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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1907)
THE OMAITA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, JANUARY 4, 1907.
NEW OFFICERS IN CHARGE
Governor Sheldon, on Taking Offioo, Cffin
Enrmtioaa to Lawmaker.
RETIRING fXECUTlYE DELIVERS MESSAGE
work for Legislator la Oatllaed la
8b art Address by Sheldoa
a4 Uairr Oae by
(Continued from First Pas.)
economy. The total estimate for current
nni during the next blennium marts
by tha heed of the several Iniitltiltlona
are o large that It will be necessary for
vou to Investigate thnrntia-hlv tha needs
of these different Institutions 'before mak-l In tha past been paying their full ahara
In the appropriation. Prnmlacuoua iunk- I of the taxea. But tha "union Pacific and
etlng la expensive and In the paat hna not
given beneficial result. It la, therefore,
alncerely recommended tHht a Joint com
mittee be appointed for the purpos of
visiting the never a I stat Inrtltutlona ana
Inquiring Into their actual needs before
the appropriations are made.
Care ef State Flaaaee.
The Indebtedness of the state should be
decreased while tha state la prosperous.
By an act of the last legislature provision
was made for payment of the outstanding
Indebtedness of the state. That act will
Insure the payment of the debt within
the revenue law la one that will permit tho
red ur thin of bona tide Indebtedness, t'ndrr
the present law a mui who la In debt Is
taxed for all that he possesses and for
all that he owea. The debtor class of
rroparty holders should not be compelled
o bear extraordinary burdens or taxation.
Notwithstanding tha fart that almost every
other state permits the deduction of bona
nne aems in some form or another, we are
still discriminating against the debtor
class, which Is neither fair, right nor Just.
The cHIps. loans and vlllse-ea of this
state In almost all Instances have a hlgn
rate of taxation. It Is Important thcefor.,
that property therein be equitably assessed.
at present me resident propeity noiuers
par a very greater proportion of the city.
town and village taxes, according to the
value of their rrnperty, than do the rail
roads which have their terminals within
the corporate limits. The railroads receive
benefits from the cities, towns and villages.
and In rrturn should pay their proportion
of the city, town and village taxes.
Railroad Tax Evasion.
It mar be a debatable Question whether
In great corporation of this state hav
Burlington railroads have refused to pay
In full the taxes which have been regularly
assessed and levied against them tor tha
years 1904, J BPS and 1PM. They are already
dellnauent about STSo.ono for IS and Vo.
Tha refus-tl to pay this years tarn will
place them delinquent over $1,000,000. Their
action In this respect Is not fair to the
other taxpayers ol the atate and la wnony
unwarranted when past conditions In th!
state are considered. The government gave
bountifully of Ha land, and the people or
this slate In a great many instances voted
nnnna rt nam r, . . i ,1 noaa. rn 1 1 niuii. n.
J .T. . 1 ' ' , . T; 1 'des this, there has never been any re-
r" " ,",.u": nrict on whatever pared UDon them In
itnin reasonable hound, i he current ex- 1 .v.. . , . Tt..
pen.es must be kept within the Income of ."..y, ud to'the present' un charged
me stare. 11 win not ao 10 increase trie 1 .h-j it r,.,iir. ...irinti.m
public debt at this time
The constitution of the state will not
permit the permanent school fund to be In
vested In anv other - securities than reg
istered county bonds of thl state and
V'nlted State and atate aecurltlea. The
field for Investment of this fund should be
enlarged. There are other forma of in
vestment eounllv aa safe that would In
crease the Intereat return to the fund. If it
were Invested In municipal bonds, school
honda, or In Nebraska mortgagee, the state
would be benefited on account or tne in
terest being paid at borne.
The 1-mlll levy will reduce the floating
Indebtedness of the state about ti0000 each
year. A large part of thla floating indented
r.re has been taken up by the state treas
urer for the benefit of the permanent school
fund. There will be. therefore, about Mi".
ono of the permanent school fund each year
to be reinvested on mis account ainne.
It la urgently recommended that this leg'
ta'nture submit an amendment to the con
atilutlon. so that the permanent school
fund will not remain Idly In the hands of
the treasurer when the stAte Indebtedness
what thev Dleased. It requires patriotism
at times to support and maintain a stable
government. These great corporations, ny
their conduct, apparently lack that noble
3uality. It Is not strange that their con
uct has vexed a pstlent people. No doubt
they would ask tor tne protection 01 me
state If their property were In danger, yet
they deny the right of the state govern
ment to assess and tax their property as
It assesses and taxes all other property.
Everything that cftn be done will be done
to enforce the collection of these delinquent
taxes, and railroad property In the future.
so far as I am eoncerneu. win continue m
be assessed at whatever seems to be equit
able and Just.
The cltlxens or NerjrasKa cannot rojiu
the oollectlon of a tax levied against their
property, because they are ileniea ma'.
.1 v.ilo.a railroAt bftlnv nonresidents
of the state, seek relief through the federal
courts. Until congress shall pass a law
depriving them of this privilege, they prob
ably will continue thla practice. It Is,
ran party keep before theri the platform
that aas adopted at the last republican
stale convention. Let us not forget to ful
fill our promises and our pledgee.
I realise somewhat the grave responsi
bilities thst are about to be placed upon
me, and appreciate the Importance of the
work that Ilea before me. Having been
electrd without obligations, except the
trust I owe the people of this state as
ineir puoiic servant. 1 snail enoeavor in
the administration of the affairs of our
slate to be guided by what seems to be
for the best Interest of Nebraska and for
the general welfare of her people. I bear no
malice toward anv one. not even to the
great corporatlone that have so strenuously
lieges as they have done In the past met
must be held to strict account. The wei
fare of our state demands thst they must
not be put out of business but that they
must be put out of Nebraska politic.
Not a C'roaade Against Wealth.
I realise fully that thl reform move
ment la not a crusade against wealth, but
rather a. movement against graft and greed.
and abuse of Mwir. It has for ita oblect
tne eatanilsnmeni in mis state, irom una 1 m mase provision ior ine resiituwon ui me
end to the other, of government by the 1 depleted runds, either by authorising me
DeoDla and for the seneral welfare of the I drawing of a warrant upon the general
state. Legitimate Interests must be pro- fund for the amount, payable to the trees.
urer, or oy autnorising a special levy upon
be to supervise the butter fat tests at all
creameries and skimming stations and to
establish a stnidard ahlih shsll be uni
form over the state and Just to both pro
ducer and manufacturer.
Shortage of rermeoent Reboot rood.
