Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 12, 1906, NEWS SECTION, Page 7, Image 7

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A.
ANDERSON OS CREAT'wEST
Uiol Dan Tells of Coma Thtnn Hs En
Esen Dnrinc Life.
DEVELOPMENT OF WONDERFUL EM PIR
Tkokti Saeeste4 kg Rid
from Oiubt to Oc4a en
the onrltol United
HfU Mt Down.
OOPKN. Utah, Aug. To the Editor of
The Bee: One year a mo I penned an article
Irom thl mountain city for publication to
t"r valuable Journal In which I described
man rtnn ana incidents In nninii.
nt wy that occurred In my esDertinca
while roughing It on the plains during "ye
pioneer and freighting day" of nearly fifty
j cars ago. Traveling- over the Union Fa
cine railroad a few dayi since, on t;ie
finest and beat equipped passenger train In
America, the Oveland Limited, my thouglt
, irreslstably ran back to those early day
and scenes In an almost wlerd and Inco
herent contraat to the present time-that
was long before the advent of raj 1 roads
beyond the Missouri river.
When I first located on my homestead
and ranch east of Columbus. In IS), that
region was many trifles beyond the rain
belt, and for ten or twelve long years of
hardships and toll we experienced severe
drouths and destructive grasshopper ralda.
At present, and for the last two decaiea,
a sufficient and even suprrflous amount of
rainfall has abundantly extended aa far
west as North Platte and far beyond to
ward Colorado and Wyoming. This la ac
counted for by the rapid settlement of the
country, extensive turning up of the soil
and the great stimulus of tree planting.
The beautiful Wood river country, at
one time deserted by Its few Inhabitants
because of its dry atmosphere. Is now
thickly settled, presenting a splendid dis
play of agricultural succees and enterprise,
the, farm lands selling at from $40 to W
per acre.
Tale of an Investor.
in lf9 a Mr. Taft of Nntche. Miss.,
purchased with college scrip at 90 tenia
per acre 2t.000 acres of virgin soil. lying
between where Schuyler mow stands and
the town of Columbus. The railroad now
runs through the body of this valuable
tract, every foot of which Is now valued
at per acre. Mr. Taft and son took
dinner at m ranch in isfil shortly after
Fort Bumpier had born fired upon. He In
formed us at that time that lie held large
real estate Interests throughout Mississippi
and he expected to have all his property
confiscated by the rebel government on ac
count of his union sentiment
In 112 his prediction became verified.
He waa arrested for disloyalty to the
Bouthern cause, thrown Into a rebel prison
at Jackson, Miss., and actually died from
starvation, although worth IXO.Ofrt.
Nebraska people of today, as a ruin,
know but little by personal observation of
tho present and future vast possibilities
of the progressive giant commonwealth,
traversing the "State by rail from east to
west. One la amased and serenely gratified
by the numerous magnificent farm homes,
adorned and surrounded by larger bodies of
stately timber, flower gnrdens, eveigrccns,
elirubbery, etc., large, expansive grain and
corn fields. Great herds of well bred cut
". hogs, horses anT sheep even and, anon
attract the critical eye of the observant
tourist, all of which Illustrates and fully
denotes the general prosperity of our Ne
braska sovereigns.
All this Impels me to remind ouf young
men, and poor men with families, of the
Importance and necessity of obtaining a
few acres of land While It may yet be
had. The time- for securing desirable home
steads and cheap binds will soon pass
away. ' - ..
. I tab's' Attraetlon.
Kntertng the state of Utah by rail
through Weber canyon, after an all-night
ride over the desert sagebrush region, one
will recognize at once their advent into
Mormon settlements. On little farms of
ten to twelve acres each are grown a
lnrge amount of cereals, vegetables, fruits,
etc., than is produced on the same tpace
of land anywhere else In America. This
successful system of small fnrmlng-prevails
all over the state, with the same
satisfactory results everywhere obtained,
with the aid of Irrigation.
I have oberved carefully the history and
progress of Mormonlsnv since f first met
Joseph Smith, the prophet and founder of
that faith, at my boyhood home In Penn
sylvania in IMS up to the present time,
and I sincerely believe they are as indus
trious, temperate and frugnt- a religious
soct of people aa exists today In the V tilted
Etates. When I visited Ogden and r1n.lt
Lftke City nearly thirty years ago, when
those people were In complete control,
there were no distilleries, saloons,
gambling dens or houses of prostitution.
Being a gentile myself, I claim the privi
lege of criticising moderately some of the
political methods and unjust tendencies
practiced In Utah cities of late years by the
gentile population.
The greater evils and vices that prevail
come from the migration of discontents
and political adventurers, who have In
troduced and established nil the elements
that create disorder and demoralization In
a heterogenous community. The Mormons,
The Best Guaranty of Merit
Is Open Publicity.
