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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 9, 1906)
The Omaha Sunday Bee
Pages 1 to 11
THE OMAHA BEE
Best .',?. West
VOL. XXXVI-NO. 25.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 9, 190G-FOUK SECTIONS-FORTY PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
MOORISH ISSUE ALIVE
fpain Ixpecti United ftatsi Will Ee
forced to Act in Matter.
RAISULI FORCES HAND OF POWERS
Oflfjri to Driv Tranco-Spaniih Police from
Land of c'elUn.
HIRER IS LOSING POWER OVER PEOPLE
Real Control Ixeroiied Only in Neighbor
hood of the Capital.
FOREIGNERS FUR1HER WEAKEN SWAY
Present Ratsall and Men
Ilia Kind rrn to Be
Ileal Rulers of the
MADRID, Dec. 8. (Special. )-The naval
demonstration planned against Morocco is
not because or the operations of brigand
chief like Roiaull, as has beon intimated,
but because of the attitude of that coun
try against the reforms which France and
Spain are trying to Introduce. Ka.eun
lilmaclf .has sent a letter boasting that he
will drive the new Fi anco-SpanUh pullve
out of every port from Tangier to Mo
gador If the aullan will let him.
It la even reported here that Moroccan
affalra will llgure prominently In the United
Stales congress this winter. Diplomats
bar aay that President Roosevelt Is dis
posed to turn the subject mutter over to
tho United States senate. The International
agreement entered Into at Algeclras pro
vides that final action must be repoi-ted
back by each country signatory to the
troaty of December 31. According to ad
vices received hero congress may be ex
pected to take lis vacation for the holi
days about December 30. and this will
leave only a few days for the discussion
and the final consideration of tho treaty.
Although Ann ilea's representatives In
the conference of last winter signed the I
treaty unly after the Inclusion of a special
paragraph relieving tho United States of
any responsibility, joint or otherwise, far
enforcing any of the provisions of the
agreement, there Is not entire unanimity of
' opinion aa to the advisability of the senate
yielding its adherence to the treaty.
Time for Action.
Borne months have now elapsed since the
representatives of the European powers,
by the signature of the Algeclras conven
tion, solemnly undertook not only to re
spect the "Integrity and, independence" of
the Bhereeflan empire, but also to provide
. for the policing of the coast towns and to
superintend the introduction of much
needed reforms in the finances and the gen
eral administration of that country. Since
the assent of the sultan to the Algeclraa
convention was duly notified some tlmo
ago It is time, the diplomats say, to look
for some practical outcome of the grave
and prolonged, deliberations and the defi
nite decisions of the International confer
ence. It must be confessed, however, that
no outward or visible sign of anything of
the kind is yet .discoverable. On the con
trary the situation in Morocco Is to all ap
pearances a good deal worse than It was
year . ago. It Is true that little has been
heard lately of the activities of the pre
tender, who seems to have had the worst
of It In his last trial of strength with the
ultan's troops. But the authority of tho
sultan himself, or rather of the handful of
magnates who profess to govern the coun
try In his name, has well nigh disappeared
everywhere except In Fes and Its Immedi
ate neighborhood. The hill tribes on the
northern , and western coasts have never
paid more than a nominal allegiance to the
central government, but whereas former
ultans were accustomed to remind them
by the primitive method of periodical mil
itary expeditions, which carried fire and
sword through the villages, no such disci
pline has been administered to them since
the beginning of the present reign. In
Tangier itself, the principal port and busi
ness capital of Morocco, all real power
seems to be In the hands of that enterpris
ing bandit, Ralsull. who Was rewarded a
year or two ago for kidnaping of Ameri
can and British subjects by the appoint
ment to the governorship of the surround
ing district, and whose authority even la
the city appears to overshadow that of the
Rjtlsall's Idea of Duty.
tn notion of his official duties has been
exemplified In such Incidents as the recent ; record, have just made public details con
attack by a rabble of Moorish boatmen on cernlng their voyage across the mountains,
the crew of a boat belonging to a French ' The distance from Milan to Aix-les llalris,
cruiser In the harbor and the forcible clos- i measured In a rtralght line, Is 100 rnlUs and
lt, w Kv K I . .nnl r f I Ha wnrlr. nt lh. f9rxo n-
.k - kAk ....... 1 1 1 . t I 4 V. .
iah company which supplies electric light
to Tangier because Its employes refused
to pay htm blackmail. In point of fact.
the position of the European community
Is at the present time In Tangier ltaelf
much less secure than at any period dur
ing me last century, in soumerii ana east-
rn Morocco, and especially on the "de -
batable land" adjoining the Algerian fron-
vier. mere is noin.n, ou conrus.on ana
disorder. The tribe in that region a
notorious hotbed of Mahommedan fanata-
in nnanlv Allnnln. illirk mi lli.
iTencn ironuer outposia; a jenaa is
being preached among them by a kinsman ! valve to descend.
of the sultan, and it Is believed by those ' MM. Usuclll and Creapl atate that at a
who are beat able to form an opinion that ! height of 6.000 meters they had a perfect
serious collision would already have taken i alght of the apherlcity of the earth. The
place If the warlike ardor ot the tribes- i actual crossing over Mount Blanc cuused
men had not been cooled by the knowledge , them Intense emotion. Below everything
that tha French troops and the French . looked like an endless sea cf ice. In the
navies were being prepared for Just auch , huge white plain it seemed aa lf the moun
emergenclea. j taina had suddenly been crushed down.
