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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1906)
OMAHA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1906.
The Omaha Daily Dee
T ROSTSWATBR, EDITOR.
r- Entered in ' mh Poatofflcs aa second
eless mail, r.
TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION.
Pnlly Hee (without Sunday), on year. .14. Op
ballr and Sunday, ona year I CO
lunnay Be, ona year I M
Saturday Bee, ona year l.H
DEUVIRBD BT CARRIER,
pallv Baa (including Sunday), per week,.17o
Daily Baa ("without Sunday), par week. .12c
venlng Baa (without unday, per week to
ventng Be (with Sunday), per week. ...10c
Sunday Baa. per Onpy
Addreea complaint a of Irregularities In de
livery to City Circulation Department.
. OmOii The Bea Building.
South Omaha City Hall Building.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street.
Chlcsgo 1M0. Unity Building.
New York lk Homa Life Ins. Building.
. Washington Wl Fourteenth Street.
CORR E8 PONDENCE.
Communication relating to new and edi
torial matter ahould be addressed: Omaha
Boa, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft-express or postal order
payable to The Be Publishing Company.
Only Ncent stamps received aa payment ot
mail accounts. Personal checka, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not ecoeptitd
TUB BRB PUBUBH1NO COMPAN I .
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Dour las County, as:
C. C. Rosewater, general manager of
The Bea Publishing company, being du.'y
worn, aaya that the actual number of
full and complete coplee of The Dally
Morning, Evening and Sunday Bee printed
during the month of July, l0i, was
I so,i4o it si,eao
S 11,710 It 11,1(30
I tajso it i,o
4 33,300 20 '.. 31,680
t sa.soo si 3a,o
sioo tt so,aco
T ta,oao ts 31,750
1 30,300 14 31,380
...,, 81,330 tt 31,830
10.......... 31,580 2 31,870
II 31,830 . IT 31,780
11 33,830 21 33,130
It 33,300 2t 30,889
14 34,080 tO 81,830
It...; 30,400 11 31,610
Less unsold copies, 10,868
Net total sales 370,834
Pally average 81,518
C. a ROSE WATER,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn
to before, me this Hist day of July. 1906.
(Seal.) M. B. HUNOaTE,
VHE1 OCT Or TOWH.
Sabaerlbera leaving; the city tem
porarily shoal, have The Bee
tailed tm them. Address will be
ehaaged aus oftea aa reqaeateA.
Advices from Cuba indicate that the
"race" question has ceased to be one
of politics and has become one of war.
Legislative candidates bearing the
brass collar will hare to be plowed
under, no matter what party label they
Having selected his new guard from
the Cossacks the csar may feel it neces
sary to appoint Tartars to watch the
It is safe to say that' the Iowa state
campaign managers of either party
will import few "spellblnde'rs" from
Whenever & jaaoiholdlng n office
ot honoi.aad. trust-Is-tried and found
wanting, be should be retired from
Candidate Shallenberfer may as
well get off the track. There is no
room in the state capltol for a Burling
ton railroad governor.
Having served their purposes the
senatorial stalking horses have been
taken to the corporation stables from
which they had been projected.
' The report that 1,000 Kansas farm
ers will attend a convention In Chi
cago is proof that Kansas is safely in
the republican column this year.
Now that "Mr. Stensland" has been
arrested and released in Mexico
and Canada, he is probably safe nntll
he decides to return to active life.
The traditional inability of a woman
to keep a secret was evidently forgot
ten by the man who offered a bribe to
a Colorado woman Judge of election.
Should the "Drago doctrine" prevail
at The Hague, a long step would be
taken in the direction ot international
peace it not in the exploitation of weak
The editor of The Bee is out ot the
senatorial contest, but he is in the con
test for popular self-government and
against corporate nomination more
General Trepoff has probably be
come so accustomed to the plots of
revolutionists that he would, feel ' in
real danger did not a new plot de
velqp every month.
Senator Burkett veryi discreetly
viewed the battle in Nebraska at long
range. Four years from now he will
confront a Hon in his path, and his
name spells "Omaha." .
The municipal taxation plank In the
republican platform hits the nail
squarely, on the head, but platform
planks amount to nothing unless they
are vitalised by legislation.
Utah asks tor a copy of the rules
nnder which the Kansas Bute Agricul
tural society ts maintained and will
probably be surprised to find that the
first essential is: "Cut out politics."
Uls excellency. ! Oovernor Mickey,
did not evoke any more enthusiasm
In 'the state convention than did his
seddeacy. Governor Savage, la the fa.
mous convention that demanded the
revocation of the Bartley pardon.
