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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 23, 1905)
TirE OMAHA DAILY BEE:
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
fublTshkd evert morning.
TERMS OF SLTHSCRirTION.
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and M streets.
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New York l&ou Home Lite Insurance
Washington 601 Fourteenth street.
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should lie addressed: Omaha
Dee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Hee Publishing Company.
Only 2-rent stamps received In payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY,
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas county, ss. :
C C. Rosewiuer, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn.
Bays that the actual number of full and
rompletn copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Runday Bee printed during the
month of July, iss6. was as ioiiowb;
Less unsold copied IMI1S
26 28,1 TO
Net total sales &82.4IB
Daily average 28,405
C. C. ROSE WATER,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this first day of July, 1W6.
SeaO M. B. HUNGATE,
fVIIES OUT OF TOW3.
gnhscrlbera leaving; the city tern
porarlly should have The Bee
nailed to them. It la better than
a dally letter from home. Ad
dress will be chanced aa often a
The Bennett will case Is a closed In
cident. It would liuve been better for
till concerned lind it never been opened.
Those earthquake shocss In Illinois
and Kentucky mny but be the effort
of nature to shake off the yellow fever
After the government has success
fully opened the Panama canal It might
move the machinery to Louisiana and
drain the swamps.
Any Omaha man might have told the
governor of KeutucUy that there would
be ; unusual occurrences at a military
camp called Velser.
The surest sign thut the base ball
season has passed the meridian is to be
found In the swelling gossip about the
coming foot ball teams.
The Japanese euvoys are being ad
vised from outside sources to modify
those demands upon which there is dis
agreement and persistence in which it
Is apprehended will result In the failure
of the conference. They are being told
that while Justfled In asking that llus
sla shall reimburse Japan for the cost
of the wnr. In view of the fact that
all has leen conceded for which Japan
went to war she can well afford to re
linquish tills demand, especially as in
the event of peace sjie will secure ral-
MiaMo assets which have cost Russia,
hundreds of millions of dollars. It is
urged that although leaten Russia is
not conquered and that If the war goes
on the tide may turn.
Also In regard to the demand for the
cession of Sakhalin it is urged by these
counselors that Japan would commit a
grave mistake if by insistence upon this
the war should be prolonged. She has
possession of the Island and undoubt
edly can hold It by military force. Its
strategic value to her, apart from Its
material advantages, is admitted. Yet
some think that she ougit not to per
mit this to stand In the way of peace.
Then there are the questions of the
snrrender tjt the Interned Russian war
ships and the limitation of Russia s
naval power in the far east, both, of
which the envoys are advised to drop
from their demands, thougti It Is not
seriously contended that there Is any
thing unwarrantable in the Japanese
It Is not to be supposed that these
admonitions, If they have readied the
representatives of .Tapon, are having
any Influence with them. They are able
to give very good and valid reasons for
every one of the twelve demands made.
It Is unquestionable that Russia ought
to pay a port at leost of the cost of the
war to Japan, since upon her rests the
responsibility for having provoked hos
tilities, and It is absurd to talk of ap
plying to this what has been wrested
from Russia by the armies of Japan.
The money reimbursement which Japan
asks is the penalty of Russian tad faith
and Is from every point of view a Jnst
claim. As to Sakhalin It Is now con
quered territory and If Japan feels that
she really needs It she has full Justifica
tion for insisting upon keeping It In
her possession it may be made of value
not only to herself but. to the world,
while Russia has done nothing with it
except to make It a place for keeping
her worst and most dangerous crlm
inols. The other matters are perhaps
of no very vital Importance and might
be eliminated Without any serious sac
rifice to Japan.
It is assumed that the mediation of
President Roosevelt Is directed to bring
ing about a compromise respecting the
reimbursement and cession demands,
but while it is still hoped that he will
be able to save the conference from
failure the feeling is said to be some
what pessimistic. The Russian envoys
continue to profess an earnest desire
for peace, though at St. Petersburg the
dominant sentiment seems to bo for
continuing the war. The Japanese say
nothing, but appear determined to ad
here to their demands. The next meet
ing of the conference may decide the
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23. 1903.
wealth of the country and rendering it
more Independent industrially and com- kdlsclose the fnct the most favorable a-
The bitcji in the peace conference has
given the Japanese prophet at London,
Baron Hayashl, an opportunity to ap
pear in public print again.
No summer vacation for King Ak
Bar-Ben. That merry monarch always
stays at home and does business at the
old stand, rain or shine, hot or cold.
