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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1905)
TILE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATUKDAY, NOVEMBEK 115, liH;V
Tiif, Omaha Daily Ree.
Ik. nOSKWATER, EDITOR.
riBUSHKD EVERT MORNING.
TERMS OF SCRfCRIPTION.
Pally flee (without Pundsyl, one yr..H.tn
lny liee anil tuinday. one year ""
illustrated mv, on- year 2-Vi
Sunday Jie, one year K 5"
nutuiuay bee, mi year l.W
1KLI VKI1K1) BY CARRIER.
Dally Pee (without Sundtyl. per week... ISO
Daily lce (Including Htimiay). per week. We
Kverilng tee (without Sunday), per wn-k.S-:
Kvenlng He (wl'h Hunday), pr week l'fc
Hiimtay Hee, per ropy oc
Address complaints of Irregularities In de-tlvr-ry
to City circulation Department.
Omaha The Hc PulMing.
Houth Omaha City Hall Hull. ling.
Coiinrll Muffs 1 Pearl Street.
Chicago 4i fnltv Building.
Near York lm Home Life Inn. Building.
Washington fif'1 Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to news and ed
itorial matter should be addressed: Omaha
liff, Editorial Department.
tlemlt hy draft. express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company,
only t-cent stamps received aa payment ot
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not. accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
BTATEMFNT OF CIRCULATION.
Stata Of Nbaska, Douglas county. s:
C. C Rosewater. secretary of Tha
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
say that the actual number of full anil
enmplete corvee oT Th Pally. Morning.
Kvening and Sunday Be printed during
the tnontb of October, 1906, waa aa fol
low: I 82.JOO
7 112.4 I
II 4 80.4BO
Less unsold copies to.HOt
Net total wlea 2.84
Iall7 average ao.TIT
C. C, ROSEWATER.
Subscribed In my presence and swrrn to
before ma thla 81st day of October, 1.
(Beal) M. B. HUNOATB.
WHEW OIT OF TOWS.
Sabserlbera leaving; th eitr tern,
orarlly afcoalj hare Tha He
Mailed to them. It la better than
a dally letter front boat. Ad
dreaa will be ensnared aa often aa
As The Bee has remarked before,
Omaha Is doing quite enough real build
ing lu brick and Btoue to refrain from
building air castles on paper.
"Is Omaha's milk ordinance a dead
etter?" exclaims the senior yellow.
iVcll, that depends as to what yon call
nllk nnd who does the milking.
Senator Tlatt says be desires to save
:he New York republican organization.
The best way to do that Is to let the
auk and file work the needed changes.
Police Chief Donahue has forbidden
ho raffling of turkeys. What is the
Thanksgiving gobbler to do with ohii
elf, if he has been stuffed for a raffle?
In reading the remarks of Ambassador
Hoxen on the czar It is well to remember
that Russia has not yet decided who will
name its diplomatic representatives in
Employes of the Bureau of Animal
Industry in South Omaha are beginning
to wuke up. Somebody must have been
stirring up tha animals in and around
the stock yards.
It begins to look as if the zemstvos
congress were harder to manage than
the cznr, but Count Witt has not the
same power Itehlnd him uow that he had
In the first contest.
V number of Americans will be won
dering what kind of a "conservative"
that is in Maultobit who proposes gov
ernment ownership of telephones and
other public utilities.
Former School Superintendent Dough
erty, after having lost his Job at Peoria,
Is still educating the rising generation
this time demonstrating that the way of
the transgressor is hard.
Iowa Is threatened with a war be
tween school book publishers. The
American Book company uiust have ne
glected to retain all the former Irwa
Those who have discovered that it cost
more to inaugurate Roosevelt than any
preceding president should remeuiler
that It Is not cost but returns which
Interest the average American.
If the government succeeds in get
ting the dry dock Pewey to Manila It
will again prove that there is nothing
like trying alleged impossibilities ex
cept success in Its accomplishment.
Nebraska has nothing but sympathy
to offer South Dakota In its fight agninxt
the alleged fire insurance combine, al
though the weight of our legal prece
dents will be given to the other side.'
