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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1905)
The Omaha Daily Bee
Peailiartf m Home Paper
Omaha's Model Newspaper
ESTABLISHED JUNE 1, 1871.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MOHNIXO, OCTOBER 25, 1903-TEN FAGES.
SINGLE COPY THIiEE CENTS.
DAWES IS NETTLED
Formtr Comptroller Dislikea Wholeaale
Denunciation of Corporation
PLEADS FOR SANE CONSIDERATION
Soma Oorporatieni Are Good ana Admits
Some Are Hot
BUSINESS MEN CAN CORRECT THE EVILS
Teles ft Dig tt folitioiftni Whtm He
CITES SOME ILLUSTRATIONS IN LINCOLN
President Trnrr of Association.
Advocate Statewide Clearing
(loo to Enable Baaka to
Protect Each Other.
I From a Stuff Correspondent )
MXCOLN, Oct. 24-fSpeclal.) Charle
O. Dwi, ex-eompt roller of the currency
anil now president of tho Central Trust
company of Chicago, who addressed the (
State Bankers' association, was hissed at
the beginning of hla speech, though ap
plauded frequently during Its delivery and
at Ita close. Mr. Dawe followed the speech
cf C. M. Brown of Cambridge, who tn a
lengthy talk abused with every vitriolic
word In his vocabulary every truat in the
Vnlted State nd who made reference
to the closing of the parking house In West
Lincoln by the Beef trust. When he arose
to apeak It li plainly evident that lie
waa angry. .
"A I llatened to Mr. Bhallenherger." he
said,- "I felt uplifted and felt proud of
Nebraska. I enjoyed hla speech, for In
It there was good words for the state and
something to encourage people. He did
not look on the dark side of things. At
the second speech I feel humiliated and
ashamed. The speaker saw nothing but
wrong In everything. This Is no time for
Hissed at Outset.
At this a number of those present began
to hiss, but the speaker at once launched
Into a discussion of his subject and soon
won the closest attention of his hearers.
I myself lost SSO.nno In that West Lincoln
i lacking house. I don't blame the so-calld
leef trust for It, either. The eastern pack
ets put beef In here at a Ions price than
we could s-U It for and make a profit
and there wna nothing else to do but quit.
How many of you are there In this hall
who would be willing to pay a few cents
more for vour goods In order to encourage
the home merchant or the little merchant?
1 there a o:n of you who would make
such it sacrlllce?
Today ( th- dav of critics, and while
1 think the wuve of criticism which at this
particular time Is going over the country la
to a certain extent psychological, it is
most useful and valuable that we have
They com as a ml during long periods
of prosperity, for when w as a people get
our nose to the arindton after a period
of depression our first thought Is to poke
that nose into somebody rise business,
and Providence has fixed tUat rule in so
cty fpr'f.ie trrjio of correcting the ex- 1
cesses and -e!H to which certain portlona
of, -It art, addicted and let alone too long.. .
Ho ga vs. hie definition of a corporation
an a "device for the distribution of the
risks,' profits, ownership and management
ef.u business between Individuals; It then
represents In a collective capacity these
people tn their relation to the public."
-Plead for Sana Consideration.
Mr. Dawes pleaded for a sane considera
tion of the trust and corporation ques
tlona. ''There are good corporation and
Ixid corporations," he said, "and It was
tho duty of tho cltliens of the country to
tudy the original contract which was liie
basts of the corporation, and were this
done there would be less stock bought
and less people defrauded out of money.''
J fa called attention to the fact that In
r.iuny Instance where the system wo
right and proper Jt had been adminli--t"rtd
by dishonest officers and there was
no way to regulate against this.
It ! not the time for politicians and
offU-esetki'i-s to look Into these question,
but the time for good, aane business men
to take them up. It was not rant ind
humih that got good freight ratee for
Lincoln. It waa a good hard fight put
up by business men, headed by I. M. Ray
mond, who was manager of the West Lin
coln packing house. The ranter had
runted and denounced In general, but how
quickly they slunk away In a corner whin
a busintss man like Mr. Raymond took
hold of the fight. The thing to do Is to
prepare yourselves for this buttle to set
tle these Industrial questions. Don't de
nounce In general, but study some par
ticular evil and then Unlit, and tight hard.
Know your subject. Do like I. M. Ray
mond did. He studied his subject and lie
won a tight thai lias done mure for Lin
coln than anything else ha ever done.
You need freight rate revision In Nebraska.
There 1 no question about that. 'Freight
Is shipped through the state at a low rate
and at a high rale In the state. The way
to remedy the vil 1 not through ranting
and scattering your shot, but a determined
tight after you know your subject. You
banker and you business men are the
people to settle such things; not ranters
and politicians running for office. I think
the worst thing the people can do I to
create sentiment over the Sherman anti
trust law. Suppose you do put those pack
ers lit Jail, what will happen? They will
merely sell out, and then comes the small
packers again and a repetition of your
YVki Lincoln experience. Here Is the
proposition: You people In the west are
d-'irm ndlng hlaher prices for your cuttle.
In liie east they are clamoring for luwor
price on beef. Both Jump up and howl
that the packer are the cause of the low
price here and the high prices there. None
.f you try to Investigate and ttnd out
what is the cause of these thing.
