Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1905)
TTIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15. 1905.
Tite Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROBE WATER, KD1TOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
TERM 8 or SUBSCRIPTION:
Pall Be without Sunday), on year. ..14 "0
Dally Bee nd Sunday, one year .'
Illustrated Bee. one rr
Swnday one year J
Saturday F. one year J w'
Twentieth Oe-ntury Krtni-r, one 'r.. l.w
DELIVERED BT CARRIER:
fully Pe (without Sunday), per ropy.. 2c
Tally. Rea (without Sunday per we.-K..l.c
Dally lie (Including Sunday), per week l,u
Evening Bee (without Sunday), per " ia
Evening Iee (including Sunday). tr
Sunday Bee, r copy
Complaint of Irregularities In delivery
should be addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha The Bee Building. '
South Omaha-City Hall Building. Twenty-fifth
and M itwti.
Council Bluffa 10 Pearl street.
Chlcego-IMO Unity Building.
New Tora 1500 Home Llie Insurance
Washington -601 Fourteenth street.
Communications relating to newa and edi
torial matter should be addressed; Omaiia
Remit by draft, express or poatftl order,
r-ayatde to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 1-eent stamps received In payment of
mall aocountn. Personal checks, except tin
Omaha or enstern exchangee, not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btate cf Nebraska, Douglas County, as :
George B. TiachucH, treasurer of The Bee
Publishing Company, telna duly 'orn:
ay that the actual number of full ana
complete copies of The Dally. Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
Lea unsold copies .
Net total sales 91H.i4.14
Dally average sni.tMO
GEORGE B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before in this list, day of August.
(Seal) M. B. UUNOATE,
WHEN out or town.
abaorlhera leaving; the city tens
porailly should have The Bee
mailed to theaa. It la better than
m dally letter froaa home. A
dreea will be changed aa altea aa
If veterans of tha war with ltussla
hurry t Toklo they may find their ex
perience useful to tlie police force.
Ak-Sar-Ben is putting on the finishing
touches for tbe greatest demonstration
ivtr witnessed in Nebraska's metropolis.
With crops conservatively estimated
t a value of 150,000,0x), Nebraska
farmers can even laugh at the Coul trust
Some people would like to know when
that red tile roof is to replace the tem
porary tar paper cover of the Audi
torium. When Omaha paving contractors com
plete tbe work laid out for them this fall
tbey will be able to retire on comfortable
In his coutest with cholera Emperor
William 4-au wtyi those honors which he
failed to secure by not stopping the war
to the Orient .
No one can doubt the entire enlighten
ment of Japan since its capitalists an
nounce the formation of a combination
to exploit Asia.
There is some consolation in the re
flection that Omani newspapers are not
menaced by a printers' strike during the
Dr. Angell blames the public for foot
ball games at colleges; but the public
mill not care as long as it is permitted
to tee the mangled players.
The plot to assassinate the king of
Hervla comes in time to renew Interest
In the Balkan situation, which suffered
materially at the hands of the Japanese,
A feeling of fellowship between Rus
sian and Japunese editors should be na
tural, since three Toklo newspapers have
been suspended for criticising the peace
A 3nO,00O,OU)-bushel corn crop, mar
ketable St good prices, bodes no good for
lh popocratic party in Nebraska, which
thrives onl when the producers are ln
The advent of the slgual corps in
fmaha ln the midst of a storm would
ustlfy suspicion that the weatlfer
bureau has taken offense at its intrusion
west of the Missouri.
Tbe Real Estate exchange has made
Bo mistake ln endorsing Mr. Ure for
eounty commissioner, although Mr. Ure
bad made a mistake in making his po
litical bed with the Fontsnelles.
Now that it has been decided that In
Alan funds in banks can be taxed it 1
probable that fee grabbing will not be
s popular in Thurston county as when
White men bad to foot all bills.
A worm which destroys ornnges has
been' found. It is probable that it ha
been at work for ages, but since It has
been discovered the public may look for
n advance in the price of the fruit.
Manufacturers of patent medicines
who do sot desire to puy tax as recti
flers of liquor should see tbat the color
nd taste of the liquor is concealed be
yond the detective powers of the average
since tne raiiromis or .Nebraska are
not having mail weighed for government
contract estimates during tbe present
heavy movement of cigarette papers
is probaMe that congressional frank
will be compelled to do duty again at
ti washing Uujo. .