Every tottle of Dr. Pierce's vorld
famed medicine leaving the great labo
ratory at Buffalo, N. Y., has printed
upon Its wrapper . all the Ingredient
uteri rtf Into lU composition. This faot
a) on placet Dr. Fiercest Family Medi
cine in a cIom all by themselves.. They
eaanot be clashed with pa Went or secret
cnedlcio because they are neither. This
U why so many unprejudiced phvtlrlans
Breeorlb them end recommend them to
lair patient. They know what they
axe composed of, god that the Ingredient
are those endorsed by tho tnoei emlueut
Kdlcal authorities.
Th furtW (act that neither Dr.
.Jrierce's Oolden Medical Discovery, the
Ket stomach tonic, liver lnvigorator,
,rt regulator and blood purifier, nor hi
Favorite Prescription" for weak, over
worked, broken-down, nervous woruem,
contain any alcohol, also entitle therm
to a place all by themanlve.
Many year ago, lr. Pierce discovered
that chemically pure glycerine, of proper
strength, I a better solvent and preeorv
tire of the medicinal principle resid
ing In our Indlgeuoua, or native, medi
cinal plant than 1 alcohol; and, further
more, that It ptMMteaae valuhle medicinal
pro peril ea of it own, being demulcent,
nutritive, antiseptic, and a moot efficient
an tl ferment.
Neither of the above medicine eon
tain alcohol, or anv harmful, habit
forming drug, a wtl be seen from a
tiance at the formula printed on each
utile wrapper. They are safe to um and
potent to cure.
Not only do physician prescribe the
above, non-eecret medicines largely, but
the moat Intelligent people employ them
people who would not think of using
ihe ordinary patent, or secret inediclue.
ilvery ingredient entering Into tho com
position of Dr. Pierce' medicine hat
the strongest kind of an endorsement
from leading medical writer of th
Mveral chool of practice. Mo other
medicine put up for Ilk purpose ha
any such prefturkmal endowment. '
Dr. Pierce' Pleasant Pellet cure con
stipation. Canstlpatlon I the rants of
many disease. Cure the canes and von
ture the disease. One Pellet' Is a gentle
native, and two a mild cathartic. Prog
aist ll them, and nothing Is "lust a
sjuud.' Kaay a teeut a candy.
left to themselves, are an orderly, law-
ahldlng. Ood-feartng people.
Female SaaTra tn t tab.
1 have taken eonsteVrable pains to In
vestigate th advantage and disad
vantages ef w etna a suffrage as practiced
here. By rater-viewing those opposed to
snd favoring the taw. roost of the women
I have conversed with oa the subject,
while sometimes exereialng the privilege ef
voting, freely admit that they cannot per
ceive any particular benefit to themselves
or to the community derived by this newly
acquired privilege, as thetr vote usually
duplicate the vote of their husbands,
brothers or lover ; while the thought and
discussion of political questions and can
didates detract their time and attention
more or les from their home and domes
tic affairs, and If let alone by the office
seekers and politicians, women would
seldom participate In general or iocs', elec
tions. Judging from the small amount of
Interest manifested In political affairs by
the female voters of Colorado, Wyemlng
and Utah. I nplne thst universal suffrage
In the United Ststes wfll be somewhat like
that noted city In New Jersey earned
long-a-comlng
Since our sojourn here twelve months
ago, a large spacious sanltorlum has been
constructed near the entrance of the cele
brated Ogden canyon. Ogden capital and
enterprise own and controls this bene
ficial acquisition, as well as the electric
car line, which has been extended to the
bsthing establishment.
The "Hermltsge." a bontn-n American
note, built entirely of mountain cedar
and polished by the artistic hand of man.
has alto been erected In the canyon at the
crest of a beautiful mountain height, over
looking the majestic meandering Ogden
river.
The streeta here are unusually wide, well
macadamised and handsomely adorned on
either side with tall poplsr shade trees, and
seem to terminate north and east at the
foot of a great mountain. The nights sre
delightfully cool, while the pure mountain
air and Water Invigorates and strengthens
the young and old alike.
Ice here retails at 25 cents per 100 pounds,
while the city and county abounds with
lucious fruits and berries of every flavor
and variety. PA VID B. ANDERSON.
GREAT ENGINEERING PROBLEM
Building a Railroad Across the Ca
nadian Rockies la !o
Easy Task.
The new Orand Trunk Pacific, the big
gest and most Interesting of the new rail
road projects, Is to pass through Edmonton
on Its way from sea to sea. Edmonton.
Indeed, practically .bisects the western half
of the line. Between here and Winnipeg-,
there are SOU miles of prairie; between
here and Port Simpson, th terminal point
on the Pacific, there are 1,000 miles of
mountains. On the prairie active con
struction work la today going forward:
contractors" camps are swarming with
Gallolan laborers; district and assistant
engineers are riding back and forth over
flat prairie and rolling prairie, sand hills
and river bottoms; the pile driver and the
steam shovel are driving back the an
telope, the coyote and the Jack rabbit; the
new line, changing Its form and sub
stance before , each new obstacle now an
embankment, now an excavation, now a
trestle Is .pushing Inexorably westward".
This much Is a plain story of constructive
work. The plans have been worked out;
the route has been stsrveyed end staked.
The tssk of the engineers In charge Is
mainly to see that the contractors live up
to the specifications. Farther west It Is
different.
