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THE OMAHA DAITA BEE: TUESDAY, JUNE 26, 1D06.
The Omaha Daily Dee.
E. ROSEWATER EDITOR.
Kntered at Omaha Fostofflc aa second
TERMS OK SI BSCRIPTION
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torial matter should te addressed: Omaha
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Remit by draft, express or postal older
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Only l-oent stamps received as payment or
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THE BKE PUBLISHING COMFANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County,
C. C Rosewater, general manager of The
Bee publishing Company, neing duly sworn,
says tlat the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally. Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed duilng
the month of M.v. 190S. was as follows:
1 80,270 1 81,R4
J mt.H-A 17 Ml.fiSO
I SI.BTU IS
4 si. nan i
i ai.fi tK)
10 81. BOO
n si. WW)
27 81, WW
Less unsold copies io.wmi
Net total sale t7H,M4
Dally average 81,870
C. C. ROSEWATER.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 4th day of June. 1908.
(Seal) ; M. B. HUNQATE,
wiiei out or TOWS.
Sabaerlbers leaving- tke city tern
orarlly shoal hSTS Tho Be
Mailed to tnesn. Address will be
chssged as oftea aa requested.
Jf those Soudanese ?.re to continue
on the warpath. Hudyard Kipling
may be compelled to revise Uls "l-'uizy
If that Massachusetts law maker sub
stantiates his charges of bribery New
England may look with greater sym
pathy upon Kansas and Oregon.
The development of Pkusitu ruder
American Influence is proved by the
fact that free . fights have succeeded
armed revolutions on election day.
Emperor William may be uotting
enough amusement out of the Kiel
races to conippnsate for, li. l-.uk ot
p-lifcr whlch,ja)l 1'j.i t:e ijval :und.
' At this .distance It would look ft. if!
the delegates to the Iowa republican'
convention could take a long recess
after the committee on credentials ia
The report that China intends to
pursue a- strong policy in Manchuria
may mean that Russia has not given
up all hope of ice-free port on the
Our congressmen must feel the need
of making a showing at home as the
house has decided to sit until 11
o'clock at night to permit the mixing
of political medicine.
At last the senate has taken cog
nizance of, its weakness and no reso
lution 'for adjournment will be passed
until necessary legislation is beyond
the reach of filibusters.
The' public hag the satisfaction of
knowing that if another $10,000,000
deficiency bill Is presented some de
partmental head will fall, unless an
excellent excuse Is at hand.
It cost the government $100,000 to
secure Greene and Gaynor and bring
them to trial, but the principles ot
International law established in this
case are cheap at the price. .
The announcement that a depart
ment store on the American plan Is
to be opened in London should cause
l British newspaper advertising mana
gers to sit up and take notice.
When one congressman demon
strated how "aged" whisky could be
made out of common alcohol and es
sences, the success of the pure food
bill in the house was assured.
Almost six months of the year 1900
have rolled around, but still no report
from those water works appraisers.
The position on the appraising board
must be the next thing to a life tenure
Ope ot our Omaha pastors has gone
back for a Sunday sermon subject to
the old-time topic ot "Heaven and
Hell." and without drawing any in
vidious comparisons with current
events. Pulpit sensationalism must
It is gratifying to note that in
Omaha's brisk building activity com
mercialism has no monopoly, but that
new churches and schools, hospitals
and homes for Christian associations
are largely in evidence. This is a sign
1 of all round growth and development
The efforts of the populists to force
the renomlnatlon ot George W. Berge,
who ran for governor on the fusion
ticket two years ago, is said to be
causing resentment among the demo
crats. Democrats are willing to cater
to populist support, ut they do not
want to pay irj- a price.
RATE BILL AXD FREE PASSES.
The autl-pass 'amendment to the
rate bill, as it has been finally agreed
upon in conference, follows a middle
course between the positions assumed
by the senate and the house, but Jt
goes much further than merely pro
hibiting free transportation on Inter
state railroads to any officer or person
In the service of the United States, and
Includes "any officer or person In the
service of any state, territory, or the
District of Columbia, or In the service
of any county, township or municipal
ity." It makes It an offense punish
able by a fine of from $100 to $2,000
for a common carrier subject to the
act to issue a free pass to such persons
cr for them to use. receive or solicit
passes. At the same time the amend
ment exempts all other persons from
the operation of the ' prohibition, thus
leaving - a wide field for future con
gressional action or to state legisla
tion. t. '
1 he process by which this result, has
bfrii reached is curious. The original
bill as It passed the house contained
no anti-pass provision, aave.. Jnfren
tir.lly In the prohibition of discrimina
tions. The senate, however, at a late
sti.fcO In the consideration of the bill
added an anti-pass amendment which
contained so long a ' list of exempt
classes that It was estimated that
passes could be lawfully granted to
from 10,000,000 to 16,000,000 per
sons, but officers and employes of the
national government were strictly In
cluded in the prohibition. Thereupon
the house changed the senate amend
ment to an unqualified prohibition of
ftce transportation to all persons.
