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Omaha Sunday Bee
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ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
OMAHA,. SUNDAY MOKNING, MAIU II 11, l.MXJ-Font SECTIONS-THIUTY-TWO PAOES.
SINGLE COPY" FIVE CENTS.
CHINA IS WARLIKE
Experienced Observer. Expect Grate Trouble
' in Orient in Oomparatirely Bbort Time.
. MASSACRES EVIDENCE OF DEEP HATRED
teelinr Acainrt Foreit-nen Confined to Ho
Section of the Empire.
RULERS FRIENDLY, BUT PEOPLE EXCITED
Influential Oitiiem Lend Aid and Comfort
to the Boyootters.
RUSSIAN POWER IS GREATLY MISSED
In plte of It . beneral Weakness
' Koree of t'ar Eifrt a Healthy
' Restraining; Influence
PEKING. March 10.-8peclal Cablegram
U Th tiff.) It China dors not find Itself
litvolved In another war with the power
before the middle of the summer of ISoH It
will aurpriae all of the foreigners who
have been students of Chinese character for
many year. The situation In many res
pects Is far more serious than it waa a few
months previous to the Boxer rebellion.
The news of the massacre of Krenh and
English missionaries by rioters at Nan
Chang, together with the announcement
that the American missionaries at that
place escaped the massacre only by taking
to boats when the threat of massacre be
came Imminent, surprises no one who has
been keeping posted upon ths situation In
The American boycott proves conclusively
that even taking It for granted the dowager
repress and her court love the Americans
like brothers, this love and affection is nut
shared by the rank and file. Even the mer
chants, the banking and commercial classes,
powerful Interests in China as in other na
tions, appear to have egged on this boy
cott of American goods. And this boycott
on be explained upon no other grounds
than the grounds of the bitterest hatred. It
is true that as soon as the Intentions of the
mob became known to the governor of Nan
chang ha used the force at his command to
suppress the rioting, and that he also as
sisted by every means In his power to aid
In ths escape of the missionaries who had
not already been murdered. According to
the reports here, the original quarrel was
with the French Jesuits, no other nation
ality being Involved. But the rag of the
mob once excited did not draw the line be
tween ths French and the representatives
of other nationalities. All Christian mis
sionaries, without discrimination, were at
tacked with the Intention of making a clean
weep. Therein lies ths whole trouble. Dif
ficulties which in other countries might be
come purely local. , as for Instanoe the
lynching of the Italians In Louisiana In
the United States a few years ago, hers
become International and all in a moment,
and the fever for the killing of mission
1 arte Iit vrto Wiw; if "Sm'heejkedi 111 -spree
from town to town with amaxlng rapidity.
Russia Helps Foreigners,
The sooner one thing Is recognised by the
natten of the world, the Vnlted States In
cluded, the better It . wU be for the na
tion of the world, the United States In
cluded. No matter whether one Ukea the
nation or not no matter , whether s one
agree with Its civilisation still It must
be admitted that for hundreds of years
Russia has ben a sort of international
policeman on the Chinese and Tartar fron
tier. And mllfina and millions of repre
sentatives of the yellow race who knew no
other nationality, feared no other nation
ality, did know and fear the Russian sol
diers. These wonderful new cities built
on the northern border of China, these
railroads pushed through to the sea, did
act aa a policeman's club to keep In check
millions of Manchus. who perhaps never
heard of the United States, but .who did
know the meaning of the crack of the whip
of the Cossack, the knout of the Russian
soldier only applied to the back of the
Russian feasant and made perfect by
practice. Take away the International po
liceman, take away the International police-nan's
club, lift the pressure and what
la happening now Is what always happens
when the pi ur la lifted from Irre
sponsible people and authority is succeeded
by no authority, at all. For It should be
remembered that for 1.000 miles and over
tens of millions of people who yield nom
inal obedience to the ruler of China for
stretch of l.OuO miles on the northern
boundary of China, Russia was the su
preme authority. And now that this In
ternational sick man (with upologles to
the Turki Is no longer able to wield the
policeman's club the whole altitude uf
the Chinese people lias undergone a ie
markable change; the patient, timid Asiatic
would seem, suddenly tu have realised that
the power of the weal Is no longer In
,vlnclple, and the result has been an Im
mediate awakening of the national Instinct
and the expression of its nation! policy
China for the Chinese.
All Pervading; Itaiirastt,
The causes which predispose the Chinese
people towarda the possibility of so sudden
a change are undoubtedly, first, their in
stinctive and not unjustifiable aversion to
toe objects and methods of European civ
Jliistlon, ana. secondly, the absolute Ig
norance of the newspaper men. the writers
and even the classes which here as well aa
abroad mold aud guide public opinion.
