Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 07, 1906, Page 4, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

The Omaiia Daily Dee
Pally Hff (without Sunday., .na ypr..$
lly Bee and Sunday, nrm year oe
Illustrated Bee, one year t .50
Sundnv B, one year t.j)
Saturday Bee, one year I.fc
Jmlly Bee (Including Sunday), per week. .17c
Iwilly Bee (without Hundayt. per wek..l2e
Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week c
Evening liee (with Bunday). per weck..l'o
Bunday Ree, per copy 5c
Address complaints of Irregularities In de
livery to City Circulation Department.
Omaha The Bee Building-.
South Omaha rity Hall Building,
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street.
Chicago 10 Unity Building.
New York 1508 Horn IJfe Ins. Building.
Washington 601 Fourteenth Street..
Communications relating to news and ed
itorial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department. . , . .
Remit hy draft. express or postal order
payable to The Be Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamp received aa payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchangee, not accepted.
Ftate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.i
C. O. Rosewater, secretary of The Bea
Publishing company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full nnd
complete copies of The Daily, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of January, 19mi, was as follows:
1.. ..... BIMIOO 11 R1.BOO
2 ' 31,TO 18 ai.TTO
I Sl.THW It ai.45t
4 8I.TTO 82.K40
6 aicio n ao.ino
IM.tMM)- v 81,400
7 . 80.IK0 28 l,l
f, ai.T.m 24 ai,47o
ft ft MUM) .26 ai.ftTt
10 82,000 26 31,410
11 St.lKtO 27 S2,2
J2 m,OTO HO.ONtt
18 82,440 29 81, HBO
14 1C,!M 80 81.8UO
15 81.N70 31 81..1BO
It 81.T70
Total 1,003,400
Less unsold copies 11,03
Net total sales 002,4113
Daily average 82,014
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day of January, .
(Seal) M. ii. II UNGATE.
Notary Public.
Subscribers tearing; tho elty ten.
pornrily should hare The Be
mailed to them.' Address will be
changed as often as requested.
The bearing of the Sinoot case has
loen again postponed. Congress must
have real business on hand.
Former Engineer Wallace hag hart an
opportunity to tell his troubles to the
senators; but it does not seem to have
eased them much.
If Senator Patterson is successful in
his fight against King Caucus his little
flellnquency in the Colorado supreme
court can be overlooked.
Perhaps the reason Mr. Shonts holds
office with a railroad whjle acting as
chief engineer of .the cannj U.the recol
lection that Secretary Taft docs not like
men who resign.
The report in St. Petersburg that, na
tives of Finland are arming may indi
cate that the ctar has decided to recall
those grants of autonomy made Just be
fore the insurrection.
General Grosvenor is entitled to his
private opinion that the railroad ques
tion is a "fake issue" but it is to be
noticed the distinguished Ohloan Is do
tag nothing to block the people in their
If the city attorney only manages to
worry along without a second assistant
ft few months more he may save enough
to make up to the taxpayers the In
crease of his own salary under the new
city charter.
'The decision of Tom Lawson to turn
over his life Insurance proxies to a
Jommlttee shows either that the Boston
"revealer" has failed to corner a ma
jority of the votes or that he feels there
Is glory enough to go 'round.
What has become of the demand of
the Bar" association for business men to
lerve upon the Jury? Have the law
rera come, to admit that the business
man Juror is admirable in theory, but
not so serviceable in practice?
The explanation of the report that the
Russian government has decided to go
Into the life insurance business doubt
less is the grand dukes have discovered
that, as ' sometimes conducted, life in
surance beats army peculations as a
source of wealth.
, British liberals have not yet decided
o contest the seat offered Former Tre
inler Balfour. . Perhaps they nre wait
ing: the result of his conference with
Joe Chamberlain before deciding
whether he Is au asset or a liability
to the opposition.
The demand for a workhouse for city
prisoners la seconded by the police Judge
and the police department. Nothing
would serve better as a persuader to
petty offenders to give Omaha the go-by
than 'a workhouse in which a sentence
at hard labor would mean real work.
Some of the democrats wh6 stand
aghast at Senator Patterson's remon
strance against caucus rule should go
back and read over Colonel Bryan's es
say on "The Philosophy of Boltng,"
which, if we remember correctly, ap
pea red first as an editorial In the Worltt
llerald. "
Omaha club women have been almost
persuaded to eulist in a rnovemeut to
confine their purchases to goods bearing
union labels aft a result of the presenta
tion of the case by union labor rep
resentatives. A delegation from tho
Business Men's association may be ex
pected to wait upon the club women at
Ikvlf next meeting.