The plain truth Is that the only practical So deep were the emotions of the two
result hitherto of the European "dlplo- , aeronauts that they were compelled to
matta" Intervention in Morocco has been weep because of the majesty of the scene,
the extinction of the scanty remnant of , They landed In a meadow about 300 yards
the sultan's authority with the Inevitable
jonsequence of something scarcely dla
Ungviahable from anarchy In Us place.
The Moors as a people cannot be said to
have possessed any national organisation
r for centuries past, and there are very few
'daU which they have In common, but
:here is at least one thing upon which
they appear agreed, and that Is an intense
Buat'llty to the establishment among them
f European Influence, whether by "pacific
penetration" or by etny other method. It
la known that they watched the proceed
Ings of the Algedras conference with sullen
distrust and dislike and the only outcome
of it which thsy were at all disposed to
accept was the formal recognition of Uo-ri-ccan
independence and integrity under
tha sultan. For their sovereign personally,
however, it is quite clear they have no re
spect or regard whatever, and alnce after
all he is the only legitimate head of the
state--t leaat the only one recognised
y European powere it naturally follows
(CvnUaaed tta Fourth Page.)
MISSIONARIES NOT PLEASED
Pessimistic tn the Tnnr at Report
nu Work of London
LONDON, Dec. s. 'Pped-ii.) Ths report
of the Iyindon Missionary society, Just out
for the year, c mtalns some piai-es which
nre decidedly pessimistic. Btlll there are
many passages of unusual Interest. The
Calcutta mission, according to the repo
has a girls' sc hool known ns "Dusky Dai
lings." One of the China ni'.-nlonarlcs,
Mr. Rrysnn, In the Ycnsan district, states
that the decline of Hnxerdom has produced
a general decay of Idolatrous worship
Mrs. Murray of the Ts.i Chow district of
China Is especially severe on the society
women, who some to the missionaries and
take tea, but who cannot keep up any con
versation. The .Maiairasay people are evi
dently very different from the p"ople In
lands more civilized, for thev are so fond
of preaching- that they walk miles and go
without food for hours to hear a pulpit
orator, but prayer meetings, on the other
hand, are reported to be very unpopular
even among this peculiar people.
"The Pilgrim's Progress" Is reported an
unappreciated classic among the Polynesia
Islanders and "hundreds of copies are lylnff
in the mission house worm-ca'on."
It uppears that the "Soap trust" is by
no means a modern Institution. Many stu
dents of history know that in the latter
part of the reign of Charles I a few soap
projector.! cornered the Industry of soap
making by persuading the revenue au
thorities to accept 11 present of $5aYin per
annum more than the former revenue on
soap, and by being appointed "searchers
for the ixcl.se," whereby they might harry
their weaker rivals, "divers persons of
mean condition selling rir.pp in many hv
eorners In and about Ixmdon and West
minster." A slashing pamphle: attacking
this trust In the fiercest terms was printed
In 1BI1, and quite recently the well known
bibliophile. Mr. Trcgaskis of High Hol
born. has discovered a copy of this rare
tract, no copy 1-eiiisr tracable In the Brit
ish museum or the Bodclian. The titlo of
this scarce document is "A looking Olasse
for Sope Patentees, or a Prospective
Olasse making discovery of a new
Project contrived and propounded by
the Sope Directors to tho Parliament, to
Monopolize the Soplng-Mystery under pre-
tenees of good to the State In the duty of
Excise." It is amusing to read that the
extra $5,010 per year revenue was to be
secured "without enhancing the usual
price to the subject."
PRINCE GEORGE TO BE BARRED
Heir Apparent to Servian Throne
Staid by Aaaoelatea to
BELGRADE, Dec. . (Special.) A fresh
catastrophe threatens the present Servian
dynasty. The eldest eon of King Peter,
Crown Prince George, who la now 20
years of uge, according to ull accounts haa
become hopelebsly insane, and a plan U
now under way to permanently exclude
him from the succession und declare his
younger brother, Prince Alexander, who is
only is years old, the heir.
According to some of the accounts the
situation at the palace became so bad
that the two adjutants to Prince George
resigned their positions and other officers
refused to volunteer for the duty, though,
as a general thing, the post near the heir
apparent to the throne In any country la
considered one of the greatest honor. The
disinclination Is explained by the 111 treat
ment to which the adjutants of the prince
were subjected, they, aa well as his serv
ants, being addressed as Servian dogs and
otherwise abused. The imperfect eduoa-
j tlon of the crown prince, his courseness, his
, sudden fits of passion, hla detestation of
i work, his determination to do nothing at
I all besides the gratification of every kind
I of low Instinct of which he Is accused, suf
ficiently explain the hesitation of officers
to undertake the poat of personal aide-decamp.
In the short period of the reign of
the dynaaty of Karageorgevich since the
murder of King Alexander and Queen
Draga, Prince George has contracted what
for the Servian conditions are enormous
debts, owing to hla dissipated course of
BALLOONING OVER THE ALPS
Aeronauts Tell of Sensations While
Floating Over Mountains of
MILAN, Dee 8. (Special.) The aeronauts,
UauelU and Crespl, who recently crcssed
' the Alps In a balloon for the first time on
t V-i i a r-rfci-ft-f-ri 1n .iLir- Iw-i;--. -.I H a
1 ... I .... T-l. - V. I. .1 I
1 minutes. The highest speed attained wax
) sixty-two miles per hour. At a height of
' t,ue0 meters the aeronauts were compelled
to have recourse to oxygen to euuble them
to breath and their pulses were beating at
the rate of 130 per minute. The maximum
neignt reacnea ua o,ow meiera, wnere uie
1 thermometer registered 34 degrees C. below
j aero (iD degrees F.) Three degrees lower
- tne mercury wuum nave roaen. 1 ne
, ballast which the Intrepid aeronauts had
I taken with them was frozen into a hard
1 l.l.u-l, nt liu Ikul U'hcn lV..v uIuHi
, over Aix-iea-iiains iney naa to open me
from Alx-les-Balna and received cheerful
asalattuica from their countrymen.
