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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1905)
THE OMAHA DAILY BKKi THfRSDAV. DECEMBER 2S, ion.'.
Tun Omaha Daily Utje.
k. HosiiWAitn. editor.
PUBLISHED tVERY MuHXIXO.
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Sunday lice, on year i'
Saturday Rep, one year 1 53
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.""f" rompimnt or irregularities in cie-
I verv to ( Itv cirr-iilatinn I iniart men t.
Omaha The Hee Hullding.
South Omaha-City Hall Building.
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Chicago imo t'nl'y P.ulldlrg.
New York lVm Home J-lf - Ins. Building.
Washington fiol Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to news and ed
itorial matter should he addressed: Omaha
Lee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
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Only 2-cent stamps received as payment of
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT Of CIRCUI.ATION.
Stale of Nebraska, Douglas County, sa:
C. C. Rosewater. secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company. win duly sworn,
aaya that the actual numher of full and
complete copies of Ti:e Dally. Morning,
Kvenlng and Sunday Rce printed during
the month of November, 1906. was a fol
low!: 1 m.noo
2 31. HO
I ,.. 31.140
7 3(1.1 MO
10 II LOOK
Leas unsold copies.
Net total aalea 0:t,2.'IH
I'ally average 31.UU7
C. C. HOSE WATER.
Subscribed In my presence and aworn to
Itefore me this lat day of ljeceniber, IMa.
VSealj M. B. HUNOATE,
Wll EH Off OF TOWH.
Saltacrlbera leaving the city Irnt.
Iiorurlly should liaic The Ure
malleil to theut. It la better than
a dally letter from home. Ad
dress will be changed s oftea aa
Tho Omuha Grain exchause lias is
sued Us niunifesto to tho .Milwaukee
road nud now, "By St. I'aul, the war
goes bravely on!"
What our vurlous couuellmeu think
about the gag ordinance depends entirely
upon their affinity to the electric light
company or the jrng company.
The epidemic has reached Santo
JxiiniiiKo, too. The president of that
great republic did not wait to reniKii.
Vbo swings the big stick lu that Biiper
The discovery that President Itoose
velt Is trying to dominate the political
gitugtlon in several states Is probably
made by men who feur that they are
no longer "1kss."
Ity raising the try of "China for the
Chinese".' oriental leaders educated in
the I'nlted States show that they were
receiving their education in this country
in the early 00's.
An Omaha railroad man accuses the
Kraln exchange of "playing politics,"
something Inexcusable from a railroad
standpoint which considers politics real
work at all times.'
If Mr. Her can glv us some new
factories during the coming year Omaha
will not foci sore even If the Inter
urlMui does not blow its whistle when
the larks begin to sing.
Before an intelligent understanding
can be had of the disappearance of
President Morales from San Itomlngo a
report must be received from the keeper
of the national cash box.
A $lfl fine for the Iowa banker who
defrauded creditors out of about $1m,
h may lie one of the reasons why
Iowa has not had as much success with
Its banking institutions as some other
The removal of Commissioner I.afon
tulne lu' Canada Is proof that the gentle
art of political manipulation by crooked
capitalists is not ttound by the line
which separates the states from the
If Mayor Dunne wins his fight on
Chicago theater ticket scalpers he will
have shown himself a bigger man than
he thought he was when he promised
to put the rapid transit companies out
With the merger of street railway
companies of New York city the muni
cipality, which owns the subway, may
find Itself unwittingly part of a mo
nopoly which will put Tammany out of
the political ring.
The als'lition of the bar dockets at
the expense of the county does not
necessarily mean the abolition of bars
in Douglas county, although the bar as
sociation may have to take a bund in
the bar business just to keep posted.
When the police board gets through
exercising itw judiciul functions as an
excise Itoard. by the end of this week,
it will enter upon the exercise of its
nonpartisan political functions on behalf
of it preferred candidate for mayor.
The Nebraska farmer is not so deeply
Interested lu the route over which his
grain travels to the east as In his ability
to draw the highest market price Id
cash; nevertheless it looks bad to see a
concession of .1 cents u bushel to Kansas
tU eveu If It be only on paper.
Tho publicity given t the fad Unit
In many i or n hi inn the iik'D who
figure an direi toi ilu ii"t dn liny direct -int;.
