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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 16, 1905)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1005.
Tiie Omaiia Daily Bee
E. ROBE WATER, IOjITOR.
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THE BEE 1'L UEIsiilU lurA. i. i
STATEMENT OF CIKCULATION.
Stale nf Nonraxka, Douglas County, e. :
Georae B. Tischuek. treasurer of The Bee
Publishing Company. oeln. duly aworn.
say that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Daily, Morning.
Evenlng and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of August. 1906, was aa iohow,.
1 a,w 17 o,ooo
2S.oso 18 S?'""!
t S7.080 19 81,470
T SO, 0-10
1 21), MM
Less unsold copies ,
2i ... 30,1001
n'""'. aoiitw I
Net total salea i8.tt34
taiiy average xu.u4t
GEORUE B. TZSCIIUCK,
rr .. - I
Subscribed In my presence an4 sworn to
before me this 31st day of August, ISMi.
iBeal) it. B. H UNGATE,
WHEN OUT Of TOWS.
Subscribers leavtaat the city teas
porailly should have The Bee
mailed to them. It la better thaa
(4 Ually letter frosa hone. Ad
dress will be o ha need as oftea as
Xow comes the tug of war at the
boutjlus county primaries. I
lu the vocubulury of the American
fc.iueitins trust the letter "G" stands for I
Preliminary steps would indicate that
there is little difference between fusion
and coufutilon even in New York. I
Judge Letton stands squarely on bis
platform, and if he had his way it would I
uave been several planks stronger.
The vote on the supreme Judge shows
that the Platte river is rapidly losing
Its position as the dividing line in Ne
What Postmaster Slaer said to Senator
Burkett after the battle was over was
not recorded in the proceedings. No
pistols, no coffee.
That insurance investigation shows
that, at all events, the men at the head
of the companies know where to plant
one dollar to reap hundreds.
Japanese legislators are calling for an
investigatlon of the police force, which
signally failed to hold down the lid
when the peace treaty struck home.
ivnnsas mignt pe wuung to compro-
raise with Colorado In the irrigation suit
if the latter state would tell it how to
dispose of its surplus water this year.
Markers Panama canal contract, the
biggest thing any Omahan ever struck,
has stood the test of Roosevelt's scru
tiny, and Omaha has reason to feel
Following the outbreak of th .nr.
virors of the Quantrell band a race war
has broken out in Missouri. The demo-
cratlc party must be making plans to
"redeem" the state next year.
Judge Muiiger has decreed that In-
dians must pay the tax on all moneys
deposited in banks by them and for
them; but what about the white depos-Jrally
ltor? Where does he come in?
Judge Duffle started out with a
hoodoo. He had a thick coat of hair
on nis neaa, when he ought to have
known that nobody can become Judge
of the supreme court of Nebraska unless
be is bald.
The arrival at Cincinnati of 200 refu
trees from T-ntilHlmin lnlliiii. .i, .
part of the army of defense ha. fled
before the invading mosqultos; but Jack
Frost can rout Yellow Jack when all
On this proposition all Omaha news-
paper will agree, vix.. that no new
franchise be given and no old franchise
tw extended for a period of more thaa
twenty-five years to any public utility
The csar has abolished retaliatory du -
tlet)OU American goods shipped to Rus -
la. Thus is the peacemaker blessed
and Russians permitted to secure better
goods for less money than In any other
market on earth.
If military officers of the European
powers bad been able to foretell that a
daughter of the president of the United
riaies wouia speud a night In the Chi-
nes imperial palace, they might not
have ben so eager in their efforts to
remove the furnlshinM. but the work of
tiia troops may have given the vUitors
tuarc uiodecn surrounding.
THE STATE TICKET AND Vl.ATTORM
The republican state convention la to
b commended for Its excellent choice
of candidate and declaration of princi
ple iion which the republican party ap
peal for their endorsement at the polls.
The nominee for justice of the supreme
court, Judge Charles B. Letton, Is emi
nently qualified fer the supreme bench
t , j, ...., ... f
uy ms exp-eneuce as uinuiii jimgi- nuu
aunreiiie court commissioner.
