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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 1, 1905)
TITE OMAnA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY. AUGUST 1. 1003.
Tim Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATER. KDITOR.
, PLBLISHEU KVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF PCBSCRIITION.
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Twentieth Century V'arm r, one year 1 OU
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Sunday Bee, per copy bo
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Only 2-cent stamps received In payment of
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THK BEK PHIL1SH1NO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
C. C Rosewater, secretary of The Hce
I'uidlHhlng Company, being "duly sworn,
says that the actual nutnber of full and
complete cmlrs of The Dally. Morning.
F.venlng and Sunday Heeprlnted during the
month of July, istoo, was us follows:
i m.aio it jw.i.io
2 2i,uim js as.ot
3 2,H(i is 2s,run
4 1MMOO 20 ZM.lou
5 shi.tro :i aH,:uM
sin.ttno 2 n,i7o
7 , H.to 23 a,ntx
x (,(km 24 sm,"o
9 2S,I(M 25 iN,17
10 uk,itft 2G KM.KMI
11 2S,ilO 27 2),1S
12 !iK,;(N 2S iW.KIO
li as.iKit 29 a:,4tM
14 2M.TIO 3f XS,i:i'
15 !, 81 2T.IHO
I .ess unsold copies.,.,,. tt,MI3
Net total sales J.
Daily average XM.-nui
C. C. ROSEWATER,
Subscribed In- my presence and sworn to
before me thia Hat day of July, 190ft.
(Seal) M. Li lil.'NUATE,
WHEN OCT OK TOW!.
Subscribers leaving; Ibe city tem
porarily abonld hae The Bee
mailed to them. It la better than
dally letter from lionie. Ad
dress will be ohauued aa ofteo as
Auotber circus is touilnj; to town. Tho
arbitration committee at the city bull
ihould got busy on the allotment of free
Advices from tbe South sea would
Indlcute tbnt Holltuid hits not ytft ac
complished tli benevolent assimilation
of the savage In that part of the world.
Governor Folk sr-eins to be n anxious
to enforce the Sunday laws In St. I.ou1s
as though be bad made an effort In that
direction wheu he wus only state's at
torney. Great Brltulu creates no surprise by
letting It be known that Its idea of
"terms of peace" includes the practlcul
annihilation of the czar's, army east of
Japanese coiTeHpomleiits may now
bave an opportunity to test the ability
of their prcs censors on niOHRages from
the scene of peace as well as from the
scene of war.
The strenuous enforcement. .f sanitary
rules nt New Orleans emphasizes the
fact that, it was infraction of precau
tionary rules which caused the present
Rojestveusky Is now uble to sit up
In a Japanese hospital, but reports from
Bt Petersburg would indicate that the
Car has not yet completely recovered his
"Tom" Johnson of Cleveland has sup
pressed a race track without half the
interviews required by Governor Folk.
"Tom" Johnson's Hue of talk is conflued
to lower street car fares.
It never rains but it pours. No sooner
does the Union I'acltlc want to give
Omaha nfore switching trackage facili
ties than the Burlington is suddenly im
bued with nu lrrepreesiblo desire to do
the same thing.
General Oyuum may Iks running a
race 'with the Japanese peace commis
sioners In the preparation of arguments
to impress Russia with a desire to end
the wur, but bo will have to hurry If
bis argument Is to be effective.
Should the ntutu of New York sue old
directors of the Equitable to recover
money earuedy that company, but now
lu the hands of the deposed officers, It
will take another step lu tho direction
of making rascality unprofitable and
In tho meanwhile the wuter works ap
praisers are still enjoined, but the do
liothlng water bourd members are draw
ing their salaries punctually every
month. The Injunction, too, it must be
remembered, wa procured ut the lu
stauca of the water board.
The "freo seed" graft la up to congress;
and so is the "postal franking" graft.
It remain to be seen if the men elected
directly by the people have a more ud
Tauced standard of duty than the execu
tive clerk Mho believes himself pro
tected by civil service laws.
