Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 14, 1907, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily Bee
Appropriation! Hare the Call in Both
the lenite and Home.
One ii thi Creation of an Iiland for a Fort
ii tho Chesapeake.
Ebarp Conteet Expeoted in Can it ia
Eoucht to Pnih It.
Only Stumbling Block Jon Appears
to Be Radical Adroratri of
' the Enter! Senate BUI
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13-Some of the
time of the senate and most of the" me of
the house during- the present we- bo
devoted to the discussion of apt. ' n
hllla Tha ..not. mill oi.nxliM. J'-l'
eratlon of the legislative, executive fi (r
judicial appropriation bill and may re.
the Indian bill. The house will flnleh Ii
work on the fortifications bill and will In
turn take up the bill making appropria
tions for the District of Columbia and the
diplomatic and consular service.
Before proceeding- with appropriation bllla
the house will devote a day to miscellane
ous bills In the Interest of the District of
-Columbia, and Monday has been set aside
for that purpose. It Is also possible that
the appropriation bill before the senate will
be temporarily displaced Monday by the
Foraker resolution providing for an Investi
gation of the Brownsville riot. Senator
('ullom, who has charge of the appropria
tion bill, announce his purpose not to
yield the floor again until this measure Is
disposed of, and If he persists In his de
termination consideration of the Browris
vllle matter will necessarily be deferred.
The prospect of receiving Assistant At
torney General Purdy's report on that sub
ject on Monday adds to what already holds
a keen Interest, and a large attendance
may be expected In he senate when It Is
under consideration. Speeches are to be
made by Senators Bpooner, Carmack and
Stone, and It la not expected that Senator
Foraker will permit the closing of the de
bate without further remarks.
The present prospect Is for the practically
unanimous adoption of a compromise reso
lution simply directing an Investigation Into
the occurrence at Brownsville and remain
ing silent on the legal phases of the ques
tion. Salary drab Not Dead.
In tha senate thsra will be an effort to
Incorporate a provision In the legislative
appropriation bill Increasing the salaries
of aenators and representatives from $3,000
to 17, WO, and unless this proposition arouses
debate, the legislative bill probably will be
passed with but little discussion. There
also will be an attempt to restore the
house provision for an Increase of the sal
aries of the vice president, the speaker, of
he TKnise arid the" members of the cabinet.
Some of the members of the house com
mittee on appropriations will try Mo secure
the Incorporation In the fortifications bill
of an amendment looking to the creation of
an Island at the mouth of Chesapeake bay
an appropriating for that purpose about
$3,000,000 when the bill comes up In the
house. General Kelfer and Judge Walter
Pmlth differed sharply over this point In
committee and when Mr. Smith, who op
posed the provision, prevailed there, the
Ohio member announced his determination
to appeal to the house.
The house Is looking forward with great
expectancy to the deolslon of the committee
on merchant marine on the subject of the
ship subsidy bill. The committee will meet
on Tuesday and members say that the
question will be decided finally on that day.
Representative Watson of Indiana, who has
consistently opposed the senate bill, now
announces his willingness to accept a com
promise measure providing for both At
lantic and Pacific mall subsidies to South
American ports and for an Increase of sub
sidy to the Australian line, now In ex
istence, as well as for assistance to a new
line on the Pacific coast to Japan and
China. It Is now asserted by the advo
cates of compromise that only the opposi
tion of the supporters of the full senate
bill stands In the way of a report.
moot Case Friday.
Tha senate probably will return to the die
I ousslon of the Smoot case on Friday, when
Senators Sutherland and Dillingham will
apeak la opposition to the unseating reso
lution. Later Mr. Smoot will address the
seuate la bis own behalf and the discus
sion will be closed by Senator Foraker.
Senator Fulton will make on effort dur
ing the week to get the senate to fix a
day to consider the revised penal code re
ported by blm last week.
Aa important national convention for the
extension of foreign commerce will be held
tO Washington this week. President Roose
velt is expected to address the convention
on Wednesday evening and Secretary Root
also probably will take part In the pro
ceedings. The opening session will be at
10:30 Monday morning and there will be
Ijeetlngj for several days thereafter. The
movement Is under the direction of the New
York Board of Trade and Transportation,
which sent Invitations to the governors of
Uie various states and to numerous com
mercial bodies throughout the country.
Secretary Root will leave Washington
January 17 for Ottawa, Canada, where he
will be the guest of Governor General Grey.
ew York Political Leader and
Commerce Commissioner Bee
the President.
WASHINGTON. Jon. ll-Jaroes Wads
worth. Jr., speaker of the New York as
sembly, bad a confereauo tonight with
President- Roosevelt, In which the New
York political situation was thoroughly
discussed for about two hours. Mr. Wads
worth would not dlauuua tlut conference
further than to say that It related to the
New York political situation and the New
York legislature, but said anything fur
ther on tha subject or any result of that
conference would have to be glvun out at
the White House.
