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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 30, 1906)
The Omaha Sunday Bee
Your Money. Wert
THE OMAHA DEE
Best 1T. West
Pages 1 to 12.
VOL. XXXVI-NO. 23.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1906-FOUR SECTIONS THIRTY-TWO PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
HUMS MUSI WAIT
Bnssiai Government Fiidi Itself Unable to
Carrj Out Eeformi Generally Desired.
LAND LAWS ONLY TO BE MADE BY DUMA
Promise of f xar More Bindine Tim Desire
Of All Subjects.
PEASANTS" STILL LONG TO OWN HOMES
At Present They Can Only Dispose of Soil's
TIME FOR PARLIAMENT NOT FIXED
Law to Govern Jews Causes Consid
erable Apprehension, aa Court
Party Fights It ThroiKh
ST. PETERPBITIO, Dee. 29. (Special.)
At first sight the attitude of the Russian
state towards the agrarian question strikes
one aa tragical. The czar's advisers are
aware of the land hunger of the rural
mnsscs, and are yet willing and able to
partlnllly satisfy It. Btlll they must waive
their Intention because of a one-aided en
gagement taken by the crown. According
to that promise no permanent law ahnll
ever again bo made without the assent
of the nation's representatives, nnd, con
gruously with the program of these repre
sentatives, the agricultural class shall not
be relieved by any cabinet but one com
posed of their own members. Thus the
crown and the deputKs are fired by real
to shower boons upon the horny-handed
tillers of tho soil, but neither of the two
can carry out the laudable scheme without
the good will of the other, and that good
will Is not to be hoped for. On the one
hand the peasants. Impoverished, are
clnmorlng for land, asking that It should
be their own to till, Improve, mortgage,
sell; on the other hand the government
has laboriously scraped together a largo
quantity of arable soil, and Is willing to
let the husbandman possess It, not merely
as heretofore jointly with others, but fully.
But the dead letter of a badly worded
law forbids the reform. Heretofore the
mujlk could dispose of the harvest, but
not of the soli that produced It, whereas
to this, too, he has a right, because he has
paid the redemption tax for over a genera- i
tlon and therefore the farm which he cul- i
tlvatea has really been bought tVj him,
end the government has hitherto assented
to these claims, but did nothing to grant
them. Neither side seems able to get any
further than talk.
Why, one may inquire, does not the em
peror Issue a law, as one of the cleverest
of his officials more than once proposed,
proclaiming that the land now actdally
cultivated by the peasants shall ipso facto
become the property of those who are till
ing It without more ado? That would be
the shortest and the stralghest way to tho
goal. It might be clumsy and to some ex
tent unfair, but It would put an end to a
secular grievance and win over a powerful
ally. But the premier always retorts that
this is Impossible because the state is
bound by Its promise not to make any
permanent law without the consent of tho
fluma, and that Innovation once Introduced
would by Us nature be permanent nnd
Irrevocable. Therefore It must be en
forced. The czar's promise that in tho future no
law should be enacted without the consent
of the nation's representatives assembled
In the duma was given for the benefit of
his people. Afterwards it was tised to their
detriment. Every political party in Rus
sia Is at one that the peasants ought to
become the " full proprietors of the
farms which they now cultivate, and
should In many cases receive an addi
tional slice of land. That is a political
dogma In Russia. But If the government
frames a law embodying this dogma these
parties will cry out that the constitution
la being violated. The duma, they argue,
and only the duma, has the right of strik
ing off the fetters of the peasant. 'Con
stitutionally, perhaps, that plea is un
answerable. But.lt Is on the cards that
the duma Is not to convene for a long
time to come. Meanwhile, it Is asked.
must the peasant go on sinking deeper and
deeper Into the slough of despond In sight
and almost within reach of the help whlcj
his democratic friends refuse to let him
haveT It Is also being asked If this Is,
after all. not a high price to pay for the
Famine Scaadal Grows.
I)sclosures are dally coming to light
which aggravate the fateful significance of
the blunder made by the assistant minister
of the Interior, M. Gurko, In advancing
$4,0uu,0u0 to some sanitary plumbers, who
contracted to supply some 10.000,000 poods
(about li,000 tons) of corn to the famlne
strlcken population. It is now rumored
that the head of the firm has disappeared,
leaving no address; that he was being sued
for petty sums when his tender was ac
cepted, and that generally. If preliminaries
In the way of Inquiries had been attended
to, no Slate department would have given
him the contract.
In the meantime reports of other scandals
are finding their way to the courts and the
government is engaged in a houseeleenlng.
One scandal Involves the embezalement of
4OO.0U) roubles. Reactionaries affirm that M.
Gurko Is the victim ot a plot, hatched by
the Jews and democrats, who first laid a
trap for him. Inducing him to give the
contract to an unqualified person and then
bribing this person to abscond, this motive
being intense hatred of some of the rep
resentatives of the government.