President Ripley of the Santa Fe
aaya his road will continue Its ac
tivity la Kansas' politics, but aa he
taUmstee that he will be willing to
have his corporation assessed on the
basis of Its capitalisation It may be
that the political activity will be no
ioag er pernicious.
WORK or THE CONTENTION.
The republicans ot Nebraska enter
the campaign of 1106 on a much
higher plane than In any preceding
contest In recent years. While disap
pointing In some respects, the ticket
as a whole will commend Itself not
only to republicans but to cltlsens of
all parties who desire to work out the
regeneration of the state and its liber
ation from corporate misrule.
Like Saul of old, George L. Sheldon
for governor stands head and shoul
ders above all the men who have oc
cupied the executive chair of Nebraska
within late years. Mentally and mor
ally, as well as physically, he has the
elements of strength and force to with
stand pressure from whatever source.
He will be broad enough to do Justice
to all Interests without injury to any.
In the nomination of Sheldon, re
publicans of the state for the first
time have a native son ot its soil,
reared on Its prairies and educated In
its public schools and university. To
his credit, it may be truthfully said
also that he will come to his office
without any entangling alliances with
corporations or scheming rlngsters.
Judge M. R. Hopewell, who has been
named for lieutenant governor, is a
pioneer with an enviable reputation as
a cltlsen and public officer who. too.
can be trusted implicitly to hew to
the line whenever and wherever duty
may call him.
Lawson O. Brian, the candidate for
treasurer, comes recommended by the
people of his own county as a man of
high standing and as an excellent
choice to succeed Treasurer Morten
sen in the responsible task of man
aging the state's most sacred trust
funds and the still more responsible
duty of protecting the great mus of
the taxpayers from railroad tax eva
For secretary of state, George C.
Junkln has a record in the legislature
of Independence of the corporation
lobby and conscientious discharge ot
It wss natural for the convention to
promote to the attorney generalship
the present efficient chief deputy, W.
T. Thompson, whose familiarity with
the litigation in land should enable
him to protect the state's Interests and
enforce the rights of the people.
The weak spots In the make-up of
the ticket are the renominated candi
dates for auditor and land commis
sioner and one of the candidates for
railroad commissioner. Auditor
Searle and Land Commissioner Eaton
have failed to stand up straight as
members of the State Board of Rail
way Assessment and are known for
their subserviency to the railroad
bosses. Candidate Williams for rail
road commissioner got his place solely
as a reward for treachery to the re
publicans of his county, and a man
who would thus seek personal profit
cannot be regarded, as trustworthy.
The other two nominees for rail
road commisslonersMessrs.' r- Cowell
and Wlnnett, are ideal men for 'the po
sitions add may be depended on to per
form faithfully the functions which the
legislature will devolve upon them-
State Superintendent . McBrlen is
renominated as a recognition of satis
factory service In his first term. .
It was a foregone conclusion that one
of the two leading candidates for
United States senator would be in
dorsed by the convention. The choice
fell to Attorney General Norris Brown,
whose persistent campaign was ably
managed to benefit by the resentment
of the great mass of taxpayers against
the railroad tax shippers, and the in
cidental popular feeling against trusts
in general and the grain trust in par
ticular.. Though entirely new to the
field ot national . politics. Mr. Brown
will measure up well with the men
who have recently represented Ne
braska there. He will doubtless wage
a vigorous campaign to carry a repub
lican legislature that will ratify the
The platform as originally drawn has
been materially changed for the bet
ter and its main features will be fur
ther discussed by The Bee as the cam
BANKING LAW AMENDMENTS.
Recent bad bank failures occurring
almost under the very eyes of the bank
examiners are commanding the at
tention ot government officers to the
necessity of action at the earliest pos
slble opportunity with reference to
the present system ot bank examina
tion. Emphasis Is ut on the defects
of the national lw, which falls In
many cases . or improper manage
ment to give the comptroller
authority to require correction under
penalty 'of closing the bank, and In
other cases, perhaps not requiring so
extreme a penalty, provides no other.
In the case of the Chelsea National
bank which failed recently the federal
authorities knew from the examiner's
report near two months before that
there were excessive loans to officers
and directors, and had promptly but
nnavatllngly brought pressure to bear
to have them reduced.