Judswn C. Clements of the Interstate
Commerce commission and Corporation
Commissioner James Ii. Garfield conferred
with President Roosevelt for two hours
tonight, None of the parties would dis
cuss the nature of the conference. Com
missioner Clements returned yesterday
from Chicago, where, with other members
f the commission, he conducted the bear
Ins rahtttn i-i Ik. . - , , ,
Monday, Jnnuury 14, 10OT.
1007 January 1007
sua mom tv i wto tnu rai a AT
X I 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 II 12
13 II 15 16 17 18 10
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31
and colder Monduy. .Tuesday, probably
colder Monday. Tuesday, fair and not
quit so cold.
Temperature at Omaha yesterday:
Hour. Lk-s. Hour. Den.
5 m 22 1 p. m 29
- m it 2 p. , 27
I a. m 21 3 p. m 27
5 a- m 21 4 p. m 28
- m 21 6 p. m 28
Jj a- m 22 p. m 28
' a- m 24 7 p. m 28
1 nr 24 p. m 28
9 p. m 29
Abrogation of grade of lieutenant gen
eral not Intended as a slap at General
Wood. r-MT 1
Appropriation bills have the call this
k In both branches of congress. Page 1
y' .':. tor bringing water supply of
N. 'rpm Katskill mountains across
the ' . yiver well under way. Page S
Rev. Lucius O. Balrd urges Christians
to unite for team work In the church.
Pag 8
Omaha saloons take advantage of Mayor
Dahlman's orders to chief of police, and
keep back and side doors open on Sunday.
Page 1
W. A. Paxton arrived In Omaha fifty,
years ago Sunday. City at that time
only a small cluster of houses. Page 8
Boyd offers extravagant with a good
company Sunday evening, light comedy
at the Burwood, Krug presents a well
known melodrama and the Orpheum a
vaudeville bill. Page 8
Review of senatorial battles In Nebraska
up to the present session. Page 1
Each house of legislature votes sepa
rately Tuesday for senator and Joint ses
sion Wednesday doubtless will see Norrls
Brown elected. Tag a
Special water works committee not yet
agreed on report and chances favor new
franchise for company as a solution of
difficulty. Pag 8
Joint revival meeting of a number fit
Council Bluffs churches opens most au
spiciously. Pag 8
Standpatters are ready to start a bolt
on Senator Dolllver and elect Oovernor
Cummins. Latter Is lending them no en
couragement. Page 8
l see Strong Language In Speaking
., of . the. Present Conflict -with
ROME, Jsn. 13. Pope Plua today re
ceived the students of 'he American college
In Rome, who' were presented by Mgr.
Kennedy, the rector of the college. . Mgr.
Kennedy said the American students were
more numerous than those of any other
nationality here, there being 120 at the col
lege. Pope Plus, after praising the students
for the success they havs attained in their
studies, spoke to them about France, say
ing: "In the war that Is being waged between
the clergy and hell, the expression of unity
and sympathy from Catholics throughout
the world Is the greatest consolation.
America especially has distinguished her
self in this way; indeed. America is a
great credit to us. When you return to
your glorious country follow with the clergy
and the people this luminous example of
solidarity in the tremendous conflict against
the church."
Men on Board Save Their Door,
bet Lose Their Own
CUXHAVEN, Germany. Jan. 11 The
British ship Pengwren, Captain Williams,
from Taltal, Chile, October 6, for Fal
mouth, with a cargo of saltpeter, grounded
off Scharporn, about ten miles northwest
of Cuxhaven, today. Twenty-four men
comprising the crew were drowned and the
cargo Is a total loss.
The tug Vulkan went to the assistance
of the stranded vessel and passing closely
to It, the crew of the Pengwern threw a
live dog and a bundle of clothes aboard
the tug, but disregarded the appeals to
Jump Into the water, so that they might
lie rescued. The tug made repeated at
tempts to reach the Pengwern, but a
heavy sea broke over It and It disappeared
from view.
Italy and France Objeet to Vatican
Bains; Represented . at
. The Hagee.
ROM E. Jan. 13. Unofficial advances made
In an endeavor to ascertain Italy's attitude
concerning a representative of the Vatican
at the coming peace conference at The
Hague have found no encouragement. Al
though the relations between . Italy and
the church are now of the beat the Italian
government does not think it can abandon
the principle established In 1899 when the
papacy was excluded from the first confer,
ence. besides this, there Is now another
country that would strongly object to a
papal representative-France.
J .
Wellmaa Balloon Inflated.