On June W. ldnfi, the supreme court ren
dered a decision which, In all frobahlllty,
Anally disposes of the suit brought by the
state to recover from the bondsmen of
former state treasurer J. 8. Bart ley. The
state lost, though the decision referred to
was base.) on a mere technicality. This
famous case ha run the gauntlet of the
courts for a number of years snd II now
appears that there is no possibility of re
covering from the bondsmen any portion
'All funds belonging to the state for
educational purposes, the Interest and It-
come wnereof only are to ne usea. snau
be deemed trust funds held by the state.
and the state ahall supply all losses thereof,
that may In any manner accrue, so mat
the same shall remain forever Inviolate
It Is therefore obligatory upon your body
..... wi. of the Hartley shortsge. such being
, tne eetaDiisnmeni nr. TOrnm..n f , nm.lnl ,4r ,h. treasury
this stnie. I heir ngnts must oe ,rtJu. ,., . con..auent conditio
out when they aouse meir priv- B.P,nn article vlll. of tha constitu
I reads as follows:
tected. Consplrstor against the common
good and violators of the law must be
prosecuted. The law of tha land must
I hope and trust that I shall have the
loyal support and the wise counsel of the
good cltlxens of this state. With the light
of their Intelligence, and with the voices
that Ood may grant me, I hope and trust
my administration may meet the ex
pectation of the people of this atate who
nave eiectea me.
the grand assessment roll covering one or
more years, sufficient to meet th require
ment. The Items and amount of such
shortage are as follows:
Permanent school fund....; 3St.M!.s1
Permanent university fund 8.77S.0.1
Agricultural college endowm't fund 43.8n8.ftl
Normal endowment fund ll.OU0.08
RETIRING GOVERNOR'S MKSSAOH
Coadltloa of Stat It Appear to
The annual message of retiring Oovernor
Mickey followed the address of Oovernor
Sheldon. Mr. Mickey said:
To the members of the Thirtieth f '"l.on fectlng appropriation ought not to be
of the Leglslatuie of Nebraska. Oentle- lect of ,crer f . .
Uuru recommended that a joint reso
lUtlon be passed memorialising congress to
. . inn, .ho will iinnrlv. a nonresident
Is paid off. Time and conditions change. iTom enjoining the collection of a tax le
Therefora It will be for the beat Interest I . " th. atste.
of the stat that this section of the con. K.o.lvO Method.
stltutlon be amended o that ruture legin- mrs
Inture may determine from time to time The Burlington ""road for the P""
what class of additional securities shall be of business Is a unit. But when comes
available for the Investment of thl fund. up for taxation It is e Uteen dlffe tent com-
. - . runi.a At nrgfint thin cnmnaiiy GO?fl TWl
Th. new";;:;, "m; 'tra; vTtnnTcr
about one of th most uniform 1 assessments h h , ByBt'em within the state. The
of property eyer- had. But there 1 at maMM. of assessing such a property with
urgent necu ni I the Information furnished tne state ixmra
provide for a more equitable distribution of , ,,a,,ga,lon nnd assessment Is a difficult
Total ' W26.587.5C
Reatrletloa of th l-obby.
Extravagant and unnecessary appropria
tion are very largely due to the persistent
efforts of Individual who,- through selfish
interest or mistaken seal, make a practice
of frequenting th legislative lobby and
halla, and even the floors of the respective
houses, seeking for opportunity to Influence
members In behalf of their pet measure.
The custom Is vicious and wnrtts great
injury to the state treasury. Matter ar-
men: You are assembled at a tlm wnn 1 nfrcted bv the attitude of any member
hltory 1 being rpldly made. Never be- toward other measures. Every piece of
lore naa mere oeen an era wnen 11m legislation ought to stsnd upon It own
conscience was so quickened to a sens merits and this i especially true of appro-
of Justice and when there was such a gen- prlstions. The committee room Is the
era! demand for the purging of. th Ine- proper place for advisory discussion and
qualities which have been tolerated In our statements and argument thst cannot be
civil system. The time I ripe for Improve- made there ought not to be henrd at all.
ment along ethical line. ADuae or peciai j suggest that the public interest requlree
privileges and opportunities must give way that you adopt a rVile eurly In the session
to Justice. Organised society has drifted which will protect the legislative chambers
to a higher plane and the Inquiry of the and halls from the Influence of the lobby,
time ia "how can the greatest good be under penalty, and that the rule be rlgidlv
conserved and guaranteed to the greatest enforced. Heads of state Institutions, edit-
number?" This, I take it, I the present rational and otherwise, should be Included
day spirit and I trust it I the dominating n ihs restrictions and should not be per-
sentiment wrucn win control me action
f each of you through thl entire esion.
The R.voxtao Lis,
The condition of our stat revenue I
mltted to Importune for rpproprlatlons.
save In the committee room. In order that
all Interests ahall receive careful considera
tion, the appropriation and claim com-
U&?l"t'.!V arsons h.vU.na "maVer. 'tooresent should
i""JT"uT r- .1- b Invited to appear at stated times and
.:S J... .i-"- .T:.KT ruments and .ubtnlt data pertl-
the measure Is now generally regarded as i? ' ,
the burdens of taxation among the property
hnlHri nf thla state.
I'nder the present law real estate that Is
mortgaged Is assessed for taxation purposes
at Its full value to the owner of the land
without any deduction whatever for the
1 -ount of th. mortgage. In addition to this,
' 1 mortgage I held by a resident of the
problem. There Is no disposition on tne
part of any one to assess them unrea
sonably, but there Is a disposition to sssess
them equitably ana ior wnm iney i
worth. Kailroads which operate branch
lines In Nebraska should be compelled to
liirniah for each and every branch line an
ortgage I held by a resident, m tne - . . .,,.m,, . detail of all the
r.iv nr ,-it thl state th mortxage I also I "" r"-"-.,' ...i n
..ieVei Vt It. fuU value herel. , no 1 good wTtHh. value1 of thV stock, and
i.ison why a piece of real estate that la I 1 ' u. nH the rrn. and net
t noumbered with a mortgage should be bur- I """," . ..rh. u u .,1Cerely hoped
ciened with greater taxat on than a piee. or 7" . , i.-i-i-tHpa .will amend the
real estate of the same character ana value I "ln this respect
that is not mortgaged. ,. T ulll S UMtlon I a
both wine and beneficent, it la equal to
he necessity of raising sufficient fund to
meet the economical administration of stat
ffalrs and the gradual extinguishment of
lie floating debt, two end which mut ZZJXiLl 7-. " ' 1
be met. A needed amendment, however, . . .
a nna whlrh ail II nmilM.lk. rallrnaria In s . n u
report to the Stat. Board of Kquallsatlon The previous legislature provided tor un
and Assessment th actual amount of mission to the voters of an amendment to
earnings of each road within the state as the constitution creating a state railway
one of the bases of assessment. Freight commission 01 inree menioers. nisuuu-
rates 1n Nebraska are considerably higher "n " anoptea ny large majority i
than In the states to the east, and yet th. i,he '. election, and at the same time the
earning of the road doing an interstate fl,rt 5oar,dr, f commissioners was dmy
business are reported to the several state 'c.te1- .'th reference to th power and
in the ratio which the total mileage bear d,utl f coniinlaslon the Joint resolu-
to the mileage within each state. Thl la 'lo,n ."bnilttlng the amendment reads aa
manifest Injustice to Nebraska, If the I .:r"- . . .. , . ,.
