposed
constitutional amendment has the
ghost of a show to be ratified at the
polls unless it has the-endorsement of
all the big political parties. A con
stitutional amendment framed by re
publican lawyers and submitted by a
republican legislature will not get the
approval of the democratic and popu
list organizations as easily as it would
If originated by a commission made up
of the most representative and Influ
ential men of all parties. The same is
true when it comes to getting the ap
proval of the Individual voter at the
But aside from all this, .no legisla
tive committee will ever bring us a
thorough and comprehensive consti
tutional revision because .the members
are engrossed in a multitude of other
duties and cannot possibly give the
undivided time and thought required
for this most Important werk.
The new terminal tax bill expressly
declares that It is not to Interfere In
any way with the present method of
assessment and collection of taxes for
state, county, city, school and town
ship purposes. That ought to take
the ground away from the argument
which the paid railroad lobby has
been using .to the effect that the pro
posed taxation of terminals for city J
purposes would deprive rural counties
and school districts of taxes they now
. The appropriation boosters have ap
parently dropped their percentage
mill levy schemes, but they have
steam full on for all sorts of extrava
gant handouts from the state treasury.
So long as Nebraska has an unextin
guished floating debt far in excess of
the constitutional limit the safe course
for the legislature will be to take care
of necessities only and let luxuries
The restoration of the appropria
tion for free seed distribution under
congressional frank comes most oppor
tunely for the peoplaof the First Ne
braska district, otherwise their con
gressman after March 4 next would be
deprived of the only duty which he
was able to find devolving upon a mi
nority member.
, Henry Clay Pierce, an essential wit
ness In the Bailey case, says he has
been advised that It would not be
healthy for him to visit Texas at this
season of the year. It should be ex
plained, however, that the advice was
given by his lawyer and not by his
Governor Sheldon declares that peo
ple who want laws changed must look
to the legislature to do it for them.
V apprehend, however, that the gov
ernor will reserve the right to use a
veto pen on any measures which he is
satisfied conflict with the public welfare.
"Secretary iTaft grew whllo In
Charleston," says the Charleston News
and Courier. If that's true, the sec
retary may be relied upon to keep his
S40 pounds away from Charleston
hereafter. He's not courting that
kind of growth.
It is encouraging to find Colonel
Bryan making concessions. The Com
moner says, In effect, that the colonel
Is still In favor of government owner
ship of railroads, but will not force It
on the country If the country refuses
to stand for It.
Now that the members of the Ne
braska legislature have been here and
gone back unscathed, It Is to be hoped
they will not be so ready to believe
stories depicting Omaha wearing
hoofs and horns.
Art Isplratlon.
Baltimore American.
That Omaha police magistrate who put
the bun on the old masters probably got
his Inspiration from his neighbor down In
Tennessee who wanted to suppress
Approaching- the Dancer Zone.
Washington Post.
A Chicago professor says American
women can't walk, Henry James says they
can't talk, and now a New York man says
they can't blush. The explosion will coma
when some one declares triat they can't
Writ In Too Much
Springfield Republican.
Mr. Bryan la causing arnrehenalon amnnv
democratic leaders In Washington. This
Is nothing new. save In the anniicaMon
The report that Mr. Bryan Is soon to pub-
usn a series or magazine articles outlining
what, the next democratic nlatform should
be. To democrats who wish to save Mr.
wryan rrom himself euch a performance Is
most distressing.
Rlne for a Republic.
Philadelphia Record.
It speaks well for the clvliUntion n
German people that they were enabled to
go through the strain of an exciting con
test at the polls on Friday, involving Is
sues of the greatest immediate moment
to ruler and subjects, without disorder or
riotous outbreaks. It Is a wonder that a
people so fit to govern themselves do not
topple over their monarchy and estahliab
a new republic.
, Congressional Salaries.
Boston Transcript.