Vi'sre It not for this all pervading ignorance
mud the Inability of those who lead ths
present movement to realise the actual
SkislUon of the empire in lis relation to the
,t of the world the victories of Japan
would have sobered rather than stimulated
the national mind. As matters now stand,
however, the classical scholar of the old
regime complacently reminds himself that
Japan received lis prehistoric, education
from the Middle kingdom, while the stu
dent reformer talks luudly of Insisting on
his country's sovereign rights and the Im
mediate organising of armies Neither the
on nor the other realises that they them
selves are sufficient explanation of the
fact that China has at present no more
hop than Turkey of climbing to the
hnights Japan has won; that Its administra
tive corruption far exceeds that of Russia,
attd that n is constitutionally Incapable
of making the sacrifice by which Japan
'was aplwroiiuy able to cast off medieval
ism In a day.
hot Uk Jasasiat.
. Amongst observers of the far eastern
uueativo there is a disposition to accept
aa Identical ths national characteristics
and asplraiioas of China and Japan. To a
..oerlaln extent some of the contentions
are Justified, as is proved by the preaeec
' of great number of Japan In the ciUaa
of the Interior of China, where European
.Continued a fowuA Fag)
CHARGES AGAINST A GOVERNOR
tlerr Ton Pottkamer Ac-cosed of
Cruelty, Oppression and Other
BERLIN'. March lu.-8pelal Cablegram
to The ire. t Charges against. Herr von
Puttkamer, governor of the Cameroon".
I are developing Into scandals of a national
It Is only a few days ago that he ar
rived home to n newer charges of arbitrary
treatment of the native tnmla chiefs. But
It begin to appear as though this was only
one Item In a long line of misdeeds. When
one of the chieftains named Akva left the
Cameroons for Germany some time ago
to lodge a complaint against the governor
the flerman police were telegraphed to
and asked to arrest him and send him
back to the Cameroons, Herr von Putt
kamer probably fearing the revelations
which Akva was In a position to make.
It seems as though the police In Altona
and Hamburg actually Invaded Akva's pri
vate lodgings and took awny various
papers. Akva escaped to Berlin, where he
succeeded In Interesting various members
of the Reichstag in his favor, and It is
said to be owing to the exertions of these
deputies that Herr von Puttkamer'a ex
traordinary conduct has come to light.
It Is also charged against him that ho
prohibited the- natives from trading in
percussion caps. Several chiefs disobeyed
this order and the punishment which Herr
von Puttkamer Inflicted waa the prohibi
tion of all native trading in Edaca, the
principal market place of the colony. Mat
ters looked worse when It became known
that the governor gave the well known
African trading firm of Woermann a mo
nopoly of the trade In percussion caps and
afterwards the exclusive right of trading
Then, too. It appears that there are scan
dals of another character. It seems that
there is a woman living In the Cameroons
under Herr. von Puttkamer' protection
whom the governor calls "Baroness von
Kckhardstlcn." The governor ordered one
of his official to fill up a pasa for this
person, whose name Is said to be Marie
Eeke and who is said to be well known
in disrepiitablo circles In Berlin. The offi
cial In question declined to nil up the pass
for the "baroness" and it la alleged that
the governor himself did so. All these
and many similar charges are to be sifted
by the Foreign office and. according to all
accounts, the case against the governor is
growing more and more dark.
KING OF UGANDA RECEIVES
how Europeans How Ho
Learned Some of the Prac
tice of Civilisation.
CAPETOWN, March 10.-(Special Cable
gram to The Bee.) Mrs. Bertha Odling,
who has been traveling through the heart
of the dark continent, ha written to
friends her a remarkably Interesting ac
count of her experience. One of the most
Interesting deal with her reception by the
noy King of Uganda the same boy king that
Miss Mary1 Hall, the African traveler.
round playing foot ball. Says Mrs, Odling
in nor letter; ,
"I was staying et JrlajnUUa, d on day
went wlih.rtwo of the church missionary
oclotjr women to call on the king. We
were told that he was in one of the outer
courts bicycling, so went there, and In a
few minutes saw the small, dusky king
coming down a hill at breakneck speed.
He Jumped off at once on seeing us and
came and proudly showed us that he hud
iree wnuei. He asked us to wait and see
e mounieu tne top or the hill before
mentioned with two of the African rifles
on each side. These, men are supposed
to catch him If he falls. Quite, imposing
mey loosed until the return, when the
king came like a bird, with his escort flying
after him In most ungainly style.
"King Dandi asked us to his house. He
sat on the veranda and showed us va
rious toy he had received as Christina
presents. One was a model man-of-war.
I askud him If he had sailed It on the
lake. 'No.1 he said; 'they think I will get
"Next he took us to his bed room to see
a counterpane which had been sent to him
by a guild of women at Scarborough, Eng
Greatly pleased with it, he wanted to know
me names of the many flowers
"Another present that pleased him very
much was a natural history book, in which
he seemed to take an Intelligent interest.
Indeed, he impressed us as a clever boy.
and now that he has an ' English tutor 1
fancy his progress will be rapid, us all of
his race are most anxious to learn and
many of tltrm are wry tjuick."