A law SV rt:i o aa 1 111 uutlo x.rg out,u vwiihihd
difficult one. A
uniform assessment of
Anln. under the law. If the mortgage Is
' ... Ti tkl I 1.. I! TW P"! according to Ita value, regardless
"'..L?..! If character. 1. certainly to be desired
to" IsV VrioST Jrortr- personal property MJ weU ov; P-perty
I upposed to be assessed wnere tne owner 1 V' " , ,i p.r-.nllt v should not be
of the property resides. If domestic mort- "at ? in lme to bl
gage..?e to be taxed, than certainly foreign l't1i v BOr Ve" X vlZi u. rel
KS dsTS taxl mortaVgeT both member that It Is the property and not the
iiiSfLJ A drLe.ll? arLJ inteat lnnal Pon that hould be taged. All asses.-
ein- assisted a? an Intereat In "ents to the revenue law that will .liml-
5iil2-ti th?v would f their boaasesaed for "t do,,bl" taxation and secure for the
UllfEX. i siirMifi ! th land I nd not PPP' of Nebraska more uniform and Just
taxation purposes w ners tne una is snu nut " . t nronrtv will be welcomed
where the mortgagee lives. The value of J .F?pS"y . w' 'Lrfl.I: 22 . 1-
eouitv he Dossesse.
It la contended by many that th. result of
uch a Id W' would frffcreas the rate of Inter
est because Nebraska ia not Vol a urmll-
,i2iK.-?. '1.! In?,. Vo'r rhrncodnd:hcr'adndhrP,th.rern:
V' SVoSfwct wh.rSbyh.owner"of the lad cement of their Instltntlon. directly to the
may. If he chooses, pay the tax on the In- governor. in. mw. ' r"""'"
,i u i . ft.,rA b amended so that In case of mlsmanage-
do that and be none ' the worse off than ment and misconduct the governor may
1. . . k..i.i.i .11 .k. I remove them aummslily. We have wit-
domestic capital that Is evallable for the neesed In the past at several different times
Investment of mortguges Is driven out of J h pltnatole condition In which Bovernora
the tle nonresidents may be expected tol of ,h! ",ate hB,Y DMn P'acl when trying
Ise the rate or interest a tney no noubt 1 r'""v "-'"H""v
11 do when there Is no longer competition polntee. I trust this legislature will see to
domestic capital. It that the law are amended ao plainly
ere tne uurians'o ". " ' u ,,A,. !. ho th .If.ra nt thai
mortgage should then be deducted mm ?,y.u . L.1 .' J1.V welfare of th
state Institutions the ' governor Is largely
held responsible. No Institution Can be
properly conducted -wnere mere is inction
In ita manasement. All the superintend
ents and head of the different Institutions
bv domestic capital.
During the pist ten year we hav. been
bountifully blessed with good ci-opa and
prices. The people of this state hav. been
caving off their lndebtednea and ac
cumulating - cnplt,al, which should be In
vested at home. The preaent luw discrimi
nate against domestic capital and In niv
opinion it 1 forcing the residents of this
stale to Invest their capital 1n aecurltlea
and landi of other states. Th. present
system plainly Imposes a double tax upon
mortgaged property, when the mortgage
is held by a resident of thl atate and to
that extent It Increases beyond measure
th. tax upon that claaa of property. It 1
not fair to the residents of our state and
It Is against good public policy to con
ttnu. the pernicious system of th.
law In thl respect;
. ISxoaiptloa of Debts.
Another amendment that I needed to
A low Stomach
that such occurrences may not necessarily
Abolish tbe Lobby
The great corporation of Nebraska, espe
cially tne railroads ana me teiepnope com
psnles. have In the paat rnaintitined a
strongly organised lobby In Lincoln during
sessions of the legislature. The presence
of any kind of professional lobbyist 1
neither needed nor desired. The corpora
tion lobbyist are usually men of high In
tear tv and obrletv. men or large expe
rience In the line of work, congenial, clever
men, who, by their persistent and able
efforts, are able to accomplish much for
the Interest they represent. The fact that
during all of the previous history of this
state no law has been pnssod which ha
regulated freight rate In any. particular
bear witness to the efTectlve work and
Influence of a etronglv organised railroad
lobby. It 1 expected that thl legislature
will pass aucn measures aa win forever
fiut an end to ring rule in MeorasKa. it
s to be hoped, therefore, tbat there will
be passed not only an anti-pass law and
primary election law, but that there win
also be passed a law that will prohibit
tpoatrol of Telephooes
The use of the telephone as a mean nf
communication is becoming general in Ne
braska. There ar complaints In many
parta of the atate of unreasonably high
rates'ana poor service. 11 is mereiore rec
ommended that the railroad commission.
In addition to control of railroads, be also
authorised by law to control telephone
companies ana reguiat tne rate tnereoi.
Boggestloas for Railroad Law.
In regard to th railroad legislation that
you are about to enact, permit be to nrrc
First It is recommended tnet a law pe
Passed prohibiting any railroad company
from charging in -the future any more
StnCTt'l DvgTien&ia. Tablets. Raster
LiftlMo Orftvaa to aomu
A TUAX riCXAGI TXXX
Manv a sufferer from Dvsnspsla. Indlgea
tlon and kindred ailment of th. digestive beieB" fj."" J1 .Ilr?
. . . . , I the charges on the first day or January,
organ carrleo around aa abaoluUly useless wrr. romning them also to furnish to the
stomach a dead load, ana a cesspool ror 1 rsnroud commissioners an larins ana etas.
. . . 1 1 "TK. iu . I sincat'.ons In force on that date.
.m-.n.n,v ......-..--... Becon(in.mu.h a the constitutional
seemingly wont out, th. mucou lining baa amendment providing for the railroad com
loot Its secretive power, and food taken Into I mission does not definitely define the powers
the tomach Me. there and ferment, cau. " itl f '''"if0,1?,!""' tJS hou.la
... . , . , . ' . be passed Immediately that will clearly,
tug our eructation, belching, heartburn, tmpiy and unmistakably define Its powers
dullness and other distressing' condition and duties. Beside defining the duties of
Many sufferers hav given up In despair h eemmlsslon. ther hould be conferred
... ... w . , T . . . . upon It the power to prohibit rebstes.
until they hav. been Induced by som Inter- ,p,cta. rates and discrimination of .very
a ted friend to try a bog of Stuart' Dys- sort to any particular person, company.
Disla Tablet. I firm, corporation o: locality; and power
, . . , . , to change, or alter, any or all schedules,
Btuart Dyppla Tablet ar th. dy- classifications or tariffs that are In force
peptlo ur and only nope, Thsy ar. g I on any railroad In this state at any time,
natural restoratlv. of healthy action to f ,ht ? ..' -S 7 wv 'f. .i
.1. ., 1. . . ,. . , .. I be reasonable. Just and equitnble. Let thl
in mii '""'". uifiusi law be written so plainly that It cannot
they supply Just th. glement that th. b mlsunderstoiKl, and with such dellbera.
weak stomach lacks-pepsin, diastase, gol- t'on that It cannot be set aside by the
den eal and other digestive. ""-rhifd-It 1 rcommnded that you de-
' 11 you are aimciea witn ny or th. symp- I prtv the railroads ot tne right to enjoii
n. ahnva daacrttvut h mm..wa .w... I tha enforcement of a rat made by th
nr.an. ar- 11 . JJw commlakn pending an appeal to the .tate
r , I courts.
need help and ther. 1 no mort sensible I Fourth It Is further recommended that
help to be given them than to supply . T,,u P" l',nt resolution memorialising
t which will do the work of dlge.tlon SmmiT carrier from enjoining th en!