It will be seen therefore that tha
two houses finally agree to shape leg
islation for the present on the one
V.t. as to which there was universal
agreement, namely, forbidding puss
favors to government officers, both
federal and local. The practical diffi
culty, it appears from all accounts. In
the way of going further at this time
arises not only from the fact that
many other Important controversies
regarding the great rate measure had
to be settled between the two houses
but also that to discuss the question of
exempted classes opened up an Im
mense field for dispute. The central
and original purpose of the measure
related to abuses in freight rates, and
when later the question of passes was
raised it was found Inadvisable to at
tempt to settle the whole subject, al
though very substantial progress was
finally made even In that particular.
It Is realised In congress, as well as
outside, that public sentiment is now
such that the remainder of the free
transportation phase of the problem,
so far as interstate commerce la con
ferred, will be disposed of in the near
TEy YEARSOF FOREIOX THADE
The official figures given out from
Washington show in accurate totals
the tremendous growth of our foreign
trade during the decade from 1S95 to
1905, the total imports increasing
from $708,000,000 to $1,080,000,000,
and the total exports from $787,000,
000 to $1,462,000,000. Thus while the
imports in the latter year were almost
one-half larger than in rho former,
the exports had almost doubltxl.
The increase of exports has reached
a magnitude which is beyond concep
tion save by comparison. The balance
of trade in favor of the United States,
which in 1895 was $372,000,000, was
in 1905 $680k000,000, an Increase of
almost 100 per cent. It has been suffi
cient to pay all interest charges on
loans from abroad, ocean freightage
and foreign tourist expenses, the last
item being estimated to he tit least
$100,000,000 annually, and Hill leave
a big net balance., which during the
decade has paid and brought home
an immense amount of investment
stocks and securities previously in foi-
The one disappointing feature of
our export trade relates to tropical
and subtropical countries, being much
less than half the value of those from
Great Britain and . increasing at a
slower rate. It was anticipated by
many that those countries would be
one ot the most hopeful fields for in
creased selling, but the obstacles in
transportation, international banking
and customs of the trade have not
been removed as rapidly as was ex
pected. But in all other respects the
progress of our foreign trade has been
extraordinary, corresponding to our
The signs which always portend the
near approach of adjournment of con
gresa have made their appearance, and
through the prediction of Senator Hale,
who in the absence ot Senator Allison
Is in charge of appropriations on be'
half of the senate, that Friday will
bring the end may not he literally fill
filled. It may 'be confidently stated
that adjournment is now a matter of
only a few days.
It is true that a great deal ot bus!
ness remains to be disposed of, but
foi the most part it is in such shape
that much time is not required. The
three important measures, rate con
trol, meat Inspection and pure food
are still in conference, but as to the
first two controversy has been nar
rowed to very few points on which
there is llke'y to be little time-con
su tiling debate. There Is more dlffl
culty as to the pure food bill which
as a rider to the agricultural appro
priation, has been materially changed
in the house, and powerful interest
are at work in opposition to take ad
vantage ot every possible means to
defeat or to weaken it. It has not
been as thoroughly worked 'out in de
bate, either in congress or before the
public, as the rate control and meat
inspection measures have been, and ac
cordlngly the opposing Interest show
a disposition to utilize the now domi
nant desire to adjourn, which there is
evidence -has been their plan since
the bll'. passed the senate nearly two
But the congressional decks are al
ready being cleared. The remaining
work on the appropriation bills la to be
rushed. Night sessions will be held
and then adjournment will be only a
matter of hours. It is Inevitable that
some measures of large but not of
prime Importance will fail, as always
happens, but enough legislation on
vital concerns is now assured to make
this session a memorable one.
SKCLKISQ I.V THE AMBCSU.
Those who are trying to prevent R
solid delegation from Douglas coiitity
going to the republican state conven
tion in the Interest of Edward Rose
water's candidacy for United States
senator are simply skulking In the am
bush. They have no leader around
whom they can rally to make a fight,
but, on the contrary, have as their only
watchword "Anything to beat Rose
water." To accomplish this purpose
they wore willing to take up with any
one willing to make the race against
Mr. Rosewater, and tried out one can
didate after another without success
until they finally pretended to land
upon a nominal candidate whose only
contribution to their campaign is the
support of the local democratic organ.