PARIS. Jan. 13.-Walter Wellman's en
larged balloon. In which he hopes to reach
the north pole and which la now Inflated
for the purpose of testing the Impermea
bility of the envelope, was exhibited to a
number of French aeronauts today. M.
Santos-Dumont, M. Deutsch and Count de
la Vaulx and other men prominent In aero
nautics, were present and showed great In
terest In the explorer's plans. Mr. Wellman
considers bis balloon In perfect condition.
French Cardinals Confer.
PARIS, Jan. IS Three French cardinals,
Richard, archbishop of Paris; Lecot, arch
bishop of Bordeaux, and Coullle, arch
bishop of Lyons, are holding dully meet
ings preparing for the coming general as
sembly of bishops. It is stated that these
dignitaries are In full accord with tha
encyclical of Pop piu on th church
queeUou la Franco,
Omaha H Laueer a Thinly Sahara on
the Eabbath Day.
.Many Places Keep Shot Tlsht and
, Those that Do Hnn Keep
Very Orderly Daring
the Day.
"As far as I have observed everything
seems to be quiet and orderly," said Chief
of Police Donahue Sunday when asked
how til 8 elusive saloonkeeper was behav
ing himself after the publicity given to
the recent orders of Mayor Dahlman. "I
have nothing to say for publication re
garding the alleged raising of the lid, ex
cept that the saloons will not be molested
on Sundays providing order Is maintained;
otherwise, the saloonmen .will have to
answer to the court."
Chief Donahue and the mayor had a
heart-to-heart consultation Sunday morn
ing In the office of the chief, presumably
to feel the pulse of public opinion regard
ing the re-opening of the saloons on the
Sabbath after the recent drouth.
While the front doors of most of the
liquor emporiums were scrupulously closed
Sunday, the populurlty In certain quarters
of the orders Issued Saturduy by the mayor
and chief of police was amply attested by
the constant opening and closing of the
back doors to the places of refreshment to
thirsty mortals.
In fact, the "lid" was knocked higher
than Gllderoy's kite, and the man clad
In the snowy white apron behind the highly
polished mahogany was one of the busiest
men In Omaha Sunday.
Home Take no Chances.
After six weeks of Bunday closing, many
of the saloonmen have gotten into the
habit of having one day of rest In the
week, and, although the bars were raised
Sunday, at least one-third of the saloons
In the city were as tightly closed as even
the heart of Carrie Nation would have de
sired. Most of the hotel bars were open
for business, with the exception ot the
Murray hotel, where it was said thai no
chances would be taken, even if the Sun
day opening did have the tacit sanction
of Mayor "Jim." The popular downtown
resorts all did a rushing business, and the
Sunduy opening was as successful as the
periodical "openings" that delight the
heart of the feminine bargain hunter.
It was noticeable that the drug stores
did not appear to be as popular resorts
as they have been for the last few Sun
days. Fewer sales of. "bug Juice" for
"medicinal purposes only" were recorded
at the fifty-seven drug stores of the city
wbere fifty-seven different varieties of con
coctions of vinegar and red pepper had
heretofore been dispensed to a thirsty pub
lic Whisky Brigade" Ont of Commission.
On the mourners' .bench over the broad
oast elevation of the lid were Officers
Waters and Trobey, the faithful members
of Chief Donahue's "whhsky brigade," who
had for weeks'done such valiant duty In
seeing the doors back, front and side of
saloons were kept closed during the re
cent "closed season." No more were they
allowed to paue the streets la search of
saloons bidding for Sunday trade, but were
ordered back to patrol their respective
beats, as Mayor "Jim" had said that they
were sadly needed to assist In the pro
faction of the city Instead of wasting their
strength on the desert air In an effort to
make the saloonmen walk In the way they
should go according to the Slocumb law.
Few arrests were made Sunday for
drunkenness, and even those arrested were
not charged with carrying concealed
weapons In the guise of partially drained
whisky flasks, as has been the case on re
cent Sabbaths.
Proposes to Eliminate Bookmaklng
on Race Tracks and
NEW YORK. Jan. 13. District Attorney
Jerome has started a campaign to eliminate
race betting in this state. He will go to
Albany tomorrow and ask the legislature
to wipe out certain sections of the Percy
Gray law. In one bill he seeks to deliver a
death blow to that section which says that
the only penalty for bookmaklng at the
track shall be recovery of the bet by a
civil suit. In another bill he proposes to
amend the penal code so as to make book
making at the track or any other place a
misdemeanor InBtead of a felony, the pun
ishment to be not more than one year In
the penitentiary, or a fine of $500 or both.
Relating to these two bills, the district
attorney has drawn a bill to provide for
the income which agricultural societies
throughout the state receive through the
provisions of the Percy-Gray law. Instead
of getting a percentage of the receipts, he
provides that a certain fixed sum, not des
ignated in the bill as drawn up, shall be
appropriated out of the state treasury for
agricultural purposes.