One reason for yet hoping for a sat
isfactory result from the peace con
ference Is that the envoys see good
grounds for delaying the final meeting.
It Is now alleged that Rockefeller is
buying up gs companies. A comblna
tion of oil lamps and gas meters needs
only the electric light to make it airtight
merclally. The CanftiMan manufactur
ers are not Averse to granting even
more liberal preferential duties to Brit
ish manufacturers than they now have,
but they want the duties raised high"
enough against other manufactures to
enable them to more successfully com
pete in the home market with goods
from this country especlolly. And it
Is highly probable that they will obtain
what they wish.
s There is no longer any talk in Can
ada of reciprocity with the I'nlted
States and It Is suggested that the com
mission may recommend a triple set of
tariff rates one general, another a min
imum rate and the third a maximum
rate. It will thus be seen that the idea
of a dual tariff is receiving consider
ation from our northern neighbors and it
Is far more likely to lie adopted by
them than to ever become an Ameri
can policy. In the last fiscal year the
exports from the I'nlted States to the
Dominion amounted in round numbers
to $140,000,0(10 aud our imports from
there to $02,000,000, the balance In our
favor being f".S.OOO,ooo. It will be the
aim of the Canadian tariff commission
to reduce our exports In the Interest of
their own manufacturers.
OVERSHOOTING THE MARK.
The two local yellow Journals that
shout for municipal ownership when
ever the water works is mentioned and
take the other end whenever a mu
nicipal lighting plant is proposed are
overshooting the mark in their parade
of a balance sheet of the Kansas City
water works which they have taken
without credit from Kansas City papers.
Tlin exhibit seems to have been pre
pared by the city comptroller for
strictly home consumption, to show
what a good bargain Kansas City got
whf n it acquired its water works plant
An Inspection of the figures, however,
shows that the $2,000,000 in profits cov
ering a period of ten years includes
$1,100,000 charges against the city for
water used for public purposes and
$1,150,000 more raised by taxation to
meet Interest and sinking fund require
ments on the bonds issued.
The difficulty still remains as to as
certaining Junt how much the Kansas
City plant is worth. If the $2,000,000
of alleged profits were pure velvet rep
resenting a clean-up of $200,000 a year,
it would Indicate' returns at 4 per cent
on an Investment of $5,000,000. The
comptroller, however, figures It out that
Kansas City has put into the plunt
$5,240,000, but claims that the total as
sets figure up $7,146,000, while other
estimates of the present valuation are
said to vary from $8,000,000 to $12,000,
000. The riddle Is, How much is the Omaha
water works plant worth? and will It
pay us to buy It at the appraisers' valu
atlon If the price appeors excessive?
of the state boniWs of assessment which
sessnent of their property the railroads
ever secured was secured' from the fu
sion officials. It might also look up the
records of the old State Board of Rail
road Commissioners and find, if it can,
wherein during the fusion regime the
railroads suffered any Inconvenience or
distress at the hands of the do-uothlns?
Former Statistician Hyde seems to be
of the opinion that local crop report
ers of the lepsrtmeiit of Agriculture
are useful only to Indicate what not to
Include in official statementsj No won
der trouble breaks out in that depart
ment when the subordinates disagree.
The common desire for irrigation may
renew the friendly feeling between Cal
ifornia and Oregon strained by the dis
cussion of the Chinese exclusion laws,
but water is a rather thin liquid U
which to drown discord.
tackle. Hennery, Cackle t
The lay mind should have no difficulty
In grasping; the fact that the egg crop Is
one of the largest and most important in
Borne Trouble In Sight.
Any United States senator who travels on
railway passes and yet draws mileage,
from tho government Is booked for a season
of trouble with Mr. LaFollett.
St. Louis Globe.
A Russian diplomat points to the fact
that after" whipping Spain the United
States paid I20.0O0.0O0 to the Madrid govern
ment. According to this precedent Japan
Is very heavily In debt to Russia.
Theodore Roosevelt has on several oc
casions brought about peace between Piatt
and Odell. There Is no reason, therefore),
to doubt his ability to bring Russia and
Japan to terms If they will give him a
Russia. Is Sot Conquered.
Russia Is not conquered, neither Is
Japan a sweeping conqueror holding the
destinies of Russia In the hollow of her
hand. If the demands for Indemnity, lim
itation of Russian naval power and the
cesBion of Sakhalin are persisted In to tho
extent of precipitating a renewal of hos
tilities Japan will have cause to regret
that her greed outran her discretion. That
Is as safe a prediction as lies within hu
man estimate of the future.