The country appears ".to accent verv
quietly Die Increase, of salary which con.
gress has given Itself; The advance will
take $1,000,000 more from the ta inn vera.
but In these times when 110.000.000 Is voted
ror one battleship the plain man who con
tributes to the revenues, of, the government
has become I hardened to a sum that Is
relatively small. That . ennrmamnn h.i
not as a class live extravagantly Is evi
denced by the fact that of ninety senators.
forty-eight reside In hotels or apartment
nouses, and one in club. Of the rest,
probably one-half dwell In boarding houses.
By the unwritten law'.pf the capital a sen
ator or representative.' who dwells In a
notei or boarding house Is exempt from
"entertaining" In the social sense of the
term. ; ' ' ' '
fiorernment Ownership In Mexico.
New York Tribune.
The merger, of the Mexican raltwnva I.
an experiment In government ownership
with private operation. This Is a mniifl.
tlon of the government 'ownership and oper
ation system as It prevails In Germany,
Italy and Japan. The Mexican government
owns simply a majority of the stock In the
roads and will consolidate them Into one
company with the capital of
Mexican. American lnte rests find KfniilrMl
control of the Mexican Central and the
government feared that they would pur
chase and consolidate, the other Mexican
roads. It seems' reasonable that th Mr.
lean government should wish to keep the
control or the country's roads from passing
Into the hands of forehmers. ami the ex
periment of government ownership entered
upon is the most moderate possible.
Pnathnmona Interrleirs.
Springfield Republican.
The posthumous Interview with the late
General Alger which a Milwaukee editor
has published Is, In one respect, a ques
tionable Journalistic devloe. As a precedent
It Invites possibly unscrupulous reporters
to fabricate Interviews with prominent
men, JUBt deceased, and to print them with
the assurance that they were requested to
delay publication until after the deaths of
the men In question. When a man Is dead
he Is In no position o correct misstate
ments or to repudiate what Is fastened
upon him. In this case, undoubtedly, the
Interview Is printed accurately and truth
fully, but others prominent In public life
would be safer always to prepare carefully
In their own way whatever memoirs or
remlnlacences they may wish to leave, be
hind them.
Slarnlaeanee of the Recommendations
of the Joint Commission.
Loulvllle Courier-Journal.
The Joint postal commission haa made a
report In which It sketches the outlines of
a reformed postal service. These recom
mendations relate largely to the carrying
of newspapers.
The Postofnce department is under the
control of congress, which has a light to
say what articles shall be carried In the
malls, and what prices shall be charged
for compensation. Congress, however. Is
not absolute. The voters of each enn
greualonal district have a light to say who
shall represent them in congress, and some
ambitious gentlemen may roee their seats
In consequence of their subservience to
But congress la not expected under the
privilege of regulating the malls to take
charge of the newspaper press of the coun
try. It Is claimed. Indeed, that by reason
of Its control of Interstate commerce, con
gress may say who shall work In the vari
ous states and who shall remain idle or go
to school. . . i
By parity of reasoning It ' seems to be
assured that if the government carry news
papers In the mails, congress has a right
to say what they ahall contain. Accord
ingly It Is proposed that- -congress shall
dictate how many advertisements a paper
shall contain In order to be admitted as
second-class matter. It Is generally sug
gested that the advertising may oover as
large a superficial area as the reading
matter, but not more. Of course, however,
the right to say that the npace devoted to
advertising shall not exceed if) per cent
Implies the right to say that It shall not
exceed JS to 10 per rent, or even that there
ahall be no advertising at all. It Is also
an easy step from dictating the quantity
of reading matter in a newspaper to dictat
ing Its quality. Criticisms of the Pisiomce
department, and eapecally of the men who
d' 'e to make it the master of the press,
n.t ially be construed as rendering a
er ujuuallable.
Minor Seenes and Incidents Shetched
f on the Snot. ,
President Roosevelt and Senator Foraker
had a lively oratlcal bout at the Gridiron
club dinner last Saturday night. The rule
of the club forbidding reports of speeches
at these functions' prevented -mention of
the incident in the dispatches, but It was
such "hot stuff" that the Cincinnati En
quirer suspended the club rule and devoted
two columns to the details. It Is said the
orators began sparring, as the pugilists put
It, with six ounce gloves and wound up
with bare knuckles. The president led off
with a thirty minute npeech during which
he-cuffed opponents of the "square deal"
and then turned to the Brownsville affair,
dealing short arm Jolts to the senate and Its
professed anxiety for Justice to the dis
missed soldiers. Senator Foraker, pale and
warm, responded In kind and for twenty
minutes kept the president's head In chan
eery. It waa noted as a fortunate clrcum
stance that two tables separated the heated
debates. Uncle Joe Cannon, at the finish,
eased the strain with a story.
