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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 17, 1906)
TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1006.
Tire Omaha Daily Bee.
FOCNDRO BT EDWARD ROSEWATFR.
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha Poetofllce second
class mattr. . .
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THE BEfi PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF" CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County. "J
George B. Tsschuck, treasurer of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly
worn, eay. that the actual "umber of
full and complete eople" of The pally.
Morning. Erening and Sunday Bea printed
during the month of August 10. waa aa
Let unsold coplea
Net total sales ,S4'4??
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Subscribed In my presence and sworn
to before me this (1st day of August,
"(Seal.) M. B. HUNGATE.
V;. - Notary Public .
WHEN OtT Of TOW.
Bebaerlteare leaving tha aity tarn.'
porarlly eaenla hare Tka Baa
Uti te then. Addreaa will ka
changed aa aft, raaaatad,
After all Colorado was entitled to a
snow following Its heated political con
ventions. Cuba should realize now that Amer
ican warships re real arguments in
favor of pjaee.
Perhaps Irish potato blight may
point out where effective laborers can
be secured for the Panama canal.
The passing of General Trepoff, un
accompanied by the sound of a bomb Is
not a victory for the terrorists at any
General. Funston may find himself
quite busy, if ho tries to capture all the
emulators of Agulnaldo in the Queen
of the Antilles. - '
Bankruptcy proceedings over, a lo
cal suit club develops that the enter
prise has been transformed into a
The endorsement of .Candidate
Hitchcock by the Dahlman democracy
reads as it 1t were made with a, men
tal reservation.; . ' V.
In sending present to Mr. Gummere,
Ralsouli shows his appreciation of Un
cle Sam, who raised the Perdicaris
ransom so quickly.
When considering the failure of mu
nicipal ownership of telephones at
Glasgow it must be remembered that
Scotch are proverbially reticent.
The beauties of the "rotation" bal
lot will be. again exemplified at next
Tuesday's primary election and the
people will remember. whom to charge
It up against.
In Isolating microbes of various dis
eases, scientists would confer a favor
on humanity by keeping their discov
ery to themselves until they find the
way to kill them.
Chronic Candidate Andersen helped
pull down the ticket to defeat at the
last city election and now he wants
the privilege of pulling the legislative
ticket dawn In the coming election.
There is no use worrying about the
census bureau estimates of Nebraska's
present population. We will have an
other' real numbering of the people In
less than four years, and that will be
Members of the election boards who
have , to count the ballots Into the
early morning hour will also remenv
ber Chronic Candidate Andersen. In
whoso name the r'rotatlon" outrage
Bine Senator. Clark has declared
that ho has too many private Interests
to continue In the United States, sen
ate, it un to longer be doubted that
Montana Is insisting upon some work
In tha upper house.
Having . discovered that Mosart's
favorite violin la not In England, as
has', long been supposed, the holder
of the bogus Instrument doubtless rea
lises that the present generation has
not produced all the confidence men.
After close Inspection In the noose
of his lasso. Mayor "Jlra" vouches for
tt that Colonel Bryan Is the ssme
Bryan It was fifteen years ago. That
being the case.' soma ot the new con
verts to Bryan, who persuaded them
selves that he had changed, must
conclude that they hsve been taken
in under false pretenses.
able to rne n runinnii's
T -cenl stamps received n payment ci
accounta. Personal cnecas. wwi'i
i r eastern exchange, not iir'p.
CHftOJvC CCBAtr IXFIBMITT.
It Is perfectly apparent that Inter
ventlon, of which President Roose
velt solemnly warns Cubans, Instead
of being repugnant to the pride and
interest of.au important element of
the natives would be really welcomed
by them as a boon. In fact, many
of the educated and substantial busi
ness men believed from the first
that annexation to the United States
was far preferable to Independence.
If this conviction exists among Intel
ligent and property owning Cubans,
it must be strong among Americans
and other foreigners having extensive
Investments In the Island who. with
the natives holding similar views, con
stitute a very influential body.
"Revolution," as the outbreaks of
the wandering, restless, Irresponsible
classes who are very numerous, are
called is a chronic condition in Cuba.
Scattered over the island are thou
sands of men of mongrel breed,
densely Ignorant, lazy and many of
them vicious, who for generations
have been In a state of revolt if tak
ing to "the grass" and the forests In
predatory bands can be called revolt.
