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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1906)
TIIE OMAHA' SUNDAY BEEt SEPTEMBER 2, . 1903.
Magician of the Overland
- vf.ht business hour since the dlvl- change, a servant of fortune, student of way. It had a lot of things It should not
v I T7 1 derid declarations ott tha 17th ult. times -and changes, a cold, bard, money- hare had, and had net a lot of thing- It
I jy j I Wall street haa discussed Edward getting machine no more." should have had. Moat of the branches
1, " I H. fiarrtman end hla railroads. That Is the Harrlman handicap. He was were mere suckers. Huntington bad It at
I jJ The dlscuMlon of the man end born In the east, educated In the east, his mercy through the control of the Pan
' hia methods has been International, for graduated Into the stock exchange with a Francisco route. Gradually this disability
that matter, but the Wall street debate haa lot ' eastern money In his pocket, had all was overcome. Borne branches were sold,
been particularly keen and searching ni( friends In the east, was full of the others traded. Control of the Oregon lines
highly complimentary on the bull side and " f 'specialisation and high was finally clinched In 1899, securing at
the reverse on Jlhe bear. slds.. Between the envelopment." Hbhorred the eKtravagant least one Paclflo outlet,
two Interested estremes Is a large field for "ffulon of energy that Is the natural From this dates the visible working of
dispassionate consideration of the president birthright of the true westerner-ln fact, the Harrlman railway policy. For. from
, of the Pacific railroads, and therein the w" WPted by n unkind provl- tn. 0UtMt, u was K. H. Harrlman that ran
; Wall Street Journal takes position to view denp ? 1 on and "n"11 ' th Union Pacific The policy was drastic,
the man, his methods and his alms. ' westerner with Definitely, he committed the Union Paclflo
The Journal review Is cornprehen.lv, and Whom he "Z cnntra ted growth Having
i... . . - obtained his terminals at Portland, Omaha
. , ? Z . K.eewrt. . 0g6tn, he made the Union Pacific a
T ,. i y.t l Mtt.rn AA d,d hhi "0t bM" ,h '" between those terminals. He
' . ,i " Chapters the tsuMt two years before Colli P. Hunting. r,,ke)I tn, antagon8m of tne we,tern press
review follows: ton and he came to blows. His threat to and p,.0ple by refusing to diffuse the
$ , whoy fc branch of the Oregon Short Line Btrer,gth and energy of the Union Paclflo
i Mtai-rias.es. the Has. from Ogden Into Ban Francisco struck the ln tne building of branch lines In flew ter-
. In the early spring of 189 the new board "kings of California" about the same way ntory. His gospel was that the Union
ef Union Paclflo directors was elected, and, that A sight-seeing trolley line (round pacific, as a railroad, must devote Its ener-
r down about the middle of the list, appeared Windsor castle would strike the toyal tarn- (e8 t0 becoming the most perfect main
, the name of B. H. Harrlman. In- such a lly. Mr. Harrlman hated to build that una 0f traffic from the Missouri river west,
' list the name was unimportant . The names line tt . was such a waste of time! He ana must trust to alliance or control of
of James Stillman, Marvin Hughltt. presl- dropped It when C. P. Huntington died. If thr lines for Its supply of traffic, and
dent of the Northwestern! Roswell Miller, he had been the least bit of a pioneer at its nw development.
' president of the St. Paul; George J. Gould, heart he Would have shoved it through In All energies were bent to the Improve-
presldent of the Missouri Pacific, over- eighteen months. If he had. his engineers ment of the nnon paclflo main line, and
shadowed It The only question In men's would probably have dug cuts right tne purchase of stocks of connecting com-
tnlnds was whom this Harrlman rep- through the heart of the new Nevada gold panics. No money was spent on- brnnches.
: resented. fields 1 Which only goes to prove that no The mileage of the Union Paclflo in 1S99
, Yet In the next year E. H. Harrlman mftn everything. was actually greater than ln 1906.
, was chosen chairman of the execuUve com- " ' ""necessary to tell the Walt street To Bhow at once the method
- mlttee. He stepped at once from the ranks touhl, how "'T1? m t0 the n,xxU of thl" P0"0 th
and assumed the power of command. In a blw, nce then wIWi J. J. Hill, J. P. Mor- following compilation Is made, being a com-
community of interests railroad there is FW1 21" t X t par,,on of the rMuIt,, on th' whoIe 'y,tern
always a mind above .11 other minds. In JTXltJ' n th 1S" and ln 1V1
... . , . . - Gould, Btuyvesant Fisn ana almost every ,-
' ?Je?J. 0t !- with Whom he has been in con- Mlleag TsM Ts
'; .J . ,l . .v Uct. Neither Is It necessary to go further Gross 2'5?1'1! 'S?1 li?
