Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 11, 1907, Page 6, Image 6
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: Fill DAY, JANUARY 11, 1907. The Omaha Daily Bee. FOVNDED BT EDWARD ROBE WATER. .. VICTOR ROSE WATER. EDITOR. Kntered at Omaha postofflc aa eond clas matter. TERMS OF' SrBBCRtPTION. Dally Be (without Sunday) on year... $4 00 Dally Bee and Sunday, ona year 0 Sunday Bee, on year J Saturday Bee. ona year 1 DELIVERED BT CARRIER. r'ally Be (Including Sunday), pet -'IS ally Bee (without Sunday), per week ..lo Fvening Be (without Sunday), per week. Jo Kvenlng Be (with Sunday), per week....lw Address complaint of Irregularltl In de livery to City Circulating Department. OFFICES. 6maha Th Bee Building. South Omaha City Hall Building. Council Bluffs-10 Pearl Street. Chicago 1040 Cnlty Building. New York l6o Home I-tfe Ina. Building. Washington Ml Fourteenth Street CORRESPONDENCE. Communication! relating to newa and edi torial matter ahould he addressed: Omaha Be, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by draft, express or poatal order, payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only I-cent stamp received In payment of mail accounts. Peraonal check, except on Omaha or eaatern exchangee, not accepted. THE BEB PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska. Douglaa County. a: Charlea c. Roaewater. general manager f The Bee Publishing company, being duly worn, any a that the actual number of full and complete coplea of The Dally, Morning, Evening and Sunday Pee printed during the month of December; 1006. waa aa follow! 1 11,870 17 88,870 I 80,880 81.010 4. 81,710 . .......... 81,700 II... 31,760 1 31,760 tO 38,670 'tl 81,690 II 31,00 it 30,890 14 31,710 ft 31,630 It 33,130 tl 31,770 tl.... 31,610 it..' 31,630 10 .' 80,800 11 31,810 31,80 81,880 Sa,080 80,630 81,750 10 II 88,180 II. 11. 83,060 81,880 14 81,80 IS 33,170 14 30,400 Total .888,380 Lea unaold and returned coplea., 8,841 Net total 73,14 Dally average 81,391 CHARLES C. ROSEWATER, . General Manager. Subscribed In my praaence and vworn to (Seat) M. B. HUNOATE, Notary, Public, WHEN OUT or TOW!. Sabacrtber leaf lac Ik eltv tarn porarlly shoald aart To Bee mailed to aen.. AddVc will s changed aa oltn ii reejacstcd. Alaska should now demonstrate the value of its boasted coal deposits by relieving the fuel shortage on the Pa clflc coast. The allegation that the Philadelphia dynamiter came, from Iowa Is more easily believed since the lynching at Charles City. One humane society Is recognized as a good thing In any community, but two humane societies may be too much Of a good thing. dt Persia has really reached a stage where it can change rulers .without a revolution it may soon pans Russia in the race toward enlightenment.. ' , Senator Foraker'8 eagerness for Senator Tillman' to "speak on the Brownsville incident shows that he wants to keep the resolution warm. In preparing a collection of Amer ican antiquities the government board should not forget to. Include : the. ex pired railway pass of a congressman. With but five populist balldts. cat in the Fifty-first representative dis trict, Representative Carlin Is entitled to insist upon being known as a demo- "at- - ' -U, - What the governor. of South Dakota said about North Carolina boTrds may not pasa into proverb, but as a clear cut analysis of the case it Isentitled t recognition. Fort Omaha threatens to take the place of the Indian warehouse as the annual beneficiary of saving work on the appropriation committee by Second district congressmen. . Scientists who declare that eating candy prevents consumption would be received with acclaim did not other scientists declare that eating candy produces appendicitis. Russian revolutionists' seem to think the holiday season should be cele brated as Americans observe, the Fourth of July, but Uncle Sam still holds the record for casualties. - With $1,100 saved in the postage stamp account, Nebraska legislature are pparently going on the theory that economy should bejia at home and It Is to be hoped that It 'will not stay there. Senator Allison expresses doubt as to the enactment of currency legisla tion at this session of . congress. Friends and opponents of pending bills may as well turn their attention to other things. ..-. . Some of our democratic city council men are apparently of the opinion that there Is no need of enlarging the ga company's storage tanks so long a the coupcll chamber Is at all times ready with a reserve supply. The Water board has met once more and re-elected officers for the ensuing year. This is a necessary formality to secure the required signatures to the salary vouchers, whose Issue is the only business of the board. After reading the effulgent eulogy of the minority house leader, who by threatening to bring down a small earthquake frightened a big railroad into giving htm a sidetrack, one would naturally suppose that he spelled his name Tremor Instead of Trenmor. LOOKS LIAS BV81XKFS. It Is gratifying to note from the or ganization of the two houses and the preliminary proceedings, the new Ne braska legislature looks like business. AM accounts seem to agree that the atmosphere In the vicinity of the state house Is decidedly clearer than it usu ally is at this