The demund for uniform marriage
and divorce laws would be greater If
there was not such a divergence of
opinion as to Just what those uulforui
laws should .be.
Whichever way the law may be con
strued by the courts, there Is no danger
that Douglas county will lie left with
out a full complement of members for
Its tounty Iniaril.
Has Tom Worrell's curpet bag gone
out of commission?. Everyone was in
hopes U would he continually replen
ished aa If by magic, like the presti
digitator's sack of eggs.
The arrest of Russian reformers im
mediately following the proclamation of
the czar evidently means that tin bu
reaucracy Intends to have no Interfer
ence with Its own plan of reform.
PLAN OF RAILROAD SENATORS.
There Is nothing surprising in the
statement that the railroad senators are
preparing a measure for Introduction at
the next session of congress which they
hope will solve the rate controversy
without giving to the Interstate Com
merce commission the power to fix
rates. It is said that these senators,
when the bill is Introduced, will argue
that the showing made in the rate bear
ing of lust spring was favorable to the
railroad side of the controversy and
against the wisdom of giving a gov
eminent commission the power to fix
rates. It could not be otherwise when
nearly everybody who was given a
hearing was known to be opposed to
government rate making. It caa be un
qualifiedly asserted that there never
was curried on' a more one-sided In
quiry than that of the senate commit
tee ou Interstate commerce last spring
and its purpose was perfectly obvious
to the entire country. It was only after
great pressure that the commitee was
Induced to hear the views of a" few per
sons who favor the policy regarding
rate legislation urged by President
What can very confidently be pre
dicted Is that the advocates of giving
the rate making power to the Interstate
commission are to encounter as vigor
ous opposition In the next congress as
they met with In the last and they
should be prepared for It It Is an
nounced that a natloual convention of
the supporters of the president's policy
will be held In October and it ought to
be very largely attended.
. The censure given Kusign Wade is
rhiefly Important in calling attention to
the system which permits a Junior otti
cer to Ignore his duties for so long a
Time without superiors discovering the
, A great deal of building of all kinds
la going ou iu Omaha, but the supply
of modem dwelling houses of moderate
else and moderate reut by no -means
equals the demand. As soon as the
naw houses are built there are eope
ready to occupy them. This should be
a hint to luvestors.
The Bee's remarks about the fraternal
Insurance lobby seem to have struck a
sympathetic chord in several quarters
If the state insurance department can
pot an end to the expenditure of money
belonging to the members in paying
salaries and exposes of lobbying law
j-ers and officers who flock to Lincoln
whenever the legislature Is in session
IX will set a good, big credit mark.
THiE CANADIAN TARIFF.
Canada has a tariff commission and
it will soon entjr upon an investigation
1th a view to revising the tariff. All
the business Interests of the Dominion
will be given uu opportunity for an ex
pression of views and the comtnjsslon
will report to Parliament early next
year, with recommendations of such
changes as shall be agreed upon. And
iu all probability much of what the
commission shall recommend will be
The contemplated revision of the Can
adian tariff has an Interest for Amerl
tan manufacturers, for it is very likely
that such revision will be In the direc
tion of higher duties on manufactures
from the I'nlted States. The manufac
turing interests of the Dominion have
for some time been urging better pro
lection against tneir American com
petitors and they are now fully organ
lzed to make a tight for this. They feel
that the time la at band when the gov
ernment should do more than has been
done to promoe the development of the
manufacturing ' Industrie, thereby lui
proving the home market for the agrl
cultural producers, s Increasing ,the
The report of the statistical bureau of
the ' Interstate Commerce commission,
covering the year ending June 30, 10o4,
showing marked increase in the number
of railway accidents is occasioning re
newed comment on the recklessness of
human life displayed in American rail
way management. To be perfectly fair.
The Bee has reprinted some interesting
facts gathered by the London corre
spondent of one of Its exchanges com
paring the accident statistics of British
and American railroads and endeavor
ing to show that the superiority of the
British railway operation Is by uo
means so great as the figures would
lead people to believe. Attention is es
pecially called to the fact that on Brit
ish railroads a great dtxil is done to
cover up accidents and to prevent re
ports of them from becoming pablic in
order to head off the Injurious effect
they might have upon passenger traffic.