That Missouriau who was giveu a
fxlse gauge to measure the barrels of
competitors of the Standard Oil coin
paDy might perhaps have escaped tern
tatlon bad be not lived in a state where
everybody roust "be shown."
No one baa yet given any good reason
why it should cost our taxpayers 45
cents A day fos board for prisoners in
the county Jail and only Id cents a day
for board for prisoners in tho city Jail
It is time to stop the county Jail rake
t 1 ;
I'uliticlaus down at the state capital
must be encountering a drouth or they
would not bet-In manufacturing can ill
dntva to run on the statu tUket next
year ao early in the game. A whole lot
f things tan happen before Uie state
atuuuatious an made.
7f0n TO ABOLISH rASS BRIBERT-
Thot the railroad pass has become the
entering wed.ne for railway domluatiou
In politics and legislative corruption l
admitted on all hund. but the eradica
tion of the evil remains an unsolved
problem. The most effective way for
mnklng the p'tss harmless would, doubt
less, have locu to require all railroads
to give free transportation to public offi
cials traveling ou official business, but
It is an open question whether compul
sory free transportation could lm en
forced even by amendment of the state
The most effective means for the sup
pression of the pass evil would be the
enactment by the legislature of a classi
fied passenger rate law. Such a law
can be enacted under the constitutional
provision, authorizing the legislature to
Bx maximum passenger and freight
rates within the state. This power has
already been exercised iu the enactment
of the law that fixes maximum first
class passenger rates In Nebraska at 3
cents per mile.
In view of the fact that the railroads
have compiled with this law and In addi
tion thereto have established classified
rates for commercial travelers, clergy
men, bomeseckers. state fair and theat
rical rates, the enactments a classified
rate law would not be a new departure,
except Insofar as it would compel rail
roads to carry the various classes of
passengers named in the law at rates
established" by the legislature Instead of
voluntarily established by their own
passenger departments. A passenger
rate law embracing the following classi
fications and rates would not, It seams
to us, be unreasonable:
Class 1. Ordinary passenger rates for
a distance of 100 miles or less, 3 cents
per mile. Passenger rates for 1X miles
and over. 2U cents per mile.
Class 2. Tassengcr rate for clergy
men and school teachers, one-half regu
Class 3. Round trip rate to state and
county fairs, Chautauqua assemblies,
municipal carnivals and celebrations
and political state conventions. 1 cent
Class 4. Mileage rate for all state offi
cers, members of the legislature, Judges
of the courts during their terms of ofilce,
county officials, city officials and all em
ployes of the state, county or municipal
ity traveling on official business, ',4-cent
per mile, payable from the treasuries of
the state, county or municipality on
vouchers signed by each person belong
ing to this class.
This would obviate any contention on
the part of the railroads that they are
compelled to carry public, officials with
out compensation. At the same time it
would do away with every excuse for
granting free transportation to members
of the legislature, or to delegates to con
ventions, either surreptitiously or pub
licly. The compulsory grant of trans
portation to accredited delegates to con
ventions at 1 cent per mile would not
materially reduce Uie Income of the rail
roads and, In fact, would not materially
differ from long distance tourist rates
over the transcontinental railroads.
In carrying passengers the short haul
does not differ in any respect from the
long haul. Trains are bound to stop at
passenger stations and passengers load
themselves and unload themselves at
both ends without expeuse to the rail
roads. The i,4-cent rate for public offi
cials would make the pass almost
worthless, even If no provision were
made for their reimbursement by the
state, county or municipality.
VVK TX.AQ OJT TBS SEAS.