In addition to a more adequate sys
tem of penalties, the comptroller, It Is
announced, will urge both a large In
crease In the number ot examiners and
that they shall be paid sufficient sal
aries, Instead of fees, to secure the ser
vices oNeompetent men. . The exami
nation safeguards against Illegal bank
methods Is In this respect Incompara
bly leas efficient than those which are
provided In the posto flics department
for Inspection ot poatofflces. and the
suggestion la that effort Is to he made
to assimilate the former to the latter
While tt Is admitted that It la not
practical to require examiners to per
form the proper functions of bank di
rectors. It is believed that they can
be brought Into more direct responsl
bllity to and co-operation with the
comptroller's department, and a meas-
are will be submitted to congress at
the next session, with earnest recom
mendation ot the president, under
which it can be more certainly known
to the authorities whether directors
are actually doing their duty In keep
ing an oversight upon their banks.
REFERRED TO THK HAGUE TRIBUNAL.
The action of the Panamerlcan
conference, unanimously referring to
the Hague tribunal for consideration
the Drago doctrine against the em
ployment of foreign armies and navies
for the collection ot debts owed by
American republics or their cltliens,
shows that wisdom and conservatism
rule the deliberations of the confer
ence and will impress the world's
opinion more deeply than any prac
ticable affirmation of that doctrine at
this time would be likely to do. .For
the European governments that have
been most aggressive and arbitrary In
dealing with weak American republics
will not fail to note, not only that the
nations of the new world are rapidly
drawing more closely together in sym
pathy and interest, but also that senti
ment is being consolidated in favor of
setting up the Drago doctrine as an
application of the Monroe principle.
The submission of It to the Hague tri
bunal affords an opportunity to
European nations to accept the coming
rule gracefully and to adjust them
selves to it, but their failure to do so
will probably In no wise prevent the
substance of that rule from being es
tablished in one form or another at no
very distant day.
The exclusion from the new world
of force in International debt collec
tions will come the instant the United
States proclaims as to its sister re
publics the rule which it hits always
enforced as to itself, and its rapidly in
creasing material interests among
them will strengthen sentiment in
favor of such proclamation. Improve
ment of order and financial credit,
which are even yet none too good in
some of them, will also smooth the
The fact is that the real basis ot ex
tensive credits In some of the South
American countries has in large part
rested on the virtual assurance that
the creditor governments would em
ploy force against repudiation of debts,
and unnumbered millions of obliga
tions, munlcfpal and corporate, guar
anteed by national and state govern
ments, are today held by European
creditors. The debtors of course pay
enormously for such insurance, involv
ing the possibility of war. and the
chance of repudiation embarrasses the
United States 'in committing Itself as
yet. unequivocally against European in
When force shall be finally forbid
den, the credit of any republic and Its
cltlsens will have to stand absolutely
on Its own merits. They will for gen
erations be dependent on the old world
and the United States for capital,
which they can' secure only on terms
satisfactory to its owners, and it the
latter cannot have the protection of
their governments in forcible collec
tion of repudiated debts they will
either not lend at all or only on terms
proportionate to the hazard. It is
well therefore that the Panamerlcan
conference has used moderation and
foresight In presenting the Drago doc
trine, however resolved its members
may be to set it up in due time and
The San Francisco, and Valparaiso
catastrophes are a forcible admonition
to all cities, whether they are liable
to earthquakes or not,' to duplicate as
far as possible their water supply con
nections. The loss ot life and prop
orty in both San Francisco snd Val
paraiso would have been compara
tively insignificant had it not been for
the breakages In their water mains
and the consequent inability of their
fire departments to render efficient
While Omaha, by reason of its loca
tlon in the heart of the continent, is
not subject to earthquakes, it has for
years been exposed to the danger ot
being cut off from its water supply by
the breakage of the principal main be
tween the city and Its source of water
supply. Prudence and foresight
should long since have dictated the
laying of a second main between
Omaha and Florence, so that any acci
dent to the present main would not
expose the city to danger from con
It goes without saying that the city
is growing too large to be adequately
protected by the Burt street reservoir
in case ot Interrupted service from
Florence, and, ot course, this is a dlf
ferent condition from that which ex
isted a few years ago, when a small
reservoir could supply ' a sufficient
quantity of water for the fire fighting
force in an emergency. A striking in
stance occurred ten days ago, when a
break occurred In the thlrty-slx-lnch
Florence main on Lake street, in con
sequence ot which the high districts
supplied from Walnut Hill narrowly
escaped from being deprived of. water
for twenty-four hours or more, be
cause the reservoir could not be re
plenished until the main was repaired.