The politeness that Impels a man to give
a woman his seat In a street car Is said to
be dying out in Washington. Persons who
come here only once In every ten years are
the ones that are saying It.
The other day Senator Blackburn of Ken
tucky got up live times to give his neat to a
woman, and he was not taking a very long
ride, either. The fifth time hla politeness
was not able to make room for all the
women that were standing. Twelve men
were sitting, while three or four women
were standing. The senator looked on them
with scorn and scorn on the Blackburn
face is a burning thing.
"I see there are twelve men In this car
who are not southern gentlemen," said the
senator, In a tone of voice booming along
from the rear end of the cur up to the
place occupied by the motorman.
In a very short time twelve men dropped
off the car.
"A large host of statesmen at the house
end of the capltol are shaking In their
boots Over the passage of the salary-Increase
bill," nays the Washington Herald.
"They are beginning to hear from their
districts. Telegrams and letters are pour
ing In upon them. And nearly every one
of these missive bears a criticism more or
less indignantly expressed. Generally
speaking, the metropolitan press has ap
proved both the measure and the unusual
methods resorted to to put It through, but
this approval seems as yet to have had no
Influence on the minds of the voters, espe
cially those In the rural districts. As a rule
the country papers are severely condemning
the measure, and denouncing It as another
salary grab a term of reproach that causes
a creepy feeling to come over 'scores of
statesmen, who have for years heard their
conatitutents discuss this subject. The
democratic states seem to be harder on
their congressmen than are the republican
states, and by this token It Is now gen
erally thought that the salary Increase will
cut quite a figure In the next congressional
campaign. Luckily for everybody con
cerned, the bill was passed without a roil
call. Thus, every statesman who voted
against It can be able to show by the
record what he did, while numerous of
those who stood up and were counted for
the bill the other day cannot be convicted
at home of having done so."
Attorney General Bonaparte can be the
suavest man In all creation, says a writer
.o the World Today. He smiles so sweetly
while he talks that people have gone away
quite pacified and never realised till after
It was all over that he had calmly gone
ahead and done precisely what he proposed
to do.
To return to that Smile, It Is so like the
poor. No one ' ever saw Bonaparte who
could think of much else. True, the first
thing one sees on meeting him Is the bullet
round head the Napoleon head with Its
bold forehead Just bald enough to make
It yet bolder.
Then one notes the nose, a dominating
nose, the full eyes between heavy eyebrows,
the short, thick mustache. Then the smile.
It starts with the eyes, droops to one corner
of the mouth, slips over to the other, then
becomes audible In a queer kind of chuckle
In the throat, which shakes an Increasingly
prominent double chin.
The upper chin Is very timid and retiring,
but there's a dimple In It which works In
wonderfully with that smile. But don't
flatter yourself, and pat yourself on the
back and think the attorney general Is dead
easy. That smile is only a cloak to cover
up you will never know what It covers up
till you come away and dlaeover where you
He will cut your throat with a feather
while he chuckles and anlles. If you are
not satisfied with being thus graciously be
headed and answer back you'll find an
adept at sarcasm and irony using a pen
knife. If you etlll rebel the next you know a
backwoodsman will be at you with a brute
of art . axe. But he will be smiling and
chuckling through It all.
Senator Beverldge of Indiana the other
afternoon administered such a reproof to
Secretary Taft as Is not likely to be for
gotten In a hurry by the big Ohio man.