In a recent address former Ambas
sador Choate said 4bat he wished all
the members of congress who have to
vote on the question of a merchant ma
rine could visit the ports of Europe and
Asia and Africa" and South America
and search for the American flag. They
would find It now and then ou a war
ship or on a yacht that some of our
great yacht owners might be conducting
to the uttermost corners of the world,
but as for Its having any share lu the
carrying ou of foreign commerce, that
is yet a thing of the future. 'Some
thing has got to be doue to restore our
flag to the seas where It belongs." de
clared Mr. Choate, aud he expressed
the belief that the American people will
not be satisfied until, for the great trans
mission of their thousands of millions
of exports and Imports they have to
rely, not on the English or auy otber
foreign flag, but ou our own stars and
This voices a sentiment which Is un
questionably gaining ground. More than
ever before those of our people who
give any attention to the subject are
coming to realize that lu order to at
tain aud hold supremacy lu the world's
commerce we must have a merchant
marine American In all that the term
aiguilles. This Is needed not ouly for
our trade expansion, but also for that
commercial Independence which as a
great industrial and producing nation
we should have, and must have for suc
cessful competition with our rivals for
the world's trade. M'e are necessarily
at something of a disadvantage In com
peting for business with those countries
which are able to carry their products
to the markets In their own ships. They
are naturally favored in the matter of
rates and In the quickest practicable
delivery of cargoes, while their shipa
are so many agencies advertising then-
goods. It Is a rather humiliating fact
that the American flag Is rarely aeeu In
a forelgu port, except on a warship or
a private pleasure yacht, that so far
as foreign commerce is concerned It
i almost unknown. And fur this
humiliating condition we pay to foreign
shipowner auuually from ll.MMam.uiO
Mr. Choate was quite rlbt In sarin?
that our euterprlshig people will no!
lie aatUlied until they are relieved of
he necessity of depending Upon foreign
ships and there is reason to think that
this relief will come in tho not very re
mote future. There Is promise that the
subject of a merchant marine will re
ceive earnest consideration In the flfty
nlnth congress and although no confi
dent prediction can be made of any
practical result, action looking to the
creation of a merchant marine is by
no means linprolwble. In scarcely any
otber respect could t coining congress
do a greater service.
AMERICAS FURK'J POLICr.
The only feature of the foreign policy
of the United States widt h is at present
of . commanding luterest relates to the
independent countries of this hemis
phere aud it Is likely to receive a good
deal of attention in congress. When the
Santo Domingo treaty is taken up In
the senate, which probably will be early
In the session, the question of our rela
tions with the southern republics will
doubtless be very fully discussed and
what should be our policy regarding
This government is now acting lu the
capacity of a receiver of the customs
reveuues of Santo Domingo, having as
sumed this position in order to protect
that republic against threatened ag
gression ou the part of foreign govern
ments having claims against It. Presi
dent Roosevelt has spoken in Justifica
tion of this action, which thus far has
unquestionably had good results from
the financial point of view. But it is an
extraordinary position for our govern
ment and if upproved by congress, iu
tho ratification of the pending treaty,
will establish a precedent which in the
judgment of many might lu the future
prove troublesome. Some of the South
and Central American republics are al
most as badly off as Santo Douiingo
in the matter of foreign Indebtedness.
If the United States should take upon
itself the responsibility, ou the invita
tion of any of these republics, of col
lecting and disbursing revenues, it Is
not difficult to see that our government
might become Involved in very trouble
This question of our relations with
and policy toward the independent
countries of the western hemisphere is
manifestly one of very great impor
tance. 'Ye shall of course strictly main
tain the Monroe doctrine nnd protect
those countries against foreign aggres
sion that aims to deprive them of any
part of their territory or Interfere with
their political Institutions. This does
not require, however, that we shall
look after their pecuniary obligations
and assist them to pay their debts to
foreigners. We desire to cultivate the
most frleudly relations with all the
countries of this hemisphere, but we
ought not to burden ourselves with
cares and responsibilities that might
prove very oppressive and troublesome.
It Is such considerations that will doubt
less receive attention when the Santo
Domingo treaty Is taken up In , the sen
ate and it will not be at all surprising
If that convention shall fail of ratifica
tion, notwithstanding the obvious fact
that It would place that republic In a
very unfortunate position, since in with
drawing the help of the United States
and restoring the former order of things
another opportunity would be given to
the fomeuters of discord and revolution.
