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The Omaha Sunday Bee
Your M nay's Worth
THE OMAHA DEE
Best tlT. West
Psass 1 to 12.
VOL. XXXVI-XO. 14.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTKMBKK 23, lOOo-FOTK SECTIOX8-TII1KTY-SIX PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
BRYAN SPLITS PARTY
L bcrala of Great Britain Aocme Him cf
Bringing Diiwtiion U Banks.
R.ILWAY PRONUNCIAMENTO ' NOT LIKED
7w York Epeeco Givee labor Leader
Enoonraroment for Hew Polity.
STRIVE AGAINST NEBRASKAN'S INFLUENCE
(orierratiTti Join Liberal! in Trying to
Belittle Popularity Abroad.
SOCIALISM UNDER BAN OF OLD PARTIES
Virir Hardle'e Attack an Party Rrlaa
Ual Wira Respaase aad Opo.
altloa to CloTrmntil
t-ONDON'. "opt. to. (Special Cablegram
to The Res.) William Jennings Bryn my,
r rstled dispatches Indicate the repub
licans in tho 'United States are cl-iimlng,
have succeeded In splitting- the democratic
perty In two, thereby rendering; Imposslhlo
hie nomlnntlon and election a president.
These things do not concern the ventre
Englishman end consequently do not Inter
est htm. Rut should he again vlalt Eng
land 1n the near future It la safe to say
that the prime minister, Campbell Banner
man, and the liberal leaders, will give Mr.
Hryan the "cold shoulder."
No matter what he has done or Is doing
to , the democratic party In the l mien
States. Mr. Bryan as a "party splitter"
must Tie a "wonder." For he has succeeded
In "putting" the liberal party In such a
fashion that It la questionable whether
"C B., ae the prime minister Is familiarly
rolled, ran ever unite It again. If the
llheril government falls within the nest
few months the most powerful Influence,
strange os it may seem. In bringing about
this result will be the visit of sn American
politician Mr. William Jennings Bryan.
Vlalt Waa Pleaslna.
When Mr. Bryan was In London the
liberal government made much of Mm.
He was welcomed everywhere at the
palace of the king, at the home of John
Burns, at the clubs of the Irish member
of Parliament, at the country seat of
Whltelaw RHd. the American ambassador
to Great Britain. Naturally these thing
and te fact that he wae discussed by tha
newspapers as a presidential possibility,
did much to focus public attention upon
the Nebraska man. . His speech, undoubt
edly clover, certainly splendid bit 'of
oratory, at the peace gathering for the sub
m lesion of disputes to The Hague or some
other impartial international tribunal f6r
investigation and report before ine oeciara
tlon of war or the beginning of hostilities,
as well as bis visit to Sir Henry Campbell
Bannerman early In July, rauaed the Tory
paper of the empire to declare that a com
pact to promote a-universe.! pear Agree
ment waa in tho air. Certain It Is, that,
friendship u formed between the liberal
leader of England and the demoorstto
' leader of America, v,,' , ..'
, And yet It appear -to have been Mr.
Bryan' late to deal a- blow to Campbell
Bannerman, hi new found friend, - more
over than over dealt by Mr. Chamberlain,
Mr. Balfour or any of the great opponent
of th liberal party In England. For It so
happened that tho labor party was- on the
verge of breaking with the liberal paty.
'And It so happened that Mr. Bryan' first
aneech at Madison Bquare garden after
landing In the United States ba furnished
th excuse and th opportunity.
Gives Worklnsrmen aa Issaa.
gome of Mr. Bryan's friends and ad
mirers among the laboritte here In London
are Baying that Mr. Bryan himself will not
feel badly about this fact that he will not
objeot to being regarded aa a "great edu
cational force" all over the civilised
world. But this view point does not help
famDbell-Bannerman and the liberal
leader In their present dilemma.
Kor Mr. Bryan's American speeches have
furnished the worklngmea of England Juat
the issue which they ' needed an issue
which they did not see and understand
themselves until Mr. Bryan railed It to the
attention of hla American audiences
Scarcely had Mr. Bryan left the Madison
Bquare Garden for his home In the western
part of the United States before the
Trade Union congress. In session at Liver
pool, without any discussion, unanimously
Instructed the labor member of Parliament
to introduce a bill providing for the na
tionalising of all railways, canals and
mines In the United Kingdom.
To understand what thla really means.
It must be understood that tho Trade Union
congress wields powerful influence over the
labor party and -the labor party wields a
powerful Influence over the liberal party.
When It I also remembered that the mem
bers of Parliament are not' paid ssjarles.
ss in the United States; When It ie re
membered that the trade unions furnish
funds liberally for the support of the labor
number of parliament. It can readily be
seen that such a wish i equivalent to a
.. - Conservatives Alaraied.
Even the conservative papers have taken
aUrm and are doing everything on thla I at the Manchester Chamber of Commerce,
side of the water to belittle the influence j recently, said West Indian planters hsd
which Mr. Hryaa haa acquired on this side adopted sea Island cotton. They believed
f the water, because of hla agitation for ; their land wa better suited to it than to
ths government ownership of the rall-sys. ! sny other variety, and they had been so far
The London Times, which aa a conservative j encouraged In their belief that the area un
force Is naturally opposed to government , der cultivation would next year be doubled.
f ownership, declares: - v j There was a cspltal opening there for
"It seems to be held' In New York thst young men of enterprise with a capital of
lie has, falleJ or failed, at least, so far I from tT.SOO to I1S.0QO, who would undertake
ss hi efTurts to convert the 'Kmplre State,' i the growing of cotton anl other crops In
that all-Important factor of victory, are j rotation. Men who could entertain euch
concerned. It is significant that tha Jour- an Idea would find a hearty welcome from
nd of Mr. Hearst, who
I estimated to
control 1.X'0 democratlu votes In New
York state. sl;uulj be altogether silent.
