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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1906)
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THFi OMAHA DAILY NEK: TUKSDAY, JANUARY 30, 1!0T.
Tub Omaha Daily Bee.
K. IIOSEWATKR. EDITOR.
TLBLISIIED KVKKT MOKNISO.
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imbiy Bee, on" year 2-."0
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DKI.IVERED BY CARRIER,
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KvcniiiK Bee (with Sunday), per wec...l:
Sunday Bee. per ropy o
Address complaints' nf Irregularities in de
ivery to City Circulation Lieparl.-neiU.
On)ahn--Tli" Bee Building.
H-iuth Omaha City Hull Building.
Couin II HlufTs ! Pearl Street.
'hie ago lwn I'nlty Building.
N"W Virk j"S Home life ins. Building.
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Communications relating to news and ed
itorial tiiiiti.T should be addressed: O'liuha
U-o, Editinlal Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal onicr,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
inly It-rent stamps received as payment of
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THE HEE PUBLISHING COMPANY'.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Rtate of Nebraska, Douglas County, M". :
C. C. Ruhewater, secretary of Tne Bee
Publishing company, being dulv sworn,
ays that the actual n umbel ot tuli and
complete ropb-s of The Daily. Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of December, was as fol
:t !,.", HI
26 , iVt,2HI
Lob unsold copies Hl.miN
Net total sales .
Daily average ...
C. C. RUSEWATER.
Subscribed In my presence a, id sworn to
before me this 31st day of December, 19vi.
(Seal) M. B. HL'.N'JAl'K,
WIIEX OIT OF TOWS.
Snbarrlbera leaving the pity trill
norarlly should hare The Ilea
mailed to them. Address mill be
(banned as often aa requested.
Jupnn lias iiipturcd Coica much ns
tlm mil it cuiiijlit Hie wildcat It limy noon
auk to Ik? assisted in h-ttlnn k.
Now that tbc Kusnlnn revolutionists
lmvp U'Ktin to kill the landlords, t!i
fxar may depend upon the loyalty' of
at leiiHt one clnss.
With the kindly "grandfather of Ku
rope" gone to his reward, another tie
which held the sovereigns of the conti
nent in check has lieen broken.
One conviction has been secured In
the land fraud cases, but unless nil
nigns fail the federal Juries will be busy
for some months to come vindicating
the federal land laws.
If stockmen have ns many verbal fire
works in I heir reunion at l)enver as
they did when they divided a year ago,
the mountain city will imagine that a !
Htnte campaign is already In progress. ;
The house of representatives will now
determine the citizenship of one of its
nicinlxTs. Hut after all this Is not
really us important as determining the
ownership of a number of other mem
bers. One Omaha preacher has come out In
his pulpit frankly for putting the lid on
Sundays not only for liquor Kellers, but
for every other kind of business. The
uext question is. Where would he have
the line drawn?
It Is a trite saying that "A new
broom sweeps clean," but there are al
ways exceptions to the rule. Witness
the lineup of one of the newly elected ,
uiember.4 of the county board on the
side of the grafters.
America may yet have to thank the
stiltau of Morocco for an easy solution
of the German tariff problem, as fear
of war in that direction may prevent
Germany from Insisting strongly upou
Its own idea of reciprocity.
That democratic harmony committee
acts as if it were afraid the role of
.his as lr it cre arrant tne role or
peacemaker in the democratic family
would produce the same reaction as the
( ft told tale ef the uninvited arbitrator
between lighting husband and wife.
Itcr.'nrks of the retiring secretary of
the lies M. lines Young Men's Christian
iirtsiH-i.it ion would Indicate that the
naveling evangelists made a serious
mistake when they failed to locate "the
wlckedci cliy on e:-nh" at Iowa's cap
ital. Income from passenger service In
Ohio produces a net revenue of less
than 1' cents a mile for each passenger
ilirrlcd by the railroads. A proposal
to limit passenger fares to 2 cents u
Utile would, however. Ih denounced its
menacing the railroads with luuik
nrptcy. The death of Geueral Wheeler em
phasizes the fact that, far from being a
descendant of one of the old southern
families, his father was a native of
New Kngland, bhowlng that geograph
ical lines more than tradition deter
mined the sides chosen by men dtirlug
the civil war.
