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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 17, 1905)
The Omaha Daily Bee.
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ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORXIXO, AUGUST 17, 1003-TEX PAGES.
SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS.
FOR DUAL TARIFF I
Hew War Cry Will Probably 8uooed
rmllir Call for Beciprocity.
i MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM DUTIES
Agitation for New Law to Encourage
Trade with Friendly Conn trie.
FORMAL OPENING NATIONAL CONFERENCE
Oorertor Xiekey One ef the Speaker at
MANY FOREIGN CONSULS ARE PRESENT
Representatives of -Hearly Every
Country oa Earth Attend Meeting
Which Is Betas; Held to Dis
ease Tar IB Law a.
CHICAGO, Aug. l.-"Dual tariff" In all
probability Is the war cry that wilt ring
through the United States for some years
to come Instead of the familiar call for
The new slogan means the passage of the
"maximum and minimum" tariff law per
mining the establishment of reciprocal
trade relations with friendly foreign coun
tries by the vote of congress.
Alvln 11. Banders, chairman of the ex
ecutlve committee of the national reciproc
ity conference, which opened Its two days
session In the Illinois theater this morning
Is credited with originating the war cry
Mr. Bandera broached his suggestion to a
few friends after the word reciprocity had
received some rough handling on the floor
of the convention, and It met approval
among the delegates.
The National Reciprocity conference to
day began a two days' session at the lilt
nols theatar. ftno delegates from all parts
of the country having assembled to discuss
reciprocal tresis relations with other
countries, amendment of the Dlngley tariff
law, alterations of the Interstate commerce
laws and kindred matters.
The west sent a large delegation, the
great stock raising and farming Industries
of the west being especially well rep
resented. Manufacturers from the eastern
states are also strongly represented.
A notable feature of the conference was
the attendance of foreign consuls residents
In Chicago, representing nearly every coun
try In the world.
The conference was called to order at
10:15 o'clock this morning by A. D. Sanders 1
of Chicago, who said In part:
The committee of arrangements has
endeavored to make this conference ab
solutely nonpartisan. Moreover, we have
no pet plan of bringing about the desired
results. We distinctly disclaim any at
tack upon the protective tariff principle,
or upon any particular Interest.
We believe that our great baalc Industry,
agriculture, the backbone of all our pros
perity, cannot safely be neglected further,
and that Its welfare at this juncture cen
be ssaured by suitable congressional action
without detriment to any other legitimate
American Industry. It Is Idle to say that
nothing can be done. Where there Is a will
thexa.Ia ,aw.w., ......
Milder Temporary Chairman.
"' Mr. Sanders nominated aa temporary
chairman of tha convention John E. Wilder,
president of the Illinois Manufacturers' as
sociation. The nomination was unani
mously accepted. Upon taking the chair
Mr. Wilder said:
Individualism must give way to associa
tion of Interests. We shall gain nothing
as the result of these deliberations and dis
cussions unless the desires of separate as
sociations to see their particular needs
brought forward and advocated, give way
to a full, free and unselfish discussion of
the needs of the whole country. With this
element safeguarded, this conference will
become a means of education to the entire
country, and from It will spring the In
spiration to our legislative bodies which
shall make It possible for them to claim
wise Just and sane laws, governing our
reciprocal relations with other nations.
William R. Corwln of New York was
chosen secretary pro tern of the conventions
and Mr. Frederick Larrabee. of Iowa as-
V elatant secretary pro tern.
7a Governor Deneen of Illinois was Intro
duced by Chairman Wilder. At the con-
elusion of the applause which greeted the
"It has not escaped the notice of the
American people that severul of the na
tions of continental Europe are raising
up discriminating and prohibitive tariffs
against the products of our fields and
factories. They call us The American
Peril' and seek to quarantine against us.
"What are we to do about It? Shall
mm resort to the law of tha talon or meet
f$ proffered concessions with concessions?
to consider. It Is not too much to say that
tha nation hopes that out of thla
aoaference. will coma suggestions and rec
ommendations which will meet with the
approval of our president and the congress
and lead to the enactment of laws and
the negotiation and ratification of treaties
which will not alone enable us to retain
the foreign commerce we already have, but
to enlarge It."
Following Governor Deneen's address
Chairman Wilder Introduced Mayor Ed
ward F. Dunne, who welcomed the dele
gates In behalf of tha city.
Governor Mlckey Speaks.
Following the appointment of committees,
Governor J. 11. Mickey of Nebraska was In
troduced. "The people of the transmlssourl coun
try," he said, "feel great Interest In the
reciprocity movement." He declared that
the conflicts which the citizenship of
America will wage during the coming
decade will not be fought upon the field
of battle, but rather In the commercial
arena, that It will be a conflict of diplo
macy which will determine whether or
not American products of the farm and
factory are to receive the same conces
sions abroad as are guaranteed to the
most favored nation.
