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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 1, 1905)
TITE OMAITA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 100X
TtiE Omaha Daily Dee.
, E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY,
8TATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State cf Nebraska, Douglas county, ss. l
C C. Rose water, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of. The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
monm or jury, lSffc, was as ioiiows
Less unsold copies 9.810
Net total sale 882.41D
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C C. ROSE WATER,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this first day of July, 1806.
(Seal) M. B. HUNGATE,
WHET OUT OF TOWN.
Subscribers leaving; the city tent
forarlly should have The Bee
Mailed tv them. It Is better than
a dally letter from home. Ad
dress will be chanced aa often aa
Nebraska will soon discover the real
effect of tbe wur iu the orient upou the
price of gralu aud live stock.
This Is tbe season of .Nebraska's most
bountiful crops and the crop of candi
dates for office is also holding Its own.
Since peace is assured In Asia, Com
missioner Garlleld will llnd an Inter
ested public awaiting that "oil" report.
Norway and Swollen when In confer
ence assembled might keep one eye on
Washington and tbe other on the dove of
peace. . !
With Secretary Taft started for home,
the public may expect soon to learn the
effect of tropical climate on a presiden
Manufacturers of war material may
till find a market In Russia, but In all
probability the goods will not be con
Omaha may have fewer banks since
the recent bank merger, but every bank
in Omaha is doing more business than It
ever did before.
Tbe next Installment of litigation aris
ing out of tbe biennial elections law will
have to tell us whether we elect a new
register of deeds this year or not
With another naval collier ashore It is
"up to" tbe department to secure a new
chart of tbe Atlantic coast or get officers
who can be guided by those lu use.
If tbe yellow fever germ has been dis
covered In face of the declaration by
scientists that there is no yellow fever
germ but we will wait for confirmatory
Tbe launching of the battleship Ver
mont failed to evoke tbe Interest which
accompanied the launching of tbe Kan
sas, but then there was no one to object
to the destruction of chnmpngne.
Seeing Omaha from auto cars will
doubtless put this city In the same class
with other progressive cities. The most
popular way of seeing Omaha, however,
will continue to be t y electric trolley.
Several new varieties of fish are to be
introduced Into Nebraska by the flab and
game commissioner. Feople with fish
to fry will take notice. So will get-rlch-qalck
schemers looking for suckers.
. . i
Now that a leading Japanese financier
ays his country was not fighting to se
cure an indemnity,' it may be suspected
that the first terms were offered Just to
learn bow badly Russia thought itself
While the establishment of school
bouses on the canal soue is a step In tbe
light direction, It Is to be hoped that this
is sot laying those foundations for work
on the canal of which Chairman Shouts
The lone democratic member of the
city council declares that he would not
accept the Job of mayor for $10,000 a
year. There is no 1 mined 1st danger of
tbe salary .attached to the position being
Cat lied above that figure.
Now that Baron Kaneko of Japan has
explained his presence In this Country
it is seen that the president's time was
not .entirety occupied with the Ports
mouth conference when talking to Japa
nese ehrwya. -The 'mikado has chosen
the psychological moment to secure
tiltaiM feellnf with fuels Bam.
Those who have professed to be ap
prehensive that after the close of the
war there would Le a great rush of
Japanese to the United States may be
expt'ted to now renew their demand for
restrictive legislation with redoubled
vigor. The agitation, for this has al
ready1 begun In California and it will
not be surprising if It shall become
greatly Intensified between now and the
meeting of congress, so as to attract
the attention of the entire country to
the question of excluding Japanese.
The demand that this be done has
some support now outside of Callfornis,
but we venture to think that the very
general Judgment Is that w,e cannot
apply to Japan the policy we have been
applying to the Chinese, with the result
of creating a movement hostile to our'
trade interests which forced a modifica
tion of the harsh methods of our immi
gration authorities. Those who talk of
Japanese exclusion should reflect that
Japnn Is a very different country from
China and must hereafter be dealt with
as a world power of the first magnitude,
capable of enforcing fair treatment from
other nations. Japan has attained a
position that entitles her to claim equal
ity among the family of nations and
we may be sure she will make the claim
and Insist upon Its being respected. If,
therefore, we should discriminate
against her people she would not hesi
tate, strong as her present friendship Is
for the United States, to resent It and
persistence in the discrimination would
Inevitably result In making her an
enemy. That would be fatal to our
commercial Interests and hopes In Asia,
where from now on the Influence of
Japan will be greater than that of any
It Is of course possible that Japanese
Immigration will Increase somewhat. It
Is said that from 1.000 to 1,500 are now
entering this country every mouth. But
It Is not likely that this Immigration will
become so large as to be a source of
anxiety or trouble. In the development
of her Industries and commerce Japan
will .have use at home for her people
and then new fields for their enterprise
and industry will be opened In Corea
and Manchuria fields quite as Inviting
for those people as the United States.
