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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 7, 1906)
THK OMAHA DAILY BKK: WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 11X0.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROBEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
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Itorlal matter should be addressed: Omaha
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Remit by draft, express or postal order
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THE BEE PUBL1BHINO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss:
C. C. Rosewater, secretary of The Bee
Publishing company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual numoer of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of February, 190S. waa as fol
lows: I ai.s.io
i si, an
Leas unsold copies 9,1(121
Net total sales fMO.O-trt
Dally average 81,374
C. C. ROSEWATER
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before ma this 2&th day of February, 19U6.
(Seal) M. B. HUNGATE,
WHEN OIT OF TOWJf.
Snbaerlbera leaving the city teni
porarlly should have The Be
nailed to them. Address will bo
. changed aa oftea as reaaested.
Delegates at Algeclras should remem
ber that on the subject of police Russia
Icakg as an expert
Perhaps, after all, the democratic sen
ators required the use of the pitchfork
to drive them upon the presidential res
ervation. Another record mark has been made
for Ooiaha bank clearings. But Omaha
Is making new record marks nearly
Tho school teuehers acknowledgement
of the new salary 'schedule expresses an
attitude of thanks for what they have
it nd hopes for more.
The discovery of a bomb In the hair
of a wohiini" In TRuVslii will probably
make "pompadours" unfashionable in
fct. Petersburg official circles.
It is up to those liquor dealers who
have again Incurred the displeasure of
the Civic Federation to make another
compromise on any terms they can
Doubling the price of saloon licenses
at Chicago will doubtless do more there
toward a sane control of the liquor traf
fie than all of tho "lrds" between Port
land. Me., and Portland. Ore.
With Bourke Cockran grand sachem
of the tribe of Tammany, ex-Boss
Croker may find another reasou for not
leaving his Wantage home to take part
In another political contest in New
"Insurgents" may denounce the rules
of the lower house of congress, but
while watching the course of the rail
road rate bill In the senate a lot of peo
ple will regret there are no similar rules
In the upper house.
If the city attorney of Omaha does
not challenge the city attorney of
South Omaha to mortal combat to de
cide which is no lawyer, the spectacu
lar possibilities of the campaign will
, not be fully exploited.
If the Chinese government Is as much
exercised as reports Indicate over the
rumor that the United States is prepar
ing an expedition to Peking, it Is quite
possible all ne-essity for such a trip
will be averted.
It now transpires that the United
Htatos must have not only a big navy
but also coast defenses from Cape Cod
to' Zoamboanga so the nary will not
have to watch the land. "World power"
is expeustve, but we must have It.
The news that Husan B. Anthony, the
mother of the woman suffrage move-
uieut, Is ill will cause profound regret
among many people who do not fully
coincide with her political views, but
admire persistency and honesty lu any
A commercial club conrtnlttee down
at Lincoln baa reported In favor of
municipal ownership as the proper
way to relieve-the unsatisfactory street
railway situation at the state capital
The Omaha Commercial club com
rnlttee which la wrestling with the
telephone question might get a tip
, One farmers' institute In Nebraska
has already started the resolutlug In
fuvor of a 2-cent passenger fare by legls
atlve enactment. If the railway lobby
1st wilt watch their political barometer
Ibey will see the trouble column steadily
rising, and their foolhardy refusal to
pay their legally levied ' taxes Is not
operating to stem the tide of public rc-
acntweut. el thee.
pr.rosrTS rr trkascht rcsns.
The decision of Hecrctsrv Shaw to
deposit lo.Oiro.U'O of public money In
national banks throughout the country
raise once sijrnin protest lu the et
and particularly In New York paper.
