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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1906)
TTIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY, MAKCH 20, 1906.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
E. F.OHEWATER, EDITOR.
riBMSflED EVERY MORNINO.
TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION.
Pally R (without Sunday), one year. . .14 o
I"nlty iw and Sunday, one year 6
Illustrated llr, one yenr IS"
Sunday Hee. on year tin
Bh turd ay P.ee, on year 1 !"
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Evening Re (without Bumlay). pr week c
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Sunday Ree, per ropy 6c
A1rlr'i complaints of Irregularities In df
11 rry to City Circulation Department.
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Washington 601 Fourteenth Street.
fouimunlcallona relating to new and edl
torlul matter should be addressed: Omaha
Hee. Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only i-oent stamps received aa payment of
mail accounta. peraonal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
TUB HEE PVBLISHINU COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss. :
C. C. Rosewater, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says thai the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Hee printed during
the month of February, 19u6, was aa fol
lows: i ai.uao in at. boo
2 81.A0O 1 3.1.040
3 88,20 17 83,300
4 2hoo is mono
6 81.TSO 1 81.800
Sl.TIO a 31,870
7 Sl.KBO 21 SltHiiO
1 31,4.10 22.... SljM
9 81.4IMI 81,430
jo 82,72 u aa.oo
a , a ifl,2o
12 siumi : ai,am
IS 31JMM1 S7 81.4.TO
n t... airoo a at,ano
l,ess unsold copies
Net total sales rWMMVSH
Dally average 81,874
C. C. ROBE WATER. Secretary.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 28th day of February, 1W.
(Seal) M. B. Hl'NGATE,
W11E OIT or TOWS,
Sabserlbera leaving; the city tem
porarily - should have The Bee
mailed te them. Address will be
changed as often as requested.
Mr. Groundhog la due to have emerged,
but the chances are that the winter
postscript forced htm to tx-at a second
It la a wine oil salesman that knows
hla reul employer; hut It Is a wiser ono
who, knowing It. maintains silence on
the witness stand.
That Omuha preacher for whom the
other preachers have been praying pro
tests that praying Is hi business and
that he Is entirely able to pray for hlm
solf. ', '
Two more Ohio hankers start prison
sen-ice this week. Ohio's banking laws
seem to be safer and sounder than some
of those who attempt to operate under
Senator Newlands has accepted the
popular Idea of securing a democratic
meeting, but unfortunately the viands
at his banquet failed to produce har
mony. A coal strike is In progress in Canada.
Our Lady of the Snows can confer a
blessing on the United States . show
ing how to effect a settlemci.. before
1 buslnesa suffers.
Now that Andrew Hamilton has be
gun to advise New York legislators on
the subject of changing the Insurance
laws, It Is In order for him to present
his claim for Immunity. '
Senator Depew says he fears the
camera fiends. He was not wont to thus
seek oblivion, but such Is the difference
between the desire for fame and the
shrinking from notoriety.
National ttanka of St. IOiil Imve re
fused au offer of money to lie loaned
gratis by the government. Here Is au
other city which has apparently success
fully withstood the strain of a world's
Charles M. Schwab denies that he Is
to be a candidate for t'nlted States sena
tor from Nevada. The denial may be
but a defense against premature attack
upon his sinews of war by anxious Ne
The theory of the Broatch Isiosters In
scheming for votes Is that those who
are not for sale must be clublied Into
line. There are evidences already that
both the barrel and the bludgeon are
busy for Broatch.
Policyholders who object to life In
stirance agents working to secure
proxies; In favor of present trustees
should rvmembcr thut these agent must
Ih kept busy In some way or they may
forget how to work.
Nebraska has to conteud with neither
forest fires uor snowslldes and this sum
mer should coin the present blanket oi
suow into a surpltn of legal tender.
while more- spectacular but less fortuu
ate communities are making tip their
It is announced that America Is free
to insist uioii its rights In Turkey be
cause it Is not directly interested in
the reforms lu that country, but the per.
Sou umkliig this statement evidently for
gets that the United States Is acting
as a place of refuge for the people exiled
by a failure to carry out those reforms.
