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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 26, 1905)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, AUGUST 2fi, 1003.
WHAT'S THE MATTER IN IOWA
Sjme Biaism GiTen for the Slump Bhowa
by the Bute Cengs.
A CASE OF TOO MUCH PROSPERITY
Gain In ladaatrlra and I.oea In n m -tier
of Farm a Ulan prlrerl Land
I'renta Iramlaratlon flme
John Brlgham, atate librarian of Iowa,
preaf-nta In ths Ronton Trnnscrtpt ae-vera!
explanatory raons for the dr-creaan In the
population of Iowa an nhown by thf mate
cenaua. Replying to the o,tietlon. "What's
the matter with Iowa?" Mr. Rrlgham aays:
"With erarooly a brak In lla record for
abundant rrops and with comparatively
good prices for Ita product a, with a eteady
Im-rraae In the area of Ita land under cul
tivation, with an annual Increase In the
aKreartte of Ita trade and manufacture
and an undiminished output from Ita coal
and ftypsutn mine and quarrlee, with fast
acrumulntlnK deposits In Ita hanks and a
phenomonnl reduction of lato years In the
rltimher and aKtrrcftate of mortfrnfrca on
the real and personal property of Its rltl
irns, why should there be this falling off
In Ita population?
"In the first place It must be remem
bered thut Iowa la an old settled state:
that Ita free lands disappeared many years
ano: that It Is still very heavily agricul
tural, and In the nature of things Its popu
lation would not vastly Increase as Is the
case In the newer or more Industrially de
veloped statea around It. The census flfr
urea for the last decades plainly show this.
In the period from 1S60 to 187". Just after
t"h civil war. the growth was from 74.9I3
to 1.19 020. Rut since 1R70 progress hns been
comparatively alow. The year 1S70 showed
I.IM.OM; 1SW. l.2t,61f,: 1R, l.iM.SfW; 1!"0.
2,231, KM. JCow comes the state census of
thla ear with 2.216.ofiS. It will thus be seen
that the percentage of (rain In each de
lude from lh9H has steadily declined, and
for the whole period from 1K70 to 19no. thirty
years, It was only about WO per cent. Curi
ously enough, that Is almost the same as
the percentage of gain of the entire nation
for that period, that gain being from 3S.
UOO.ory) to 7rt,'a0.0i0. showing Iowa to be, what
Its people have always claimed, the typical
American state. Still, an actual loss was
hardly expected by any except those who
had watched matters very closely.
Snt Much of R gnrprlae.
"Had these figures been sprung upon us
In lfrXS wa might have charged them up to
prohibition. Had they confronted us In
1895 we might have attributed them to the
return of the saloon. The unwelcome re
sult cannot now be traced to either of these
conditions, for under prohibition liquor was
Bold regardless of law In the counties fa
voring the sale of liquor; under the mulct
law, now In operation, prohibition obtains
In a majority of the counties of the state.
"To those of us who have been In a posi
tion to watch the current of events during
the last five years this falling off in popu
lation Is not so much of a surprise Casting
about for a generalization broad enough to
cover all discoverable causes leading down
to the condition under Investigation, I
would account for the fact In a single
ulh..a,Dev s nss.llla shrd m c m c m c
"Too much prosperity at home; too much
cheap land outside. The anomalous first
half of thlB phrase calls for explanation.
"Let me give the readers of the Tran
script a picture which has been reproduced
tunny times In every one of Iowa's ninety
nine counties of tenest, naturally, In the
older counties of he state:
"Two farmers, whose farms adjoin, having
long bIiico rucovered from the hard times
following the crucial year, ls3, tlnd them
selves with several thousand dollars In the
bank and with new and costly labor-saving
niuchlnery standing Idle, calling loudly for
niore worlds to conquer. Naturally both
farmers develop ambition for more land.
They 'get together.' The result la that
the richer, or th more honie-lovlng. buys
hl neighbor's land and said neighbor Joins
the tirst landeekers" excursion to northern
Minnesota, Manitoba, Alberta, Oklahoma
or Texas, where cheap landa woo those In
' whose breasta burns strongly the pioneer
Instinct coupled with the ambition to enjoy
large holdings of land.