Itiit lire merely oriinmciyal, though
generally Well paid fur (111; lisp of tlll'lr
iiuiuc. which chit y iii'irc ir loss influ
ence with tin- public, i. likely to lend
to legislation tluit will change this state
of aTnIr. The ridlitdclphiii North
American observes that with the in
creasing iimltiilicatinii of corporation
in this conntrv we need sumo new and
ni,.ii.,,,nt lrvi xl-i t ioi i ott tills subioi t It
inn IHK in H K i-i. 1 1 ion on tins suoji i i. n
thinks the man who lends his name
to an enterprise. oUK'ht to bo compelled
in ii considerable measure to stand
for It. "If lie Is not ready to do that,
then It will lie better for everylxxly
that his indorsement should not be
Kiven. lie has no more right to permit
a rascal to use his good reputation for
the plunder of the people than he lm
to allow a thief to use bis hand to
pick a pocket." It I the opinion of that
paper that public sentiment, shaped by
the harsh experience of recent year,
will before long insist upon legislation
which will make the dummy director
and the decoy director merely a dis
t'ndoubtedly there Is already a very
strong public sentiment favorable to
such legislation, but whether it will
ever find such expression a will be
productive of practical results Is a ques
tion. The (lifiVulty is to Induce the
general public to take such an active
Interest in the subject us will lead to
the selection of men for legislatures
pledged to vote for Ihe needed legisla
tion. The average citizen knows little
or nothing about corporation manage
ment and methods and It is not easy
to induce him to give the matter serious
thought. Still the effort to enlighten
the public in this direction must be
made and If made earnestly cannot fail
to have a good effect. A remedy for the
conditions shown by recent disclosures
must be provided by the states and
doubtless some of these will In the near
future give the subject the serious con
sideration which Its obvious importance
THE SAX DOMiyUO TIUM Hl.E.
The new trouble in San Iionilugo may
prove to be less serious than now appears
but It is quite possible that it will as
sume proportions thut may cause some
embarrassment at Washington, in view
of the fact that It i reported to have
its incentive lu opposition to the treaty
between the Iom!nican government
and the United States, which provides
for the control by our governiueut of
fhe customs revenues of San Iiomingo.
According to the advices there is now
practically no government lu the black
republic and the revolutionary clement
may come into control at any time and
declare an end to the fiscal arrange
ment between this couutry and that re
public. 1 . - "- ,
In that case, what course would- our
government adopt? It Is said that there
will be no interference In lominlcan
affairs unless Conditions arise affecting
Americans and American Interests and
Involving the collection of the Domini
can customs by this government. Of
course all proper measures will be taken
to protect the Interests of American
citizens, but if a new government
should be Installed in San Domingo
which refused to recognize the fiscal
arrangement would our government
have any right to use force to compel
recognition? Only the executive de
partment of this government is com
mitted to the arrangement. Tho treaty
providing for Its continuauce Is pending
In the senate and has encountered a
strong opposition. I'nder such circum
stances It would seem that the execu
tive department would be stretching Its
powers a. good ways if It should inter
fere so far as to use force against even
a revolutionary Dominican government
which should refuse to abide by an
arrangement eutered into by Its prede
cessor. When the president wrote that the
fiscal arrangement hnd completely dis
couraged all revolutionary movement. It
Is evident that he was familiar with
only the surface of affairs. Meanwhile
the Interesting cpiestiou is as to what
effect the Pominiean uprising against
the fiscal convention will have upon the
senate. It does not seem probable that
It will Increase support for the treaty.
OVERWORKED R A I Lit OA U EMPLOYES.
Ill his annual message President
Uisisevelt called attention to the exces
sive hours of labor to which railroad
employes lu train service are lu many
cases subjected and expressed the opin
ion that It Is a matter which may well
engage the serious attention of con
gress. He said that lsith the mental
and physical strain upon those who
are engaged in the movement and opera
tion of railroad trains under modern
conditions is perhaps greater than that
v'ulch exists in uny other industry, "and
if there are any reasons for limiting by
law the hours of labor lu any employ
ment they certainly apply with peculiar
force to the employment of those upon
whose vigilance and alertness in the
performance of their duties the safety
of all who travel by rail depeuds."
The report of the Interstate Com
merce commission refers to this matter,
remarking that euglnenien, conductors
and other trainmen, telegraph operators
and signalmen are constantly charged
with delicate uud responsible duties and
should never Ik on duty except when
in good physical and mental condition.
