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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1906)
Omaha Daily Bee
N Filthy Sensation
E OMAHA BEE
Best 'hn. West
Qoes Int ths Heme
THE OMAHA DEE
ESTABLISHED JUNE 1I, 1871.
OMAHA, FRIDAY MOftNTXO, FKr.M.'AUY .". 1KK-TEX PA(JES.
SIXOLE COPY THREE CENTS.
OFFICIALS TO BLAME
Annitrtmc Insurance Committee Makes Iti
- Report Public,
r STATE DEPARTMENT HAS AMPLE POWERS
I Irreeularities Could Hare Been Uncov
ered Had Officials Been Dilieent.
ACTIONS OF COMPANIES CRITICISED
TTafnlltafl lAVflfii1 anff Transactions
. ' -"uJ au
Are Roundly Condemned.
WANT vHANviLS IN LAW Ant JUlalt5 I tU
Policyholders Ranald Be Given Oreitfr
Pirfr of Companies, bat the
Right Should Be Care
XHW TORK, Feb. JZ The pommlttpp ap
pointed at the last session of the New York
legislature to investigate life Insurance
mad Its report today. The report is ex
tremely voluminous, . extending to 319
printed pages. It embraces a Ions; review
of the testimony taken by the committee
and Its recommendations and conclusions
as to remedial legislation! In addition there
is a chapter devoted to the state Insurance
department, In which the committee de
clares that It would seem that the super
Intendent of the department has had am
ple power to ascertain the transactions of
Insurance companies, but that the super
vision by the department has not proved
a sufficient protection against extravagance
and maladministration. Instances are given
of reports made In the affairs of the Mu
tual Life Insurance company, the New
York Ufa Insuranoe oompany, and the
Kqultable IJfe Assurance 'society. In which
nothing was brought out to show the con
ditions developed In the testimony given
befdrs tha committee.
No - substantial amplification of the
powers of the department seems necessary,
sccordlng to the committee which holds
that most of the evils which have been
disclosed by the Investigation would have
been Impossible had there been a vigorous
performance of the duties already laid
upon the Insurance department.
Remedial Legislation uHBPatrd
The remedial legislation recommended by
the committee provides for the safeguard
trig of the rights of pulley holders In
mutual companies In the election of di
rectors, recommends that stock companies
be given authority to retire their stock and
become mutual companies, but that such
mutuallsatlon shall not become compulsory.
Various regulations . art urged to prevent
unwise Investments and unwise syndicate
operations; the sais of prohibited securl
tlea within five years Is advocated. A
recommendation for the limiting of new
businesses to $16,000,000 a year Is made.
the committee favors the prohibition of
contribution by Insurance companies for
political purposes; lobbying Is condemned.
and the wisdom of economical manage-
. tneut Is urged, but - the committee doee
not deeni it advisable that the committee
attempt to prescribe the expenditures of
' insurance companies. Further recommen
dations are on the valuation of policies,
surrendered values, and publicity of all
facts pertaining to a company's business.
An amendment to the penal code is rec
ommended to provide that the person re
ceiving a rebate should be equally guilty
with the one who gives it.
In its detailed report of the Investiga
tion of tha companies, the committee says
the accounts of the Mutual Life Insurance
company' should be thoroughly examined
In order that the extent to which moneys
have been misapplied and the responsibility
for any misapplication which may be
shown may bo determined. .
Aetlan of Compaalee Criticised.
Concerning the New York Life oompany
the committee found that Its transactions
with Andrew Hamilton showed extraordi
nary abuse and the statement sent from
Paris by Hamilton was ' without suitable
, Jn taking up the Kqultable Life Assur
ance society the committee tells of the dis
sensions last February which resulted In
the reorganisation of that society and In
the disclosures which brought about the
legislative Inquiry. The syndicate ,oiera
tlons of the Kqultable and James H. Hyde
and the relations between the society uud
Kuhn. Loeb & Co., as brought out lit tea
tttjiony before the committee, arc referred
to at considerable length, as is the $50,000,
WW I'nlun Pacific pool under the manage
tnent of IS. H. Htrrlinaii. Jacob Schlff and
J units Sltllman Participation in this pool
by the Uqultublu, the committee, holds, was
c. early on Improper transaction for an in
former Governor Udell's shipbuilding su
utfdlnsl the Mercantile Trust Co., which
was acttled by that compuny. la treated
of, the committee holding that the circum
stances of the Introduction of the Ambler
bill might have been sufficient to Induce
that settlement oil the part of the officers
of the trust company through fear that
proceedings inimical to its Interests might
be taken. If those who could initiate them
were not appeased. The committee report
contains a lull statement of loans mude to
K. 11. Harrlman and Kuhn. Loeb & Co,
by the Kqultable. The payment of VA"
year lu Senator Depew the' committee
holds was not warranted, the services ren
dered by Senator Lvpew not being ade
quate.. The committee also seta forth, that
it does not appear what services were
rendered by former Senator Hill, who was
paid 16,000 a year, lu justice to Mr. Hill,
the comflttee says. It was not able to get
his testimony on this subject, because he
whs loo ill to appear. The committee
finds that in spite of the Irregularities
showu there is no reason to question the
solvency of the Mutual Life Insurance
company, the New York Insurance com
pany and the Kqultable Life Assurance
Abatraet at the Report
After reciting the resolution authorising
the work and the plan adopted for the
lntetUr"Jon by tho committee, each in-
dWI . Vompany 1. p.ed In review
rnei . .c fifteen companies organised
uuuei isws or Jew york. Isculng level
premium policies, and In a single instance
only the company departed from the policy
of limiting Its Investigation to coinpanlea
organised under the laws of New York.