Personally Judge Letton !s mi
h'8l ideals, sterling character an(
Lending moral statnjna. He is re;
of the few men In public Ml
Personally JudKe Letton Is man of
this state who possesses the courHe of
his convictions. Ills views of Judicial
duty were expressed tersely by himself
from the convention stage In these
words: ' If rcted I promise you I shall
know neither rich nor poor, neither cor
poration nor individual, and insofar as
in me lies I will dispense Justice to
What will be most gratifying to the
people of Nebraska is the fnct that
Jiifiire i.etton pan mum mis n euce
.itrln hrenlilnff faith Tie came bv
linout pressing laim. lie came oy
nomination without political Obllga-
nuun iu nuj iui(iuiui nun uk-ktlukt
will be In position to dispense Justice
without fPBr or favor In conformlt.v with
, n. i .
the motto of Nebraska, "Lquallty before
t) , ,
The candidates for regents of the unl-
- . iKKrt,f fl 1 v.
. ... v....
for(ji are reputed to be men who will
creditably discharge the trust reposed In
l' ui an uieiimrro oi uie 'J' t'l iuiiH taniy
of the state's highest educational iustltu-
''losi "i piuitoriun iirouiuinniru uy
political conventions are either mere
catchv platitudes or political flv paper.
Tlle P'otform resolutions adopted this
jW" tiaze uie way to reforms mat
have long been demanded by the rank
nn( filo nf ,h -fofa lof.
erence Is made to the anti-pass plank,
which commits the republican party to
uie enactment or a law Dy tne next ieg-
islature prohibiting the railroads from
tendering or elvlnir free transportation
l" 1 u'"""'5 nuu u,u u"'ral",u '
favor of a law that will provide for the
nomination of all candidates by direct
vote Instead of delegate conventions.
While the endorsement of President
Roosevelt's railway regulation policy is
somewhat indefinite, the great majority
of the convention undoubtedly was In ac
cord with the great body of the repub
lican party In emphasizing the popular
demand for the enlargement of the
powers of the Interstate Commerce com-
mission on the lines laid out and recom-
mended by President Roosevelt, and the
representatives of Nebraska in both
houses of congress will scarcely dare to
give this part of the platform any other
TREND TOWARD POPULAR GOVERN-
Almost simultaneous events In all
quarters of the globe indicate a wide-
spread trend toward popular govern-
meat and an awakening in many coun-
tries in which up to this time the peo
ple have been content to rest without
any appreciable participation In matters
The demand of the Hungarians, sup
ported by a vigorous demonstration
against the Diet for a more universal
suffrage is an outcropping of this spirit.
If the war Russia made against Japan
has any credit marks in its favor, they
are to be found in the substantial gains
maUe ? Russians at home in the
diction of more popular government
Tne frlctlon developed between Norway
"no- Sweden, so far as it can be viewed.
as a claim on the part of Norway of in
(dependent sovereignty responsible dl-
rectly to the Norwegian people, is also
In line with the spread of the popular
government idea. In all the old world
countries autocracv has been steadily
losing: ground and democracy salnln.
and although th outward forms of
monarchical government continue un
changed great changes are taking place
in the location of the seat of power.
In this movement the United States
is not a negligible factor. The Influence
of American free Institutions on old
world bulwarks of medievalism has been
great and constant, and It is being ex-
erTea aT D a' w,ul increasing rorce.
The UnIted States ha" w,th,n the l'nst
feW yCarS C0Iue for the flrst t,me wlthl"
the horlzon of many P1' of foreign
countries and they are beginning to
realize and appreciate the strides we
pave been making and the advantages
we nave keen enjoying by reason of our
popular government. It is only natu
to be expected, therefore, that this
J movement will spread still further and
that the United States will continue to
pluy an important part in it even thous-h
it may not at anytime be called upon to
assume an active role.
salutary lesson frux Indiana
The summary actiou of Governor
Hanly of Indiuua in forcing the retire
ment from office of the auditor of state,
Ia "l f '"PPPrl--
public funds in bis posschmIou and uslug
them for speculative purposes, should
be a salutary lesson for public officials
generally. Other states have suffered
fro,n official defalcations and other
8tates tlave Ntn ffli"ted with the vie
,ous P010' of farming out the public
,nonlP8 ror private gain, but lu few in
"Rve "0Pn 1)14,81 wltn gov
ernors at uie neaa or their state admin
lstratlons Imbued with the faculty of
1 decisive action, and moved by an un
1 compromising hostility to public plunder
,n ftnJ official graft
Every one w ill say that fiovemor
Hanly did exactly the right thing In In
slsting that the betrayer of his trust
should forthwith vacate his but
we can well imagine that the culnrlt
and his friends pleaded for time to rnl.-e
the money required to make good w hat
had been embeisled and urged the neces-
sit; of keeping the theft covered up to
avoid bringing scandal upon the state
government and InJurv to the oartr re-
I spoiisiM for the election of both,
A governo distosed to Utuporlr? or
compromise with official embeitlers Is
never at a loss for en excuse to Justify
his course, but Governor Ilanly is of
a different mettle. A rich state like
Indiana can much more readily afford
to lose the stolen JUsVXio, or more, than
to depreciate the standard of Its public
morality. The same holds true for every
other state in the union. Friends of
good government everywhere have a
right to rejoice in the praiseworthy ex
ample set by the Indlna executive In
the face of a misfortune to his state
and threatening scandal to his party.