The report states that evidence of over
work appears frequently in the accident
reports. Resides thoee cases of men re
maining on duty because of wrecks or
snowstorms or other emergencies there
is much Irregularity in everyday train
service. A number of railroads have
Jprescrilied rules limiting the hours of
tork and providing suitable rest
period. but these rule often appear
to lo very Koily enforced. The state
ment Is made that it often happen,
a tut 1coii shown in the accident
records, that new men. admittedly lc
c. timet. 'lit for their duties on that ac
count are th" verv ones who have been j
put to the additional test of working
This I a matter of very great im
portance to the public. The number
of railroad accidents this year I con
siderably in excess of the previous year.
AYhat proportion of these was due to
overworked employes Is not noted In
the commission' report Hiid probably
could not be ascertained, but doubtless
overwork played a huge part. If con
gress can properly deal with this de
fect It should promptly do so. The ap
palling record of casualties on Ameri
can railroads makes a strong appeal
for preventive measures.
the ( itv rntiisiRi" mvdulk
City Treasurer Ilennings has given
it out that be will be compelled to re
fuse to vacate bis office, which ha by
law been merged with that of the
county treasurer, because of conflicting
provisions of the charter, uuless the
Board of Education shall see fit to re
lease him ami bis bondsman from
responsibility for the safe keeping and j
proper disbursement of the public school
Up to the year 1X71 the school district
of Omaha elected Its own salaried treas
urer, but the act creating the Board of
Education made the city treasurer ex
officio the treasurer of the school board
without pay. This provision has been
re-enacted from time to time and Is still
in force. While there may be some
technical flaw in the act passed by the
last legislature, providing for the mer
ger of the city and county treasuries
insofar as it relates to the school fund
it is patent to all men that the Inten
tion of the lawmakers was to continue
the present system. That Is, to make
the city treasury the depository of the
school fund, and the city treasurer, who
ever he may be, Its custodian.
I'nder the merger act the county
treasurer becomes ex-offlcio the city
treasurer from and after January 1,
1!mk. Incidentally, he becomes also
treasurer for the school board, just as all
city treasurers of Omaha have been ex
otlicio treasurers of the school hoard. In
the nature of things the city treasurer
would be relieved and his bondsmen re
leased from all responsibility for the
school fund, just as they will be relieved
of all responsibility for the city funds
whenever they turn them over, to the
county treasurer after that official has
given the required bond for their safe
If the contention Is good that the
merger act does not relieve the present
city treasurer from responsibility after
he turns over tho Rchool funds in his
custody, there Is no telling how long
he may be continued in office. Mr.
Hennings' term expires in the middle of
May next, with that of all. outgoing
city officials, but inasmuch as no city
treasurer will be elected next spring, he
could Insist upon continuing In that
function until his successor is duly
elected and qualified, which would mean
that he would continue to hold the office
indefinitely, uuless the next legislature
shall amend the merger act so as to re
lieve him from further responsibility.
Inasmuch as the next legislature does
not convene until January. 1!M)7, it
would not be possible to pass the neces
sary legislation before the middle of
that month, and even If the bill passes
with an emergency clause Ilennings
would hold over until the last of Jan
The complication between the county
treasurer and the school treasurer
would, moreover, leave the question
open as to what salary the school treas
urer shall draw for his services. Con
ceding that he Is entitled to draw his
regular salary as city treasurer until the
end of his term in May his allowance
for the remaining nine months would
j hecome an undeterminable question. At
present the city treasurer draws no pay
for services as treasurer ex-nfFielo of
...r- ., ooaro
would have no authority to pay him for
services niter uis term expires any
more than It has before it expires. The
city treasurer muddle would, therefore,
be up for solution by the courts or the
Two thousand men participated in a
wolf hunt down In Kansas on Christmas
day. Tills is a prelude to the revival
of the wolf bounty scalp Industry and
the presentation of several hundred
bounty claims to state auditor. As all
wolves look alike to him. whether they
hall from Nebraska, Kansas or Wyom
ing, the bounty warrants will have to be
Now that Harrlman mid Hill have re
sumed the fight, we may confidently
look for the construction of more rail
roads, on the same principle that when
the fur files among the cats there are
more kittens. While the irrepressible
conflict lasts in the far west, the people
of the corn ls?lt will not go hungry, but
their trouble will begin when peace is
By fixing four day as the probable
life of the present trouble at Moscow
the Russian government does not de
sire to be understood as promising to
quit fighting Ht the end of that time,
but from this distance this seems to
be the only way of fulfilling Its proph
esy. Andrew Hamilton says that be will
never tell the names of the men to
whom be paid money for political pur
poses. This is an Indirect but no less
positive statement that be uueud to
reside outside of the Jurisdiction of the
New York legislature hereafter.