The senator was delivering his speech on
the child labor bill an effort which had
cost him a week's preparation. Almcst from
the beginning of his remarks he was an
noyed by the hum of conversation Imme
diately behind him. Turning, he saw Sec
retary Taft In animated discussion with
a group of senators. Ixmklng straight at
the. secretary, he said in clear tones: "If
I am disturbing you I will suspend until
your conversation Is finished." The secre
tary's face flushed until It seemed as
though he would explode, but after a few
moments he left the chamber.
Senator Allison, the nestor of the senate,
whose health broke down toward the close
of the last session and who was kept at
home In Iowa by his physician until a few
weeks ago, Is getting back In his old phys
ical condition by observing a careful regi
men In Washington. Every day unless the
weather la too bad he walks from hla apart
ment at the Portland to the capltol and
back again in the afternoon, a distance of
about two miles. The veteran Iowa states
man has not heretofore been given to this
sort of healthful exercise and he is now
advocating Its adoption by numerous of his
colleagues, who. like himself, are suffering
from that stealthy and Incurable malady,
advancing age.
Cnttlna- Ont side Lines.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Separating the coal business from tho
railroad business will be of Immeasurable
benefit to ths country In connection with
the fuel problem. Consumers are perfectly
willing to pay for coal and the cost of its
transportation, but they very properly balk
on putting up money to provide for gross
rebates and extras.
Boosting for Bigness.
Washington Herald.
The president wants a bigger navy, con
gress wants a bigger salary. Chancellor Day
wants bigger trusts, the Philippine troops
want bigger pistols, Senator-elect Jeff
Davis wants bigger rows in the senate!
Say, doesn't somebody want a little some
thing? Consplenons and Ustun.
Bt. Louis ' Globe-Democrat.
Although there are twenty political par
ties In rmany, one Independent was
chosen to the new Reichstag. Th Inde
pendent Idea seems to be that whatever
U Is wrong.
Forty Per Cent of American Property
Controlled hy- Corporations.
Charles Btedman Hanks, a Harvard class
mate of President Roosevelt, last Wednes
day addressed the Boston chamber of com
merce on "the Growth of Corporate Wealth
In ths United States." In these striking
figures Mr. Hanks set forth the menace of
corporate control:
"The wealth of this country Is getting
more .and more under corporate control. If
this pofftlmiee It will only be a question
of time when our corporations will have
absolute ownership of the property of ,thla
country. A census report about to be In
sued gives the wealth of this country In
1904 ss 107.10U11,17. This Is thirty-six per
cent more than In 1SH and sixty-four per
cent more than In 1W0. Of this total wealth
til.24r,fl00,aio Is In our steam railroad cor
porations, $2,220,000,000 In street railway cor
porations, $xO.0rt0,000 in telegraph and tele
phone corporations,' H23.0i0,000 in Pullman
and private car companies, tlKS.ouO.iXH) In
canal and canalised river corporations, $2T5,
000,000 In private water works companies,
xnoo.OOO.noO In private gas and electric light
companies. H'.BNO.Onn.ooO In manufacturing
corporations and M.tlOO.OOO.OOO In Industrial
corporations other than manufactories. In
other words, nearly twenty-five per cent of
the business wealth of this country Is al
ready under corporate control.
Of the balance, 4,000,nnu,roo is rail and
personal property which belongs to our
municipalities, $l,8T5.0no,Oi0 the surplus and
undivided profits of our national banks,
$l,400,0n0,000 the surplus and undivided profits
of our state and private banks, savings
banks and loan and trust companies; t5,Ui0,
ono.000 the property of religious, charitable
and educational corporations, and $2,oU",
000,000 the estimated value of our minea.
In addition to this there Is the capital
stock and undivided surplus of our fire and
life Insurance companies, the property of
mercantile corporations, the property or real
estate Investment companies, and our ehlp
plng Interests and steamboat lines, of which
the Census Bureau has no data. This
roughly estimated amounts to 15 per cent
of the total wealth, so that It Is fair to
say that only about 60 per cent of the
property of this country Is now In the
control of the people."
To show how the vast earnings of various
companies are disguised and distributed the
speaker gave Illustrations. "A r.illroad
from A to B Is earning so much money that
It cannot even conceal Its earnings. It,
therefore, Incorporates a terminal station
or a switching company. If it Is to be a
terminal station the cost of building It is
paid by selling bonds, the railroad keeping
the stock, which represents the ownership.