This company was the Prudential Life
insurance company of New Jersey.
The matters demanding the consideration
or tha legislature for the purpose of rem
edying existing evils ajid of establishing
mote securely the business of life Insur
ance In Ihfa slate are grouped under the
First organisation of life liu orji.ratlons.
Heeond Control, or the rights of policy
holders In the electing of directors.
Tbh-d Retirement of stock.
(Continued ou Sixth Page)
VON BUELOW OPENS DEBATE
(Sermon Chancellor F.xalnlns Benson
for taking Kltrnnlnii of Rrrlp
rooul Tariff Rates.
BF.RLIN. Feb. 22. Chancellor von Biflow
opened the debate in the Reichstag today
nn Ihr government's prop.'"!!! to extend re
ciprocal tariff rate-, to the Cnited States
until Jump 3n, i' " Hp said lip placed a
high value on T liticnl relations be-
twppn German I
which were a bl
the t'nitrd States,
to both land, but It
llcvn thnt hp would
would bp dcccptl
buy political frlcl. j
Germany's cnonoi '
by thp sacrlliee of
var. which must
. p of necessity,
iit dpmand of
The grounds of'v
ponal wpre that a V
only bp resorted to
would damage not or,
Interests, hut other 1
Industry. He remlndn
othpr etatps hnd not always progressed
smoothly and had extended over long perl
ods. We are thPrefore forcpd," said the
phnnrellor, "to ask Parliament to consent
o this proposal so that we may continue
In peace with the I'nlted States."
The chancellor, who hnd spoken without
animation, had bepn listened to without
applause. During his paraphrase of Am
bassador Sternberg's note some of the
members tittered Ironically. Prince von
Buelow concluded nn follows:
The confederated German governments
being well aware of thp Itnnnrtnnre of our
commercial relations with the I'nlted Stntes
Intend to try by every means to settle the
question in a conciliatory manner. They
hope the Reichstag will act in that spirit
toward the proposals.
The bill having passed Its second reading.
Baron Heyl Zu Hermshelm introduced an
amendment declaring that It. should extend
only to part of Germany's conventional
Count von Posadowsky-Wehner opposed
the amendment on the ground that It would
compel the government to discriminate
forthwith against American goods, adding
that Germany had not had great success In
Its latest tariff wars. "What advantage
could Germany gain with the I'nlted
States?" he asked. The purpose of the
provisional arrangement, he added. Is to
give America time to think. "I believe,
the minister continued, "the time has come
when American citizens see they are merely
the foot ball of the great trusts, but we
will uot wait till this discovery has been
made. A tariff war causes the greatest
embltterment, like other wars."
The amendment received only the votes
of a, part of the nationalists.
The bill was then adopted by an Im
menso majority, the negatives coming from
only parts of the nationaliHts and conserva
DEADLOCK REMAINS UNBROKEN
Belief in France and Great Britain
that .Vlneclrna Conference
Will Be Fruitless.
AlAiKCIKAS, Spain, Feb. 22. Although
the Franco-German deadlock remains un
broken, the opinion of the delegates to
the Moroccan conference fluctuates as to
the results,' the view today being rather
more hopeful that some solution is pos
alble. :.-.-.-. . - ,
Some of the delegates express the view
that some conciliating move will be made
directly from Berlin.
PARIS, Feb. 22. The strained Franco-
German situation appears to have Increased
somewhat owing to the disheartened tone
of the press, which, however, carefully
avoids stimulating the war fever.
The government docs not give any fur
ther indication of Its Intentions in regard
to the Moroccan question. The tone of the
French press Is that the conference situa
tion is desperate, the only thing remaining
being for France to state lis case and
depart. However, there is no evidence
that President FallicreH and Premier Rou
vier, notn or whom are men of an ex
tremely conservative and pacific charac
ter, entirely share the view that the con
ference is doomed to fuilure. The semi
official Temps, however, prints u leading
article today saying that an accord is Im
LONDON, Feb. S!. Official opinion in
Great Britain regarding the Moroccan cun
ferenoe Is summed up by the statement
"that It Is certain Ucrmuny desires the
Algeclras conference to break up without
settling tho vexed Moroccun question."
It Is contended hero that not satisfied
with refusing what Great Britain culls the
most "liberal offer" on the purt o France
lu respect to policing Morocco, Gertminy
Das placed another obstacle In tho way
of a settlement by making ImpoHslble sug
gestlons In regard to the proposed state
bank. The belief In Groat Britain la that
all the efforts of German and British sub
jects to create a belter feeling between
their respecthe countries arc being undone
by the Germun utlitude at Algeclras. In
Kiigligli official circles there is no attempt
to hide the discomfort at the course of
tvents at the conference.
DEATH WATCH OVER HOCH
For Fourth Time Preparations Are
Made to Hang Man Convicted
CHICAGO. Feb .-For the fourth time
since the conviction of Johann Hoch,
preparations were begun today for his
execution. Hoch appeared In good spirits,
but announced that he had lost hope and
expected to die.
"I feel fine." he said, "but I guess that
I will have to die tomorrow. This is the
fourth time I have been near death and
I guess this in the last time. I have no
hope, but still 1 teel pretty good."
Hoch was told that there existed in
many quarters an opinion that he intended
to cheat tho gallows by committing suicide.
He laughed heartily at the suggestion.
'.'Me take my own life?" he nuked, "Why,
do you know what that would mean? ll
would be an absolute confession of my
guilt. I am a soldier and why should I
I nut be brave and drop from the scaffold
if I am Innocent?"
