Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 18, 1905, Image 1
The Omaha! Daily Bee. Advrtl In THE OMAHA DEE Best i". Vest Subacrlb For THE OMAHA DEE Best tlr. West ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871. OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 18. 100.'). SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS. WEEK IN COXGRESb Honie Will Derota Time to Gon.idmtion of Control of insurance. COMMITTEE WORK WILL CONTINUE Hearing! on Philippine Tariff Bill Will B Beiamed Today. WILL FINISH PANAM. EMERGLNCY ACT Honie Ixpeote to Hare Bill Beady for Conference 8oon. SENATE EXPECTS TO DO LITTLE WORK Prospect of Soma Difference of Opinion, Relatlro Bond Pro tltloi of Panama. Cnnal Meusrr, WASHINGTON. Pec lT.-The four days before the holiday adjournment will be dedicated In the house to further dlscus lon of federal control of Insurance and to completing the enactment of the Pan ama emergency appropriation. There are many members with desire to talk about Insurance. Breaker Cannon has concurred In the general view In the house that the president's message furnishes as good a basis as anything else for this debate. Many members will not wait until Thurs day to return to their homes for the holi days. Committee work will progress during the debate. The ways and means committee will continue Its hearings of the Philippine tariffs and the appropriations committee will begin the preparation of the Dlstrct f Columbia appropriation bill. The state hood bill Is to be perfected, but will not under the present plan be brought Into the house until January 4, when It Is expected to constitute the first business. SENATE WILL DO UTTI.E WORK Reorganisation of Committees Will He Announced Today or Tuesday. WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. The senate will meet the wishes of the house for an ad journment for the Christmas holidays on Thursday next. Meantime the senate will probably content Itself with comparatively little work unless there should be diffi culty in agreeing with the house on the terms of the Panama canal cmergency approprlatton bill. That measure will go to a conference committee eariy In the week and there will bo a united effort to reach a conclusion before the holiday ad journment. The action of the senate .In attempting to eliminate thu bond provi sion and make a separate law of it will probably be the principal bone of conten tion In tha conference committee. The reorganization of tha senate commit tees will be announced Monday or Tues day. . ) Senator Oallinger will make an effort during tha week to have the merchant marine bill made the unfinished business. not with a. "view or curtng xonsideratton'J of It before ChriHtmas, but with the end in view of having It In position to be pressed when congress reconvenes. COMMERCE WITH rnii.ipriK.s Uiehaaie of Products for the Vent' Will Amount to Twenty Millions. WASHINGTON, Dtc. 17. Estimates made by the bureau of statistics of the Depart- I passed. A formal ceremony was neia at ment of Commerca and Labor, based on j l'yeno park In which the mayor of the the returns for ten montha ended with city made an address congratulating the October, are that the aggregate commerce ! Manchurlan army on its victories, between the Lnlted States and the I'hlllp- The expenses of the celebration were de plno Islands for the calendar year 1906 will ' frayed by voluntary contributions. The amount to about $20,000,000. against about event was unprecedented In that it was 115,000.000 In 1904. $10,000,er) In lpo. $4,000,000 j the first time thnt Toklo saw such a large In and a little more than $4,000,000 In army marched through its atreets at one 1S97. the year prior to the American occupa- ! time. tlon. Prior to 1S98 the exports from the I Vnlted States to the Philippines, the bureau reports show, bad never exceeded $250,000, j whllo In the present year they will aggro- ( rate nearly $,000,0n0. Imports from the , Islands, which ranged between $4,000,000 and $5,000,000 per annum prior to IStt. were In !!. $10,000,000: In 1903, $12.0u0,000 and in 1905 will be about $14,000,000, according to the bureau estimates. Tha Imports' In 1906 are chiefly hemp ana augar. Hemp Imports for the first ten months of 1006 amounted to $lO,n7,52X, and augar $3,212,149. COSFEREXCK AT W1I1TK HOI SE Alllaon, Hale, ghouls and Bishop Talk wll Ireldeut. WASHINGTON. Dec. 17. Senators Alli son and Hale, who are members of the committee on appropriations, and Chair man Shonta and Secretary Bishop of the Isthmian Canal commission, were In con ference tonight with the president at the MTiite House. It Is presumed that the case of Secretary Bishop, whose duties as press agent of the commission has been tha aubject of discussion In congress, was among tha mattera talked about, but no statement was made concerning the con ference. WOMAN FALLS FIVE STORIES Mr. Kennedy of Ran Frnnelaco Thrown front t'pper Window of Hotel hy Her Hsubssd. SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 17.