The conference regarding Moroccan
affair Is nearlng the crucial point In
Its delllieratloim. This i In regard to
the control of the Moroccan jxillce,
which Is the really vital Issue Ix-tweeti
France and iSerinany., Although there
has not yet tieen any definite settlement
of any question considered by the con
ference It is lelleved that alt of a minor
character will be amicably arranged
without much difficulty. In regard to
these It Is sold that France Is prepared
in a liberal spirit to meet any proposals
formulated, but she will take a tlrm
stand relative to tl.e police. Germany
Is equally determined respecting this
qucstlou. It Is the understanding that
Germany favors an International ar
rangement for the control of the police,
under which France would have no
greater part than any other nation made
a party to the arrangement. This France
will not, as now indicated, assent to.
She claims that her position in Algeria
gives her-the right to a predominant
voice In Moroccan affairs and especially
in the matter of provldlng'nnd controlling
tho military forces necessnry to pro
tect her interests.
Some sort of compromise as to this
may be reached. The delegates are re
ported to be earnestly working to-this
end. those of the United States as eeal
ously as any others. The'latest advices
say the ambassadors regard the outlook
as being hopeful, but It is plainly evi
dent that the main Issue will be disposed
of with difficulty, if Indeed its discus
sion shall not result in a rupture. There
is no longer any talk of the possibility
of war growing out of the controversy,
but no one can confidently say that such
an eventuality Is iuiiwssible. So far the
American representatives have taken no
very conspicuous part in the delibera
tions, but the dispatches note that they
are being consulted.
President Roosevelt recommended
that Alaska be given a delegate in eou
gress. lie said some person should be
chosen who chii sneak with authority
of the needs of the territory. The sen
ate has acted upon this recommenda
tion and passed a hill authorizing the
election of a delegate. This Is the first
step toward doing Justice to the ter
ritory. This will undoubtedly be fol
lowed in due time, and tho conditions
are already favorable, by legislation giv
ing Alaska the territorial form of gov
ernment which Its people want. It may
not yet be quite prepared for this, but
it certainly will be In a few years.
Alaska is developing rapidly. Its
great resources are becoming better
known and it is therefore attracting
population and capital. Another sug
gestion of the president was that the
government should aid in the construc
tion of a railroad from the Gulf of
'Alaska to the Yukon river," in American
territory. This is likely to' be 'eventu
ally done. Now railroad builders are
appreciating its, valuo as a rich field
for occupation and development and its
future portunItlea for trade. ' It Is
only a question of time when this ap
preciation will take form in practical
results. Alaska has more than gold to
assure its future growth nnd it is cer
tain that some day not far distant It will
have a large population utilizing its
great mineral wealth and exploltlug its
vast forests and its valuable fisheries.
Substantial evidence Is at hand of a
serious effort on the part of the authori
ties at Washington to do something to
at least check the growing antagonism
to this country among tho Chinese peo
ple. The expediency of this was
recognized by the president when he
gave directions for a less harsh ad
ministration of the exclusion law and
this was followed by the appointment
of a committee by the secretary of com-
merce and labor to consider the matter
of revising the. regulations as to the
admission of Chinese and report
thereon. The report of the committee
has been submitted and approved, by
Secretary Metcalf and it is expected
that the result will be beneficial.
It Is stated that the revised regula
tions will avoid delay in landing Chinese
and also action that would seem offen
sive,' among which Is the existing prac
tice of measurements for the purpose of
identification. This practice Is naturally
humlllatiug to thoso Mho are not In the
coolie class and its discontinuance is
manifestly to be desired.' Another thing
proposed, Is to do away with the arbi
trary exercise of power by the immi
gration officials In the matter of de
portation and to give Chinese who have
been dented admission the right of ap
peal to the secretary of commerce and
labor. It Is further proposed that at
a port of eutry where there is a Chinese
consul he shall be notified of the adverse
action of the officers at such port In the
case of a Chinese person aud given an
opportunity to take such action In the
interest of his countryman as he may
deem proper. In regard to the first of
these provisions it is to be remarked
that there is small probability that any
Chinese person denied admission would
make an appeal from the decision of the
Immigration officers unless he had suf
ficient grounds for doing so. Such ap
peal would be rare except from the
exempt classes. As' to the other pro
vision, it is obviously right that a
Chinese consul should be given nn op
portunity to interest himself In behalf
of a countryman and. it is quite sufe
to say that no consul would venture to
do so unless he had a good case. It
Is therefore entirely certain that neither
of these provisions would cause any
trouble to the . secretary of commerce
and labor or to the Immigration offi
cials, while they would be very likely
to go far toward placating the now
hostile feeling of the Chinese.