In the eight years Intervening the policy fof tn rMU,on. jf Ms ambitions crossed Expense, and taxes W.9W.733 X.Kim
of the Union Pacific has been the policy of tMn ht f()rgot nbout th,lrll, If nl, mood Net tjo.jn7.T70 )13.M?.8
f Harrlman. It has been a darin. prompted he did not hesitate to Insult Other Income 7,767,491 1.729.623
fearless, confident policy. Without bound- em-in fact, he did not know he was . tMwtw miqn
less prosperity In the country at large It ioint it. wheh ha ar)(1 j. j. Hlll used to Chare. I'Im'S WW7I
: would not have been possible. Because he gU on the Northern Securities hoard to- ' '
.. has worked hand-ln-glove with fate and gether a Wall street banker made this wise Surplus $29,201,844 $ 8,740,819
" fortune, this man has done in eight shnrt remark! The keynote of the Harrlman policy Is
years a task equal to the labor of the life- "When I hear that those directors are in struck pretty clearly In this compilation.
' time of James J. Hill, lord Btrsthoona of session 1 always watch the ticker. Pro- His aim has been to Increase the surplus
any other of the builders. plnqulty Is sometimes dangerous, as, for earning capacity of each mile of railroad.
For E. H. Harrlman Is not a railroad Instance,. In the case of a bull pup and a He has been content to watch the Moorca,
builder. He Is not a pioneer. He took the dynamite cartridge." J. J. Hill and even George J. Gould hulld-
. labor off the hands of other men, Crockoi, In the matter of the declaration of the Ing new mileage for their systems. He has
Stanford. Huntington, bought In a lump Union Paoifld and Southern Paclflo dlvl- ben content, on his side, to bring the sur-
the life labor of these men, greater, par- dends last week he did Just v'mt one might plus earnings of his Union Pacific from
, haps, than himself, and reared upon tholr expect. August 18, 1908, should have been $1,200 to over $S,400 per mile of railway. -
hard-built foundations a structure of his the greatest day In the lifetime of B. H. Perhaps, indeed probably, the rights of
own planning the Harrlman system. Here Harrlman. He probably Intended that It stockholders of the Union Pacific and the
. , and there, In Arisona, Mexico, Oregon, he should be. It he had been a westerner, or Bouthern Pacific have been trampled upon
Jlowed his lieutenants to break Into the even an easterner, with the least degree during the years of this slow building,
wilderness, but for himself he followed the of tact, It would have been. Certainly It has required patience. Each
' bath blazed out by the great ploneors In his hour of triumph, however, he year the stockholders were asked to ap-
. followed it and built It over anew upon a trampled upon Some small prerogatives of prove appropriations made by the directors
plaft and scale of marvelous perfection. the great blind. Stupid public. Therefore, for Improvements and equipment. Almost
, '. Therefore, Mr. Harrlman has missed the of course, the public forgot everything but every year they were also asked to approve
. romance that clings about the names of Its own rights and what should have been purchases of stocks of other roads. It was
j 'Inland Stanford, Collls P.. Huntington, a day of Harrlman triumph became a day a process of mixed methods. The growth
r James J. Hlll, Lord Strathooma and the of publlo vituperation. of the Union Pacific Jtself was carried cut
v rest pf the .coterie of daring men who ltd From the outset of his career as a rail- conservatively, slowK , surely, with the ,
the first struggling cohorts of capital and road power the policy of B. H. Harrlman least possible element of risk. The growth
civilisation into the grim, forbidding wil- was pronounced. ' It followed the precepts of Its holding compay capacity was ac-
dernes.. So It is that even today, If Mr. of eoonomy. At the beginning of this complished by the most daring, spectacular
Harrlman were Inclined to say of the eight-year period the Union Paclflo was and danserous acts ln the history of high
, . Union and Southern Paclflo, "Lo, this la just emerging from Its Ions; receivership, finance.