"At present," he said. " seem to be
confronted with a foreign conspiracy
against tha products of American brain
and brawn. The tariff which we have
hedged about many of our Industries for
their protection Is alleged, in some In
stances, to work unreasonable hardships
upon the commerce of certain foreign na
tions and hence a degree of retaliation
In force and In prospect threatens to
seriously cripple our commerce abroad. The
questions ate. can we offset the threatened
calamity? What Is the best method of pro-
cedure and when determined will we
adopt It? I sincerely hope that from this
talented assemblage of delegates gathered
from many states may come some Inspira
tion that will be helpful to congress when
It cornea to act on the questions at
Senator W. B- Dean of St. Paul ad
dressed the conference at some length,
stating that a delegation had come from
Minnesota because of the fact that their
state not being protected under the present
x. u. jiagenoanu ox laano, represent
ing the National Live Stock association,
'Continued aa Second Pag.'
NEGR0 BUSIN15? MEN MEET
President Roosevelt Writes Letter
Commendlnsr the Objects of
NEW YORK. Auk H-Twn hundred rol-
ored business men opened the sixth annual
sesslnn of the National Negro Business
league In this city today. The objec t of the
league Is to bring together the negroes
who are engaged In business for themselves
for mutual help and support. Booker T.
Washington has been the president of the
league since Its Inception.
A letter from President Roosevelt to Sec
retary Kmmet J. Scott was read.
OYSTER BAY. I.. I.. An. 12. r.-My
Dear Scott: I wish all success to the Na
tional Negro Business league. Your or
ganization Is absolutely out of politics;
and In stimulating activity among your
people snd working to Increase their effi
ciency In the Industrlnl world. It Is also
dning far-reaching; work In the way of
giving them a realizing; sense of their re
sponsibilities as citizens and power to meet
the responslhl1' I need hardly say that
I puf mora' , nent above physical bet
ferment. I , Impossible to do good
work In pre the spiritual Improve
ment of any ' ess there Is a founda-
tlon of matei
helng because this
'm.iles that'the race
qualities or inritt
energy and bus)
of a race ss of
outsiders can hel
the real help mu
The success of
the development a no
citizens of the ver; qu
stand will mean r ore
the race nroblem han
f. It is as tme
idual that while
tain degree, yet
'n the shape of
r which you
.,e solution of
efforts merely fron outstie could r-ythly
do. Wishing vmi hil success, i. am sin
cerely yours. THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
At the afternoon session Oswald Vllard
of New York spoke on the topic, "The
Judge Terrlll of the District of Columbia,
discussing the same question, said that
of a colored population of 98 mn In the City
of Washington there were 2S,W Idlers who
did no work at all.
Mrs. Booker T. Washington advocated
public school courses in cooking for the
VERMONT'S STATE HOLIDAY
Anniversary of the Battle of Ben
nlnatnn Celebrated by Dedicating-
BURLINGTON. Vt., Aug. 1.-A massive
battlemented tower of Vermont granite,
erected in memory of Vermont's revolu
tionary patriot, Ethan Allen, on the farm
where he spent much of his life, was dedi
cated In this city today.
The orator of the dav was Charles W
Fairbanks, vice president of the United !
States. Thousands of visitors from all
over the state tendered the vice president
an ovation when he rose to speak. Presi
dent Roosevelt was represented by Secre
tary of Interior Ethan Allen Hitchcock, a
great grandson of the Vermont hero.
Today was chosen for the dedicatory ex
ercises as being peculiarly appropriate, aa
it marked the 128th anniversary of the
battle of Bennington, and was a legal
holiday In the state.
The day's exercises were concluded to
night with a banquet at which Vice presi
dent Fairbanks responded to the toast:
Governor Bell of thla state. Governor
McLana of New Hampshire, ' Secretary
Hitchcock, Senator Proctor, Congressman
D. J. Foster and other prominent men
also responded to toasts.
MANY STEEL MILLS BUILDING
Over fas.ooo.OOO to Be Spent for
Plants Now Vnder Proeess
PITTSBURG, Pa., Aug 1.-Never before,
It is said, has such activity been witnessed
in tha erection of steel mills, furnaces and
shops as Is now being done In Pittsburg
and the Monongahela valley. The total
cost of plants either Just completed. In
course of erection or for which plans have
been perfected. Is over $25,000,000, and the
capacity of the Iron and steel wire plants
along the Monongahela river will be almost
doubled when all plans are completed.
Over 23,000 men will aoon be given em
ployment In these plants In addition to the
present working force of almost 50.000 men.
Among the companies erecting new plants
are the Carnegie Steel company, at Brad
dock and Homestead: National Tube com
pany, at Pittsburg and McKeesport; Jones
& Laughlln, at Pittsburg; American Steel
and Wire company, at Pittsburg and Rankin;-
PlttHburg Steel company, McClaitock
Marah Construction company and the Mesta,
Machine company, at Pittsburg.
PRIVATE SOLDIERS DESERT
Fifty Men Leave Fort Snelllnc This
Month Because of Objection to
ST. PAUL, Minn., Aug 16. A wholesale
desertion of privates from the army post
at Fort Snelllng was reported at army
headquarters today, when It was announced
that about fifty privates had quietly left
the post without asking the permission
of the commanding officer and without
leaving their future addresses.
The cause of the desertion Is said to
have been a disinclination on the part of
the men to do manual labor. The de
sertion occurred shortly after August 1,
when the men were paid.
The government recently purchased a
large tract of land to extend the rifle range
at the post and instead of hiring common
laborers tp do the work Impressed file prl
vatei to do the leveling and grading.
