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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 22, 1906)
T1IE OMAHA DAILY BEE: MONDAY, OCTOBER 22. lOOfi.
Tim Omaha Daily Rlev
POUNDED BY EDWARD ROSEWATK.R.
VICTOR ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha posloBW: a second
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally Beo (without Sunjavt, one year.
Dajly Bee' and Sunday, one year '"
Sunday Bee, one year 2 60
Saturday Bee. one year l'M
, DELIERED BT CARRIER.
I "ally Bo (Including Sunday), per week.. lie
Dally Bee (without Sunday), per week. ..NX:
livening Bee (without Sunaayi, per week 6c
Uvenlng Bee (with Sunday;, per week...rc
Sunday Bee. per copy c
Addreas complaints of irreguisrlttee in de
livery to City Circulation Department.
Omaha The Bee building.
joutli Omaha City Hall building.
Council Bluer 10 Pearl atreet.
Chicago 16 Unity building.
New Tork ISO Home Life Ins. building.
Washington-toi Fourteenth atreet.
Communications relating to news and ten
torial matter ahould be addressed' oiv.ah
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit .by draft, express or postal onltr
payable to The Bee Publishing company.
Only Z-cent stamps received as payment of
mail accounts, personal check, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
THE BILK PI.BLISHINIJ COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas f'ounty. is:
Charles C. Roaewater, general manager of
The Be Publlahlng company, being duly
sworn, says that the actual number of full
nd complete, copies of Tn Daily. Morning,
Everlng and Sunday Pee printed during
the month of September, 1J, wa as fol.
. . . .30,730
Less unsold copies...
Net total sales M7.843
Dally average 30,928
CHARLES C. ROSKWATEIl,
Subscribed In my presence and swor.l
to before me this 1st day of October.
(Seal.) M. B. HUNG ATE,
, Notary Public
WHE1 OCT OF TOWS.
Rabxrlbera learlmg the city tem
porarily ehoald have The Be
mailed to thorn. Address will be
Before criticising American race
rlota those Scotch editor should read
again the history of the Macdonalds
In place of wasting time trying to
perfect a dirigible naval mine, France
might try first to invent a submarine
boat which will return to the furface.
Now that the Pennsylvania cam
paign has reached the libel suit stage,
"reformer" will find It to their ad
vantage to be exact rather than exuber
ant; In approving "irregulars" in Colo
rado, Colonel Bryan "!" establishing a
precedent which may cause' trouble
for him If Mf. Hearst's plans carry In
If Premier Siolypin can disfranchise
a few more Russians the next Duma
may be to his liking, provided revolu
tionary .sentiment doesn't travel faster
than the czar's ukase.
The new pure food and drug regu
lation may be the occasion of a new
form of Insurance one guaranteeing
the purity of muterials in the hands of
retailers to save damage suits.
Omaha's bank clearings continue to
show up well In the weekly compara
tive exhibit. Every index to business
condition indicates that our commer
cial Institutions are forging steadily
I'te Indians are said to be In an ugly
mood In Wyoming, but a Uncle Sam'
military officer are diplomatic as well
aa warlike, a battle need not be ex
pected until patience ceases to be a
President Dia may decide that it is,
after all, cheaper to have a free elec
tion than m revolution in Mexico, but
he will find It difficult to pick a man
who can "hold down the lid" as well
is he ha done.
Perhaps M. Clemenceaua activity
in finding sinecures wa what pointed
aim out a the proper man for pre
mier; but It France I to strike tax
eater along the whole line the new
chief will find little opportunity to
develop a foreign policy.
The Interstate Commerce commis
sion promise to honor Omaha with
It presence for an investigation of
the relations of the railroads and th
grain men in this section. Here Is a
chance for Tom Worrall to resurrect
himself and tell how much be got for
dropping his suits against the Grain
Candidate Shallenberger think we
have enough laws now on the statute
book to cover all the popular de
mand a to abolition of passe, regu
lation of freight rates and compulsion
of railroad to pay their taxes. This
I where Candidate Shallenberger and
the railroad bosses are of one and
the same opinion.
It 1 to be hoped the promise of a
night train out of Omaha on the
Union Pacific will materialize soon.
Omaha used to have uch a train, but
It wa abandoned some two year ago
without any Justification or excuse
except that the railroad thought it
could transfer the business to other
Iralua and save a little money. The
restoration of this train woyld he a
great Improvement lo Omaha' train
fraxvUo aud cauiiot tome too soou.
Tat .vo.er wtiahik.
The advance of the Bunk of Kng
land'a discount rate to 6 per Cent
seems to be explainable on ordinary
ground of British conservatism and
business prudence. Nothing has tran
spired to corroborate sensational
rumors from London, hinting at prob
able failure of big financial concerns
as the cause of the advanced rate,
while there are irong assurances that
no such peril Impends.
