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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 14, 1907)
THE OMATIA DAILY BEE: MONDAY, ' JAVUARY 14, 1007.
Tiie Omaiu Daily Bee
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSEWATER.
VICTOR ROSEWATER. EDITOR,
Enter at Omaha poetoffloe a second
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stat of Nebraska, Douglaa County, a:
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of The Bee Publishing cdthpany. being duly
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CHARLES C. ROSEWATER.
Subscribed in my presence and s-wom to
before me thla Slat day of December, 1806.
(Beat.) M. B. HUNQATE,
WHEN OCT OF TOWH.
Subscribers leaving the cltr tem
porarily should have The Bee
mailed to them. Address will be
Eastern railway men should prepare
to learn a thing or two when the Har
rlman Inquiry starts on the Pacific
Greater Omaha Is sure to come. Its
advent may be hastened or retarded
by legislation, but it cannot be pre
vented. Dispatches from Baku show that
Russians are so much different from
Americans that the ordinary man robs
the coal oil producers.
Senator Bailey says he prefers to be
Indicted as .a citizen rather than. to. be
investigated as a senator. He may be
accommodated both ways.
Remarks by Chairman Weber indi
cate that Representative Van Housen
may call himself a democrat without
hurting popullstlc feelings.
' Governor Sheldon is fooling them
all by prolonging the siege of the office
seekers. The governor must believe
that haste makes repentance.
. President Roosevelt's message on
the Colorado river situation contains
an intimation that the promoters put
more water in stock than on land .held
by settlers. .
The universal street car transfer
problem as tackled by the. city council
seems to be a 13-15-14 puzzle. Every
time they think It is solved It turns
out that it Is not.
Perhaps residents of 8t Pierre and
Mlquelon whQ want to come under the
American flag have offered the best so
lution ot the ood fisheries problem, but
Newfoundland Is yet to report
Kansas has raised the pay of its su
preiue court 'Judges from $3,000 to
$4,000 and of its district Judges from
$1,600 to $3,000 per year. Nebraska
will have to Join the procession before
. After his experience in a train col
lision in Montana, Colonel Bryan
should be ready to let the federal gov
ernment take over the railroads
branches and feeders as well aa main
' It is an even guess' which bill will be
the first law enacted by the Nebraska
legislature the bill making approprt
atlon for the payment of legislative
salaries or the bill making approprla
tlon for the payment of incidental ex
Our bank clearings continue to re
flect a remarkable tide ot business
prosperity, which seems to be con
stantly rising and never ebbing. With
weekly clearings exceeding the $10,
000.000 mark Omaha is certainly do-
ing quite well for midwinter.
A move is on foot to repeal the wolf
bounty act, which forms the excuse
(or the raid on the state treasury in
Nebraska every two years. If a farmer
or stockman will not kill a wolf to
protect himself, why should he be paid
to kill them to save damage to some
The democrats in the Nebraska leg
islature are not to be blamed tor try
ing to utilise to the utmost every op
portunity to make political capital tor
themselves and their party. The re
publican majority, however, is to be
blamed It it knowingly plays into the
bands at the democrats.
MR. HAXKMKYf.R 8 HXPLAKATfoy-
In his annual report to stockhold
ers. President Haveuieyer of the Amer
ican Sugar Refining company pro
pounds a singular, bur suggestive, ex
planatlon of the trust's course In plead
ing guilty to rebate Indictments and
paying fines to the amount ot $150,
000, Terr shortly after it had been
tried, found guHty and sentenced to
pay 118,000 under other Indictments
for similar violations. "With all re
spect for the, court," says Mr. Have
meyer, "Ha decision failed to convince
the (Sugar trust's) board or Its coun
sel of its correctness, but In view of
Nthe whole situation the board con
cluded that It was In the Interest of
the stockholders to settle on the basis
of pleas of guilty."
Whatever the stockholders may
think of It. the public will hall as a
wholesome sign the fact that typical
trust violators, like less magnificent
offenders, concur practictlly with
courts and Juries to the extent, ot
pleading guilty . and submitting to
heavy penalties, however they may see
tit theoretically to dissent. It is pre
cisely the "view of the whole situa
tion" which it is one of the central
purposes of an aroused public senti
ment to produce In the trust managers.
Indeed, only one modification of that
view is desired, namely, such' as will
prevent them altogether from violat
ing the law. And to make It more
binding, the law was fixed at the last
session of congress so that Mr. Have
meyer's board could not plead guilty
and have the penalty paid out of the
pocket of the stockholders, but those
guilty of the same violations would
have to face the penitentiary, a ma
terial fact which must henceforth be
included In a "view of the whole situa
WILLIAMS OR CLARK.
