Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 03, 1906, Page 4, Image 4
THE OMAHA DAILY BEEt MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 190(5. The Omaha Daily Bee. 1,1 " "' VICTOR ROSE WATER, EDITOR. Entered t Omaha' poatofflc a second etas matter. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Bm (without Sunday), one year. .14.00 pally Bee ana Sunday, one year OU Sunday Bee, one year I H Saturday Bee, ona year .... VW DEUVERCD RY CARRIER. rally Be including; Sunday), per wek..l7 Dally Baa (without Rundav). tier week. .120 Evening I tea (without RundayK per week so evening; hp (with Sunday), per weex 100 Sunday Bee, per copy Addreee rnmnlafAta nf trrea-ularlties In da 1 llvary to city Circulation Department. - OFFICES. ' Oman. The Be- Building. South OmahaCity Hall Building. Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street. ' Chleaao 1M0 Unity Building. New rork 1508 Home Life ins. Building. Washington &ni Fourteenth Street. .., y CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to newt and edlf torlal matter should be addressed: Omaha Hee, Editorial Department. REMITTANCES. Remit by drart, express or postal order payable to The Bee Publishing Company. Only T-oent stamps received oa payment ut mnll accounts. Personal checks, except on Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accept-ju THE BED PUBLISHING COMrAN . STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of 'Nebraska;, imuslaa County, sa: Oeorge B.. Tsichurk,-. treasurer of Tha pce Publishing company, being duly sworn, ' says, that tha actual number of full and complete copt f Th lMlly Morning. Evening and Shnday Jte printed during tits month of August,, 104, was, fnllnwas . .if. follows 1.. SUSS" 01,600 81,680 83,060 30,149 81,880 31,440 31,380 ' 81.140 31,790 . 1,940 80,060 ' S1.4O0 31830, 31,830 31,39 ' in. ; . 19. 31,800 ...... 31,440 30,900 31,140 21...... 22...... It.i. I '. s...... s...... - at...... ; ....., S.,,.. . JO...... i . 31,350 . 33,940 . 31,660 . 30,830 , 33,360 , 80,030 . 30,800 . 30,610 . 30,630 . 30,670 . 33,440 .973,400 10. 11.;;.,. 11 18.-... ".V Total iT.': I .ess unsold HVi'l.rt '.... ..'.. copies. ... 3,149 Net total sales 304,488 Dally average 31411 GEORGE. B. TZHCIIUCK. Treasurer. Subscribed In my presence a..u sworn to before me this 31st day of July, 1904. (Seal.) M. B. HUNUaTEj Notary public WHEH Ol'T OF TOW. Sabserlbors leavlasr tha elty lin porartly . shoold sst The Bee nailed to thesa. Address will be ebaaced as often as requested. Palma and his antagonists should call It a "stalemate" and start the Cuban government game apew. British politicians are learning what those of America already know, that fusion is only a breeder of confusion. Frank Hippie's safety deposit box was the only thing he didn't hypothe cate and it probably did its work well as long as it was not examined..' ' . Little old New York may now re turn to Its Sunday somnolence. The crowd of live ones are now. on their . way to the sunshine and broad prairies rtt Mahraalra - '- - , Having taken stock, San Francisco finds that earthquakes with their . ac companying fire are not so deadly as the excitable man who cries' "Fire" In '1' A. A I a cruwueu uuuh ' Havana is said to desire interven tion by the United States. The Cubans evidently regret the suspension of the Issuance of army stores following the battle pf El Caney. ' C. A. Walsh of Iowa seems to have given up hope of a renovated democ . racy, but he hits a bull'aeye when ho ; says government' is Injured by "yel low dog' partisanship. The complajnt of Denver before tha Interstae Commerce commission em phasises the fact that clear air is Hot as efficacious as a muddy Href in se curing low -freight rates, i From the statements' of Nebraska candidates' expenses now being filed the unsophisticated observer , would hardly regard a campaign as the costly luxury H is reputed to be. North-German miners refusing to take the place of striking Belgians, the rulers of Europe win nrobably v find their subjects less willing to fly at the throats of others at the royal signal! Judge Parker says he seldooi finds a man brave enough to admit having voted for blra foT pWsident; but per haps it Is not lack ot bravery, but o! - numbers, which causes this conditl.m . lit J Otto. Schmidt appears to have succeeded In producing cancer by cut turR Ut the reajjrouble is too much of the disease without any artificial eomf Hratfons. The extension ot the block signal aysteuiVby be Union Pacific over its western division' ia. only another evi dence of the enterprise ot the far-seeing vision -ot the "Magician of- the Overland,"," r ' ' We ' often f become "impatient and complaln'of the tufmoll under consti tutional forms of government, but In view ot the news coming out of Russia we i should' perhaps rather be aston ished at our own moderation. The suspicion that European nations are conspiring to "dump" their surplus population on the United States may be found to be correct, but. after all ot the talk, the United States has gal.ne4 much, more by the process than the nations of Europe.. ( . Vice President - Fairbanks' . swing around the circle is not leading him A' ntp the most densely populated see- uons of the country, but is still giving him a fine opportunity to get before the public' This method of inflating the presidential boom bss been tried at least once before. , ' FROM BAH TO WOKSt IN fCBA. j The latest reports and all the clr-, cumstanres testify to the seriousness of the situation An Cuba. It has not been made clear what substantial grievances exist, bat it is clear that dlf affection towards the government is widespread, already Involving in one degree or another the majority of the population in several oft the important provinces, while a great many bands have arms in their hands and are en gaged in active hostilities. It may be that as yet the insurgents are not suf ficiently organised to operate as on-.j querlng armies, bnt the military forces at command of the government are very small and the response to appeals for enlistment shows either a popular Indifference or 1 fear of the insurgents that on its face seems discouraging. 