Ko Labor or Other . ties to
Oceupy the Attention of
I the Body.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Jan. 13.-The
eighteenth annual convention of the United
Mine Workers of America will convene here
next Tuesday. The convention la expected
to be In session eight or ten days and
about 6U0 delegates are expected.
W. B. Wilson of the Mine Workers said:
"Never In the history of the body have
things been so quiet as they are now
j Though there are a few strikes on in the
I country, none of them Is of much more thin
local Importance, and r.orie will require
' much of the time of the convention In dis
cussion. Upon the whole the miners are
prosperous and we anticipate no discussion
of a sensational nature In the coming con
vention." Old Town Is Moved.
ARBORV1LLE. Neb., Jan. 13 Speclal.)
It Is with regret that the oldest settler
has to see the town of Arborvllle move,
and It Is bard to believe that those who
stood up for Arborvllle In the post should
load thrir business houses on wheels and
mov to th new town of Polk, on the
Union Pacific extension from Btromsburg
to Central City. At first the business men
resolved that they would stay by Arbor
vlll to the last, which meant that Polk
would bavt considerable competition. Tbe
City Improvement company of Polk has
made some flattering offer to owners of
business property and In many cases do
nated lots and paid for the moving of
the buildings and stocks, and one by on
they have left, until all that Is left In
Arborvllle, the Inland city of York county.
Is a postoffice, blacksmith shop and meat
market, and th town la liable to lose
... r-
Alleges Illinois Centrnl Has De
frauded It of Lnrge Antonnt
f Revenue.
SPRINGFIELD. I1L, Jan. 1$. The suit
ft the State of Illinois against the Illinois
Central Railroad will be filed In the su
preme court tomorrow or Tuesday. Prepa
rations were completed tonight by the at
torney general's office. The court will be
asked to order an accounting. The state
cannot ascertain, by reason of the com
plicated records of the road. Just how
much back taxes to claim, but this will
be settled during the litigation.
The state's bill ' of complaint, which
comprises 135 printed pages, declares that
nccordlng to the Illinois Central charter
only one main line and two branches were
authorized constructed: The main line
from Cairo to Lasalie, one branch from
I.asalle to Dunlelth and the other from
Centralla to Chicago. To aid the project
the state gave the company 2.850,000
acres of land. ;
Notwithstanding this restriction, says
the petition, the company in 1877 began
to acquire and build other lines, with the
object of forming a great system. A list
of about fifty such branches is given. The
additions to the charter lines are also said
to Include the Cairo and Dubuque bridges.
The company Is , required lo pay the
state 6 per cent of Its charter lines' gross
receipts and must supply the state auditor
with an annual statement of its property
for the purpose of taxation. The taxes
and the 5 per cent must equal at least 7
per cent of the company's gross receipts.
From 1859 to 1896, says the petition, the
company refused to list with the auditor
Its stock, property and assets for the pur
pose of state, taxation, and refused to pay
Into the treasury an amount equal to at
least 7 per cent of the gross receipts or
Income derived from tho charter lines.
The company Is charged with falling
to credit the charter line's with their pro
portion of the entire system's earnings.
Two cents hns been charged on every 100
pounds of freight Tarried across either
the Dubuque or Cairo bridges, declares
the state, and hundreds of thousands of
dollars thus deducted from the charter
line's Income.
Under the present arrangement the
branch lines are doing a large portion of
the business, but that the charter lines
do not receive their proportion of credit
and hence, another large percentage on
the gross proceeds Is lost to the state.
The company's practice In this respect Is
characterized as crafty, causing the state
to be defrauded put of large sums.
Five People Killed When Passenger
Train Ran Into an
Open Switch.
EL PASO, Tex., Jan. IS. Running at a
high rate of speed. Rock Island passenger
train No. 30, which left here at 6:30 Satur
day evening for Chicago, dashed Into an
open switch at Barney, N. M., 190 miles
north of El Pasot early Sunday morning.
Five persons were killed and eight injured,
none fatally.
The dead:
iHI F. ACKLEY.rmo . OorJo, N. M.,
K. J. RED FIELD, Almo Gordo, N. M.,
ANDREW HERRON. Blsbee, Aril.
The Injured are two Arubs who went
from El Paso, and nine Mexicans.
When the train dashed Into the switch
the engine left the track and turned over,
plr.nlng the engineer and fireman under
neath and killing them Instantly. The ex
press car, dining car and a Pullman were
thrown from the track. Of the eight pas
sengers hurt none will die.
The train wrecked today was In a col
lision on January 2 at Volland, Kan., with
No. 29, on the same road, and thirty-two
persons, mostly Mexican laborers, on their
way to El Paso, were killed, and over
thirty persons were Injured.