Allowing for all this, however, the cas
ualty exhibit of the British railroad Is
considerably better than that of our
But aside from oil questions of com
parison, the annual sacrifice of human
life through railroad accidents In this
country has reached stupendous propor
tions and may well call for radical pre
ventive measures. In the one year cov
ered In the statistical import of the In
terstate Commerce commission referred
to the total number of casualties is
given at 94.201, of which 10,046 come
under the head of killed and 84,155 un
der the head of Injured. We all know
that the disposition of American rail
road managers to cover tip railroad ac
cidents Is Just as marked in this coun
try as It could be in .Great Britain and
that the figures reported by the Inter
state Commerce commission ore below
rather than above the true murk.
Even if the British railroads were
killing and maiming proportionately
twice as many victims as the American
railroads that would 6till be no excuse
for us if any of the accidents resulting
In loss of life could by any reasonable
precaution be prevented. If the rail
roads of the United States want to Jus
tify their boast that they are the best
In the world they will have to reduce
their mortality account and make the
point of safety paramount to profits.
Honor Outweighs the Sacrifice.
In tho name of common sense, what Is a
legal practice, however remunerative, com
pared with the solid honor of being the
foreign minister of this country? Mr. Root
might have received half a million a year
In corporation fees, but the honor of being
secretary of state would be an equivalent.
Honors of this sort, It Is needless to say,
are great personal achievements, and few
men there are who would regard them with
In d Iff ere ice. Talk of self-sacrifice In accept
ing this particular office, especially In the
case of a man already possessed of a per
manent living Income, is an amusing kind
Looking; for a Kino;.
' Nf.w'YOrk Tribune.
Norway now rresehts the Interesting spec
tacle of a kingdom In search of a king. In
Its act of disunion It committed Itself to a
continuation of the monarchical form of
government, but thus far It has not been
able to find an eligible prince who Is will
ing or who would be permitted to ascend
Its throne. King Oscar, for reasons of much
strength, declined to let any of his family
accept the Invitation, and now It is Inti
mated that Prince Charles of Denmark,
who seemed an Ideal choice. Is not to accept
It either.. Perhaps It will be easier to fill
the throne after the terms of separation
from Sweden areflnally settled and Nor
way's independence Is recognised by Its
late partner. If not, there Is the alternative
of a republic, which would suit many Nor
wegians better than a kingdom.
Ex-Congressman Hitchcock, in person
or by proxy, has over the uotu de plume,
"A Square-Ieal Republican," put into
the mouth of his successor a speech he
should himself have made. He de
clares that he might have said, "It Is
true, I am a congressman, but a con
gressman fy the grace of Mr. Rose
water. I owe him homage and service
that la due him from a creature to a
creator." The former congressman,
however, belongs to the party of re
pudiation. - ,
The local denio-iop uewspapcr mouth
piece now wonts evidence that the rail
road machine bad a tetter grip ou the
fusion administration in Nebraska than
it has' had on their republican suc
cessors In the state bouse. Our amiable
coptemvora should lovk vp .the record
A 8TADAr6 OIL TRICK.
Independent Producer Said to Have
Been Driven from Omaha Market.
Ida Tarbell in McClure's.
I. E. Knapp ot Chanute had gone into
the Chanute Held in 1899, and had found a
market for Ms- oil with the Omaha and
Kansas City gas companies. He trans
ported the oil to these concerns In tank
ears of his own. each of which held about
7,500 gallons of oil, and he had enlarged his
market until he .had twenty cars In transit.
The railroad charged him 10 cents 100
pounds from Chanuta to both Omaha ami
Kansas City, and they counted the weight
6.5 pounds per gallon. They also allowed
Mr. Knapp of a cent rental per mile for
the use of his tank cars. The price at
which Mr. Knapp soldi his product was not
brought out In the testimony In which tha
above facts were developed, but presum
ably It was a reasonable one. for this ar
rangement went' on with apparent profit to
Mr. Knapp until May, 1902, when suddenly
he was Informed that henceforth the weight
of crude oil would be reckoned at 7.4
pounds per gallon. It was equivalent to
an advance of $7.60 per carload. The change
came two weeks after Mr. Knapp had
signed a year's contract with the gas com
panies he was supplying. But while tho
freight on crude oil had been raised 17.50
a car by this stw weight classification,
the freight on the products of crude re
mained unchanged. That Is, the Standard
was able to ship gas oil, a produat of
crude, from Neodesha at the old weight of
6 4 pounds a gallon.