The Water board has paid no at
tention to this matter, except to say
that If the present .main has been suf
ficient for seventeen years it ought to
still be sufficient for the next genera
tion. There is very little comfort In
the assurance that the Water board Is
prepared to take the responsibility for
any disaster that may come to the city
from the belief that a duplicate main
is unnecessary. Attention has been
repeatedly directed by The Bee to this
precarious situation, but for some rea
son the public bodies that have mani
fested so much anxiety for the enact
ment of the compulsory water works
purchase bills and the creation of a do-
nothing Water board have turned a
deaf ear to all these warnings.
Secretary Wilson Is altogether too
sanguine about the stamp ot the
bureau of animal Industry. Every
thing depends upon the capacity and
integrity of the Inspectors. In other
words, on the man behind the gun.
Inspection that does not Inspect has
been a farce and will continue to be
a farce unless the bureau of animal
Industry is rejuvenated.
It Is perfectly natural to ascribe the
turning of the solid vote of Nemaha
county over to Norris Brown at the
critical moment to Tom Majors, when
as a matter of fact the trick was turned
by the Burlington csar, who sought
to foist Majors upon the people of Ne
braska against all remonstrance
twelve years ago.
With the general government of
Chile . advancing $4,000,000 to Val
paraiso within a week of the earth
quake it would seem that the United
States might take a lesson In national
generosity from the southern republic.
With the election of delegates to a
constitutional convention In Oklahoma
called for November 6. residents of
the territories can no longer occupy a
sest In the spectators' gallery while
the national fight Is In progress.
Senator Culbertson's protest against
the abandonment ot Fort Brown would
be more effective if it contained as
surance that negro troops would not
be molested as long as they behave
In spending $11,000,000 to save
oleven miles of grades the Santa Fe
Railroad company shows Its belief In
the new system of railroad building
which considers a grade a financial
The Indian Territory part of the
new state of Oklahoma is starting out
In a way to discourage Its friends
"Illy white" and "black and tan" re
publicans holding rival conventions.
A New Pateh.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Six pops are Included In what Is called
the Nebraska democratic state ticket. But
why should a new patch on an old pair of
trousers be called a fresh boom?
Preached, hot Hot Practiced.
The Chinese minister tells us that the
doctrine of the consent of the governed
was enunciated In China 2,000 years before
Jefferson. That is Jong enough to forgot
the theory In the opposite practioe.
The bond of sympathy between the north
ern and southern hemispheres has been
strengthened Hn many ways lately, notably
by a realization , tht each Is liable to
earthquake shocks. .
Postal Card Profits.
The Postofflce department seems to be
Inclined - to cofrlplam about the flood ' of
souvenir postal sards, but the Postoffloe
department gets a cent apiece for carrying
them, not to mention the entertainment of
looking at the pictures.
Race Track Wrecks.
St. Louis Republic.
Michael F. Dwyer, noted turfman, died
penniless after a career of thirty years on
the race tracks of America and Europe.
In that time he - made and lost several
fortunes In wagering on the speed "of
hones. Taking chances, however. Is a
poor substitute for careful Investment.
Col. Watteraon's Platform Whoop.
There is but one way to secure any firm
footing, and that Is to do right. Be who
sees this and arts upon It will most of all
In the long run commend himself. And so
we say. with prejudice to no one, down
with the piratical black flag of dog-eat-dog
practical politics, and up with the banners
of democracy, both Untarnished and unter
rifled, bearing not the names of greedy,
self-seeking men, but of great, enduring
measures; the restoration of the States to
their proper place In the national orbit, and
the stay of the inward sweep of federal
centralization and absolutism; the tola!
subjection of the money power; wherever
It projects Its head above the horlson which
Justly bounds the fairly granted franohlse
and protects the rights of property, to the
law; the reduction of the tariff schedules
to a revenue basis for the support, and
only the support, of the general govern
ment, economically administered.
TRtB BASIS FOR PROFITS.
Isaportaat RatlasT a Ceatest (or
' " Chicago News.
The Consolidated OaS oompany of New
Tork, Id resisting the mandamus proceed
ings brought to compel it to sell gas at
SO cents a thousand feet, has attacked the
state law making that the maximum price
chargeable for gas. It alleges that the 80
cent rate does not give the stockholders a
reasonable Income on their property and
Is therefore confiscatory and unconstitu
tional. Justice Olegerlch of the state supreme
court has granted the writ of mandamus.
thus upholding the statutory rate. The
oompany, he points out, is earning enough
to cover costs of manufacture, distribution.
depreciation and replacement of plant and
still provide eonsldarble profit on the
fair value of Its property. Its real grievance
is that the to-cent rate does not cover all
theae amounts and In addition provide for
a return on the original capitalisation. The
"I hold against the contention of the re
spondent that It is entitled to charge such
rata aa to pay in perpetuity a return on the
original capitalisation, which, so far as Is
alleged, may no longer be baaed upon either
tangible or real value. Its stockholders are
entitled to a reasonable profit on the actual
value of the plant and property of the com
pany, but not on such value plus ths
amount of some former capitalisation."
