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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1906)
THE OMAIIA ILLUSTRATED BEE.
Pebnmry 11, 1000.
TAKES AM. THB HARD TTOKIC OCT
OP" KEEPISO TIIIXG9 CLEAR.
IS SUTCI Clfftl
will do mora clean
ing Quicker and with
Icni labor than all
tha soap powders and
scouring agents put
Loosens dirt, absorbs
It and carries It away
Had from a fine,
pure rolcanlo mineral
No caustic, alkali or
acid In It to roughen
or redden the hands
and will not scratch.
LARGE SIFTING TOP CANS
AT JO CENTS
Service of he Military Telegraphers
S- ' SENATOR N. B. SCOTT of West
Virginia on Thursday afternoon
, addressed the senate of the United
States on the question of eatab
i "i I llshlng the status of the military
OLD DUTCH CLEANSER.
Pots, Pans, Kettles. Sinks, Bath Tuba,
Tiling, Marble, Wood Floors, Windows,
No. dirt Is so thick, so hard crusted or
so greasy as to resist Its power to
LOOSEN AND CARRY A WAT.
WAT ALL GROCERS
C LflRGE SIFTING CAN TOP. WC-
1A K iha PiMahtf 1 as bin a s"Vv
South Ojpaba. Nab.
saa SB as snsanea. m
E? EES) R? E2?
Man Medicine Free
You can now obtain a large dollar sis
free package of Muu Medicine tree on re
quest. Lf.n U.i1lAln. An man u.kn.B.
Man Medicine gives you once more the
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the throb of physical pleasure, the keen
sense of man sensation, the luxury of life,
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Medicine does it.
Man Medicine cures man weakness, nerv
ous debility, early decay, discouraged man
hood, functional failure, vital weakness,
brain fag, backache, prostatitis, kidney
trouble and nervousness.
Vfiu nan eum vmiraAlf st tinmA hv Man
Medicine, and the full size dollar package
' will be delivered to you free, plain wrap.
fier, aealed, with full directions how to use
t. The full size dollar package free, no
payment 01 any ainu, no receipts, no prom
ises, no papers to -sign. It Is free.
All we want to know Is thai you are not
sending for It out of Idle curiosity, but that
you want to be well and become our
strong, natural self once more. Man Medi
cine will do what you want It to do; make
you a real man, mnn-llke, man-powerf j.
Your name and address will bring It; all
you hnve to do is to send and get It. We
send It free to every discouraged One of
the man sex. Interstate Remedy Co., 811
Luck Bids . Detroit. Mich.
telegraphers who served the union army
during tha war of the rebellion. A bill Is
pending to amend the act of 1887, Intended
to give the telegraphers full standing; as
solders of the grand army. Senator Scott
t'pon tha opening of the war of the re
bellion, with perhaps the exception of one
untried corps In Germany, no army system
In tha world embraced a telegraphic de
partment, and It waa reserved for mere
boys American boys-,to Inaugurate that
arm of the service and demonstrate amid
tha din and carnage of war Its lmmeasur
abla value. Today every nation, ours among
the number, following that demonstration
operates a military telegraph as an Inte
gral part of Ita army. On the opening of
May, 18G1, at the call of 8lmon Cameron,
secretary of war. Thomas A. Scott of Penn
sylvania appeared In Washington, was com
missioned colonel of the First regiment Dis
trict of Columbia volunteers, and placed In
charge of the military telegraph and rail
roads. The powers the president and secre
tary of war clothed him with wart un
limited ln& practically made him dictator,
at least so far as the military telegraph
was concerned. Within a week after his
arrival military telegraph lines wars run
around and through Washington, connect
ing tha War department with the arsenal,
the nary yard, the capltol, tha railroad
station, Georgetown, China bridge, Long
bridge and the various camps as they were
formed, and operators were placed at those
points day and night. Simultaneous with
the crossing of the Potomac by the govern
ment forces, the military telegraph and Hi
operators crossed that river, stations were
opened In the Arlington house at Alexan
dria, at Camp Vpton, Camp McDowell and
Camp Trenton. Thus It was that a new fac
tor In war was ushered In and necessity
made essential Its spread throughout tha
union armies. Henceforth, It became an In
dlspenslble adjunct to each of our armies,
and every post, and In Its fuller develop
ment also of every army corps.
