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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 9, 1906)
THE OMAIIA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 190J.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATEIt, EDITOR.
rUH LI SHED EVERT MORNING.
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Address romplslnt of Irregularities In de
livery to City Circulation Department.
Omah--The Be Building.
South Omaha rity Hall Hulldlng.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street,
fhlraao-1640 fnlty Hullrtlng. '
New York ISO Home Life Ina. Building.
Washington 501 Fourteenth Btreet.
Communication relating to news and ed
itorial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by drart. expreaa or postal order
payable to The Bee Publishing Company,
only J-cent stamps received aa payment or
mail accounts. Personal checka, escept on
Umnhn or eastern exchanges, not accented.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
r.- i .
STATEMENT OS CIRCULATION.
Stat Jt Nebraska, Uougiaa County, ss. I
C. 7. Hosewater. iecretary ot The Be
Publishing company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number oi'full and
complete copies of The Dally, - Morning.
Evening and 8unday He printed during th
month of January, liw. was as iouuws;
4.. .....(.... Sl.TTO
( .j,... 82,(H)
JO i...'. 32.000
11 .'..... S1,D3
12 81, 020
15 ... 8170
U 81,770 ' '
Total ...... , 1 ,0O3, 4tM
Less unsold copies. ...... t 11,03.1
Net total sales.
C. C. ROSE WAT EH.
' " Secretary.
Subscribed la my presence and sworn to
before ma this 31st day of January. 19US.
(Seal M. H. HUNUA'lE,
-. -.. Notary Public.
.WHEN OtT OF TOWH,
snbscrlkers leaving the city tem
porarily should . bar The Be
mailed to them. Address will be
changed as often aa requested.
Breeders of Shorthorns have ad
journed to Kansas City to meet the
breeders of loug-horus.
With British unionists teaching a
practical lesson of disunion, Irish hope
for a home parliament should be stimu
lated. The demand for the revival of the dis
carded proxy system in republican state
conventions will be considered as with
drawn. !" ;
Ten soldiers- dying1- from drinking
wood alcohol is another argument in
favor 'of re-establlslimeut of the army
canteen. ' "-
If TeXas AHd CohtfttHlo should fail to
attract natioiinl attention when pitted
agalnuteactf otJUer,' Jh great southwest
AVe" arf now approuching the firing
line of local politics and tattooed candi
dates had1 better get to the rear before
they get shot to pleces.
A vejy serious problem confronts the
Board of Education. Shall Gaelic be
Introduced side by sld with French and
German in the public' schools?
Governor Johnson of Minnesota is op
timistic ia the extreme if he really
thlnks.,"Toin" I.awson can do anything
to surprise the American people.
Harrard has formally declared
agnlDSt foot ball Now it Is up to some
good friend to endow a Harvard pro
fessorship to teach the history of civili
sation. With the TJnlted States representing
France at-.Caracas and Venezuela at
Paris, it is possible tho Department of
State will be compelled to keep secrets
from Itself. ? .? J
The emperor of Corea has heard from
Algeclras too' late -Ills effort to estab
lish International control of his dominion
should have lfri suggested before Ito
made his new regulations.
After the political time-servers at the
state capltol shall have completed mak
ing the nominations, for all state offices
to be filled this year.-the rest of Ne
braska may poKslbly take a baud.
. In Governor Cummins' announcement
f hlswlJllngness to rnn for a third
term Editor Perkins can realize what
havoc his candidacy ha already played.
In the ranks of the "tariff rippers."
Iowa may re1lce u the destruction
of its only democratic congressional dis
trict, but with another sure seat It will,
. uot necessarily-, add - to the harmony
which ' should prevail iu the dominant
. party. ...
1 Italy's uew cabinet is composed of
conservatives, republicans and radicals,
showing that party lines, have been
wiped. out somewhat on the banks of
the Tiber as well as on the banks of the
1 Chieugti is. beginning to pile up coal
In anticipation of a strike. Here Is an
other reason for hoping the miners and
operators wll get. together; that the
men who hope to profit from the dis
tress of the consumer may tie taught
' A i-haugo Is being made In the engi
neer rin charge of government work on
the Missouri rlrer by the transfer of the
officer who bat filled that position for
the past six years. It will be just like
the Big Muddy, to go on a raging tear
)wt to show the new engineer what it
vafc d,o when to disposed.
' -;v . A. . ; S " ' -
HOCSK PASStS RATZ BtLL.