The rest of the press ! almost entirely
hostile. If we. way Judge, from a brief
telegraphic summary. Mr. Bryan he been
itaUnetly unlucky In his choice of a new
pulley to tske tbe place of free silver."
Th t-ondon Express says:
"The shrewd common sens of th mae
er of Ellunnk recognise the facts ss they
are. Speaking with authority as Scottish
government whip, be haa outlined th plan
of a Nigral rrusade against socialism. Th
iuntry would be glad to e hi auggea-
on taken up with plrlt by. th govern
ment. But will th government do - so
Probably not. .80 sure a next session
comes, w shall And short-sighted poll-
tk.tar:s riaiiujf to deprecate the talk or
cleavage In the liberal-labor ranks, and to
suggest that all will be well so long a
nothing more is said Dout the matter.
Tbe cleavage I wider and more vital ihan
lb ntastsr o( Ellhank shows. New f'Hroes,
as be saya, are awakening In th coun
try, and the change which they herald
XvaUnued on SecooU Page.j
HOME RULE IDEAS VAGUE
'While Mirk Is Hoped. Little la Cer
tainly Knonn of Govern
DUBLIN. Sept. 1U. fSpecisI Csblegram
to The Bee.) The outlines of moet of Hie
schemes for home rule published up1 to the
present time deal In glittering generalities.
It Is difficult. If not Impossible, for cone- I
spt.ndents. either English or Irish, to deal
with accomplished facts, for the reason
that little or nothing has been really a
tied. Very little of the Dublin castle .t
has been allowed to transpire. A f
toons a eseai nave neen non iu
wsy the wind blows, but th' -r i
made public may bear no v w5 e to ,
the ultimate plan. There Is x ety Im
portant point on which all fdv.-lats are
silent, and that Is that it is proposed to
Introduce a nomlnnted element to keep the
county council representative straight.
The value of any forecast of the Mac
donnell scheme may be gauged from the
fact that the plans are far from matured,
and they will be altered from time to time
to secure the adhesion of this or that
member of the cabinet. If It Is true, as
reported, that two or three Important min
isters have declared that they will not go
a far aa the earl of Dunraven, then Sir
Antony Macdonnell'a pet projects have lit
tle or no prospect of success.
The meeting of the intonist alliance
and the speech of Mr. Walter Long, 1 M.
P.. are noteworthy at the present time.
Fur better or worse, the alliance repre
sents the unionists of Ireland. It has ap
pointed Mr. Long Its spokesman. He wae
elected by a big majority for the one con
stituency outside Ulstpr ; that returns a
unionist. ' There are . practically only two
parties In Ireland the nationalists snd the
unionists. A certain section of unionists,
Including Lord Dunraven and some others,
have professed themselvee dtssatlKled with
the existing condition of Irish govern
ment and desirous of some reform. This
policy has been called "devolution." The
devolutlonlete number some men of consid
erable ability, but they are few in num
ber. The nationalists have welcomed the
movement of the devolutlonlete because
their stacks on the existing system sre
useful so far as they go, though the rem
edy they have proposed Is pronounced not
only Inadequate, but futile. The unionists
The existing government Is composed
mainly of men who have declared them
oelve home rulers. The majority In the
cabinet have voted for Mr. Gladstones
home rule bill. Quite recently Its princl
pal members, including the prime mln
ister and Mr. Asqulth. publicly declared
that home rule was the one effective rem
edy for the Irish difficulty. , The proceed
ing at th recent meeting of the union
let and th speech of Mr. Long go to
show that they would oppose with equal
vaheroenoe any measure of reform, how
ever faltering and feeble. - They are pre
pared to oppose devolution aa strongly as
The speech of Mr. Long, as the spokes
man of the Irish unionists, I regarded as
a warning to the government against fall
ing between two stools. It Is a plain dec
laration that no watering down of home
rule,, however much It may alienate na
tionalist support, will in the fslnteet d.
tree mitigate unionist hostility.
LANDHOLDERS : BILL DISLIKED
Appro-Tin the Principle, Seoteh Cob.
atttaeaeles Object ta Terms
... el Ptsnitg Bill.
GLASGOW. Sept. 22. (Bpeclal Cablegram
to Th Bee.) Two public bodies in Scotland
have - made- pronouncement on the araall
landholders' bill, which was laid before the
House of Commons toward the end of the
session. Th first, to move was the Banff
shire Liberal association. Mr. A. W. Black,
the member for Banffshire, told his con
stituent that thla wa a splendid bill, that
It would apply to J.000 landholder In the
county, and so on. The response of th
Liberal association was a resolution ap
proving the object and principles of th
bill, but expressing disapproval of its chief
detail, which is the Introduction of dual
owneshlp into the land system of the low
lands. Now the Aberdeen, Banff and Kin
cardine Land Defense association Is avow
edly brought Into being by the small land
holders1 bill and the land tenure bill. It
declares Itself "anxious to co-operate In
any Judicious measures directed to pro
mote th prosperity of all olasses inter
ested in agriculture and to encourage the
maintenance and extension of small hold
ings on equitable and economical princi
ples." But it declares that the two bills
mentioned above "contain provisions not
only unjust to the lend owners of Scotland,
but also subversive of the security of pri
vate property and Injurious to the real In
terest of aTiculture and to the permanent
welfare of the country district."