I Late In the day Hoch was removed from
his cell to the ileum chamber In the Jail
j and a death watch set over htm.
MRS WILD'.R DIES OF WOUNDS
, Woman W ho fhot Herself
of llvaver Theater Nurcaiubs
DKNVKR, Feb. 2t-Mrs. Charles A.
Wilder died today from the effects of the
wound which she inflicted by shooting her
self on the stage of a local theater in this
city In the presence nf an audience last
Monday. Shortly before her death Mrs.
Wi'.der said that she had Intended to shoot
the preys ugeut of the theater as well as
herself, but she failed to find him. She
had reached this resolution, she explained,
because the man had threatened to kill
her tinless she couaented to marry . htm.
Mrs. Wilder had one child.
;00D DAY TO VIEW NATION
Governor Thomas Asks Has Washinetons'
Country Followed His Example.
MANIA FOR WEALTH LEADS TO EVIL
Adilresslna Omaha ( Inb at Anneal
tinner Colorado statesman as
Present Conditions Are Not
The Omaha club held Its annual Wash
ington's birthday dinner last night at the
club rooms, with former Governor t. 8.
Thomas of Colorndo and William Hayward
of Neorasaa t.lty.as the guests and the
principal speakers. The dining hall at the
club house was decorated with American
flags, the purpose Nlng to make the sur
roundings accord with the spirit of the
day. Plates were laid for Un. The din
ner was private and attended only by mem
bers of the club and their Invited guchls.
Iliose In attendance included the most
prominent huslncs men of the city. Be
fore the dinner an opportunity was given
for them to meet the out-of-town guests
and an Informal reception was held. Gov
ernor Thomas reached the city about
o'clock and he visited friends In Council
Blurt's before going to the club. The din
ner began at 7:30 and It was nfter 9 o'clock
before the toasts began. President E. P.
Peck was toast master and Introduced the
Governor fliomns spoke on the subject,
"Thy Brother's Keeper." On a day dedi
cated to the memory of Washington, he
said, it was appropriate to Inquire whether
all is well with the country and whether
his counsels have been followed. He dis
cussed the growth of property interests
and declared the huge aggregations of
wealth bestride tho world. They directed
political organizations, controlled elections,
selected rulers, enacted laws, construed
constitutions, regulated conduct and
moulded the destiny of the people. The
wealth of these aggregations, he declared.
to be growing faster than the wealth of
tho nation at large, so In time they must
Include all. He said the causes for these
conditions were deep-seated and He In the
mania for wealth. Those who denounce the
trusts were apt, he said, to be quickened
by the sense of Injustice that is founded
upon exclusion from profits. Few of the
80,000,000 of people would not promote a
trust ir they could. However, he com
mended tho spirit of Investigation now
Conditions Apparent for Years.
He continued: ,
These conditions have not been suddenly
created. They have been apparent for
years. i ney nave been evolved through
the progress of time and their Krowili
evolved kindred ones. There Is no con
tagion like that of n bad example which
may oe louowea wiin Both profit and lire
PlinltV. If business flourishes In miwrlnivr,
ship with public sen-ants It will not lan
guish by extending the relation to private
agencies. The carrier, the middle man.
the purchaser of supplies, the expert who
investigates, have vieliled to the arwll nf
the same Influence. With all these In com
bination the manufacture and distribution
of unsound and adulterated products for
tho increase of profits at the expense of
the public health and safety have recorded
me sero oi commercial Integrity.
, After commenting on the widespread pre
valence of graft In different and sinister
forms and the methods by which it is
maintained, he continued
'lhe prevailing standard of ethics and of
morals Is determined by that of the Indi
vidual. Its rise and fall are rigidly regu
lated by the units of society. Like the
barometer, it murks and measures the
conditions of tho hour. Like the mirror,
it faithfully reflects the Image of every
man wiiu molts inin ji. yjur imperrect re
view of conditions, therefore, presents a
problem of which "you and 1 und all of us"
are the factors. We evolved, and we miiHt
solve it. It is the sum total of which every
man and woman is un integer. To discover
and portray the misconduct and short
comings of others is more often a pleasure
than a duty, but our Phurlseeism is rudely
shocked when confronted with the con
sciousness of our common guilt. And I
do affirm that If tonight we invoke the
shade of Washington to identify and exer
clue the proximate cause of our decadent
moral, social, Industrial and political In
tegrity, his accusing gaze fixed upon each
of us, and tiMin each of those similarly
gatheied elsewhere, would reply, "Thou
art the man!"
Turn Nearrhllsht Inward.