It should be understood that the op
position to Mr. Rosewater in Douglas
county is not for anybody nor for any
thing, but simply to beat him. It
started out with a plan to prevent any
nomination for senator whatever in
the republican state convention and
that still is the hope of the "antis"
Irrespective of itg consequences upon
Omaha's retention of the senatorshlp.
Unable to see a chance to win out in a
straight and above board fight between
two delegations they have secured by
court order a Juggled ballbt, designed
to disfranchise a large part of the re
publican voters and prevent them from
having any voice in the nomination of
their ticket. They have no expecta
tion whatever of polling a majority of
the votes cast at the primary, but their
aim is to break into the delegation by
the election of a few antl-Rosewater
The task of Mr. RoBewater'a friends
is to elect a solid delegation of eighty-
three, while the task set for themselves
by his enemies is simply to beat a few
of the eighty-three. They would rather
have Omaha lose the senatorship than
for Omaha to keep it with Mr. Rose
water as the senator, and a divided
delegation Is now their only hope to
head him off.
The people of Omaha who realize
the Importance of the senatorshlp will
hardly aljow themselves to be deceived
by such tactics. We feel certain that
they can see through the underbrush
which is supposed to hide the ambus
cade and will not lend themselves to
further guerilla warfare of this sort, .
The enterprise of Lincoln in sendjng
a specially commissioned sleuth up to
Omaha to nose around the assessments
of Omaha business houses with a view
to getting material on which to base
a protest with the State Board of
Equalization is misguided effort. If
our business men should stoop to re
taliation they could, doubtless, un
cover a corresponding amount of wil
ful and accidental mistakes in the as
sessment roll down at the state capital.
Lincoln's abilities as a tax eater so
overshadow its contributions to the
state aa a taxpayer that it should let
some other community play the role of
ferret under the revenne law.
The decision of the supreme court
that fraternal and local insurance so
cieties may offset their obligations to
members against their reserve funds
for taxation under the Nebraska reve
nue law. glvea reason to hope that
some day we may yet have, a sound
ruling on the taxation of mortgages
and other credits which in reality rep
resent only part ownership in tangible
property already taxed. Double taxa
tion inflicts as much injustice as tax
None of tbe republican county
conventions so far held has been able
to please the local democratic organ,
notwithstanding tbe fact that each and
every one of them has gone on record
by resolution against the various cor
porate abuses that are eliciting popu
lar protest. The only way these re
publican conventions could please the
democratic mouthpiece would be to re
pudiate republicanism and go over 'to
Father-in-law's democratic organ is
entertaining Itself by printing "on re
quest" of Bill Gurley the perjured
testimony that was worked up by their
hirelings In 1901 to hold the legisla
tive seats of democratic members of
tbe Douglas delegation who were
counted in at the preceding election
The opposition to Mr. Rosewater for
senator must' be hard up for ammunl
Talking about anti-pass legislation
where was the democratic congress
man from the Second Nebraska . dls
trlct during the two years that he
drew pay and mileage from Uncle
Proclamation from Lincoln, Xeb.
Wall Street Journal.
Free silver Is dfta4
Ixng live the. quantitative Mheory, I
Bryan la its propliet.
Danger ot a Connter-lrrltaot.
Again, Mr. Roosevelt la apprehensive, pos
sibly, that any protest he might mak
agalnat the treatment of the Russian Jews,
besides doing more harm than good, would
provoke the Russians Into inquiring wh
ha doesn't suppress lynchlngs, murderous
sluggmgs. and outrages si ether kinds In
Uls own cou -j;. -
SF.RRAHK4 F. V4.TOR I . I. CIWPAIG
Dtwi 4 Brews) or Rosewater.
Calloway Courier-Tribune rep ).
R'hen It comes to selecting timber for the
United States senate It Is necessary to seek
higher than among ordinary Individuals.
For that position It requires a man of un
usual ability and one who Is thoroughly
posted on national affairs of state. The
Courier believes that most of the candi
dates In vrhus parts of the state (and a
new one la sprung on .the party nlms
dally) are pjt up for the sole purpose of
weskenlng the strength of one or the other
of the two candidates who are In the rsce
as the men who could go to Washington
and represent Nebraska as she should be
represented that Is, Rosewater and Brown.
Ill a cold day when some of the "olil
guard" can't think up something to keep
up Interest In a party fight.