Has the county Jail feeding graft been
la any way abated, or Is It still going
ou In the 'same old fashion? We ought
to find out when the sheriff's bill for
prstoiirr' keep for the month of Feb
ruary s presented, but why should it
not hafe been presented promptly on the
-month like any other bill for
l to the (otiutyT
QftSTlUX "Or JVVtCIAL RKYTFtT.
The tlelmte on the railroad rate bill
In the senate Is more oud more narrow
ing to the question of special provision
for npxl to the courts from the de
cision of the Interstate Commerce com
mission fixing maximum rates. Not
only the speeches on the senate floor but
nlso the private expressions of senators
reveal an almost Infinite variety Of
opinion on this point, which lu the public
mind is the vital one. Opinions range
all the May from the extreme view of
Senator ForHker, which denies In toto
the constitutional power of Congress it
self to make rates or, even If the power
existed In congress, the right to dele
gate It to any commission, to the view
of Senator IMUver and those who would
cut off appeal to the courts to the mini
mum consistent with the constitution,
as the Mil as passed by the house was
drawn to do. Even excluding the ultra
montane Foraker group of senators, It
can readily las seen how wide Is the
latitude for divergent opinions on this
phase, even among senators genuinely
zealous for national control, regarding
questions of policy., of the constitution
and of practical detail.
Many amendments are now pending
tearing on the question, of Judicial re
view and the collateral points as to
time when the commission's rates when
fixed shall go into effect and the condi
tions of compliance with them or de
positing In court the amount of charge
In controversy pending final court de
cision, and many more such amendments
are being prepared to be fntroduced
later. Many other facts conspire with
these to establish 'the probability that
the struggle In the senate will turn on
The serious difficulty Is to distinguish
between amendatory effort, which is
honestly aimed to make the measure
constitutionally valid and practically
efficient and effort the ulterior purpose
of which Is to weaken It. For there are
not a few senators real hostile to the
bill restrained by the sentiment of their
constituencies from openly opposing it.
I'nder the uncandld but plausible plea of
making the bill more effective, or of
steering It from fatal collision with con
stitutional obstacles, the covert enemies
but pretended friends of the president's
policy may be trusted to exhaust every
resource which the nature of the subject
In its judicial review aspects affords
for amendment. In all such maneuvers
they can count on the co-operation of
the knowfl outright foes of stricter rate
control, whose nuinlicr Includes some of
the very ablest and most resourceful
members of the senate.
The reassuring fact amidst all this
confusion and all these perils lu the
senate In that tile sincere friends of Uic
bill, while they differ among themselves
as to details, are making more manifest
all the time the spirit which subordi
nates minor considerations to the main
point. Back of that is the not less im
portant fact thaf after the' senate debate
shall have worn Itself out,' whatever the
vote may be, the final form of the meas
ure will be fixed In conference with the
house, and the house, backed by the
administration, It is believed, will stand
pat for minimum constitutional Judicial
RAILWAY MAIL APPROPRIATION'.
The anticipation that-the feature of
the postottlce appropriation bill, which
Is soon to be made the order of business
In the house, regarding railway mall
subsidies and contracts, will provoke
earnest discussion, ought certainly to be
verified. Here Is a. matter Involving
enormous expenditures of public money
for which the time Is ripe to have uot
only publicity, but remedial action. It
opens opportunity for congress to deal
specifically with a business matter of
the' highest importance immediately in
band Instead of Indulging In long dis
It la notorious that the compensation
allowed railroad companies for carrying
the malls Is flagrantly excessive now as
It has. been for many years. The pay
allowed Is so grossly out of proportion
t the service rendered as in large part
to amount to "a grab," being in many
cases double and in some cases treble
what Is allowed by the chief Kuropean
governments for like service. Although
nil this and much more of the same kind
has long leen known, and although ef
fort has more than once been started for
reform, nothing substantial has been ac
complished. So xwerful have been the
hold of the carrier companies in the de
partments and their Influence In Isrth
houses of congress that the chasm In
the treasury has not only not been
closed, but, on the contrary, hit stead
ily widened for their undue profit.