BELGIANS DISLIKE GRANT
Conreaalon to Ryan Hoes Not Meet
Approval ut People Who
BRUSSELS, Dec. t - (Special.) - The
granting to an American syndicate headed
by Thomas F. Ryan, the financier. ' of a
concession from the Congo Free State for
an unlimited period of 15,:o aquare miles
for the collection cf rubber haa created
distinctly unfavorable impression here. One
. i. . t. .... 1 nauldliri hits Sirilrfc mil ...
v i.i- ,v " 7 " '"-
the area Involved ia larger tnan the area
Of Belgium lisen. i
Another local newapaper la authority for
me siai-mirm ...... ... .,..u:t.i. u
reality organised by the American holder
of a patent for treating rubber and that It tllUT women lawyers now in Parte the I It waa not until cne of the passi rehy In
planned to form a rubber trust with thla .position of feminine advocation seems as- : formed the boya who Mr. Burns waa that
as a nueleu. What la aimed at, It la sured. and an encouragement la given to ' they rec-ognlaed In the strange ferry mm
claimed, la the rubber mmiopoly ot the . many a aludloua young girl now parhapa j the cabinet mlnlatar and former labor
whole world. jdreandng of a future ca rvr. j Uadar of London.
TRAGEDY IS RECALLED
Proposed fa'e of
'snvoieb- Castle Fe-
minder of JV?-
tSTATE WAS BANISHED
V ditr look iemoie Kerenee ioi
Death of Hit Ucrditnan.
SOLDIERS DROVE FAMUES FROM HOME
Houses of Tenants Leveled to Gronnd and
R,VER BRAY MENACLS TuWN OF THAT NAME
Effort to Improve Harbor and
Restrain Stream Itesnlta In
Daiuttge Which Government
Is Asked to Pay.
DUBLIN, Dec. 8. (Special.) The inten
tion of Mrs. Adulr to sell Glenvcigh castle,
County Donegal, which has been leased
tlilu aoaa,t,i t n tho airl fif Ed I O '.On. Will '
recall one of the most dreadful eviction ,
scenes in the whole history of Irish land-
lordism, which for Its pec
.llo.. .-riinltv nt- i
traded universal uttentlon. The beauty
of the scenery of Glenvclgn attracted tha
attention of John George Adair, a guecn's
county landlord, while on a sporting visit
to the locality, and he resolved to buy the
property. There were disagreements be
tween him and his tenants and finally one
of his herdsmen was murdered. Mr.
Adair a revenge was the banishment of the
whole population. Dublin castle even made
preparations for assisting him In this act
of brutal and wholesale tyrnnny, as ex
tensive a small campaign as was ever
planned. Mr. Adair's bailiffs were supplied
with the services of a large number of
soldiers and police. On Monday, April 8,
1I1, the work of eviction began, and the
inhabitants of the whole countryside were
turned adrift on the world, being expelled
from their liousea, which were leveled to
the ground. The poor, starving people re
mained on the bleak mountains and were
eventually sent to Australia by the efforts
of charitable friends.
The tragedy excuea me atie.mo..
pei.ple ana It mane issa nun, -
live member then sitting In the House of
Commons, take the decisive step In es
pousing the cause of the Irish people. When
at length a sufficient sum was collected,
largely through the exertions of Rev.
Jamea McFadden, then a young curate In
the district, for their departure to a new
land not held In bondage like their own,
the poor people were sought out and gath
ered together. Some by thia time had
sunk under their sufferings. One man named
Bradley had lost his reason under the
shock; other caaes were nearly as heart
rending. There were old men who would
keep wandering over tho ruins In view
of their ruined homes full of the Idea that
some day Mr. Adair might let them re
turn, but who at last had to be borne to
distant workhouses to die.
Town of Bray Damna-ed.
The meeting at BraV m furtherance of
a demand for 'a marine works act In the
Interest of the harbors on the oast and
south coasts had a very strong argument
placed before It by Us chair the other day,
Joseph W. Relgh. Bray's claim In con
nection with the movement Is for restitu
tion. A local expenditure of $325,000 haa
left the town with a harbor that Is prac
tically useless In connection with the fish
ing industry and a river that Is a danger
to the lives of the Inhabitants. The floods
of last year are remembered In this con
nection. But as Mr. Relgh showed, these
floods were the result of an Interference
which Parliament sanctioned with Bray
river. Formery the floods disported them
selves at will over the broad reach of Bray
commons. Then came the conntruction of
the railway and the enclosure of the Bray
commons lands, which were allowed to be
sequestered for the purpose of Improving
the waterways. The property of the peo
ple was sold, but instead of Improving the
river, the "Improvers" shut It up In ao nar
row a bed that In times of flood and high
tide the waters burst Into the houses of
the poor people. The report of Mr. Comber,
the engineer who has been consulted,
clearly shows that the works and plans
sanctioned by Parliament are the cause of
this dangerous condition of things. "As
long as the commons were commons and
waste land," reports Mr. Comber, "and
there were no houses or railways to in-
tercept the floods and prevent them from
dispearalng on the beach. It did not matter
very much. The railway embankment was
I Hull! In RJlll waa the first serloua en-
' . . ... I
croachment on um irw uiiii"m ui
) atorm waters.