Two Officers at Butte Give Sensational
Testimony Before Connoll
ST. PAUL. Minn., Jan. 13. A special to
the Pioneer-Press from Butte, Mont., says:
A sensation has been created here by testi
mony presented late Saturday night to the
council committee which is Investigating
charges of grafting among the police force.
Two police officers charged that Captain
McGrath of the police had Invited them to
Join In a conspiracy to rob a delivery wagon
of the Northern Pacific. Express company
between the depot and the express office.
The robbery, It was stated. Was to have
occurred on the night of November 11 last,
when it was expected a large amount of
currency would be secured. Some one tipped
the plan off to the manager of the express
company, who Immediately telegraphed
to headquarters at St. Paul. A force of
armed guards was rushed to Butte with In
structions to kill If neceaeary to protect
the company's property. This precaution.
It Is alleged, frustrated the plans of the
Strays Two Miles from Its Course
Daring Comparatively Clear
CHATHAM, Mass., Jan. 13.-Straylng
from the beaten track, the Clyde line
freight steamer Onondaga, Captain Bunnell,
bound from Boston for Charleston, and
Jacksonville, struck on Orleans Beach early
today and is in a dangerous position. The
chances of saving the steamer are consid
ered about even.
Two tugs arrived at the scene this after
noon, but no attempt was made to float the
vessel. It Is expected that the greater por
tion of the cargo will have to be lightered
before the vessel can be floated.
At dark tonight the captain shouted
ashore that his vessel was still tight and
showed no signs of breaking up, although
it had been hammering steadily all day and
spray was continually flying over It.
The Onondaga Is 2.155 tons net burden and
carries a crew of twenty-eight men.
Troops Held la Readiness and Pre
( vent Any Berloas Tronble
la Bpala.
MADRID, Jan. 11 There was a gigantic
antl-clerlcal demonstration at Bllboa today
which was attended by some rioting. The
government's precaution In holding the gar
rison In readiness prevented serious dis
turbances. There .was a similar manifestation at Ban
Sebastian, where S0,0u0 persons paraded
about the town, but no clash with, th po
lio resulted
Eeaioni Ami cued for Cutting. Off lank
af Liantenant General.
Iowa Congressman Trying to Find a
"Way to Iacrease the Prodnctlon
of th Fresh Water Clam
or Mussel.
(From a 8taft Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. tSpecial.)-The
house of representatives has gone on
record In opposition to the grade of lieu
tenant general. While the army appropria
tion bill was under consideration this week
In the lower branch of congress, Repre
sentative Dal sell of Pennsylvania, In re
porting a rule permitting the house to vote
on the question whether th grade should
close with the present holder of the dis
tinguished rank. General Arthur Mac Ar
thur, said:
"I believe that there Is an opinion pre
vailing that It was a mistake to create
the office of lieutenant general for any
officer after the death of General Sheri
dan; that the distinction should have been
confined to Generals Grant, Sherman and
Sheridan. But as often as one officer after
another of the civil war attained to the
position where he would be entitled to this
place, If it was to be created, congress felt
It would be unfair to deprive him of what
his predecessors had had. The reason that
existed for giving this distinction to these
officers has now ceased to exist. All the
officers of the civil war who would be
entitled by reason of their seniority to
become lieutenant generals have been pro
vided for, and if the office Is to continue
It will be conferred hereafter upon those
who have no connection with the civil
"I want to say her It la a great mis
take to assume, as I have heard It as
sumed on the outside, that this measure
is aimed at the Interest of some or any
army officer. The measure is intended,
I think, by the house to be passed as a
measure of Justice, because the reason
existing for the creation of the office
has ceased, and the office should likewise
cease with the reason. The legislation has
no particular party or parties in view."
It is generally understood that Mr. Dal
sell was referring to General Leonard
Wood, now In the Philippines, but shortly
to assume control of the Atlantic division
when he disclaimed that the legislation was
aimed "at tho interest of some or any
army officer."
The grade of lieutenant general has had
a series of ups and downs since the be
ginning of the government. Washington
was the first lieutenant general and died
with that rank, although In 1799 the grade
of "general of the armies" was created
by congress, but the act did not take ef
fect so far as Washington was concerned,
because he died a few months after the
creation of the title and before the law
became effective.
Scott was made a lieutenant general by
brevet in 1865. The grade was revived in
1864 with Grant, who became "general of
the armies" In 186. Sherman was made
lieutenant general In 1869 and Sheridan In
18X8, k on whose'; deatTV both grades, gen
eral and lieutenant general, became ex
tinct. Scefleld was appointed lieutenant
general In 1885. In 1900 congress enacted
that the senior major general should have
the rank of lieutenant general, which Is
now the law. The action of the house,
however, abolishes the rank of lieutenant
general, the grade ceasing with the retire
ment of the present holder of that rank,
Arthur MacArthur, who retires In 1909.
