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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1905)
Tnn OMAHA DAILY KEE: FRIDAY. "AUOrST 4. 1903.
Tite Omaiia Daily Bee
E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas Count
C C. Rosewater. secretary of '
tv. sa :
fiMIMnv r'n ,rnv heln dlllT SWOm.
savs that the actual number of full and
complete copies nf The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Ree printed during the
month or July,
was aa follows
Less unsold copies f,1(l
Net total sales BN2,41S
Dally average 2H.44MI
C. C. ROSEWATER,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day of July, 1906.
(Seal) M. B. HUNOATB,
WHEN OUT OF TOWH.
Subscribers leaving the vlty tem
porarily should have The Be
mailed to them. It is better than
daily letter from home. Ad
dress will he (basted as oftea as
The western railroads have abandoned
hope of settling the sugur rate war, but
that will not discourage the consumers
It is to be hoped that in conferring
upon M. WItte a large part of his im
perial powers the cxnr retained all of his
Bouth Omaha is now ready for a union
depot But it takes ducats to build union
depots besides an agreement between
the railroads for Its Joint use.
The mosquito theory is generally ac
cepted by medical men of Omaha. There
fore, keep away frdm the mosquito or
get out your mosquito shotgun.
The demand for mosquito bars at
Nw Orleans comes at a time to give Ihe
south an opportunity to realize what
high-priced cotton really means.
Orand dukes are not talking In regard
to plans to reform Russia, probably be
cause they are too busy preparing bomb
proofs against the failure of the scheme.
The members of that new coalition
cabinet of Sweden may get to "playing
politics" so hard that Norway will find
ItBelf free without giving bonds for good
v Jth a 7-nilll state tux levy on a val-
Dation of $304,000,000 we will pay off the
state debt after awhile unless the tax
eaters and state embezzlers yet In their
If this demo-pop bombardment keeps
up Governor Mickey may take It Into
bis bead to run for a third term on the
ground that a brave man will never quit
while under fire.
British ships are said to be making a
friendly cruise to the Baltic sea. This
Is not the first time that Britain has
liven a "friendly tip" to a power which
It thought was looking for trouble.
It will be noted that uiuler the new
primary law the man who puts up his
money last to get on the official primary
ballot has every privilege enjoyed by the
man who planks down his money first
A Kansas Judge bus decided that, un
der the revenue laws of that state, the
reserve funds of fraternal . Insurance
companies are not subject to taxation.
Tbs various states should get together
on this subject. -
The fact that M. Witte cannot speak
English may be of advantage to htm
when all the special newspaper corre
spondents gather at Portsmouth. A lit
tle ignorance is an advantage under
General Wood's decision to return to
the Philippines may give the Moros too
high au opiulou of themselves from the
fact that the general finds more glory in
fighting them than in exterminating yel
low fever mosquitoes.
Inasmuch as the members of the
Board of Education do not draw a nickel
of pay, it is passing strange, if not ab
solutely inexplicable why they should
scramble for re-election after once they
have enjoyed the honors.
Colonel Wntterson evidently fails to
discriminate between the college man in
poll Men and the college man after
money. The scientists in the Agricul
tural department did not fall to connect
with the cash wha they went after it
THK OOTERSMEXT CAy ACT.
Yesterday's advices from New Orleans
stated that the question of whether fed
eral Control of the situation ought to be
Invited was still leing discussed, "but
unless graver conditions arise It is not
regarded as likely that there will lie any
movement In that direction." There fol
lowed a statement which showed thut
conditions are already grave and that the
time would seem to be at hand for fed
eral action with a view to averting a
more serious state of affairs. The issue
that has been created between the au
thorities of Louisiana and Mississippi
may be settled without any greater
trouble than has already occurred, but
no one can fall to understand that the
conditions are dangerous.
As to the question whether the federal
government can act, there appears to be
a sufficient answer in the quarantine law
of 1803. A previous act of congress em
powered the president, iu time of danger,
to make regulations to prevent the
spread of contagious or infectious dis
ease from one state or territory into an
other, such regulations to be enforced by
federal officers exclusively. The subse
quent act provides that regulations made
by the federal authorities may be en
forced by the sanitary .authorities of
states and municipalities when they will
undertake to execute and enforce them;
"but if the state or municipal authorities
sholl fall or refuse to enforce said rules
and regulations, the president shall exe
cute and enforce the same and adopt
such measures as in his Judgment shall
be necessary to prevent the Introduction
or sprend of such diseases, and may de
tnil or appoint officers for that purpose."