Maklngr Dlreet Primary Odious.
The Rerublkan wants to go on record
right now as being against any primary
law, direct or Indirect. They have one In
Omaha. In order to keep pare with the
balance of life there It Is a bird, and be
sides they have discovered a new safeguard
called the "rotation ballot;" that Is. no ac
curate sample can be obtained, as the
names are changed about, during the process
of printing. When an elector goes In a
booth to vote July 8 he will be compelled
to make eighty-three crosses In order to
vote for a delegation to the slate conven
tion. If he Is still desirous of taking ad
vantage of his rights under the constitution
he can make enough more crosses to bring
the total up to 201 and thus aid In electing
a congressional delegation. Now, whst do
you think of that? Isn't It enough to mnke
a man wonder how It come) that the au
thor of that bill broke Into the legislature
Instead of the insane asylum?
Freedom from Corporation Strings.
O'Neill Frontier (rep.l.
There Is a disposition on the part of the
radical Brown supporters to Impute to
those who have expressed other preferences
that they are In with the corporations.
This Is decidedly silly. Every republican
has a right to harbor admiration for any
one he pleases, and things are coming to
a pretty pass If he can't express his pref
erence without being classed aa a corpora
Pledge Cannot He Broken.
Fremont Herald (dem.).
The republican convention cannot fall to
make a nomination for senator without be.
Ing wholly false to its pledges to the people.
By action of the last state convention and
by direction of the state committee a
pledge has been made that auch action
will be taken. It remains to be' seen
whether the party leaders will break this
pledge aa ruthlessly as republican legis
lators and state officials have broken
pledges for legislation looking to relief from
railroad control in state affairs.
People Mint Have a Voice.
Bhelton Clipper (rep.).
Let the convention fail to nominate a
candidate for the United States senate and
there will be such dissatisfaction that it
will be doubtful If a single man on the state
ticket is elected. The people have declare
for the nomination of a candidate for
United States' senator by the atate conven
tion and they won't be put off without It.
If there is any one thing the coming re
publican state convention can do that will
please tbe democrats It will be a failure
to nominate a candidate for senator.
The question ,o Yoatbfalaeas.
Beatrice. Bun (Ind.).
The strongest PQtflJi ;rnate by the Fremont
Tribune .in ItSi support of the Brown can
dldacy Is the facf., that Mr. Brown Is, 2&
years younger thanMr. Rosewater. If he
is simply running, upon his kldshlp, why
not come' down the scale and get a still
No Monopoly On Intelligence.
Omaha Posten (translated.)
Thanks to the efforts of the Fontanelle
club the rotary ballot Is to be used at the
primary elections In.Pouglag county July
This means that the names of tha dele
gates may not be grouped, ao that the
voter, by marking one cross, can vote for
a Rosewater or a Crounse delegation to the
state convention. The names of all the
delegates will be lined up In I column on
the ballot and from thla Hat tha voter must
select eighty-three names and place a cross
after the name of each delegate he wishes
to vote for. The object of this innovation
Is plain: It Is meant to so rattle and em
barrass the voter that he will either be
come disgusted and fail to vote, or if he
tries to vote, make such blunders that his
ballot may, on legal grounds, be rejected.
The whole scheme but proves that tha
Fontanelle club Is afraid to give the people
an opportunity, free and untrammeled.
to give an expression to their sentiments
with regard to Mr. Rosewator's candidacy
for United 8tates senator. The remnants
of the Fontanelle club Is mainly made up
of chronlo politicians, and, of course, these
deem themselves competent to express
their will through the ballot In spite of any
foolish and perplexing methods they may
be able to saddle' tipon the people. Rose-
water's strength; .on the other hand, la
chiefly to be found with the common people.
many ot whom are of foreign birth, and.
as it is hoped, not well up to snuff on po
litical tricks, nor able to solve the puizle
of this newfangled ballot and thus to get
their wishes properly registered. Rotary
ballots are hence expected to prove detti
mental to Mr. Roaewater's chances. There
Is, however, some danger that the cute
Fontanelle bunch has in thla cane bit off
its own nose to spite its face. The foreign
born votera resent the Insult that has been
hurled In their face, and may prove that
they are possessed of far more Intelligence
than the anythlng-to-beat-Rosewater aggre
gatlon has seen fit to give them credit for.
More than that, the rotary ballot, in the
selection of delegates to a state convention
Is so clumsy and unreasonable that
forcing it upon the people haa provoked gen
era! disgust among the voters, and many
who would not otherwise have supported
Mr. Rosewater at the primaries will do so
now, merely to show the opposition that
they have no patience with foolish Inno
vatlona and unwarranted Interferences.