period Tf every second year when the lawmakers commence their abode at the capital. To be sure, the lobbyists are on the ground In ample force with regular headquarters established for the dif ferent railroads and other large cor porate Interests, but-the door-sills are as yet undergoing no serious wear and tear from the procession of incoming and outgoing legislators. The temper of both senate and house. so far as outward evidences go, Is em phatically promising for the redemp tion of the pledges that were the Issue before the people at the last election. Everyone reallzes.that "there Is many a ellp 'twixt the cup and the Up," yet the first prerequisite to the enactment of the expected reform measures Is a manifested disposition on the part of the lawmakers to do the right thing by the people. The disposition seems to be there and if the reforms fall later to ma terialize, the change will have to be charged up either to bad faith or to corrupt manipulation. SUCCESS OF THE KANSAS SYSTEM. If Governor Hoch's statement in his message be true, that the laws passed by the legislature two years ago are saving Kansas consumers of oil more than half a million dollars annually, it Is a striking Illustration of the effi ciency of state regulation. The open ing of the memorable struggle with the Standard Oil octopus in Kansas resolved Itself practically Into legal provision for maximum rates for oil fehlpments' within the state, with en forcement by the Kansas board of railroad commissioners, and with ad ditional restrictions on discrimination in oil prices. For since one region in Kansas -i a large producer of oil. It was the policy of the trust to practice discrimination both in oil prices and in transportation rates and services to destroy competition at every stage of production and commerce. The proofs marshalled In the gov ernor's message establish the fact that the legal limitation upon discrimina tions of all sorts has been vitalized by giving the state railroad commission jurisdiction of complaints of violation and powers to provide remedy. The result on the one hand accordingly is a large number of Independent refiner les in successful operation, rapidly de veloping the rich oil resources which. the OH trust had practically monopo lized, while on the other hand the con sumers are supplied at a lower aver age price than before, which is also equitable to all' consumers, and not extortlonally'htgh to some) and unduly low to others. - l1 - : "The whole matter, however remote some of the consequences may. ap parently be, thus reducos to the en forcement of maximum state rates un der a state railroad commission, com petent and loyal to public Interest, showing clearly that this method of exercising public authority Is likewise adequate , to remedy a multitude of other abuses and wrongs in Industry and commerce within state bounds and perhaps beyond the Jurisdiction of the national government. E&SEXCE OF H All. HO AD COMPETITION. It was of course to be expected that the traffic managers of the Harriman and - Hill transcontinental Systems would endeavor to maintain that' such a combination 'of parallel and' previ ously Independent and competing lines ' under one management, aa each of ' them has - been organized, does not make against competition. That jB.the crux of the investigation before the Interstate Commerce com mission, as it was of the proceedings under the anti-trust law by which the Northern Securities company was ju dicially dissolved. Traffic Managers Stubbs of the Harriman and Hannlford of the Hill combine, each vested with despotic powers over his entire system. or executing the orders of the despotic clique In control, are In the position of defendants, and admission of restric tion of competition by them would be tantamount to a plea of guilty. Yet aside from the specific proof of elimination or Impairment of competi tion by auch combinations. It Is inher ently a contradiction of competitive motive. It is not denied that there may be other motives for proprietary control of a competing road, like economy of administration, avoiding duplication of services and speculative schemes, most of which., however, are Involved in competition, but unques tionably the paramount motive Is Its annihilation, a fact which no sophisms nor protestations of the chief Instru ments for Its accomplishment ran change or obscure. The essence of . proprietorship Is dominion. Competition tinder unified dominion over parallel roads Is as un thinkable a liberty under despotism. Unified dominion In Industry, as In the political fie)d, is potential tyranny, and experience shows that such power, while it might conceivably be "benev olently" employed, will be often self ishly abused, bo that its very exist ence is not only an evil, but the grav est peril to the people. ' The defensive point against this fundamental fact made by the traffic managers when pinned down Is merely a play upon words, whereby they sub stitute for "competition" the mere seal, activity and Interest of employes of parallel roads after the very ground had been cut from under competition by common control. But the power 4o compete in rates and services Is practically destroyed when an Interest not to compete Is created by merged ownership. The