The practice of estimating profits on the
basis of former capitalisation and Axln?
charges accordingly Is ona from which the
people have long suffered at the hands of
public-service corporations. Moneys ex
pended for plants that long ago served
their end and became obsolete and for
franchises that never were utilised for any.
thing but sandbagging purposes thus figure
In the estimated capitalisation as a basis
on which the present profits of the stock
holders are computed- The Chicago gas
trust, originally formed of a number of
ostensibly competing companies, has af
forded a brilUant example of this policy.
The principle that profits should he esti
mated on the present value of the 'property
owned and used la sound. It should be
accepted as the true principle In dealing
with all business enterprises.
ROfSD ABOUT SEW YORK.
Ripples the Correal ( Life la the
The summer temperature of Hew Tork
just now Is altogether too high and pene
trating for comfort. Tet many of the na
tives are unwilling to let the mercury climb'
down naturally. To them It looks better at
the top notch. And they are doing the trick
handily by lighting political pitch fires un
der the bulb.
As soon aa District Attorney Jerome an
nounced his readiness to run for governor
on the democratic ticket a flock of reporters
pounced upon Charley Murphy, leader of
Tammany hail, to measure his affection for
Jerome. It didn't take more than a minute
to .discover that Charley loved William
Travera aa enthusiastically as an Omaha
Ice consumer loves the Ice combine. Char
ley acknowledged that his heart beat for
Hearst and Intimated that Jerome was a
political parachute supported by his own
wind. These remarks were carried to
Jerome and there was something doing
right off. In Ave minutes ths boys received
Mils bunch of hot stuff from the district
"It Is no surprise to me to And Murphy
practically declaring for Hearst," said Mr.
Jerome. "The only reason for my taking
an active part In politics this year Is to
carry on the flght of last year, which was
a flght to free the people and parties from
the dominations of Just such political pan
'Birds of a feather flock together.' and
when a person Intellectually sterile, socially
vulgar and morally obtuse Insults the de
cent people of the state. Irrespective of
party, by seeking the nom!r.i.tlon of a po
litical party by advancing dollars and not
Ideas, and by methods akin to those of the
blackmailer, no thinking man could doubt
where Murphy would be found.
"I should fear I had lost all my Ideals If
I found men of this type supporting me ex
cept under absolute compulsion. If I ever
come to have any Influence in the demo
cratic party it will be used to drive out of
It base bosses of this type. Both the dem
ocratic and republican parties have lone-
enough been disgraced and dominated by
men of this type controlling party organisa
The New Tork Bun would give more for
Jerome's oath of office than for all the I
platforms that could be erected from now
till doomsday The Time t..vt "(f
the Buffalo convention Is not absolutely I
bent upon the destruction of the demo
cratic party In New Tork, It wilt nominate
Mr. Jerome for governor." The World
says that "his failure thus far effectually !
to prosecute the greater criminals, who In .
wealth wax arrogant, and In power feel
themselves Immune from the dork, the
prison barber and the felon's stripes, has
lessened somewhat his great strength
among the .people of the metropolis.
One effect of the hot spell has beento
raise up an unusually large number of
false weather prophets. Some of these
have not been a thousand miles away from
the weather bureau.
The officials there would Ilka to predict
the weather the people would like to have,
but during the hot spell the predicting
business got to be so uncertain that soon
an ominous silence took place as regards
the question Whether It would be hot, hot
ter, or cool, cooler the next day. That
was what the people wanted to know.
They got predictions about showers In
stead. Everybody knew rain was likely,
for didn't It rain on St. Bwlthln's day? The
amateurs got busy and became angry when
the weather man Intimated that It was not
really not; the trouble was that it was
humid. Well, there were twenty-four or
twenty-five days of excessive humidity and
only once or twice was It really hot that
la. with -the .thermometer above 3). All
the amateurs, however, knew it was hot,
for when New Tork perspires It is hot,
whether the thermometer shows It or not.