TROLLEY CARS IN COLLISION
Smashap Near Pa
IJS ANGELES. Cal., Aug. 16.-Nlne per
sons were Injured tonight In a collision
between Pasadena and Monrovia electric
cars near Oneonta nark, east of this city.
Dr. J. W. Trueworthy. a prominent physi
cian of this city and president of the
Ijbrary board, was the most seriously In
jured, sustaining concussion of the brain
and other injuries. The collision, which
was a rear-end one, was caused by the
audden stopping of the Monrovia car. The
controller of the Pasadena car failing to
work, the latter car crashed Into the one
Showman In Troable.
BEATRICE. Neb., Aug. 14. (Special Tele
gram.) T. A. BrMgea. late advance agent
for the Lone Star Carnival company, waa
lodged in Jail here this afternoon by
Sheriff Trude on Information received from
Sheriff Case of Fairbury stating that
Bridges was wanted there for obtaining
money under false pretenses. Soon after
being locked up Bridges secured an order
of attachment against the Lone Star com
pany here aliening that It owed him $75
for services aa advance agent. An officer
from Fairbury will be here tomorrow after
TROUBLE FOR JUDGE TUCKER
Department Investigating (bargee Againit
ALLEGE HE DEMANDED FREE HOUSE RENT
Commissioner Leupp Hetarne from
Tonr of Indian Agencies In West
and Talks of Conditions
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16.-(8peclal Tele
gramsJudge Eugene A. Tucker, one of
the associate Justices of the Arizona terri
torial court, la under Investigation on
charges preferred against him by certain
persons of Globe, Arts. A special agent of
the Bureau of Insular and Territorial Af
fairs, Department of Justice, has been in
Arizona the past three weeks Investigat
ing Judge Tucker's case. While only one
charge Is on file In the Department of
Justice, that of having located the federal
court In Globe after an agreement had been
made with him that he was to be fur
nished with a residence free of rent, offi
cials In the Department of Justice say
there will probably be other charges
against Judge Tucker., who was appointed
from Nebraska on April 1, 19r.
According to a paper Just received from
Arizona there are many stories flying about
the streets which, should they prove true,
would probably have the effect of bring
ing about his removal. Some of the stories
are puerile to a degree. One that Judge
Tucker is In the habit of sitting with his
feet on his desk or bench, thus permitting
attorneys to talk to the soles of his feet.
Another Is the Judge Is quite a gay bird
In the territory and has been occasionally
found in the back rooms of saloons drink
ing with women friends. Other charges
are made against the Nehraskan. but these
have no weight with the Department of
Justice. The solicitor general of the de
partment Is only Investigating the charge
made by an attorney of Judge Tucker's
court and the business man of Arizona
that the location of the court at Globe was
conditioned upon a residence, rent free,
provided by the citizens of that place.
Judge Tucker, It Is now understood. Is In
Arizona, having gone there but a short
time ago from Nebraska on the per
emptory demand that he return to meet
a charge against him. No report has been
received at the Department of Justice from
I the special agent charged with the Invest!
Kat'n of the case. Until the special agent
makes his report it Is all guess work to
predict what the department will do, al
though one of the officials of the depart
ment said today that It was very disap
pointing to have to Investigate a Judge
who was appointed to office on April 1 of
Society to Aid Marine.
A society to be known as the Shipping
Society of America Is now In process of
organization In behalf of a tonnage tax
law for the upbuilding of the American
merchant marine. William W. Bates of
Colorado, formerly United States commis
sioner of navigation, la at the head of the
movement. Others In the work are: W. V.
Allen, ex-senator from Nebraska r Erwln
Wardman, editor of the New York Press;
Lv O. Flower, editor of the Arena, Boston;
Alva Adams, ex-governor of Colorado; J. 8.
Temple, president of the Denver Chamber
of Commerce; G. W. Berge. editor of the
Independent. Lincoln. Neb.; J. W. Allfree,
Newton la.; W. R. F. Mills, publisher of
the Mining Reporter. Denver; E. T. Whee
lock, editor of the Sentinel, Milwaukee, and
The prospectus recites that the subven
tion scheme Is for the enhancement of the
Interests of a few wealthy ship owners and
that It will not result In the building up of
the general shipping Interest. It says that
it Is not bounty but business that the or
dinary shipper wants and that while a sub
sidy may keep stifling competition away
from the door of the big American ship
owner It cannot reach the small vessel
Leopp Bark from West.
Francis E. Leupp, commlssioper of In
dian affairs, who has been absent from
Washington for several months on a gen
eral tour of inspection of Indian agencies
In the wear n rA mithwoat .At J ..
........ .I.U,..-U .a,.
In speaking of his trip Commissioner Leupp
said, among other thing, that he had
visited the Winnebago Indian reserve,
eoago Indian reserve,
where he had Investigated conditions ex
isting there, particularly endeavoring to
get at the root of the charges made
nearly a year ago by Father Schell regard
ing the Illicit sale of liquor and the gen
eral charge that these Indians were being
systematically robbed on all sides, cheated
In fact In a most glaring manner by un
scrupulous men. tut of their heritage.