"All of the floodlngs that have taken place
have been caused by want of sufficient ca
pacity In the channel of the river, con
trueteri bv iha Droeeeds of the sale of the
- cornmon lanuB. ibo cross section of the
,, ,,. .rea 0f 401 .nuare feet, and
' r,mllrB area of 1 00 square
j fe(?t t(J carry 0 the flood waterg. Ki)0dlng
must nece.arlly occur asaln If ih. prewut
' conditions be not altered."
. . . ......
, CDCWpu WflMFN ftS LAWIhRS
iiwi" . . v .
Two More Added to Llat of Ad
vocates by Judge at
PARIS, Dec. 8. (Special.) A quaint cere
mony tcok place today at the Palala do
Justice. It was the admission to the bar j
. . . . .. . n. ..... . .. ailvni-ula. ft. hlvM
in the person of Madame Beneiech. wife I m0 whlle writlng "
of the distinguished Parisian barrister of I nu.. DIIDMC
that name and of Mdlle. Mllle. They tooklJunli DUttNO
the oath before Judge Dltte In the firat
chamber of the civil tribunal In the pits-
ence of a large number of black-robed j
Madame Bentzech Is the third woman I
who has been admitted to the bar and '
Mdlle. Mllle Is tho fourth alnce the ice
r. . . r. V
the beginning of her practice.
Madame Benezech and Mdlle. Mllle are
both very young and exceedingly handsome
M thus refuting the theory tnat beauty la
,an impediment to arduoua Intellectual pur-
ne suits. They b-gln their career also with
' a very strict decUratlon of profession fallh.
a very strict declaration of pre
No wlth a bud or a dlshoneat caue
reed coma to them. Thev will defend i,nlv
, and ju,t causes, and will dfend them
i well, ao at leaat aald Madame Benexech to
' . -vnfrere." before taking the oath. With
broken about uiree yenra ago oy tne ' . , 'ext-nunge uiui u m iimcing upon a legati.
.l.i. ...... nt M llle Chaiivln who bv the '"""' so ci niocn i wilier ounuay main oasis ion i-oi uunne.a 01 nun city
dmlsalon of MJlle. Cnauvln who. by ",.... He WBJ) .... aloriir ,h ,,lw - nd shall in the future, aa In the past. co.
ay. has been quite a success, nuvitig won , - - " " m-eraM In maintaining like conditions.
rtinituit cii.Kt in van nun courtji Mine- - ours iruiy. nuiiuerinj nrui, uomnetiiv. J
TRIPOLI BEING EXPLORED
British Resident Makes Dnairroia
Journey and Kinds Interest
ing: Features of Life.
CAIRO, Dec. 8. (Special.) Interesting
letters have Just been received from Mr.
Hans Vlscher. British resident at Kuka.
Lake Chad, who ia now undertaking il
dangerous journey through the forbidden
hinterland of Tripoli, across the great
Sahara, to Lake Chad.
Describing his Journey Mr. Vlsclur
writes: "Until the members of the caravan
got to know each other there was a con
tinual trouble betwten Arabs ond natives.
Among my people were fourteen Mugrihl
camel boys, the worst Arab tribe, all armed
to the teeth. The Araba and the negroes
hat'd en( h other with tho bitter hatred
of the slave for the slave trader. Hera
In the mountains we had a hard time. A
dispute arose with an Arab, and this was
regarded by the negrueH aa a great Op
portunity and ail arms were got out.- As
both parties were preparing to fight I
sprang between them, unarmed, und
shouted to them to ftre. The ruse was suc
cessful, but It was aome time before quiet
"In the mountains of Gharlnn I found
to my astonishment people living In subter
ranean dwellings. Through entrances, ten
yards long and one broad, we came upon a
n yard which was in reailty a
t "1- to the sky. t pon tula all
looms unu Bill. lies converge. i ii
e rooms and KlaMes converge.
rooms were very dark, there were no win
dows, but the most absolute cleanKn ss
prevailed. Hound the conn yard runs a
wall, which protects the dwellings under
neath. "I made some Interesting observations In
the desert. The difference between the
night and day temperature is always at
least twenty degrees (Colslus.) Beyond
Gliarian the ground rises up to the hills,
where fig and olive groves He among
Roman ruins and underground villages."
BARONESS AS A FORGER
Woman Aeeuaed of Aiding; Band tn
Make False Certificates
PARIS, Dec. 8. (Special.) It Is not often
that a baroness appears In court on the
charge of hiring a sumptuous villa and di
recting a band of forgers to produce false
bank notes and clever Imitations of railway
B,,arM quoted on the parls Bour8e; yet u
happens that a personage of precisely this
type has appeared In court during the last
few days, accompanied by her "staff" of
coadjutors, of whom five were present dur
ing the trial. All of them have made pre
vious acquaintance with various courts
and jails In different countries.