Under our treasury facilitating
operations in April at the time of the
San Francisco disaster and since early
In September on account of crop move
ment, a total of over $80,000,000 In
gold has been drawn from the Euro
pean hoards. The $40,000,000 Im
ported during the last month has
come fnalnly from London or from
sources in South Africa and Australia,
upon which London depends for sup
ply. The exemption from interest on
gold In transit, which is the practical
effect of our treasury facilitation, gives
the New York International ' banks
great advantage In importing opera
tions, and under the strong demands
for currency continued drain was cer
tain, unions the discount check were
applied, upon Bank of England gold
holdings already depleted on Amer
The I'nlted States is only one among
many countries which resort to Lon
don for financing crops and other
needs. The simple fact Is that heavy
drafts of this character are being made
or are In prospect, in addition to those
from New York British Industry and
credit, too, have been greatly ex
panded, and a point had been reached
in the lowering of Bank of England
reserves, which, of course, are sub
stantially gold, at which 1t seemed
wise to call a halt.
In short, we may assume that a stop
has been put for the time to expan
sion of our currency by gold imports,
for the Bank of England discount rate,
if 6 per cent should prove insufficient,
could and would be advanced to 7 per
ft-it or even higher. To meet any
presituve for currency here and It is
sure tc continue for weeks- we still
have at least $30,000,000 to $40,000,
000 of treasury surplus available for
deposit with the banks, although It Is
safe to say that the cash will not
be ordered out until the need grows
more obvious and urgent. . Even If
that were exhausted, the treasury has
other resources for relief. Only about
two months remain before the return
current from crop realization will be
gin to heap up in New York reserves,
so that the strain, though it may be
come severe, can hardly be long felt.
ESSF.ME OF Tit Alt F. tOSfiHINACY.
The attorney general of Ohio in dis
cussing the verdict against the Stand
ard Oil company, particularly dis
claims any desire to oust the company
from doing business in the state or
driving out its capital, business enter
prise and industrial genius, imt main
tains as the -paramount point that the
company, so long as it does business",
shall conform in It organization to
the laws and respect the public policy
of the state. Manifestly when the
Standard Oil concern or any other cor
poration or person does that, it is all
that can be expected or required.
It wan made clear in the progress
of the trial, however, that the Stand
ard Oil has been operating under the
guise of six or eight separate corpora
tions, some organized under the laws
of Ohio, others under the laws of
other states and one, at least, under
the law of a foreign nation. All these
were pretending to be independent in
terest, but, In fact, only mask and
device by which one monopolizing in
terest seeks under guise of law to
nullify the fundamental purpose of
all law, which is equal rights for all.
Therein, in short, consists the con
spiracy against trade conducted
through decoy and fictitious companies
which are owned and controlled by
the Standard Oil company for the
very purpose of evading legal obliga
tions. It does not make a conspiracy
against trade less harmful because it
prostitutes the forms of law to its
purpose to destroy competition and
establish mopopoly by unfair methods.
To break down such conspiracies and
reduce corporations to equal submis
sion to public authority i the over
shadowing Issue now being hopefully
tried out In nearly every state in our
A VLAiE FOIl IVPROVEX ES T.
The Bee want to let it be known
in advance that irrespective whether
the next county attorney is a repub
lican or a democrat, it will advocate
and urge a radical change in the ap
pointment of hi deputies.
The law governing the office of the
county attorney provide for four
deputies in Douglas county, but
leave to the judges of the district
court the fixing of their salaries under
a limitation of $1,500 as a maximum.
The practice ha been for the county
attorney to name four deputies, each
of whom has been given the same uni
form compensation at the rate of
$1,200 year, making the total tx
ptvise for deputy attorneys $4,800 a
year. Under such conditions the won
der only I that the county attorney
bould be able to secure a good legal
talent for his deputyship a he has
We do not find anything tn the law
to prevent the district judges from
grading the salaries of the deputies
of the county attorney' office, giving
the maximum 'salary of $1,500 a year
to one or two of them, while cuttting
down th compensation of the other
to $100 or $900, which would be
ample for young lawyer who are de
tailed to police court case and who
take the work chit-fly for the experience
nd practice It gives them. With two
strong deputies for Important rases
and two others for lea important de
tails, the work of this important of
fice could be made still more effective,
whereas now the uniform salaries for
all four deputies Is a handicap rather
than a help.
This Is a matter of business and not
of politics, and for this reason it Is
presented at this time, rather than de
ferred until after election.
I'CHLic urisiox o.v TRAyspontATioy
The comment of the attorney for
the New York Central railroad on the
verdict of guilty duly returned against
the company and It chief freight
officer, "You can't defend rebate case
in the present state of public opinion,"
Is full of significance from the point
of view of public interest. In this
case the proof was conclusive that the
road. In direct violation of law, had
entered into a secret rebate contract
with jobbers at Detroit and the Sugar
trust to transport sugar from New
York at a rate 5 cents per 100 pounds
lower than the published tariff, un
justly discriminating to that extent
against and robbing other shipper,
and that In pursuance of that contract
the road had actually refunded $16,
000 to the favored shippers. The vio
lations thus absolutely demonstrated
before the jury, In fact, left no legiti
mate defense and no alternative under
the law but the verdict of guilty.
