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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 27, 1906)
TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1906.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
C R08EWATER, EDITOR.
Entrd t Omaha Potoffle aa second
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
B i'ATKMKNT OF CIRCULATION.
Stale of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss;
C. ('. Husewater, general manager of The
Iio Publishing Compuny, being duly sworn,
says that tli actual number i .till and
complete copies of The Daily. Morning,
Evening and Bunday Bee printed during tlio
month or June iFa. was aa ioiiowb:
1 81,780 H
t . .'. 31,800
Leas unsold copies io.s
Net total sales mk
Dally average 3l,ao
C. C. ROS.JWATKH,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before mo this turn oay of June. 1!.
(Seal.) M. B. HL'NUATE,
WHEX OVT OF TOW.
Subscribers leaving; th elty tern,
porarlly shoald hav Th Be
mailed to them. Address will b
rhaaged often a repaired.
What el bc waa to have been expected
but rain on circus day?
In the language of chess, the Rus
sian situation bears strong resem
blance to a "statemate."
Tom Johnson of Cleveland must be
polishing up his anti-monopoly record
bo It will shine when he welcomes Mr.
Douglas county is said to be low on
assessed valuation of mules. Mules
mutt be at a discount where the auto
mobile fad is furious.
In leaving his entire fortune to his
wife Russell Sage doubtless figured
how to keep it out of the hands of pro-
Late court lawyers.
North American Indians could have
told the Pulajanes what necessarily
follows when hostiles face the Twenty
fourth United States' infantry.
And now the Black 1 country la
learning that Omaha's i.ade boosters
have a taking way with them when
touring the land on a trade excursion.
Now that China Is taking steps to
educate its lawyers, the real limit of
dilatory practices may be realized
when oriental apathy is added to that
of the law.
The gubernatorial contest over in
Iowa Is coming to a head with pros-
pects of a political battle royal when
the republican state convention meets
at Des Moines next week.
Attorney Wright of the Water board
assures the public that the newly se-
lected water works appraiser la a first-
ciass man in every regard. Now. u n0 historic catastrophe like univer
the recipient of this bouquet will only eai cM commotion In Russia, sud-
Roports of American consuls ln
Germany Indicate that the natives
Lave little to fear from American
tinned meats If their stomachs can dl-
gest the food habitually served by
The Interstate Commerce commis
sion declines to give out rulings under
th new rate law until specific cases
arc presented. Thus does that body
ahow its appreciation of the judicial
duties Imposed upon it.
In meeting King Edward at a prl-
vate audience, at th request of the
"" utuwi iau nrwuea irouDie
In the ranks of his supporters which
might hav followed the appearance
Of a photograph showing him In court
is ii not strange mat wnen a cor
poration wants to hold laborers In
'peonage It always selects some state
where democratic majorities are the
rule. In states where that party is
ln a minority It poses as a friend to
Th Rock Island wants Omaha buel-
ness men to suspend Judgment until it
can rearrange the rates that are com-
plained of as discriminating against
this city. Omaha asks the Rock Island
to suspend the discriminating rates.
Her is a chance to get together.
President Stickney evidently meant
business when he promised the Omaha I of corporation records and papers, al
Commercial club that he would have I though the giving of such testimony
the Union Pacific grain allowance case
reopened by the Interstate Commerce
commission. If Mr. Stickney should
wla out It would doubtless b a feather
la the cap of th Chicago Great West
era. but ther Is a decided difference
of opinion a to what extent Omaha
woald be th iainr.
Ksovan crop monet.
A far more stringent money marl et
than exlata at present might naturally
have been expected from the reporta
of the national hanks, which are really
the reserve banks of the country. The
proportion of cash reserves to deposit
liabilities la far below the record for
a series of years at the beginning of
the crop movement, while the crop to
be handled the next few months is
enormous. Yet there Is comparative
ease In the money market and no ap
prehension of eerloua failure of emer
The explanation chiefly emphasised
In financial quarters is the availability
of the gold stores of Europe for Im
portation, coincident with the favora
ble balance of International trade,
which the treaeury abstract recently
published shows amounted for the
twelve months preceding July to over
a half billion dollars. Not only will
the $70,000,000 imported after the
San Francisco disaster not have to be
returned now, or soon, but the situa
tion Is such that further drafts can be
made almost Indefinitely as needed.