Open youi atlas again and glance at the
thousand miles between Edmonton and
Port Simpson, on the Pacific. It Is here
that you find the lank spaces. Now try
to Imagine that an unknown wilderness
lies between Chicago and New York. Ima
gine, too. that Instead of the hills of
Pennsylvania and New York you have the
Canadian Rockies, with a. doxen minor
ranges thrown in for good measure. This
means that you will be lucky to get
through with a maximum altitude of five
to six thousand feet. There ore lakes
rivers and unbridgeable chasms In the
wy; but you. at Chicago, aa division en
gineer In charge of the survey work, are
expected to find the one beet route to the
ea-a thousand miles, remember, through
the Imposslhle-not a route, but the best
route.
To complicate matters a bit. suppose
hat another division engineer, with the
Merest, of rva line deeply at heart.
mt ? CUcKO- w,,n Precisely the same
ebject In view. There Is very little doubt
tha only one of you can have that best
route. The man thst mi... it .. ..
a lit, m nnxeiv
conceivable that both may mlse t, wlil
'" "P-ny in the way of dropping
million. W dollar. I extra difficult .
"ruction. All this muet be made uput
of profits. Suppose, too. that, after the
two roods are built, your grade. ,re
engine' 'JT n'"-, Rmb" t-lh. same
engine will haul exactly twice as much
up a four-tenths ner ' ucn
rZ r..une ? two-t-nth. per cent.
"'"-prooaoiy turn out to be
:7hrM,; th Jhe first, for your rival
will be, able to haul more freight with
the .m expenditure for motive powP
and your looses will o . '
mm? r'medy ' ""lding-,nd
millions more. In abort. It I. pret"v
harply. as ,h. saying runs, up to you
You must And that one best rout, wl.nout
tain m.. you muM be very cer-
labor An ivnismv.
Rirminv tm - - . .
beet sugar year v and ...J.?"0000 ton '
million ton. Plng more than
mn.d.y:"nJ-!E,"r -'. ' grade.
were worth ahou'"' ?.,?ur,n "d
n n.Vi.lnrrw' ln number every ver
ItofV" J" 1M they rtumbJfed
year. Th.'I" "IV" ." 'he previous
nd Vln 6 oc" in lm
at. '"Donation of precious
iuiSniiii r" lo ln""ae In 1!M u wa;
ireas: Tey"
uihiiiuiiub,
Dai'i.l 1 W t k... ...
across the continent. What the so-tiiuH
lepeater' has done for telearranhv ii.
Charles- Invent Ion. It la now ctaTmJd I.Ji
done for the telephone. Th comb niia of
,ohfeahlul
covery. view to tue ui-
intenrilif',.!: hlch. of abaorbrng
ton In ex.V T; .th"rt ,on ' .'.'0
iwa Pilorto the great strike of
b7r?eu '.'.Vn',. ,. conaunw. .rj.TW
It Went M hrn,. 1 r..r , i . , . jr
lkM) ill .7.r '-.! "eri. in
country 'wis of hon" ncn. 'U lT,
-i.i fin iDrurn iii tills
country, riututlcs recently gathered by the
f,uro,f'mKnL'!,,"r lh"1 h.,con,hT?ejVuT!
put of these two states amount to more
irK ?!. h Product
.. j ...... . ,jhii nve leauuuf
Mlt-producUig states la.tVar were UicitT-
vi. Wh-Cch,4u:n"'nrd M; harrelar.Ntif
Jork, .3o.Vin barrels; Ohio. t2.&&S barrtl.-
ii t L i nve atate con-
i. V T v 1 . " . " ln" lo' quantity
of .alt produce.! in the country during the
REMINISCENCE OF GEN, LYON
Brats and Loyal Soldier Whois Lift Went
Cut in first Battle of War.
LLAVCS HIS MARK IN THE NORTHWEST
Tradltloas and Castoms Brashed
Aside tVheai They CnnflKrten with
Ills Sense of Right in
Jeatlee.
Nathaniel I.yon. who fell In the first
real battle of the war for the union at
Wilson Creek. Missouri. wa a son of Con
necticut. He was well named, for as a
soldier of lion-hearted resolution and cour
age h proved himself the peer of .every
other. A graduate of the fnlted
Milltiry academy. It happened him to be
stationed In Kansas during the struggle
for supremacy between the free and skive
state In that territory. He was an eut
poken abolitionist and was personally un
popular tn the army for that and Other
reasons. Ho wrote snd published a book
upon the subject, of which I lone; owned a
copy ha sent to jne. but which was lost
when "my heme at Seymour park was de
stroyed by fire In 1S9P. My first meeting
with' him was In the early months of 1S3.