The country is above all things to
be congratulated that a state of public
opinion exists wherein successful de
fense raised by technicalities and hair
splitting distinction in the court in
such rebate cases, the fact of guilt be
ing clearly established, is impossible.
The vicious and demoralizing results
of transportation discriminations,
undermining the very foundations of
legitimate business to the advantage'
of lawless monopoly, are patent to all.
The best railroad men do hot palliate
the practice, from the standpoint of
tiansportation interest any more than
from that of the general business com
munity. But the vital point is that the
odious practice is now forbidden by
the law of the land, as, indeed, it has
been forbidden for a generation in this
country, and for centuries by the com
mon law before railroads were known
as common carriers and public opinion
is now educated to insistence on full
compliance with the law.
It has required a long time and an
arduous struggle both to adapt the
statutes to the changed conditions of
transportation by rail operated by
gigantic corporations and to secure a
public sentiment strong enough to
force them to obey. In the midst of
public and official indifference It was
too long true that violations could be
and were successfully . defended and
manipulated In the slow process of the
courts. It the legal adviser of the
roads are now face to face with the
fact that this can no longer be done,
it is to be welcomed as a sign of
nealthy awakening among those who
had come to Imagine that railroad
were above and beyond all law.
Whether the treacherous .Williams
was or was not a candidate for rail
road commissioner before he went to
the slate convention would not be ma
terial except as it forms a part of the
indictment against him as a traitor
to his constituents. . Every man has
a right to aspire to public office in
an honorable way, but no one has a
right to betray a trust committed to
his keeping in consideration of a
nomination for himself. .If Williams
wanted to be a railroad commissioner
he could in all probability have se
cured the endorsement of hi own
county at the a ann - time that It
had instructed him aad hi associate
to cast their votes fof Edward Rose
water for senator and for George L.
Sheldon for governor. But he did
nothing of the kind. On the con
trary, he entered Into a deal, prob
ably before he went to Lincoln, to
violate his instructions In considera
tion of promises of support for him
self for a place on the ticket and then
led about it afterwards. No man of
such loose political morals . should b
j placed in a position of trust where
he can betray the people again. Vote
for Horst for railway commissioner
in place of William.
Plana have been perfected for Wil
liam J. Bryan to conclude hi cam
paign speaking this year with the
customary rear platform tour of Ne
braska. We feel safe in announcing
that on this occasion the train will
bo equipped once more with the spe
cial correspondent whose fervid
imagination will fill the prairies with
multitudes, whether they are there
or not, aud tell how Col. Bryan's
convincing arguments are converting
thousands of republican to the demo
cratic ticket which the election re
turns Vlll later fail to verify. Col.
Bryan will wind up his appeal by
declaring himself satisfied that demo
cratic victory Is in the air, and when
the republican majorities roll up he
will express his keen disappointment
just as be has In previous years when
other battles were fought and lost.
United States District Attorney
Dyer, at St. Louis offer to resign
because of the suspension of hi son
pending Investigation of a shortage In
the United States subtreasury. "Pat"
Dyer was always unique and this last
evidence of hi peculiar trend of
thought must surprise officials who
yield to the temptation to use their
authority ,to protect their friends and
punish their enemies.
Candidate Hltchcock'8 paper Is not
saying much about the alleged Coal
trust since it developed that the coal
dealer were operating under an
agreement O. K'd by the democratic
county attorney, Mr. English, who I
seeking re-election, and by a repre
sentative of Mr. Hitchcock' World
Herald. If the coal dealer have been
violating the law against Illegal com
bined, the eminent democrats who O.
K'd the scheme must occupy the posi
tion of partlceps crlmlnis.
Charge of bad faith between Pres
ident Fish of the Illinois Central and
President Harrlman of the Union Pa
cific concern chiefly the parties per
sonally Involved In the Issue, but the
people of Omaha are Interested In
the continuance of a progressive man
agement for each of those roads, be
cause each of them have terminal In
thla city and constitute large spokes
In the railroad wheel that centers at
this point. Omaha's Interest I to see
both roads developed to the fullest
extent without fighting or combining,
but as free agents in the general com
petition for traffic.
Wbeie Whe In I. Cf
Nobody seems to know whether Harrl
man la to be the bos of the Illinois Cen
tral or whether lie will have to wipe his
feet carefully before Stepping on Its right
Progressive Work of Wonfi'i L'labs.
Kansas City Times.
Mr. Sarah Piatt Decker, president of the
General Federation of Women's Clubs, said
in an address the other day: "Each club
should work for a single piece of beautiful
public art tn Its community.' What an
excellent suggestion. It was occasioned by
a discussion of the useless purposes to
which so many women's clubs are devoted.
