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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 17, 1906)
THE 0MAIIA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY, JULY ! 17, lPOfl.
L-JL ' 1
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
Enters at Omaha Postofflea aa second
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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Dally Bee and Sunday, on year J-JO
Sunday Br, one year S
Saturday Bee, ore y Mr t-
DELIVERED BT CARRIER.
Tally Bee (including Sunday), per week..!7e
Daily Bee (without Sunday), per wek..llo
Kvenlng Bee (without Sunday), per week. o
Kvenlng Bee (with Sunday). per week..lOo
Sunday Bee, per ropy "
Address cnmplatnta of Irregularities In de
livery to City Circulation Department.
Omaha The Bee Building.
Bouth Omaha :ity Hall Building.
Council Bluffs 10 resrl Btreet.
Chicago IMi) Vnlty Building.
Nw York 1S Home l ife Ina. Building.
Washington toi Fourteenth Btreet.
Communication! relating to newe and edi
torial matter should be addreesed: Omaha
Wee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order
payable to The Uee Publishing Company,
only 2-rnnt siamps received aa payment of
mull accounts. I'ersonel checks, except on
Omaha or eautern exchanges, not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btnte of Nebraska, Douglas County, aa:
C. C. Hosewaler, general manager pf
The Bee Publishing Company, being duly
sworn, soya that the actual number of full
and complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the mouth of June. lac, was as follows:
l ai.tao if M,4fio
2 33,610 MI 30,800
t S0.760 II 1,80
4 31.SS0 It 3L810
I SLS80 10 ga,ooo
f 33,070 II 3LM0
1 K.010 21 31,880
I S1.S00 It 33,170
33,410 24 30J40
10 30,880 21 31.V30
11 33.300 2 31,800
12 3L830 IT 31.860
II 31,810 21 31.7E0
14 31330 19 81,700
If 31,870 10 38,860
Kcsi unsold copies 10,490
Not total salsa 843,864
Daily average, 81,46
C. C. ROSEWATER.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this JOth day of June. 106.
(Seal.) M. B. Hl.'NQATE,
WHEN OCT Or TOW.
Subscribers leaving; that oly tem
po rnrll y shoaltl Save The) Bee
nailed them. Address will be
chanced aa eften required.
Indiana's corporation laws seem to
have been drawn with the special ob
ject of giving work to lawyers.
When the Russian soldiers under
take to make their new labor union
International In character the end of
war may be In sight.
With Brazil spending more than
$15,000,000 for. warships this year,
another "world power" nifty be dawn
ing upon the earth.
When the rice crop Is ready for
reapers and the cotton is white. Lake
Charles may sigh for the negro labor
ers It. has been deporting, . i.;..
The democratic, city'" council has
been la possession of the city hall nbw
for nearly two months, tint those plat
form pledges are still In cold storage.
Harry Thaw Intimates that he
stands In greater need of a lawyer
than of a press censor, and it seems
difficult to secure one without the
With the United States pressing its
claims against Venezuela, President
Castro may find more congenial work
for those revolutionists recently re
leased from prison.
In the light of the work of Bunau
Varllla In the Dreyfus case he may be
forgiven hla activity in Panama even
if the big ditch costs more than he es
timated. If Mayor Dahlman receives a few
more letters from Colonel Bryan be
Clnning "Dear Dahlman," the antl
Dahlman bunch may refuse to play on
the reception committee.
. Since the toelf-lncrlnjinatlng confes
sion of a Russian sailor the women of
Russia cannot be accused of the death
of Admiral Chouknln, and thus does
history destroy romance.
In offering an Inducement to new
settlers In the form of work on Irriga
tion canals as well as a chean home,
Wyoming has set a pace other "semi
arid" states will do well to follow.
At all events, the Baptists fared bet
ter at the hands of the weather man
than did the Methodists at their
memorable meeting In Omaha, when It
rained every day during the month of
Spokane gets the Baptist Young
People's union with Its next conven
tion, to be held In 108. All that can
be wished for Spokane Is that It may
have as successful a meeting as that
Just closed In Omaha.
Bourke Cockran may have thrown
light on the reason why Mayor Mc
Clellan did not visit Mr. Bryan In Lon
don when he aays some democrat may
step fro li the New York governor's
chair to the White House.