Is this not true? Let us exclude the
guilty world and lake brief account of our
selves. In the exercise of our civic duties
have we heeded or recalled the counsels or
the example of Vushington '.' Has our pre
cept in life been "is it right?" or "will it
pay?" Has a loftier ambition than gain en
ilxied our energies '.' Huve we not profiled by
tliu law's evasions. Have e nought or
received no special considerations ut the
expeiisu of official virtue.' Have we re
sisted, have wo ev.n protested uguliiat the
Invisible encrouchi.iei.i.: of privilege upon
aieocfu,,,UiaVio Z TUlTnu?2
thai promised profit or benefit to our-
selves.' Have we rehuked belruyuls of
trust by those w hose Influence or authority
liiighl be exercised lor our laneni? Have
we applauded or encouraged uny eitu'rts
to reform palpable abuses.' Huve we de-I the miners' demands' today UHsun.ud prac
iiuuiiced the growing union between the j tlcally the first tank of importance. The
very llch and the very diss.. lute classes I . - , i , . H ,
of society? Have we hetdlulcd to take
u H 'i 1. 1 u c 1.I.V In.wui.i lit v .,r ritnori .,
limlit.it that would advance our business
or well being, although at lhe expense
of friend or neighbor? Have we not wur-
sniped success for its own sake, and
shut our eyes to the means of lis ac
complishment'.' Huve we nut by our prac
tice una conduct exalted me tlollur above
and beyond all other objects and purposes
61 life? Have we not measured our win
duct, our duties, our pleasures and our
achievements by its standard? Have we
discharged or even recognised the obliga
tions and responsibilities of citizenship
either from the viewpoint of the general
welfare, the good of posterity, the require
ments ol the day. or at all? Have we
appreciated the tnUiimb." blessings of
free government ana me nesseiiy ol pre
serving them by the rigid maintenance of
all Its conditions? Huve we reat'sed thai
tho debasement of our manhood in the de
basement of our Ideals? That tie com
mandments of our charters and declara
tions are as essential to the purity of aur
civic life and to the persistence of our
permanent material prosperity us ure those
on the tablets of Mimes, to our n.oral and
religious well being?
InCaeace of On Aets.
Above all, have we consider, d the tre
mendous Influence our ads of commission
and omission may have exerted upon those
members of the co n nudity . who look and
have a, right to look to us as examples?
If we cannot answer these queries us
conscience requires, then are we measura
bly responsible to ourselves and to soci
ety for tho evils we deplore. The mote
may be in our brother's eye, but the beam
Is surely in our own. We hear much of
remedying existing abuses, of curbing and
controlling monopoly, of preventing and
punishing corruption, nf scourging and
suppressing commercial Immorality, of de
stroying and divorcing criminal alliances
betw.-en business and politics, und of purg
ing and purifying society by vigorous pro
hibitive legislation. This may be trans
iently possible; it cannot etTect a permanent
cure. The modern physician of reform
Is too apt to mistake results for causes,
to substitute the symptom for the disease.
You cannot check a contagion or arrest
an epidemic by devoting your sole atten
tion to those wli.i are stricken. The
sources of the trouble must lie uscertalnnd
ami the task of destruction directed to
them. You rannot suppress the universal
prevalence of lualessneaa and dishonest v
bv sidluie. Their sources ure the decad
ence of the individual conscience. When
we shall again exalt the cardinal virtue
ulxive tup mandates of avarice and greed,
wisdom, .tuktice and equality .will again
become I hi standards of national morality.
When you and 1 shall severally square
our conduct by our professions, realize
the supreme importance of observing our
(Continued on Second Pa
TAFT SPEAKSIN CHICAGO
Weerelary of War Makes Addresses on
Philippines, lhe rm and
CHICAGO. Feb. 3. Secretary of Wur
I Wnilam Tnft today, before tin nmllencp
which filled thp Auditorium to the doors.
delivered sn oration up Ji "The Army and
the Republic." ,
He spoke under the auspices nf the I'nion
Ieng'iP club of this rlty, which for years
has reiide a feature of the celebration of
the biithday of Washington. In the morn
ing the secretary addre?ed 5.J school
children, who were gathered In the same
hall In which he delivered his afternoon
speech. For Ills address to the young peo
ple he choose "The Philippines," tclllnjr nt
considerable length of the progress that Is
being made In educating the Filiplnas ac
cording to American standards. At night
he spoke for the third tlmo at the banquet
held In the I'nlun League club house and
this time he discussed the Panama canal.
In opening his address In the afternoon,
which was the most Important speech of
the three. Secretary Taft dec la red that his
work had so tar been of such an exclusive
character that he did hot know about any
thing but the Philippines, the Panama
canal, the army and the best , method tit
organizing a matrimonial excursion. The
Philippines, he said, he hud already dis
cussed, the Panama canal he had reserved
for his speech at the huuqurt and the only
subject left for the afternoon was the
army. The secretary spoke at considerable
length, discussing the Organisation, needs
and acquirements of tho army, urging
strongly upon his hearers that they sup
port both the army and the navy in such
a manner that both could lie malntntned
at a slate of the highest possible efficiency.
He dwelt with emphasis upon the necessity
of being prepared for war as the surest
guarantee of peace. The words of George
Washington, in this connection, he said,
are even more true today than when they
were uttered, for the reason thnt the coun
try is now very much closer in touch with
the other nations of the world than it was
In the days of Washington.
In his discussion of the Panama' canal at
the Union League club tonight. Secretary
Taft gave his hearers a history of the aii
fairs on the isthmus of Panama for the
last four years. He told of the many ob
stacles that have been met with and have
been overcome snd of some obstacles that
arc still unsolved.
Referring to the question aa to whether
the canal should be built by contract or
by tho government Secretary Taft suld:
Kvery one of of us Is anxious to have It
done by contract, but we don't want to
begin with contracts until the contractors
Know how the work can be lone econom
Ically. If we were now to Invite bids on
the work, the bids would be at a price
greatly beyond what the government could
do it for. I'ntll the government by Its
own work can establish - the settled con
ditions so that the contractors may know,
it seems to me to be unwise for the govern
ment to build all of this work by contract,
but when after one. two or three years
the conditions are settled and the data
given to the contractor upon which the
work can be d?u it will be time to lei
contracts. . .
MITCHELL TALKS WITH RCBBINS
Miner and Operator" Hare, a Lonx
Conference Over Wage
... - - ., , .'