Tty n nearly unnnlmotis vote the house
of representatives rt'simndexl to the de
mand of the eple for legislation regu
lating rnllrnnil rates. The measure
1 m used Is the result of careful delibera
tion ami was thoroughly discussed. It
Tvaa framed to meet the views and rec
ommendations of President Roosevelt
ami Is entirely acceptable to talui. It
was unanimously approved by the house
committee on Interstate and foreign
commerce. Of the seven republicans
who voted BRalnst the bill some are
probably opposed to any rate regula
tion, while others' simply objected to
certain provisions of the Hepburn meas
ure. Ttiey will have an opportunity next
fall to explain to their constituents the
reasons for their action.
Interest In the matter will now center
on the senate. Next week the committee
on Interstate commerce of that body
will decide as to which erne of the sev
eral bills It has under consideration
shall be reported to the senate. The
general opinion is that a measure es
sentially the same as the house bill will
Im reported and that after prolonged
discussion will be passed. It Is under
stood to be the sentiment In the house
to adhere firmly to its bill and to accept
no measure that changes its vital pro
visions. At all events the promise of
legislation . at this session regulating
railroad rates continues favorable.
It appears that Japan Is Invading the
American market with articles that are
sold, after paying duty, at prices with
which our own manufacturers of similar
goods cannot compete. The list of ar
ticles includes silk and cotton piece
goods, millinery stock and innumerable
articles of manufactured ladles wear,
earthenware and porcelain, tablewear,
Jewelry and watches, umbrellas and par
asols, and numerous articles of orna
ment and minor use. The greater part
of these" articles are said to be made
by American machinery.
Iteferring to this a San Francisco
paper remarks that while the manufac
turers of machinery in this country are
for the present enjoying a thriving trade
with Japan, It Is not a kind of export
trade which In the long run will benefit
this country. It thinks It a mistake to
assume that tho Japanese cannot ope
rute intricate machinery with sufficient
skill to make them dangerous compet
itors and plausibly suggests that the
presence In our markets of Japanese
goods which require Intricate machinery
amply demonstrates their ability to suc
cessfully operate it. The people of
Japan have great aptitude In this re
spect. They lenrn quickly and It is not
to be doubted that they will in time
become as skilled In the use of a'l kinds
of machinery as any other people. That
they will become competitors of Amer
ican manufacturers, both In our own
markets and in the markets of the
world. Is to be expected. They are enter
prising and progressive. But this should
cause no alarm. Certainly so energetic
and ingenious A people as ours need not
fear the competition of a people only
Just entering upon an industrial and
commercial career. We have met the
competition of older nations and
achieved notable success. Why be dis
turbed at the advent of a new compet
itor? The "yellow peril" may at some
time In the future attain to large pro
portions commercially. It Is very likely
to do so. In the meantime we shall go
on supplying Japan and any other east
ern country with machinery and what
ever other facilities for the development
of industries may be called for. There
Is no danger to American interests and
welfare from Japanese competition.
shifs make muue trade.
In a debate in the senate a few days
ago on the merchant marine bill a sup
porter of that measure said that the
prime end in view Is not shipbuilding
or ship-ownlug, or even the strengthen
ing of tho navy by a great body of
Fktlled officers and seamen. The real
object of re-established merchant ma
rine is the expansion of American com
merce. He said that once build your
ships and trade is sure to follow in their
wake, us cities and towns spring up
along the lines of our transcontinental
railroads. Ships work for the ports
that own them Just as railroads work
for. their terminal points. ','The great
ocean steamer built lit Pennsylvania
out of Lake Superior ore Increases the
vulue of Iowa and Iakota farms
through the new transportation facili
ties she provides and the new power
she gives for driving American mer
chandise into the markets of South
America or the Orient."
8)eaklug of the interest of the west
on the question of building up an Amer
ican merchaut marine for the foreign
trade. Senator Carter of Montana said
that the people of the region to be re
claimed by Irrigation are looking for
their market for the enormous quanti
ties of wheat destined to be produced
there, uot to Europe, but to Asia. They
are Interested In whatsoever will fur
nish them the means of sendlug this fu
ture product to the markets of the
world, and particularly to the oriental
market. Mr. Tarter pointed out that
upon the Pacific ocean, lounded so
largely by our territory, with possibili
ties of commerce which we can now but
slightly comprehend, we have but a few
American ships transporting passengers
and a slight amount of freight from Pa
cific coast port up to Alaska, and a
very few vessels engaged In trade with
the Orient. He declared that the In
terior of the country is uot indifferent
to the growth of our shipping through
the vitalizing of the American mercan
tile marine. "We are not indifferent
to the development of the American
navy. On the contrary we are pro
foundly interested in both of these
arms of commerce aud national de
feii.w." If this country is to secure Its share
of the oriental trade It mnst have the
ship? and they must be under our own
flag. Undoubtedly we shall gain trade
In the far east even if we depend upon
foreign ships for the transportation of
our products, but such dependence will
place us at a disadvantage In competing
with countries that have a merchant
marine. The experience In our trade
with South America shows this. It Is
no longer seriously questioned that the
slow growth of commerce with the
countries south of us Is to no small ex
tent due to the lack of direct steam
ship lines between the principal ports
of the United States and those of South
America. The fact that most of our
shipments to the southern countries go
by way of European ports in foreign
vessels is manifestly a disadvantage
which operates as a serious drawback
to our trade. It Is true that ships make
trade, and more than this, they are, as
was said by President McKlnley, "mes
sengers of peace and amity wherever
they go." A merchant marine in every
respect American is essential to the ex
pansion of our foreign commerce and
is therefore a matter in which every
section of the country Is concerned.