The Ul-concoaled point of this criticism,
however, la not the deposit of treasury
funds In tanks, lint their eqnltalde dis
tribution atnonit banks in the various
section of the country. Instead of ar
bitrary allotment of the lion's share to
the Mr batiks of New York and other
eastern centers of exchange and spec
illation. Precisely this Is the true con
tent of a lalwred arraignment In the ed
itorial rolunins of the New York Jour
nal of Commerce of the secretary's sys
tem of distribution of deposits, although
H Is put In the form of an argument
that public fundH In excess of the re
quirement of the treasury for a work
ing balance "should le left to distribute
themselves equitably after they have
Iiurlng all the decades when It was
the custom of the treasury to "relieve"
the stress In the money market by de
posits practically confined to the east
ern renters there was never a com
plaint from their newspaper spokesmen,
the funds evidently "distributing them-
aelves" to the perfect satisfaction of all
Interests In those quarters. Their dif
ferences with the secretary of the treas
ury In those days were mainly ex-
ressed In clamor for bigger deposits
than he might allow or for relief on
excuses which he might not deeui suf
It Is noteworthy that the familiar
outcry Is made now In eastern money
centers at a time when the effects of
speculative excesses are making them
selves apparent In the stock market, the
Invariable occasion of traditional Wall
street demand for n free hand with
urplus public funds. But the country
will approve as more equitable anil sal
utary that policy which makes those
funds, the common property of the peo
ple, directly available for the legitimate
business wants of the people of all the
YOUSO PATTERSONS CASK.
Joseph Medill Patterson, who last
week resigned In disgust the place of
commissioner of public works under
Mayor Dunne of Chicago, is not the first
oung man to be shocked by the colli
sion of his idealism with rough actuali
ties, nor Is be the first to be thrown out
of even-balanced Judgment by tho shock.
The xeal that curried him into sensa
tional espousal of Mayor Dunne's pro
posals of municipal ownership in the ex
citing contest over the Chicago street
railways overleaped all bounds and
landed him in such extreme socialism
that he finds practical dealing with the
existing state of things unconquerably
repugnant to his feelings. He washes
his hands of the whole business and
turns forthwith to preaching the doc
trines of an impractical cult.
The fact that young Patterson as a
municipal official bumped against it Is
simply the fact of human nature. It
has to be dealt with Just the same,
whether under the form of existing In
stitutions or under those of the soclul-
st's conception, if ever that be at
tempted. But he found so much selfish
ness and overreaching, such machina
tions ef evil-minded men and abuses In
actually administering tli local govern
ment of Chicago that Instead of carry
ing ou to the limit of his ability a real
tight In the living present, he walks off
the field of battle before the contest Is
Just now especially are we living in a
time when we need earnest and honest
men to grapple with the governmental
abuses and evils immediately about
them, disagreeable and discouraging as
the struggle often Is, rather than to
idealize and theorise in the clouds.
STOCKS AS lXSCRAyCE ISVESTMESTS
No conclusion of the able and ex
haustive report of the Armstrong In
vestlgatlng committee has given a more
pronounced turu to public thought than
the one which urgently recommends the
exclusion of Industrial stocks from the
investments of life Insurance compa
nles. The attention of policy holders
has been more directed during recent
investigations and exposures to ex
travagauce and other gross abuses of
management which invited and were
capable of more summary correction
than the wide-spread fundamental error
In investment of insurance assets. But
stockholders generally und thoughtful
men are now Insisting iiMn Itouds and
real estate security, to the exclusion of
stocks, as one of the most important
steps to be taken next in establishing
life Insurance on a satisfactory basis,
The reasons for this course are ob
vious. By the very nature of the bus
iness the paramount point is security,
and uot mere profit, us the primary
Hen ou the property at bottom of In
vestmeut bonds ure to be preferred to
stocks which shrink In value In the
event of disaster. The mere fact that
during recent years insurance compa
nles in many cases have made consul
erable profits lu stock oieratIons Is not
sutficieut at all. although It constitutes
the sole plea iu defense of those, otli
clals who have been so gravely Involved
in the exosuie of such oieration.