The shadow ot partisan politics re
lating to 1908 is already seen in the!
contest between John Sharp Williams
of Mississippi and Champ Clark ot
Missouri for the house minority leader
ship in the next congress. The contest,
though heretofore carried on quietly,
represented as determined and
acute, involving practically the atti
tude of the democratic party Jn the
lineup for the presidential caritpalgn.
While ostensibly objection to Wil
liams Is on the score of physical de
fects for the arduous part of leader, it
is no secret that the real motive is to
secure a thlck-and-thin follower of Mr.
Bryan and thorough-going radical. In
the St. Louis convention Mr. Williams
held up a strong hand against the Ne
braska statesman, and in leadership tn
the house has shown pronounced in
dependence of hla dictation.
A party's record in the congress
preceding a presidential election goes
far towards foreordaining the action
ot its national convention, both as to
ticket and platform, or, if Us action be
otherwise foreordained, towards favor
ably disposing circumstances for ' if in
the ensuing campaign.- As Mr. Wil
liams is among the foremost democrats
who have publicly and "unqualifiedly
repudiated government railroad owner
ship and are known or strongly sus
pected to be opposed in Judgment to
another Bryan candidacy,' it is natural
that those elements already active In
preparing therefor should seek to sup
plant him In the Important place
which he occupies.
Out in Colorado they seem to play
politics very much as they do in some
As soon as It became known that
the republican majority of the Colo
rado legislature had agreed in caucus
to vote . for Simon Guggenheim for
United States senator, the democrats
became suddenly imbued with an itch
ing desire to investigate certain ru
mors which they had themselves been
circulating. To bring the matter to a
head one of the - democratic senators
introduced a resolution with a long
succession of whereases, intimating
that he had heard various stories about
Guggenheim to the effect that he con
tributed $50,000 to the campaign of
Governor Peabody two .years ago to
put himself In line for future political
honors; that he contributed to the
campaign expenses of candidates for
the legislature who were to vote for
him, and that he had in his business
accepted railroad rebates, concluding
with a resolution that a committee be
appointed forthwith ' to investigate,
with power to send for witnesses,
books, papers, checks, stubs and doc
uments, and report what they might
find. The investigation resolution, ot
course, received widespread publicity
in all the newspapers, with specially
big headlines In the democratic or
gans, and the next day it was laid on
the table without debate.
All this has Just happened out in
RAISIXQ THE LIMIT.
A general disposition Is being mani
fested by nearly every branch of our
municipal government to raise the
limit ot the funds which the charter
at present permits to be appropriated
for the work under its special charge.
There is such a thing, however, as
overdoing the limit raising. It may
be reasonably inferred that whenever
the limit is raised the next appropria
tion sheet will go close to the top fig
ure as soon as an Increased tax rate
can be imposed to bring in enough
money to honor the requisitions.
The purpose of establishing limits
to the different funds Is to bold the
tax rata down and prevent extrgva
gance for indulgence in luxuries the
community , cannot afford. At the
same time it should be, and is, recog
(Used that Omaha is a growing city
and that the demands upon Its city
government are steadily increasing.
Several municipal departments are
badly handicapped and hampered from
lark ot funds and. the taxpayers are
not unwilling to provide the remedy
on condition that their acquiescence Is
Those connected with each depart
ment naturally think of themselves
alone, but the law-makers who are re
sponsible, for charter changes must
look at the situation as a whole. If
what is demanded by each department
were to be granted without question
the city tax rate would' be Jumped up
to an alarming height, with conse
quences disastrous to the city in Its
Blending both at home and abroad.
In raising the limit It will be well to
go slow by easy gradations.
IX COM IS TAX IX SEW YORK.
A serious movement In New York,
of all states, for a thorough Income
tax system must at this Juncture be
regarded as significant. It Is the more
significant because not the result ot
sudden Impulse. The stress of the re
port of the special tax commission ap
pointed under an act of the legislature
passed two years ago to revise the
whole tax code bears upon a scheme
for a graduated tax on incomes, al
though many other changes are also
proposed, Including an extension of the
Inheritance tax. On the main point a
bill has been elaborated by the com
mission for the benefit of the sitting
legislature exempting incomes below
$500, and imposing a tax of 1 per cent
on incomes up to $10,000, then 2 per
cent to $25,000, then 5 per cent to
$50,000, then 10 per cent to $100,000,
then 15 per cent to $200,000, and 20
per cent over that figure, with drastic
means for listing and penalties for vio
lation. That such a measure In the state of
greatest incomes should thus be put
forward Is tangible proof of strong
and growing public sentiment in favor
ot its principle. Even in the cities and
In the metropolis Itself, the centers of
fixed incomes, there is less opposition
and Criticism than were naturally to
be anticipated. One Important reason
undoubtedly is the preposterous spec
tacle presented by the personal prop
erty tax In New York. The revenue
from this tax has been steadily shrink
ing during a long series of years when
the total value of personalty, has no
toriously been prodigiously increasing,
so that so far as it remains effective
It has tended to become a tax on ver
acity rather than on personal property.