The game Is to get money out of the
column of "earnings from operations" into
the column of "earnings from other
sources," so that the real earning will be
hidden and the public cannot demand lower
rates. The statistics of the Interstate Com
merce commission show 305 such terminals
and switching companies. Their stock pays
30 .per cent, 45 per cent and In one case
150 per cent.
'I have been told on good authority that
certain Wall street men, who contrqlled a
large railroad system, regularly telegraphed
Instructions each month . from New York
to the main offices what the books should
show the net earnings were for that
The retirement of Rear Admiral SIgsbee
will leave In active service only Dewey
and Evans of all the high naval officers
who took part in the war with Spain.
The health authorities of Scranton have
ordered the inhabitants to, abstain from
kissing. It Is understood the order does
not apply to kisses that are boiled before
taking. .
Dr. Ettore Marchlafava, who .succeeded
the late Dr. Lapponl as private physician
to the pope, was born fifty-two years ago
at Clvita Veochla, and was principally edu
cated In Rome.
"I wish I had your money," a fairly well
off politician once said to the late Cornelius
Vanderbllt. "Don't bother so much about
money," was the reply. "What have I In
life that you lack? You have clean linen,
good food, a home; that's all I have. And
you are not compelled to fight like a tiger
to keep what you have got. I am."
While not a professed vegetarian. Senator
La Follette's diet Is confined almost ex
clusively to vegetables. Several years ago
his health was failing and under the direc
tion of his physician he quit eating all
kinds of meat. He found that the change
of diet did him so much good that he has
never since partaken of meat regularly.
Among the gifted students at Columbia
university Is Toranosuke Furukawa, a
young Japanese with millions of dollars at
his command. When he reaches his ma
jority in a few days he will become sole
possessor, manager and director of the
largest mining Interests In the Oriental
world. Already his frionds are calling him
the Rockefeller of Japan.
Frederick W. Mulkey. who will serve In
the United States senate from January 23
to March 4. will be the youngest senator In
the United States, having Just passed the
age requirement of 85 years. He is gener
ally recognised as the leader of the Port
land bar and has been called to many places
of high responsibility In his state. He is a
bachelor and a man of wealth.
The only form of food made
from wheat that is all nutri
ment is the soda cracker, and
yetthe only soda cracker of
' which this is really true is
0 In a
The only
The only
The only
Are said often to be burled six feet under
ground. "Hut many times women call on
their family physicians, suffering, ax they
Imagine, ono from dyspepsia, another from
heart disease, another from liver or kid
ney disease, another from nervous pros
tratlon, another with pain here and t hrr
snd In this wsy they present alike to
.tliemsBlvcs ami their easf -going or over
' busy doctor, separate dlsoa, tor w hlch
ho, assuming them to be enrh, prescribes
lil pills and potions. In reality, they gre
811 only in)f,m caused by some uterine
incase. Thn'phlcian,Hriorant of the
cutMf of suffer i iigVfcv;p up wajfeatment
until largo bills are rnNiile. TC(?hJTi ring
patient gets no rtU'rJJM-Wa3rVthe
wrong treatment, but probably worsT A
proper rnprtle,ne like pr. I'lrrrn't lavorTTj
t'M:rmti.n. Urrr,l t the aiuC yvoiiTJ
.have nitiri-u; raiivl i-U 1 he .r,,M i
by iliHililig ni4lhoe dis(rc!iig synop
toms, and Instituting comfort Instead of
prolonged misery. It has been well said,
that "a disease known is half cured."