While calling iimui Chairman Bab
cock of the republican congressional
coruiuittee to come out with a public
statement of the campuigu funds he has
handl.il, it should not lie forgotten that
oi.r I ave was associated for some time
with Mr. Bain-ink lu the capacity of
secretary of the committee and that If
unj campaign funds were in sight he
would surely know something of their
diapoaiUou If uot uf their source
HtRMA TARlt t VCrM HIS
I'our wwks hence the new ticriuaii
tariff will git Into effect. The counsellor
of the (iennan embassy at Washington
Ik reported as ayiiiir that his Kovern
ment lM-lieves that i-onpri'ss will tlud n
way out of the difficulty. There Is nt
pn'sent, however, no indication that any
tlilnjr will be done Intended to relieve
American products from the effect of the
new tariff. The matter appears to be
regarded nt AVnslilntctoii with n pood
deal of ludiffen-nce. It Is stated that
n iM-lief prevails in influential circles
connected with the (ienuan trade that
Jerniitny will not enforce maximum
tariff rates agnlnst this country on
March 1. The embassy counsellor said
that (he maximum tariff will tin Into
effect at the designated time and if any
reduction is made after that on Ameri
can product it will have to lx author
ized by lwtli the German house and Ken
ate. It is unlikely that those Imdlea
would give the required authority. As
the counsellor wild, they "will no longer
stand for a condition of affairs which
has given the greatest lx-nefit to this
country. They demand only equality, a
guarantee that German products ex
ported to America will receive the same
consideration ns American exports to
Germany." In other words, they desire
There has been talk of modifying the
customs administrative net, features of
which German exporters have found
fault with, and it Is suggested that if
this should be done, possibly n delay in
the application of the German maximum
tariff can be obtained. There seems to
be little chance of any legislation in
this direction, and even if there should
1 1A 1 - .A I l. l.l II I.I
i.e, u is most improoauie tnai u oui.i
result in delaying the application of theivided with authority to cast the ten votes.
maximum tariff. What seems most I
liLl U H, ,l..,,(l,.., I.v c....,r,...ua of I
.4, .... " - -
some such plan ns Is proposed in the
McOlcary bill, providing that Increased
tariff should be levied against the goods
of any country which did not grant us
it most favorable rates. This plan Is 1 abuses, the resurrection of the proxy
thought to have strong support, at least ! would without question raise up worse
in the house of representatives. It Is evils. The political history of Ne
of course retaliatory and would mean ! hraska is full of incidents In which the
tariff war so fur ns Germany Is con-!
cerned, but there nppears to be very
little concern at Washington in regard j "r nominating conventions. Dishonest
to' this. The general feeling seems to be ! eorporntion henchmen who could not
that a tariff war would have much more by any hook or crook prevnil on their
serious consequences for Germany than ' iielghWs to commission them as dele
for the T'nlted States and that we can i P"1" t convention would he nble to
' lietter afford to demonstrate this than
to make nny concessions. Moreover,
there is the consideration that whatever
tariff concessions were made to Ger-
many we might have to give other coun
tries. It is argued, for instance, that
our best customer, Great Britain, would j
o -i.,i,t .1. ...... i.
extended to that country whatever tariff !
favors were accorded to Germany.
The prospect Is certainly not favorable
for an early solution of the German
tariff question. The indications are that
If congress does anything it will take
the form of retaliation. Germany is , "iry. "o i.V promising metnoti
evidently determined not to recede from ' tliat "'ready endorsed by the last re
or lu anv wav modify the nosltlon she pnb'nn state convention, namely,
has taken and the purpose nt Wnshing-
ton not to make nny concessions appears
to be equally linn.
A UROirWQ KEIGHHOH.
Canadian development must always
have an interest for. the people of the
Vniled States. We have a very large 1
trade with our northern neighbor and ,
j as she grows the trade may reasonably
: be expected to increase. The present j
population of Canada Is about 0.(NXl,(MM)
and It Is steadily growing. Lust year
she added to it nearly H.",0iO from im
migration, over 44.(ah going there from
the I'nlted States. She is making gosl
progress Industrially and commercially
and is showing marked energy and en
terprise along all Hues. Active work
has commenced on the new transconti-
nental railway and it is expected that
the Hue will be running from ocean
to ocean within Ave years. This will
prove a great factor in the development
of the country.