If there were nothing else the enor
mous and still growing annual deficit of
the postal department ought now to
move congress to long delayed corrective
action. I'ubllc opinion at length aroused
on the general subject of the relations
of the government to the carrier- cor
porations would seem to make the pres
eut an opportune moment to move seri
ously for such a result.
A POLICY UULltER'S PROTEST-
The necessity of unflagging vigilance
yet on the part of policy holders over
the management of life Insurance com
panies, notwithstanding the overhauling
that has been recently made or begun.
Is strikingly suggested by the protest) of
Samuel Untermyer, counsel for the In
ternational policy holders' committee of
the New York IJfe, against certain al
leged expenditures of that company's
funds by its ottlcers lu au effort to gaiu
proxies to Mt'iire their re-election. If. as
alleged, a Kstage bill of $.til,tMl and
priutiug aiul other bills uniountlug to
feveral times that sum have lieen paid
by thetu for such purpose It would be 3
breach of trust not less offensive In
character nor less prejudicial to the ln
teresta of the policy holders than nianv
of the capital abuses, tho official
jHisure of which has recently so roued
their resentment and received such nota
ble public condemnation.
U goes without saying that the reten
tion of any official or st of officials In
the custody of these Insurance funds and
management of the companies Is not
one of the object of the relation of
high trust Involved In them. That rela
tion necessarily creates an Immense
Iower and opportunity for personal ad
vantage In the hands of trios' to whom
such funds are confided. Rut to pervert
the trust to the end of maintaining the
power Is a misappropriation as gross and
as dangerous as any of the abuses of the
MoOurdys and the Alexanders. The
very act implies sinister design.
What makes the alleged new develop
ment more noteworthy Is the fact that
the trustees and officials Involved repre
sent a reorganisation In the management
of the company which puriorts to be a
traction against proved long standing
abuses. The protest which Is respon
sibly made by a respectable jvollcy hold
ers' Interest, whate.ver the motive back
of It may be. raises a specific and vital
question of fact which It will not do to
evade or Ignore. And the fact. If It be
as alleged, will be a sure sign to policy
holders and the public thaf the house
cleaning in the' big life companies has
not yet been anywhere near as thorough
as It ought to Ik.
OMAHA'S ORuWiya IMPORTASCK AS A
It certainly affords a sense of satis
faction to know that Omaha's growing
importance as a grain center Is being
recognized In as far east as New Eng
land, and, as a matter of fact, through
out the country. The erection of an
active grain market at Omaha, though
dating back only two years, hag caused
more changes on the map of the grain
business and grain carrying of this
country than any other newly developed
market in the same period ever djd be
fore. That Omaha Is already, and will con
tinue, to be a permanent factor In grain
distribution is now everywhere conceded.
This Is due to the superior advantages
which our city enjoys from point of
view of both grain production and grain
transportation. The agricultural , terri
tory tributary to Omaha constitutes the
(very heart of the grain and wheat
region, out of which are filled the
granaries of the world, and the surplus
production of this area Is what supplies
the bulk of the export trade.
On the other side, the railway facili
ties for bringing the grain Into Omaha
and taking It out, as well as the elevator
facilities for storage, are surpassed by
no other city, except possibly Chicago,
and these facilities are being steadily
Improved. The rate makers on grain
tariffs are compelled to use Omaha' os
one of the main basing points because
our grain shippers have the option of
choosing between the Atlantic seaboard
and the gulf ports.
' Occupying such a strong position,
Omaha's grain market ought to go light
ahead with the procession and cannot
be Ignored or disregarded tn the future.
Word comes from Lincoln that Tass
Distributer Ager, the pink of the rail
way lobby, has sold his city residence
and proposes to repair to an acre tract
further out In the suburbs for the pur
pose of Indulging his taste for floricul
ture, in the pursuit of which he fiuds
himself too cramped In his old home.
We are sure this will be Interesting In
formation for a host of Mr. Ager's
friends, especially if it should result In
transforming the methods of the oil
room lobby. When the next legislature
meets we will expect to find the law
makers who iised to Ik lured to back
rooms, equipped with well stocked buf
fets and choice viands, entertained in
a floral bower, breathing the purity of
the lily and the fragrance of the rose,
and carry with them as the ouly sou
venir a sweet smelling boutonnlerw or a
vari-hued nosegay. But whether the
floral bower In prospect will prove up
In results with the oil room of old re
mains to be seen.