rue iMMiariATloH QttaTWX. I
There are Indications that the Imml-
gration question will again command the
attention of congress at the coming ses-
sion. The unprecedented record of lust
year s alien arrivals has had the effect
of revlvlDg the detuand for further re-
strlctlve legislation and those who favor
this ure losing no opportunity to urge It I
upon public consideration. "Tire whole
country," declares nn eastern paper in
sympathy with the ami Immlgratlonlsta, I
should be keenly alive to the absolute
necesslty of restricting immigration. I
The incoming flood of Europe's scum
has grown to such proportions that it
must be carefully studied from many
points of View by the approaching con-
This Is a sample of what may be ex-
pected from the advocates of restriction
from now on to the end of the next ses-1
slon of congress, coupled with lurid
warnings of the danger to the political,
moral and social welfare of the more
than eighty millions of our people if
something drastic Is not done to check the
foreign accretion to our population. Yet
it Is not shown that this so-called scum
Is in anybody's way or that it has caused
any trouble. There being a demand for
the labor which it supplies a demand 1
which for several years it has been dif-
flcult to meet, especially In the west the I
coming of these aliens has undeniably
been a benefit. Whether or not they
brought much of anything with them
other than the ability to work, they have
as a whole add;'d something to the I
wealth of the country. Perhaps among
them there were a few who were un-
worthy of admission, but it would be
a serious reflection won the care and
vigilance of the Immigration authorities
to assume that any considerable number
got In In violation of the law. The gen-
eral understanding is that the immlgro-1
tlon regulations were never more rigidly
enforced than at present, so that there
is small chance of what can properly be
called "scum" getting into the country
through the regular channels. But In
the eves of those who would shut out
immigration pretty much all labor that
onies here from abroad is regarded as
Meanwhile there is nn urgent call from
the south for white labor. It is wanted
n the factories of that section and for
the development of Its resources. Not
ong ngo a convention of southern plant-
rs and manufacturers and railroad men
was held In the nntional capital, the
chief object of which was to discuss
plans for attracting more white labor to
the southern states. They cannot obtain
native labor and would welcome that
from abroad. The south does not and
will not oppose immigration. Neither
will the west, which could use more
labor than Is now to be had. It is not
ln these sections that hostility to imml-
grutlou exists to any great extent, but
In the enst. where the alien population
Is congested in cities and Is rapidly in-
creasing. It cannot be denied that this
Is n very undesirable condition, but it is
not a sufficient reason for shutting out
immigratlon, if it can be of benefit to
the rest of the country, as it has been
In the rmsf. There is but one thing that
congress should do in regard to imml-
gration and thnt Is to provide some plan
for the better distribution of the immi-
grants. If this were done there would
be fewer aliens remain in the larger
r-IHos and n chief cause of the existing
hostility to immigration would be re-
The sinking of Admiral Togo's flag-
hip Mlkusa in the Sea of Japan will not
merely be deplored by the people of I
Japan, but will evoke universal eym-
.....!... . ,1 ... I 1 nv.,. ) . 1. . . . . I
!.uw, lwl aujju nuu lue
seamen wno regaraea ine great Dattie-
snip who patriotic pnue. yuue apart
from the fact that tne llikosa was one
of the most formidable battleships afloat
it had passed the nery orueal or. all tne
tierce engagements o the Uusso-Japa-
nese war and had been, moreover, the
center of the greatest naval battle of our
Incidentally the sinking of the Mikasa
in the Sea of Japan recalls the destruc-
Hon of the Maine !n the Harbor of Ha-
vana and the more recent accident to tbe
Bennington ou Uie Taclflc coast It has
become an open secret that the destine-1
tlon of. the Maine, like the fatal exDlo
sion of the Bennington and the disaster
that has overtaken the greatest of Jana-
nese battleships, was not due to any
conspiracy either by the Spaniards or by
the Cubans, but to avoidable accidental
The modern iron and steel-clad war
vessel of the battleship type may with
stand a terrific cannonade from without
aud yet succumb to the dropping of a
match, the careless handling of a kero
seue lamp or a defective electric light or
, i m. . . i ' ii . .
1"'"" uggeBuoo uiai me
Mikasa might have been exploded by a
Japanese anarchist in sailor garb is
hardly worthy of serious thought The
... , . .. .
v.t, i u lbt
marines, may reel disappointed or even
ludiKnant over the concessions made bv
it,. . . .......
.u.n...v, .u urc I l J Ul ! nun
uusk.u, nut u is not conceivai le Unit a
Japanese sailor Mould apply the match
to -the magazine of his battleshlD In or-
der to emphasize his pent-up feelings.
,. .... . "
j ue more piauRiDie explanation is that
conveyed through the dispatches that
have reached us from Japan, namely,
thnt the destruction of the Mikasa was
The anti-pass movement will come to
nothing unless it culminates in a strenu
ous anti-pass law and a drastic anti-pass
law must exclude from the privilege of
free transportation delegates to political
conventions as well as candidates for
office and office holders. The inevitable
effect of such a law, if honestly enforced
by public officials and lived up to by the
r.llroada. wo.,1,1 r.rl.,ti-i ..-.