The Japanese prefer to remain In or
near their own country and with the
opportunities that will now be open to
them It Is not at all probable that there
wlH be any very great exodus from
Japan. Moreover the Japanese will now
have a greater pride than ever In their
native land and therefore will desire
to remain there. The numler of those
people now In the United States is not
more than 100.000, the immigration of
years. They are now entering the coun
try, according to reports, at the rate
of from 10,000 to 15,000 a year. There
Is certainly nothing In this to alarm
At all events, It Is safe to say that
there will be no legislation for the ex
clusion of Japanese. We shall not ap
ply to the leading power of Asia, a
power whose friendship Is most neces
sary to us, tbe policy of discrimination
which we are applying to China. .To
do so would be to invite and assure dis
aster to our interests In that quarter of
tbe world. Japan must be treated as
an equal if we would not have her an
TBE APPROPRUTIOSS COMMITTEE
The most Important committee of the
next house of representatives will .un
questionably be tbe committee on ap
propriations. There Is a very general
sentiment for reduction in the expendi
tures of the government and It Is under
stood that Speuker Canuou, whose re
election is of course assured, is one of
the leaders in congress who are in ac
cord with this sentiment The treasury
deficit at the end of the last fiscal year
and the certainty of an additional deficit
at the close of the current year, makes
an imperative demand for either a re
duction of expenses or an Increase in
revenue. In order to obtain more
revenue two plans are urged one tho
lowering of tariff duties and the other
Imposing additional Internal taxes.
It appears that neither plan Is favored
by the republican leaders In congress.
Speaker Cannon Is known to be uncom
promisingly opposed to revising the
tariff and It Is safe to say that the re
publicans he appoints on the ways and
means committee will be In full accord
with his position. The senate leaders
are also against any tariff changes. In
regard to Increasing internal taxes It is
doubtless realised that such a course at
this time would be very unpopular and
somewhat basardous from a political
point of view, since It would furnish
capital to the opposition to tbe reput
llcan party. It would be very difficult
to give reasons satisfactory to tbe people
for Increasing taxation a time of peace,
when there is no extraordinary demand
upon the public treasury. Consequently
an effort will be made to cut down ex
penditures wherever it can be done with
out impairing the efficiency of the public
service. It will be the task of the com
mittee on appropriations to determine
where reductions can Judiciously be
There is already being manifested a
good deal of interest in regard to who
may be selected as chairman of the
bouse committee on appropriations.
There are several men being talked of
as possibilities, all of them of long ex
perience in congress and pretty well
known to the country. One of these,
Representative McCleary of Minnesota,
wss second an tbe appropriations com
mittee In tbe last congress, which gives
him a good claim to consideration, and
besides he is thoroughly familiar with
the duties of the committee. Another
Is Representative Burton of Ohio, who
for several congresses has been chair
man of the committee on rivers and
harbors and Is one af the ablest men in
the house. Mr. Burton Is for Judicious
economy in public expenditures and if
he should be placed at the bead of (he
appropriations committee would exrt a
strong Influence favorable to economy.
Representative Palzell of Pennsylvania
Is also spoken of and his chiaices for
receiving the appointment are thought
to be very good, as he Is undor!td to
have the backtng of the detention of
his state. Mr. Dalzcll Is ono. of the
recognised republican leaders lu the
house. Perhaps none of these will be
selected for chairman of the appropria
tions committee, but either of them Is
fully qualified for the position. It cm
be confidently assumed that Spenktr
Cannon will make up the coiiimlttee
wjlh a view to reducing expenses wher
ever practicable and no one kno'-s bet
ter than he where reductions can Jddl l
ously be made.