principle of Industrial Inde pendence Is, Indeed, more vital today to the public welfare than ever it was before. A railroad, though necessar ily a monopoly as to mere local ship ping points, could, through discrimi nating rates, charge back onto these any sacrifices of revenue at Junction or points of competition with other roada. While interposing to restrain to no small extent this abuse, the law Is now threatened with nullification through .the elimination of all compe tition by common ownership or con trol of previously competing roads. What now concerns the public Is the fact of the ominous peril of whose ex istence there have recently been such surprising revelations. Relief depends largely upon due appreciation of the conditions confronting us as a pre requisite to ability of the public au thorities to apply the remedy at the right place. A A STIMULI'S TO LTTiCH LAW. The horrifying resort to lynch law In our neighboring state of Iowa af fords a peculiarly timely illustration of the demoralising tendency of indis criminate executive clemency to crim inals and the stimulus given to mob violence by the undue multiplicity of pardons and paroles. The Iowa lynch ing, apparently participated In ac tively or passively by the entire com munity, is openly excused and justi fied by pointing to a similar case of wife murder in the same county, in which the murderer, after being con victed and sentenced to be hanged, twice received reprieves and then a commutation to life imprisonment. Peoplo seeing convicted criminals es caping merited punishment by the ar bitrary interference of executive par dons are naturally tempted to con clude that the only way to make sure that the law Is vindicated is to take Its execution Into their own hands. This lesson should not be lost upon Nebraska, where the pardoning power has been lately even more flagrantly abused. Prosecuting officers, Judges and juries have been doing thelrwork In this state largely to no avail be cause the penitentiary has had an open door for prisoners to walk out by tlcket-of-leave purporting to be a par don, commutation or parole handed to them by the governor without even setting up any claim in mitigation of their offenses. It is simply good for tune that the fair name of Nebraska has not been besmirched with the odium of a lynching now and then to make sure that some red-handed vil lain should not go unwhlpped of Jus tice. In view of the suits to annul merg ers of competing railroads the pro vision of the Nebraska constitution is worth remembering. The men who framed this Instrument inserted the following clause: No railroad corporation or telegraph com pany shall consolidate its stock, property franchisee or earnings, in whole or In part, with any other railroad corporation or tele graph company owning a parallel or com peting line; and In no case shall any con solidation take place except on public notice of at least sixty day to all stock holders in such manner as may be pro vided by law. A subservient 'supreme court in days gone by has taken the edge off of this prohibition by holding that two roads connecting the same points were not parallel because they intercepted at their terminals, nor competing be cause Intermediate points on one road had no benefit of the other. But or dinarily, if the Harriman and Hill in- terests undertake to consolidate their holdings In Nebraska this section of our constitution might at least make them trouble. The sale of a farm of 400 acres In Douglas county several miles from Omaha at a price averaging $125 an acre Is striking testimony to the In creasing land values in thla vicinity. Doubtless the Improvements on the farm represent a considerable part of the purchase price, but even taking that Into account such a figure testi fies strongly to the. prevailing pros perity. A fight over pure food legislation Is sighted by the law-makers at Lincoln. The fight, however, Is not to be so much over restrictions as to food adul teration; but aa to whether the super visory powers shall be vested in the board of health or in a pure food com mission. The psospect of a few sala ried Jobs Is always enough to precipi tate a fight. The redoubtable Charles Wooster ccmea to the front with a qualified de fense of the hireling lobby. Wooster Is Inclined to believe that the law maker who Is approached occupies the same position as the woman who winks, and he is sure that no one ever approached him improperly when he was in the legislature. Some railroad managers say that Inability to punish employes ade quately for disregarding rules Is re sponsible for many accidents. As it Is an open secret that the operating departments otten wink at such disre gard of rules until an accident occurs It might be Well to apply adequate punishment all around. The charge that Senator Bailey bought a ranch with money famished by H. C. Pierce would be of greater interest at Washington if the United States owned unoccupied land in Texas. And now the farmers' Institutes are resolving themselves Into advisory bodies to Indicate to the legislature what lawa are demanded by the peo- pie. To be effective the institute dates will have to be moved up in or der to permit them all to speak before the law-makers get out of hearing. The first