If Colonel Bryan is to hie himself to
Europe lu September, the campaign In
Nebraska this year will be threatened
with the loss of its most picturesque
figure. But. then, It Is possible for Mr.
Bryan to com home In time to make his
annual rear platform tour of the state ta
txhort democrats uot to become too dig
hMrtsaed n staudlog by the faith.
The oreatloU of great Industrial com
binations Koes ou, tlioiigli their iiureuso
is not bo rapid as a few years ago and
they nppeur to le etHblittbed on a much
MitiiKler bauls than formerly. A recent
addition to the so-called trusts is de
slpned to control the tnhlewnre and pot
tery trade of the country and Is said to
be capitalized at $4J,(XK,00. There have
been lu the pttst numerous attempts to
effect u combination of potteries, but
they were unsuccessful owing to con
flicting lutcrest-i and lack of capital. The
pottery Industry, however, has Itecn very
prosperous lu recent years, so that there
is now available abundant capital with
which to form a combination and the
manufacturers generally are said to
favor it, though a few of the larger ones
are reported to be unfriendly to the
movement There seems to be no doubt,
however, that it will be successful, in
which event there will of course be
higher prices for tableware.
Another industrial combination is that
of practically all of the street car manu
facturing plants in the United States,
with a total capitalization of $5d,(HJJ,0X.
It is Htated tbat a conservative estimate
of tho production of the consolidated
plants amounts to nbout $15,000,uJO a
year,' so that the industry is already
largo and of course is steadily growing.
The expectation Is that the consolida
tion of the numerous plants will result
lu materially reducing the cost of manu
facture and this may be effected without
reducing the price of lalwr.
If these combinations are made on a
sound and Ftable basis they may be
enduring and work no injury to tbe pub
lic, but it will be naturally suspected
that their organization is ou the lines
which have been adopted by other com
binations, some of which met with dis
aster and nil of which were Inimical to
the interests of the public.
THE HEAVY lMMHiltATWS-
Over a million people came to the
United States from foreign binds during
the twelve months ending with June.
This was a record-breaking Immigration
and has naturally revived discussion of
the question of increasing restrictions,
although it does not appear that any
of the newcomers bave failed to obtain
employment or have caused any trouble
for the public authorities. "We shall
hear a great deal," observes the Spring
field Republican, "about the undesirable
character of the bulk of the present Im
migrationthe illiteracy, poverty and
troublesome nature of the Incoming Ital
ians, Hungarians and Russians, but
where else should we look for thut extra
supply of the hewers of wood and draw
ers of water made essential for carrying
along this era of Industrial prosperity?"
That is a question which the antl-im-mlgrationlsts
will not find It easy to
answer. The fact Is that the demand for
lalMir in nearly every section of this
country at present Is In excess of the
supply and much of this demand is for
Just the kind of labor that Is coming
from abroad. These people are wanted
In the south and lu the west, where the
kind of work they are capable of doing
Is being delayed because workers are
lacking. To shut such people out would
be to place a check upon Industrial prog
ress and no sane person can desire a
policy which would have such a result.
What is needed is not the further restric
tion of immigration, but a practicable
plan Tor the better distribution of immi
grants and It is probable this will be
provided by the next congress.
THE BlilTISH ATT1TVDE.
Accepting as authoritative the state
ment from Washington regarding the
attitude of the British government
toward tho coming peace conference,
Great Brltulu Intends to stand by Japan
in whatever the latter shall demand as
terms of peace. The statement is that
the British government will offer no ad
vice to its ally, though it will be willing
to glTe counsel If it should be asked.
It expects, in common with other gov
ernments, that Japan will ask nothing
immoderate or unreasonable and It very
likely has good reason for this view,
Hut in Hiiy event, according to the re
port, Great Britain will not be adverse
to the Japanese demands, whatever they
This is easily understood and there
cnu be no mistake as to its significance.
The alliance between Great Britain and
Japan It is the very earnest desire of
the former to continue and make
stronger. It is said that negotiations
are uow lu progress with this In view,
although the treaty has two years to
ruu. In British polities there Is no ques
tion as to the expediency of maintaining
the alliance with the dominant power
In Asia. It Is recognized as being ab
solutely necessary to the security of
British interests in China and in India.