President George R. reek of the
American Bor association delivered a
lecture on the real tragedy of life, lu
which be expressed bis conviction that
"every soul is stamped by inexorable
law with certain characteristics from
which It cannot escape, aud which,
whether good or evil, dominate it wfTh
nn iron sway." Mr. Peck might Just as
well have called his lecture predestina
tion. In other words: If you are fore
ordained to be banged, you are forever
safe from being drowned or struck by
Onj of the eminent orators at the Bar
association meeting baa discovered that
the old commou law, which was sup
posed to be the bulwark of individual
liberty, has ceased to serve iu that ca
pacity. If so, It took tweutieth century
lawyers to twist the common law
around to a complete perversion of its
Our old frieud, Edgar Howard, appears
to be making a circuit, having trans
ferred himself from Papillion to Colum
bus, and now invaded Fremont with his
newspaper enterprises. The next thing
we know be will be publishing an una
dulterated slmon pure democratic organ
right here in Omabu.
The National Patrons of Husbandry
have resoluted that grangers found to
be dealing In liquor or having a saloon
shall be dropped from the roll without
notice, but grangers found to be patrons
of the saloon husbandry may remain on
the roll of honor, tin that the vote was
The Postodlce department will be
$15.0tKMiOO short at the end of this year
It could Just as well have been $ 15,fi0,.
000 long bad Its expenditure for rifcjlway
man transportation neen ou tne same
terms aa are granted by the railroads to
the express companies, but
With the introduction of eutreuchlng
tools lu the army the serviceableness
of the soldier will be measured as much
by bis ability to dig as his ability to
shoot; yet a few years ago the "shovel
soldier" was frowned upon by his more
spectacular brother officer.
Root of Political Kills.
Privilege Is the root of all evils In poll
tics and business. It Is one ot the oldest
sources, of wrong In the world and has
wrouaht more rain than all the piked mobs
of the unprivileged, who. blinded by pov
erty. Ignorance and injustice, have stormed
the citadels of privilege and power. AU
experience liua that human nature Is loo
frail to bear the strain of privilege. Tha
sense of might overwhelms the sense of
Where foalit they uet Itf
An.srtcana do not want cheap Insur
ance." says Paul Morton. Fortunate It
true; for If they did want It. where could
they gf-t It?
Reporta from the Isle of Tines say the
people, are disposed to be peaceful. This
Is usually the attitude of the boy who be
gins to realise that he Is likely to rt a
Prearhtnar and Practice.
The administration Is also showing It
Opposition to existing railway rates
marchng the Sixth battery of field artillery
from Fort Leavenworth to Fort Bam
Houston, a distance of about i.OOO miles.
Plant of Slow Growth.
New York Tribune.
It Is an uphill right In Russia against
the vested wrongs of ages and against the
turbulent and elemental passions of the
mob, but there is reason to think that lit
tle by little It Is being won for reason, or
der and liberty.
Settlnar the Time Limit.
New Tork Evening Tost.
The coal deposits In the Philippines, ac
cording to General Humphrey, will supply
the needs of the army and navy in the east
for 818 years. This is the nearest any gov
ernment officer has yet come to fining a
dato for our withdrawn! from the islands.
A Fntnre Probability
St. Louis Globe Democrat.
Some of the railroad presidents are assist
ing President Roosevelt In maturing hl
project for government regulation of rates.
Sune day ihi public may expect to seo
the advertisement on the great X. T. and Z.
railroad, the original square-deal lino to
San Francisco Chronicle.
The bank clearings of the t'nltod States
for the month of October this year have
exceeded those of any previous October,
nnd business failures for tho month were
at a very low minimum. These and other
signs point to the continuance of the ex
isting general prosperity of the country.
Progress In Wireless Telegraphy.
St. Louis Republic.
The wireless telegraph station at Oal
veston'was in communication a few nights
ago with similar stations at New Orleans
and Southwest Pass, and also with the
steamship Havana. 900 miles at sea. These,
with other long-distance wireless messages,
may indicate that we are a good deal
nearer to efficient telegraph service across
the Atlantic without cables than we were
to that service with cables when the first
message over Morse's forty miles of wire
announced the nomination of James K.
Polk for president.
Waste of Stationery.
President Roosevelt wasted the
tlonery and soma valuable time in replying ;
to the letter or Ilonry M. Whitney. A
man who was honored with a private in- ;
tervlew with the ureiililent unri then
blabbed about It, to the presidents em- for,lfle1 h,y balked, atid on this point a
barrassment and disadvantage, was ut- d'1""'"" hs arisen. Thus arises a condi
terlv unworthy of ttnv further notice. Tt ,,0 Belgium similar to thot in Spain.