The republicans of Douglas county
would 1k recreant to their duty If they
did not at the next Tuesday's primaries
vote to take the lid oft and let the light
Into the county Judge's heirship treasure
box, and that can only be done Vj nom
inating a candidate who has no connec
tion with the present incumbent and Is
known to be absolutely and rigidly
A large area of low barometer was
struck between Lincoln and Omaha by
the hot air prognosticator of Hie Omaha
Fakery when he wired in great, big
black letters, "Duffle to bo nominated as
a result of Agreement between conven
tion managers representing the lturllng
ton and Union raclflc. Pheldoji for per
The democratic state convention will
have the privilege of going through the
motions and make faces at the repub
lican party, but the nomination of Judge
Letton, In spite of railroad intrusion,
spikes all the guns of the common enemy
and does not leave it a peg to stand ou.
What's the matter with Letton? lie's
The declaration of Judge Letton that
he favors the direct primary has doubt
less given a glimmer of hope to the
father of the direct primary law that
his infant will be spared by the su
preme court, although lawyers say that
it has several deadly microbes in its
The new chairman of the republican
state committee will have almost as soft
Job this year as Chairman Cortelyou
of the national committee had last year
with Roosevelt at the head of the O. O.
ticket. He can take it easy, wait for
the returns and proclaim the result.
Lord Roberts has decided to postpone
his visit to America for a year, probably
thinking that this nation has given so
moch attention to diplomats at Ports
mouth that it should take a rest before
entertaining men whose occupation Is
The officers of that Canadian govern
ment boat which fired on an American
fishing smack were probably more cer
tain of their waters than of their ground.
Some such an act as this will some day
bring annexation considerably nearer.
If Mr. Rryan desires to see the Phil
ippines under all aspects he shduld ar
range to take a "hike" with some of
the constabulary after a band of Moros.
Nothing inculcates patriotism like being
on the firing line.
n the Woodpile.
i Portland Oregonlan.
(Somehow we have not heard much lately
about Roosevelt and the big stick.
Bt. Louis Globe-Democraat.
After all the talk about "hands across
the sea" It appears that England's treaty
with Japan Is as much against us as against
Contentment of Possession.
Mr. Roosevelt 1b about the only man of
real prominence In the country who Is not
thinking more or less about the presidential
possibilities of 1908.
Pat 'Em Vnder Cover.
The call made upon an associate editor
of the Commoner by Fat Crowe suggests
that possibly Mr. Bryan has secured new
Issues that are worth kidnaping.
Stronw Hand nt the Helm.
The mikado will not allow his cabinet to
resign on account of the popular clamor.
He Is not only a man who knows his own
mind and has the courage of his convic
tions, but also one who when he is sura
he Is right just goes ahead. Japan Is lucky
to have so Arm a hand on the helm of Its
ship of state at this crisis.
Man's Inhumanity to Man. '
The federal authorities at New Orleans
in charge of the fever situation were com
pelled to go to the aid of a man In Mlas-
slsslppl suspected of having the fever, who
had been chained to a tree two days with
out shelter, food or water. It seems in
credible In these days that even the height
of selfish flight could develop so much
Inhumanity In civilized communities. All
the barbarity possible to be developed
clearly is not confined to Darkest Africa
and drunken Cossacks.
Pretty Bit of Sentiment.
Ban Francisco Chronicle.
It Is a very pretty bit of sentiment which
caused th people and officials of Atlanta
to Invite the Grand Army of the Republic
to hold Its nexf encampment In that his-
torio city. It may be accepted as certain
that no place could be nnmed which would
arouse so much Interest In the rank and
file of the Grand Army or which would as
sure so large an attendance at the en
campment. The meeting of the Grand
Army of the Republio at Atlanta would be
the most fclgnlflcant evidence yet given of
the complete recementlng of the once
warring sections and would arouse more
patriotic enthusiasm than any other event
In the history of the Grand Army.