Even If stock Investments did not
open up opportunities for questionable
or corrupt manipulation for private
gain and teud to a long train of other
evil consequences, as lieyond question
they do, the lis sard of loss to policy
holders is ominous. The profits tnat
have been claimed by discredited ohi
clals were the lucky chance of an extra
ordinary .market. But If the syndicates
maneuvering for some of the Insurance
companies In connection with great
stock flotations bad begun or been
caught In a time of depression, disaster
would have Isvu inevitable, The Hlley
holder Would , uot fail to suffer the
whole loss, although he clearly has not
received, ssve in small part, the profit
when such Investments were fortunate.
The demand Is not only to rid the
insurance companies of speculators, but
also of speculative securities.
JVSTICE FUR POSTAL CLFRKH.
The Interview with Postmaster Palmer
printed In The. Bee Sunday brings out
clearly the facts Uon which the postal
clerks are asking to le relieved of the
discrimination under which they labor
as compared with other postofflce em
ployes in the matter of tenure and pro
motion. The letter carriers, the railway mail
clerks and even the rural delivery car
riers have leen accorded a schedule by
which they enter the government serv
ice at a minimum salary, with assurance
of successive promotion to higher
grades at increased pay after satisfac
tory work for specified periods of time.
The experienced city letter carrier can
work his way up to the $l,OiK) class after
a few years, but the promotion of the
Jerks Inside the postofflce is so slow
and the salary Increases so sniull that
little incentive is offered to keep good
men In the service longer than neces
sary to get a chance at a good Job else
where: As n consequence, the experi-
nce of the Omaha postofflce, and, pre
sumably, the postofHees In other cities,
is that the clerical employes are con-
taiuly changing lu the' lower grades.
necessitating constant training in of
new men and toleration of Inefficiency
due to inexperience.
The reorganization of the Postofflce
department which is now in progress
ought to take Into consideration the
defective condition of the postofflce
clerks and find a means of Improve
ment at this point, which appears to
be the weakest in the service. Em
ployment as a postofflce clerk ought
to be made attractive to steady, sober
and reliable men, and to hold them
ubject to good behavior, Just as well
as any other branch of the public
service. This can be done only by
recognizing efficiency and length of
service for promotion, with a maxi
mum limit of salary far enough
above the minimum to make It worth
while waiting for
When it comes to making promises
W. J. Broatch has all the other candi
dates whipped to a frazzle. Broatch
can make more promises in shorter
time than anyone who ever came
down the political pike. If there is a
job in the city hall he will not have
promised from a dozen to two-score
times over to different people during
the campaign, It will be only because
it has escaped his notice. And if he
ever had a chance to redeem his
pledges he would repudiate them all
as easily as he did both times he was
elected mayor before.
Three of the five saloons against
which the Civic Federation lias filed
new charges of law defiance are located
within the limits of the so-called
"burnt" district When The Bee de
clared that the resorts in this district
could not possibly be conducted on law
observing lines and should therefore be
refused licenses altogether, It hit tho
nail on the head and suggested the only
The loss of the Woodmen of the
World headquarters from Omaha would
be greatly deprecated. That Institution
may be sure of as generous treatment
In the matter of taxation here as It
could get in any other state where the
property of all citizens is required by
the constitution to be taxed on the same
basis of value.
Why should there be any public cele
bration of the completion of the first
year of Omaha's Juvenile court? Does
some one on the salary roll fear hat
his or her Job is in danger unless the
taxpayers are impressed with the lm
portance and value of the work the
court is supposed to be doing? (
The announcement Is made that trus
tees of the New York Life Insurance
company want to contest the recom
mendations of the Armstrong committee
before the legislature. From this dis
tance It looks as if It were up to the
trustees to take their medicine and look
as pleasant as possible.
If a man Is Judged by the company
be keeps. Candidate Benson, sur
rounded as he is by "Billy" Saunders,
John Westberg, "Mariner" Howell,
John Butler and the others of their
stamp, will have to be discounted on
his professions of reform.
American methods must be forcing
their way Into royal families. Even
King Alfonso of Spain seems to have
taken precautions and made sure of the
promise of his prospective bride before
formal application to the bead of the
family for her hand.