The voters of Omaha are not disposed
to pull chestnuts out of the fire, either
for the gas company or the electric light
ing company for the Bell telephone or
the Independent telephoue for the
street railway company or for the water
company but they are disposed to give
evtry Interest, corporate or private, a
fair hearing and a square deal on every
proposition In which they are concerned.
What they luslst in exacting from pub
lic officers is that In dealing with the
franchtsed corporations the interests of
the taxpayers and of the city shall !x
paramount. A man should Is no more
able to ride Into office by indiscriminate
atttacks ui)U everything In the uauie
of a public service corporation than
upon an outsioken championship of cor
porate abuses and arbitrary extortion.
Keep in the middle of the road.
ir. Charles E. Bessey, professor of
botany In the University of Nebraska,
is being urged by his friends for the
position of secretary of the Smithsonian
Institution a position that has come to
be regarded as a high prize to be
awarded to a scientist of the first rank.
Dr. Bessey's pre-eminent qualifications
for such an honor are well established
and much as Nebraska would like to
continue to have hla undivided services
for the university, it could not but feel
honored by his recognition.
The political endorsement business is
booming In Omaha. A half keg of
beer will procure au endorsement for
any old oftlcv or any old thlug, and a
whole keg will secure the rescinding of
a previous endorsement and the repudia
tion of the endorsee.
As city treasurer A. II. Hennlngs has
handled for the taxpayers of Omaha
mure tbau $18.uX).(nni. His conduct of
the office has bveu c-beyked up during
that time by republ B corup trailer
and by democratic comptrollers, and
also by expert auditors of the guaranty
bond companies, and not a ienny has
been found to have gone astray. If
an honest man I wanted In the mayor's
chair, no one of the candidates can be
chosen who has been tried and tested
and found to ring true like City Treas
The seml-offlclal announcement that
Ohio will take up the case against the
Standard Oil company where Missouri
drops It. would le more definite were
Mr. Hadley to Indicate some Intention
of dosing his proceedings.
A Reasonable Request.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
It la nothing more than fair to all "
eerned that thff railway telegraph operator
should be permitted to sleep oftener than
once In seventy-two hours.
Canse and KflTect.
Justice is not always slow in this world.
It depends altogether how the blind god
dess Is prodded. For example, the passless
policy of the railroads was quickly followed
by the discovery of their lawless rates.
Political Pipe Ilreamlns;.
The democrats In congress are engaging
In that old and pleasant but profitless pas
time of counting their chickens before the
eggs are hatched. On paper they have al
ready nearly wiped oat the heavy repub
lican majority In the house.
Generosity Stretched to Limit.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The testimony given at the oil rate hear
ing In Kansas City shows that the people
are always Inclined to be over-generous
to a rival. If the Standard managers did
not get everything they wanted in estab
lishing their business It must be that they
neglected to ask for It.
The Pltehfork Look Ina: I p.
Buffalo Express (rep.).
Senator Tillman has scored a prompt vic
tory In his arraignment of national banks
for making campaign contributions. The
committee to whom the matter was re
ferred said It was not necessary for him
to offer proofs, and at once agreed to re
port a bill prohibiting such acts tinder se.
vere penalties. Senator Tillman Is making
reputation for doing things, as well as
talking about them.
A Remarkable Tribute.
A remarkable tribute was the resolution
of condolence adopted by the senate of the
state of 'New York on the death of Susan
B. Anthony, and a significant comment on
the advance of the movement to which she
devoted her life waa the reference In this
resolution to "the distinguished character
of her. services." The resolution is prac
tically a recognition of her as a public
character worthy of public honor.
Territorial Politics nnd Pie.
It Is not likely that the American people
will rise as one man and hold indignation
meetings throughout the length and breadth
of the land If all four territories are left
out awhile longer. No one of them Is
grievously oppressed as a territory or
would be materially better off as a state.