Tvlth the rank of captain In the old Beoond
regiment of tnfantry. he was a part of te
force of General W. S. Harney, the hero
of Chapultepee, either during or Imme
diately after the wanton butchery of peace
able Indians at Ash Hollow lii lSS and
waa stationed at Fort Kearny (this name
Is properly spelt with one "e"). I think he
did not participate In that battle. General
Harney arranged to meet the peopl of
the Sioux nation at Fort Pierre, a trading
post of the American Fur company, and
ln concentrating troops there (a locstlan
opposite what Is now the town of Tlerre,
8. D ). and he march 1 across the barrens
from Fort Kearny with the regiment in
the later months of 1S56. It was told of
him that, under the army regulations of
that time, he was entitled to a horse on
such a march, and that, refusing the lux
ury on the ground that It was the duty of
an officer of his rank to share the tolls of
his soldiers, he walked at th head of his
company every step of the way. It would
ha-e been entirely characteristic of the
man had he done this, and the story Is
probably true, aJthouah I do not remem
ber that I ever asked him to verify it.
Drafted Into ervlee.
Other troops were moving up (the Missouri
on a flotilla of steamboats to Join those
that wre soon to march from Kearny
and "other outposts, under command of Ma
jor H. W. Weesells. father ef the late
Frank Weesells of this city, and one of the
officers made a landing on the Omaha side
of the river and called on Governor Mark
W. Isard to Inquire about a yoiuiK physi
cian from New York, of whom he had
heard at the old Council Bluffs landing,
fourteen miles down the river. The troops
had cholera, and the surgeon had not re
ported In time at Fort Leavenworth to
Join the expedition. Governor Izard pointed
my little home out to him, and Captain
P. T. Turnley. quartermaster, drafted me,
and also Mrs. Miller, whom It was Im
possible for me to leave alone under x
tetlr.g conditions. Into the medical service
ef the army. It waa one early day In
June, 1S65, that we sailed out upon an un
known sea Into a vast, wild and practically
unknown region of wilderness and sav
agery upon the good ship William Balrd.
William Chambers, who Is still with us,
waa Captain Turnley' wagonmastef in
those days, and the captain of that day Is
living yet at Highland Park, a Ann suburb I
of Chicago. The late Captain "BUly" Wilcox I
was a pilot on the William Balrd and .
there my long acquaintance with him be- j
gan. At a later day he became a proml- I
nent citizen and merchant of Omaha and '
held the rank of captain by promotion In '
after years In the navigation of the most
treacherous and dangerous of all navi
gable rivers. t '
(enrral 9wceey la rttrty.
General Thomas W. Sweeney, who
fought by the aide of Lyon at Wil
sons Creek,; and who lost an arm at Churv
ubusco, ' famous for gallantry of conduct
on many desperate battlefields of the civil
war, a polished gentleman and every inch
a soldier, was one bright, particular star
on the long and monotonous voyage to Ft.
Pierre. His manliness, his quick Intelli
gence, wit and bubbling- Jollity, often break
ing out into song and story, were most en
joyable. Thomas W. Sweeney was one ef
th finest specimens of the Irish race I
ever met. There were three boala which
kept company on the trip, and I was fre
quently transferred from one to anotbar as
my medical service were required. Six
thousand Indians, men, women and child
ren, had gathered at Ft. Pierre to hold
high council with the representative of
General Harney, and It waa in their midst
that I first learned to admire "the untu
tored Indian." No finer specimens of phys
ical manhood were ever seen on this earth,
than those Indians presented, and when it
come to debate on their . right and wrongs
they were more than an even match for
ouf own people. It was Red Cloud who
made out such a cas with Generals Sher
man and Sanborn that Shermau aban
doned Ft. Clark, In sheer Justice to the
compact of the government with the grand
old chieftain. I met him twice only, but
I was known to him as a fighting friend
of his race, and for quite a long time I
was In friendly correspondence with him.
The Sioux nation contained more than one
Red Cloud.
General Lyon did not arrive at Ft. Pierre
until after wa had left It on our return to
civilization, and I did not meet him until
ISM. This Is what happened.
Lucrative Place Lost.
. Fort Randall waa to be built at the
mouth of the Running Water river.. Troop,
wet sent to guid aud build the garrison,
a seven-company cavalry post, and Lyon
was among them. A post trader wa. to
be chosen by three ranking officer on duty
there Major Wesscls, Captain Lyon and
another officer. Captain Todd, a cousin of
Mrs. Liucoln, had resigned hla commission
In the army to take the place, backud by a
St. Louis firm of Frost & Atkinson. Lyon
hated Todd he was a great hater and de
termined to prevent his selection If he
could. He had heaid of me, but,
us previously stated, I had never
seen Lyon. Bankrupt for any other
candidate, he nominated me for lb
place. There waa much discussion. Major
Wessell was a warm friend of mine and
officers generally at Fort Pierre bad a Id
kind things of me. An unwritten law uf
th army waa In vogue-tn those day ihat
when an officer of the army resigned tu
accept a post tradership it should b lei;
him in preference to a civilian. Lyo'u
didn't cars for any unwritten code but hi
own. The vot of Major Wessell for Cap
tain Todd lost to me one of the moat lucra
tive place In the gift of the army or the
government. That pluc with the fur trade
at that day could nof have been wortU
half managed, less than 160. CO) a year. Or,
hi way to the state that fall Major W ea
se Ua landed at Omaha and told me iti.
tory as her related and explained lo uir
how be was compelled, under his keu
sense of obligation to a brother officer, lu
vote against me for post trader ut Furt
Randall. On what slender threads ihc for
tunes of men sometime hang!