Moreover, the matter of revenue is
becoming vital in New York both as
regards the state and the local treas
uries, and it is urged that a graded in
come levy of the kind proposed would
be a fruitful ' revenue producer, the
plan being to apportion one-third of
the avails to the state treasury and
two-thirds for local purposes. While
the system Is proposed exclusively as
a revenue measure, the recommended
graduation would work In . with the
''swollen fortune'' phase of the subject
which President Roosevelt has within
a year enforced upon public attention.
And the adoption of the system in the
state of greatest Income density, or
even its becoming a critical issue there,
would certainly impart a tremendous
impetus to the general agitation and
The democratic World-Herald wants
the republican legislature by all means
to investigate the record of Attorney
General Brown. It voluntarily admits
that the Investigation would tell us
nothing we do not know, and further
that it would in no way affect Mr.
Brown's election as senator, which was
practically assured by his nomination
at the last state convention, but it
wants, the legislature to investigate
Just the same. That is about as much
logic and force as is usually to be
found in World-Herald arguments.
The railroad lobbyists are not all
down at Lincoln. The railroads have
pliable spokesmen in every city and
town in Nebraska upon whom they
pull the strings by virtue of past obll
gatlons, or expected favors, and
through whom they are bringing pres
sure In the rear of well-meaning legis
lators. Members of the house and sen
ate will do well to look for the con
nection with railroad headquarters
whenever Mr. Leading Citizen attempts
to persuade them to take the railroad
end of any measure before them.
' An article In the Saturday Evening
Post gives a roll-call of the "dead
ones in the United States senate, in
eluding among the names that of one
senator from Nebraska, But the "dead
ones" are almost all headed for inter
ment In the political graveyard.
The people of Omaha are again re
minded that they have a cowboy mayor
by the pulling off of a knockout prize
fight thinly disguised as a ten-round
boxing bout. Omaha is not in the
field for honors as a pugilistic arena.
Omaha seems to be up against a
small-sized suicide epidemic. As this
Is not the season of the year supposed
to be specially conducive to self-pro
duced snuffling off, some other ex
planation must be read In the stars.
The information that the rivers and
harbors appropriation bill is to be re
ported out of the house committee at
Washington next week is notice for
our new Missouri River Barge com
pany to get up steam.
The decision of the Standard OH
company to lay no more pipe lines in
the central west may give independent
refiners a chance to become real com
petitors, but the company's decision Is
susceptible of change.
Health Commissioner Connell wants
the city's sanitary ordinances thor
oughly revUed so that ho can do more
to earn his money.. A different mi
crobe must be Inhabiting the health
commissioner's Office than Is found In
most of the officcajn the city hall.
Political bomb throwers at Lincoln
might at least have put some new in
gredient Into the explosive material
hurled at Norrls Brown. It might
then have given a detonation instead
of merely a sizzle.
That Oregon lawyer suspended from
practice for ninety days for swearing ( with hla closest friends among the nows
falsely In a lawsuit must realize theirs men. The negro vote in Mr. Long-
value of standing at the bar, since the
same offense In an ordinary witness
would be a felony.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
In hla opening Invocation In the senate
Chaplain Edward Everett Hale said: "Pre.
serve ua in this dangerous day ot pros
perity. We have borne adversity; give us
grace t endure prosperity." Such remind
ers are useful, lest we forget.
Hknrryln for Their Health.
New York Bun.
James Btlllman, whose appearance be
fore the Interstate commerce committee In
the matter of the Union FacMc Inquiry j
had been Invoked or was to be Invoked
by a subpoena, has very properly shown
a preference for the waters ot Marlenbad,
and has departed thither on a swift and
comfortable steamer.' This proceeding in
the case of Mr. Btlllman will be regarded
as the equivalent of a vindication.
Making War on Lobbyist.
According to the reports professional
lobbyists are likely to fare badly hereafter.
Various states have legislated to make their
business less easy or to prohibit It. The
Nebraska house of' representatives has
passed a resolution for ejecting all lobby
ists from the floor, forcibly If necessary.