The yellow Journals of the country are
denouncing th Garfield report of the in
x amigatioii of the lleef trust. I am here
to say theie is no keener coippetltion any
where than there is among the packers
ar.d I know the profits are the lowest pos
sible. The thing to do Is to study these
Industrial questions with good, common
si nc uod not rant and hurrah for reform.
Discriminate between the honest corpora
tion and the dishonest corporation. - Pub
licity ia the beat thing fur the regulation
of corporations. Why do you buy slock in
a connmny which never publishes a but
anes shelT mop the buying. tiet the
luisincss men to study these questions and
oon i oe siampeauu uy ramtiaates for pu
lltical offices who denounce In general.
Mr. Brown stood by his gun and came
back with a statement In which he aaid
when Iiawes was a resident of Nebraska
lie w.i an anti-railroad and anti-corpora-
Hon wait but aince going to Washington
and afterward securing a fat position with
a trust company a change hud come over
hi li. Th w hole analr was a decidedly
unexpected bit of (pica injected Into the
President Trnerya Address.
Tin banker begun their meeting this
morning, at whiuh session the feature wa
tlc annual addrva of President Trunry.
before the aftenvrau aesalon had ad
Joined about 1&0 banker had registered.
In ills address President Trenery said:
Caring for th earning and savings of
an lntulligeiit and Indubtriou people u a
trust tmne oucrtui than mauy ut ua realise.
Tho grtest aatiH't of bankiug is confidem-;
dostioy II or in any way weaken it and
tn whoJd ftnc in a measure suffers. It
Cwutiuucd mi aWcvod Page.j
GROWERS CONTROL REFINERY
ftnarar Planter of Ha trail to Operate
Pfnnt In California Compet
ing with "preekles.
CAN FRANCISCO. Oct. !4.-The Chronicle
say today that the relations hitherto ex
isting between the Western Sugar re
finery, controlled by the Spreckcls' Inter
est, and the sugar planters of the Hawaiian
Islands, have been ruptured. The planter
have acquired a controlling Interest In the
refinery at Crockett, Cal., which for some
years has been closed under payment by
the trust of " ' - indemnity, and are mak
ing prepar " "to operate the plnnt In
competitor the Western Sugar re
finery. Tl r- .11 refine there the sugar
which. If 4 Id contract hsd been re.
newed, w nave been sold to the
Spreckels" I: rn. This product amount
to about tons for the season. To
keep Its going the Western Sugar
refinery 1 w hp compelled to buy raw
sugar In md elsewhere.
For o( nths negotiations have been
In progr tween the Spreckels' Inter
ests and - , .sland growers looking to a
renewal of the agreement. The rock on
which these negotiation has split Is the
deduction made on the price of sugar
landed In San Francisco, compared with
the selling price In New York. The old
contract expired on September 1.
The Crockett refinery cannot be opened
by the planters before March 1, lflftS. Fot
the last three years the Western Sugar re
finery has been paying $200,000 a year to
the California ft Hawaiian Sugar Refinery
company to keep the Crockett plan shut
down, and the contract covering this ar
rangement Is In force until next March.
It Is presumed that the planters will oper
ate the plnnt under the old name of the
California & Hawaiian Sugar Refining
company. The growers are now making
arrangements to open the .refinery as soon
ufU-r March 1 as possible.
IROQUOIS FIRE DAMAGE SUIT
Trial of Case of INI Hnnter. who
Demand f2ft,nno Damage from
CHICAGO. Oct. 24-The first damage suit
against the proprietors of the Iroquois
theater, which was burned December 30,
190.1, will he commenced tomorrow morning
In the United States circuit court before
Judge Landls. Edna 8. Hunter, who was
badly Injured in the fire, has brought suit
for $3,000 against the theater company and
the George A. Fuller Construction com
pany, which erected the building. Two
weeks have been occupied In securing a
Jury. It was completed late this afternoon
and Attorney Charles C. Spencer made the
opening statement for the plaintiff. He de
clared to the Jury that he would show by
the evidence that the building ordinances
were grossly violated by the theater pro
prletor. There waa, he declared he would
show, no flue pipe In the roof over the
sta?e; that the exits were not properly
marked; that there was no automatlo
sprinkler and that the appliance for ex
tinguishing fire were grossly Inadequate.
Attorney Spencer announced that hla first
witneas will bo tho plaintiff. Mis Hunter.
She waa with a party of six young women
In the gallery. When the flames burst out
he ran toward the exit, through which
lie had entered the theater. .She was
knocked down, .trampled on,- bruised ahd
burned, but finally escaped with her life.
Two of her companion were "burned to
death while the other escaped.
Thl ult Is considered by lawyer to be of
great Importance. Hundred of other suits
aggregating million of dollar In damage,
have been brought and the evidence given
and tho verdict to be rendered In this first
trial Is of momentous consequence to all
SWIFT'S REQUESJ IS REFUSED
Packer Mitt Answer C harge of Sell
ing; Adalterated Sausages In
HARRISBfRO, Pa.. Oct. 24. -Governor
Pennypacker today declined to Interfere In
tho suit brought by State Dairy and Food
Commissioner Warren against William J
Hall, agent for Swift and Company in Phil
adelphia, last July on the charge of selling
sausages adulterated with boraclo acid.
accompanied bv hla t
torney, Dwlght M. Lowry of Philadelphia.
appeared before the governor tod
asked for the withdrawal of the prosecu-
i.uii. Mr. Bwin said that hi firm had no
Intention of violating the law of Pennsyl
vania and promised that hereafter the firm
wuuia muKe special effort to comply with
the law. Commissioner Warren, who was
present with Secretary of Agriculture
Critchfleld. declared that the adulterated
sausages had been sold to contractors fur
nlbhlng meats "to the national government
and the suit against Hall waa brought at
the instance of Secretary of the Navy
Bonaparte. The case will b tried in Phil
adelphia on November 1.