"Canada .shows some very encourag
ing signs of being quite a settlement
in another twenty years," remarks the
New York Sun. "This fact should be
taken into consideration In the question
of our relations with her. Sir Wilfrid
Ijuirlcr has prophesied that Canada will
, , ,i. twentieth century what the
I'nlted States was to the nineteenth, and
Iird Stratheona, Canada's most dis
tinguished citizen, has predicted that
by the close of the i-entury Canada will
have a population of 80.KM,mm." Long
before that time she will be an lude
IMiscVnt nation. Meanwhile, American
interest in Canada will Itcc'ome stronger
nnd the relations of the two countries
KLr.CTIO.V CO.VTKJ nf'riM.YS.
In Ills last two annual messages Pres
ident HooHerelt referred to contributions
J ,0 fampalgn funds in finleral elections
and urged publicity respecting them and
their expenditure by political commit
tees. In his message of last Iiceeinlier,
he said: "All contributions by corpora,
tious to any political committee, or for
any political purpose, should lie forbid
den by law; directors should not lie per
mitted to use stockholders' money for
such purposes." He said If It Is possible
to siH-ure by law the full and verified
publication in detail of all the sums con
tributed to and expended by the candi
dates or committees of auy iiolltieal
parties the result cannot but be whole
some. An association has been formed for
the puriioKc, as stated lu an address to
the public, of securing the passage of
a national law "requiring the disclosure
under oath of every contribution of
money and every promise of money iu
national campaigns. UHI ,.Se of
evasion providing for exposure, dctec.
tiou and punishment." (t la the inten
tion to promote similar organizations In
every state of the uulou, with a view to
having state legislation, ns nearly uni
form ns possible, relating to the sub
ject. The movement ought to le suc
cessful. As was said by Mr. Iloosevelt,
there is no enemy of free government
more dangerous and none so insidious
as the corruption of the electorate and
It Is well understood that as a rule the
contributions of corporations have this
aim. There is urgent demand for radi
cal reform in this matter and it enn be
effected if those who sympathize with
the movement Inaugurated by the Na
tional Publicity Hill organization will
give it active and earnest support.
jvo RcsvRnKCTioy F rnt).xiKs
The Lincoln Journal, which now
claims to voice the demaud of the rank
and file of Nebraska republicans ns
opposed to the railroad pass manipula
tors, is out wltb a strange demand for
the resurrection of the discredited proxy
system in republican state conventions.
It urges that the rule which prohibits
proxies mill authorizes the delegates
present from any county to cast the full
vote apportioned to that county has
worked badly by permitting a few
ineinlors of the free pass brigade to at
tend the convention and, in the nbsence
of those not provided with passes, to
cast the votes of the absentees as well
as of themselves. The plea for the re
vival of the proxy system is conjured
up In this language:
It is a common thing for counties with
fifteen votes In a convention to be rep
resented by no more than five men. The
five cast the fifteen votes, often contrary
to the sentiments of the ten men who have
remained at home, because they have not
been offered free transportation or have
refused to accept It. If the use of proxies
were permitted the ten could chip In and
sonj om of U)0r numbr to uncoin pro.
Many a convention would he changed from
a mlsrepresentatlve to a representative
K,..l.. I K
body If the absentees could be voted by
men of their choice nnd not by men selected
by the accident of their presence In the
Without closing our eyes to these
barter nnd sale of proxies has served
n" the means of railroad domination In
crawl under the tent by inveigling hon-
est delegates into giving them their ,
proxies. Only bv pneking the conven-
1 . . ... . . I
'ion witn purchased proxies were the
"""" l" "" ""jliM been accumulated are kept In mind.
some years ago for refusing to prosti- Those methods are held up to public view.
tflP "preme lcnch to their ends,
nnd the same tactics forced .Tudire Max-
well out of the republican party anA j
sent him to congress as a populist In- I
A return to the proxy system is not '
the way to get representative govern
ment In party conventions. On the
bringing the choice of party nominees
close home to the people by some feasi
ble plan of direct nomination or expres
sion of preference by the Individual
voters at the primaries.
Mayor Iitinue f Chicago, who hns
Just signed urd. notices intended to lead
tin to the tiurchase liv the cltv of all the
cllcaK rnliways, professes the
MM that municipal acquisition of the
ralirom,8 wln bo lm accomplished fact
before his present term of office is
ended. Wonder if Mayor Dunne ever
heard of the 'immediate' compulsory
purchase of the water works of Omaha
by legislative mandate?