!-ral sad Tree.
Captain Lyon found me out In Omaha ii
15. PI wa her several time. From
that tlaA e aw the closest ot frieud
T1IE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: AUGUST
until t hat Important life was lost st Wil
son Creek I tried to Join him. ln hi In
vitation, at Springfield severs 1 days before
the bait Is. but could not reach him. I
received a letter from biia through a mes
senger urging aie to ee President Lincoln
and have him reinforced, and was on my
mission of personal devottnn when news
came of his death. Governor Tom Price,
the union governor of Missouri, such weve
the conditions of anarchy and war In Mis
souri at that time, dM not even guess
where either Lyon or Price were until 1
carried the letter to him giving Information
of Lyon's desperal situation near Spring
field. Nothing ws done to uccor the
brave soldier, although three Idle regi
ments lay at Holla for weeks without any
conceivable object.
Nathaniel Lyon was a small, lithe, spare
man of medium height, blonde complexion
and sand-colored hair and beard. His eye
were bluish gray, the head was l.irge, the
forehead high and broad. Hts tempera
ment wnt intensely nervous, sanguine,
which accounted for his remarkable men
tal and physical energy. When he walked
his heel appeared to hit the floor first. Clear
of head, warm of heart and passionately
patriotic In his devotion to the union, he
was loyal and tfue to bis country, as to
friends, and his death was mourned as a
calamity In all the northern states.
It Is a strange coincidence In this chap
ter of our history that the man Frost, part
ner of Captain Todd at Fort Randall, was
the General Frost whom Lyon made prisoner
of war at Camp Jackson when he struck
the death blow to the confederate inva
sion of Missouri for which that camp was
believed by Lyon and Frank Blair to be
a preparation. GEORGE L. MILLER.
RAILS HIGH ABOVE SEA LEVEL
Second Hlahest Point la the World
Attained by a Rallrond A
, Colorado Spectacle.
The completion and opening for traffic
of a railroad 14,000 feet above the sea level
Is an event of moment In that kind of
building, and the one Just finished, leading
from the Colorado Southern line to the
summit of Mount McC'lellan on Giay's
Peak, Is the second in the world to reach
that altitude. The other is In rem, lead
ing through tbe passes of the Andes. Uulh
line carry- the locomotive, with Its proud
and conquering plume and It piercing note
of triumph, half aa high as tho higheat
peaks In the world, with somethtng to
spare. No longer need It be said that
Mountains Interposed make enemies of
man,
though It may have been true enough
when. th poet wrote it
There are high mountain pase yet left
In the world for the railway to cleave
through, though It may he doubted If inany
of them will ever much exceed those named
In altitude. The Himalayas, their peaks
upholding the root of tbe world, are yet tu
be grldlroned. So are the Thlan Shan
ranges, and In general the whole mountain
system of China; our Intercontinental lines,
going on apace and soon to Join their Links,
some time will in the nature of tiling
have some pretty high places to cover,
but if they climb anywhere so loftily aa
the one Just finished and Its Peruvian
predecessor, it will be time to fire oft can
non and hold celebrations of exultation over
th performance.
It Is only the rail which has permitted
the wonders of the world to be reached,
and we have only begun to penetrate Into
their walt-ln dominions. The train which
spins over th torrent of Zambesi's fall
across Its high and slender steel arch re
veals one of the most majestic views ever
presented to mankind, but there are many
more yet to be found out and linked into
the chain binding tbe accessible together
which Is reticulated with meshes growing
smallcrand smaller all over the world.
It will Indeed be like braiding a new world
Into the pattern of the old ono, to the en
richment of it embroidery beyond all the
dreams which fancy can feign or the most
glowing imagination picture. New York
lime.
The Vneqwal Strangle.
The hungry mosquito made several at
tempts to get Into the house, but found
Itself barred out by wire screens.
"Robbed of my Irving by the Iron trust:"
It hummed plaintively.
Wearied by Its exertion It flew back to
the margin of the pond whence It came.
Some enemy had sprayed the surface of
the water with kerosene, making the
neighborhood utterly uninhabitable.
"Defrauded of my ancestral home by th
oil trust!" It moaned. "What Is the use
of keeping up the struggle against preda
tory wealth!"
Then U lay down and died another vic
tim of plutocratic greed. Chicago Tribune.
Make a Sacoeaa of Yoar Talents.
. Tho opportunity ef your life la awaiting
you ln the new towns on the Chicago Gctat
Western railway. Openings in nearly all
lines of business. Write today to E. B.
Magi 11. Mgr. Townslte Department, Omaha,
for full Information and copy of "Town
Talk."
CHAT ABOIT WOMEN".
It is eatlmAted that the Suaan B. An
thony memorial building will require S7K.00n.
It will be on the campu of the Rochester
university and Is to he (or the use of
women student.