BREWERS CLOSE THE JOINTS
Saloon In Kansas City, Kan., Argeu.
tine, Armonrdale and Hosedale
V Suspend Bnslne.
KANSAS C1TT. Mo., Oct. 24.-Th brew
er have ordered Joint-keeper in Kansas
City, Kan., and the auburb of Argentine,
Armourdale and Rosedale to close and to
day most of the !00 saloons In those place
respected the order. What the Hate and
county official have not done in years,
the brewer have themselves accomplished
within twenty-four hour time.
Most of the Joint are owned by th
brewer. The other can secure ro more
beer and their supply is almost exhausted,
The city officials who levied monthly fines
upon the Joints, had suld that they were
powerleita to close them and yeterday, at
the Instigation of Governor Hoch. W. H.
McCamtsh was appointed assistant attor
ney general of Wyandotte county to see
that the plaoe stopped doing business.
"8o long as the Joints are closed." aaid Mr.
McCamish, "there will be uothlng for me
to do. I am here to see that they stay
MAY GO FREE
Victim of Minnesota Man later
Arrest In lAudon Decline tn
ST. PAUL Oct. 21-Peter August Eck
land. In jail in London. England, on his own
confession that he embessled fll.OU) while
secretary of the Clay County Land com
pany, may go free because of the refusal of
his victims to prosecute him. Secretary
Eilhu Root today telegraphed Governor
Johnson asking If Ecklund extradition to
Minnesota wa desired. Communication was
at one hld with the Clay county authori
ties and the authorities answered that no
complaint had been made nor hi arrest
Hked for. The money the man confenaei
to taking lmloncd to loaa parti a im la-
trutud buu itti it to make farm Wua
HABR1MAN IS SPEEDING EAST
Special Train Vaies a Becord Trip a
Far ai Or, den.
KEEPING UP SAME GAIT INTO CHEYENNE
With the Mountains Behind Some
Record Time I Anticipated from
that Point Into Omalia, Arriv
ing; Early In the Morning.
CHEYENNE, Wyo., Oct- 24.-8pec!al Tel
egramsThe Harrlman flyer left Ogden at
11:30 a. m. The seventy-six mile to Evan
ton wa covered In slow time, owing to
heavy grade In Echo and Weber canons.
From Evanston to Green River better time
was made. The train frequently made a
speed of sixty-five and seventy mile an
hour. From Green River to Rawlins the
best time of the trip wa made, the 134
mile bring covered In 158 minutes. In
cluding (tops. ' The train left Rawlins at
6:30 tonight, after a stop of ten minutes,
during which engines were changed and
President Harrlman conferred with Gen
eral Manager Mohler, who 1 en route
west, regarding extensions In Wyoming.
Between Ogden and Rawlins the train fell
slightly below an average speed of forty
five mile an hour. Including stops, and It
Is not expected that average will be ex
ceeded from Ogden to Cheyenne. Perfect
weather has obtained and the night ride
tonight will be a beautiful one. The road
bed and track are In perfect condition and
Mr. Harrlman could, if he desired, do bet
ter than sixty miles an hour from Cheyenne
The Harrlman special arrived here at
10:30. mountain time, and started east with
a delay of a few minutes. It Is anticipated
some great time will be made between here
Its Chanare In Plan.
A rumor found it way from Chicago to
Ome-ha last night to the effect that after
elaborate arrangements all along the line
the Harrlman record-breaker had been
abandoned. The Bee called upon Mr. T.
M. Orr. assistant to Vice President Mohler
of the Union Pacific, Mr. Orr being caught
over the telephone at his office, receiving
messages from the special, which wa still
whirling through the country like a phan
tom. He said:
"I don't know where such an Idea could
have originated. Certainly we know noth
ing of It at the Union Pacific headquarter.
We are till getting telegram from the
pedal, which I making faater time right
along and we are proceeding with all plan
for a continuation of the run across the
country. The train haa long Since passed
over the difficult portion of the Journey and
I could see no reason for abandoning the
project now. As late as 8:S0. our time, the
train wa clipping along a lively gait. It
Dassed Hanna, Wyo.. at 7:25, Wyoming
time, which would be 8:. our time. It 4s ,
exnected in Omaha between and 9 In the
morning. It will top but a few minute
Fast Time to Ogden.
E. H. Harrlman and family and party.
Including Mis Alice Roosevelt, are speed
ing aero a the continent to make a record
on transcontinental train. The party wa
cheduled to be at Ogden at 10:50 Tuesday
morning and Is billed to reach Omaha
between 8 and this morning. Mr. Kruf
schnltt, director of maintenance and opera
tion, 1 with Mr. Harrlman.