BT DISTRICTS OR AT LARQEl
The decision of Judge Rodlck granting
the mandamus applied for to compel the
county clerk to put the names of candi
dates for county commissioner on the
official ballot at the coming primary
holds that county commissioners are to
be elected In Douglas county this year
as usual. It holds more than this, how
ever, in that it proceeds on the theory
that the law which the last legislature
undertook to Incorporate Into the stat
utes is part and parcel of the biennial
election law declared unconstitutional
by tho supreme court, and therefore falls
with It In its entirety.
This raises the question now how
these commissioners are to be nomi
nated whether the county clerk Is to
put the candidates' names on the official
ballots for all voting districts through
out the county or on those only com
prised within the commissioner district.
If the ntw law had been lu any part
sustained and held defective only Inso
far as It attempted to do away with the
election of commissioners this year.
there would have been no misunder
standing, because It provides expressly
that the commissioners shall be nomi
nated "by each of said districts, but
shall be elected by the qualified electors
of the entire county." The difficulty
here would be that encountered In the
change of ward and precinct boundaries
by the city council and the failure of
the county board up to this time to re
construct the commissioner districts to
conform to the new ward lines.
But the old law, to which the election
now reverts, does not say that commis
sioners shall be nominated "by the dis
trict," but merely "from the district,"
although It specifically provides that
they are to be elected by the county at
large. The intention of the legislature
of 1903, which engrafted this change on
the law, was to make the election of
county commissioners in Douglas
county correspond to the election of mem
bers of the city council In Omaha, In
which case the councilman Is required to
reside In a particular district, but Is
still not a ward councilman, but a coun-cllman-at-large.
The Dodge primary law
Is plainly drawn with the Idea that the
same constituency that is to elect shall
also nominate, and so far as it applies
to county commissioners, It will have to
be applied later to members of the city
council. If the commissioners are to
be nominated this fall by the district
only and then elected by the entire
county, candidates for the council next
spring will expect to be nominated by
the wards only, although required to run
the gauntlet of the whole city for elec
Such a construction of the law would
put us back precisely where we were
before the present makeup of the coun
cil and relegate us again, to all Intents
and purposes, to a system of ward coun
cllmen. The decision of this Question.
therefore, as regards the nomination of
county commissioners Involves points of
more than ordinary importance, and
those who have to decide it should real
lie fully the consequences of deciding It
one way or the other.
When Mayor Moores comes to recount
the achievements of his administration
In Its dealings with the public service
corporations, the showing of reduced
charges for street, lamps, smaller tele
phone tolls and lower gas rates will
make up the most gratifying page from
the standpoint of the people who pay the
The discovery has been made that tho
number of civil actions on the docket of
our district court is gradually increasing
from term to term. The dockets can
get a good deal .longer, however, without
overworking the Judges, court stenogra
phers or bailiffs sufficiently to force any
of them to resign.
The public school teuthers are getting
ready to resume work at the old stand
promptly on the opening day of the new
school year. Some of the pupils, as
usual, will feel free to extend their va
cations as long as the truant officer will
permit them to fight shy of the school
Our Council Bluffs friends across the
river are having trouble with paving
contractors and Omaha people will sym
pathlre with them to the full extent of
the occasion In recollection of our own
unpleasant experience In that line.
If the Young Men's Christian associa
tion's announced expectation to be In its
new building by March 1 next is to be
realized, the contractors will have to
work by the clock that ticked off dollars
a thousand times In five minutes.
Chlan Leads a Trump.
China is no weakling- In a bargain. It Is
willing to buy all the American goods It
can consume, provided It Is allowed to send
over men to draw the wages for manu
facturing them. .
Sltrtc Work of Canadians.
Canada has more than one scheme for
gathering American dollars. We know
what a tight grip the Dominion keeps on
the absconding American boodler who es
capes with cash across the border, but the
Canadians recently sprung a new extrac
tlon method by Imposing an Income tax on
some thirty United States government en
glneers employed on the improvement plans
of the Detroit river. Being near the Can
adian line the United States employes found
It convenient to live In a Csnadlan town. A
Canadian tax collector discovered their sal
aries from a government blue book and the
engineers have paid under protest. Those
enterprising Canucks will annex us yet. If
we don't watch out.
Intestine- In n Snre Thing.
New Tork Tribune.
There are now five transatlantic cables,
the shore end of the fifth having been
landed at Canso, N. B., the other day.