Too Many Glass Honses.
Most of us live In glass houses nation
as well as men. Our British friends, has
Ing expressed proper horror and reprehen
alon at the condition supposed to obtain
In American abattoirs, are somewhat dis
concerted to learn that similar conditions
prevail In British slaughter houses' the
facts having corn to light as a result of
th uproar on this side of the water. It
would probably be safe to say that nose of
us can afford to mount the Judgment seat
and pass upon the shortcomings of others
without first making a very close scrutiny
of our own record. And in nine cases out of
ten the result of the scrutiny would be that
we would resign the Judicial function be
cause of. fear of reprisals.
Hard Theory to Press Hoasc.
Stewart I Woodford says disregard of
laws by corporations fosters anarchy. lie
will find It difficult to mak some of th
corporation officials believe that. In the
opinion of these ther Is a special dispensa
tion of Provident which makes It posmbl
for them to go on breaking tbe law fortvtr
without bringing It Into disrepute.
AltMT GOMP IX WAJMIttlTOt.
Correal Kvents tJleaned from the
Army and Xary Register.
The War department has hesrd again
from George W. Klrkman. who was
formerly a captain In the Twenty-fifth In
fantry', and who. for' some ressnn, wishes
to know whether he Is a "general prisoner''
and whether he may have private confer
ence with the army Inspector on the oc
casion of the latter's visit to the peni
tentiary. Under the 'provisions of army
regulations the term "genersl prisoner" Is
limited to enlisted men of a certain class
and. of course, an ex-officer of the army
does not come within the description. In
refe.-ence to seeing the army Inspector, j
It was evident In Klrkman's mind thst
hls sentence wholly Severed his connection
with the military service and that his
status In this respect Is different from
that of enlisted men undergoing similar
sentences of confinement In a penitentiary
with dishonorable discharge. The War de
partment, however, sees no special objec
tion to Klrkman being permitted to see
the army Inspector.
The vacancies on the general staff will
be filled by selections made by a board of
officers, to meet here on July . and con
sisting of Lieutenant General H. C. Cor
bln and Brigadier Generals J F. Bell. T.
J. Wlnt, T. H. Barry and W. P. Duvall.
The board will select officers for vacancies
already existing snd for those occurring
on August 15 by the relief from duty with
the general staff of Majors- William P.
Beach. Fifteenth cavalry, and J. T. Pick
man. Thirteenth cavalry; Captains H. C.
Hale, Fifteenth Infantry: William O.
Han, artillery corps; P. E. Nolan, Thir
tieth Infantry, and J. C. Oakes, corps of
There will be during the army mobilisa
tion exercises this summer extensive tests
of a practical sort with automobiles as a
feature of military transportation. The
quartermaster general of the erniy has
ordered this week, for their Immediate de
livery, four vehicles of this type, one a
White, another a Franklin, a third a Stod
dard and a fourth a largo freight truck.
Some of these vehicles will be sent to
Mount Gretna and others to Ctilcka
mauga, to be used at headquarters. It Is
believed that this will afford an oppor
tunity to make a direct comparison of the
cost of automobile maintenance as com
pared with that of the public animals. It
Is one of the theories of some of the army
quartermasters who have to do with trans
portation that a material saving can be
effected by the use of the horseless car
riages in place of animals when an army
Is In the field. The acquisition of the four
automobiles will enable those in authority
to arrive at a definite conclusion.
There are. now two detailed captains
In the army signal cops William ft.
Oury, on duty In the Philippines, and H.
B. Black, on duty at Benlcla Barracks,
Cal., the former of the Infantry arm an!
the latter of the artillery assigned to
duty In the special staff corps. Captain
Oury Is the latest detail to the corps and
Is a graduate of the school at Leaven
worth, as well as the University of.N?
braska. There will be no other vacancies
In the signal corps by virtue of any
change In the permanent personnel until
the retirement of Major E. O. Fecht, In
March, 1910, although there will be nlna
vacancies In the detailed personnel during
the next twelve months, by virtue of tho
expiration of the tour of duty of four
years' duration of line officers who have
been assigned to signal corps duty. Tha
officers who will be relieved and their
planes taken by other officers detailed
from the line, are: First Lieutenants A.
C. Vorlo, on July 4; O. E. Kempe ,on July
t; Gordon Johnston, on. October 4; E. A.
Jeunet. on Peeember 80; J. E. Hemphill,
on January 4; W. M. Goodale. on Januaiy
26; A. Li. Brlggs. on February IS; J. g.