Certain aspects of New Tork life which
ee perfectly familiar to residents some
times strikes strangers as very odd. To
those Who appreciate the nuisance and
danger caused by the practice of hoodlums
Jumping through the car windows at the
Brooklyn bridge in order to get seats go
ing down Jo Coney Island there Is nothing
out of the way in the signs that have been
An uri waraln najmnera against thin
short cut. To strangers unfamiliar with
the history behind these signs It is dif
ferent. "I have always beard that New
Torkers were In a hurry," remarked a
visitor as he waited on ths bridge for
a car the other day, "but I never supposed
they were In such a rush as that" "What
do you mean?" Inquired his companion,
an old New Torker, seeing no cause for
the comment. "Why, over there," replied
the stranger as he pointed to one of the
big signs which read: "Avoid Arrest-
Do Not Enter or Leave Cars Through
This year coaching parties in New Tork
are mere popular than ever. Apart from
Its, exclualveness from a , social point of
view It Is not a pleasure in which the
laity can Indulge. Though It does not run
&s deep Into ths coin of the realm as
yachting It takes a big sum to meet the
Initial coat. A good four is easily worth
ttOOO, and some, for Instance, Alfred Van-
derbllt's raagnlfloent quartet, are worth
double that amount. Next must be con
sidered ths coach. One cannot be bought
for less than 13,000. This la for the coach
alone and does not take Into account the
fittings. As only the top of the wagon
Is used for riding purposes owners gener
ally fit out the interior with a dining
service, and many of them carry quite a
sideboard of ths finest liquors, as well sa
provisions for a cold lunch, pate da fol
gras. ete. A set of hsrness runs Into an
other thoussnd. The cost of maintenance
la a fourth big Item. It takes Ave men
to look out for the coaching outfit. The
grooms and footmen are entirely separate
matters. The finely dressed retainers who
sound the picturesque horn and do duty
In the rear of the ooaeh would fall dead
from amasement If, at the end of a ride,
they were told It was their work to wash
the wagon and take care of the horses.
That la an entirely separate branch. This
little glanee at the queatlon of coat, which
shows that to be really successful at
coaching, a man must spend HO. 000 before
he tskes his first ride. Is confined entirely
to what the vehicle and the outfit are
worth. It would run Into the hundreds of
thousands of dollars to estimate the out
lay for costumes. Jewels and decorations.
While the average man cannot survive
more than 1.000 Intoxications, steady
drinkers of a certain powerful, mssslve
type can get drunk as much ss tone times
before giving away. In an alcoholic career
of ten to fifteen years they can put away
about t.oW gallons of whiskey, or thirty
two barrels of pure sriiits. Pot this ts
really the human limit. All records to
date are held by a man of fifty, who ad
miffed, tinder treatment at Be'levue hos
nltat. New Tork, that he had been drunk
rtolly for six months In the yesr since
he was seventeen, s total of over 1,000
lr w-.. r- fives.
St. I.ouls rHobe-Demoerat.
Last year the trade of the Un'ted States
with Its outlying possessions reached tut -
Ano.noe, the growth In our exnorts amounting
to 3) per cent Porto Rico shows up
especially well, which proves that the
Island Is getting Its share In American
THS ROOT Or THK Ql'KSTIO.
Soceeea of Roosevelt Poller Reejalres
President Roosevelt, In his letter on the
election of the next house, goes to the root
of the whole 'matter In the present cam
paignthe regulation of trusts, railroads
and great corporation
This work has begun. It was commenced
In the legislation of the last session regu
lating rates, providing for the Investigation
of the relation between coal, oil and Iron
corporations sod railroads, requtring the
Inspection and purity of the people's food
In the mest and pure food acts and making
investigation more drastic by limiting ths
Immunity of witnesses.
This legislation, with what had gone be
fore, has already done much, though Its
work has but just begun. It Is part of
President Roosevelt's campaign against
trusts and railroads through the courts.
Exposure, Indictment, trial and conviction
have accompanied legislation.
This work In all Us parts Is In full pro
gress. President Roosevelt. In terms to
which ths whole country wilt listen, ap
proves what has been done. As he points
out, the present congress and Its predeces
sors have addressed themselves to laws
which would regulate corporations without
destroying prosperity, neither listening to
the "tmst-buster" nor the "trust magnate,"
but legislating for the sober advance and
prosperity of the people under the reign of
Impartial law. The president appeals now
for the election next November of a house
and senate favorable to this policy the reg
ulation of trusts and railroads by new leg
islation where old laws are Inadequate and
the unsparing prosecution of these corpora
tions where they have violated law.