Iowa law makers are talking about
putting an Initiative and referendum
law on the statute Isioks. The Ne-
j bruska Initiative and referendum law
requires the application of the Initiative
and referendum first to determine
whether the law itself should become
operative. If the Iowa solons want it
law that will work they will steer clear
of this little Joker.
If the packers were advised by coun
sel to tell the truth to Commissioner
Garfield, the question remains whether
this advice was followed. It Is said the
i packers made the commissioner lelieve '
I they made but 3 per cent profit the I
same year that one concern declared a
dividend more than twice that figure.
The "deli" of the Standard Oil com
pany to the producers of the Indian Ter
ritory is a "bluff" which should be
called. If the octopus wants to secure
help in an effort to break the laws of
Missouri It should follow the estab
lished custom of retaining high priced
Our eminent Nebraska fellow citizen.
Governor Magoon of the Panamn canal
sone, has returned to this country and
will probably appear shortly liefore
the senate canal Inquisitors. Now, we
ought to get the straight of It as to
what Is doing at the Isthmus.
Our latest shooting affray happens to
have occurred at a dance hall outside of
the city limits of both Omaha and
South Omaha. Does the Jurisdiction of
the Juvenile court officers extend
throughout the county, or is it confined
solely to tlieae cities?
Iiirrranlnir t'onarreaalonal (jalrty,
The laurels of Congressman J. Adam
Bedu are In danger. Indiana republicans
are talking ot running George Ade for con
greaa (rum the Tenth district.
il Treatment for All.
Bn-retury Bonaparte asks congress to
give him discretionary power aa to the
punishment of midshipmen for hazing. It
la represented that he Is moved la this be
cause he did not like to be compelled to
diamiaa a ri-ac-ndant of a dUtingnlshtxl
American couuuoduia lui tliat uOiiij. but
that is no reason. The secretary ought not
to have power to discriminate In lavor of
any person for such a reuson. We must in
sist that every man In this country shall
stand on his own legs or fall. There should
be no favors to a man because some an
cestor was distinguished.
Tart Itlta of Troth.
American Illustrated Magasine.
It Is difficult for the master of finance
and the politician to look each oilier In
the eye without winking.
A man may not he as bud as he Is
painted, but he looks bad painted that way.
lrosperlty throws the fool Into fits; ad
versity makes him melancholy.
There are some things even the president
of a university may not know.
Barguln counters Rre for the blind.
hosest nv COMPARISON.
Ordinary lisinhllng I ontraated with
Kansas City Star.
Ordinary gambling is regarded as a low
vice. There, are laws against the evil in
every state and every city. The common
gambler Is held in contempt by decent
people. Even speculative business, as fol
lowed by some, Is not held In the best re
pute. There Is not much difference, of
course, on betting on the speed of horses
and betting on the price of wheat. But In
all forms of gambling the man who does
not play fair is outlawed, even by his own
But gambling at its best Is more honest
than those business practices that make
extortion a "sure thing." And gambling
at its worst la better than arbitrary ex
tortion at Its best. The man who stacks
the cards, who switches to a "cold deck,"
who plays with marked aces, who hires a
stable boy to "dope" a race horse or who
otherwise cheats at gaming takes the risk
of being found out and ruled from the
game. At most he Injures only thoso who
voluntarily play at chance. Ills oppor
tunities for cheating are limited. The suf
fering he causes Is never widespread.
On the other hand the man who manipu
lates a line of business in such a wav as
to give himself undue advantage of his
competitors, who gains control of a neces
sary commodity, who uses his advantage
to extort unreasonable and burdensome
tribute from the people, and who often
defies the law in his practices, Is a much
worse enemy to society than the man who
cheats at cards. He injures a whole com
munity, a whole state or a whole nation,
according to the extent of his operations.
He plays the game of business skillfully,
and Justifies impositions by reasoning that
others would do the same thing under
the same circumstances that is, If they
had his skill and his capital. He sur-
passes the gambler in avarice. The avcr-
age gambler is not avaricious. He plays
largely for the love of the sport. He loses
complacently. He takes his chances with
the others. The extortionist has a passion
Dishonesty in business Is defining Itself.
Oraduully the man who cheats, whether It
is through the exaction or the receiving
of rebates, the extortion of monopoly or
other unjust devices, is being "placed."
He is not yet ostracised by his fellows
Un la 1 1. 1.