COTTON IN THE WEST INDIES
Drltlsa Planters rlad a' Island Best
aad ta Soil aad
I.ONDON. Sept. S3. (Special O blear m
to The Bee.) Sir Daniel Morris, Inspector
general of agricultur for th West Indies,
addreestng a gathering under the suspires
of the British Cotton Growing associstion
! the Agricultural department and could
count upon receiving the best advice free.
CROWN OF ST. MICHAEL LOST
ValaaM Hello Helmed by Chareh
and State la Kraaee Haa
ROUEN. Sept. R (Special Cablegram to
Ths Be.) A richly Jeweled crown which
cost 1flO,QOt snd was known as ths orown
of St. Michael has disappeared from th
church at Mont St. Michael, where It wa
placed In llTk by the parishioners, who sub
scribed to buy II '
Several - churches In the neighborhood
hav reosntly been broken Into by burglars.
and these are suspected by the prints of
having stolsn the crown of St. Michael.
On the other hand. It Is rumored that
the priest hav Invented the burglary and
hidden the crows, for when the congrega
tion ef the Tether of Mont St. Michael
wa dissolved the governn-ent lli'ildator
claimed the crown, and the court decided
that h bad a right t it.
Pending th appeal which ths prleta hav
lnstltuteed th ciown has Uisappvartd.
GERMANY AT VATICAN
laiier and Pop Praw CloFer by Ilection
f Wen i Jeenit General
SPANISH KING MAYVISlT HEAD OF CHURCH
, - , .... , tj r ...
Sc V"1 Dd Lbrl Idea tanMI
t Much Gosiip in Borne.
-LlGIOUS AGITATlON IN HIS KINGDOM
n ' i '.. i n .k
Government Standi i irmly in Contwt with
thurca on larraee.
NEW PLAN CONSIDtKtl) FOR THL FRENCH
Pope Said to Be Displeased at
Actio ot Papal Secretary ot
State la SappresslaS
, . Facta.
ROME, Sept. ill (Bpeclal Cablegram to
The bee.; ine selection of itev. father
Vvernx, a Ueiman and the rector of the
Gregorian university, as the general of the
Jesuits ana the approval by tiie pope ot
the choice, Is supposed to herald an era
of closer relations between the German
government ami the Vatican. Th pres
ent kaiser, as Is well known, '-hough a
lotestsnt In faith. Is nevertheless ex
tremely liberal In dealing with his Cath
olic subjects, and during the past year or
two haa manifested a dlspoMtlon to rely
upon the support of the clericals to repel
the advances of the socialists.
An interesting story regarding the boy
hood of Ffther Wern has Just been pub
lished by the Roman newspspers i:d a
successful career Is accordingly being pre
dicted for him as the general of the
Jesuits. According to this story, when a
very small child an old gypsy woman pre
dicted that he would be greater than king
"There Is the man of the future." she
ssld, raising her hand above her head.
"He will command men."
"Will he be made king of the gypsies?"
asked one of her hearers.
"He will be more than that," was tbe
reply. "Others may be king of the gypsies,
but he will be pope of the gypsies." ,
Conditions In Spnln.
A strange and exceedingly unique con
dition of affaire la reported from Madrid.
It 1 announced that : the king of Spain
ia contemplating a visit to the holy father
1n the near future. At the time of hi
marriage and because of his well known
democratic and liberal tendenclea, to asy
nothing of his marriage to Bna, of Batten
berg, a Protestant princess, fear war ex
pressed her that King Alfonso might
grow lukewarm In the faith of hi fathera.
On the contrary, according to advice re
calved here from Madrid, th young king
appear more steadfast In tha Catholic
faith than before, while Queen. Victoria, hi
royal bride, haa all of the seal of a new
convert and is behind the decision of the
king to visit the holy father and the holy
Nevertheless, advices from Spain also In
dicate -that -there-, are poselbllltle of a
crisis, so far as tha king,' th cabinet and
the Cortes are concerned. The chief quea
tlon to be solved is the matter of the abo
lition of article 11 of the. constitution,
which prohibits every external manifests'
tlon of non-Catholic cults. It Is laid down
In the Concordat of lffil that three relig
ious orders shall enjoy certain privileges,
while the rest, like associations of a civil
character, shall be subject to the common,
law. The Concordat, however, is not car
ried out, there being In Spain a multi
tude of religious orders which enjoy priv
ileges and control public education. This
Is the actual bone of contention with Rome,
because the government wishes to - fix
clearly which shall be the three privileged
orders and bring the rest under the com
mon lew of associations. Moreover, the
government desire to secularise the cem
eteries and to give greater solemnity to
civil marriage, which In reality doea not
exist, nine canonical marriage 1 obli
gatory for all Spanish Catholic.
Government Stands Firm.
The Spanish government, according to
all accounts, ha decided to give away
to tbe Vatican In nothing, and the Papal
Nuncio, who ha seen, tbe danger, has
recouae to the accustomed delays of
Vatican diplomacy. These, he says,
are matters which It Is not within his
province to decide; they must be negoti
ated direct with the Vatican. In thla
manner he' gain time, while the clericals
In Spain hope to see the return to power
of the conservative party, whose leader.