Butler, on May 17, and W. C. Fitxpatrlck.
on May 25.
The War department has sent out to
the chief commissaries of the various de
partments, within the limits of which will
be located the seven camps of concentra
tion, Instructions in regard to the sub
sistence of the militia commands which
will take part In the mobilisation. An
allotment has been made for various pur
poses, such as subsistence In transporta
tion to the different states in proportion
to the number, of men estimated aa likely
to attend. It haa been necessary, also, to
make special provision for subsisting of
the troops, and thla detail will be lert
entirely to tha chief commissaries who
will make Such arrangements within tho
limitation of funds as will be possible.
Any fraction of the allotted funds may
be transferred from one state to another
If It Is found necessary to supply a sur
plus amount. Some discussion haa been
applied to the question of the Issue of
coffee money to troops on the return from
the camps. It has been decided to glv
authority to purchase coffee enroute, under
vouchers which will be returned to tho
chief commissaries. The only other
vouchers would Involve much labor. In
cluding the issue of a coffee allowance of
21 cents per man per day, and the require
ment of individual duplicate receipta. In
which requirements paper work- would be
Quartermaster General Humphrey haa
made a recommendation to the secretary
of war that, the khaki uniform for the
army be -abandpned, except for troops
serving at oversea stations, and that the
olive drab service uniform, lined for
winter aud unllned for summer use, be
adopted for all troops serving at home
stations, in his letter General Humnhrav
calls attention to the fact that the output
of gray cotton goods In this country Is
controlled by one corporation, located In
Baltimore, Md., which alone holds and
controls the secret of khaki dyeing. Hj
saya that the contractors for khaki cloth
are far behind in their contracts, which
has delayed the contracts for the manu
facture of khaki coats and trousers, and
entailed much inconvenience, both to tho
army and militia.
Sensationalism for Money.
Three years ago one I'pton Sinclair pub
lished in the Independent an article In the
course of which he wrote:
"I knew that the hoax (the publication
of 'The Journal of Arthur Sterling') would
cost ma my reputation and the respect of
all decent people, but that did not matter,
for I have not been favored with the ac
quaintance of many decent people and am
Obliged to hear what the world thinks of
me. Besides, I would cheerfully hav
robbed a bank cr sand-bagged a millionaire.
My one desire was to raise a sensation,
first, to sell the book, of course, and, sec
ond, to give me a standing ground from
which to begin th agitation of My Cause."
His "one desire to raise a sensation" to
sell a book seems still to be doing business
at the old stand.
Xo Grafting Among? Steel Men.
Orders have been sent out by the rnittd
States steel corporation to Its great army
of officers and employes, warning them, on
pain of Instaut dismissal, not to accept
glfta of any kind from persons or corpora
tions having dealings with the company.
This is excellent In Its way. It is designed
to stop grafting on the big corporations.
But ther remains th problem of prevent
ing th big corporations from grafting on
RKfllXsTlTO 1MI'SITT B4THV
Cor. areas strntaMea the Tangle
Cansed hy Previous Ijsi,
New Tork Tribune.
Congress has wisely undertsken at this
session to regulate the conditions undt-r
which witnesses In proceedings Intended '
enforce the sntl-tni't and Interstate com
merce Isws may enjoy the luxury of an
immunity bsth." Not a little complsln:
was made at the wholeale distribution o' ;
bath tlrkets resulting from sn Instruction 1
given by Judge J. O. Humphrey of the I
southern district of Illinois In the be'
packers' case. His Interpretation of the
Immunity provisions of the acts of Feh-
rusry II, IRSft; February 14. 1W, and Feh-
rusry 19, 190,1, has been criticised by the
president, the attorney general and by
members of both branches of congress. It
has also been dissented from by other
United States Judges. Owing to the tech
nicalities of our procedure, the verdict re
turned against the government at Chicago
could not be carried to a higher court f.r
review and elucidation, and to bring order
out of this confusion congress has under
taken to declare more explicitly who ore
and who are not to be entitled to the
cleansing processes of the Immunity
As a first step the embarrassing limita
tion on the government's right of appsl
haa been removed and It may now claim
the privilege allowed to Its opponents in
court ol carrying a cse decided against It
to a higher tribunal. Hereafter a ruling
like Judge Humphrey's will not have to
be accepted aa final. The senate and hous?
