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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 3, 1906)
T1IH OMAHA DAILY BKE: WKDXESDAY, OCTOBER 3. 1006.
The Omaha Daily Bee
KOfNPKD HY EDWARD ROSEWATER.
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha piatomc ; Sm-r-nri-
class matter. .
TERMS OK HrR RIPHOX
I II v R (without Hun-layi. one -eur..4
iHillr Be and Sunday, unr year J
Sunday B. one year J.Sh
hatunfar flee. on year IV
DELIVERED BT I'ARRIER.
Dallv Bee (Inclmllria Sumlnyi. PT week. '""
llly Bee (without Sunljv). per week. . .I-V
Evening B (without Sunday!, per week c
Kvenlng Bee (with S'luUavl. per wk.lt
PunHny Bee. er ropy...., ic
' Address complaint of Irre.tiliirltl' In de
livery to City Circulation IJprtment.
Omaha The Bee building.
South Omaha City H"U bttllliiia
Council Blurt's 10 Pearl street.
Chlcag-1M0 t'nlty building.
New York 150 H.re Lire Ins. building.
Washington Wl Fourteenth street.
Communications relntlna; to news ami edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
pee. Editorial Department.
' REMITTANCES. .
Remit by draft. express or t)tal order
payable t. The Ree Publishing r(imny.
tm'lv 2-cent stamps received as pnyment of
mail accounts. Personal Checks, except or
Omaha or eastern fxrlmnf". not accepted.
THE BEE PJ'BUSIIISfi COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCI'I-ATION.
State of Nebraeka. Doushia County, aa:
Oeorge B. Tsschuck, treasurer of Tha Ree
Publishing company, belnx duly sworn,
aaya that the actual ntinrber of full aid
complete roplca of Th TVilly. Morning,
F.vetilns and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of Se ptember, 19"4, was us fil
1 84.40 1 80.STO
2 30,360 17 30,580
1 31.080 ; IS.,. 30,710
4 30,880 . 11 80,840
t 30,370 SO 30.850
30,730 51... Y. 30408
7 3O.480 . 22. J1.140
I ".....30,840 5i 30,410
30,470 24 30,710
1 10,880 ' 51 30480
11 30440 58 30,840
12 .0,30 .. 57 38180
13 30-860 2 M.870
14 . ..30,800 ' 2 35,600
IS 30,880 10 30,800
Total . 837,350
Ixaa unaold copies... 8.803
Net total sales! 887,848
Daily average 30,838
CHARLES C. ROSE WATER.
Subscribed In my presence and aworn
to bf fora me thla lat day of October,
I Seal.) M. B. H UNGATE,
. WHE HT .OF TOW,
"abaerlbers learlag tha city tem
porarily ahoald kirt The Bra
nailed to them. A4-rees will ax
rhaaa-ed as oftrn a reajaeatcdl.
Some, "other people, " evidently,
should also have filled" a -box car or
two and built a bonfire.
Gulf skippers anxious for the safety
of their craft will fight shy of light
houses until those at sea are located.
; Secretary Taft realises that Latin
races expect their rulers to shine as
brightly in the social firmament as In
the statesman's realm.
. The czar might keep an eye on Cuba
to learn how to pacify, a people with
out exterminating them.- As a teacher
Uncle Sam Is a success'' ' ;
"' Governor Magoon's expression on
the subject bf Chinese laborers on the
isthmus may be subject to revision be
lore the canal Is opened
The arrest of President Smith of
the Mormon church for violating the
a nti-polygamy law is the first evidence
of bis confidence In his defense.
With two Washington ice companies
Indicted, the real power of the fed
eral government' orer pernicious com
binations will be thoroughly tested.
While that meaf packers' association
Is formed ostensibly to co-operate with
the government, its ' co-operative ar
rangements; wlti also invite Inspection.
Klng.AktSar-Ben has led the van In
devising electrical parades and auto
mobile parVclesj and It la Just possible
the next new departure will be an air
The railway merger suit at St. Louis
gives Joseph Ramsey, jr., a chance to
demonstrate ' bow well his memory
ia been Improved by his quarrel with
urge Gould. "'
It Is to be noted that none of - the
great meat-packing houses at South
Omaha have had any difficulty in com
plying promptly with the new meat
The Board of -Education haa saved
the truant officer no small amount of
work by ordering the schools closed
during the afternoon of the Ak-Sar-,
Ben day parades. '
Having taken the highest honors in
contests on land, water and air. Uncle
Sam can await with equanimity the
discovery of some new form of sport
by decadent Europe.