The desire of the administration to
deal fairly and Justly with the Chluest
undoubtedly 'Is approved by the Intelli
gent and unprejudiced opinion of the
country. It should be seconded by con
gress in such modifications of the ex
clusion law and the practices under It
ns the present conditions show to be
expedient. The president said in his
hist stimuli message: "As n eople we
have talked much of the open door In
China, and we expect, and quite rightly
Intend to Insist upon. Justice being
shown us by the Chinese. But we can
not expect to receive equity unless we
do equity. We can not ask the Chinese
to do to us what we are unwilling to
do to them." When we shall accord
fair treatment to the Chinese doubtless
the hostility to Americans and American
goods now existing and growing will
come to, an end and the citizens and
the products of this country will re
ceive in China at least equal favor with
the citizens and products of other nations.
In the new schedule of salaries Just
adopted the school board seems to have
arrived at about as fair a solution of
the problem of teachers' pay as could
be reached under existing conditions.
The new salary schedule is not up to
what the school teachers demanded and
it Is said that some of the teachers are
not satisfied with the concessions made,
but the increases granted recognize the
Justice of the arguments they have ad
vanced, based on Increased cost of liv
ing and increased exactions and re
sponsibilities, and at the same time
keeps in view the limited resources of
the school district and the relative pay
of women working in other vocations.
Although each single salary is aug
mented only slightly, the Increase in the
teachers' payroll of f 17.000 n year will
represent a material increase in the
amount of money to be raised by tho
school district. The taxpayers of Omaha
take pride In their public schools and
are willing to make any necessary sac-1
rlflce to maintain their standing and
efficiency. It is Omahu's good fortune
that it has In Its public school teaching
corps a larger proportionate number of
experienced teachers than most cities
and more teachers who are making
their profession a life work. The new
salary schedule which rates the cotn
petisntion according to length of serv
ice, reaching its maximum after the
eighth year, will continue to attract this
class of teachers by offering a yearly
Increase of salary as a prize to those
who continue their employment with
the schools. Making the two highest
places in the school dependent both on
length of service and demonstration of
ability by re-examlnatlon should also
tend to Improve the quality of the
teaching force by making It conform
constantly to the latest and most im
proved, methods.
Among other features, the new scale
is also accompanied by a more generous
rule as to pay during sick leave, while
another commendable point Is to be
found In the fact that it can be applied
so as to eliminate discrimination and
favoritism in preference for promotion.
There Is. it is true, and always will be,
danger In applying rigid rules In fixing
compensation for the service of em
ployes, but where there is a large num
ber of employes It Is practically impera
tive to avoid partiality that they be
governed by some established rule and
be made to realize that the rules will
not be suspended under pressure or In
fluence. The suggestion that we have daytime
meetings of the city council and that
this be made one of the issues of the
coming municipal campaign is hardly
worth serious consideration. If we
have honest and capable men in the i
council It will make no difference In the
transaction of public business whether
they hold their meetings In the after
noon or In the evening. The idea that
night sessions have resulted In sur
rounding the council with a bad atmos
phere due to attendance of contractors,
office seekers, hangers-on, corporation
lobbyists and others who have axes to
grind, is not borne out by the fucts. The
main part of the council's business is
now transacted in committee of the
whole, which meets afternoons, but the
contractors, lobbyists and on-hangers
are there just the same, while the pres
ence of good citizens Is no more noticea
ble than at night The contractors,
lobbyists, place hunters, etc., make it
their business to bang around the city
council and they would accommodate
themselves Immediately to any change
In the hour of the council . meeting
whether 10 o'clock In the morning, 2
o'clock In the afternoon, 8 o'clock in
the evening, or 12 o'clock midnight.
When republican insurgents antag
onize party measures they are surfeited
with applause and words of comfort
from the popocratlc press. When, how
ever, a democratic senator announces
that he will not be bound by the de
crees of the democratic caucus the pop
ocratlc organs come back at him de
nouncing him aa a traitor who should
be disciplined. If not ousted, from the
party ranks. It all depends on whose
ox is gored.
It seems to us that the school board
Is lapsing Into a bad habit In ordering
the schools closed early on two days of
next month to allow the children to look
at a trained horse which, no doubt. Is
to be displayed in consideration of the
gate receipts. If the pupils of the
schools are to be favored with the loss
of part of their Instruction every time
a trained horse comes to town, the other
animal shows will soon be asking equal
New Yorkers who are the toys of a
40 degree below aero temperature should
remember that the weather grew colder
as It went east and that the "blizzard
swept" plain of the west are ftgaln get-
to enjoy spring-like tetn-
The newness of Omaha and the won
derful strides It has made In the short
fifty years of Its existence Is impressed
anew by the fact that the widow of
Omaha's first mayor has Just come to
her end at a ripe old age.