Engagements for new gold are re
ported in the ordinary course of busl-
ness. and the secretary, of the treasury cornpuisory purchase had led the peo
ls known to stand ready. If it should nlA tn ,,,, iti,.tinn ha become
be necessary, to extend the import ac
commodations which were so effective
In the San Francisco emergency.
Besides, the treasury Is in better
position even than It was at the corre-
spondlng season the last three years,
the surplus being large and a consid
erable part of the proceeds of the $30,-
000,000 Panama canal bonds being j
available for deposit with the banks
for a time. The result, too. of the
liquidating process In trie stock mar-
to reduce Immensely the speculative
use of money,
These important conditions. In con
nection with the further fact that the
western banks themselves are in
stronger position than ever, fully
countervail the apparent Inadequacy
of the bank reserves in the great east
ern centers and lack of preparation to
meet the demand at this period of the
A DEPRESSING FINANCIAL FACTOR
The most serious factor which the
financial world has now to take into I
account is the possibility of a break-up
in Russia. Some small fraction of its
seriousness is shown by the nervous-
nesB manifested in European financial
centers. In spite of protestations that
the crisis precipitated by dissolution of
lhe Duma will pass away and the ex-
traordinary means resorted to to main-
tain Russian government securities In
the chief markets.
All this, although it may seem very I
remote, affects the status of values in
our own stock markets almoBt as dl-
rectly as those of Europe. A revolu-
tlon paralyzing Industry and regular
! government in the czar's domain
would instantly start panic in Berlin
and Paris, for unnumbered hundreds
of millions of Russian securities, na-
tional and industrial, are in the hands
of the French and the Germans, who
under such conditions would begin to
throw them on the market. The
emergency. In short, would instantly
cause a call for accommodation on
London and New York, although the
holdings of Russian securities Is small
nere and ln Ureat Britain, in the form
' Ba'es f a" kinds of American stocks
and bonds. It would be precisely the
Barae Process that followed the insolv-
ency 01 Baring uros. in iss irom
the memorable collapse of South
American securities, when overloaded
European holders were forced hur-
rledly to raise cash by selling the bet-
ter stocks and bonds representing the
public and private credit of the United
States. And we have Just seen slml-
har transactions, although on an in-
comparably smaller scale, as a conse-
0Uence of the San Francisco disaster,
denly destroying hundreds of millions
of values held abroad, could befall
without the shock being disastrously
felt throughout the financial world.
Although no such event Is anticipated
now nr tn tha nnr fntnra tha mora
tLought of ,t a8 a poM,buity u today
a depressing Influence in every finan
cial center, great or small.
TRUST orFlcULS as witnesses.
The action of the United States dls-
trlct Judge ln New York In the grand
Jury Investigation of rebates alleged
to have been granted by the Sugar
trust to the trunk lines la another
8lgn that the time has gone by when
rorooratlon offic als can succesnfull v
rerUse to produce in court the books
and recorai of their companies and to
te.tifv fuliv frnm thie wnwiH
I nriilnr tha Bam It IWMo ihn.l f
a revolutionary change so far as en
forcement of law is concerned that the
general auditor of one of the colossal
trusts is peremptorily given the alter
natives of instant obedience or of be'
lng sent to Jail for contempt.
Such action is among the first fruits
of the recent epoch-making decision of
the V State supreme court In the
Tobacco tPU8t c8. "herein the immu-
mty Provision or the constitution
w6,cn WM lon bulwark of trusts
8na tru" nn" against prosecu
t,on na PuWlcUy. " swcojingly
held not to apply to corporation offl
cers and employes as witnesses touch
lng corporation acts and as custodians
could not be used in criminal proceed-
ings against the witnesses themselves.
The practical result is that all the
transactions of the Sugar trust or any
other corporate trade combination
I charged with unlawful acta, whether
the evidence of such acts be their
1 books and records or the testimony of
thelf officers and agents, can now be
turned Inside out to the uttermost de
tail for the Inspection of the courts or
other competent public authority en
trusted with enforcement of the law.
Such witnesses, therefore, stand be
tween the penalties for perjury on the
one hand. If they testify falsely, and
on the other hand the arbitrary penal
tlea for contempt. Including imprison
ment, if they refuse to testify. This
dilemma now lmpregnably established,
is proving one of the most formidable
weapons in the hands of earnest au
thority for the vital purposes both of
publicity and of bringing offending
corporations to book.