It Is more a matter of some United States
senntorshlps and divers other politlca.1
honors and emoluments than anything else.
Is Congress Trnly Representative f
Kansas City Star.
It Is a curious commentary on the way
In which congress "represents" the coun
try that various deals have to bo entered
Into by the leaders In Washington in or
der to secure the enactment of even one
or two measures which the people want.
For. be It observed, in order to Insure the
adoption of such bills as that for the regu
lation of railroad rates, other measures
which the nation favors must be sacri
ficed. Thus, it is generally understood that
certain powerful Interests would have
atnulesced in the passage of the Philip
pines bill by the senate provided that the
rate bill could have been amended Into
Ineffectiveness. Such demands, of course,
are not made In so' many' words, but they
are perfectly rccogniied. So It happens
that the people are reduced to the ex
tremity of making trades with their sen
ators In order to, got part at least of the
Congress, of course, is a representative
body. But representative of whatT
Gobs of Sympathy Passed Ip to the
. Philadelphia Press.
Andrew Carnegie, who periodically
breaks forth into some expression of sen
timent or philosophy which temporarily
astonishes or tickles the world, is the au
thor of a new expression that will doubt
less attract the widest comment. By the
unthinking majority It will be accepted
with Incredulity, but by others, with a
broader knowledge of the hearts and pas
sions of men. It will be received aa truth.
Mr. Carnegie says that millionaires sel
dom laugh. That the only thing In which
the man of boundless wealth has the bet
ter of the. man with nothing is in the as
surance of a competency for old age. And
then he adds that the burden of responsi
bility Imposed upon the very wealthy Is
one which, knowing, few men would care
Mr. Carnegie speaks upon the highest
authority that of experience and personal
knowledge. He. has risen from poverty
through all the grades of affluence to the
possession of one of the greatest fortunes
the world has ever known. Who shall
While multi-millionaires amble along the
pathway of life envied of all men they
are. In reality, burdened with a responsi
bility which nobody but thttmsclves can
know or Cfpreelate. They have worries
innumerable and troubles Inconceivable to
their' less fortunate fellows. The!" vast
capital must be employed; Investments
must be sought and studied, while c-er all
la the constant menace of stock markets
in the hands of conscienceless speculators.
Their lives are harassed by importunities;
they are threatened by the daring, the des
perate and tha criminal.
On the social and domestic side their In
comings and outgoings are blazoned to the
world. They and theirs are the prize ani
mals at the world's vanity fair. They are
daily confronted with misrepresentations;
envy traduces them, the sordidness of the
world seizes them, and in very many cases
the beat emotions of their lives are
dwarfed and shriveled. There are some, it
Is true, who court public attention, but
to the average man of sense and at-ntitlvv-ness
the conditions thrust upon, him by the
acquisition of great wealth are often in
tolerable for it is only by the most for
tuitous circumstances that he can avoid
the spot light of publicity.
And. after all, according to Mr. Carnegie,
all that is really gained In the end Is an
assured competency for old age. Rut why
should a man sacrifice his happiness for
that purpose? What profiteth It a man
that he sacrifice tha years of his strength
ta provide for his senility?
Pity the sorrows of tha iuulti-mllllti-lr
HOI Ml BOtT tKW tOHK,
Ripples on the I arrest of Life In the
A mcvemrnt Is under wsy In New York
or thq cnllectlon of a fund to be devoted
to the erection of a hronse monument of
Joseph Jefferson In Central park. A con
siderable portion of the tTAono needed has
already been promised. Wllllnm Frederick
MacMonnles. a well known sculptor, now
living In Paris, has expressed a willingness
to, undertske the task.
Among those who have been named to
act as a committee In charge of the collec
tion fund are: Messrs. Stanford White,
John D. CTlmmlns, W. l.ourke Cockran.
Frank Tllford, John H. 8trlne. Kdward
Lauteback. Henry Cenrlad. William Fred
erick MacMonnles, C. H. Jefferson,
Walter Damrosch, Francis Wilson. Fred
erick T. Adams, Eugene M. O'Neill and
E. 8. Wlllard.
James W. Mnrrissey, who has sssumed
charge of the gathering of the committee,
Is In communication with several person
In London, and expects soon to add to the
personnel of the committee the names of
Sir Charles Wyndham and Mine. Mary
Anderson de Navarro. The collection will
be by popular subscriptions, ranging from
II up. It Is hoped to have the unveiling
of the monument occur within the year.