Senor Maura, would respect the status
Some persons opine that, in the event
of a crisis arising, .It will be resolved In
a eens even more rsdicsl, the crown call
ing upon Renor Canalejaa, who is the leader
of the extreme democratic-radical left, an
off-shoot of the republican ramp. This
party advocates extreme measures with
Rome, even to the extent of a denuncia
tion of the Concordat, which they regard
aa quite out of date. Here in Rome It Is
bellevM the government Is really mark
ing time, and when the proper moment ar
rives King Alfonro will aupport the policy
of the liberals. General Lopes Domlnques,
Senor Canalejaa and Senor Gullon all tay
the government maintains an energetic
attitude. Senor Amallo Jlineno. minister
of public Instruction, is studying the
problem In Its educational aspect. Is pre
paring legal measures for restricting tha
facilities which the congregations at
present possess for founding Schools and
colleges. Before leaving Madrid the
Conde de Romanoues stated that as minis
ter of grace and Justice he wss disposed
to resign rather than give wsy. He added
that ha would make a cabinet question of
the matter of civil marriage. '
Am 1 French Sltnatlaa.
Another remarkable and Interesting
story regarding the relations existing be
tween the Vatican and France has Just
been printed here. According to this state
ment It haa been learned from au Italian
personage of blah (landing that Cardinal
Merry del Val. the secretary of state at
the Vatican, will shortly be replaced by
a prelat more conciliatory to France.
Tbe reason for the cardinal having fallen
Into disfavor was as follows; Hi emi
nence did not submit to th pope an au
thentic report of the meeting of the
French bishops, but only a very lncom
plete one, and It was upon this report that
Plus X. baaed hi wall known pronounce
ment. It wa since he bad realised th
niUttake which he had been led to mak
that lb pop thought of replacing Card I
nal Merry dl Val. -
There 1 no suggestion that this will
lead to any marked charge n the strained
relations existing between France and the
Vatican, but the suggestion Is made (hat
greater care will be exercised in tho
Continued on Second Page)
ALPINE ACCIDENTS FREQUENT
la One af Latest, Wan In Desperate
Straits Is Only Dir.
GENEVA, Sept. It. (Special Cablegram
to The Bee.) One of the most thrilling In
cidents In the season' .Alpine climbing h
cost the life of a Genoa n school teacher,
who ws attempting the ascent of the
Herr Overbck of A!x-li-Chspell and
If err Ktieppers of Bonn, both school
teachers, set out to make the climb with
out the aid of guides, snd sll went well
until they came to an Ice bridge.
Herr Kuepppr got over safely, but as
Herr Overbeck was crossing, the bridge
gave way and Herr Overbeck was pre
cipitated into the crevasse, hanging from
the rope attached to his friend's waist.
Herr Kueppers had neither the eupport
nor the strength to draw his friend to
safety, and after many futile attempts had
been made Herr Overbeck begged him to
cut the rope, trusting to chance that he
himself might survive the fall, while Herr
Kueppers could hasten for aid.
Finally Herr Kueppers cut the rope and
Herr Overbeck fell. Herr Kueppers groped
his wsy to ssfety and told the mountain-
eere of this plight of his friend.
A relief expedition found Herr Over-
beck's body at the bottom of the crevasse
next morning. He had, after his fall,
cut step almost to the top of the peak,
and then, with ssfety only a few feet
away, he slipped, and, falling to the bot
tom, was Itllled.
So msny accidents sre occurring In the
Alps that it Is impossible to keep count
of them. The area test number cf victims
are Swiss, and next come Germans, Ital
ians and Austrlans. British climbers have
cecaped so far this season with two killed
and four Injured.
AFGHAN SURVIVOR IS DEAD
Anther of Areoant of .Massacre of
Kayher Pasa Dlea la Bir
mingham. LONDON. Sept. 22. (Specla Cablegram
to Th Hee.) A glorious page of military
history is recalled by the death which oc
curred at his daughter's residence, at
Edgbaston, Birmingham, of Colour-Ser
geant Edward Zeer, of th Somereat Light
Zeer, who wa 89 year of e wa the
last survivor of the British force, which
withstood a six months' siege st Jetlalabad
during the first Afghan war 4n IMS. He
wa the sentry who challenged Dr. Bry
don, th only survivor of Gehsral Elphln
ton' force, which, while on the way to
the relief of the garrison, was massacred
in the Khyber Pass. Dr. Brydone reached
that city exhausted and emaciated, and
suggested to Lady. Butler . her famous
picture, "Th Remnant of an Army." Zeer
wrote a little booklet of the siege fipm a
diary, and In thle he gives a vivid picture
of the historic dash for liberty made by th
garrison Iq the desd of night, and how the
Afghans were taken unawaree and com
pletely routed. He was one of those also
who discovered the body of General Elphln
ton and the skeleton of his massacred
force. "What a acme of death,'! he write:
"I can only refer yc to the thirty-seventh
chapter , of Eeeklel lor a description.
CHANGE IN TRAINING COLLEGES
Pnblle Control Succeeds Rellsrlaa la
Scottish Iasrttatlons Wlthoat
' th Friction Prophesied.