Oath Taken by Operators. '
Tt was no fault of these 1,200 men that
they were not enlisted. They were willing
to bs enlisted, but they were not permitted.
They were, regarded aa a special class of
confidential men and they were compelled
to take the following oath:
I do solemnly swear that I will bear trua
allegiance to the I'nlted States of America,
and thnt I will support and sustain the con
stitution and laws made In pursuance
thereof as the supremo law of the land.
anything In any stnte constitution or laws
to the contrary notwithstanding: that I will
not take up arms against the I'nlted States
or give, aid and comfort to the enemies
thereof, or to any authority or pretended
authority that Is or may hereafter bo en-
faged In armed hostility thereto; and thnt
disclaim all fellowship with the so-called
confederate states and confederate armies.
I do further swear that I will not reveal to
any person or persona the contents of any
dispatch, report, or other communication,
either directly or Indirectly, that may come
to my knowledge through my connection
with the telegraph, In any manner what
ever; that I will not reveal or divulge to
any person or persons any cipher that may
be given me for I'nlted States military pur
poses; and that I will faithfully keep and
observe this my solemn oath of secrecy and
allegiance to the government of tha United
Statea of America.
Now, Mr. President, I believe that If any
senator will read that oath carefully he
will coma to tha conclusion that these men
were by their acts and that of the govern
ment when they took this oath actually
mustered Into the military service of tha
Always as Telesrrnph Corns.
Tha telegraphera at the varloua depart
ments were under tha military orders of
special commissioned officers, who were
given rank In the army solely with a view
of such a command. Not one of these
telegraphers ever had any other duties as
signed to him. The reports on file In tha
War department go to show that General
Grant and other distinguished generals re
quired these operators to send their reports
to them and to them only.
As the army expanded so did the military
telegraph corps and at the close of tha war
It had, like tha army, become a finely or
ganised, well equipped, well diaolpllned
force, with a history unexcelled for brav
ery, fidelity and heroism. Tha military tel
egraph had assumed large proportions and
penetrated every portion of the union
where a union army mas to be found, and
Its delicate yet potent power was felt by
very department of the government. It
was In fact the very nerves of the army
and ao considered by all those who came In
contact with It. The position of these mill
tat telegraphers was peculiar, whether as
enlisted men or volunteers, and there were
both classes In tha service. They were not
subject to the ordera of active officers of the
army, but came under the Immediate direc
tion of President Lincoln as commander-in-chief
through the secretary of war.
They were in effect field couriers with en
larged responsibilities. The secrets of the
nation ware entrusted to them and tha
countersign of tha army was often In their
possession a weak or mora In advance of
Its promulgation. Atl tha movements of
tha army, all tha confidence of tha com
manders were entrusted to them and yat
not one waa ever known to betray that
knowledge and confidence In tha moat re
ervlee Always Dnna-erons.
They came under the rulca of war, and
whilst Independent of the commanding of.
fleer In tha field they could not leave with
out running tha risk of being shot.
In tha front when tha army waa ad
vancing, In tha midst of battle, and bring
ing up the rear In caaa of tha army's re
treat, tha corps left upon the battlefields,
In tha hospitals and war prisons, hundreds
of Its numbers who were never restored
to family, home and friends, nor were their
services officially recognised by tha gov
ernment for which they had laid down their
Tha survlvora battled for many years
to have tha wrong righted and achieved
a partial aucceas in tha act of January
21, 1897, which, whilst recognising tham as
an integral part, a corps of tha United
States army, denied them tha rights such
relation entitled them to. They now coma
to the doors of the present congress, firm
In the belief that the patriotism of Its
members will accord them the long delayed
Justice by removing the bar alntoter which
the act of 1867 placed against them. Less
than ISO survive, and" the lengthened
shadows admonish them that thalr days
are few and short.
