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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 13, 1906)
The Omaha Daily Bee.
THE BEE BUSINESS OFFICE
Ground rioor Corner
The ftt Itaitdinf ' I7tk and Fsrasw
THE BEE BUSINESS OFFICE
Ground Flor Corner
Tkc Bee Balldlnc I7tfc ! Frni
OMAHA, TUESDAY MO.RNTXO, MAIJCH 13, 190G-TEX PAGES.
SIXULE COrV TIIHEE CENTS.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
CHICAGO WINS . SUIT
Windy City Obtains Almost Complete Oc
troi of Traction Situation.
DECISION OF FEDERAL SUPRFMP "f0URT
Act of J865 Extending; Char 5 - inety
Kine Years U Vali 2 2"
DOES NOT APPLY TO J. -lANCES
Franchises Granting Use of 6 " i Expire
by Their Own Limita' il t'-
CONTRACT CHARTER RIGHT Nu. -..CLUSIVE
Mayor Dana Says Flndlna; la -weeping
Victory, Oalr Pnlet
DrHl for Conapaalea
WASHINGTON, Maren 11 The Chicago
street railway cases, Involving: the ques
tlon of the data of termination of thi
franchise of the lines running front1 the
center of Chicago to the north and west
sides, were today decided by the supreme
court of the United States.
The opinion wo delivered by Justlco
Day and reversed the decision of the
I'nlted States circuit court for the north
em district of Illinois. He held that he
art of the Illinois legislature of liu had
the effeot of extending the charter of the
railway companies for ninety-nine years.
Effect of the Decision.
CHICAGO, March It By the decision of
the United States supreme court handed
down today the city of Chicago obtains
almost complete control of the local trac
tion situation. The decision sustains the
acta of the state legislature extending the
life of the charters of the street railway
companies to ninety-nine years, but does
not sustain the contention of the companies
that contract rights which are limited to
fewer years than remain to the charter
life of the companies are also extended
Contracts or ordinances of the city limiting
the use of the streets by the companies
are upheld and the rights of the companies
In the streets are held to expire according
to the expressed terms of the ordinances,
In its effect the decision leaves the Union
Traction company without any right what
ever, other than by sufferance In the
streets of the north division of the city.
It leaves the Union Traction company
in the west division without rights except
ing where the ordinances contain a pur
It leaves the Chicago City Railway com
pany, which operates all the street car
lines on the south side of the city, without
.right excepting where their ordinance
contain purchase clause.
The original ordinances granted to the
street car companies were for ninety-nlae
years Inside the city limits as they existed
In M85. 'The companies have extended their
tracks is the boundaries of the city have
been enlarged and have claimed that the
exteodeil Hue whtnri wwre built vnOtrr t ran
chlses from the city were also operative
under the nlncty-ntne-year act. The court
has held, however, that the ninety-nine-year
act extended only the charter life
of the street car companies without ex
tending their ordinances.
No Exclaslve Contracts.
The cburt also denies the claim of the
street car companies that they have been
vested with the exclusive right for ninety
nine years to enter Into contracts with
the city for the occupancy of Chicago's
streets for street railway, purposes. The
decision also holds that the companies
I could only receive such grants as the city
might give and upon such terms and condi
tions. Including the time of the grant, as
the city might prescribe.
. The city has all along admitted that the
nlnety-nlne-year act la valid, but claimed
that it did not extend the ordinances under
which the street car companies are ope rat
Ing at present.
"It Is a sweeping victory for the city,'
said Mayor Dunne. "There are no ninety-
nine-year franchises In the city of Chicago
according to this decision and no Indefinite
or perpetual grants In the outlying terri
tory. We have the traction companies now
In a position where we can negotiate for
the purchas of the lines. If they do not
want to sell at a fair price we can declare
our rights under the decision."
REPORT OF GLASGOW KXPERT
Mr. Dalryntple Saya Chicago la Sot Vet
Ready for Municipal Ownership.
CHICAGO, March li-The report of
James Dalrymple, the manager of the
street car companies of Glasgow. Scotland,
which are supposed to bo operated under
the direction of the municipality, upon the
local transportation of Chicago, has at
last been made public. Mr. Dalrymple vis
ited Chicago Immediately ator the election
of Mayor Dunne on a municipal owner
ship platform last spring to examine Into
the condition of the street railways of this
city and report upon the udvisablllty and
best method of operating them under mu
nicipal ownership. Ills report taa sent
to Mayor Dunne immediately on his re
turn to Glasgow, but the mayor has always
refused to give it out for publication. He
has been asked for It by the press and the
city council many times, but bus always
refused to allow It to bo aetn hy anybody.
He claimed that Mr. Dalrym;lu came to
' Chicago as his personal gucft and that the
report was, therefore, hi especial property.
Ihe city council finally obtained a copy of
the report from Alexander Walker, deputy
town clerk of Glasgow.
The report tn effect Is anuist the munici
pal operation of street car lines in Chicago
unless It hss become l.i p.lbl to reach an
agreement with the companies now opera t
ing lines In the city Fir. -en.
Touohing upon mvscnt street car condi
(Ions In the city I ho report says:
I had not been tiauy hours In your city
before I fully realised Why the cllisens of
nieMsn sriould r- no anxious that a change
tie made tn the ui ' nugement 0f your street
railways Kiul l mil not surprise me that
you ahoull i,ve been elected mayor by
such a lurfci' majority when you had In
timated t'i u!ii- people that if elected you
would tfiki- liumediut teis to have the
street ui'wuji owned and operated by the
U.UMIC ' j'uiity.