In 1877 the Paris, Lyons & Mediterranean
railway had commissioned a Paris printer
to print a series of new 3 per cent shares,
but as the printing was not satisfactory
the company refused to accept them. They
were finally sold as waste paper and the
bundles eventually fell Into . the hands of
Victor Lankmann, a Belgian, who was
sentenced for forgery to six years' Im
prisonment and expelled from France ten
years ago. Last year, it Is alleged, tho
baroness, belni short of funds, contrived a
plot with Lankmann for fabricating $100,
000 worth of the above mentioned shares
and disposing of them among purchasers
of pawn tickets. They hired a villa at Bols
Colombes. where they fabricated the goods
In absolute security. The fact Is, to set the
police off the track they told the author!- i
ties of a sham, burglary, so that a police-
man actually paced up and down before !
the villa for a week, little suspecting that
he was affording protection for a band of
forgers within. The plot, however, cume .
to grief when they attempted to dispose
of their wares. A purchaser of nawn tick-
cts to whom they offered several hundred
shares became suspicious and showed them
to the company. The fraud was at once
discovered and the entire band was speedily
MACHINE FOR BRAILLE WORK
Printing- for Blind to Re Revolu
tionised by Device Invented
BUCHAREST, Dec. 8. (Special.) The
blind baroness, Miriam von Kranichfeld,
has Just given to the newspapers a re-
markable letter. The Theodorcske machine
referred to was Invented by a poor blind
Roumanian printer of that name. The
queen of Roumania rescued him from beg-
gary and he conceived the first Ideas of a
machine by which Brallled books raised-
t type books, which the blind read with their
, fingers can be printed rapidly and cheaply.!
The baroness in her letter describes the
'City of the Blind," which the queen of
Roumania has founded in order to collect
! Iha hllnri nf her nrntilrv Intn nn ..li
her latest letter the baroness says:
"I believe I am the tlrst to Introduce to
you the newly invented wonder machine,
the Theodoreske, a printing press for us .
for us, I say, for I belong to the nation
with the closed eyes, having been blinded
by the cruel carelessness of a Swiss doctor
eight years ago.
But, though uo longer young. I have
; taken the bull by the horns and cannot
, only use this machine, the Hammond, but
can read and write four language, in Bralllo
'and am now at work on a fifth. Rn -v,,,.
mav mugine uie joy tne tneodoreske will
be to me. Her majesty has presented me j Rnf,wer to the question whether he consld
wlth the first machine completed, now In i P it a violation of the ron.titttn ,
tho Bucharest exhibition.
"I must big you lo excuse all my mis -
takes, for. being blind. I must catch all
my thought, which often flow too quickly,
as they run by. So I write rapidly, 630 let-
ters In five minutes. Her majesty kindly
j and patiently corrects my manuscript, but
l nave no r;ngiisn-speaKing creature near
President ol the Local government
Board Rows Boys I'p the
I3XDON, Dec. 8. (Special.) A quaint ad-
when he aaw two boys endeavoring to pull
boHt tne tlde- Th" efforts met
1 wl,n practically no result and after watch-
'nn lhem tor mome ,lme Mr- "urns called t
o them to row to the bank.
I ,h y old- ar-u' tWr taking off his
coat, he rowd the buys all the way to)
i One of the boya offered him a tip for tha
, work. "Thank you." aald the ciblnet mln-
later, amlllng. aa ne warned away
nevd not trouble al-out that."
.11 l.vKn Mtima r. ..... 1 .1 !
, inr it;t i n or i r n ver. it'w aril 11:1 iti in trarn in . n a i -
TRUST RULES BROKEN
Coal Combine Members folicit in Violation
of Laws of Exchange
EVIDENCE SHOWN AT HOWELL TRIAL
J. A. Sunderland (ffers Efs ecat oa Vihen
Opening New Coal Yard.
BY-LAWS ALSO FOHBAOE THIS EXPANSE
Judge Button Takes Hand in Pxamicatioa
of Witnesses ior Defer-so.
CCURT BRINGS CUi lXCHANGE PRACTICE
After Receipt of feahderland Letter
of Resignation Rales Are Changed
to Penult New Yards Being
Evidence that soliciting business in ap
paceit v;olatlon of the constitution and by
laws of the Coul exchange was done by
coal dialers In Omaha and that other sec
tions of the constitution were not followed
was produced by the defense In the Howeil
trial Saturday morning-
Besides telling how bis firm employed
solicitors J. A. Sunderland, who was on
the stand all the morning, declared hi
firm established an additloral coal yard,
notwithstanding the rules of the exchange.
This was offered to show the provision 1
was not operative or followed by members
of the exchange.
In the cross-examination County Attor
ney Slnbaugh Introduced a letter to the
exchange from Mr. Sunderland, resigning
his membership In the exchange because
It was contrary to the rules of the ex
change to establish a second coal yard.
Mr. Sunderland identified the letter as his,
but said the resignation had not been ac
cepted. It was shortly after the receipt of this
letter the rules of the exchange were
amended to allow members to establish a
second conl yard. The county attorney con
tends the amendment makes no difference,
as the letter, he says, Is evidence the rule
was recognized as In force during the
eighteen months covered by the Indictment
and is a violation of the law.
Judge Takes a Hand.
The early part of the session was taken
up with testimony relating to soliciting and
the presentation by solicitors of advertising
cards. One count In the Indictment charges
restraint of trade by prohibiting soliciting
orally or by the presentation by solicitors
of printed matter designed to effect a sale.
Judge Sutton took a hand In the examina
tion when the Introduction of some of these
cards was objected to.
"Is it the understanding In the exchange
that you can solicit In less than carload
lots?" asked the court.