Pnttlnar It on the Pablto.
The Grand Central station In New York
Is reported as about to cut off all wages
from their red-capped porters, who are now
said to make so much outside of wages
that there are many more applicants than
places to be filled. The change would mean
nothing, as the porters are now allowed
to make It clear that they expect travelers
to pay and that somewhat liberally. The
Pullman conductor last year complained
that they earned less than their porters
received In fees and there arc even con
ductors who are not averse to Indicating
a willingness to increase their earnings by
the charity or recompense for courtesy of
passengers on their lines. A certain kind
of pride Is Urpartlng rapidly from Amtr
GROWTH OF UrE ISSt RAKCB.
Overflowing Maey Vawlta Rtisaail.
ble for Scandals.
In 1W-0, acoordlng to an estimate pub
lished by an official of the New York Ufa
Insurance company some time ago, all
the American life Insurance companies to
gether had on an average about to at risk
for each persons In the t'nlted States. In
1901 the amount at risk per capita bad
grown to about $88, Increasing seventecn-
fold In the forty-one years. If further evl
dence were required to show how rapidly
this business has been growing It would
be found In the enormous Increase of cash
assets among the leading companies, which
have grown out of all proportion to the
Increase of Insurance st risk.
"If no new Insurance were written," said
the authority above quoted, "If palsy
should suddenly siere the tremendous ac
tivities of these companies, the contracts
that are now outstanding and well es
tablished In the very nature of the case
would bring In such sums of money that
the companies would be compelled to be
come an active factor In the investment
In the face of such evidence as the Inves
tigation In progress In New York Is bring
ing to light It Is plain that whatever plan
may be adopted for the regulation of the
life-insurance business It must provide- for
some adequate supervision of the way In
which these prodigious sums are Invested.
In general the Insurance concerns may be
assumed to have made their policy conform
to fairly safe and conservative principles
of Investment. An analysis of state Insur
ance reports mnde some time agtJ Indicated
that of the $l,77S,91,0(iO of assets then held
by twenty-eight of the leading life com
panies, more than 41 per cent was In bonds,
the other securities. In the order of the
amounts carried, being mortgages, real es
tate, loans on policies and stocks. Of
stocks, the least certain form of security,
some companies carried none.
It Is equally plain that while the bulk
of the insurance funds Is thuB safely se
cured, the ofllclals with the excess of funds
at their disposal are prone to Indulge In
transactions that bear more the eharacter
of speculation than of Investment. To
Judge from the way some of the New York
companies' officials have Juggled with the
money of policyholders, taking a private
profit therefrom and concealing- the trans
action from state officials by tricks, they
seem to have cast aside conscience en
tirely as a business asset With such con
ditions today and the Insurance business
still growing, what are conditions likely
to be a few years hence, unless some re
straint Is placed upon the methods em
ployed In managing these great accumula
tions of wealth?
VOLUNTARY RAILROAD REFORM.
Move to Sidetrack. Private Car Line
The disposition of the great railroad lines
to drop the private car lino companies Is
among the hopeful signs of reform In rail
road management aa the result of the
crusade against special rates. The private
car line la to the railroad company what the
Investing syndicates are to the Insurance
companies. It Is a device by which the men
interested In the railroad management can
reap a profit from the business which the
company could not get from its legitimate
charges. The private car line company puts
on refrigerating cars to carry fruits and
meats. Its charges for this service are not
controlled by the railroad's public tariffs
and tbey have not so far fallen under the
regulative hand of the Interstate Com
merce commission. That commission Is
now conducting a campaign to establish
its control over the charges of these com
panies and to have them legally classified
as common carriers. The commission will
ask for legislation and the president will
natuiully support Its demand.
The private car Una companies have
filed answers to the complaint of the com
mission and so have the companies over
whose roads those car lines are operated.
The Correspondent reports that the an
swers of the railroad companies show
that the roads "have decided to wash their
hands of the private car lines and to ac
cept no responsibility for them whatever."
That prediction Is In line with arguments
directed to railroad managers by their
friends, urging them to abolish "private
snaps" in railroading and to raise the
standard of railroad ethics. These warn
ings have pointed out that government
regulation would sweep away these sucker
growths If the companies did not lop them
off voluntarily and that their abandonment
was the surest way to avert such a popular
uprising as would Inevitably do groat harm
to the railroads, without any corresponding
benefit to the people. It looks as If the rail
road managers were preparing to take that
good advice. In that case moderate legis
lation to do away with rebates and special
rates will be easy. The private car lines
are the chief agency through which rates
are established. Several of the western
roads have already assured the Interstate
Commerce Commission that they will put
on their own refrigerator cars and will put
Into effect a rate for their service which
the commission has decided to be reason
able. With such voluntary reforms on the
part of the roads the Issue of regulation
would dwindle to Insignificance. The coun
try will watch eagerly to see how far this
western good example Is followed.