' The train will be given good clearance
all of the way through, although this will
be hard work at thl end of the Union
Pacific, where the freight ar o numerous,
and everything will be done to facilitate a
fast run. A record run also wa made
across the Pacific, so the record will be
counted not only acros the United State,
but alo from th Orient to New York.
No top probably will be made at any
point except uch a may be required for
coal and water and to change engine and
The Associated Press say the Harrlman
pedal train arrived at Ogden at 11:23 a.
m. today ana aepnneu. iui i"v .. ..
the Union Pacific railway after a change
of engine, which wa accomplished In
the record time of two minute.
The run from San Francisco wa made at
an average speed of forty-five mile an
hour. When it 1 taken into consiuerauon
! that the trip from San Francisco to Ogden
Involves crossing the Sierra Nevada moun
tain and Great Salt lake, the significance
of an average speed of forty-five mile an
hour becomes more apparent. Getting over
the divide of the lofty and rugged old
Blerra mean a run through forty-one
mllf'S of mow sheds, which never can be
made aa rapidly a In the open. The grades
up these mountain, of course, are pre
cipitous for travel. The Lucin-Ogden cut
off, which spans the lake, is iuu nine ana
a fraction in length, nearly thirty mile
of which is on water.
Tho Associated Pre aay Mr. Harrlman
refused to be Interviewed. Hi train wa
guardod by detective and secret service
Th Harrlman special train, .which left
Oakland at S:Z1 p. m. Monday, made the
fastest run on record between San Fran
aisco and Ogden. The Overland Limited
makes the run In twenty-elx hour, five min
ute, while the Harriman train covered the
distance in nineteen hours, four minute,
beating the Limited by seven hour and one
HARRIMAN WINS BIG WAGER
Gives Two Thousand Dollar Won
front Robert Goelet to Crew
of the aiberin.
SAN FRANCI8CO, Oct. 34 Two thou-
I an'1 do'W wa awarded th crew of the
P'flc Mal1 ,lner Slberl for bringing the
vessel into purl from Yokohama In record
breaking time. E. II. Harrlman. the rail
road magnate, who wa a paasenger on the
steamer, waa the donor. He won the
money from Robert Goelet. the New York
millionaire, on a wager on the time the
steamer would make from Yokohama to
this port. Harriman bet that the Siberia
would break the recent record established
by the Korea. H won by thirty-seven
W. J. BRYAN AND TOGO MEET
Distinguished Nebraaknn and Vlc.
torloas Japanese Admiral Ei
hang Greeting at Toklo.
TOKIO. Oct. J4.-Wllllatn J. Bryan wa
present at the reception today in honor of
Admiral Togo. The mayor Introduced Mr.
Bryan to the admiral. An exchange of cor
dial sentiments followed. The admiral wa
delighted at the unexpected presence of Mr.
.It transpired today that Admiral Togo
did not anchor even orr In five month
from the time of the big naval battle of
August 10, im, until the Russian battleship
i Sevastopol was torpedod In th last day
4 of Deceiubec
WESTERN INDEMNITY AFFAIRS
Clash Retweew Lawyer la Hearing; of
Contempt Proceedings In
CHICAGO, Oct. 24.-E. I. Rosenfeld. gen
eral manager of' tha Western Life In
demnity company, now under Investiga
tion by tli court, wa on the stand this
afternoon before Judgw Kohlsaat In the
United IState circuit court. Roenfeld and
President Oeors M. Moulton of the In
demnity company were present to answer
a rule to show cause why they should not
be adjudged In contempt of court for pur
chasing stock of, the company despite
an oral order of th court against such an
action. The argument lasted all day and
late In the afternoon Judge Kohlsaat asked
Rosenfeld IX he waa willing to testify con
cerning the purchase of stock In the Se
curity Life and Annuity company, the con
cern which wa to reinsure the policyhold
ers In the Indemnity company. The court
suld that he wished to Inquire concerning
Rosenfeld' Interest In the Security and
Annuity stock purchased by Mm and which
purchase wa held a a contempt of court
by the complainant.
"Who owned that stock?" asked Judge
The witness replied: "A near as I can
remember It waa J. K. Kenncr, Charlerol.
Pa. : E. L. Neman. Woodstock, Va. ; George
Kenner. Charlerol. Fa., and other men
whose names I cannot recall."
"Have you any Interest Individually In
"No. sir; not any." v
"DV1 you derive Any money from the
purchase from them?"
"No, sir; I have no more financial In
terest In them than the court has."
Attorney Levlnson. for the complainants,
asked permission to put some question
to the witness through the court.
"What relation haw the men you named
to the company?" ws the first question.
"Newman waa president. George Kenner
a director. J. K. Kenner director and I
now president." '
"What relation have they now to the
"J. K. Kenner I still director and the
other are not lntereted."
"Waa It part of the plan for them to re
sign?" "Yes, that wa agreed on In August."
"Mr. Rosenfeld, did you profit In this
"No. not one penny."
Attorney Levlnson exclaimed: "Oh. of
course the witness would aay that. He
would not tell, anyway."
Rosenfeld Jumped, to hi feet, muttering
curse at Levlnson. and all the lawyer
at once raised their voice demanding apol
ogies, refusing them and accusing each
other of all kinds of double dealing.
When quiet waa finally restored the
court rebuked Mr. Levlnson for his re
marks and then ordered that Rosenfeld
produce data In the morning covering the
ale of the stock and all other matter
concerning the deal.