Is one of the elementary rules of good so-
ciety, among equal even, not to retail tho
remarks of a host, and when the host Is a
superior and an exalted public officer the
inhibition Is so. imperative that no man
with any decency would take any risk of
JuBfflery In Rate Statistics.
San Francisco Chronicle.
The railroad companies are busy making
tables showing how much" more cheaply
freight Is hauled In this country than In
Europe, but they Insist on lumping all their
classifications together. Those familiar
with the subject know that grain aud some
other, products are hauled at exceedingly
low rates between competitive points, but
how about tho freights which come in the
higher classifications? Is there any pre-
tense that rates upon these classes are as
low as In Europe? If so we have not seen
the figures on which the claim Is based.
Why this reluctance to furnish the data
Cowardice of Self-interest.
Kansas City 8tar.
'Yi hat do you suppose the carriage cost
me?" said Louis XV of Cholseul.
"About 8,000 llvres, sire."
"It cost me 30,(ioo."
"Then It Is robbery and we must have an
"No, no. no." the king Interposed in a
fright "Let it be; let It be. We must
nave no rerorms. xnere aro too many
people Interested in keeping things as they
There Is a world of philosophy In this in
cldent of eighteenth century France. Aren't
a good many big ru 11 road shippers so nearly
In the position of Louis XV that they might
repeat with him: "We must have no re
forms; there are too many people Inter
ested In keeping things us they aref"
The wise men of Buffalo have Just dis
covered that the city was touched for
150.000 four years ago.
Senator Piatt was carried In a chair
to the Insurance Inquisitors, yet he claims
to be aDle to doss tne pontics or tne em
pire state. New York must be an easy
Governor Deneen of Illinois is out look
ing for trouble. He proposes to recommend
the paaaage of a law prohibiting the Issu.
Ing of passes except to employes of rail-
Editor Howell of the Atlanta Constitu- 1
tlon challenges Editor Smith of the At- '
lanta Journal to a Joint gabfest through
out Georgia. Both are candidates for the
democratic nomination for governor.
The eontst for mayor of New York is
becoming wearisome. Nothing has de
veloped so far Indicating a material
change In the result us first announced.
What little remains of public Interest is
classed as Hearsterla.
A democratic candidate for the legisla
ture In New York state candidly admits
that he spent ) cents for "four drinks of
squirrel whUkv for four voters" and iO
cents for "three drinks of corking whisky
for three voters." He waa defeated.
Mr. Berry who was recently elected
treasurer of Pennsylvania on the demo
cratic ticket. Is a prohibitionist. Gov
ernor Pattiaoii, the democratic governor
elect of Ohio, is a strict temperance man
and has promised to enforce the laws.
Irvine L. Lenroot, a native of this state,
announces his candidacy for the governor
ship of Wisconsin to succeed Governor La
Follette. Mr. Lenroot was speaker of the
lower house of the legislature for the last
two terms and Is a staunch supporter of
tha policies ot La Follette. i
The charge that voting machines con
duce to straight-ticket voting sets a Jolt
from Buffalo. In the recent election demo
crats were elected by majorities ranging
from v.fc.0 for mayor to K for municipal
Judge. But this whs not all. Ryan, a
democrat, for poor overseer, was defeated
by 1.100, showing- a difference between the
leading and the loalng democrats of Dearly
UOOO la a total vote of 6.u0.
OTHER LASPS TH41 OIRP.
A prominent Russian journalist Is quoted
aa saying that Count Wltte'a policy Is an
artful one. He would like to bring about
a split In the opposition camp, and to con
vince the moilerat(s that the socialists,
whom he treats as anarchists, are their
enemies. An Intestine struagle by which
the libera! forces would be exhausted
the moderates against the democrats and
revolutionaries would enable him, to re
store order, and. at least partly, to de
stroy the revolutionary organisation, while
reducing the pretensions of the radicals.