-The surgeons at the City hospital have been marveling j arrived In the city todav. llr said: today a.t the tenacity with which the feeble j ..j hav beon ,mnK , anthracite min spark of life continues to flicker in the , rrn at tholr m,PtiK, und where they are crushed and ahattered body of young Mra. i at 0! k and , gan(.fi tno impre!,a(in tnat W. J. Kennedy. j there will be no strike. I sec no reason She was, according to her attement. I wny tnf. oppratois Bhould not agree o meet mrowa irom a winnow in tne nun story or a hotel last rilyht by her husband, a private detective. He had come to her apartments to effect a reconciliation following a sepa ration. Her jaw and arma were frac tured and aha waa Internally Injured. The doctor aay aha cannot live through tha night. She la 13 years of age. She said her maiden name was Alice Selby and that she waa born In Virginia. BANK ROBBERS ARE ARRESTED Mem who Robbed Cmahlrr at. Colby, Wii, Arrested In ftalooa at Wsttss, lx WAUBAT'. Wis.. Dtc. 17. Tha two men who yesterday held up the Colby Stat bank al Colby, Wis., war captured In a saloon hr today, making no resistance. All ef th atolen money waa itcovered. Both ay they ara farmara ami noer before com mltted a crime. They said they were out f a Job and bald up tha bank when des-parata. ITALIAN CABINET RESIGNS Government Defeated by Opposition to Proposed Commercial Treaty with paln. ROME, Dee. 17. The cabinet of Prime Minister Fortl resigned this evening, fol owlng a twelve-hour drhatc In the ChpmVr of Deputies anil the defeat by the opposi tion of the commercial modus vlvendl with Spain. The i r was a most ipxcltlng one. Tt had t ' inderstnod that the fate of the cabinet 5,J he decided by the vote on the measuf t - 450 deputies wert pres ent. -. In the debate) iler Fortls defended the position of the rimont, saying that the modue Vivendi , protect Italian inter ests and that t' ertlons of the opposi tion that a red n In duty on Spanish wines from 14 M . would open a market to Spanish gro vaa untrue. In order to avoid a mis standing he said he would request the chamber for an explicit vote of confidence Independent from the vote on the measure under debate and de clared the govemmnt war. . illing to resign If it waa defeated on either vote. The poll on confidence In the government resulted In an affirmative majority of 63. but that on the modus vlvendl was lost by a majority of 102. The ministry then resigned. UNEMPLOYED ATTEND CHURCH Three Thoasand Men Assemble at Trafalgar Square, London, and March to Cathedral. LONDON, Dec. 17. London's unemployed made a demonstration at Ht. Paul's cathed ral this afternoon in a half-hearted hope less and unusual manner. Only a few hundred of them, with appropriate banners went In procession from Trafalgar square to the cathedral, where they arrived during the progress of the service und up the steps of which they marched singing the "marselllalse." Here the motley crowd was Joined by contingents from other quarters, and all, to the number of some three thou sands, began tiling Into the cathedral silently and respectfully, making an Incon gruous picture In contrast with the fash ionably dressed worshipers. Such a scene has not been witnessed at St. Paul's since twenty years ugo, when John Burns, now president of the local government buard, led a similar demonstration to the cathed ral. Although the preacher made a sympalhe- ; tic reference to the problem of the unem ployed, the men became tired long before the service ended and must of them tiled out. So mo of the leaders delivered ad dresses from the steps and the demonstra tion waa quietly dispersed. HONORS FOR JAPANESE HEROES Soldier Hrtnrnlns from Manchuria filven tireat Ovation by People of Toklo. TOKIO, Dec. 1". I p. tn. The first offi cial celebration by the city to the soldiers that have returned front Manchuria was held today. Kleld Marshal Oyamu und General Kurokl, together with their re spective stuffs, were guests of the Guards i aivlMon." Soldiers of all arms In field uniforms, 10,000 strung, with twenty-four guns, marched from Hiblya to L'yeno park, a distance of three miles. All street traffic was suspended during the march. Despito the unfavorable weather which prevailed there waa much enthusiasm, the shuttered battleflags eloquently testifying to the or deals through which each regiment had BOMB PROVES TO BE HOAX A I leaped Infernal Machine Fonnd In l.nabet'a Train Filled with Clny nnd Coal. PARIS, Dec. 17. The bomb found on the train at Ht. Nom la Breteche. on which I President Loubct was proceeding from Marly with it shooting party, and with which ft was auppoeed to be the Inten j tlon to kill the president, turns out harm j less. The contents were composed of clay, j crushed coal, nails and torn paper soaked j In petroleum. The bomb was labeled "Long live Malato." referring to one of the an j arrhists recently acquitted of the charge J of participation In the attempt on the lives I of King Alfonso and President Loultet, ! ll.v 31 lut MITCHELL GOES TO NEW YORK Tresldeut of Mine Wrkr WUI Confer with Official of Autbra. cite Companies, NEW YORK, Dec. 17. It was announced , . .... ,, " here tonight that John Mitchell, the presl- dent of the 1'nlted Mine Workers' of America, would arrive in New York In a j ..l , .. few days with the expectation of holding a conference with the coal presidents in this Cty , ',, ., . . , ' Ti"iioiiuv In the Cnlverslty of Wisconsin, who ha been in the anthracite mining districts as a representative of the National Civic Federation to investigate the situation I tnere wltn reference to a possible strike the representatives of the union. The recognition of the union does not neces sarily mean the close-d shop In all branches of the trade." FOUR PERSONS BURNTO DEATH Verbeck Theater at I. oral. t Ohio, is I)etroed by Fire Knrly IXJRAIN. O., Dec. 17. Four lives were lost ln & Ur which destroyed the Verbeck JAMES DWTLH. aged 2S. MH8. WILLIAM MAKSH, aged 21 GHACE MAKSH. aged S. CLIFFORD MARSH, aged T months. The Marsh family had apartments lit the front of th. building cu the fourth floor, William Marsh waa stage manager of tho theater. Dwyer, another eniplove of the theater, slept in the basement, where ,ho . , ' , . . Im Arln.lcit f rAm w.tli.fl na unit, . i .... ...... - i off. Mra Marsh ml h v ci:idien were suffocated by smoke. William Marsh was nut home alien the nr uccui reu. GARFIELD MAKES A REPORT Commissioner of ' orporationi Girei 8jn . opiis of Work Done. BEEF TRUST INVESTIGATION IS EXPLAINED (ommlulonrr Dwells on Demand ol Pnbllc for Publicity and Pis courses Thereon at Some Length. WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. Commissioner of Corporations Garfield's annual report Is in pan as follows: The general leaul work of the bureau was the i i.iutuetion of the examination of the subjects having to do with lue powers and dunes of tn commissioner and the Inter pretation of the organic act, particularly as to the provisions itn,irdlng tne compulsory attendance of witness and production of evld.