STAND BY CLOSED SHOP
Kew York Tcnmstere , Vote to Ask
Employer to sign Old Agree
ment Which Has Expired.
NEW YORK. Oct."U. At. inetlr..rflmDtt;M
the Joint conference ror-.Greater New York j floor, for there I no floor to stand on un
of the International Brotherhood of jeM they come 1n person. ' It-1 apparent
Teamster held tonight no action wa th,t but fw mrn Who have money enough
taken which would lead to a general i
Btrike. Th meeting was attended by about cattle will come here and endure the' hard
200 delegates, who dlacUsaed the strike now ships of Ihls frontier life. They do not be-
existing Detween local P.O. tw ana Thomas
Orr, truckman at 55 White street. It was
unanimously decided to stand by the
"closed shop" section of the agreement
which the bosses will be asked to sign,
the old agreement between the Team Own
era' association . and the International
Brotherhood of Teamsters having expired,
and a statement was Issued to the effect
that a settlement of the Orr strike was
expected some time this week.
Vice President Edward Gould of the In
ternational Teamster presided at the
meeting and directed Its action.
There were disturbance during the day
In the region affected by the strike which
called for an Increase of the police on duty,
but no arrests were mode.
The Merchants' association today Issued
an appeal to the commercial member of
the organization for the upholding of the
principle Involved in this strike of the right
of every man to transact his own business
without dictation, provided he does it In
a legal way.
OMAHA FIRM THE0NLY BIDDER
Probably Will Be Awarded Big Grad
ing Contract In tw t
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Oct. :'4.-(Special Tele
gram.) Wood, Bancroft & Doty of Omaha
was the only firm which submitted a pro
posal for the construction and completion
of the earth embankments In connection
with the Aroyo Hondo Irrigation project
In New Mexico. The bid submitted by the
Omaha firm was 17 cents on embankment
and Wt cent on overhaul. The work in
volves about 200.0UO cubic yards of earth
work and 150.000 cubic yards of overhaul.
The Omaha firm will doubtless be awarded
Rural carriers appointed: Iowa: Ana-
mow, route 1, Porter S. Wilkinson, carrier,
Clarence J. Byeily, substitute; Lacona,
rout 1, Fred Newman, carrier. David New
man, substitute; Lost Nation, route 2, Mrs,
Belle D. Kiel, carrier. John B. Kiel, sub
stitute; Tama, route 'i, Benjamin Dicken
son, carrier, Miss Mary Dickenson, substi
tute. South Dakota: Standburg, route 1,
Matt Abrahamson, carrier, R. C. Berqulst,
substitute; Tripp, route 1, Gottlieb J.
Klandt, carrier, Ferdinand Klandt, substi
tute; Vienna, route 1, George Vlereck, car
rier, Elwood J. Crane, substitute.
William J. Arthurs has beeu appointed
postmaster at Bouton. Dallas county, low,
vice Miss TUlie 8chnoor, resigned.
LIVENS UP JNDIANA TOWN
Farmer Steal a Locomotive on m Bet
and Ran It. Into Bos Car
Filled with Italians.
CHICAGO, Oct. Z4.-The effort of Pat
rick McGrath. a farmer of Chesterton. Ind.,
to "liven things up a bll" proved a glitter
ing success In that town today.
MoQrath, noticing an engine standing on
the tracks of the Lake Shore road, an
nounced that he would bet anybody 2S cents
that he would wake up the town Inside of
ten minutes. The wager wa taken and Mc.
Grath. finding that the train crew wa ab
aent, climbed aboard th engine and pulled
out th throttle to the last notch. The en
glne darted down the track and tore Into a
train of freight cars, in which a number of
Italian were eating their dinners. Four of
the rar and tlin engine were smashed and
four of the Italians seriously but not fatally
hurt. J McGrath escaped with but a few in
luxie and was taken to JaU. '
CRASS, BUT NOT THE HERDS
Hay Spring Joiai Other Townt in Flag for
tha Cattla Baiatr.
CHANGE IN LAND LAW IS NOW NEEDIO
Rancher Shoold Be Klven n Chance
to Boy These Acre and Pnt
Ilnslnca on Solid
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
HAT SPRINGS. Neb.. Oct. 24. (8perlal.)
The same unsettled conditions exist here
a are noticeable In the country south of
Alnsworth, Gordon nd Rushvllle. Those
engaged In the cattle Industry, nd five
out of six persons living here are more
or less In the cattle business, are uneasy
and do not know Just what to look for
and expect in the future. Kinkald home
steaders came Into thl county by the doi
en last year, and those who could bring
money enough with them to buy a bunch
of. cattle are doing well, but many who
pent considerable money to come here
and look up homesteads and did not want
to go back home without filing on 640 acres
had but little conception of what the coun
try Is really good for. and a large per
centage of them have not returned to es
tablish their residence. Tn nearly every
case where they came here without means
to purchase cattle or did not bring stock
with them, the outlook Is so discouraging
that many well meaning men have been
forced by dire necessity to leave their
homes anct go to work for someone else
In order to get money to live on. Many of
these sturdy cltliens could get stock to
rslse on shares, or could borrow money
now Idle in the bank If they had any
assurance of Improved conditions, but when
these pioneers go to a bank to borrow
money they are met with the proposition
that they cannot mortgage their home
stead, as It I against the law. and are
reminded that they must nave lno worth of
improvements on their land before they
can prove up and get a patent to the land.