Value to the Army.
It Is Incontestlble that the military tel-
eRraphers operated their wires upon tho
field of battle in every territorial depart
ment; that every Important cavalry move
ment was accompanied by one or more of
their number; that in tha great movements,
especially from the fall of 18ti3, every sec
tion of the armies In near proximity to
the enemy, even on the march, was kept
In constant Intercommunication; that un
paralleled facilities for communicating with
distant foroes were provided by them; that
thousands of lives and millions of treasure
were saved by the timely aid of the corps;
that the war was shortened, perhaps years,
by tha concertlve and co-operative use of
the military telegraph, which first declared
victory or defeat, the need of troops, or
munitions of war, of quartermaster, com
missary and medical supplies; which pa
trolled the seacoast and the whole army
front, keeping every post and division In
constant touch and, In emergencies, beat
the "long roll" to arms. Theirs waa tha
mystic chord which aione enabled Grant
to command a million men and brought as
surance and reposa to many a oommandcr
during all hours of the day and night, for
they kept vigils day and night In the fort.
In the tent,' In the lonely bivouac, on tile
ground, in the malaria of tha Chlckahoml-.
nles, or tha Tasoos, In unprotected guerrilla
countries and upon the battlefields; alwaya
In posts of danger, but as secretive and
confidential aa are tha bolts and bars of
tha federal treasury.
Tha survivors have aeen their comrades
ahot down In battle, torn to places bs
burled torpedoea, imprlaoned In Llbby, An
dereonvllle, Cahaba and other bastlles,
where some died and others beoama help
less wrecks. They have Been them In the
dellsium of smallpox and other fevers;
Been tham at work when weak and emaci
ated by chronic diarrhoea or other camp
diseases until the hospital or the grave
brought relief. They have seen them In
later years In the county poor houses, ab
solute paupers, because there waa no pen
sion for them save what comrades do
nated, and they know that Ave-slxtlia of
all those who formed tha corps' are in their
graves unthanked and unhonorod.
Safety Vault of Army
The army commanders orginated plans of
operation, but the army operator was the
safety vault where they were kept. Sher
man at Atlanta formed his purposes to
march to the sea, but he was powerless to
move without the consent of Grant at City
Point. Thomas waa In peril In middle Ten
nessee, but Bmlth, could not go to his hslp
unless Grant bo telegraphed. Grant waa
in Imminent danger at Bhlloh, and Duall
could not ba gotten thara In time but for
wire. Thomaa was being atarvad at Chat
tanooga, but tha two corps from tha East
ern army could not clear tha way. without
tha telegraph. Popa waa In greatest danger
at Culpepper Courthouse, so tha telegraph
reinforced him from MoClellan'a army and
Durnalda'a command. Lea and Jackaon
pressed Popa acroaa tha Rappahannock,
bent upon tha destruction of the federal
army and capture of Washington. Tha tele
graph had ordered the Army of the Po
toman from Harrison's Landing. Cedar
Mountain and the fords of tha Rappahan
nock had deolmated tha army, which was
scattered from Centerville via Manassas
Junction to Oalnesvllle, and while Long
streot waa pouring through Thoroughfare
gap. Franklin's, Porter's and Sumner's
corps of McClellsn'a army had. coma and
tha army and capital were safe, due largely
to tha telegraph which wrote "Emergency"
In every sentence and sent messages upon
lightning's wings. From, tha field of An
tlrtam, McClellan telegraphed for ammuni
tion and men whilst the battle raged, and
subsequently rejoiced the nation by tele
graphing: "Tha enemy Is driven back into
Virginia. Maryland and Pennsylvania are
now safe." ,
Salvation fa tho Operator.
About these times tha union army had ml
miles of t?legriph lines between the Tennea.
sea and Mlsrlsslppl rivers. When Price
threatened Roseorans at Corinth and out
tha wires Operator Reckwlth escaped tha
enemy's vigilance and, passing tha break,
telegraphed Grant at Jackson In time to
bring Ord'a forces from Bolivar to tha aid
of Rosecrans after he had repulsed tha
enemy'e many desperate assaults.