"I never had any doubt of that In my own
"Who do they solicit business from, re
tailers or consumers T"
Mr. Sunderland said the cards were dis
tributed to consumers In the city and he
knew one was left at his house and at one
of his neighbors. He also Identified carbon
copies of orders taken by solicitors outside
the office. He said he had done more or less
"Were you governed and did you follow
the prices In the list Issued by the exchange
In fixing the prices of your coal?'
"We were not governed by these prices,
wo made our prices independently. On our
own coal these prices are our prices."
Question Is Rnled Oat.
Judge Sutton ruled out a question aa to
' wnat 'ontrolled and governed them In mak
Ing up their prices.
"Did you ever adopt or In any manner
agree upon prices In these cards with any
other dealers, or do you know of any two
or more dealers ao agreeing or adopting
The cross-examination of the witness was
taken up by County Attorney Slabaugh.
He asked the witness to Interpret some of
the minutes of meetings, where It was
stated coal lists were handed In to the
secretary and prices were to go Into effect
' at a certain specified time. The witness
- said he was unable to say Just what was
meant. He aald his Arm frequently, varied
! from the price list as Issued,
"Then why hand in a list If you varied
j from it?" he was asked.
i "Tho nrlces we handed In are our own
! standard prices, but we varied from them."
"Did jou change the card prices without
' notifying the
"Yes, sir. we did."
"Was there not a
building more than one coal yard?"
"I think there was."
"If you started more than one yard in
competition with other dealers In other
parts of the city, were you not violating
the constitution and bylaws?'"
"Well, we rtld that while we were mem
bers of the exchange."
"Did you consider it a violation of the
constitution and bylaws that you aald you
I were not following?
Ignored the Constitution.
..We built them regardless of the constl
Countv Attnrnev Blaubauah insisted on an
, . . t))e wltnt.8g rcDled he uolll(1
I rounty Attorney Slabaugh then handed
j ,,,, tne letter which, after being Identified
I W81 rea(i to the Jury. It Is as follows:
I tnlv "R I'M Omaha Cnal Fxchn
j Pee 'Building. Omaha, Neb.: Gentlemen
" e neieoy ir.im-i i"n,miuiin as a
Iliemiiei in inc vsiiimi.. -j.w r a 1 1 ia it nfi. I ne
r.eressitles of our business have e, mnellert
us to build a second yard for the dlstrilu-
turn or co.ai aim uuiiuing material, and
vlsCmof8 the eichange'rwe'ean do" no-
Ing else. In fairness to you. than to resign
our membership. We took I his matter up
th'eVr.i: but the exchange mTt.'wisd,
decldid that It could not mutf'fy lta attl-
tarte toward such extension of Its business
bv lta members.
We have high regard for the good the
, A. Sunderland, president.
Mr. Sunderland said In rep,y to a ques-
. tlon whether or not he was a member of
the exchange that he had presented hla'
"But it hnim'l been accepted yet, has It T" I
"I don't know." I
It waa about tlx weeka after the receipt
of thla letter by the exchanae the artleU
i referred to waa charged to allow dealers
tu have two yards.
Crook to Beg II I in Buck.
The cross-examination of Mr. Sunderland
waa taken up again at the afternoon sta
lion. County Attorney Slabaugh continued
(Continued on Second Pg-.)
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Fnrecnst for rhrnkn t Rapldlj
Rising Raronieter nnd Falllnir Tem
perature Indicate n .Cold Wnvp
Over Snnth Dakota and Northern
XRWS SUCTION Twelve Pnaea
1 Moorish Question a Lire Issue.
Sale of Cnstlo Revive Trnwertr.
Developments In Conl Trnsl Case.
MIlHIn Ready for Strike Service.
It nisr Gnna nt (JrMlrnn Dinner.
Trncedy I'nili t In II Sennilnl.
."t News from All Parts of Nebraska.
4 Annnnl Rrsnrl Attnrnev Ceneril.
Former Amlinsaailnr Writes Letter.
0 Christ the Only Way to Snlvnllon.
Affalra nt Snath Omaha.
0 No Rnlldlnaa 1'nnnil on the Lands.
Clttaenshlp t PI en sin a: to .Inpa.
7 Fluht for Three-Cent Car Fnre.
l'.nallshntnn'a View of America.
H Stntlatles of Cnnnlnsr Industry.
Shnh of Persia Reported Dead.
B Inrrrnnpil Power from Coal.
Snndny Service at the Churches.
10 Happenings In Council Bluffs.
It News from lowa'a Capital.
Rellalona Crisis Reached In France
SportlnK F.venta of the Day.
I DITOHIvL SF.CTION Twelve Pnaea.
It Vant Week In Om:-Kn Society.
Assay Olllee Fence for Thieves.
A Nebraska Rankers on Asset Car-,
tt Timely Real F.atate Topics.
Milwaukee's Plana for Coaat Road.
New Klrment in Burke Mystery.
7 Want Ada.
H Want Ada.
1 Want Ails.
1) Roosevelt Writes Ahnnt the Navy.
Newa from the Army Poata.
Happening; In Omahn Suhnrha.
Omaha Hiah School Notea.
Condition of Omaha's Trade.
11 Financial nnd Commercial Newa.
HALF-TONE SKCTION Twelve Pnaea.
1 Life of I'nele Rllly Snowden.
Weldenanll In Finland.
2 Goaslp About Noted People.
S Comment on Plays and Plnyrrs.
Mnale nnd Musical Mnttera.
4 Horae Cnra In Little Old New York.
Some Short and Pointed Stories.
B Prevention of Railroad Wrecks.
Reform In Currency Dlscnnsed.
O Mnklns; of Art Glass Windows.