have alao passed bills defining and narrow
Ing the Immunity gratnta of the three laws
referred to. By Judge Humphrey's Inter
pretation Immunity seemed to extend auto
matically to all persona who contributed
under any sort of Invitation, solicitation or
pressure to help the government make out
a case. No distinction could be drawn,
either between natural persons snd cor
porate bodies, and the government was put
In the position of having absolved from
prosecution an army of possible defend
ants whom It had no Intention of treating
as witnesses In the narrow sense. The
senate bill drafted by Senator Knox
adopted the distinction between natural per
sons and corporations which the supreme
court of the United States has recently
emphasized, and excluded corporate bodifs
as such from all Immunity privileges. A
corporation, being a creature of law and
organised for public purposes, can have no
Just claim to protection against the gov
ernment when that protection Is Invoked
to cover misdeeds. The house bill pre
serves this distinction, and Insofar the
proposed legislation is a distinct advance
toward the suppression of corporation
The house haa gone a little further than
tho senate, perhaps, in discrediting the
theory of automatic operation, for It limits
Immunity strictly to two classes of naturul
persons, the witness on the part of the
government who testifies on oath and the
witness who. In obedience to a subpoena,
produces relevant evidence. Testimony
given formally and without legal service
will not entitle the giver to legal absolu
tion. Tha differences between the two
houses will be easily adjusted In confer
ence, for it is the policy of both to estab
lish a clear and definite standard, so that
the government will know when it con
fers Immunity and the people who give
testimony or produce written evidence will
know when they are entitled to Immunity.
Assurance of this sort cannot but be as
welcome to the witness as It will be to the
government's investigating and prosecuting
Two New Yorkers who committed suicide
and an incidental murder left word that
they expected to "be two angeis on the way
Prof. Valdemar Koch, son of the great
German bacteriologist, has been appointed
to the chair of physiological chemistry at
the University of Chicago.
A bronze bust of Jamea Russell Lowell, a
gift of the clasa of 1883 of Harvard college
has been placed on a pedestal built In the
north wall of Massachusetts hall. 1
When the Maharajah Gaokwar of Baroda
was In Washington he visited the congres
sional library, which greatly Impressed
him. "How long would it take a man to
read all these books?" he asked the libra
rian. Mr. Putnam, after a rough calcula
tion, said tha task would occupy about
17,000 years. "And what would Dr. Osier
say to that?" mused the Indian potentate
as he moved on.
John G. A. Lelehman, who haa just been
appointed first American ambassador to
Turkey, when a boy In Pittsburg was
placed In a Protestant orphan asylum by
his widowed mother. Later he won a
place In one of the big steel mills. He at
tended night school, made the most of his
opportunities and now ia many times a
steel millionaire. Mr. Irishman's first dip
lomatic service was aa minister to Switzer
land, where he attracted attention by giv
ing elaborate entertainments.
These are busy days for the Ice man.
Scooping in from 40 to 80 centa a hundred
for congealed cakes makes the quaker
amlle a permanent fixture, but here and
there the amlle Is not as broad and deep as
It looks. The attorney general of Missouri
proposes to humble the combine. Philadel
phia authorities are moving In the same di
rection. Grand juries In Toledo and Cleve
land have Induced the combines In those
cities to come into court. Indignation
against the ice grab In other localities Is
rising with the temperature. Unless prices
I remain within reaaonanie Dounns. tne ice
... i a A 1 1 'I I a tha Innl V.'1th I h sm
men will navti i u... ... - -
Thus cried the hair. And a kind neigh
bor came to the rescue with a bottle of
Ayer's Hair Vigor. The hair was saved!
In gratitude, it grew long and heavy, and
with all the deep, rich color of early life.
Druggists .have sold it in all parts of
the world for over sixty years.
. f (
The best kind of a testimonial-
Had y tan . O. Ayr O.. towU. jrtas, "
AIM MSUlMUNII Of
AY'! AR(UAniA-t,C tk klooa. AYBB't PIIA8r,0f rmsttpttae. -AlK'n
CaBkT slX)kA-or ooogaA, Al&it'o AG" CBn-ot tesinttaaag affa,
two opinio op ROosrvr.LT.
The Partisan Oiitraated with the
I nrre Indlreri t Un.
New York Bun.
In the senate of the 1'nlted S"its on
Thursday th" Hon'. Joseph Wrlrton ttalley
of Texas gxve utterene to this personal
opinion of the vslue to his fellow rountrv
ini n of the rhlof executive. of theje I'nlteit
i understand tne preoeni executive nr
spent iik. more than any of h's prede.
creors. If that he true, he has cot mor
sno is worth less thnn any otner president
We have i-ver hnd." .