Vlcksburg was surrounded by wires.
Every move along the whole front waa at
once Indicated by the electric nerves center
ing at Grant's headquarters. No comman
der ever had sentinels so efficient unless he
duplicated Grant's. On a larger scale,
owing to the example our military operators
set, the German Investment of Paris, doubt
less, presented a more scientific exhibition
of telegraphic achievements for war pur
poses, but it was not In any sense more
Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville were
followed by Gettysburg. The telegraph, of
course, took a prominent part, but not so
Important as thence on td the close of the
war, when every corps, and oftimes divi
sions, of the army were kept In oonstant
communication with each other and the
general-ln-chlef. What had originated as a
doubtful experiment in West Virginia In
McClellan's campaign to Cheat Mountain
ended in absolute perfection from the Rapt
dan to Appomattox, from Chattanooga to
Atlanta, about the capltol at Washington,
along tha army front when Bragg'a army,
aa such, was destroyed before Nashville,
and many other places In Louisiana, Ala
bama, South Carolina, North Carolina, Vir
ginia and olsewhere.
History records no other war where the
armies were ao widely scattered, and prior
to ours, where they were ao well Informed
of each other's movemanta.
Whether Sheridan, Stoneman, Rousseau,
Kllpatrlok, Wilson or other great riders
pushed rapidly and even deeply Into tha
enemy's territory, or slower Ilka Sherman
to the sea. or northward like Banka up Red
river or Curtis to Little Rock, the teleg
rapher went with his Instrument and cypher
key, that greatest of all secrets except tha
secrets It hid, and In proper hands only dis
closed. Heroes la SafferlBaf.
Every campaign had Its victims, and
every confederate prison had Its representa
tive from thf ranks of the telegraph corps.
Every great battle had telegraphers within
run (re of the enmy' small arms. Kverr
great raid was aided by one or more teleg
raphers. Every pressing want was heralded
and'every victory or defeat, great or small,
waa first told by the boya of tha telegraph.
Ad erroneoua estimate has ' heretofore
been made and a wrong .opinion formed
as to the true status of these men. To
quote from the committee's report at tha
aeoond session of tba senate In tha lost
It appears from a careful examination of
tha dutlea of tha man whom thla bill aeeks
to pension that their services wsra of an
anomaloua character, there never having
been prevloua to tha war of the rebellion
a use of the telegraph as an agent for
disseminating Intelligence from the battle
field; connecting the different armlea, much
leaa placing tha cnmmander-ln-ehlef of tha
army hlmsolf, at Washington, In touch with
all the commanding generals of the army,
aa thla agency enabled Preaident Lincoln
to do during the war of the rebellion. ,
There waa at that time a mystery about
the art of telegraphy, that eurrounded It
with a peculiar charm. The men who con
trolled tha telegraph keys manipulated an
agency under tha conditions of tha war
powerful for good or evil. Great care waa
necessary In tha aeleotlon of tha men, not
alone because they Were familiar with thla
new art, but It waa alao neoeaaary to care
fully select men In whom special confi
dence would be repoaed. Their boats ware
at placea of extreme danger; their dutlea
ware almost continuous, unrelieved by tha
excitement and relaxation of ordinary camp
It la surprising that so Important an arm
of the service during that war ahould have
berri organised on a civil baste and Ita
members only regarded aa employes of tha
quartermaster's department. Their duties
were purely of a military character. They
were directed and commanded by offlcera
of military title and rank, Aa atatad above,
thalr dutlea ware performed at polnta of
great danger in nearly every Inatanoa, and
with the same exposure to dangers of the
field and dlaeaaa aa fell to tha lot of tha
ordinary military officer and private sol
dier. They constituted an Integral and
vitally essential part of the army and
brought tha telegraph aa used by armies
In the field to A state of perfection never
'before equaled In military aclence. Their
dutlea required the service of persons of
peculiar Intelligence, and their members
ware picked from among the great num
ber of operators on aocount of special
prominence acquired In the mysterious art.