BILLIO.XS IX IT.
Abundant Harvest Afford Good Rea
son for Thankfulness.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
The government reports show that so
far, the wheat crop la 6,000,000 bushels, and
the oat and barley crops 3,000,000 bushels
each, behind the estimate made on August
These slight deficiencies are more than
made up by the corn crop, which Is likely
to be 11,000,000 bushels more than was esti
mated on August L
Already It 1b certain that the wheat crop
will be above the average, nd the yield
of oats the second largest on record. But
the wealth now maturing In America's corn
is almost beyond comprehension.
The corn crop la expected to be not less
than :.S2S,0OO,(iO0 bushels, or Ii3.000.ori0
bushels more than the great crop of last
If any one has fretted a little over the
weather of the last few days he may be
consoled that such warmth Is worth about
UO.OOO.OiiO a day to the country In matur
ing the corn crop. The value of the yield
of corn this year may be judged by a few
At an average of (0 cents a hushel
and corn is well above that price In the
Chicago market the corn crop will be
worth tI.S12.GOO.000. On September 1 our na
tional debt. Including all the outstanding
greenbacks, was ll,Si.l21,83J.
Bo, with our corn crop, we could pay
off the entire national debt, and redeem
every greenback In gold, and still -have
nearly 130.0v0.0fO left to celebrate the feat.
We could, from our corn crop alone, and
If there were any reason for so doing, give
every man, woman, and ohlld of the 80,
000,000 people In this nation, over tic each to
buy a Thanksgiving dinner.
We could with our corn crop pay the
heirs of every equitable policy-holder th
face of his policy without walling for him
to die and without touching the company's
assets at all.
We could play all sorts of tricks with our
corn crop, so enormous and so valuable
Is It. And yet this is only on of our crops.
When we consider It and the others we
may well re.'olce and thank, God fur eur
OTHER LAPS Til A 01 R9.
Hon. Church Howe of Nebraska, Ameri
can consul general at Antwerp, contributes
to Leslie's Weekly an extended review of
the development of Belgian colonisation of
the upper and lower Congo country, paying
a high tribute to the work accomplished
and the motives which Inspired It. Sum
marising the work, Mr. Howe says:
The philanthropic and humanitarian
movement In favor of civilisation of the
valleys of the upper and lower Congo was
conceived by King Leopold II as early as
September. 1876. when an International eon
ference of slcentlsts and explorers met at
the royal palace at Brussels. Before this
assembly King Leopold made the following
remark: "To open the only portion of our
globe where civilization has not yet pene
trated, to pierce the darkness which en
velops whole countries of people. Is a cru
sade worthy this century of progress. I
have led myself to believe that you would
fjnd It possible to discuss and arrange be
tween yourselves the ways and means of
planting the standard of civilization upon
African soli." '
The government has established school
colonies, managed by Belgian sisters of
charity, where the scholars acquire a
practical, solid. professional training.
From these Institutions the government hns
acquired the services of capable employes,
foremen and noncommissioned officers for
the public force, the name by which the
army of the Congo Free State Is known.
The Belgians In 18S5 had only three mis
sions and six missionaries In the Congo
Free Btute; today they possess fifty-nine
permanent missions and twenty-nine trav
eling missions, attended by 8S4 missionaries
and sisters of charity. There are SJS chapel
farms, US churches and chapels, 623 lec
ture halls, three Intermediary schools,
seventy-five primary schools, and 449 ele
mentary schools. In the latter the natives
themselves teach reading and writing.
There are sevea poor asylums, seventy-ono
Christian villages and 72.382 converted
Christians. The schools are meeting with
success, and It Is stated that the young
Congolese learn with ease and rapidity,
speak French well, and are apt for high
education. Many go to Belgium, where, If
they become acclimatized, which It must
be borne In mind Is not always tbe case,
they follow various callings with a certain
degree of success.