Btuart Dypepla Tablet hav. bean
found by th. test of reputable physicians la
th United 8tat and Great Britain to
have remarkable digestive power, on
forcmnt or rate msa oy a stat come.
mission between points within a state
pendlna an appeal to the federal court a
I sincerely believe that It will be for
the best Interests or tne state that you glv
your tmmvdUls attention to the enact
. 1 ,h aetlv. arlnclAla f .K .-w " 01 w'".u .?.w". w" P
" " " faaalonal louoying. tnai win anousn
)et being oumoi.nt 10 aigeoi 1W grains of free pis nuisance, and that will defln
ordinary food. It 1 plain that n the power and dutle of the rallroa
. . .. . . I commission, so that the commission m
n i- - "niacu or ae( to work at once. There I great need
how fa' y ur aisea. na prograd, on I In this atate for a reduction of frelgh
ach an opportunity to regain It lost pow. reasons It Is' essential that this work be
.ra, th. aiuacle will be atrengthened. the done quickly as a careful consideration
l.H. Inlnra1l and vnu will h. J '
- vr fiwirvHso, one in tnis stale tor m iruuruun ui ireignt
Stuart'a Dyspaipsla Tablet taken at and ps'enger ratea The people need the
. . ... relief. The ctMnmlaalon will naturally await
me will do th. work-glv. your t.m. th. action of the legislature. For these
e cause they wish to serve, and
they should be heard at no other time, save
In thl public way. such a eourae would,
I believe, be the mean of protecting the
treasury from needless and extravagant
appropriations and would save Individual
railroads persist In charging our people
igner rates than they do the people of
owa and Illinois, then the earning re-
ported to our state board should be corre-
pondlngiy larger and the assessment
nouid be affected accordingly, fiie new
law has now been In active operation three
ear ana during that time ha been under
the rigid scrutiny of all Interests. With
n exception of two of our railroad sys
tems, the Burlington and the Union Pacific,
it has met with unqualified endorsement.
ion shall Include the regulation or rates,
service and general control of common car
rier a th legislature may provide by
It will be necesary for youf honorable
body to define In detail the duties of this
commission and to confer upon It ample
authority to effectively deal with the sub
jects which will come before It. You are
to fix salaries of the member, and make
provision of such clerical help as may be
The railroads mentioned regard themselves board. Vou should make It certain by leg
eerlously aggrieved In the matter ot the lslative requirement that the person se
amount of their assessment and th con- Mected for the Important position of secre-
equent enlarged taxe. They hav. gone tary shall have had practical experience ln
Into the courts to test the legality of th connection with railroad management and
cwuu ui ma oium ooara 01 realisation rate making, able to meet the railroad o fu
nd Assessments, so far a It affect them. I clals 11 mm their owa s?isund and thus pint.
and though they lost their suit In th ble of rendering the more valuabl assfst
l nlted Slate district court, . they hav ance to the board., Tb people are looking
appealed to .the United. States supreme to this commission for. relief from railroad
eo'trt, where the Issues ar. now pending, oppression. The ' men sure of success
The amount Involved Is 20 per cent of the achieved by the bonrd will very largely de
total taxes due from the two road to the pend upon tbe choice of-a secretary. He
several counties, with the exception of those should be an expert.
counties wnere tne amount in controversy I uuring my term or omce many compinints
10 sh man i.uv, r or ne year 1904, 1903 I nave reacneu me preuicatea upon auegea
and l'.iots the total taxe thus withheld is unjust freight charges Imposed by the
about 11,000.000. Approximately $100,000 of railroads. In the matter of shipments
his sum belonas to the state. mH ih. . within state lines In particular it la ns-
naluder to the several counties arhnni serted that the companies operating In this
trlct and municipalities. Manifestly th te collect rates which are far in excess
failure to collect such an amount of tax I of tn current rates for similar service ln
Is work Ins- arrest hardshln mnA .ml.. I th states to the east and which, measured
ment to many county treasuries Firmly I Dy tn 'el,Jtn of the haul, are diapropor
believlng that the railroad aasessments aa I tionate. These are matters which most
n-ade by the stale board are not more than er'ou1y affect the Interests of all our cltl
the law mniiii nhliminrv nH M . .... I sens. I have made no personal inveatiKa
of proportion with the assessment of I tlon of freight rat conditions because
forms of property. I confidently look to I whatever my findings might be. I have had
me nignest court in the nation for a vindi
cation of the state s riaht tn . .,
and all corporations upon th actual value
of their property and the Issuance of an
oraer compelling me payment of all de-
in 1 vu macb,
The Rtate Debt.
no power 10 act ana mere na been no
ooara or commission to which such ques
tions could be referred. The railroads of
isenrssKa are, in tne mam, owned and con
trolled by eastern capitalists. These peo
ple are much more Interested In their own
profits than they are In the general welfare
of the citizens of this state, though there
to any public buildings without special ap
proprlstlon of the legislature."
The chief executive should hsv con
ferred upon him sbsolute authority and
power to remove st will any Institutional
head appointed by him, and his action
should not be subject to the review of any
court or board.
A you are doubtless aware, tbe Norfolk
Asvlum for the Insane has beerl In opera
tion about two years since Its rstorstlon.
and has even now nearly reached the maxi
mum or ita present capacity, it must re
rovided with more room In tne near
uture. I recommend thst the basements
of th three cottages and of the adminis
tration building be fitted for use. thus re
lieving the rooms above and adding to the
rapacity pf the Institution to the extent
of being able to care for fifty or seventy-
five more Inmates. An addition to the
storehouse Is slso needed.
In Mav. 1!. rharrea of Incompetency, of
failure to maintain proper discipline and
of permitting subordinates to assault,
abuse and maltreat patients were preferred
against the superintendent and assistant
superintendent or tne Morroia asyium ror
the Insnne. These charge were Investi
gated by me and also by the Bosrd of
Public Lands snd Buildings. I found that
the allegations were sustained, and on July
10, 1906, I Issued formal orders removing
the superintendent and the assistant su
perintendent from their respective offices.
They refused to vacate and I then Insti
tuted ouster proceedings In the supreme
court. Later and before a decision was
rendered by the court both of the officials
reconsidered their action and vacated their
positions to my appointees, the present In
cumbents.' Since then the grand Jury of
Madison county has indicted rotir or me
ward attendants of the asvlum and they
are now awaiting trial In the district court
on the charge of assault with Intent to do
great bodily harm.
Reboot Iliads aad Fsssa,
In his biennial report the commissioner
of public lands and building, recommend
that deferred payments on public land
sale contracts be placed on a t per cent
basis. Instead of per cent, as at present.
For the reason that an abundance of pri
vate money can be obtained at the lower
rate on farm loans the purchasers of etste
land are rapidly paying tin back principal,
taking a deed and negotiating private loan
at lees expense. The result Is a loss to
the Interest revenue of the stat because
tt 1 Impossible to reinvest th fund In
permissible securities hearing nearly o
good a rot a 6 per cent.