Witli railway freight trattie titttnngcr
making an especial visit to the Inter
state Commerce commission to pet In
formation as to how they can operate
their lines it would seem that the coin-
mission has more real power than some
court are willing to admit.
With a cal Inet meeting held during the
holldav week It is probable that the
1 streiiuoiistiess of the chief executive Is
not entirely pleasing to inemler of
lii ofticial family, but they can take a
rest while he is looking after affair
on his Virginia plantation.
Hill the t'onrt F.illalnf
The Iowa supreme court has decided that
a man must vote where he sleeps. Now.
the Interesting question arises of whether
this decision disfranchises all victims or
I nconstit tulonal Proceedlna.
Kansas City Journal.
Taking away passes from congressmen
will amount to a reduction of salary.
Isn't It unconstitutional to reduce a con
gressman's salary while he is In office? Of
course It Is.
Promises to Heform.
The railroads are again pledging them
selves to observe the anti-rebate laws, and
to Inform against each other In case of
failure. This Is not the first effort of the.
kind, followed by proclamation that at last
the evil has been rooted out, but It la the
most promising especially in view of the
reviving activity of federal prosecution.
A Common Wonder.
After reading the evidence of the N--w
York Insurance superintendent and his as
sistant, revealing what thoy didn't know
about the business of the Insurance com
panies, people must wonder what the In
surance department Is maintained for.
Some of the companies' officials themselves
were not more ignorant of what tho com
panies were iloinu-
A IIIimt for Ileeenry.
Admiral Dewey has now struck a blow
which even the thick hide of Annapolis;
tradition will hurdly bo proof against. !
YVhcn he says, "I can conceive nothing ,
more cowardly or more brutalizing than
the hazing of one man by a dozen others,"
it is rather difficult to Imagine even the
youngest of second-year men ut the acud
emy sneering at this as the talk of a !
softy or molly-coddle. Admiral Dewey .
declares that huzing has reached the limit
of toleration, and that Is Just about the
conclusion that the country at large lias
Constitutional Illgiits of Witnesses.
Does the constitutional right of an Indi
vidual to refuse to 1m a witness against
himself extend to a corporation? This Is J
a question which Is being raised in me .
v.r.u.,,.,, I In, in lltiHet t hA nntl. I
Kllr Ullicilt n ...a. . ui,.'t.B .....
trufit law. Some corporation lawyers con
tend that the right does so extend, and
that the chief officer of a corporation may
refuse to testify on this ground when only
the company Is being prosecuted the couris
having held In a number of cases that a
corporation is a "person." But the fed
eral Department ' of Justice maintains a
Contrary position, .it evidently views the
corporation In the traditional light of
ha Ing neither a body to be kicked nor a
soul to be damned. That accords more
closely to tho fact than the: other view.
American Millions for (ienis.
New York World.
American Imports of gems for the year
drawing to a close will exceed in yulue
$.17,'Xi0,0iO. Nothing like these figures has
ever been known before. Last year's Im
ports were lll.OOC.000 behind them. In 3890
the entire product of the jewelry factories
In this country fell $3,0u0.000 short of the
value of this year's importation. Amazing
orders for precious stones are placed In the
middle west, showing that not all the
great corn crops are turning Into telephone
and trolley slocks. Diamonds are pur
chased surprisingly by people of moderate
means. The prevailing love for things that
glitter has at least this Justification in
thrift: It preserves the reasonable assur
ance that dollars put Into gems may be
found again. The Interest may be lost, but
the principal is In form for ready realiza
tion. K.NKOUCI(i A Ml -Hi: HA IF. LAWS.
Railroads Themselves Agree to Aid
In the Work.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Executive officials of all the western
railroads are said to have agreed to aid
In the enforcement of the interstate com
merce act by promptly notifying ihe com
mission of all violations. In the case of
shipments passing over more than one
line the way bills give to all connecting
lines evidence of the Improper rate If
0oenlv made by the Initial line. If n,d
j by allowances from the general office the
way mils prove notuing. in respect to
rebates thus secretly made nothing but
expert examination will disclose the facts.