HUNGARIAN'S NOVEL INVENTION
by Wale a
Control All ti
BIDAPUHT. March lo.-ttfpecial Cable
gram to The Bee.) Many years ago an
American author predicted that the time
would come, owing to the development of
modem Inventions, when one man would h
able to fight a battle or run a railroad.
Through the Invention of a Hungarian it
begin to appear as though one man might
at least fight and win a naval battle, thus
realising a part of the American writer s
supposed-to-be romantic dream.
Certain It I that the naval officers have
been impressed with his Invention, which
consists of an electrical device for laying
the guns with perfect accuracy upon a tar
get in any earner, nowever rough. By
automatic arrangements It Is claimed that
one man ran ngni a whole battle whe-i
these guns' are connected. The first trials
of this new device have already taken
place at Spesia. Further trials will take
place In Qermany and at Portsmouth
Admiral Fisher Is said to be Interesting
himself personally In the invention, and
ha ordered two of the appliances frr the
riu-n navy, otrminy has ordered three
and Russia five. The Hungarian Inventer
claim that he will be able to deliver all
within tne next thirty days.
SWEDES RAISE SUGAR BEETS
Development of Fields Attracts
. teatlon of aar Pre seers
of Other Lands.
STOCK HOI M. Msrch M.-iBprvial Cable,
gram to The Bee. i Tne Immense develop
ment of the beet growing Industry In
Sweden I attracting attention among
sugar producers all over ihe world. It is
ralculated that great advantage ! gained
the Inhabltart of 8V n through the
development of this Industry i affording
the unemployed, though, oeihaps, only
periodically, an opportunity of earning
good wages fen the wending and the gather
ing of the beet crops, besides other work
connected alth the cultivation and Indus-.
SCHOOL 01FT(0X UP
V verested in Problem
of 0vX, atirch Education.
PLAN IS IN CONTROVERSY
British Educators Talk of Idea as Demon
strated in United States.
"KNOCKERS" IN AMERICA ARE QUOTED
Some People in ThU Country Do Not Like
LAWLESSNESS SAID TO BE TAUGHT
Letters and Pnlillcatlnne from I nlted
tale I aed by Those Who Desire
to Defent Liberal Educa
LONDON. March li.-tPpecial Cablegram
to The Bee.) In a way the heated discus
sion ot the English and Irish school sys
tems, to say nothing about the talk con
cerning the school system of Scotland and
Wales, has d-agged thp American school
system Into the limelight of the world. At
any rate. In connection with the many re
forms which many of the cltlxens of the
United Kingdom expect the liberal party
to act upon is the reforms of the school
systems, and Inasmuch ss the American
school system Is being courts ntly and con-
tlniiall;- held up as a model It Is not sur
prising that It has recently become the
target for a bitter , attack. Whether the
public schools of the Cnlted Kingdom will
ever be Americanized Is beyond the power
of mortal man to determine, but one thing
Is certain this 'wssion of Parliament gives
promise of witnessing the sharpest contest
over the school question ever known In the
history of this country.
Tho trouble appears to have been started.
Inadvertently perhaps, but nevertheless
started, by Rev. T. A. Lacey, who, ad
dressing a meeting of the liberal clergymen
and discussing the American public school
system, said that he "had never yet come
across a single American who objected to
It, or who dreamed of substituting any
Francis A. Casque: of the Athenaeum
club at once took up the cudgels, replying
to Rev. T. A, Lacey a follows:
"This certainly ma not my experience
when in America a year and a half ago. I
then met people of all denominations who
deeply deplored tho results of this experi
ment In Godless education on a large scale
which were becoming more and more ap
parent year by year."
Mr. Gosquet then quoted a number of
American. He said:
"An Episcopalian clergyman, Rev. W.
Montague Geer, preaching at St, Paul'
church. New York, In September. Wl, said
that the assassination of President McKln
loy was a visitation of God'oh America
and attributed it to 'our Godless system
of education-a far worse crime than
slavery o.lntmprant.'.Tha rution r-w
Is to what extent can we remould and re j
model our educational system. Almost any
system Is better than the present one."
Mr. Qasquet quoted the Methodist as fed
In our Judgment the denominational
schools of the laud a compared with the
purely secular or . state schools are on
moral grounds Incomparably the safer. Our
state Institutions ss a general thing are the
hotbeua of Infidelity, not less than of vice.
That unbelief should be fostered and fo
mented therein Is not unnatural. We thor
oughly believe that our church should In
vent at least lu.iA,t" in me ncxi iei jrenrs
In denominational schools. Why? Because
we believe this system is the only Amer
ican one and the only safe one.
Mr. Gusuuet then quotes a writer In the
North American Review:
I am a Prntostant of the firmest kind.