NEW YORK. Feb. t. John Mitchell
leader of the coal miners, had . long talks
today with Hurry A. Taylor, the principal
coal mine owner of Illinois, and another
with Francis L. Bobbins of the Pittsburg
Coal company, leader of the western Penn
sylvania operators. Robblns talked with
Mitchell In New York last Tuesday. Both
were in Pittsburg on Wednesday. They
started for New York Wednesday night
and shared a compartment on the train.
They talked long and earnestly together
on the Journey.
Robblns is the leader of sixty operators
pledged to stand together In resistance to
the Pittsburg district miners' demands for
a 12 per cent increase in wages. He is
also un old personal friend of Mitchell's,
Neither would discuss their conferences.
Pressed today for sonic explanation of
his statement in Pittsburg yesterday that
so far as he knew there would be a strike,
Mr. Mitchell finally said It applied lu the
bituminous coul situation AskiJ if such
a strike would Involve the men in the
anthracite regions, he said
"I don't know. Ym can draw your own
conclusions as to thai.'
President Mitchell found on his return
today that th mi-s' committee had ul
most complctixl iH work, leaving only a
few details cl' the schedule of wages to be
j put In. H will go over the completed
I W'th ttl committee tomorrow
I morning and - when it is approved and
i signed he will Communicate with President
j UHer 81tyln that he ,a ready for a Jolnt
, , ,7 , , . ,
I meeting. lhe scale of wages clauses in
. """" ' v-' "
advance of so much iter cent fill urotinil.
but a readjustment Intended to place each
,.i..,.a ,,r lnln workers In nil I, ,n nf
clu1"' ' """ ' wnrKel" a" aetllons of
the anthracite regions more neurly on an
equality of earnings,
If reasonable concessions should be made
in tho wage scale the eight-hour day de-
maud will become much less of a danger
KEARNEY BILL IS REPORTED
Com-nlttee Cuts Amount for F.rertloa
of Poatofflce to Hundred
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. Feb. 32. I8peclttl Tele
gram.) The senate committee on public
buildings and grounds today reported favor
ably upon Senator Millard's bill for
public building at Kearney, Neb., but with
an amendment reducing the appropriation
Congressman Kennedy was today desig
nated by Speaker Cannon to wield the
gavel during the consideration In commit
tee of the whole of the army appropriation
bill. Mr. Kennedy acquitted himself with
grace and dignity.
Senator Burkett, at the request of the
school teachers and school organisations
of Nebraska, today introduced a bill pro
viding for the application of a portion of
the proceeds from the sale of public lands
to the state normal schools of the I'nlted
States for the advancement of Instruction
In agriculture and munuul training. Repre
sentative Pollard has Introduced a dupli
cate of tills bill in the house. The bill
follows very closely along the lines of the
M or re I act passed several years ago, which,
provides for an appropriation of l,0,uA
aunually to the various agricultural schools
of the country.
Mr. Burkelt s bill starts with an appro
priation of SjOu.uOO for the year ending
June " lirt, and increases the amount
of such appropriations thereafter fur five
years by uu additional sum c.f I1.hi.im each
year until the smount shall become $l,0uu,u)u.
It makes the same provisions as did tha
Mortel art to guard against distinction of
race, ur cvlur In admission of students.
BIG CCSS AT PEORIA BANQUET
Tbomns W. Lawson Principal Guest at
Anflual Feast of Orevo Ooeur Club.
ADAM BEDE DISCUSSES CIVILIZATION
Other Speakers Are Admiral Sell lei,
President A. R. Mick ney of the
Urrat 'Western and Charles
PEORIA, 111, Feb. 22,-Aftcr traveling
half across the conlineiil to ncccl t an m
vitutlou to speak at tne Crevc Couer club
banquet today ar, chief speaker of tho
evenliif,. Thomas W. Lawson of Boston
w.ia overcome by the length of the pro-
giam ahead of him and surrendered to the
lateness of the hour.
He apologized gracefully to an audience
which had packed the Collseuin timlnly t j
hear him, but which showed evidence of
needing sht-p at midnight, and referred
tliein to the newspapers, to whom he hild
given copies of his speech for the mes
sages he intended to deliver.
The eighth annual banquet of the
Crcve Couer club, with Thomas W.
I-uwson, Admiral W. S. Schley, A.
R. Btlckncj, Congressman Bede and
Charles A. Towne ns the principal rpeak
ers, was held at the Coliseum here to night.
Fight hundred people sat down at the ta
bles, while, fully 1,500,
women, crowded ,'the galleries. A special
committee met Mr. Lawson and Mr. Stlck-
ney nt Chlcngo last night; while another
committee did similar service for the re
mainder of the party, which traveled from
Chicago In the private car of General Man
ager Melcher of the Chicago, Rock Island
& Pacific road. An elaborate luncheon at
the Country club and a reception at the
Creve Couer club preceded the Vanquet.
In honor of the dny the speaker's stage
was made in Imitation of the Washington
home at Mount Vernon. There was no
trace of the misunderstanding which arose
when It was first proposed to Invite Mr.
Lawson. A lnrgp number of railroad men
were scattered through the big auditorium.
George T. Page, president of the Illinois
Bar association, acted as toastmaster. The
program was as follows:
"The Railways and the People." A. B.
'The Navy of Our Country. Admiral W.
"Civilization: Its Cause and Cure. Con
gressman J. Adam Bede.
lhe Enemy and the Knemles the Enemy
Has Made," T. W. 1-awson.
"Washington's T'nlted States. Congress
man Charles A. Towne.
Rede Convulses Andlence.
Mr. Bede kept the audience convulsed
with laughter for a full hour speaking of
civilization and the pursuit of happiness.
He said millionaires were not happy. He
had known several of them In the east
who spent as many as ninety days In the
Wilds of Dakota" looking for It. and the
courts would not let them have it.