When Jumalcan negroes die as re
sult of thi "sanitary" homes In which
they are (laced by the Panama Canal
commission experts should realise that
habit has much to do with longevity
something they failed to take Into ac
count while laying down rules for the
An attempt is made to explain the
oppofiltion of the Interstate association
of rherlffs to the Juvenile court ma
chinery on the (round that It diverts
fees from the sheriff's office. That
might also explain why the Juvenile
court officers are Its ardent and en
thusiastic champions. Bat why not
give credit for some unselfish motives
to both sides ol the argument t
TTIK COMPETITION TOR PHnX ItS.
The approaching election of trus
tees and officers for the big life insur
ance companies of New York, subject
to the laws passed by the last legisla
ture of that state, tins precipitated a
llvejy competition for proxies. The
txjmpetltion promises to outdo any
thing ef that nature, that was devel
oped during the house-cleaning period
of last year.
Already committees are being
formed to represent various Interests
with a view to organizing policy hold
ers into compact bodies to throw their
votes solidly for one slate or another.
At the same time the officers who hap
pen to be in the saddle and want to
make sure that they are not unhorsed
are arranging to have the proxies of
their friends and those whom they
might Influence sent to some accepta
ble agency or committee so that the
votes may be recorded for trustees
who may be counted on to uphold the
All the proxies that were given last
year are dead, but those who had
them then will doubtless undertake to
resurrect them by sending out blanks
with appeals for renewal of the confi
dence formerly bestowed. Tom Law
son has not been beard from very
noisily of late, but he will surely get
Into the thick of the melee before the
What will come out of all this is de
cidedly problematic. The chances are
that the big insurance companies will
And a heterogeneous assortment of
trustees thrust upon them. Imbued
with all sorts of Ideas as to what their
mission should be. A great deal of the
reorganization of the boards will be
experimental, and Incidentally a lot
of mlsQts who are sure to work them
selves in will have to be sorted out
afterwards or shelved until they can
be Induced to make way for more use
To get all the new boards syste
matized into good working order may
take considerable time, but there is
consolation in the knowledge that all
the big Insurance companies that with
stood the fire of . investigation have
proved themselves to be on such a
sound basis that no change of official
guardianship is likely to affect them
OCTLOOK FOR NEXT CONGRESS.
Advices from Washington, where
the republican campaign managers
have, been receiving reports from all
parts of the country, are of a charac
ter to encourage the expectation that
the next congress, like the present
congress, will have a safe republican
It will be admitted that for a while
previous to adjournment, when most.
of the important measures were being
held op in commute or between the
two houses, the republican! leaders
were Inclined to be' somewhat d&biftps
about the , party, withstanding .demo
cratic assaults during the campaign
and coming out successfully at the
polls this fall. The fine record made
by congress at the windup In coming
to agreement upon disputed legisla
tion and even passing some much de
manded bills whose enactment had
been despaired of has put a new face
on the 'situation. The overconfident
talk of the democrats about capturing
the next house has largely subsided,
although it is still urgent that the
republicans be careful to make no
mistakes If they are to hold their own
in the contested districts.
This does not mean that there will
not be a hard fight all along the line,
but unless the situation Is again ma
terially changed the republicans will
have the best of It and the democrats
be at a disadvantage. This, at any rate,
Is the consensus of opinion of those
who are in position to observe Intelli
gently and form reasonably unbiased
PLIGHT OF 8 AN FRANCISCO CHILDRENZ
One of the most deplorable conse
quences of the San Francisco earth
quake and conflagration Is the pitiable
plight In which it has left the school
children of that city. Thirty-three
school houses were burned, and as if
that were not bad enough, the chil
dren who attended their classes In
these school houses were for the most
part victims of the fire, losing every
thing In the nature of clothing, books,
toys and conveniences.
One of the school superintendents
of San Francisco, writing to a friend
In the east, describes the situation by
saying that at present 900 children
are being taught in Oolden Gate Park
under his direction, divided into thirty
classes, located at Intervals of over
two miles and a halt of territory.
Twenty teachers conduct these classes
In tents, two in barracks, while eight
have no shelter whatever from wind
or weather. School text books, story
books and literature In general and
writing materials are recollections of
the past and much complaint Is made
against the favoritism and careless
nesa In the distribution of supplies, so
that while personal cleanliness Is In
slsted upon by the teacher, "it Is un
der such conditions as one would natu
rally encounter upon learning that a
child possesses no change of under
clothing whatever and no outside gar
ment not already In use." A special
plea Is made for assistance for the
school children who, above all others,
are unable to help themselves, and
who, In the Interval, besides suffering
bodily discomfort, are In danger of
losing their opportunities for educa
tlon and mental and moral develop
The situation must be Indeed men
acing to the future usefulness of San
Francisco school children, and it the
movement for relief Is hereafter dl
rected towsrd supplying the children's
needs rather than those of the grown
people. It will undoubtedly produce
the most beneficial and lasting results.