The .South Omaha Board of. Fire
and Police commissioners seems to be
In Imminent danger of getting sime
information from the governor that
It does-not care to have.
In the light of published Items of
cost that company which bid $9.48 on
coal for the Norfolk asylum Is proba
bly donating money to the state, but
probabilities are not always conclusive.
Alexander Dowle's determination to
remain in Zion City Indicates that the
"apostle" Is pot going to. sacrifice that
possession which is- said to be "nine
points of the law," even for a chance
to commune with nature in Mexico. '
Nebraska,'! own Buffalo ,6111 is back
again on native soil after a protracted
sojourn aWoad. His home-coming
reception will rearn Iti climax hen
the Indians who have been doing the
loyal courts of Europe with him re
appear among their friends on the
reservation, with a new supply of pipe
dreama) tor distribution.
THIS PRKfWKSrs birrHTLTlK.
Aalde from th Intense anxiety of
Prpaldent Rooaevplt for the ncr-a of
Cuban df1f-(tnernnient which hit
every Art hat slsnftlited. no man haa
niort reuaon than he to regret the
necessity for Intervention at this par
ticular juncture. There I ground for
the general belief, born of confidence
In him. that his return to Washington
would only mark. the completion of
preparations Tor pressure of his pro
gram upon congress which will assem
ble within two months for the' short
session. The time of the long session
was so consumed by the arduous
struggle over, the rate bill that, al
though the meat Inspection, pure food,
free alcohol and a number of like posi
tive reform measures were also passed-,
many Important plans of the president
had to go over, while there cannot be
doubt that he has all the time con
templated atlli further steps towards
itbe goal he has set tip. Moreover, in
me enforcement: or tne law against
powerful corporation interests, cases
of vast Importance are pending which
call for his Initiative and direction at
the head of the great executive ma
chine, while the Panama canal is ;in
enterprise that is in the very stage re
quiring most concentrated attention.
It vastly Increases the burden on
the president to have at this moment
also to deal with the difficult novel
Questions arising out of the Cuban
situation which cannot be postKned,
and many phases of which also must
go to congress. The president thus,
while dividing his, own attention, lias
before him the task of preventing
public attention from being divided by
a foreign subject to the detriment of
the domestic readjustment to which
his administration - has . been so
memorably dedicated. It Is fortunate
that In that work he has already ac
complished so much and so buttressed
public confidence in his energy, capac
ity and seal to go through with it In
spite of every obstacle and even the
distractions of the Cuban crisis, most
Inopportune though it be.
FflBE ALCUHUL PROBABILITIES.
The statement by Congressman Hill,
who with Commissioner Yerkes of the
Internal revenue service, has spent
three months In Europe investigat
ing methods for light in formulating
regulations under the now effective
free denaturized alcohol law. Is most
encouraging as to Its great beneficial
results. ' One main source of appre
hension has been lest the regulations,
through excessive caution against rev
enue frauds or through the Influence
of the big distillers or other adversely
I zested combines, might be so
drawn a3 to prevent manufacture at
small, distilleries, thus limiting compe
tition and removing manufacture to a
distance from the raw materials on the
farms, where also much of the dis
tilled product will be consumed. Mr.
Hill, : however, emphatically asserts
that there-need be no difficulty what"
ever from revenue fraud on account
even of small farm distilleries to oe
operated by a single farmer or a small
group In a farm neighborhood, as has
been conclusively proved in Germany,
where 70,000 such plants are op
erated about as cider and sorghum
mills are operated In our , own coun
try, and Mr. HUI significantly declares
that he confidently expects to see un
taxed alcohol extensively produced
here in this manner.
. The further noteworthy point appears
that in Mr. Hill s 'opinion, undrlnk
able alcohol can be manufactured here
at materially lower cost-than in Ger
many,, where it has become ao Impor
tant an industrial factor. The ma
terials rich In alcohol exist here in far
greater profusion, enormous quanti
ties of vegetables, roots, fruits and
grains, which have been pure waste,
being available,' especially under the
small farm distillery system.'
It Is probably true that unreason
able hopes on the one hand and un
warranted fears on the other have been
excited during the discussion of tha
measure for free denaturized alcohol,
but the substantial facts as they de
velop Indicate that, It will prove a
means of Immense economy In the ag
gregate, although some time will be
required for Its full utilization. A
vital point will have been gained at
the outset if the administration of the
revenue department shall adopt the
policy of favoring to the utmost small
distilleries right at the sources of the
raw materials, as the information
coming from Mr. Hill warrants ,us to
expect will be done.