We must wait to see how well these laws
will be enforced and whether they will
cure the evil. There la such a thing as
seeing a legislator elsewhere than on the
floor of the house and sometimes he la
"seen" to the great advantage of the lobby
ists and those whom he represents. It
may turn out that legislators are not so
much foea of the lobby aa they pretend.
Control of Railroad Finance.
What the Investigation will develop fur
ther we shall see. Enough is known, how
ever, to emphasise the urgency of the
strictest control of railroad finance, as well
as of railroad rate making and railroad
Combination, by the state and federal gov
ernments. It has been suggested that the
commerce commission ought to be given
power to regulate the dividend Increases
and Issues of additional stock. Other In
teresting propositions have been and will
be made. Without passing on any of them
offhand. It Is abundantly clear that the
near future will see very substantial ex
tensions of the salutary principle of the
rate act. The shippers and the consumers
must and will be better protected against
manipulation and stock jobbing in the field
of public utilities. '
Government Ownership's Growth.
Charles E. Russell in Everybody's.
Perhaps we In this country give Insuf
ficient heed to the Immense force of this
trend (outside of our own country) toward
the communal good. Take but the single
Item of government ownership. In the be
ginning practically air railroad enterprises
were owned by private capital. In 1900
there were 167,811 miles rof government rail
roads In the world eotslde of the United
States. Since that . yearj.Swltserland, Italy
and Japan have taken i over their privately
owned lines, and the principle of gov
ernment ownership has been extended
everywhere, so that In 1906 there were
0,750 miles (outside of the United States)
owned by government and only 91,946 miles
owned by private companies. It seems
likely from present Indications that in a
few more years there will be hardly a mile
of privately owned railroads in all Europe
except possibly In Spain. The life of pri
vate ownership In England will certainly
be short, and the nationalisation of the
French railroads la definitely settled.
A DAILY. ROMANCE.
ITnfatliasr Record of the Needs and
Habits of the People.
New York World.
The small classified advertisement popu
larly referred to aa a "want ad" has be
come a dally record of customs, manners.
needs and habits of the people. Buckle
said history could not be written with
out statistic; a page of "want ads" is
a page of statistics. : Without reference
to tha advertising columns ot the news
papers ot today no future historian can
write fully tha story ot our tlmea.
As money is a medium of exchange, so
a ' want aa is a medium or communica
tion. It is the real repubyo of letters
where the rich and the poor, the power
ful and tha distressed, the corporation
and the Individual meet cn equal terms
and have an even chance of obtaining what
To And a wife or to get a baby for
adoption, advertise; to And a flat or a
house suitable in slie, price and situation,
advertise; to buy or sell furniture, books,
pictures, clothing all the necessities, com
forts and luxuries of life advertise; to
find missing heirs, runaway sons, wayward
daughters, advertise; to summon the es
tranged to a deathbed reunion, advertise.
Such has become the general practice.
To know the wages 'paid and the hours
required in almost, any given branch of
Industry, to ascertain whether a majority
of shops In a given class of employment
are union or open, what seasons are busy
and what dull. It Is necessary to read the
want advertisements. They are a dally
compilation of the law of supply and de
mand. The want advertisements constitute a
calendar of their own. The approach of
winter la ahown by the advertisements of
Florida and California fiotela; of summer,
by the advertisements of country and sea
side boarding places, of boats and fishing
tackle; of fall, by the announcements of
achoola, colleges and mountain resorts.
September and October are unerringly In
dicated by the appeal of the houaewlfe
for domestic help an appeal heard less
often just before Christmas than at any
other time of the year.
The advertising column la the temple to
which the honest people go to announce the
finding of that which belongs to others;
It is the recourse of. those who have lost
things for the recovery of which they
are willing to pay a reward. Its voice
ran reach the ear of the thief and atay
the hand that would melt family heirlooms
in order to make the disposal pf stolen
property more easy and lesa dangerous.
The "want ad." coating little and mean
ing much often the stu-pplng atone from
despair to hpe, from Idleness to employ
ment, from dhwress to comfort has be
come, quite as much as tha presentation
of the newa Itself, a feature of twentieth
century Journalism, lta tales, like truth,
are stranger than fiction. Thsy reveal all
the elementary passions, love and hate,
ambition and despondency, gratitude and
selfishness, the d-sir to acquire and the
j Instinct to trade. They are all things to
I all men. ll irwv miiTfwvnra mm Hi All
kind ver made.
