Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1907)
THE CrtLAITA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1007.
10 EXTEND FOREIGN TRADE
Rational CoBTDtion Ifaeti at Waahingtan
to Consider the Bubject
MANY SOCIETIES ARE REPRESENTED
All Brawehss of ladastry Send Dele
gates ta Cfrrace, Whera
Trade Relations Are to
1 1 Be Dlscasaed.
WASHINGTON, Jaa. 14. The na
tional convention for the extension of the
foreign commerce of the United States
called by the New York Board of Trade
and Transportation met here today for three
days' eaelon. James W. Van Cleave of
fit, Louts, president of the National As
sociation of Manufacturers, presided
temporary chairman. The object aa set
forth la to promote the American merchant
marine. International arbitration, plan for
restriction of armaments, international par
cel post, reciprocity, consular reform and
the extension of trade abroad.
More than 1,000 delegates have been
named by governors of the states and by
constituent organisations. Several hun
dred arrived yesterday and -this morning
and many more are expected to arrive dur
lng the day. Among those who will address
the convention arr Secretary of State Root,
Secretary of Commerce and Labor Straus,
John W. Foster, former secretary of state,
Francis B. Loomls, former assistant secre
tary of state; Seth Low, former mayor of
New York City; Pr. Jacob O. Schurman,
president of Cornell university and W, B.
liuchunan, former minister to Panama.
Dclegntes ere present from every state
nd territory and from Hawaii and Argerv-
The following national associations are
represented: National Association of Manu
facturers. National Boot and Shoe Manu
facturers. National Wholesale Lumber
Dealers' association, Morocco Manufactur
ers' association, American Cotton Manufac
turers' association, National Association of
Credit Men, Merchant Marine League of the
Vnllcd States; American Aberdeen-Augua
Breeders' association; American National
Live Stock association, American-Asiatic
'. association,' .'American Reciprocal Tariff
league. National Shoe Wholesalers' Arsocl
atloa of the United States; American Meat
Packers' association. National Tool Machine
Builders' association. National Export i
sociation, National Association of Clothiers,
National Association of Agricultural Im
plement and Vehicle Manufacturers, Paint,
: Grinders Association of the United Slates,
American Hardware Manufacturers' asso
ciation, Commercial Law League of Amer
ica, National Association of Box Manu
facturers. National Hardware Association
of the United States, National Wholesale.
Druggist association, , American Bankers
.association, xsationui wagon Munurac
turers cf the United States; National Con
sular Reform conventional, American In
' stltute of Electrical Engineers, American
Trade Press association. National Faint,
Oil and VnrnlHh association and American
Protective Tariff league. '
Mr. E. 8. A. De Lima of New York,
chairman of the organization committee. In
calling the gathering together, said:
"For the purpose of considering and de
vising measures for the enlargement of our
foreign trade and to promote the demand
abroad for the products of our farms,
workshops and mines."
Temporary Chairman Van Cleave ap
pealed to the convention not to permit it
self to be stampeded on any question that
might come before It, but to consider each
problem Impartially and judiciously.
After the appointment of committees on
credentials permanent organisations and
rules a recesa was taken.
Mangum at Co., LETTER SPECIALISTS.
vYITH TUB BOWLERS.
As usual, the O'Briens got their one game
from the Dally News Taat night on the
Metropolitan alleys. Pat had a chance to
make it three atralght after bowling a
clean game up to the tenth frame. He
missed a very difficult spare and lost the
last game by seven pins. Captain Fager
berg, as usual, Is bowling a nice steady
Jams, and leading his team right along,
tike Btlne ta still looking for the 600 mark.
Tonight the Black Kats against the El
taudillos, and a great game la expected.
PATTERSON'S DAILY NEWS.
1st. 2d. 3d. Total.
Patterson 13 173 196 6.11
ritlne lntf 1 167 t
Rose 149 144 148 443
Davta 1 , 127 lh3 4 r.
Polcar , .. 160 171 151 472
Totala liA 78tl 814 J,jM
O'BRIEN S MONTE CRISTOS.
1st. 2d. id. Total.
Clark 164 141 1K5 4M
Ray 124 178 127 4.'