ballot in the Michigan sen atorial caucus disclosed one Smith with 35 votes, another Smith with IS votes and still another Smith with 2 votes. The Michigan Smith family should hold a reunion. There Are Olhera. Portland Oregontan. Oregon legislators who, for obvious rea sons, will very soon buy tickets to Salem can And a precedent in Jonah, I, 3, wherein It ways, among other things, "He paid Ma fare thereof, and went." Jmmt Like the Otkera. , Minneapolis Journal. Mr. Guggenheim of Colorado Is aston ished that anyone should quastlon his right to pay the campaign bills of the legisla tors who are to elect him to the senate. Why, they all do that! Starting Ont for a Record. Baltimore American. Fire, wrecks on land and sea and epi demics have marked the beginning of the new year. Destiny certainly seems to be after humanity just now with a big stick. Or It may be that events are shaping them selves to show an unsuspected amount of human agency in the big disasters of the world. Temptation to Mpelllnc Reform, Baltimore News. President Roosevelt has been elected an honorary member of the Gaelic society of Chicago because of his proficiency In the Irish language and literature. Has It been taken Into consideration what temptations to spelling reform Gaelic combinations of consonants present to one addicted to suoh ventures T Overworked Trainmen. New York Tribune. One of the engineers in the railroad wreck near Washington swears that he wae on duty continuously thirty-three hours and had had only eight hours' sleep In fifty seven hours. If that Is true he was In no condition to have charge of a locomotive, and putting him In a place of auch responsi bility showed a reckless disregard of human life. If his case Is typical, aa la reported, of what Is going on throughout the country, point Is given to Mr. James J. Hill's re marks on the present danger of railroad traveling. Banishment of Lobbyists. Philadelphia1 Record. The professional lobbyist who takes money for his lobbying is an unmitigated nuisance. Governor Folk of Missouri pio poaea to aboIlBh htm. A bill la now under consideration in the Missouri legislature which makes the act of taking money for legislative lobbying a mtsdomeanor.. lov ernor Sheldon of Nebraska recommends a similar statute. Something haa been dona in Pennsylvania to temporarily drive away from the precincts of the capltol the brasen assemblage of bowses who, speaking in the name of party organisation, dominated the work of legislation. If the paid lobbyists could also be banished there would be a great resulting Improvement not only In the promotion of legitimate measures, but in the defeat of Illegitimate schemea bol stered by corrupt methods. PI HE FOOD LAW. Necessary Fond for Enforcement Provided by Coaarreaa. St. Louis Republic. ' Now that congress haa mnde an appro priation to enforce the pure food taw, we may expect to see the effects of Its 'ap plication to the evils It is Intended to cor rect. Some criticism has been directed against what has been .called the insuffi ciency of the appropriation to carry out free operation of the measure. Whatever the merits of this clnlm may be, enough money haa apparently been provided to at least prove the efficiency of the law. Public Interest In the early en forcement of Its provisions is vital, since a careful scrutiny of the statute shows that it possesses the essentials of a powerful remedy against adulteration of food. Being Interstate in lta scope, the measure J strikes at the very root of the evil in that It prevents the shipment from one mate to another of articles of food that fall within the restrictions. Investigation which pro ceded the enactment of the law, and upon the results of which It was framed, demon strated that many of the adulterated foods were of the kind manufactured for export throughout the country. While under the law the manufacture of these adulterated foods cannot be pro hibited nor thalr sale restricted In the state where they are produced, the effect of the measure should cripple the Industry In a way that will destroy the greatest profits In the making. The tnattor of pro hibiting the manufacture or sale of adul terated foods within any state i left to the legislatures of the several statea. Already In a number of states steps have been taken to bring about this very relief. The action of the federal government In attacking the evil through Its Interstate regulations will undoubtedly lend Impetus to the effort's of the states to protect the public health from the effects of Impure products. BRUAKIXO THE CHA1XS. Political Grip of Corporation Hear ing the End. Chicago News. From many wtstern states are reported moves to break three big links In the chain whereby the railway corporations have held the political and Industrial life of the na tion and the slates mora or less bound. Sixteen commonwealths contemplate legis lation to extend provisions of the new na tional railway regulation statute to within state commerce. As things atand. for ex ample, a railway can keep on giving re bates on business that begins and ends In a given state. The federal government's luck of Jurisdiction, over such commerce leaves a wide opening for abusea within state borders, and possibly a loophole for manipulating