This appears to confer full power upon
the federal authorities to make and en
force quarantine regulations In such a
case as that now presented and had the
power been exercised at the beginning of
the yellow fever outbreak at New Or
leans there would have occurred no con
troversy or trouble between Mississippi
and Louisiana and probably no such in
jury to commerce as has ensued.
Is there any good reason why the fed
eral authorities should not now take con
trol of the situation and put an end to
the shotgun quarantine that has been es
tablished? They do not need to be In
vited to do this. The law gives them the
authority to prescribe necessary regula
tions and enforce them. The probability
is that they will finally have to assume
control and manifestly there Is danger In
GERMAN TARIFF ALARM.
The call for a national conference to
consider the subject of reciprocity un
doubtedly had its inspiration iu the
nlarin created as to the effect upon our
trade which the new German tariff may
have. It has been urged that unless
there is a commercial treaty negotiated
with Germany that will give American
products the same rates that are ac
corded to the countries which have en
tered Into treaties with Germany we
should suffer a heavy loss of commerce
with that nation. Hence the interests
which would be particularly affected
have united in calling the conference to
he held in Chicago on the 15th and 16th
Terhaps with a view to supplying in
formation to the conference, the statisti
cal bureau of the Department of Com
merce and Labor has prepared a state
ment of Germany's new schedules as
they affect the products of this country.
It is pointed out that no duty whatever
is Imposed on the chief item of German
import from the I'nlted States, raw cot
ton, which now constitutes more than
one-half of the total exports of this coun
try to Germany. Another of our prod
ucts which Germany must have and
therefore admits free of duty is copper,
of which our export to that country Is
large. A few other articles are favored,
because German manufacturers cannot
carry on their business without them.
while as to some others consideration
has been given to the wants of the Ger
man people. It is still a fact, however,
that in certain respects the new tariff
will prove practically prohibitory to our
products and it Is this which the Inter
ests affected, both manufacturing and
agricultural, ore seeking to prevent. Of
course we have a "most favored nation"
treaty still In force, but it can be termi
nated on a year's notice and it is very
probable that Germany would glve the
necessary notice if our government
should refuse to enter into a reciprocity
The statement of the Department of
Commerce and Labor may have a ten
dency to allay the alarm caused by the
new German tariff, but it will not shake
the belief of the Interests concerned as
to the expediency of negotiating a com
mercial treaty with Germany that will
give our products the minimum rate's of
that country's tariff. They insist that
unless this is done we shall inevitably
lose trade amounting to many millions
of dollars annually and which we prob
ably never would be able, under auy cirf
cumstances, to regain.
DISCVSSIXQ THE DEFICIT-
Republican leaders In congress are said
to be showing a great deal of interest In
the question as to (What shall be done In
regard to the treasury deficit which Is
steadily growing. In the, first mouth of
the current fiscal year it was Increased
about $14,000,000, making the total for
the last thirteen months over $40,000,000.
There are very large payments out of the
treasury during July, the UfW appropria
tions becoming available at the begin
ning of that month, so that doubtless in
the ensuing months of the fiscal year the
receipts will come somewhat nearer to
expenditures, but that the former will
continue to run considerably ahead is as
sured. There must be more revenue or
a reduction in the government's ex
penses. Speaker Cannon, says a Washington
dispatch, is talking economy to all of his
friends. He is anxious to avoid revenue
legislation and is opposed to any tinker
ing with the tariff, believing that It
would have a damaging effect upon busi
ness. The report is that he will select a
new chairman of the' bguse approprla-
tlons committee who will work shoulder
to shoulder with him to enforce retrench
ments In all of the measures carrying ap
propriations. It Is also stated to be
likely that Mr. Cannon In his economy
program will have the support and co
operation in the senate of Mr. Allison,
Mr. Hale and others of influence In shap
ing appropriations at that end of the
Retrenchment wherever It can le
mad without impairing the efficiency of
the public service Is unquestlonobly the
proper policy, but it Is exceedingly diffi
cult becouse of the Increasing demands
due to the rapid growth of the country.
New requirements of a more or less Im
perative nature are constantly springing
np. If the leaders in congress can find
an expedient way to reduce expenses
without Injury to the public service, and
thus avoid Imposing additional taxes
upon the people, their wisdom will be
heartily approved by the country. The 1
question Is one of the first Importance.