It Is Serarlatna. .
Washington Post.
Opponents of the railway rate legislation
Insist that the Hepburn bill Is unconstitu
tional and would be worthless if passed.
It's surprising that, they are not urging
its enactment, then, Instead of trying to
kill It.
t'aaae and FaTeet.
Washington Pot.
The commercial agencies report that rail
way earnings In January were 14 per p'nt
larger than for the corresponding month of
last year. Mad no Idea the fares of con
gressmen and legislators would count up
like that.
Effective Arnr Reserve.
Brooklyn Eagle.
It Is hardly worth while to create the pro
posed army reserve, now that the militia
has picked tip. The militia Is an army re
serve with 100,000 well picked men. Keep
that In shape and the army need not be
Increased. '
Oalerlsm la Fmctlee. , , .
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Several years ago a physician wrote to a
medical journal that he had put a suffering
patient to death with morphine and re
quested an pinion. He received the follow
ing consoling reply: "No man. In sickness,
or otherwise, has a right, moral or other
wise, of abbreviation- of human life one
lota. Tou are a murderer." The Inquirer
asked no further Information.
Projected strike of Coal Miners.
Chicago Chronicle.
Whether the coal miners have any meri
torious grievances or not we are unable to
say. but whether they have or not they are ,
entitled to public sympathy If they have to
conduct a coal strike this year. The oper-
tors have long been preparing for It and i
have filled the country as far aS possible
with stocks pf coal, which the mild winter
has not reduced 'nearly so much as usual.
The struggle will Involve terrible losses on
both sides nnd the probability Is that It
will end without any satisfactory results.
Weather Experts Stomped.
New York Tribune.
A week ago there was a wood famine at
Pawson and the temperature registered 70
degrees below sero. T'noccupled cabins were
torn down and used for fuel. The coldest
official record before the present winter was
made on January 13, 1901, when the ther
mometer touched (18 degrees below, whereas
this winter It lias mode a record of 73. The
extreme cold of the far north and the ex
treme mildness of winter In this latitude
constitute a weather problem sufficient to
baffle the best experts.
Expression of College Cultivation.
New York Sun.
Study Is nothing, and even foot ball Is not
everything. A good "yell" la the supreme
expression of college cultivation. The New
Zealandcrs who played the Rugby game In
this town emitted a. masterpiece of savage
chant, a good old Maori "yell." Here Is a
piece of this wonderous howl:
i Hupa pa nei.
' Hupa pa net,
Hupa p pel, i
Kau pa nel whltl te ra.
The Maoris outhbwled and outyelled us.
nd New Zealand tnakes mouth at our
speech. Observe 't1i'"ra,' the mother of
"rah." --
signal Corps Work.
Army and Navy Register.
Important work Is In contemplation un
der the army slgoal officers at Benlcla
arsenal and Omaha, where there are some
ten or twelve war balloons, not counting
the two new balloons of recent type or
dered In France. -The signal officers are
going on with the development of the gen
eration and transportation of hydrogen,
which Is something of a problem, but
which becomes of vital Interest In connec
tion with military ballooning, the preju
dice against which- even among some army
officers has survfvea other memories of
our campaign against the Spaniards In
Santiago. The signal officers have a choice
of several efficient methods of producing
hydrogen either by Its storage In tubes
and so carried on the field or-by portable
generation plants which become a part of
the balloon train. .:
In Life Insnrnnee Business
tiradnallr Passing:.
Baltimore American.
Knw that the ituilrn oimini from the In
surance Investigation has practically cleared
ting ready
! futures.
away, It is possible to note some of the country than In Europe; out on non
results of the agitation. Passing over the competitive and local business they are
changes In management that have been higher. Specifically, Mr. Hlnshaw declared
made, It may be well to note that the that local rates In his home state are
companies are taking no precautions what- j shown by investigation to be four times
ever this year against the passage of In
jurious laws. No effort Is made to keep
watch of proposed legislation and the com
panies have no representatives at the va
rious state capitals, as they formerly had.
They have been accused of corrupting leg
islatures and squandering policyholders'
money because of their efforts In the past
to avert this peculiar peril, and have,
therefore, discontinued this precaution.