The report of what seems to be in Im
portant discovery comes from England. As
the story goes, an Inventor has found a
process, now under examination in Lon
don, by which he can produce from a given
quantity of wheat a considerably larger
yield of flour than Is possible under any
other known process. The ordinary cylin
der or roller mills, now almost universally
In use throughout Europe and America,
give a total yield, It la said, of from 68 to 72
per cent of the weight of wheat milled. By
the new system a total yield of $5 per cent
Is produced. This la an average Increase
of 16 per cent In the yield of flour, or an
Increase of about twenty-one loaves of four
pounds each In the quantity of bread made
from a quarter of wheat. Manifestly this,
If true, Is Important, but the Inventor
claims to do much more than this. He
asserts that he can produce from English
wheat alone an absolutely pure and a more
wholesome bread than Is obtained by the
ordinary baker from more expensive flours,
including those of the best known American
and Hungarian brands. Under the existing I
system of milling and baking In England
the bread is made from an admixture of
English wheat with foreign wheats, the lat
ter always largely preponderating, fre
quently to the extent of three to one. This
admixture of foreign wheat adds consider
ably to the cost of flour as compared with
what It would be if English wheat alone
were used; and the necessity for the admix
ture is due to the superior strength which
foreign wheats derive from the greater
amount of sunshlno to which they are sub
jected. If this Inequality can be made
good there may be bright days ahead for
the British farmer.
Although the Italian railways have been
under the control of the state for more
than three months, the new system has not
yet attained to anything like perfect or
ganization. The central direction will be
established In Rome. The departmental
offices will be at Turin, Milan, Rome, Ge
noa, Naples, Florence, Venice and Palermo.
At Turin and Milan will be the two most
Important departments, each containing
some 15,000 employes; the remaining depart
ments will consist of about 12,Oo0 employes,
with the exception of Palermo, which will
have about 6,000, all that are required for
the Sicilian lines. The main lines will
thus be divided into eight departments
Turin, Milan, Rome, Genoa, Naples, Flor
ence, Venice and Sicily in the place of
their former division Into three companies
the Mediterranean, Adriatic and the Sicil
ian. These departments will control ll.OoO
kilometers of railway and about 96.000 men.
There will remain In the hands of private
companies about 2,000 kilometers of sec
ondary lines, and In the hands of the
Adriatic company 2,000 kilometers of the ofd
southern lines, lu own former property.
A pecullr condition or economic affairs
exists in New Zealand, which has been
termed "the communists' paradise," and
the country Is just now greatly agitated
about the invasion of the American agri
cultural machinery man. The "trust" in
that delightful land of the antipodes Is
Indeed an octopus. It not only has many
tentacles, but Is deemed to have horns a
well. The American harvester trust went
In and, owing to advanced American
method of manufacture and handling of
goods, was enabled to undersell the natives.
The farmer very naturally was elated at
the prospect of great reduction In the
prices of his necessaries, and a prohibitive
tariff to him presents no charm. On the
other hand, the government is Importuned
to absolutely prohibit the foreign trust
from doing any business in New Zealand.
There Is a country that feels keenly the
conflict of old and new methods. It might
just as well reject machinery aa to reject
new and skillfully applied ways of hand'
ling It. If we can manufacture agricultural
machinery here and place It in th hands
of Uie farmer cheaper than the native New
Zealander csn do It. It remains for him
to study and adopt one system and keep
In the commercial procession. It Is only
those who refuse to move that are crowded
to the wall.
Overreaching- National Oreed.
Maxim Gorky Is clearly right when he
declare that Russia has enough to do In
civilizing Its present population without un
dertaklng any colonisation projects. Th
him thing is measurably true of our own
country. The task of assimilating the great
mass of Immigrants yearly poured In upon
us Is a tremendous one and we are not
making a complete success of it. Until
we do so we certainly should not think of
acquiring more colonies or dependencies.
Porto Rico and the Philippine ar enough
for the present.
It Look that Way.
If September frost are not too previous
It is estimated that we shall have a na
tional corn crop, something more than 10,
004,000 In excess of th highest former
record in our history. Th Hungarian
minister of agriculture figure It out that
the world' wheat supply Is about the
same a last year', though outside th
United States It Is considerably smaller.
This look a though w should be able to
peg along through, th winter pielty sera-fortably.
Correspondents at Oyster Bay are work
ing overtime on President Roosevelt's mea
sag to congress
Tom Lawson Is now among the eligible
presidential possibilities for stranded
parties. Some of Mr. Lawson's property
In Boston has Just been Sold for taxes, a
fact calculated to Insure sympathetic votes
from all opposed to existing systems.