They always 'constitute material ready
to the hand ot conspirators, agitators,
disappointed office seekers and desper
ate parties and leaders. While' the
abuses of Spanish colonial government
for centuries afforded abundant causo
for truly patriotic resistance which
was forced to employ every available
means, the conditions at. the same
time afforded excuse" for both chiefs
and followers whose object was plun
der and general lawlessness. Out. of
It all was, bred a formidable mass to
whom any sort of real self government
Is onerous, and who are always ready,
with or without cause, to relapse into
habitual disorder and chaos.
It was the presence of this element
that caused so many worthy Cubans to
fear the results of Independence, that
now causes them to welcome Interven
tion and that Indeed Is the lion in the
way of successful self government or
self government that is not hopelessly
incompatible with progress and civili
sation. Patriotic Impulse rebels
against foreign Interference or forcibly
Imposed sovereignty, even when the
alternative of Independence involves
many Imperfections, hardships and
even perils, and it is not to be doubted
that sober minded and well meaning
Cubans fully share the Impulse with
others. There is no more discouraging
faot at the present Juncture than that
so many people in Cuba are convinced
that a governing force from outside
the island is Indispensable and are
hoping for intervention and even for
JOSEPH MEDILL PATTERSON AGAIX.
Joseph Medlll Patterson, the young
Chicago man who two years ago an
nounced his conversion to socialism,
continues to emit complaints that he
is a "drone," incapable by reason of
his capitalistic education and environ
ment during childhood and youth, of
earning a living through labor, and re
iterating his previously declared pur
pose to devote his energies to some
useful work. It there be seriousness
and any real capacity in him It would
seem that two years would be suf
ficient to produce now tangible proof.
and that if he must indulge In personal
publicity, for which, however,' no
pressing call has been made by others.
that he would be able by this time to
report at least some progress In the
consuming passion of his new born so
cialistic life. There certaiply Is
plenty of work to be done. Others
find no great difficulty In doing some
thing to earn the bread they eat. Yet
young Joseph Medlll Patterson calls
public attention to himself only to re
port and complain again that he is
still a "drone."
Therein, too, the young' man inci
dentally makes It patent that he is still
laboring under- the hallucination that
the only useful employment by which
to earn, a living is by manual labor,
which even if true, leaves little excuse
for him In particular to be still idle.
That after so long a time he -entertains
such a view as well as persists
In Idleness will sufficiently admonish
the normal mind of his real type and
personality r and be accepted as sign
enough that In the great movement ot
affairs he Is likely to be permanently
a negligible factor '
BATE LAW FOR CARRIERS ALSO.
It would be an . Impressive denou-
ment it one ot the early effects of the
pew national rate' law should be an
appeal to the commission by great rail
road companies against a combination
of their competitors gravely, menacing
the Interests of the former, as the. ru
mored alliance of the HU1 and Harrl
man systems Is alleged to aim at by
control of Pacific ocean steamship con
nections. If the two systems, which
have their own steamship lines while
the competing transcontinental lines
have none, could make common action
the basis for dominating ocean borne
freights, the result would of course be
disastrous to all such competitors as
the Atchison and Rock Island, unless
the powers ot the Inter State Com-
mrce commission were Invoked to re
strict such combination In its Illegal
But whether the rumored alliance
has been effected, and whether resist
ance to its alleged purpose Is to be
made before the commission or not,
the case forcibly illustrates the fact,
which has not yet been fully appre
ciated, that the great powers con
ferred by the new law are precisely as
available for remedy ot abuses through
unlawful, combinations and discrimi
nations ot which railroad companl
are the victims as of abuses of which
Individual shippers or the general pub
lic are the victims. The provisions
ot the law are general, and It is well
known that some of the commonest
violations have been In the dealings
of the carrier corporations among
themselves, for which they heretofore
had no effective remedy.
That most of the enlarging amend
ments were nevertheless opposed by
the railroads In common Is presump
tive evidence thst they preferred that
the public should have no better rem
edy against carrier abuses, even
though coupled with better remedy for
one carrier against another, be
cause the chance would remain even
in the latter case to shift much of
the loss over onto the shoulders of the
public. But now that the law provid
ing remedy In the one case as well aa
In the other actually and irreversibly
exists, it will be only history repeating
Itself if transportation corporatlpns
ere long find It to their Interest to re
sort the same as others to the equal
rule of public redress of grievances
against one another.