-r.ee. A number of legal questions In alttetiy nftecting the woi k of the hureau have t en considered and further examina tion made of the state and territorial stat utes relating; to Industrial corporations and their organization. The digest of all anti trust legislation has been completed and is now practically ready for publication Special Inveatlaallon. 1. Brer Industry The published portion of this report dealt chiefly with the question of prices and the margin of profit in tne pacmng business. In the course of tills in vestigation the bureau had also obtained much information bearing upon the ques tii ii of combination as between the large packing companies. At the time of t lie pub lication of the report the Department of Justice had under advisement proceedings against certain packing companies and their orueers tor violation or tne trUerai anti trust law. It was obvious, therefore, that the publication of the Information possessed by the bureau on the subject was Inex pedient nt that time, and accordingly, by the direction of the president, all the In formation possessed by the bureau fin the subject of such combination was withheld from publication. Although this fact was set forth In the published report, the failure to treat therein of the question of combina tion was the subject of criticism. A fur ther ground of criticism was the failure of the report to treat of discriminations by Inc. ins of private car companies. At the time of making the report, the extent and nature of governmental control over such companies was the subject of pending liti gation, and it wouhj have been Improper to anlicltiatc the decision by assuming in advance, any Jurisdiction over them. Other criticisms were directed nt the ac curacy of tliu llicures and conclusions relat ing to prices and profits, hut only a few tended to disprove any sprclne statement in the report, and those particular criticisms were based upon tiKures secured by esti mates, or taken from a very few isolated instances, mid hence did . not disprove the results stated in the report, which were based on general uveragus obtained from figures covering the entire industry and the slauuliter of several millions of animals. In no case was any Information thus given that would be of real assistance In correct lug figures had they been found inaccurate. The Investigation developed the line of uiusiun oetween me worn or mo i" imi e ; lueiiL Ol Jlisiiee hlli me oureau. v'e. "u- eenn in ol it u li,ln tr nelu noon v.. the ' president may make recommendation to congress, necessarily will obtain facts which might require prosecutions under the anti trust law. As stated in my former report, such facts must be rejiorted to tho presi dent for such action us he may deem neces sary to take. He may find it neccssury to report them to the attorney general. The Department of Justice and the bureau' often ! deal with the same questions, but for dit- rut of the Northern Pacific Express com ferent purposes and in different ways Tlic railyi ,noIln(1 t0 belevc that not over .-.i Hl 1 IIIICII I VI O IIP I It into lu UU null ,fVCT- editions for violation of law this bureau obtains facts for f ..grcssional considera tion; the lines of work may at times cross nnd overlap, but 'hey do not conflict. If , proHcculkm are .pending jr InVTDdcjl the i liureau would of course not take biiTHi 'ac- tiou as would Interfere therewith. In tills particular investigation cases were pending In the courts under the direction of tho De partment of Justice: hence it was not proper that the bureau should use its pow- ; era In such manner as would embarrass thu I Department of Justice in its action relating ! to combination or other violation of law. The House of Representatives passed two other resolutions directing Inquiries Into the oil and steel Industries. On both j of these subjects the Bureau had already made extensive inquiries, and was ready ' to take up immediately, in addition to the general work, the special lines Indicated bv the resolutions. A special reDort on the oil Industry will shortly be made to the president. Investigations of the stiKar. tobacco, coal, and lumber Industries are In progress. The compilation of state Insurance laws has been finished, and some ieclal phases of the question of federal supervision have been examined, but In view of the decisions of the supreme court 1 have not felt war ranted in trying to assume Jurisdiction over Insurance companies for the purpose of In vestigation. The fact that state sujiervlsiun has failed to prevent great abuses in the management of some companies does not of itself Justify federal action. It must be shown, tlrst. that insurance is subject to federal regulation under the commerce, clause of the constitution; second, that fed. erul supervision would bo of such a charae- ter as to correct existing abuses und pre- iZ';, ; . ,.,. "'"'"..".L1: security to policyholders, but would relieve them, through their companies, of tne great and unnecessary expense of diinllcateri in. sport