"Take another Instance, reproduced In hun- ,
dreds of casea all about ua. A farmer has
several sons comfortably settled on small
farms about hlin. A subtle, land agent en
ters thla modern Eden, or a land company's
colored and pictured folders find their way
therein through the postofflce. To the
young farmer comes the belated thought of
old Westaway In I'hlllpott's latest novel
'the thought of -and a bit of the face of
the solid earth spread for your aervlce to
do what you please with. To know 'tis
ycurs field after field to be a duke of th
kingdom an" own more than you can see
from the top of a hill! 'TIs a most majrs
tjc picture!" Our young farmers have their
"bit cf land;" but It Is not a kingdom large
rnouvth to satisfy their newly-fd ambition.
And so the new thought develops Into a
veiltable lust for bind the result of which
la the aile, of several farms to the rich,
la m 1 -1 lint t u 1 fanner, or farmers, of the
reixhhorhoid. or to the city capitalist
seeking safe Investment In the country,
liecresse In amber of Karma.
"Hern lei me iv.ll back upon the state cen
sus of l!On and the L'nited States census of
1!0 as a substantial basis for my Illustra
tion. (Thanks to Mr. A. H. Pavldsnn, di
rector, and Ir. W. K. Paulson, editor, of
the mate census, for my access to the still
Incomplete census of IS05.) Taking five of
the tlrat six on the lint of Iowa counties, I
Hud that In 1!1 there were 2.SS7 farms In
Adair, and in I'M there are 2,'JCS. In Adams
five yuuia ago there were 1.949 farms, now
there are but l.iMS. In ApiHinoose In 19n0
thera were i.b'M. now there are 'J.0.'i!t. In Aur
dubon In there were l.ftss, now there are
1.817. In Kenton In 10 there were 2,774. now
there are 2,11)9.
"While these Inures are not corlualve
from the stutlstlcan's standpoint to the
general reuders and tha superficial student
of affairs, they Indicate with sufficient
cUiirnetis a tendency growing out of our
new prosperity and of the new ambition
which it has aroused. '
"But another condition goes far to ex
plain the falling off In our population.
In times past, Iowa has been the El Do
rado of the young and ambitious farm
ers of Sweden, Norway, Russia. Germany.
Bohemia and Holland., When the Immi
gration was greatest Iowa land was sell
ing at from ti to 115 an acre. Now Is readily
commands from 175 to $100 an acre. Our
new prosperity has been to the ambitious
home-seekers of Europe and to the ambl-
FOR TOILET AND BATH
Delicate enough for the softest
kin, and yet efficacious in removing
any stain. Keeps the skin in perfect
condition. In the bath gives all the
desirable after-effects of a Turkish
bath. ' It should be oa every was'n
atand. ILL QR0CERS AND DRUOCHSTS
tlous young men of the eastern states as
well an almost prohibitive wall, turning
the tide ot Immigration round ua and Into
well-advertised northern Minnesota. Dako
ta., Manitoba and Aiberta. 11 Is aelf-evldetit
that the poor young farmer of Bweden or
Norway, with JoOU auved or borrowed for
Investment In land, will naturally prefer
luu acrea In Manitoba or elaewhere at 15 an
acra to live acres In Iowa at lluu an acre.
"lt me partially verify these figures by
a glance at the state census ot, 14 In com
parison with that ot 19u5.
"Twenty years ago Adair county, Iowa,
with a population of 14.102 had 1,523 foreign-born
cltlsens. In 19U6 It has a popula
tion of 15,111, with 1,170 foreign-born.
""Adams county: Population In 1SSS, 12,
lfi; foreign- born, 1,105. In 1906, population,
142; foreign-born, 739.
"Allamakee: Population In IS. 1R.3SS;
foreign-born, 5,156. In 1905, population, 1H,
22; foreign-born, 2,986.
"IJenton: Population In 1"W5, 23,902; for-elgn-bom,
4.225. In lS"fi, population, 24,117;
"It will thus be seen that while Iowa's
losses In native-born cltisens ten, fifteen
and twenty years ago, by emigration to the
Dakotas, loulslana, northern California
and other regions Inviting Immigration,
were made good by emigration from fleandl
naylu, Germany, eto., the lnnr.awd price of
land In Iowa of late years has In a large
measure shut off this new supply of popula
tion, turning aside to other fields the thou
sands who, by resson of Individual and
family associations, coupled with the many
material advantages offered by the state,
would naturally be drawn to Iowa,
Ita 1 1 road Discrimination.