The commissioner also suggest that the
constitution lie amended so as to permit
of the Investment of the permanent school
fund In other securities additional to gov
ernment. tate and county bond and state
warrants. The opportunity to Invest in
such securities as the constitution now per
mit is being rapidly curtailed, for vsrlous
reasons, while the amount of money which
the state- ha. for uch Investment Is In
creasing and will so continue. I concur
with the commissioner In both the, recom
mendation. Anti-Pass Ijivr.
During the last two year a very general
sentiment has developed against the is
suance of free railroad transportation. Such
action on the part of railroad officials Is
rightly regarded a unjust, discrimination
and aa belne- Subversive of the public weal.
Both the great political parties have de
c lured against the practice In their state
conventions and hav pledged themselves to
definite action. I am one of those who be
lieves that a party platform means some
thing and that Its tenets should be faith
fullv carried out by those assuming of
ficlal responsibility. I recommend that at
a early a date a Is practicable you add
tn nnr atntntea a rlarld antl-nass law. ap
plicable to all cases save those of bona
fide railroad employes, the members of
their Immediate families and caretaker of
live stock. With the exceptions noted.
heavy penalty should be Imposed both on
the party who Issues a pass and the party
who solicit tne same.
In many quarter ther. Is vigorous oppo
sition to the convention system or noml
naling candidates for slate, county and dis
trict ortlces, and in lieu thereof It 1 pro
posed to substitute a direct primary sys
tem, one that will enable the voter tn
make direct choice of such candidates at
the precinct primaries. It 1 believed that
the proposed plan will do away with many
currant abuses of power and Influence,
place th politics of the state upon a higher
plane ana make possible the selection of
better officials. These; are results devoutly
to be wished. I regard it Important thai
the party pledge ln thl particular should
be fulfilled and I urge your honorable
body to carefully consider the various Idea
that have been suggested along this line
and to ultlmateldt give to the state some
form of a direct primary law, but with
such limitation a will make It popular
and effective. It should rigidly guard
against the selection of Candida tea who may
have. received a plurality of the vote cast
but not a majority, and should In all re
spects safeguard the principle that the
majority have the right to rule.
The results accomplished by the Bureau
of Labor and Industrial Statistics are not
satisfactory, and are not commensurate
with the cost of maintenance. So far a
I have been able to observe the entire his
tory of the bureau has been a -disappointment.
If you think best to continue the
department. I recommend that the services
of the clerk be dispensed with, as the
deputy commissioner and the stenographer
constitute ample office force.
I have a firm conviction 'that the chief
executive should have more specific power
conferred upon him in the matter of law
enforcement. Section , article v, of the
constitution reads: "The supreme execu
tive power shall be vested in tno governor.
who snail take care mat me laws oe laun-
governor, th presumption Is thst such lsws
mesn something ana tnst tn governor win
exercise the power conferred upon him
when the circumstance surrounding U
rase warrant action.
Important Bill by Jolot rosaaaltle.
I believe the public Intereat will b best
subserved If all bIHs affecting th more
Important matter of legislation could be
formulated and Introduced by a joint com
mittee of the two hnusea This suggestion
I esneclslly pertinent to such subjects as
direct primary, anti-pass, rrelgnt rate ana
railroad legislation. It will be recalled that
the new revenue law waa prepared by sych
a committee and the plan worked so Well
ln that case that I think It would be wise
to follow It In all Instance where th gen
eral public ha mort thsn ordinary concern.
Any otner course I likely to result in a
multiplicity of bill upon the same subject,
a divided support, and either no legislation
at all or the final adoption of a faulty
Itato Salt lavolvlagt Heavy Less,
The suggestion of President Roosevelt In
a recent message to congress that law
should be passed to prevent court from
setting aside Just derisions for mere tech
nical errors in pleading, instruction ana
evidence, recall some of the civil case
herein the state or ptenrasga was on
technical grounds a defeated party, and
brings to public attention the necessity for
providing' a remedy against public losses
Ike those revealed In the litigation 01 civil
esses Instituted by the state.
Th. chief executive ha exercised hi
right to direct the bringing of suits to en
force civil obligations to the state, but the
fruit of litigation, during seasons of both
democratic and republican rule, have often
been an enormous bill of costs for the state
to pax, and a Judgment releasing the de
fendant from all liability. The gravity
ot the situation will be realised by the
member of your honorable body, who a re
by law charged with the duty of providing
mean for th support of government, when
a tew of the rase and th xtent of the
losses are mentioned.
One o fthese cases was th. stat against
th Omaha National bank, a suit to restore
to the stat treasury tail. 84.06 of th. state's
money, unlawfully transrerred to tn pans
by former State Treasurer Hartley, by
mean of a atate warrant, and never re
turned. The suit wa dismissed and th.
state Inst th. money
In lfW suit wa brought In th. district
court of Douglas county against former
Plate Treasurer Hartley ana tne sureties
on his official bond to recover a shortage
of 790.ee. The people were . robbed of
this immense rum, wricn naa oeen xsctea
from them to run th. government In times
of financial distress. 80 conclusive wa
the evidence of embesslement In the crim
inal tHse that th. embcsaler's lawyer were
unable. In the vast catalogue of technicali
ties Known to tne criminal law, to nna a
way to save him from prison. In the civil
suit against his bondsmen It wsa held that
tne bond waa valid and properly executed.
The evidence of the shortage wa con
clusive. The case was tried many times.
Sometime th state scored a victory and
sometimes the Verdict was for th bonds
men, but they were finally released and th
people must pear the loss.
Muring my nrst term 1 airectea tn. bring
ing of a suit tn the supreme court against
the State Journal company to recover
,00, diverted by It from the slate library
fund. For many years the State Journal
company was employed by the (tate to print
the several volumes or supreme court re-
Temporary school fund tag cot
lection Interest on school and saline land
Icaee on school and saline land ..
Interest on bonds
Intereat on warrants
On me and fish license
Temporary university fund taxe
Intereat on university land
Lease on university land
Interest on agricultural college
Lease on agricultural college
United States government aid
sericulture and mechanic art
United State government aid
Agriculture experiment station
University cssh fund
Normal Interest fund
Normal school library fund, Peru
Normal school library fund.
Hospital for Inssne fund
li (At ;i
.... ' S.0-W.M
.... 2.512 S3
A fairly satisfactory nrosress has kn I a him Id ba an enultahle eolation vi.ti. w.
made during the paat blennium In the re- 1 tween the two. The tendency of the time
ductlon of the state debt. On November 1 1 toward a concentration of capital and
SO, 1904, the oustandlng general fund war. I experience teaches that where ther. la ..
rants aggregated S2.263.3SS 40. On Novemher 1 traliied Dower t-iere ia ant to h nnn-...