" ' v ------- . v. uuvrui7 1'irillliai
conventions, in Nebtaska. Instead of
one delegate, to every 100 voters, and
conventions with from l.OfX) to 1,500 del
egstes, the conventions of the future
wguld be wade up of one delegate tor
every BOO or even l.ooo voters, and a cor
responding reduction in the number of
delegates to conventions which of late
have grown to be political mobs or more
like large herds of sheep, with a few
bellwethers to lend them wherever they
ABOLISH t'A VoHtt fHltTE RS.
The way railroads can best favor ship
pers is by giving all shippers a square
deal. The greatest abuse of railroad
management heretofore has been dls-
crimination in favor of oue class of ship
pers and disfavor toward another class.
This pernicious system had Its origin in
the silent partnerships of high railroad
officials In concerns that were built up
and enriched by rebates and drawbacks.
that found their way Into the pockets of
these officials In the shape of dividends.
This is the secret of the concession
made to tlje Standard Oil trust, the Steel
trust, the owners of gold mines, copper
mines, the Smelter tmst, the Grain trust,
the Sleeping Car trust and express com
panics and fast freight lines. Incident
ally, a class of favored shippers was
created through the political Affiliation of
Jobbers, manufacturers and bankers
with the railroad managers who utilised
their Influence in dominating local state
and national politics
The railroad regulation wave that is
sweeping the country is simply the reao
tlou that has followed in the wake of
flagrant abuses on the part of public car
rlers. Whenever the railroad magnates
turn their faces firmly against the ap
peals of favored shippers for dlscrlml
natlng concessions t.o which they are not
entitled, and when every patron is placed
ou an equal footing with every other
patron, the popular discontent with rail-
roads will be allayed and railroad regu
latlon will cease to be a burning Issue,
always providing that the railroad traffic
managers shall also abandon the policy
of charging what the traffic will bear.
Instead of being content with fair freight
land passenger tolls.
" henever promoters who want a
franchise for P"bc utility start out
with Uie announcement that they would
n vvf.it n un iiiuinc it, it is lu tuni
them any money for log-rolling it
tnrougn tne city uau mere is always a
suspicion thnt they either contemplate
the other thing or else that they are piny
In a bluff on the other company. At
. that has been Omaha s expert
eqce in the past. Only a few months
& pt of electric light promoters
fe to Omaha with an offer to illumi-
nate the town at a much lower rate than
the electric light company was charging,
providing they could get a franchise.
With due solemnity they also announced
thnt they did not intend to pay out a
dollar for connecting with the city coun-
pH- When the proposition reached the
serious stage they failed to materialise
and there is a well grounded suspicion
that their visit to Omaha was a precon
certea scneme to siuetracK municipal
ownership. By the same sign the dollar
gas prospectus will not be taken sert-
ously until it reaches the actual perform-
There ,9 a w" d('ue(, n,mor thHt
Jblr9 ln lron bar9 ar bini the P"
,1UCB' "creen XTm to Put xne nrm 01
B'oateh & McDonald, their most active
competitors In the heavy iron trade, out
of "'ness by boosting one to sreome
hherlff of Douglas county and tbe other
mayor of Omaha.
Not a solitary injunction or mandamus
has been ground out by the wnter board
nr the water romnnnv xrithln th nsit
wk hut .Dnrrfl' nd lhft ,nwr.
ho are mllkln(f tte watPr workg mw
whlle their clients are pulling at the
borne gnd the tall will not let it rest
tnere very ,on)r
The governor of Indiana removed the
state auditor because he invested public
funds for private gain. It may seem
strange to some Nebrasknns to think
that he did not wait until the party con
ventlon spoke on the subject.
When all the new buildings now under
wny and projected are completed and all
the pavements already under contract
and to be contracted for are laid the new
Omaha will not be recognizable by the
I a - . .
"ussian investors announce tneir in
tentlon or returning to Corea; but it Is
Probable that they will now beg where
tne recently mnAe demands; but this
w1'1 PbaMy be of little advantage to
the Cores ns
Weary of Crow Diet.
St. Louis Republic.
Naturally enough, Llnevltch s men greeted
peace effusively. The dove Is preferable
to the crow any day under such clrcum
Mitol Seit ( m..
J Kansas City Times.
I The term "mutual benefit," as applied to
OTn" lnuranc companies, has taken on a
greatly restricted meaning In the light of
,n jr.ftjng prftcticed by officers and dl
"' Aatirat Treataneat,
The depressing news comes from Oyster
I Bay that tbe president Is taking on neali
again. Still, he may once more get back
,0, ""T""1 tr,,m "f h" h" re"u"r
winter's wrestle with the senate.
Xo Reaaoa for a Gradge.
It Is said that the Spanish people hold
no grudge against ua. It would be atranga
If they did. considering that we took their
troublesome colonlea off their hands, and
I r&,l them handsomely for allowing ua to
do them that' favor. From ' the Spanish
point of view, the United States ought to
I be looked on as a special providence.