If the railroad executives are In earnest
In this movement, they will, without wait
ing for any law to require It, prove their
sincerity by freely opening their books to
ihe expert accountants of the commis
sion. There are never any rebates of import
ance made by any railroad company which
are not almost immediately known to Its
competitors. The normal course of traffic
Is known. All deviations from the normal
must have a cause. If that cause is not
apparent, it Is almost certainly some Illegal
advantage given to Induce shipments, and
It Is assumed to be such by the competi
tors, who immediately proceed to prove
It by "meeting the cut," which usually
restores traffic to lis normal channels, ex
cept when the cut Is deep enough to de
flect it in a new direction. It this agree
ment of executives means anything of
Importance, it means taut instead of
"meeting" any assumed ..ut they will at
once report the facts to the commission
for Investigation. Such a course will prob
ably stop rebating, but it will In many
cases compel railroad men to report facta
which, when proved in court, will send
personal friends to Jail. However vigor
ously "railroads" compete, "railroad men"
are, as a rule, personally very friendly
with each other, members of "transporta
tion clubs" or similar oclol organizations
and in many ways so associated in per
sonal friendly relations that they are loth
to "report" Illegal acts of each other.
And there Is quite a general fueling that
"informing'" la not good form. But such
considerations ought not to prevail. When
there is a public duty to be don the code
of thieves ought not to prevent It. Se
cret favoritism of all kinds by railroads
will have to cease If railroading is to con
tinue as a private Industry- AH railroad
men owe It to themselves, the companies
which employ them and to the Industry
In which they are engaged, first, to obey
the law. and, secondly, lo expose ail who
BIT OF WAMmGTO LIFE.
Mlnor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
Following Is a list of prominent nt my
officials who will retire dining !!! anj the
d.ltes When they iPHih the Bge of
retirement under the operation law. th
only exception lielng in the case of (letiei.il
Chaffee. , nll retir- prematurely on
February 1 instead of April 14. and MaJ r
lieneral John C. Hates, who will retire
prematurely on April 14. Instead of Aunust
Lieutenant (1. i ,ral Adrni R. Chaffee, chief
of staff. February 1.
Major General Samuel S. Sumner, Febru
Hrigadler General C. C. C. Carr. March 3.
Colonel John I. Hall, medical department,
Colonel Frank Thorp, nrtlllerv corps
March 28. '
Chaplain Allen Allepsworth, nnjor. prll T.
Major General John C. rutcs. April 14
Colonel Charles R. Suter. engineers
Colonel P. Henry Ray, infantry, May t.
Brigadier General Frank 1. Baldwin,
Colonel Oswold H. Ernst, engineers, June
Lieutenant Colonel Henry R. Turrill. med
ical department. September S.
Colonel William S. Stanton.
Brigadier General Francis S. Dodge, pay
master general, September 11.
Major General Henry C. Corbin, adjutant
general, September 15.
Captain Noble II. Creager, quartermast
er's department, November 4.
Colonel John Pitman, ordnance depart
ment, November 12.
The Iepartment of Agriculture is making
an experiment of the burning qualities of
cigars by means of a machine constructed
for that purpose. The machine Is lilted up
with a number of glass lubes into which
fit cigars, and tho draft Is given by a
vacuum arrangement causd by n. Jet of
water. The machine has not yet been suffi
ciently perfect to "blow rings" or do other
fancy stunts, but will fill the requirements
of the Investigation.
The department has received many sam
ples of what is known as the "asbestos
leaf tobacco. This Is a leaf which does
net burn freely, and is alnirst wholly worth
less as a toabeco. In order to Improve the
quality of the leaf and to select seed for
future crops the experiments are being
The samples are sent to the department,
where, In a specially constructed room, they
are kept at an even temperature and moist
"re and made up into cigars for the niuch-
lne. The cigar is then fed to the machine
and tho burning is noted. Should the
cigar burn evenly, without flaking or other
(.bjeetlonal features, the seed from the par
ticular plant receives a favorable report,
Should the cigar prove to be one of the
fireproof" variety the seed is recommended
for the furnace.
The officials In charge of the experiments
have also adopted a method of testing
wrapper leaf grown In the l.'niled States.
This should be completely consumed In the
burning. The wrapper leaf Is placed on a
clgar-shaped mold and lighted, and If it
burns properly the seeds from the plant
from which the leaf was taken are care
runy laid aside for use next year
By this method of selection and elimina
tion the officials expect materially to Im
prove the quality of tobaco and to reduce
to a minimum the growers' loss on unsal
able tobacco leaf.
Senator Foraker is haunted by an Ohio
newspaper man who at nil sorts of times
appears looking for news. Tho enterprising
Journalist outdid himself a few days ago
and official Washington Is still laughing nt
the story. The senator had visited his
dentist, who decided that the drill must be
applied to an offending tooth. Mr. Foraker
knew by experience Just what the coming
torture would be and meekly submitted to
the preliminaries. Just as the dentist was
about to introduce the buzzing tormentor
his newspaper friend burst in and naked
for the latest news. For once In his life
the senator was glad to see the young man,
whose sudden appearance postponed for a
few minutes at '.east th terrifying ordeal
In prospect. Mr. Foraker gave him all the
news he could think of and then resigned
himself to his fate. Later he said. In tell-
lng the circumstance: "I hope to heaven
that on the day tin buried nothing of In
terest in Ohio politics occurs. If It does
that young man will pry up the coffin lid
and ask me the particulars.".