ions and Investigations by different i w'" 0 reorganized Immediately," said stutes. Seemingly the most effective way to Overseer Spelehcr. In making the announce. iei!iUh urJm thensubjc'ctr ars"lo' afford au f P""M"ni opportunity to present to the supreme court P1';'on temple today. "It will work a rad tlie ouestlon whether insurance us now con- leal change In the administration of the K o ederaliif.CuLI',',m,'0,' am1 '"m'e I "nnnrlal and industrial Institutions of 7.r, A to Publicity. t-nr... 1 . . . . . nulr .J!' !' imous. and that point was tne d. sire for ibllelty" in other woids. t!ie .ieiv.,- - put, nor, inaeen. wnat subjects it should cover; but the drmand for accurate infor mation was fundamentally policy of the bureau h;i osen iiai.ic.H i I accordance, with this demand. Its field may be divided into subjects relating to law oh me one nana, ana suDjects relating- to ' floI""n'ca-1 Industrial fn. ts on the other. . it must examine and compare the Btatuteit under which the mru,i..n. tl." " ! business with industrial and statistical I , l' . .... A statute IS the formal expression of public opinion. Hence statutes designed o improve industrial conditions will not be I based upon sound econoiiur principles un- 1'!"4 public opinion which they express Is ; tne result oi an accurate knowledice of In- dusimil methods. Not only is legislation dependent unnn nuUle oi.ioloa Inn hU.-wme r,r. u i u. -. - fn ciai intercourse, wnu n can not he -nrnrr i ...-.,.. ,r . . ,, nusiainea ny public opinion, t'urrent events have strlk- ingiy demonstrated the tremendous reform- ative force of public opinion without the in- J.l; ,1 L-iii . ""ainess with mib ic miinion. Hrrpmt'nr.. iho .ui.niU in ,UTU 11.1 Pf . . ... i,i,- s-ope cf corporate operations and the baf fling diversities ni lederal and state laws have made an Intelligent public oninlon im possible. Tle average n-an can easily judge of an isolated commercial trjusictinn between hiniHt'if and his neighbor, but he utterly lacks the statistical and legal in formation necesnary to view iusilv the operations of the great corporations' doing I business throughout the country. I The bureau, therefore, has endea voted ! not only to obtain accurate, reliable in I formation, and facts sufficient in number to ; be representative, hut also to draw ronclu I sinns that shall represent permanent ten dencies rattier than individual instance I T . , ihl, At,ri li hus Willi u r. . 1 i ruined employ doling til important ttaple, and eolUvted talu w,.at niiKlil be called rell.Ude ae-neral ave-raiies. and ha- endeavored to deduce I frtim thetn conclusions as to permanent cor. 10iate methods and tendencies. It is strongly f.-lt that preventive rather j J '"o'f.'la m 'S n'" In,nt inu8t deal beforehand with aiis.'i not merely i.ft. rw..rd with their effects' I L order to ascertain pnr methods f pre! ; ventmn it is necessary to know the cau.He , ... , . . . . -1-. ..... ... . oi lliuusinai e us. i lie worn or t he lini ..,.. has brought out. to an extent not reached before, the actual methods used In certain industries; their method of competition, of lCui.Ui.ued ua becoud I'uge SEARCH F0RJAIN ROBBERS Official Say Men Who Held I p Sorth rrn Pacific Train Seenrrd Little Booty. NORTH TAKIMA. Wash.. Dec. 17-From a good source It Is learned that there was little currency In tha safes on the North em Pacific Limited ''at the time of the holdup last n'ght, the main contents con sisting of drafts, elc.-jClty Marshal Curren ordered the arrest of every stranger seen In North Taklma who.comes anywhere near answering the description given of the holdup men. One man was arrested who answered the description perfectly. He was taken off the passenger train going from the site of the holdup nnd was wet to the skin. It Is thought he may be one of the men. It Is thoucht possible that the bandits may have crossed the Columbia river and headed for nrltlsh Columbia. The robbers who held up the North Coast limited nt Hilld Siding at Yakima canyon, eleven mileaj liorth of here, evi dently boaided the ;train while at this place, as the train $ld not stop until It waa compelled to dj so by the robbers at Hillside Siding. . A boy is being held at KUensburg who Waa on the blind bag gage. He says the two men got on top of the mail car at Ibis place and rode to Hillside Siding. At that point they climbed down from the earjjto the rear of the tender, while the train was running at full Hiterd. The engineer and fireman did not see them till thay pointed guns Into their faces and denwinded them to stop tho train. The nrcmin was ordered back to cut loose the express and mall car. which he did. The onglnocer then pulled the two cars- about ji half mile up the road, he and the tlreiain being taken buck to the express car. Tle. engineer was or dered to place a stir of dynamite under tho door. This exploded, but two shots were necessary to bleak' open the car. The engineer was forced) to enter the car ahead of the one of line robbers and fivo shots were used liefoae the two safes were blown open. After gathering up the valu ables and placing thetn In his pocket the robber Jumped out of ',tlie car and. Join ing his companion, the two started down the track toward the passenger coaches. This morning a glove was found on the hilhlde and two pairs of overalls were picked out of the river. As each man was dressed in overalls It is believced they discarded them and then boarded the pas senger train and went with it to Ellen burg or further west. The sheriff's posse have not et found any clue to the Identity of the two men. ST. PALL. Minn., Dae. 17.