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription Is a
Scientific medicine, carefully devised by
an experienced and skillful physician,
and adapted to woman's delicate system,
It is made of native American medicinal
roots and Is perfectly harmless In Its
rffects in ,iuu c'Ttr-tii,,irr;..rV;N.77
SjMYW. -
As a powerful invigorating tonic "Fa
vorite Prescription" Imparts strength to
tho whole sy stem and to tun uremia dis
tinctly feminine in particular. For over
worked, "worn-out," run-down." debili
tated teachers, milliners, dressmaker,
seamstresses, "shop-girls." hnusc-kccers.
nurdnff mothers, ano feehlo women i?en
erally, I)r. Plorco's Favorite. lTfsvriptioa
Is the greatest earthly boon, liein un
cqualed as an appetizing cordial and re
storative tonic, v
As a soothing and strengthening nerv
ine "Favorite Prescription Is tweqiinlcd
and Is invaluable in allaying am! sub
duing nervous excitability, Irritability,
nervous exhaustion, nervous prostration,
neuralgia, hysteria, spasms, Kt. Vitus'!
dance, and other distressing, nervous
symptoms commonly attendant upon
functional and organic disease of the
uterus. It Induces refreshing sleep and
relieves mental anxiety and destxituiency.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets Invlorato
the stomach, liver and bowels, tine to
tiiroeadose. Ensy to take as candy.
"Senator, you didn't vote for the Increase
In congressional salaries, I belluve."
"No; I found, on counting noses before
hand. Hint thero would be eiv iiKh voles to
carry the measure through without mine,"
'-Chicago Tribune.
"Hubby, dear, Is Mr.' Spareley a burglar?'
"No, tootsecum, why did you think he
"I heard him say that he was going to an
alley tonight to knock down as many as
he could.' Cleveland Plain' Dealer.
"Why do you fear to become a reformer?"
"Becauae, ' answered Senator Horglmm,
"the way of the reformer Is easy only no
long as he is telling people What they ought
to have. It hecomea difficult when It is
time to apologise for nrt jrlvlnjr it to them. '
Washington Star. ... .,
"I believe." said the hostess,' "you are a
distant relative of the great Liszt. Are you
The leader of the hired orchestra bowed
"Mndam," he said. "Llsst was a distant
relative of mine." Chicago Tribune.
"Do you believe that: Admiral Davis
landed at Kingston by' request?''
"Don't know. That's the way he un
bonded, though." Philadelphia Ledger.
"Is she good to her mother?"
"I should say so. She's, always looking
around tho house for work that should bo
"And then?"
"She lets her mother do It." Cleveland
Plain Dealer. .
"Hentless last night, was I?" asked Jack
Potts. "Very,'s replied his Innocent wife. "I
guess you were dreaming you were an
artist weren't you?"
"I don't remember. Why?" ' '
"You wore talking In your sleep and you
kept saying: 'Can't think of drawing; It's
no use. My hand's no gijod.' " Philadel
phia; Press'. .-. - ' .'-ll1""'fS t" - .
Editor Threatening to sue us for llbelT
Good heavens! What for? '
Manager Through some mistake we '
described her aa being In evening dress at
a 5 o'clock tea. Harper's Bazar.
"There are lots of men able to govern
"Yes, and they're all bachelors." Houston
.. TIC 1. 1. 1 (J THE TIll'TH.
Baltimore American.
If your friends all assure you. they want
but the truth.
Don't take them, 1 beg. at their word.
For. there s naught so enrages a man, in
good sooth.
Or can more of bad feeling be stirred.
When one, for example, begs you as a
A vigilant eye o'er faults to extend, ,
He means that his virtues he thinks you'll
Or to these you'll be coldly referred.
Folks cry quite In earnest, "Say Just what
you think.
And don't spure my feelings, I pray."
But see their wry . faces if they try to
In truths you are candid to say.
Just watch and. Indeed, 'tis a sight very
How soon you And out that they get very
If you hand them a lemon that's quite to
the bad.
When they surely expect a bouquet
If a man's book Is rotten, why, say it la
Or he'll brand you a critlo uncouth;
If a woman's no looker, then of her charms
Or for you she'll have use nor ruth,
If with everybody you want to stand In,
Contradict thein when self-abuse they
will begin,
But never commit the unpardonable stn
Of tactlessly telling the truth.
soda cracker scientifically
soda cracker effectually
6oda cracker ever fresh,
crisp and clean,
soda cracker good at all
dust tight.
moisture proof packag.