Soldiers la Every Sense.
Mr. Prssldent, aa I said before, the ser
vices of these men were analogoua to those
of the Signal corps, and that they were
not enlisted men was no fault of theirs.
They wanted to enlist, but the War de
partment not only discouraged enlistments
of telegraphers In other branches of tha
service and by genoral order prohibited
their conscription, but permanently de
tailed or discharged to enter the military
telegraph service J75 telegraphers who had
already enlisted. As has been atated, there
were about 1,200 who served a greater or
less time during the war. Of these many
died in service or shortly after the war
closed, unmarried. Of the remainder less
than 200 survive. In the nine years since
the act of 1S37 waa passed but 189 certifi
cates have been lasued under the provisions
of that act to members of the corps or
to their heirs, and of these certificate hold
era a number have since died. It Is esti
mated that exclusive of those already on
the pension rolls by reason of their enlist,
ment not more than 800 persons would be
eligible to pensions under this bill. As to
the pay of the military telegrapher, while
It waa higher than that of the private sol
dier, It waa not augmented like that of
the private by lotfal or government boun
ties, was less than that of the commissioned
officer whose rank ha assimilated and less
than ha could have received at the time
from employment by the commercial tele
Soldiers de facto they did a aoldler'a part,
endured the aoldler'a aacrifloes and suffer.
gs and are entitled to the aoldler'a re
ward. It behoovea the American oongress
to oomplete their record by pasalng this
bill and making them soldiers de jure.
EAU DE QUININE
has known virtues that are positive blessings. For
more than 100 years it has held its enviable repu
tation among the rich and the poor, the famous and
the unknown. It deserves to.
It cleanses the scalp from dandruff, it beaut1 lies
the hair by restoring strength and lustre it prevents
the hair from falling out
Rub it gently into the scalp just a little of it,
and you will feel your scalp tingle under its healing,
stimulating, exhilarating influence.
Take care of your hair, write now for FREE
booklet " Messages from the Stars."
ED. PINAUD'S American Offices
ED. PINAUD BUILDING, NEW YORK CITY
Gives to your correspondence that refined and
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and produces most profitable results.
The cost is but a little more than the best
We have the only embossing plant in Omaha
operated by power and having presses large
enough for commercial stamping.
Write for estimates
A. I. Root, Incorporated,
1210 Howard Street, Omaha, Neb.
Gossip and Stories Abouf Nofed People
We sell all kinds of Rubber Ice Bags i
some made of soft rubber, the mouth to
be olosed with large cork. Prices, Sfa. 6O0,
, Svo and 76c. We also have tha large f
''English" Ice Bags, made of checked rub-
. ber cloth, with screw cay metal mouth,
76c and 11.00 each.
Ice Bags sent by mall on receipt of
We buy our Rubber Ooods direct from
factories and guarantee every article sold
to be In prime condition. Write for cata
logue. HKRMAN-MeCOXNKLL DRIO CO..
Corner 10th and Dodge St.,
UrnmA-Tj r I lain.
'Quinine! breali up colds la
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leave no bad after-effects.
Ilk Onlnln. Dr,.. ,!
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tint Ask for the Omnre Colored Box
and aee tout tbe label reads
a interested stki ihouM kniw
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Tor Bale by
SHERMAN MmxNNELJ, DRUO CO,
16th and Dodge Sts.
Den Tillman aa He la.
G IS ao unlike the rest of them
that his addreaa to them .gained
thereby greatly In plctureaquo
contrast, writes Julian Hawthorne
ViffiMiy the New York American. He la
the natural man, planted atrangely In the
bleached garden of ultra propriety and fas
tidious culture. Hla roots are ruggad, rank
of the soil; his foliage rude aa the
brancbea of the cactua, and upon oocaalon
not less prickly. His speech la unstudied,
homely and plain; ao denuded of every
rhetorical artifice aa to remind one, In
that presence,, of some naked, hairy man
of the woods breaking into a satin-lined
boudoir. There la no end of the atmllea
which ha suggests, so I will merely adl
that hla speech recalled the evolutions of
aome grizzled Spanish bull In the arena,
who is inoffensive while let alone, but
does any light-heeled matador preeume to
bait him he lowera hla formidable front,
paws up the turf and bellows and shakes
menacingly the aharpneaa of hla horns. Ha
uses tbe first word, the readiest phrast,
that oomes to his Hps. and it Is apt to
be a frank one.