'I am aware that some ywould attribute
thla falling off In population to freight dis
criminations against our state. That there
are and for yeara have been unjust dis
criminations against Iowa Jobbers, stock
men and farmers have been proved over
and over again. While In some measure
the Injustice has been lessened, the fact of
unjust discrimination yet remains. At the
present time our stockmen are aroused as
they never have been before In their de
termination to obtain relief, their purpos
being to unite with aggrieved stockmen In
other states In carrying to congress their
demand for relief. That this condition has
hindered the general prosperity of the st;it
can scarcely be denied: hut the fact re
mains that In the face of this long-standln-r
discrimination our farm property has
steadily advanced In value, our manufac
turers have Increased In number and In
volume of business and all the principal
shipping points of the state show an In
crease In population the prlnclpnl shipping
point, Pes Moines, having an Increase of
13.2S9 in five years.
"There are those who account for the
falling off by attributing It to the greater
thoroughness of the national census of 1900,
owing to the larger compensation per capita
paid the nation's census enumerators over
that paid by the state. There may be some
thing In this; but. In the Judgment of those
who know most about It, there never has
been a state census quite as exhaustive as
the one now ncarlng completion. In many
Instances those having It In charge have
not been content with first returns, but
have followed them with thorough local In
vestigation, fully satisfying themselves that
their final figures are close approximations
to actual facts.
' "No; search where you will for the cause
of our .decrease In population, or, If you
choose to put It that way, the reason of our
failure to Increase In population, at the end
of your search you will find the conclusion
forced upon you that the general cause Is
no more and no less than 'too much pros
perity at home; too much cheap land else
ANTIS WILL WAIT FOR COWfELL
Deride Hot to Try to Force MeetlnK
of Committee - In Chair
Falling down badly In their attempt to
get a majority of the republican county
committeemen to call a meeting regardless
of the amenities due the chairman, leaders
In the Fontanelle movement have decided
to let It drop at least until after a confer
ence la held with Chairman Cowei. TRe
latter Ib expected back from New York
Saturday and as soon as he arrives a dele
gation of antls will meet him. Besides ask
ing for a committee meeting as soon us
possible they will say frankly that they
want the committee to call a primary elec
tion for the sole purpose of choosing dele
gates to the Btate convention September 14.
They admit that what they want Is to
make a fight to gain control of the state
committee memberships from this county.
To this end they Insist that an expensive
primary be held, but do not advance any
method for meeting the expense. The antls
are in such minority In the county com
mittee that their demand for the places on
the state committee Is regarded as hope
less If directed there.
BABY PRAYS FOR THE ICEMAN
Jnrenlle riflien with a) Hunch for
Coolneaa Includes Dally
Visitor la Hla Prayer.
A young American living with his parents
on North Twenty-fourth street, between
Ames avenue and Cuming street, broke up
a rattier solemn occasion Thursday evening
by Invoking the divine blessing on the Ice
man, who makes dally visits to thecoma
In question. The parents of the young
hopeful have been trying to raise him In
the nurture and admonition of tha Lord by
having him say his prayers every evening
Just before bedtime. During the recent
heated term the hoy has given particular
attention to the Iceman.
Thursday evening he began his prayer
by saying. "Pod bless papa, Dod bless
mamma, Iod bless gran'ma, Dod bless me
and Dod hless the Iceman."
"Why, Arthur, what do you mean by
raying Dod bless the Iceman," Interposed
Ills fond mother,
"Well, I mean It," replied the boy. his
little lace full of seriousness.
DEMOCRATS HAVE A MEETING
County Committee la to Hold Session
Saturday to Name Delegates
to Ktate Convention.
Principally to Indorse the selection by a
committee of delegates to the state con
vention the democratic county committee
will meet Saturday afternoon at 4 o'clock
at the Paxtun hotel. No fight la on and the
only difficulty In chootdng delegatea la to
get men who will half promise that they
will go to Uncoln.
The Indications are- that the Douglas
county delegation will favor Judge Silas A.