Of course, Mr. Knapp and his agents pro
tested loudly. They pointed out the anom
alythe Injustice. They did not hesitate to
call It manipulation. The railroad agents
were evidently ashamed of the trlcly busi
ness. They admitted it an arbitrary classi
ficationadmitted It was not general, even
on their own roads. They did succeed even
In getting it reversed, but for only a very
short time, when back It went and the
Kansas agents, goaded by Mr. Knapp to
still further pretest, were told by their
superior officers that they were tired of
the correspondence, that the rata was fixed
and it was unnecessary to discuss the mat
ter. For eleven months Mr. Knapp had to
fulfill hjs contracts at this disadvantage.
Independence at an expense of 7.S0 a car
may mean bankruptcy. Whether it did or
did not. Mr. Knapp felt it was too costly,
and, in May, 1903, he turned over his crude
oil to the Standard; and henceforth that
concern filled the contracts of the Omaha
and Kansas City gas works. Thus the
very small breeze of competition which
was freshening the air of Chanute was
stilled! Mr. Knapp's twenty cars were
sidetracked, and In March last, 106. they
still stood idle at ChanuU.
What had the Standard Oil company to
do w'th this manipulation? One who
knows the history of the Standard Oil
company will not ask that question. That
is why Its history is useful today! What
happened to Mr. Knapp happened to scores,
BITS OF MTASHJICiTO LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
The reported abandonment of sn extra
Session of congress Is tinlled In Interest
quarters ss a distinct victory for the op
ponents of rnllrond ' rate regulation.
Their Jubilation Js based on th belief that
every day cut out of the life of congress
helps the corporation cause, the leaders of
which are confident they can throw
enough switches during the regular ses
sion to sidetrack rate regulation. (
"It it not betraying secrets to say," com
ments the Washington Star, "that the be
lief prevails among the most experienced
of tho ultra-conservatives that they will
be able to defeat the president in his as
pirations for effective railway and tariff
legislation. They think they will bo able
to tire him out. This belief is based upon
their estimate of his character. When
talking, not to be quoted personally, these
statesmen go on to say that they think
the president will become impatient If he
cannot win a swift and brilliant victory,
and that with tho power of Infinite delay,
which the senate rules Invest them, they
can dally along and worry him with hope
deferred until he may give up the cam
paign or turn to other issues.
"The president's friends, who talk over
these things with him from time to time,
say that this is not a JusC estimate of
Roosevelt's character, and that if the ultra-conservatives
are calculating on such
an outcome they are calculating without
their host. They Insist that Roosevelt has
given every indication of his determina
tion to 'stlok' in this fight for tariff re;
vision and railway and corporation regu
lation. They ask bow it is possible for
any one to doubt In ye fape of his most
recent declaration, made under circum
stances unusual enough to attract wide
"The plan of the ultra-conservatives In
their campaign of attempting to "tire out'
tho president Includes a long discussion of
departmental scandals; a series of Investi
gations by congressional committees; some
lively rows between congress and the de
partments over appropriations and expendi
tures, and discussion of such stray sub
jects as the fates may send them from
time to time. Of course, there will be oc
casional advertence to the tariff and tha
railways, with committees loklng Into ques
tions that are raised. But the main purr
pose, will b delay, postponement, debate.
"What will the president and his friends
be doing all this time? The ultra-conservatives
do not comprise the whole member
ship of congress by any means, although
they may come pretty near controlling Its
action most of the time. The president
knows that he will have friends in the
next congress, scores of them, who came In
on the great Roosevelt tidal wave last fall.
Many of them are new In politics, am
bitious and naturally In close touch with
their constituents. I'pon them the presi
dent will depend to keep the pot boiling
when the administration's opponents en
deavor to let the fires go down. It Is con
ceded on all sides that the next session
will witness a struggle between congress
and tho executive which will rival, some
of the similar contests of the past."
A law was enacted by congress a few
years ago which provided that cards of the
same size and weight as the ordinary pos
tal cards might be sent through the malls
as ordinary postal cards provided a 1-cent
statr.o was affixed.
Many of the printed cards sold as sou
venir postal cards meet these requirements
and can be written upon and sent through
the mails with a 1-cent stamp affixed. The
trouble is, however, that not all, or in
deed most, of the souvenir postal cards do
meet the government requirement. Many
of them are much bigger than the ordinary
cards and they are made of leather and
wood and almost everything else.
All of these cards are mailable as mer
chandise at the rate of 1 cent an ounce,
but If anything Is written upon them then
they require Jetter pontage, svhlch Is 2
cents an ounce. The leather cards, which
are so popular this season, are of about
the same size as the ordinary cards andj
would be mailable If not written upon if
it were not for the fact that they are
much thicker ' than the ordinary postal
cards. This bars them from the mails
except as merchandise, and If written upon
letter postage must be paid.