I on.-i.ier that your rhisens are fully
wurni";i'd In demanding an Immediate
Clint' ve. no that they may have the travel
Inn facilities enjoyed r.v the cltlsens of
oi..er clues In the I'nlted ma tea
The report then refers to the litigation
in progress between the city and street car
companies, which was settled today hy a
decision In the I'utted Slates Supreme
court and sa s:
PrcsuioitiK that you r able at a sat'.s
f acuity nun re to purelmna the prewnl fran
clUMea, there would undoubted! v tie a very
grave calmer In vur city attempting; to
operate what would Vie the largest railway
uudartakinic In the world, wl'houl making
, a very radical change in the methods us-
iC'uuUnued oo Second ra-
RESCUE WORKJS SUSPENDED
Fear of Partner Ksplosloee aad tias
Can sea Frrnrk Mlee ofliciala
PARIS. March 12.-AU rescue work has
been suspend at the Courrlere pits, In
which over l.ooo miners lost tlielr lives on
Saturday, owing to the danger of gases
and the stench from decomposing bodies.
The engineers fenr another explosion and
ordered up the relief gangs at 11 o'clock
this morning. The engineers will attempt
to ventilate the chambers before attempting
further rescue. If the results are satisfac
tory work nvlll be 'resumed tonight, but It
Is probable no further efforts will be made
until Thursday, as Tuesday will be devoted
The mine' company'! latest estimate
places the number of victims at 1.060.
A serious disorder was throatened today
owing to the persistency of parents who
wanted to see the bodies of the dead in
hopes of Identifying them. The authorities
promised to admit groups of twenty-five,
but the delay made the parents impatient
and they rushed at the doors. A scene
of great confusion followed, but mounted
gendarmes eventually forced back the
crowds and order was restored with dlffl
culty. When the parents obtained admis
sion a sorrowful spectacle was presented
as In groups of twenty-live they searched
the blackened bodies. A number of Identl
flcations were made and the bodies were
The chamber of deputies today unan
imously voted $100,000 for the relief of the
of the Courrleres disaster.
miners have voted $40,000 for the
HRNR, Prussta, March 12. Mining Dl
rector Meyer with fifteen men of the rescue
corps has gone to Courrleres, France, to
offer assistance in the work of bringing the
bodies of the miners from the pits where
an explosion on Saturday resulted In the
loss of over a thousand lives. The disaster
has made the deepest and most sympathetic
impression throughout this great mining
FRANCE REJECTS PROPOSITION
Foreign Control of Franco-Spanish
'Police la Morocco Is Sot
ALGHCIRA&. Spain, March 11-Tho
French delegates declare they will not ac
cept foreign control of the French-Spanish
police for Morocco. The Germans are firm.
This makes a momentary deadlock on de
tails, but a solution os considered as the
parties are agreed on the main principle
Although the representatives of neutral
powers feci assured that a solution of the
difficulties will be found. It is considered
probable that the deadlock will continue
until the new French foreign minister for
wards, to M. Revolt further Instructions.
Meanwhile both France and Germany
maintain their respective standpoints,
a waiting; the progress of events. One of
the moat prominent neutral delegates to
night expressed confidence In a successful
Issue of the conference, but did not in
dlcate on what lines he expected the agree
ment, to be made. '. , .'
MADRID. March l2.-filgnor Villaneuva,
who was minister of marine In the late
Moatero Rio'a cabinet, says he Intends
publicly to denounce In Parllment the I
tlon of Slgnor Montero Rio in making
secret treaty with France, whereby 8 pal
assisted France In the questions of the
Moroccan bank and the police of Morocco.
The diplomats here consider that the ex
change of visits between King Edward and
King Alfonso foreshadows a general Anglo-
BETROTHAL OFFICIALLY KNOWN
Premier of Spain Telia of Knsrasemen
of Klaa- to- Princess Vic
MADRID. March 12. Premier Moret to
day officially communicated to the cabinet
King Alfonso's betrothal to Princess Bna
of Battenberg, who hereafter will be offi
cially known as Victoria Kugenle. Later
the two houses of Parliament were no
tified. The minister of finance will present
bill appropriating the sum of $50,000 an
nually for the fiture queen. . The date of
the marriage has been definitely fixed for
June t , '
The American ambassador. William M.
Collier, has returned here from bis tour
of Andalusia to participate In the festivi
ties to be held In honor of the king of
Portugal, who arrived here today.
MANY SOLDIERSARE MISSING
Hosala Still Tnklusj Stock of Troops
In Recent Wnr with
ST. PETERSBURG, March 12.-The in
valid, organ of the military, la still printing
dally lists of the losaes sustained during
the war, which, without including Port
Arthur, now total 151, Wu killed, wounded
and disappeared. The lists covering the
fighting at Mukdun are Just beginning to
appear. A remarkable feature Is the per
centage of men whose fate is unknown,
having been abandoned on the fluid of
battle. The staff Is receiving thousands of
Inquiries from relatives regarding the fate
of soldiers which It is unable to answer.
Couatecas Waats Full Divorce.