'The formidable .fact now looming up is the apparent impotency of the gov ernment, even though its military forces were far greater, to ; paralyse the Insurgents, who' in any event seem able to perpetuate themselves indefi nitely by the old guerilla tactics that baffled the power of Spain. Guerilla warfare, maintained by raising Hands here and there, now coalescing into powerful bodies and again separating into the original constituents In. the presence if a superior army, is almost a natural habit 'In Cuba, and.. was, in deed! its sole means of defense for gen erations. The grave danger is that thus the insurgents, while they may not be able conclusively to overthrow and supplant the government, may nevertheless succeed in indefinitely de fying its anthorlty throughout a 'large portion of. the Island. The result could not but be a vir tual reign of anarchy, in' which se curity for person and property, whether of natives, or of foreigners, would disappear. The country is only beginning to recover from the ravages of its protracted guerilla resistance to Spain, and the only possibility of Its speedy and complete recovery rested in the maintenance of orderly conditions in which Industry could win its reward and the confidence and aid of the out side world could be secured. For Cuba now to relapse into chronic civil com motion would inevitably be to post pone for a half century rehabilitation of an island which is naturally so fer tile and needs only peace and order tor development.. The situation, therefore, is neces sarily most grave also for the United States, whose interests, present and prospective, in, Cuba are. so Intimate and important, and which by express treaty obligations as well as by the na ture of things is bound to intervene if matters drift to extremes. AVQVSTnECKlPTSASD XPKNt)iTVBK8 The monthly statement of the gov ernment receipts and expenditures for August makes an extraordinarily fa vorable showing, ; the surplus being 8,15B,14?, agaipst a deficit of f 4,860,081 for August of last year There was a deficit for July, although It was materially less than for July, 1905, and .ordinarily a deficit ,was to be expected also for 'August this year. The comparatively heavy revenue during, the last month is due mainly to prosperous business conditions which have encouraged merchants to be forehanded and Confident in mak ing their purchases abroad. The re sult is that importations for the fall and winter trade haye begun to arrive earlier than usual, aijd the enormous purchasing power of production in the United States, now that all our cap ital crops are assured, has swelled the volume of imports. , ' - Notwithstanding the large expend! tures on account of the government, receipts thus are growing at more than a corresponding rate. The revenue during the opening months of the cur rent fiscal year accordingly make prafet ticaMy sure that its end will, show a substantia! surplus, and indeed more than warrant the estimate which the treasury officials laid before congress, Mortorer, the disbursements offac count of the Panama canal, which have Mm met hitherto out of current taxa tlon, although the burden of strrh i work belonging to the ages pught to be proportionately borne by the gen- orations shlch jtre to be chiefly bene fited, will this fiscal year be repaid to the1 treasury with-the proceeds of the late v bond sal;, thus greatjy strengthening our .fiscal position , " i : DIRECTORS' DVTIKS, The sober, righteous sense of the general public it joining with the de positors of the Philadelphia Trust company who have been so outrage ously defraduded In demanding pros ecution of the officials through whose connivance or default the wrong has been done. It was the duty ot the trust company directors and officials to know the facts and to protect the in terests and the rights of. those who trusted their funds to the wrecked in stitution". - An officer of such an insti tution may be recreant or weak, but he cannot waste and embessle wh61esale Its trust funds If the directors do their duty, for they have no other reason whatever for being than to act as a safeguard against precisely that possi bility. : ' . By no means .should the' suicide pf the chief official malefactor be per mitted to distract, .public attention from the guilt and legal 'liability of the directors and other trusted officers who made possible the crime. It must verily be made certain that It is a seri ous thing to accept the responsibilities of such a trust. Public sentiment has lately been aroused in this country as never before to the peril as well as to the blackness of this species of crime, and now supplies a basis f or vigorous application ot justice to all detected delinquents. " Beyond question more drastic laws are needed end will be demanded for l ssfeguardlng bank and trust company funds, but the fact remains that the laws long on the statute book have not been enforced as they should have been, especially with reference to di rectors. And .nothing could have, a more salutary Influence now than to prosecute these Philadelphia directors, If their guilt be found to be as the circumstances indicate. to prison stripes and Iron bars. . 