The Jewish relict bill la also causing ex
treme apprehension to the friends ot the
government, because the chiefs of the court
party, Instead of openly vetoing the
measure, are encouraging the Reactionary
League of Genuine Russian People to agi
tate against It. The leader of the league
has addressed an open letter to the govern
ment, declaring that no Russian cabinet
can carry the measure and retain office,
and sharply criticising an article In a semi
official Journal as the handiwork ot the
Jewish spokesmen, whereas it la known to
havetbeen written by the premier himself.
By these expedients the reactionaries hope
to Intimidate M. Btolypin, and it la impos
sible to even venture a guess as to what
will be the ultimate reeulta of this par
ticular line of action.
Tear Bad Wltte.
The recent visit of Count Wltte to Tsar-koe-Eelo
Is still an absorbing topio for dis
cussion In Russian officialdom. In con
formity with traditional customs ,hlgh of
ficials have an audience after recovery frcn
Illness or on return from prolonged ab
sence. Count Wltte wrote asking the em
peror to receive him. The prolonged sllencs
of the court in conjunction with the violent
(Continued Ou Ssouud Page.)
MALAYS FIGHTING OPIUM
Free Treatment for Pros; Habit Is
Given by Societies (or
CALCUTTA, Dec. . - (Special.) The
anti-opium movement in M ilaya can only
be described as colossal, according to a''
advices which hRve been received here from
Penang. Bo rapidly has It spread and so
popular has It become that It reminds one
more of a Welsh revival than a movement
undertaken by the stolid Chinese.
A few weeks ago a well-to-do Chinaman
In Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Selangor,
received from China a specimen of a plant
which was said to be a cure for the opium
habit A short search revealed the fact
that the plant grew freely In Selangor in
a wild state and In a very snort time a
quantity was obtained and active opera
The leaves of the plant, which appear to
be a shrub somewhat akin to gambler, are
exposed to the sun for a day. then chopped
fine and roasted, after which an Infusion
la made and the specldo Is ready for use.
The first man experimented upon, although
he was a confirmed opium smoker, was
pronounced cured In. a week.
Now an anti-opium society has been
formed In Kuala Lumpur and the specific
Is distributed free. The dispensaries are
established for Its distribution and are
hard pushed to keep up with the demand,
the applicants in Kuala Lumpur alone
numbering over 2,om dally.
The antl-oplumtsts claim to have cured
In the few short weeks since the riant was
discovered over 14.000 people in the Kuala
Lumpur district alone. The receipts of the
opium shops In and about Kuala Lumpur
have fallen off by two-thirds, while several
shops have even closed for lnck of custom.
People coming from Kuala Lumpur say
that as the distributing hour approaches
coolies can be seen flocking to the dis
pensaries from all directions, carrying
empty beer and whisky bottles to obtain
a day's supply ot the specific. The aver
age time required for a cure is from a
fortnight to three weeks.
CATHOLIC VOTES ARE FELT
Educational Bill Causes Decrease In
Liberal Majority In Recent
DUBLIN. Dec. 29. (Special.) For the
purpose of throwing a little light upon the
general political situation a study of the
Huddersfleld special election Is worth the
while. A liberal has been returned for
Huddersfleld !n the exciting three cornered
contest, which has been so rapid y been
brought to a conclusion. In fact the order
of the three contestants on the poll is ex
actly the same as at the general election
last January, liberal first, socialist second
and unionist third. Furthmore the liberal
majority over the socialist Is substantially
the same as it was then. Bo far, the min
isterial party may congratulate Itself on
the result that was by no means certain a
few days ago. But the wlner liberal
leaders are tempering satisfaction with re
flection. They can scarcely view with con
tentment the drop in the total democratic
poll or the shrinkage of the liberal ma
jority over the conservative. Last January
It was 1.911; in the later election It had
fallen to 918, a reduction of nearly a thou
sand votes. While the total democrats
majority which was 7,724 at the general
election fell to o.S0 at the special election
a reduction of nearly 1,400 votes. With such
a constituency as the Huddersfleld one, It
would take a political revolution to change
its political complexion. But others of the
constituencies that have returned liberals
at the last election are not as safe as Hud
dersfleld and Buch a shifting of allegiance
as there occurred would in many other
constitutencles have resulted In a govern
There 1b little mystery about the decline
In the popular majority. There are, it is
calculated, some 750 catholics voters In the
constituency. The bulk of them supported
the liberal party at the general eleot'on,
relying upon pledges that their educational
"rights," would be respected. It Is claimed
that the danger which has threatened their
schools has driven them to revolt.
MISSIONARY KILLED BY NATIVES
Man neleased from Prison Takes
Vengeance on First White
Man H Meets.
SYDNEY, N. B. W., Deo, 29. (Special.)
News has Just reached here from New
Hebrides of the remarkable manner in
which the murdered Anglican missionary,
the Rev. C. C. Godden, met his death.