Mrs. Hannu Sharp Is a candidal for
Couutv recorder at Pes Moines, la. She
Is making a campaign, that is waking up
the men and is accompanied by a gl?e
club. 8h Is the wife of a union soldier
who was disabled ln the war.
Mr. Ella Ongman, at one time a business
woman ot flit Laike City, Utah, has sailed
from Ban F.'ancisco for Alaska to explore.
Mrs. Ouaniau speak the Knuulmaux Ian
sTuacs and hopes, with the aid of native,
to carry her researches farther than those
explorers who have preceded her.
"Mies Cecilia Mtlow. who came to thl:J
country three years ago to study our
meinoos or worn witn street boys, ha been
ucceiful In organising boys clubs in
Stockholm that a generous person there h:is
guaranleU her a life Income, so that she
may continue tit work throughout SwuJuu.
The youngeot and most democratic of all
the Rockefellers is L'ctna Augusta, daugh
ter f Mr. and Mrs. Frank Rockefeller of
Kusbi 11, Kan. This young woman, whom
John D. Rockefeller Is wont tn style his
"favorite niece," though lie and her father
re only couetns, has Just man led John
Porter Brook, keeper of a modest millinery
hop in Is Angeles. Cal.
With th purchase of the Lurelos ranch,
In Texas. Mrs. H. M. Kinx. popularly
knot n throughout the south wentern por
tion o: th l ulled &ikte a the "Caul
Queen."' i now th owner of I.JW.OuO acres,
a tral of ground nearry twice the area
of Khod Island and neurly aa Urge a
Lfelaware. Mr. King latest purchase
embraced 170.HW acres, th consideration
being ll.MO.OiJU.
Tha Kuaslitn railway department ha de.
cided to allow women serving In th differ,
em railway department all of th right
and privilege of men. In future no differ,
em will be made between men and women
in th uuestlons of salaries or appoint,
menrs to higher post. Women are allowed
to undertake all sorts of work of an un
teohnlcal character, and after an easy ex
amination a great many technical duties aa
well.
In th town of Pessan. Germany, a school
to train girl In chemistry connected with
sugar refining was openei some time ago.
ajicl result are so aatiafactory that sim
ilar training schools connected with oan
factories, paper mill and other manufac
tories are to be opened. These girls ar
all from the bttr clar. and It Is said
that all who entered s original pupils of
the first school passed uch tin examina
tion as to secure good situations at once.
rntil tb! fear only one woman ha uc
ceshfully passed tha xareinaiton for t-.
i a Mu Helen Henry. Vo
"""nu i'n in m musical
m r.
" r- I his year Miss Heuelr -.
veer. old. was admitted, the sixth
ten, to the loge ef the com net I tor A,r ,h?
I'rix de Koine lit th sect,e,n of s .anture
She has studied In th Kcole h bm ,,
Art., and aim 1M with the cu'0r Mar
gueei,. here ),. obtained ,'"
prise, the first medal of th4 h?f venrW
competition, which exempted ei " from the
ri trial for tu Rouiaji cAnpVtliZT
12. 1906.
Mison
Victor TaDdng Madifiies
The New 1906 Models From Ten to One Hundred Dollars
SEE THIS GREAT OFFER
.Nothing Down We offer to sell you an Edl
son or Victor Talking Machine on the' condition
that you pay for the records only, and bctln to
pay for the instrument ,0 days later.
We prepay all exnres charges on all retail
orders. Write for catalogue.
Our Mr. George E. Mickel has just returned from New York, where
he attended the annual convention of Thonograph Jobbers of Ameri
ca. While there he placed an order for 2,000 new 1906 model Phono
graphs, the first consignment of which has just arrived. This is tho
largest Phonograph order ever placed west of the Mississippi riv?r.
Easy TermsNote Our Offer
OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS.
Nebraska Cycle Company
Cor. "Fifteenth and Harney. Omaha.
GEO. E. MICKEL, Mgr. 834
Jf rums! itu
SOURCE OF THE SPARKLERS
Great Gulches Du?in tie Earth in Search
ef Gems.
DIAMOND MlhlLS OF SOUTH AFRICA
How the Kaffir Delve la th Dark
Blir) r.rooad to Srlisg to
Light the Precloo
Jewels.
Euch of th great mines ha Its several
compound where th Katflr are Impris
oned. Thee are enclosure with walls suf- !
flclentiy high to prevent escape, and around
the walls 1 a stretch of roofing sufficient
to prevent the inmates from tossing dia
mond to the outside to be picked up by
ronfederatea. la the early day the Kaf
firs used to throw diamonds over the walls
ln tin cans, so that tlvlr wives or friends
might come and pick them up. When the
Kaffirs go to Klmberly from their tribe
they agree to submit to Imprisonment. Tha
nhortest period la three months, but there
are many who have never been out of the
compounds for two or three year. Those
who go underground are. for th most part.
drillers. They take a chisel and a ham
mer and drill holes In the hard, rocky
ore, called blutfrroundk ln which the dia
monds are Invariably Imbedded. Thes
hole are for blasting th rock and re.
duclng It to a crushed state. Ton of dy
namite, are used In tbe mine and th
stifling smoke make it no pleasant task
to remain underground after the explosion.