The Catholio church has Insisted that It Is
Its duly to educate Its children in such a
way as to fix religious truths in the youth
ful mind. For this il h:is been assailed by
the non-Catholic population, and catholics
have been charged with being enemies of
the people and ot the Mug. Any careful
observer ill the city of New York can see
that the only people as a clasa who are
teaching the children in the way that will
secure the future of the best ulvllisatloii
are the Catholics, and although a Protest
ant of the llrmest kind 1 believe the time
has come to rncognlxe this fact and for us
to lay aside prejudices and patriotically
meet this question,
Mr. Gasquet quotes Dr. Levi geeley of
the State Normal school at Trenton, N. J.,
who, writing In the Educational Review,
' A little less than 50 per cent of all ihe
children of- our country frequent any Hun
dny school. The meaning of these figures
la simply uverwhelniinii. More than half
of the children of this land receive no re
ligious education. Kven this feature does
not show the truth. Il seems to admit
that thoso who attend Sunday schools aro
receiving proper religious instruction, but
every one knows that this cannot be
Tn conclusion. Mr. Gasquet says:
I may add that I Was assured two years
ago thai the proportion uf those trairiod
In stale schools who go to any place of
worship or to any Sunday school hs fallen
considerably since ls!N. I have 'said noth
ing about the opinions of Catholics, be
cause the very existence of their own
schools, built and.' supported entirely by
themselves, whilst still called upon to pay
their rates for ths stale secular schools. Is
proof of their intense belief In the neces
sity of training the minds of children dur
ing school In the principles of their faith
and in the moral obligations of their reli
gion Preacher Aids Abbot.
The statements of the Abbot Gniquet,
made from the Athenaeum club, have re
ceived striding continuation from Rev.
Charles W. Stubbs of the Deanery, Ely.
During a three months' visit to America
In the winter of lsutl I took every opportu
nity which fell to tne of Impeding the
common schools, both In New York and
elsewhere. From ' a fairly large corre
spondence with American friends I select
an extract or a letter irom my rrlend the
late Dr. Ionuld. the rector of Trinity
church, Boston, the disciple and successor
of Bishop Phillips tirooKH. a man or cosmo
politan experience, of the widest culture.
of the broadest Christian sympathy and
of deep-hearted religious faith. H says:
"W Americans are trying to understand
your education bill. We certainly study it.
But somehow the real hub of it eludes us.
But the writers of them for the most nart
tske it for granted that those for whom
they write are acquainted with the farts
which Americans are most eager to get
hold ot. t an you sna me a ropy of the
full text of the hill? I fear that, you will
be compelled finally to adopt a theorv nt
purely secular education, such ss e have :
here, it is a oaa ineoiy. ror wnite it works
In respect of educatlnr the mind and Im
parting secular knowledge. It utterly fails
to train pupils morally. Our children lark,
and conspicuous! lark, the temper of obe
dience and of respect for law. Thev alt-o
show a certain unsensltlveness to funda
mental right and wrong, which I ran ex
plain only by the fact that they are receiv
ing no religious Instruction and precious
little relltous Influence."
Meanwhile the Church of England is hav
ing troubles with the Nonconformists.
I'pon this very subject John Clifford quote
the following figures:
The latest returns tell us that th fr
churches have provided for and have In
Continued on Second, Pag )
WOMEN WANT BETTER SHOW
Wires of Commoners Desire Same
Hoi PrtTlleaes aa Wives
LONDON. March 10. (Special Cablegram
to The Bee. More and more It becomes ,
apparent that H. Campbell-Bannet man and
the liberal will have their hands full If I
they attempt to deal with one-hnlf of the
reforms which have been proposed and
which will be agitated In the new Parlia
ment. The latest question which has been
raised Is' one of the most perplexing ever
raised In .the hl-tory of the country or
Dartv. For while most of the reforms
proposed are political and economic, this
would appear to be' nothing more or less
' than social.
The uue-tlon has been raised. "Why
should peeresses enjoy privileges which are.
not extended to the wives of members of
the House of Commons?"
This Is the question which women who
have suffered from the discomforts of
the "ladies' gallery" In the lower house,
commonly known as the "hen coop," are
still snklng. For years members' wives
have protested against being caged In
like soologlcal specimens by a heavy grille
which makes It Impossible ior any hut
the fortunate few in the front row to hear
or see anything which Is going on in the
The peeresses. It is pointed out, have an
open gallery which thry can occupy In
comfort and It is argued 1.11 not one
good reason can be urged for the reten
tion of the grille In the lower house. It Is
certain that the wives of the new In bur
leaders will add their voices to the gen
Mrs. Kler Hardle. when Interview, ex
plained that although she had never been
In the women's gallery she had heard
enough about It from friends to induce her
to keep away.
"As a woman I much resent this caging
of women visitors," she said. "I am told
that the gallery Is very hot and uncom
fortable. The grille should certainly be
Mr. Hardle, who happened to be with hi
wife at the time that she was Interviewed,
explained that with very few exceptions
the members of the labor party In the
House of Commons would be In favor of
having things changed so that the wives
of the members of the House of Com
mons would bo as well treated as the
wives of the members of the House of
CRUELTY IN THEGERWAN ARMY
Beven-Vear Sentence Passed on
Soldier Who Strike
BERLIN, March 10. (Special Cablegram
to The Bee.) Many cases of cruelty In tne
German army are being reported, an epi
demic of that sort of a thing attracting a
much attention as a series of similar Inci
dents several years, ago.