The wooden souvenirs are generally much
larger and heavier than ordinary postal
cards and generally weigh more than an
ounce. I'pon these, If there Is any writing,
4 cents In stamps must be affixed.
These few facts cover the government
regulations, and If everybody was familiar
with them and obeyed them they would
save much trouble and mors souvenirs
would reach their destination. But the
trouble Is that to many people all sou
venirs "look alike" and they affix 1-cent
stamps to big and little, write their mes
sages on the back and dump them Into the
letter boxes. The great majority of them
do not reach their destinations and then
there Is sorrow and disappointment.
That Uncle Sam proposes to take good
care of such officers of his army as are
not fortunate enough to be married is
shown by the fine buildings being erected
at army posts all over the country for
quarters for the bachelor officers. Not that
he does not ao take good care of the
married officers, too. At every army post
are erected numbers of handsome and con
veniently arranged dwellings for the use of
officers' families, but it Is the bachelor
officers who will fare best, perhaps, at the
army posts in the vicinity of Washing
Within the past six or eight years Fort
Hunt, near Washington, on the Virginia
side of the Potomac, has been evolved
from a cornfield and scrub pine forest.
and handsome and comfortable buildings
for the URe of the bachelor officers have
been erected there. At old Fort Washing
ton many changes have been made, and
while the officers' quarters built over a
century ago within the lnclosure of the
old etone fort are still standing, rooms
are provided In new and modern buildings
erected within the last three or four years.
Her the bachelor officers have comfort
able quarters which would have all the
comforts of home were the occupants of
Uncle Sam Is doing everything In his
power to make the lot of the rural letter-carrier
as attractive as possible, and
every Inducement that can be granted
this public servant is always cheerfully
given. Not long ago Postmaster General
Cortelyou received a large number of re
quests from postmasters all over the
country, inquiring If It would be against
the law to allow the rural carriers to
paint the' boxes along their routes In
which mall is deposited. Many of the
carriers stated that they would thus be
enabled to earn a few extra dollars In ad
dition to their monthly compensation of
60. But Mr. Cortelyou was not willing
to decide the matter offhand, so he re
ferred the requests to the comptroller of
the treasury for decision. Recently the
comptrollrr held that so long aa the busi
ness of painting rural letter boxes did
not in the least Interfere with the duties
of the carriers, they ceuld, under the law,
be allowed to perform this service to the
government for a small fee, which should
be the same In every case. Heretofore the
contract fpr painting rural letter boxes
has always been given to outside parties.
but the government, in its desire to be
SI EETIVQ IV CtURCII.
Pointed Conclusions Drawn from a
Bishop Potter of New Tork. preaching In
the cathedral crypt of St. John tha tMvlne
on Sunday, drew a witty and wholesome
moral from this text, which he found in
the twentieth chapter of Acts;
"And there sat In a wlnJow a cej-taln
young yian named Rutychus. being fallen
Into a deep sleep and as Paul was long
preaching, he sank down with sleep and
fell down from the third loft and was taken
Before venturing to voice his own Ideas
upon the esnterlo truths In this text Bishop
Potter consulted learned authorities and
commentators. One of the commentators
drew the hasty snd Puritanical conclusion
that the young man was punished In this
effoctlve manner because of his sin In sleep
ing In church. Bishop Potter, with the tol
erance and broad-mindedness of a modern,
dissents from this shocking conclusion.
"When you see a man go to sleep In
church it is well to think, perhaps, before
condemning him, of what he has been do
ing," cautions the learned prelate. "Think
of his life and Its circumstances. There Is
a very personal message In this text."
These words are spoken In the proper
spirit. Eutychus, as we see the matter,
was not entirely to blame. That he was Ini
the congregation at all. Instead of playing
the chariot races, was wholly In hj favor.
The presumption Is strong that he was In
the window to hear Paul, and not to sleep.
What had he been doing? Was It not pos
sible that the powerful Intellect of the
world's greatest preacher overpowered the
reasoning faculties of the young man,
weakened ss they may have been by ex
cessive toll? May It not even be truo that
Paul's presence and wondrous words exer
cised a hypnotic spell over the youth?