, the work of my hands," there would be The government debt had been coin- An executive officer must be Judged by
; half a thousand men on his own payroll promised. After much opposition the bond- the results of his acts. His methods are a
j Who, ln their hearts, would answer him: holders had also been satisfied, and the question of the day. His results are for all
?'It Is not yours-lt Is of the giants who stockholders of the old road had been as- time. The executive methods of E. H. Har-
went before you, who plotted it all and Mstted $15 per share. The road had started rlman have been assailed at almost every
i' planned it all and gave their Uvea and the on a new career with . a fair supply of step. Jame. K. Keene attacked in the
v labor Of their hands to the breaking of the cash, a fair share of friendly alliances and court, his administrative methods on the
. fields from which you reap the harvest, a fair volume of business offering. Southern Pacific. Financial critics, great
Tou are a son of tfte New York stock ex- It was, However, a poorly compiled rail- and small, have called him a public enemy
7". ' - . '
, E. ROSeW&ter'S Last SpOCh that that man exerted while he was com- ducts while the other had cars whenever
J tnander-Jnohlf waa pernicious to the ut- be called for them,
(Continued from Page One.) most, so far as the freedom and Individual What the people of Nebraska and the
fall of the confederacy those of us who rlht of tb PPIe ot Nebraska were con- people of the United States need is tho
hv. .Jn .ilJlrv L tT.. ,!.. Tn2 the time he was commander- policy of Theodore Roosevelt for a square
i wh. ha L it r.h To not wt "WW " thereafter, ft. was nothing deal-not, that they have got to depend
t ... l ti but a common oil room lobbyist at Lincoln, upon any on. man. not that they have,
thVW fret slavery in Another ln,Unot of tne Mme character got to depend upon any one man for gov-
,v- t. 2l;.7i!l ,,",. vL.!7' ..... .hi.. happened when a man who had betrayed ernor or president; the people must de-
y. It Would be far better that we should Wg a,,,. a metnber of the leg- pend upon themselves alone. Those who
: fe ,t k J ! ! b. . Ulature: who had played Into the hands would be free themselves must strike tfce
.1 Wm V60Pl l T .Yn'ied BtVT; of the- gamblers of the city of Omaha wen blow.
,.; and the blacks, are to be ln the future held th. bm WM pn)iin4 to make gambling a Let me admonish you. therefore, fellow
j. In the thraldom of corporate power. For felonV( wa, given an tna heIp that tn9 citixens and ladles and gentlemen, to se-
there is a new species of slavery we have ri,. ciaCquers could muster and was rlously consider your Individual rights and
been submitting to, gradually and slowly. ml commander ot the Department of privileges, and seriously consider the ne-
It has found Its way insidiously Into every Nebraska at their Instance. That man had cesstty, the Imperative demand of the hour
household almost Into our legislaUve halls, M iol(ller in tna army. He had been that every man that represents you ln pub-
Into the halls of Justice, Into the executive a gpy an(j tnat ia aJ1 tne potion he ever lie life shall be your servant and nobody
chamber, and Into the very capitol Itself. nw jn jt -j-et he became commander of else's servant; that he shall do Justice by
It has found Its way into the hall, of con- army n Nebraska for one year as a all, do Justice to the corporations as well
- Kress; It haa found It way clear up Into reward for treaohery to bis constituency. as to the Individuals, and that he shall
jV the highest places In the land. and. In.ld- f history In not becuse Of special favors and bribes,
!:'. lously but surely. It Is winding- the colls 1 ' "J n ow" liven ln any form whatever, disown you.
V of serfdom around the American people by l""1 tb ?A Arm'ri nd J you r own w,nk t aKre8.iou.
'. depriving them of the InUienabl. right miUe. wd children, you want to at once w,nk ' ve an(Toutrageous ex.
to be free and to have a government by 'c thjB Puf ; ro want to stand up acton he been spe-
; the people and for the people. for Nebraska and for the nation, you want fayored wHh
: Those of you. perhaps, who are not fa- u helJ M Pte this great state from your comml,Blon.
: - miliar with the history of Nebraska, and nxrau control, and now la the hour. Jn concIuiion I want to read to you a
'' the political history of our state, and the Tn h01" u c. because the struggle is part of th0 ,mmortal ap(cn delivered by
states of the west may not be fully aware on; because these giant corporations are Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg. It ap-
cf these facts about this Insidious enemy oi content merely to have fair men in plleB funy. and f0rctbty to your present
of the American people; this corporate - public office; not merely to be treated condition. It applies as much to those ltv-
gregatlon . that endeavors to control our 'alrtT. honorably and Justly, but they want ng at the present time as It did to those
political machinery; the machinery of all tools. living during the civil wat. It applies not
parties alike, regardless ot who they may ' Instead of giving its oak and hickory In only to the grand army, but It applies to