One of the most notorious of the event
of recent date Is that of a soldier named
Glory, who ha just been sentenced by
court-marttat at Lubeck to seven years and
' nln moath' Imprlaonmrnt:-for i knocking
down his officer, Lieutenant Hoerleln, In
the barrack yard with the butt of hi
musket, wounding hint severely. No at
tempt la made to extenuate Glory' act, but
th terrible severity of his punishment has
again drawn attention to the disparity be
tween the sentences passed on soldier for
Insubordination and those passed on officers
and sergeants for maltreating common sol
dier. On the dsy when Glory struck Lieutenant
Heerleln he had been driven to desperation
by the cruelty of Ills sergeant, who had
struck hlin and imposed half an hour's knee
drill on him. After the torture of the knoe
drill was over Heerleln took Glory's cor
poral's command at the parade step and
as Glory was already quite exhausted he
was unable to satisfy his officer. Heerleln,
a a punishment, ordered him to run around
th baTack yard. In a fit of passion Glory,
Instead of obeying, turned and knocked
Heerleln down. The sergeant himself was
found to have been guilty of cruelty and
was sentenced to thirty-eight days' con
finement to the barracks.
ROBBERS AT BUENOS AYRES
Four Men of International Reputation
Successfully Work Plan on
BUENOS AYRES, March 10 (Special
Cablegram to The Bee.) Four International
bank and mall robliers, with a long series
of crimes behind ihem. are beliuved to be
concerned in the daring bank robbery suc
cessfully carried out at a branch of the
Bank of the Nation at Villa Mercedes, In
the province of San Luis. One of ths
criminals Is believed to be a woman,
dressed tn man's attire. The names of
the robbers are given as Harry Lonc
baugh and his wife, James Ryan and
The bank stands in the center of th
town and the affair hapened about 10
o'clock In the morning. About that hour
four horsemen were seen taking a drink
outside a hotel opposite the bank. Hav
ing handed their empty glasses to a
waiter they dismounted and calmly led
their horses across th roud. Three of
the men entered the bank, while the
fourth held their horses outside. The
men leaped over the counter, and one of
them seised the cashier, threatened to
shout him on the spot if he made an
outcry. The others proceeded to loot the
bank, and had not c pie ted their work
when the manager rW.a red on the scene.
As he rebutted the robbers one of Uiem
fired three shot at him, wounding him
in the head and breast. The men then
remounted their horses and galloped away.
The bank authorities and the police,
authorities decline to make any statement
regarding the amount taken.
General Smith Starts Home.
MANILA. March 10. Genera! J. T. Smith,
the future governor of the Philippines,
has psllei for Hong Kong, en route to San
Francisco. He will leave Hong Kong
for that port on the Pacific Mail steam
ship Mongolia Match IT.
De Sure to Read
PAYS CASH REBATES
General Freieht Aeent of Bie Four GiTee
INGALLS EXACTS PROMISE OF IMMUNITY
8js He Refunded Part of Chan-es on Ship
merit of Steel Bails.
ONLY INSTANCE HE CAN REMEMBER
Commission Order- Him to Consult Books
aud File Sworn Statement.
GENERAL AGENT CONNOR TESTIFIES
s Favored Shippers Are Allowe.l
to Estimate the Weiahls of
Their Own Ship.
CINCINNATI, March l(t.-That the Big
Four railroad has paid cash rebates for a
shipment of rails from Pittsburg to Kansas
City and has otherwise favored shippers
was testified to todsy by General Freight
Agent George H. Iiigalls In the hearing
before the Interstate Commerce commis
sion. T. E. Connor, general agent of the road
In this city, after being promised Immunity
from prosecution for anything that he
might disclose, said that a large number
of shippers were permitted to ship over his
road at their own statement of the weight
Mr. Ingalls was then called and claimed
the same immunity granted to Mr. Connor.
Ingnlls said he understood coal had been
shipped at weights less than actual weight
so that the difference caused a reduction
in earnings of from $3 to $9 per car. Being
pressed for a specific Instance where any
traffic on his system had been carried at
less than published rates Mr. Ingalls said:
"We carried a shipment of steel from
Pittsburg to Kansas City last year at less
than tariff rates."
Mr. Ingalls declared a cash rebate had
been paid. The witness was unable to give
further Instances from memory, but ex
pressed a willingness to give any facts he
could obtain If so ordered.
The commission then Issued a sweeping
order directing Mr. Ingalls to give all
facts In a sworn statement showing all re
bates paid within the last two years. lie
was then excused.