A rKRTlNCST QUESTION.
In a letter to The Bee J. H. Dumont
asks this pertinent question with ref
erence to the recent report of the
water works appraisers: "What does
the representative of the city say the
Omaha plant Is worth?"
Mr. Dumont points out that so far
as appears the city's representative
has mad no report, although he has
been paid liberally for making an ex
pert study of the works, and If he does
not agree with the other two apprais
ers he should at least give his employ
ers, who In this case sre the taxpayers
of Omaha, the benefit of the conclu
sions he has reached.
The valuation of the water works
plant is the basic matter for several
problems. The city cannot buy out
the owners of the water plant except
on an agreed valuation, but more than
that. It cannot establish a new
schedule of rates to private water con
sumers without some idea as a starting
point of the amount of revenue neces
sary to take care of the fixed charges
which of course must bear a propor
tionate relation to the value of the
If the city is to contest the finding
of the majority of the appraisement
board it will doubtless have to show
wherein that finding is excessive and
mistaken, and to do that will have to
have the testimony of its own expert as
to wherein he disagrees. We surely
should have a minority report from the
third member of the appraisement
board, who has refused to join with
the others so as to be able to tell, as
Mr. Dumont suggests, whether there
is any difference big enough to fight
about or whether an adjustment of the
two figures could not be reached by
further negotiations. If we could
once reach such a figure we would be
in better position to decide as to the
Why not have a little more ener
getic enforcement of the ordinance de
signed to prevent wagons loaded with
earth or refuse from spilling their con
tents on the pavements? In no other
city of Omr.ba's size and pretentions
do the authorities tolerate the use for
this purpose of wagon boxes that are
nothing but sieves. .No one wants to
put unnecessary obstructions In the
way of building improvements, but
reasonable precautions that would
save the pavements are Imperatively
Any one observing the spasms of the
local democratic organ would imagine
that It: was exceedingly distressed for
fear the republicans might name some
one for United States senator who was
sure to be defeated. In the mean
time its interest in the democratic
state convention consists In prevailing
on the democrats to shut the people
out of all voice in the matter by mak
ing no senatorial nomination.
Assurance is given that the city has
the legal right to abate the weed
nuisance and tax the cost of cutting
the weeds against the property neg
lected by the ownets. The difficulty
comes In collecting the tax in case all
the legal forms are not strictly ob
served. What is needed is quick ac
tion with certainty of reimbursement
without too much red tape.
Every legislative nominee no ex
pects to be elected as a republican
should be pledged by the convention
that nominates him to support and
vote for the candidate for United
States senator who shall be endorsed
in the republican state convention.
The people of Nebraska are In no mood
for legislative repudiation of thetr ex
Some of our Lancaster county
friends are Inclined to complain be
cause the assessment return for Doug
las county does not show a still bigger
increase. Perhaps Douglas county
was not undervalued so much as the
others In the first place.
The action of the British Railway
company assuming full responsibility
for the Salisbury wreck will make
American railway managers wonder
whether the legal departments of Brit
ish companies are on the regular pay
A Neglected Kick.
So far the republican party's Imperialistic
policy has not been blamed for the out
break of cholera In the Philippines. If It
poesible that the antl-lmpertalists have
fallen asleep at the bureau of complaints?
Right la Hla Line.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Eugene Zimmerman, the Cincinnati mil
lionaire, has taken hla son-in-law, the
duke of Manchester, Into partnership, and
It la announced that they will spend many
thouaanda of dollars In the exploitation of
Ireland' railroad opportunities. Spending
money Is a Job the duke can bold.
What a Spectacle!
New Tork Sun.
The spectacle of the chairman of the
democratic national committee refusing on
the witness stand to answer questions In a
salt brought by the state of Indiana to
close a gambling place for which ha. as
leasor of the premises unlawfully used, pre
tests that he was not responsible, would
be a national scandal if the witness were
the chairman of the republican committee.
The Katlaa's life Carreat.