The government can go on for some time
spending more than It receives without
depleting the treasury, but it Is not good
policy that it should do so. On the othef
hand, increasing taxation in time of
peace would be most unpopular and
likely to prove fatal to the party in
power. As to tariff revision as a means
of getting more revenue, It Is a doubtful
expedient when the possible effect on in
dustries and business is considered.
Speiker Cannon will have the support
and best wishes of the people in his ef
forts for Judicious retrenchment.
APE THE RAILROADS OVERTAXED!
Now that the State Board of fcqualiza-
tion has concluded its labors and made
the levy for state taxes for the year
1905-0, the attorneys of Nebraska rail
roads will doubtless re-enact their spec
tuculur performance of last year by ap
pealing to the federal courts to stay the
collection of taxes on the ground that
the railroads have been overvalued and
overtaxed. A retrospective glance at
the grand assessment rolls of several
years past and even a casual comparison
of the volume of traffic, the gross and
net earnings and the market price of the
stocks and bonds of the railroads opera
ting in Nebraska will flatly contradict
It Is a matter of notoriety that Ne
braska railroads were assessed much
higher twenty years ago, when the vol
ume of traffic proportionate to their
mileage was tiot one-half what It Is today
and when their market value was even
less than half what they have been as
sessed for during the last two years.
The first material advance iu the assess
ment of railroads after many years of
gradual decline was last year whea the
assessment was raised from $27,000,000
to $40,000,0008 figure still way, out of
proportion to their value based on either
net earnings or stock and bond values
This year's railroad assessment is but a
trifle higher than last year's, while the
assessment of all other property in the
state has been materially advanced un
der the operation of the new revenue
The assessment of 1902 as compared
with the assessment of 1004-5 shows an
Increase of 71 per cent in the aggregate
assessment of railroads and an increase
of 64 per cent in the aggregate assess
ment of all other classes of property.
But this Is no discrimination against the
railroads because their assessment dur
ing five years previous to 1904 was out
of all proportion to their actual value
and constituted a Just complaint on the
part of all other taxpayers against state
boards of railroad assessment.
The lowest estimate of the true value
of the railroads of Nebraska, based on
the selling price of their stocks and
bonds or upon their net earnings. Is from
$350,000,000 to $360,000,000, but even if
they were assessed at a very broad mar
gin below their true value their propor-.
tion to the geheral valuation of the state,
which for 10O5 Is $1,520,000,000, inch
ing the railroads, should be at least one
fifth, or a fraction over $300,000,000. As
sessed at 20 per cent their total assessed
Value would be $60,000,000 instead of
In other words, the Nebraska railroads
have no ground whatever for complaint
of overvaluation, but on the contrary
they are still assessed at least $13,000,000
less than they should have been had the
state board adhered strictly to the letter
of the law that requires the assessment
of all. property at Its actual value as
near as it can be ascertained. -
If the contention of the railroad at
torneys had merit in It the fact would
still remain that the railroads of Ne
braska bear only a ver'. Infinitesimal
proportion of the taxes imposed upon
other classes of property for the main
tenance of local government, which In
Omaha alone exceeds . $1,250,000 per
annum for municipal and school pur
Nebraska's democrats, whose leaders
and organs are waging an antl-rallroad
pass campaign, have been Invited by
their state central committee to send 091
delegates to the state convention to in
dulge In the harmless pastime of nom
lnatlng one candidate for supreme Judge
and two candidates for regent of the
university. It goes without saying that
it would be utterly impossible to find 991
delegates in Nebraska, even within
twenty-five miles of the state capital,
who would be willing to pay railroad
fare to participate in that gathering,
Manifestly the only democrats that are
expected to go will be railroad pass
men, who will cheerfully be allowed to
cast ths votvs for all the other delegates
who are not able to procure passes.
Democrats who sincerely desire to break
up the free pass abuse must surely re
alize that they can never succeed so
long as they run their band wagon In
the old rut and continue the system
that has stimulated subserviency to cor
porations on the part of lawmakers and
When the Board of Education decided
to ask for a levy of two and six-tenths
mills for the coming year its estimate
was based uou the aggregate assessed
valuntlon of all taxable property In
Omaha as then returned. Now that the
Ktate Board of Equalization has raised
the assessment of all merchandise by IS
per cent the proposed school levy will
manifestly I In excess of the estimated
requirements of the schools. It the
Ixmrd rectify Its mistake and revise its
requisition on the basis of the Increased
assessment of the taxable property.