TAFT DENIES LATE REPORT
President Ha Made No Selection of
nocessor to Associate Justice
WASHINGTON, March lO.-Secrutary
Tuft today made the following statement:
I am authorised by the president to say
that he ha, made 'no decision as to the
selection of anyone to succeed Associate
Justice Brown. He ha been fti consultatiur
with Secretary Root, Attorney General
Moody ik-ul -myself . three lawyers of the
cabinet, In the matter, and no decision has
While Secretary TaXt s Inclination v
been In th direction of the' Judiciary, yet
at this time he would prefer that the pres
ident reached some other' solution In the
l selection of a successor to Justice Brown.
I He Is Intensely Interested In the construc
tion of the Panama canal, the Philippines
and the army. He would like for the pre
ent to devote his service to these sub
jects. However, If the president should
decide upon Mr. Taft for this position It
Is understood he will accept It.
Other names than Secretary Tuft have
been suggested in connection with the
vacancies which will be created by Asso
elate Justice Brown's retirement. These
are John Bwayze of the supreme court of
New Jersey, Judge Sanborn of Minnesota,
Solicitor General Hoyt. Lloyd Bowers of
Chicago, central counsel for the North
western railway; Judge Vandevanter of
Wyoming of the tTnlted States circuit court
and Judge I.urton of Tennessee, also of
the United State circuit court.
KANSAS LIQUOR DECISION
Person Selling; to Another Who
Become Intoxicated Portly He
sponsible for HI Arts.
TOPEKA, Kan., March 10. A person who
sells the liquor by the use of which an
other person becomes Intoxicated, is, to a
degree, responsible for the acts of this
second JiHnn while in tho Intoxicated con
oltion. tins is tne sunstance or u deelsl n
tendered in the supreme court here tod:iv
by Justice Greene.
The case was one brought by Ruth
Reener sgalnst Roslna Selbold and Emm-,
Hargelln. In the district court of Atchison
county, Mrs. Reener received a Judgment
of Ji.000 damages. The defendants ap
pealed to the supreme court, which now
upholds the Judgment of the lower tribunal.
The case Is especially Important because
It Is the first time that the supreme court
of Kansa has ever been called upon to
pass upon this question.
In 1WO W. R. Keener, J. Burchant anj
C. T. Outhout went to a brewery on the
outskirts of Atchison, run by Rnsina Set
bold and Emma Hargelln. The three, men
became Intoxicated; fought, and Keener
shot and killed both Burchart and Oathnut.
He was convicted of murder in the first
degree and Is now In the penitentiary
under sentence of death. Mrs. Reener
brought suit against the owners of th
brewery for the loss of her husband's sup
port. Her charges are now upheld.
MANCHURIA BECOMING NORMAL
State Department Receives Word
from Agent Regarding Affairs
of Chines Province.
WASHINGTON, March 10,-The Slate de
partment has received a cable report from
one of its trusted agents in Manchuria
aaylng that commerce and trade there ar
approaching th normal; that the Chines
governor of the province Is anxious to take
over the civil administration as soon as
possible and that Ihe Japanese troops will
be entirely out ot Manchuria In a few
days, when the country mill be opened to
MISS ANTH0NY IS WORSE
Distinguished Wosnuu Suffragist Doe
,t to Pkslelaus.
ROCHESTER. N. Y.. March l.-8uan B.
Anthony condition Is not o,ulte so encour
aging thia morning. She rested sell until
midnight, after anicu tint th was very
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Forecast for Nrkrsiks Snow Sonrtay,
Monday Fair and Warmer.
F.W SF.CTIO TwelTe Pnsres.
1 Chinese Are In a Warlike 4ood.
School Qnestlon Stirs F.ngland.
Knllrond Pays Rebates In I nth.
Thousand Men Killed In a Mine.
3 drain orr In Formers Hand,
statehood BUI Moat Walt Awhile.
Fonr Days of the Klnhtlnsr In Join.
Franee Una n er Prime Minister.
X Xews from All Ports of Nebraska.
Old Mnrder Mystery Is Revived.
4 Third Suspect In the Flnry Case.
Allen Gets Twenty 'enr Sentence.
II Real I'.slale Snlrs Are Nnmerons.
Snnrtlna F.vents of tho Day.
8 Past We.-k In Oniahn Society,
T Thomas Warns Police ofllelals.
N K. Rosevater'a list Word to
10 Solomon Outline Court (loose Plan
11 Cnnnrll Hlnfla and Inwo "Hews.
EDITORIAL SECTION F.laht Page.
9 Roll Fight Mexico's Sender Show.
Condition of Omaha's Trade.
4 Want Ads.
T Financial and Commercial.
St Oft to Attend Postal Congress.
ILLI STRATED SEC'TIOS Eight Pears.
1 W llliam J. Brynn Writes on China.
Hla-h LI rina- In tiothnm and the
a What Some Thonaht In Childhood.
Omaha Evangelical Lutheran Klon
3 t.osslp About Plays and Players.
Music and Musical Matters.
4 Ilnuse-Movlng as a Fine Art.
Wolf Hunting; on Mebraaka Plains.