WBT ASDERHKN FJ1UCLD BE BEAT.
It Is notorious' that In the1 recent
senatorial campaign the railroad pro
gram was to prevent any nomination
of .United States senator In state con
vention and thereby throw the choice
of senator back to the legislature,
where a corporation man might be
elected by the usual Jugglery and
bribery of legislators. With this ob
ject In view the railroad pluggers set
out to pack the republican state con-vention-with
who were to have been manipulated
to . vote agalfist convention nomina
tion. One step In this railroad program
contemplated splitting the Douglas
delegation- In order to play one part
of It against the other and prevent
the preferred Omaha candidate from
having the benefit of the solid vote
of his home county. This division of
the Douglas delegation was to be ac
complished by Inflicting upon the
voters the outrageous "rotation" bal
lot, designed to disfranchise a large
part of the rank and file of the party
and produce a confusion that would
prevent the effective expression ot the
The mandamus suit by which the
"rotation" ballot was saddled on Jthe
people of Douglas county was insti
tuted in the name of Charles J. An
dersen, who was a willing tool of the
railroad schemers and corporatlou
hirelings. In the light of this exam
ple ot abject subserviency to the rail
road bosses, the candidacy of Charles
J. Andersen tor renominatlon to the
legislature is an Insult to the people
ot this county.
The coming legislature will pass on
railroad legislation most vitally af
fecting the commercial interests of
Omaha and will be called upon to
take action to force the railroads to
pay their taxes. Our people may un
wittingly send some railroad tools to
the legislature, but they should not
send a man who so plainly and openly
acknowledges his railroad masters.
It is the duty of every loyal repub
lican to put the brand of repudiation
upon Charles J. Andersen.
Governor Mickey Is being inundated
with requests for pardons and com
mutations of sentences for Inmates of
the state penitentiary. That is what
always happens when a governor ap
proaches the end of his official term,
the supposition being that he becomes
more tender-hearted or more easily
worked during the last few months
of his possession of the pardoning
power. The governor owes it to him
self and to the public to give no con
victs their freedom now on any less
showing of merit than he would have
required when he first entered office.
Omaha business men are still de
murring to the demurrage charges
which the railroads are trying to ex
act from them under pretense that
they are required under the new rate
law. If the Interstate Commerce com
mission has jurisdiction only over de
murrage charges connected with Inter
state traffic and cannot reach demur
rage charges based on shipments be
tween points wholly within the state,
the importance of having the rate
law followed up with state legislation
governing local traffic Is here strik
The coroner's Jury on the fatal
grade crossing accident has held both
the railroad company and the street
railway company in part responsible.
It means that both these corporations
will have to settle the claims for In-
Jury or share the expense of lawyers
to fight the damage suits. The real
problem, however, is to prevent a
repetition of such disasters, and the
only sure way of doing that is by the
complete abolition of the grade cross
Brigadier General Wint adds his rec
ommendation for the restoration of the
army canteen in order to stop the de
moralizing Influence of the resorts tat
surround military . posts. The con
sensus ot opinion among army officers
Is overwhelming that the restoration
of the canteen would be as much of an
Improvements over existing conditions
ss would bo well regulated licensed
saloons over degrading holes-in-the-
wall that thrive in prohibition states.
There will be no difficulty In get
ting signatures to petitions to make
Cut-Off lake and vicinity a part ot the
Omaha park system. The pinch will
come to get the money to make the
desired Improvements without taking
It away from other parts of the park
. And now the milkmen who hsve
been called on the Carpet for selling
unfit milk come back with the charge
that they are the victims of a cream
ery trust, which la trying to treese
them out of business. That special
grsnd Jury may have an opportunity
to extend its Investigations beyond the
Ice man and the coal man.
Careful reading of the opening
speech la the fusion campaign dellv
eted by ex-Candidate George W.
Berge at Columbus falls to disclose
any great controlling reason for sup
porting Candidate Shallenberger, ex
cept that Berge if nominated would
have expected Shallenberger to have
supported him. There are grave sus
picions, however, that Berge might
have been disappointed had such a re
One of the democratic legislative
conventions held last week not only af
firmed the platform adopted by the
democratic state convention, but also
endorsed "the democratic principles
enunciated by William J. Bryan."