The tea set Governor Mickey has
selected for' presentation to the battle
ship Nebraska will absorb 1,300 ounces
of sterling silver and cost $3,000, regard
loss of the ratio of 16 to 1 which goes to
show that silver still has a good many
friends in Nebraska, even if wheat and
silver have long since parted company.
Four other states are to Investigate
the condition of New York Life Insur
ance companies. It would seem fair
that one investigation should be com
pleted before another Is started, but in
surance commlssiorlers evidently want
to occupy the spot-light as well as to en
large their fees.
Now, if I. E. Her will only give us
that twelve-story palatial fireproof hotel,
that sixteen-story steel frame railroad
headquarters building, the South Omahn
union depot and the Interurban railroad
from Omaha to Beotrice, the track will
be cleared for him for the United States
The telephone will never succeed the
telegraph Operator In the train dispatch
er's office until some methcsl Is Invented
of keeping a record of the conversation
bo blame for accidents may be fixed.
Yet looking back over the record of elec
trical progress, its possibility must be
Nebraska democrats give new evi
dence of loyalty to democratic principle
by basing the apportionment of dele
gates to their state convention on the
vote not of Parker, the! democratic can
didate for president, but of Berge,, the
populist candidate for governor.
The trial of Missouri "Imodle" sena
tors discloses that men who offer money
as bribes have more confidence in their
tools than one would imagine. It has
been shown for example that $2,000 was
paid in a certain case for goods which
were never delivered.
With a 15 per cent Increase in the as
sessment of merchandise there will be a
corresponding increase in the aggregate
amount of city and school- taxes unless
the council and school board see fit to
make a proportionate reduction In their
Ioat la the Gargle.
What the kaiser said to the czar may
have been similar to what the governor of
North Carolina said to the governor of
Bouth Carolina, but nobody knows.
A Standard Care. t
, New York Mall.
Various remedies have been proposed for
the man who rocks the boat, but the flat
of an oar, laid not too gently on the top
of his pate, remains the standard cure.
Drawls the Long Bow.
The 'declaration of the cxar that he will
not conclude a peace that will not be
worthy of "great" Russia leaves a qualifica
tion through which he may escape If he Is
compelled to accept the Japanese terms.
Russia's greatness la open to argument.
Equalising- the Tat Burden,
Indianapolis News. "
Iowa has Increased the assessment of
railroads $6,600,000 and reduced the assess
ment of farm lands 162,000.000. This, how
ever. Is another "idea" that is not likely
to find favor amonr those men u-hn mnk
& specialty of making the country Inci
dentally prosperous after they get them
selves well fixed.
Works for All Comers.
Bt. Louis Republic.
The United States seems tolarahlv ..ll
people when the lost census was taken, but
the more we have the more we get. What
are we going to do with our 1,000,000 of emi
grants a year? Jut them to work, of
course. That we have work at which to
put them and that few of thera are going
hungry or roofless is a remarkable proof of
tha growth of American Industry in the
GKRMAX AM) AMERICAS WORKMEN
Waa-eworkers Here Are Better Fixed
la Almost Every Res sect. ,
Broeklyn Eagle. I
The Oerman notion that they are a little
the best and most fortunate people on
earth, which comes out occasionally In
their International relations, must receive
a severe shock from a report published by
Professor Bombart, of Breslau. Professor
Bombart has been Investigating the condi
tions of American workmen and he com
pares them with those of Germans In a Oer
man magazine, to the manifest advantage
of Americans. The point of comDarlson
which will most surprise many Americans
is the report that even in New York the
workmen are better and more cheaply
housed than the Germans. He finds that
the average American workman's family
lives In five rooms, while the German fam
ily has two, and that the American pays a
less proportion of his wages for his five
rooms than the Oerman pays for his two.
He points, out that "rents in America are
relatively low even when one considers the
money value," while the American wages
are two or three times higher.
Clothing Is not much dearer In America
and shoe wear Is cheaper. The American
workman's family has more rooms, they
are more comfortable and better furnished.
An American workman's family spends
1116 a year for clothing, while famines of
workmen in Carlscruhs' and Nuremburg
saencTfrnm HI to IM. As the clothing eosls
but little more in thts country this added
expenditure Indicates a scale of comfort,
or, at least, of show, in dressing which
the Oerman working family does not reach.