The outlook la for the biggest winter
wheat crop on record. Splendid news. In
deed. Wheat Is. after all, king. It Is
America's staple article of food. It gives
brain, brawn, muscle, strength, endurance
and flexibility. With corn, aa a good sec
ond. It Is a race builder and everr harvest
of both la godsend, veritable and everlast
ing, to mankind. The abundant crops of
wheat and corn now promised put u all In
good humor. The fanner is pleased. Tt
mrana to him a horn well supplied with
food, the best to be had en earth, an en
larged bank account or a deliverance from
debt. It will to many meaa Improved borne
surrounding a, added Unprovemsnu sod In.
creased comfort. It will send many de
serving boys and girls to good schools and
College. It wilt spread books and news
papera, learning and culture broadcast in
Doat as a Lite Haver.
The man who said the more he saw of
men the better he thought of dogs niust
have been greatly pleased to read the
story about the Newfoundland dog that
swam out to where two boys were drown
ing a day or two ago and. letting each of
them take hold of his collar on one side,
swam with them to shore, nearly perishing
himself before he accomplished It.
"Crankiness" that Conats.
Because Secretary nf the Interior Hitch
cock has tracked down about rm land rob
bers In about twenty different states he Is
called a "childish crnnk" by the land
thieves of Oregon and their political frlenda.
It would be money In the pockets of the
people If all other high officials of govern
ment were smitten with the same disease.
Physical and Sartorial.
New Tork Tribune.
The expert English sartorial opinion that
the American soldier la the best looking
In the world will be accepted with com
placency, as judicious, accurate and con
clusive. It may be possible, of course, to Im
prove the fit of his clothes In some micro
scopic details, but after all It Is not the
clothes, but the man lnsldes the clothes
that really counts, in looks as well aa In
Hysteria Takes Jlerr Tar a.
It was a Frenchman himself who said
that the French people surpassed all other
nations In esprit and fell below all others
In the matter of common sense. The dic
tum la emphasised by the attitude of the
French people towsrd Dreyfus. Ten years
ago they execrated him. today they make
a hero of him. Yet Dreyfus was Just as
Innocent then as he Is now. Tt Is only the
hysteria of the French nation thst has
taken a new turn.
Primed for All Occasions.
St. I vi Is Globe-Democrat.
One of Mr. Bryan's close friends at Lin
coln. Neb., says the speeches of Bryan on
his return "will be opposed to extreme and
radical Ideas like those of Mr. LaFollotte,
and he will be moderate In hla expreaslona
as compared with Mr. Roosevelt." That
depends on his audience. Mr. Bryan will
roar as gently as a sucking dove when
talking to conservatives, and tear passion
to tatters when a delegation of radicals
lines up on his lawn.
Wanted A Reapportionment.
Wayne Herald (rep.).
How long will this part of Nebraska be
flimflammed out of the representation It
deserves In the state legislature? The laat
apportionment took place In 1S56, more than
twenty yeara ago. and since then northern
Nebraska has done most of Its growing.
Southern Nebraska was favored by earlier
settlement, but has grown less In recent
yeara. As a consequence the South Platte
country gets about the representation It
deserves, while It Indifferently Ignores
the merits of a greatly Increased popula
tion In this part of the state. For ten yes rs
Wayne county has been entitled to a repre
sentative, whereas It Is compelled to share
with Stanton county, which latter also
deserves more ' consideration than It re
ceives. Worse yet, Knox, Boyd, Cedar and
Pierce counties must be content with one
representative. In the senate we also fall
short of sufficient numbers. Nine populous
and prosperous enmities Wayne, Madison,
Pierce. Stanton," ' Dfxon, Cedar, Dakota)
Knox and Tlruriton-wiggle- along with
only two members -I In the senate. As a
result, this section of the state exercises
less strength In the matter of approba
tions, passage of laws and creation Of
United States senators than .properly be
longs to It. We should like to see north
Nebraska representatives unite In a de
termined effort to secure a reapportionment
and shall hope and pray that the south
Platte country will get out of the public
trough long enough to give fair considera
tion and yield to a'Just demand.
LIBERTY'S SPIRIT IW MEXICO.
Ambassador Thompson and President
. Dlas Exchanare Greetings.
Springfield (Mass ) Republican.