1 TflH TAXPATKRr IX TURK ST. The monthly statement Issued by Treasurer Mortensen makes a,' show ing which must be very satisfactory to the" taxpayers of the. state. . It Indi cates that the financial affairs of the great state of Nebraska are being ad ministered with prudence and fidelity and that the chaos which prevailed in the treasury department a few years ago has given way to order.'. The most significant fact in connection with tbel matter Is that Treasurer ' Mortensen publicly designates each bank In which state money . Is deposited, taking the people of the state full( Into his con fidence. It was neglect .of this funda mental principle of safety that led to the deplorable - condition from which the treasury Is but now emerging. There Is, however, a still deeper ln- teresC-Tor the taxpayers ot Nebraska In the treasurer's statement,, Mr. Mor tensen has from time to time during his administration of the affairs of the office given evidence ot- his care and exactness, and has at no time concealed any fact that would be of' even re mote interest in regard o treasury transactions. He has recently made statements showing the exact amount by which the enormous floating indebt edness of the state has been reduced during his term of office. This reduc tion haa been accomplished by the levy of a direct tax sufficient to bring the Income of the state far above Ita nor mal expenditures. This tax will very likely be continued for at least one more biennial period. A study ot the reports furnished by Mc-Mortehsen suggests possible econo mies, which may be provided for by the next legislature when It comes to con sider the appropriation bills. It has, been the practice in Nebraska to make certain appropriations by levying a blanket tax; for example, a 1 mill tax on all property for the benefit of the State university. Only a few years ago this was levied on a taxable val uation of some $270,000,000. Now It is levied on a valuation of $340,000,- 000, raising thus more than $70,000 above what was originally intended to be appropriated for the use of the State university. It is believed that this tax, at least, might be lowered to an appreciable degree without In the least Interfering with the usefulness and activity of the treat educational institution. The case of the university is cited merely as an example., Some abuses exist and shjould be given proper attention by 'the coming legis lature,. ,in order that wjth ihe In creased valuation placed on the prop erty in Nebraska the levy for taxes may 'be made as little burdensome as Is absolutely necessary. The self-appointed task of the en thusiaatic pioneer from the Puget sound country, who is now engaged In marking the course of the old Oregon trail, id one that should have more than a 'sentlmentalJnterest for the people of the west.. Two of the three great overland routes formerly , fol lowed by the pioneers are now marked br great lines ot railroad so that their course can be easily traced. Still It would seem that the historical 1m portance of the highways followed by the traders of those days of western development should have a pore fit ting recognition than that given them by private corporations or'lndlvlduals. The government coofd spend more money in-Jess meritorious service to the , public than by - plainly marking the Santa Fe, the Overland and the Oregon trails. If Mayor Schmlts succeeds in set tling the strike ot. the street car men in that city before the arrival of Strike Breaker Farley and his. cohorts, he will have achieved another signal serv ice, net only: to San Francisco, but to the country at large.,. This is Another instance in .which. the man haa. risen to he ' opportunity and by his ; per formance has far surpassed any ex pectation of even bis warmest sup porters. . , .' The New York policeman who sought, to suppress the Hon. Dave O'Brien evidently knew nothing of the slse of the Job he had undertaken, .Had he been familiar with the record ot the Omaha city council he would . have known that there is no terror to the Honorable Dave, when he le once set In motion, in the star of a policeman. It the Cuban government and In surgents arrive at a deadlock Ameri can Intervention may require first se lection of which . disputant Is to be whipped Into line; with the possibility of betnf compelled to whip both before order In the family Is finally restored. Four of the directors of the rotten Hippie trust company - admit they knew nothing of the Illegal loans, but as a matter of fact, morals and law, It matters little what they admit or ac tually knew, for It was their bounden duty as directors to have knowledge. . Mr. Bryan is professedly eschewing "persona and polities'" In his present public discussion,, but In an Impersona) and somewhat Indefinite way he" Is making quite as much political medi cine'as though he were la the secret laboratory of .the democratic wigwam. Rassla'a Relao of Terror. Pittsburg Dispatch. . Tha killing of 101 officials, the wounding of ainaty-lwe aaors and a casualty uat of 281 n.lw. t M Ia. W n nttaata.lt terrorism shows that tha revojatlon Is well under way, even If tt Is not omctaiiy recog nlsed as suh. Reforaa Meres Slowly. . Philadelphia Record. It 'la a mistake