PARIS, March 12. There Is reason to bx
lleve that the putlimlnrry hearing of the
separation proceedings Instituted hy Count
ess Ronl Castellaue, formerly Anna Gould,
against her huttband. Count Boni. which
was set for March 14, will be poi:oned.
This, It is understood, Is duo to the fact
that the countess contemplates applying for
an absolute divorce instead of a separation,
which will require; the filing of a new bill
Peite Receives Americans.
ROME. March 12. The pope today re
ceived In private audience J. Plerpont
Morgan, H. B. Holllns, Mrs. Hollins and
Miss Holllns. all of Now York.
REPRIEVE FOR ALBERT PATRICK
Governor HlaTarlns of Sen York 1st.
peads Executloe ef Death Sen.
tenee tntil May.
ALBANY. N. T.. March 12. Governor
Illgglns today granted a further reprieve,
until May lft. In the case of Albert T.
Patrick, whose sentence of death for the
alleged murder of William Marsh Rice, the
governor had already delayed from Jan
uary 22 to March 19.
The respite Is at the joint request of
District Attorney Jerome and the attor
neys for Patrick In order to allow time
to continue the proceedings on the motion
for a new trial, now pending In New Ywrk
ALK OF CABINET CHANGES
Taft, Mood? and Shaw Are Amonr Those
Slated for Retirement.
MAGOON TALKED OF AS TAFFS SUCCESSOR
Bill Inlrodared In Hoitt to Delay
Opening of the Shoshone Reser
vation from Jane lft to
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, March VL (Special Tele
gram.) The rumored resignation of Secre
tary Taft from the cabinet for a place on
the supreme bench In place of Justice
Rrown has given rise to much speculation
as to the Taft succession.
Ever since It was vaguely hinted Justice
Urown would retire. Secretary Taft's name
has boen connected with the vacancy and
naturally the cabinet builders have been
casting about for a man to succeed Taft
and they have found him In the person
of Governor Charles K. Magoon of Ne
braska. Today Mr. Magoon was ap
proached regarding the succession, but
laughingly pushed it aside as a huge joke.
Judge Magoon'a thorough knowledge of the
Phllllppines and isthmian canal matters
would, it is believed here, make him an
Ideal secretary of war. Judge Magoon will
sail for the Isthmus on Saturday to take
up his duties as governor of the canal
zone, American minister to the Panamanian
government and member of the Panama
It Is said that with the agreement that
Secretary Taft shall go upon tho supreme
bench It is Attorney Ceneral Moody's In
tention to quit the cabinet next March,
and already his successor Is predicted In
the person of the present secretary of the
navy, Charles J. Bonaparte. The Amerl
can ambassador to Russia, George U.
Meyer, Is picked as Bonaporte s suc
cessor at the head 6f the Navy department.
Mr. Shaw also retires next year In order
to enter upon tils presidential campaign
which will mean at least three changes
in the cabinet, and possibly Hitchcock
may also go out.
Martin tioea CampnlgrnlnaT,
Congressmen Martin of the Black Hills
district will leave for South Dakota to
morrow on a short speech-making tour
through Lincoln county. He is billed to
speak at Lenox Thursday, Canton Friday
and Hudson Saturday afternoon. Mr. Mar
tin said so far as his senatorial ambitions
are concerned they looked exceedingly
promising and that the stalwart forces In
South Dakota would be stronger In the
coming convention than they were In the
last. Should this prove true It means the
retirement . of Senator Gamble to private
life. But Senator Gamble is quite as opti
mistic as his younger colleague of the del
egation and it Is a. case of. "you pay your
money and you take your choice."
Fish Hatchery roc Sebraska.
Senator Burkett'a bill appropriating: $y
Oof for the purchase of a site and the erec
tlon of . buildings for a fish hatchery In
Nebraska was , favorably reported today
from the committee on fisheries. The bill
as originally drawn directed a hew flab
eulturat station.be located at Nellgli. An
telope county," but upon reference to the
Department of Commerce and Labor Sec
retary Metcalf made the suggestion that
the precise location of the station be left
to the discretion of his department, which
has been done.
Increase In Mexican Pensions.
The state committee on pensions today
authortred a favorable report on Senator
Gallinger's bill providing a uniform pen
slon of $20 per month to veterans of the
Mexican war. There are now in round
numbers 4.500 survivors of this conflict
and these now receive a uniform rate ol
not less than $12 per month. Of course,
In some exceptional cases the rate, because
of extraordinary disability due to their
serviced Is much higher than the $13 figure.
Under the Galllnger bill all will receive at
least $20 per month. There are many vet
erans of the Mexican war located In Ne
braska, Iowa and the Dakotas, but the
great preponderance of these survivors are
living in Mississippi and Texas, with con
slderable numbers In Tennessee and
Representative Dawson , of the Second
Iowa district today Introduced a bill trans
ferring the counties of Jackson and Clinton
from the northern Judicial district of Iowa
:to the southern district.
Delay In Wind River Open In sr.
Representative Lacey today Introduced
a joint resolution providing an extension
of time for opening to public entry of
unallotted lnnds on the ceded portions of
the Shoshone or Wind river reservation
In Wyoming from June 15, 1!"8, to Auyutt
IS, 194. Tills extension of time Is sought
because, the' weather conditions In early
June are "not favorable and for the com
fort of prospective settlors It would be
better to postpone the opening until mid
summer. Another reason Is two new rail
roads are projected to reach practically to
the bounds of the country to be opened
and if the opening is delayed a couple of
months the railroads will be practically
completed and greatly facilitate the travel
of those who contemplate making their
future homes on the lands to be qpened.