HUOIIES AND HEARST.
The party standard bearers, .rather
than the party platforms, are counted
on to figure most In the contest this
year In the great 'pivotal stale of New
York. The republican platform, while
it contains traditional party generali
sations and also satisfactory state
ments on contemporaneous questions,
obviously could not, of lis Qn force
attract the masses of decent -citizens
that are acting with the party. In
New York, as in many other states,
mere words no longer sumce, plat
form formulas having In recent years
been too often found to be .merely
tricks of the dishonest politician's
trade and designed not to be made
good, but to defraud honest voters. The
real guarantee given by the New York
republican convention is the known
character of Charles E. Hughes at
the -head of a ticket satisfactoiy to
him and in oarmony with President
Roosevelt. And It Is noteworthy that
In accepting leadership .Mr. Hughes
put stress upon conscience in admin
istering tha state government rather
than on the terms used by the party
The whole situation is implied in the
names of Hughes and Hearst. . The
latter, too, long In advance, boldly
and contemptuously repudiated the
binding force of convention pro
nouncements, and Immediately after
the democratic convention he publicly
rejected some of .Its most Important
pel8c planks. ifut back even of
his personal, as well as of his party
declaration, the test of tire to which
the worthv citizens of his own psrty
have subjected him ,1s the test of
character as a public man. According
to this crucial test fortunately the line
Is being drawn In the Empire state.
ami Indubitable proofs show that it
strikes st a, very oblique angle to ha
bitual partyism or platformlsm.
It all means, that a vast new party,
It the term may be used for conveni
ence, Is rapidly mobilizing on the
basis of practical independence that
insists and is going, - henceforth, to
insist more Imperiously on the real
thing of character and net Vsstilt In
politics, without so much regard to
platform strategera, and It is up to
New York to give this year a memor
able object lesson of what can thus
be done for decent and wholesome
A (Jl'IBBl.K THAT HO.VT Pi4iS.
Judce Graves1 lias not been accused of
lidlns on passes as district Judge. Mora
over, he has stated that he has not dona
This is decidedly lame as compared
with the effulgent eulogy pronounced
by the World-Herald a week or so ago
proclaiming the democratic candidate
for congress In the Third district to
be "a judge - whose principles lead
him to refuse the railroad pass."
It now developes that while con
scientious scruples have prevented the
great judge from traveling around his
district on passes to hold court at the
different county seats, ' they have
not prevented him from asking, for
and accepting passes for hls family
while holding official position. In a
letter published In the Newman Grove
Reporter Judge Graves, himself, con
fesses to one case where he asked for
passes over the Minneapolis & Omaha
road in the fail of 1901 for his wife
and her mother from Pender to Min
neapolis and return. Attempting to
explain the circumstances. Judge
Graves writes that "this is the only
road wh'lch enters my district," and
by Inference the only road Interested
in litigation on which he might have
to decide. In a nutshell it transpires
that Judge Graves draws the line ex
ceeding fine that as judge he Is care
ful not to ride on a pass for fear of
the effect It might have on bis political
future, but has no objections to plac
ing himself under obligations to the
railroads on the quiet for free trans
portation for his wife and her mother,
which he would otherwise presumably
have to par for out of his own pocket.
If, as the learned judge says, "there
Is an impropriety In public officers and
especially judicial officers accepting
and using passes or free transporta
tlonV for themselves, it, must be no
less an Impropriety to ask and accept
passes for members of his immediate
family i What right has he, them to
pretend to a superior virtue over those
who have asked for passes, but made
no attempt to cover It up?
. The disclosures of flagrant Incom
petency exhibited by, Candidate Wil
liams when acting as county judge of
Pierce county constitute another good
reason why he should not be elected
to membership in the new railway
commission for which he secured a
nomination by a convention sellout.
But, the controlling, reason why he
should be defeated is the inherent dis
honesty of his conduct and his ' ap
parently uncontrollable propensity for
falsehood. . It would be bad enough
to have an incompetent on the rail
road commission, but Infinitely worse
to have a man subjected to the tempta
tions the railroads are sure to offer to
secure a continuance- of the privileges
they now enjoy at the expense of the
taxpayers and shippers, who haa a
record of violating a most sacred trust
for private gain.