$0, 190s, the same Item had been reduced I slon. The railroads have been a aunreme
10 si.vib.sbi.5i, a total reduction for the ractor in the development of Nebrasak and
blennium of $336,706.09. Of this latter amount no one will gainsay their right to reason-
$273.W.W Is directly chargeable to the re- able return upon their actual Inveatmenta.
demptlon fund act created by the laat It a4o right that the people ahculd be
legislature, providing a 1-mlll levy for the protected against unjust discrimination
gradual extinction of the floating debt. It and extortionate rates. The remedy of na-
win tnus oe seen mat tn. excess of re. imnai legislation is oeing vigorously an
i-elpt over expenditures for the blennium plied and It remains for th several states
nside from th redemption fund, wa only to be equally active. I favor such legal re-
S62.75.. Indicating that In th matter of tralnt a will operate against dlscrlmlna-
apprnpclatlons the previous legislature left t,on and will guarantee equal privilege to
out nine margin peiween receipt and dls- I rw tnat ins people nave established
bursements. It Is evident that had It not railroad commission and hsve authorised
been for the executive veto of mimh.. I you to clothe It with ample power,
of large but unnecessary appropriation Kmprovement along these line I confidently
in upui wuuiu iiiivb ueen increased dur- iwvicti.
Ing the isst two veara rather than I vu.iu.
cresed. The I-mlll redenintlon fund ha. The growth of our educational .v.r..
tTt h.vin. .nPv .e .,L " 'n lu branche. ha been phenomenal and
f5r."" . . f Bny 'frftt Iipon. th w'Pt highly satisfactory. Our piopl ari alive
"f h?atat. Ireaaurer office I concerned, to the imnortanci nf LX T Si.h..,I i'v1
the 1900 taxe having not vet been uM
When the taxe for the last year beglai
m win in. nuwever, 11 is neueved there
will be marked Improvement In the mniu
of debt reduction, unless legislative ex
penses and appropriations more than offset
the Increased receipts. The tax owed to
ine siate ny tne numngton and I'nlon Pn
to me important or good schools and
have ever shown a willingness to provide
for the needs of such Institutions when
ever the need has been made manifest. At
the present time the state la supporting
by direct taxation the university and two
normal schools, ln addition to five Junior
normal, a school for th blind and for the
dear and aump. 1 nave no dcubt but that
cine ilrroad. estimated at riM.ooo, and your honorable "body will careful y consid.r
SonrVrwm ah. tt anrJl-7'iSUW "V l"" of all these ifTstltCt l"u
ih ',Wii!..."JTOJ.app"J...t0 ,h" fl'M as will further their progress and be In line
EH etinn making another material with the growth and development o" th.
The eetlmates now In the hsnds of the
state auditor for the maintenance of ail
branches of the state government during
the next-blennium, payable from the gen.
eral fund, total the enormous sum of
t-1.4K.14S.84, the largeat estimate ever sub.
mltted to a Nebraska legislature. The
estimated general fund . receipts for the
pienmum are K.HVx.Sit.TZ. a sum lixS 4fis 12
too small to pay the estimated bills. It
I am pleased to call your attention to the
fact that the penitentiary I nearly self
supporting In th department of mainte
nance. Tne surrent biennial report of tli
warden show that for th six months
ending November HO, 1HU6, the per capita
cost of maiulenance was tto.Pi. During
that time the per capita earnings of tne
oniitraa nn irmnni ..... k.. convicts were too.99, making the net main
pruning knife must be applied to these cost Un.!(l 1 BlTi. but. 'or
omM j.i.itm.v, - . . - "mj v icuia per
day. The physical condition ot tbe prison
Is first-class and It stands today as a modal
institution of its kind.
The tiire Insane asylums of Nebraska
have each been created by different statutes
and are Known oy aiirerent names. That
at Lincoln is known as the "Nebrsstta
ovsr-grown estimates, it aevoives upon
vou to do this work, and to do It moat
thoroughly, both In committee room and
upon the floor of your respective house.
Par Food Law.
After many years of effort congress hse
finally passed a pure rood law. vary com-
It coat nothing to prove th cffectlvenea
ot thla cur.. Send for a free ampl pack
age today, r. A. Stuart Co.. ft Stuart
Xldg., Marshall. Mich.
All druggtsu sell Stuart Dyspepsia TsV
yum at &0 ceuta a boa. '
('oBsratalate.rth People. '
The peoi of Nebraska are to be con
gratulated upon tbe (act that they have
become swskened and are determined to
govern themselves. W hsvh beeu elected
to carry out a definite proKi-aV. It I to be
hoi J that tlie uew ilrsl will be a Just one.
IjI ua work together In harmony. It
suggested thai ail lueuilyr vt lbs rcpubU-
orehensive in us scope, anecting all food I Umniiil for ihn Iniann " ih. nna i 11.,..
products and also druga and chemicals lugs 4s designated "Asylum for the Incur
which enter Into the compounding of modi- able Imwnu," while the one at Norfolk
cine. Th federal law applies only to styled th "Insan Asylum at Norfolk."
Interstate business. It prevent th traffic Owing to th variations In th statutea
in Impur food product across state lines, creating thsm, some perplexing questions
but does not prevent the manufacture and have arisen and are likely to continue
sale of such product within stat line, to arise In the future with respect to their
It is evident that If the people of Ne- control, management snd legal ststus. I
brsska are to receive full benefit from the doero It important that the chapter of our
present agitation for pur., wholesome and statute dealing wltn the Insane be re
truthfullv brsnded food th national enact- vised; that the three asylums be placed
ment must be supplemented with a rigor- on exactly the same footing,
out stat law embodying th same features. 1 especially enjoin upon you thst you
Otherwise Nebraska will become the horn aee that all appropriations made for the
of numerous factories for the production institutions and for the various executive
of Injurious food supplies, all of which ran deparimmt are specific and clearly da
be sold with Impunity within th stat ao fined. Not Infrequently spproprlatlons hsve
long w have no stat Isw to th con- been Juggled with In the past and have
trarv. I recommend that the best effort been made to apply to expenditures which
ef your respective houses be given to the the legislature never contemplated. As an
framing and passing of an adequate law instance I have In mind th amusement
which will give to our people ample pro- hall at the Hastings Asylum for the In
fection along the lines Indicated. Ths execu- sane, which was not sanctioned by th
Hon of the law should be placed directly legislature and for which no appropriation
under the charge of the food oommlssion, wss made. It was paid for entirely from
making provision for such additional chem- the maintenance fund of thst Institution.