Mrs. Decker said she knew of a western
town in which there are nine Shakespeare
clubs. "And it Is the worst town on the
face of the earth." she declared. "I vis
ited ono of the clubs one afternoon when
they disposed of six of Shakespeare's plays.
Do you suppose those miserable clubs ever
read Dante's description of them In the
Another result of Mr. Root's trip. The
president of Uruguay and the president of
the United States hava swapped photo
graphs. The manager of an Ontario bank explains
since the failure that he did not speculate
with the funds, but Invested them. While
this sounds better, there Is no reason why
it should shorten the sentence.
The executive committee of the Massa
chusetts Institute nf Technology announces
that Dr. Andrew Fleming West of Prince
ton university had been Invited to acctpt
the presidency of the Institute as the suc
cessor of Dr. Henry S. Prlchett.
Registration returns In Philadelphia un
der the new law show an astonishing fall
ing oft in the graveyard vote. Over ftj.oiO
names were dropped, owing Vu the difficul
ties of getting the right ticket into the
Victor Hugo had a very exalted opinion
of his own Importance, Walking with a
friend one day, he abruptly iiskoil: "Can
you Imagine what I would say to the
Creator should I meet him?" "Yes," tc
plied his friend. "You would say 'My dear
confrere;' " , .
Thomas W. Uwaon, since the death of
his wife, in no longer interested in count! y
life, and will give up mock breeding. His
Dreumwold stock farm, which Is said to
have cost M.UW.UM. is to lie denuded of its
I500,00u worth of thoroughbred horses and
cattle. The great staff of employes at the
farm have been dismissed.
The real fashionable, bracelet fur femi
nine arms thla season is "a gold serpent
with ruby eyes. Jaws distended and fangs
apparently ready for business." This safe
guard may serve In some cases, but if the
right young man is around and the lights
are low the fangs may tickle the back
of his collar, and be hanged.
Even should the democrats control Mon
tana's legislature next session William A.
Clark will not. It la said, seek re-election
to the United States senate. Should the
party named 'lave a majority it is probable
that Governor Joseph Toole will be chosen.
Senator Clark's determination to rtUs? from
official life Is Irrevocable. It is ba.-od upon
strictly private business matter.
William A. Bradford, Jr., who will short
ly be made president of the Wisconsin Cen
tral railroad, is a direct descendant of
William Bradford, who came over in the
Mayflower and was the first governor of
Massachusetts. While still a boy Mr. Brad
ford began his career In the railroad busi
ness in Boston, starting at the very bot
tom step and gradually working upward.
Police Judge Whelan of Cleveland enter
taina the old-fashioned notion that pedes
trians have rights which even automobii
Ists must respect. A young blood of the
town brought up for reckless driving in
cidentally remarked that he almost ran
down several persons ' because they were
too slow In getting out of the way. His
honor replied sharply: "Your rights me
only secondary to those of the pedestrian.
He haa right of way at all times nnd you
must be careful to stop and let him pass."
DEATH OF A GREAT FARM Kit.
Tribute to the Man Who Farmed Ilia
Farms to Farmers.
Kansas City mar.
The death of William Bkuily closes the
career ot ri-roa rk.me man. iio uvvnea
mm western farms, and by the application
of rigid buslneas methooa to their man
ag'inent accumulated a vast amount, ot
money, ilia tenantry also profited lurgely.
HI mode of lite and the maxims that
made for his success precluded fahure.
A man interested ta aomrtning eise mora
than (arming could nut obtain a lease from
Scully. He could not hold the lea so if ha
got urunk or if ha refused to pay hla debts.
If ha -tailed to make a reasonable pront
for hlmstlf as well as for Scully h lost
A multimillionaire, Scully was a modest
man, of aimpl tastea. He dressed plainly
in dark, clothe and did not drink or use
tobacco. He devoted his whole time to his
lands and hi books, and the most of these
were work on agriculture. He allowed no
detail of hla business to escape bim, al
ways seolng that a new generation of sci
entific farmers ahould be on hand to take
th places of the men who worktd for him
when they dropped out. He put young men
on his farms and then sent them to coU
lege at his expense.
He aaid that farming would always b
profitable. Ha reasoned that the country
ran never do without th farm; therefor
th farmer can alway make money If he
has th Industry and hard sens necessary
to making money In anything. At on
time there wa much feeling against him
In th west because, it wa believed he wa
about to Introduee tha tenantry method
of Ireland, but th operation of Ma farm
refuted this and th rrltlatm died away.
Such career a Mr. Scully' demonstrate
that those who have the will to unceas
ingly devot their energies to a single pur
pose usually sucrted In till world. He
may hav boen a atreet taskmaster, but it
wa for the good of hi tenant aa well as
his own financial gain. A simple life, ab
stemious, with application and a will to do
things ar greatly to be prised. They lead
aluiia au botwrsbl gnd satisfactory path.