Mr. I-eupp said that he found that within
recent months there has been a growing
disposition among more reputable men
residing in towns contiguous to the reser
vation to aid the government In It effort
to dlacourage the sale of liquor to these
Indians. Since the decision handed down
by Justice Brewer that an Indian holding
an allotment cannot be restrained from all
personal privileges enjoyed by his white
brethren, even to the taking of drink,
there sems to be no way to prevent the
sale of whisky to the red, man under the
I'nlted States statutes. The people of
Homer and Pender, however, two towns
mostly complained against by Father
Schell as centers where these Indians have
been supplied with liquor, have come to
realize that their Interests lie along lines
which will discourage the sale of whisky
to the reds rattier than to encourage lta
sale. It is only with the full co-operation
of the local authorities In town, contigu
ous to the Winnebago reservation that the
evil can be stamped out or even minimized.
Commissioner l.eupp says he found the
town of Homer had revoked the licenses
of all liquor dealers and that reputable
citizens of Pender had threatened liquor
dealers with the revocation of their license
privilege if they did not cease the sale
of "fire water" to Indians. Other towns
around the Winnebago reservation are also
Inclined to put the Winnebago Indian on
the "water wagon," and the sign "Soft
Drinks Only" may soon confront thirsty
red men In that vicinity on all aides.
Conger Would Like to Stay,
E. H. Conger of Iowa, ambassador to
Mexico and formerly accredited to the Chi
nese court. Is In Washington on his way to
Oyster Bay. Mr. Conger, it is understood,
is going to the president's summer home
with the hope of Inducing Mr. Roosevelt ,to
continue him a while longer In Mexico, with
which he has become Infatuated. There la
no reason, however. In believing that tha
president will change bis mind about send
ing D. E. Thompson, now ambassador to
Brazil, to Mexico as originally planned. Mr.
Conger does not stand especially well with
President Roosevelt, as The Bee corre
spondent is creditably Informed. Senators
Allison and Dclllver have gone to the limit
for bim, and now realizing that his diplo
matic career Is about run he is for making
tha beat terma possible. The result of Mr.
Continued on Second f 'age
STATISTICS i OF RAILROADS
Groaa F.arnlnaa lt Year of l ines In
I'nlted Mates Nearly Two
WASHINGTON. Aug. K-The annual re
port of the Interstate Commerce commis
sion giving the railroad statistics for the
year 1!H shown that there was at the end
of that year 2fT,073 miles of railroad In
the I'nlted States. The number of railway
corporations Included In the report was
In the course of the year railway com
panies owning S.firo miles of line were re
organised, merged, etc.
The length of mileage operated by re
ceivers on June 30. '1901, was 1.323 miles.
The number of rosrts In the hands of re
ceivers was twenty-eight and at the close
of the previous yea twenty-seven.
On June an, I9fi4, thae were in the service
of the railways tfi.ThJ locomotives, the In
crease being 2.ST2. The total number of cars
of all classes, exclusive of those owned by
private companies. wre 1,79.M1, an Increase
of 46.172 during the year.
The number of persons on the pay rolls
of the railways In ie I'nlted States, as
returned for June jo Wt, was 1.126,121, or
611 per 10 miles of line, a decrease for the
year of 16.41H, or twenty-eight per 100 miles.
The wages and salaries paid for the year
amounted to JMLoflMl.
The par value of tle amount of railway
capital outstanding oVi June 30, 19H. was
113.213.12-i. 679, which represents a capitaliza
tion of $AI.2 per mil
Of the total capital stock outstanding
I2.6W.472.01O, or 42.53 pr cent, paid no divi
The amount of d1v.lends declared during
the year was 321. Ml, nit. being equivalent to
e ns per cent on dividend paying stock.
The number of passengers reported as
carried by the railways In the year was
715.41P.sS2, an Increase of ?0,S2X,147. '
The number of tons of freight carried
was 1,89.K!. M5, which exceeds the tonnage
of the previous year by 5.504.R42 tons.
The gross earnings were $l, 975,174.091, being
$74,327,184 greater than for the previous year.
Their operating expenses were J1.33S.836.253,
an Increase of 11. 357.401.
The total of casualties to persons on the
railways was M.ZW, of which 10,046 repre
sented the number of persons killed.
STORM STRIKES' KANSAS CITY
Trees and Awnings Are Blown Down
and Platea-lasa Windows Are
KANSAS CITY, Aug. 16 A severe wind
and rainstorm, accompanied by much elec
tricity, strum here this arternoon, doing
considerable damage to property. Trees
and awnings were blown down, plate glass
windows broken and the wind and light
ning Interfered with the telephone and
street car service. One residence was
struck by lightning, but no one was In
jured and little damage was done.
A party. Including- Congressman E. C.
Ellis, former Congressman W. 8. Cowherd
and former Governor A. M. Doekery, while
returning to this city from the annual
Lone Jack picnic, near Lees Summit, was
overtaken by the torm and the auto
mobiles in which they wire riding were
rendered useless. The members of tha
party wero forced to upend the night with
farmers along the route.
ST. JOSEPH. Jio., Aug. 16. The drouth
was broken here this evening by one of the
heaviest rains of the year. Late corn will
be greatly benefited. A terrific wind caused
j considerable damage. Railway tra
I nterfered with south of the city
city and at
Rushvllle by flooded tracks.