5 Temples nnd Shrines In Japan.
Cowboy Stories from Northwestern
Womani Her Ways and Her World
Little Stories for Little People.
T Sporting; Gossip of the Week.
H In the Field of K.lrrt rlrlt .
Short Stories of All Sorts.
COLOR SECTION Four Paces.
1 Buster Brown Doctor Ip Musle.
3 Great Tenor Caricatures Himself.
3 Queer Thlnas from Far and Near.
Animal Four Hundred Yenrs Old.
4 Simon Simple Has Fun with Pa.
Sambo Victim of White Friends.
Temperature nt Omaha Yesterdayi
Hour. Dear. Hour. Dear.
S a, m 2H l p. m 2
a. m VM 2 p. m 2T
T n. m 37 3 p. nt 80
S a. m 27 4 p. nt 24
n. m Its B p. m S3
lO a. m 211 fl p. m g.t
It n. m e.n 7 p. m it?
12 m sen
SNOW COVERS BIG TERRITORY
Fall I Henry Over Large Part
' ' Nebraska, Wyoming and North
BEATRICE, Neb., March 10. (Special
Telegram.) A heavy snow has been falling
In this vicinity all day and the ground 1
covered to the depth of four Inches. The
storm continues nnabated this evening and
the snow ha commenced to drift.
LINCOLN, Neb... March 10.Snow began
falling at noon and has continued heavily
since, with some wind and lower tempera
tures. SCHUYLER, Neb., March 10. (Special
Telegram.) About two Inches of snow fell
nere mis atternoon, accompanied by a
WEST POINT. Neb.,- March 10. (Spe
cial.) The weather for the last few dny
has been unsettled, snowstorms and sun
shine alternating. The country roads are
In a horrible condition. It being Impossible
to haul any loads. High winds have pre
vailed for some dayp. The ground Is thor
oughly saturated with moisture. Consider
able snow ha been falling throughout this
section during the day.
CHEYENNE, Wyo., March 10. In Wyo
ming, western Nebraska and northern Colo
rado snow has been falling steadily since
sundown yesterday and nearly foot cov
ered the ground at sunset today. The
storm is accompanied by wind here, and In
the western part of the state gale pre
vails. The weather Is growing colder. The
railroads have all of their snow buckjng
apparatus In service In an effort to keep
the line open.
WICHITA, Kan.. March W. The heaviest
snow storm of the winter prevail In this
section of Kansas today. Street car traf
fic In Wichita waa demoralised.
OKLAHOMA CITY. Okl., March lO.-There
Inches of snow fell in northern Oklahoma
tod.iy. The weather Is moderate. Crops
will lie benefited.
WALSH'S FRIENDS-MAKE FIGHT
Fort-ihle Objection Is Made to Taking
of Photographs of t hi
CHICAGO. March W. A lively fight be
tween tho friends of Mr. Walsh and a
number of newspaper photographers took
place when Mr. Walsh was about to leave
the federal building after hi case had
been continued. Th photographers had
placed their machines at the Adums street
entrance to the building and when Mr.
Walsh came out one of them sanpped him. I
In un Instant the friends ot Mr. Walsh
mado a rush for hlin and the machine went
Into t.'.e air and the photographer to the
sidewalk. He Jumped up and struck one
of his assailant In the mouth, knocking
him down and cutting bis hand badly on
the front tooth of his victim. A general
mlx-up followed, all the photographers
taking sides with their fellow workman
against the friends of ihe banker, and for
two or three minutes a crowd of men num
bering at least a score fought up and down
the steps of the building and back and
forth across the sidewalk. Hats wer
smashed, nose bloodied and eyes black
ened. Th arrival of th police stopped the
tight. Only one picture of Mr. Walsh was
taken, hut the chances are that the camera
that look It will never be used again.
IMPORTANT ADMIRALTY RULE
Chicago Judge Render Decision as to
Liability of Marin luaar.
CHICAGO, March 10. Judge K. M.
Landis in the federal court today handed
down a decision of Importance to matins
Interests, It being in effect that when a
boat Is placed in such a position that it
mill cost more than one-half of the original
price of the boat to pull It out of danger
and make repairs, the owners of the boat
are junined In abandoning It and calling
upon the Insurance companies for the full
amount of the insurance.
The decision was In the ease of ths
steamer Argo, ownd by Graham at Motto i
of this city
Awfnl Oatfl-trophs in 0oJ Mininc Ewon'
of Northern Frtnoe.
GAS EXPLOSION IN C0URRIERE PIT
Three Interior Chambers of tho Bic Vint
Are on Fire.