MDRttKl FRF.4 COIUKIT,
Central Hty Nonpareil: Joe Hartley an
nounces that he cannot support Norrls
Brown, and the fusion Tress halls his sup
port of their candidate with glad acclaim.
Bsrtley feels perfectly at home wlt.h the
railroad gang that Is directing the demo
Kearney Huh: John A. Crelghton, st
three and a half score, makes another "ft
of 4nn.ono to endow the Crelghton institu
tions In Omaha on which he has already
expended a mund tl.nnnflnti. The quality of
John A. Crelghton's munificent phitsn
thropy. like Ood's mercy. Is not restrained.
Hastings Tribune: Shallenberger Is
fighting Sheldon because the latter once
rode on a pass. Everybody knows what
Shsllenberger's pass record I. Therefore
Is It almost useless to mention It. But,
by the way. If Shallenberger Is such a
deadly enemy to the railroads how docs
It happen that the railroads nre not tear
ing their shirt trying to defeat him?
Emerson Enterprise: The Oniahit ilee
says the republican legislative candidates
from Douglas county are In honor hound,
If elected, to vote for Norrls Brown for
United States senator. Republicans will be
pleased at the position taken by The Bee.
it Is strictly correct. When an Omaha
man gets the nomination the republicans
of the state should give him the same
Haye Center Tlmes-Trlhune: llnw are
you going to vote on the proposed consti
tutional amendment? There Is no sensible
reason for opposing It, and we think you
will agree with tis after Investigating the
proposed amendment. A copy Is published
in this newspaper for that purpose and we
urge our readers to give It careful con
sideration. Both political parties ratified
It at their state conventions, and straight
vote for either the principal parties Is a
vote for It. Nebraska will have a railway
commisaion after the election.
Valentine Republican: The republicans
of this state are somewhat handicapped In
the present campaign by several unfor
tunate nomination. One of our candidates
for railroad commissioner has a record
that needs too much explaining: our can
didate for congress in the First district
grabbed a bunch of salary that didn't be
long to him and he hasn't put It bark;
and our candidate in the Fourth congres
sional district is accused of sending an
automobile from Washington to his home
on an express company frank, that Is, :t
free pass. The mass of republicans will
not stand for such grafting as is alleged
In these rases, and a good deal of Inde
pendent voting will be caused by It.
Rutte Gaiette: Referring to a recent
editorial In The Bee, the position taken
by that paper In regard to the acceptance
of the nomination of Norrls Brown Is cer
tainly commendable. Under the past and
present circumstances it must tuke u good
deal of stamina to support the man who
was the rival of the late editor of The
Bee, but surely this shows the proper
spirit, policy and politics. Norrls Brown
was the choice of the republican party In
convention, and In voting for hun you
sanction that choice. If the work now In
progress relating to trusts, railroads, pure
food, the building of the canal and much
more already started by Roosevelt Is to
be completed, it can only bo done by n
republican legislature. See to It that Ne
braska sends to Washington Its full quota,
two republican senators and in this way
help hold up the hands of Roosevelt.
PI Bl.lt" I.AM ( RISAI)K.
Deteriuloatlon of the Cover a men t to
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
If anybody Is pusxled over the appar
ently well-sustained popularity of President
Roosevelt he may find some explanation
possibly In the way the president reveals
himself as through the steps about to be
taken . to prevent! a further diversion 6f
public coal and mineral lands to private
possession regardless of their value. This
will be In the nature of an executive sus
pension of the operations of the federal
land laws, but the president has been
learning something of the wrong and in
justice resulting, and doubtless considers
that an emergency exists as a consequence
of recent revelations which will warrant
him in tuklng such a course. And that
people generally will approve is hardly lo
Not, only will the president proclaim the
withdrawal of public coal lands from fur
ther entry, we are told In Washington re
ports, but steps are to be taken to recover
large areas of coal lands which have al
ready been patented f corporations and
private Interests through alleged fraua mm
evasion of the land laws. It is said that
in the Rocky mountain states there are
luo.oto squnre miles of coal lands, two
thlrds of which have been patented to
private parties, the other third still re
maining In the hands of the government.
But it ts beginning to appear that much
of the lands obtained by corporations was
acquired through evasion of the laws.
Interstate Commerce Commissioner
Prouty has been making an Investiga
tion of the doings of certain railroads
and railroads offlrlals In that region, and
his report will be the basis of suit to
recover lands now in. private possession.