GLASGOW, Sept. 22, (Special Cablegram
to The ' Bee. Already to the astonish
ment of the people of Great Britain the
rellglou difficulty ha been overcome in
the transference of the Scottish Training
college from clerical to public control
A communication from the Glasgow pro
vincial committee for the training of teach
era shows that an amicable agreement has
been reached here aa In Edinburgh be
tween fie tew sip 1 -.Is on of'the colleges
and the olu In re surd to the teaching of
When the system is In operation, the
church of Scotland and the United Free
church will anoint a n ember or member
of th staff in each ccllrge to give re
ligious inst'uetim tc the students, pay
them for thle duty, snd superintend the
lesson, while ths r"'--lnclal committee will
provide nscommji'atlon and allot th lea
son a place in tl.e time table, merely re.
cetvlng reports from the churches aa to th
adequacy of the teaching and the result.
Thl agreement wa endorsed unanimously
by th Glasgow committee. There are, of
course, aom who fear that under the new
regime religion will be virtually banished
from the training colleges.
MEMORIAL TO IRISH MARTYRS
Mea Who Snffered la Rlslna- of IT&s)
Are Remembered at
DUBLIN. 8ept. 22. (Special Cablegram
to The Bee.) The ceremony which took
place at the recent unveiling at Youghal
was of unusual Interest. During ths rising
of 179. Father Peter O'Neill, P. P.. of
Ball.vmaooda. near Youghal, was flog'd
In the streets of that town, ant subse
quently transported, on the suspicion of
having obtained. In his priestly capacity,
knowledge as to the person who killed an
Informer named Murphy, who wss found
burled In the strand at Knockadoon
On the sides of the pedestsl of the monu
ment are Inscriptions in Irish and English
recording the facts that Father O'Neill
and Patrick McCarthy were flogged, and
that Charles O'Brien and Charles Gallagher
were hanged by the English soldiers In
Toughal In 179S. The memorial ws ap
propriately unveKed by Sir Thorn Es
monde, and among the speakers on th
occasion were Captain Conelan, Monslguor
Keller and Canon Peter O'Leary.
DANISH KING TOO FAMILIAR
F.agllsh Maid Call Dewa Rayal la.
trrleeater Br fere She Kaews
COPENHAGEN. Sept. 2J.-(Spe1at Cable
gram to The Be. A curious Incident oc
curred recently outside Charlottelund cas
tle, where King Frederick resides In the
A well dressed gentleman addressed a
nurse maid who was playing In the grass
1 with twin children, a boy and a girl, ar.d
asked her to whom they belonged "That
Is a curious question," replied the nurse
t in English, "for I cannot see why they
should interest you.- -1 ne gentleman an
swered, also in English: "I am sorry thst
I hav been Inquisitive without inlrr.duclrg
myself to you. I am King Frederick, apd
my sister is Queen Alexandrs of England."
The nurse at once answered his question,
and before leaving th king requested that
she should psy his compliment t th par-
1 ent of tbe English twin -.
HARD KNOT IN CUBA
Situation in tha Island Feoominr Mora
Acuta Etch Day.
POSITION OF UNITED STATES DELICATE
May Mot Permit Temporary Bett'ement by
PERMANENT PEACE IN ISLAND DEMANDED
Two Views of Ernies and RUhti o'f Booie-
Telt in th matter.
ONE HOLDS INTERVENTION NECESSARY
Jadge Advocate Geaeral Davis Polats
Oat Aathorlty Granted In th
Treaty Made with Cabaa
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. Sept. St -(Special Tele
gram.) The eltu:Ulon In (Viba today, ac
cording to private dispatches, Is more acute
than at any time since Secretary Taft and
Assistant Secretary Bacon arrived In
Havana. Reports other than Associated
Press would seem to Indicate that the
Pnlma government will resign as the first
step toward bringing about peace between
the conflicting political Interest in the
Island. The question arises, however",
whether the Intermediaries on the part of
the United States would permit of this
action, In view of the fact that a stable
government ss contemplated In the Piatt
amendment would In the very nature of
things be abrogated and that In order to
treat with the lnsurrectos Messrs Taft
and Bacon would have to proceed upon
new and unexpected proposition. As a
result of the presence of a formidable
fleet in Cuban waters, and the landing of
marines at both Havana and Clcnfuegos,
snd subsequently withdrawn for the pur
poses of mediation on the part of the
United States authorities in the person
of Secretary Taft of the War department
and Asslstsnt Secretary Bacon of the State
department, heads of departments here, as
well ss legislators and lawyers In town.
have begun a serious discussion, whether
Intervention means the acquisition of th
Island of Cuba.
Two Divergent Vie
Already' two campa In the United State
have been formed, one Instating that Inter
ventlon means only policing ot the Island
until such time aa the various political
parties In the Islsnd may agree upon hon
orable term of suffrage, and the other be'
lieving thatvlnterventlon means acquisition
of th territory aa a part of the United
State. Another question primarily has
been Injected In the political equation,
whether the president or congress hss the
power of Intervention. 'Article III of the
tresty of 1904 between Cuba and the United
State stipulates thit the government of
Cuba consent that the United State may
xercls the right to Intervene for the
preservation of Cuban Independence, etc
while vpder th constitution th president
1 given authority to do certain thing In
the abseno of congress, txoept to declare
war, etc. v
There are those who contend tbe pre
dent. In view of th wording of article 111
ot the treaty between Cuba and the Untted
Slates, has not the power to Intervene be
tween the conflicting intereet unless di
rected so to do by congress In session. The
consensus of opinion, however, in Wash
ington Is the president was wholly within
hi right when he ordered' the representa
tive of the government, Messrs. Taft and
Bacon, to repslr to Cuba for th purpose
of acting a arbitrator between the con
Dieting political interest there and should
their mission fall he would be warranted
In throwing an armed force Into Cuba
to protect American Interests and that
should that be found Impossible, to estab
lish a protectorate.