Fur melee 144 123 liiS ' 4.14
Stone 1M 158 157 473
Fagerberg 173 181 17 640
.. 764 781 821
On the Metropolitan alleys last night the
Mets Bros.' team made the crack 8tors
Blue Ribbon team pull In Its feathers by
winning two out of three gamea. also on
total pina The Rtors team seemed to be
unbeatable all season until Captain Dad.
with his little bunch of followers, showed
- A every part of the body is dependent on the blood for nourishment
and strength, it is necessary that this vital fluid be kept free from germs
impurities and poisons. As long- as it remains uncontaniinated we are for
tified against disease and health is assured ; but any humor or impurity acts
injuriously oa the system and affects the general health, or culminates in
some special blood disease. Pustular eruptions, pimples, rashes and the
different skin affections show that the blood is in a feverish and diseased
condition as a result of too much acid, or the presence of some irritating
humor. Sores and Ulcers are the result of morbid, unhealthy matter in the
blood, and Rheumatism, Catarrh. Scrofula, Contagious Blood Poison, etc.,
are all deep-seated blood diseases that continue to grow worse as long as the
Impurity or poison remains in the circulation. Some persons are born with
an hereditary taint in the blood and we see the effect manifested in various
ways. The skin has a pallid, waxy appearance, the eyes are weak, glands
In the neck often enlarged, and usually the body is not fully developed or
strong, because it has always been fed on weak, impure blood. In all blood
troubles S. S. S. has proved itself a perfect remedy. It goes down into the
circulation and removes all poisons, humors, waste or foreign matter, and
ft. I, 6Jream Me pure and health-sustaining. Nothing reaches
inherited blood troubles like S. S. S.; it removes every particle of taint,
purifies and strengthens the weak, deteriorated blood, supplies it with the
healthful properties it needs and establishes the foundation for good health
Rheumatism. Catarrh, Scrofula, Sores and Ulcers. Skin Diseases, Contagious
Pl2doPolI?1 blood diseases and disorders are cured permanently
7 S8" 11 ' made 'nt'rely of roots, herbs and barks, and is the Kini
Of all DlOOd CUnfient Hrr,lr rtrt 1 1, 11 .1 J i , , . K
best dealer you '
to show you
the new .
them that they were still In the pennant
winning business themselves. Scores:
Brunke , ...
STORZ BLUE RIBBONS.
1st. 2d. S. Total
Frltscher 12 2n
Weber If 193
Hartley 1 1!
Francisco 15 1X5
Anderson It V
Totals , 86J 943 910 2,722
Th nmt match under the new system
of handicapping league teams waa played
at the Association alleys last night. The
results snow mat exacxiy ine opbi
Ject was attained. In totals the teams
were separated by only twenty-seven pins
and the tallenders were enabled to win one
game from the leaders. The handicap sys
tem Is simple tne winning iram mum
give the losers for the next game two
thirds of the difference In pins. The best
total last night waa rolled by Francisco
with 611 and Prof. Chatelaln'a 238 was the
high single game. Scores:
1st. 2d. 8d. Total.
Frltscher 213 1) 1" fw
Weber 164 2i3 1 99 66ti
Hartley 178 192 191 Ml
Francisco 199 201 211 U
Anderson 184 185 173 642
Totals 928 901 931 8,820
1st. 2d. 3d. Total.
Chatelnin 140 238 18 54r,
Catherwood 1 134 184 4.8
White 154 im lbi !i
OolT Hit lw 178 6'
Norene 193 lm it I too
Handicap 99 80 38 217
Totals 907 984 902 2,793
lows Not In Hw Society,
mwi riTV To Jan. 14. fSDeclnl.l The
report that the State University of lo va has
Joined with Kansas univeislty. University
of Missouri, waamngion university aim mo
University of Nebraska in me organization
of a "Big Five" conference in the Mlnsouri
valley, which Is to be a close rival of the
Big Nine in tne miaaie west, meets wnn
emnhatlc denial here from suthorative
scources, tnougn Marc auin, wno repre
sented the State university at tne ivunsas
City meeting has not returned to the city.
It Is not believed that there has been any
wilful misrepresentation or that Catlln has
exceeded his powers, but that the story of
the meeting in Kansas city nas oeen er
Garela Wlia Tennis Tournament.
NEW YORK, Jan. 14. The International
Invitation court tennis match was com
Dieted today on the New York Racquet and
Tennis club courts. Ferdinand Garcln, the
French champion, defeated George Stand
ing. American cnampion, at racquets in
stralsht sets. The score was 8-6. 8-4. Oar
cin thus won the tournament wltn tliree
rames won and none lost. The other con
testants. George Standing and John White
of the local club, and Frank Forester of
Georgian court, Lakewood, each won one
game and lost two.
Taylov Will Sign Cy YonnsT
CLEVELAND. Jan. 14. President John I.