Rev. M. J. Ijtvelle, rector of St. Patrlrk's
cathedral, agrees with Rev. Dr. Psrkhurst
and Bev. Dr. Rjilnsford for regulated Sun
day opening of saloons and has written a
letter approving the district local option
bill Introduced Into the Albany legislature
by Senator Tully. He says:
"The local option bill Is reasonable. New
Tork needs different rules In different
places. For example, where t live, at
Fifty-first street and Madison avenue,
there Is no reason why liquor should ever
be sold on a Sunday or any other day.
But It la not reasonable that the crowded
portions of the town or the recreation
parts should be governed by a regulation
that would be eminently proper here, and
which, as a matter of fact, exists without
any law. Respectable tieople of small
means would have an opportunity on Sun
days to get proper beverages. The same
Is true for thos who go to the beaches
and other resorts for recreation."
The Charity Organization Society of
New York Is preparing warnings to be
sent out to its correspondents all over the
United States to put charitable people on
their guard against the Natier.al Sunshine
Legion and Its employes. It Is declared
that this la a "grafting" organization, with
charitable activities confined to bogus set
tlements and nurseries.
The organization issues two publications.
Sunshine and Sunshine Journal. It has
prospered wonderfully for two years by Its
confusion with the International Sunshine
Society, a genuine and powerful organiza
tion of charity workers. According to offi
cers of the Charity Organization 8oclety
the "fake" Sunshine organization has
worked many big cities and gathered In
not less than $300,000 since It began opera
tions. A school exclusively for llttlo Celestials
Is an absolutely new feature of the educa
tional movement in New York. Some few
of the children here have attended the
publio schools, but with their limited
knowledge of the language they have been
handicapped, although, strange as It may
seem, Chinese children have a capacity for
absorbing almost double the amount v of
learning in about half the time required
by the average American child of the same
years. Their little slant eyes scent to see
nothing but their books, and they have far
too much reverence for their teacher to
think of throwing spltballa or pulling the
queue of tha little next-desk neighbor, as
the normal white youth is celebrated for
Details of the system of so-called "honest
graft," under which William Oeorge Foster
reaped a profit of from $.15,000 to loO.roo a
year through the collection of advert. ..Ing
bills against the city of New York will be
disclosed by an Inquiry now being made by
the finance committee of the board of alder
men Into the whole subject of city adver
tising. Official action was taken when It was
learned that Foster was regarded as a sort
of middle man, with whom persons desirous
of getting city advertising must make ar
rangements before they could get a city
contract. Among some publishers who have
been designated frequently by the board of
city record to carry city advertising the
belief waa accepted that no business could
be done with the city unless Foster was em
ployed to 'collect the bills. Foster's charge
was always from S to IS per cent of the
total amount of the bills, usually 15.
Electric music Is the latest promise of
this age of electricity. In three months a
central power plant will be established In
New York, and from this It Is declared
music made by electricity will be trans
mitted through telephones to the homes
of subscribers. The first plant will be
designed to accommodate 1.000 instruments,
each of which will semi forth the notes
made in the power house and transmitted
The plan is set forth in the electrical
world, which tells of the completion by Dr.
Thaddeus Cahtll of Holyoke, Mass., of
plana on which he has worked for many
years. Dr. Cahill has an elaborate electrl
cul plant at Holyoke, In which tests have
The inventor dispenses with' all strings,
reeds, and other devices with which man
has been accustomed to sound his notes.
He Installs a battery of alternators, which
will transmit musical electrical waves, and
these are adjusted to aa many different
vibrations as the strings of a piano would
be. To play the Instrument a piano key
board la used. The pressing of a key will
operate a switch which will close the cir
cuit leading to the alternators adjusted to
produce Just the note that the piano string
But the note will not le sounded In the
ear of the operator from the battery itself.