Members of congress from Wyoming are
becoming the subjects of envious talk In
the capital. The slate has only 97,000 popu-
lation, but Its representatives In the na
tlonal legislature are on several highly Im
portant committees. Senator Clark Is
chairman of the great Judiciary committee
and he is on foreign affairs, Indiun affairs
and public lands. Senator Warren Is chair
man of military affairs mid Is on a num
ber of other committees, including appro
priations. Mr. Mondell, the sole repre
sentative. Is chairman of irrigation and on
several other Important committees. This
small state has the land commissioner, the
most important bureau chief In the In
terior department, except the commissioner
of pensions, and It has Judge Vandeventer
on tho circuit bench.
There is no more devout disciple of Izaak
Walton in the hnuso than Congressman
Allien Burleson of Texas. He U a born
fisherman. In his opinion fluhing Is the
finest sport and recreation on top of the
earth. Kurleson lias a nne collection of
fishing tacKie and nis roas are the pret-
nest ever, lie is ii"i a picture nsiierman,
one who loves to sit In front of the Are
and discourse on the possibilities of the
sport, but Is an active sportsman. No op
portunity ever slips by hlni to tuke a day
off and try n fly at bass and trout. Socie
of tho stories he tells or ruther the storlos
his friends tell of his prowess with tho
reel and rod are wonderful. The beauty
of it is they are all true and a few can be
substantiated by snapshots.
William D. Shea is in Woshtngton looking
for a Job, which he really needs. Shtu
comes from Alaska, where he has lived (for
some time. Two years ago he had nine
claims staked out. eight in one bunch and
the ninth a little distance sway. He wanted
to concentrate his energies on the bunch,
so he sold the ninth or faraway claim for
JjuO In Washington. Since that time he has
taken out less than he has put Into those
eight claims. Hence his presence in Wash
ington. The men who bought the one
claim from him In that time have taken
out exactly $1,760,367 worth of gold.
Senator Thomas C. Piatt attended a wed
ding In New York City the other day and
gave the bride away. The aged politician
was too Infirm to move unaided. When he
tried to alight from his carriage he was
unable to do so and two of e ushers lit
erally lifted him to the sidewalk and sup
ported him Into the church. Ho was
dressed with strictest accordance to pres
ent styles white gloves, a heavy white
brocade tie, gray spats, with a silk hat in
the new bell shape. His cane was heavily
mounted In gold. Senator Piatt's march
to the altar with Miss Bnow on his arm
was tedious and painful to watch. The
effort of going through the ceremony
seemed to tell on the senator and he was
apparently even mors feeble when he came
frm the church.
mviAni.iM rnorioHTi i i imi.
I'resslna eed of Snfeanardlita the
There appears to be grave need of a
complete overhauling of our national las
covering the disposal of the lands which
lelocs; to the whole people.
Pelting altogether aside the criminal and
quas.-crimlnal hind operations which un- ; shows Mi ids or principal crop . :-.-.
der Secretary of the Interior Hitrh- j 'i"n t M'ected. In notable instances. Tb
lock s persistent Investigations and prose- I country bigan to feel the stimulating effect
rutlons hsve already resulted dissstrously j of goixl harvests some months ago, when
to some of those implicated, a glance at the winter wheat was cut. The good news
onditions revealed In publicly repoftedjk.pl coming after the harvesters turned
fscts and flsiires Indicates the necessity l.orihward to the spring wheat, and finally.
! for amending the law?
The people are all equally owners of
these lands and It Is to their Interest that
when they pass out of pulillc ownership It
shall be, rrlmarllv. for the Purpose of
being devoted to the making ef homes not to have been overestimated at all, but,
and adding to the productive power of the ; on the contrary, to have been viewed eon
nation. j servstlvely. So much of our prosperity.