-Offlc!als at tho Northern Pnciflc Kxpress company's iieuaijuartrrs In this city are still without "-"V"B "oeeiiunK iqH noioup oi me west bound North Coast Limited at HiUsii'e, Wash., last night. They have received re ports that both the through and local cures were dynamited and their contents s'-ut-tt'rcd and desrcy.-d, bnt whether or not the bandits secured any nreat amount of booty they do not know. W. 8. Hay. superintend. a. JJi was secured. i The Northern Pnclflr; railroad hua a stand ing reward for the c:iptire and conviction of holdup men. and on's seem confident that' ffnVntls' wit) 'follow j --:" OVERSEER DOWIE RESIGNS Hend " 1 of Christian C'litlinllr (lurch Turin Authority Oier to Trlura- vlrnte and Will Co South. CHICAGO. Dowie, r-end Dec. of th 17. John Alexander j Christiun Catholic ' church, has given up his rule and will soon , leave for one of tha Islands of the Cnrih- j bean sea, there to remain until spring in hops of regaining his health. Announce ment of the abdication of Ihe leader of ZIon : City was made at 7A n City today by Over seer John C. Spelehcr. Saturday President Dowie mad It known that he would trans- , fer all authority over the church unre servedly to a triumvirate and leave for th" south as soon us he could arrange Ids af fairs, and at today's meeting of hi.' fol- lowers formal announcement was made that ', the control of the church had been plneed ! in the hands of Overseer Spelehcr. Jnrli;e D. V. names and Deacon Alex Oranger, who, U Is stittf.l. have been given' full and 1 unreserved uuthorltv over the affairs of the church. 1 ..The .,,.. r 7i rt i,i..i "The finances of the ZIon City institutiona will be reorganized Immediately, j City. The change will not affect the eeelesl I asti' al. educational or political depart- 1 ""' ' "ro ""HI be a complete renovn tlon in the Industrial and financial methrut .ii iu'iii'im., illMill IIIB leium. BIG HORN WANTS MORE GIRLS Ha Ten Bachelor to Fueh Maiden and Will Advertise to Equal! the Condition. i distributed rclle for mile on exactly the MEETEKTSE, Wyo., Dec. 17. (Special.) I mfl ha.-qg, regardless of the value of the Moved by the fact that the recent state I ml1eaBB ln any given section of the conn- ensus shows only US unmarried females trv traVPTf by It. He has railed atten as arrainst 1.262 bachelors over the age fm , thp dipparlty between the assess or 21. the executive committee of the Grey ; ,, . ,h. (msh Xorth Platte In lo.t. ' Bull Cluh hn derided In i.cnii rill tn ' ,hPr '"ntmercial organlz3.ion 'n this county to unite In campaign for "ringing more marriage.inie len.a'es into ; Rla Horn conntv I I!.u runij. I Tn" ca" wil1 a"l pacl1 commercial organ- '"lion ,o circulate a subscription paper 1 Trf at.. a a.Wln. t J -ti I " .-. n.... -vrruiinK .und. I The monev will be exnendeit for article In the metropolitan newsnaiiers. recltlnii the fact that lhg Horn county has more T than fen unmarried males over H to one unmarried female old enough to vote. In ! adlltion to this, the many attractive bust- ness openings for the fair sex In this j county will ne recounted. Fehnol districts . Vflliiwun? n,.fc"ii.. itnr- , am iri'iiiuam no-j are advertising in vain for teachers, fe- , ,arB(, hrdKes. The cities especially hav male help i all lines Is In demand, and I I)0.rr,rcd under this arrangement. In Lin stores and professional men would cm- ., mI Dniah the rallwava owning ploy more help of this class could they be found. "My idea Is." said a prominent member of the Grey Bull club. thst If we will undertake a systematic campaign along these lines we would effect a marked change In conditions here in a few ye Many young women who would make id. wives are working twelve hours a day . th department stores and factories of th east, simply because they have no knowl edge of conditions here. They have an Idea that w are an uncivilized lot in the west. Articles truthfully picturing the real condition, socially and climatically, with the opportunities for employment to be found here, would certainly attract" many to this country." -MAT WIPE OUT UNIT PLAN Change Proposed in the Vothod of As?m ing Railroads. LEGISLATURE MAY sof "OMAHA IDEA" Intention to Allow Kneh Connty Asses All Property l.ylna within It lionnH arle. (Krom a Staff Correspondent.) LINCOLN, Dec. 17. (Special.) The aban donment of the unit theory as the basis for the assessment of railways Is regarded by slate officials os one of the possiblllt les of legislation at the next session If the present development of public sentiment against the nontaxpaylng corporations con tinues. The relegation of the unit theory as the basis would leave the roads to the Judgment of the local assessors and enabe J the larger cities, such ns omaha und Un- coln. to obtain their fair share of the taxes on the value of the terminals, which are at present supposed to have been dis tributed to all of the counties of the state, although ns a result of the underassess ment of the companies this distribution is largely u fiction. The present system of leaving tho "assessment of the corporations to the State Board of Equallratlon will be abolished and the precinct assessors will have the power to assess each piece of track in their districts. The theory of such legislation has come. In recent sessions of the state legislature, to be known as the "Omaha ldeu." The demand has been based on the theory that, at least so far as municipal taxation Is concerned, the valuation adopted by the state board ought not to control because the corporations sre thereal beneficiaries of a large share of the municipal activity and ought to bear their proportionate share of the expenses thereof. The railways have been able through the lobby and their allies nmong the members of the lawmaking body to defeat such