CAXDWACT or WILLIAM J. BROATCH
For the fifth time William J. Broatch
presents himself to the republicans of
Omaha as a mayoralty candidate.
The first time he was nominated and
elected on pledges which he violated
almost as soon as they bad been made,
and when he presented himself for re
election to a second term he was de
feated for nomination after a most des
perate struggle. In that memorable con
test Broatch carried four out of the nine
city wards and his competitors, A. L.
Strang, Thomas Swobe, Dr. Mercer and
Georgo W. Llninger, carried five wards.
After 284 ballots had been taken George
W. Llninger was nominated by the con
solidated opposition to Broatch, receiv
ing 35 votes against 28 votes cast for
The day after the convention Broatch
gave a dinner to Llninger, at which he
pledged him his earnest and loyal sup
port. The day following Llninger re
turned the compliment with a banquet ,
In his art gallery at which every dele
gate to the convention participated, and
each delegate with uplifted hands sol
emnly pledged his support to Linlnger.
Within twenty-four hours after these
pledges had been given Broatch and his
twenty-eight supporters . organized an
oath-bound knifing club. With profes
sions of friendship on their lips and
treachery In their hearts this band of
dastardly political assassins exacted a
campaign contribution of $2,000 from
Llninger and spent the money to ac
complish his defeat.
Professing hostility to corporations
Broatch and the . twenty-elghters sup
ported and helped to elect R. C. Cushing,
a Burlington railroad contractor, as
mayor of Omaha. Frofessing deadly
enmity to the liquor dealers Broatch
made a personal appeal to the Omaha
Ministerial, association to protect Omaha
against saloon rule and expressed grave
fears that Llninger would not enforce
the Slocumb law in all its rigor.
The third time Broatch became ft can
didate It was as the champion of the
A. P. A. anti-Catholic movement and
he was elected with the assistance of
the World-Herald, which bolted tho
democratic candidate, the late Charles
II. Brown, one of Omaha's most honor
able and upright pioneers.
A fourth effort was made by Broatch
when he sought another re-election, but
was beaten for the nomination by Frank
E. Moo res. Instead of subsiding he
tried his best to scuttle the republican
nominee and when Moores won ont at
the election Broatch insisted on holding
on and refused to turn over the office
to his successor, although he himself
had not been a candidate In the election
and not a single person had cast a vote
to continue Broatch as mayor. In his
efforts to pull himself back into the
office he instigated the most vindictive
and relentless persecution of Moores.
The same treachery and perfidy that
has characterized Broatch through all
his political life Is now again mani
fested. As 'member of the Fontanelle
club he presented his name for endorse
ment to its board of governors and ex
ecutive committee. Under the pledges
made to the club he was In honor bound
to abide Its choice, but the word "honor"
j Is not to Ik found in the dictionary of
tho man who allows nothing to stand
in the way of his ambition and will
stoop to anything in the political calen
dar to gratify his Insane desire for dom
ination. It remains to be seen now whether the
republicans of Omaha will endorse
Broatch and all the odious and dishon
orable methods for which Broatch
If the liquor dealers who are lined up
for Broatch know what is best for them
they will let the republicans of Omaha
nominate a candidate for mayor who
will keep In the middle of the road, en
force order and decency without puri
tanical fanaticism and give all classes
of citizens a square deal.
The Burlington has struck natural
gas In Sheep Canon, but it la an open
question whether a pipe line to connect
the new natural gas fields with Omaha
will be worth projecting so long as the
flow of natural gas in the city council
remains so abundantly voluminous.
The Hon. "Jim" Dahlman made a
banquet speech the other ulght, but dis
creetly refrained from promulgating bis
platform for the democratic mayoralty
fray. And still bis friends insist that
for courage and bravery the redoubtable
"Jim" has no superior.