He describes Count Witte as one of those
statesmen fursulng two objects who are
called to pow,cr In Russia at critical mo
ments. When It becomes necessary to
grant certain liberties, the czars, he says,
from Nicholas I downwards, have em
ployed either mn with liberal Ideas soft
spoken men who make promises but do not
Intend to keep them, and who are as cun
ning as foxes, like Svlatopolli-Mirskl or
energetic men ready to resort to oppres
sion and terrible as wolves, like riehve
or Ignatlcff Witte. he declares, combines
both qualities. He resembles at the same
time the fox and the wolf.- Witte, he asys,
Is more dangerous than Trepoff for the
Russian socialist and Russian Uleral Ideas.
The law passed by the Japanese parlia
ment last Julv, which empowered and In
vited the Land bank to make advances to
the proprietors of mines at moderate rates
of Interest, not exceeding 8 per cent per
annum, is proving effective. According to
the Belgian Moniteur les Intereta Mate
rials, advantage has already been taken
of the new legislation; when fully applied,
It Is estimated that this will Increase the
annual output of gold and silver by about
6.000,000 yen. It was really the outbreak of
the war with Russia which moved the gov
ernment to turn Its serious attention to the
matter; and during 1904 tho annual output
was increased SO per cent. The advances
of the Land bank are made upon the ad
vice of a committee, which inquires Into
the organization of each mine, the quality
of Its output, etc.; the capital advanced Is
to bo returned In yearly payments wllhlti
a period of ten years, the Bank of Japan
farting upon the advice of the Imperial
mint) buying up the gold and silver pro
duced. The mines of Formosa are also In
creasing their production every year:
while In Corea, the Osaka mint Is already
actively buying up Corean gold dust; when
modern methods shall have been Intro
duced for the exploitation of the goldfields
this country also may take an Important
position as a gold producer.
For the twelve months ending February,
1905, the output of the gold mines In Japan
amounted to s.Ono.OOO yen. The goldfields
In Formosa yielded 3.0O0.00O yen making
tho total yield from Japanese territory
12.000.000 yen (about $R,000,000).
During the Inst summer King Leopold of
Belgium has taken the stump. Contrary
to his usuul custom, he has appeared In
public as the strenuous advocate of an
idea. Upon every isisslble occasion during
the late celebration of Belgian Indepen
dence be tried to impress the people with
the fact that the development of Antwerp
Is the development of Belgium; that the
future of Antwerp Is the future of the
nation. Even the socialists assented to
the proposition to this extent, but when
the king declared that Antwerp must be.
TnP 8PBnlsh naval secretary wishes large
appropriations with which to make Spain
first-rate naval power. The king of the
Belgians demands heavy expenditures
which will make Antwerp impregnable,
: both countries the economic pros-
perity of the country is haalpcred by ques
tions which are hardly Justified by the
site and Importance of the states. There
ean be no doubt, however, that sooner or
later the Antwerp Improvements will be
undertaken with or without the,- military
M. Schwob. an eminent French journalist,
has ran An a sensation In Paris by an article
declaring that the Germans have already
made an economic conquest of Antwerp
aa a preliminary to the actual occupation
which tbev meditate in the event of war.
"Ts It true." he asks, "that France la thus
threatened by a turnlna movement which
Is In close bsrnqny with the habits of our
nele-hbors? While they parley with us
about Morocco, are they resrvina on our
own frontier far more formidable Incl
dents which will be provoked at the de
sired moment?" He then, goes on to sav
that a fifth of the members-of the Chamber
of Commerce at Antwerp are Germans, the
preMnt of German orieln nnd the vice
prsMent a recently nat"ra'ied German.
A'l Its committees are Invaded bv Germans.
ela-bt bavin German chairmen, three
rtermnn vice chairmen and two a
eornIptelv German orei ataff. It Is the
,..h , ,,,itr,Mon chambers. Tn
j Brtn,Mo to tn S20 German firms In al!