Great Saaltary Aaoat.
T . I waImV,! Im that th fhanrv m A
practice of bacteriology have been carried
to absurd lengths by enthusiasts, but
th cl,'nca naa accomplished nothing save
"r "Ptherla It would Justify all
the eneonlums of its devotees. Under the
antitoxin treatment, which Is the result
of bacteriological work, the diphtheria
death rate In Chloago has been reduced
from 1897 per 10,000 to 104 per 10.000. The
p..r ima k for llaelf and conatltitea
rsufflcieut auswor to aligns Jests and Jits
ems of them good-natured and others
not that have been directed at the germ
theory. Bacteriology has proved Its right
to a place among the great sanitary
agencies of the century.
To When Roane Credit Is Dae.
The credit for bringing about peace will
soon be so widely distributed that It will
be difficult to tell who Is chiefly responsi
ble. Perhaps, after All has been said and
dona. It will turn out that Oyama Is the
By latest accounts the mutual Insurance
companies In New fork are not operated
on the mutual plan. It la only the direc
tors of the companies that act toward each
other on this reciprocal plan when It comes
to a distribution of spoils.
A Parting Salate.
Mr. Bryan Is going sround the world.
He does not seem to know yet whether
he will be a candldAte for president in
10S. Perhaps he will he able to obtain a
clearer vision Into the future when he
gets some thousands 'of miles away from
American politics. The American publto
wishes him a prosperous journey wherever
he may happen to be going and a safe re
turn, with more banquets and more demo
cratic speeches to follow.
Watch Oat for a Joker.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Senator Elklns. who Is to frame an ad
ministration railroad rate measure, says ln
a New York Interview that he would create
a United States court to which all rate
disputes should be referred and disposed
of. This would leave to the Interstate
Commerce commission little excuse for ex
istence, and practically constitute no ad
vance from the present situation In gov
ernment control of rates. For the United
States courts now decide such rate dis
putes as are appealed to them from the
commission. The Elklns bill will be worth
watching. If It does not conceal a slaable
railroad "Joker." to the practical destruc
tion of effective government control, a
good many people will be surprised.
MILLIONS GO IT IX IMOKR
The Mosey We Barn at the Shrine of
New York Sun.
Tobacco Leaf reports the manufacture In
this country during the fiscal year ended
June 80, 190B, of 7,689,887,207 cigars, an in
crease of 1S6.0W.437 over the output of the
preceding year. Our export trade In these
goods Is quite insignificant, and compared
with this enormous total our import trade
n foreign, made cigars Is little more than
an Inconsiderable Incident. Our population
of males who may be regarded as of "cigar
age" Is probably a little less than 24,000,000.
Our domestic output was sufficient to sup
ply each one of these with about 830 smokes
during the year. As the census returns do
not include statistics of smokers and non-
smokers, It Is impossible to carry the calcu
lation beyond that point.
The cigarette crop for the year was
8.368,212,740, an increase of 111,630,479 over
104. We produced 21,181,861 pounds of snuff.
an Increase of 947,281 pounds. The output
of smoking and chewing tobacco Increased
only about i per cent. from 828,650.71
pounds to SS4.4S9.110 pounds. The total
value of all this Is not given, but the fig
ures of the smaller output of that year are
given by the census of 1900 as follows:
Tobaccco, chewing, smoking and
Tobacco, cigars and cigarette 160,2:3.1S2
The development of this Industry Is Indi
cated by the census figures, which show
the value of the product for 1880 as tllB.-
772,631; for 1890 as 1IS3.S3,C2, and for 1900
as f263,977,E14. ' The Increase for last year
111 certainly bring the. figures to more
than 1300,000,000, which is a very pretty
sum to spend for this form of combustibles,
Compared with our domestlo trade our
foreign commerce ln the weed amounts to
little. Our total Importation last year of
tobacco In all Its forma amounted to
$22,145,846 and our exportation to $37,123,514.
Estimating our consumption by weight.
It appears that we burned at the shrine
of our I-ady Nicotine something like 300,900
tons of tobacco last year.
MOVING THE CHOPS.
Soma Idea of the Irauseaslty of Amer
lea's Aa-rlealtaral Wealth.
New Tork Tribune.
There are certain countries which have
renowned places lr. history, and even In
current world poll'.ics, of whose agricultural
resources It is entirely practicable to ob
tain an accurate view when they are mar
shalled In figures. But the figures as to
the grain crop, for Instance, of the United
States require something more by way of
elucidation In order that their full Import
may be grasped. This desideratum has
been supplied by railroad statisticians who
have been studying the work their Com
panles will be called upon to do. Their
estimate of that part of the great grain
crop for which they will have to provide
moving facilities Is 1,500,000 carloads. They
have further figured It out that were all
this grain marketed at once It would re.
quire a solid train of freight cars, with
the 17,000 locomotives necessary to move It,
whose total length would be 11.9S6 miles, or
half the circumference of the earth. Put ln
other terms, the cars and engines would
practically occupy every foot of four
parallel tracks stretching from New York
to the Oolden Gate.