Apparently the promoters of cables have
no Intention of going out of business In
the near future on account of the wireless
Cheering; Words for llankryfi,
Iowa should not be unduly alarmed about
Its loss of population. With its large rep
resentation In the cabinet naturally a good
many of Its people are sojourning In the
District of Columbia. But they will come
back all right. Fosslbly rather soon. Judg
ing from the look of some things.
The "t'nsnlarled lawyer.'
The president of the American bar asso
ciation, like any lawyer, takes pride In his
honored profession. No one will quarrel,
perhaps, with his description of the lawyer
as "the minister of a week-day 'ethics,"
since the mere phrase Implies that week
day ethics are strikingly different from
Sunday ethics. But the people will rise as
one man In protest against his tribute t'j
the lawyer as "the unsalaried educator of
the public." A moral educator the lawyer
may be, but "unsalaried" can only be con
strued In the sense that the lawyer "socks
It" to the world In his fees.
I.onar Roll of Women Teachers.
Four-fifths of the teachers In the United
States, according to a recent census bul
letin, are women, and there are more
teachers In this country than there are
clergymen, lawyers and physicians to
gether. In the proportion of women teach
ers to tho whole number of teachers em
ployed the United States leads the world.
although in nearly every clvlllred country
the greater part of the teaching Is done by
women. This Is In line with tho general
tendency toward tho advancement of
woman to a better place In this country.
In 1W0 the number of women In paying
positions In this country was 3,914,571, and
In 19X this number had Increased to 8.S2!),
807. However, as the number of men In
paying positions has also Increased in the
same time, It must not be accepted as cer
tain that women are going to crowd men
out of positions In Intellectual employment
Hiding; the Empire's Wound.
Notwithstanding the policy of deceit and
prevarication adopted by the Japanese War
department toward even Its own peaple, as
well as the outside world. In regard to the
losses sustained In battles on land and sea,
the truth Is leaking out, which shows that
Japan has not come out of these conflicts
In such fine shape as It would have the
general public believe. It now transpires,
for Instance, ' that the converted cruiser
Nippon was so badly damaged by the
shells of, the Russian warships In the battle
of the Sea of Japan that It was found nec
essary to run the vessel ashore to save It
from being a total loss. Knowledge of
such disasters as this coming after the
official reports given out by the Japanese
government. In which It Is made to appear
that they have come out of the con
flict with practically no loss or damage
at all, does not tend to enhance the re
spect or confidence In the future dealings
of that power with other nations. It will
give rise to t; - entirely Just and rational
suspicion that'rt nation which Indulges In
such unwarrantable and unnecessary
trickery and falsification In time of war
cannot be trusted In a time of peace.
CHAGIXO' HAlGrRATIOX DATE.
State Governors l ine T'p In Favor of
Retiring March 4.
New York Tribune.
We are glad to learn that the agitation
for a constitutional amendment changing
the date of the presidential Inauguration,
revived In Washington last March, Is mak
ing substantial headway. Our Washington
dispatches report that forty-one governors
of states and territories have agreed to
serve on the committee which will draw
the necessary amendment and urge Its ac
ceptance by congress and Its ratification
by the state legislatures. The committee
will organize In November and will, ask
the Fifty-ninth congress to approve and
submit the amendment as soon as practica
ble. The change proposed whatever may
be Its exact and final form will not take
effect until 1913. so that ample time will
be given for all the states to act. The leg
islatures of Mississippi and Louisiana will
not meet again In regular session until
1908. Virginia's legislature, if it adjourns
next year before an amendment can be
submitted. wlllf not meet again until 1910.
It Is apparent .therefore, that the change
desired can be effected only tardily, and
that the committee Is wise both in plan
ning far ahead and In making a start as
early as possible.
The letters written by the governors who
have accepted appointments to the commit
tee show that the reform proposed com
mends itself to general favor. The Wash
ington members of the committee seem to
have emphasized successfully the desirabil
ity of escaping the perils and discomforts
of a midwinter inauguration. They cited
the fatalities due to exposure on March 4
last, though the last Inauguration day,
compared with many others, was clement
and genial. Three distinguished partici
pants In the ceremonies sacrificed their
lives this year to the exigencies of an
unseasonable outdoor spectacle. Manuel
de Asplroi. the ambassador of Mexico;
Senator William B. Bate of Tennessee, and
Justice Lawrence Weldon of the United
States court of claims, required by ett
quetto to take part in the exercises on the
Cupltol steps, all died aa a result of illness
there contracted. The public is beginning
to realize that It is both cruel and sense
less to invite end In a measure compel
the Justices of the supreme court, the
other Justices resident in Washington, the
diplomatic corps, the cabinet and tbe mem
bers of both branches of congress to sit or
stand unsheltered through what la often a
half-hour ceremonial in a drenching rain.