Resurveys tn Nebraska.
Representative Klnkald today introduced
a bill authorizing the secretary of the
Interior to reiurvey certain lands in Ne
braska. These lands, it Is asserted, were
jiot accurately surveyed when the country
wits opened to settlement, or If they were
the monuments have been misplaced or
lost sight of. The Klnkald. bill proposes
to furnish relief In having a resurvey madty
of the lands in township Z north, range
12; township 23 north, rangi 13; township
28 north, range 14; township S2 north, range
47, all west of . the sixth principal meridian,
In Nebraska, also all lands In the county
' Miner Matters at Capital.
Judge Klnkald today made the following
recommendations for postmasters: E. J.
Upton.- Erlcson, Wheeler county, vice C.
W. Lockard, removed; William H. Boyer,
Fort Niobrara, vice J. O. Vincent, resigned.
Mayor Matturn of IX s Moines, accom
panied by several friends. Is In Washing
ton, returning from Boston, where he went
to assist 'in the presentation of a bell given
by the cltlsens of Des Moines to the
armored cruiser Des Moines.
B. Murphy, stale printer ot Iowa and
also editor of the Vinton Citisen. is in
Colonel A. J. Keller and daughter of
Hot Springs and J. J. Ditvenport of Sturgis,
8. D , are In Washington.
Rural carriers appointed: Iowa Cylinder,
route 2. Franklin Jones carrier, Miry Jones
substitute; Mystic, rojte 2, Harry M. lLtr
man carrier. Charles Urunson substitute;
St. Charles, route i. William H. Caaon
carrier, James Anderson substitute. South
Dakota Salem, route I, John 11. Maunce
J earn, rrauk ttus substitute. .
PAPER TRUST WITNESSES LOSE
alted States Supreme Conrt Decides
'I hey Mnst Answer Ques
tions la Ilearlnaj.
WASHINGTON. March 12 In an opinion
y Justice McKenna. the Supreme court
of the I nlted States, today decided the
case against the witnesses In the "Paper
Trust cases" aaralnst them, holding that
tney snouia answer tne questions pro
pounded to them In the proceedings against
the alleged trust brought by the govern
ment. The cases originated In Minnesota
nd Wisconsin. The Wisconsin cases were
Ismlssed for want of JurlHilictlon, while
In the Minnesota cases the verdict of tho
court for tho district of Minnesota was
The proceedings In these eases was an ef.
. . i. - . . . i. . m r .. ... . I
rial M r ctwiIiKliy. v mil moil I .V Riiumi mo
the Western Paper trust, to avoid testify
ing In the government's prosecution of
that company under the Sherman anti-trust
lirw. The original action out of which tho
cases grew was Instituted hi the circuit
ourt for the district of Minnesota tn De
cember, 1!MH, but the transnctlon Involved
In the cases decided today by the supreme
court took place in Milwaukee May lfi, last.
before an examiner acnt to that city to
take testimony the proceeding against the
paper company. Among the witnesses
summoned by the examiner were L. M
Alexander, secretary and trensurer; GeorRe
A. Whiting, first vice president, and W, C
Stuart, general sales manager of the
General Paper company, and E. T. Har
mon, president of the Grand Rapids Pulp
and Paper company. They refused to pro
duce their books or to mako reply to cer
tain questions concerning the conspiracy
lleged by the government in the proceed-
lng against the paper company claiming
personal privileges under the fourth and
fifth amendments to the constitution of the
United States which, they asserted, re
lieved them from disclosing the facts con
cerning which they wer interrogated.
They also contended that to compel such
disclosures would amount to an unreason-
able search and seixure, within the meaning
of the fourth amendment, and to require
them to give evidence against themselves,
within the meaning of the fifth amendment.
A similar plea was made on behalf of the
General Papcir company. The refusal of
the witnesses to testify was referred to
the circuit court for tho eastern district
of Wisconsin and ,.that tribunal directed
them to reply to the questions and to pro
duce the books of the company as required.
From that decision an appeal was taken
to the supreme court.
The facts In the Minnesota cases was
similar, but the court proceedings were
different, permitting the court to take
Jurisdiction In those cases while it could
not do so in the Wisconsin cases.
The Tobacco trust cases, Involving the
right of witnesses to refrain from testify-
In before federal grand Juries In pro-
ceedlngs under the anti-trust law were
today decided by the supreme court of
tBe United States against the witnesses.
The cases grew out of ' proceedings for
writs of habeas corpus Instituted in the
circuit court for the southern district of
New York, whose detHilon- was affirmed.
The court held, how'cr, that the sub
poena In this case was too broad..
CANNON ANGRY- AT SENATORS
Speaks Sarcastically of Mea Who, He
Saya, Arc Trylaa; to Raa
WASHINGTON, March 12. Statehood
legislation formed a topic of discussion at
the White House today. It developed from
the enlltt ati nresMent nf Rneaker fiuinnn
and representative Watson of Indiana, the
republican "whip of the house," that the
m-mW. ct tho hniiio r incensed mt 1 h
action of the senate not only on the stated
hood bill, but on other measures passed by
the house which have been received with
disapproval by the senate.