Ists and inspectors as ar necessary, and Similar instances could be cited. This I
an appropriation-should be- msde adequate a method of accomplishing a purpose which
tu the work. Th dairy Interests of the should not be tolerated. Possibly th
stste should also receive additional recognl- amusement hall and th- other improve-
tlon. in connection witn tne proposed pure I ment and adtiMn wnicn hsv oeen made
food law. - These interest ar growing to I from diverted fund were needed, but there
immense proportions, but the product r I is a proper way to meet such needs and
handled by a few concerns. There has been
cults general complaint of the butter fat
test roads by the creameries and from
shu-ii they compute the value ef the crearr
shlpped to them. I eusgest that one or two
dlry Inspectors be sdded to the ofnes forc-
uf Ihe food i'iiiiiilMluii, who duty M shall I
thst Is by direct and specific appropriation
Aay other course will eventually load I41
serious difficulty, if not scandal. The
pirit of this suggestion Is suibaidled in
the closing sentence of section I. srt'i le vtl,
-t spter SI, compllnd stttutes. which reads:
"Provided, that uo addition shsll let made
fullv executed." While the foundation Is
well laid, the statutes are not sufficiently
bmsd to give to the governor the power
which Is often needed to correct abuse. A,
number of complaints have reached me of
refusal on the part of county attorney to
prosecute offenses, even when the neces
sary complaints, etc., have been placed in
their hands. On account of such neglect
of duty the law abiding sentiment In the
community has been outraged and great
wrong has been done to the rights of estab
lished society. The governor Is powerloss
to Interfere, because na ha no control over
county attorney. It I true their con
stituent have recourse ln Impeachment
proceeding before th county board, but
such a course I technical, dilatory and
vexatloua. A more effective and expedl-'
tlnus remedy should be provided. I recom
mend the creation of a statute providing
that In all criminal rases and In civil
matters wherein the state Is Interested,
where proper complaint has been made to
the county attorney and where he neglect
or refuses to prosecute, that the governor
be given power to either command such
county attorney to Immediately Institute
vigorous and faithful prosecution, or in
lieu thereof to hire special counsel to tak
charge of the case at the expense of the
county, or to do both, and In event of th
continued neglect or refusal of such county
attorney to act that the governor be given
absolute power to remove him from office
forthwith. Such a law would prove of the
greatest Importance to tne cause or gfod
government und would remedy a defect
which now piuiniy exists.
I further recommenu mat me statute
be amended so as to prohibit, under
penalty, the shipment of liquor by express
and transportation companies Into such
cities, towns and villages as have, by a
maturity vote or by action or tne council,
declared against the liquor traffic within
their borders, no matter to whom the ship
ment may be consigned. When a cam-
munlty ha registered It legal protect
against the saloon business It wishes
should be respected and should not be set
at naught by any liquor house, express or
transportation company. 1 regard sucn a
law as thl Imperative, to th end that
local aelf-government may he sustained and
not be brought Into contempt.
Tbe Parole Law.
My observation Is that the parol law,
section 670 of the criminal code. Is a wis.
addition to th. statutes and that It prac
tical workings are humane and beneficial.
The highest result sought to be attained
by confinement In the penitentiary la refor
mation rather than revenge, an Impetus to
correct habits of life rather than Ine mere
visitation of - condign punishment. The
power of parole. If discreetly exercised,
can be made the means of a permanent
uplift to the penitent one, at the same time
relieving the state of the. direct care of
sucli. In the four years ot my tenure or
office there have ln-en very few violations
of the terms of parole, tt being Impossible
to entirely guard against Imposition.
In view of the recent criticism which
prejudiced Individuals have passed upon my
psrdon. commutation and parole record. 1
wish to say that I took action only after
Careful dellleratlon and Investigation. Th
wsrden of the penitentiary haa been con
sulted In every case of parol, th convict'
record ha been examined and I hav
striven to make sure in every possible way
that the rase was one worthy or clemency
As pertinent to the laeuanc of pardons
and commutations I hsve received expres
sions from th trial Judge, the prosecutlna
attorneys, and often the Jurors, favorable.
to th exercise or the pardoning power
and In few Instance hav I aetrd until my
own judgment has. been reinforced by those
best knowing to the merits of the particu
lar case. I have felt weighted down with
a sense of the responsibility resting upon
me ln the exercise of ths power of clemency
and I hsve endeavored to discharge thst
responsibility with exceeding rare and with
conscientious regard for th safety of
society. If the laws govsrning pardon and
parole are too liberal then hedge them
about Willi such limitations as you think
proper, but o long ss they exist In their
present form, with full power vested In th
port and to deliver to the elate librarian
1,000 copies of each volume. These were to
be sold by the state for $2.60 per copy for
tne penetit or tne state uorary. v nen tne
printer waa engaged In thl work for th
atato he secretly printed and sold th. book
In competition with the state, his employer,
and a stated In the complaint- secretly
made 42.700 copies of the several volumes
and sold them In competition with the
state for (2.60 each, making a net profit of
12 on each one, or fRS.400 in all. This ess
has been In court three times, and In each
Instance a decision has been rendered
against the state. Apparently the state has
no further recourse. Meanwhile the li
brarian ha on hand about 20,000 copies of
the report which otherwise would have
been sold and the money applied to th.
state library. In view of the last decision
of the court In thl esse, to the effect that
any on. ran print and sell the report and
that the state ha no protection from com
petition on th part of Ita own trusted
employe and agent. I recommend that the
law providing for th publication of th
report at atate expense be repealed.
Case Involving th taxation of property
for state purposes, cases Involving title
to state school land, and other case In
volving the rights of property of tha state,
have been decided against the people on
what appears to those unskilled In the law
to be purely technical ground.
If th people cannot get relief by mean
of a statute Ilk that suggested by Presi
dent Roosevelt, provision should be made to
amend the constitution to meet present
The Jaakla Aet.
The power of the state to curb trust,
monopolies and conspiracies In restraint of
trade has been demonstrated by the en
actment and enforcement of th Junkin act.
Thl I a law passed by the last legisla
ture, entuiea An act to protect trade and
commerce against unlawful restraint and
monopolies, and to prohibit the giving or
receiving of rebate on the transportation
of property, and to provide a penalty for
the violation thereof." Shortly after this
act went into effect 1 directed the attorney
general to brirtg a suit against the Ne
braska Qraln Dealers' association, which
haa resulted In a sweeping decree issued
by the supreme court perpetually enjoining
th member thereof from monopolising the
grain business and controlling the price
of grain. The effect of the suit wa to
give the producers ot grain the benefit of
1 cent per hundred which had been un
lawfully charged for elevator service, and
to restore competition In the grain busi
ness throughout the state. A similar ac
tion wa brought against the Nebraska
Lumber Dealers association, the result of
which I now pending In the supreme oourt
The bill carried with It an appropriation of
110,000, to be expended under the Joint direc
tion of the governor and the attorney gen
eral, and of thla amount t2.M2.02 haa been
Sapreme Coart aad Cosnnsisaloa.
During the laat two year the aunreme
court, limited by the constitution to three
members, has been assisted In the consider
ation of case by a commission of six mem
bers, and th nine o working together
have reduced the docket so that case now
coming from the district courts csn be
heard and determined within a little less
than a year. The commission system is a
makeshift to add to th Judicial fore with
out contravening the constitution. Th
nnaingsaor th commission must bo an.
proved and adopted by the court before
they can have validity. Tha svstem la
rather cumbersome, not entirely satisfactory
kilu wiuuiu te tuierateo only unui sucn
time as the constitution ran be amended to
provide for a oourt of sufficient membership.
1 ocueve tnai a commission or tnree mem
bers will be sufficient to enable the court
to take care of Its business without un
reasonable delay during th next two year
and I recommend thst you mske provision
for a commission of that number, the ip-
oiiitmeni to oe suuieai to tne approval ol
the gqvernor before becoming effective.