Does this mean that they endorsed the
Bryan program for state owned feed
ers to federal owned trunk lines T
The state banking board has been
fully advised to keep its hands off the
national' banks doing business in Ne
braska irrespective ot whether they
conduct savings departments or not
The banking board has plenty to do to
exert an effective control over the
state banks, where Its Jurisdiction is
One ot the candidates for nomina
tion on the republican legislative
ticket announces that he "stands on
the platform last adopted at the re
publican convention." All the other
candidates on the republican ticket
will have to get on that platform be
fore election and the sooner the bet
ter. Fire l ana Look Pleaaaat.
Connecticut haul lta blasest eron of to
bacco this year. I There will be Havana
olgara to smoke even though the Cubans
continue to use their tobacco fields to fight
Hard to Reconcile.
Kansas City Times.
Mr. Bryan's determination to claim
credit for tha rata bill aa 'a democratic
measure Is difficult to reconcile with his
expressed belief that the rate bill will not
accomplish the purpose of compelling the
railroads to be good.
Hot Scrapping: In Sight.
From Cuba comes the Information that
"a great battle'" Is expected In the prov
ince of Santa Maria de 8omethlng-or-
oCher. We may. therefore, brace ourselves
to receive the intelligence that a brigadier
general has been kicked In the shins and
that another one. has lost his hat
Testing; Issues at Home.
Mr. Bryan has decided to "try out" his
laaua before the people of Nebraska this
fall. He says ha will make a vigorous
campaign for the fusion candidate for gov
ernor, Ashton C. Shallenberger, giving as
his reason: ."He' advocated government
ownership ot railroads before I did." Both
candidates for governor are "anti-railroad,"
but one Is for government ownership and
tha other is opposed,. ; , ,
Mora Rnm Than Reason.
Hartford Courant (rep.).
The story 6f how Maine . went In the
Tippecanoe anf Tyler Too" year has been
handed down In Immortal verse. This
year's political doings In Maine, while less
exciting, are peculiar. Oovernor Cobb,
republican, haa been re-elected; but look
how they've whittled down his plurality.
The new legislature la preponderantly re
publican. The republican congressmen ap
pear to have scraped through all right,
Llttlefleld included. . But the thousands of
Llttlefleld's 1BG4 plurality seem to fcave
shrunk to hundreds.
We await the Maine explanations. Ap
parently, Compere hurt. Apparently, the
law that made Maine famous has parted
with a portion of ita popularity. Appar
ently, a good many Maine voters were
thinking more about rum than about
Roosevelt To some extent at least, the
new from Mslne Is a summons to the re
publicans of other states to be diligent
The Fatara America.
The new Bank of England Is America!
If we propose to build a railway we have
to go to the United States for tha neces
sary capital. If we wish to develop some
industrial concern - we apply to an Amer
ican financier for assistance. If we have to
sell a large properly, a valuable picture, a
rare work of art or a celebrated race horse
we offer It to an American millionaire. If
any well known bachelor among us Is In
pecuniary difficulties U is to the United
States that he hurries to find a bride with
roriune. ir a more onscure Englishman
Is unable to earn a living in this country
It Is to the United States that he generally
crosses to obtain employment.
It Is probable that at the very least
America will have twice as much wealth
and power in twenty years hence' as It
has acquired In the last twenty years.
It so what country will then be its equal?
"The Future of the United States", would
be a useful subject for some assay writer
to deal with, for an America that Is twice
aa rich, ss powerful and as populous; that
baa doable the fleet of men-of-war and
merchantmen, and that does double the
trade with the outside world that the
America of today has and docs will be a
monster among the nations.
DEMOCRATIC H AMD LICK.
General Prosperity Gives Croakers
the. Hoarse Laaik.
Nsw York Sun.
There is no end to the bad luck of the
democratic party. Here Is the corn crop
booming up to record figures and it may
exceed them. Iowa alone, it Is estimated,
will have 400,000,000 bushels. There are no
lean years and - calamity never has its
innings. How can ths Honorabls Grim
Jlgga wipe out the republican majority In
congress " when the country is.ao diaguit
tngly prosperous? Hardly a mortgage la
sight except to raise cash to buy more
land and cover It with crops; farmer
apeedlng' over their broad acres In motor
cars; bank deposits bursting vaults snd In
terest rates 'way down'; all the luxuries as
well as the comforts of home for the
producers; labor better off than ever and
Capital with more money than It can uae;
everybody working but the politicians, and
they can't "work" anybody was there ever
a more discouraging outlook for the party
of the pee-pul? What tha Honorable Grlra
Jlggs Veeds la kind words not money. This
Is so generally understood that the dollar
campaign fund has died a natural death.