The perils and annoyances of auch a
stupid adherence to tradition and the dis
comforts caused to the thousands who
gather In. Washington to enjoy the inaug
uration display are accepted by the state
executives' generally as sufficient ground
for reforming our badly regulated political
We hope, however, that If the calendar la
to be revised, congress will accept no surh
compromise aa merely postponing the date
of the inauguration for seven or eight
weeks, without actually changing the data
on which the terms of the new president
and the new congress begin. If a presi
dent takes office on March 4 and one con
gress gives way for another on that date,
March 4 most remain the pivotal day in
our political year, and to celebrate an an
niversary two months after It has really
occurred hardly aecorda with American
standards of fltnees and practical aenae.
We might aa well postdate the Christmas
holidays and celebrate them In April or
May. It is as highly desirable to lengthen
the present ahort session of congress as
it is to escape the annoyances of a winter
season inauguration, and the shifting of
the division line betmeen presidential terms
frcr) March 4 to April 30 would kill both
birds with one stone.
niTS OF W.eiuGTOS MFBJ.
Minor Scenes nml Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
James Rankin Young, chief of the dead
letter office, Is the busiest man In Washing
ton. He likes work. Some months ago he
went In search of more business and got
more than he bargained for. The bulk of
It is foreign postcards calculated to rupture
the moral tone of the mall service. Every
day witnesses the destruction of 3,000 post
cards bearing pictures and photographs
that are suggestive and Indecent.
The traffic in these cards is something
enormous, and the. present season has
witnessed the production of more objec
tionable pictures than ever before. The
craze for sending postcards as souvenirs
of places and events has been taken ad
vantage of by manufacturers and dealers
to turn out specimens that are risque and
some of them positively Indecent.
To the credit of American printers and
dealers in postcards It can be said that
a very small percentage of those declared
unmailablo are of domestic production.
The country haa been flooded, however,
with cards made In Germany and Franco,
scarcely one of which Is allowed to reach
Its destination through the United States
The figures of the Internal Revenue
Bureau, Just made up, indicate that Amer
icans are drinking more beer than whisky
each year. The preliminary report of
Commissioner Yerkes for the fiscal year
shows that the consumption of whisky
was materially less and that of beer much
greater than in the previous year. There
were withdrawn for consumption during
the year, of distilled spirits other than
made from fruits, 116.143,732 gallons, as
against 116,848,372 gallons in the fiscal year
1904. This Is a decrease In whisky con
sumed of 704,040 gallons. There was like
wise a decrease, in the quantity of fruit
spirits consumed, the total for the last
fiscal year having been 1.605,021 gallons,
agalnat 1,637,303 gallons In the year before.
The consumption of beer was 49,459,540
barrels for the last fiscal year, against
48,208,133 barrels in 1904. The increase Is
1,261,407 barrels, each barrel containing
The first lady of the land, Mrs. Theodore
Roosevelt, evidently has a very exalted
Idea of the responsibilities resting upon her
In the way of setting an example to the
rest of the women of the nation. Mrs.
Roosevelt not only has a large family, of
which she takes tho best of care, but she
emphasizes the domestic phase of life even
In connection with the White House. In
order that there may be less expenditure
of energy In the kitchen of this establish
ment, the wife of the president has superin
tended an entirely new arrangement of
things, and when she leaves the mansion
she will have the satisfaction of knowing
that she has left an enduring mark of her
regime. It has been a matter of comment
that the ladles who have occupied the
White House have been able to do so little
to make the kitchen arrangements more In
keeping with the progress of the world In
that respect. The guests and the vege
tables have been obliged to enter the
dining room together for many years and
no one seemed to think It possible to
change the order of things. Not so Mrs.
Roosevelt. She decided that there should
be new kitchens, one for her own family
cooking and one for the state dinners that
are required of the chief executive. More
over, Mrs. Roosevelt didn't see any sense
In keeping a big retinue of servants for
these special events, so she has her own
cook and servants, and when the other
kitchen Is used for state functions, it la
In charge of a caterer.