discriminations on Interstate business. Paisra have given to tho railway com panies their most subtle meana of con trolling politics. Under the new law for bidding the giving of free tickets for In terstate rides It might be possible for a railway lohbylst to give a Chicago political heeler desiring to go on his line to Iowa, for Instance, two tickets, one from here to a station on tho Illinois bank o( the Mississippi river and another from a point on the wrst bank to hia destination. Be that as it may. the average politician says of state passes alone that "they help some." Seven western states-are reported as con templating antl-pnaa legislation. ' As railways have subtly held control of politicians through the pasa, so the bosses have mysteriously dominated the voters by moans of the back room caucus. Direct primary legislation la planned In four states, and in Illinois It la urged, that the present law be tightened. All of thla legislation will b opposed. Railway lobbies may circulate local pasaes more freely than ever.' Politicians will be reluctant to give up even the state-pass graft ami slow to give over to the voters their control of politics. Citizens of all commonwealths should remember how pub lic opinion brought recent national legisla tion and should concentrate auentlua upon their (cspicllv stats houses. BITS OF ASI1I1GTO- LIFE. Mlaar Srenes anil tneldeata Sketched a tke Spot. The medal constituting part of the Nobel peace prise recently awarded President Roosevelt by the Norwegian Storthing la a solid plate of gold about four inches In diameter and contains ISO worth of the yellow metal. It bears the profile head cf Alfred Nobel, with the dates of his birth and death on one side, and on the other three male figures, two of which are strug gling In combat and the third Is acting as peacemaker. Surrounding the figures are J the words, "Fro pace et fraternltnte gen tium" "For the peace and brotherhood of nations." The president's name Is deeply out Into tbs rim of the medal. John Sharp Williams was chatting pleas antly with Charlea H. Groavenor, James W. Wadt-rrth and Joseph W. Babcock, all seeming to be In the merriest of moods. A southern congressman observed the quar tet disapprovingly and later Bald to Mr. Williams: "Seems to me you are getting pretty thick with republicans, and high tariff, stand pat republicans at that I" "Tea," was the quick reply, "those fellows are republicans alt right, and of the dyed-in-the-wool type. I only wish that there were more like them." "Why er Isn't that treason T" stammered Mr. Williams" friend. "Not a bit of It. sir. They are defeated republicans," said the gentleman from Mississippi, aa he strode to his seat. A notable feature of President Roose velt's administration which HHs not at tracted wide attention Is the number of men of large wealth who are serving the public at the request of the president, re lates the Washington Herald. Mr. .Roose velt has not attached them to the publlo service because of the wealth, but because of special fitness which he recognised In them. Among the rich young men who have been put In prominent places by Presi dent Roosevelt are Assistant Secretary of State Robert Bacon, James Rudolph Gar field, soon to be secretary of the Interior; John E. Mcllhenny, civil service commis sioner, and Olfford Plnchot, the official na tional forester. The fortune of each of these gentlemen Is large and their govern ment salaries represent, a mere pittance in their cost of living. Mr. Bacon mnde his fortune aa a member of the firm of J. Plerpont Morgan A Co., while Messrs. Gar field and Plnchot inherited the greater part of their fortunes, as did also Mr. Mcll henny. Otljer persons of ample fortune who are doing valuable work for the gov ernment, but who are not much heard of, are Theodore Gill, one of the world's greatest authorities on fishes, and Dr. Har rison O. Dyer, who is said to know more about mosquitoes than any other living man. Numerous other rich men are on the government pay roll at nominal sal aries,' working for the pleasure of "doing things," as President Roosevelt likes to put It. The president Is said to be con vinced from his long experience in public life that if decent and ungreedy rich men were more numerously represented In office there would be less danger of official graft and corruption. A circular Issued by the National Grocers' association, advising members that there Is nothing In the pure food law that prohibits the sale of goods containing coloring mat ter or preservatives, and that "fictitious names may be used with Impunity . until next October," caused Secretary Wilson of the Department of Agriculture to utter a few warm words of advice and warn ing. "While the machinery for en forcement haa not . been completed," said Secretary Wilson, "the law is In force and any merchant or manufacturer who violates It does so at his peril. If any of these gentlemen think they can defy tit law with impunity, - let them try it." ' The secretary sold that' labels now In the hands of manufacturers and dealers may be used until the 1st of October, because the department has no desire to Impose upon them a heavy loss. "But," said the secretary, "on all prod uct entering Into Interestate or foreign Commerce