When Speaker Cannon was asked If, In his
opinion, there would be statehood legisla
tion by this congress, he said Vehemently;
"Go ask Aldrlch, Burrows & .Co. They
seem to want to be running things. So far
as I am concerned so far as nvy vote goes
the legislation will proceed along the usual
lines. The bill will be sent to a conference
between the two branches. Do they think
the house was born In the wood to be
scared by an owl?"
Mr. Watson was positive the house would
not concur In the senate amendments to the
statehood bill. "The house will stand pat."
he declared. "The senate has kicked out
our Philippine bill, has tried to emasculate
the rate bill and has taken the life out of
the statehood bill. Do you think the house
wll) stand such treatment? It will not and
you tliay depend on it."
A caucus of the republican members of
the house will be called for Wednesday
evening for the purpose of discussing tho
senate statehood bill.
Statehood "Insurgents" are In rebellion at
the proposition for a caucus on the ground
that It is an attempt to bind them. There
seems to be a general ' understanding; that
the so-called insurgent members will' not
attend the caucus.
MINE LEADERS LOSE CASE
Meyer aad Others Called I'poa ta Face
Charae of Murder la
BOISE Idaho, March 12. The motion of
the prosecution In the habeas corpus case w,th tha ..Garrisonian.,.. aooition or
ln the Bteunenborg murder case, to strike 1RA) shB ,ntsrr..,.rf
froiu the answer of the Western Federation
leaders all reference to the arrest of
Messrs. Moyer. Haywood and Pettlbone In
Denver and their subsequent removal to
Idaho and all portions referring to the al-
leged conspiracy on the part of Governors
V ' "' ' .
McDonald and Gooding, and others con
nected with the prosecution, was sustained
by the supreme court today. This means
that Moyer, Haywood, Pettlbone and the
others indicted for tho murder of ex
Governor Bteuner.berg at Caldwell munt
stand trial for the crime.
Counsel for the prisoners who are mem
bers of the Western Federation of Miners
gave notice of an appeal to the supreme
court of the United States
The application of Vincent 8t. John for
writ Of habeas corpus was taken under
vlsement by the court. .
Later the supreme court denied the appli
cation for a writ of habeas corpus In the
caxe of Moyer, Haywood and Pettlbone and
remanded the prisoners to the custody of
the sheriff of Canyon ' county. At the re
quest of the prisoners the pace of tlielr
confinement will be changed frjn the state
penitentiary to the county Jail of Cunyon
county at Caldwell. They will be removed
In tiie dwlaiim rendered today on the mo
tion of the prosecution to strike out all
references to the smut und extradition
of tho prisoners, the courl held that the
question of the manner of their removal
from Colorado waa not within the Jurisdic
tion of the Idaho courts, after the prisoners
had arrlvud wl'hta ta couOacg of the stats.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY IS DEAD
Lone; and Eventful Career Closes at an
Early Hour This Morning;.
UNCONSCIOUS FOR TWENTY-FOUR HOURS
Death Was Dae to Heart Failure
Induced by Double Paeuusonln
Sketch of Her
ROCHESTER. N. Y.. March IS. The lone
and eventful lite of Susan B. Anthony
closed at 12:10 o'clock this morning. The
end came peacefully. Miss Anthony had
Keen nnnnn.liiiii nraetlrtnlltr tV-ii- tn.nlv.
mentality expected since Sunday night.
Only her wonderful constitution kepi hor
Dr. M. S. Rlcker. her attending physician,
said Miss Anthony died of heart failure
Induced by double pneumonia. She had
had serious valvulary heart trouble for
the last six or seven yearn. Her lungs
were practically clear, and the pneumonia
had yielded tu treatment, but the weak
ness of her heart prevented her recovery.
Mayor James G. Butler tonight announced
that as a mark of respect to the memory
of Miss Anthony the flags of the city will
be displayed at half-mnst on the day of
Mlws Anthony was taken 111 while, on her
way home from the national suffrage con
vention In Baltimore. She stopped In New
York, where a banquet was to be given
February 20 In honor of her eighty-sixth
birthday, but had an attack of neuroglia
two auyn urxore ana nascenea nome. 1 lieu-
mnnia developed after her arrival here and
on March 6 both lungs became affected.
After that she became unable to retain
nourishment and showed an alarming
weaknesa Last week, however, she seemed
to Improve and her friends hoped she was
out ot danger. Then came the attack of
Heart failure Sunday afternoon, following
which she sank Into unconsciousness. From
that time on almost the only sign of life
manifested was the feeble pulse beat and
tho labored breathing. Miss Anthony her
self hud believed thut she would recover.
Sketch of Her Career. '
Susan Brownoll Anthony was born at the
foot of Old Gray Lock, In the Berkshire
hills of Massachusetts, February 15, 1&.V.
tier miner, uamel Anthony, was a mem
ber of a prominent and wealthy Quaker
family, and later in life Miss Anthony
ldentllied herself with this denomination
tier mother, Lucy Read, came from a
family of Unitarians and Baptists. Both
parents were liberal in their views, and
this tendency was Inculcated Into all mem-
bers of, their family, becoming especially
marked In Miss Anthony and her brother
tho late Colonel "Dan" Anthony, editor of
the Leavenworth (Kan.) Times. It Is told
of Miss Anthony that she was precocious,
having learned to read and spell when
and 4 years old.