The legislation In nowise affects those on
the retired list holding the grade.
Dawson Promises Well.
Albert F. Dawson of the Second Iowa
district bids fHlr to become one of the
strong men of the house of representatives.
If there is anything in training, Albert
Dawson has every reason to expect a use
ful and maybe distinguished career In the
lower branch of congress. For several
years he was the confidential secretary of
William B. Allison, one or the great lead
ers of the republican party in the United
States senate. Dawson took the nomina
tion for congress In the Second Iowa district,-
which has been looked upon as
safely democratic, but In the Roosevelt
landslide of 1904 he beat Judge Wade by
186 votes, the then only democrat In the
Iowa delegation. Mr. Dawson was renom
inated for the Sixtieth congress and con
siderably increased his majority. During
the first session of the Fifty-ninth congress
the young congressman from the Second
Iowa district made his speech on the
"American Hen," which attracted nation
wide attention, and now he is directing
all his energies toward the perpetuation
of the pearl button Industry, which thrives
In his district.
The pearl button Industry, coupled with
the manufacture of pearl button machinery,
amounts to about $10,000,000 a year, $1,500,000
of which Is contributed to the mussel
fishermen In the Second Iowa district. It
Is well known that pearl buttons are made
from frenh water mussels taken from the
Mississippi, Missouri and Arkansas rivers.
So large has the Industry become that the
mussel beds In these rivers are becoming
exhausted Just as the oyster beds along
tho Chesapeake and rivers emptying Into
that bay are becoming depleted, requiring
state legislation to protect the beds from
oyster pirates.
Mr. Dawson, with an eye to continue th
pearl button Industry In his district, be
lieves that the raw material can be per
petuated, and has taken up with the sci
entists connected with the Shell Fish com
mission in Maryland, and one of the most
famous biologists In the United States,
Prof. Oilman A. Drew of the University
of Maine, who, by the way. Is an Iowa
boy, the habits of the mussel with a view
of ascertaining If the seed cannot be propa
gated. Do you know anything about the
life history of a mussel? It Is extremely
Interesting. The mussel lay Its eggs In
an egg pouch In tbe fall of the year. In
the spring those eggs, being released, float
around in the water, and the only ones
which survive attach themselves to the
side of a flsh. as a parasite. They remain
there and grow until they obtain an adult
structure, when they foil off and go to the
bottom of the river to make the freeh
water mussel from which the pearl button
of commerce Is made. It 'is the purpose
of Mr. Dawson to have a scientific Investi
gation made as to what kind of flsh the
seed mussel attaches itself, together with
the habits and life history of the bivalve.
Tho Mississippi valley, according to the
scientists connected with the bureau of
fisheries In Washington, Is the most favored
place for the growing of fresh water mus
sels In the world.
Increased Cost of Building.
No mere forcible statement as to the
enormous Increase of haildlng operations
has been called to th attention of the
public than, the statement made by Chief
(Continued en becoud Pag.
Below Zero Temperature In Eastern
Montana and Western
North Dakota.
ST. PAUL, Minn.. Jan. 13.-Accordlng to
Information received by the local weather
bureau a cold wave of considerable In
tensity has developed In the wake of the
heavy snowstorm In eastern Montana and
western North Dakota. At 8 o'clock to
night the reading at stations In the Cana
dian northwest showed temperatures ran
ging from 14 below aero at Minnesota to
SS below at both Battleford and Swift Cur
rent. In the Vnlted States the coldest place
was Havre, Mont., where there was a sub
aero mark of 22 degrees. Other tempera
tures were: Helena, Mont.. 14 below; Miles
City, Mont., M below; Bismarck. N. D.,
below; Wllllston. N. D., 18 below; Devils
Lake. N. D., 16 below.
The Intense cold will materially add to the
sufferings of those communities experi
encing a fuel famine.
HELENA. Mont.. Jan. 13.-The worst
spell of winter weather experienced In Mon
tana for many years Is now prevailing.
Unusually heavy snow, especially In the
northern part of the state, and extremely
cold weather Is stopping the operations of
trains, endangering the Uvea of cattle and
sheep, and even menacing human life In
remote districts. Old stockmen say the out
look Is more serious for their herds than
at any time since the memorable winter of
1S87-8, when the loss was extremely heavy.
Nine Conteatnnta Assured as Start
ers la the International
NEW YORK, Jan. IS. Cortland Field
Bishop, president of the Aero Club of
America, has announced a list of five sup
plementary prizes, amounting to $3,000, to
be offered In connection with the coming
International cup balloon race on October
19 next In St. Louis. Under the rules gov
erning the race James Gordon Bennett
gives $2,000 to the winner.