Perhaps after members of the Ileal
Kstate exchange look into the matter of
getting wider publicity for news of
Omaha's Industrial growth through the
eastern papers they will appreciate bet-
ter the constant and telling advertising
which home papers like The Bee Is do
ing for Omaha without price and often
without even words of encouragement
to push the good Work along.
Evidence goes to show that endow
ment house oaths have about as much
binding effect, as' some of the oaths
taken when gentiles are admitted to the
Innermost secrets of the Most Eminent
and Mighty Knights of Buncombe.
American Inflnenrea at Work.
New York Post.
An American consul In China complains
that the native newspapers are becoming
yellow" In then- methods nearly as "yel
low" as "many publications In th United
States." The American missionary .In
China has evidently work to' do.
An Alsteplrne Holiday.
New Tork Tribune.
The first outcome of the Moroccan con
ferencethe slaying of five bulls to mako
an Algcclras holiday Is not very encourag
ing. It Is gratifying to note, however,
that the British and Americana had "other
engagements," and were not present.
Pretty Straight Unesa.
"It is believed." says a Paris dispatch,
"that Count Bonl will assume a gentle
manly attitude and aUow the proceedings
to go on, but that he will try Insecure an I
. I . . ., JT,. . -i.,,.
IIIVVIIIU II VIII IllfJ T 1 1 T7. . A Bu auvu
the Income doesn't look a like a long shot.
Attack oa Party Ora-anlaatloa.
Chicago Chronicle (Rep ).
Senator Patterson's attack on th demo
cratic caucus of the senate- is much more
than a protest against attempts of a
nftrt v organization to blind an Individual
senator on questions affecting our foreign ,
relations. It is a denunciation of party
discipline la the senate as to any question,
foreign or domestic. . And the argument
.nnll,. .a mnch to a renresentatlve as to ;
a senator. The Tatterson doctrine Is that i
a party caucus has no right to control the !
votes of members of either house and j
that no member lias a right to suDmn to
caucus dictation against his personal con
viction of right and duty.
Mortgage Tax In Operation.
New York Sun.
The mortgage tax law waa to produce a
great revenue. The state tax commission
ers are already apologizing and trying 'to
explain. They say that receipts for the six '
months of the operation of the law are not 1
"normal" and that not until Juno 30 will Secretary Loeb asked him If he would not
collections be reported good. Receipts for i like to see the president. Mr. Bodawltx
the first six months were a little more than ; looked at his watch and replied: "It Is
luOO.COO; expenses of collection about 8 per I now 12 o'clock and I have an appointment
cent. The tax. speciously represented as over at the Arlington In three minutes."
falling upon the money lender, falls upon "Couldn't you drop around in the morn
the tenant, the worklngman, the farmer, i ing?" asked Secretary Loeb when he had
the man trying to own his own home, the i
man forced, as most people In this town
are forced, to live in other men s houses.
IMMIGRATION IX lttOB.
Slae of the Stream of People front
the Old World.
New York Sun.
It is too early In- tho season for the an
nual excitement over the immigration ques-
tlon. It generally rolls into the foreground
of affairs somewhere along In April, dls-
turbs the country ' for a few months, and
then retires Into comparative seclusion for
the 'rest of the year. Comment on this '
subject as early : s February is to ' be
looked upon somewhat in the nature of a
harbinger of the-Springtime agitation.
For purposes , ol!,. comparison calendar
veara -are As goo as fiscal years. 1 The
year ''19n6-breaks W record. The figures ,
for recent years 'are as follows: .. . j
1902 ia&,m 1 1904 s,2fiT
lu3 937,371 1905.. t I,0ti6,8ai
The immigration for this Single year
equals that of the entire fifty years follow
ing the Inauguration of President Wash
ington. In numbers it doubles the popula
tion of Baltimore, . and nearly doubles the
population of such cities as Boston and St.
Louis. It would replace the entire popula-
tlon of Connecticut, with lOO.ono surplus to
spare. It would repopulate Vermont and
New Hampshire combined, with 260,000 to ,
These people came, as usual, from all
the corners of the earth, but particularly
from the southeastern corner of Europe.
The arrivals from Greece, Turkey, Rou
manla, Servla and Bulgaria constitute an
Interesting total of between 28 000 and 30,000.
The horde came from Russia, Italy and
Austria-Hungary. . The following shows
the flood from those countries during the
last three years:
trl TM Qui
Totals' ...615,676 484.187
Thus It appears that seven-tenths of the Innumerable conferences required senators
arrivals of last year were from these three like Mr. Knox, who are expected to pre
countries. It also appears that within three vent Jokers and snakes from creeping Into
years more than 1,800,000 of these people
have come to the United States. Where
are they? Unhappiiy for us and tor them,
by far the greater number are colonized In
the larger cltlea of the north.