Naturally, a Urge part of the enormous
grain crop of 19ta will not have to be
moved In freight cars. Much of It will be
consumed on the farms by the farmers
own families and by the livestock, as In
many caaea It will be more profitable to
dispose of It In that way than to send It
to market by rail..- Another large part will
be hauled from the farms to the neighbor
ing towns and cities for local use. The
remainder, about one-third of the total
crop, will tax to the utmost the railway
facilities of the country and drain the
banks of smaller cities and towns to move
It; and this In turn will cause a movement
of money from tbe great financial centers
of New York and the east such, in fact
as has already been going on for weeks
to Chicago, Duluth and Omaha and other
western elites which act as distributing
centers for the money to start the crops
to market. Were all this grain put upon
the market at once the railroads would
literally be swamped and the banks drained
of money. Fortunately the large crops
of recent years and the continued prosperity
of the country have left the farmers with
money In the banks, and tha marketing of
their gain will be rather largely a matter
of convenience rather than of necessity
Yet even under these circumstances the
railroads are making unparalleled prep
aratlons for the enormous task of moving
the big crops of 1906.
Descending to particulars and to In
dividual states, the statisticians say the
wheat and oats crop of Minnesota and ths
Dakotas alone - will aggregate 336,000,000
bushels, et which the railroads will be
required to move 190,000.000 bushels. They
place the total yield of corn at 8,Mt.OOO,000
bushels, of which 7S0.0O0.9O0 will probably
have to be hauled to market by the rail
roads. On this basis from these three
states alone there will be 4,13 tralnkads
of forty cars each, of wheat and oats and
10.000 tratnloads of forty cars each of corn.
The statisticians give other figures and
other ways of conveying to the mind some
Idea of the Immensity of America's agri
cultural wealth, but these wilt suffice to
show on what a solid foundation America's
preterit is basedj
BITS OF WASHINGTON 1,1 FB.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
oa the Spot.
When the old and new members of the
congress get together for business next
lecember notable changes ln the Interior
decoration of the national rapltol will greet
their eyes. Greatest of the many altera
tions are ln the rotunda and dome. All
the paint on the Interior has been scraped
off and the original ssndstone restored.
The effect Is pleasing, as the historical
figures have been brought out In clearer
outline. The Interior of the dome has been
repainted. The skylights on the senate
and hause have been enlarged by extensions
of ten feet on each side. The effect will be
particularly noticeable from the galleries,
for the extenslona completely cover them.
So much of the chimneys as projected above
the roof have been taken away and a
nrced draft Is created for the flues by
electric motors, the chimneys being made
to connect with a pipe ten Inches In dlam-
ter, through which the smoke Is forced.
The other Improvements are ln the su
preme court library, the house folding room
and a number ef the committee rooms. The
Interior of the law library has been done
over in white. All pine doors and furniture
have been removed and mahognay substi
tuted so far as possible ln commutes rooms.
When congress reassembles the new
bronze doors at the entrance to the house
wing will be ln position. The doors for the
main entrance to the senate wing were
hung In 18, but ths house doors were not
authorised until 1908. They cost $47,000 and
were cast at the same foundry In Chlcopee,
Mass., where the other doors were made
before the civil war. In trying to place
them recently one of ths doors fell and was
broken, but will be replaced and hung when
Throughout the Interior of the capltol
all traces of calcimine have been removed
so far as possible and the Italian Renais
sance has been restored. The senate will
have a new green carpet and the house of
representatives one of red. Readjustment
of seats has been necessary In the house.
The last time the hall of representatives
was remodeled space was afforded for plac
ing 400 seats, and these are not all occupied.
mam v ,
With closs Interest the Navy department
Is watching the experiment the Oerman
navy Is conducting to determine the effi
ciency of the gyroacope aa an agency to
overcome variations of the mariner's com
pass due to magnetic storms, the effect
of the armor or electrical machlnery
sboard modern warships, or to any influ
ence other than that of the magnetic pole.
Experiments of a similar nature will prob
ably be undertaken In the American navy,
but the gyroscope has not yet reached a
development which promises that It will
replace the compass ln navigation.