A well known senator who Is a great
Smoker and naturally fond of good cigars,
was in Washington the other day on his
way to one of the northern summer re
sorts. While walking down Pennsylvania
avenue with his secretary he met a con
stituent whom he recently had appointed
to a government position. The constituent
naturally was much pleased to see the
senator, and after conversing for some
time, was about to take his leave when
he took a large susplclous-looklng cigar
out of his pocket and handed It to the
senator, asking him if he would accept it.
The senator thanked him, and being some
what suspicious himself of the cigar, re
marked: "If you will allow me, I will put
this In my pocket and smoke It after I
have had lunch." The constituent ac
quiesced and bade the senator goodby.
After walking about a block the Benator
took the cigar out of his pocket and of
fered it to his secretary. The secretary
laughed and said: "Benator, you never
ought to look a gift horse In the mouth."
whereupon the senator said: "isor snouia
you ever put a gift cigar In your mouth."
But the secretary smoked the cigar.
The wife of a well known officer In
Washington recently advertised for a cook.
Though the establishment presided over Dy
the officer's wife Is In accord witn ineir
undisputed social position, yet It is by
no means pretentious, for the naval man
has no means aside from his salary, con
sequently, when one applicant for the po
sition of cook announced to the wife that
her price would be $50 a month she was
told that such wages were out of the ques
tion. The cook, not deigning to notice
the remark, went on at length to give her
superior qualifications, touching especially
on her ability to get up smart luncheons
and dinners. Again the lady of the house
said that she would not pay $30 for a
cook. Seeing that her determination was
unalterable, the applicant for the place pre
pared to take her departure. As she was
nearlng the door sne remarKea, puiron-
izlngly: "I "e! You are trying u live-
within your Income!
Postmaster General Cortelyou has com
pleted a new form of money order which
if it does not defy forgery, will make
forgeries and alterations extremely diffi
cult. Twice before, since the postal money
order system was established, in 1864, haa
the style of the order been changed once
in 1894 and again in 1897. These changes
were made not to prevent forgeries but
to simplify the system. Now the system
is so simple that it has been found neces
sary to make It more Intricate.
The scheme of the forgers and raisers
has been to purchase an order for 25 or
60 cents, payable to theinaelves, under flc
tttlous names. Then they eraae the amount
with acid and fill in any amount they de
sire, usually between 350 and $100. Then
going to a merchant they will purchase 6
or $10 worth of goods and tender the money
order In payment, receiving the change,
which representa the net profit to the
crook. A money order Is usually looked
upon as a certificate of deposit, showing
that the bearer has the amount named In
the order on deposit with the government.
Consequently it has been an easy matter
to "work" the merchants. When the mer
chant takes the order to the postoffloe to
have it cashed he discovers the swindle.
With the new scheme the department
hopea to prevent thla sort of crooked work.
and It haa been Intimated that among other
changes the exact amount of the order
will be "plugged" out with a punch similar
to thoae now used by banks.
San Francisco Chronicle.
It may be very gratifying to energetlo
re formers to find that there are occasional
convictions of men who have acted fraudu
lently in acquiring timber lands, but no
real solid good will be effected until the
owners of big traeta wrongfully acquired
are compelled to dlsforge their suallnga.
SIDELIGHT" Ol THE TCT.
Minneapolis Journal: One of the most
serious results of peace Is that the war cor
respondents will come home and be mus
Chicago Tribune: Excitable Frenchmen
who have lent money to Russia may be
pardone.i for Indulging In a few wild antics
of Joy at this Juncture.
Philadelphia Record: There is no funda
mental difference between diplomacy and
horse trading. How one fellow may get
the better of the other fellow Is the whole
Chicago Record-Herald: General Llne
vltch will probably never get done talking
of the things he would have done to tho
Japs If the war had only been allowed to
Kansas City Times: As tbe Americans
are not familiar with the profanity used by
the Japanese, It would be useless to specu
late as to what Oyama will say when he
hears about the peace agreement.
Chicago Inter Ocean: If Mr. Rockefeller
had stepped In with his usual Impetuosity
and offered to pay that Indemnity, Japan
would be hnndlcapped for some years to
come with the burden of tainted money. As
It Is, only the missionaries In Japan will
have any of It.