it ba the state house, they give us hasel brush every American cltlsen, whoever he may
It has also got its hand; it haa got Ms and willow. Uasel brush, and willow ws be, because It Is of the utmost Importance,
, ' power right Inside the Grand Army of the haye had, and, thank God, we are going to fr th next generation and for all future
- Republic, and has exercised Its pewer to have at least one man ln that state house, tlme- thst the principles which we have
'. Its detriment and to Its disadvantage In within the next sis months that is made 'ought for shall be preserved, and that we
, the rast. and may continue to do so If the cf oak and hickory. . Of Ironwood, but haU be M "" trom aU the In""6" that
Grand, Army of the Republic caa oon- t am Mi auf, about tn othert. j don.t go to enslave a people aa were the slaves
tribute, in any measure, to Its enrichment want t0 poUtlca But thl, u not poI1. .. the emancipation proclamation. I
and towards Its power. Thousands of you ,.. ,.m ,.. .,, , . t t..m will read Just this short extract:
who have Bved with me here In Nebraska. JST ZLt f nt for 0,9 1,vlnff' rther t0
1 for more than a quarter of a century, re th' .? " tnJP0,nt- 1 d0 car dedicated here to the unfinished work that
member that almost-not sv.ry-Tr.nd wh(th,r " or republicans. th9y haye one u father for u her,
commander of the Grand Army ef the Re- " Jour ftttr " " mlne to " to be dedicated to the great task remslnlng
i publlo was a tin-pan railroad soldier who tbat bonet me houl1 be nominated and befoM( u, ,hftt from theM honored dead
. ba4 never heard a. shot Jlred out ot 1,cUdi nd whenever you find a railroad wo tak. inoreased devotion to the cause
rebel gun and had never seen a rebel sol- ecrat d0WB nlm- and whenever you for whlch they nere gave thelr Xllat fuu
dler except to surrender to him. (Laughter) flnd ,oad republican Is put up. let us measure ot devotion, that we here highly
, That Is a fact. And why was he made SoM blm nd tof ouc ,at th people rule. reaolve that the dead shall not have died
t a-rand commander-in-chief T I will go right (Applause.) Up with the people and down n Valn, that the nation shall, under God,
back. I want to give you the history, for with the corporations, I say. in the political have a new birth of life and freedom; and
; I have got It In writing, certified to by ovrnment of our country. (Applause.) that the government of the people, by the
the adjutant general ot Illinois. I do not Ws have been too neglectful for the last people and for the people, shall not perish
ear about naming him, because he has few years because we have been too pros- from the earth."
passed out of the world here, but I simply perous. We have believed that everything I thank you for your attention. I think I
want to ahow you what haa been done In was tight that happened because we were have said all that is necessary,
v the past. . This man bad enlisted In IllUtol. too comfortable. But prosperity cannot al-
' for three months; had remained tn camp ways continue. Another Rockefeller TriCK
the whole time, and had a good time. Just xb,re are problems before us.
aa the boys all did In those days, when ths There are great disappointments before us Ths tor ot Edgar Brown, the dlscov-
girls brought flowers and smiles, and Xao, It Is not possible that prosperity wlli erer f the great Meuaba und Vtrmllllon
things that were agreeable to the young )Mt forever. Within the next six years; ,ron ranges, the richest and most produc-
. wen that were tn camp, and then, whtn po,ibiy within the next Ave years, you tlve ln the world, Is a pitiful tals of a
that three months had expired, he retired may aee ona 0f tna reverses that happen tlwart optimist who struggled upward
to private life agnln and so remained for evry twenty years. Tou may see one sa- galnst heavy odds, only to suffer defeat
one yesr. lton aKajn m . which the people will nave when success seemed to be within his
And the- next rear he enlisted on a all they can do to take eare of theniaelvts; grasp. Brown died last week, penniless,
bounty ot $3uo In the cavalry He waa and the corporations are laying In a very ln pauper's bed In a Sault Ste. Marls
mustered In, at the very place where he big surplus at your expense, and how do hospital. A few years ago he and hla
. had been mustered the first time, and re- they get ItT By the subserviency ot your partner, Merrltt owned the two ranges
matned there again about three months, publlo servants! By the subserviency of which were even then, in the early days
and then he was "ordered to Cumberland tha men that represent you In the legis- of their development, valued at $13,000,-
- Gap. )n Kentucky, which was the boundary iature; the men that serve you In the state 000. To tell how the owners lost their
' .line between the rebel and union forces, bouse and on the bench) They have sue- control Is but to repeat another chapter In
There f was sent out on a scouting ex- ceeded for years In debsuchlng and oor- the long story in which John D. Rocke-
. 'pedltlon for some-poultry and game, and ruptlng your public servants by. a whole- feller Is always the dominant factor.
he encountered the first rebel force he 'bad sale distribution of bribes called passes. Brown was a Pcnnsylvanlan born, and.