BITS Or WASHINGTON LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incident Sketched
Representative Long worth of Ohio, son-in-law
of rrealdent Roosevelt, la keenly
Interested In the discussion In the 'senate
over the discharge of the negro troopaSJor
their connection with the Frownsvllle f
falr. "The young Clnclnnatlan,' sayi the
Washington Herald, "enters the senate
chamber every day soon after Chaplain
Hale has delivered prayer, and remain
there -until the last word has been spoken
ter, , to d,.cu-. th. .ubieet even
worth's district Is said to be even heavier
than It In In the New York district rep
resented by Herbert Parsons, the Presi
dent's recognised spokesman In all mat
ters pertaining to party management In
the metropolis. It Is contended by persons
who clnlm to know the facts that had
the president Issued hla order affecting
the Twenty-fifth Infantry before the No
vember election, both hla son-in-law and
hla New York representative would have
been defeated. As It Is, It la believed each
will have hard sledding In the next cam
paign for the nomination."
There la a well-known South American
diplomat tn Washington who la rather nig
gardly In his expenditures. He was at the
president's reception to the diplomatic corn
and was fairly ablaze with gold lace. Be
cause of his rank he was well toward the
end of the line. Everyone noticed that he
wore no gloves, but carried a package car,
fully wrapped In tissue paper In hla hand.
As the line filed past the president this
diplomat, when only tour or five files away
from the president, unwrapped the pack
age and1 pulled on a pair of white gloves.
After shaking hands with the president
he carefully removed the gloves, wrapped
them In tissue paper and put them lh his
pocket to await the next reception.
A Washington dispatch to the New York
Press reports that another change In the
president's cabinet is gossiped among poli
ticians who think they know. James Wil
son, secretary of the Department of Agri
culture Is the man chosen by the gossip to
go. Glfford Pinchot, now chief of the
bureau of forestry, Is the man picked to re
place Wilson. Secretary Wilson and Secre
tary Hitchcock are the only two surviving
members of the McKlnley cabinet left In
the Roosevelt official family. Mr. Wilson's
retirement would make a complete Roose
velt following In the cabinet and there have
been rumors for some time that he would
Congressman Lacey of Iowa dropped Into
the senate chamber during the Brownsville
debate and took a seat beside Senator Al
ger of Michigan. The resemblance be-
twer. the two is so strong that a woman
visitor .n the gallery asked her escort:
Who are the twins?" "They are not ex
actly twins," was the reply, "though they
have something In common. Both retire
from public life next March one volun
tarily and the other against hla will."
The stranger's mistake waa not to be won
dered at, as the likeness between the
Mlchigander and the Iowan are certainly
striking. Both are about the same height
and each keeps his Iron-gray whiskers
trimmed in exactly the same style, and
each one has about the same number of
gray hairs brushed carefully over his head.
Their drees Is precisely alike and their ges
tures and movements are quite similar.
A flashily dressed negro went ' to Major
McDowell's office In the house and asked
for a job.
"Where do you come from?" the major
I'ae from the" first state In the union.
boss; dat'S where I'se from," the negro
said, drawing himself up haughtily.
"Oh, you're from New York, are yout"
"No, sah; I'se not. I'se from Alabama,
But Alabama Is not the first stats In the
"Alphabetically speakln' It Is, boss; al
phabetically epeakln' it is."
Joaquin Miller, "poet of the Sierras," is
back In his home near Oakland, Cal., after
a visit to Washington and tha eaat. In
terviewed on his impressions of the na
tional capitol, he prefaced hla remarks with
the prayer be heard Rev. Edward Everett
Hale deliver In the senate:
Preserve us In this dangerous day of
unexampled prosperity. We, Lord Ood, have
borne adveralty; give us grace to endure
There never was delivered a more fer
vent prayer," said the venerable poet.
And tears rolled down the cheeks of more
than one senator as tha solemn petition
for grace and temperance was offered. The
eaat ts dangerously prosperous. Money Is
poured out In rivers, and every phase ot
activity is being pushed to the utmost.
The country is humming like a hive with
industry, and all over the land I saw
the people well dressed and well fed.
"In Washington new buildings, tha like
of which Rome in its glory never dreamed
of are being erected, and two sumptuous
palaces for tha accommodation of members
of the aenate and house are nearly com
pleted. Yet It la my prophecy Washington
will be sacked and burned again. So drunk
are the people with the good things of life
that with the blight of the frost of ad
versity a hundred Coxey's armies will pour
from the cities ready to burn and slaughter.
The president Is light when he aska for a
powerful army and navy, but they are
needed against no outside foea. When this
tide of prosperity turns both will be needed
to save the country from Itself.
"While In Washington I proposed a great
exhibition, the greatest ever known, to
commemorate the centennial of the burn
ing of the capital city by British troops
in the war of 1812-14. The plan includes
the meeting of the heada and chlefa of
all the republics, and will be only open
to the countries of the new world. I think
the Idea will be carried out on those lines."