People who have any bowels will not make
fun of the plight of the democratic chair.
rrnn. The abounding and rebounding' prof
pertty of theaa United States Is Ml Bis
I , MBMOR1AM.
Nebraska's Mast S table Character.
The fragrance ot his unselfish llfo Is
but now dawning upon those who loved
and those who despised. With but a single
exception he was Nebraska's moct con
splcuous snd notable personage. He wst
endowed , with both courage, unceasing
energy and Indomitable perseverance. His
was a force so vital to the state that Its
sudden rutting off Is received as a calamity
no less by his enemies than by his friends.
bled I.Ike a Soldier.
Edward Rose water died like a soldier.
He was In the conflict to the last. He
never beat a retreat. His face was always
to tha front. The summons came, like the
nldlers, without warning. Who would not
die of such a death?
Spread Nebraska's Fame.
Nebraska sustains a lasting loss In the
death of Edward Rosewater. Death ' re
moved him from a life of great activity In
the affaire of his state and notion. He wss
a national character and carried the fame
of Nebraska wherever he went.
He waa a strong champion of measures
for the benefit of the whole people and an
open and unrelenting foa of class legisla
tion of all kind. He has left an Impress
upon the history of his state which time
cannot efface. - He was one of Nebraska's
Kama Familiar to All.
In the death of Edward Rosewater Ne
braska haa loet a prominent figure. Net
a school boy or girl In the state with whom
the name of Rosewater Is not as familiar
as that of Roosevelt His was a strenuous
life, ever active on all matters pertaining
to the Interests of the public, and will he
greatly missed by both friend and foe.
Knew His Friends.
Wiener Free Press.
Usually our friends and the nubllo re
serve their ecomlums for the dead and un
heeding ear. But we believe that much
satisfaction accrued to this deserving man
In the voluntary offerings of praise and
recognition of his worth that came before
It was too late. Throughout the state
It was voiced during his canvass for United
That there was lack of "consolidation"
In his behalf was a credit to him. His
support waa with the rank and file, who
knew his worth, ability and Integrity of
Potent Factor ta Greatness
Perhaps never in the history of the
state haa Nebraska sustained a harder
blow than the death of Edward Rosewater.
For over a quarter of a century he has
been a continuous working force In the
Interests ot the state and the peoplo of
the state. When he ceased to live a potent
factor that went to make up the greatuess
of Nebraska ceased to exist
Slain Spoke Removed.
Few editors in the United States have
been recognised as a leader among men
as haa he. Honored for his steadfast pur
poses by his enemies as well as friends.
His paper. The Bee, is, and always has
been, the beat and most reliable published
In Nebraska, While the state of Nebraska
will live and move on. It's people feel aa
though Its main spoke had been removed.
Always Do In Best.
In the death of Edward Rosewater Ne
braska loses one of Its brightest men and
a foremost figure In our state's growth
and development. He was always doing
what he thought best 'for Nebraska and
died just at the time when we were all
reaping the fru s of the pioneer's Industry.
Nebraska and the people lost much by the
death of Rosewater.
On of tha Malnaprlaga.
Examplea ha has set will cause his
memory to be emblasoned on the hearts of
his countrymen and the Influences there
from will be felt through another genera
tion, particularly in this state. Edward
Rosewater was one of the mainsprings to
Omaha and the great state of Nebraaka.
The mark he set should be an inspiration
to his brother editors to strive for greater
achievement and fake up the battle for
the people where he left off.
Eneraetle and Enterprising.
Mr. Roaewater was energetic and enter
prising and died as ha lived In the har
ness. He labored- for tha good of the peo
ple and for that reason was turned down
politically by the politicians through the
Influence of the corporations. - '
Did More Than AnyvDoaen.
I Springfield Monitor.
In his long career as editor of The Bee
he haa probably done more than any dosen
men for Omaha and Nebraaka, his work
being simply Incalculable. It Is bard to
tell whether there will ever be another
to take up the fight against corruption
and crookedness In public life and attain
the same results that Edward Rosewater
did. Notwithstanding his strenuous life
with Its bitter controversies and sad uis
appolntments, his end waa quiet and
peaceful, such as any of us might wish
for when the final summons comes to us.