He struck n serious strain with reference
to the railroad rate bill and was vigor
ously applauded when he asserted that the
people need not hope for a perfect law this
winter, nor next, nor In the congressional
sessions of six winters, but that each suc
cessive -action. of congress - would, show- a
step toward perfection. . -
Towne on Rate situation.
Mr. Towne said In part:
I want to refer. In view of certain re
ports from Washington In the morning
newspapers, to the so-called Moody amend
ment to the railroad rate bill, and I wish
to be deliberate despite the Impromptu
niture of my remarks.
If the president of the T'nlted States.
after his magnificent right for rate leglsla-
iion, is cocreea ny nis pariy ipresenia
tlves in the senate to any amendment
which will throw railroad rates Into the
courts In such a way ns to leave the rstes
complained of In force meanwhile, making
a party measure out of what has not been
so. then the citizens of the T'nlted States
will accept the Issue and put a party in
power which will keep Its promises.
Too Late for Union.
It was midnight before Mr. Lawson
arose to speak and In view of the lateness
of the hour the speaker announced that he
would not deliver his speech, but leave
the audience to read It in the newspapers.
Mr. Lawson'a speech as prepared und
given out to the press was in part as fol
lows: Chicago arose and surprised the world
by turning out the organized grafters and
political parties and proclaiming fur mu
iiKliml ownership. No, 1 am no inunicliial
uwnershipiHt, but the fact tiiat the people
of lhe greatest city in your stale found
vent for their feelings In municipal owner
ship means nothing more Hum that they
spoke and in Impressive tones. H It hud
means that they hud begun to feel tho
fetters. Next came Phlladelpnlu, where
the people marched the streets in mobs
but law-abiding mobs drove out of their
strongholds the mosi snugly entrenched
bund of political grafters this country has
ever seen drove them into exile and dis
grace us though they had ben a group of
mice pursued by an army of cl.-plianls.
Soon cume an overturning in Florida, no
toriously Imjhki l.lilen. by lue Fiugiers and
Ktundard Oil clique, when one man. a fear
less citizen, Nupoleon U. Broward, who
rose out of the ranks of lite people and
in his begrimed tugboat overall?, mumped
the state and was elected governor for
four years. In New York the fearless
Jerome, turned down by each and all the
different political parlies, was elected with
thousunds of votes to spare. In Wiscon
sin you know whnt LuFolleite Is doing,
with the people at ills back. These are but
a lew instances of how, during the last
twenty-one months the people have shown
the siilrlt that is in them. 1 could go on
through the country citing other hnpieii
ings, but to cover my ground 1 will take
up another series of even more significant
In Kansas one Devlin controlled a string
of banks in which the people had de
posited their savings. He had been specu
lating with these savings for the purjiose
of acquiring a great fortune. One day he
stubbed his toe, and his banks went down
like a row of bricks. Net result, the peo
ple lost millions of their savings. If he
had been successful he would huve made
millions for himself by putting lu Jeopardy
the deposits upon which his banks had
paid 4 per cent Interest. When he was
unsuccessful, the depositors lost their sav
ings, a ie r feet example of the "heads I
Y.'li. nd tails you lose" game of the "sys
tem." Mr. Lawson also mentioned Frank G.
Bigelow, the convicted Itank president of
Milwaukee,' as being another exponent of
heads I win and talis you lose.
Mr. Lawson then spoke at some length
on his financial views.
TOPIC K A
Missouri F.ecutl Dioraaaes I prising"
' TOPKKA. Kan.. Feb. 22. The . meeting
cf the democratic state committee here to
day was followed tonight by the annual
Washington birthday banquet of the Kan
sas Democratic club at the Hotel Throop.
The rush for tickets was so great that over
Sut applicants were unable to obtain ad
mission. The feature of the evening was
the address by Governor Joseph W. Folk
of Missouri, who discussed the tariff and
other issues of the day. He said In part:
The moral awakening that is now sweep
ing over the country is simply the pa
Irloilsm that come from the hearts nf the
people, a determination to stamp nut the
tilings that dishonor In public life and the
things that oppress in private life a firm
resolve that .government chill be represent
ative of the good, not of the bad. This
(Continued on Second Page.)
Nebraska weather forecast
Fair Friday and Colder In K.nstern
Portion. atnrdny Fnlr.
Trirperatnre nt Onmha YesterdnM
. . Ml
. . tit
. . II
It a. ni .
fl a nt .
T a. m.
H a. m.
4 p. m .
K p. m.
ct p. m .
T p. n.
M p. m
ft p. m.
t a. m 47
lc a. m oc
It a. m n:
13 m .T
RIPLEY ON RATE REGULATION
President of Mala Fo Hallway Says
- That Opinion on the Subject
LOS A NO ELKS. tal.. Feb. "SJ.-At the an
nual reception and banquet of the Los An
geles Chamber of Commerce tonight Presi
dent K. P. Ripley of the Santa Fe was
the principal speaker. Ills subject was
"Rate Legislation." and he said In part:
Io you realize how easy it Is to form
what Is called "public opinion" upon any
subject? 'I am herp to deny that such
public opinion as exists In favor of rate
mnklng hv the Interstate Commerce com
mission has been artificially manufactured
that the commission Itself with a hanker
ing for more power, wit it the aid of one
man from Milwaukee with a grievance,
storied the ngliatlon. and. having started
In. enlisting tho powerful aid of tne presi
dent, bus stampeded the country and nt
lesst one branch of congress. It Is my be
lief thnt not ono person in a hundred
throughout lhe country has any Interest in
' rii.. r.iilr.iails are tiinav ano nave i..r.
been opposed to rebate system, for ob
vious reasons they do not want to give
up nnv of their earnings and they have no
possible ohlcrt to discriminating in favor
of nnv Individual; I hey do not care how
stringent are the laws which may be made
in that regard. ,
Of all the offenses charged against
railroads that of discrimination is the
onlv onp thnt has any foundation in fact,
yet" none of the bills presented at this
session of congress touches this point.