The Americans In the City of Mexico en
gineered a Fourth of July celebration of
a high order. There were no firecrackers
discharged, but there was much open-air
merry making, with dignified, formal exer
cises, which Included speeches and the
reading of the Declaration of Independ
ence. The American colony gathered at
Tivoll park and were complimented by
the presence of President Dial, members
of his cabinet, the representatives of for
elgn governments Snd leading cltliens of
the city. The address was delivered by
United States Ambassador Thompson, who
embodied in his talk much gracious com
pltment to Mexico and Its president, say
ing among other thinks: '
"In extolling the greatness of our native
country, let us not forget the kindly con
slderatlon and the privileges accorded us by
the government of Mexico, on whose soil
we have assembled, and whoae llluatrlous
president and wise counselors of atate gra
ctously honor us by their presence. Two
flags greet us todsy; both are emblema of
liberty; under each, by the blessing of
heaven, the hopes and aspirations of a free
people have been realised. It may be
doubted If any land In the world, outalde of
our own country, contains so many pros
perous Americana as does this beautiful
Mexico. While great rewarda for Industry
are offered at home, the Industrial develop.
ment and enterprise of our sister republic
have tempted here many thousands of
active, talented Americana. The activities
of these colonists are adding to the national
wealth of Mexico, and prosperity and plenty
reward the efforts of all earnest, honest
working Americana In this republic. Let
us make due acknowledgment to the coun
try offering u so much and to the admin
istration and government that haa brought
about such happy conditions and made
such prosperity of the American colonists
Luncheon was served, at which President
Dlas waa the guest of honor. There will
be Interesting reading what he said In re
sponse to the very complimentary toast:
"The entrance of your country into the
concert of free peoples marked an event of
universal tmportsnce. an event worthy of
undying commemoration among the bright
est and most solemn annlversarlea of hu
man annuals, not only for you, but for us
Mexicans and all nations which cultivate
with yours relations of friendship and com
merce. This Is why we take part In your
festivities today and offer you our eon
gratulatlona In the absence of any other
wsy of evincing to you more tangibly how
fully we share In your rejoicings. This
Is why we drink to the prosperity of the
land of Washington and to the health of
Mr. Roosevelt, who now worthily guides
Its deatinle. I cannot conclude wl'hout
thanking moat aincerrly the chairman of
the executive committee for the extreme
kindness with which he hs been pleased
to characterise as beneflclsl my work as a
ruler. ' But In truth what I have been able
to accomplish Is simply due to the Indus
try, the patriotism and good aense of the
It will be seen that the president of Mex
ico Is not wanting In tact, as his closing
words of tribute to tbe Mexican people
irHnt'Kt HTOHUL CAMPAIR
Admire a Fighter.
Kearney Democrat (Ind 1.
Mr. Rosewater won a magnificent victory
In Omaha and Douglas county at the pri
mary elections last week. While everybody
In Buffalo county Is for Norrls Brown, yet
they admire a man who can lick his ad
versaries at home where everybody ought
to be loyal to a home candidate.
Sot Much After All.
Humboldt Leader (rep ).
The Fontanelle club did not do much to
Edward Rosewater after all.
Xo Moonshine Baalaese.
Center Register (rp. ).
The republican county convention In this
countv has not ret been called, but a move
ment Is now under way In the committee
to have It called In the nenr future. It
seems to be the general sentiment of lead
ers of the party that the convention should
send the delegates to Lincoln Instructed to
vote for Edward Rosewater for United
States senator and this will undoubtedly be
done. Mr. Rosewater should have been In
the senate years ago and the people at
large will fix it this year so the legislature
will be monkeying with a swiftly running
bussaw If it attempts any of the moon
shine business Incident to previous ses
Aa It Looks to an Observer.
Sutherland Free Lence (rep.).
This, evidently, la Rosewster's year.
Ko Apprenticeship Required.
Plattsmouth Journal (dem.V
If Edward Rosewater was elected to the
senate he would need no Introduction to
those with whom he would be associated.
He would not have to stand around for six
years, aa Brown would, to get acquainted.
He Is known, and knows. He would drop
right Into the bringing about of the meas
ures that he has advocated for years, while
Brown would be hanging about the com
mittee rooms trying to get appointments
for some of his friends. If the next sen
ator la to be a republican, these are rea
sons why the Journal wants to see Edward
Looks Like a Snre Winner.
Butte Oaxette (rep.).
Rosewater will go to the atate convention
with numerous pledged delegates and he
will undoubtedly have the newspaper fra
ternity backing him: these facts, together
with his ability as a fighter, makes him a
sure winner. Senator Rosewater sounds
genatorahlp or Nothing.
Lincoln Politician (rep.).