It might be a good thing If there were
an early morning eclipse oftener. Then
more people might get acquainted with the
beauties of a sunrise.
H. M. Bronson, who has Just been made
general passenger agent of the Big Four
system, has been with that company for
the last fifty-two years.
Mr. Rockefeller may go unshod Into the
dewy grass on a summer morning for his
health s sake. But for all that the Chicago
university entertains no fears that he is
going to get cold feet.
General Herman Haupt of Washington Is
the oldest living graduate of West Point
Military academy and a man distinguished
in civil war military history and In rail
way and engineering circles. General
Haupt graduated from West Point in 1835
In the same class with General Meade.
Hennlker Heaton, who has done so much
for the cheapening of postal communica
tion in Great Britain, urges the formation
of a league to make the penny post uni
versal. It Is, he says, absurd to charge
two-pence half-penny for a letter to Calais
dr to New York, when a letter to Canada
can pass through New York for a penny.
A "close observer" In Gotham notes the
passing of; the cigar store Indian and the
development, In place of him, of cigar store
ballet girls, negroes, Turks and even Ad
miral Deweys. The barber's striped pole
and the apothecary's mortar and pestle are
about the only pieces of symbolic sign
making of which the public never seems to
Wllkes-Barre, Pa., is hereafter to be so
spelled by the postal authorities, thus giv
ing Colonel Barre his rightful value In ths
combination with Colonel Wilkes that orig
inated the name of the town, as an equal
compliment to each of these two gentle
men. Custom has- for a long time written
It Wllkesbarre, and so given one of the
colonels hardly more importance than a
IS THERE TOO MUCH MONEY?
Prosperity Forces av Steady and Rapid
Increase In the Circulation.
St. Louis Globe Democrat.
For several years past there has been a
steady and rapid Increase in the circula
tion. In every element of the currency
except silver in its various shapes there
has beo.i a great gain. The increase in
July amounted to over $8,100,000. The bank
note circulation is at the highest figure
ever touched. ' It amounts to $487,000,000, or
double what It was six years ago. At ths
time of Bryan's first nomination the aggre
gate circulation was $1,606,000,000. It was
$26.O00,O0Q at the beginning of the present
There are persons who think that this
Increase in the currency has been carried
to a harmful extent. They are probably
mistaken, however. Tbe expansion has
been much faster than In population. While
the circulation per capita was $21.10 on
July 1, 1S96, Just before Bryan swept the
Chicago convention with his "cross of
gold" speech, it was $31,29 at the beginning
of August 1906. This is a vast Increase.
It more than meets the demands of the pop
ulists for a currency which keeps up with
the population in its rate of growth. Cur
rency, under the nonpopulist conditions
which the republicans have established, has
far surpassed population In its rate of in
crease. It la growing so fast, in fact that
some of the experts are saying that the
growth portends disaster.
But the money in circulation has not In
creased faster than general business. As
measured by the volume of bank clear
ings and pig Iron production, the circulation
has not kept pace with the country's trade.
The average prices of the staple commod
ities have Increased In recent years, which
may or may not be in consequence of the
growth in the circulation. An increase in
the volume of money has a tendency some
times to cheapen money and to send the
price of commodities up. In the present
case, however, the prosperity which tbe
country haa had for several years must be
conceded to have had an effect in advanc
ing the price of staple articles. Prosperity
has brought an Increased demand for every
thing, and this can account for a good deal
of the advance. There Is no good reason
to suppose that a harmful Inflation of the
currency la taking place. The United States
Is not injured yet in any perceptible degree
by the great Increase in Its circulating
AIBB't RAJ it V100B.
FEDEHtl, ntnA(K coTnoi.
American liar Aaanrlntlnn Refases to
Indorse the Movement.
Springfield (Mass ) Republican.
The American Bar assoclntlon refuses toX
Indorse the federal Insurance supervision
movement, and thereby gives to It a weak
ening blow. Nor, under the circumstance,
could the bar association well do otherwise.