Silver Creek Sand.
Sand has loat a valuable friend. We are
using the word valuable In everything but
a commercial sense. Edward Rosewater
started The Bee, he came up the Platte
Vajley, soliciting subscribers. Ths writer
was only a kid then, but hs remembers
what happened. Tears later he did serv
ice for Mr. Roaewater and found hlin a
hard, but hornet taskmaster. Among the
recollections of a busy life, the editor of
Sand will cherish his association with Ed
ward Roaewater aa one of the brightest
Beaefartar of the Raae.
Broken Bow Beacon.
A leader of the progressive element of
his party In the stats, contending for the
rights of tha people against monopolistic
aggressions and Influences, he incurred the
enmity of "corporation cormorants" who
lost no opportunity during his long and
useful career, to abuse, calumniate and
villify him. It Is the experience of all who
live In advance of their time. But when
the waves of calumny shall have aubslded
and ths people are permitted to view the
work ha did, unobscured by prejudice or
enmity, Rosewater will be recognised as a
benefactor of bis race and one whose
career was what It waa from a motive to
be serviceable to others.
Always for tha Right.
Mr. Roaewater was pne of the foremost
men in the state and probably did ' more
than any other person In the state for the
development of the same. Politically he
was a tighter, always battling for the
rights of the masses against the encroach
ments of the monopolies and corporations,
and, while he differed very materially from
many fellow workers, none fall to give him
credit for being honest In his convictions.
ROIRD AbOUT KW YORK.
Rallroaa-Taaael Tnhes tader Xartk
River Formally Joined.
Ths tunnel lubes built by the Penn
sylvania Railroad eotnpany under the Hud
son liver were Joined last week. The
event wsa suitably observed by officials
In charge, the workmen and a few guests.
A more elaborate celebration Is set for
September 17, when the high officers ot the
railroad will Inspect the work and walk
under the river from Jersey City to the
site of the company's terminals In New
"An achievement In tunnel building of
the first msgnltude," Is the press verdict
on an undertaking which will give the
Pennsylvania company direct entrance to
New Tork City. The company's plans
also embrace a like tunnel under East
river, connecting the company's Long
Island lines with the main Urmlnsl In New
Tork. The completed tunnel and ter
minals will cost t5O,O0O,0O. Electricity will
be the motive power.
The North River division of the Pennsyl
vania tunnel Improvements extends from
the terminal now under construction in
New Tork by two main line tracks under
the rlvar and Bergen hill to the Hacken
sack meadows, west of the Palisades. It
haa a total length of 13.700 feet
From the time- that the Pennsylvania
railroad announced Its plan of tunneling
under North river five years ago tha
building of the tubes has been one con
tinued aeries of engineering triumphs.
Among other things the rapidity of the
work has been unprecedented, and the rec
ordtwelve and a half feet In eight hours
bids fslr to stand aa a mark ot tunneling
for some time.
Work on the tunnel proper began on the
New Tork side April 18, 1904, and on the
Jersey side September 1, 1904. It Is expected
that the shields In the south tube will be
entirely finished in two years.
Tha rapidity of the construction work Is
all the more remarkable because of the un
foreseen obstacles that were encountered as
the work progressed. The divergent rocks
and soil formations through which the tun,
net had to be carried were responsible for
much unlooked for trouble, together with
the dangers encountered through the pier
cing of gas pockets and other natural hin
drances. The tunnel consists of two enormous steel
tubes twenty-three feet esch In diameter.
Theae will be reinforced with solid con
crete work to give the bores a strength and
endurance that should make them last for
The vertical shaft on the Manhattan side,
which la located at Eleventh avenue and
Thirty-second street, was started on June
11, 1903, and finished on December 11 of the
same year. Work on the Jersey shaft,
which Is near the Erie railroad yards In
Weehawken, was begun on June 13. 1903, and
was finished on September 1, 1904. Work
on the tunnel proper that Is. on the two
tubes that now meet under the river waa
begun on the New York side on April 18,
1904, and on the Jersey side September 1,
1904. The two tuba sections ot the north
tunnel met on September 12, and it Is ex
pected that the shields of the south tube
will meet about October 7. The structure
will be entirely finished and ready for rail
road traffic In two years.
in the construction of a subaqueous tun
nel the design of a shield is by far the meat
Important consideration. The shield de
signed by Mr. Jacobs and used by the con
tractors, has a hood extending two feet be
yond the cutting edge. The main body of
the shield Is fifteen feet long, the length
over the hood being eighteen feet. The ob
ject of the designer was to make the back
and the face of the shield aa acces
sible, one from the other as possible and at
the same time to have a means of abutting
off promptly a rush of water from the face.