LIFE IXSIRAX E REFORM.
Drastlo Measures Proposed by the
Kew York Investigators.
The report ot the Armstrong investigat
ing committee to the New York legislature
bristles with suggestions for life Insurance
reform. All are based on the Tacts revealed
rerorni. ah ire nura on in i rt.,
In the long Investigation, and some are uf
The adoption of two of the recommends-
tlons would alone produce a remarkable
change for the better In life Insurance
manugement. One of these Is that life In-
surance companies should not control sub-
sldlary companies and their officers shall
not be stockholders in such companies. The
other is that the surplus shall be appor
tioned to the Insured each year, and that
there shall tte no deferred dividend ' busi
ness. It is proposed to make that Illegal.
Particular emphasis appears to be given
In the report to these points. And It Is
not surprising. The deferred dividend pol-
Icles are to blame for the creation of the
enoriliuun kuijiub wnmii nil. vvii.-
panies have been carrying, and that sur
plus has been the cause of most of the
operations that have brought the companies
under criticism. It was the csuse of the
organization of subsidiary companies, and
It led to high salaries, pay roll deadheads
and extravagance in expenditures gener
ally. The way to stop that la to stop the de
ferred dividend business, as the committee
recommends. If more n-.oney Is taken from
the policy holder than is really required to
meet the cost of his insurance the excess
should be credited to him from time to
time, the committee proposing It shall be
done every year. In that way the Insured
will get the full value of whatever divi
dend may be coming to him. Under the
deferred dividend system he would get
years hence his part of what Is left after
all sorts of extravagant things have bae?
done to deplete the amount. He docs not
know what the amount Is going to be, and
It Is too late to complain when he gets It.
If the New York legislature In resftonse
to this recommendation shall make deferred
dividend policies Illegal, It will undoubtedly
be fallowed by similar action In other
stale vi hue there are big life Insurance
t'Oitil h s.
BITS tOP WAHIGTOS LIFE.
Mlaor iceaes aad larldents Sketched
ob the Spot.
Th lnttrtor department haa withdrawn
from entry a slice of public land In Colo
rado on which grows a peculiar weed.
And thereby hangs a tale. A few years
ago a ram Imported by a sheep raiser at
Durango "rubbered" at this strange plant
and ate heartily thereof. Native sheep in
variably passed it up. The ram was
bowled over by the new food. A veterin
arian made a post-morten examination,
and the atomach was found filled with lit
tle balls, not rubber balls, exactly, but
balls of gum of a consistency which, upon
experimentation, proved as valuable as
the famed para gum of South Amerlcn
from which rubber is made.
The dlscotery led to the organisation of
a corporation which will continue experi
ments upon a large scale with the shrub.
Vending the result of the experiments the
land has been withdrawn from entry.
Congressman Littlcfleld of Maine is the
champion talker of the house. He rattles
off his words faster than an. auctioneer
oaltlng for bids and In very much the same
mannen. There is a surprising difference
between the way In which LUtlefleld In
terrupts another man's speech with an In
quiry and the way In which he goes at a
speech of his own. In the one case he is
slow and deliberate and speaks In a low.
distinct tone. In the other he is fiery and
vehement, with gestures that shake his
whole body. He haa a way of emphasis-
,' " , : ,, T ,, X ,
lnT his words, syllable by syllable, and with
each syllable he snaps his head forward as
If to break his own neck. For Instance:
"The president's power Is soup-ream."
When he said that the other day he nearly
cracked the desk In front of him with bis
head when he said "soup." and again
when he said "ream."
When he said "popu-llstlo party" he
"hook hls hea1 80 hr1 ns glasses flew
clear to the end of their cord and b
nearly lost them.
LUtlefleld has the record for the rapid
enunciation or woros, ana wnen ne gets tip
t0 make a "Peech the official stenographers
k"ow thev h their work cut out for
Mr. Bodawtts of Ardmore, I. T., a pros
perous merchant, will have his name pre
served in the pages of history as the only
person who has ever declined to meet the
president of the TTnlted States when it was
the easy and natural thing to do. Mr.
Bodawitt went to Washington to file
charges against an applicant for a federal
Job. He succeeded In knocking out his
man and while calling at the White House
caught his breath. "No," replied Mr.
Bodawltx, "I am going down to Mount
Vernon In the morning and will take the 3
o'clock train for the west." Mr. Bodawltx
slmpjy did not have any curiosity to see
the president and no reason to believe that
the president wished to see him.