Mr. Godden was stationed at Aoba Island.
The murderer had served several years
imprisonment in Irons in Queensland on a
charge of attempted murder and resented
his treatment so much that he vowed that
he would murder the first white man he
met on returning to his own country.
The outrage took place at the extreme
northern end of Aoba, where Mr. Godden
had traveled to visit his assassin. The
murderer engaged In conversation with the
missionary, but as Mr. Godden was leaving
the hut stealthily creeping up behind him
and pointing a 'rifle close to his body the
weapon was discharged. The bullet shat
tered the missionary's thigh and in a crip
pled condition he made a frantio attempt
Following his victim the enraged native
made a desperate rush at Mr. Godden,
finally killing him by means of a toma
hawk. A native attached to the mission arrived
on the scene at that moment and carried
the body of the missionary to his own hut.
He then gave information which led to the
arrest of the murderer.
SPITE HOTEL AT A RESORT
Americas Bays New Ship and Will
fra Hoase at Monte
MONTH CARLO. Dec 9.-Specla!.-
Next year Monte Carlo Is to have a unique
hotel a great ocean liner, with 1.500 rooms.
which will be anchored oft
the port of
Only an American could be guilty of
.... i. M.k This American wna .nnnv. !
recently because the proprietor, of the
rTotel at Mont. Carlo, where he had been
Accustomed to stay every season, refused
to let him have the rooms he usually oc-
in the possession of an oriental. The Arar.i', ,.;,,. . .
lean was furious and offered to buy the
hotel. This was also refused. Then h
said that he would have his revenge. Next
season he would transport bodily soma big
hotel to Monts Curio and would take away
half of their customers. He found. In fact,
a big transatlantic liner, which is being
built for an English company, but which i
had been refused Decause there had been
some mistake In the lines. The unfinished
hip was Just the thing for the American
millionaire. He purchased it for spot cash
and next year it will float as a luxurious
hotel oft the harbor of Moute CVc
a, . V
Inhar-' v'?n Caucasus Look ou Bnssian
iule with Dread.
ACED COSSACKS THE SCOURGE
Soldiers of the Csar Menace People in
Quiet Little Villages.
ELECTION DAY INCIDENTS SUGGESTIVE
Spirit of the Inhabitants is Ripe fer
Eevolt Against Rulers.
PASSIVE RtSISTANCt UtSPERATE REMEDY
Peasants Show Plainly Their Attitude
Toward the Government at St.
Petersbarg that Knows So
Little of Them.
ALAZAN VALLfcA', in the Caucasus,
Nov. tit. (.Special Correspondence of Tne
Bee.; It is bunday, and the villagers of
the Caucasus have spent the morning In
electing the first giuue fur next year's
As you know, the representatives of Rus
sian peasants are like cousins, three times
removed. They have acquaintance with
only a very small part of the constituents.
The peasants choose a large number of
their own people aa the first grade. These
combine with other villages to appoint a
smaller board out of their own number, and
these in turn finally select the one member
of the Duma-
Like the whole mtthod of Russian suf
frage it is a cumbersome and undemocratic
system, but it has its advantages, espe
cially for the member himself. He need
neither address public meetings which are
forbidden nor canvass frotn door to door,
nor kiss the baby. It a British member of
Parliament were elected like that he would
be relieved of many burdens, even, I think,
of his subscription to the cricket club.
For many reasons it is better not to give
the exact name of the place where I am.
The authorities only desire an excuse for
persecution, and already they act on the
Men disappear from the villages and are
no more heard of. I know organizers of
co-operative societies exiled as disturbers of
the peace, apparently because they were
making the peasants too prosperous.
Case of Military Misuse.
luquauy cnsracierlstlc Is the case of a
man who was commanded to leave Russia
at once, and meekly went to Batoum- to
take ship for France. There the police
seised him for not having a foreign pass
port giving permission to cross the fron
"But the government has already ordered
tne across the frontier," he pleaded,
That made no difference. He was sent
back to Tlflis under guard. In the train
the soldiers robbed him of all he had, even
of his clothes, and now he lies lu the Tlflis
Jail, expecting Siberia.
For the cause any Russian or Georgian
would suffer these things . without com
plaint, but this man, unhappily, had taken
no part in the movement, and felt no par'
llcular interest In politics.
So for the sake of the villagers and m
other friends I will only say that I am In
one of the beautiful and ancient towns that
hang like eagles' nests high over the broad
valley of the Alazan, and look across It
northward to the unbroken barrier of the
Behind that snowy rampart lies Daghen
tan; with its wild population of ancient
t xuunttnimeunn inoes. lamous even in ine
, Caucasus for their skill In metal work. But
8l(lMI of tne v,uey are occupied by
j Georgians, who In fortified towns like this
withstood for centuries the onsets of Per
sluns and other hosts Of Islam.