The main feature of the proposed bills Is
the provision thai lhe Interstate Com
merce commission may name what It con
siders a reasonable rate and that such
rate must at once go Into effect. There Is
no provision for maintaining the rate
when it is made and. of course. It is Just
ns easv to pay rebates out. of rebates
named by the commission ns out or those
named by the roads themselves.
There are plenty of laws on the stntute
books for nucb offenses as the railroads
have committed or may commit. Enforce
these laws to the limit bcforP taking pos
session or private property or before put
ting Into a straight Jacket the one industry
that has mainly built up your commerce.
WILL INVESTIGATE OIL RATES
Accent of Interstate Commerce Com
mission Begins Collecting Testi
mony at Kansas City.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 2!. John T.
Marchand of Washington, secret agent of
the Interstate Commerce commission, ar
rived here today to Investigate alleged Il
legal rates on oil. The resolution under
which Mr. Marchand Is working was In
troduced In congress Monday by P. P.
Campbell, congressman from the Third dis
trict In Kansas, and was adopted by con'
gress yesterday. The Interstate Commerce
commission will meet In Knnsns City
March 12 to consider the evidence that M
Marchand Is here to obtain.
. Ui', , Murchand.-waa tn - conference this
afternoon with a group of oil men relative
to the Investigation the commission will
make of Kansas oil rates.
The charges of excessive and discrlinl
natlng rates made by the Kansas OH Pro
ducers' association will be the first to re
celve Mr. Murchand's attention. H. E.
West of Peru, Kan., president of this I
social Ion. Is one of the oil men here, und
will present the case of his association
J. L. Lemprccht, president, and Frank
Brutter. secretary of the National OH Re
finery association of Cleveland, O., the
largest shippers of oil from Kansas, are
also in conference with Mr. Marchand
along the same lines.
THIRTY HURT BY EXPLOSION
Steam ' Shovel Strikes KOO-Ponnil
( barge of Dynamite In Car
negie Steel Plant.
P1TTBBURG, Feb. i!. Thirty persons
were hurt, two of whom will die, by the
explosion today of a 200-pound charge of
dynamite, which was struck by a steam
shovel at the Carnegie Sleel company's
plant at Duquesne. The steam shovel
was removing a slag pile that hud been
previously broken up with the explosive
he breaking up process, one o,
the charges of dynamite was lost and it
Is this one that exploded today. Tho
structure was blown high in the air. Sharp
flinty pieces of the slag and pieces of splin
tered timber from the shattered shovel
were hurled among l'W Hungarian laborers
by the bursting of the boiler which fol-
lowed tho explosion of dynamite, knocking
them in all directions.
WILL EVICTTHE WEAVERS
Employes of Aldrleh touipauiy Must
Return to Work ar Vacate
MOOBCP, Conn.. Feb. S. The strike of
the weavers at the Aldrleh Manufacturing
company's plant assumed a new phase
today, when the company began the serv
ice of eviction papers on the seven or
eight hundred people who occupy the sev
enty tenement houses owned by tha com
pany. The tenants, some of whom are be
tween sixty and seventy years old and
have lived there all their lives, were noti
fied that unless the strikers returned to
work within thirty days the houses must
be vacated. There are now lietween 600
and 600 hands Idle.
ANTI-SALOON BILL IN OHIO
House Passea Measare
Option In Cities
COLl'MBt'8. O., Feb. 12 The house this
afternoou by a vole of M to 1G passed the
Jon-s bill, backed by the Ohio anti-saloon
league, which provides for municipal local
option by petition Instead of by election,
places the Initiative exclusively In the
hands of the temperance peoplj and It la
claims! by the anti-saloon league thst it
will enable the people to drive saloons
from all the residence districts of cities.
Movements of Urea a Vessels Feb. 23.
New York --Arrived: Helllg Olav, from
1'open'y.gen: Algeria, from Naples; Amer
ica, from Glasgom-. Sailed: Labretugue,
for Havre; Hibailan, for Han Francis, o.
Glbraltsr Arrived: Arabic, from New
Havre Arrived: LaSuvoie, fiom New
York. Brlshune SallPd: Miuwpra, for Vancou
ver. .-xudrte -Sailed: Romanic, for Boston.
Glasgow Arrived : Siberian, from linn,
Liverpool Arrived: Sicilian. from St.
John, N. B. Hailed: Tunisian, for Hali
fax. Antwerp Sailed: Menominee, for Boston.
RATE BILL BY KNOX
Penn&jhania Senator Introduce Hi Much
Diw,u?tcd Kate Meaaure.
APPEAL SECTION IS THE FEATURE
Carriers May Take Cares to Circuit Court bj
Depositincj ExoeM Charts.
MR. KNOX EXPLAINS HIS MEASURE
It is Intended to Throw Lieht on Measure
Now in Committee.