It hss been made apparent that Union
raclfic officials and the company Itself
employed dummies tn enter upon and ob-
atn government coal lands and that the
power of the road over ratea was used
to make these mines valuable and de
atroy the value of others. The relations
of the Denver Rio Grande and Kanta
Fe railroads and of the Colorado Fuel
& Iron company to thla looting of the
public domain will not bear close Investi
gation, it Is asserted. New scandals af
fecting the administration of the public
land law are likely to be developed ex
ceeding In gravity those which have been
revealed In the prosecutions of the In
terior department under Secretary Hitch
cock. The American people are becoming very
much alive to the aggressions of corporate
privilege. They are also waking up to
the Iniquity of permitting limited and
Invaluable store of nature to pas Into
private hand regardleaa of their valu
or the condition upon which they are to
be exploited for private profit. There are
aald to be those among the older states
men at Washington who shake their
heads over the president's intended cours
regarding the public land, 'and say It
suggest and help a policy of public
ownership. But the president better un
derstand th temper of the people and I
more keen to appreciate th Injustice In
volved. Radical action of the sort h
contemplate 1 better than revolution.
JomplasT Party Feare.
The Milwaukee democratic convention
opened with cheers for Bryan and La Fol
lette. .To follow the precedent of recent
democratic conventions In th west. It
should adjourn with an indorsement of
Rivalry tha hooa.
Imagine the alarm of Richmond P. Hob
son when he learned that Great Britain
has built two Dreadnaughts dlsgulsod aa
cruisers. He will Insist on our building
seven Topnotcher disguised as ferryboats.
Modlfyla Um4 Oplaloa.
The country In general haa a fairly good
opinion about Nebraska, but It Is shocked
to learn thst a gtrl whose first name Is
"Mm" Is running for office of county at
torney lu out vf th Nebraska counties.
i rh mr. "Oil
Orlgla mt the (raft Recalled by the
The disaster which befell the French Sub- :
marine boat tutln. with Its crew of fifteen
Men. Is a fate eonstsntlr hovering ovrr j
this class of naval craft. An accident
which would be trivial to ordinary sea
going rrft may send th submarine to
the bottom In an Instant, giving the crew
little If any chance for life. This ever
present danger Is w-ell understood and
every precaution Is taken to guard against
It. Tet with every precaution taken five
of the submarine have been engulfed tn
European waters and nearly ion lives lost.
The Idea of submarine boats wss evolved
by Jules Verne In his book "Twenty Thou
sand Tieagues Under the Sea." and was
given practical application by John P. Hol
land, nn Irish-American of Connecticut
vintare. Holland was an Irish school
tnaster, who was mixed up In the short Ive
Fenian uprising of IWT. and niansged to
escape to this country. Settling at Fair
haven. Conn., he began experiments about
170 which convinced him of the feasibility
of a submarine ram which would destroy
the British navy. Hut Holland had no
money to build the boat, after he hnd
satisfied himself and a smsll coterie of
confidential ftlends that hi scheme would
work. He turned to the Clan-nn-Geei. It
i was high noon In the day of this order. It
treasury was full and It could draw for
thousands more on happy Irishmen all over
America, boastful and proud of the suc
cess of "the cruise of th Catalpa," the
New Bedford shin bought by the society
and commanded by Captain Anthony still
allv In the Whaling City which sslled
from New Haven to the English penal set.
tlement In Auslrr-lln and took away suc
cessfully six Fenian prisoners who hsd been
for years confined there for political of
fences. The principal Clnn-na-Gnel leaders
In this enterprise were the late James Re;
nolds of New Haven and John Dovoy of
New York City. Holland came to Reynold,
who was flushed with the success of his
scheme and with the. praise showered upon
him, and told him that It was time to
strike a decisive blow at England.
Reynolds pledged financial support and
the ram wa begun. The construction of
two boats of different Sixes was undertaken
In an unfrequented cove near New ork
City. Morey was advanced by the Clan-na-Gnel
ea often as It Was needed. The
boats were finished In a year. Th tests
Kn results far from ideal, but still en
couraging. The hopes of the Irish revolu
tionists ran high. Holland was paid all
the money due him for the construction of
the boats, and Captain Reynolds took
charge of them, formally enrolling them In
the. service of the Clan-ns-Gael. His hopes
were doomed. The attempt met the sameM
complete failure which befell every pie
vious Irish plot against the British empire.
The smaller of the craft sank near White
stone on Its way from New York up Iyng
Island Sound to New Haven. The larger
of the two arrived In safety and whs
moored secretly at the dead of night in
a boat house nesr Captain Reynolds' foun
dry on Mill river. It soon became evident
to een the most hopeful that the boat
could rever stand a voyage across the
Atlantic, to say nothing of a btush with
a British man-of-war. Nothing seemed
possible except to keep the bout at its
moorings for the present. Uraditully the
news of the building of the craft and Its
presence In New Haven spread and crowds
flocked to the shed where It lay. Captain
Reynolds at last gave a reluctant corsent
to allow the public to look the Iniat over.