Won By a Toss.
Congressman Gillespie of Texas, whose
resolution asking for information concern-.
Ing the community of Interests of the
Pennsylvania, Baltimore & Ohio and other
roads was passed by the house, came to
congress the first time on a toss of a colru
He is from tha twelfth district and first
served in tha fifty-eighth congress. There
were three candidates for tbe nomination.
Several thousand ballots were taken.
Finally It was decided to break the dead
lock by tbe toss of a coin. The third
man was eliminated on the first toss and
Qlllcsple won the second toss and the
THE ARLINGTON NURSERIES
Have on hand for deliv
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1&6. a large and com
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Small Fruits, Ornamental
Trees. Shade Trees, Orna
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Berberry, etc., etc. Stoak grown on high
table lands where It ripens properly, hence
perfectly sound and healthy.
Business placed with our salesmen receive
our careful attention. Catalogue mailed
upon application, satisraction guaranteed.
MARSHALL BHOI., Arlington, Neb.
Tbos. sufferlcs from weak-
' etes wbicfe p the pleasures
01 in saouiu las Juren nils
One txi will tell a story of
marvelous results. Tali medicine ba mora
rejuvenating, vitalising forra than has ever
before been offered. Sen post-paid in plain
par sag only on receipt of this adv. and SI.
MaU by IU originator l 1. Hood Co.. pro.
Kiouu- liood SarsaparUJa. Lowell, &!
Printer With a Pnlnee.
J. P. Nannetti, the lord mayor of the
Irish captal for 1906, Is the foreman printer
on tha Nationalist Freeman's Journal. He
has long been the leader In the Dublin
Trades Council, is a member of the cor
poration and represents the College Green
division in Parliament. He still nightly
does duty In tha Freeman office, though he
Uvea In Dublln'a palatial mansion house,
has a salary of 117,500 for the year and
ranks during tha tenure of the lord mayor
alty aa a privy councillor with tbe title,
"right honorable." His father was an
Italian compositor who settled In Dublin
slaty years ago.
The Bonaparte Slvnatnre
Of all tha signatures that come to tha
capltol attached to official documents none,
eaya the Washington Star, covers mora
paper than that of Charles J, Bonaparte,
secretary of the navy. Mr. Bonaparte'a
signature la about Ave Inchea long, and the
greatest height of lettera la over an Inch.
It makes ths famously big signature of
John Hancock attached to the Declaration
of Independence look like a pigmy, and the
ohlrography of John Paul Jones that Is ex
hibited to visitors at the library of con
gress as an example of boldness in writing
of one's name appear insignificant.
Mr. Bonaparte'a signature Is written
about twice the else of the usual signature
of the preaident, and Mr. Rooeevelt gener
ally writes pretty large characters when
he algna hla name. The Bonaparte algna
ture haa no Indication of an uncertain char
acter. It la strongly written. It Is begun
on one side of the letter paper and ends'
pretty nearly on the other aide. The uaual
note paper would not be wide enough to
hold It. When It eventually makea Ita ap
pearance In the collection of signatures of
great men that Is treasured at the library
of congreaa It will have the distinction of
being tha biggest signature of all the hun
dreds of Interesting relics of the kind that
are there preserved.
Trnlts of Genernl Wheeler.
Speaker Reed, when discussing with some
of his colleagues the ravages death was
making in the older membership of con
gress, once said:
"Now, there's Wheeler sitting yonder.
He's getting old, but the Almighty could
never find him in one place long enough to
put Hla finger upon him."
Thla tells the story of General Wheeler.