If these pioneers could have an oppor
tunity te buy adjoining land so a to round
up a ranch large enough to take good care
of about 200 head of cattle, those that are
deserving, and many are deserving, would
have no trouble ' In enlisting capital to
give them stock to graxe.
Growth of Cattle Valnes.
It is estimated that the value of a year'
growth to each head of cattle will aver
age something near $10. That ia a year
ling kept one year on the natural grass will
be worth 110 more at the end of the year
when It Is a 2-year-old, than It was at a
yearling, and likewise a 2-year-old kept a
year will be worth an additional $10 more
when It become a 3-year-old. At least M
per cent of the cow kept for raising calves
will each year raise a calf worth $10 or
more. From this basis It can readily be
seen that with a bunch of J00 cattle a nice
profit can be made each , year out of the
natural grass that Is now going to waste.
There would be no trouble to get settler
for all of these land if capital would also
come In and furnish the settler with stock
to start with. .. Under present ' conditions
to buy from fifty to an hundred head of
com1 interested under existing conditions
for the reason that they cannot acquire
title to land without residence, and thus tt
appears plain that the solution of the prob
lem,, which is vital to Nebraska, rests In
some method whereby the man with money
who will not come here to live, can co
operate with the man who has no money,
tut Is willing to come here and bear the
hardships that all must bear with a hope
of later becoming Independent and owning
a home and herd of stock, of his own.
Omaha'a Interest I Direct.
It is not Intended to convey the Idea
that there Is nothing In . this country at
present. On the contrary, thousand of
head of as pretty, well-fed cattle are grac
ing on the prairie as can be seen anywhere
in the country, and the Improvement on the
grade of cattle is simply wonderful when
compared with the cattle raised here only
a few year ago. But the fact remain that
there I not one-tenth enough cattle in tha
country to eat the grass that grows each
year and therefore the waste is enormous.
Train load after train load of cattle posses
down the Northwestern line to market
every day, but if the country was stocked
as tt should be. the stock trains would be
far more numerous and likewise the trains
coming up from Omaha would be thicker
and more frequent, loaded with goods from
Omaha Jobbers and wholesalers. It at
once becomes plain that the Interests of
Omaha business men Is also the Interests
of the cattle raisers. It would be far better
for the Omaha business men to have this
country dotted with small producers, say
with from fifty to 500 head of cattle each
than to have tl. country in the hands of
the large concerns. -The large concerns
buy - most of their supplies by wholesale
and quite a percentage they buy in Chi
cago, while the small producer patronise
the local merchant, along this line, who
largely buy in Omaha. One thing can be
depended upon as settled, and that I that
the cattlemen of western Nebraska will
never go back to the day of cowboy to
herd their stock on the public land no more
than will the people of Omaha go back to
th old horse car for street railway trans
portation. It can also be safely said that
if present conditions are continued, the
immense waste of beef producing material
will go on from year to year. The country
simply cannot be settled unless condition
are audi that capital can come hand in
hand Into this country with labor. No one
supposes that the nw buslnea blocks
could have been built In Omaha by the
worklngmen In Omaha alone. They had to
have the co-operation of men with money in
order to build the splendid buildings In
Omaha. Likewise the men who are ready
and willing to come her and work, taking
car of tock and making us of th grass
now going to waste, must have the co
operation of men with money or failure
stare them In the face, and they cannot
get thl necessary help from men of money
unless the conditions are changed so that
the cattle business can have a solid basis
to rest upon. This means land in fee
simple, a a basis for the herd. Several
ranchmen have stated that they have
friends In eatern Nebraska or other suites
who would gladly furnish them means to
buy cattle, U the business rested on
more solid basis. Other ay that If th
land could be purchased In limited tracts
they hsve friends who would go Into part
nership with them furnishing the necessary
money to carry on the business of produ
cing beef for the market.
Possibilities for Dairying.
The possibilities of cream production
we.tern Nebraska I. an Industry that." It,,Sonft,ed Anglian for Boston.
Continued on Second pag7
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
Fair Wednesday and Colder In K.nst
Portion. Fnlr and Warmer Thursday.
Temaeratnre nt Omaha llrdt
r a. m
9 a. in
10 a. m
11 a. ...,..
PROBING ALLEGHENY FAILURE
Department of Jnstlre Begin Investi
gation with View to Criminal
PITTRBl'RO. Oct. J4.-At a late hour to.
night tt was learned that Bank F.xaminer
John B. Cunningham, while making an ex
amination of the Bank of Pittsburg. North
Allegheny, found a discrepancy between the
reports made to Comptroller of th Cur
rency Rldgeley by the Bank of Pittsburg.
North Allegheny, and the Enterprise Na
tional Bank of Allegheny, which led to the
closing of the latter Institution.
Acting Attorney Oeneral Hoyt ha
directed I'nlted States District Attorney
John Denkel to make a thorough investiga
tion Into the affairs of the Enterprise Na
tional bank, with a view to criminal pro
ceeding, If the evidence warrants such a
course. Mr. Hoyt's order mean that all
the paper and other evidence In the pos
session of Bank Commissioner Cunningham
will be turned over St once to t'nlted State
District Attorney Denkel, and from now on
the legal representatives of the federal gov
ernment will have charge of the case.