If members of the Nebraska delega
tion at Washington will only Introduce
a few more measures to-dispose of the
public lands In this state in different
ways they will make sure ne land legis
lation whatever is enacted at the pres
A Fatare Possibility.
Railroad senators ride on many passes,
but they may get their walking papers,
none the leas.
Still Dolaar Baalaeae. .
Congress may rebuke the coal roads, but
that promised rise In prices on April
thnwa that It cannot bumble their proud
f aulas; On Seed Craft.
New York Evening Post.
An unexpected but not leas significant
outcome of the prevailing agitation against
"graft" la tha decision of the house com
nilttee on agriculture to recommend no ap
propriation thla year for tna rraa Distri
bution of seeds. This graft 'of garden seed
la nna of the most venerable of con
nesaional abuses. It waa never known to
produce any results useful to agriculture
or horticulture. The Department of Agri
culture doee carry on very useful work In
experimental cultivation, and this the com
mittee does not purpose to curtail.
Why Shoald Ofllelala Ride Freef
New York Tribune.
Free transportation of public officers by
railroads In obedience to law would be a
great Improvement upon the long tolerated
habit of giving legislators free passes In
violation of the constitution.
Time's Sooth las; Toueh.
Senator Foraker, the man who made such
a terrible alarum over President Cleveland's
proposal to return the confederate battle
ting, Is the same who put a provision Into
the army bin for the marking of the graves
of the confederate dead In the north. Aa
men grow older they grow calmer, except In
the case of T. W. Lftwaon.
Versatility of f.rent Son Is.
St. Louts Globe-Democrat.
Judge Philips of the federal district court
at Kansas City resents an insinuation of
Judge Trimble that a judge accepting the
hospitality of a corporation officer must
feel under an official obligation to him.
The judge practically Insists that he could.
If need be, break a man's bread personally
nd break his neck officially, without a
qualm. But this Is possible only to such
great souls as attain to that elevation long
since reached by Judge Fhlllps, whose er
mine robe has so long shut him out from
the world that he has lost the Infirmities
of the flesh. The ordinary man is partial
to his friends, and such men as are not
must be very high or very low, the very
low being so low. Indeed, that the distance
between them and Judge Philips leaves
plenty of room for the great mass of people
who stick to the men who stick to them.
WISE "ADVICE OK COIXSEL."
Kansas Railroad Deeldea to Obey
Kansas City Star.
The recent backdown of the rallroals
from their proposed attack on the Kansas
maximum freight rate law might profitably
ba considered by managers of the great
transportation interests throughout the
United States. The announcement of the
Intention - of the roads to advance the
schedule on oil brought protests from tho
corporation lawyers throughout the state.
They hastened to warn the managers that
such action, with the political conventions
coming on, would be suicidal, and that the
next i legislature would be more radical
than any populist body had ever been.
Whereupon the gentleman In charge of the
railroad Interests saw a great light, and
hurriedly announced their Intention of
obeying the law of merely protesting to the
next legislature that it was unjust, and
ought to be modified.
It would appear that the railroads In
general are not so wisely advised as the
Kansas roads are. For they are doing
their best to hold up the rate regulation bill
In the senate and to force a compromise
that will make it Ineffective. Yet tlii
nominating conventions are coming on.
State legislatures are to be chosen next
Autumn that will elect a third of th'j
United States senators, and al the members
of the house of representatives are to be
selected. If the people should And tllat
the railroads were determined to pre
vent the enactfnent of a fair rate law,
might they not respond, Kansas fashion,
by aending radical men to Washington?
The case of Kansas Is worth the careful
ttcntlon of the gentlemen who are direct-
ng the railroad fight In the senate, and it
ought to be sanctified especially to the use
of Aldrich, Klklns, Kean, Foraker and
ARMY GOSSIP IN W ASHIAUTIV
Matters of Interest Gleaned from the
Army and .Navy Heg later.