to assume that Andnl Kamagl Intends to nva all the works In his new libraries printed. In the fonetlo lanfuace. - v i A Coaehloar Mae. Boston Transcript. Presidential candidates who are a sensi tive assrrsatlon will doubtless attach un necessary rtsnlftcaace to the president's sctlon la addressing to Secretary Taft hla first letter In reformed spelling. Set Readily rrtojhteaed. Philadelphia Press. Of course the announcement by the rail roads that they are onf to be good and obey the laws Isn't going to throw the Interstate Commerce commission off Its guard. It has had experience, '-' Peril of.tbe Swift Pace. Indianapolis News. Somehow It seems as If all these bank and trust ' company troubles are coming about nowadays from the old, well-established and popular custom of getting flch on somebody ' else's " 'money. What's tha matter, anyhow? Too Basy iwlth'BOBSbs ' Brooklyn Ea-!e. Russian crops are 39 per cent below the averss this year. Tou can't be out in the aandlots proclaiming the gospel of po litical and all other kinds of liberty, In cluding liberty to throw dynamite, without neglecting something. ' A o.oare Deal Pays. y St. Louis Republic. Thirty-live Insurance companieo have al ready paid 956,108, a for losses due to. the earthquake arid fire In flan Francisco. Most of them are English and American corpora tions. It is safe to say that the reputation of having met their obligations honestly and fully will be worth the money It haa cost them. , "Kewe as la Newe." ; Brooklyn Eagle. Me hadheard that things were going on In Omaha that shouldn't, and he put on a handful of false whiskers and went round to see what they were like. He saw, and was horrified. Probably Omaha was no worse than other towns, ho said, but It waa too tied for Nebraska, and he began to better It by discharging the police board. That Is right. Caa't f.oee the Boys. New York Tribune. In Ohio the democrats turned down . Tom Johnson and then, as If to show their im partiality, smashed the slate of his conqueror,- In Illinois he democrats turned down Bryan In the role of state dictator and then endorsed htm for president. If there is any 'moral In these examples It Is that the democrats of Ohio and Illinois like to be bossed, but wsnl the bossing done In the old-fashioned way. 'The fact that they need bossing of some kind is painfully apparent. . Meealast of Sheldon's Komlootlon. . Springfield (Mass.) Republican. There la more significant than appears upon.. tha surface In the ' nomination of George' I Sheldon for governor by the Nebraska, republicans. Jhe party In that state has been dominated by railroad In fluence and Sheldon, ' who Is an educated farmer, entered jlhe Contest, single-handed for a reversal of -the, party's attitude In relation fb the "railroads and syndicated wealth - generally HI" auccess . affords another demonstration of the Influence of the Roosevelt adhirHhstrstlon toward break ing up old republican affiliations with cor. porate and monopoly privilege. t - i i Some Day Director Will Pay. - - ,- Nsw.'Tork Sun. ' The saintly ; trust company president; the Illustrious financiers and "chumps" who do nothing. , see nothing and - let the saintly ona thlmblerig them and plunder deposi tors; the pious resignation with which the Illustrious financiers try. to cover- up their wounds. It Is an .Interesting and charac teristic Philadelphia financial Interior, perhaps some day. before the honking of Gabriel's horn, such directors will be made to pay with their-pockets to tha last of their personal fortunes, and negligence will be punished a well, if not a hard, as a criminal Intent and act , rROVqiUNg.nBSBrtTMEJIT. Aa taeldeat f ilaetra'tla. Corporate ladlaerotloa. v Chicago Inter Ocean. The special train of th Jefferson club of St. louis, bearing' $60 Mlssourtans on their way to New Y4rkwas held four hours in Buffalo last Wednesday by a dispute whoee character 'Illustrates the sort of railway management which breeds popular resent ment end trouble ilor all railway corpora tions. - ' ' ' ' ' The. , Mlssourtans hsd ' "Welcome to Bryan' banners o "their' cars. .They were going to New York to welcome Mr. Bryan home, and they tdealred that everybody Should know It. At Buffalo they encount ered the general rut of .the New York Central that cars must not be so decorated. The railway officials Insisted on remov ing the banners. 'The Mlssouriana natur ally objected. Heated argument and ep peala to superior authority ensued.' The train" was 'ordered held until the tsnners should be removed! Learning finally that, by agreement, of alt railroads at Buffalo they could not get to New York with '"ban nered ears, the Mlssourtans yielded. s Then, of eouroe. they appointed commit tees and adopted' Indignant resolutions, pointing to the incident as concrete proof of combination . ol "the corporations and trusts' against. Mr. Bryan and the plain people. Thus a salutary rule, foolishly en forced, becomes th basls'of political agi tation and of a .'popular resentment for which other, railways. It not th New York Central, may pay dearty. Of course, the basis of the rule Is ths fact that such adornments are likely to damage railway ears. Yet It seems strange with all th brains that are supposed to be devoted to railway management no railway official connected with th affair was able to see that even ipore Important then 'en forcing salutary rules Is tt to know when to break them. ' How easy It would hav been for th rail way mana7ment-to say that If proper se curity for any resulting damage