Cossacks Now a Menace.
' On fighting days they still wear coats
of mull like cruaadors. But an enemy al
most as terrible as Islam and more
treacherous now stands In their midst.
In every town and many villages com
panies of Cossacks and other Rubs lan troops
are stationed. Their barracks gla. red,
new and hideous among the picturesque
Flat faced soldiers, with the Innocent but
stupid look of central Russian peasants,
move about, like men forbid, among a race
that have the features and bearing of wild
falcons. You come upon them drilling
In little black lines, like the Irish constabu
lary In that country's worst days, and the
government seems to be only waiting Its
opportunity to loose them upon this fertile
valley as It loosed them at the beginning
of this year upon the province further west.
Their orders were to kill and destroy, and
to violate as many women as possible, be
cause, as one of the officers said, the Tsar
has need of loyal subjects.
Villus" oa Election Day.
Going down early this morning from the
height of this town Into largish village upon
the edge of the valley I found the whole
male population gathered on a kind of vil
lage green In front of the church. The
village shop was there, and In the center
stood an Immemorial tree, hung round with
bits of carcasses that were to be cooked
later on for Sunday's dinner.
There stood the communal school, built
by subscriptions of the villagers them
selves, but now closed because the govern
ment will not allow teaching in Georgian,
the only language that the children under
stand, and rather than give up their ancient
tongue the people have rightly determined
to do without a school. There, too, stood
the shed called the town hall the outward
symbol of the Russian power. Nettles grew
round it, the walks were falling In, the
roof gaped with holes and not a villager
could be found to stick on another tile.
The peasants themselves were gathered
In an eager and excited group big, wild
eyed men. shaggy In hairy capes and sheep
skin coats. At the girdle of each hung the
two-foot dagger In the sheath of leather
' and ",,ver work. The government has for-
Diaaen us ue. iei me government come
and take it then!
The meeting was excited. Seventeen rep-
had ,0 chen from this
village alone as members of the first grade.
I am not sure whether the candidates made
"(thir OWB "M Ut "n!y
custom, but It has great advantage in sav
lag time. At our own election meetings,
for Instance, every one present is almost
always agreed upon the choice of candl-
date, and If all the speakers on the plat
form spoke together the meetings would be
: sooner over and the result Just the same
In Qeorgla there Is the further difficulty
added that in eacn case the voting must
be unanimous or no one can be elected
Yet they manage it somehow.
After all. It Is only like an English club-;
.wuUliUwi VU &ud, fg.j
LAW OF ENTAIL INVOLVED
French Court Ashed to Pass oa Rights
of People to Be
PARIS, Deo 29. (Special.) One more
case of aristocratic privilege Is before the
French courts. Strict entail has ben
abolished In this conntry, but a modified
form of. It exists. Count Rene Jean de
Berthier de Sauvlgny Inherited Tils father s
titles, estates, movable property, the last
named Including four pieces of Beauvals
tapestry, given to the family by Louis
XVI. and twelve armchairs In Beauvals
tapestry, presented by the city of Paris.
Count Berthier de Sauvlgny has sold the
four pieces of tapestry and the twelve arm
chairs to a Paris dealer In antiquities for
total sum of $;0,000. Both count and
dealer are now sued by a lawyer, whose
action Is on behalf of the children who
might be born eventually to the count, who
so far is without heirs. The solicitor for
the unborn heirs asks the court to pro
nounce the sale of the tapestries and furni
ture null and void, as being an Infringe
ment of the rights of his clients that may
be. It appears that the count's father en
tailed the property In so far as the French
law allowed him to do so. That Is to say,
In his will he left only a life Interest In
the estates, etc., to his son, who was
charged to hand down the same Intact to
his own children. The testament specified
that the entail was limited to one genera
tion for the sole reason that the French
law forbade Its extension any further. The
lawyer appearing in the present case was
appointed by the late count trustee for the
limited entail. The court has ordered tne
dealer provisionally to give up the tapes
tries, which will be consigned to the caro
of a legal officer pending the result of the
Swiss Canton Has Bad
' as Result of I'se
GENEVA, Dec. 29. (Special.) There hare
been no fewer than eleven murders In the
canton of Vaud within the last three
Many of the crimes have been the result
of absinthe drinking, the canton having
the unenviable notoriety of consuming more
of the spirit than any other district.
The crimes have all been of a brutal
nature. The last one took place last Sat
urday night, when a wealthy woman who
kept an Inn and her cook were murdered.
The assailant also attacked two other peo
ple in the house, but they escaped by Jump
ing through the window.
BERNE, Dec, 29. (Special.) No federal
campaign has ever had such success as that
which was started to banish absinthe and
all similar liquors forever from Swiss ter
ritory. The secretary of the campaign
committee Is authority for the statement
that 20,202 signatures have already been
obtained, and there are now probably 100,000
who have signed asking that a federal law
of this sort be passed.