WATER WORKS COMPLICATIONS.
That the Howell compulsory pur
chase law has tangled Omaha up in a
ruaie of water works complications,
foreshadowed by The Bee at the start,
Is now apparent even to those who up
to this time have wilfully shut their
eyes to the dangers and pitfalls which
that law opened up. Having pursued
the course required by the compulsory
purchase law up to the point of an ap
praisement at more than $6,000,000,
or nearly twice what the sponsors of
so critical that the discovery of a way
out Is practically imperative.
The Water board Is continuing on
the theory that the water works is to
be acqulred under the purchase clause
of the contract and has rejected the
finding of the appraisers and laid the
foundation for securing a new ap
praisement upon the same plan.
Against this the water company Insists
that the appraisement already made is
valid and binding, and that the city
has no right to reject it or to ask for
a second appraisement. The conten
tion of the water company is that it
has a complete right to a decree for
specific performance of the purchase
contract at the price fixed by the ap
praisers, and it remains for the courts
to adjudicate these conflicting claims.
In the meanwhile, a diversion is at
tempted by the suggestion that the city
abandon the idea of acquiring the pres
ent water plant and proceed to con
struct an Independent water works of
Its own. Of course, if there were any
thing to be gained by building a new
plant instead of buying the one now
here, the city could and should have
set out In that direction in the first
place without wasting three years of
time and bquanderlng from $50,000 to
$75,000 on a needless appraisement,
unnecessary litigation and a salaried
Water board with no water works to
manage. The proposal to build an
other water plant at this time would
also run counter to the pending pro-
ceedlngs. The city has elected to buy
the existing plant under the purchase
clause and can doubtless be held to
that option, the only matter in dispute
being the question of price
a new water plant and then be com
polled to buy the old one in addition
would be foolishness personified even
If legally practicable.
If the city can only get out of its
present dilemma, forced on it by the
vicious compulsory purchase law, it
would be free then to acquire the
water plant under its power or emi-
nent domain, with a right to name all
the appraisers and accept or reject the
appraisement as it sees fit. This was
the course 1 ne nee advised at tne out-
set, and it still offers the only feasible
way to reach municipal ownership of
our water works
The selection by the Water board
of another appraiser to represent tho
city under the purchase clause of the
water works contract is doubtless
harmless, so far as It goes, providing
it does not carry with It a big retainer
until It Is. earned by actual service.
The bll! against the taxpayers" is pretty
large already, considering that we are
apparently no nearer municipal owner
ship than we were when the original
appraiser was appointed by the city.
With an "open rate" of 60 cents
per hundred pounds on sugar between
San Francisco and New York it is diffl
cult to imagine a rebate from this
I SOUTCe but On Order of COUrt the
books will show if railroads were so
anxious for business as to take it at
a pretended loss,
With Platte county, the supposed
stronghold of rock-ribbed democracy in
Nebraska, instructing for the nomina
tion of a populist to head the demo
cratic state ticket, the democratic prog-
nosticators will have to wake up and
get their bearings.
The assurance that there Is no ill
feeling against Americans along the
northern Mexican border is proof that
that part of Mexico is not rejecting a
good thing" In the way of Yankee
cash for development of its natural
It was hardly necessary to deny the
report that Major Dreyfus had been
assaulted by a French army officer, as
the most rabid of the plotters has
sense enough not to antagonize unl-
verBal gentlraent at this time
Considered aa a part of th "Whit
Man's Burden," the Pulajanes ar entitled
to rank aa exhibit A.
Devotion to th Ideal.
Mr. Qrover Cleveland la a man of stead
fast purpose. H keep .fishing as Indus
triously aa In th days when reporters hov
ered near tn th hop of getting a chance
to count up hi catch.
Will History Repeat!
Twenty-thr days after th dissolution
of th national assembly of Franc by
King Louis XVI occurred th fall of th
Bastlle. The csar may well wonder whether
ihr la mor significance In this than
the fact that twenty-three Is an unpropl
Soavealr for th t sar.
The members of th duma might add to
the fitness of things by sendlrg to th ciar
the ien with which their manifesto was
Example Are Plenty.
Bt. Louis Globe-Democrat
The ptesent cisr of Russia la not likely
to be the first ruler to disprove th truth
of the proverb that revolutions never go
Plenty of Time Yet.