It will be necessary to have a label that will show what the package con tains. If the old label does not show thla, a paster put upon the package must show it For Instance, If a package contains cottonseed oil, either the label or the paster must show that It la cottonseed oil, and not olive oil. If unwholesome color ing matter Is used by the manufacturer, he will lay himself liable to prosecution. NO aniline dyes, or deleterious preserva tives will be permitted In food products, and manufacturers may aa well make up their minds to that and adjust their busi ness accordingly." A bill granting a pension of $26 a month to Mrs. Stonewall Jackson, the widow of the distinguished confederate general, Is pending in the senate. Jackson waa a graduate of th West Point Military academy and served In the United States afmy several years before the civil war. Upon the occasion of the visit of President and Mrs. Roosevelt to Charlotte, N. C, last year Mrs. Jackson was one of the first persona the president met. He presented her to Mrs. Roosevelt and .the two paid a visit to the home of Mrs. Jackson, who has lived In Charlotte many year. Senator Cullom la over 70 and has given up smoking. When he was taken 111 In the Navy department recently the naval sur geon who was called In pronounced It a tobacco heart from overindulgence and directed him to abstain. Senator Cullom promised and haa kept his word, but he laughs as he says: "It Wasn't ao much of a Job as the doctor thought It would be, for I often didn't amoke for a month at a i time and never more than one cigar or a part of one a day. PERSONAL KOTB9. Llllle Langtry, vaudeville queen, becomes Lady de Bathe, and tha British aristocracy may be counted upon to raid the show. Captain James E. White, general super intendent of the railway mail service, haa resigned after serving sixteen years In that position. He retires because of Ill-health. John D. Rockefeller again admonishes the people to be economical. Wnen a man Is handing out advice he always insist upon giving that for which he haa the leat use. Israel Munson Spelman, Harvard's oldest living graduate, celebrated his ninetieth birthday on December SO. He Is a graduate of the class of '36. He was at one time president of the Boston A Maine railroad. Rudyard Kipling, who dislikes the winter climate of England, will blot out the win ter months from his calendar iy a visit to South Africa, where he has k beautiful house near Cape Town, given to him by Cecil P.hodes. Emperor William, among other Christmas tokens he gave to Ambassador Tower, presented him with a large portfolio of drawings by the (amour artist Menial, dealing with military subjects of th time of Frederick the Great. A California woman married a man who bad lost both lege and an arm In a railroad wreck, and then ah engineered the lawsuit whereby he gut a verdict of 10(W damage. And yet they say that woman has no head for business. Milton H. Smith, president of the Ixmli. ville a Nashville Railroad company, will resign on March I. His advanced age la the reason assigned for the step, he being new 77 year old. He will be aucceedeJ by Vic President Coorgc B. Evans. MARK3TS THRt'BT O t 8. tmmlaratloa aa a Dosres of National Prosperity. Van Norden"s Magazine. We hellevs that this nmgatlne Is the only periodical that has laid emphasis on the existing phenomenal Immigration as a leading cause of our unprecedented pro perlty. The following table show-! the num ber of Immigrants for a number of years: Tear ended June . 1RW . 4r.:.:R? . jii.ns . 44S.R72 . 4-.!i-; . MS.743 . ir,7.Mfl . SI 2.87 .1.0"7.4n Tejir ended June lm Tear ended June , lv Tear ended June ., lwio Tear ended June Sn. 1iil Year ended June SO, 192 Tear ended June . 11 Year ended June SO. 14 Year ended June SO, Ju5 Tear ended June 80, 19U8 .1,0B1,3.T3 It will be noticed that figures suddenly rose In the summer of WQ. the beginning of the present vast Industrial activity. The year 1905 passed the million mark for the first time, and so striking I the Im-rease thla season that a dally paper reports that the secretary now pred!ot that next Juno SO will show an Immigration of l.fioo.ooo. Think of It; at that rate a city as large as Albany added to our population every three weeks the year round! ' Every year, at that rnte. will add to the republic a population equal to the'cltles of Boston, Rochester, Syracuse. Albany, Buf falo and Pittsburg combined. Every Immigrant murt wear shoes and clothea and be fed and housed. Wbcn It was announced that a half of San Fran cisco was to be rebuilt, but for the same population as before, our traders and man ufacturers shouted with delight at . the prospect of so much business; but how overwhelming Is the thought that Boston. Rochester, Syracuse, Albany, Buffalo and Pittsburg aro not only to be wholly built anew,- but that a population equal to what they had" In 1900, and a population that never existed before In this country, must not only be provMed with houses, but clad, fed, given many comforts and luxuries, be sides providing employment for doctors, lawyers, teachers, railway men and a hun dred classes of wage earners! Will prosperity continue? Nations are struggling fiercely for "new markets" for their wares. This favored land of ours