Taylor of the Boston American league club
was here today, conferring with Pitcher
t'v Young. After the conference it was
announced that Young had agreed, to sign
a eontract for this year. President Taylor
Btopped off at Elkhart, Ind on fils way
here and signed Catcher Crlger. He left
tonight for Syracuse, where he will confer
with other players.
FORECAST OF THE WEATHER
Snow and Colder In Nebraska. Today-
Fair Tomorrow Not Quite
WASHINGTON. Jan. 14. Forecast of the
weather for Tuesday and Wednesday
For Nebraska Snow and colder Tuesday;
Wednesday, fair and not quite so cold.
For Iowa Fair and colder Tuesday, cold
wave; Wednesday, fair, not so cold in west
For Missouri Snow and colder Tuesday,
cold wave; Wednesday, fair, colder In
For Houth Dakota Fair Tuesday
Wednesday, fair, with slowly rising temper
OFFICE OF THE WEATHER BUREAU,
OMAHA. Jan. 14. oincial record or temper
ature and precipitation, compared with the
corresponding day ot tne last three years:
1907. 1906. 1905. 1904
Maximum temperature.... 21 8 41 35
Minimum temperature.... 11 8 27 31
Mean temperature IS 0 34 83
Precipitation 10 .01 .00
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal at umuna since March 1,
and comparison with the last two years:
Normal temperature 17
I tendency for the day 1
Total excess since March 1. 19U6 225
Normal precipitation .03 Inch
F.xcess for the day Inch
Total rainfall since March 1. 1906. 26. ui Inches
Deficiency since March 1, 19ufi.... 2 90lnche
Deficiency for cor. period. 19"6.... 2.M lnche
Deficiency for cor. period 19U.... 4.99 inches
Reports front Stations at 7 P. M.
Station snd State Temp. Max. Raln
of Weather. 7 p. m. Temp. fall.
Rlmiiarck, clear 26 :t .00
Chryenne, snowing (
Chicago, cloudy at
Davenport, ch.udy 2
Denver, cloudy 18
Havre, clear 38
Helena, clear 16
Huron, cloudy 12
Kansas tliy, sleeting 28
North Platte, snowing J
Omaha, snowing H
Rapid City, snowing 12
St. luls, raining S4
Pt Paul, cloudy -. 0
Suit Ike City, cloudy..... 32
Valentine, cloudy 8
Wllllston, clear 30
"T" Indicates trace of oreclnltutlnn
Indicates below sero.
L. A. WELSH, Forecaster.
uim-M aim any mcuicai aavice desire
99 a TTbav I I J
SrCCJHG CO., ATLANTA, CA.
HILL ON RAILWAY PROBLEMS
Magnate Saya Eui'mesi Incmiei Taster
Thai Faoilitiel for Handling It
MORE TRACKS AND TERMINALS NEEDED
Five aad a Half Blllloa Dollars
Should Be Spent oa Rtw C oa
atractloa Wlthia Next
ST. PAUL, Jan. 14. Governor John A.
Johnson today received a long letter from
James J. Hill, president of the Great
Northern Railroad company. In which the
railway magnate deals exhaustively with
the various phases of the railroad prob
lem. Mr. Hill sets out at lengt'i what. In his
opinion. Is responsible for the existing sit
uation and what should be done to rem-
The western country has grown so fast
that the railroads have been unable to
keep pace with It, Mr. Hill says, and he
believes the building of additional trackage
Is the best solution of the problem.
He says It would require a permanent
investment of $1,100,000,000 a year for five
years to provide the railroads of the
country with means to handle properly the
business already In sight and not allowing
tor future growth.
Text of the Letter.
Mr. Hill's letter follows In partt
"During recent years the volume of bus
iness has Increased and Is increasing with
extraordinary rapidity, while ths necessary
additional trackage and terminals have not
been equal to the demands upon them. The
resulting situation . Is a freight blockade
of enormous proportions, especially at all
terminal points. How to remedy this Is a
problem, financial, mechanical and physical.
No time should be lost In applying such
measures of remedy as may be possible."
The following figures, compiled from the
official reports of the Interstate Commerce
commission and covering the growth ot the
railroad business for the last ten years, ex
hibit the significant facts:
Total single-track mileage In 1K9G. 180,667:
in 19U5, Z18.101; Increase, 21 per cent.
Locomotives In 1895, 35,699; In 1906, 48,357;
Increase, 35 per cent.
Passenger cumin 1895, 33,112; In JW6, 40,713;
Increase, 23 per cent.
Freight cars in 1895, 1,196,119; in 1906,
1,731,409; increase, 45 per cent.