The Douglaa county delegation to the
state convention haa declared that It la
first, last and all of the time for Edward
Rosewater for United States senator. The
claims of no other candidate for state office
In Douglas will be listened to by the mem
bers of the delegation and any candidate
outside of Douglaa desiring the support of
the delegation will be expected to deliver
what support they have to the editor. The
action of the delegation la entirely proper
and one which the home county delegations
of other candidates should emulate.
Reading; the Slams.
Blue Springs Sentinel (rep.).
It begins to look aa though the entire
northeast corner of the atate would be solid
for Rosewater for United States senator at
the coming state convention.
Flrat la This Field.
Tork Times (rep.).
The telegram sent by Mr. Rosewater to
the Times haa provoked considerable com
ment. No one challenges hla claim to be
ing the original anti-railroad man in Ne
braska. He was flrat in the field, aa every
body knows, and haa stayed there regard
less of all opposition. His claim that It
wss his efforts and the activity of The Bee
Bee that Influenced the state board to put
the railroad assessment so high that they
would not submit to It Is disputed by some.
If :t was his efforts that Induced the board
to make the high assessment the rest of
the proposition stands unchallenged. Had
the high assessment not been made there
would have been no appeal to the
courts and consequently no occasion for
the testimony of Charles Weston and the
prosecution by Norrls Brown. How far
Mr. Rosewater Influenced the state board
It Is of course Impossible to state, but he
waa the only one, so far aa we know, who
took up the fight and virtually constituted
himself plaintiff In the caae. Members of
the board have told us frankly that hla
efforts did have effect, though of course
none of them would be expected to say
the result was materially changed by It.
There Is no doubt In our mind that the
assessment of the railroads is higher than
It would have been had Mr. Rosewater
been as Indifferent as every other citlsen
of the state seemed to be. His arguments
and the showing made by him could not
fall to have some Influence with intelligent,
fair men, who were seeking facta and rea
son. He Is at least entitled to credit
for doing much more In that direction
than any other man In tbe atate and that
without any special obligation or duty ex
cept that of good cltlxenshlp. While pub
lic officers did their duty honestly end
fairly how many of them would have butted
In on behalf of the people, aa Edward
Rosewater did, without any official obliga
Mr. Rockefeller doea not see any partlc-
lar rcaeon for vlaltlng Ohio, anyhow.
A portrait of the late Thomaa B. Reed
has been hung In the rotunda of the state
house, Augusta. Me., presented to the state
br Mrs. Reed.
Senator Tillman has abandoned the pitch
fork and the trusts and for the next few
months will give hi attention to the peace,
ful pursuits of the farm. At his home In
Bouth Carolina Tillman Is famous as a
In commemoration of Prof. Charles E.
Carman's twenty-fifth year as teacher of
philosophy at Amherst thirteen of hi
former student presented him a volume
of essays they have written called "Studies
In Phlloaophy and Psychology."
Dr. Hugh de Vrie of the University of
Amsterdam, who is giving a course of lec
tures at the University of California on
the "Biological Principles of Selection In
Planta." haa become a close friend of
Luther Burbank and spends much time at
the latter' plant breeding farm.
General Luis Terraxa. whose wealth Is
conservatively estimated at $200,000,000,
celebrated the atventy-Ofth anniversary of
hi birth at hdme In Chihuahua, Mexico, a
few day ago. Terraxa la said to be the
largeat Individual land owner In the world,
hla eatates In western Mexico approximat
ing more than li. 000,000 acrea. He .owns
several hundred thousand head of cattie,
horses, sheep and goats.
The French philosopher, M. L Bon. com
menting on the motto of the revolution.
"Liberty, equality and fraternity," declared
that the real difference between the French
and the British lay In the fact that the
French were enamored of equality and
rared little for liberty, while the British
Insisted on liberty and never gave a thought
to equality. And when some one quoted
this to Rudysrd Kipling he Instantly added
hla own comment to the effect that what
the American really preferred waa fra
ternity. "Ha la a good fellow films If and
he expects you to be one.'
. ( '
ARMY OOMir IN WASHINGTON.
Carrent Events Gleaned from the
There are now fifty-four applications with
the surgeon general of the army from
young men, graduates of medlcsl colleges,
who are anxious to be examined on July
M for appointment as first lieutenant and
assistant surgeon In the army. There will
prchably he ten or fifteen more during the
rest of the present month and It la ex
pected that at least slxtv candidates will
be permitted to appear before the exam
ining experta, which will meet on July SI
in different parts of the country at places
convenient to those who wish to be examined.