It has been suggested that Russia may
seek un alliance with Japan. It Is pos
sible, though it is hardly conceivable
that Japan would seriously consider
such a proposition. She has every rea
son to be distrustful of anything pro
ceeding from Russia. That power has
never dealt fairly and honestly with her.
In all their diplomatic intercourse the
Russian government hus sought to ob
tain an unfair advantage. It has uni
formly been uucandid and perfidious.
Ou the other hand Great Brltuiu has
been honest and straightforward. Jupan
fully understands and appreciates the
fact that the British alliance has been
her chief security lu the war with Rus
sia. There can be no doubt that but for
that lvussia would have received sup
port from her ally, France, and possibly
also from Germany, it is not to be for
gotten that France has not observed
neutrality as strictly or faithfully as she
should bave done, while Germany has
very distinctly shown sympathy with
Russia. Had it pot been for the under
standing between Great Britain and
Japan, the manifestations of unfriendli
ness toward the latter ou the part of the
continental powers would very probably
have been anuch more pronounced.
Tbuf it is thut Japuu is deeply lu-
debted to the British alliance and know
ing as she must how important It is to
her future security ns well as to ltritlsh
Interests In the far east. It Is most prob
able that she will be found willing not
only to adhere to it, but to extend its
scope. Japan can have confidence in
Great Hrltiiln. She cnu have no faith
in auy promises or pledges which Kussla
The decision of the British government
to proffer no ndvlce to Japan in the
peace negotiation is what was to have
been expected. It Is simply arecogni
tion of the fact that Japan is quite com
petent to take care of herself and does
not need any outside counsel. She Is
master of the situation and should be
allowed a free hand In conducting nego
tiations with her antagonist. It being
well assured that she has the good Judg
ment to do nothing that will be to the
disadvantage of the neutral natlous.
OMAHA' 8 XtULEC 1 Kl) Vl'l'OBTVXlTT.
Chicago merchants seem to be inau
gurating the sort of promotion campalgu
for advertising their city that The Bee
has been periodically urging upon
Omaha business men. The growth and
prosperity of a city depends largely on
the success which meets its efforts to
attract the attention of strangers and to
impress upon visitors its advantages
from a social, commercial or Industrial
The organization by the Chicago Com
mercial association, consisting of the
most representative njerchants, of a con
vention bureau to capture large and
small conventions bus already been re
ferred to In these columns. The next
step, according to reports in the public
prints, has been to enlist the passengr
departments of all the various railroads
entering Chicago In a co-operative and
systematic move to utilize every occa
sion that may present to bring visitors
to the city. The manager of the pub
licity department of the association, Ed
ward White, is quoted as faying after
the conference with the railroad men:
This Is one of the most Important meet
ings ever held by tho association for the
purpose of advancing the Interests of Chi
cago. It will result In such advertising
for Chicago, both as a convention city and
a summer reaort, that It will overshadow
all previous efforts in that direction.
There are thousands o people who ought
to come to Chicago for their supplies, but
go elsewhere because of a lack of the right
kind of advertising for this city.
The problem Chicago is grappling with
la the same problem that confronts
Omaha, with only a difference in the
scale. Except during the brief period
of the Transmississlppl exposition,
Omaha has never taken full advantage
of its opportunities in the way of ad
vertising its attractive features. If
Omaha citizens would combine for sys
tematic promotion and publicity work,
they would soon get results for the city
more than commensurate with the ex
penditure of money and effort.
A decided difference of opinion aeenis
to exist between "eminent lawyers" as
to whether, under the provisions of the
law enacted by the last legislature, can
didates for county commissioner are to
be voted on at the coming election. The
Bee called attention some time ago to
the ambiguity of -the law and tbe possi
bility of it being open to the same ob
jections as the other parts of the biennial
election scheme, and suggested that the
safe course to pursue would be .to have
a test case made at the earliest possible
time in order to make sure that no
rights be lost by delay or negligence. If
we are to choose new county commis
sioners in November we ought to know
it as soon as possible.