It Is now up to the policyholders to pro
tect themselves, and one whd remembers
mat me average poucynoiaer is aimosi as
Ignorant of Insurance business as Is the
average lawmaker, and Is. moreover, thor
oughly indifferent to what his representa-
tlves at the state capital may do, will
realize something of the flood of fool legis-
latlon that may be expected. This flood
has already bgun. and the managers of the
big companies are looklsg on with grim
dissatisfaction. . They know the trouble
that is coming for the policyholders, but
they dare not interfere, lest they be charged
again with corruption. There are to be no
contrlbutlons to campaign funds and
for this result there Is no complaint to be
made. 1
Perhaps the most unfortunate fact in the
whole disturbance Is the tremendous falling
off In business shown by the annual re
ports of the various companies. This Is no
special Injury to the companies, or, in
other words, to the policyholders who re
main, for the solvency of the companies
Is unquestioned and unquestionable; but It
Is a distinct misfortune to the thousands
who have allowed their policies to lapse,
and to other thousands wbo have abstained
from Insuring because of the agitation and
the consequent panic. The losses these In
dividuals have sustained are In many cases
It Is now highly satisfactory to note from
the reports that are coming in from all
parts of the country that a decided reaction
has begun. Three months ago It was freely
predicted that many of the magnates ef
the business would be Jailed and millions
would be disgorged. Now that it Is found
that nobody is to be Jailed and no millions
have been stolen, the people are ready to
do business as usual. The companies are
going on precisely as they were, with the
exceptions noted. Business Is Improving
dally and the American people are once
more vindicating their reputation or com
mon sens
Hew the Rallroan Properties of the
Inltea states Are Uronned.
Chicago Record-Herald.
With tho acquisition of the Illinois
Central tailrond Edward II. llarrlman gets
Undisputed title as railroad king of Amer
ica, tils system of roads contains 22.27
miles of track, or over 2.0u0 miles more
than any other single group of railroads
in the country. Mr. Harrlman now Is the
dominating figure In the I'nlon Pacific,
Southern Pacific, Chicago A Alton, Kansas
City Southern and Illinois Central roads.
Next to the Harrlman group of lines is the
Vanderbllt group, and almost equal to the
latter Is the Pennsylvania system. The
Hill roads, the Oould, the Morgan, the
Rockefeller and other groups of railroads
also are tremendous In slxc. Mr. Harrl
man. however, has large Interests In many
companies which are not placed In the
Harrlman list. This Is true of the Santa
Fe. In which he Is said to be the largest
Individual stockholder. His Interests In
Northern Pacific also are considerable. The
following tables give an Idea of the various
systems and groupings:
Mileage. Stocks.
and Debts.
Vanderbllt ...20.4H3 I 675.000,000 ft 652.000.000
Pennsylvania 10,13
Harrlman ....22.27
828,000, 000
J33. 000,000
Hill 1.4OT
Morgan 18.879
Gould 1S.7S9
Moores ........13,028
Rockefeller .10.283
Santa Fe T.80S
Total 144.082 13,827.000.000 $3,625,000,000
In the following detailed tables the
column marked bonds Includes all lia
bilities aside from stocks. A number of
minor railroad holdings are omitted, but
the tables give a general Idea of the situa
Mllenge. Storks. HondS.
t'nlon Pftrlftc lines 7.oi) $ )xtl.27n,ooO
Southern Pacific... 9,oi!
Alton KM SO.OOO.OiiO 2n.floo.ni0
Illinois Central 4,5iO 7.Ki0.(0O l.vl.ono.OK)
K. C. Southern.... 840 9,000,000 18,000,000
Totnl 22,276 WO.000,000 ti25,270,000
Mlleae-e. Stocks. Bonds.
Missouri Pacific... B.9 W $ 77.0"O,O0O $ (M.OOO.OOO
WabHOh 2.3i7
Inter, ft Ot. North 928
Texas & Pacific... 1.68t
$nv" .R"V--:
Ann Arbor 291
Total 1S.7S9 $2B4,7rjrt,O00 $333,200,000
Mileage. Stocks. Bonds.
Rock Island (new) .... $150,000,000 $
Rock Island (old). 7.038 126,000.000 75,000,000
'Frisco line 8414 110,00O,0O M.i,C0O
Pere Marfiuette.... 1.S38 31.OO.O00
Eastern Illinois.... 738 19.000,000 23.0u0.000
. Total 13.028 $22,000,000 $180,000,000
Mileage. Stocks. Bonds.
S.F.nnd allied lines 7.809 $216,000,000 $225,000,000
(Southern Railway System.)
Mileage. Stocks. Bonds.