Republicans of the third Connecticut dis
trict have started a congressional boom for
Herbert W. Bowen, ex-minister to Vene
suela. The vacancy Is caused by the elec
tion of Congressman Brandegne of New
London as t'nlted States senator to suc
ceed the late Senator Platt.
The financial city council of Atlanta, Oa.,
thinks the town has been scandalized bo
cause Its mayor absorbed "a few beers" at
Toledo, O., and has accordingly censured
him. If similar notion were taken against
councllmen for beerlng up, the records
wouldn't have much room for other busi
ness. William Raymer, son of the Junior sena
tor from Maryland, Is seeking election to
the Maryland legislature. Senator Gorman
already has a smi In the Maryland legisla
ture. If young Raymer should succeed
each of the t'nlted States senators from
Maryland will have a family representa
tive In the legislature to keep tbelr fathers
posted on the Ins and outs of state politics.
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Horace A. Taylor, who brought out John C.
Spooner and groomed him for the senatorial
nice, and was Indirectly responsible for the
election of "I'ncle Jerry" Rusk three times
as governor of Wlsconuln, Is the founder of
a prosperous Wisconsin town and owns a
great share of another. When as a farmer
lad late In the '50's he plunged into the
Wisconsin forest 68 and a gun were all his
worldly possessions, and his first vocation
was driving a stage coach.
Investigation of "honest graft" In Phila
delphia has disclosed the fact that Philip
H. Johnson, brother-in-law of Israel V.
Durham, a leading politician, had heen em
ployed to plan about forty public buildings
and has been getting from the city and
state treasuries $50.Hi0 to $100,000 yearly.
His study of architecture consisted In a
course of surveying taken In a night school
and his practical knowledge of designing
buildings was acquired In leveling asphalt
pavements, fixing lines and grades for the
widening of Delaware avenue and leveling
street car tracks.
MORNING ULOHY POLITICS.
Democratic Mlcamber Looking; for
Chicago Inter Ocean.
No one can tell three years In advanoe
what a platform will be. I have
seen Issues arise over night. W. J. Bryan,
when asked what would be the doinucratlo
lssuo In 1908.
For the last three national campaigns
the democratic party has been depending
on Issues that arose over nlKht. These
issues had only one thing in common,
namely, that they all meant trouble. As
a result, this has become practically a
one party country.
Ten years ago a faulty curency system
and ill-advised tariff changes had broufiht
on hard times. Heroic and, as It proved,
effective measures had been taken to
remedy the defect In the currency.
But the check to production of wealth
and the shattering of Confidence had made
money scarce and dear. Over night arose
the cry for "more money."
The national democratic party, led by
Mr. Bryan and his friends, seized this
issue," arising over night, as an "Issue
to win on," and after a stand-up fight was
squarely beaten on It.
Then came tho war with Spain, with Its
swift victories and additions to the national
domain. The new duties and the new
thought of them demanded by expansion
gave an unpleasant Jar to certain minds,
and the issue of "Imperialism" arose lit
erally over night.
Again the democratic party, seeking
merely an "Issue to win on," seized a fleet
ing cloud, made it a "paramount" Issue,
and was beaten without a real struggle.
Four years later the Democracy mingled
teveral "Issues" that had arisen over night
so many and so trifling that it Is useless
to enumerate them with the result that
the day after the election men could hardly
realize that a democratic candidate had
And all this In the face of the truth that
no party can succeed, as no man can suc
ceed, without permanent alms and pur
poses, though out long in advances and
resolutely adhered to, no matter what tho
conditions or the exigencies of the day.
To And a man of Mr. Bryan's position In
the democratlo party to find the demo
cracy's one leader of national dimensions
still taking about a national campaign on
Issues that may arise "over night" Is most
discouraging. And not only that. It is
deplorable, It is pitiable, to see a man of
reputation and power devoting all his en
ergy to such morning-glory politics.
Browning, Ming & Co
CLOTHING. FURNISHINGS, AND BATS J
Our children's clothing meets all re
quirements right in style of course,
made to wear well of a necessity.
"A well bred boy I
a creldt to his par
snts," said Beau
p-rummell. It is to
their discredit If he b
npt also well dressed.
Our school suit? are the best money
can buy at from $5 to $10.
Broadway at SSa4 Strl NEW
HOW IT LOOK 9 1 FlOtRE.