(The following supplementary prizes were
announced: $1,000 to the second balloon In
the race, donor unannounced; $750 to the
third balloon, offered by the combined rail
roads running Jnto St. Louis; $500 to the
fourth balloon, offered by Daniel 8. Nugent
of St. Louts, and $250 to the fifth balloon,
offered by a German newspaper In St.
These prizes are for balloons 'traveling
the greater distance. In addition, the
Aero club has decided to offer a supple
mentary prize of $500 for the balloon stay
ing longest In the air. Up to this time, of
the eight countries eligible to enter the
race, only Great Britain, France and the
United States have forwarded their entries,
which guarantees that at least nine bal
loons will start In tho contest.
Last Tuesday Night Especially Tem
pestuous, According to
NEW YORK. Jan. lS.-The French liner
lA -Carole;- front Havre,-arrived In port
today after a stormy voyage.
Among the passengers were R. E. Mac
klsson, former mayor of Cleveland, O.,
who said he had crossed the Atlantic many
times, but last Tuesday night was the
roughest night at sea that he had ever
Major W. Cook Daniels of Denver also
was a passenger on the steamer. He had
been away from home for six years, much
of which time he has spent In New Guinea.
Major Daniels Is a student of anthropology
and some years ago. In London, fitted out
an expedition for a voyage to New Guinea.
He returned to London recently. Major
Daniels has brought much valuable data
regarding the natives of New Guinea as
well as a number of skulls and a large
collection of photographs. He will remain
In this country for a few months and then
return to follow up his researches. He left
today for Denver.
Either Doctor or Gambling to Be the
Victim of a Plot by Pair
of Sharpers.
WASHINGTON, Jon. 13.-What Is charged
by the police to be a scheme to defraud
a . Washington physician out of $6,000 led
to the arrest today of Frank F. Homans
of Paris, France, and David T. Tanner,
alias Townsend, of White Plains, N. Y.,
on the charge of conspiracy. The men
were arrested after Dr. Thomas J. Kemp
of this city had told the police that Tan
ner had made a proposition to him to enter
a deal "to put a New York gambling house
out of business."
Dr. Kemp declares the men assured him
that by Investing $5,000 he could easily
win from $200,000 to $300,000 within one
week. The "get rich quick" scheme ac
cording to Dr. Kemp's report to the po
lice, was that Dr. Kemp was to pay $5,000
and Tanner, who claimed to be manager of
the gambling house, was "to tip Homans
and the physician off on the run of the
cards In a faro game."
(lolck Action of Engineer Saves
Wreck from Bring Mora
WHEELING. W. Vs., Jan. 13.-Early this
morning a tremendous slip occurred on the
main line of the Wabash railroad on the
West Virginia side of the Ohio liver at the
bridge opposite Mingo Junction, O., which
will put the road out of commission for
several days, and In the meantime trains
are being operated via other lines.
Just as the slip started a westbound
freight train In charge of Engineer Charles
McCabe was pasalng onto the bridge. The
engineer felt the track collapsing and
opened th throttle wide. The caboose and
six freight cars of the train were de
molished by the avalanche of earth.
Value of Manufnrtnres Far Exceeds
That of Any Previous
WASHINGTON, Jan. lS.-That ,1906 was
a banner year In the history of the United
States Industrial activity, far outdis
tancing any previous record. Is the deduc
tion of statistical experts of the bureau of
statistics of the Department of Commerce
and Labor.
The value of manufactures, raw materials
Imported In eleven months In the last year,
was $402,0O0.0u0, against $370.000,0X In th
corresponding month of 1905. The total
value of manufactures exported during th
year will axceed $700,000, 00&
- -
In Eiitery cf ttate Only Thrat Wen Hare
Been Twice Elected.
Knnberofthe CanteiU Hare Been Bitter
and Lone Prawn Out
Most rretracted na. lhat of 1891, when
Millard and tieirich Won.
Norrls Brown Receives Nomination
and Hepnbllcna Legislators
Pledged to Vote for His
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Jan. 13. tSpeclal.)-Tlie tw
houses of the legislature will ballot sep
arately for United States senator Tuesday,
and In Joint session Wednesday the result
will be announced and the choice of a suc
cessor to Senator Millard proclaimed.
For the sccoi.d time In the history of tha
state the legislature Is simply to ratify th
choice made In state convention and en
dorsed at the polls, the election of Senator
Burkett two years ago being the first time
that such a nomination was mado effec
tive, although at least twice previous to
1805 the people had expressed a preference
for United States senator, as provided, by
the law of the state, but this preference
had beeij Ignored.