Is having great markets thrust upon It. for In the coming ten years, with immigra tion at this year's rate, the populous lands of Holland, Belgium, Denmark and Swlts erland that Is, their, equivalent in numbers will be added to our people, and this "new market" will be absolutely our own; no nation can Interfere with It. To care for this mighty movement rnll roads must Increase their rails and equip ment; new turnpikes must be built; as many fr.?torlea of all kinds must be opened as existed in 1SW; the mines must be made to produce 15 per cent more than they do now; we shall require millions more of bales of cotton, and the farmers will need to use their utmost skill to produce enough food for the enlarged number of consumers. Imagine the demand for electrical appli ances alone that such a migration will muke. A KORUOTTKX PIRLIC. Railroad Managers Drifting Away from Patrona of Roads. Minneapolis Jourral. B. F. Yoakum, chairman of the executive committee of the Rock Island, made a state ment to the New York Herald the ether day which is worth noting in connection with the current discussion of the relations between tho railroad and the public. Mr. Yoakum had been out on an extended in spection tour, talking with the people along the line, studying tholr interesta and In forming himself with regard to the ability and dispoeltion of that road to serve its publlo to the beat advantage, and when he got back to New York he had reached the conclusion that what was needed waa a more mtlmate and friendly relation between the railroad and public. He said: ''In devoting our efforts to the development of the railroad I fear we have been forgetting the real owners in other words, the men along the line who art shipping their cattle, produce and mer chandise, and whose Interests are bound up with the property." By "the real owners" Mr. Ycakum, of course, meant to symbolise the obligation whioh the rail road owes to the public along its line, to the business men of all classes who have taken it for granted In developing their business that the railroad will furnish St reason able prices the service which the public along Its line, to the business will require. He continued, "A corporation whose man agement Is closely Identified and stands on friendy terms with citizens of the com munities served has In their good will and friendship an asset of Inestimable value." and he believes that a better understanding "would have a wholesome effect in stopping the present unnecessary agitation against corporations." "Owners and managers of great corpor ations," he says, "have unfortunately dur ing the last few years drifted away from direct contact with the public," and by s doing have suffered. What Mr. Yoakum calls attention to Is a natural result rail road and other kinds under control of n few. The management cf tho Ircal enter prise comes in contact with its local public and Is interested In that public s weirare. The local enterprise absorbed In the trust or the railroad merger falls into tha control of men who have no personal interest In local concerns, and erect between them selves and the publlo they aerve a feeling of remotenes and Indifference wnicn destroys the interest of the local public and sacrifices Its sympathy and goodwill. But what else Is to be expected If the railroad Is to be operated as a stock-dealing enterprise whose management Is Inter ested chiefly. If not solely, in the extraction of the largest posnlbte net earnings for the payment of the largest possible dividends, regardless of whether the service rendered Is satisfactory or the physical condition of the property is able to meet the demands likely to be made upon It? Mr. Yoikum has touched upon a live Issue. His ex planation of the difficulty Is In large meas ure the correct one. It is significant that It comes from a railroad man of so much prominence. . Labels of the Slew Era. Springfield Republican. Th old label was "Raipberry Jam;" but now It reads, "Compound apple Jelly, raspberry flavor." Another old label waa "Vermont marl syrup:" but now It reads, "Vermont syrup, mad from choicest maple and cane sugar mixture." It's a new year and a new era In commercial honesty. INDIA AND CEYLON Tea Comes from the txtt tea gard us cf the world and reaches your table with its native purity and delicious flavor. If you hare never ufd Tetley'a you have never tried the bent tea growu. McCORD-BRADY CO., Wholesale Agents, Omaha. READY FOR THR THIRD FALL. (Ir)iis Ready to Foreclose Ilia Mrt aa oa the Democracy. Brooklyn Eagle (Ind. Dem.). Formal application for first place on th next presidential ticket of the democratic party has been filed by Mr. Bryan, who has had some cxierlence as a candidate. True, he has not said, In so many words, that he wants th nomination, but thr can be no doubt about the meaning of We recent pronouncement. Calling attention to the fact that he has net said he would not, ba a candidate, he protests that sucn a nigit honor Is something no American citizen should decline. This Is not subject to variety of Interpretations. It has all th significance, though not the phraseology of an application. It serves notice upon th country generally and the democratic party more particularly. Also. It is the plainest ' sort of an