Judge Advocate General Davis In dis
cussing th probable outcome of the situa
tion In Cuba, said today that It now looked
very much a though an armed force
would have to be thrown Into the island
to preserve peace. He is of the opinion
that this Is the only course open to the
president and furthermore that it la hi
bounden duty under existing law to Inter
vene, as established byt the treaty pro
claimed July I. 1M. 1
Basis af the Opinion. '
. Article 111 of this treaty atlpulates that
"the government of Cuba consents that
the United States may exercise the right
to Intervene for the preservation of Cuban
Independence, maintenance of a govern
ment adequate for the protection of life
and property, and Individual llbttrty and
for discharging the obligations with re
spect to Cuba imposed by the treaty of
Paris on the United States, now to be as
sumed and undertaken by the government
General Davis contends that this gives
the president direct authority to Intervene
to settle the difficulties which have arisen
among the Cubana and to send an armed
force to occupy the Island for the preser
vatlon of law and order.
Congress, however, in a Joint resolution
signed In April, 1198, for the recognition
of the independence of the people of Cuba,
in section 4 of that resolution used this
lsngusge: "That the United States hereoy
disclaims any disposition or Intention to
exercise sovereignty, Jurisdiction or con
trol over said Island except for the pacifi
cation thereof and assents its determina
tion when that Is accomplished to leave
th government and control of the Island
to Its people.
Judge Advocate General Davis said that
under section I of the treaty above re
ferred to President Roosevelt need' not
consult congress iu the matter of inter
vening In Cuba. He is clear on that polut
and insist that the landing of an armed
force In Cuba could not b construed a
a declaration of war. Under tbe constitu
tion only congress can declare war, but
In this Instance the United Slates Is only
fulfilling ita treaty obligation to inter -
vena to aid a sister republic In restoring
n...p.l fuvl. r 1 1 C.1 iIl
in 1177 the governor . of Pennsylvania
called upon the president of the United
States to aid him In suppression of riots at
Pittsburg and that In llkl United State
troops were called out to quell dlsturo
anoes in Chicago,- incident to th great
strike of that year.
"President Roovet would be neglect
ful of his duty In Cuba," said . General
Davis, "and he haa . every Justification
....... i. , th. ..iln 1,. k.. ..l...
laiur w. - - - .. .- --.,
"It 1 probable," continued Qencral
Davis. "American garrisons will have tc
be maintained at several polnta in Cuba
for some tlm to come la order to awe th
Infcurgents Into submission to the laws
of their country." Oeneral Davis does pot
- - -
'Continued on Second Pag .J
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Forecast for Nebraska Fair Sandny.
Uteepl Skewers aad Cooler la Karth
Portion. Monday Fair.
XKWS SKCTtOW Twelve Paae.
1 Bryan Splits Enallak Liberals.
German InMnenre at Vatican.
Cabaa Sltnntlon Becomes Complex.
Local Coal Trast Is Enjoined.
S Sews from All Parts af Nebraska.
Barken Reviews Party Records.
4 Sprerher Tenches Ip Wllllems.
Andrew on Reform In Spelllnai.
ft Affairs at Seath Omaha.
Past Week In Omnha Society.
T Vate aa Clenrlna- Hons Cnrrenry.
Haw ImSure Food Can Be Detected
Amerleaa Ante for Ike Inp Race,
Ml Sportlaa- Events af the Day.
lornhnskers Are Prnetlclnar Dally.
11 Council Hlolfe aad lawn Kews.
LH Airship la to Go t p aa Moaday.
Hont Line May Be Enconrnaed.
Railroads Derllae Give Aid.
EDITORIAL SECTION Tea Pases.
3 Timely Heal Ketate Topics.
Comforts In the Modern Home.
Activities of the Hoaeeballders.
Corn Cabs Tnrned to Good Ise.
4 Overlaad Roate from Sea to Sea.
Five tears af Great Prosperity.
ft Want Ads.
6 Wast Ads..
T Want Ads.
5 Diary of Caster's Old Bagler.
0 Financial and Commercial.
10 Condition of Omaha' Trade.
HALF-TOXE SF.CTIOS Ten Pages.
I Bryan's Vlalt to Sweden.
Weldensall Tfll of Italy.
II Catrhlna Counterfeit Coin,
S Abont Play and Player.
Masle and Musical Matters.
4 Wlsaer's I'nlqne Cattle Snow.
Omnba People In Snmmer Camp.
Gossip Abont Noted People.
Prosperity Amona the Methodists.
5 Esra Meeker's Ijibor of Love.
Incle Sam's Great Dally Paper.
Womaai Her Ways aad Her World.
7 Weekly Grist of Sportlaa- Gossip.
H In the. Field ef Electricity.
Little Stories for Little Folks.
Some ttnalnt Featnres af Life.
O Fish Stories of Waalsg Season.
Short Stories af Several Kinds.