The quartermaster general of the army
has sent out instructions which will govern
the purchase of newspapers and periodicals
for . military post libraries for the ilacal
year 1SW7. Post quartermasters will sub
scribe to such publications for the libraries
as may be recommended by the post council
of administration and approved by the post
commander. The schedule for computing
the money allowances for this purpose id
aa follows: Posts of not less then twenty
men, $10; posts of more than twenty men
and less than one company, $J0; one com
pany post, $J); two-company posts,
three-company posts, $30; four-company
posts, $35; five-company posts, $4u; six-company
posts, $45; seven-company posts $.(;
eight-company posts, $55; nine-company
posts, $uu; ten-company posts, $U6; eluven-
company posts, $7v; twelve-company posts.
$75; posts of more than twelve companies
an additional allowance of $a for each addi
tional company. No allowance la made for
regimental bands or companies of Indians
A general order which affects vitally the
infantry, cavalry and artillery of the army
will be issued this .week from the War de
partment on the suggestion of the president
and In accordance with recommendations
made by the general staff. It la provided
that the practical training of those troopa
shall be divided Into two distinct phases
garrison training and field training. The
former will Include gymnastics, foot and
horse exercisea, close order drills, cere
monies, guard duty, riding, mechanism of
extended order, hygienic care of the person,
building and grounds, swimming, etc. Tlie
field training will Include range finding,
practice marches, camping and such work
as will piepaie tr.e s.ld.e- lor t-ervlce In lima
of war. In thla training the regulation
field kit for each arm will invariably ac
company the command and on all marches
maneuvers, drills and exercises, and in
that part of the target course where pre
scribed, the kit will ba habitually carried
In the authorised way. There will be one
practice march a week, the Infantry cover
ing not lesa than twelve miles and tha
cavalry and field artillery not leas than
eighteen miles. There will be ona inarch
In each month of three consecutive dava,
requiring that two, camps shall be made.
During that part of the year It la also re
quired that all organizationa shall take the
field for twenty-one consecutive daya.
There Is nothing more gratifying in offi
cial action prompted by the recommend
ation from the general staff than the atti
tude of the War department in regard to
the wearing of badges and other emblems
of the uniform of the service. It la well
that the line ba drawn somewhere, and it
might aa well be drawn against the dec
orations which stand for membership in
the Innumerable military and seml-mlll-tary
societies and the organisations which
permit decorations on account of ancestral
distinction. It Is easy to see that the
string of badges which might come
to be worn on the uniform would
tmeprll the dignity of tha ayearer and
certainly add nothing to the decora
tive featurea of his garb. There Is even
observable at this time a desire to further
restrict the emblems which may properly
be worn with tha unliorm and to permit
aa few aa possible, and preferably to au
thorize none save the medal of honor. Per
haps the badges of the various campaigns
or wars might ba Indicated by pendant
bars attached to a .main badge. Thla Is
ona of tha suggestions made and It finds
favor among those who realise that It Is
worth while considering aertoualy soma
means of limiting persons! ornamentation
of this sort. i
ftOIXD ABOIT HEW YORK.
Ripples oa tho Cwrreat of 1.1 fa la Ike
Sf . M nulla. I
Three months In the penitentiary was
tha penalty Imposed on a New Torker who
confessed that far years ha has polluted
tha springs of Justice In the Jury room. His
trade was that of professional Juryman,
but the cases which Interested him most
were damage suits against the Metropoli
tan Street Railway company. No matter
In what court such cases came to trial, the
confeased Jury fixer was on hand, tvn 1
rarely failed to get on the Jury. 11a stood
In with court clerks and thus managed to
lender effective service for the company.
It docs not appear that the fixer worked
for his health or for glory, yet tha court
thus scandalised took no step to discover
and punish the real culprit the employer
of the Jury fixer.
A new form of lingering death from tha
subway was discovered by Dr. O'Hanlon,
a coroner's physician. Steel dust, gen
erated by the friction of the shoe on tha
third rail, amounts to a ton a month, and
track walkers, according to the doctor,
have already shown symptoms of consump
tion due to the inhalation of the fine steol
particles. The disease is somewhat Ilk
brass finishers' and stonecutters' consump
tion. When complicated with subway
germs It Is as surely fatal as hanging, but
not so swift in operation. Tha steel dim
Is kept suspended In the air by constant
rushing of air currents, duft to passing
trains. In time passengers who have the
chronic subway habit will be affected. Dr.