The first senatorial battle In Nebraska oc
curred In 1867, while the capital was still
at Omaha. The principal competitors were
Alvin Saunders, who had been territorial
governor for six years; Algernon 8. Pad
dock, territorial secretary; General John
M. Thayer and Chaplain Thomas W. Tip
ton. The contest was short, aharp and de
cisive. Thayer and Tipton were chosen.
They drew straws for their respective
terms. Thayer securing the longer, or four
year term, and Tipton the short, or two
year term.
At the end of his term In 1869 Mr. Tipton
was re-elected to a full term of six years
after a most exciting canvass. Ills chief
competitor, David Butler, then governor,
came within two votes of carrying tha
caucus nomination. Mr. Tipton, who died
about three years ago, was one of the two
men whom Nebraska has honored by re
election to the United States senate. Gen
eral Charles Fv Manderson being the other
senator who served two terms In succes
sion. Senator Paddock served two terms In
the United States senate from Nebraska, '
but they were not consecutive terms.
Third Contest Fierce. '
The third senatorial campaign. In 1870 "
and 187L was fierce, vindictive and des
perate. General Thayer was a candidate
for re-election and the seat of war Omaha,
whore Thayer then resided. His only com
petitor before th people was A. 8. Pad.
dock, Thayer was supported by General
Grant and the stalwarts who held office
under him, while Paddock headed the op
posing faction. After a desperate battl In
which the backers of both are said to nava
spent huge sums of money In the Dot lag
county republican primaries, Thayer ( ime
off victorious. He carried the primaries
and elected his full republican delegation
from Douglus county, In spite of a bolters'
ticket, supported by many self-styled Simon-pur
republicans.. Regarding himself
virtually elected Senator Thayer hurried
on to Washington, remaining at his desk
In the senate until the legislature convened.
In his absence a new candidate was sprung
In the person of P. W. Hitchcock, who
had kept dlscretly In the background
while-the canvass was pending before tha
people. Hitchcock had been a radical re
publican at the outbreak of the war and
as such had been rewarded by the party
with the office of United States marshal
and territorial delegate to congress. After
the assassination of Lincoln he Johnson
Ized to keep bis grip upon the patronage.
In 1866 he accepted the surveyor general
ship of Iowa and Nebraska at the handa
of President Johnson, and with other of
ficers who had affiliated with democrats at
that critical period, he was summarily de
posed In 1869, after Grant became presi
dent. With a number of "Independent"
republicans and the solid democratic force
Hitchcock defeated Thayer In a pitched
battle before the legislature.
The fourth senatorial contest was fought
In 1876. when Tipton's second term expired.
Although the vacancy occurred south of
the Platte river, Thayer and Paddock
were again competitors. By this time tha
Platte had been recognized as the state di
viding line and It had become an accepted
rule that both senators should not come
from the same side of the river. Thayer
had taken up his residence In Lincoln to
avoid this obstruction during the preceding
year and Paddock had established himself
on a sheep farm near Beatrice. In popular
tongue this migration was called the "trans
fusion of blood from Omaha to the South
riatte." When the legislature convened
the race appeared to be between John M.
Thayer and Elmer 8. Dundy, with Thayer
considerably in the lead. Dundy at that
time resided In Falls City, Richardson
county, removing a year or two later to
Omaha. In the start Paddock mustered
but two lonely votes, with half a dozen
stray democrats to keep them company,
J. N. H. Patrick, who figured as the mon
eyed candidate, was keeping his name be
fore the legislature with the loud and solid
vote of Church Howe. After two days'
balloting Thayer was on the point of car
rying away the prize, when Judge Dundy,
exasperated Jby the alleged alliance be
tween Thayer and Patrick, threw the vote
of his followers to Paddock, who had also
negotiated for and secured the solid dem
ocratic support.
Jay Gould Tnkes a linnd.
The fifth, and up to that time the most
exciting campaign, was fought In 1877. Jay
Gould had personally taken a hand In th
state campaign and the people had been
aroused to a high state of excitement at
the effort to pack the legislature through
his Influence end that of federal officials,
backed by an unlimited supply of money
and patronage. In many. If not most of th
counties, candidates for the legislature were
pledged to oppos the re-election of P. W,
Hitchcock. When the legislature met th
opposing factions confronted each other
like hostile armies, with lines of pickets
from depots to hotels keeping the managers
Informed of every movement. Th field
which opposed Hitchcock was known as th
"quadrilateral." composed of Alvin Saun
ders, Clinton Brlggs. Lorenzo Crounse and
Charles F. Manderson. On the third day
after the balloting began sn antl-Hltchoook
caucus consolidated all the forces of the
"quadrilateral" upon Saunders, and th
nt&l day tine stampede ton 14 evw aU