It is a commonplace truth that we have , therefore, as Is based upon the crops of
been too much In the habit of regarding j 1. is not only wholly legitimate, but even
the public stock of lands as Inexhaustible, j more. It represents expectation more than
It Is beginning to appear that the end , realization.
is within sight. I The wheat rrop at fi92.H70.4ti7 bushels looks
The congestion of population In cities Is big beside the 56-',40P,ioO bushels of 1904. The
one of the noteworthy phenomena of the i crop of that year was cut by bad weather
past thirty or more years. Naturally, we In the winter wheat fields and rust In
would expect It to be accompanied by a . spring wheat. Hence part of the gain Is
diminished flow toward private ownership only a return to normal conditions of pro
of lands, and for some years In the latter
part of the last century this was true.
In W only about S.Sno.OPO acres of public
lands were sold to private purchasers.
Hy 1901 the number of acres sold had
doubled and In l!i.t It rose to nearly 3.0O0,
fw acres. The reports of sales for last
year and the current ear are not at
hand, but front a great variety of private
sources, within this year especially, there
have come accounts of a rush of land seek
ers and buyers In one way or another all
over the western portion of our country
where only public lands are for sale.
So far as these land seekers look in good
faith to making homes and putting the
lands to individual use In production this
Is a hopeful and helpful process for the
whole people, but it is believed that a very
large part of the Inquiry is In the Interest
of projected railways or among the re
gions known as arid or seml-arld, In the
Interest of speculating companies looking
to the realization of great profits through
the carrying out of vast Irrigation plans
on which the government has entered or
will enter or that these and other com
panies may undertake.
The nation has left now less than
OOn.Ofia acres, no small part of which Is j
mountain and desert and swamp. Twenty
five million acres of yearly sales will
soon make away with all of this.
Is it not quite time for the I'nlted
States to withdraw what Is left of the
public lands from all sale except for home
stead uses in good faith and keep It hence
forth for such use alone?
Herbert H. D. Pierce, our new minister
to Norway, is a native of Massachuseties
and a relative by mariage of Senator Lodge.
Kx-Govcrnor Lredy of Kansas Is now
mayor of Valdez, In Alaska. He is prac
ticing law there, projecting a railroad and
has copper mines in prospect.
Senor Don Feltpe Pard". the new Peru
vian minister to the I'm. . States, has ar
rived in New York. He Is a brother of
the president of Peru, which shows how
much that ruler appreciates the necessity
of having at Washington an able repre
sentative. Members of the faculty and friends of
Prof. Frederick Starr, at the University of
Chicago, feur that he has met with disaster.
No word has been received from him since
I no leu wiurtuiur lor iue ueari UK lue
great central African forest two months
ago for the anthropological research.
John R. Moran, who Is perturbing Boston
by his Insistence on the enforcement of the
law to Its letter, is a victim of one of life's
little Ironies. He himself has violated
a law In not filing his statement of election
expenses within the prescribed time. He
was five days late and Is liable to a fine
General Saussler. recently numbered
among the dead soldiers of France, was In
twenty-four campaigns, grea,t and small.
Including the Algerian. Crimean, Italian,
j Austrian, Mexican and German wars
t - i.v. uain nt the surrender of Metz
wan im . ...........
and was one of forty-two regimental offi
cers who signed a protest against the ca
pitulation. William Jenkins Emmet, grand-nephew of
Robert Kmmet. the martyr of the Irish
rebellion of 'i died in New Rochelle Fri
day at the age of 80. He was son of Judge
I Robert K. Emmet, eldest son of Thomas
Addis Kmmet, brother of Robert. His son
Robert, possesses the seal ring which the
Irish patriot took from his finger before
mounting the scalffold, desiring that it
should be an heirloom to be held by the
Emmet who should bear his name. Wil
liam Emmet was a business man and the
only one among the grandsons of Thomas
Addis Emmet. He leaves five sons, all well
placed, and three daughters, all of whom
are artists, and one, Mrs. Roslna Sher
wood, noted in her work. The family is a
prolific one; when William s brother. Rich
ard Stockton Emmet, was burled three
years ago, fifty persons bearing the name
attended the funeral.
Crop Most Needed.
Secretly Wilson Is telling how the corn
crop may be Increased, while the farmers
of nie west are demanding an Increase
of tne car t.rop to take care of the corn
i ttreB.dy on hand.
If he tells you to take Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral for your severe cough or
bronchial trouble, then take it. If he
has anything better, then take that,
only get well as soon as possible,
that's the object. Doctors have pre
scribed this medicine for sixty years.
We have no secrets! We publish
the formulas of all our medicines.
ATBK't EaTS nOOK-Far tk kalr.
aTBK't aaSA?aUJ.LArr th sloes.
OMJKIU'l I. CHOP riOl BF..
I enlnres of the Report of te Depart
ment of Aarlenltare.