It was taken aa a huge Joke from the
start, much to the disgust of the Fen
ians. The usual muddle In Irish revolution
ary attempts occurred at this Juncture in
the history of the Holland ram. A break
occurred between Dr. Dennis Howling
Mulcahv of Kew Jrv mnA tha ,.r. ... I
authority of the Irish revolutionary
Drotnernood. Dr. Mulcaby had been a
Fenian In Ireland and had been Imprisoned
for taking part in th Fenian rebellion
of 1S6T. He came later to America, and
after ten years was detailed to take home
to Ireland the remains of Colonel John
O'Mahoney for burial. Mulcaby. before re
turning to America, went to France and
other Kuropean countries to visit hospitals
and medical schools In pursuance of pro
fessional work. When he returned lo
America he presented a bill for services
which staggered the Clan-na-Gae! central
authorities. They refused to pay the ex
penses Incurred In visiting medical
schools, and Muhahy brought stilt against
the order. j he only iar.glbl thing he
could find was the Fenian ram, which
he attached. The boat wa then hauled
out upon the mud Mats and incased In a
shed, where it deeaye-d with the hope
of the revolutionary patriots whose money
Holland ha clung to Ms Ideas. Whan
he gave up hope that he might bo able
to use It to free hi native land he
grasped the Idea that some maritime na
tion, preferably the I'nlted States, would
adopt It as an arm of naval offense and
defense. Ther was really no loud call
for such a boat till th Spanish war,
when after many more experiments,
failures and varying aucresses, he turned
out th first of tha present submarine
boats. Holland's offer to th American
government was for a considerable time
In the balance. The money for th experi
mental boata and the present craft had
been secured by the formation of a stock
company. And gradually th sentiment
which had prompted the building of th
Holland ram had given place to the com
mercial idea of the last boat. Th com
pany sold it foreign right to the Maxim.
Vlcker company, which ha built five
of th boat for th British navy. Ac
cordingly, the very government Holland
ought to destroy became on of tha first
to profit by his Invention.
Jim Bladsoo Over Asala.
Up to th present time It haa been sup
posed that the calling Of a locomotive engi
neer demanded th greatest pluck and fur
nished tha best opportunities for. heroic
display, but the locomotive engineer will
hereafter have to share the danger and
tha glory with the chauffeur. Nothing finer
ever occurred on the rail than th conduct
of Doula Ueber In th Ramapo hills, when
he turned over hla runaway machine on
top of himself and killed himself rather
than collide with another macbln In which
ther were two women. It wa Jim Bludsoe
HI Tim to Uask.
That American consul general whoe
transfer from Havana to another post waa
caused by a private letter in which h de
clared that tha Cubans were incapable of
governing themselves, probably Indulges p
an occasional chuckle thao days.
Demaaa for the Lid Holder.
It ha bean uggetd that th neighborly
thing on th part of th United Bute
would ho to lend Secretary Tart to Russia
for a while. No tailing, though, what sort
of a hopeless scrap our country might get
Into during his absence.
Helofal fa Seelaa- Talags. .
St. Loula Republic.
Surgeons employed by railroad Join In
recommending th use of apectaelaa by
trainmen. Th recommendation might also
apply to owners and managers of rail
; 'railroad nrvict.orET.
Rfforta of Manager to Improve Aart- .
roltare Along Their Lines. I
Nesr York Financial Chronicle. J
Railroads labor to-Increase development
as well as to reduca transportation i.wts. (
We hive sevcrsl times referred to th
work of some of them In furthering goou
roads and running: agricultural lecturn
tialns, thus bringing the agricultural col
lege to the fsrmer. and thla work Is still
progressing. The Illinois Central will now
operste a "farmers' eperlsl" In the south,
starting October S from Hernando, near
the northern line of Mississippi, snd ending
In ten days st Memphis. Utopa will be
made at nearly W0 ststlons. the town halls i
being used In the larger places and th
trsln In the smaller, the speakers, of courH
being the ablest, since the sole object l V
Another development along the ssine l.ns
of work Is being done In other llelds. it
in Ik hi he railed teaching sarlculttire by
mall. The suggestion comes from the Bur
lington road's Industrial commissioner and
has grown out r the lectin e train. The
plan Is to have the agricultural department
of the state universities arrsrge for "a four
yenis' correspondence course, each year
inking up Ita special phase of agricultural
work, the correspondence to be based on
text books supplemented by monthly bulle
tins and practical experiments. On the
practical side the student Is to set, as1d
one sere, upon which he can demonstrate
and observe, keeping accurate account of
results upon this acre and reporting to th
university. An annual meetinar at the state
farms, of course favored by reduced fares,
is also contemplated. The plan Is to b
without charge beyond a small enrollment
fee a evidence of gbod fslth, and It Is en
dorsed warmly by the heads of the state
universities and the-executive of the great
agricultural atates of Illinois. Iowa, Ne
braska and Missouri., "
Tha popular notion of a railroad Is that
it I an octopus-a devouring monster. That
la the substance of the complaint, which
wholly Ignores th fact that unless th
people thrive there would soon b no us
tenance for this monster, and that If h
really devoured them utterly he would soon
be in the agonies of starvation. A railroad
must have development and production
through It territory, especially if It is a
pioneer road, and tne real fact is that It
a much nearer a kindly nurse of populsr
prosperity than a devouring monster. Th
common carrier must certainly have thing
to carry or perish. And while orators and
writers ar spouting rhetoric and legisla
tures are laboring to tie up the monster
by statutes he Is at work '.tying to pay hi
debts and make both financial ends meet
and hence all the time planning new way
of Increasing population and production In
th territory where he operates or to which,
he expects to push on.