INTENDED TO MAKE IT CONSTITUTIONAL
Section Providing; for Appeal Draws
to Meet tlraa of Mem Milt
Think Hepburn Measure
WASHINGTON. Feb. J:.-Mr. KnoxV
much discussed and long rxei'tod railroad
rnto bill was introduced In tho senate to
day and because of the exceptional Inter
est In the subject was accorded the unusu.il
privilege of B rending nt length, for tlvi
Information of senators on the day of in
troduction, close attention was given to
the reading of the bill. . In a brief state
ment Mr. Knox snld he did not hope, to
hnve the committee on Interstate commerce
lo more than consider the bill as afford
ing light on thr. question of court review
of the llii'llngs of the Interstate Commerce
Mr. Foraker gave notice of a speech for
next Wednesday on the rate question.
The remainder of the day was dovotej
to listening to the rending of Washington a
turewell address by Mr. McCrcary and tho
consideration of tho hazing bill was passed
Just before adjournment.
The bill gives authority to the secretary
of the navy to dismiss at any time a
midshipman whose presence he considers
for any cause contrary to the beat Inter
ests of the service, but the accused ha
the right to demand a court martial. It
repeals the existing law requiring tho
dismissal of midshipmen found guilty of
hazing; gives authority for courtmartlul
for hazing under certain conditions and
authorizes graduated sentences under arts
of June 23, 1871, and of March 3, 1803; re
quires all instructors and officers at the
naval academy to report offenses to the
superintendent and defines hazing as "thy
unauthorized assumption of authority by
one midshipman over another."
The senate adjourned until Monday.
Knox Offers Rate Bill.
Senator Knox today introduced his inter
state commerce bill. It broadens the house
bill and contains a provision for review by
the courts of the orders of the Interstate
The bill provides that all nets of congres.t
and the provisions of thin bill relating to
Interstate commerce "shall extend to the
common carrier engaged lu commerce to
which the rcgulatlvg. powcr of congress ex
terna under tho conelitultoir of tl'jj United
States, the transportation of persons or
properly wholly by . railroad or by tha
transportation of persons or property
partly by railroad and partly by water
when both ure used for a continuous car
riage or shipment.. Said provisions shall
also extend to all the facilities and instru
mentalities connected therewith which
the regulative power of congress extends,
whether owned or provided by the carrier
It provides that all carriage charges of
whatever nature shall be Just and reason
able. When a rule is unrcusooable tha
commission shall order it reduced and when
reduced "such reduced rate ahull be tho
maximum to bo observed by the carrier,
and when the commission shall order . a
practice to bo changed It Bhall be observed
by the carrier."
The review provision is as folows:
Section 5. That the order of the com
nilsiou except the orders for payment of
money shall take effect within such rea
sonable time ns shall be prescribed by the
commission and shall continue for such
period of time, not exceeding two years,
us shall be prescribed in the order of the
commission unless sooner stt'usldd by the.
co. i. mission or suspended or set uslde by
an order of court In a suit to test the law
fulness of suld order; but uny carrier per
son, or corporation, purty to tha proceed
ings affected by tho decision of tho com
mission as to the rate or practice cov
ered by the complaint or by Its order pre
scribing a different rate or practice and
alleging either or botii to be a. violation
of Its or Ills rights, may institute proceed
ings against the complainant and tne In
terstate Commerce commission in the cir
cuit court of the I'nlted States for the dis
trict In which any portion of the carrier
or curriers who ure parties to the com-
p.aiul may be loomed, silting as a court of
I euulty to have such questions determined,
but lu no other way snail the lawcuiness
of such order to be questioned and in all
such procc-dlngs the. court shall have
power to make orders to secure tho appear
ance of parties from uny part of the
I'nlted Stales and the existing laws rela
tive to evidence und to proceedings under
the acts to rctrulute commerce shall be sp
pllcablc. Provided, however, that no or
der of the commission reducing a rate shall
be set aside or suspended by an Interloc
utory decree nf the court, without requir
ing a deposit of excess charge of sufficient
bond to secure to the parties entitled
thereto, the repayment, if the commis
sioners' order is sustained, of all moneys
received by the carrier in excess of the rute
fixed by the commlslon and the court shall
determine in such Interlocutory decree what
practices shall be pursued by the parties,
pending the litigation. In urder to make
this right of payment certain and effect
Another section relating to appeals fol
lows: Section That In all proceedings arising
unuei una a. i . -.i... 11 .ou i nut-., niairn
or the Ipterstate Commerce commission Is
a parly, an appeal from the filiul decree of
the circuit court shall He only to the su
preme court and must he taken within
thirty days from the entry thereof. No
appeal shall o"ate as a stay or supersea
dcas of the decree appealed from.
Provision Is made In the bill empowering
the commission to establish through rates
to and from olnla between which through
routes are not maintained by the railroads
complained of. Where parties to a Joint
rate fall to agree as to the appointment
the commission Is given the power to make
the division between the carriers.
Knox Ksplales Measure.
Mr. Knox suld: 1 .
I present a bill to supplement and amend
the act to regulate commerce, which I ask
niay l referred to the committee on inter
state commerce, but before sending lbs bill
to the desk. I aek for unanimous conaet.i to
say a woid In explanation of my reasons
for offering this bill ul so late a date.
It hHS len generally reported, and It Is a
fact, that I have recc-ntly. upon request of
different persons Interested lu lhe rale reg
ulation measures now ending before tne
senate, submitted my views as to a pro
vision which I ib-eni essential to the cer
tain constitutionality of the bill aed by
the houxe of repr.seiilal ives. I presented
my views by taking eul "f the bill which I
now i.ffpi rectu n ft. an. I that section can
not be thorouhlv iiuder.ilo.id independent
of Its context It is i'"l my ixtiectatton
that the bill which 1 now offer will receive
any further consideration from the commit
ter than they may choose to give It as
throwing light upon a (irovlsloo for review
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