ROCKSLIDE KILLS TWELVE
laborers Cansrht by Mass ef Lime
stone In Qnnrry of Lrhlwh Port
land Cement Company,
ALLENTOWN, Pa., Aug. 16.-A mass of
limestone weighing thousands of tons slid
from a side of the quarry of mill A of the
Lehigh Portland Cement company at Orm
rod at noon today, Just five minutes before
time to quit work. Twenty-seven men were
at work in the quarry. The heavy rains
of the last two days had softened the
earth and caused the slide of rock. Where
! the fallen mass slipped awav a smooth.
i ... ... 1
nn) perpendicular wait was leri, rising
sheer 100 feet above the bottom of the
quarry, while the entire quarry floor was
covered with hrr.Ven m,.
7 . - j
nine of the men got away safely, four of
whom escaped by running upon a mass of
rock at the opposite side of the quarry.
The remaining eighteen were huddled in a I
'PaCMn"J'MHTT' TT' of ,th:m
were killed and six injured. Two of the
aiic-i iimy uie. ah me men were oia-
vonlans, who lived In shanties close to the
HIGH WIND AT ST.
Score af Persons Injured by Violent
Blow In Mound City and
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 16.-A score of persons
were more or less seriously Injured In St.
Louis and East St. Louis as the result of
a violent wind and rainstorm which fol
lowed ten minutes of sudden darkness
today. Two were blown from roofs of
houses, many were injured by falling roofs
and one was hurt in a stairway crush, j
caused by a panic in the Louisville & Nash- I
vllle freight office on the east side.
rr t. ., . ,, . .
v u..,bc ""
i . . . . .. t i n . . . i . ...... . . . i
oi.ii. ii mo inn. miliums; were un-
ruoieu, cuuiiney lops were mown over and
suspended signs were torn loose and aent
rattling along the streets. During the phe
nomenal darkness the wind reached a veloc
ity of forty-eight miles an hour.
The storm came with .such suddenness
that thousands of downtown shoppers were
caught without protection and were thor
oughly so liked In the deluge of rain which
filled the streets.
TRAIN STRIKESJROLLEY CAR
Three Men Killed and Four Seriously
Injured in Grade t rosalua; Acci
dent ear Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI. Aag. l.-Through the mis
take or negligence of some one, a fast
running through expresa from New York
to Cincinnati on the Baltimore & Ohio
Southwestern crashed Into a Winton Place
trolley car on the grade crossing at
Mitchell avenue, Winton Place, a suburb
of this city, tonight and three people were
killed and ten others Injured.
ROBERT J. SMITH
WILLIAM TUET1NO. JR.
The seriously Injured:
A. H. Newton, mail clerk
8. B hpaulding. engineer, of Chlllcothe,
O ; head and arms cuuked by steam; will
The wreck Is said to ba due to aa error
of a gata under.
PEAVEY TELLS OF REBATES
Eayi Company Ee Was Connected with
Has Always Enjoyed The.
GAINED HIS INFORMATION ON THE INSIDE
Attorney General Brown and Former
Chief Justice Snlllvan Develop
Charles T. Peavey, vice president of the
Worrall Grain company, was examined
Wednesday afternoon by former Chief Jus
tice Sullivan In his direct deposition In
the suit of state of Nebraska against the
various grain companies and their officers
who are alleged to compose the Grain
trmt. Mr. Peavey'a cross-examination was
postponed until Thursday, as was that of
Thomas D. Worrall, who finished his testi
mony shortly sfter the opening of tha
Mr. Peavey at the close of his direct
examination gave the first testimony so far
brought out as to rebates. Judge Sullivan
asked what, if anything, the witness knew
about the paying of rebates.
"To my knowledge," said Mr. Peavey.
"since th organization of the Omaha Ele
vator company It has never been wlthotit
that source of Income. At the time of Its
organization It bought an elevator which
was bonded for thirty years at S per cent
and issued besides $200,000 worth of stork.
The money to Incorporate. $1.20, and the
money to start In hustness was borrowed
from an Omahn bank.
"At the beginning the company got an
agreement f'om the Union Pacific road to
pay 1 cent a bushel on all grain handled
over Its lines, no matter where It came
from or whether the elevator company
had ever handled the grain or not. This
agreement continued In force until the
road went Into the hands of a receiver,
when It was discontinued. Then for three
or four years the Omaha Elevator com
pany received I cents per ion pounds on all
grain the company actually handled over
the railroad line. This was afterwards
cut to 14 cents per loo pounds, and 1
believe that arrangement Is still In effect."
"Favored" Companies Get Rebates.
To further questions Mr. Peavey said
It Is common knowledge among grain deal
ers that' all of the big elevator companies
In the state get rebates, at present In the
shape of elevator charges for releasing
cars There are some companies, he said,
like the one at North Omaha and Hnlm
quist & Merrtam, which do not get re
hates for one reason or another, but
mainly because they are not what he called
As Mr. Peavev was traveling auditor and
adjuster for the Omaha Elevator company
for several years he claimed to have direct
The witness said at the outset of his
testimony that he waa In a great many In
stances the man sent out to sdjust dif
ferences with local buyers.