It Is asserted that Mme. Tattl has earned
more with her vole than any other per
son. Still, Colonel Bryan Is not as old as
Rah-Rah-Boy In Kansa.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Th college yell la now heard In the fields
of Kansas, and at no time does it sound
more genuine or more hearty than It docs
when the dinner horn blows.
What's the Answer
Owing to an overproduction of gold, sn
underproduction of the necessaries of life,
or soma other reason, you have to put up
a little more collateral for most of the
things you buy. Figure It out to suit
Occasion for Surprise.
Bt. Louis Republic.
The admission of northern supreme
court Judge that he had asked for a rebate
on a premium paid an Insurance company
Is said to have caused a great sensation.
The company's refusal to accommodate
him looks like the sensational part of the
Rale for Editor. ,
Colonel Cmborn. editor of the New Haven
Register, offers an adequate reason for de
clining to serve as the chairman of th
coming democratic stat convention In
Connecticut. His editorial position forbids
this kind of "partisan service." It surely
does. Suppose the convention over which
he presided embraced policies against his
convictions; as an Independent editor In
the campaign he might have his troubles.
A good rule for editors is "either edit or
I.Tlnir In Welaht.
New York Olobe.
It certainly would be a sever test of
the popular temper If it were found that
the Ice scales of the city had been called
In and reset at a 40 per cent discount rate.
There Is considerable reason for believing
that the commodity end of many retail
weighing machines systematically deceives
the indicator dial, but the amount of the
pilfering is unusually small, and more the
result of carelessness than design. Inspec
tors of th bureau of weights and meas
ures who have rounded up aeventy-elght
short-weight Ice scales during the last week
report that about half of them weighed
long by from twenty to forty pounds per
hundred. ' That is, the dial Indicated a
hundred pounds when the actual weight
was only from sixty to eighty pounds.
DEMOCRACY IN THE COLLEGES.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
It has been suggested that the presence
of so many wealthy studenta tn certain
American universities fosters th exclusive
spirit and endangers the democracy that
should be encouraged In our Institutions
of learning. President Hadley of Yale in
the current number of Harper' Magaslne,
In discussing the Influence of wealth in
college life, observes that the Increasing
number of rich etudents docs not, under
present circumstances, constitute a serious
danger. "There Is enough vitality ln our
collea-e democracy," he says, "to take care
of rich bt ys and poor boys side by side.
and make them both useful cltixens."
While President Hadley admits that It
Is easier to maintain the democratic spirit
where everybody Is doing the same thing
and nobody has much money, h points
out that the college world Is a type of
the world without, where the rich and poor
exist together, and where each class has
Its responsibilities. He regards It as one
of the most hopeful signs of the under
graduate life that the students, "and par
ticularly the wealthy students," are pre
paring for the assumption of political re
sponHibllltles. College studies, he thinks,
tend to the establishment of a system
under which the man with money feels
that he holds It In trust for the public."
In this way the democratic spirit is main
The universities and colleges of the
country are probably doing mora to en
courage a feeling of equality among Intel
ligent young American than any other
Influence ln our national life.
LOVERS' VOWS I COVRT.
Sweet Exnberanc of Tender Passion
Not Binding neclnratloa.
St. Louis Republic.
Pledges of affection written and spoken
have netted more public entertslnment.
though perhaps less pecuniary penalties.
lately, than promissory notes those dan
gerous human documents. Suits to recover
for breach of promise and to punisn anus
of love have been frequent tn the chronic
les of the year.
Pittsburg furnished the most sensational
... ... l l II.. v. A . n
case or tne ainu, pniu-iiwuj i.-uoc
the fervency which characterised the un
fulfilled promises of undying affection.
The public Is familiar enough with tne
courtship that ends In court for both living
lovers, but the Instance of the Philadelphia
woman who sought to moke a tender pas-
sag In a love note the basis of a claim
against her dead Idol s estate Is unique.
even In this day of surprises.
"I am youra to do with as you like. All
that I hsve Is yours to do with as you
like," wrote the wooer ln a burst of
amatlveness. Those little sentences came
In handy for the bereaved Juliet who, per
haps, saw a chance to get a substantial
remembrance of the departed Romeo. The
letter containing the generous declaration
was filed as a will with the register In
Fortunately for other heirs, and unfortu
nately for the young woman and the pub
lic who would have been glad to see th
romance completed, the register of wills,
In s scholarly opinion, decided against
Juliet- He held that "ordinary poetic or
romantic license Is considered an essential
privilege of a lover's Impassioned rhe
toric.'1 and had no doubt that the deceased
Romeo "Intended to retain some remnant
of supervision over the actual disposition
of himself and his possessions."