Southern rallwav.. 6.728 $lM.OUO.O00 174.(M).OO0
Atlantic Co'st LJne 4 437 33.000,010 80,000.000
f "Xville NT....' 2,824 soiono.ottt lll0.oo0
Monnn IJne 546
Georgia Central.... 1.844
Total 18,879 $297,500,000 $279,500,000
(Capitalisation $400,000,000.)
Mileage. Stocks. Bonds.
Northern Pacific... 4.966 $155,000,000 $173.00,000
Great Northern.... S.451 12B.ono.000 96,000,000
C, B. & Q 9.000 215.000,000
Total .19.407 $495,000,000 $26,00O,000
Mileage. Stocks. Bonds.
N. T r-en'l system 3.360 $200,000,000 $187,00,000
i.ig fTOur
Pittsburg A L. E. 200
lke Shore 1.500
Mlohlenn Central.. l.hoO
87,O00,0ii0 63,000,0(10
4,00.000 10,00.000
60,000,000 75.000,000
19,000,00) S2.000.O1O
30,000,000 22.O10.OO
24.OI0.OO 12,000,000
64,O)0,OJ0 170.010.0)0
34,000,00 83,000.000
2,0t,0OO 18.OO.000
6.00,000 5.500,000
26,000,000 25.000,000
Nickel Plate.
Lake Erie W..
Chicago & N. W..
C. Bt4 P. & O....
F.. E & M. V....
Ind.. III. & Iowa..
.. 1,000
Total 20,493 $495,000,000 $652,500,000
Mlleaee. Stocks. Bonds. 1ine.10.559 J39).00,tOO fc35 00o.0O)
Reading railway... 1,455 140,000,000 96,000,000
Chesapeake & O.. 1.561 60.0Oi.0o0 76.Oo.000
Baltimore & Ohio. 4.368 lu4.O0O.000 225.0O),000
Vandalla 158 3.9oO.OOO 4.100,000
N Y N. H. & H. 2,037 54.O0o.0o0 54,000,000
Total 20,138 $751,900,O'0 $690,100,000
Mileage. Stocks. Bonds.
C M. Sc St. P.... 6,746 $100,000,000 $256,000,0)0
M' K & T 2,600 68.000.OJ0 87.OKi.0O
Wisconsin Central. 1.047 29,OoO,oOO
Total 10,203 $198,000,000 $372,000,000
Congressman lllnshnw'a Xotnblo
Speech on Railroad Rates.
Washington Times.
One of the speakers who, during the
house debate on the rate bill, has con
tributed real enlightenment of a practical
sort Is Congressman Hlnshaw ot Nebraska.
He compressed Into an address of less than
a half hour some propositions that are
hard to meet, and some answers to the
opponents of regulation which likewise are
very effective.
The average freight haul In this country,
he said. Is over 240 miles; In Europe,
twenty-five miles. On competitive business
i over long distances rates are lower In this
as high aa the English average.
Again, the opponents of regulation have
urged that rates have steadily fallen In
this country. Mr. Hlnshaw admitted this
as to the period from 1863 to 19oO; but as
to the period since 1900. he Insisted that
there had been a striking rise in rates
which be estimated, on domestic freight,
at 20 per cent, though the railroads admit
only 6 per cent. That there lias been an
increase, however. In these years of the
greateat volume and greatest Increase of
trafn0 ever known is admitted on Dotn
sides of the argument.
Further on Mr. Hlnshaw took up the
argument that the railroads pay higher
,. h. th .broad. Ho admitted that
th) u tnja to th6 avera,0 waga prr
employ((. but on the other hand he pointed
out ,nat ,n Europ(S the number of em-
, Immensely greater, so that the
J of , patd per mlle 1er an.
,t 26O0 mlle , th
a dl(tfrenca that ,a cerUlny
h,n Mp Inahaw took UD th,
" . ,,. , ralIpnal,
construction In this country and European
nations, showing that It has been several
times as much abroad because of the very
high prices that had to be paid for terminals
and right-of-way, and of the immensely
superior construction and safety of for
eign roads. In England, for Instance, there
Is not a single grade crossing.
These and many other extremely signifi
cant and enlightening facts, gathered from
accepted and approved statistical studies,
were presented In compressed and striking
form. Much more of the same sort might
have been added. The speaker went Into
specific cases of unwarranted Increase of
rates, which have seriously affected the
price of commodities used hy great num
bers of people. Thus the railroads south
of the Ohio river, be said, at one time
raised the rata on lumber to the Ohio liver
40 per cent, despite the fact that at that
time the business . was growing very fast
and there was no apparent need of tho
Increase except tbat the t raffles could be
made to bear it. This increase greatly
added to the cost of lumber throughout the
entire middle west.