A plvotted segmental door was used and
proved to be well adapted for the work, glv.
Ing ample room for men to stand and shovel
at the same time, and be abaolutely clear
of any work overhead and clear of the
sweep of the erector, the Immense arm
which picks up ting plates and puts them
The shield has nine doors, two on the top
platform, four on the middle and three on
the bottom. It weighs 194 tons.
The actual building of the tubes was prac
tically . put in the hands of Charles, M.
Jacobs, who has probably built more sub
aqueoous tunnels than any other man in
the world. He was made chief engineer.
The chief assistant . engineer is James
Forgle, who assisted the engineer, Great
head, In the conatruction of the Waterloo
and City railway tunnel under the River
Thames In England In 1894. Mr. Jacobs de
signed the type of shield that Is used In
the North river work, snd which enabled
the contractors to make such rapid prog
ress. Mr. Forgle designed the sliding plat
form on which the men stand to make ex
cavations ahead of the shield. This, too,
was a great advantage to the contractor,
and added to tha general success of the
The franchise obtained by the Pennsyl
vania railroad from New Tork City stip
ulates, although It Is perpetual, that there
shall be a renewal of charges every twenty
ilve yesrs. As Wjw fixed, the company is to
pay to the city 40 cents for every linear
foot of track for the flrat ten years and $1
for every foot In the next fifteen years. In
the Borough of Manhattsn. The rates are
to be one-half of these sums In the, Bor
ough of Queens. The total trackags will
amounc to more than 70,000 fet In this
borough alone. Altogether. It Is estimated
the city will receive from the company In
the first twenty-five yesrsmore than ll,4;8.
000. The tube Itself, which..' Is twenty-three
feet In diameter, consists of a series of cast
iron rings, and the Installation of every
ring meant a progress of two and one-half
feet. Eleven platea and a key-piece at the
top complete the circumference, and a ring
weighs about fifteen tons. Ths sections
have flanges at right angles to the surface
and It Is by thees that ths successive rlnas
are held together with bolts.
The construction of ,lhe tubes has been de
signed with a view to safety. Instead-if
resting upon the river soil, they are sup
ported by Iron foundatlona known aa screw
piles, such as are used for llghthouae props.
In the caae of the trolley tunnels built
: Is usrd by very particular people beraubtt Its delicate flavor and abso
lute purity attracts thn. Parked la sealed packets If Is In? pervious Ut
the dust in the shops. r y tri
McCOED-BRADY CO Wholesale AfcenW Omaha.
further south, the tubes rest In tha soft, .
for they will not have to bear trains of
great weight. The Pennsylvania tunnels,
on the other hsnd, must support lOMen
electric locomotives, snd hence It was nece.
sary to provide Iron foundations extending?
all the way down to bedrock.
A special ssfety feature will be the con
Crete walkways, or sidewalks, built Inside
the lube on a level with the car windows.
If there Is an accident or a long delay, the
passengers will be able to reach these walk,
way from the car windows or doors. The
cables for power, water pipes for protection
sgalnM fire and part nf the signal wlreg
will be bedded In the concrete beneath these
I There waa a scurrying In Nassau street
one day last week, during the noon hour,
when four blooded coach horse, ewathed
I In the brilliant, created blankete of a
j famous stud and led by struggling grooms. .
ironea in siasag course down the middle '
of the narrow road. Truck drivers, puh
cart men, policemen and pedestrians
skipped lightly to one side and gave all
the room required., and more., willingly
and without asking a single question. The
animals were nearly mad with fright at
: the crowds and the unfamiliar sight and
sounds; which, Indeed, was Juat what they
were brought there for. It is tha custom
to break such horses to th city by taking
thm through the most crowded portions
and getting them accustomed to conditions
PERSOV At, XOTE9.
The dsnclng master who wants to remodel
the waits by abolishing the hugging tea
tures plainly Intends to kill It.