Th Year' Hamper Crop and Tbelr
The Peptember report of the harvests
holds out the promise of a roseate future
for the country. The Indicated yield of
corn, S,71fi.lS.0Ort bushels, is the larRest on
record. The total Indicated wheat crop Is
704. 447,000 bushels, which compares with th
record yield of 74S.4flO.ono bushels In 1901.
This IS seven times as much wheat as the
country produced In 1W At the price now
quoted the value nf .the corn crop Is $1,11,
44M20. At the etirrent rrlce of wheat for
May delivery at Chicago the value of this
crop Is $fi"6, 844,420. The oats crop Is valued
at $274. 700. 000. The value of the three crops
Is 62.076.99.340, three times the amount of
the bonded debt of the nation and about
twice the amount of th total public debt.
There are other crops which will contribute
vastly to the grand total representing th
wealth of the country In cereals. Th
figures showing the average condition of
theo minor crops whon harvested are es
The price of farm product Is beglnlng
to recede under the promised abundant
supply. Flour has declined 61 a barrel from
tho highest price reported last year. A
statistician estimates that such a reduction
Is a gain to consumers In the United States
approximating the snug sum of 6100,000,000,
and aflds that. Inasmuch as pessimistic
comment has been, dilating upon th higher
cost of living. It will soon be In order to
take note of a material reduction In th
price of staple food products. It Is pre
dicted that cheaper meat will be the nil
when cattle fed on the present prolific corn
crop comes Into the market next spring, if
the Beef trust Is merciful.
Intelligent observers of conditions In th
west note tho expansion of business under
the stimulus of the great crops. Th pros
perity of the farmers Is sure to be reflected
In every mart and to flow Into every rill
of Industry. The transportation companies
may count upon Increased earnings. It Is
too early U estimate the relation which this
year's ytld of foodstuffs in America, will
bear to the world's production, but There
Is no danger that the United States will
lose Us pre-emLnence In this respect.
LIGHT AM) BRIGHT.
"Doc, what do you charge for a callT"
"Well, If I come In an auto, I charge 14.
If I walk I charge 6.."
"Say, Doc, my wife's 111. But we live
right on the car line here's a ticket."
Gayboy I want to have my house ralnted
iru, um i tun v iiiiu ny vu lu uu ino
Chum Why don't you do It yourself and
be sure of a good Job? Detroit Free Press.
"De man wif a 'clean conscience." said
Uncle Eben, "fels mighty comfortable, but
he doeeen' do near de braggln' of de man
wif no conscience at all." Washington
Prospective Employer'! es, I want an
office boy, but he must ue pollto, quick,
honest, brave, clean, mustn't smoke,
Applicant Say, mister, you waiit one of
dese boy heroes dat a In de melodramas.
"I see that somebody has written a new
farce comedv called 'The Pumpkin.' "
"An ominous name."
"Too many pumpkins are touched by an
early frost." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Willie Just one more question. Pa.
Pa I told you, Willie, to go to bed.
Willie 1 know, Pa, but I Just want to
know: am 1 reully made of dust as the
Pa No, you're not. If you were you'd
dry up. Philadelphia Press.
"Doctor, do you think I will be very long
lived?" Inquired the patient.
"I'm afraid not," said the family physi
cian, "at any rate you are wasting your
breath, there won't be enough left to keep
you going very long. Detroit Free press.
TOMMY'S GONK TO SCHOOL.
'TIs quite a week ago, John,
One long, dull week, and yet
To this weird change about the plact
I can't accustomed get.
The brooding quietude Imparts
A sense of strain and streHs;
The silent hack yard seems to m
A mournful wilderness.
Oh. now and then I start. John,
And then sink back and sigh,
I thoueht I'd heard a rumbling fall,
A wild and plaintive cry.
The hush sends thrills all o'er mo,
Sensations sad and strange.
I feel like Mariana In
The lonely moated grange.
The cat. with Independence new,
Sits on the back porch rail.
And tries to straighten out the kinks
Of her disheveled tall;
The neighbor' dog trots past the doof
With mien serene and spry,
And casts a careless, sidelong glsnoe
From a triumphant eye.
The peddler through the alley goes
And Khouts out loud and clear.
There are no missiles flying now
To cause him pain or fear.
It's restful but depressing, John,
It's very bleak and cool.
Since Tommy's gone to school.
This silence that broods round the housi
Lower in price than
elsewhere for equal
quality. Nothing too
for your boy.
150 Juvenile Suits and bail
ors, sizes 3 to 6 years, in broken
lota medium weight. Just the
kind of a suit for this weather
wear and only
Worth up to $7.50.
Factory, Cr .
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