.. ..A .... .
bnnebs tt trade, out of a total of about
l.RSO. M. Schwob savs It Is Imooasllile for
Mm to enumerate nil the b'ts'nena hnoses
which thev control Ind'recOv. In the sliin
rlna trade of Antwrn they are repre
sented lv 1 1"0 vessel of tonnnre of
nearly two and a hnlfnil'lmis, ns com
pared with 1"S French Wilns of a tolnl ton
nnee of ann.aoo. Germans also, he says,
monopolize Interior navigation, are arad
uallv a-ett'na control of the banking busi
ness and securlna a fof.ine In all the great
Industrial concerns, railroad systems and
colonial enterHe. Moreover, tbev are
I ,--.i i n twerarv rfiKi,. , unnrt
j r,re1e n,1(j nTr. hoastlng onenly that
pete-lum v"l soon form a part of the
Speaking of the socialistic movement for
Universal suffrage In Austria, the special
, correspondent of the London Times In
Vienna mm mnc i.n m..
about the reality of it and that any at
tempt to thwart It by Its opponents Is
Ukelv to prove pretty dangeyms to them,
whatever be the nature of tne safeguards.
It Is bis opinion, lie adds, that the only
serious opposition to a satisfactory reform
of the suffrage wlU come from the Ger
man "liberals," who consider themselves
the chosen representatives and exclusive
promoters of civilization In Austria. They
demand that no reform of the franchise
Shall diminish the number of German dep
uties in Parliament and threaten to opnoie
an.1 obstruct everv attempt to make Par.
I Hament more truly representative. Aa an
example of their spirit be auotes a recent
Incident at the university where German
students treated an eminent profennor of
Czech extraction with scandalous disre
spect and attempted to force non-German
Students to stand barehejded while they
sang the "Waeht am Rheln."
Many Keeda of the avy.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
It U about time to call a halt In naval
construction, at least long enough to
strengthen some of the manifest weaknesses
of that service. The country has not enougn
men for the ships It now has and forsneral
years the supply of officers will be shoii.
Tho engineering department ta Jn a deplor
able condition. The navy needs better
ards and docks. It needs auxiliaries In the
yards and docks. It needs auxiliaries In
the shape of torpedo boats, destroyers and
submarines. So. at least. ay many In the
navy Itself, vhoae opinions are not un
worthy of respect. It needs. In short,
many things beldes ls.roi.tnn battleships,
and all tueac things cost uiuwU montj.
The Absolutely Pure
Made of Cream of Tartar, and
Free From Alum or Fliosphatic Acid
Royal Baking Powder renders bread, biscuit, cake
and all flour foods finer and more healthful.
Baking powders made from alum, phosphates and other
harsh, caustic acids are lower in price, but they are injurious to
" The injurious effect of alum on the mucous coat of the
stomach is positive and beyond dispute ; it is both an irritant
and an astringent. The use of alum ir any article of food or
article used in the preparation of food should be prohibited.
JOHN C WISE, M.D., Medical Intpector, U S. Nary.
THE POSTAL DKFIC1T.
Threatened Increase In Second Class
Mall Itate to Cover It.
San Francisco Chronicle.
According to official statements emanating
from tho Postofficc department the postal
deficit for the. hist fiscal year amounts to
S15.037.OUO. Congressman Overstreet, chair
man of the house committee on postolllces
and postroads, Is said to be preparing to
increase the rate on second-class matter In
order to cover the deficit, on the prepos
terous representation that the government
is now losing at least 4 cents per pound
on all such matter carried through the
malls. SecoBclu8S mull matter comprises
newspapers and all periodical publications
deliverable to resular subscribers, certain
fraternnl and educational periodicals which
have no subscribers and certain transient
publications. The present rate is 1 cent
per pound, or, expressed In bulk, $20 per
To assert that the government Is losing
ISO per ton on tho transportation of such
mall matter Is ridiculously rash and
groundless. Most of It consists, of course,
of dally newspapers, the great bulk of
which Is carried only short distances, in
deed, most of all kinds of second-class
mall mutter Is subject to short hauls In
transit. Can any sane person who gives
the subject intelligent thought be brought
to believe, then, that the government must
levy $100 per ton for tho carriage of such
matter in order to keep its accounts bal
anced? It is begging tho real question to
make such an assertion.