That decision seems to have been written
while a vivid remembrance of similar
wholesale phllanthrophy In hla young days
glowed In the msglsterlal mind. In sny
event. It Is a safeguard thrown round the
fee of a vast deal of wealth, which ardent
swains arc now giving and will continue
to give In letter to their charmer Had
the principle for which the pretty young
litigant strove been recognised, hardly any
man's substance would be safa after his
death from the clslms of th doxens of
young women to whom in his lifetime
he had made ssslgnments of body, soul
But th Incident show, too, that "to
love and be wise" If possible. Laberttis
to th contrary notwithstanding.
HOIR OP LAROR.
Legal Restriction to Re Submitted t
During the last session of congress, when
Mr. Oomper and other labor leaders made
their demands for the passage of the law
against Injunctions and of an act extending
tke scop of th present eight-hour law,
Speaker Cannon and the president spoke
rather sharply to the labor leaders of the
unreasonableness of many of their de
mands. The labor leaders then announced
that they would embark upon the otoriny
sea of politics on their own account.
Congress Is now adjourned and there Is
no hope for the present of passing the
eight-hour law, but the congressional elec
tions are approaching, and the president
Issues an order for the enforcement of the
limited eight-hour law of 1S92 In the Army,
Navy and other departments. There is
thus, happily, provision for the "spell
binders" In the fall; but shipbuilders need
not fear thst their contract work, taken
at bids Based on nine hours. Is In Jeopardy,
nor ned labor leaders delude themselves
with the notion that the eight-hour law
which congress refused to consider Is to
be established by "executive order."
The eight-hour lsw which failed of pas-
sag at th last session was a broad bill,
which provided that eight hours should he
the limit of Isbor on work don for the
government. Under the terms of the bill,
shipbuilders and manufacturers of all sorts
of articles and contractors and subcon
tractors employed on government work or
contract, whether or not they happened to
be performing the labor or service within
the limits of government property, would
hav been limited to eight hours. It was
Th act of 1SD2, now in force, provides
that laborers and trtechsnics employed by
tho United States or by contractors or sub
contractors "upon any of the public works
of the United States" are limited to a day
of eight hours. The president proposes to
enforce this law. It Is a difficult matter.
The wisest lawyers do not know how to
Interpret the law. The attorney general of
the United 8tates long ago decided that
the eight-hour law under this act could not
be enforced In contract work for the gov
ernment. It Is certain that men employed In tho
navy yards and on dry docks and the like
men working on government property for
the United States have the benefit of the
law. But the law Is a puixle. Th men
laying th stone on a breakwater are eight.
hour men, but the men employed by the
same contractor half a mil away unload
ing ston to deliver to the stonemasons,
where do they stand? It appears that one
and the same contractor may employ nlne-
nour or ren-nour men on practically the
same Job with bis men who enjoy the eight-
The president's Intervention at the pres
ent time may result in an Intelligible In
terpretation by the courts of the existing
eight-hour law, and naturally It may soften
the asperity of Impatient laborites.
PROSPERITY AJSD POLITICS.
Why It I Reasonable to Expect More
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
A familiar sign of republican prosperity
Is seen In New England at this moment.
Advances of wages are being made In cot
ton, woolen and worsted mills In that lo
cality. Thus far 186,000 textile operatives
have been affected by the advance, two
thirds of whom are cotton workers. In
some of the Iron mills, too, a higher sched
ule la going Into operation. The advances
range from 5 to 15 per cent.
The country looks for things of this sort
at frequent Intervals when the republican
party is at the front. In such times pros
perity 1 generally the order of the day.
All th panics hav come In democratic
times or from democratic causes. The
democ ratio party was in power at the
panics of 1817, 1837, 1857 and 1893. Every
panlo which the country has had came dur
ing days of democratic sway, except that
of 1873, and that one was a result of demo
cratic folly. The democratic rebellion of
1861-65 created the conditions that flnally
retulted in the cataclysm which came in
Grant's second term, and the republican
party at that time checked the disaster by
passing the specie resumption act of 1875,
which went Into operation at tho beginning
of 1879. Long before 1879 came the effects
of that piece of legislation had a bracing
effect on the country's finances and re
stored prosperity. .