Arrangements have been made to send
out 1.170 emergency rations for special trlnl
by Infantry of a device designed by t'te
ordnance department for carrying the ra
tion on the belt of the soldier. An effort
w-as made to have the fixtures applied bv
a firm under contract, but the expense In
volved was so great that the special at
tachment has been made at the Rock Islnml
arsenal. These rations will be shlpred at
once to Forts Torter. Sheridan, McPherson.
Missoula, Ieavenworth, Bliss and Douglas,
Vancouver Barracks and the Presidio of
San Francisco, at each of which garrisons
two companies of Infantry will he equipped
with the device, which will be worn by the
troops In the field. The officers In command
of the companies will take special means
of observing the value of these attach
ments and report, as well, the merits of
this type of personal transportation of the
The status of bandsmen, musicians and
similar enlisted men of the army aa to
target practice has been the subject of con
sideration at the War department. A ques
tion arose as to the construction of various
paragraphs of the small arms firing regula
tions In regard to these classes of enlisted
men, as to whether a band la to have an
Individual figure of merit; Whether trumpet.
era and muslrlans sr to be Included In
making up the Individual figure of merit of
their organisations; whether the band
should be reported as an organisation for
pistol practice; and whether the post non
commissioned staff Is to be Included In
making up the Individual figure of merit
of a post. The affirmative was decided
upon In the flrat three points, and on the
fourth point It was decided that only such
member should be Included a actually fire.
The session of the Army Signal Corps
school at Fort Leavenworth closed on June
SO with seven graduates Major Charles
McK. Saltxman. Signal corps, honor grad
uate; Lieutenant O. A. Wiecsorek, Seven
teenth Infantry, diatlnguished graduate;
Lieutenant Olney Place, Sixth cavalry, dia
tlnguished graduate; Lieutenant O. C.
Lewis, First Infantry, distinguished grad
uate; Lieutenant P. W. Beck, Fifth In
fantry, distinguished graduate; Lieutenant
C. L. Willard, Twenty-ninth Infantry, dis
tinguished graduate, and Lieutenant E. D.
Warfleld. Thirtieth Infantry, graduate. The
next session of the school will begin about
September 1, with Major O. O. fiquler. Sig
nal corps, as assistant -commandant. The
student officers of the Signal corps who
will attend Include Captain William
Mitchell, Lieutenant E. E. Jeunet and Lieu
tenant John E. Hemphill, who will return
from Alaska by that time. There will also
be In attendance Company A of the Signal
corps, under Captain L. D. Wlldman and
Lieutenant George E. Kumpe. It I also
proposed to send to the school a larger
number of line officer than were present
in the session Just ended.
A' very unusual case In regard to post
exchanges, which, although presenting some
difficulties, will probably rarely occur, has
beenr'brought to, the attention of the War
department. A hospital corps detachment
at an army post brought Into the post ex
change at that post on a basis of twelve
men to the detachment. ' The number of
mn has now been reduced to six, and the
dividends -of the exchange are distributed
to the detachment on the basis of that
number. The post surgeon asked what the
remedy 1 lor that condition. The War de.
partment replied that the post exchange
regulation provide that the amount to be
paid by an Incoming organisation shall be
determined by the per capita, membership
of the organisation, and therefore in the
case In question the purchase price was
properly fixed on the basis of a detachment
of twelve men. It I clearly the Intent of
the regulation that, while membership in
an exchange shall be by organization, tbe
slse of the organisation shall be considered,
aud the same rule applies to the distribu
tion of dividends, except that the slxe of
the organisation at Joining Is taken from
the number of men present at the time of
Joining, whereas the proportion of divi
dends due to an organisation Is calculated
on the bast of the whole number of men
who have been present with the organisa
Browning, Iftng & Co
ORIGINATORS AND SOLE MAKERS Of IALP SIZES IN CLOTMNO.
This is the season when everyone is bidding for
Some will offer fair goods and honest values,
while with others it will be
' Well, we won't name it.
At this CLOTHING SALE of our you can get
the best clothing the country affords at a very low
This clothing is OUR OWN MANUFACTURE.
No auction or special suit gotten up for express sale
But "top-notch" garments in every respect
that carries our guarantee for style quality and
wear, and a look will convince any one of trust
$25 Suits $22.50 Suits, $20 Suits, $15 Suits,
l.SO Soft Shirts, fl.OO Soft
niteenth ond 1
Dounlas Sis. VW NEB
sWMdwavy atd rt SYITVV
tion during tiie period covered by trig dis
tribution. This method of determining tr
amount of a dividend sinus entirely equita
ble and fairly meets the ordinary variation
In strength which organisations may un
dergo from dny 14 day.- It doea not, how
ever, contemplste the permanent reduction
or an organisation to the half of Its orig
nil, NATION II. BASKET.