Senator Depew has stunned Washington
with what is declared to be the moat mag
nificent automobile ever seen in the capi
tal. It la of the latest French model and
apparently of tremendous power. The first
time he appeared in hla new machine the
aged senator waa wrapped in a huge fur
coat that waa closely buttoned and upon
hla head he wore a raktah-looklng felt hat
whose brim waved gracefully In the wind.
The senator looked better than he has ap
peared In mora than a year. Hla cheeks
were rosy and the old smile that won't
wear off has returned to his face.
Hock Distress of Senators.
. Kansas City Times.
President Roosevelt's majority In the
electoral college, which was larger than
his opponents' entire vote, aaid as plainly
as the people knew how to say It that
they rather like the Roosevelt brand of
"usurpation," which is distressing the
pompous senate to greatly.
Incentive to Hustle.
Sitting on the cushion of prosperity will
send us to sleep, while punched by the
prods of adversity w wake up, grasp
the demon of defeat and conquer him.
Forceful F.sTcct of n load.
The national debt of Japan Is about one
billion. It seems that tn aome cases a
big debt la a better preservative of Inter
national peace tliao a big navy.
Friend Telegraph: Nebraska now has s
young man filling the chair of chief execu
tive, who will be not only a credit to him
self but to the state at large.
Fremont Herald (dem.)t We have much
faith In Governor Sheldon. He Is a mat
nMeert young man. He Is finely educated,
a student, a man of warm sympathy and
naturally a kindly disposed young man.
Let us hope he will quickly see the errors
of his predecessor and take advantage of
Columbus Telegram (dem.l: Taken as a
whole, the message of Governor Sheldon
must be favorably received by the people
of the state. It bears the stamp of honesty
and an earnest desire for the public wel
fare. If the legislature shall he brave to
carry out the recommendations of the new
governor the result must be salutary.
Holdrege Cltlsen: Governor Sheldon owes
his nomination and election not to anv
special Interest or corporation. . but to the
Nebraska people who have believed in hlin
and the principles he advocated during the
campaign. We believe Governor Sheldon
will give us the best administration we
have had in the state for many years.
Central City Nonpareil: Governor Shel
don's message has a ring of sincerity and
fairness about it and reminds Its readers
of the speeches he made In the campaign.
His recommendations are not numerous,
but they are Important. On the whole the
message Impresses on With the belief that
Nebraska at last has a governor In the
Wood River Sunbeam: Nebraska may ex
pect much from the hand of Governor
Sheldon. He has the confidence of the
people. He takes the office In history
making times. His Inauguration wan an
epoch In the history of the state and it
Governor Sheldon ts not eoual to the
emergency he will prove a disappointment
to thousands of people In the state.
Albion News: The Inaugural address of
Governor Sheldon was no disappointment
to his friends and supporters. It bore the
Impress of sincerity and a determination
to carry out the promises made tn the pre
election campaign. There were no glitter
ing generalities In his recommendations,
but he called everything by Its right name.
He stands firmly for a fulfillment of the
Falls City Journal: Governor 8heldon
has taken hold of hla part of the work
and he Is just the same mnn that he was
whon asking for votes. He Is atlll a be
liever In the same principles and he is
still lust as determined to do all that he
can to right the wrongs that look the
biggest. It Is a safe prophecy that Gov
ernor Sheldon will havo more friends and
admirers at the end of his term than ho
: Beatrice Sun (Ind ): In hla inaugural
message Governor Sheldon speaks out
against the promiscuous junketing habit
as an unwarranted expense, and suggests
that a joint committee visit nil of the atate
Institutions and ascertain their needs be
fore making appropriations. He also recom
mends that passes be abolished. The new
governor declares himself In great shape,
and It Is to be hoped that he will remain
Weeping Water Herald: Nebraskans are
expecting great things of their governor,
and If he has the co-operation of the law
makers the people will not be disappointed.
The odium of bad laws will attach to -our
executive, and good ones will redeem his
credit, even though he has no voice In
their passage, tie has a veto and a sanc
tioning tbwer, though, and Is In a great
measure responsible. We believe the beet
administration the state has ever enjoyed
will be that of the next two years, tor our
legislative body ts in tor reform and just
laws. . , - . ' Wi '.'. .' 'i
' V'i. r un .i
A SWEEPING DECISION.
Increased Vitality Pnt Into the Bher
aaan Antltrnst Act.
V Washington Poet.
Decisions of the federal courts have for
several years past, in cases where th con
tentions or pretensions ot mergers, com
bines or trusts have been at issue, been
extremely discouraging to both the capital
ists and the legal talent in their service.