Crcltrhtnn Students' Piny.
7 Millions from Little Till nits.
Tnnnela ( nilrr New York Streeta.
5 Womant Her Ways and Her World.
In the Field of F.lectrlclty.
Little Storiea for Little People.
10 Reciprocity In Intellect Cnmlnsr.
Mennce of a Bonded Debt.
11 Weekly Grist of Sporting: Goaalp.
COLOR SECTION Fonr Pnaea.
1 Wolf Helps Rrer Rabbit to Dinner.
!i Prnrtlrnl Susraeatlons for Women.
8 Dnnaeona Beneath Glrard House.
4 Pranka of Coon Start Trouble.
Temperature ut Oninhn Yeaterdayi
Hour. Degr. Hour. Dear.
It a. ni . . . . . . wt 1 p. m .'It
a. m 22 2 p. m .is
7 a. m 22 8 p. m ID
8 a. in 23 4 p. m I)')
O a. in .24 S p. m. . . . . . !I7
10 a. m 2A O p. ill itl
11 a. m H 7 p. m il
ia an......... as
SCHEDULE IN CEBALLOS CASE
Defunct Cuban Bunkers Have Liabil
ities of Nearly Three Millions.
Aaaets About One-Third.
NEW YORK, Dec.' S. The schedules in
the fisalEnnient of Juan M. Cehallos. John
S. Flskeand Anderson G. Wilson, who coin-
posed J. M. Cehallos & Co., bankers and
brokers of Havana, were tiled In the state I
supreme court today. The liabilities uro
$n,!W,39ii. nominal assets tr.K82,0C and actual
asset a tJ.Kxi.7Mi.
The assignment was made October 10.
The secured and partly secured claims
of creditors aggregate J1.1C1.74H, but the
actual value of the securities pledged tj
protect them Is only $iW3,4(i0. The unsecured
claims total $l,iii.l3. statute claims $2,151.
The nominal value of tho Bilvelra & Co.
und other accounts is given at $514,187. Tho
actual value Is not stated.
CORNELL IS IN - MOURNING
Bodies of Two Students Still In Debris
of Burned Chapter
ITHACA, N. Y., Dec. 8. Cornell univer
sity went Into formal mourning today for
the four atudents and three volunteer fire
men who lost their Uvea when Chi I'sl
,fraternity house waa burned yesterday. All
! club and social meetings were cancell -1
! or nostuoned. the university chimes, that
usually play three times dally, were mute,
and the senior clase voted to wear mourn
ing buttons until the Christmas recess, and
adopted appropriate resolutions.
The bodies of Nichols and Grille hive not
yet been recovered from the ruins. The In
jured students were Improved today and
all are now expected to recover. The origin
of the fire la etlll undetermined.
Count Says He Solved Problem of
Aerial Navigation After Thirty
Two Years' Work.
ROME, Dec. 8. Count Armlgho of Schlo
who since 1874 has been experimenting
wltn a'rshlpa, believes he has found tho
""'"U"" of a"rM navigation. His new
I machine, which Is in the shape of a ship,
contains a fifty-horse motor and a rudder
ten yards square. Besides this there is
-, a kind of tall, about thirty-nvo yards
i aquare. wmcn may o usru aa a runner
i . . ... . i -
and at the end of this an arrow to keep J
, the ship in balance. This airship, it Is
! """"' ' " v h'u"
without recharging.' attain a height of
i 8,000 feet and a speed of t went y-flvo
" Kxperltnent. will aoon be
i made th the machine,
lOTiliniDn COD DIIDC IsfUICIV
1 l unnu rwn runt tllliorvi
Pure l-'ood Coiumlaaton Examining
Proreas of Making Bourbon
Dec. t. The Pure
Vn,tA commission apent the whole of teii
day visiting several large distilleries ami
observing the process of making bourbon
whisky preparatory to taking t-stlrnony
and fixing a standard of purity for It. A
brief hearing waa given Charles Nelson
and J. C. Swaab, representing the Ten
nessee distillers, tonight. At the close It
oecio. u ...r... .
' nould be recognlz-ed aa a a-parate variety
henceforth. This decision was arrived at
because distilling and ageing pr i.-essea
vary somewhat from those used fur hour-bun.
CRISIS IN BIG MINE
Uomestaka Strike Quritim to Fe "e'.tltd
at Mass Convention.
MINERS WILL MILT IN LEAD TODAY
Eitire Flack Hills District Affected by
Eisult of Pallet.
ANTI-STRIKE SENTIMENT IS STRONG
Conservative Men Fear Mines Will E
ORDER FROM THE WLSTERN FEDERATION
I. or ill talon la Told it Must
Secure an Klalit-ilour llnj
LEAD, S. I )., Dec. s. Special Telegram.)
'1 lii! .tlii.iTt' union nl Lead will inuot
Sunday in n..-a convention to deckle
win-Wicr or not they v. ill ko out on a
strike. The demands of the men are for
un eight-hour nay and a minimum dally
wage of $.1 .."hi for all nu n employed uiiut-r-giound.
The meetli g is called to discuss dillerenccg
between the inlneiH and lie I loiues'.ake
Mining company, and on the decision
reached by tno meeting will hinge the mat
ter of striking or not striking. At Uie
pnsi nt time it looks as though the men
favoring a strike will not be able to gathur
a rttiong enough following to cany tholr
point. This is the first thing that ha
looked like trouble between the company
and Its men since It began operations in
the Black Hills, ever twenty-eight years
ago, and, should the conservative element
of the Miners' u:ilon have Its way It will
bo ended by tomorrow evening. Should tha
men deride upon a strike it will imme
diately affect 2,3nO men, who receive wagen
ranglng from W to i! a day, and Indi
rectly affect every man In Lead, for the
city depends entirely upon the wages pa'.d
by tho Homestiiko company.