The Oerman warship Undine was equipped
with gyroscopic appliances, which were
subjected to what was designed to approxl
mate service conditions. The purpose of
this was to determine whether the shock
of battle would disarrange the apparatus,
The ehlp on the first day of the experi
ments made a curving course. No devia
tion was detected ln the position of the
gyroscope. Several slight errors In the po
sition of the buoys were detected by the
gyroscope. These buoys had been set to
detect errors In the operation of the gyro
The Undine was suddenly stopped when
steaming under forced draft and guns were
fired. In various other ways the gyroscope
was subjected to the heaviest possible
shock. Comparison of the Instrument with
the amplitude compass followed, and con
saltation of a deviation table Indicated
errors up to 1.5 degrees, presumably at
tributable to the gyroscope, but It was
shown that this deviation was due to the
disturbances of the coefficients of deviation,
due presumably to the concussion of firing.
The new $20 gold certificates which the
officials of the bureau of engraving say is
a great improvement over the old bill has
a portrait of Washington In the center.
Tills Is surrounded by an ornamental bor
der with a background of Intricate lathe
work, displaying denominational counters
so arranged that no matter how the cer
tificate may be placed In a pile of bank
notes, the teller can readily determine its
The essential thing In connection with
bank notes Is, the officials say, to make
them aa difficult as possible to counterfeit.
With this end ln view the underlying tint
ln yellow was used, and It was so ar
ranged aa to produce the figures "20" at
the top and the words "In gold coin" at
the bottom, In apparently a deeper shade
of yellow than the tint. It is aald that the
design of this certificate Is the most dim
cult to counterfeit of any so far issued by
The experiment of obtaining designs of
notes from artists wae made some years
ago, but the Judgment of the bankers was
that, while they were beautiful pictures.
tney were not bank notes.
The soft walls, pillars, cornices snd ether
portions of the east front of the treasury
building have been slowly crumbling for
years, and it Is only a question of tfrne
when that part of the historic building will
ran to pieces, reports the Washington Star
Three or four years ago the sandstone
plates that held the upper part of the giant
pillars began crumbling so faat that It was
found necessary to take them out alto
gether snd replace them with steel plates,
If this had not been done the entire upper
part or the portico might have fallen In
any minute. Since then pieces of the cor
nlces have fallen away, and, worse than
all, practically all of the balustrade above
the portico crumbled to pieces and had to
be replaced with wooden Imitation pieces.
The east front is, therefore, a patched up
affair, composed of sandstone, steel plates
and wooden balustrade. The patching con
tinues, aa It is necessary to be making re
pairs at all times. An Inspector goes over
that part of the building right along.
Various officials of the Treasury depart
ment are urging Secretary Shaw to recom
mend to congress at the coming session an
appropriation to replace all the sandstone
used ln the east front of the structure wit it
granite, and Secretary Shaw has the mat
ter under advisement. The supervising
architect of the treasury has been con
suited, and his estimate Is that It will take
$360,000 to do the work. Ilia opinion Is that
It the aandstone is not replaced before I
great while some serious accident may hap
pen, as the aandstone crumbles away In
big pieces at times.
Waahlngton correspondents complain that
It Is extremely hard to get Information at
the Postofflce department. Less talk and
more work la a characterlstlo of Post
master Oeneral Cortelyou. Mr. Cortclyou
himself gives out what Information he de
sires ln prepared type-written statements
which are extremely brief and carefully
worded. The postofflce of all departments
except perhaps the treasury, has been
peculiarly open to the public, with Its man!
fold Inquires. Now, all bureau chiefs and
heads of divisions are as silent as ths
grave. They dare not be seen talking on
the weather If any relation between It and
office policies can be detected. The mucl
lage buyers would dlsouss moist weather
with great caution. From long practice,
various routine Information has been given
out like the creation of new star routes,
at the offices where this work Is attended
to. This has all bee a changed. The bureau
man who has any routine Information that
the publlo cannot be deprived of having
now poets a notice on his door saying that
the statement In question caa be obtained
from the private saarstary to toe post
waster general. ,
THE SIStL POSTM.
A Growing tndoenee for Good la tne
Affairs of the Coaatry.
St. Ionia Republic.
Men went to the postofflce for their own
mall In Franklin's time, and went often
before the expected letter came. Not until
long after FYanklln was there free delivery.
even In Philadelphia, largest of American
cltlrs. Rural delivery was not dreamed of,
not even In Frsnklln's broad philosophy.
Our more than on9 miles of rsllroad
mall routes and our nearly 7',(V,0 miles of
rural delivery routes are things the pre
diction of which rostmaetef ' General
Franklin could never have believed.
Thirty-three thousand rsall carriers dally
riding a circuit f twenty miles to deliver
at the gates of farmers the latest newa of
the world, along with letters on which the
Ink Is hardly dry. Is a proposition not so
readily grasped even In this age of big
things In tills big Country. But that was
the numhof rural delivery routes In the
United States on September 1. Missouri
had nearly l,7no of them and Illinois 2,Boo,
Kansas 1.500, Tennessee and Texas about
1,400 each. It will not be long before the
number of routes Is raised to 40O. and
the service will then still be In Its Infancy.