These are some of the facts. The debate
may be relied upon to bring others to light.
It may be we shall get to the bottom ef
tills railway rale busiutss afur ail.
Baking Powdtes?
Saves Health
Saves Moneyo
Admiral Togo will visit America in April.
It Is announced upon trustworthy authority,
with two armored cruisers.
Think of it, the late Charles Lockhart,
Standard Oil magnate, ot Pittsburg, died
worth $150,000,000, and jet In comparative
obscurity, ' Where else could this happen
but In the Vnlted States?
One-third of the go meters which were
tested In New York last year were found
to be running In favor of the companies,
and users are complaining. Somehow these
New Yorkers do not seem to understand
the purpose of a gas meter.
Ralph D. Cole, the new congressman from
the Eighth Ohio district, is the youngest
niomber in the delegation. He Is the thir
teenth child of a family of seventeen chil
dren. He received noarly double the num
ber of votes of his democratic opponent.
Garrett P. Srrvlss, the celebrated astron
omer, says that in July, 1907, Mars will
be 10,000 miles nearer the earth than today,
when the planet will attract attention not
only from astronomers, but from the gen
eral public, so striking will It appear in the
After looking over the upper branch of
congress from the reserved gallery, Mark
Twain was asked what he thought of the
United States senate. "Oh, I always make
It a point not to criticise my neighbors,"
sold Mr. Clemens. "How does that apply
to the senate?" was asked. "Why, I live
In Connecticut and Mr. Aldiich lives in
Rhode Island."
Judge James Wickersham, who presides
over tho federal court of the Third district
of Alaska, with headquarters In Fair
banks, has a sphere of operations about
coequal in extent with all that part of
the United States lying south of the Ohio
and east of the Mlsslssipoi. It embraces
all of the great interior region of Alaska,
an empire within Itself, which, the Judge
says, will be pouring a golden flood into
Its parent country for generations to come.
The new naval aide to the president, Lieu
tenant Commander Albert L. Key, seems
to have been made to pose In a brilliant
military uniform. He la more than six feet
tall, broad In proportion and straight as an
arrow. Standing at attention at the side
of the president on all official functions at
the White House and when the president
attends official affairs elsewhere Lieutenant
Commander Key never falls to attract fa
vorable notice.
1'abellef Follows When the Chronicler
Indnlces ta Bias.
Chicago Tribune.
Should a historian tell the truth? The
question would seem superfluous If It were
not that the practice of some writers has
Indicated that they have mentally resolved
on a negative decision. With 'moral alms
Parson Weems Interwove his life of Wash
ington with pleasing and instructive false
hoods. From sheer iaxlness and a failure
to realise the Importance of accuracy Cas
telar made Innumerable errors in his study
of Columbus and his voyages. For greater
brilliancy Innumerable writers have omitted
or suppressed tiresome facts which might
have altered the reader's conclusions. But
the greatest of all offenders in this regard
are those who alter, suppress or falsify
events In order to make a triumphant argu
ment for one side of a controversy. The
late James Anthony Froude was a conspic
uous example of this. He wrote as If he
were a paid advocato who regards it as
legitimate to win his case by any means
possible. The result Is that already, after
only a few years' test, his works are disre
garded by earnest students who wish to
know what really happened.
It often happens that a man Is mentally
Incapable of seeing both sides of a ques
tion. Every fact enters his mind through a
medium which colors or distorts it so that
he really does not see what other men see.
Such a man la unfortunate when he essays
to record events for others. He may not be
morally guilty, but the Judgment of. pos
terity cannot Indorse his work. And when
to this malady of mental vision la added a
deliberate Intention to deceive there can be
no hope that brilliancy of style can save
such a work from oblivion. A cause good
in Itself may suffer in the estimation of
posterity by having such a champion.
The historian of the day Is subject to the
same rules. The newspaper which habit
tialiy gives news a particular bias by any
of the arts of the unfaithful historian comes
quickly to occupy the same place In popular
credence as any other liar. On the other
hand, the practice of stating all essential
facts In regard to anything In which the
public Is interested and founding comment
upon cold truth Is sure in the end to secure
approval. The reader of a history or of a
dally paper does not wish to feel that he
must wait until statements are corrobo
rated by others before he can accept them
aa true. He may enjoy fiction as fiction;
he may appreciate the rhetorical art of
magnificent lies, but he does not Wish them
to be presented to him in the name of
truth. He will not Intrust his Judgment,
any more than bis life, to a known betrayer.