The vibrations will be communicated to
the main wires, which will transmit them
through br ,nch wires to the other end of
telephones. There the note will be sounded.
One of these receiving telephone will bo
connected with the operator, and thus he
will know how his playing sounds to all
others connected with the main wires. The
receiving telephones will be fitted with a
megaphone-like device warrarted to carry
the notes throughout a room as well at an
organ would. In case of a large hall It is
said that several of these could be used.
Americas Type of Man.
Prof. Edward A. Ross of the University
of Nebraska uses the term "the American
b-eed" to describe what he calls a dis
tinct type of man the restless, strenuous
people so different from the easy-going
types of Europe. There are reasons why
our immigrants should become nervous and
energetic in one or two generations, but
Prof. Rosa seems to think that the rest
lessness is not acquired here, but Is the
reason why these types left Europe.
America is therefore weeding out the en
ergetic folks from Europe they are se
lected, venturesome natures and constitute
a te. Whatever the reason Is, the type
Is fairly distinct and the chances are that
much of our prosperity is due paTtly to
our energy and not altogether to our
A Cream cf Tarter Poivdi
fJado From Grapoa
Winter Is getting in u few parting licks
during these fast-lengthening days.
The women of Raleigh, N. C, are engaged
In collecting funds for the erection of a
monument In that city to the memory ct
Sir Walter Rsjelgh.
Horace Tenney, the best known of the
pioneer lawyers and editors of Wisconsin,
has just died at Madison. He selected tile
site for the University of Wisconsin.
King Edward's consent to the appoint
ment of John Burns as one of bis cabinet
advisers gives British royally the historic
distinction of, being the first of European
dynasties to recognize organized lalior.
Hats off to Mary Clifford! She Is a
husky Jewel In Chicago's galnxy, the kind
of a girl pictured In "I will." Ogled to
the limit by two mashers she grabbed a
handy chair leg and pounded some sense
Into the skulls of the mashers. Then she
had a good cry and felt much relieved.
In their innocent way chaplains often
produce miniature scnsntlons. For in
stance, when Chaplain Hale of the United
States senate begun his prayer iHst Thurs
day with tho admonition, "I say unto you
here, love your enemies," the only senator
present happened to be Mr. Piatt of New
Among the distinguished foreigners who
have accepted invitations to attend the
annual convention of the American Medical
association are Prof. Trendelenburg of
Lelpslc, Reginald Harrison of London,
Prof. Van Rosthorn of Heidelberg, Prof.
Van Krcy of Wurzburg and Prof. Dulns
sen of Berlin.
When Senator J. T. Morgan was usked
by a Britisher at what college be was
graduated, he replied that the first time
he was ever on a college campus In his
life was In the civil war, when, with his
command, he took refuge from the Yankee
bullets behind the brick walls of the Col
lege of William and Mary, in Virginia.
Readers of the Congressional Record
these days ran require a vast amount of
solid Information spiced with interlocu
tory Interruptions. The latter serve to
break the solidity of the argument and
produce paragraphic breathing spots In the
columns of verbiage. When an honorable
senator Is declaiming vigorously or other
wise, another honorable Benator butts In
with a question: "Mr. President" "The
vice president Does the senator from
North Carolina yield to the senator from
South Carolina?" "Certainly." Of course
the honorable senators do not n peat what
the governors of those states said on a
historical occasion, but their remarks are
not as dry aa a Sahara..
STXSMG BLOW FOR TRISTS.
Important Deeialon In the Paper and
Tobacco Trust Cases.
The decision of the United Slates supreme
court la Uie Paper and Tobacco trust cases
is of tremendous Importance. It means that
the creatures of the government are not
greater than the government itself; that
when the government wishes to know how
they have been using the chartered powers
and prlivleges granted, It has a perfect
right to call for the books and papers and
to compel the officers of these creatures
to answer any questions which may bu
propounded with regard to the conduct of
That Is common sense. It is such a rea
sonable, natural conclusion that it does
not seem as If the attorneys for the cor
porations could ever have hoped to estab
lish any other principle. It is unthinkable
that the government should create an In
stitution like a corporation, turn over to it
powers which may lead to the complete
control of Important lines of Industry, af
fecting materially the welfare of the peo
ple, and concede that, It had no power at
any time to Inquire Into the use made of
these powers and privileges.