The United States supreme court has
clearly and repeatedly ruled that Insurance
contracts do nut constitute Interstate com
merce, and therefore do not come under
the regulative power of congress; and an
association of lawyers, above any other
body of men, must hrsltate to appear In
the light of advising congress to do wr.(
the supreme court has snld It cannot cnn.(
stltutlonally do. And this seems to be tl-,
exact reason why the association declined
to accept a committee report favoring such
Meantime the report stands uncontra
dicted that President Roosevelt has com
mitted himself to recommend to congress
what the bar association of the country
cannot find warrant for recommending In
any due regard for the constitution of the
United Slates or respect Tor tt expoun.ler
on the supreme bench. This might seem
to place the administration In a somewhat
awkward position. It held In the case of
an Income tnx law, It would be charged
with "attacking the supreme court." Held
In the case of federal supervision of In
surance, it Is still more obviously and
flagrantly attacking the court, for the su
preme court was closely divided and had
reversed Itself on the Income tax, while
It has consistently ruled against national
If the movement headed by Senator Dry
den of one Insurance company, and James
M. Beck of another, has been scotched,
policyholders will have no great cause for
regret. It had been taken up on behalf
of an autocratic control of the companies
rather than for the policyholders. It alms
to rid the managements of the prying ac
tivities of many state inquisitors, but not
at all to bring about such a genuine reform
In life Insurance as a reduction of extrava
gant and burdensome office and agency ex
penses. When It presenta Itself as a movement
on behalf of such a reform, It can interest
edly be taken up by policyholders and car
ried forward through a constitutional
amendment, but not until then; and not
until U ts made to appeal strongly to pol
icyholders Is it likely to succeed.
He What did you do with that tainted
monev your uncle gave vouT
She I salted it down, of course Detroit
"They paid him a big salary, didn't
:'a what he said." Cleveland Tlaln
"He's quite wealthy and prominent now,"
said Mrs. Starvem, ''and they say he rose
practically from nothing."
"Well, well," remarked Mr. Starboard,
"that's Just what I rose from at the break
fast table this morning." Philadelphia
"What's this coupon?" asked the man
who had Just rented the automobile.
"Why," replied the proprietor, "that's the
accident policy that goea with the ma
chine." Detroit Free Press.
First Magnate Why didn't you take
Guglns into your new Ice trust?
Second Magnate Oh, he's too cblcken
henrted. First Magnate Chicken-hearted, Is he?
Second Magnate Sure. Why. I'll bet that
feller haa sent conscience money to the
United States treasury. Louisville Coujrler-
Sir Walter Raleigh threw down the cloak.
"Very pretty," murmured Elizabeth ab
sently, "but I'd like to see the one .on the
Suddenly remembering that she wasn't
shopping, ahe had to be content with what
was snown. xppincou a juagaxine.
The conversation had become slightly per
sonal. "You lunkhead!" exclaimed the man with
the rotund face. "If you had any concep
tion of the properties of matter you would
know that It has all the characteristics of
what we call mind. Matter, sir. thinks!
"I wonder," snorted the other man, "what
the rest of your face thinks of that big red
nose of yours!" Chicago Tribune.
"There Is one thing about our waning
democracy that greatly pleases me."
"And what Is that?"
"It Is the fact that when it comes to giv
ing a girl a seat In a street car, the prettv
girl has the call over the merely rich girl
every time." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
SIGNS OF THE TIMES.
W. J. Lampton In New York Sun.
Oh, say, young man of skimpy scads
Now is the time to buy
The things that you have got to wear
Next year unless you die. f
Go to the shop where hats are sold
And you will see a sign
Which reads a little bit like this:
"Straw hats now 49."
Seek out the shop where clothes are sold
At prices which were great
And you will see nice suits thus marked:
"Your choice, 8.48."
Another window shows this sign;
"Come In, if you're alive, .
And buy our 25-cent ties,
Reduced to two for 6."
The chap whd handled summer shirts
Of every known design
Haa got this signal to the front:
"Fine shirts at 89."
The shoe man gets Into the push
With this sign at his door:
"These russet shoes, 1 99;
Marked down from 3 and 4."
Here shines a window like the flag.
In red and white and blue,
And lettered thus: "Gauze underwear,
A whole suit. 32."
At every ahop you'll find the same.
And If you're wise enough.
You'll hardly wait until next year
To buy your aummer stuff.
course consumption can
be cured. Modern medicine
teaches it.' No one longer
Babies have it. Young mothers
The aged have it. None
For over 50 years doctors have
prescribed Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
for this disease. It quiets the cough,
controls the inflammation. If inter
this over with yourdoctor.
Made y tka . O. Arer Oa., Levau, alias, -aim
ATtR'l Qtn ecu.
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