Intimation to other aspirants a sort of keep-off-the-nrasa notification. So, the democratic kismet materialises once more, boblng up, as it were, with typical serenity. He made a poor record at the polls In 18 and a worse one four years later, but nothing In the political code prevents him from referring his traduccrs, respectfully or otherwise, to th Mill poorer showing mnde by Alton B. Parker. Moreover, he has the further con solation of knowing that much of the thunder he exploited as a nominee has, according to his statement cf the caaa, been stolen by one Theodore Roosevelt, , which theft he construes Into a compliment, because Mr. Roosevelt happens to be presl- ' dent. It Is further construed ns an Indorse ment, a vindication, a Justification, with more to the same effect. j Mr. Bryan makes no exception when h says "such a high honor Is something no American citizen should decline." He d'-s not even except the present Incumbent of the office of president, notwithstanding th fact that Mr. Roosevelt has almost regis tered a negative vow in heaven. However. It Is worth while recalling that at rhort Intervals Mr. Bryan reminds the president of tills vow, fearing, perhaps, that possibly he will forget it. He may. He haa Just received warrant for forgetfulnesa from Nebraska. He has Just been told that no American citizen should decline, and h la an American citizen. Unfortunately. Mr. Bryan cannot run both conventions. He cannot prescribe a pro gram for the republicans. It Is not with in his province or Jurisdiction, to tell th party In power that It should dismiss from its mind all thoughts of Theodore Roose velt, thus taking the president at hie word. So Mr. Bryan must take his chances. Ho must foreclose the mortgage he has or seems to have upon the democratic nomi nation, with tho possibility that the prefer ences of Roowvelt will not be consulted when the next national convention of th republicans, having disposed of preliminar ies, gets down to serious business. Al ready a Roosevelt league la In existence which is to say, the campaign for another term for the president has begun. Well, the republicans can afford to "abide tho event." Apparently, the democrats havo no choice. The man who did not bellcvo In miracles was asked what view he would take of the case of one who fell three times from the roof of a fifteen-story building without injury. The first fall he called an accident, the second a coincidence, the third a habit. Tho party ha contracted tha Bryan habit. Though the Parker nomi nation was an Interlude or lntermlpslon. the habit persists. Those who look for availabilities elsewhere find scant cause for encouragement the kismet Is there, with every grappling Iron out. He Is on th roof, ready for tho third fall. MIRTHFIL REMARKS. "That man's too mean to swear off any- "iiaay. Don't Judge' him harshly. You never saw him in action about the time Ola taxes ware due did you 2" Philadelphia t Ledger. ' "The pirrot that Jack gave his fiancee for a Christmas present broke off their en gagement." "w hy t" "Because the parrot kept saying, 'Klsa your Nellie, Jack,' and his fiancee's noma la Margaret." lialtlmore Ameilcan. "Yes, his wife refused to vote at the election and he says all the other women In the club are awfully mad." "What reason did she give?" "Said she hadn't been introduced to any of the candidates." Cleveland Plain Dealer. "I suppose," said the bachelor, "when you have some serious Illness It niUBt ba a great comfort to be married." "Well," replied Henpeck, "sometimes when you're married It seems as if It would be a great comfort to have some fatal Illness." Philadelphia Press. "Do you expect that bill you Introduced In congress to pass?" "No," answered the statesman, "but It will serve its purpose as a reminder to my constituents that I am here." Washington Star. Opportunity had knocked at a ma.n's door and there had been no response. "The lazy, good for nothing sluggard!" exclaimed opportunity, turning away. "1 .sn't worth a minute of anybody's time!" From which we learn that Opportunity rometimea keeps on knocking. Chicago 1'ribune. "That western poetess we met th other night is all soul. "I know slut is." "You have read her poems then?" "No." "Then how could you tell?" "I saw her feet." Baltimore American. THE MAM WHO DIG. , Louis E. Thayer in Success. H wanted a Job, and, like everyone else, He wanted a good one, you know; Where his clothes would not soil and his hands would keep clean, And the salary mustn't tie low. He asked for a pen but1 they gave him a spade. And he turned half away with a shrug, But he altered his mind, and, seising lbs spude he dug! He worked with a will that I bound to succeed. And the months and the years went along, The way it was rough and the labor was hard, But his lienrt he kept filled with a song. Some Jeered him and sneered at the task, but h" plugged Just aa hard as lie ever could plug; Their words never seemed to disturb him a bit as he dug. The day ra-ne at last when they called for the spade And gave him a pen in lta place. The Joy of achievement was sweet to his taste And victory shone in his face. We rnn't always get what we hope for at first Success cuts many- queer Jigs. . But one thing Is sure a man will succeed If he digs.