were given the Mlaaouriana could -display all the ban ners they pleased, so that they did not In terfere with th operation of the cars and endanger- employe or passengers. Then everybody would have bean happy and no body's feeling hurt. As It Is. every man on that train will go borne feeling tha resentment which the av erage man feela when be goes out for a good time and- to air his enthusiasm and la prevented' from doing things which ar either entirely harmleaa or may be mad so. He will feel as If the railway Instated oa his taking oft th nscktte he was wear ing because tt did not. to aa artistic eye, harmonise with the color of th seat cush ions. - And hundreds of thousands of people wUl be likely te regard the Incident as proving exactly what It seemed te prove to th Im mediate victims. It will add to th aum total - of popular resentment agalaat cor poration, already 'too large for th coun try's welfare and comfort. y- ROwtnn ROSEWATKR. " Joaroalleta Pay Trlboto to Ills Mesa ory aad His Life Work. Cbloaeo Trlbeao, t The political ambition of Edward Rose water wss not erstlfled. Nebraska, which has often sent to the t'nlted 8tte senat men who had not a tithe of his ability, passed him by. That was a misfortune, for he would assuredly have made hi mark In that body. II waa 1 mentally alert, courageous and determined. He stduld hav brought with him to the close atmos phere of the senat. chamber the fresh breeies of the prairies. But If Mr. Roeewater was not successful In politics he was eminently successful In a more useful fleld of endeavor. He built up a great and Influential newspaper out ot nothing. The Omaha Bee was entirely the child of his energy and determination. He knew nothing of th newspaper busi ness when he went into It. He started without means. He had an uphill fight for years, but his perserveranc won the fight. As a prlvste cltlsen Mr. Rosewater did more for his city and state than he could have done for them in th senate. As an editor he waa a wis and persistent watcher over their Interests. Ho was proud of Omaha, where he had gone when It was a small place, and his advice and money were always st Its service. He fought unremittingly th political and corporate rings and' cliques that at different times ruled Nebraska. That waa not the road to political preference, but he took It. Mr. Rosewater did hot succeed In his senatorial .contests, but S the founder of The Bee h will be remembered longer than any of the men whom his state has sent to Washington to represe.it It. Chicago ffcrontele. Edward Rosewater, editor of The Omaha Bee, whose sudden death occurred yester day, was the architect of his own fortunes and he bullded well and successfully. . Not that he became a very rich man, though he no doubt amassed a competency, but thst he brought himself up unaided from tha post of a working telegrapher to the proprietorship of the most able and In fluential newspaper In the state of Ne braska. . Mr. Rosewater was a credit to the pro fession of Journalism- because no matter how widely one might dissent from his opinions on any specific subject even prejudice waa ready to concede that he waa honest" In his attitude. He had con victions' and ha was not chary of express ing them. It thus resulted that he made many warm friends and not a few bitter enemies, but his friends were always his friends and his enemies often ceased to be his enemies. Nobody who knew Edward Rose water doubted that his Idea of life was to do his duty as he saw it, and It thua happened that some of those who were least friendly to him ultimately became hla admirers. He was a "square" man and everybody knew It, His passing leaves a gap In. the news paper world, since Mr. Roeewater was one of the few remaining editors whose personality Is associated with the nems papers that they edit. Rosewater was The Omaha Bee, Just as Horace Greeley was the New York Tribune or as Colonel Wat terser Is the Louisville Courier-Journal. Even though he leaves a worthy succes sor In the management. It will be a long time before . the- people of Nebraska will become reconciled to the Idea ot The Bee without Edward Rosewater a ita con ductor. St. Joseph ewa-Preaa. ' , The sudden death of Edward Rosewater, publisher of The Ome'ha Bee, removes the last of - three forceful figure Identified witbh. hls'tory and politic of the Mis souri vally during the last twenty-years! Dr. "Morrison MUmford of Kansas City waa one;-' and died first; Daniel R. Anthony cf Leavenworth was another, and Mr. Rose water waa the third. These were men who coupled, Intense, active personalities with Journalistic ability. They wrouht for their communities and for themselves. They Were fightersstrong, active, bitter. relentless fighters, ' with newspapers as their chief weapons, but none the less cn dowed with personal courage who dealt out punishment to their foes and favors to their friends with the same liberality of measure. ' Of the three, Mr. Rosewater was the only one who sought personal political honor; It was his life's ambition to be United States senator from Nebraska, and hi re peated failures did not discourage him, Only last week he was defeated again. During his life Mr. Rosewater built up a newspaper that Is a credit to the Mis souri valley. It was his hobby and pride. and, though he felled 'In his political as pirations, he succeeded beyond question as a publisher. . . . Kaasas CHy Joornal. Th death of Edward Rosewater, th well known editor of The Omaha Bee, remove from western Journalism on of Its most