What stupendous proportions It will take
on when it shall cover all parts of the
country as completely as does the rural
mall delivery of Great Britain staggers
The standard for a rural delivery route
Is inn families, and that number may be
taken as the averAgai though some routes
have only eighty-five, while the maximum
runs to 150. Thus we have 1.300,000 families
served by the rural carriers, and counting
five to a family we have 16,500,000 people
receiving mall from the rural carriers.
That Is seven or eight times as many aa
there were In all the colonies when Frank
lin was postmaster general.
The rural mall route Is a great promoter
of good country roads. The dally round of
the carrier breaks the monotony of lonely
farm life snd brings the farmer and the
town man closer together in a way that is
good for both.
THI5 GO VERS M EXT rt'HE-AIX.
Colonel Bryan Accused of Chasing
Cincinnati Enquirer (dem.).
Colonel William J. Bryan, In his Labor
day address at Omaha, suggested that there
should be In every state a board with
power to Investigate every labor dispute
whenever either party demanded it. That's
the old heretical story. Whenever ' there
Is a trouble between laborer and employer.
dispute about wagea or anything re
quiring adjustment, call ln the govern
ment as the arbitrator and peace-maker.
The government Is everything, according
to those who have failed In every theory
of political economy they have ever em
braced. The government, they think, must
take charge of the people and run their
affairs for them. It Is amaslng to hear of
Colonel Bryan, who has twice been the
presidential candidate of a party the chief
tenet of which used to be simplicity In
government, running off after such a false
god. How long would a government last
that would undertake the solution of all
the social problems, all the questions of
morality and all the disputes between
capital and labor? The country Is not
going to smash because there Is frequent
restlveness between employers and em
ployes. Government was not Instituted to
take charge of matters Of that kind. If
our state and national governments ever
get fairly set ln that sort of business they
will Soon be trying to settle matters of
orthodoxy Id religion. There always have
been labor disputes and there always must
be. The business world Is organised In a
spirit of contention. One side Is always
trying to get things cheaper and ths other
side wants higher prices. . Every house
holder Is In Imminence of a "break" with
the tailor, butcher and grocer, and every
woman Is always trying to get under the
fifth rib of the extortionist who keeps the
department store. Of course, the fewer
disputes sthd strikes there are the better,
but there always will be many of them,
and government will be a complicated and
unwieldy machine when It goes Into the
general business of arbitration. It Will
be then that there will be need Indeed of a
A man In Colorado bored for oil snd felt
broken up because he only struck silver.
General A. J. 81mpson, United States
minister to Ecuador, traveled a distance of
2,000 miles to attend the O. A. R. reunion
In Denver, last Week.
John Q. Packard, a pioneer miner of
Utah, la tha donor of Bait Lake City's new
public, library. He first gave $75,000 and
subsequently Increased his gift to $125,000.
David Graham Phillips, the novelist. Is
spending several months abroad. He has
been traveling chiefly through France and
will probably return to this country early
In the winter.
The author of "Mrs. Wlggs of the Cab
bage Patch" is the largest stockholder of
a new national bank Just organised In
Louisville. Farmers have always under
stood that there was money in cabbages,
but not all of them have been as successful
as she has In getting it out.
Assistant Secretary of tha Treasury Hor
ace A. Taylor, who brought out John C.
Spooner and groomed him for the senatorial
race, and was Indirectly responsible tor
tha election of "Uncle Jerry" Rusk three
times as governor of Wisconsin, Is the
founder of a prosperous Wisconsin town
and owns a great share of another. When
a farmer lad, late In the fifties, he plunged
Into the Wisconsin forest, $8 and a gun
were all his worldly possessions, and his
first vocation was driving a stage coach.
rjti .'A '
Ayers Hair Vigor is a hair-food. It feeds the
hair and the hair grows. That's all there is to it.
And it is a splendid tonic to the hair, giving
the hair follicles tone and strength. This is why
it checks falling hair so promptly,
As a dressing, it keeps the hair soft and smooth
and prevents splitting at the ends.
Maoe k C. arer Ce . Lewaii,
aire bMhAmkhi er
ATt'" CHSMT FCT01t- miU.
2isa SSBAAFAklUA-Vor Us ktoad.
KEEP THE RAII.ROr OUT.
Slogan of the Yellowstone National
New York Bun.
As Is well known, the national govern
ment has thus far refused resolutely t
sanction the construction of any railways
In the Yellowstone park. What the trav
ler sees there he must see from a stage
or surrey, or from horseback, or on foot.