Pasuenger mileage In 1895, 12.188,446,271; In
19U6, 23.800,149,436; increase, 95 per cent.
r reignt ton mile in ltn, 85,ar(,bib,Ki; in
1905. 166,43,109,610; increase, 118 per cent.
unese ngures snow the cause vl delay in
natural traffic movement which threatens to
bring Industry to a standstill.
Equipment is being Increased as rapidly
capital and labor can do It. There are
and will be cars enough to carry the coun
try's traffic if the cars can be moved, but
engines and cars mutt have tracks on which
they may run. The limit of service of a
common carrier has been reached when It
nas moving at all times over its system
aa many cars as can be run on Its tracks
with safety and transferred and dispatched
from its terminals and Junction points with
out unreasonable delay. Beyond that point
Increase of business cannot be handled by
increasing cars and engines. The disparity
between the arowth of traffic and th ad
ditions to railroad mileage, and the exten
sion of terminals, shown by new mlUage
ot less man I per cent a year since 19i4,
to take care of a traffic Increase averaging
11 per cent a year for ten years past, pre
sents and explains the real problem. The
best judgment of many conservative rail
road men In the countrv is that an Imme
diate addition of not less than 6 per cent
per annum to the railroad trackaen of the
country for, say. Ave years, should be made
to relieve tne suuation ana put an end to
unreasonable delays. Investigations show
that the railroads of the countrv have been
endeavoring to meet the growing deimnd
on them. Not only were there 35 rer rent
more locomotives ana 46 per cent more cars
In service in 1906 tjian In 1895, but each en-
glne and car did much more work. Train
run raster, cars are larger, loeortvottvFs o
more powerful and methods of handling .ne
business have so Improved as to Incieuse
the general efficiency.
No addition to equipment and no Increased
efficiency In operation can take the phree of
wie imperatively required new trackage and
terminal fiiclllrlits Th
as rapidly as It can be bulft, additional
fcruKa miu terminal laciuiies.'
Vast Amount of Capital Needed.
No practical man would accept a con
tract for furnishing the facilities required,
including additional equipment and termi
nal facilities, for less than $76,000 a mile.
The question ot terminals alone Is almost
prohibitive. Terminals on the Great North
ern were acquired when property was
cheap and can be enlarged only by heavy
outlay. In many cities it Is not even a
question of cost, since the area necessary
to handle railroad business properly is not
, rt . . . . , . ,
)Z R"y Pr'ce Th "e" w,or-
then, would amount to f5.5MV000,0"0 In
round numbers of a yearly average of
$1,100,000. Thr.t is the sum which should
d spent nerore tne commerce of the coun
;2-.h.jr.Vl.JProiie.i,y- . U..!?. J""
twice the total amount of the bonded debt
of the United States after the close of the
civil war. It is more than twice the entire
currency In circulation In the countrv and
only a little less than twice the deposits
In all the savings banks In the United
States put together.
The average speed of a freight train is
from twelve to fifteen miles an hour. The
average distance traveled bv each freight
car is about twenty-five miles a dav. That
is. the entire freight equipment 'of the
country Is employed to the fair limit of its
capnclty except- two hours out of the
twenty-four. On single track linea freights
must wolt on sidings while passenger
trains have the right of way. Cars stand
for days or weeks in yards or at transfer
points awaiting their turn.
The pressure of traffic Increases In a
constant progression. It has reached Its
greatest severity Just at the time when
railroad construction Is at the lowest ebb
The number of nassenzer mlloa invjJ
In this country for each mile of railroad
In It has Increased 30 per cent In five years
and the number of ton miles for each
mile of track has grown 18 per cent. The
nignest direction and the best economy Is
to have trackage equipment and other
facilities properly adjusted to the vnh,.
of business and then keep moving it In
a harmonious and useful way.
Problems of Labor and Material.
The problem and necessity are enormous
At 140 tons to the mile, it would require
cona ui sieei raua every year to
furnish the 1.500 milea of track required
This is nearly two-thirda of the product
of all the roiling mills la the United Slates
It would call for the labor of iw.OoO men
in grading, bealdea track layers, bridge
buildera and others. Labor, even for such
ordinary extensions and Improvements aa
are now being made, Is not to be had in
sufficient quantities on any terms. And it
demands, aa has be n seen, the Investment
In permanent mil road plants of ll.lOu.wiu t
a year for five years to provide the rail
roads of the country with meana to nandlo
properly the business already in sight, not
allowing fur future growth. This Is the
real rauruau pruoinra oi tne l ulled Slates.
l wo reiuruira fiiuai us xouna. l ne pro-
niuuory aipenaes now anacneu to enlarge
meat of terminals at many uolnta and I,.
aolute lack of availuble apace at any prlt'A
may be met by a decentralisation of
A fifteen-foot canal or channel from St
Loula to New Orleans wuld go further
to relieve the entire middle west und
southwest than any other work that could
be undertaken. With such a depth of
water a ainsie powvnui towuiat would
carry from thirty to forty trainlouds.