"Z. ., V I , , . . , , .
i iiic iiiriiiuun iiy WHICH ins wcaiwi
His superfluous accumulations are not an
unalloyed Joy. Sometimes he Is compelled
"nn'Sr" "njSST .1nd,l,: 'iSlTS
methods. And in due time the dishonest
business man will be obliged to take his
pl,lee wlth the Rmbler-not the fair gamb-
ler, but the gambler who cheats.
PROGRESS IX 1KRK.A TIOV.
What Hub Hern" 'Accomplished and the
Xew York Sun.
In a recent address before the National
Oeographlc society Mr. C. J. Blanchard of
the fnlted States Geographical Survey
gave the following summary of the re
sults of Irrigation enterprises In the
"During the last quarter of a century a
crop-producing area of 10,000,000 acres, or
another state of Massachusetts, has been
restored from the desert. Irrigation canals
i, , ,k. ...th .i,..
! representing an outlay of po.m.m have
j bten bullt- Every y
ear this area returns
more than 1150,000,000,
and 2.IUO.O0O neoole dwell In nroarjerlt v and
j content where only a short time ago the
! wilderness reigned."
A considerable part of the work here re
ferred to has been done by private enter
prise. The far more extensive operations
of the government are of only reoent be
ginning. The reclamation act became a
law on June 17, 190Z Yet since that time
surveys and estimates for twenty-four
projects have been completed, and actual
construction work Is now in progress on
eleven of them. One, the Truckee-Carson
system In Nevada, has been completed and
Is In operation.
The total cost of the work projected by
the reclamation service is estimated at
about $l,50O,iO0,O00, or several times the
cost of the Panama canal. Yet no call Is
made for congressional appropriations, no
items appear In deficiency bills and not a
single cent is added to our taxes. The
original working capital was obtained
from the sale of public land, and that
sum, with later additions from the same
source, constitutes a revolving fund. The
I cost per acre, on the large scale of the
government enterprises. Is about 130. At
that price the reclaimed land finds a quick
sale. There is even a good deal of trouble
In keeping the land out of the hands of
speculators. The intention is to sell It di
rectly to those who will settle on It and
cultivate It. Homestead filings within the
irrigated areas are limited to 160 acres.
In his annual report the secretary of the
Interior notes that homesteaders' relin
quishments on these tracts are already
selling at from $.!( to $.iCO each, or from
6 to to per cent advance on government
Secretary Hitchcock says that "In some
localities t rathe lu relinquishments Is
brisk, and It is apparent that two. liner
or more changes will take place before a
given parcel of land passes Into the con
trol of the man who is able and willing to
live upon It. cultivate it and make It a
home." In view of the fact that the gov
ernment is not running a scheme for the
benefit of speculators. Mr. Hitchcock be
lieves that a system should be devised by
which the profit now reaped by speculators
would either be diverted to the reclama
tion fund, where It could be used In
building other systems, or be saved to the
This Is a very sound proposition. Ijnd
irrigated by private enterprise in the Sa
cramento valley la actually selling at nearly
$a per acre, and the average value of Ir
rigated land throughout the country is $47
per acre. There Is no good reason for al
lowing this margin to fall Into the maw
of the speculators. It should go either to
the settler or to the government.
From time to time we shall hear of tha
completion of Rome of the enterprises now
under way and of the Inauguration of nem
construction work. While it will be possi
ble to reclaim only a part of our rid re
gions, the area which, will be brought un
der cultivation by the work of the reclama
tion service will make homes for millions
of people. It will help a good deal In the
settlement of the Immigration problem.
Not many immigrants have 5,flw with
mht.-h to 1mi- acres, hut he owner of
si:i - faint reeds lal-oiers lu help cultl
i val .u
ARMY GOSSIP H WASimGTO.
Carreat F.tenl fileaned from tba
Army and Savr Reajater.
The day of the army blue blanket la
passing. It Is going the way of the other
military equipment and clothing of that
time honored one might almost say ante
diluvian shade. Quartermaster General
Humphrey has advised the War depart
ment that the supply of such blankets Is
now nearly exhausted and that It will sooi
be necessary to Issue the olive drab article.