The quality and cost of living of American
workmen, he reports, as "something sim
liar to our wealthier bourgeois class." The
American workmen eat more meat, sugar,
fruit, cereals, pies and puddings than he
Oerman. But the German workman spends
far more for the consumption of alcohol
than does the American. The average
American workman's family spends 111 10
for alcoholic drinks while the parallel fam
ily in Nuremberg spends 136 and In Carls
ruhe 154. This latter sum Is i.i per cent,
of the Germans Income, while he sptfids
only 12.6 per cent, for food. At the same
time the beer costs only half aa much in
Germany, so this observer estimates that
the Bouth German workman drinks "from
six to ten times more beer" than hWfcrother
In this country, "while In everything con
cerning his 'material welfare hie American
coUtu la 4ouU and thAc as wtU off."
BITS OK YAlllttTnS LIFE.
Minor Srenes and Incidents Sketched
i on the Spot.
Berretary Bliaw Is not going to quit the
cabinet and Identify himself with a Wall
street trust this year or next February,
as has been reported. He does not know
what he will do when he leaves the c.iM
net. and he has no present Intention of
retiring from the cabinet.
"I have made no pirns t.i go to New
Tork or to become the head of a trust
company there," he declares in the Wash
ington Post. "I might Just as well make
that plain. I thought at first It would he
preferable to say nothing about It. but
silence under the circumstances might be
Omitting Virginia and Kentucky, whose
legislatures will elect successors to Mar
tin and niackburn, respectively, the com
ing winter, the senators whose terms ex
pire March 3, ISkiT, and whose successors
will be designated by next s year's vot
ing, are as follows:
Rurnham, N. H.
Flklns, West Vs.
Gamble. South Dak.
larmack. Tennessee. Morgan. Alabama.
Clark. Montana. Nelson. Minnesota,
'..-an, Mass, Patterson, Colorado.
Culiom. Illinois. Plmtnons, N. Cam.
Dol.lver. Iowa. Tillman. 8. Carolina.
Dryden, New Jersey. Warren. Wyoming.
Dubois. Idaho. Wetmore, R, I.
Of the thirty in this class, now known
to the senate officially as class 2, four
teen are democrats and sixteen are repub
licans. The elections next year will be
for twelve democrats and sixteen repub
licans. It Is certain that a democrat will
be returned from Virginia and almost
equally so that a democrat will be returned
Few of the older and more prominent
senators come up for re-election next year.
The most conspicuous of them Is Senator
Morgan of Alabama, now on his fifth term.
He has been continuously in the senate
since 1877 and Is now 81 years old. Senator
Frye Is a prominent republican. He is
serving out his fourth complete term, but
had two years before that of the unex
pired term of the late James G. Rlalne.
Senator Racon is concluding his second
term. Senator Railey his first term, Sena
tor Rerry his third term, Senator Cullom
his fourth term.. Senator Warren Is serv
ing out Ms second complete term, but ho
had had a partial term of years prior to
the beginning of his continuous service.
Mr. Tillman has been in the senate twelve
Desertions from the I'nlted Rlotaa at.mv
In the five calendar years ending Decem
ber 81 last aggregated 27,306, arcbrdtng to
the forthcoming Annual rennrt nf th lida
. , ...
adjpcate general. The percentage has kept
up ateaouy since then, with the result that
the rapid Increase In desertions is demoral
ising the service.
The number of court-martial convictions
for this offense in fi tier rent of the
of the United States during the last year
was 2,071. The percentage of court-martial
convictions has greatly Increased In the
last year, but even that fact does not seem
to check the evil. In the Department of
the Lakes convictions have Increased 26
per cent, and similar conditions prevail In
the Departments of Missouri and Califor
Commanding officers have urged the War
department to take radical measures to
stop desertions, which have become a mat
ter of keen anxiety to officers every
where. The number of desertions In the Philip
pines has been much less than In this
country. This is accounted for by the fact
that soldiers deserting In the Philippines
cannot hide long in Manila, and the men
prefer to remain in the service rather than
take to the wilds of the Islands and live
among the natives.
The postmaster general has Issued an
order denying the further use of the malls
to A. J. King &, Co. of Tyler and Waco.
Tex. The company has been engaged in
renting to its patrons instruments for lo
cating gold and silver mines, lost treasure,
etc. For a year and 18 per cent of .the
profits the company would rent a "rod"
which they valued at $150. while a 223
rod could be had for 10 a year and the
18 per cent. Postofflce Inspectors say that
the rods cost the concern less than $1.