Ths Cuban rebels suffered their first real
defeat when they encountered some Amer
leans In charge. The Americans evidently
viols ted the rules of the Cuban game.
President Joseph F. Smith, the veteran
Mormon and chief of the letter Day Saints,
is visiting in England looking over the
progress made by Mprmon mlsatona In that
country. . .
The man who furnished the Information
which caused the downfall of tha Tweed
ring has just died in New Tork. In the
first effusion of public gratitude the legis
lature gave him 15,000.
About two dosen Onondaga Indians went
on a sightseeing tour of New York. Gen
eral Grant's tomb at Riverside came In
for much of their attention. After a
long look at the Imposing monument Chief
Ixigan voiced their general disapproval In
the words, "Big grave for one man."
Zephenlah Hopper of the Central High
school In Philadelphia has begun his Blxty
thlrd year as a pedagogue. He graduated
with the first class of that school In 184J
and two years later began to teach mathe
matics there. He has been associated with
the institution ever since, more than 25,000
pupils 'having studied under him.
Prof. Gold win Smith some time ago
formally willed his brain to Cornell uni
versity. Some remarkable brains have been
sold, not given. An Englishman has dis
posed of lits to an American unlveralry for
110,000. He is a man of little education
and for many year worked as a coal miner.
He has a marvelous memory, especially for
dates, and Is now earning a good salary
on the tnuslo hall stage.
"Can a married man save any money on
$26 a week?"
"He might If he can make his wife be
lleve he Is getting only $16 a week." Hous
ton Post. . . t
Beryl You've read Scrlblett's new novel.
Haa It a happy ending?
Garner Yes; the villain ta tha nnlv arell
drawn character in the book and he es
capes punishment. Chicago Tribune.
"Mr. Jonas," said ths officer boy, "Igotter
get off dia afternoon.. Me gran'AMttaem le
"I've something for you to do ' today. '
Johnnie," said Mr. Jones, vbut you may go
at 4 o'clock." . - . .
"Aw! wot good Is 4 o'clock?" Judge. .'
"We utilise every portion of the animal
except the squeal' said the proprietor of
the Chicago abattoir. .
"It's a pity," responded the visitor, "that
you can't get that on the market, too. It
would aave wear and tear on tha con
sumer In discussing the cost of meat."
"Is this the best hotel In town?" asked
"Well," replied the native, "I dunno aa
I'd put it aa strong aa that, but I gueaa It's
safe to say it ain't aa bad aa the reet of
'em." Chicago Record-Herald.
"Stella engaged herself to. . five or six
young men at that summer resort," said the
girl with the blue earrings. -."I don't think
that was right. Do you?'!
"Maybe not," answered the girl with the
ready-made complexion, "but poor, dear
Stella waa determined they shouldn't all of
them eacape her this time." Chicago Trib
une. "It's dreadful queer," said the housewife,
"that the potatoes you bring me should be
so much bigger at the top of the sack than
they are at the bottom..
"Not at all, mem," said ' the ' honest
farmer; "It's jest this a-wsy. Potatoes Is
growln' sa fast jest now thet by the time I
dig a sackful the last ones dug Is ever so
much bigger'n the fust ones." Harper's
Weekly. ;.; . "
. BELLS OF SEPTEMBER. ,
Katherins Danlhsr In Leslie's Weekly.
Farewell to the woodland, the mountain,
To the frolicking waves with their tumult
and roar; '''''.
One last ling' ring glance at tbelr gem-bedecked
For the hella of September are ringing
"Come home." .
The witches of autumn are weaving' their
And keen blows ths breeses over hilltop and
dell; " . t
While soft on Its pinions, borne lightly
Are heard the faint notes of the harvesters'
n- . . ; .'
Their emblems of royally.- purple ad gold.
The asters and goldenrod gaylv unfold,
And the woodbine is donning her loveliest
hue, - .
But playtime is o'er we must bid them
adieu.. . - i.
The school bells are ringtng-eaeh bright
Seema proud of his costing of sunburn and
And wee frocks are lengthened whan sum
mer has flown, . .
And we marvel to see how the girlies have
grown. ...... ,.
Ring, bells of September, your merriest
Though deep In the mfdst of our pleasures
you ateal; ' '
We find, aa our wandering steps you recall.
)ur greatest of blessings is home, after ail.
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