Comptroller Rldgeley haa not arrived In the
city, but Is expected soon.
The directors of the bank, all of whom
re wealthy, ere In favor of re-opening
should the shortage not prove too great,
and the Indication are that Receiver Cun
ningham' report will show the bank's loss
to be considerably less than $1,000,000, as
wa first reported.
ACTION OF EQUITABLE TRUSTEE
Policyholder Asked to Exptess Pref
erences for Thirteen Trnstees to
Re Elected December 6.
NEW YORK, Oct. 24. drover CleveUnd,
Morgan J. O'Brien and George Westing
house, the stock voting trustees in the
Equitable Life Assurance society, today
sent out through tha secretary. George F.
Parker, circular letter to all the policy
holders of the society asking for sugges
tions a to the selection of the thirteen
directors to be chosen by the board.
The circular announces that the next an
nual election of director will bn held at the
office of the society In New Tork at noon
Wednesday. December ft. when the trustee
111 vote for thirteen director, of whom
vin will be taken from the policyholder.
Fallowing thl announcement the circular
Policyholder receiving thl notice will
not overlook the fact that If they prefer
they may leave the choice of uch ivoltcy
holdlng directors to the Judgment and dis
cretion of the trustees.
They should also bear In mind that If they
elect to present names of persons for whom
ihey Ajelre ix to vote. It I of the -utmost
Importance that those should be presented
who not only have business knowledge and
experience, nut whose residences and oc
cupations will allow them to attend direc
HOLDUPS STRIKE WRONG MAN
Former Nebraaknn Torn the Table
on Five Pennsylvania v
PITTSBURG, Oct. 24. (Special Telegram.)
Fred , Turner, formerly a cowboy from
near Liberty, Neb., now a civil engineer
working at Greensburg, Pa., wa held up
last night near Trotter by five negro high
waymen. Turner had been making a call and was
walking home, when accosted. The negroes
leveled a flashy nlckle-plated revolver, but
Turner pulled a .44 and shot Frank Jones,
a negro with a bad reputation, tn the arm.
At the first shot Jones screamed and Tur
ner quit shooting. The others held up their
hands , at Turner's command without firing
a shot, while he searched them and took
five guas from them. He had no plac to
take th captive, so he examined their
face well and turned them loose and re
ported the affair to the officer, who have
made two arrests.
. Turner wa raised In Arlsona, lived on a
Nebraska ranch, herding cattle nine year,
and Is very popular here.
FIVE YEARS FOR HARROUN
St. Joseph Elevator Man Is Foand
Gnllty of Forging Bill
ST. JOSEPH, Oct. 24.-W. H. Harroun.
charged with having forged $700,000 worth
of bill of lading and obtaining money
on them, waa found guilty by a Jury at
1:40 o'clock tonight and th penalty fixed at
five year In the penitentiary.
Tho forgeries were committed about a
year ago and were principally on Burling
ton route bills of lading. Six more similar
Indictments stand against Harroun.
He formerly was a prominent grain mer
chant operating large elevators and offices
In St. Joseph, Kansas City and St. Louis. It
Is said that Harroun borrowed money on
the forged ladings tq tide over speculative
loiuiea and then endeavored to take up the
loans before the forgeries were discovered.
He ha been managing hi business In
tha Interest of his creditors for several
UPTON TO AGAIN CHALLENGE
British Sportsman Will Make Try for
America's Cap Year After
LONDON. Oct. 14 Sir Thoina Lipton
expect to again challenge for the Amer
ica' cup In 1907.
Asked today concerning th reports from
America that he had given up the Idea of
making further effort th owner of the
Shamrock declared that he wa a keen
a aver and that while too late to chal
lenge for 1SX. If all went well h would,
be at Bandy Hook with a new challenger
th following year.
Movement of Ocean easel Oct. 34.
At New York Arrived: Astoria from
Glasgow; Kaiser Wllhelm Der Grosse from
Bremen; Oceanic from Liverpool; Caronia
from Liverpool. Sailed: Kron Prlns Wll
helm for Bremen; Georglc for Liverpool.
At Glasgow Arrived: Furnessla, from
New York; Pretorlan from Montreal; Nu
mldlun. from New Tork.
At Nnplea Arrived: Prlns Oscar from
New York. Bailed: SlollUan Prince fur
New York. .
At Genua Llguria. from New York.
At Chrtnttanl-8it.tled: t'nlted States, for
'I At I.lerpool.
banco: eaxonia tor
DAY IX ALABAMA
fresidaot Bpenda a Strenuous Twaha
Houri in tha Cotton Etata.
VISIT TO SCHOOL OF BOOKER WASHINGTON
Industrial Panda Showing Work of Imti
tut Feature of the Beception.