In 1$ Miss Anthony was taken with the
family to Batenvllle, N. ' Y.. where her
father operated a cloth factory, and here
Miss Anthony began her first work as tem
porary '."spooler" In her father's factory
a clace she held, for a abort time during
the Illness of the regular employe. At the
age of IS she began to teach school, much
to the disapproval of a number of per
sons, who criticised her father for per
mittlng her to work when It was not neces
sary for her support, lie defended his
course by saying that It would teach her
Independence. 'Two years later she at
tended a boarding school at Philadelphia
with an older els.er. A financial crash In
ut M to her chooX and
home to resume teaching
"""" "uirii vn.o men III C31
.(... T T i . . .. . 1 ,
A AH Sfi.u A .-. V. W. ..I a V.
T . . . "' '"
Idea of the brotherhood of man by refusing
to attend a public reception In his bonjr,
and took occasion to declare her later well
known ylews on the subject of total ab
stinence from Intoxicating liquor. Abou
this time, also, she began to give evidence
of her strong abolition sentiments, muc
to the chagrin of a number of the members
of her family, who made protest on the
subject. It was during her career as
teacher that she made her first publlu ap
pearance as a speaker, the occasion bein
a meeting of the Daughters of Temperance.
Pablle Career Starts la 1HSO,
The year 1850 may be said to mark Mies
Anthony's debut upon a public career. At
the home of her father she had met man
prominent persons of liberal Ideas, Includ
Ing Mrs. Stanton, Lucretia Mott, William
Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Chan
ning and Plllsbury- On the question of
slavery, which about that time divided
New York Quakers, the elder Anthony
found himself out of accord with the ma
Jorlty. and became an attendant of the
Unitarian church. Frederick Douglass
came to Rochester about this time and
started the North Star, an abolition news-
paper; John B. Gough is at the beginning
of his career as a temperance orator; the
first of the "spiritualist" manifestations
were under way at Albany; the'fugultive
slave law was passed, and Its operutlon
brought dismay to the abolitionists. All of
tn thm8 as1"' the "liberal think
ers oi ine community, j ne nrst woman a
rights convention, which was held In 1S1S,
Waa also a theme for consideration. The
parents of Miss Anthony were early 'con
verts to the woman's suffrage idea, and a
cousin was secretary of the first conven
tion. In 1857 and 1R&8 she was a sneaker
In tho- matter of having the property
rights of women extended. In 18H1-C2 she
arranged a series of abolition meetings and
was the victim of mobs In a number of
. , .... ,
have the fourteenth constitutional amend
ment abolish sex as a qualification for the
elective franchise. In 1IM the American
Equal Rights association was formed, with
Lucretia Molt as president, and Miss An
rbony as one ef the coresponding secre
taries. In lSCs the first national convention
of the society waa held at Washington.
In 1872 Miss Anthony voted under the four
teenth smendment, was arrested for llle.
gal voting and was flrnu for her act. At
i i .
Bvrry convene, on oi cue pomiciu
I I"'" 'r"f attempts were made
to hv woman suffrage planks Inserted.
In 1&S3 ahe attempted to have a suffrage
amendment submitted to the states, but
was again unsuccessful, although It re
ceived the approval of a committee of the
house of representatives.
Canapalaru la Nebraska.
In 1XS2 came the campaign for woman s
suffrage in the state of Nebraska. The
legislature had submitted an amendment.
and the national organization raised lf."c0
to carry on the campaign in the state. Mis
Anthony deyot. d her time and $1, of her
own funds to Ihe cause. The opening of
the ruinpaign began In Omaha, i-pternber
1. at Boyd's oera house, and continued
three days. Speaking nf this meeting, Ida
jlOvulinued. on Second Pa J
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
now, with Rlslnc Temperature Tues
day. Wednesday Snow.
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday!
Hoar. Dear. Hoar. Dee.
It a. va T 1 p. in...... 14
H n. m...... T a p. m Ill
T n. ni...... T 3 p. m IT
Ma. m M 4 p. m. IT
a. n n Bp. m IT
10 a. ui lO ' p. in IT
11 a. m 12 T p. m IT
IS as 13 n p. m IT
n p. m ...... IT
SHERIFF HANDY WITH A GUN
Kills 1 enthral Desperado Who
Prefers a Flacht to Sur
rendering;. CHETENNE. Wyo.. March IX (Special
Telegram.) Logan Bllssard. a 18-yenr-old
desperado, was shot and killed near Kim
ball. Neb., yesterdsy hy Sheriff Owens of
Weston county, Wyoming.
Bllssard, while being taken to the Wyo
ming penitentiary. Jumped from the car
near Dlx, Neb., and despite the fact that
the train was traveling forty miles an hour
when he Jumped Bllssard escaped Injury.
By a daring bluff he held up two ranchmen
and took from them a rifle and horse. A
terrific, storm was In progress and Bllssard
was compelled to seek shelter at -the Fet-
terman ranch, three miles southeast of
Assisted by Sheriff Bartholemew of Klni-
ball, Sheriff Owens located Bllssard at the
ranch and commanded him to surrender.