It lias been decided to prepare an order
to come from the War department an
nouncing that the price of the- olive drab
blanket will be $5.C4 each, or $175 more
than the blue blanket. It will also be pro
vided that the clothing allowance of the
army be Increased by that amount for men
who actually draw the new blanket within
the prescribed allowance. The Issue' of
the olive drab blanket Is a step toward the
adoption of the color In all respects as far
as may be throughout the military service.
This uniformity has Its advantage, of
course, and It begins with the theory that
that particular color Is the best, all things
considered, for military uses.
Major General Arthur MacArthur will
probably be detailed to duty as chief of
staff upon the retirement of General Bates.
It is possible that General MacArthur ran
not reach Washington to assume that duty
at that time. At present he is In India,
where his address Is In care of the State
department representative at Calcutta. The
president Is described as being Impressed
with the arguments which have been of
fered lately In favor of the selection of
a, if not the, senior major general for duty
as chief of staff. It has been shown to
him that the selection of a Junior briga
dier general would contribute nothing to
the peace of mind and satisfaction of the
military personnel. It is n?t expected tuvv
that there will be any officers appointed to
be lieutenant general this year, excepting
General Bates, General Corbin and General
MacArthur. There has been some talk of
the appointment of General Wade, whoso
friends have lately been urging his name
upon the president as that of an officer
entitled to this special consideration. The
president, however, Is disposed to make no
such nppolntments for the benefit of Indi
vidual officers hereafter, when he foresees,
probably from direct Information on the
subject, that there will be opposition In
the senate to nominations of this class
hereafter and the rute against the practice
holds good regardless ot individual merit.
The army subsistence officers are much
satlallcd with the results uttendlng the test
of the tireless cooker, recently received at
Fort Itllcy, from New York. The amount
used wus sufficient for luu men, comprising
corned beef, cabbage, bean soup, boiled
potatoes and custard pudding. The corned
beef was boiled on the stove for fifteen
minutes and placed in the cooker at 8:25
a. in. Cabbage, boiled five minutes, bean
soup ten minutes, potatoes five minutes, and
placed in the cooker at 8:45. The custard
pudding (en casserole) was boiled five min
utes and placed In the cooker at 8:30. At
twenty minutes of twelve the cooker was
opened and the temperature of the various
articles was taken and found to be as fol
lows: Corned beef, lfle,4 degrees; cabbage,
one boiler, lit) degrees; cabbage, one boiler,
1HC degrees; bean soup, 1S4 degrees; potatoes,
D degrees, and custard pudding, 174 de
grees. The foregoing articles were then
Nerved on the table and everything was
very palatable. Several officers were pres
ent at the test and were very much en
thused over the gratifying results obtained.
The clerks of army paymasters are some
times considered officers of the army and
at other times are regarded as having no
such status. The latest ruling concern
ing them comes as a result of a re
quest from tlje office or the pay
master general that the clerks be al
lowed to receive treatment from the denial
aurgeons, the request being based on a de
cision of the comptroller that the pay
master's clerks are officers of the army
within the meaning of the act of March 2,
1901. The communication went to the sur
geon general of the army, who holds that
the clerks are civilian employes and not
officers of the army within the meaning of
Section IS of the Act of February 2, 1901,
and ure not entitled to the free services of
dental surgeons as provided for In that
section. This view of the surgeon general
Is sustained by the Judge advocate general
of the army.
One of the most important plans for mili
tary mobilization in this country has been
approved by the secretary of war on the
recommendation of General Bates. The
realization of the project will probably re
quire a. special appropriation by congress
and In due time definite estimates of the
cost of the concentration of the entire, mili
tary force at seven or eight camps in dif
ferent parts of the country will be sent to
congress. The entire cavalry, Infantry and
field artillery branches of the army will be
brought together on government reserva
tions, such as at Blattaburg Barracks,
Chlckamauga, Fort Riley. Indianapolis,
Cheyenne, Fort Clark and American lake
and possibly some place In southern Cali
fornia. It is proposed to have the troops
proceed to their respective camps by march
ing, the Infantry commands not to march
more than 200 miles going and coming
and the mounted troops to cover a distance
of SfX) or X50 miles. This will not be' an
economical measure, by any means, and is
not to be adopted with any such under
standing. As a matter of fact, It costs
more to have troops proceed from one point
to another by marching than It would to
transport them by rail, owing to the fact
that there Is a scarcity of wagons and the
cost of that class of transportation is con
siderable. At most places where It is pro
posed to hold ramps It is believed there will
be sufficient ground within the limits of the
reservation to engage in maneuvers. It may
be necessary In some cases to lease addi
tional territory and at those places where
the reservation is not sufficiently extensive
for this purpose and additional land Is not
obtainable the troops will be drilled and
have other similar exercises, simply. It Is
planned by General Bates to have the troops
actually In camp for a period of three
months or away from their posts about
four and a half months.