The late Associate Justice Gray of the
supreme bench was very eccentric. Among
his prejudice was a deep and lasllnqr
aversion for a typewriter. That machine
did not come Into general use until Justice
Gray Was an old man and he never be
came reconciled to It. It made hltn furl
If a lawyer filed with him a motion
yer filed with him a motion or
other court paper typewritten. He Invaria
bly returned it with a I isque request
that the matter to be submitted be written
In longhand. He had a stenographer at hfs
disposal, but he never utilized his services.
as he wrote all his letters as well as hie
opinions.- He notified the clerk of the su-
preme court not to send him any type-
written paper, no matter how Important it
might be. He never neglected an onnnr.
tunlty to denounce typewriters. The result
of his hatred for these machines waa that
he did three times as much work as the
8enator Knox of Pennsylvania, in con-
versatlon with a friend the other dav.
laughingly observed that If he had had
any idea as to the amount of work he
would have to perform that ho never would
have taken the Job as a member of the
United States senate.
"There seems to be absolutely no end to
it," he said. "My secretary tells me that
I answer en an average twelve letters a
The correspondence of a senator, although
the dreariest drudgery, Is not so laborious
as the hard work of committees which he
Is called upon to perform, nor does It con
1 aume so much of his time as the endless
routine of social engagements. There aro
8ev,ral senators whose time is booked for
eacn evening up to the beginning of Lent.
Where there is important legislation ami
bills, are required to put in from fifteen
to eighteen hours every day.
This story was told In the senate cloak
room apropos of the speech of Senator
Patterson, supposed to be a democrat, In
which he eulogized all of President Roose
velt's policies: A local census enumerator
visited the senator's home in Denver and
was rccBlved by the negro butler. After
the usual questions, he asked: "What U
the senator's politics?" Ko' de Lawd's
I dunno." answered the
darKjr. . De senator ain't done been home
,ince breakfast time." This recalls a re
,ince breakfast time." This recalls a 1
mark of .,BHy" Mason when he was
the senate. A senatorial party was bel
arranged to visit New York on offlc
business and it was proposed to Include
Mr- patterson. "What's the use putting
nm In?" asked "Billy." "He never stayed
Wtn anjr party jonf; enough to get to New
Mr. Sibley of Pennsylvania was making a
speech In the house about the rate bill
when Ollle James ot Kentucky broke In
with a fierce Interruption. Mr. James Is
the baldest man In the house, excepting
j Mr. Sibley, and Mr. Sibley Is the baldest
, man In the house except Mr. James. On
: Unny days persons who sit behind them
have to wear blinders. Mr. Jamea kept
plaguing Mr. Sibley until both became ex
cited. The verbal duel waxed hotter and
hotter until Slhley, striding Into the aisle
and shaking his finger at James, cried
furiously: "Sir, you cannot shake your
jory locks at me!" Mr. James saw at
cnoe that this was true. He stuttered and
After looking over the upper branch of
congress from the reserved gallery Mark
Twain was asked what he thought of the
1'nited States senate.
"Oh, I always make It a point not to
criticise my neighbors," said Mr. Clemens.
"How does that apply to the senate?"
"Why, I live in Connecticut and Mr.
Aldricb lives in Rhode Island."
Looking; Ont for Kaatber One.
After all, the senate balked at one of
trie chief features of the consular service
bill, striking out the provision for filling the
higher positions by promotion from the
It.wer and for new regulations governing
original appointments. The senate la for
nfuim so long as it does not reform the
pitronage privllr gr of the senators.
Toung Mitner ought to have talent
enough to construct an autobiographical
Panl Knapp is said to be the first Indian
to be sent to West Tolnt, consequently
his appointment I somewhat in the nature
of an experiment.
Consensus of opinion In Pennsylvania Is
probably not far wrong in thinking that
It can remember the late Senator Quay
without the assistance of a statue.
George Bowers, I'nlted States Ash com
missioner, who has Inspected Water Bab
ble, the summer home of the late General
Lew Wallace, will recommend that the
government accept It as a place for fish
Mnry Agnes Tlncker, one of Boston's best
known authors twenty ytars ago, has re
turned to America, after fifteen years spent
In travel and Ftudy abroad, and will here
after mnke Boston her permanent place
"Old Tecumsch" Sherman's favorite
daughter, Mrs. Alexander M. Thackara,
wife of the United States conaul general at
Berlin, Is the leader ot American life in
the kaiser s capital. Her home la In that
part of Berlin known as the "District ot
Columbia," because so many Americans
are clustered in the vicinity.