forceful character. For forty year Mr. Rosearater played n important part In determining tha social, commercial and po litical history of hi . state and he Im pressed his vigorous and aggressive per sonality In aom degree upon th entire west. Whatever els Mr. Rosewater may have been, he was a lighter first and last, and. while he was sn uncompromising repub lican, his strenuous snd at time violent temperament Involved him In factional con troversies which thwarted his cherished po lltlcal ambitions. But he rarely Injected personal desires into his campaign, and .during the troublous times when many others Were swept from their moorings h remained staunchly at th helm. Omaha, snd Nebraska owe him more than either or both could ever hav repaid during his lifetime. The enterprising newspaper to which he devoted his life Is th best monu ment that could be erected to hla memory. Kaasa City Time. ' Edward Rosewater, th Omaha editor who died last Friday, waa a potential fac tor In the upbuilding of th city where his newspaper was published and In the advancement of th state of Nebraska, where . It largely circulated. . He did many fine and generou things. He was unselfish In hi devotion to the public welfare. ' And ' while hla first call was from th people of his city and Jils state, he took a lively Interest In general af fair and gave more attention to na tional politics than most western editors do. Mr. Rosewater did what very few successful editors have don In taking a personal part In politics. He entertained for many yeara an ambition .to represent Nebraska In the t'nlted State achat a, and but ' for th tremendous Influences of th railroads In that atat for many years, probably would hav succeeded. But the railroads were opposed to Mr. Rosewater for tb very good reaoon that he was conatantly fighting their abuses through Th Bee. He made a good show ing In th recent convention '.which nom inated a' republican candidal for .th senate, but It waa Inevitable that he should be defeated by the young oian who had carried on an Inspiring war against ' trust and railway Impositions and had brought himself Into prominence before an approving public However, Mr. Rosewater ' must have found satis faction In the poor showing made by Senator Millard, who waa left far behln-1 in the race. II waa Senator Millard who, ala year ago. with th railroads back of him, defeated, Mr. Roeewater fo seaaterlaj dlstlnotloe. - ttomo ABorrmeir York. ' laaprossion the ' Brya Home Folk la th Metropolis. All accounts aaree that "Bryan's Ne braska Horn Folk" hav been heard on th Islsnd of Manhattan and on the waters thereof. They also mad an Impression on th thinking apparatus of Father Knlcker- borker. With characteristic vim and virility they convinced msny of the natives that there ar several acres of aa fin land as lie out of doors beyond the boroughs of Greater New York, that Ne braska had seven democratic mayors and that the "cowboy mayor" of Omaha can toe a lariat with considerable skill. Surely It was worth th cost to carry the news to Gotham and hammer It In. Th native received th news and the bearers with Interest and Curiosity. Eyebrows were arched, spectacles tilted and a Coney In spection begun. "At th beginning," rays the Philadelphia Ledger, editorially, "the local press expressed surprise that the dele gation did not come swathed In whiskers. It was expected that as the party crossed th ferry the popullstlc beards would trail far - abaft. Inspection revealed the fact that th visitors used rasors. that they wor good clothes, that their footgear wa shiny and their linen speckleas. There was In their aspect and conduct not the slightest encouragement to th gold-brick operator. They were absolutely hay seedless. They looked after, their baggage In a business Ilk fashion Snd had It sent to a first-class hotel, where they had secured rboms In advance and for which they ar competent to py. "All this would be accepted as a matter of course by anybody having any knowl edge of the west, and there woult have been an assurance In advance that when the Nebraakans appeared they would not be wearing "chaps" and clinking spurs. But to the genuine New Yorker, who re gard Buffalo as "out west," they consti tuted a wholesome and Instructive object lesson." Then the bunch were pictured, puffed and treated with considerable attention. Some members expected more than they got, or, possibly, paid too much for their whistles, and let go some expressions not very com plimentary to the host. These led the Brooklyn Eagle to remark: "Some rather tonlo opinions have been expressed about us by the visiting mayors from Nebraska. They don't care much, for our show of wealth, they aay; they don't car for our horse cars; they never did think a lot of the kind of weather we have her In turn. mr; our corn Snd wheat crop are dis tinctly Inferior to that of Lincoln and Omaha; our habit of rioting over ( cents, 'led on by city officials,' Indicates financial closeness such as does not exist beyond th Missouri; we are still stuffing ballot boxes. It seems, though we had hoped that we were cured of that habit j we have Mr. Hearst with. us. while Nebraska takes Mr. Bryan to Its broad and swelling chest; and. (most humiliating of all, we are a hard. Ignorant., mean-looking lot, 'the raw product of southern Europe, and pretty raw at that; Inferior In looks, physique, apparel and character,' to the Nebraskane. "These are hitter pills, and th drug gist who put them up left rough edges cn them that might have been