I .ever seen. He threw ud his hands and They have succeeded In bribing them in served with brsvery as an officer In a
. surrendered and was taken to Richmond other ways, by favoring- one against the Keystone regiment during the civil war.
as a prisoner.' and there all of his entire other.' They have succeeded in building up He knew something of the Iron butilness,
military career came to an end. Thst is one community and ' Impoverishing the and tbat knowledge led him eventually
- . the history of that man. Then he became other. They bare succeeded la making ono into proipectlng In the Iron regions of the
. .grand, commander Tf be Grand Army of business man nourish, while they made northern Michigan peninsula. There he
- the United States, and wviy? Because at another business man perish. Side by side fell In with his future partner, C. C. Mcr
. that . time the Union Pacific railroad these men were ln business, honorably and rltt, and together they made their way to
wanted to carry the Grand Army from fairly, and yet one waa prospering con- the bead of Lake Superior, and thence up
Omaha to San Francisco, and they wanted stantly and the other could make no bead- into the barren, hilly region to the north,
to have an Influential man who could in- way, and when you made inquiry Into the where the physical features gave promise
dues the Grand Army to locate Its reunion reason, you found that It was because the of rich ore deposits. It took but a curacy
In San Francisco, where the railroad rate, one - had special rates, special privileges, survey to prove the correctness of their
were so heavy and where they could reap enjoyed drawbacks and rebates, while the belief. The next step was the develon-
one hundred or two hundred thousand clear other had to pay full rates, or could not ment of the property. The ore Itself, which
troat out ot the veniurs .qjUJm iufliMoc fV ft car to move big commodities or pro- uy n the surface la a remarkably pur.
on account of the Northern Pacific panic,
the recent dividend episode and many other
things. His connection with the Equitable
Life Assursnce society, his alleged stock
market affiliations, his political life have
furnished texts for moralists of every grade
and caliber. Tet these things are hardly
germane to the central question: "What
has E. H. Harrlman done for his country,
his followers and his railways?"
For the west his policy has created a
new highway from the lakes to' the Paclflo
a highway hardly second to the great
arteries of traffic from the Atlantlo to the
lakes. He has undoubtedly brought a
greater measure of prosperity to San Fran
cisco, Salt Lake City, Omaha and all the
Intermediate territory than It could have
enjoyed without this highly efficient rail
road highway. He haa opened little new
country, but has Increased and centralised
the business of the country he Inherited.
For his stockholders, those who followed
him through to the end, he has laid up a
heritage of rich dividends today snd rich
promise for tomorrow. The revenues ot the
Union Paclflo and the Southern Paclflo
are ample to reply to the question.
For hia railways, he has brought them
both from a state of poverty, decrepitude
and danger to a high position among their
peers. How far this work Is his and how
far inevitably the result of nine 'years ot
prosperity, It Is difficult to say. It Is
enough to say that the growth ln strength
end wealth came while the railways were
In his hands.
Old Dutch Cleanser quickly removes tho
hardest crust of gtrease and grime from pots
and kettles. Easily loosens and removes tho
hard, blackened substances from burned
pans, and keeps all kitchen utensils clean
Excellent for cleaning cutlery and glassware.
Old Dntrh Oanser cleanses, scours, Bcmbs and pol
ishes wood and stone, tiling:, marble, painted -walls
windows, etc., with less work and better aaUsactlon
than any other cleaner.
No acid or caustic and will not
Bold in large sifting
top cans at all
Write for handsome
III Harrlman What HextT
The goal of the Harrlman ambition for
the Union Paclflo and the Southern Paclflo
has been practically reached. The era of
danger, ot careful nursing, of painstaking
economy Is psssed. Mr. Harrlman and his
two Pacific railways have entered Into
Will Mr. Harrlman now change In his
ways and become a second Vanderbllt,
spend six months a year In .Paris, buy n
racing stable of due proportions and give
up the strenuous pursuit of railway power,
the care and trouble of railway administra
tion? Will he do as the Cables did with
the old Rock Island, just let It run and
enjoy his revenues ln the happy conscious
ness that he has msde two great rail
ways, and they owe him all they can pay
No one believes It No one can imagine
this man as the "gentleman president" of
a nice, respectable and innocuous railway
system out west such, for Instance, as the
Northwestern, the St. Paul and the Burling
ton until very recent years even If that
railway Is giving him stupendous revenues
year by year. The idea that this man, with
his tremendous ambition, his terrific en
ergy, his res'lss, tireless capacity for work,
will long remain bottled up as the affluent
president of an affluent and oompleted rail
way strikes the west which knows him
as a joke.
Then what next? The answer to that
question cannot yet be written. Because
there surely must be an answer, the finan
cial world Is full of rumors. It says thai
Mr. Harrlman has used his profits tn Union
Pacific to buy the St. Paul. He intends
to exploit that staid, respectable, 'conven
tional road as he has exploited the Union
Paclflo. What he intends to do with It no
on tries to guess, except that he Is going
to bull r- the Pacific. It pays 7 per cent
on alt ItV stock today. Perhaps he will
double the stock and pay 10 per cent who
This Is cited but to Illustrate. Every one
now knows that the Chicago X rthwest-
ern Is held ln so close accord with E. H.