They declare In their report to the depart
ment that the Instruments are of no prac
tical value In locating gold, silver or lost
iaiurpny in iiaywooa, Va , Is In
trouble with the civil service commission
Murphy last December took an examination
with a view to securing appointment as a
rural mall carrier. In thinking about it
afterward he carqe to the conclusion that
he had not given the correct
T,,V, vi ir l .
One of the problems.
He wrote a letter to the civil service ex
amining board In Washington it i . .
stating that lf the board would correct the i
ci, wuuia pay me board $100, provided
he. should receive the appointment. The
board presented the letter to the United
States court In session at Lynchburg, Va.,
last April and Murphy was indicted. H.
C. Coles, secretary of the examining board
who was sent to Virginia to aid In the ap
prehension of Murphy, has Just reported to
the commission that before the deputy
LTnlted States marshal could arrest Murphy
he packed his belongings and disappeared.
It Is supposed that he Is In hiding in North
Carolina. The court issued an order that
murpny, 11 luunu, inau oe iriea at the next '
term, beginning October 3,. at Abington, '
Efforts to "approach" members of the
examining board and even the civil service
commissioners themselves are not uncom
mon. Murphy's case in many respects is
similar to that of Thomas E. Dress, a
Pennsylvanlan, who was convicted of offer
ing V0 to the late Commissioner John R,
Proctor If the latter would secure him a
position as messenger.
Four hundred and fifty-two of the cap
tured union and confederate flags that have
been In the War department since the civil
war can not be returned to their respective
states under the Lamb act because they
can not be Identified. Of the 72fi flags orig
inally In the department 271 have been re
turned as follows:
Illinois li):Mlssouti I
Indiana S'New York
Kentucky l'Ohio 1
Maine 4 Pennsylvania
Maryland 1 Tennessee ...
Massachusetts 2 Wisconsin ...
Alabatua .Missouri ;
Arkansas B.Nurth Carolina 83
Klurlda 8'fiouth Carolina 14
Georsla 2 Tennessee i
Kentucky l; Texas 4
Louisiana . Virginia '4
Of the unidentified flags remaining 184
are union and confederate.
Tcsla Haa Another Spell.
Nikola Tenia Is at It again. Heahas Just
told of a startling Invention which, how
ever, like most of Tenia's Inventions, Is not
just yet In practical working shape. With
one of his Invented appliances he declares
that it would be possible to "throw this
planet out of 11a orbit." In other words, Mr.
Testa seems to be claiming that he ran
ungear the universe and stampede the or
derly ways of nature This scheme is am
bitious, but even Henry H. Rogers and the
system could not float the stock of such an
DlrvrUe U 11 lm:urvu'd
KCRF.TAH Y WU.SOX.
Importune of Ilia Work I
All talk of the retirement of Secretary
Wilson from the cabinet by reason of any
recent rtlwriures in one or two of the sub
dlvlstons of the Agricultural department Is
the veriest nonsense. There Is absolutely
no reason why he should retire, but every
reason why he should not retire. He is not
the man to be driven by the cabals of sel
fishly Interested men who could not use
him or the Influence of his office for their
purposes A pleasant, genial man, this
sturdy Scotchman Is a grim fighter when
a fight is put upon him. And he Js Just
the kind of man that Theodore Roosevelt
values and backs up and would not let go
even If the secretary wanted to retire.
There Js not In the United States a nun
of more sterling honesty, of more absolute
Integrity, than James Wilson. Everybody
who knows hlin knows this and pretty
much everybody between the oceans, and
especially the farmers, know him. It is
simply preposterous to suppose that there
Is a shred of occasion for his retirement
because a few subordinates In the depart
ment have gone wrong. It Is all bosh.
Theodore Roosevelt himself could not pur
sue more relentlessly than Secretary Wilson
will pursue any employe or subofflclal Vho
betrays trust. And the whole country
James Wilson has done a vast work for
the public good In organizing and building
up the Agricultural department to great
ness and efficiency. From the day he as
sumed Its duties that department has been
no Joke, but a serious, rapidly growing and
mighty agency for the development of our
farming Interests, reaching out under his
strong control Into all branches of those
Industries and stimulating, aiding and verily
benefiting them. From Maine to California,
from the Canadian line to the gulf, there Is
not a township, not a school district. In
which the uplift Imparted by this strong
man has not been felt to the comfort, en
richment and prosperity of the farmers.