At th Klmberly mine there are 1,600
Kafirs who work underground; the Pe
Beer mine ha; 3.060 th Bultfpnteln mine
has 3,000; tbe Du Tult's Pan mine ha S.uu,
and the AVesselton mln ha 4,000. In ad
dltlon there are several shift of-whlte men,
some of them miners, some of them engi
neer, some driller, and some In charge of
moving the ore out of the mines. The
work never cease. It goe on all night
and all day Sunday.
Blast Cease First.
The first step In the mining Is drilling
the holes for the blasting. Then th blasts
are touched off. and the crushed blue
ground I rohveyed to th shaft of the
mine, which I 1.4U) feet away from the
tunnels where the mining Is actually done,
At the font r.f tha ulmft tha UT. la 111,... "
. .w v. . - '
Into a huge bucket, or "skip," and thi,
fastened to a great cable, I rapidly drurVn
out ot th mine by powerful engine. 4?Uch
diamonds as have been accidentally lounj
have been washed from placer bed beside
om jTlver. The mining process a the
modern way of finding diamond. Thou
sands of wen. niOMtly negrresi, with no
higher aim ln 11e than to earn tl Zi a t
day, are perched upon th jTueground rock
In the tunnel drilling wn a chisel and
hammer. Th spirit ot sventur ha been
eliminated by th atundou devloes of
the mechanical engln 9:T,
Th task of separatng the diamond from
the blueground re res months. From the
shaft the ore is conveyed to what are called
the 'rJoors"-gr.yu ureteric of ground
cleaned off Uk a tennis court. Th or I
taken there ir. truck or car, which r
fastened ter4 fMt apart to an endless cable,
propelled fcy the power from th engine
rooru. KAch floor I 100 feet square, but
their c rnblned territory covers a great area
ot ,Bd, one mine alone having "floor"
whl.fi, extend Ave miles. Thes floors"
ar nothing mart than dumping grounds.
'JVon their smooth surfare Is spread the
"blueground to a depth of about ten Inche.
Being very susceptible to the action of air
and water, the blueground disintegrate
after being exposed several months, and in
the crumbling such Inde-truct ihle crystals
ss diamonds or garnets are released. Thl
Is facilitated by Harrowing the ore fter It
lias been exposed six months and Is begin
ning to become pulverised. Th harrowing
Is done by steam ploughs drawn back and
forth over th J'floor" by a cabl. Any of
Direct
Representatives
of the
Ploiograpliis and.
2,000 New 1906 Models
Hrwulwajr, COUNCIL BLUFFS Phono
the blueground that Is not decomposed by
the long exposure I taken to the crushing
machine, where It 1 pulverised. All th
pulvertied blueground Is taken to the pul
siator or separating rooms.
Diamond Caaarht la Tallow.
The quarter where the separating I
done contain large washing apparatus and
an Inclined plane covered wth a coating
of a thick, tallowy substance. FlrsC trie
pulverised blueground I) waaned thor
oughly In huge tuba or tanks. The water
dissolves the softer dirt arid leave only
th hard pebbles, crystal and coarse sand.
Thl coarse matter is poured over the In
clined plane, or pulsator. In descending
the plan the dirt and gravel paas on to
the lower end. and the diamonda become
Imbedded ln th tallowy coating. From
88 to 99 per cent of th precloua stones ar
thus entrapped, the diamond often bury
ing themselves In the soft substance.
The tallowy stuff Is sera pod off, placed
In cauldron and melted. Becoming thin
and oily under heat. It I poured off. and
the diamond are found at th bottom of
the cauldron. The diamond are sold In the
rough. A ayndlcate of diamond merchant
In Europe buy them at about one-third
the price a jeweler charge for the finished
stones. Taken from the cauldron to the
general office of th De Beer company
every day. these rough diamond are sen.
a rated according to value and slxe and are
then ready to be sold to the Diamond syn
dicate, 75 per cent of whose stock, by th
way. I owned by th De Beera Consoli
dated mine, limited.
Averaae li&r' Ootpat of Mine.
The following figure show the average
output of the mine for a single day:
Value per
K-avnt. Karats. Value.
Klmberley ...
P Beer ....
Pu Tolt's Pan
Buttfonteln ..
Wteselton ....
-T1.50 1.600
$17.2r,0
11 M
...v 1760
(60
7.75
l,V0
l.&Kl
l.nno
2.S0O
34, HO
42.0W
SO.00O
19.37S
Total...,
10.130 3133,150
The D Beer Consolidated mine. lim
ited, pay In a(lngle year dividend to th
amount of 3lO,:s;5.f0. It contribute Insur
ance money(-for the benefit of Its employe
amounting to iftoo.ono. it lay aside an
nually 31.'O,000 for further Investment, and
after all.1hlB.lt ha a balance of 33.780, ono.
What th Kaffir Get.