These advances of wages now under way
will be a good thing for the republican
spellbinders to mention In the congressional
canvass. They will help to roll up a ma
jority for the republican party In Novemr
ber. The republican campaign orators will
have an embarrassment of riches In the
way of concrete arguments for th renewal
of the popular mandate for the party to
keep on running things, but they should
contrive to utilize most of them. Repub
lican sway has been a grand thing for the
country, and th continuance of this sway
for a decade or two longer will give the
American people a new cause for pride in
Pictures of th devil have been barred
from Chicago bill boards, but ln various
forms he still lingers at the stag door.
Mr. Taggart, however, asserts that It waa
positively lost, and that there Is no possible
chance for the kitty to come back.
Margaret Deland, the authoress. Is sum
mering at Kennebunkport, Me., where she
loves to work for hours In the large garden
that she has mad to blossom under her
Notwithstanding th Illustrious example
of Russell 8age, It still remains true, tin
fortunately, that not every man who works
every day and saves all th money he can
live to be 90 years old and dies worth
And then there are other people who
can't see why Winston Churchill wants
to be governor of New Hampshire when
he can have a lot more fun making pub
lishers lose sleep wondering what he Is
going to do next.
Senator LaFollett Is a vegtartao,
never eating meat of any kind. His dally
menu consists of fresh vegetables, English
walnuts and milk, ana It is said a pr?i
fighter anxious to get Into the pink of
condition would envy him.
Lawrenc academy, on of th oldest
of th old country academies, founded In
1792, will hav a new head master this
fall ln William B. Oaud of New York,
chosen to succeed H. H Bingham. Gaud
waa born In Toronto, Canada, of English
and Scotch parentage and waa educated
Howard F. Mayhew, a young millionaire
of New Bedford. Mass., Is employed In a
cotton mill there, going to work at ( SO In
the morning and quitting at i at night,
and studies In a textile school until 10
o'clock. Young Mayhew two years ago
won and wed th daughter of a . wealthy
southern cotton mill owner and Is learning
th business which his wlf will Inherit
M. Hyashl of Toklo, wishing to establish
a stable such as Is owned for breeding pur
poses by J. B. Haggln, near Lexington,
Ky., has sent his two sons to America to
remain at the Haggln stables In order to
learn Just how they ar conducted.
King Edward was delighted to listen to
Vienna's millionaire choir. For kings, you
know, ar not, after all, so different from
, other poopia. ,
MAGOO A COMHO
Rorernor of Panama Canal f.nae
lated for Hlaher Honor.
Th career of Charles K. Msgoon of Ne
braska, governor of the Panama canal
son and American minister to Panama,
la regarded hy th New York Tribune as
"a remarkable refutation of the oft-repeated
assertion that there Is no futuie
for a man In the government service." The
Tribune Intimste that higher honors ar
In store for the Nebrsskan.
"Seven years ago," snys the Tribune,
"Mr. Msgoon was a lawyer of Lincoln.
Neb., with a good but modest practice, snil
was little known outside of his own state.
Today h holds the most Important place
In the canal son and has almost outgrown
it and higher honors will soon fall to hi
lot. while ultimately he will. In the esti
mation of his superiors, be selected for a
place ln the cabinet or a seat In the su
preme court. And hla rapid promotion has
been won by sheer ability and Indomitable
energy, for never has he commanded what
Is known ln Washington as 'Influence.'
"When Mr. Magoon assumed th duties
of law officer of the bureau of Insular
affairs In March, 1K9. he had th good
fortune to And himself under the Imme
diate direction of EUhu Root, then secre
tary of war. The secretary was quick ti
detect the ability of the young Nebraskan
who had been selected to Interpret the
Jurisprudence of the Philippines. Cuba and
Porto Rico and to reconcile the often con
flicting legal principles of Spanish and
American law, and In a short time "Judge"
Magoon he unwittingly acquired the title
with the office became the trusted legal
adviser of no less a lawyer than the sec
retary of war, himself too busy with large
enterprises to study the dusty tomes, in
this capacity no task proved too arduous.