The South Dakota Traveling Men's
association has. started something
which ought to be taken up In other
states, in resolving to agitate for a
state Inspection of hotels with special
reference to the sanitary conditions
and: the provision of fire escapes. . It
South Dakota is like Nebraska it pos
sesses a great many very creditable
hotels which provide for their guests
reasonable accommodations and assur
ance of safety, but also a lot of so
called hotels that' are a travesty on
the name. ' The traveling men, as the
unfortunate victims of bad hotel con
ditions, are the proper parties to take
the work of reform in hand.
Returned delegates from the
League of American Municipalities at
Chicago report that the subject of
most absorbing interest there Is that
of municipal ownership, and that the
sentiment in favor of municipal
ownership was more pronounced than
at any previous meeting of the league.
We are apt to Imagine that the puz
zling problem of dealing with the
franchlsed corporations is peculiar to
our own city, when as a matter of fact
it confronts every other American city
In practically the same form.
A movement has been started in the
Omaha High school to improve the
spelling of the pupils. The fact Is
that it is not so much simplified spell
ing as correct spelling that is really
in demand, and anything done to help
public school graduates to meet this
requirement will- enhance their value
materially in business life.
Fort Omaha will furnish the main
body of the signal corps for the army
of occupation In Cuba. This is surely
complimentary to Fort Omaha sol
diers, because they would not be
drawn upon unless they were consid
ered the most experienced and reliable
companies in the corps.
far la I 44nramril.
. I'liH.dpihla Pre.
Tli tcputtlluan rmirfldtitc for govt-rnor
f New Yolk baa fine lot of w hl-kft a.
but the candidal on the olher ticket is
aa l'Riffac-fd aa possible.
Kawrk fur Claim Asjata.
Buffalo Eapreaa. .
An order of the War department for
bid attorneys and other to mllult p?n
alon and other claims agiilnil the govern
ment on government " property. U eo
licltltis could lie prevented.' entirely It
would stup a good many und. -rved pen
Iteaaateratle Fool Xollona.
Kaunas CHy Time.
There If one filing, though, .that Mr.
Bryan cannot accuse President Rooaevelt
Of stealing from the democraln,' and that
la the foot notion that whin anything li
doing the I'nlted States must- ait around
"like a bound boy at a litiaktng" for fear
It will be accused of "Imperialism."
Well Hied for the Bridal.
The new afate of Oklahoma will formally
eftter the union with mora wW and les
Indebtedness than any. rede eetr. The
only financial obligation'' against -the. new
state In $300,000 In territorial warrant,
while the last monthly statement . of the
territorial treasurer showed a balance on
hand of 1778.102. This would leave a bal
ance of I278.102. In addition to which Okla
homa will receive a school fund of IS.W.C
in caah from the fnlted States treasury,
besides several million acres of school
lands for the further maintenance of
schools and colleges.
latlallea of Baalneas tor the Klaral
Better facilities for transportation and
lower average freight and passenger rate
are shown In an abstract of railway
statistics Issued by the Interstate Com
merce eommtislon. The showing made Is
a satisfactory one from the public's point
of view, and It is unwwally interesting at
this time because of the Important govern
mental questions which have arisen con
cerning the railroads.
On June 30, 1906, th length of the rail
road lines In the fnlted States was 211,101
miles, an Increase for the year of 4.194
miles. There was a marked decrease In the
mileage in the hands of receivers. The ag
gregate number of employees wa 1.382.1W,
an Increase during the year of 8B.075. The
total sum paid In wages and salaries was
$S39,844.fi80, an Increase of 22,J45,70.
The aggregate capitalization of the rail
roads was H3.9n6.25.121. The gross earnings
exceeded the $2.000,000,rio mark for the first
time. amounting to IZ082.482.496. The
average freight rate for the year was .768
cent a ton a mile against .78 cent for
The most lmpotant fart brought out by
the report Is that the average freight rate
per ton per mile decreased for the first
time In many years. Operating expenses
Increased materially after 1899 and there
were slight increases In railroad charges.
Economical management enabled ths rail
ways to make-reductions in 1906. It Is
reasonably certain that the flgurea for the
necal year of 1908 will again show . an
average fall In rates, , while In the fiscal
year ending next June a marked decrease
'wilt be caused by .thainew railroad law
about to go Into effect.,' .
II RA IS SPITK OF ITSELF.
Slnaiacaat , Fealarra'j.e' Seeretary
, Taffa, Aetl'oa. '
' New Vork Tribune.