Harrlman and the Union Paclflo that no
resolution hostile to his Interests can pass
Its board of directors. Every one knows
also that the Illinois Central 1. within his
grasp, when he wants to make a serious
effort to tske It. Almost every one con
cedes that a treaty of peace Is In force be
tween him and the Vanderbllt Interests In
New York Central. He Is a director of the
Erie, the Baltimore tt Ohio, the Delaware
ft Hudson and many other railroads that
have nothing to do with the Union Pacific
Surely the field Is wlds enough. Into
what part of tt la the genius of E. H. Har
rlman to be thrown? In the treasury of
the Union Pacific there lies a fund of over
$100,000,000 In cash and securities that are
for sale at current prices. It Is to be In
vested under the direction of TSL H. Harrl
man. It la to create, under his guidance,
new equity tor the stockholders ot the
Union Pacific. What Is It to be?
Glancing back over the investments made
under his regime by the Union Paclflo, It Is
singular to note that there are few such
possibilities today as there were when these
purchases were made. Northern Paclflo
common at, say, 100; Southern Paclflo com
mon at, say, 60; where are their duplicates
In the west today? Almost every other
Important system Is either, held by rival
powers, or else Its shares are paying- big
dividends and It Is a highly developed prop
erty. The Harrlman genius for creating
wealth from poverty, for building fortunes
upon bankruptcy, lacks a world ln which
Perhaps, therefore, he intends to fulfill a
prophesy made by himself not many months
ago; "We are running into an era of com
petitive railroad building, just aa we have
passed through an era of competitive buy
ing." Perhaps ths Union Paclflo extension
to Seattle is merely a beginning-. Perhaps
the $40,000,000 Southern Pacific project In
Mexico Is the index finger polnttng to the
Harrlman future. Even the most Intimate
friends ot Mr. Harrlman confess they are
not certain what he Intends to do. He him
self Is absolutely noncommittal.
At any rate Wall street, the financial eye
of the United, States, gates upon a specta
cle today not particularly conducive to
sound sleep at nights on the part of rail
way executive officers and owners who lie
within the Harrlman sphere of influence.
It Is the picture of E. H. Harrlman, bereft
of his pet vocation, standing amid a pile
of money and capital, $100,000,000 cash, $100,
000,000 Union Pacific preferred, $100,000,090
Northwestern preferred, $60,000,000 Southern
Paclflo preferred, and unlimited capacity
for the Issue of bonds and sighing, aa
Alexander sighed, for other worlds to conquer.
state, was easily mined, but facilities for
transportation were entirely lacking. Brown
turned his energies to the task of Inter
esting capital. A little Investigation sat
isfied one of the first men to whom he
turned that the properties were valuable
enough to serve as ample security for the
This wise money-lender was John D.
Rockefeller, who willingly loaned $1,500,.
000 to Brown and Merrltt, secured by tha
claims themselves, Brown's next step wa.
the construction of the Duluth. & Iron
Range railroad, over which his ore was
carried from the wilderness to the ore
docks at Duluth and Superior. Today this
line is the greatest carrier of iron ore ln
the world. Negotiations were then en
tered into with James J. Hlll and several
associates for the sale of the property.
When the deal was practically closed, and
the purchasers were about to make their
first payment on a purchase price that
would have made Brown and Merrltt rich
beyond their wildest dreams, Brown, sus
pecting nothing, told of the transfer to a
close associate of . Rockefeller.
At once It became evident that Rockefel
ler had considered his loan merely as sn
entering- wedge which was to admit him
to complete possession. Powerful influ
ences, Brown always maintained, were im
mediately set to work to obstruct, and
eventually prevent the sale to Hlll and
hla associates. At any rate, before Brown
could enlist the support of other moneyed
Interests, his notes to Rockefeller fell due,
he defaulted ln payment, the mortgage
was foreclosed, and the Standard Oil mag
nate beeame the owner ot the richest Iron
mines ln the country for a mere fractional
part of their value. Within five weeks
after this climax Merrltt died broken
hearted. Brown's cheerful optimism en
abled him to get on hla feet sgaln finan
cially, and ha settled at the "Boo," where
he met with some little success as a min
ing broker. But It waa an uphill fight; a
succession of failures led to a physical
breakdown, and the strong man and good
fighter at length succumbed. Rockefeller
has expressed a desire to be better known
by his countrymen. Here was a man who
knew him not wisely perhaps but only
too well. New York Evening- Post
Hot After the Ice Men
Whils the fight against the alleged Ice
trust in Omaha Is lacking In vigor, other
cities are doing much ln self-defense.