Terminal troubles demand more general
diffusion of business, permitting transfers
to take place and forwarding to be done
where land can be secured in adequate
quuntbtles and at more reasonable prices.
To thla the traffic systema of the country
muat be adjusted. The heavy transfers
must be made away rrom the larger cities
Says Investors Are Scared.
It Is not by accident that railroad build
ing nu aeciinea to ita lowest within a
generation at the very time when all other
forma of activity have been growing moat
rapidly. The Inveator decllnos to put hla
money Into enterprise under ban of un
popularity and even threatened by Indi
viduals and political parties with confis
cation of transfer to the state. This feel
ing muat be removed and greater confi
dence mutually established if any consid
erable portion of the vaat aum necessary
la t, be available for the work.
There must be a realisation by the
country of the embargo on buslnesa and
of the fact that the cause la insufficient
railroad trackage. It will require the beat
thought and the best effort of thla gun
eratlon to avert the evil that now casta
Its shadow on farmer, manufacturer and
merchant; to arrest the progresa of the
paralysis that is laying Its grip on the
heart ftt rvmmerce and to rt-atora the
wtiuleaoiua drcuUtiua aktoul which
there cannot be life and growth In either
Individual or the commonwealth.
CONDUCT OF TROOPS
(Continued from First Page.)
snd moreover, the bullets picked out of the
buildings show the marking of the four so.
called "lands" which come from being
fired through the Springfield, but not
through the Winchester, the latter showing
The bullets whtrh I herewith submit,
which were found In the houses, could not
therefore have been fired from a Win
chester nr any other sporting rifle, although
the csrtrldgrs might have been put into a
Winchester model of 1. The bullets
mlRht have been flred from a Krsg. but
the cartridges would not have gone Into
a Krng. Taking the shells end the bullets
together, the proof Is conclusive that the
new Springfield rifle was the weapon used
by the midnight Assassins and could not
by any possibility have been any other rifle
of any kind In the world. This of Itself
establishes the fact that the assailants
were United States soldiers and would be
conclusive on these points if not one sol
dier had been seen or heard by any resi
dents In Brownsville en the night In ques
tion, and If nothing were known save the
finding of the shells, clips and bullets.
Testimony of Witnesses.
Fourteen eyewitnesses, namely, Charloa
R. Chase, Amado Martinet, Mrs. Kate
Leahy, Palermo Preciiido, Ynaclo Domln
guez, Maccdnnio Hamlres, George W. Hen
dall, Jose Martinet, J. P. McDonald, F.
H. A, Sanborn, Herbert Elklns, Hale Odin,
Mrs. Hale Odin and Judge Parks, testltled
that they saw the assailants, or some of
them, at varying distances and that they
were negro troops, most of the witneses
giving their testimony in such shape that
there is no possibility of their having been
mistaken. Two other witnesses, Joseph
Bodln and Genero Padron, saw some ot
the assailants and testified that they were
soldiers (the only soldiers In the neighbor
hood being the colored troops). Four other
witnesses, namely, S. C. Moore, Dr. Thorn,
Charles S. Canada and Charles T. Ham
mond, testified to hearing the shooting
and hearing the voices of the men who
were doing It, and that these voices were
those of negroes, but did not actually see
the men who were doing the shooting.
About twenty-five other witnesses gave
testimony corroborating to a greater or
less degree the testimony of those who
saw the shooters or heard them. The testi
mony of these eyes of ear witnesses would
establish beyond all possibility of contra
diction the fact , that the shooting was
committed by ten or fifteen or more of the
testimony of theirs would be amply suffl
negro troops from the garrison, and this
clent in Itself if not a cartridge or a bullet
had been found, exactly ss the bullet;
and cartridges that were found would have
established the guilt of the troops even
had not a single eyewitness seen them or
other witnesses heard them.
The testimony of the witnesses on the
position of the bullet holes show that
fifteen or twenty of the negro troops gath
ered Inside the fort and that the first
shots fired Into the town were fired from
within the fort, some of them, at least,
from the unner galleries of the barracks.