Cut la to remain C(iba in spite of Itself.
That is the grist of Secretary Taft procla
mation. He accepts the' situation which the
Cubans have brought . about. The Cuban
president baa resigned,, and the vfee presi
dent with him. and the Cuban enngresa has
failed to choose a successor to htm. Thus,
so far as the Cuban are concerned, a
vacancy Is left in the chief magistracy.
That -vacancy Secretary Taft fills, with
abundant authority In both law and morals.
His action Is logical and ethically flawlrss.
The unique feature of It Is that he keeps
the Cuban flag flying and maintains a
Cuban government, conforming with the
Cuban constitution. . Intervention, protec
torates and what not have hitherto meant
the substitution, at least for the time, .of
the flag and the law and the actual au
thority of the intervening or protecting
power for those of the state under tutelage.
Not so in Cuba. There Is no return to the
status of the American occupation follow
ing the Spanish war. Cuba remains Cuba,
only with an American' Instead of a Cuban
at the hoad of affairs. I ' ' .
We have said that Is the unique feature
of the case. It Jaalno the most significant,
from both the Ctiban and the American
point of view. It means that, as we raid
yesterday, American policy Is to prevail In
our relations with the Island. The United
States is not going to he stampeded Into
annexation of Cuba it the behest of sordid
speculators or involved In sny embarrassing
complications. It could annex Cuba on the
ground of that country's failure to govern
Itself.. But before accepting that last un
welcome resort It wlaely as well as gener
ously decides to give., the island another
chance. In that we have no doubt some
conspirators. In both Cuba and this coun
try, will be disappoint), for which reason
we are all the more gratified. We are cer
tain that the. overwhelming sentiment of
the American people and we trust of the
Cuban people also will cordially approve
Mr. Tail' a words and action, especially in
this matter of insisting that Cuba shall still
be Cuba, and the government of the Island
shall still be a Cuban government.
Pierre Lotl. the French author, has Just
been promoted from captain of frigate to
captain of battleship. He has never quitted
his service In the navy.
Young Rooaevelt is about as likely as any
other average boy to get Into a atudent
fracas. The occasion fur making a fuxs
about It does not appear.
Millionaire Walsh of Colorado aaya the
poor men of the country must have a
greater share. of Its wealth. Yet be never
has given them a single library.
Edward J. Nally, who has risen to the
position of vice pretrident and director of
the 810u.0U0.600 Poatal Telegraph company, at
tlfe age of Uywas a telegraph meaaeiiger
The emprens of Germany has contributed
a large sum of money lr-ald In the forma
tion of an Institution to be dt voted to the
saving of Infant life, the mortality of In
fants In Germany being aurpaarwd In Eu
rope only by that of Austria and Russia.
President Uustav Andreen of Augustana
college, Illinois, who favors the spelling re
forms advocated by Prescient Roosevett.
has approved the adoption by Augunana of
similar changes In the spelling of SweJ
lah, recently promulgated In the .mother
country, but not yet generally adopted by
schools or by the press.
Charles BatteJI Loomla. the noted Ameri
can author, la about to returu lo Kan wood.
N. J-. from England, where he has been
residing. It is gratifying to Americana to
leara that his auccesa aa a reader in Eng
land paralleled that of the English humor
lat. Jerome K. Jerome, whoa guest a was
when Mr. Jtrome was here.
A Mea" KSHer Dead.
Al rahbrother In Everything.
It Is with feelings of sadness that we
record the death of Editor E. Rose
water of The Omaha Bee. Rosewater had
been for neatly forty years the presiding
genius of that newspaper. He wss early
in life a telegraph operator and as man
ager of the Pacific Telegraph company In
Omaha he took a hand In some politics that
Was on and which did not suit him. He
started a small afternoon sheet for cam
paign purposes and called It The Bee, .ex
pecting It to die when the campaign was
over. But there seemed to be a demand
for It he threw Into It a personality and
a fearlessness that even appealed to people
who lived In the wild and woolly west
people who had been reading editorials
from some of the best known editorial
writers ' the west had produced-nen of
national reputation. But Rosewater went
after things and brought them home with
him. He was tireless, never slept If oc
casion suggested that he was needed at
the office, and for several years he brought
The Bee out under many disadvantages.
finally he made it a morning paper and
went after A state subscription list. He op
posed all kinds of jobbery; was against
monopolies; fought Jay Gould and his Union
Pacific and the toll bridge at Omaha across
the Missouri river. Gould sent for him and
tried to fix differences between them with
money, -but Rosewater spurned hi offer
and lashed him the more furiously.