Beginning with the great victory won by
Attorney General Knox In the Northern
Securities case, there has been an almost
continuous series of decisions by th su
preme and district courts In favor of the
government. The latest and on of the
most Important of these Is that of Judge
Landls In the United States district court
of Chicago, delivered last week, which
means that th purification of rebaters
through an "Immunity bath" will here
after be Impossible. The suit was brought
against th Standard Oil company for ac
cepting preferential rates on shipments ot
oil. Judge Landls overruled the demur
rers, brushed aside all technicalities and
struck out for the heart of the question.
The repeal of the Elklns act, he said, did
not exculpate any who had violated that
act and escaped Indictment. Tha more
stringent law, with heavier penalties, which
was enacted In Its place, ha said, now ap
plies. He stated the object of the act of
the present congress in terms that are as
Intelligible to the general reader as to
persons learned in th law. "What was
th purpose of congress," said he, "In re
pealing th Elklna law and passing a rate
law still more strict and carrying heavier
penalties? Tha thing sought by congress,"
he declared, "was a fixed rate for all ship
pers. The thing prohibited was a depar
ture from that rate." It begins to look aa
If the rebate law would be found much
less difficult of enforcement than has gen
erally been expected. A very prominent
attorney In- Ohio Is quoted as having aaid
that "Judge Landls has don for tha in
terstate commerce act, by hla decision,
Just what Secretary of War Taft did for
th Sherman anti-trust aot as a judge
In Ohio. He has put life Into th act end
mad It a real power. It will com to be
known aa on of th moat sweeping de
cisions ever given on th subject of cor
porate control." Rebating has long been
a source ot almost unlimited outrage, ut
terly fatal to competition, and th ruin of
manr honest business men. Its prevention
is quite as necessary ss Is the preventions
of burglary; In fact. It Is more so, for
th burglar's operations are on a scale
which, compared with that of the rebater.
Valne of Coaanton Conrteslea.
Los Angeles Times.
On of th great questions "still to be
solved is how to make life more bearable
by filling it with those little common cour
tesies that should go with everyday re
lations between people aa they move along
th highways of life together. It la tha
little courtesies that we have learned, aa
human beings, to extend to on another
that almost mure than anything else, make
Ufa worth living. Bad manners and bad
breeding ar among th offenses that make
th way we travel th harder to endure.
And the worst of It la that men appear to
be no better in this respect now than they
were before they had book to read, forks
to eat with and street cars to ride In.
Giving Ton to a Lynching.
Among the other Improvements of our
advanced civilisation Is the ton of th
mob. According to a dispatch from Charles
City, la., "four or five ministers and a
Urge number of women" were In th
crowd that lynched a wife murderer
BASIS OF COMPETITION.
Hnmorona Feature of the Form, In of
Traffic Mannater Stnhha.
Competition hna bern reduced lo a formu
la by J. C. Btuhbs. director general ot traf
fic on the Harrlman lines. The Inter Stat
Commerce commission. Which has been en.
deavnrlng to discover whether Mr. Harrt.
man's absorption of competing roads waa a
combination In violation of Ur, has been
plying witnesses with questions Intended,
to bring out whether pompetldon continued
sfter assimilation, f sually, when the wit
nrssea were pinned down to th fact ot
joint ownership, they were unable to prove
that th keenest competition was to b se
cured by a man competing against himself.
But that never worried Ptubbs. Harrt.
man ownership of competing lines, ha said,
would not make any difference. Mr. Hill,
probably the leading railroad man In the
country, he said, could not, If he would, de
atroy Competition between the Great North
ern and Northern Poclllo because he must
employ vice presidents and general man
agers, and these men have their reputa
tions to make and to uphold. They will,
according to the Btubba theory, work for
their own line against other lines and com
petition is unavoidable. Otherwise Mr. Hill
might aa well supplant these high-priced,
men with $100 clerks.
Th abashed commissioners should go
and abet themselves. How ridiculous their
theory that a man cannot compete with
himself In th light of this revelation!
Th fact that these vice- presidents, so
strenuously competing against each other
to uphold their reputation, may be repre
sented, by the earn agents at t raffle points
Is entirely Ignored by th explanatory
Stubba. So, too. Is th probable fate ot
either vice president who In his mad com
petition against his .rival should so far
forget himself as to Impinge upon th
profits of their joint bos. Tha chances are
that th underling who undertook to get
business by the methods of competition
usually followed by competing lines to the
detriment of his own competitor would
soon find himself out of, a Job.
These Inquisitions on the railroad kings
are a serious busineas, but they boaalonally
hav their humorous episodes, and Stubba
Is one ot them. . -
The prince of Monaco Is again afloat' on
science bent. This time he has sailed for
Spitsbergen to prosecute his investigations
aa to th currents of the upper air.