measures. The abolition of the unit system as the basis of railway taxation will be carrying the Idea a stop farther. Then, such In terests will be placed on a par with all I others, and despite the inconvenience and difficulties which will be encountered the corporations can be assessed at their full value. Local Asseslnar 1YIII Be Lea-al. "The assessment of the roads by the local officials will be perfectly legal," said a state official today. "The legislature has the power -to provide by statute methods for the assessment of various classes of property, und as long as these methods are uniform as to the class, the (legisla tion will stand. All that the next legisla ture will need tc do will be to repeal tho present law placing the assessing function In the hands of the state board. Then the railways will be left to the precinct as sessors without any further legislation, al though It is probable that an enactment would be framed to provide some means of assessing the property which is shifted from one place to another, such as the roll ing stock. "The present method of assessing the cor porations Is not ordained by the constltn tTonand la sublet t change afaiir 'limf; It has been to the advantage of the rail ways to have the power reposed In the state hoards, composed of a few officials, since It. Is easier to retain control of such . ...,,. i,. ti,. . t,,, t. (ways taken the greatest interest In state j polities, and one of their reasons for doing j so has been the desire to control the as sessing liody. Their p!ns have always been laid to secure p'aces for their partisans on that hoard. M'ere the mntter left with the deputy assessors, Immediately responsible to their constituent", the railways could have no hope of avoiding taxation on the samo basis as nil oth'r property. That is one of the primary reasons which led the railways to secure the adoption of the unit system as the basis of taxation of their in terests. They were not Interested so much in the efficiency of rlie plan as a part of the taxing machinery, as they were In securing a mechanism which they could hope to control In their efforts to evade taxes." Will Be an Impartial Legislature. 1 The next legislature win o tree rrotn '' railway influence tr, a very marked degree, according to state officials who have been sizing up the situation.' It is predicted that I the result of the present condition of the public mind will be to send In fair-minded unprejudiced citizen anxlour. to enact legis latlon In the interests of the public. The lobby will be shorn of its power because of the tremendous force of an awrikencd pub lic sentiment, which will forbid any further legislative dalliance with those eWrupt In terests, which have In the past been suc cessful In preventing most of the legisla tion demanded in the Interests of the gen eral pnbll''. It is from a legislature of this type. '.roused by the railway unwillingness to Ftand Its fair share of the burdens of government, that sweeping enactments are expected. General Manderson. In his published argu ment In reply to the Butler county resolu- tlons, has furnisHed one of the strongest ; reasons for the abolition of the unit theory I of assessment, which demands that all of the railway property held under one cor porate name shall be assessed together and . . ... - -. lrr county ami ine naranir oj me line a J compared with other lines. The answer of ,he tate board has been that the Omaha ', v-orih Platte comoratlon cover a atreteh I Iortn l latte corporation coders a stretch of immensely valuable track beyond Ash- , Ian(1 an(j another portion like that Butler ; rountv nf less value, and county of les value, and yet the unit theory has been Interpreted to reejulre the same value to he placed on It all regardless of differences, a palpable Injustice under a system which In all other revenuet matters requires that burdens be In proportion to value. The result has been an injustice, espe cially to the se-cttons which had the more ' -wi- ,. uv, .k. .-,i.,..i , millions of dollars' worth of properfy have paid less in taxes than many com mercial corporations of comparatively small capitalization. In the past the rail ways have always been able to make use of their favorite tactics by playing off the city against the country. The farm ers In the legislature were told that tha value of the terminals was distributed and that a grant of power to the cities to tax those properties would deprive the country districts of Just that amount of revenue. However, there Is a fast de veloping realization that as a matter of fact the terminals have not been dis tributed except in fosm. since the valua- (Continued ou Second Fage ) NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST Fnlr Mooelay and Tneaday. Temperature at Oninhn Yratcrriart Hour Hour. Ie. fl .' m n a. m T a. ni a. nt f a. m to n. m 11 a. m 12 in.. , ;tfl .11 .11 .H 3 1 an 411 41 1 l. 4ft 4 M .11 4H 4H 4A 1.1 41 3 P. I. ! P. P. a 4 nt . m . ni . nt . in . ni . n 7 M n P. P. MORTON ISSUES CIRCULAR Head of F.qnltahle I rare Policyhold ers to Assist Society In rrevent-Ina- Hostile Legislation. NEW YORK. Dec. 17. An appeal to the policyholders In all the stales of the union to lend their assistance In preventing ad verse legislation Is made by President Paul Morton of the Equitable Life Assurance society In a clrculir letter which Is being sent to policyholders. President Morton says that the Insurance business In certain to be the subject .if great consideration by legislatures soon to convene as a re sult of what has been printed and said about insurance during the last six months. The letter says: But you cannot give men character nor make them honest hy