There Is po thought of Irreverence In the
An explanation has been mnde recently bf
the cause of drowsiness In church, to the
effect that It Is caused by bad air. Holy
edifices being poorly ventilated or not at
all during the week and then crowded on
Sunday, are declared to be full of soporlflo
germs, as It were, against which the most
brilliant of preachers battle In vain. In
fact, the longer the preacher wrestles the
more the bacilli multiply.
Bishop Potter possibly had this theory In
mini when he discussed the text, but It Is
evident that he dissents from It. He said:
"Think of the thousands down on the Knst
Bide with no cool place In which to sleep
and no decent place In which to pray." The
Inference to be drawn from this remark
Is that he regards a cool, spacious church
Interior as an Ideal place for a nap and
that poor human nature la not to bs con
demned If it succumbs.
It is unquestionable that the reasoning of
the text Is that the young man fell down
because Paul was long preaching, although
sleep may have come before the sermon
had reached groat length. This reasoning
Is adopted by Bishop Potter, together with
the theory that man is more prone to sleep
In church than elsewhere. Accordingly, ha
lold down the rule that a preacher should
never preach for more than twenty min
utes if he would properly hold the attention
of his congregation.
In view of the clear evidence of the text
and the somniferous qualities of the sacred
house, it Is Impossible to disagree with
Bishop Potter's conclusion.
A HOMELY COMPARISON.
Ono of the ShaloiT Dodges of Cor
In proceeding against the private car
lines and the railroads jointly for viola
tion of the law forbidding rebates and dis
crimination In rates, tho Interstate Com
merce commission necessarily assumes that
the chartering of the cars and the hauling
of the same are two phases of a single
transaction. The devlco of the offending
companies, which claim that the exoebslvo
and unequal charges are mads by the car
lines and that the latter, not being common
carriers, are not amenable to the law,
should no longer serve to shield them. At
best it Is a dodge, and at worst this false
pretense Is an aggravation of tha wrong.
The railways are certainly answerable
for unlawfully demanding or accepting un
equal rates for the carriage of like classes
of freight between Identical points; and It
Is no excuse of the wrongdoing to say that
the vehicles in which the goods are carried
belong to somebody else. Neither are the
Wicked partners of the railroads, the car
lines, outside ot the prohibitions of the
interstate commerce act; for they, too, are
common carriers. If a person engage In the
transportation of perishable goods over the
highways In Ice wagons be would be a
common carrier none the less because he
conducted his business on toll roads owned
by turnpike companies and because the lat
ter furnished the horses, mules or other
motive power. Neither Is a company which
receives freight for transportation In re
frigerator cars absolved from the liabilities
and duties of a common carrier because
the vehicles employed in the traffic are
hauled over an iron road by an iron horaa
belonging to another corporation.
In the light of this homely Illustration
the figments of corporation lawyers resolve
themselves Into smoke nd smoke. In
most cases, Is all they consist of.
The Most I npopnlar Party.
Complete returns from the recent election
In Norway show that there is one political
party In the would more unpopular than
the so-called democratic party of the United
States. Upon the question of dissolution
the Norwegian unionists could muster but
184 votes, while the national Independents
At the fashionable watering places hear
New York Japanese coi tuioe dnaces are all
Thomss II. Phevtln has given $0.0nn to
the University of Minnesota for a woman's V
building, which will contain a gymnasium, ,
a luncheon room, etc. ,5
"Flying must corne," declares Sir Hiram
Maxim, and In the next breath adds: "For
100,pno I myself would build a flying ma
chine." We fancy that at such a price aerial
touring will be limited strictly to the "high
flyers." New Tork Is running t' subterranean ro
mance this summer, what with the subway,
the discovery of Tllden's secret cellars, and
now the case of the Italian who has dug up
a lot of old English guineas, which had
probably been hidden In a cellar during the,-.
Under vows to ejaculate nothing more
profane than "Hang" or "Plug It" or "Ms
for the rank Swat" are the members of the
new sect of "Christian golfers." Istsly
founded by Rev. George Csrfy of Iowa Falls,
a clergyman who by dint of hard practice
has learned to play the game without a
single syllable of cursing.
Prof. Harvey W. Wiley, chief of the
Bureau of Chemistry of the United States
Agricultural department, has finished his
tour of Inspection ot distilleries of Scot
land and Ireland, and has returned to ton
don and wlll shortly start to Inspect the
wineries of Germany and France. He will
sail for home on September 9.
In sn Interview with IT. Hugo Oans of
the Frankfurter Zeltung King Oscar of
Sweden said that he. for his part, had par
doned the Norwegians for seceding, and
that ho prayed Ood the Swedish nation
would preserve a peaceful attitude, as an
attempt to restore the Union by force would
be like hanging a millstone around Its neck.