ADDRESS TO STUDENTS AND FACULTY
Preiideat Emphuiiei the Valae of Proper
TWO HOURS' STAY IN MONTGOMERY
Party Welcomed to tha First CnpttaJ
of Confederacy by Mayor
BIRMINGHAM. Ala.. Oct. 54.-Presldent
Roosevelt concluded a strenuous day in
Alabama by a two hours' visit to Birming
ham, where his reception. In keeping with
those given him at Montgomery and Tuske
gee, were hearty and soul-stlrrlng. His
day began at 7 o'clock, when th special
train left Montgomery for Tuskegee. Visit
to the Tuskegee Normal and Indutrlal In
stitute and to the Methodist Female col
lege were crowded Into a little less than
two hours and the noon hour had Just ar
rived when the executive stepped from his
car In Montgomery. Her he spoke to a
great throng under th shadow of the con
federacy' first capital and wa on hla way
again sharply at 2 o'clock. A few minute
before S the president was th guest of
Blrmlnghsm and until his train left at :45
p. m. on the ntgfit run to Little Rock tha
president was cheered at every turn. Tha
day was unmarked by any special incident
save at Birmingham. Here at the corner of
Fifth avenue and Twentieth sireet an In
toxicated man, in hi excitement, dropped a
pistol from hi pocket on the pavement.
The president saw the Incident and called
the attention of officers to the man, who
was Immediately arrested.
The president train arrived In Birming
ham promptly on time. Mayor George B.
Ward, surrounded hy a reception commit
tee, delivered th formal addres of wel
come at the station and Immediately after
ward the party entered carriage and began
the march to Capitol park, eight squares
The parade wa along North' Twentieth
street and the entire line of march wa
packed with humanity. "Rows of incan
descent light, th full length of tha street.
made the cene all the more brilliant as
evening came on. The ovation of the presi
dent was continuous and h stood in his
carriage the whole way acknowledging tha
outburst of enthusiasm.
At Capitol park, under the glamor of
thousands of electrio lights, the party en
tered tho speakers' stand. General Rufus
N. Rhodes, editor of the Birmingham News,
welcomed the president In behalf of tha
cltlsens of Birmingham. i i. - ... , . -
Great applause greeted the president
he a roue to naK..-:'v
.Following th president's "speech" which'
was along the usual lines, ex-Governor
James F. Johnston Bpoke In behalf of Camp
Hardee. Vnlted Confederate Veteran, and
presented to th president several young
ladles, descendants of confederate soldiers .
and sponsors and maids , of honor, who
presented to the president a badge from
the camp. Governor Johnston said:
tuAo thl?J Pr' to you our respect
for the president of the United States. Our
confidence in the courage, unsectlonal
patriotism and generous Impulses of Theo
dore Roosevelt, and in appreciation of your
many kindnesses to confederate veterans,
and especially for the unsought honor re
cently conferred upon the members of th
We present this too, sir. because you
come nearer standing for the ldeala that
have Inspired our lives than any president
that we have had since tha war. Had we
been born north of Mason's and Dixon
line. Mr. President, many of us in the war
between the states, might followed the fing
of our fathers, the star and stripe, hut
we are sura that had you been born twenty
years earlier and In Georgia, where you
should have been born, you would have
been a gallant leader of a brigade under
Forrest or Stuart.
From Capitol park the party went to
Third avenue and Twentieth, street and
boarded a special electrio train and pro
ceeded to the Alabama state fair grounds.
At the grounds th president was Intro
duced by T. II. Molton, president of th
Birmingham Commercial club. The crowd
at the fair was also enormous and greeted
the . president enthusiastically, as h rose
Welcome to Tnskege.
TCSKEGEE, Ala.. Oct. tt.-Prestdent
Roosevelt reached the grounds of the Tus
kegee normal and Industrial Institute afur
a brief stop in the town of Tutkeg, where
ha was received by the mayor and othur
distinguished cttlsen of Alabama. Tha
president's train was brought directly into
the grounds of the Institute over It pri
vate tracks. From midnight until this
morning great crowds of country people,
white and black, were arriving from ail
sections surrounding Tuskcgee. A motley
assortment of vehicle brought hundred
of person and thy were allowed to com
Into the Institute grounds, where the presi
dent saw th collection and seemed amused
by the sight. The president was received by
Principal Booker T. Washington and mem
bers of the board of trustees and faculty.
He then entered a carriage mad by th
students of the school, drawn by horses
raised at the school and driven by a stu
dent in the school uniform. Four other
carriages, also made by th students. In
which were seated other members Of th
president' party, followed.
View Industrial Parade.
The president proceeded Immediately fen
an elaborately decorated stand In front of
the office building, surmounted by tha
president's flag. From thl point he viewed
the educational and Industrial parade, upou
the preparation of which the students and
faculty have been at work for several
weeks. Thl parade wa headed by th
Institute band, led by Bandmaster Elmer
B. Williams, of the Ninth t'nlted State
cavalry, who bad been detailed in Tusk
gee by the War department. . Then cam
1.500 students of th school In two division:
the young men uniformed in blue suits,
with brass buttons, whit gloves and cadet
caps. The young women, wearing blue
dresses, trimmed with red braid and wear
ing blue straw braid hat, followed, each
bearing a stalk of sugar rana topped with
a cotton boll.' all raised ia the school'
agricultural experiment station.
Immediately behind tha student body
came sixty-one floats, representing the
various phases of work of the acadainy de
partment and the thirty-seven Industrial
division of the school.
After the parade had paaaed, and Stu
dents, faculty and visitor war) repairing
to tie chapel, th presidential party raa
driven hurriedly about the city and Waa
town th extent of tn work erria4 s
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