I further recommend that you submit to
th elector an amendment of th constitu
tion providing for a supreme court of five
members, to bs Increased to Sevan mem
bers a th public service msv reaulra and
at th discretion of th legislature, at a sal
ary la proportion to ths responsibility and
dignity of the office. Such an amendment
would no doubt be sanctioned by all parties
and could be msde a part of the ballot and
carried as was th railway commlasion
amendment at the last election. The peo
ple need the relief which a larger court
would afford and I believe that for the
present fiv member could hear and de
termine all the case. Jowa has a court of
Ix member and And that number Insuffi
cient. Railroad Passenger Rate.
With th abolition of free transportation,
which I assume this legislature will ao
compllsh, will naturally corns Increased
earnings to the passenger departments of
the several railroads. A these corpora
tions are already earning sufficient Income
unon their stocks and bonds It follows that
ine peupis anouiu nave me oenent accruing
Oeneral fund ....
I'nl versify fund
Normal school fund
State library fund
Hospital for Insane fund
Penitentiary fund (land; .......
Statement No. It.
Estimates for expenditures for th. fiscal
period commencing April 1, 1807, and ending
March 31. IUOh:
New Permanent Improvements
Soldiers' and Sailor home. Mil
ford Soldier' and Sailor' home. Grand
Hospital for Insane, Lincoln
Hops! la I (or Insane, Norfolk
institute ror r eebie Mindea loutn
Boy' Industrial school;
Home for the Friendless
Hospital for Crippled and De
Actual Current Expense
Insurance department, auditor....
Superintendent public instruction
Secretary of atate v
Commissioner public lands and
Board of Public Land and Build
ing Board of Educational Lands and
Board of Purchase and Supplies..
Department of banking ,
State Board of Irrigation ,
Game and Fish commlasion
Soldiers' and Sailors' home. Mil
ford Soldiers' and Sailor' home, Orand
Island 15S.2ao. 00
State penitentiary 117.wm.fd
Hospital for Insane, Lincoln 201,200.09
Hospital ror insane, Norfolk
Asylum for Incurable Insane,
Institute for Feeble-Minded
Olrla' Industrial School
Boys' Industrial School.......
Normal school, Kearney ,.
Normal school, Peru '.
Home fop the Friendless
Institute for Deaf and Dumb,
Btate Historical society
Nebraska Library commission....
State Board of Charities and
Expense ot Normal School board
Laws and Journals
Bevenue books and blank.'
Junior normal schools.....
Stat Board of Equalisation and
Stat Board of Health
Fugitive from Justice and offi
cers' fees ,
For support of Stat. Poultry as
sociation For support of Stat. Board of
For support of State Board of
For suport of Stat Dairymen'
Commissioner of Labor
Procuring and transcribing; ab
stract of land
Institute for Blind...,......:.......
Nebraska Industrial Home
Hospital for Crippled and Da
Estimated deficiency, wolf bounty
Estimated deficiency claims
For miscellaneous claims (esti
' 1.IS M
80. fjr. 00
si. ton. on
61 ono 00
8. 01 0.00
83 676 CO
t fine. 00
2. fc .)'
uy reason or trie Disappearance or the pass
Assuming mat the anti-pas law will be
rigidly enforced. It I a safe conclusion that
a reasonable reduction In present rates can
be made without doing Injustice to the
railroads. I believe tbe selling of mileage
books good for 1.000 miles or more at th
ri 01 1 cent per mne, ana trip tickets at
2V cents per mile would be fair and Just,
and I suggest these rale for your consid
eration. tatemeat No. 4.
' Estimated rceipt for th fiscal period
commencing April 1, 1607, and ending March
81. law. Based on tt per rent of th
amount levied for all purposes under the
grand assessment roll of IS, and sundry
other collection based on actual receipts
during th last two years:
Oeneral fund levies for 1W7-8....I2.3HU1.0T
General fund collection on back
Sinking fund collection on back
tax (house roll 304) 1.600 06
Collections of obsolst fund (sen
ate file 10) 1.600.00
Interest on deposit 16.700 Oil
Miscellaneous collections 4,672. 11)
Fees, governor , list M
Fees, secretary of state 2? in3 W6
Fee, auditor of public account 13.218.47
Fees, commissioner public land
and building t.fsVlO
Fee, slat oil Inspector 18.fcst.O0
Fee, department of banking .... 24.7:4 Isi
Fees, slat food commissioner.... 4.817 36
Fees, board of Irrigation Ml. it
United Slates government "aid"
tWldler' and Sailors' Loin ,. 72,702.00
Total : $4,162,893.84
Adding state school apportion
ment to h disbursed during
1807 and M , 1,840.837.61
86. 483.831 .tt
From th above total of 88.493,931.61
The amount chargeable to th '
general fund I $3,416,143.84
The amount chargeable to th
university fund I 762,000.00
Th. amount chargeable to the
library fund 1 10,760.08
The amount chargeable to the
temporary school fund Is 1.840,837.67
Total ." $5.493,sn.6t
Th preceding statement. Kos 4 and 6.
show tha estimated receipt and- expendi
ture for th. coming blennium. a compiled
by the state auditor.
I transmit herewith a certified copy of a
concurrent resolution adopted by the legis
lature of New York on March 1, 1W. upon
the subject of polygamy, which I am re
quested to convey to you.
Accompanying thl message Is a complete -list
of all pardons and commutations
granted by me within the last two year,
together with reasons for the action taken
In each Individual case. If anyoneNdesire
more detailed Information pertaining there.,
to he la respectfully referred to the dwu
mentary evidence on file in th governor'
office upon which action haa been predicated.
ln conclusion, permit m to say that th.
public welfare has been largely committed
tn your hands for the coining two years. I
sincerely hope that ths stste may be rirhlv
benefited by your deliberation and thst
you msy each have divine guidance In th.
discharge of every dntv
JOHN H. MICKEY. Oovernor.
. In addition to the recommendation coy.
ered ln the foregoing, ' Oovernor Mickey
recommends that th law regarding no- -tarle
public be changed to fix -the mini
mum age for commission at 21. He refer
to th Jamestown exposition and hi ap.
polntment of a commission at the Invitation
ot the president, and also call attention
to th Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition, to
he held at Seattle, without recommendation.
HI action In making arrangement to e
cur for th university a further appropri
ation from th. general government under
th. provision of th Hatch fund and th
necessity of a law to relinquish stat con
trol ovr a lot bought by th general gov .
rnment'at North Piatt for experimental
atatlon purposes I set out. A more ade
quate appropriation for th tat. veteri
narian I also asked. - Th purchase of th.
liver service for th battleship Nebraska
1 also related. Payment of Insurance on
public building and for th bond for th
tat trueasurer 1 brought to th atten
tlon of the legislator. Th child labor law
1 also mentioned.
I kindly advl. you to tak ad
vantage fit my method of filling
and crowning teeth painlessly
especially If you ar temperamen
tally nervous or nltlv.
- Or, It you are overly particular
about th appearance ot your
teeth, you'll be pleased with my
porcelain and naml work
Again, if th nse ot nicety
and cleanlln I an Important
part fit your makaup, you'll find
no discord tn my ofho or srvico.
My price ar. vary reasonable.
'Phon Doug. 617. ' 838 Bee lildg.
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