"My particular mission," said the wit
ness, "was to convince the independent
buyers that the line companies, especially
the Omaha Elevator company, should have
an equal share of the business at all sta
tions -where we had an elevator.''
Witness went over In detail tha methods
used to convince the Independents moral
suasion, argument, putting up prices, ac
tual coercion of various kinds. Ha speci
fied: "Force a money settlement, say 2 cents
on coarse grains and 4 cents on wheat."
This he illustrated by saying: "If the line
company had 90 per cent of Us elevators
making good profits It could afford to lose
money at one station for the purpose of
making the competitor at that point listen
Squeezed from Both , Eada.
Get blddera at terminal stations to bid
less for the Irregular dealer's grain than
he could afford to sell It for.
Put prices up until the local dealer had
all his cars full and could get no more cars,
through an understanding with the rail
roads. Then fill the line house at a lower
price and make a good profit.
If all else failed the railroads would send
out their freight agents to talk to the re
calcitrant dealer, and they generally got
him. If necessary, bv the flat-footed state
ment that if he diil not get into line he
would have to move his house off the right-of-way.
Mr Peavev in .. - ,,,. ...
! T.L l:.?L 1 ."l"",tlon by
."a" Ml.Urd V n Dorn had an editor in
At Ml lard Van Dorn had an elevator, in
competition with the Omaha company. He
, wa. fnrrt ,,- Iln .
; ences and wltneM Ba)d he nad colecte,,
var,ou, ,um, cf money from Van Dorn ,n
his canacltv of renresentative rtt the Omaha
company. At Elkhorn the aame mow y
ad bPen exacted from another
local buyer. At Rising City Peter Reip.-
helmer, a stubborn German, was getting
I most of the grain and by his Independent
methods was disturbing all the country
! tributary to the B. & M. No argument
caused him to alter his methods until Mr.
Barron, the traveling freight agent of the
Union Pacific, was sent out to argue with
Reinhelmer. As a result of an Intimation
from fiarron that he would have to move
off the right-of-way Reinhelmer put up
$2u0, his local competitor. Garhan,' did the
same, and Barron brought this money to
Omaha and got the Omaha company to
put up a like amount. - This was to be
forfeited If the price agreement was vlo-
lated. but so far as witness knew the streets, was stopped by two men who pre
agreement was still tn force, although made sented a pair of revolvers at him and coin
In the spring of lx). . manded him to surrender his cash. One of
"At Stromaburg John Hart owned a
tnmiier mri He heiran i.iiv.ir,,. -r..-.. -.i
i -" - " . w. .. .it.
oats when thev were chean and hA
He was told that If he
Hfil rtrtt Ho Hint t ti a Onmha pun ru n r ni.iil,l
. T, 71, Card and Ch ' V.Xmm
sell pretty cheap. He quit buying grain.
Thla was In the summer of 1899.
Woman Heats the Combination.
"At Piatt Center a Mrs. Kehoe, who
had no elevator, still bought grain and
hipped II, loading into cars on track.
Many efforts failed to stop her, and Mr.
Peavey paid Mrs. Kehoe a tribute as a
game and clever woman. Finally in the
fall of 1899 she built an elevator, but
Insisted on buying Independently. All kinds
of effoits were made to bring her Into
line, but she seemed to stand ln with the
railroad officials better even than we did.
and we never got her to come Into camp."
In this connection Judge Sullivan brought
from witness the statement that Jhe keep
ing of cars from Independent and scoop
shovel dealers was a common occurrence
for years back. He said the general mana
gers In Omaha of the elevator companies
would camp right In the office of the
railroad officials until they promised to
withhold the cere.
"George Copetand and another man
could not get a site for a farmers' elevator
at Elgin and when they consigned grain to
my company and it was bought by mistake
on the Omaha exchange the fact gave rise
to an argument with Secretary Miller
which resulted in my daring Miller and tha
exchange to' bulletin me for dealing with
"But they pasted the word," said witness.
tConilflUtd ea Second Pa;.)
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
Generally Fair Thursday and Friday.
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday!
Hour. Ilea. Hour. Dear.
A a. m To 1 p. m T
A a. m TO a p. m...... Til
T n. m Tt a p. m TH
a. m T.t 4pm
a. m T.I K p. m 4
1 a. m T p. m U
11 a. m t T p. m T
12 m M n p. m TT
O p. m T4
CASE UNIQUE IN THIS STATE
We r r ti t Ne Exeat Applied for Aaalnst
Government Officials Mnnaer Says
It la a Slnanlar Record.
In the proceedings In the application for
a writ of habeas corpus In the case of
Brigadier General W. H. Beck and John F.
Mackey, special distributing agents for the
"Omaha Indian Trust Fund." before Judge
Munger Wednesday morning the court held
that a warrant "ne exeat, ' could not hold
against the defendants.
Hiram Chase, attorney for the Omaha
Indians, held that the warrant was brought
advisedly, and he asked for further time
to consult his authorities and present his
side of the case.
In discussing the case Judge Mvinger
stated that It was the first time that a
warrant "ne exeat" had been brought In
his experience. "The warrant 'ne exeat"
can only be brought." said the court,
when a debtor Is seeking to leave the state
with a view to defrauding his creditors.