The fight was won and It was a wing of
feathers In Rosewater's cap. Then he went
after the politicians. He exposed them to
the bone in their rottenness and their cor
ruption, and the people of the west rallied
to him. Finally he had a morning paper,
an evening paper and a Sunday paper with
a weekly edition that at one time reached
close to the one hundred thousand mark.
He built The Bee building which Is one of
the distinct and beautiful newspaper homes
of the west, and in all his enterprises was
successful. He was a thorn always In the
flesh of those who would domlnste the
politics of Nebraska, and upon one oc
casion his adversaries hired a negro ruffian
named Curry to assassinate him. , The
negro assaulted him and pounded him Into
a Jelly and left him for dead, but he re
covered and was relentless against those
who had provoked or employed the negro
to kill him.' The Omaha Bee is a great
newspaper and It was Rosewster's genius
that made it such. He always employed
first-class talent and surrounded himself
with loyal assistants and when you saw
It In The Bee It was so.
It was our good fortune to be a pupil
of his for four years. We were an edi
torial writer on his paper and also a po
lltlcal correspondent, and while we al
ways differed with Mr. Rosewater In many
things we respected his honesty and his
fearlessness. In his death Nebraska has
lost a citizen who did a great deal for
the state; Omaha haa lost an Invaluable
force In her commercialism and many
friends are left to mourn.
Rosewater was ambitious politically. He
had several times been recognlsod by his
party; was' national committeeman of
the republican party; had been In the leg
islature and the senate; was a- member
of the International postal congress, vice
president of that body; had been sent on
several official pilgrimages 'to the old
world by h.ls government but he wanted
to go to the United States senate. He
made an unsuccessful run four years ago,
and last month again was before the re
publican state convention for endorse
ment. His home county and several other
'counties were for him; He made a long
fight and a strong fight but the dis
patches say that the campaign was too
much for him and after it ' was over;
after he had pledged hlf aupport. to .the
ticket and announced that he was out of
the race for good, the Oilier evening In his
own magnificent newspaper building, he
stopped In the office of Judge Troup pre
sumably to rest sat down on a bench
and fell asleep and never awoke. His
wife had left a light burning for him;
he did not return and she, uneasy, notified
the. chief of police that he could not be
found. The judge, upon going to his
office, saw the little old man sitting there,
at last at rest, after forty years of a
most strenuous life.
In Nebraska there were many people
who had many ' times wished that Rose
water was out of the harness; his po
litical enemlea were bitter and uncom
promising but. we dare say that in Ne
braska no one has ever died whose fleath
will cause more universal sorrow than
did the death of Edward Rosewater, editor
and proprietor of The Omaha Bee.
A PATHETIC FIMSH.
lavlleati of the Career of
Palma of Cab.
President Palma'a finish makes his, ca
reer the more romantic by far than it
would have been had he retired from ofllce
In the good old George Washington man
ner. To lose one's presidency in this style
la almost like a king losing his head. Mr.
Palma began to be a Cuban president over
thirty years ago, during the ten years'
insurrection against 8pan, when he was
made the head of the revolutionary gov
ernment, which never really governed.
After his capture and Imprisonment In a
Spanish dungeon In the Pyrenees, he al
ways described himself to hia Jailers as
"president of the Cuban republic." Spain
banished him from Cuba when peace was
restored, and It was during the ensuing
twenty years that he conducted a private
school In a small interior town of New
York state. Our government considered
hire the ablest and safest man available
for the Cuban presidency In 1902, whea
the first American occupation ended, but
of course he entered upon his duties with
the handicap of having lived so - many
years away from the Island and Its people
that he had lost touch with the new gen
eration that had come upon the pcene.
Mr. Palma is now 71 years old. and history
is ' not likely to deal harshly with him.
Doubtless he employed his best efft.il ,
according to his lights, to make the re
public a success, and It may be questioned
whether his failure was not due as much
to conditions as to his personal errors and
faults. ' It can at least he said of him
that he retires a comparatively poor man.
Unlike some Latin-American ex-presldenta,
Mr. Palma will not proceed to Parla and
live lUce a millionaire.
Secretary Rota Mlaaloai
' Pittaburg Dispatch.