Instead Bllssard opened Are on the officers
and was shot dead by Owens, whose skill
with a six-shooter Is proverbial In Weston
Bllssard was arrested In Crook county
six weeks ago for horse stealing. Before
he was taken he engaged In a running
fight with two officers and was shot in the
foot. After receiving the wounds he held
up three ranchmen and secured a new
horse. He was later captured by ranchmen
at whose place the wound In his foot had
compelled him to seek shelter: Ho was
taken to Newcastle, pleaded guilty and wni
sentenced to five years In the penitentiary.
MISS ANTHONY NEAR DEATH
Relatives Harry to Bedside of the
Venerable Champion of -
ROCHESTER, N. Y., March 12. There has
boen no marked change in the condition
of Susan B. Anthony since yesterday. She
Is still In a comatose condition, the heart
action Is weak and death may be looked
for at any moment.
Miss Anthony sank rapidly since 10
o'clock. Her breathing was Irregular and
at times barely discernible. Her physician
said: "There Is absolutely no hope and
she probably will not live the day out."
This morning the following named
nieces arrived at her bedside: Mrs. George
I Baker -of Chicago, Miss Lucy' E. An
thony of Philadelphia, private secretary to
Dr. Anna Shaw; Mrs. Alvln T. Jones of
Last night In a delirium Miss Anthony
spoke of the work in Oregon, where the
battle for woman suffrage la now being
waged. Shortly afterward she sank Into a
stupor. j .
LEAVENWORTH. Kan., March 12. D.
B. Anthony, Jr., editor of tho Leavenworth
Times, nephew ot Miss Anthony, and his
mother, Mrs. D. R. Anthohy, sr., left for
Rochester this afternoon.
CALEB POWERS LOSES CASE
I'nlted States Supreme Court Decides
' that Kentucky Has Juris
diction In Matter.
WASHINGTON, March It The Caleb
Powers case was decided by the supreme
court of the United States today against
Powers. The opinion was delivered by
Justice Harlan and held that the case was
not removable from the state to the fed
eral courts. The case was therefore re
manded to the Kentucky state courts.
The .opinion was based on the ground
that the equal lights statute, section Ml.
revised . statutes, does not apply unless
recognised by state laws of the state con
stitution., Justice Harlan said that the
supreme; court of the United States could
take cognizance of the case on a writ of
error. The opinion waa unanimous.
CINCINNATI, March 12. When seen at
the Newport Jail today Caleb Powers stated
that he was greatly disappointed in the de
cision of the supreme court. Powers added:
I am Indeed sorry to learn that the su
pretro court has decided that It has no
Iurlsdlctlor. In my faae. A fair trial is all,
have asked all I have wanted. I am In
nocent of the charge against me and expect
to tight this case as long as I live, but I
will never tit given a fair trial in the Ken-
ARGUMENTS IN PACKERS' CASE
F.vldcnee la Rebuttal Is Mnbniltted
and Each Side Moves for Ver
dict In Its Behalf.
CHICAGO. March 12 The final evidence
waa submitted and arguments commenced
on the packers' rase late today. Several
witnesses were Introduced by the packers
to refute several statements made on the
stand by the special agents of the govern
ment, and Special Agnt Durand was thon
called by the government to explain cer
tain matters tn his previous testimony.
As soon as his evidence was finished At
torney Miller, representing Armour 4b Co.,
made a motion that Judge Humphrey di
rect a verdict In favor of the packers. A
cross motion waa also offered by DlslrK't
Attorney Morrison that the evidence le
excluded and a verdict directed In favor
of the government. Arguments were Im
mediately begun and will probably last
for several days.
TONS OF DYNAMITE EXPLODE
Part ef Plant . of Areat Northora
Power Plant at Dulath
DULTTH, Minn., March 12 Kight tons
of dynamite at the compressor plant of
the Great Northern Power company os
ploded this evening, demolishing a large
portion of the. works under construction
and Injuring a number of men. The force
of the explosion was felt for more than
forty miles In all directions. Physicians
have been summoned to care fur the In
jured. It Is reported here that three were
killed, but this cannot be verified at
So Relief fnr Murderess,
WASHINGTON, March 12. The supreme
court of the United Stales today refused
to grunt a writ of liuluas corpus in liie
i-a of Anna Valeatlna, the Italian woman
who is under sentence of death at Hack-
ensac k. N. J-. on the charge of murder
in that city In l-"i. thus affirming tiie dc
i tlBlou u( the circuit courU
OIL HEARING BEGINS
Interstate Commprce Commission Commences
Work on New Task at Kansas City.
INDEPENDENT OPERATOR ON THE STAND
A, F. Bobertson Excites Instances of
Discrimination A?aint Producers.
FREIGHT AGENT GIVES SIMILAR TESTIMONY
Bates Raised as Soon as Standard Pips Lins
PROMINENT OIL MEN ARE PRESENT
l.eaal Represeatatlves of PartleslWh
May Be Affected by Evidence
Heady to Take Part
In Case. 4 jj
KANSAS CITY, March 12-ln the Inter
state Commerce commission hearing here
today Into the charges of 'the Kansas Oil
Producers' association, that Kansas rail
ways discriminate In favor of the Standard
Oil company In the matter of giving rates
on oil. A. F. Roherton of Cherryvale. Kan.,
a member of the Uncle Sam Oil company,
and F. A. Lelund. assistant Keneral freight
agent of the Missouri, Kappas & Tcxaa
railway, guve important testimony.