The testimony further snows that the
troops then came out over the walls, some
of them Dcrhaoa going through the gate
and advanced a distance of 800 yards or
thereabouts Into the town. During their
advance they shot in two hotels and some
nine or ten other houses. Three of the
private houses into which they fired con
tained women ana cnuaren. iney aeno-
erately klllea f rank jsatus, tne bartender,
shooting lilm down from a distance of
about fifteen yards. They shot at a man
and woman. Mr. and Mrs. Odin, and their
little boy as they stood in the window of
the Miller hotel, the bullet going less, than
two Inches from the- head of the woman
They shot down the lieutenant of police,
who was on horseback, killing his horse and
wounding him so that his arm had to be
amputated. They attempted to kill the
two policemen, who were his companions.
shooting one through the hat. They shot
least eight bullets into the cowen houae.
putting out a lighted lamp on the dining
room table. Mrs. Cowen and her five chil
dren were in the house: they at once threw
themselves prone on the floor and were not
hit. They Arcd into the Starck house, the
I bullets going through . the mosquito bar
I of bed from eighteen to twenty Inches
aoove wnere nine cruioren were steeping,
I There wa a- light in. the children's room,
I The, shooting took olace near midnight.
I The panic caused by the utterly expected
attack was great. . The darkness, of course.
I lncreaseq tne contusion. , Tnere is conniot
J of testimony on some 'of the minor points,
but every essentlnl rp)nt Is established be
yond possibility pt hotvest question.
Investigation' )V Pnrdy.
The examination or Mr. Purdy, assistant
to the attorney general resulted merely
in strenghtening the reports already mude
bv the reaular armV authorities. The
shooting, it appears, i occupied about ten
minutes, although it may have been some
minutes more or less. It is out of the
Question that the fifteen or twenty men
engaged In the assault could have gath
ered behind the wall of the fort, begun
firing, some of them on the porches of the
barracks, gone out into the .town, fired in
the neighborhood of 200 shots in the town
and then returned the total time occupied
from the time of ths ttrat shot to the lime
of their return being somewhere In the
neighborhood of ten minutes without many
of their comrades knowing what they had
done. Indeed, the fuller details aa estab
1 Iioncu l' J tiiT, mjuhiviibi ciuci lemma
since I lost communicated with the senate
lished by the additional eviderce taken
make It likely that there were very few if
any of the soldiers dismissed, who could
have been Ignorant of what occurred. It is
well nigh Impossible that any of the non-
commissioned officers, who were at the bar.
ra, ka should not have known what oc-
Additional Evidence Concloalve.
The additional evidence thus taken
renderB, it In my opinion impossible to
question the conclusions upon which my
order was based. 1 have gone moat care
fully over every Issue of law and fact that
has been raised. 1 am now satisfied that
the effect of my order dlamissing theae men
without honor was not to bar them from all
civil employment under the government
and therefore that the port of the order,
which consisted of a declaration to this
effect was lacking In 'validity, and I have
directed that such portion he revoked. As
to the rest oi the order, dismissing tne in
dividuals in question without honor and
declaring the effect of such discharge under
the law and regulations to be a bar to
their future re-enlistment either In the
army or the navy, there la no doubt of
my constitutional and legal power. The
order was within my discretion, under the
constitution and the laws and cannot be
reviewed or reveraed save by another exe
cutive order. The facts did not merely war
rant the action I took they rendered such
action imperative unless I was to prove
false to my sworn duty.
If anv one of the men discharged here
after shows to my satisfaction that he Is
clear of guilt or of shielding tne guilty, l
will take what action is warranted: but
the cli cumatancea I have above detailed
muat certainly put upon any such man
the burden of thus clearing himself.
THBODOKE ROOS K V C.LT,
The White House, January 14, 1S07.
This measage Is accompanied by a letter
from Secretary Taft to the president in
which he set out copies of Instructions to
Major Biocksom and Mr. Purdy and gives
an exhaustive review of the evidence taken
by them on ths second visit to Brownsville
, -sVa a.V'Kia-4a--
abeut Ji per
Is brewed and aged on honor.
Full of character and beer body.
A hop tonic, malt nourishment
and delicious beverage, all in one.
Try any of these brands
whether on draught or ita
bottles -wherever you can
Private Stock. Wiener,
803-10 Douglas Ku. Cor. 8th.
Tel. Douglas J0.