no Investigation too tedious and no problem
too abstruse for the energy and application
of Judge Magoon, and he won the hearty
admiration and approbation of Secretary
Root. His decisions and legal opinions
were, by direction of the secretary, pub
lished ln book form under the title, "The
Uw of Civil Government t'nder Military
Occupation," and It has been necessary to
produce two editions since "the first waa
exhausted. Judge Magoon also acted as
special counsel for the secretary of war,
co-operating with the attorneys of the De
partment of Justice In defending the fa
mous "diamond rings" case and several of
a similar character ln th United States
"When, In 1904, this country had acquired
provisional sovereignty of the Panama ca
nal sone. Secretary Tsft found urgent ne
cessity for an able jurist to prepare a code
to meet the peculiar conditions existing In
the sone, and everything ln Judge Ma
goon's experience seemed peculiarly to
qualify him for the position. He waa ap
pointed In June of that year. When he
called at th White House to thank th
president the executive said to him:
" 'When a man has won his spurs as you
have there Is no need of hi thanking any
body to wear them.'
"Magoon blushed like a girl when he
heard this frank praise from the 'th big
chief,' but he replied with his usual quick
wit, and the president asked him If he were
not of Hibernian descent. The Judge ex
plained that he was a Mlnneeotan born, of
New England ancestry, and th president
told him h was a 'a credit to both cast
"As counsel for th Isthmian Canal com
mission Judge Magoon not only solved the
numerous knotty problems affecting' the
conduct of the commission, but he also pre
pared the laws of the sone, which are still
In force, and which were the subject of
high praise from Senator Morgan of Ala
bama during the recent session of congress.
"Judge Magoon Is mor than an able
Jurist. Ha is a diplomat, He Is a big
man, constructed much on th lines of
Secretary Taft, mentally, physically and
temperamentally. And what Taft did for
the Filipinos Magoon was calculated to do
for th Panamans. And he has dona It.
When, a little more than a year ago, the
president determined to reoreanlxe the
Isthmian Canal commission he made Judge
Magoon a member, and then designated him
as governor of the Panama canal sone.
letter he was nominated also as minister to
Panama, en office he has since filled, al
though without remuneration.
"It is as governor of the Panama canal
sone that Magoon has won the renewed
admiration of the administration, which
is certain to result In his further mate
rial preferment. When he went to the
Isthmus in June, he found deplorable
conditions. The sone and, in fact, the
entire republic of Panama, were atrlcken
with yellow fever, and the republic was
on th verge of a revolution, a not un
usual condition with a Latin-American re
public. "The people of Panama had been or
dered to "clean up by Mr. Magoon's pre
decessor, but they were loath to take
orders. They had been ordered to 'keep
the peace.' but such an order they re
garded almost as an Insult to their man
hood. Governor Magoon gave no orders,
and yet he accomplished all he set out .to
do. He did It by persuasion and appeals
to the pride of the people. Tou are an
American republic, and th people of the
United States expect great things of you,"
said the new governor In his Fourth of
July orstlon last yesr. and that was his
text throughout the cleanlng-up days. His
suavity and diplomacy made It possible
for Colonel Gorgas. his expert assistant at
the head of the sanitary division, to eradi
cate all the sources of yellow fever con
taglon. The Panamans, always urged on
by his expansive smile and fatherly con
sideration, aided and assisted. The result
Is that for the first time ln the history of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral certainly
cures hard coughs, hard colds, bron
chitis, consumption. And it certainly
strengthens weak throats and weak
lungs. Ask your own doctor. . If he
says it's good, take it. If he has any
thing better, take that.
We have no secrets! We publish
the formulas of all our medicines.
Ksd ky tk . C. Arm Co.. Lwll, fetus.
Ala SuilMtiutrl of
A TBI'S HAIB YI0OB-Fr tk salt. ATIB'S PILLS-Fer coottlattoa.
ATfcfi'S SAE8APARUXA Fat tk blase. AYKB'S AGUB CURB-F.T malana AS4 af.
this continent the isthmus of PsnamS It
free from yell.-w fever, and not only rt'
the people cf rnm snd the thousand
of Americans who hav gone ther to
construct the csnal enjoy good health, but
a grave menace to the southern cities of
this country has been removed.