Contrary to what has been said, the
German cantons have been Just as en
thusiastically jtupportlng this prohibition
scheme as have the other cantons. It la
likely that a prohibition law will be voted
at once, though fears have been expressed
that t may drive away American and
English visitors next summer.
AGRARIAN DISORDER GROWS
East Galway and Leltrim Show
Trouble as Result of High
DUBLIN, Dec. 29. (Special.) It Is un
doubtedly true that detailed reports, espe
cially from East Galway and Leitrim, In
dicate a marked revival of agrarian crime.
And unionists and nationalists appear
equally at sea as to the causes. Boycotting
and systematic outrage are now going on
more largely than at any time since the
passing of the estates purchase act. This
Increase Is not shown in the criminal rec
ords, for the police for some reason have
made few reports upon the subject.
Mr. Martin Ward, the secretary of the
Loughrea branch of the United Irish league,
in an Interview said: "Most ot the grazing
land In this district Is held by dealers who
use it. to accommodate their stock. By the
profits they make in dealing they are able
to pay an artificially high rent, which' the
land does not Justify. If by the force of
public opinion we can drive the graziers
out the rent of the land will come down
to Its proper value and the people will
Throughout County Galway especially it
is said the main purpose of the agitation
Is to drive the large grazing farmers off
the land and have their properties divided
among the people.
FEMALE JOKERS UNDER ARREST
Women Who Try to Rob German
Officers Must Stand Trial
BERLIN, Dec. 24. (Special.) Two well
known young women of the garrison town
of Neiss, In upper Silesia, are under ar
rest for a practical Joke In the shape of a
A couple of officers In the garrison were
driving to the home of a comrade, when
the carriage was suddenly "held up" by of directors Is January 9, but it Is prob
three persons who emerged from the road- i able that a speclai meeting will be called
side. When one of the trio, a man, stopped ' for January 2. There was a report current
the horses, the two others, who were
cloaked and masked, attacked the officers
The officers overpowered their assailants
after a struggle and handed them over to
the police, when It was discovered that
the prisoners were women. They said they
had planned the affair as a Joke, but they
will have to stand trial and will undoubt
edly be punished for this practical Joke.
CONFESSED CRIME FOR TRIP
Haagarlan Wanted to Go Homo and
Got American to Pay
VIENNA, Dec. 26.-Speclal.)A cruel
trick has been played on a New York baker
named Myrok by a Hungarian who wished
to return home from America.
Myrok told the police at Budapest that
he man came to him In New York and
informed him hat he was Kecskemety. a
Hungarian swindler who recently disap-
peared and for whom a reward of $12,500
was offered. He suggested that Myrok
should go back with him, obtain the reward
and that they should share the money.
Myrok thereupon took tickets for both to
Europe and they have arrived at Buda -
pest, un ineir way io tne police office, BILIJNG8. Mont.. Dee. 29.-F. P. Bmith
however, the supposed Kecskemety disap- ' WK arrested today on the charge of at
peered Myrok ha. since received a letter j VitftTl't ".."'tth "wo
from him explaining that he was anxious
to get home and that he adopted Uila
method of golUug there.
SIOUX INDIANS BALK
Only 0ie Feint of Difference en Opening ef
Tripp Cotnty Lands.
ADULTS WANT SHARE OF MINOR HEIRS
Government Insists on Keeping it for the
"TAFT STATES POSITION ON PRESIDENCY
Does liot Expeot to Be the Beinblioai
Homines in 1908.
QUESTION OF AVAILABILITY IN WAY
At the Same Time He Says it Wonld
Be Foolish te lay He Would
Decline if Nomination Is
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. (Special Tele
gram.) The secretary of the Interior and
Commissioner Leupp today had several
conferences with Major McLaughlin, spe
cial Indian Inspector, who returned
to Washington after several councils with
the Sipux Indians of Tripp county, South
Dakota, regarding the' terms upon which
they would part with their surplus lanas.
So far aa can be learned, there app-sars
but one point of difference between Major
McLaughlin and the head chief, and this
Is as to the parents of minors having
control of their pro rata shares In the
segregation. The Sioux seem to hold out
for control of the money which may be
due their children by reason of the sale
of lands. The secretary pf the Interior
and the commissioner of the Indian
bureau do not view the case In the same
light. The proposition which Major Mc
Laughlin suggested to the Tripp county
Indians was upon the lines that governed
the opening of the Rosebud reservation.
This provided that the minor children's
share In the proceeds should be retained
In the custody of the United States until
each minor child should reach the ago of
While the commissioner has not given
Major McLaughlin any specific Instruc
tions, he has Intimated to him that In his
further councils with the Indians. fee must
make It clear to the red men that the gov
ernment will Insist upon the retention
of moneys due minors, paying them their
share when they reach the age of 18 years,
the parents In the meantime maintaining
the children until they reach the legal
Secretary Taft Wllllnar.