It would be endless to recite even In broad
outline the notable things that have been
done under the administration of Secretary
Wilson. The country Is familiar with
many of them. The work of the secretary
has been to Impart a vitalising and ener
glxlng force to his department and through
It to the vast Industries with which It has
to do. Interests which before the secretary's
day had never been adequately represented
In It. He has built up the department,
made It efficient, modernized It. Vnder him
It has become by all odds the model agri
cultural department In all the governments
of the world.
No sane government would let such a
man go If It could help It. And If any of
the conspiring speculative Interests, who
would like to use the secretary for their
schemes but cannot, think they can drive
him to retirement, they will know better
before they are through with him.
Senator Mitchell, his lawyers say, Is a
poor man. Naturally so after having fed
such an Imposing array of eminent counsel.
Mr. Rockefeller has chopped tS cents a
day off the wages of his workmen at Lake
wood. These hundred-thousand-dollar gifts
must come from somewhere, of course.
Charles P. Taft, brother of Secretary of
Wrar Taft, Is a great admirer of base ball
and It Is reported that he Is back of the
rumored purchase by Cincinnati capitalists
of the Chicago National League Base Ball
Mrs. Carrie Nation has an earnest fol
lower at last, but the comical part of It
all Is that the disciple should begin by
slashing and smashing the portrait of the
strenuous dame herself that hung In the
rooms of the State Historical society at
Dean Erl B. Hulburt of the divinity
school of the University of Chicago, pre
siding over the ministers' institute In
Haskell hall, asked the divinity students In
the audience several days ago to stand up
and open the exercises with "Rock of
Ages." Not one of the students knew the
The Palace des Souveralns. Paris, which
belonged to the late Dr. T. W. Evans, the
American dentist and millionaire, will
shortly be sold by his Philadelphia helra.
This famous mansion concealed the Em
press Eugenie after the coup d'etat In 1870,
and during the last exhibition It was loaned
to the French government, who entertained
foreign royal visitors there.
Since the death of Secretary Hav the re
newal of the old controversy as to the
authorship of "The Breadwinners," now
generally conceded to have been his work,
has caused a great demand for the famous
novel In the publlo libraries of the coun
try. The demand la probably equal to that
which greeted the first appearance of the
book little short of thirty years ago.
Baron Komura, while a student in Har
vard law school, from which he was grad
uated In 1877. avoided going Into society,
although urged to do so by his class
mate, Baron Kaheko, and there was no
lack of opportunity. - With some far
sightedness Komura said he wanted to see
American life outside of conventional so
ciety. He was a close student of English
and American literature.
rians are under consideration for ths Im
provement of the court In the churchyard
of Trinity church, Buffalo. It Is likely that
the court will be paved and that a high
Runic cross, raised on three stone steps,
the steps to be circular In formation, will
be erected in the center. About the cross
and steps there are to be four cypress or
cedar trees. Everything will be exceedingly
almple, and the cross will be the chief fea
ture of the court, aa it should be. It will
be of beautiful design and a model of Its
This your head to the left?
Then there's no use trying. It's too late! Noth
ing in the world can make hair grow on a bald
scalp that has been smooth and shiny for years.
It's too late,! No use trying now!
Or is this yours" to the right?
Good. Only look out for dandruff! It leads
straight to baldness. But there's use trying now,
for Ayer's Hair Vigor cures dandruff, keeps
the scalp clean and healthy, ana cnecits wiling nair.
He r the O. lr
AIM Mills 11
itfil c-S-iffialTOaAi" ss. aiaai aaua cuhs aurw
ri'BLICITY ASD THE PRESS.
Mighty Safeguards of National llonut
Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
In his noted Interview one that coir
rounded and Is still commanding stt
throughout the I'nlted States disc
corporate corruption and the greed f.j
money, Cardinal uthhona said many xt cl
ient things and many things that will sink
deeply into consciences, to be regarded t
disregarded, as the money greed or cal
lousness of the conscience may determine.
Rut. notwithstanding "his Indictment of
modern tendencies, Cardinal GiltMns not
only points out the remedy, but notes the
admirable manner In which the remedy Is
being applied. In these words.