Both thla country and the South Amer
ican nations are more Interested In events
Of Europe than In those of the people at
the other end o(, our own continent. For
Instance, had Mr. Root's mission been to
European nations we should have fol
lowed It closely. Because It was In South
Amerloa there was . little public interest
In his progrtsa. And what ia true of us
is true of South America. Mr. Rcot's tour
waa designed to overcome this, lo show
the aolidarity of the continental Inter ta.
He may not have made progreas among
the rabid hatera of North America, but
he has undoubtedly made an imoresalon
upon the government) and the people. His
mist ton, it is fair to assume, haa been aa
successful aa could have been expected;
i If not ax great aa might have been wished
for, but he haa had time to do little more
than aow the seed that we may hope will
ultimately bring forth fruit of sympathetic
I and fraternal relationship. '
Healthful cream of tartar, derived solely from
grapes, refined to absolute purity, is the active
Principle of every pound of Royal Baking
Wder.( v . V
Hence it is that Roval Baking Powder
renders the food remarkable both for its fine
flavor and healthfulness.
No alum, no phosphate which are the
principal element of the MKadled cheap
baking powder -and which are derived
from bones, rock and sulphuric acid.
ROYAL tAKINft aOWOtft CO., NtW YORK.
. ROIKD ABOtT SEW lOHK.
Rlpvlea ea the t'arreat of Life la the.
Truly these are melancholy days for
Thomaa Collier Platt, New York's senior
senator. Famous as the "Easy Boss" who
for a score of years shaped the destiny of
the republican party In the Empire state,
Senator Platt now Is broken In health,
shorn of his political power and threatened
with a divorce court scandal. Reports
have It that Mrs. Platt has grown weaty
of the aged senator and ia unusually In
terested In men nearer her own age, caus
ing grief In the family household and
threata of divorce proceedings. To cap the
climax Senator Piatt's famous "Amen cor
ner" at the Fifth Avenue hotel hss passed
away. Since lftt9 the republican headquar
ters have been located In the Fifth Avenus
hotel, except for the yeara 1884, 18 and
183, when they were transferred to . the
Gilsey house. Since 1887, however,' they
have remained In the Fifth Avenue. Only
one employe of the republican state com
mittee, who haa been continuously with It
since 18iS, Is left. He Is Stephen A. Smith,
confidential messenger. fc . , .
The name "Amen corner" was applied
to the plush-covered S'Ats In the corner
of the Fifth Avenue lobby,, where the Platt
Old Guard gathered and said "Amen" to
everything Boss Platt did In the committee
rooms. It was also the rendesvous of the
newspsper men, who In the past years of
Piatt's rule formed st association known
as the "Amen Corner," which gives snnual
dinners St which prominent politicians are
present. The association is Incorporated,
and It will continue In existence as a re
minder of the times when the Fifth Avenue
waa the Mecca of republicans.
Upper Broadway, between Forty-second
street and Seventy-second street,' has been
named Garage- Row by th automebllisia.
In the last two years automobile garages
have strung up there at a great rate.
-Most of the ground which the garages
now occupy was vacant lots a couple of
years ago; some with squatters' shanties on
them. Then one automobile manufacturer
erected a temporary garage above Fifty
ninth street. - It was a hit from the start.
and other manufacturers followed suit and
At first the garages were only temporary.
affairs, tha msjorlty being only two stories
high. As business Increased substantial
buildings took the place of the temporary
' . Each builder tried to outdo his rivals In
the appearance of his garage, with the -result
that some of the garages resemble
private dwellings more closely than busi
"Down with the robber landlords!" Is the
keynote of tbe Tenants' tuiion, which num
bers 1.000 members. The Union holds large
open air meetings In he evenings and haa
for Its president "Con" Sullivan, an old
time Tammany 'orator. The meetings are
opened with prayer, but they do not al
ways close with' benediction, because some
times they almost end In a fist fight. The
union was appropriately organised May 1
last, of all the days of the year the most
calculated to Infuriate tenants against land
lords, rents. Janitors ond owners of mov
ing vana. At a meeting of the union the
other night the orators spoke from a truck
that was brilliantly lighted. They declared
tha landlords form the biggest, greed'est
trust on earth. They gave horrible exam
ples o' the rapacity of the landlord octopus
snd swore that the janitors are the only
tentacles of the tetiant-dsvourlng monter.