avoided. If he had tried, but he did not seem to want to try.' One Nebraska mayor says that w make him tired, and that the next train for Omaha Is th best thing we have here, so we assume that th delegation will r.ot stay long enough to know us now. But listen. Her f probably what Is the mat ter: If seven New York mayor should com to Lincoln th mayor of that city would meet- them with automobiles. In stead of sending a colored porter tb In struct them with' reference to their bag gage. .. Which. Is aol&mn truth. And w hav municipal automobile, tod, (whlch Lincoln never had." , . Referring to the wonderous cen down the bay, wherein the Nebraska boys se cured th Brat grip on Bryan' throbbing palms, th Eagle says:-. . "Th bay wa black with. Nebraskaaa. and purple with the radiance, of hope," and continues- in this picturesque fashion: "Since the re ception of Sir Joseph Porter by Captain Corcoran and hla crew on I ho- model ship of the queen's navee, nothing haa equaled this reception of tha Peerless In New York harbor., The home folks who came on to be th body and. mainstay of th welcome heard of th project .to seduce their hero aboard a yacht and they took quick and fierce alarm. In Nebraska a yacht seems to hav much the same sig nificance that a cab has among those . dwellers of the . tenement .whose proud est boaat ia that they rear their daugh ters in vlrtuoue poverty. The girl who rides to her tenement In a 'cab at night loses her reputation without further evi dence. Th Nebraakans felt that an hon est man should hav no more commerce with yacht than an honest working girl Should with cabs. Both ar Inventions of th devil to enable rich birds of prey to carry' their victim far from th reach of help, ' . "Accordingly, when th horn folks of Nebraska heard about . the perlT to their here from Mr. Goitre's yScht mini they prepared for action. They chartered a tug and planned to station on Its deck Mayor Jim Dahlman of Omaha, an ex cowboy, who still ha a twist in hi wrist for th ' lariat. The plan to lasso the Peerless and to yank him to th tug, at whatever cost to limb and larynx might be Involved In such a hasty transfer, was happily abandoned. Mr. Goitre and his friends of the yacht made a happy com promise by which th progress to It plutocratic deck' was across th demo cratic bows of th tug filled with horn folks. Th Vim folks will get their hero first."" PERSONAL, NOTES. Lotta, tb onoe favorite 'actress, is said to be on, of th biggest taxpayer among th women of Booton. Thomas' A. 'Edison never carries a watch, fearing that he might learn to take not of th paag of Urns. Aa American girl who lately married a bogus baron seem to hav as bad a bar gain as though she had married tb real thing. . A New York paper, In Illustrating th story of' a Iowa' girt who huaked 117 bushel ot corn In a day, ha her sitting -In an easy chair with tb corn piled neatly on a iabia within reach. What sort of a farmer Is that artlstf ' Chief Pleasant Porter of the Creek tribe of Indiana, who Is probably th most ad vanced thinking Indian of th present day, ays "th' death knelt of th Individuality of my rare Is- sounded In Indian Territory In the establishment pf statehood." Judge Charles Field of Athol, Mass., Is still dispensing Justice, although 11 year of age. Reoently he disposed of three cases In on morning, then went to Gar diner, thirteen miles sway, and disposed ot eight case. H walkad a mil from th court room to th railroad station. Hi figure 4s erect snd his atop firm. Other features of th common language, even mor than spelling, stands In nerd of reform -with a clab. Instance (hi gem: "J." said., th college student, "dad got th idea that" J was cuffing up too much and o he cut In and threatened ta cut down my allowance" unices I took s brace. I felt all out up at once, but I didn't want my allowance cut off of cut Into Just for a little funny business and' so I cut It out." A big stick couut -cuv la -there beauufvrtiy. "UTIOfAL ' nBAt.ra- DEPARTWE-Ti Plea for Federal Aid la Safegaardlasr Haaaaa Health. Harper's "Weekly. Thai this country need a national de partment of health would seem to be In dicated by the, fact -that the wastes from disease In th Vrtlted StStes'hav become so great as to sutrgest th advlslblllty of some radical change. In. our methods of hygienic rea-iilatlon 1.500,000 persons must die In th United States dorlnr the next sis) months; t.mo.nno -mill be onstntly sick, and st least t.OOP.OPO homes, consisting of .(Kn,noo persons, will. In consequence, b made more or les wretched by mortality snd morbidity. We look In horror n th Black Plague of the Middle Age", yet that was a mere pnsslng cloud compared with our own White W.te. It Is reasonably certain thst of the people 'that are living tooay. over s.nv.tiw win die ot tuoercuiosis, but hot a hand Is raised py the federal gov ernment to save them. Over S.flOO.OOO must die of diseases of "(he heart and I.OOti.OflO of pneumonia, but hot a" wheel Is set In motion for their cure, and the event Is accepted by the American' population' with as re signed a metn as the Hindoo show In awaiting life day of the choler. On the other hnnd, the national govern ment expends IT.ono.nno annunlly on plant health and anlmalj health, "but. save for the work of Dr Wiley.' Atwster and Benedict, not one cent I expended directly on the health of Infants. Thousands have been expended In stamping Out cholera among swine, In saving the lives of elm trees. In Importing Sicilian bugs to fer tilize fig blossoms. In ostrsclslng certain species ot weeds. In exterminating para sitic crowths, hut not one cent haa been appropriated for eradicating pneumonia among human beings. The logic that Justi fies an annual appropriation or1 $J.0Ot,n6 for a life-saving service should Justify pro tection against accidents -of disease and death. " PRIVATE CAR l-HF.g. Beelaalnar of the End of the ttaelaeas la : the West.' --.