O'Hanlon claims that If you ride for an
hour In the underground and then knock
the dust off your hat upon a ploce of while
paper a magnifying glass will reveal the
presence of fine steel particles. Oeorgj
Westing-house, who has always been an
advocate of overhead trolleys as against
the third rail, has never made any refer
ence to this danger. Ills objections have
been largely on the score of mechanical in
efficiency, larger cost, greater dangers and
shorter life of equipment In thlrd-rall de
vices. Dr. O'Hanlon Is really serious on
the new danger. He says: "No practical
remedy has as yet been suggested for em
ployes and patrons of the subway, but one
will have to be found If the mortality from
this cause Is not to assume startling pro
portions. Even the man or woman whj
only uses the subway twice a day cannot
hope to escape without ultimate ill effects,
and on people with weak lungs the danger
Is all the greater."
The experience of teachers and pupils In
a New York City school a day or two ago
is one that should cause school authorities
In all parts of the country to Insist that fire
drills Bhould be had frequently, and that
never, under any circumstances, should
they be omitted for any length of time.
It made the hearts of all parents beat a
little faster - to learn how the teachers,
calmly and quietly, formed their pupils Into
line and marched them safely to the street
without one moment of fear or panic on
the part of the little ones, while the root
was bazlng over their heads, and the fire
engines tearing madly down the street. Thj
children had been taught many times Just
what they must di, and in the moment of
danger their Impulse was to do that one
thing and nothing else.
Mayor McClcllan has declared against
granting the Pennsylvania railroad the
franchise for the New York connecting road
on the terms favored by the rapid transit
board. The mayor will insist upon terms
which will give the city $2,500,000, instead
of $1,100,000, for the twenty-five-year fran
chise, and place In the hands of the city
authorities many powers over the connect
ing railroad which are not given tn the
contract proposed by the rapid transit
board. One of the most important features
of the contract which the mayor will In
sist upon is the original clause that the
Pennsylvania railroad shall not discrimi
nate against New York City In freight
rates. It also gives the city the power to
control local rates over the road.
The new Manhattan bridge now under
way is a stupendous engineering work. It
will span East river from the Bowery at
Canal street to the terminal of the new
Flatbush avenue extension In Brooklyn, In
Nassau street, between Jay and Bridge
In accurate figures the bridge Is 6.864.43
feet long; length of the New York ap
proach, 2.0S6.48 feet; length of approach on
the Brooklyn side, 1,807.95 feet; length of
main span between the towers, 1,470 feet.
The roadway at the center of the main
spun at mean temperature with dead load
Is 14H.S3 feet above the water, and the clear
head room under tiie bridge at this point is
136.23 feet of maximum temperature with
The maximum grade on the ends of ap
proaches Is 3H feet In each 100 feet. The
bridge will have on the lower floor a road
way thirty-five feet wide between curves:
two tracks for subway trains, two tracks
for surface cars and two footwalks, each
eleven feet wide. On the upper floor will
be two tracks for elevated trains and two
tracks for surface cars.
This gives one an idea of the great capa
city and apaciousnesa of the structure. The
weight of steel in the bridge between
anchorages la about 30.000 tons. In the
language of experts the bridge is propor
tioned for a regular traffic load of 9.000
pounds a lineal foot, or a maximum con
gested load of 16,000 pounds a lineal foot.
The bridge Is expected to be ready for
traffic in four years. Tho original Brook
lyn bridge was fifteen years In building,
and the recently constructed Williamsburg
bridge seven years. Both of the founda
tions for the new bridge piers are finished
and ready for the steel work of the towers.
The Longworths have returned to Wash
ington and Joined the ranks of the plain
people once more.