Congressional Prriinlaltre and Pall.
If the presi-nt system of appointments to
the naval academy being a personal per
quisite of congressmen were changed so as
to allow every capable young man a chance,
aside from favoritism, the personal stand
ard at Annapolis might be Immeasurably
raised by the Introduction of young men
with a serious purpose In their entrance,
and congressmen would le relieved of the
obligation now emailed by the personal
I privili ge of Interfering In behalf of their
appointees to the detriment of the service
and of the public Interent, Ihsclpllue and
respect for authority are not so much as
they ought to be to a young man who feels
that he has the subtler power of Influence
behind him from the consequences of prac
San Francisco Chronicle.
Thirteen thousand bills have been Intro
duced aince the session of congress began,
but not one of them. far as heard from,
J,.es an ay with the abuse of the franking
pi 1 liege, which la ccstlng the government
ml uiajiy million dollars auuually.
Made from pure, grape cream of tartar
IN THE WORLD
Makes home baking easy. Nothing
can be substituted for it in making,
quickly and perfectly, delicate hot
biscuit, hot-breads, muffins, cake and
pastry. Insures the food against alum.
Psice Bakino Powder Co., Chicago.
THAT FF.DKHAI. I'l K Bill,.
Kimball Observer: This paper falls to
see any particular merit In Senator Bur
kett's bill to divide the state Into two
federal districts. Judge MuiiRer can look
after all the business that comes before
hhn for the entire state and not be busy
more than half the time. About all the
difference it will make will be to create
several lucrative positions and transfer
about half the court business to Uncoin,
which is now practically all dune at Omaha.
Falls City Journal: The scheme to di
vide Nebraska Into two federal districts
has been brought up before and has never
made much progress. It may be all light
In many ways, but the necessity of It Is
not plain to many people. If the work is
so great that one Judge and set of officers
cannot handle It then a division of the
state would be proper, but if the only ad
vantage would be to add to the power of
the congressional delegation by giving them
more offices to fill It Is of little Interest
to the people at large.
St. Paul Republican: A very general and
apparently well founded protest is being
made against the division of Nebraska Into
two federal Judicial districts, with the
Platte river as a dividing line. A north and
south division along the 100th meridian
would be much better geographically and
would remove a well defined suspicion that
the new district Is Intended primarily for
the benefit of IJncoln, which Is less than
sixty miles distant from the court city of
the northern district. Besides, a Judge
would die from ennui in a district ss de
void of land fencers and Indian reserva
tions as the sbuth Platte counties.
' Hastings Republican: If Senator Burkett
has his ear to the ground-ond he generally
has he mftst have learned by this time
how widespread Is the opposition to his
selfish and unfair bill for the division of
the state into two federal Judicial dis
trlcts. With the exception of his own city
and county and congressional district the
state Is practically a unit in opposition to
the measure. It has come to be recognxed
for Just what It Is nn effort . to work a
gross Injustice to three-fourths of the state.
and for no other reason than to provide
i some luscious plums for Mr. Burkett's
home town and a few favored politicians.
Senator TaFolletle's way of putting the
Beef trust out of business Is the most rad
ical of all. He Is an enthusiastic vege
tarian. I Count Wltte has presented to the May
i flower in behalf of himself and the other
delegates to the Portsmouth peace confer
ence a Russian sliver punchbowl In recog
nition of the hospitality extended on that
I Alfred Belt, the South African mining
king. Is said to be richer even than 'Rocke
feller. Half the mines in South Africa be
long to him. Including the fabulous wealth
of Klniberley-s diamond output. The ag
gregate of his wealth cannot be stated, but
a rough estimate places It at $Ui0,(Cio.n(K).
I His yearly Income Is $."2,5oo,(k). which means
j that he gets $100 every minute of his life,
I or, to put it another way $1.000,0n0 a week,
j It was not through vanity nor a desire
' to keep his head warm that John I). Rocke
feller adopted a wig. One of his close
j friends Is responsible for the statement that
: the oil king did it to disguise himself. The
' newspaper cartoons had made his bald head
and sharp features familiar to the public
and ho was constantly annoyed by gaping
crowds. Mr. Rockefeller has made several
! trips since he got the wig and has escaped
the attention that he formerly drew.