SCHOOL APPEALS FOR COAL
Fort Totten Indiana Are Eufferintr. for
Lack of Fiel
CONDITIONS SAID TO BE UNPRECEDENTED
J. Hill Saya Snov Is from Three
to Foir Feet Deep and Snow
shoes Keeeaaary for
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14. Acting Com
missioner of Indian Affairs Larrabee today
received ths following telegram from Su
perintendent Ziebach of the Fort Totten
Indian school. North Dakota:
I request office to urge Interstate Com
merce commission to send telegram to
Dresldent Northern Pacific railway to use
every effort to open blockade on Jamestown
ft Nortnern brancn ana get coal tnrougn m
this school; less than week's supply here.
There are 300 pupils at the school.
Hill Talks of Conditions.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Jon. 14.-"In thlrty-
flvs years I have not known of such se
vere weather conditions to prevail In North
Dakota and other points west of St. Paul
as exist today," said President J. J. Hill
to the Associated Press today. "The snow
on the level out there Is from three to
four feet deep. Men cannot walk on It
ithout snowshoes. In some places the
snow Is ten to twenty-live feet deep.
We have from l.ano to 1.600 men work
ing along our line, and have kept It open,
but part of the time the weather has been
so cold that men could not work."
SENATE DISCUSSES MESSAGE
(Continued from First Page.)
soldiers, who wanted their uniforms and
brass buttons to help them with the girls."
Mr. Bacon said he thought both the sen
ator and the president had done right.
Senator Spooner remarked that he pre
sumed this South Carolina company was a
white company; "otherwise," he said, "the
senator would have had them lynched."
Mr. Spooner said he would have a great
contempt for himself If he could not discuss
the questions involved without reference
to the color of the soldiers. It was, he said,
only legal questions that could be Involved.
Mr. Spooner denounced the criticism which
had been made of the Twenty-fifth regi
ment, both In the letter of Senator Cul
berson protesting against sending the negro
troops to Brownsville and by Senator Till
Senate Without Authority.
Mr Spooner took the ground that It was
not the function of the senate to Investi
gate the act of the president in his execu
tlve capacity. Peculiar functions had been
Imposed upon the house of representatives,
It alone could initiate, prepare and preent
Impeachment proceedings. The senate. In
the exercise cf its most solemn function.
was constituted the court in such cases.
iThls. he said, was simply an abstraction
In this case. He called attention . to the
serious- condition. If the senate, as a court
should find Itself "prejudged," having In
vestigated the cause In advance. Assuming
that the president had exercised a power
he possessed in discharging these soldiers,
Mr. Spooner denied that congress had any
constitutional power to set aside such an
The ppwer of the president as com
mander-ln-chlef of the army and navy
In time of peace was not defined by the
constitution. Mr. Spooner quoted Judicial
authorities to show that it was "the power
to command and control."
"He commands the army," he added.
"and an army without discipline Is a
mob, a menace and dangeipus 6 the peo
ple." ' r; -
Mr. Spooner expressed doubt, that .con
gress could pass a law removing the die
ability of these particular men to re
There was a partnership between the
president and congress, said Mr. Spooner.
Congress makes rules and the president
makes orders. Twice, years ago, the ex
ecutive had attempted to make rules. In
one case Attorney General Cushlng and
In the other Attorney Bates overruled the
executive rules which conflicted with leg
Baron Takes Exception.
Mr. Bacon took Issue on this point and
held that If Mr. Spooner should, be fol
lowed the entire legislative authority
might be chipped away. The constitution
he said, gave congress power to make
rules and regulations for the "govern
ment" of the land and naval forces. Thla
word "government," he said, comprehended
Mr. Spooner held that this view abol
ished all functions of the commander-in-chief.
In opposition to this contention
Mr. Bacon maintained that the evident
purpose of the framers of the constitution
was to take away from any one man the
power to "wield" an army.
Mr. Bacon remarked Incidentally that In
all his experience in the senate ho had
never heard a doctrine advanced which h
regarded as more dangerous, than the
suggestion that the president has any
power In the use of the army that cannot
be controlled by the lawmaking power.
Mr. Spooner then yielded the floor for ad
journment, not having finished his argu
Ball Wanted for Tenneaaeeana.
TASHINOTON. Jan. 14.-Attorney Gen
eral Bonaparte today presented to the au
pre me court of the United States a motion
to require Sheriff Shlpp of Hamilton
county, Tennessee, and twenty-six other
person charged with contempt of that court
on account of the lynching at Chattunooga
last March of the negro, Ed Johnson, to
appear and give ball.
Vessel Still Ashore.
CHATHAM. Mass., Jan. 14. The position
of the Clyde line steamer Onondaga,, which
ran ulxjii unrjiiii oeacn yesterday, re
mained practically unchanged todaj.
e- -4 '.'4.
seat oi Alcohol.