preamble, resolution or enactment. What the life Insurance business needs above everything else is ministration. There can be no objection to proper legislation safeguarding the busi- ress. but it should be sound and sane. The socletv depends upon its policyholders j to see thnt there Is no unreasonable leals- latlon enacted. It may from time to time rail their attention to measures calculated I to do them harm, hut under no clrcum- I stances will It be pnrty to any corrupt methods in preventing ' strike legislation. We film to meet the Just requirements of every state and government and we rely upon our policyholders to see that na In justice Is done them. Any unfair Insurance law or insurance tnx measure enacted by your state legis lature Inturcs you and reduces the divi dend earnings of your policy. Your divi dends would be nearly 10 per cent larger If it were not for the state taxes and license fees that the sc-ciety Is obliged to pa". Mr. Morton expresses the opinion that the Equitable has no right to contribute to political campulgn funds, and informs tho policyholders that no such contribu tions will, be made by the society In the future. Ho also says that In the future the socli ty's reserve will b Invested 4n real estate mortgages or the securities of other well established corporations serv ing those sections of the country which produce, the premiums. He assures the policyholders that the financial condition of the society, as dis closed by a most careful examination by competent nnd disinterested accountants, is rxeellent, and that many economies al ready In practice and others yt to be m.'ide surely will enhance Its condition. He urges ull policyholders to continue the payment of thilr premiums und says the Investigation of the society has con vinced him that there Is no cheaper sound life Insurance. TWO HOLDUP MEN' IN JAIL South Oiunba Police Capture Mike Kurd and John Matter Almost Kedhnnded Lust night the saloon of Leo Roemer, at Twenty-fourth and Q streets. South Omaha, was the scene of another holdup. Two robbers entmed the place ubout a o'clock, and, with revolver drawn, or dered the half dozen men who were In there to vacate, and backed up the order by firing numerous shots. One ol the bul lets ft ruck Charles Stommcr In the heel. Inflicting a slight flesh wound. After tie place had been cleared the. robbers turn'd to the proprietor, who put. up s fiyht. and the holdup men fled. The police wera immediately notified, and in side of half an hour had Mike Ford and John Mahtr in Jail. The men are posi tively Identified by the men who wore driven out of nocmer's saloon, and th; police feel sure they have the pair who have been making so much trouble of late. Captain Nels Tui'uquest und Officer Todd made the arrest. They found Ford and Maher nt Emll Hansen's saloon and took th.im info custody ut omr. Ford had a revolver, which he tried to throw away, hut failed. It had been recently dis chnrsed and ' contained several empty shi lis. On Ford's person was found the white handkei chief lie tid to conceal hin faec at Tloenier's. Matter had not cov ered his face at ull In undertaking the robbery. Victims of the holdup at Albright on Saturday night also Identified the men as ; the robbers, and It is thought they are the pnir who held up tho three street cars back o)f Hrnscnm park on Saturday night a week ten. They answer in appearance the description given of the pair of rol I brs Ford lias a long police record hav ing been implicated in many crimes, rang ing up to murder. Maher is less well known, but has a bad record for what is known of him. KILLED BY AN OLD RIFLE at. I.onla Arm Collector Shot in Head While Experimenting- with Antique f!un. ST. LOflS. Dec. 17.-Charles B. Eames. founder and vice president of the St. Louis Credit Clearing house, was instantly killed tonight at his residence by a sho, from an , old rifle which recently came Into his pos- session Mr. Fame had quite n local reputation as a e-ollector of ancient firearms - He pur chased an untique muzzle loader yester day and while examining it today noticed that the stock was In poor condition. Fail- i Ing ln his efforts to remove it, Mr. Eames ' decided to hunt it off. From its appear ance nnd type the rifle had probably not been used for fifty years and Mr. Fames I took it Into the cellar and placed the stock ln the furnace. Hirdlv had he done10' ,avalr ,Tn"' cl' "'"""ur u ",u " so when there was a loud report and when ! U" 'ull'r,s,,1,," of u"ners. members of Mr. Earres' family reached ! Tn" ov"nl''f" tny aucceeded In re- the cellar he was lying in a pool of blood with a bullet hole In his forehead. . , . , Greek Cabinet Ilealitn. I ATHENS, Dec. I7.-The cabinet e.f M. Ralli reslgnesl today as the result of the j . d-feat of the government over the election of a president ef the Chamber of Deputies. King Oeorge has summoned former Premier The..! ok Is to form a new cabinet. I Motenienls of Ocean carl Dec. IT. At Southampton Arrived: til. Louis, from I New York. ! At Plvmoufh Arrived: Atnerika. from New York: Kaiser Wllhclm II. from Now York. At Liverpool Arrived: 1'mbrla. from New Yoik. Silled : Wiulfrc dlan and Caledonian, for Boston. i At Otbraltar Arrived: Slavonla, from New York. : At Rotterdam Sailed: Noordam, for New I York. At Dover Hailed: Zee-land, for New York: I Graf Waleleihee, for New York, i At Qm-enstown Baik-U; Caionla, for New 1 York, SHUDDER OF HORROR Russian Populace Beliart the White Terror Has Returned, CZAR ORDERS ARREST OF LEADERS Proletariat Answers the Vote by Declaring a General Strike. NEW MEN TAKE PLACES OF THOSE IN JAIL Novoe Vreniya ii the Only Sewipaper to Appear btinclay. MARTIAL LAW IN THE PROVINCES Governors Authorised to Declare State of Siege Without ton suiting: M. Petersburg Official. 