Holcomb aa a candidate to succeed himself
on the supreme bench. Some apprehen
alon la felt that perhapa Judge Holcomb
may not accept another nomination. He
has been reduced, a I most to an Invalid state
by rheumatism and his friends are Inclined
to think he would welcome retirement. So
far aa known there will be no aspirants
for the place on the ticket from Douglas
and no candidate fur regents of the state
university have put themselves forward.
Like VUt Aalaaale
that teax and rend you are the pains of
biliousness, kidney trouble. Cure guaran
teed by Wee trie Bitters; SO cents. For sale
by Sherman A UcConnell Drug Co.
Bee Want Ada ar ths Best Business
n Sfii i u iwj
y mm v. r
Sale of 5,000 Samples
Ladies' Wrist Bags
co Us tin
sh in ,cow awe ana trie most
and ftylifh leathern, worth up tot.HO
GOO imported wrist bags for misses, fancy deco
rations of birds, flowers, etc all shades of
leather, strap handles, worth 50c each, at
LADIES' AND MEN'S 75C QUALITY
IMPORTED HOSIERY at 25C A PAIR
4 i . . . 1 rtll a .
frreai purciiaso oi ladies'
imported French and maeo
, An" I II . . , i .1 Ua4,..a..
.c " ul naiuiuuv inany are
plain, in black and all colors also silk
embroidered, silk clocked, fancy drop
stitch and all over
lace this is unusual-
ly high quality hosiery
worth in regular way
to 7oc pair, at, pair. . .
Ladies' Neckwear at 5c and 122c
Ladies' summer neckwear In dainty new styles just the
thing to freshen up tha summer costume here are stocks,
fancy turn overs, tabs and jabeaux many embroidered
collars and dainty laoe effect? worth'
up to 23o each on bargain square
will go at, eaoh
Linen Handkerchief Sale
A bargain square of men's
chiefsall widths of hems fancy
embroidered edge, etc. these are
'JOc values, at, each . . . .'
Our regular 40c lb Marsh mallows
Saturday, at, per pound
Our regular 50c a pound chocolates, assorted, lb. 253
French Nougat, at, lb. 20c Taffy, asst. flivdts, lb. 10c
Yaukee Peanut, at, lb. 10c 25 sticks of Candy .5c
Peanut Taffy, at, lb. 10c 25 sticks of Oum for. . ,5c
Don't forget to trv our toasted marshmallowa in the
H arcade Ice cream soda, 5c.
kmMJ BWII WH!H MaVaViailiaVf li'Bhm Iff ft'HI WBHTIHW affi
'"1'L.".. !,":'"..' "r'm "' .!..".;
mi mm hmujijm 1 i mime w mJ
NIGHT CHICAGO TRAIN
Number 12. ,
It leaves Omaha .8:05 p. m.
It arrives Chicago .9:03 a. m.
DAY CHICAGO TRAIN
It leaves Omaha -. 7:23 a. m.
It arrives Chicago ...8:45 p. m.
AFTERNOON CHICAGO TRAIN
It leaves Omaha .....V. ..4:00 p. in.
It arrives Chicago 7:20 a. m.
Tickets, berths, folders, rates and information at
City Ticket Office, 1502 Farnam St.
A fine room with a vault heat
light water janitor service in a
fire proof office building for $18.00
The Bee Building.
Bags Carriage Dengs
Baft Vanity Bags
Ladie? fashionable all leather bags
bought at our own figure from a well
known manufacturer patent leather,
goat jrC II1C TCC
Bags at 15c
cotton hns- Cl
- . . .
and ladies' all linen handker
We have alwaya made a aperlal
effort to aell a hoys' ahoe at this price
that was better than you could get
at ffny other shoe store In Omaha.
We are satisfied that we have suc
ceeded for our trade on this shoe hns
Increased every year and the same
people have come back from time to
time to net this same boys 11.51) shoe
-so there Ml ST be extra value In It.
RaliirrlHV Is alwuvs boys' day at
our store bring In the boys and let
us fit them out.
Drexel Shoe Co.
1419 Farnam St.
Soap Given Away
With Cashmere Bouquet Talcum
Powder, or . with Colgate Dental
1'owdiT at J5c. We will Rive a gust
room size cake of Cashemcre Bouquet
Soiip FREE while It lasts.