. - X
tnrlvallrd Ilrcord of .Material De-
New York Sun.
All present signs Indicate that there will
be a good increase In the contents of tho
national basket this year. Wheat, corn,
cotton, tobacco, all promise- abundant yield.
There is activity In all lines of Industry.
Wages are high and show a tendency to
rise rather than fall. The sun of prosper
ity continues to shine with Unlessened
radiance. Out of this abundance many
will get much and all will get something.
Unless supply and production be curtailed
by some unforeseen disaster, the United
8tates will raise more foodstuffs than 1t
can consume and more raw materials than
It can manufacture, and turn out of Its
mills and factories more wares than It
needs. In addltmn to what will be re
quired for the enormous home demand,
there Is now every reason to expect a sur
plus output, the value of which for the
fiscal year Just beginning will bg not far
Short of l.'.OOO.noo.flOO.
No longer ago than 1R70 the total value
of the farm products of the country for
the year was a trlflle less than Itono.ono,.
000. For this year It will probably be not
far from $:.000,ono.OiO. The value of mkn
ufactured products In 170 Is given by the
census return as 4.3:,3.4. For the
present year It will be about tlR.nno.ofto.nno.
The cotton crop of 170 was S.114.&92 bsles.
The crop of this year la reported as prom
ising a yield In excess of 11.000,000 bales.
The corn crop of 170 a little exceeded
l.ono.ono.OOO bushels. The Indicated crop for
this year Is 1700.000.000 bushels. The
wheat crop of 170 was 23S.000.0O0 bushels.
The Indlested crop for this year exceeda
700.000,000 buahels. Since 1870 Import have
been multiplied by three and export by
four. The export- of manufactures has In
creased from $68,000,000 to W00.000.000.
This Is an astounding record of material
development within a single generation.
Along with thla material growth ha gone
a parallel gain lii physical comfort and
convenience not to be estimated In fig
ure, either actual or comparative. What
la somewhat loosely called the "standard
of living" ha been raised for wjge' earner,
farmer, clerk and millionaire. By wage
earner as well a by millionaire many of
the luxuries of 1870 are regarded as neces
Hies today. '
Btll!eu-Do you believe the good die
Cynlcua-Well It's a problem to know
S?oth.e,i ihejrd,s rouns: or outgrow lt
Tou admit you were at fault In that In
veatlgatlon? "Oreatly at fault." answered the trust
magnate. "I see now where I could have
taken far better precautions for conceal
ment." Washington Star.
Mamma No, dear, the Atlantic ocean
never freeaes Over. 1 ' '
Elsle-Oh, but it muatr I heard papa
telling Mr. Oayleythat when he wa com
ing across from Europe the laat time he
had hi skate on aU the time Philadel
"That young Jenks' I a useful fellow to
meet in a sudden shower, for be always
carries an umbrella."
"Yes; the girls all oatl him their rain
beau." Baltimore American.'
Lawyer My wife bought this rug- In my
ofMce at sn. auction sale. -
Client She paid a blavprlea for It. too. .
' Lawyer Haw do you knotrr-' " ,r r '
Client I . sola it to her. Detroit Free
Press. .. ( ., . ., , v; . .
"Look out foh pride," said TJnrl Bben.
"If generally when a man I braggln' to
hlsse'f 'bout what a good card player he
is dat he gets ketched off hla guard and
loses all de mas' Important tricks." Wash
'Isnt It awful," remarked Growells,
looking over hi gas bill for the last quar
ter, "isn't it surprising how gas bills run
'Not so surprising," replied Kidder, "con.
sideling how many thousand feet they
have." Philadelphia Press.
D wight Anderson In the Bohemian."
The young man kissed the maiden fair '
And aha did not resist,
Nor any protest offer a
She twice and thrice -wa kissed.
But when he src&cKed her once again
With a resounding pop,- .-,
She stamped her pr-jtty foot and cried,
"Don'tr "Btopr .
The young man was chagrined to be
So frigidly repelled; , ,
He mutely drew his head away
And fred the hand he held.
Deap ellence reigned one might have heard
A tiny hairpin, drop . .
Until at last the maiden lisped, .
Shirts, Boys' 91 Soft Shirts,'.
U y OMAHA
W YORK rasas. C M
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