The Beautiful Water Color Paintingg from America's
best artists are now on exhibition and sale at
1513 Douglas Street
Hare and exquisite etchings and steel engravings are
another great feature at this art store.
1906 Picture Moulding Patterns
Are now in our Display Boom for inspection,
Petersburg Index: Omaha threatens to
try the experiment of 3 -cent street car fare
for those who are compelled to stand In a
crowded car. Whether or not the experi
ment will be a success remains to be found
out, but we can hardly see how it will
work out.' Instead of the old way we can
Imagine a gentleman saying to a lady
who gets on a car, "Take my strap, please,
I'll sit down and pay the little nickel."
Hooker County Tribune: The attitude
of the Omaha press In connection with the
recent persecution of western Nebraska
stock Interests lacks a long way of being
overlooked In this part of the state. If
Omaha can afford to lose the best con
tributors to Its financial welfare ever
known to the extent of encouraging its
papers in their base, unfair onslaught, aa
was done during the Ware trial, Nebraska
cattlemen can quite well afford to accept
the earnest solicitation of other towns
for their beef.
Weeping Water Herald: The Independent
telephone companies are very angry at th
manner in which the councllmen of Omaha
vote to keep them from doing business In
that city, and they have resolved to boy
cott the metropolis merchants In revenge
and Induce all the people in all the towns
If they can to buy goods in other cities.
The Independent Companies mean all right,
but It is a poor way to fight competition.
Perhaps the Omaha councllmen have se'
their price too high, but It is not the fault
of the wholesalers doing business there.
By the way, the Independent telephons
companies come pretty near having a graft
In Nebraska.
Kearney Hub: The executive commtttei
of the Omaha Commercial club will hav
a conference soon with representatives ot
the Independent telephone Interests regard
ing connections which will enable the
independent lines to reach that city. With
the state covered by the Independent llnea
it ought not to be difficult to get into
Omaha, but It has been demonstrated
every time the effort was made that th
Bell Interests had absolute control of the
council and were considerably bigger than
the people themselves. But the monopoly
Is nearly at an end. When the Commercial
club gets In the thin edge of the toll line
wedge there will soon be something doing.
Mr. Upjohn (at the banquet) The colone!
is a good after dinner speaker, but did
you notice how quecrly he mixed his met
aphors? Mr. Struckovle Why er no; he's been
taking 'em straight, I think, so for. Chi
cago Tribune.
Friend of tho Family You are very
lucky, my boy, to be the seventh son. It
will bring you everlasting fortune.
Son No. Seven If hasn't so far. All Iff
brought yet Is the old clothea of my six
brothers. Illustrated Bits.
"Yes, she's pretty. Hep-ose Is slightly
er retrousse, Is It not?"
"Oh, yes; she has what we call the stock
yards nose." Chicago Tribune.
Teas Mr. Gnyman, of course. Is a noto
rious flirt, and yet his wife declares she
has great faith In him.
Jess My dear girl, when a society woman
speaks of her faith in her husband she
simply means faith In his ability to make
money for her. Philadelphia Standard.
"I suppose your feelings sometimes lead
you to say more than you Intend," said
the man who admires oratory.
"Never," answered Senator Sorghum.
"But It sometimes happens that my inten
tions lead me to say more than 1 feel."
Washington Star.
"Give me a fiver on this ticker!"
The pawnbroker shook his head.
"Isn't it worth It?"
"It's worth more. Any Judge In towr
would give you five years."
Here negotiations ceased. Philadelphia
"Yes, my son."
"What is it a man loses and then can'l
tell you what It is until he finds It?"
"I really don't know, my boy."
"Why, his breath!" Yonkers Statesman
"I want you to notice this man,"
"What Is peculiar about him?"
"He baa achieved distinguished success In
life In the face of the worst discourage
ments any man ever had. He la the sor
of rich parents and wasn't born and raised
on a farm." Chicago Tribune.
"Poor woman! She works hard all day
and then she's up nearly all night with tht
"What's the matter with her husband I
Why doesn't he help her?"
"Oh. he puts In all his time agitating fot
an eight-hour day for the worklngman."
Philadelphia Press.
Somervllle Journal.
If I were you, and you were I,
I'll tell you what I'd do.
I'd smile upon you pleasantly.
Whene'er you came to woo.
And some day when you told me that
Your lifelong happiness
Depended on my shy consent.
Id softly whisper "Yes!"
If you were I. and I were you,
Instead of standing there
And beating all around the bush.
As if I didn't dare.
I'd make my mind up, once for all.
From doubting to be free.
And plump and straight I'd ask of you:
"Iar, will you marry me?"