The 'record Is thus summarised by a
writer in the World today:
In Baltimore, Md., dealers indicted; To
ledo, O.. dealers clnvlcted and out on
bond pending a hearing In superior courts;
Washington, dealers Indicted charged with
a conspiracy to increase the price of ice;
Indianapolis, grand Jury Investigation of
alleged Ice combine; Jacksonville, Fla.,
one Ice man goes to jail ln order to test
the law under which dealers were Indicted
by a hearing ln habeas corpus.
Cleveland, O., dealers Indicted and ac
quitted by a jury; Detroit, an Investiga
tion preliminary to grand jury action; 8t
Louis, Mo., state to annul charters and
collect penalties from dealers charged
' with conspiring to fix Ice prices; Kansas
City, petitions filed to revoke charters of
alleged members of the Ice trust.
Tonkers, N. Y., movement to furnish
citizens municipal Ice at cost; Cincinnati,
O., dealers indicted under Valentine law;
Mt Vernon, N. Y., mayor plans to or
ganise a company to manufacture ice and
compete with alleged trust; Philadelphia,
officers of alleged Ice combine subpoenaed
to appear before the grand Jury; Great
Neck, L. I., residents building ice plant
of their own.
Ashtabula, O., Indictment resulted In
dissolution of City Ice Delivery company;
Austin, Tex., city council considering
legislation fixing maximum price of ico
per 100 pounds at $0 cents; Schenectady,
N. Y., Investigation of alleged ice com
bine by committee of council.
Hartford, Conn., petitions to revoke
charters; Columbus. O., Indictments re
turned against dealers. Newark, O., In
dictments returned; Troy, N. T., prose
cuting attorney investigating.
Improving the Food Supply
If there have been times when It seemed
as If the various measures for the pro
tection ot life and health from the Iniquities
of certain food manufacturers were doomed
to defeat there Is reason for hope at pres
ent The Corn Products company, having
fallen heir to something like 600 suits for
supplying sulphur dioxide to candy makers
In glucose, in violation of our state law,
has withdrawn all bleached glucose from
the market, not merely ln New York, but
the whole country. Indeed, some of the
candy makers may not Impossibly resume
the use of sugar. And In Chicago 5,000
cans of spoiled or adulterated food have
been publicly burned, therein offering up
an Incense to the nostrils of the god of
trade that may not be wholly grateful, but
that will have its sanitary value none the
Chicago will lose nothing from this burnt
sacrifice. On the contrary the confluence
which It will restore cannot but rebound
to Its credit. It Is no secret, on the con
trary It Is a patent and agreeable fact,
that when It was discovered that she was
cheating, her trade fell off Immensely. It
fell under the ban that Is always Imposed
upon dishonesty. It Is significant that a
local hardware dealer whose sales of can
openers used to average 8,000 a month la
now selling $,000. This means nothing less
than that Chicago's meat packers Invited
a boycott and are getting It. But open
confession ot the right of the law to pro
tect the public is made ln the destruction
of fraudulent goods that a few months
ago would have been sold and eaten.
Nothing will stimulate honesty better than
to prove that It pays. And when the mer
chants and manufacturers whose departure
from the ways ot our ancestors has aston
ished and shocked the world begin to realise
that there Is money In goods that are pre
cisely what they pretend to be meat with
out filth, wine without logwood, milk with
out formalin, cheese without animal refuse.
flavors without coal tar synthetics, ketchup
without dye and turnips, tee fhat weighs
as much as tt seems to, and drugs that are
not "Just as good" as those the customer
supposes he is pylng for they will be
sorry that they ever darkened the pages
of their personal history by acts of dis
honor. For the successful man of business
ln future Is going to be the honest man.
SCHOOLS AKD COLLEGES.
BR OWII ELL HALL, OMAHA
A Home School for Girls.
Aoademlo and College Pre
paratory Courses. Exceptional
advantasea In Muslo. Art Do
mestic science. German and Frencn. Aeaaemio course gives good general education.
Certificate In college preparatory course admits to Vassar, Wellesley, Mt. Holyoka,
Smith, University of Nebraska, University of Wisconsin and University ot Chicago.
Instructors college graduates of large teaching experience. Thoroughness Insisted
upon as essential to character building. Carefut attrition to social training. Well
equipped gymnasium, with professional director. Tennis, hockey and other field
sports. Students mothered sympathetically by experienced women who appreciate tha
needs of young womanhood Address: MISS MACRAE. Principal.
ST. BERCHMAHS' DAY ACADEMY
FOR YOUNG LADIES, UNDER CAR! Or SISTERS Of MERCY
Thorough courses In Academic, Preparatory and Primary departments. Kindergarten
for little ones; Seminary for small boys. Muslo and Art under competent Instructors.
SCHOOL REOPENS SEPT. 5.
27TH AND ST. MARY'S AVE.