Th Pittsburg m!!k combine, which raised
Its prices when it thought th peopl were
not looking, mm down with a dull thud
when Its customer would not longer buy.
That Is a pretty' good way to break up a
Milton H. Smith, president of th Louis
villa & Nashville Railroad company, will
resign on March I. His advanced age la
the reason assigned for the step; ho being
now 77 years old. H will be succeeded
by Vice President George B. Evans.
A St. Louis millionaire, F. S. Ludtngton,
will gratify a peraonal whim by spending;
140,000 to see In St. Louts a reproduction
of the Campanile of Venice. The tower
Is to be 200 feet high and will be situated
between the Auditorium' and the chapel
of the Second Baptist church.
Senator Albert J. Beverldge, the youthful
statesman from Indiana, Is the moat Indus
trious magaiine writer in congress. H
contributes regularly to certain publications
and says that but for the money he earns
in this way It would be unprofitable for him
to remain in the senate. Last week Sen
ator Beverldge wrote three articles fpr
magaslnes, for which he received $1,600.
Henry white, the retired American am
bassador of Italy, has presented , Queen
Helana a complete collection of United
States postage stamps, sent, to her by the"
postmaster general at Washington, with
the approval of Prea.dent Roosevelt. She
expressed a desire to have this collection.
Fifteen men are known to be still alive
who served as confederate congressmen
John7 Goode and Roger A. Pryor, Virginia;
A. 8. Colyar, J. D. C. Atkins, Joseph D.
HelBkel and John V, Wright, Tennessee
Hiram P. Bell, Georgia; Henry C. Jones,
Florida; John L. Pugh, Alabama; S. B. Cal
lahan, Indian Territory; J. A. P. Camp-
Pbell, Mississippi; 8. H. Ford, Kentucky;
W. H. Tiubs, North Carolina.
Mrs. Jawback I married you because I
pitied you. Nobody else would.
Mr. Jawback Well, everybody does now.
"8he's very wealthy, of course. " i
"And quite a society woman, I
"Oh! gracious, no. Why, she has chll
dren and actually insists upon seeing them
every day." Philadelphia Press.
Railway Magnate I don't see how th
accident could have happened. We run our
road on the block system.
Unreasonable Person 1 know It. You'r
so busy running out blocks of watered
stock that you can t pay any attention
to the way you run your trains. Chicago
The Sphinx had propounded her riddle.
"What would you do if I got on a crgwded
car and you had a swat?" she asked.
Once again mere man was compelled' t
give It up. Harper's Basar.
The Professor's Wife Bobby has been
very naughty, my dear, and you must whip
him at once.
Th Professor (wearHyV Must It be- donef
Yes; I gave hlra hla choice getting
whipped or going to hear your lectura,"
New York Herald. ...
"I notice you are sticking It out. said
the NeedJo-to the Pin. .--..';
are you coming onT"
- " I ' V. u 1111 41UW
"Oh." replied tha Needle,
Baltimore American.: - .
"sew,' sew !
"History ought to be able to teach us
now something about thes railroad Mas
dents." . j . . j .
"In what way?"
"Why, In former times,' people ' fr-
qunnuy nwi meir neaos Dy me block y-tem."-Phlladelphia
Press. , , ,
"Borne of tha American millionaires are '
people whom we wouldn't think of inviting
to our homes," said the snobbish English
"Perhaps," answered th English woman
who is not snobbish, ''and If It weren't for
some of th American millionaires, a num
ber of us wouldn't hav any bornea."
Washington Btar. - '
New York Bun.
I cannot buy th old foods, ,
I cannot find them now;
I cannot get a can of milk
That never saw a cow.
I wish that I could And th man, .
Who knew another man
That lived next door to him that put
New labels on each can.
From cocktail cherried I am kept,.
(Ukewl-e from cocktails fine)
Because th color on th fruit
la only aniline. ,v
I cannot touch th rarealn ' .' t- i
Without dlgestlv muss: -' "
Th breakfast foods ar labeled, too
It's getting serious.
Th "pies that mother used to make"
(How closely did I watch!) .
Must now have all their inaides taggadt
Bo must th highball Scotch.
What la th us of living thus,
A dreary, dull divorce
From all th things I usd to lovet
This Is reform perforce.
For ollv now Is cottonseed,
And corn Is merely 6a.t;
While Mocha Is a barnyard blend,
And whisky creosote.
Oh, give me hack unlabeled days.
And time for which I weep.
When I could eat all sorts of suUf
And then drop off to sleepl
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