8T. rETERPPI'RO. Dec. 17. A shudder of horror has convulsed Russia. The gov ernment claims It has given battlo only to the "red" revolutionists, but the pop" lace generally believes Ihat the "white terror" has returred. Already tho leaders f 'he proletariat organisation who escaped capture Saturday night at the Economic ,, . ,.. ,. . ,h. r,u rp-f. r 1 Mlluknff, are In hiding from the polio -ho are tuintlnir them down. The tovcrn- ,., ...HMnote. hiitle rovt mrnt "ln,,ntl anticipates a Battle rojut and nas made na nisposmons accoroinui? . It fully understands that the proletariat will give blow for blow In answer to the wholesale arrests. The workmen's council and tha League of Leagues Saturday night Issued a dec laration of a general strike to begin Im mediately and consequently by an Imperial ukase published this morning all governor general, governors and prefects throughout te emnlre who are cut oft by telegraph are clothed with most dictatorial powers, being authorized without consulting St. Peters burg to declare a state of siege, and If necessary, even martial law. As most of the provincial authorities are reactionary officials of the old regime the advantage they will take of ruch power to terrorise tho populace can be easily Imaelned. they being in position to become petty tyrants and wage war each In his own particular fashion against the revolutionists. Only One Pnper Appear. The Novoe Vremya was the only paper, with the exception of the Official Messen ger, to appear today, und In the center of the first page Is a half column of blank paner. showing whero tho censor had for bidden an article. The Novoe Vremya se ceded from the Publishers' union and was published under the protection of potloe and Cossacks. The Slovo and the Novostl. two other papers that have not suspended publication, were unable to appear, as the printers wnlked out in obedience to orders of the council of workmen because these papers refused to print the manifesto' Of the proletariat organisation. Practically nil the rlmrleadcrH of the Proletariat orcau- - . (wet!,,, . uveestAil Hntiirdav nlabt ami 1"Hre rerf!tii-cTfnlne bf tlte ' eouncjl of work- men was proved by the faol that In leas than an hour a new council, the head -of ' ' which Is M. Tentent. the editor of New Life, hud replaced the old council and elected officers.. The editors of the news papers suspended for publishing the prole tariat organization's manifesto. Including the famous M. Hessen of the Pxavo, were with the single exception of Prof. Mllukiff. who nianneed to evade arrest, taken Into rustoilv. M. Souvorln, editor of the Hnss, furnished rj.0"0 ball nnd was released. In addition to the general strike. It Is expected thnt the revolutionaries wilt have recourse to the old methods of fighting the. government. Threat Aa)lnt Wlfte. It Is snld the terrorist organization held a meeting in the small hours last night. Count V.'ltte's life Is considered In danger, nnd the annex of the palace where he I , residing Is heavily guarded. The moat significant news comes fiom Tsarskue-Belo where. In- view of the resolution of the government to put Its foot down on lh i strife, a regular campaian Is being con ducted with the purpose' of firing ',tha loyalty of the guard regiments. Each day a regiment front St. Peters burg is reviewed and addressed by Em peror Nicholas, and with much ceremony Ids majesty passes up and down tha lines and speaks iwrsonally to officers and men. The Orand Duke Nicholas is present at all these ceremonies. . Saturday, after the review of the Treo brajensky regiment. Orand Duke Nicholas and the officers of the regiment In tuna ( on hPI1ad kneees kissed the empertw band, which called forth an outburst of enthusiasm from the soldiers. Monday th Mallovskl regiment will go to Tsarsko SHo. -jig tiovernment Flarhtlng for Life. M. Nomechnieff, minister of communica tions, has Issued orders to tho chiefs of all the railroads not to lecngnlz organisa tions of railroad men. particularly caution ing them not to allow tha passage of th orders of leaders of the Organizations, wlin heretofore have been using the railroad telegraph lines to transmit their Instruc tions. The government has chosen a dis parate moment to repress the proletariat. It is fighting for its life in the Baltle . , wh, a revolt u,,n,,ed t ln8fll) Maft wWh amnt , praP,pjll revolt is admit ted to he cer tainty that if it cannot be crushed It flames will spread to Poland. The na tive population of the ancient kingdom eif Lithuania is made up of a hardy and headstrong people, who under the banner of revolt will fight to the bitter end. Mutiny In Moscow. At Moscow the government Is confronted with a mutiny of troops so serious that It bus .been obliged to send a regiment ' storing came communication anroaq, dui it Is utterly unal le to guarantee how long It will be able lo keep the cables In opera lion. Petitions from the nohllity of Riga, NVindau, Lilian and other places In the Baltic provinces have been received by ' he government, imploring It to abolish martial law, whieh, the petition says. Is only Inflaming the sltuaile.n. The editors of the Signal and aeveral other satirical papers of mushroom growth, wlili ii have been printing the most out rageous cartoons of Imperial personages, have been arrested, charged with lese tuajewte. Wltle May Rfilia. PT. PKTERSBCRO. Dec. 17.-J.16 p. m. A report that Count Wltte baa resigned In circulation, but It Is false. It may, how e-ver. become true at any moment, aa Oen- I eral Count Alexia I gnat left la being held tn reacrva. j A ciose friend of tha prauiUr Uila ih X 4.