Dermallne Soap, OOr
Shiih of Persia Soap, ICTr-
Chamois Skin Soap, iClf
Enpllsh Process Soap,
HOWELL DRUG CO., 16 & Capitol Ave.
GIRLS' and BOYS'
There Is no . other, place you can
po and find such a complete stock
of high grade, lonfj wearing, late
style shoes for boys and girls, as
you will find at this store.
$1.50 and $2.00
Are a special feature with us.
We have them for boys and girls,
of any age.
FRY SHOE CO.
16th and Douglas Sts.
Follow the Flag."
St, LOUiS and RetUM
Last to leave, Omaha, 6:30
ftrst to arrive, St; Louis,
7:15 A. M.
. Up - to - date equipment ;
solid, rook ballast road-bed,
new heavy steel rails.
Special rates EAST and
Call at Wabash City office
1 G01 Farnam St., or address
HARRY E. MOORES
0. A. P. D. Wabash R. R.
iruiaoce. Uia growtli of Uta balr tn&
fires It the lustra and llkliMsot youth. ;
When the hair la ray or tade4 it
BRINGS BACK THE YOUTHFUL COLOR.!
It prevents Daudrofl and hair falUnjr '
and kerps the scalp clean ana healthy.
im Hi Hut
- rwiMttM. T-L training I
rliatit. Iiioaa. (Wkf . tM. r- partial I
.lat 1 1. r!llrabaUiS-ft 11, 14. I
The Best of
Three Unequaled Saturday Bargains.
Great Sale Men's Odd Coats and Vests.
oerHMMT, IMS ISM I f
WE IV FALL STYLES
IN MEN'S SUITS.
We are showing a line of men's suits, for fall and winter wear, that Is
unequaled in the west style, quality and workmanship the best prices tha
very lowest consistent with honest merchandising;. Let us Bhow yo these
suits. They will please the most fastidious dresser. i
UNITED IRISH SOCIETIES
OF OMAHA AND SOUTH OMAHA
TO BE HELD AT
Sunday. August 27, 1905
Music by 7th Ward Band. All Kinds of Athletic Sports.
TRAINS TO LEAVE OMAHA UNION STATION
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
at 9 A. M. and 12:80 M., returning trains to leave Ascot at 6:30
P. M. and 7:30 P. M.
S. NORTH, District
The janitor service in The Bee
Building is as near perfect as it can
be, remembering that janitors are
human. Offices from $10 to $4?
per month several desirable ones
from which to choose.
GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC If jj
V DENVER ( 1 1
I 1 SEPT. 4-7, 1905, It II
rOH THE ROUND TRI
Stop-overs allowed on all through ticket to
J attend celebration of II V
j FRONTIER DAYS
ill - CHEYENNE, WYOMING,
I atl, 4anB. 1t0. I
J Tlrketa on aale Aug. 30 to Bppt. 4. Inclualve. Si
VV CITY TICKET OFFICE, 1324 FARNAM ST. j
1IAKDIN COLLEGE: & CONSERVATORY for GIRLS
l.'nd yaar Tha 'ollt a University train ed laculiy. Orrinan-Aaerltn Conaarva
lory In charge of aprialla'a. Art. El-tutl on. Cooking and Uatipm. Cuuraes. Tur
saia oua. aUdraaa JOHN W. MUXION. If realdenU Nu. 41 CoUe( f loa, Maaioo, at
Let Us Save
About XiO odd roflts and rests from
rrpulnr J7..V). $li) and $12.W suit
clievlpts, caslimoros, sorRps. worsteds,
twrr-ds, Pto. In Rrrnt vnrlrty of colors
and pnttorns all well nintle and worth
from $r to $!.oi on sale 7 C
Saturday choice J
They come In both round and "iTqtiaw
cut stylos, slzc-s mostly 34, 35, 30 and ST.
lon't miss them.
$2.50 to $t Children's
Made up In nil the newest and best
Btyles, In great variety of cplors and
fabrics, the (treiitest VHlues IOC
ever offered at I'JD
Men's $2.50 to $3.50
' at $1.95.
In stripes, fancy mixtures, plain co.
ors, all sizes, stupendou bargain, $1.05.
Viaem im urgta nuiury aeaeel
th Middle bend for calalofua.
griiooia o (oii.k(.k. II
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