The decision Is just what the country hus
You can trust a medicine tested sixty
years! Sixty years of experience, think
of that! Experience with Ayer's Sar
saparilla; the original Sarsaparilla; the
Sarsaparilla the doctors endorse for
thin blood, weak nerves, general de
bility. What does your doctor say
We have no secrets! We publish
the formulas of all our medicines.
Md by th J. O. Ar Oe , Lewsll, aw.
Ai auufwtMrtn f
ATBI'a lint V1G0B tor tk kair. A TESTS P'tLC-For oaastiMtloa.
AIKK'iCHBBBT FUCTORAL tot eoafhs. ATER'B AC. ft CD R Ve maUnS as4 agse.
jeen waiting for. The trusts will have U
iulk. It will no longer be worth while foi
x trust officer to hide behind the advice ol
.ouiikcI. It will do no good for counsel lu
.iiterrere. The theory that the trust officer,
jn esctte on the ground that to testify
is to Incriminate himself. the supreme,
court says, docs not apply to the corpora
tions. While tho individual may not be
prosecuted or punished on evidence fur
nished, by himself, the corporation is not
o protected. ,
This decision is Jhe most effective weapon
ever placed In the hands of the officers of
the law in their efforts to break
up the trusts. We shall see re
suits now which have not been possi
ble before, and if the trusst are not de
stroyed they will at least be compelled to
be decent, and when It appears that they
are abusing their corporate privileges, it
will be possible to find out ejactly what
they are doing and to punlHh them under
the Shermun law for Its violation.
This decision is a great victory for tha
people over arrogant and insolent cor
porate power; It Is epochal In Its signifi
cance. POITEH REMARKS.
"Peckham's wife doesn't chatter as much
as she used to."
"No: 1'eckham cured her. He told her
that when her lips were close together they
formed a perfect Cupid's bow.' Philadel
phia Press. j
First Legislator I see a Kansns man has
declared "a pass Is a bribe and any man
ought to be too big to accept such a smul'
Second legislator Well, of course, that's
true, but It would look kinder small for
us to go further and ask the railroads to
pay us fcr rldin', wouldn't It? Kansas Citv
"I've been looking for a small man In this
department with glasses," said the old
"Well?" replied tho new floor walker.
"Well, I oan't find him."
"Mebbe the glasses you've been looking
for him with ain't. strong enough, mu'ani.
Try a microscope." Philadelphia ledger.
Fred I wonder why the game of poker is
Joe Probably because a fellow Is apt to
burn his fingers when he gets the wrong
end of It. Chicago News.
"I suppose you understand all about this
question of alxillshlng railway rebates?"
"No," answered Farmer Corntossel, "I
don't exactly understand it. But us long
as It's something the railroads don't like I
feel It my duty to be in favor of it."
The Star (of the Gnlghtstand t'omedv
company) Did you know there was a cigar
named after me?
The Ixw Comedian (whose salary Is hi
arrears) I guess that was one of them I
The Star-Indeed! What makes you
The Lew Comedian It didn't draw very
THE BARGAIN BRIGADB.
Woman's Home Companion.
Hnlf a block, half a block,
Half a block onward.
Packed Into trolley cars.
Rode the six hundred.
Maidens and matrons hale.
Tall spinsters, slim and pale.
On to the bargain sale.
Rode the six hundred.
Autos to right of them.
Hansoms to left of them,
Flying trains over them,
Rattled and thundered.
Forward, through all the reur;
On, through the crowd they bore.
To Price & Seller's store
Rode the six hundred.
When at that mart of trade.
Stern-faced and unafraid.
Oh, the wild charge they made!
All the clerks wondered.
Theirs not to make reply,
Theirs not to reason why.
Theirs but to paciiy
All the six hundred.
On bargains still intent.
Homeward the buyers went.
With cash and patience Hnt
And friendships sundered.
What though their lists sport dents,
What though their gowns show rents
They have saved thirty cents;
Noble, six hundred.
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