He was constantly on the Jump, did every
thing nervously and rapidly. When he
arose to speak In tho house, where he
served as a member from Alabama, he in
variably said: "I arise for a moment just
to say one word." It always brought forth
a laugh from hla colleagues. He talked so
rapidly that It was almost Impossible for a
stenographer to "take him down." On one
occasion while In congress the general lost
his voice in the midst .of a speech, but
continued his motions of talking for some
minutes, his white beard bobbing up and
down, to the amusement of 100 members,
all of whom, nevertheless, had a kindly
feeling for him. He was a man of in
tense nental activity. Nu better evidence
of this could be asked than a volume of
some 400 pages entitled "A Revised System
of Cavalry Tactics for the Use of tha
Cavalry and Mounted Infantry, C. 8. A.."
by Major General Joseph Wheeler, C. 8.
A., and published at Mpblle, Ala., in 1S63
by 8. H. Gaetn I & Co. Thla la an elabo
rate and comprehensive treatise and when
the fact la taken Into consideration that
Its author was in constant active and ex
acting aervice In the field during the en
tire period of Ita production tha achieve
ment must be regarded aa an extraordinary
one. A copy of the book la kept among
the "locked-up" treasurea of the library
Three Meted Schoolmates.
Senator Dolllver of Iowa tails of a time
when he waa a achool teacher in that
stiite and knew two young fellows who
between them looked after a small railroad
station. One waa Billy Van Horne and
the other was Charley Hayes. The former
became a telegraph operator and before
ten years was superintendent of the St.
Paul road. Now he Is Sir William Van
Horne, made a baronet because of the
wonderful ability ho displayed In reseulng
the Canadian Pacific from its moribund
condition. Hayea is now head of the
Southern Paclflo at a very large salary.
Jtoted nr Writer.
Paul Dresser, the Indiana eong writer,
whose "On the Banks of the Wabash Far
Away" and "The Blue and the Gray"
brought him lasting fame, died at the home
of his sister in New York City, Mr.
Dresssr was 47 years old. ills birthplace
was Terre Haute, lnd.
Mr. Dresser's songs are popular becaue
of the heart throb they contain. It al
ways was bis Idea that something more
than "needing the money" was necessary
before a song could successfully be'pro
duted. Some sort of inspiration was neces
sary before a song could bo written in a
sentimental strain, lie insisted many times.
Most famous among Dresser's work Is
"On the Bunks of the Wabash Far Away."
One evening, in the spring of lUft, tiie
song writer arrived at West Baden, lnd.
He was ill and tired and his mind was
filled with evil forebodings. On his way
across the state be had stopped at Terre
Haute and visited the old liotnu, where he
had spent his early days. He saw tli
sparkling waters of the Wabash. He saw
the moon reflected ou the surface and he
saw the candlelights twinkling In the cot
tages through the tali sycamores on the
banks. The memories of the past came
before him like a dream. His heart was
filled with sorrow and tenderness. At West
Baden he asked for the key to the theater,
and passing through the loog and gloomy
hall, ha aat down before the ptuno and In
the fading light he played slowly the notes
of his famous song, which came to him
without effort, and as he played be sang
Oh, the moonlight's fair tonight along the
From the fields there comes the breath
of new-mown bay;
Through the sycamores the candlelights
On the banks of the Wabash, far away.
The words of the first verse, the chorus
and the music were composed that night
In a few minutes. On the next day he
wrote the second verse, and the song,
which was soon published, became popular
from the start.
energy, and he has already nvd seventy
Notable Osier Family.
Dr. Vllilam Osier's mother entered on
hr one .hundredth year recently at bar
home In Canada, Three-quarters of a cen
tury ago Rev. Mr. Osier and his wife
settled at Bondhead. Ont. Four of thalr
sons have been men of great Canadian
reputation, and one, Dr. Oaler, reglua pro
fessor of medicine at Oxford university, Is
a recognised leader of the English and
American medical profession, fi. B. Osier,
M. P., and Justice Featherstone Osier of
the court of appeals are tbe two prominent
remaining sons. The late B. B. Osier, on
of the foremost men of tbe Canadian bar.
was also a son.