-Boat on Transcript. ' Last Monday the Tnlon Pacific company opened bids for 6.000 steel underbody refrig erator car and It Is said to be In th mar ket for more. This Is a movement of mor public Interest than may appear upon Its face. It meant that as a result of the rate bill this great line will Install its own system ot refrigeration, and, the private car lines of the Armours .will no longer enjoy a monopoly of the business and have the fruit growers of th Paelflo slop at. their merCy. It Is probable that th latter will run their car as usual. They have the rolling stock and will hardly eon. eentto aee It go out of service; .but It they do the Interests of the California producers and incidentally the general public will have to be considered more than they hav been In the past.. Hitherto they hav had the transportation of these, perishable com modities all to .themselves over the Union Pacific and the Southern Pacific, and com plaint on the part of 4 lie growers .hav been frequent to the effect that arbitrary methods have been employed ,ln : fixing charges, especially In the matter of re Icing the cars, when without appsrent rea son the rate would be. doubled or tripled, and there was no redress because at that time the Interstate, Commerce, Corrimtselon, with which their grievances were filed, hd no authority In the mutter. The private car lines have been k fruitful 'source of ll the troubles which the rate bill Is Intended to correct. They have put the screws not only on th fruit growers, but upon ship pers of other staples. The new restrictive legislation ha been Intended as a.,,checli upon them quite as much' as on the publi line. ' PASSING PLEASANTRIES. , " "According to the federal' mpr (ling' book the Is to be eliminated from whiskey." "Well. I never use tt myself' Cleve. land Plalndealer. "Do you really mean to' as y.' colonel, that you ran for congress before you were of sse?" "Certainly; before I was 18; In fact," t was a page in the house." Philadelphia Ledger. . "There's a lot of talk In the papers." said Mr. Durnley, "about th 'necessity of uni form divorce laws.' I wonder what that means." . . . , "Probably," suggested Mrs. Durnley, "if to compel divorced people to wear a uni form, so folks can reconglze 'em, "Phila delphia Ledger. ,.-, . . , The harpy wife and mother gased Wt them with pride. - "These are my Jewels!''-she exclaimed'. They were. Indeed, the finest graham gems she had ever baked. Chicago Tribune, Esmeralda Have you - heard what th doctors are aaylng about, motoring? It gives you what they call the automobile mouth spoils the mouth for kissing. Gladys That Isn't true, and I know It Harold ha been .running an automobli for years! Chicago Tribune, ., , , "I simply have to take every 'customer at hla face value," . muttered the' pho tographer, as he iooked over the chief feature of hi business Baltimore Amer ican. , "It seems to ' me." said Mr." Niblick, "that I smell wood smoke." - "I'm sorry, John," replied Mr' Putter eon, "that I haven't a. thing.. In my locker." Ohlcago Kecord-HeralJ. . Kate Penelope i had her ' thirty-fifth birthday Wednesday , and h got mad over the present Mildred sent her. , Alice Whst wss ItT . . I Kate A mustache cup. SomervllI Jour nsL . '"',' "Now that my wife I doing (W cook ing herself she can 'hccompllsh ' will HO worth of food twice as much as our late cook did." ' "You don't sayT" ,..' ' "Yes: at any rate 1 get twice as much dyspepsia." Philadelphia Press. "- "Old Hunk Is the contrarjest man that ever drew the breath of life." "What has he been doing nowT" -"He took part in a political convention the other day, and he Insisted on point ing with alarm and Viewing with pride." Chicago Tribune. Caller-Mlaa Mllllcont plays' wonderfully on the piano. - , uranaratner ureevius ts; It sort o runs in th fam'lr. Br luclta. vou'd art to 'av heard me rJay;''Oie Dan. Tucker'' an "Ole Bob Ridley on a- Jewsbarn PASSING OF THB PIONEERS. i James Barton Adams. " On by on they pas awsy O'er th mvhtio stream, . ;, Pioneers age-worn and gray. . . 1 Wake from, life' long dream. , . Wake beyond the darksome torow Young and bright -f eye. In a land wher ever, bloom. , Flower that never, die. One by on they close their ey x - On the scenes of esrth . ' To awaken In the sale At the glad new birth; I. r th burden down,' and ''freed ' From ita galling weight .. , - Soar away with gladsome.,, speed To' tb Golden Gat. . ... ... - T On by one, s leaves of gold, r Fall ' from frost-kissed trees, Fail these pioneers so old '""' ' ' In, death's passing loreeao."' One by one we lay them down . To their peaceful sleep . They the fruitful seeds hav sown We th harvest reap. .'. . l Men -of human steel war they. Tempered, tried and true, . Men created for th day . . . r When the west was new. . Dangers feed they without fear,' .' . Laughed In peril' face, . Sneered at death that wa might herd Find a resting pUc. On by on whit hands w fold ' . O r th pulseloa breast, ... . -Of a brave, Intreuid old ... Conquerer pf th west. ; One by one they pass frcun sgbt O'er th my alio river.- . ', leaving memories, aglden krfgbA), . That will uv forever. '