Temperatare at Omaha Yesterday 1
Hoar. Dew. Hoar. Dear.
ft a. m M 1 p. m TH
A a. m..... SO . 2 p. m T.I
T a. m...... KM ft p. m 74
el a. m UI 4 p. m . . . . . T4
QUAKER OFFICIALS TO QUIT
Director of Pablle Safety aad Assist-
tit 0,nlt Ofnce lader
PHILADEI.PHIA, Sept. 22.-As a result
of the fight within the lines of the city
party over the nomination of a candidate
for district attorney of Philadelphia, Di
rector Sheldon Potter, of the department
of public safety, and Thomas W. South,
the assistant director, this afternoon sent
their resignation to Mayor Weaver. The
communication sent to the mayor gives no
reason. It la aa follows:
, Hon. John Weaver. Mayor: I have luit
ween asked by Director Potter to deliver
to you 111s resignation as director or the
department of public safety. I dMre nt
the same time to tender my resignation as
ai-slstant director to take effect .at once.
THOMAS W, HOl'TH.
Subsequent to sending his resignation to
the mayor, Mr. South made the following
The morning that the Shern law, tnUiriix
officeholders out of politics, went Into effect
I resigned from all political associations
of which I was a member. 'h;n Mr.
Weaver desired the department of pulillo
aafety. In violation of the Shern act. to be
used to secure the nomination of Ills can
didate. Frederick J. Shoyer, for tbe office
of district attorney, I found mvself In a
fosltlon of hostility to the mayor's wishes,
took the matter up with my chief. 1I
reetor Potter, who gave me instructions
not to permit any person In the department
of public safety to interfere In Mr. Shoy
er's behalf or In the Interest of any candi
date for any office.
CUMBERLANDS SCORE POINT
Teaaessee Jndge Decide Huth Side
tan Ise Charch Bnlldlnas
In thnt State.
NASHVILLE. Tenn., Sept. 22.-After one
of the most memorable legal battles known
In the state, a decision In the famous Cum
berland Presbyterian Injunction suit sat
handed down today at Fayettevllle, Tenn.,
by Chancellor Walter Beardon. Judge
Beardon sustained thst part of the Injunc
tion which restrained the brluvlug of more
than one auit In the state to sett ques
tions between the loyalist and unlonMt.
The tWo organisations are sllowed to re
tain their namea and organizations. The
unionist and loyalists are to use th com
mon church property alternately 111 the
mornings and In tliv nfternoons ai.d even
ings. The unionists are allowed to con
tinue the publication and sale f church
DALLAS. Tex.. Sept. 22. The Texas state
synod of the Cumberland Presbyterlsn
church In session here today passed by
vote, a resolution repudiating the action
of the general assembly church In session
.. . T . ...... 1 . ...... .. . I. I 1 . . 1. . . .
a union of the Cumberland Presbvterlan
with the Presbyterian church of the United
StJite of America.
Another resolution was passed endorsing
the action of the VH loyal commissioners
at thl meeting in voting against the co
alition. KENTUCKY BOY A MURDERER
Confesses that He Killed Cousin
ranse He Wanted to Shoot
Ky., Sept. 22. James
sged 13 year, ha con-
rested mat ne oeiweraieiy snot ana silica
his cousin, William L. Savage. To tha
j chief of police the boy said: "I loved my
1 cousin, but I Just wanted to shoot some-
f I.. .... 1 . V, ... kin.
body, so I shot him.
When the shotgun with which th boy
shot his cousin was found both barrels
were loaoea ana in. namniers raiaea. 1 ne h.VB n work(ng on ln), t8W5 for
police say that young Savage undoubtedly j ,,veral wk, and now have In my poss -
Intended to shoot some other person also. 1 lon congiHwrable evidence not brought out
D.tch Defeat Java, t.llves. ! tne "earing before Judge Prouty and
THE HAUTE, Sept. 22 -An official dis- 1 w,nt "ur I intend to push
. tswivf1 hr fmtn Tin II fnn talari 1 i
j of the .Malay
rchipeiago, Immediately east
r,f J.v. where for aome time nasi lh
t w. v....... - -- -
Dutch have been conducting military op
erations against recalcitrant chl'fs, reports
the raptufe of Paaur. capital of Ihe vassal
s-.ateN of ' Hadong, of two princes, their
1 women and children. The followers of Ihe
P"lnce. numbering in all m men. mere
I killed in attempting a desperate sortie.
t Th Dutch loess were four Europeans
j killed and ten wounded.
COAL TRUST CHECKED
Combine in Douglai Connty Placed Under
Temporary Beitrainint; Order.
INJUNCTION ISSUED BY JUDGE TRCUP
Petition Tiled by Connty Attorney 81a-
banrh Iaolndei Eighty Dealer,
CONTROL NINETY PER CENT OF BUSINESS
For Yean Hare Maintained Monopoly ia
Restraint of Trade.
WEAKER COMPETITORS ARE FROZEN OUT
Cemplalat Asks to Dlssolatloa af
Trast and Production of Recorder
Referee to He Appointed
On this 22d duy of September, 190, this
cause enme oil iu be. heu.u on tne peiltiu
ot pi tintitf for a writ 01 injunction .mu m
court, having examined soul petition Hou
I no tacts increin Muuxl, und alter Dcin
iUny ttuviscu hi the pi cnilm'n, ll is oruciwi
and adjudgud that tne various defendant
named ami their agents, clerKS, servant,
employes, attorneys and cfllccrs, and eucu
ot lueni, are hereby commanded and ui-
ected to reiraui troin In anv manner mo
nopolizing or attempting to monoixilise tna
trade, mialnesi and commerce in coal, cuk4
und other fuel in Oougiaa county, Ne
braska; and from preventing or attempting
to prevent competition therein; and irmu
unlawfully hxlng or attempting to tlx tnu
price trioreof 111 restraint or trade; una
irom engaging In any agreement, eotitnui
or combination wttli one another or wuu
other persons or corporation! or companlea
for the unlawful purpose of preventing or
limiting competition in the trade, business
and commerce of coal, coke and other fuel;
and from discriminating In any way Hgainat
dealers in couL coke and other 1'tiei, not
members .of the Omaha Coal exchange or
the South Omaha Coal exchange, and from
creating or carrying out any unlawful re
strict Ions in trade, business and commerce
of coal, coke and other fuel In tho county
of Douglas, state of Nebraska, until ll!
further order of thla court.