Then tell him about Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral. Tell him how it cured your
hard cough. Tell him why you always
keep it on hand. Tell him to ask his
doctor about it. Doctors know it.
They use it a great deal for all forms
of throat and lung troubles.
We have no secrets We publish
the formulas of all our medicines.
Maas toy Ik. t. O. Arm Co.. LewaU, MaM.
Alae KaaaJkoMrars l
ITIt'l IATI TICOB - War tee hair. ATEB'S PILLS Par eetijtoa.
ilU'l S A MAP AXILLA Fst U. also. ATBB AttU CUBS- Foi malaria sad .
"What an eater Bixby Is! He seams to
like everything that's placed liefore him."
"Yes; nothing disagrees with him except
his wife." Cleveland Plain Uealer.
i mi are certain, (nn court asaea in.
middy, "that you saw the accused when 4
Villi Htiiurl fin vrmr hnn "
Well." responded the middy, "I saw him
thriiiiKli a haze."
I'pon reflection the court considered this
compel cut. Philadelphia IiTdger.
Rich Ciuardian Young man, I want you
to understand that there are other things
in this world besides money!"
Young Man I know It, sir, but It takes
money to get I hem! Detroit Free I'l ess.
"Iiil you ever notice how meek Mrs.
Swillitall is lu the presence of that drunken
husband of hers?"
"Yes; I've noticed that he Is like other
men I know. He governs his wife a great
deal better than he does his appetite."
Chicago Tribune. .
"Why do you Insist on only $M.ooo a year
as your salary?"
"Because." answered the high financier,
"as soon as people hear a hundred thou
sand mentioned they get suspicious. It Is
better to keep the figure marked down a
little." Washington Star.
When Milky Way Nelson, the aeronaut,
fell several hundred feet and landed on top
of Spike Heimessy's saloon the air patrol
flew to gather him up. Just before he ex
pired he asked:
"What was that hulldlng I fell on?"
"A saloon," was the reply.
"That was on the house," he said feebly
and passed away. Minneapolis Journal.
Bacon If it bad been In these times that
"Hilly Patterson" had been struck it would
have been pretty certain that an automo
bile did the striking.
K-glwrt Very likely, but the question,
"Who struck Billy Patterson?" would he
Just as far from a solution as ever. Yonk
The comedian was rehearsing his great
song, when the leader of the orchestra
pulled him up.
"My dear sir." said the latter In ag
grieved tones, "don't you know that you
are murdering the time?"
"Well." was the quint retort, "It's better
to murder the time once nnd for all than
to beat it night after night, as you do!"
J1ST A I.ITTI.K FARTHER H.
W. D. Nesblt In Chicago Tribuna.
Just a little farther on watts a wondroui
When the boughs will break In hlosaoma
as a flag Is lifted up,
When the grass will rise and run with the
laughter of the sun
And the sky will seem to pour us wlno
from out a magic cup;
And Weil sing because of knowing all the
songs the wind Is blowing.
And the earth will be sludder for the
dreary days agone.
Then we'll catch I lie murmured words In
the singing of the birds,
When the earth has rolled to springtime
just a little farther on.
For the good old earth It knows where the'
ruble, and the rose
Wait to set our hearts to leaping for the
beauty of the day.
And It knows the uernunance of the vio
lets that dance
To l he music ot I he brooklet that on-
more Is loosed in play.
Ho, the blossom petals drifting In the
breeze forever shifting.
And the forests flaming Kreencr for their
battle with the snows!
Then we'll catch the melodies of the wak
ing honey bees,
For the good old earth Is rolling to the
robin and the ros.
Shut your eyes, and you may dream of the
Where the careless hand of springtlmn
has lstn spilling all Its gold,
While the meadow over nit,iit flings aside
the wintry blight
And Its carpet smooth aa velvet Is by
falrv hands unrolled.
Then we'll know the tang Olid tingle ot
the bloKHom feents I hat inlnKla,
And we'll taste the Joxs of living In tha
wondrous April dawn.
For we're swinging to the whiles of the
singing Hnd the smiles.
To the blessedness of springtime.-Just S
little farther on.