Tonight everything In the city Is quiet.
If there arc any radical people who are
anxious for trouble they arc keeping nut
of sight. No matter how the ijue'tion may
be decided .-t the nut-ting tomorrow, this
much Us certain, there will be no dla-ir-ders,
and the reports which have been
dent out to eastern papers by correspond
ent lo the effect that troops hnve been
naked for la falve. It Is not anticipated
that trouble will occur and the meeting
tomortow afternoon will be orderly and
the result of Its decision abided by,
Trouble Brewing" Limn Time.
For some time the present troublo has
been'brewlnt;, but so strong bus been the
sentiment In the local union ugilnsl rad
ical measures that It has never amounted
to anything until tho present time, whou
the movement has behind it tho weight of
tho Western federation, of which tho local
union is a branch. There are 1.1M) paid-up
memberiihlps In the Lead union and of this
number tho majority are married men witU
families, own their own homes and uie In
other Ways interested In the city. Here
tofore thU eh ment of tho union has been
able to sidetrack anything that savored of
a Mi'lke or trouble, but, I' U said, tha
ultimatum has gone forth from the head
quarters of tho Western federation that an
eight-hour day must be demanded by tho
Lead union and if It Is not granted ii
Btnko must be called. Should tho Le id
unly fil" 1,111 R B,rlkei lf lls demands
Bro not gtantcd, then It must forfeit U
' it ii i i ) i i i n ii 1 1 1 in i if ! ' i prn i i ni ru rum or
Miners. This bus hud tho i fleet of mak
ing inimy of tho conservative members of
the union look with favor on a slrlko, lf
ore must come.
One of the strongest arguments made In
favor of a tt"lko Is the fact that the
Black Hllla country i tho only ono In tha
west that has not In force the eight-hour
diiy and the only one that Is not paying
an average wa-ie of J1.50 to all men go.nu
under ground. But against this last ar
gue. lent is the fact that in no other mtno
In tho world are conditions of work r-o
pleasant and tho same caro for the sifety
of employes given.
Couiuiiy Pleads Poierty,
Suptrinieiiueiil lirler cf the iiomestaks
ujmp.:ny, by rojisl, attcniud the regular
meeting of the L lh uniju in Moudiy
ni,ht and addnrsed tho nu n on the .-..tu.i-thai,
but In his l-.lk fcave tueiu no reas-m
lo hope that the c i.i pany would tr.iut
ll.ein uny of their demands, maintaining
that it' It should do to that it would oo
j unable to pay divid-. nds, as the me ot tas
: cou ps ny milled durln-s the iasL jwr -iver-
used ?X.i4 to the ton, which d:d not allow
nf paying more than 6 per cent on ihe
It is certain that t lie company will not
grant the demands of the niln- rs and tlia,t
It is pitpired to shut its works down; ia
fact, all of the work which bar been donu
for t lie last three weuis In the mines has
been to this end. Drifts arid Mop s in
which there Is a flow of water have been
bulkhc ided, where timbering h.a hern re
quired It hus b- en done, and other opera
ttons have ull been ulmig the lines of malt
ing the mine safe during a long period of
Idleness. The Hon i-ftaku is what Is known
as u dry mine, and a small pumping plant,
after the precautions which have si fur
been taken, will keep the witer down, whUa
In fuct there is no possibility of lta be!ng
Illuck Hllla Will Be Idle.
Ono of the wu:. features ol tiic situatiou
should a gtnko be dcciunu is tiie fact Uul
ll will practically uffect tveiy mlniuj
cornpuny in the iiortluru liiiis, and. in time
event, tho Muitluiid, Gulden Ki Aurd, Uohiuit
Cl-bi, Lranch .M.nt, Mogul, Gill i: 1B
Maid, Sale Invmlim nt and other active
companies, and tnoa-j which are preparing
to begin active operations, v. ill close iljwu.
TbU will mean tli.it iheie will not be g
mine wu;ked In the, 1(1, .k i till.-., und the
stiiko in Lead will r.Mcnd to all parts of
I tl.u country. Lufct we.k this ajji - uincnt w..a
reucht-d between the manager of llio d,;-
ng co iii pa 1 1 It. j uod v. 1.1 1,
strictly adhered to. ll is liund out by
lho niaiiageis of th - diflereiit pay. nt; cjm
I panics that two or liireo )ear-T ldh ne.ij
I Kill add Just that much to tl.u life of their
Ipiopei Ues, that the oie-t in tin m cann it
! bicuiiw lost or get away from Hi in, Liid
that thy w ould rathei s, e the,r properties
Idle than run the.a at a lo,-, or w.,h,lt
pn t'.t. I lu la a pi.ase ol tno amiation
which baa not been ions..,, id by tie
ruin-rs pe-ocrs, aim one v. men was nut
made public until this i v--.':in. and one
wi.icli will lave a greater Ititiuniee 1oh.u1
piten!ing radical u t..;n liiun un thing
elso. Should the strike be declaied ther-s
will not be a miner cni.!o)cd in the I I , ek
Hills, ao there can be no -,-it r.lut una
from inlnirs holding positli n-t tu the strike
While the situation la luAii.g butler l-
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