The regular stage Journey occupies five
and a half days. It In none too long and
the rate of travel none too slow if the
visitor desires to carry away with him
any abiding Impression of the wonderful
beauty. ' grandeur and variety of the
scenery. Yet the cry le constantly heard
sntnng the throng of tourists. "Oh. how
much nicer It would be If,' we only had a
stesm railroad or a trolly here. We rould
see the whole thing In one day." Of course,
the more thoughtful traveler does not
gree with this view. Ho reallr.es that ths
value of the reservation as a park for ths
benefit and recreation of the peopln de
mands a slower, Introduction to Its attrac
tions and a longer sojourn among them
than could be had upon a rallwhy excur
sion ride within It, limits. We do not
mean to have It Understood that anything
like a majority of the visitors to the Yel
lowstone express 'themselves ln favor of
the Introduction of rail-ways as yet. but
the proportion of those who 'avow some
such sentiments as those we have quoted
was unpleasantly large at the height of
the snasoh this year and the feeling thus
expressed should not be allowed to go with
out challenge,' or It may develop Into a
menace to the Integrity and usefulness of
this great national recreation ground.
One of the highest, authorities on every
matter relating to the Yellowstone Na
tional park Is Captain Hiram Martin Chit
tenden, U. 8. A., (the engineer officer In
charge of the government work there. In
commending the tare foresight of congress
In reserving one spot In the national do
main where original conditions may remain
undisturbed, he thus summarises the argu
ments for the exclusion of railroads:
"The moment railroads are built through
the park It loses forever that original con
dition which Is one of Its greatest charms.
They would undoubtedly work serious dam
age to the game and to the forests, to say
nothing of their effect on the natural
beauty of this region. Electric lines would
be less objectionable than steam railroads,
but the same fundamental argument ap
plies to them as Well. The people prefer
not to find these things 1n this reservation;
they prefer to travel behind horses even
r k . . . .
i. to. uiikuiiiiui ii nrn greater, ana they
would rather have tbe government removel
O..U .4 1 . . - v.. .. -
mnuiiiiuiii oj creating a perfect sys"
tern or roads than ever grant the privilege
or building a railway line In the park."
Since this was written the discomfort
arising from the dust on the stage routes
has been done away with by the adoption
of an elaborate and effective system of
sprinkling the principal roads, and every
person familiar with the existing condi
tions and having In mind the greatest possi
ble usefulness of the park will Join wltn
Captain Chittenden ln saying:
"Keep all railways out
of the Tellow
stone now and forever.'
Munchausen explained his reputation.
My first step," he said, "was telling
them what a fine time I had on my vaca
tion." New York Tribune.
think I should be able to get tips from you
on the market. '
Gotrox Encourage them ln that belief
my dear. It won t be long before I'll be
Puck UIBload tb tock I'm carrylng.-
"It was only five years ago that I started
In with our nrm at $5 a week," said Bragg,
tronublen"W rn m ' W?ek w"hout
"That's ao;.ltis .easy ..M aar hat," re-
pIl?,?nNrw,tJL' but how mticltlloVou get?"
"Has he changed his style of living much
since he Inherited this vast wealth? "
"No; simply changed from aecond-hand
clothes to second-hand dishes and furni
ture." Brooklyn Life.
Man on Commission Isn't It a shame for
a man to accept $100,000 a year merely for
the use of his name as president of a great
Man on Fixed Salary No; that Isn't so
bad-lf he'd only be satisfied with that.
"He's a conventional sort of fellow."
"Why so 7"
"He attends all the conventions." Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
Departing Guest Do you permit your
servants to accept little r preseats?
Summer Landlord Great Soottl, Tot-,
nautili nny money len, nave you 7 Cleve
land Leader. -
AN AITIMJ PRAYER. .
S. W. Glllllan In Baltimore American.
When the dead leaves quiver earthward
In the twllght of the year,
Comes the time of love and dreaming, when
the days of days appear:
Purpling distance, mellowing sunshine,
trees aflame with red and gold.
Air brimful of life's elixir nectar on
Was aa water In Its weakness when com
pared with this, melhlnks,
And I wish life's chain were endles with
sweet days like this for links.
Music greets my every footstep In the dead
leaves rustling here
When the ripe leaves quiver earthward in
the twllght of the year.
When the leaves come trembling earthward
In the gloaming of the year.
Then this life's perennial sweetness aeema
a thousand times more dear;
Yet the million gorgeous death soenes that
emblazon every wood
As the leaves In splendid shroudings quit
their dying brotherhood
To return to earth that gae. them In the
spring so tearfully .
Breathe a prayer like an Incense through
the very heart of me:
"When life's sap Is flowing feebly and my
rest Is drawing near.
May my time for trembling earthward be
the gloaming of the year.".
Great waves of heavy hair!
Oceans of flowing tresses I
ATBS'B FllXt ef seaittaatlos.
aiiB S AGOa CORX-Vvl aaalerta sag AfM.
Powered by Open ONI