A lonely reporter sat on a stoop down on
West Thirty-seventh street esrly one morn
ing recently, waiting for some new devel
opment In a murder mystery to be given
out at the police station. The midnight
squad of cops had tramped off to post and
for over an hour no footstep had sounded
on the pavement. .The reporter cal-d
over one of the night prowling puasies to
hfm and by dint of honeyed urging In
veigled the lean black shadow to slip up
between his knees.
. While the reporter was stroking and cud
dling the tramp cat other shadows ap
peared from dark corners, and, after much
circling around and hesitating advances,
one by one six tabbies came to Join tbe
Impromptu family reunion. The cats rubbed
sgalnst the reporter's legs, climbed to his
shoulders and In every one of the coy
pussy rat's ways of expression the seven
tramps of Hells Kitchen showed their
gratitude for the first petting they had
probably ever received.
No developments In the murder mystery
oame Jnto the police station, and at 1:3)
o'clock In the morning the amateur Pled
Piper started for the elevated to go back
to his. office. Seven vagrant pussy cats
followed him to Ihe corner, there stopped,
crouched down and watched him climb the
stairs to the train platform.
Half of New York lives In the treet.
Overflowing front, their crowded flate snd
uncomfortable rooms, the people pour out
onto the front steps, the sidewalks, the
city parka and the greul highways. Chil
dren play all over the street In continual
danger, and their elders scatter about,
singly or In groups, but always In
the garish light. Thla. . of courae, U in
the districts of tue poor, where flats sre
stuffy and rooms crowded with humanity,
but It Is not ao different .in the other,
sex-tic? where the flats tweome apartments
and light and suiiKhlne Illumine them. The
spirit Is characterunlu of. New York, aud
the aaife reatlessnes that drives the poor
to the curb aenda the rich Into public
dining-rooms for a long drawn-out ineaL
7 V I I
MIRTH FIX REMARKS.
"I got a bottle of lemon extract at you
atore the other day." .
Yes? Anything the matter with It?'
"Nothing, so far as 1 can find out, but
I'm curious to know what there Is In it
that makes It taste so much like lemons.
"You railway -men consider nothing but
money." said the abusive acquaintance.
"You wrong us," answered Mr. Dusllit
Stax. "We are tempted every now and
then to let somebody ride free, but the.
government wont let us." Washington
"What do you suppose Is the cause of
Jones .getting on In the world o "lowly?
"Pure laslm ss. That man would actnally
rather pay rent than move." Judge.
Gunbusta (bald-pated) My boy." remein
i .k h-ir. f our heads are nuin-
be red. . . . , i
Mi l i iin, .,
llf red Yours muni nue urvn .i.n.qr,. v.
twenty-three, pa. Woman's Home Com
panion. "I've got vou down for a couple of tick
ets; we re getting up r raffle for a poor
man of our neighborhood."
"None for me, thank you. I wouldn t
know what to do with a poor man 11 i
won hlm.-Phlladelphla rress.
"Geordie, what Is your father s occupa-. .
tlon?" . ,.,
V.ia o8uU",nWh.t doe. he do fo,
-Ido"8 Fur a llvln'. ma amT
plain do es p'leeccman wlf a pull. -CSV
- v ' , UOL.DK ROD.
. Clinton Bcollard In New York Sun. f
In what airy
Land of fay or fairy lh..i mmi
v. this floss spun, this etheresi geiai
By yon rlllslde, ;
On yon sweeping hillside.
As if cloth of amber 'tis untoll-dl '
Wrought of moonlight.
Woven of senllh noonllgnr, '
ems it. tpstry for elf or gnome
Shine and shimmer, -
,ii..m,,- .loiui and. RllT'ner,
is like sunlight" glinting-soirer-ioam, "'i-
. ' ' t ; .--- 'y' ". ,
Snare It? Hold It?
Strive to faat enfold Hi , ,
Summon spell to fix or mould lt?-nayl -Transitory.
With the autumn s glory, ,, ,
Like eve s afterglow, iw... - -
King & Co
"There's Is no appear" said Beau
Bniinm'l to hia grand Nephew, ! from
tha verdict of the public." , . .
No man can expect to be
harbored in the social swim
without Full Dress and Tux
They are becoming more
and more imperative each
year. - ' .
Our Full Dress clothes are
demonstrations of high art
Full Dress Suits $40.00.
Tuxedo Suits $30.00 and
Keady for instant use.
All kinda of full dress fix
ings to go with the clothes.
"No Clothing Fits Like
Fifteenth and V THv
Doufllas Sts. ' Vv
Brnadufvy F nr TO g Caosw Wfaari
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