A Cincinnati banker accused of graft
swore at the Investigating committee. Of
course, they were offended, not having ex
pected anything worse than being lied to
The Wall Street Journal calls It "the
panic of the square deal," and adds: "It
ia the kind of panic that works, not for dla
aster, but for financial health and honor."
President Roosevelt In the near future
may publish for private circulation a book
of Irish poems he translated from tha
Gaelic. The president was taught Gaelic
by James Jeffrey Roche.
Rufus Bullock, the only republican ever
elected governor of Georgia, and whe
played a conspicuous part in tha recon
struction period. Is now spending his de
clining days in the village of Albion, N. Y..
his boyhood home.
A. Q. Spalding, the wealthy sporting
goods manufacturer, has acquired 104,
acres of land In Mexico and expects to
irrigate It, and when it la reclaimed It will
be the largest acreage of arid land ever
put under irrigation by a private Indl
A Washington guide directed tha alien
tlon of a party of sightseers to a small
gray-haired man and said, affectionately
"There goea one of the greateat men in
the country. That's Chief Justice Fuller."
"Why, ha lias no stature whatever," whis
pered one of the women. "Nor weight,'
hastily rejoined another. "And I can't un
demand." observed a man In the group.
"how he has managed to attain to so grea
a height." The guide answered him slg
nlhVanlly and tersely: "Because of hi
Imparts that peculiar lightness, sweetness, and
flavor noticed in the finest cake, short
cake, biscuit, rolls, crusts, etc, which
expert. pastry cooks declare ia
unobtainable by the use
. of any other leav
A pure grape cream of tartar powder.
SOVM. bMONO soWDCft 00., NEW VOMK,
STOPPING A GRAB.
Temporary Check to Greed of Mineral
Back of the resolution extending the
tribal existence of the five tribes In Indian
Territory from March 1, 1906, when It waa
to terminate, to March 1, 1907, passed by
the senate yesterday. Is an Interesting his
tory. Stories of corporate spoliation of the
Indians, In which Wisconsin politicians
figured, account for the Interest taken tn
the matter by Senator I .a Follette, who
made his first speech in the senate In sup
port of the tribes. Under the terms of the
settlement of the Indians in the Territory
certain rich lands were to revert to the
government in case the Indians became
extinct or abandoned the land. The Im
pending termination of their tribal existence
offered an opportunity for railroad claims
upon this property, and It was to defeat
this grab that the resolution was passed.
Senator La Follette's effort was directed
to raising the issue whether the railroads
should be prohibited from acquiring certain
asphalt and coal lands In the Territory
that might be claimed upon the dissolution
of the tribal relations. The lands, according
to the estimate of Senator Bailey, are
worth between $30,000,000 and $30,000,000.
There are only two railroads in the Terri
tory, and It was charged that they formed
a monopoly. Senator Clark of Montana
urged that the lands be retained for the
Indians until the introduction of better
railroad facilities assured them a fair deal.
The extension of their tribal existence
for another year, recommended by the
secretary of the interior, will permit a
thorough investigation of the matter and
prevent the Indians being despoiled of their
rights or the seizure by corporations of
lands that should revert to the government
as part of the public domain. In these days
of land grabs special care is necessary In
watching every bill dealing with the pub
CAl'BES OP Bl SINES FAILI RES.
Instructive Analysis of Last Year's
lABt year 9,967 Individuals, firms and cor
porations engaged In legitimate mercantile
occupations In this country suspended busi
ness and failed to pay their debts. The
number seems large, considering that 1905
was a year of general prosperity, but it Is
small when one considers that there were
352,947 concerns tn business In the United
Fraud is one of the constant causes of
commercial failures, but It is far from
being the principal one. Fraud never can
be got rid of, but it does not appear to be
making any headway. In 1908 the per
centage of failures ascribed to that cause
was 10.1. In 1904 It was M and In 1906 It
was 1.2. If any reliance can be placed on
percentages the commercial world is not
permeated with dishonesty. The public,
which has read so much about grafting In
high places, In politics and grand, finance,
may take comfort In the thought that dis
honesty is not rife among the average busi
ness men of the country.