"The metier of revolutions Governor Ma
goon found n ore difficult to deal with,
hut he mastered the eltuaHon. 'Revolutions
sre Inimical to progress, snii the eyes of
the American people sre upon you. They
expect great things of you, snd they will
be sorrly disappointed If you wsst your
energy and your substance In Internecine
conflicts.' was the text from which h
preached. When on one occasion last
winter 'a tempest In a teapot" seemed
Inevitable, Governor Magoon gave a re
ception to which he Invited the leaders
of both factions, and over the coffe cups
In the smoking room the differences were
patched up. Governor Magoon presiding.
When the elections were in progress, about
the first of July this year, the governor
was everywhere In evidence. He strolled
shout or drove around the polls. He
walked arm in arm with th alcsdes, and
by the very contagiousness of bis good
humor snd the manner In which h man
aged to convey the fact that he expected
of a people 'as Intelligent ss the Pana
mnns' an exhibition of law and order he
did more to prevent friction than th en
tire police force of th republic. In a
word, all that Governor Taft was to th
Philippines Governor Migoon Is to Pana
ma, and h Is Just as dearly beloved. H
Is not a married man, but he seems to
hav a heart so expansive thst It takes
ln th Interests of all who rorr In contact
with him. There Is much sentiment In
Charles Magoon. Never does he com to
the United States, even for a brief stsv.
but he races half way across the continent,
to visit his mother, who Is still living In
Lincoln. Neb., and It Is a safe assertion
that not many mothers feel a greater
pride ln their favorite sons than does Mrs.
"But the dav has passed when a man
of Governor Magoon's high order of at
tainments Is required to govern th Pana
ma canal xone. He Is capable of a larger
and more Important work than remains
there to be done. Chief Engineer Stevens
will now become the man of the hour In
the canal xone. and construction will be
the order of the dav."
The Editor Th opposition refers to you
as "a cheap wit."
The Humorist Ah! And you ar going'
to escape th stigma by raising my
salary? Baltimore American.
Customer Ar you th waiter who took
my order for that chop?
Walter Yes, sir.
Customer Bless me, how you have grown.
"What I regard aa most conspicuous
"Is her naJvette."'
"Yes," replied her hostess, "I wonder
what made her get a red one?" Modern
"How is your brother. Tommy?"
hick in Den, miss; he's hurt hlmseir."
"How did he do that?"
"We were placing at who can lean the
farthest out of the window, and he won."
Ixis Angeles Journal of Eclectic and Medi
cine. Mrs. Hlx When John wn courting m
he called me his little duck.
Mrs. Dlx Indeed!
Mrs. Hlx Yes; and we hadn't been mar
ried a month before he called ma an old
Mrs. Dlx Well, only a goose would live
with a man who called her such fowl
names. Brooklyn CWlxen.
New York Lover Come Into the garden,
New York Girl No, thank you. My
taste for shooting affairs has been Satis
fled. Wheeling Intelligencer.
"Wer you frightened when you aros to
snake your first spechf" ,-
"What should frighten me?"
"Th audience." '
"The audience left as soon as my name
was announced." Cleveland Leader.
"Miss Oldglrl told somebody she ex
pected to blossom as a flower at that
"In a sort of fashion; she went to th
well." Baltimore American.
"But." sh said with a sigh, "my daugh
ter was never Intended to be a poor
"No," her neighbor anawered, "that's
plain enough. But, of course, it had come
to a point in her case where she couldn't
afford to sit around any longer and take
chances on Fate's Intentions." Chicago
"They say that a man never reaches his
highest mental power until h Is about tfi
"Oh, pshaw, I don't believe It. My hus
band's mental power was highest Just
about the time w were married." Chi
cago Record Herald.
WHEN SHE CAME TO GLORY.
Florence Wilkinson in th Atlantic
Nay, loose my hand and let me go!
God' glories pierce and frighten.
I want my house, my flres, my bread.
My sheets to wash and whiten.
I liked the dusty roads of esrth,
The brambles and the roaming;
I liked the flowers that used to fad,
The small lamp ln the gloaming.
Th fields of God they blind my eyes.
Dread Is this heavenly Ullage.
I want the sweet lost homeliness
Of the duoryarda of our village.
Where are th accustomed common things,
Th cups we drank together;
The old shoes that he laced for me,
The cape for rainy weather?
Dear were our stumbling human ways.
His words' Impetuous flurry.
His tossed hslr, the kind anxious brow.
The step's too eager hurry.
Oh tall archangel with auch wings.
Your beauty is too burning!
Give me once more my threadbare dress
And the sound of his feet returning.
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