The accused In this Instance were merely
agents for the United States, and if any
debt was owing the Indians it was owed
by the United States and not by General
Beck or Agent Mackey, nnd hence the
warrant could not lie against them."
The case Is a very' peculiar one at the
best. The suit grows out of the method of
the distribution of the "Omaha trust fund"
resulting from the sale and lease of Omaha
Indian lands authorized under the act of
August 7. 192. which now amounts In the
aggregate of about $500,000.
At the afternoon proceedings the at
torneys for the government demurred to
the answer submitted by Attorney Chase,
who is a full blood Indian, and the case
went to argument, lasting until 4 o'rlock.
Judge Munger finally decided that the dis
trict court of Thurston county had no Juris
diction warranting the Issue of a writ of
ne exeat and granted the writ of habeas
corpus, at the same time sustaining the
demurrer of the government. The de
fendants. General Beck and Agent Mackey,
were thereupon ordered discharged from
the custody of the sheriff of Thurston
county snd the costs of the ense taxed
to the plaintiff.
SOLDIERS HOME FROM CAMP
Three Omaha Companies Come In
from Kearney In Special
After eight days of camp life at Kearney
the Omaha Guards, the Thurston Rifles
and the Omaha Light Infantry returned
home on a special train over the Union
Pacific road at 9:?0 last night. The mem
bers of the three companies were thor
oughly browned from the exposure In the
sun during their maneuvering and all were
In the best of health and spirits.
When the train bearing the soldiers ar
rived at the Union depot the whole place
presented a martial air. The three com
panies at once formed In line upon enter
ing the station and marched to their re
spective armories, where they disbanded,
the members going directly to their homes.
At the station there were some wives and
some ' mothers and some sweethearts to
welcome the soldiers home, but military
discipline would not permit them to tarry
long at the station.
SON OF C. W. PEARSALL DROWNS
Little Fellow, Aged 4, Falls Out of a
Boat Into Wnters of Lake
Word came from Lake Okobojl Wednes
day evening that James Baker Pearsall, 4-year-old
son of Charles W. Pearsall of
Omaha, had drowned by falling Into the
The little fellow was In a boat alone
near a landing when h fell out. Although
seen to fall, he was In the water about
! five minutes before his body was recovered.
j Efforts at resuscitation were In vain. Mrs.
Pearsall, who has been stopping at the
Iowa resort, with her four children, will
arrive In Omaha with the body of her son
' thls afternoon at 3:10. Mr. Pearsall Is at
' present in Arizona, but has been notified,
j ntl ls now on nl" way hme. Until he ar-
' rives arrangemts for the funeral will be
I held ln abeyance.
POOR WAGES FOR HIGHWAYMEN
Only. Four Dollars
Holdup of H. P.
While walking home about 11 o'clock last
night on Twentieth street near the railroad
trucks H. P. Nelson. Twentieth and Dorcas
! the men went through Nelson's Dockets and I
. l . , .
rciineu mm ui koiiui in sliver. After
taking Ills money the highwaymen per-
n,ltted their victim tu go his way with .
i , . .
I . . r, - " . . . ur
i severe ireHinic in. i lie men went norm on
Twentieth street and that ls the lust seen
of them. The police were notified and a de
rcription of the robbers given, but no ar
rests were made at an early hour this
morning. Botli men wore musks.
SHOOTS HIS WIFE'S ApMIRER
Robert M. Fleming, Clerk for Swift
and Company at St. Joseph, la
stantly Kills Carl W, Scbults.
ST. JOSEPH. Mo.. Aug. 16-Robert M.
Fleming, a clerk at Swift and Company's
packing plant, shot and instantly killed
Carl W. Schults of 1013 North Eighteenth
street, a civil engineer, at Nineteenth street
and Frederick avenue today on account
of attentions paid Mrs. Fleming by Schullz.
Fleming is in Jail.
Movements of Ocean Vessels 16.
At New York Sailed: Noordam. for Rot
terdam: I.lguria, for Genoa; United Slates,
At vueenetown Arrived : Westernland.
from Philadelphia. Sailed: Ivernla, for
At Dover Arrived: Patricia, from New
At Uverpool-Salled: Frlealand, for Phila
delphia; Teutonic, for New York. Arrived:
Oceanic and C aronta. from New Yoik.
At Cherbourg Sailed: Kron Prlnz Wit
helm, fur New York.
At Naples -Arrived: Neapolitan Prince.
! from New York.
I At V'-kohams Arr'ved: Dakot&n. from
Uau Franclico, ArooA, tri& PutUaad, Ota.
PROSPECT OF PEACE
Outlook for Encceeiful Termination of
Negotiation! Distinctly Brighter,
TWO MORE ARTICLES ARE AGREED UPON
Chineie laitern Railway South of Harbin
Qofi to China.
RUSSIA RETAINS THE MAIN LINE
Link Pawing .Through Northers. Man
churia to fie Commercial Road Only.
PEAL CRISIS WILL COME MONDAY
Report that Pressure Is Belast
Bronaht to Bear I pon Japan
to Forego Indemnity
PORTSMOUTH. N. H , Aug. 1.-Tha
prospects of peace are distinctly brighter
tonight. The plenipotentiaries are labor
ing with a seriousness and earnestness
which leave not the slightest doubt that
both are anxious to conclude a treaty.