Acting upon resolutions passed by both
houses of congress, three memliers of the
Interstate Commerce commission began an
Investigation here today Into charges made
by Independent producers of Kansas that
the . railways of Kansas discriminate In
favor of the Standard Oil company in the
matter of oil rates outside that state. The
railroads Involved are the Santa Fe. the
Missouri Pacific, the Missouri. Kansas
Texas, the St. Louis & San Francisco, the
Rock Island, the Union Pacific, the Kansas
City Southern nnd the Burlington.
The members of the Interstate Commerce
commission who will make the Investiga
tion are Francis M. Cockrell, Judson C
Clements nnd Charles A. Prouty. John C.
Marchand, who has been in the southwest
for the last two weeks making a prelim
inary Investigation of the producers'
charges, was present today as the attor
ney for the commission. Frank S. Monett,
former attorney general of Ohio, and
Clifford Thorne of Washington, la., were
present as counsel for the independent
Railway Counsel Present.
The railways interested had representa
tives at the Investigation and there were
several interested spectators. Among the
latter was C. D. ChuiiiU rlain of Cleveland,
O., secretary of the National Petroleum
association, comprising independent re
finers of Pennsylvania and Ohio, He said
he was here to watch the proceedings In
the Interests of his association.
The agitation for the Investigation begun
today was started some time ago. Whoa
Clifford Thorne, acting' upon behalf of the
Kansas Oil , Producers' association, filed
with James , R. Garfield, commissioner .of
corporations at Washington, a atiteinent In "
which Instances of alleged discrimination
against the Independents in the matter of
rates were made. This statement said in
part: . ..
Your petitioners firmly believe that no
class of shippers In tne United States to
day are more directly a fleeted by inter
state rates than the independent oil men,
by reason of the' fact that their cum pott
tor controls many great rallroud systems)
and owns pipe lines forming a network ovef
the American nation, rendering them prac
tically Independent of the freight rates
they establish tor their rivals to pay.
By means of a remarkable manipulation
of interstate freight rates the Standard
Oil company is endeavoring to crush all
competition from the Kansas -ll fields to
points outside of the state of Kansas. To
day you can ship the same quantity of oil
luu mHcs in Kansas for the same price
that you can ship It live miles If those five
miles happened to bo over the state line.
While members of the Producers' associa
tion and railway officials will be the chief
witnesses, the Interstate Commerce com
mission has Invited "all persons, firms.
I companies or - associations having any In
terest In the procedlngs to appear to pro
duce and cross-examine witnesses." It Is
expected that the hearing will last through
Robertson oa Stand.
A. F. Robertson of Cherryvale, Kan., was
the first witness examined. Mr. Robertson,
who formerly was a newspaper correspond
ent. Is now a member of the Kansas OH
Producers' association, which makes the
charges of discrimination.
To the Associated Press Mr. Marchand
stated that Mr. Robertson probably would
be the most Important witness produced
by tho independent oil Interests, and that
the government would base Us Investiga
tion mainly upon his testimony.
Mr. Roberts in's testimony brought out
an Interesting history of the Kansas oil
field. Mr. Robertson said that he was a
member of the Uncle Sam Oil company,
which is affiliated with the producers' as
sociation. Hi said that the Standard oil
company, tiie Prairie OH and Gas company
and. the Republic Oil company were not
members of the Kansas OH Producers' as
sociation, known as the Independents. Mr.
Robertson said that oil was discovered in
Kansas in paying quantities In lH'iS. The
production then was SOU barrels a day.
Now the production was from 15,000 to fcO.uuo
barrels a day. The Standard and its affil
iate J companies, the witness said, produce
only 1,000 or 1,500 barrels a day.
Indepeadeats' Large Output.
Practically all the oil In the field is pro
duced by the independent companies. The
first pipe line was laid In Kansas in IM
from Thayer to Ncjciesha. In 14 a pipe
line was built from Neodcsha to Caney,
pear the Indian Territory line, and It was
gradually extended down into different
points in Oklahoma. The Standard has had
a refinery at Neodcsha, Kan., for test years,
and It has a pipe lino from Neodeaha to
Sugar Creek (Kansas City), Fsve years
ago Mr. Robertson said, the rale on crude
ell and refined oil from Cherryvale, Kan.,
to Kansas City was 10 cents 100 poundb.
To Omaha the rate was IS cents. ThlJ0
cent rate was In effect until 1904, when It
was changed to 17 cents to Kansas City
and 22 cents to Omaha. The weight of a
gallon of oil was estimated by the railway
prior to 19t4 at 4 pound. In 19oi a cliangu
was made and the weight was estimated at
7.4 pounds for both crude and refined oil.
These rates applied to Kansas City, Mo.,
and to all point In Missouri, Nebraska,
Colorado and Oklahoma.
Robertson testified that while the rate
on oil from Cherryvale to Atchison and
Leavetiwerth, near the Missouri state line,
was 14 cents. It waa 17 cents to Missouri
points. Prior to this advance to 17 ei nts.
which, he said, war Hindi- in IWOi, the Kan
sas independents had .1 niatkt o.itxhlu of
the state, but jence It,, n they had uo
market. Robertson said that when In IfrH
the railroads raised the ,itt of oil nutwhle
of Kansas th' y made io raise la the tats
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