Secretary Taft made the following state
ment today . concerning his presidential
"For the purpose of relieving the burden
Imposed by recent publications upon some
of my friends among the Washington news
paper correspondents of puttlnjr further In
quiries to me, I wish to say that my ambi
tion Is not political; that J am not seeking
the presidential nomination, that I do not
expect to be the republican candidate, if
for no other reason because of what seems
to me to be objections to, my availability,
which do not appear to lessen with the
continued discharge of my official duty,
but that I am not foolish enough to say
that In the Improbable event that the op
portunity to run for the great office of
president were to come to me I should de
cline it, for this would not be true."
Minor Matters at Capital.
R. T. Haprof of Mitchell, S. D has been
awarded the contract for the construction
of the Indian school quarters at Bismarck,
N. D., at $42,819.
A contract for the construction of the
Cheyenne river Indian day school In South
Dakota has been awarded to W. D. Lovell
of Minneapolis, at $8,000.
Charles T. Boardman and wife of Dee
Moines are In Washington on a sightsee
ing tour. They were today entertained at
luncheon by Secretary Shaw and wife.
Postmasters appointed: Nebraska
Mitchell, Scott's Bluff county, Charles H.
Blackburn, vice L. 8. Russell, resigned.
Iowa Laddsdale, Davis county, Joseph
Pople, vice W. R. Daum, resigned.
SUCCESSOR FOR CASSATT
Growlnsj FeellnaT that James McCrca
of Pittsburg; Will Head Penn
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 29. While the
question of a successor to the late A. J.
Caaaatt, president of the Pennsylvania
Railroad company, received no official con
sideration today, It Is being discussed by
railroad and financial men. None of the di
rectors will discuss the matter until after
the funeral and it is t.iore than probable
they will maintain silence until they shall
have formally selected a man for the va
cancy. The feeling that James McCrea of ritts
burg will be chosen Is steadily growing. He
Is vice president and the executive head
of the company's western lines, and as
thoroughly familiar with the system as any
man now connected with the company.
The wxt regular meeting of the board
today that George F. Baer, president of
j the Reading company, would be offered the
place, but this was given little credence.
Henry C. Frlck, It Is understood, is not a
Whatever changes may be made in the
personnel it Is understood that the Improve
mcnts "how under way and those contem
plated by Mr. Cassatt will be carried out in
Arrangements for the funeral of Mr. Cas
satt will be completed this evening. It will
be as quiet as possible. This was Mr. Cas
satt's wish and the expressed desire of the
family. There will be no honorary pall
bearers. Services will be held at the Cas
satt home In West Rlttenhouse square at 2
o'clock Monday afternoon and a limited
,An, " . " . Z "LZJZ. V
Rev Dr. w. c. Rlchard.on. rector of St
. JamM. Prote,tant Episcopal church. The
, funeraJ , carriage.
to Bryn Mawr, where Interment w"l be
, ths yard of the ,
, aeemer. Mr canntt ws. a communicant
, Bryn Mawr churcn and had a , Bt
,imes'. The Interment will be private and
the bur,al services will be read by Rev.
Jame. nUghton. rector of the Church of
j One srreat la Blackmail Caac.
warned the police of the sllt-snrl ulot
ssseris nis innocence, oeciaring that he
iilTi Uui loosed outraan """ju In a crllUfU cuudnlon tills worulug,
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Forecast for Nebraska Snow and
Collier In South Portion Sunday.
NEWS SECTION Twelve Peace.
1 Rnsslnn MnJIka Must Walt.
Csar la Worse Than the Snltnn.
Slous Balk on Terms of Treaty.
Gossip Anions the I.calslators.
2 Shaw nepllea to Ills Critics.
8 Former Newspaper Man Murdered.
News from All Parts of Nebraska.
4 Two Ynnnsr Men Drown In Lake.
Holdrcae Expects No Strike.
B Street Railway Suaacata Clinnaes.
New Year's Etc In New York City.
Connty Allows Old Grocery Rill.
Past Week In Omaha Society.
T Money to Carry on Railroad Wars.
Sharp Work of aa Editor.
Death and Wealth Come Suddenly.
8 All Rome Is Greatly Aaltatcd.
Corea Is Not for the Corcans.
Strike Troubles In Poland.
One Man Commits Three Crimes.
All Is Quirt Now In t uba.
10 1 pa and Downs of Star Batsmen.
Sportlnn- Kifntt of the Day.
Latest Tura In Coal Trust Cases.
11 Council Bluffs and Iowa News.
1 Happenlnas In Omaha Suburbs.
News from the Army Posts.
EDITORIAL SECTION Ela-ht Panes.
8 Timely Real Estate Topics.
San Franclaco People Show Grit.
Woodhnry Answers Water Board.
Opposition to the Croutons Line.
5 .'ant Ada.