WHITTLED TO A POUT.
Stella-did they throw rice over the bride?
Bella Yes; that is whv she invited them
to her first biscuits. New York Sun.
"It Is- reported thst the man who In
vented barbed wire Is dd."
"Well, ho certainly had his good rointa.
-Clevelsnd Plain Dealer.
"I can't Imagine anything more unsatis
factory." remarked the chronic kicker, '
"than a meal at our bourdlna Iviuse."
"No?" replied the sentimental youth.
"Evidently you never got a kiss from your
best girl over the telephone."-Philadelphia
Laiitidrynian I regret to tell you. sir, that
one of your shirts is Jot.
Customer But hero I have Just paid oU
12 cents for doing It up.
Laundryiuan Quite right, sir. we laun
dered it before w lost it. Harper s Weekly.
"I want lo get a mitten, please." said
the little girl. "If it don't cost too much."
"O! vou inean a pair of mlttenr, don't
you. my child?" replied tho shopkeeper.
"No, Just only one; one. that's uitW
for a boy that's goin" to propose an' b
rejected." Philadelphia Press.
"I'm afraid I haven't many good argu
ment for our side of the question," said
"No arguments?" responded the campaign
manager. "Then quote snatisilca. They
sound wipe and everybody would rather
take them for granted than try to under
stand them." Washington Stsr.
"I believe from the way you talk about
money In your sleep that you have been
"My dear, that's only a kind of mineral
I'm Interested in."
"Nonsense; you keep talking all the time
about 'ante' and 'money.' "
"That's just it. you see. Antimony, my
darling, antimony." Cleveland Leader.
"Your one Idra seems to be money," said
the rrltlrst friend.
"Well." answered Senator Sorghum;
"that condition has one advantage. You
don't have the usual difficulty of getting
people to accept your ideaa." Washington
"Tou think your next speech will mak
an impression?" said the campaign ad
viser. "I do." answered the candidate.
"Have you any new argument to place
before your opponent?"
"No; but I hav a lot of new name le
call him." Washington Star.
SHAME OF THE SCOFFER.
J. W. Foley In New york Tims.
His muther putt a bole uppon his haro
too knt It smooth but he doant seme too
becaw b dux not aeme to no how kwr
It looks ann'it 1 crooked ware hla ear
kums throo but wenn hees goen owt ta
he semes to have as good a time sumwsy
us enny uv us boy ann henry sedd
hla hart Is lite ann happle ann his hedd
doant mattur mutch becaw he dux not no
hla hare witch ahe haa kut Is looken so.
ann wenn hees rhaaen burds ann butter
fllse ur Ashen In th crick u see his eyes
ar brlte us Starrs ann do not seme too sea
th patch hi muther put uppon his nee
snn wenn ho plase furst hace uno th bawl
wll neovur get apasst him ann wenn awr
th peepul cheer thay doo. not aem to
hecaws hla muther hsssto kut his haro
ann hennry beamus sedd It goso ton aha
fine feathers doo not mak fine burds uno.
an wuns the boy maid fun uv him ann
wl hennry sedd If thay did that agon
heed dalr um owt behind tb barn ana
thay otto be ashalmed. ann'' ma ann rodd
took sides for him but no one kama be
hind the barn ann hennry tolled him not to
wott peepul aedd ann aedd hla muther
wood . ,
kut hlo bar too hut her bowl wa no good
ann put hi arm arownd hla neck ann wenn
tb boy aaw that thare offio sorry then a.
TUB WORLD'S WAY.
This old world' mighty busy. It ha so
much to do.
It'a got to skip a lot o' thing that ought
to be put through.
An' leave 'em fur a future day when It can
rest an' ay.
"At last we've got things runnln' tn om
reg'lar ort o" way!"
But till that day, trua worth will vary oft
be thrust aside
An' modesty be humbled underneath th
heel o' prld.
Th road la steep an hilly that this el'
world haa to climb.
It 'ud Ilk to help th stragglers, but It
hain't got ill time.
'Tla aad to see a alnger starve, as sinkers
The old world say, "We hav th song.
There s no mors need of you."
And honest Industry I oft forgotten wheat
It's buildings ar completed an' It's own
short hour Is paat.
But Ui old world say. "W'r strlvln'.
and we're lollin' fur a height
When every one kin have hla share of air
an' food an' tight.
I'd like to stop each sacrifice, pathetic or
But till the work' rnmnletcj. why, I
bavan'i got tha lime.'' v-
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