Ir. Joseph Wright, professor of com
parative philology at Oxford university, at
16 years of age was a milt hand and did
not know how to read. Today he Is con
sidered one of the moat learned men In
England. He compiled the authoritative
"England Dialect Dictionary" and has
made a number of translations.
LITERARY BIHKAIS IS ACTIO.
nallroada Get Bosy In the Hot Air
Kansas City Star.
The railway Interests have again re
turned to the effort of creating public
sentiment against proposed rate legislation.
The "literary departments" are busy and
those newspapers that have taken the
railroads- side of the question are helping
things along. Just now special stress Is
laid on the large powers proposed to vest
in the Interstate Commerce commission,
and it is charged that such powers would
constitute government by bureaucracy.
Just at this time this may he a some
what effective representation. The world
has been fully enlightened on the subject
of Russian bureaucracy. It Is In conflict
with the fundamental ideas of popular gov
ernment. But it la not rronneed to es
tablish any dangerous or offensive prece
dent In this dli . .tlon.
In the first place, the Interstate Com
merce commission Is already established.
Its powers are considerable now. It Is
merely proposed to enlarge them. And
congress could not, if It would, place this
bureau above the courts. At alt times tho
action of the commission would be subject
to the ruling of the courts, If cases were
carried to the judicial tribunals. This
fact In Itself removes the real character of
government by bureaucracy. But, under
the proposed extension of powers, the bur
den of appeal to the courts would rest on
the corporations, not on the Individual
shippers, who, In the general run of busi
ness, would rather suffer some Injustice
than to undertake to secure Justice by the
tedious process of the courts. On the other
hand, the railroads, being abundantly able
to make any appeals they deem necessary
to themselves, and having relatively more
at stake than any Individual shipper would
have In an unjust rate, could better afford
But the main consideration Is that the
railroads, being subject to an Independent
rate-adjusting board, would be less likely
to make unjust tariffs. There is far more
In the prospect that the railroads on their
own account would make more equitable
rates than there Is In the new power that
would be established to correct Inequitable
And the fact stands that the railroads do
discriminate between shippers and between
markets, that they do put in effect un
justly high rates sometimes, and there
seems to be no other way to reach their
Impositions except through some such plan
as is proposed In pending bills.
LESSOR OF GENERAL CHAFFEE.
Keeping- the Door of Opportunity
' Wide Open.
Kansas City Star.
At the time of his retirement Lieutenant
General Chaffee was perhaps the foremost
American soldier in active sen-Ice, not
only as to rank and experience, but also
as to gallantry and skill displayed In ac
tion. The period of his activity embraced
three wars as well as hostilities with In
dians and the Boxer Insurrection In China.
Everywhere he distinguished himself by
his energy and hard work and his promo
tions were all esrned.
And this fact directs attention to the
most striking phase of his career. In what
other Important army In the world could
a private soldier hope to rise to the su
preme command? Chaffee enlisted In the
Sixth cavalry In 1861. His first commis
sion came two years later and the end ot
the civil war found htm a first lieutenant.
He was breveted twice in that conflict for
gallantry In action and twice later In the
Indian wars. He served In the Santiago
campaign. In the Philippines and in the
Peking relief expedition. His career was
rounded out as lieutenant general and as
chief of staff.
His example is a fine thing for the army
In its demonstration of the recognition of
merit In the military service. It la an ad
mirable achievement for a nation to keep
the door of opportunity open so that there
is a chance for a man by sheer force of
ability to work his way from the bottom
to the top In any profession. This the
I'nlted States has done and the fact will
cover a multitude of sins. .
Coal. Wood. CokOe Kindling.
W. s.ll tho best Ohio and Colorado Coalo -cl.an, hot, lasting:
Also tho Illinois, Hsnna, 8horldan, Walnut Bloek, Stoam Coal, Etc.
For general purposes, uso Chorokoo Lump, $6.60; Nut, fS.OO par ton
Missouri Lump, f4.75 Largo Nut, 94.50-makea a hot, qulok firs.
Our hard coal laths 8CRANTON, ths boat Pennsylvania anthraolte
Wo also soil Spadra, tho hardest and eloanoat Arkanaaa hard ooal
All our coal hand ocroonod and wolfhod ovar any olty aealoa doalrad
COUTANT & SQUIRES
The Beautiful Water Color Paintings from America's
bet artists are now on exhibition aad sale at
A. HOSPE CO.
1513 Douglas Street
Rare and exquisite etchings and steel engravings are
another great feature at this art 6tore.
1906 Picture Moulding Patterns
Are now in our Display Room for inspection.
TOERCISO TUB K5ATK,"
Cattle Fish Tactics of Opponeats ot
the are Ileal.