"Sooner or later, however," he added,
"retribution comes to nations as to Indi
viduals; and thereat I grieve, on account
of the Norwegian people; for I still believe
that tho majority were merely led, astray
and are Innocent of what has been done."
FLASH liS OF H V
"My grandfather was a regular biblio
maniac, observed Blowhard.
"Oh. that's it. Is it?" said Miss Cutting.
"I knew some one of your ancestors was
crazy, but I didn't know what form It had
taken." Detroit Free Press.
It was nine miles from anywhere, and
the machine had balked.
"Do you know anything shout automo
biles?" asked the owner, spenktng to a
man In a buggy, who was driving along.
"Yes, sir," said the man, "I do. I've
been run over by Tour of 'em. Good morn
ing." Chicago Tribune.
"Do you think
u think you have the requisites of
Bsful political career?" j
't know iilxiut tho requisites," an- J
Senator tforghum, "biK I've got ""Hf
quisites all right." Washington y
"My husband and I read to each other
every evening, now; .it's Just splendid,"
said Mrs. Newllwed; "why don't you and
yotir finance do that when he calls on
"Gracious!" replied Miss De Mulr, "how
can you read in tho dark?" Philadelphia
First Llfo Insurance Magnate I don't
seem to have much to do lately.
Second Life Insurance Magnate I have
noticed that. We shall have to give you
an assistant. Somorvlllo Journal.
"He started to propose and then broka
"What did she dor1
"Repaired him on the spot and started
him going again." Smart Set.
Nell That Miss Jones, the typewriter
girl, says she was the envy of all tho
other young women at the seashore.
Grace No wonder. While she w-as down
there she got all the other girls In the
office to 'write letters to her and sbe sat
on the porch and blushed and smiled
while she read them. Philadelphia Press.
He Our grocer is using an automobile for
delivering goods. ' ' '
She Is he. Indeed?
"yes. I stopped there this morning and
asked him It he was going up to our house
today, and he said he didn't know; he
hadn't tried to start tha machine yet!"
New York Sun.
Strike to the forest to the clearing strike!
Blaze the slow trail through tangled bush
O pioneers, take prairie, gulch and pike.
And swing the blows that tingle and in
Cut greatly onward to the real desire.
Put all your man In toll.
And If you take the Jungle fierce with firs.
Soon shall you out upon the placid soil
Beyond tha huge turmoil!
The lassoing branches of the sapling wtl
The lariat ropes of clinging ivy strand
small oe ourst tnrougn, as wnen a sea
Strikes the breakwaters and spreads up.
On, pioneers, to unmanned seas and lands!
The world love pulls you over
With all the tug of huge andj grappling
And nil the grip of love! Strike on, earth
Forever still a rover!
Reach out! The earth Is stale where over
human! Wring off the rime of ages, cut the old! '
Be Adam and Eva, f) mun and woman.
Start a new world with vigor that will
And set your lusty children starward
They cannot fling too high,
Let for their jtakes the mighty earth be
All naked to the broad. Inspiring skyl
Tlieru live, and greatly die!
Huge waters through primordial gulches'
Vast peaks lift through the clouds a sword
There lie full volleys and the roaring
shore ' '
Man only there Is lacking! Let him go!
There start the race that shall stretch out
And snake the whole world over!
Strlse axes, filoneers! Hew blow on blow,
You vanguard of humanity! JJurtti lover,
Forever still a rover. , .
of Pennsylvania refiners and ahlppfVs bark I lenient to the carriers, will hereafter per
in the '7C's acd 'sO's, and left hundreds of I mil them to do this work, thereby adding
gtOk sidtrfcca4 as bis wars.
auuitihlng w their uioaihltf vy.
Sixty years 'of experience with Aye's Sarsa-
oarilla! Think of that! Think of the millions
of people who have been cured by this medicine!
If despondent, down-hearted, discouraged, and
almost ready to give up, this splendid old family
M. . a a
medicine will prove the silver linjng to your
dark and dismal cloud. Ask your doctor.
XaSe ky tht i. C. r Oe.. lwU, Urn.
AIM m&ttufMturrs uf
insii sim wtiiad-vm, h w. , . avpd'S ptLta For coastlMtloa.
AtMK'I CMJtaRT I-fcCTOnAA-Fur Mmgh. AXKR 8 AGUB CukB-Fof ttatAJi aaf SgBS.
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