While the rilMinguishrd constitutional
lawyer and stock raiser of Gainesville was
delivering hlnislf of this thought, the
president of the French republic, a man.
not given to flattery or undeserved com-,
phment. w;is dlou.l.in the president of
the United Ptstes. M. F.illleres' opinion
was not phrased so picturesquely as M".
B.iiiey's. luit of his meaning I here Is no
room for doubt:
"The great figure of President Roosevelt
looms constantly greater, as does his re
nown. There Is no peasant In France todiiy
who does not know his name."
Here are two estimates of a conspicuous
American, one from a partisan opponen.
whose Infirmities of temper are frankly
self-confessed and who Is smarting under
the belief that Mr. Roosevelt h.ia recently
done him s gret Injury; the other from
an experienced parliamentarian and states
man, free from bias and uninfluenced hy
petty disputes and distractions of political
origin. Which of them is more apt to fv.'.
Just and reasonable?
"This picture," said the artist. Indicat
ing a magnificent marine view, "is valued
'iv".7' replUd the stock broker.
? ' of "'"' In it, isn't there?"
"Yes, my son."
discus' 011 'Xer mn ,hrol'lna" 'he
"Yes, my boy: but it maile mo verv ner
vous. It railed to mind how vour motii-r
can throw plates:" Yonkers Statesman.
Topley's looking badly. What's fha
matter with Mm?"
"You don't say? Weak, eh?"
"No, strong; there's a new bahv at his
house that keeps him awake nights."
'They are to be married In June.V
"A little sentiment about the selection,
eh? Roses and hrldes and all that?"
"No. I think not. They were engaged in
May and she wsnted to make sure of him as
soon as possible." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"Someone told me today." said Miss Vane,
"that I am the handsomest girl in our set "
"Oh!" exclaimed Miss Chellus, "that s not
"What do you mean?" -
"Your habit of talking to yourself." Chi
cago Tribune. .
Judge Blinker I hear you're going to
vote fer that villain .Jones fer congres.
Why don't you vote as you pray?
Jake Pinker I do! I've been praying
fer th' pnstmaatershlp fer vears. an
Jones hex promised ler git It fer me If
he's elected. Boston Post.
"You seem to hsve a very high regard
for your member of congress."
"Yes." answered Farmer Comtossel.
"We think well of Mm. He ain't much of
a speaker an' he don't have many Idea.
But he takes a fine photograph." -Washington
" notice your signs read 'nVpartment
for Males' and Department for Fsmales,' '
said the swell tailor's friend. - 'Why not
simply 'Men' and 'Women?' "
"But we want to Include all." replied
the precise tailor. "Hri?ie of our custom
ers, you know, are dudes,!' Philadelphia
"What's an optimist,' dad?"
"An optimist, my son, is a . man who
saya, 'Well, anyway, our team woulrl
have won If the umpire, an the weather,
an' two scratch hits, sn a pitcher with a.
.sore finger , hadn't helped 'Ml Other tW
Iowa.' " Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"I TOO HAVE LIVED IS ARCADY.
Thedosla Qarrlson In Serlbner's.
A simple print upon my study wall
1 see you smile at it, my masters all,
So simple It could scarce" indeed be less
A shepherd and a little shepherdess
Who let their sheep go grazing truantwise
To look a moment In each other'a eyes.
"A gray-haired man of science" (thus
"Why is this trifle here aniong his
Ah, well! my answer only this could be:
"Because I, too, have been in Arcady. '
My students give grave greeting as I pass.
Attentive following In talk or class,
Keen eyed, clear headed, eager for the
Yet If sometime among them sit a youth
Who scrawls and stares and lets the lesson
And puts my questions by unheeding so,
I smile and leave his half writ. rhymes
Guessing the face between him aad the
A foolish thing, so wise men might agree;
But I wrote verses once in Arcady.
The little maid who duats my book strewn
Poor, dlngv slave of polish and of broom,
Who breaks her singing at my footsteps
She, too, her way to that lost land has
Last night a moonlit night and passing
Two shadows started as I neared the gats.
And then a whisper, poised 'twlxt mirth
"The old professor! Mercy! It he saw!"
Ah, child, my eyes had little need to sea,
I, too, have kissed my love In Arcady.
My mirror gives me back a somber face
A gray haired scholar, old and common-
Who goes on his sedate and dusty ways
With little thought of rosy yesterdays;
But they who know what eager Joy must
come . . . .
To one long exiled from a well loved home
When comes some kinsman from th self
same land ' .
To give him greeting they may under
stand . '
How dear these little brethren needs must
Because I, too, have lived In Arcady.
I ' ;