EIGHTEEN HUNDRED MEN AT WORK
About Six Hundred Rescued, Many of Them
REST PROBABLY DEAD OF ASPHYXIATION
Cage Are Blown from Shafte an
Ladders Wrecked. Making
Impossible to Continue
PARIfl. March 11. A dl-pstch from Lena,
timed 1:3) this morning, says the number
of cntomld m ?n Is now given li 1,19,
and that the crowd aiutiiid the pit total
PARIS. Mnrrh Hi. A mining catastrophe
of Incalculable horror and magnitude ha
stricken the great coal center of northern
France. An explosion of fire damp at 1
o'qlock this morning carried death and de
struction throughout the network of coal
mines centered at Courrleres. and fire fol- ,
lowed the explosion, making rescue work
difficult and almost Impossible.
The Intense excitement and confusion In
the vicinity prevented early estimates of
the exact .Ioks of life, but a dispatch re
ceived here st 4:35 p. m. gave 1.104 miners
entombed and probablv lost. At :45
o'clock this evening a brief dispatch from
Lille anotinced the total of 1,1W! dead.
All France has been profoundly shocked
by the magnitude of ihe disaster, which
Is said to he the greatest In the history
of continental mining. President Fallleres
sent his secretary, accompanied by Min
ister of Public Works Oautlcr and Minis
ter of the Interior Dublef, on a special
train to the scene of the disaster. Th
ministerial crisis was temporarily forgot
ten, senators and deputies Joining In tho
universal public manifestations of sorrow.
The scene of the catastrophe I th
mountainous mining region near Lens, tn
the department of Pas de Calais. Hera
are huddled small hamlet of the mine
workers who operate the most productive
coal mine In France. The subterranean
chambers form a series of tunnels.
Six of the outlets are near Lens and oth
ers at Courrleres. Verdum and many other
points. The output of these mine I par
ticularly combustible, and Is largely used
In the manufacture of gas and smelting.
About 2,000 miners work the group of
mines, and, with their families, make
population of from 6,000 to s.OOO soul.
Cages Hurled from Mine.
The cstastrophe took place shortly after
1,7 men had descended Into the mine this w
moml-ig. There was a deafening explo-:
slnn, which was followed by the cages and
mining apparatus being hurled from th
mouth of the Courrleres mine. Men and
hor.ies nearby outside the mine were either
stunned or killed. The roof of the mln
office was torn off.
Immediately following the . explosion
flames burst from the mouth of the pit,
driving back those without who sought to
enter and dooming those within.
The work of attempting to rescue the Im
prisoned miners was hastily begun by offi
cials, engineers and miner from th sur
rounding mines, who formed partle and
made heroic efforts to penetrate the amok
and foul gases and bring out th Impris
The families of the . entombed miner
crowded about the shaft, seeking father
or husband and threatening In their effort
to obtain detail to force back th gend
armes who kept them from the mouth of
the pit. The populace of the district la ap
palled by the disaster, which affects every
. Those persons who were rescued wer ter
rlbly burned. The latest estimate plac
tho?- taken out at 601.
Throughout the afternoon th heroics ef
fort at rescue were continued, but night
fall nrought the conviction that the en
tombed men had been suffocated and th
dispatch from Lille at 1:45 o'clock announ
cing the number of dead at 1,193 appear to
be Ihe last hope that other may be brought
to the surface alive.
At H o'clock tonight a rescue party at
Courriens brought out several engineer,
two of whom were unconscious, but who
were revived under medical attendance.
Rescue Work Abandoned.
The attempts at rescue have been given
up. as the galleries have fallen In.
Crowds still surround Pit 4 and the scene
are heart-rending. The chief engineer of
the department Pas De Calais, M. Leon,
say that th fire broke out In th alt at t
o'clock last Monday afternoon, and that
the engineers coped with It best they
were able, but that Friday, being unable to
master It, they closed all the outlets. Fis
sures, h think, must have formed which
permittnd the gaae to escape, and these
becoming Ignited resulted In an explosion.
Jus) gf the engineers of the mine told the
s correspondent that the cag wa
to descend more than 180 metres.
VhO the gallery where the miner are en
tombed Is fifty metres further down. Res
cuer who descended In this cage report
having heard distinctly th Imprisoned men
tapping on the water pipes, but th hop
that waa rekindled by this statement ws
extinguished by Engineer Leon, who esti
mated that It would tak eight day to dis
lodge the debris in the shaft and that
meanwhile the miner would dl either
from starvation or asphyxiation.
The latest news received in Parts Is to th
effect that the rescuer were still at work,
but were making slight progress, their
work being most difficult and dangerous.
lp to that time ISO bodies had been taken
from Pits 10 and 11, the men having been
MANY !NJUREDIN A PANIC
Fire Over Jewish synagogue Drive
People Fraatle and Mnny
NEW YORK. March 10-Three hundred
persona worshiping In the Jewish synagogue
Anschel Neer were driven out today, many
suffering slight Injuries and having cloth
ing turn. In a panic caused by smoke,
which rushed In large volumes Irto th
tempi from s fire on the fl. or above.
The synagogue Is heluu a la.;.. r s nnp. at
I'j'j Madlon street, and the lire started In
All th Injuries nere indicted during a
frsntlo struggle In the narrow stootway mt