All the Rood things that were pronnseJ
In the csrllir reports of the condition of
the coiKitrv s crops have been more than
realised. Ihe lirml report of the Depart
ment of As' U ulturr issued late Thursday
when the mrn rroo r.inie along to ma
turity, there were the best reports of all.
Now that there Is sufficient data In hand
to enable the government statisticians lo
make up final figures, the outcome Is found
duction If one goes back to lftl2 for
comparison a crop close to the present big
total appears, or 670,000,000 bushels, while
1!!, s year of all-around bumper yields,
on a big acreage, gave the country "ts.OOO.
f0 bushels. The wheat crop, therefore, Is
not the greatest, but It Is a very good one.
In corn, nothing like the present total was
ever before produced. The greatest com
year known In the I'nlted States was that
of WC. when 5.f33.no0,niTn bushels was the
total. The present yield Is estimated at
Corn, wheat, oats and rye, make up a
total of 3.3K1.717.31 bushels, figures never
before equaled, and when the barley figures
are included, and the flax total determined,
there will le a lineup greater by millions
of bushels than anything In previous years.
The big yields have not reduced prices
materially. The average Is lower than
last year, In some cereals, but all prices
are high enough to be remunerative to the
It will readily be seen that the present
business activity which finds expression In
all lines, and has worked also for advances
In stocks and other securities. Is based
upon something real. H may be that there
has been a little ovrrdolng of It In some
Instances, but there can be no doubt of
the legitimacy of the general rise.
l,,U.v I'M you girls make anything on
your charity ball?
Daisy Yes; we didn't give It. Judge.
'This," mid the dealer. "Is the best auto
mobile you could buy. It's Just the thing
for a woman."
"Yes?" she ouerled. "I suppose It's er
kind and gentle and not afraid of electric
cars." Philadelphia Press.
"Yes, he calls himself a scientific farmer."
"And what does the science consist In?"
"Whv. he sti ys in town and runs the
farm " by telephone." Cleveland Plain
"He's rather an Indifferent character,
that fellow Lushman, Isn't he?'
"Why, yes; he's forever saying 'don't
care If I do.' "Philadelphia Press.
"He thinks he's quite a controversialist."
"Well, he can give facts and figures upon
any subject that romes up."
"Perhaps, but his facts and figures won't
go down. 'Philadelphia Catholic Standard.
"I fear he yielded to the temptation to
enrich himself at the expense of the policy
"That wasn't a temptation." replied the
cold-blooded financier. "That was an op
portunity." Washington Star.
Scientific Boarder The marvels of archi
tectural construction nowadays are stupen
dous. This Is emphatically the age of steel.
Practical Boarder Well, I don't think
there's any more of that going on now
than ihere ever was. They're catching m
at It' a little better than they used to
that's all. Chicago Tribune.
"It was at one of the concerts given
on the ship on the way over. I had Just
completed my Song ami the audience was
recalling me. when suddenly a heavy
squall struck the ship. I"
"What did you do?"
"I dropped the encore, and we were
"Oh, fudge!" Cleveland Leader.
THE TOYS OK YESTERYEAR.
Maurice Smiley in Collier's Weekly.
Pray, where are the toys of the Yesteryear:
The Jumptng-.lack with its flaring red.
The fuzzy dog and the antlercd deer.
The drum with Us sticks and tuneful
The Noah's ark with Its wooden crew.
The building blorks with the letters on?
The child has toys that are bright and new.
But where, pray where, have the old
Somewhere In the attic In corner dar
The Jumplng-Jack and the split drum He,
The wooden crew of the Noun's ark
And the tin of the battered Infantry.
There, half by the rubbish and dust con
cealed. The fuzzy dog and the wooden deer.
The building blocks with their colors peeled
Half off; and the strlngless top Is here.
Pray, where are the toys of the Yesteryear,
The gaudy dreams with their colors gay,
The castled hopes that were passing dear.
The Joys of our boyhood's merry play?
The man has toys that are bright and new,
On the wreck of dreams new dreams
But where are the hopes of the flaring hue
That were our toys of the Yesteryear?
Somewhere In the darkness the dead dreams
The broken Idol and shattered vase.
The castled hopes In their rutns laid
Come here to a common trystlng place.
Half hid by the rubbish and dust of days
The wrecks of unnumbered dreams are
That mude us glad In a hundred ways.
And these are the toys of thd Yesteryear.
ITER'S PILLg Fof oeastletioa.
IIU'I AOVM CCKB-rr stalaria gad MM,
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