Reealls Boyhood Days,
Writing of hla boyhood days, Mr. Cor
negle says: "For several years my two
week holiday each year was spent with
my dear uncle. Squire Morris. Rowing on
the Ohio and excursions to the melon
patches on the other side of the river were
chief sources of Joy, as I remember, to me
and my cousins and the ooys who accom
panied me." Andrew has always had a
weakness for the melon patches oil his
A Bnay Bloarapher.
Winston Spencer Churchill, whose biogra
phy of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill,
is ene of the Important publications, is a
rising young man In Knglish political life,
of unusual attainments and remarkable In
dustry. His service in the English army
and In Parliament, together with his recent
venture in llterarv fields, are typical of
the tendency of how Englishmen in public
life combine active political Interests with
literary pursuit. Mr. Gladstone,1" Mr.
Bryce. Mr. Morley and Mr. McCarthy are
illustrious examples for the. new aspirant
for literary honors to follow. Among Mr.
Churchill's friends the announcement of his
book usually is greeted with the exclama
tion: "How did he ever find time to
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Always popular beoause It is pleasant, f
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Hi Omens Headouartersi rh" Council n&TIdIi'lrtm II
B II HVOO F BILZ. . LEB MITCHELL, 11
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lUw Either primary, snoomUry or tertiary, prodooln
Ler Copper colored Hpots, Vunplee, ft ore Tbroat,
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tlvely Jbnd forerer cored by the wonderful llerhall. Con
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Ing, after eomplet failure wlili tli Hot epritiKS
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for trial, aent free of eham to all fufferere. Aririreea,
rrof . IT. C. JfOWLEK. Mew London, Conn.
FOR WOMEN ONLY
I positively cuarante my Nev-er-KalllDi
B. liOKOLO Heg-u-la
tor Com pound. Hallevelon
ett, niotobtlnatoa In S
to A day a. No taarra.palnorln
terfareno with work. By mail
ll.0. DonblBtrn?tb 12. "La
dle Booklet" kit KB. Write.
Soutlilnrton Kenedy te.
Boom 10, lUKala, KaoaOlty. Mo.
Is the verdict of all who have gone
to Havana, Cuba. x
First class service via the Illinois
Central and New Orleans.
For sleeping car and steamship
reservation and illustrated Cuban
Booklet call at City Ticket Office, 1402 '
Faroam Street, or write
DISTRICT PASSENGER AGENT, OMAHA, NEB.
Follow till Flag."
Ik Use For
The late Sir Edward Thornton, the Brit,
lah diplomatist, lived to be nearly Is) yuara
of age, and hla life was spent in taking no
exercise. He would take a cab to cross the
street and would never walk upstairs If lis
could find an elevator. In this respect he
was like Mr. Chamberlain rather than Mr.
Roosevelt. Mr. Chamberlain's lifelong
aversion to physical exercise makes him
a remarkable contrast to the president, yet
the English atalesmaa is oelebrated for his
A Uterary Work Horse.
The most remarkable thing about the ca
reer of Justin McCarthy, who has been
brought prominently to the front again,
both in literature and In politics, is the
tremendous amount of work he has been
able to accomplish. Novelist, Journalist,
historian, politician and party leader, be
has found time to travel widely and to
cultivate delightful social relatione with
moat of the leading literary, artistic and
political people of bis time. And In spite
of the energy and thought devoted to polit
ical causes he haa been continually push
ing on aome special and Important literary
undertaking of engrossing interest. In
volving an enormous amount of labor. How
he has accomplished It all it Is said that no
one except perhaps his wife has ever found
In the beautiful Sunny South, and the rates
are less than .half to. many points. Sold first
and third Tuesdays of each month. Mardi
Gras rates Feb. 21 to 25 New Orleans,
Mobile, Pensacola. Ask "Wabash ticket
office, 1601 Farnam street, for rates, descrip
tive pamphlets, Florida, Cuba end Winter
Cruises to West Indies, or address,
HARRY E. MOORES, G. A. P. D OMAHA, NEB,
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