(YAL BLITZ Y
BREWIKQ C( 1
jaV Tf all
kJ -qTRILf F
PIPE smoking is the healthiest, most economical way to '
enjoy the fragrant weed, if you get the right kind J '
that which gives s cool smoke to the end, and does not
bite the tongue or easily "blow out" in a high wind.
LUCKY STRIKE PWacc,
unsmoked, haa a faicinating odor, that makes you jump (or a pipe and -a
light. Smoked! It fulfill all promise of delight. The home circle
enjoy it aroma, '
Pocket aixe, tin box, 10c. '
W hen your health Is concerned don't
play at a game of chance. Don't ex
periment with unbusinesslike methods
and deceptive propositions. Always
go. to responsible, reliable, skillful
The specialists of the
STATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE
Call and Be Examined Free or Writ.
1308 Farnam St., Between 13th and 14th Sts., Omaha, Neb.
Permanently Established In Omaha, Nebraska. . ..
The following branch stations "will receive your "WsJll
for THE BEE'S popular classified columns!
Alhaoh, W. C, 40th and Farnanw
Beranek, S. A., 1402 S. 14th St. ,
i Becht's Pharmacy, 720 8. lth St.
Benson Pharmacy, Benson, Neb. .
Caug-hlln, C. R., 6th and Pierce Sts.
Clifton Hill Pharmacy, 2211 Military Av,
Conte, J. B., list Avs and Farnam.
Crlssey Pharmacy, 14 tk and Laka, '
Carmak, Emll, 12S2 S. 18th 8t
Eastman Pharmacy, 4044 Hamilton, .
Ehler, P. H., 2K02 Lavenworth.
Foster & Arnold, til N. 26th Bt.
Freytae-. John 114 N. 24th Bt. . ,
Florence Drug Co., Florence, Neb.
Goldman Pharmacy, lt9 Laxa Bt.
Green's Pharmacy, corner Park Avs ac4
Greanoua-h. a. A 1015 a 10th St
Greenough, Q. A., 10th and Hickory.
Ilayden, wm. C, 29S0 Farnam St.
Kanaoom Park Phar., 1621 8. th ATSK
Jlolet, John. 24 N. Itth St.
HufT, A. U, 224 Iavenworth St
King's Pharmacy, 2228 Farnam Bt
Kountse Plaoe Pharmacy, 8004 N. 24th.
ratrlck Pru Co.. 102 N. 24th Bt .
athrop, Chas. E.. 1224 N. 24th Bt.
Peyton, I E., 24th and Leavenworth.
Faratns;a Drug Co., 24th and Ames Avs.
Bohaefer's Cut Pries Drue atpro. 16th an4
Gchaefer, Augruet, 2021 N. lath St.
Bi'hmldt J. H.i 24th and Cumins' Sts.
Pterin Pharmacy, 18th and Martha fita, '
Walnut Hill Phar.. 40th and Cumin. '
Walton Pharmary, 20th and Grace Sts,
Wlrth, a II., 40th and Hamilton Sts.
More than fifty classifications under which to teTI yotn
wants, and the cost is a trifle. Everybody reads BEE .Wan
Ads and they bring quick results.
' V rf Hi no e ij..
'. V",t,il XUL0U
L . . . . A-'-.j. Ir . .ll 3
V and Farnam Street
Wea! Men, R allien
' YOUNG MEN, OLD MEN
All know the wpnderful building-up power ol
DR. ll'GHEW'8 treatment. HIS 82 YUAKScI
experience of treaimK ai.-icaae of men hal
taught him Juat what will cure, and cur
quirk and permanently at small coat.
Diseases of men can and ahould be cures'
for a price that would correbpond with th4
nature of ths disease.
Treatment by mail.
Ollice hours all day and to 1:20 p. m.
8unday. t to 1.
Call or write. Bo T6 Office 111 South
Fourteenth street Omaha. Neb.
WE CURE MEN
10 DAYS' TREATMENT $1.50
By the Old Reliable Dr. Searles & Searies
CktablUhed In Omaha for 21 yeara. Ths many thov.
sands of cases, cured by ua makes us the moat experi
enced gpeciallata In the West, in all diseases and dl
ordera of men. Wa know Ju.t what will curs yuu-
and curs quickly.
trA . examination and conaultatlon. Writs fol
rrOvgymjjiom iilank tor home treatment
p.. a ik n. n.,...!,. c t . n , .. u.k
vVU 14111 fit UUUllae vMi., UlUasl, IttJ
Powered by Open ONI