If the government Is now paying; $100 per
ton for tho carrying of mall 'matter on
which the present rate realizes only $20 per
ton, the source of trouble is obvious. It
Is proof positive that the transportation
companies "aro receiving a rate for carrying
mall matter which is outrageously exces
sive. Can any thoughtful cltlien draw any
other conclusion from the statement? The
deficit In the postal appropriations Is
plainly due to excessive compensation for
the rental of mall cars and the carrying
of the malls g-enerafly, and not to the
carrying of any class of mail matter at too
low a rate. The only Intelligent remedy
for the extinguishment of the postal deficit
is, therefore, a corresponding reduction in
the cost of mall transportation, which is
the only feature In the railway service that
has not been subjected to a radical reduc
tion during the last two decades. Possibly
Overstreet has an Imaginary grievance
against periodical publishers, who have
unanimously favored the roductlon of the
compensation allowed the transportation
companies for carrying- the maila to the
level of the special rate granted by the.m to
tho express companies, and his threat to
raise tho rate on second-class mall matter
may be merely designed to intimidate them.
If so, It Is sure to fall.
BHIEK AD BHKE7.Y.
"Do you want me to tell you the secret
of success in life?" asked the serious
"What's the use?" said the frivolous
woman. "I couldn't keep it !" Detroit Free
Foot Ball Coach Yell want a new yell?
What's the matter with the old one?
Fool Hall Cuutuln Not enough conso
nants. The vowels take all our wind.
Jenks But does thla medicine really cure
Jenks (shouting) I say, does it really
Clerk Well. I should say so! I've taken
It regularly for twenty years. Philadelphia
"I haven't seen your boy for some time.
At college now, they tell nie. limine see.
If I remember right he greatly resembles
you. Has your shape of nose exactly,
hasn't he?" , ,
"I dunno. I Jn t seen him sence th last
foot ball game." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"My grandfather was a butcher." de
clared Miss Sly, In the mld.t of a discussion
The other girls gasped.
"It's so. though." she declared. "He
slaughtered lambs on Wall street." De
troit Free Press.
Inquisitive Person Percollum. what was
the tlrst storv you ever got anything for?
LJterary Person As nearly as I tan re
member, it was the romance I tried to
work off on my mother the first time I
had plaved hooky at fcchool and gone Ash
ing I 'got a devilish good spanking for
It. Chicago Tribune:
Browning, Ming & Co
ORIOINATOBS AND SOLE MAKER'S OF HALF SIZci IN CLOTHING.
SEE OUR AD
ON PAGE 12.
) Filteenth and
Broadway at I lad Street NEW
THE WAY HOW,
If you want to get on in this practical
If you don't want from current to current
One can't drift down stream now with
lazy sails furled.
In u soft cushioned corner most comfort
Without en a sudden on rocks being hurled.
Bo get busy.
Don't stop to smile proudly or pause to
Realize on your hopes and discount all
It takes every minute to make up the
Then seise every minute's chance as It ap
pears, Watcn lor opportunity as It occurs.
For fortune's a woman would vou win her
To win this coquette and elude every wile.
To hunt up the dreamer, it Isn't her srvlc:
She prefers leading chases for hunters of
So If you would catch her and capture her
When Columbus saw worlds In reach, what
did ho do?
And how did Napoleon an empire push
While many wore talking and making ado
Over plans for great futures, how did the
Absorb all worth having that came Into
rJT That is what the Rall-'-la.road
Rat is. w
fought England rather than
pay an unjust tax. Th
R&ilroad Bate is more un
just, greater and more arbl
tary than any tax levied by
thestate. What are wegoing
to do? Read "The Railroad
Rebate" by Ray Stannard
Baker, In December
McClur-e's, and learn how
and why you pay this tax.
McClure'a out to-day. lO
cents $1.00 a year. All
8. S. McCLt'RH COMPANY
44-60 Fast 2.M Si reel ,
WE ALL WANT
3 return for the investment of
our time, labor or money. We
ought to have the best when pro
viding for the welfare of our
families after we are no longer
ablo todoso. Wa can ootaln the
best life insurance by purchasing
a policy in the Bankets Reserve
Ufa Company ol Omaha. Write
for pa rti eularj to B a scorn H.
Pobi'on President, Home Office,
f VOtK F
etary, Cooper &
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