6 Want Ada.
T Commercial and Financial News.
8 Condition" of Omaha's Trade.
Merchanfa' Eeuralon a Go.
HALF-TONE SECTION-Klaht Pasree.
1 Life Sketch of Joeeph 2'edmaa.
weidensall In St. Petersbi.ar,
a Story of the Great Emeralda.
8 Goaalp of Playa and Players.
Mualc and Mnslcal Mnttcrs.
4 Foot Ball as an Amateur Game.
B Carpenter on Ills African Tour.
Bryan on Secular Education.
O Woman i Her Ways and Her World.
T Weekly Grist of Sporting- Goaalp.
8 In the Field of Electricity.
Some Short and Spicy Ttklca.
Temperature at Omaha Yeaterdayt
Hour. Dear. Hour. Dea
B a. m 7 t p. m 87
a. m HU it p. m 87
7 a. m 8 p. m as
8 a. ni :tO 4 p. m ..... . HH
O n. m ail B p. m 8H
10 a. lu 37 O p. m an
11 a. ni 341 7 p. m as
12 m 811
COAL FOR ISLANDS HIGHER
Shipment Cheaper In Foreign Ships
Than in Those of Inlted
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.-Blds recently
opened at the Navy department for 0,000
tons of seml-bttumlnous coal to be delivered
at Manila, disclosed the fact that it is
much cheaper If transported In foreign
bottoms than In American bottoms. The
proposals called for separate bids on ship
ments in steamers of American register.
sailing vessels of American register,
steamers of foreign register and sailing
vessels of foreign register. No bid was
received to transport the coa! In steamers
of American register, the experience of the
past having demonstrated the futility of
offering any. The' prices on shipments In
steamers x.C foreign register, and on which
there were a number of bids, ranged from
$5.60 a ton to $4.70 a ton. Last year similar
coal was bought for $4 a ton, the price for
shipment In American steamers being $T a
ton. One concern offered to ship 5,000 tons
In a sailing vessel of - American register,
but no other bids for shipments In sailing
vessels of American register were received.
Two firms offered to ship coal, regardless
of whether It was In ships of American or
foreign register, the prices ranging from
$8.K8 by one firm and $7.60 and $7.25 by the
Inasmuch as the award will probably
made on the basis of the rate of $4.70 a ton
the government will have to pay this year
135,000 more than last year for the same
CARUSO CASE IS AFFIRMED
Opera Slnsrer Will Take Further
Appeal to Appellate Division
' of Sapreme Court.
NEW YORK, Dec. 29 The conviction of
Enrico Caruso, the famous Italian opera
Blnger, on a charge of annoying women In
the monkey house at Central park was
affirmed today by Recorder Goff In tho
court of general sessions.
Caruso's counsel et once announced that
the case will be appealed to the appellate
division of the supreme court. The recorder
declared that It was not essential that
"Hannah Graham," who made the com
plaint, should have appeared In court.
"The offense Is not so much against the
Individual as against public order and
decency," said the decision upon this point.
"As a matter of law I cannot say that
the magistrate erred In Judgment," said
Recorder Ooff, "and as a matter of fact I
cannot substitute my Judgment for his. He
had the witnesses before him and was best
qualified to Judge of their credibility. Even
though I should come to the conclusion
that if I were sitting In his place I shouM
render a different Judgment that would not
Justify me In reversing his Judgment."
Third Deputy Police Commissioner Wil
liam L. Mathot has resigned and the resig
nation has been accepted. Mathot's conduct
of the Caruso case, which he prosecuted,
brought a storm of public criticism upon
SICK ONES ARE DOING WELL
Count Crelghton Improving; and J. R.
Kitchen and Charlca E. Morgan
Hold Their Own.
News from the bedcldes of Omaha's
prominent sick was of a more hopeful
nature than for the night before, early this
morning, and nothing to give alarm was
reported from any of the aflllcted homes.
John A. Crelghton's condition was sMd
to be Improved and he was better at 1
o'clock than at any time since the begin
ning of his illness. He was resting well,
the pulse was normal and the ternperuture
but a trifle above normal.
James B. Kitchen was reported to be no
worse at his home. 2 South Thirty-second
avenue, and Charles E. Morgan. 1A19 Cass
street, was said to lie doing very well, and
perhaps a little better than on the previous
Baroaeaa i;urdelt- nulla 111.
IjONDON, !-". a.-Baroness Burdett-
Coutts, who has len 111 with acute bron-
'ho has len
ce tpec ember
cnt!s since December 11. was reported to
CALL FOR A CAUCUS
One Expected to Be Circulated by Home
Members Furinc the Day.