707. WXXAXAM W. TCTBTBKAW, Pres.
The Most Complete Ooaservatory of Ho
ne ua vcuihu mx im America.
The faculty embraces some of the most
able and conscientious Instructors in this
country and Europe.
For more than a Quarter of a centurv tha
e hlcago Conservatory of Music and Dra
matic Art has stood in the front rank of
educational Institutions in its special field
Applications received until Sent. Btk foa
SO free and 160 partial scholarships.
60 XlUHETfT IITSTBUCT0B8
Engagements tn Church. Oratorio. Con
cert Opera, Drama, etc., secured.
31st Seasoa, Begins Sept. 11
Special inducements to talented papUa
with Umltsd means. Catalogue Wo. 3 tree
on request. Address I
8d rioor Auditorium SaUdlaa-, 6hioago.
ST. MARY'S COLLEGE
"The Cares that Infest the Day"
Tarrant's Seltzer Aperient
teg. v. . r. os.
sn4 yonll find bow light baartod roa are wh.i stomach, bowsi. and
llvrar all wotkiii. wu ba puimif u, vomer. 1
II tilt rim in nfriihlnf illiniinni Trains Srinitit shtV y
lu uitr ysrs nothing has soseroedsd TAB-RANT'S vita shy.
jti tr,i, to 4uu tt oo i, mull fnm TBI TAIIANT CO.. 44 lasses It. Nt Tart.
Fin Art Bulldlnar. Chleataro
WXLX.ZAM X. VKZBWOOD, Director.
Arthur Beresford, Georgia Kober,
Adah Marklaad BhefBeld, Shirley Oandell,
Daniel Vrotheroe, XilUian rrenoa Bead,
Eleanor Cher wood, Walter Beller,
Completely equipped, and offers best
modern advantages and methods in ail
u Tisit opzars btjpt. io, lsoe
Applications for partial scholarships will
be received until Bopt. 1st.
For catalogue or Information call on or
BTX &. BTtTsCPXBBT, XlatfM
FOR YOUNG LADIES
lama Inrf hours (rem Chlcsoo-
lalliCj I II ui Mile (rosi Notre DsmeUnl.
This Institution for young Udlas I today
one of the best equipped schools in the country
and enjoys sn international reputation for
civins; the best possible mental, moral and
physical training to its students.
Collsglats, Acidtmlo and
Exceptional ad ran tares In Music snd Art.
A fine Gymnasium for Physical Culture a
model building of Its kind. Ideal and healthy
location on sn eminence overlooking th his
toric St Joseph River. Two miles north of
South Band. Modern buildings, with dormi
tories and private rooms, heated by steam,
with hot and cold water throughout. For
Cataiogua and other information, address
Bo SO ' Notre Dims, Ind.
WMMtil mr Ike Slaters ef Htm Hely O
Sakeel Veer kealae Sept. 10, "SOS.
Bush Temple Conservatory
NORTH CURK IT. snd CHICAGO AVE., CHICAGP
KKNNtTH M. BRAOLIV, Dire tier
THE LEADING SCHOOL OP
Fifty Teachers of International re potation.
School of Opera and Acting
HSMKV O. OSS, OlreeMf
Offers the etodenta fraetlral state training as In.
elwlea Uebaenaif. Btee BoeiDeaa, Uunr.ee, Bight
Beadlag. Modern Languaejee and rublio Appearsaoea.
School of Laneiages(BsriiuMeihstf)
MIL! LIOLISCQ, Dlreeler
Trial laaiaai free. Mali re teackere is all depart men ta.
150 Fre and Partial Scholarships
Fall term beclne September 10th. Catalogue free oa
application to B O, SCHMIDT, Becretarr. ,
r'-" j a f rniranai
French, German, Spanish
DIBEA8BS CURED by my aew eye-
tem. ExamlDatton. opinion and book
free.- Dr. 1. V. Bhafer, Kidney 6pm-.
lallit, U Penn Ave., Pltuburg, Pa.
Vhen You Write
two of the pen to mention the fact that
remember it takes only an extra stroke or
you saw their ad In The Bee.
How to write a Furnished
Yon can't rent a baro, poorly
furnished room as easily as a
cozy, attractive furnished one.
People wont answer an adver
tisement as readily if you do not
make it inviting if you do not
make them; feel that yours is
just the room they want.
Htr U 0U kind not to vritu
RBXT Qood furnished roons
for two Beauesaesj,
TkU vodd U mors apt to rent V4 room)
JTOR RE W T PI eaaant soufh front
room, for two
furnished eatb on
mlnc'as walk from dowa town, W4
Tb first ad wont cost aa much, bat
if th longer ad wtll rent ta room,
because) It Is aUraotlr, It's a food
Telephone tas, t
tO.OdO Rial CircuUtton.
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