Only four of last year's failures were
due to speculation. That does not prove
that speculation Is rare among men en
gaged In commercial occupations. Probably
there are many of them who are more or
less speculative, but only four got caught.
If there had been a panic or a sharp de
pression In values the number of failures
duo to speculation would have been much
Incompetence and lack of capital are
the chief causes of bankruptcy today, as
they have been from the beginning. To
them 678 per cent of last year's failures
are ascribed. The man who has exceptional
If you are suffering from impure
blood, thin blood, debility, nervous
ness, exhaustion, you should begin at
once with Ayer's Sarsaparilla, the
Sarsaparilla you have known, all your
life. Your doctor knows it, too. Ask
him all about it. Then do as he says.
. We have no secrets We publish
the formulas of all our medicines.
Made fcy the . 0- ayae Ca.. LowaU, Vase,
alaa KauitiarturM r
ATSK'S laTa TIOOK-Var tka kau. - ATBS'S PILLS Wet easatisaUas.
AYTK CBaEBYPMTOEAL Vereescka. AYsK't AGUaCU&a r aularia sad agM.
business ability can make a start with
practically no capital and score a success.
Men of only average ability who are handi
capped by the lack of adequate capital nre
likely to go to the wall, even when general
commercial conditions are favorable.
Of the failures of 1905, $,428 were due t.i
incompetence. Those failures cost creditors
$10,000,000. that being the difference between
assets and liabilities. The failures due to
fraud were less expensive, the loss to cred
itors being a little over $6,000,000. It Is busi
ness incapacity rather than dishonesty
against which creditors should be on tlieli
LINES TO A SMILE.
Mrs. Jawbock I'm sure I've suffered ev
ery misfortune a woman can.
Mr. Jawback Ob, no you've never been
Mrs. Jawback I believe I said misfo"
tune, didn't I ? Cleveland Leader.
"It's love that makes the world kh
'round," said the old-fashioned sentimental
ist. "No," answered Miss Cayenne, "It merelv
makes some people so dizzy that they
think the world Is going 'round." Washing
The cook came to the professor to report
that the cabbage he had ordered for dinner
was all right In the center, but she had ha 1
to throw nearly all the rest of It away.
"Ah, well," said the professor, "let us
make the best of It. Its errors are of the
head rather than of the heart." Chicago
"It's a fine day, deacon."
"Yes, but we're all miserable creatures."
"Well, thank God, we're still a-llvln !"
"Yes," groaned the deacon, "but our
tlpie s comln' !" Atlanta Constitution.
"He's the moat devout man In church.
I never aaw anyone who eould be so ab
sorbed in prayer." - - . i -
"Indeed? I never noticed It."
"Probably not. I don't suppose you ever
took up the collection." Philadelphia Cath
"My dear," said Mr. Nearslght, watchln
his little boy playing at bean bag In th
street, "what Is that our Willie Is trying
to catch out there?"
"I don't know, I'm sure," replied his
wife, wearily; "he's already had thu
mumps, measles and whooping cough."
Robinson I wonder what Saul remarked
when David said that all men were liars?
Brown That's easy to Imagine.
Robinson What was It, then?
Brown Well, I'm from Missouri. Cincin
"I won't resign under fire," the senator
"And If we draw oft the attack?"
"Then I won't have to resign." Louisville
IM TUB SIGHT.
Paul Keater In McCture's.
When you shall waken
In some far-off town.
Distant alike by many miles
And many years
And all shall seem
The dim light falllti
By the window sua,
The maple leaves
The echo of a neighbor's steps
Coining belated by;
When it shall seem to you
You need but raise your hand
To touch your mother's
That any whispered word
Shall wake her,
For your comfort
In the awesome hour.
When you shall know .
That morning brings no dread
Beond the fear
Of rainy days or school;
Then w hen some sense
Of present time returns
And youth departs.
The heart grows old asain
And feels with bitterness
The weight and pain
of all the Intervening years.
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