The Kafflr with his chisel and hammer
mnjtr 31.30 a day. He Is paid at the rate
of, 1 shilling for every foot he drill Into
Je hrd rock. Sometimes he drills th
required five feet in three hours, but often
times It take him the full eight hour of
the sWft. With this 3120 he must support
himself, for he lias to buy his own food,
clothing and cabin furnishing. Som
where he ha a wife, or several wive, out
on the veldt. A Kaffir Is always anxious
to have as many wive a he can. for with
these Kafflr tribes wives are an evidence of
one's wealth. The wives sometimes go to
Klmberley while their husbands are In th
compounds, and there live In quarters set
aside for that purpose; but ihoy are never
permitted to enter th compound On tay
i
. . ... aii oi mia can be avoided,
however, by the use of Mother's Friend before baby comet, at thit
great liniment always preparet the body for the ttrain upon it, and
preserve i the tymmetry of her form. Mother' Friend overcomet all the
danger of child birth, and carries the expectant mother safely through
this critical period without paitu It is woman's greatest blessing
Thousands gratefully tell of the benefit and relief derived from the
uu rtf tnia wAnilrfiil
remedy. Sold by all
druggists at f I. oo per
bottle. Our little
book, telling all about
this liniment, will be sent free,
Hi Brtifleil Rtnltttr U. iiiiitv Ii
Factory
SEE US BEFORE
BUYING
Remember We Are
Western Headquar
ters for the
SO flnn New Record to
eJU.UUU Select From
Free Concert Daily
Nw August Records Now on Sale
11818, 438 X. 24th St., SO. CM A II A.
day the wive flock to the gates of th
great compound and clamor for the pay of
their husbands. They give tholr names nt
the gate to a guard, or th number by
whlrh their husbands were entered, and
send within for the money. The money I
sent outside by a guard. Many ot the
womon carry to the gates a child or two
strapped to their shoulders.
-Tl!8-v of Jffc.liijje.mlne I great.
What I known as "mud rush" sometime"
happen by the Inrush of water from the
surface. Rain - water gos flooding down
Into the vat crater of the ml nee. In thee
crater He various kinds of clay and other
strata. Thl earth becdme very oft and
slippery fter a soaking, and It often break
through underlying bed and goe thunder
ing Into the tunnela of the mine. World v
Work.
Ol'T OK THE ORDINARY.
There are no fewer than seventy-seven
distinct dialect spoken In England.
The longest fence In the world. It I
!il.urht' 18 on of wlrs netting In Australia.
II. mile long. Its object la to keep rabbit
from the cultivated field.
In Alaska la found a kind of fish that
make a capital candle when it is dried.
The tall of the fish la stuck into the crack
of a wooden table to hold it upright, and
Its nose is lighted. It give a good, steady
"Kht of three-candlepower and considerable
heat, and will burn for about three hour.
A JefTersonvllle, Ind.. girl who several
months ago wrote her name and address
on a piece of paper which she slipped Into
the pocket of an army blouse that she waa
making, ha Just been married to a soldier.
I.t the anxious girl who haa carved her
nam and address on a watermelon con
tinue to hope.
Number of experiment have been mad
to test the speed and destinations of oorked
bottle thrown Into th sea st various por
tions of the world. The most remarkable
example ever heard of wa that In which
a bottle traveled ,000 mile ln about two
years and a half; roughly, at the rate of
six and a half miles a day.
Seven year ago, while playing In a sand
Pile, llttl Minnie Huffman of Bhelbyvllle,
Ind., then aged year, got a piece of
gravel in her right ear. Physicians failed
to extract the stone and the child gradu
ally lost her hearing on that side. Yester
day, while at supper, ah wa biting a crut
of bread and something snupped In her ear.
The stone fell to the floor and the glr.'a
hearing waa Instantly restored.
Th Putnam cottage In Greenwich, Conn.,
Is to be dedicated a a museum by Putnam
chapter, daughter of th American Invo
lution ThlH la M am.ll 1. n.. .. I. . I
Is that Israel Putnam wa occupying it a
ma iiiwnni wmn eurpnsea Dy uritish cv
airy, and he dashed away on tils trusty
mare down the precipitous steps of "Put a
hill," was shot at. but turned at the foot
of th steps and shouted. "I'll hang ye to
the next tree when I get ye." Th cottage
I about 300 year old.
Rev. Charle Wolfe, the author of the
Immortal poem entitled "The Burial of Blr
John Moore," wa accused not long ago bv
imaey. n was saia
that Wolf had cribbed the poem bodily
1 1 um inn r itiu.Ii. inr matter nas Deen
given wide currency in th press, owing to
f li . mrrmmt r.,,n lu .1 . U ...... L , . ,
..... n - n'jui.i ivj iit fifniii iimm ri!Jw.vel
for nearly a century. Now It has been dui-
vw.n-u mat mo r iviien iieni was a liter
ary hoax perpetrated by Rev. Francis Ma
honey ("Father Prouf) and published In
"Father Front's Rellques" among th
"Bongs of France." It Is really a clsvtr
translation of Wolfe' English vers.
Every womti covet
hapely, pretty figure, and
many of them deplore the
lo ef thetr p-irliah farm
efter marriage. The bearing
of children it often dettructive
to the mother's thapelinecs.
FirSfBsncdl.