A vote for a republican congressman la a
vote for this policy. A vote against a re
publican congressman Is a vote against Oils
policy. By this great Issue alt other Issues
are Insignificant. The tariff, aa President
Roosevelt succinctly points out will be re
vised In part and In whole when revision
will do more good than harm. On every
other Issue the Panama canal, our foreign
policy or Internal affairs the republican
party now and always ts for enlightenment
education, equality and the rights of man.
But the one paramount Issue this year Is
the Roosevelt plan and policy of regulating
corporations and railroads by new law
whr ried"i? snd by cuforclns f!d law Trvhuu
f1m is violated. Tills fundamental vital
Issue faces every voter aa he casts his bal
lot for congressman.
If he Is for this Roosevelt plan and pol
icy, now in triumphant progress, let him
vote for a republican representative of the
party and the policy of Roosevelt. Every
vote for a democratic representative will
weaken President Roosevelt's hands. Every
vote for a republican representative ' vlll
Olve President Roosevelt In his great
work a party majority In the next house
of hie own eholce as laid down by him In
the published letter.
A Philadelphia policeman arrested a man
and his wife for kissing on the street. The
couple Indignantly denied the charge.
Many New Yorkers are frantic to have
Jerome run for governor, and he seems to
be listening to the call of the wild.
An actor has1 been arrested as Stensland.
but he proved that he was not so bad an
actor as the Chicago banker, and they let
Prof. Calvin Fried, an associate of Ed
ison, has completed an Invention which ha
claims will startle the world as to serial
Prof. L. O. Emerson, whose hymns are
famous the world over, recently celebrated
his eighty-sixth birthday at Hyde Park,
Mass.. .'."Guide lie. O Thou Oreat Jehovah,"
la one of hla hymns most sung.
Solomon Gompers, father of Samuel
Gompers, the president of the American
Federation of Labor, lives at Roxbury,
Mass. Hs Is 73 -years old and baa been
totally blind for nine years. He was born
In London, where he joined a trade union
in IMS. , f
The equestrial statue of George Wash
ington, the gift to New Tork of former
Congressman James R. Howe of Brook
lyn, is to be' paid for by Mr. Howe from
some of the fees he collected while he was
register of Kings county. It will be un
veiled on Saturday, September 26.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes of' the
United States supreme court tells the' fol
lowing story of a certain prolific author,
whose nove(s were anything but popular,
who once consulted the elder Holmes. "I
am not In ths ' best of health," said the
author. 'T have thought, Dr. Holmes, that
perhaps I write too mutt' for my constitu
tion." "Not for your constitution, my dear
man," replied the genial doctor, "but for
your reputation !, .
Toe Aaxloaa to laload.
Ths city of Omsha voted U. 000,000 to buy
the plant of the water supply company.
The appraisers fixed ths value of the plant
at $6,300,000 and the city concluded it did
not want the property at that figure." The
company has, therefore, brought suit In a
United States court to compel the city to
buy. Bo It sppears there are certain con
ditions under : which sven a corporation
favors municipal ownership.
Refasa to Lt Go.
When Bryan arrive home he will still
And Roger Sullivan making faces at him
and refusing to resign as a member of the
democratic national committee. Why any
democrat should resign snythlng will have
to be mde clear before either Sullivan or
Tom Taggart will get out
We have nothing to conceal; no secrets
to hide! We publish the formulas
of all our medicines. You ttyill
find these in Ayer's Almanac": for
1906; or write us and we will send
them to you. Then show the formulas
to your doctor, and ask him what
he thinks of them. If he says; they
are good medicines, then use them.
If he has anything better, 'jhen . use
his. "Get. well as soon as 'you -can,
that's the point!
' CRIMES 1ft TR VNITKD KTATF.8.
CeaaparatlT Shawl ralealated is
II am hie Ratlawatl Pride.
Official statistics are exhibited to show the
great Increase of crimes In the United States
especially crimes SI violence that are any
thing but favorable to the country -when
compared with the, reeortla of other clv.