A day or two ago the report was curren
that President Roosevelt had threatanee
to call an extra session of congress la cast
no rate bill passes before the close of the
present one. The news threw the sensl
Into a tumult of excitement. It was an
attempt to coerce that reverend body.
Their constitutional prerogatives were Is
danger again. Their right of free deliber
ation had been menaced. The prerogatives
of the senate are always In danger. It Is
continually being coerced. There never '
was In all thcworld such a persecuted
body. It has td spend so much time looking
after its precious prerogatives that It has
none to give to the business Its members
are hired to transaot.
For with all their majesty and dignity
the senators are hired men. Every hod
carrier In the country Is one of their mas
ters and helps pay their wages. Each sen
ator has sworn a solemn oath to attend
to the Interests of tho hodcarriers, farmers
and blacksmiths who employ and pay him,
and very many senators break their oath
and devote their time and ability to the
service of the enemies of their employers.
What time a senator does not spend In
that way he occupies in shrieking over his
lost prerogatives. Let him shriek: the
more occasion he has for shrieking the
better, until he mends his ways.
As a matter ot fact, nobody has tried
to coerce the senate except the Btandard
Oil company and some other predatory In
terests of that stamp. There is a large
bunch of senators who do not dare to wink
or draw a deep breath without permission
from their corporate masters, but they
make no protest against this coercion. It
Is only when the president, acting for an
outraged nation, urges them to turn their
attention to the business they have sworn
to transact that their dignity suffers and
their prerogatives are In danger. To quiet
their shrill clamor Mr. Roosevelt has
thought It desirable to point out that he
has no wish to coerce the senate. No sane
and disinterested person ever supposed he
had. He could not coerce the senate If he
tried ever so hard, for he Is absolutely
without means to do It.
The only compulsion he can bring to
bear upon that dilatory and recalcitrant
body of unworthy public servants Is the
pressure ot public opinion. This pressure
the -enntors ought to feel and undoubtedly
have felt, for, with all their airs of Inde
pendent sovereignty, they are not quite
beyond the reach of the people. They
dare not attack the American people, so
they attack the president, who represents
the people. In his urgency for rate regula
tion Mr. Roosevelt speaks the almost
unanimous sentiment of the nation. There
are a good thousand voices for It to one
against it. He cannot press the question
too strongly upon congress to please
mass of Intelligent Americans. They
the matter pressed. They elected
to attend to Just such business, ar
one branch of tho national legislature
shirks its duty, the voters rejoice to see
their president drive the issue home.
It Is ten to one that a man Is happily
married If he can truthfully say that he
haa never seen his wife in curl pkpers.
Soinervllle Journal. 1
"It must be hard dn the people of London
to have a chief magistrate who Is always
like a bad dream."
"What do you mean by that?"
"Well, Isn't he a knight mayor?" Phila
"What's your advice, Miss Plasley? Do
you think a mustache would be becoming
"Why not rent one and see?"Cleveland
' "Why does all the wnrli) lore a lorer?"
"Because," answered Miss Cayenne, "it
..alters our vanity to observe people who
are in love, and think how much more
sensible we are by comparison." Washing
"Is your mistress at home?" Inquired
Mrs. Borem, standing In the shadow of
"I don't know, ma'am," replied the serv
ant. "Can't tell whether she's at home or
not till I git a good look at ye. If ye hov
a wart on the side 'o yer nose, ma'am, she
ain't." Philadelphia Preass.
The mother of the Gracchi was praising
"She makes me tired," exclaimed the
woman on the other side of the back yard
fence. "The little Imps stone our pigeon
and tie tin cans to our dog's tall. Just tlie
same as the kids in the tenement houss
across the alley."
From which we learn that no boy is n
hero to the next door neighbors.r-Chlcagu
APOSTROPHE TO THE COMMA.
E. I Nelson In New York Sun.
O mystic mark! '
O symbol dark
Beyond all comprehension!
How doat thou haunt
Black, mean and gaunt
My dreams! Avaunt,
Thou devil's own Invention!
O fearful sign!
0 thou malign
And Impious creation!
Thy sable brow
Frowns on me mw
Oh, spare me, thou
Grim Goth of punctuation!
On printed page.
With shame and rage.
From thy type fortified position
1 see thee grin
Thou son of sin!
With soundless din,
And I consign thee to perdition.
But when again
We meet ah, then
My proofs will prove your Waterlootlon
With hearty zeal
And stroke of steel
I'll pen the del
E on you blessed Institution!
O curly caudled little dot.
Thou makst us say what we would not
And what we would we cannot say.
For thou art ever in the way;
And there la no good In thee.
1406 FAR NAM
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