It la further ordered and adjudged IhAt
the defendants, and each of theaii are re
strained from concealing, destroying, trans
ferrlng or In any mnnner disposing of the
records, correspondence, contract, docu
ments, rules, bvlaws and other nicmoraml t
n their possession, or In the possession ot 1
either of them, or In the possesion of any
other person, touching the business and
doings of said Omaha Coal exchange or
South Omaha Coal exchange and the mem
bers thereof, until the further order of tills
court, and that they and e:eh of thorn
be further reatraln.il from publishing the
list of names of the membership of the
Omaha Coal exchange and the Boulrt
Omaha Coal exchange, or other dealers lit
Coal, coke or other fuel, and from pub
lishing the names and lists of wholesalers
who are In sympathy with the purix'S of
said exchanges, and they and each of them
are commanded tv refrain from notifying
the members of the said Omaha Coal ex
change and the South Omaha Coal ex
change of any sales of coal, coke or other
fuel by any wholesalers to Individuals,
whether members or not members of the
said Omaha Coal exchange and the South
Omaha Coal exchange, until the further
order of court.
It Is further ordered and adjudged thnt
the defendants, who are doing business In
Douglas connty or In the same city or vil
lage, be restrained and enjoined from sgree.
Ing upon or attempting to agree upon me
price at which coal, coke and other fuel
will be sold by tliem to purchasers Until
the further order of itourt.
. This order is to be In force and effect
on the execution hv the plaintiff of . a bond
with good and sufficient surety In favor
of the defendants In the sum of ,.I10,
when approved hv the cierk of the court.
Dated this L'2d day of September. 1fm's nt
Omaha, Neb. A. C. TROUP.
judge of ths District. Uourt.
. Upon petition of County Attorney Bla
bnugh this order was Issued by Judge
Troup early Saturday morning. The tern,
rcrary Injunction of. the Coal trust Art
Douglas County became effective when th
court filed the order. . Monday a referee
Kill be appointed to take testimony on both
sides and County Attorney Slnbnugh will
confer, with atterneys for the trust as to
the time of beginning tho hearing.'
Regardless of the repeated assertions
throu(?h th" newspapers hy local coal deal
ers that no such thing as a Coal trust ex
isted iu Omaha or Doug'as county, Mr.
Slahaugh contends thnt not only a coal and
coke trust Is maintained, but hy the same
operators a trust on "lime and other build
ing materials" Is maintained: that this
trust has loen In existence for several
years; that It controls at least 10) yards and
at least 90 per cnt of the "coal, coke, lime
and other building material" buslner In tha
county; that it fixes and controls prices on
these articles of commerce and common
use; restricts trade, destroys competition,
while "falsely pretending to be competing
with each other," conspires to drive
weaker competitors whom It cannot con
trol out of business and refuses to dlvulg
its records for public view,
Highly Defendants In l.lst.
Eighty defendants are named. They In
clude about all the leading firms and many
not prominent. Victor White, regardlesa
ot his emphatic insertions ot not being it
member pf the exchange, is one of the
list; so Is the Union Pacific Coal com
pany. John Doe, head of tha Ice ' trust,
who baa been riding on the high waves of
publicity of late, Incidentally gels In.
County Attorney fclubaugh and his entire
office force have been working hard 011
this case a long time, much lunger than
th time when It became known Interstate
Commerce Commissioner Prouty would
conduct his Investigation. Mr. Slabaugh
haa already asserted he has volumes niore
i nd fr bUt'r "'luence l,ia waa Drought
I out at ,n' feder1 h". though h will
make use of this and each material wit
ness who trstilied In that inquiry. ' He
feels certain of success in crushing th
combine that Is ssld to have dealt so ruth
lessly with coal consumers and Independent
dealers for so, many years.
A. H. Murduck of South Omaha acted as
bondsman for the plaintiff. .
With reference to the peilrra-v presented
by him County Attorney Slabaugh said:
-While' my present action aaslnst lb
coal dealers Is sn unusual proceeding for
county attorney to take, such matter
being usually left to the attention of the
..orev KPneral. I deem It my duty to a. t
In thla Instance Inasmuch as it is purely
a local affair, having no Interstate fea
tures, and particularly that thia llles.l
! comhlnatlon of tha dealers should ha
t .,...H ,hi. time, when evervmiM 1. i.
m, , hu ,uppy of coal for ,he
1111b CUB) mm lavai mu lur a prfsmiJifj. (
I I ft , ..n. sw.ua. Xjf Ax .1 . .
I lnir,m w "" v mumms
na asa ror in auuunmnrm 01 a rrreree
to take testimony, upon 1 completion of
which I will rec.uust an immediate hearing
on the merits of the rise."
Mr. Slabaugh also sa d that Ihe presiiit
petition was the first of its kind ever filed
by a county attorney for Douglas county
nd that there hud been but few Instance
wher sucli action had been . taken by a
I county atiorr.y In any section of th cuua.