Used natlona. Thus It la seen that whllt
the average number of murders and man
slaughters In Canada la i( per cent, or
three for a million Inhebilanta, the nnm
ber In the United States la or 1
to the million Inhabitants. In Germany
the averase annual number of these crimes
Is ::4.'or nearly five to a million Inhabi
tants; In England tel. or ten per million;
In France, 63S, or fourteen per million, and
In Belgium M, or slxtee per -million In
habitants. ,. (
These data. If correct fcveal a gree
disparity as to this class of crimes amtfig
the nations having the highest claims to
clvllliatlon. But. assumtna t the correct
ness of the data In regard I Uiese crimes)
In the United States, they would lead to
erroneous conclusions as to the law-abiding
character of the Amerk'an without a care
ful analysis. While the average annual
number of murders and manslaughters is
Rl In New England, or lag 10o,ooo in
habitants. In the middle states 8.60 to
100,000 and In the central west 10 to 100,000,
It Mses to B.S0 to 100,000 rn the southern
states and ts 2.43 In the Taelfle coaet
states. To the Pacific coaet flock desperate
adventurers from every land In search of
Its gold and to many ot them the life of a
human creature Is aa cheap as thst ot a
robin. The country has little responsibility
for this class of malefactors. - Statistics of
Mississippi and Louisiana Indicate at the
same time that most of the crimes of
violence In the south are committed by the
blacks on each other, or are -the processes
of lynch law for shameless assaults upon
A review of the statistics of the lower
orders of crime In the United States would
take us too far afield, but they unquestion
ably Indicate an Increase in spite of the
spread of popular education. ' Aa to the
Increase of the crimes of manslaughter
and murder, the chief explanation Is In the
uncertainties and delays In the execution
of the laws. This condition Is due for the
mest part to the legttativ8 extensions of
the power of carrying appeals and writs of
error to the higher courts for almost all
offenses. Whoever has the means of em
ploying skillful counsel can postpone his
punishment for yeara or finally defeat the
ends of Justice.
LIGHT AND BRIGHT.
Miss Qullpen (poetess of nssslon)
you seen my "Lines on August t"
Vflaa Canalrum No: Aii,mi wt,Al "hi.
cago Tribune. .
"Gracious!" she exclaimed, after reading
the acoount of a shipwreck, "only one
man left to tell the tale. Isn't that
"I should say It was awful," her hus
band replied, "what an Insufferable bore
he'll become." Philadelphia Press.
"Could you give me an appropriate motto
for a wedding Invitation?''
"Why not take 'Know ye, all .men, by
these presents?' "Baltimore American.
"I never met a man so happy as he Is
when he's looking for work. ' ;
"You surprise me. I always considered
"That's what I mean.' When he's looking
for work, of course, hs hasn't any."
Philadelphia Ledger. -
- i t
"Do you believe the railroads could make
money by charging passengers 1 cent a
mile for transportation?"
"What would It matter whether they did
or not so long as most of the railroads
make their money in Wall street, any
how? Chicago Record-Herald.
Customer Anything ' that -Ms-'.warranted
pure la always clean. Isn't It? ' , -
Conscientious Dealer Certainly not air.
I know thla to be pure cider, but 1 can't
warrant it to be clean. Chicago Tribune.
"Tou are fortunate In bringing your con
stituents to your way of thinking." said
"That Isn't It," answered Senator Sor
ghum. "I have merely berm successful In
convincing them that I think the same way
they do." Washington . Star.
"Let me see," said she, "what Is it you
call theae men who run automobiles?"
"Pardon me." replied the gallant man,
"I'm too much of a gentleman to tell you
what I call them." Philadelphia Ledger.
PICTIRES OP MEMORY,
Among the beautiful pictures
That hang on Memory's wall
Is one of a dim old forest
That seemeth best of all; '
Not tor Its gnarled oaks olden.
Dark with the mistletoe,
Not for the violets golden
That sprinkle the vale below;
Not for the mUk-whlte llllea
That lean from the fragrant ledge,
Coquetting all day with sunbeams
And stealing their gulden edge;
Not for the vines on the upland
Where the bright red berries rest,
Nor the pinks nor the pale. s west cowslip.
It seemeth to me best.
I once had a little brother.
With eyes that were dark and deep;
In the lap of that oH dim forest
He lieth in peace asleep;
Light as the down of the thistle,
Free as the winds that blow.
We roved there the beautiful summers.
The summers of long ago; -But
his feet on the hills grew weary
And one of the autumn eves
I made for my little brother '
A bed of the yellow leaves. .
Sweetly his pale arms folded
My neck In meek embrace, -
. 11-l.t m l n . 1 I
f. m tnr tigiri v. ,,,ii..i.t imuij
Btlently covered his face; .
And when the arrows of sunset
Lodged In the tree tops bright
He fell In his aalnt-ilke beauty
Asleep by lea gates of Ught
Therefore of all the pictures
That, hang on Memory's wall
Ths one ol the dim old forest "
Seemeth the best ot all.
''. f.O. AyerOo,
, . LeweU, Vase.
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