MONDAY NIGHT THE DATE SETTLED UPON
Oreaniiatioa the Only Question Likely to
OBJECTION TO TAKING UP OTHER THINGS
Speakership Contest Contine.es to Be ft
Puzsle to AIL
DODGE IS PLEASED WITH HIS PR0SPLCT3
Announces Ills Intention to Follow
Dictates of State Convention
and Vote for Brown for
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Dec. 29. (Special. )-The calt
for a caucus of the members of the house
to perfect an organization probably will be
started around for signatures tonight or
tomorrow. The date of the caucus will be
fixed for Monday night and the call will
set out specifically that the purpose of the
caucus Is to perfect an organization only.
During the day someone started out tha
suggestion that the call should Include a
vote on United States senator and for a
discussion of the appointment of a Joint
committee for the purpose of formulatln
measures in conformity with the pier"
made in the republican state pis"
While there seemed to be little p
'O a discusMlon of the (ntter nmnr.
n lncdon of the senatorshlD wsa k.
.preted to mean a clever way to get a
secret ballot on the senatorshlp. A num
ber of legislators were Interviewed and
each expressed himself emphatically op
posed to a vote for United States senator
In tho caucus, because this proposition,
each said, had been settled at the state
convention, when Norris Brown was en
dorsed for the position, and at the polls,
when he was endorsed with a popular vote
of preference. That the call will not In
clude the discussion of the appointment of
a Joint committee Is pretty certain, be
cause many or the members believe this
would lead to the discussion of too many
matters which have no place at the time
of the perfection of the organization.
The situation has not changed materially
during the day, each of the candidates for
speaker having devoted his time trying to.
find out how much strength his competitors
can muster. Combination makers have tried
to put this mnn and that man In the same
pot, but there seems to have been no
definite understanding arrived at by any
of the candidates. A' question of much
Interest to all of the candidates Is how
much strength one man can deliver to an
other. It being the general Impression that
none of the candidates can do much trad
ing. There Is still only a small minority
of the members here
Dodge on the Ground.
Representative Dodge came In this morn
ing and took charge of his headquarters
and he has hod many callers during the
day. Inasmuch as the announcement of
Mr. Dodge's engagement to be married has
Just been made the Douglas county candi
date was of especial Interest during the
day and was warmly congratulated. H. C.
Clarke, Jr., came down with Mr. Dodge.
According to Mike Lee, Dodge's chance
have materially advanced during the day
and he is making a very favorable Impres
sion upon the new members, while the old
members are giving his candidacy every
"I am well satisfied with the reports I
have received regarding my candidacy for
speaker since I reached Lincoln this morn
ing," said Representative Dodge. "Mr.
Tucker has been looking after my Inter
ests, and I am well pleased with his man
agement." Mr. Dodge publicly declares that he
stands squarely on the platform as
adopted by the state convention and Is of
the opinion the legislature will enact
measures covering every pledge In the
platform, "I made my position clear dur
ing the campaign and since," he said.
"When I filed as a candidate previous to
the state convention I announced that I
would vote for the nominee of he state
convention for United States senator. At
that time I thpught an Omaha man would
be selected and hoped he would. How
ever, such was not the case, but I feul
equally bound to support the nominee of
Strong Point of Claim.
"I have no doubt Mr. Brown will get
every republican vote in the legislature. In
asmuch as he was the choice of the re
publican state convention. I feel bound
by the endorsement of that convention, and
expect to vote for him. As much as I re-
gret that Omaha Is to lose the senator, we
wcn Into the fight and It bo happened that
another secured the endorsement, there
fore, I feel we should do as we would have
expected the other members to have done
had Omaha been successful In the state
"With the exception of a railway com
mission, which ottioe may or may not be
constitutional, Omaha has no representa
tion on the state ticket, and I think ho
outside influence should be brought to bear
to prevent Omaha from getting the
Very pat Just at this time, when the cost
of the State university to the taxpayers
and to the students Is being discussed, is
the report of Secretary Ludden of the State
Normal board regarding the renting and
selling of text books to the students of the
normal schools. At the Peru Normal and
at the Kearney Normal the board buys
text books and sells them to the students
at the same price, or rents them for 10
cents a semester. At the Kearney Noimal
the system has not been long In vogue,
but at Peru It Is well established. Of the
working of the system at the latter school
Secretary Ludden says in his biennial re
port made to the governor:
"The experiment adopted by the board
In the previous blennium of purchasing
text-books at wholesalo prices and renting
them to the students for a nominal fee
each semester, lias been continued during
the present blennium. The results are all
thut we could wish. We churge 10 cents
for each book for a semester, or, If the
student wishes, he can buy the books at
the actual cost to the school. At the be
ginning of the school year the student de.
posits $3. At the end of the school year
i the deposit is returned less the rental fees.
By renting, books cont the students from
$1 to $1.10 per year. To purchase the books
would cost from $12 to $18 per year."
Regarding fees charged at the State
Normal schools, the report of Secretary
"The board has practically eliminated all
fees save the usual breakage in the labora
tory." Of special lutarssl to tUe legUlaiora ac
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