Though the main points remain to be con
tested and the plenipotentiaries of each,
side speak as though the conference would
go to pieces, unless the other side gave
way, the spirit of compromise is In the
air. When he returned to the hotel to
night, M Witte, who was tired out with
his hard day's work, said:
I am doing all I can for peace Of tha
eight articles we have already considered
I have yielded eeven. No other statesman
in Russia would have dared to do so
much, and I have done what I hsve done
upon my own responsibility.
' Crisis Cornea Monday.
From an authoritative source It Is now
possible to forecast with a fair degree of
accuracy that the crisis will come on next
Monday. Articles vll and vlil dealing with
the fate of the Chinese Eastern railroad
having been disposed Of today, there remains
In addition to the 'cession of Sakhalin,
which was passed over, the question of In
demnity, which comes up tomorrow aa
article ix. the limitation of Russia's sea
power In the far east, the surrender of the
Interned warships and ths grant to Japan
of fishing rights on the littoral north of
To all except tha last, to which Russia
will agree, a negative answer has been
returned, absolute In the case of Indemnity
and Sakhalin. Perhaps both the othera
may be modified and accepted by M. Witte,
In order to strengthen his position In in
sisting upon a concession from Japan re
garding Its demands of art indemnity and
the cession of Sakhalin. Before yielding
on either of the matters, It can be re
garded as practically certnln that M. Witte
will consult the emperor. The exchange
of views of the Ave remaining articles la
expected to be completed on Friday or
Saturday morning at the latest. The pleni
potentiaries will then adjourn until Mon
day and the Interim will probably be, used
by the plcntpotentlarlea . to eonsult their
respective governments. When they meet
upon Monday their last cards will be
thrown upon the table. If there Is to be
bargaining. It will come then, and suddenly
the conference will be over or peaco will
Two Articles Disposed Of.
Articles v and vil were disposed of today,
the former "In principle," the latter "unani
mously," according to official bulletins.
Article vll provides for the cession to China
of the branch of the Chinese Eastern rail
road running south from Harbin to Fort
Arthur and Dalny, and with 'a branch line
connecting at New Chwang with the Shan
Hai Kwan Tien Tsln railroad.
Article vlll provides for the retention by
Russia of the line through northern Man
churia which forms the connecting link
of the main line of the trans-Siberian and
the Usurrl railroad with its termini at
Vladivostok and Harborovsk.
From both nldea the Associated Press la
Informed that the acceptance "on the
principle" of article vll only means that cer
tain points remain to be elaborated, not
that a dispute still exists. But this may
j possibly be only a convenient method of
postponing until the final struggle the ac-
ceptance of an article which could be used
! In the ultimate compromise.
! What Russia Sncrlflcea.
Russia, by t
j des In conn
he acceptance of these two artl-
nectlon with articles II, 111. Iv
and vl. surrenders every vestige of Its am
bition ln Manchuria. Russia cloaes the door
to the warm water, Ice free port of Dalny
upon which it lavished its millions and
retains only as a commercial road tha
railroad link connecting Its European pos
sessions with the maritime provinces upon
the Pacific. The right . to police It With
Russian troopa or railroad guards is given
up and its protection will become the duty
of China. The Chinese eastern road la
T-shaped. The stem runs from Harbin
gouth. The top runs from the station In
Manchuria on the Amur river to Nlkolskoje.
where It connects with the government
owned Usurri road to the coast. It waa
this "cut-off" which more than anything
else paved the way for what Is known as
the "Manchurlan adventure," changing the
whole plan of M. Witte, while minister of
finance. Hi object had been only to make
of Tallenwan ur "Dalny" a commercial
entry port for foreign trade, but with tha
p strategic -railroad behind mem tha "war
l . . ' .
I party's" aggressive policy began. Tha
I ""nlnal intention had been to build tha
trans-Siberian road entirely in Ruaslaa
territory north of the Amur river, which
makes a great curve northward, formlaf
tha Munchurliin boundary. When the con
cession of the "cut-off" was obtained from
China, through 1.1 Hung Chung, the Chi
nese Eastern Hull road company waa formed
by M. Witte. then minister of finance, to
build it, and later another concession waa
obtained to connect It with Port Arthur
nnd Dalny. The sharea of the Chinese East
ern company consist of J,5uu,UX, which, in
the form of a single certificate, are held
in tiie coffers of the Ruaso-Chliiese bank
as trustee. The 4 per cent bonds Issued
from time tu time for Its construction ware
guaranteed by the Russian government
and amount to over $00.0uu,0i)0.
The bonds as far as possible were sold
to bankers and the public. These were
listed on the stock exchanges In Russia,
Berlin and Paris and are now selling at bs
tweea snd &3.
Russia Pays the BUI.
The Russian minister of flnaace has an
nually paid not only the Interest on tha
bonds, but the deficits In the operating
excuses of Die road, which have been
heavy. As about half of this money went
into the Port Arthur branch, the Russian
treasury is out of pocket about half tha
total outlay. lis only hope of aavlng any.
tiling is to arrange with China Japan, too,
will have its claim against the Peking gov
ernment for the restoration of tha road
after It was destroyed by the Russian army,
the rebuilding cf the bridges and tha
change la the gauge. It la believed lh4
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