The bright spot In the whole swamp of J
corruption Is that degradation Is ins.le
known. The greater t lie evil the gi-a . -
the possibility nf remedy. The fear of r
posure is the counterbalancing element
and that fear Is due to the efforts of t' .
press. There Is nothing a man prizes more
than reputation, and the only way effect
ually to upset his reputation Is exposure li
the press. Sometimes there are exagger
ations but, as a rule, exposures of public
men are benefactions. Wrongdoing is
certain to be found out. and publicity Is the
one great punishment staring it in the face
The fact that. In all denominations, there
has been found a small number of church
men to denounce the press Is a tribute to
Its good work, only less In degree than Is
to be found In the strong words of Cardinal
Gibbons. There are, as he says, exagger
ations at times, but the exaggerations are
rare and do not occur because of malice
nor because of other unworthy motives.
The press Is engaged In a work in which
the confidence of the public must be had
and retained. If the press is to continue,
as It is continuing. In possession of the
great Influence rightly attributed to It by
It criticises and It condemns, but It
neither criticises nor condemns without
foundation nor without the design of right
ing a wrong of private or public Interest,
or of preventing the continuance of wrongs
by publicity of the facts of the men and
the measures Involved. In the press tho
remedy Is not alone found for existing
evils. The pul.lllclty It gives concerning
men and affairs is a preventive of projected
evil and, while the press continues to be
free, evils will be minimised and projected
evils fall of accomplishment.
FLASHES OP Ft X.
Savmold Storey (eyeing htm with stern
disapproval) W'y don't ye pay a little more
'tention to yer clothos?
Radlelzh Mlldude If ye don't like It
Yauie I ain't wearin' a pair o" open work
1. I . mA .all rflr njkrtlek'ler 'tention
to me open work shoes, ole man. Chicago
Ml., Vreeeh He saVS mV Voice IS Very tt
food. . .
Miss Knox Indeed? He must have In
Miss Kreech How do you mean?
Miss Knox He must have a way of dis
covering that It's better than It sounds.
"I notice that they call the new gait
affected by women 'the caterpillar crawl.
"Beems to me that every woman of good
sense should put her foot down on that."
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"What ought a man to do to become an
"Well," answered Senator Sorghum, "the
best way Is to get a few sinecures so that
you won t have anything to do except keep
a scrap book." Washington Star,
Elderlv Passenger You might not sus
pect It. miss, but I'm nearly old enough to
be your grandfather. That Is why I don't
rise and offer you my seat.
The Young Woman Indeed, sir, there Is
no need of your apologising. Yo)i quite
look It. Chicago Tribune.
Hiram was having his picture "took."
"Now, please take your hands out of
your pocket," said the photographer.
"No you don't." said Hiram, with a shake
of his head. "I've heard ahout- you city
chaps goin' through a feller's pockets. If
you want me to look pleasant you'll have
to let my hands remain right thar on my
wallet 1" Yonkers Statesman.
"Is D'Auber doing anything remarkable
"Yes, he's painted a prise picture.
"He has? Impossible!"
"Not at all. The picture Is to be pre
sented as a prize to the first man who
guesses Its subject." Cleveland Leader.
"Of course there will always be some
tubercular ailments," said the conceited
young phvslctan, "but If people would only
take my advice there weuld be fewer."
"Yes' replied Knox, "fewer people."
WHEN LAW SO ( OI GHS UP.
James Rarton Adams In Denver Post.
The stars will hold a war dance In the light
or yonder moon,
When Lawson dlvvys up bis tainted cash
n . ... I 1 . . , i" a A mil A
w e Jl reacn nm nkh iu nan
U'k. l a.t-tM.m illvuvi nn hl tainted Cftsh
Our dairymen will banish cows to save
expense of hay,
And, by mysterious process. In the morn
ings, cool and gray,
Will draw their lacteal fluid from ths
heavenly Milky Way,
When Lawson dlvvys up his tainted cash.
A woman will be squatted In the presiden
When iJiwson dlvvys up his tainted cash.
She'll have a wart upon her nose and wear
ti . u n.ann .1 1 ttn him tnlnteA cm m n
Dame Nation of the Jaynawa state wn4
n nru lAnniiit j v.. . - . -
1 1 II I I 1 1 C I T- " 7 .
And In spotless jacsei wun a ouiionimn
Will hold the Job of 'tendln' bar at Rlshua
When Ijiwson dlvvys up his tainted cash.
In high official circles there'll be no such
word as "graft,"
When Iwson dlvvys up his tainted cash.
The greutest "ring" will be the belt 'round
When Lawson dlvvys up his tainted rash.
Our good, old Uncle Ham will rule the new
world and the old.
'And sit upon a shining throne of Colorado
In Denver not a tainted vote will evermore
When lawson dlvvys up his tainted cash.
Oe , lweU.
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