The North I'lutto land district expects
to have a lot of land thrown open to
re-entry by the lapse of the fraudulent
soldiers' filings, procured by the cattle
barons to protect their illegal fences.
The Intention was, of course, to ploy the
same trick again wheu the entries lapsed
and thus by fictitious pre emptions by
parties who never bad any Intention to
perfect their titles to keep bona fide set
tlers away. It remains to be seen
whether this program can be carried out.
The government prosecution of the land
fencers Is likely to have a repressing
effect with land-grabbing schemes.
The county attorney hits tuken the
right course to ascertain why the in
heritance tax law should not be ns much
applicable to estates probated in Douglas
county as to those probated in other
counties in the state. The remarkable
thing Is that the county Judge should
have taken it upon himself to declare a
statute void and throw the burden of
carrying the question to the supreme
court on the taxpayers of this county.
We bave grave fours as to the success
of Governor Mickey's excursion to the
Portland exposition, In view of the fact
that he Is to go unaccompanied by his
bodyguard of gllt-tasseled colonels.
How cap, t,he dignity of the state bo up
held on such a gala occasion without the
dazzling background of uniformed riders
astride prancing steeds? Let Governor
Mickey reconsider aud take hhj staff
along with him.
The enlargement of the Union Taciflc
shops will be a welcome move, so fur
aa Omaha Is concerned, because It will
mean Increased opiortunlties of em
ployment for skilled wage workers, who
will have to make their home here and
add to the population. The bigger the
shops and shop equipment the more ma
chinists, pattern makers, boiler makers,
etc., on the payroll at this point. ,
With loss of trade and Idleness of a
large portion of its population threat
ened as the result of the yellow fever
outbreak, New Orleans owes It to Itself
as well as to other cities of the United
States to destroy those picturesque but
disease breeding bouses which attract
attention of visitors to the old French
That municipal asphalt repair plant
now looks a little letter to the eyes of
Mayor Moorea. The success or failuro
of the plant depends upon its work.
Omaha taxpayers want no repetition of
the unprofitable investment Involved In
Uie Capitol avenue market house.
The l.aandry Mmr Cry.
New York Sun.
The boycott on all things American by
merchants of the Celestial kingdom Is but
a broader application of the uncompromis
ing stand taken by their brethern In the
United 8tatea. "No tickee, no ahlrtee,"
A (Jeaeroas t'nnpeasloa.
Count Casslnl has now decided to per
mit Russia to pay "a reasonable Indem
nity" for tha purpose of securing peace.
This la a concession on the part of the
count for which the advocates of peace
should bo profoundly thankful.
Japan's Proud Humility.
New York Globe.
There is proud humility, a sort of head
erect modeBty, about the Interesting re
marks of Raron Komura concerning his
country. He ascribes the success It has
had to a Just cause, absolute honesty In the
administration of Its affairs, and extreme,
simplicity of life among the masses of its
The rail of Money.
Not less amazing than the temporary
rescue from the hangman's noose of "Blue
beard" Hoeh by one of the sex towards
whose extermination he contributed his
best efforts -Is the fact that In a clvlliied
country, In the Twentieth century, the
question of reprieve or execution may turn
upon the amount of money a doomed man
Efficiency of Fraad Orders.
Tho efficiency of fraud orders in the hands
of tbe Postofflce department as an agency
to save the people from Iobs through fake
schemes, grows impressive. Whereas for
long years any questionable scheme adver
tised through the malls was sure to flourish
for a long period and to secure dupes with
out end, the present policy Is making short
work of a great variety of such proposi
tions, which appeal to popular cupidity and
the gambling Instinct. The activity of Post
master General Cortelyou in this field Is
shown by the fact that 157 fraud orders
have been Issued during the past four
months, which number about equals the
total of those Issued during the first six
years of the fraud law.
Earning; an Education.
In Columbia. In the last colhege year, 637
students earned $92,436. This is sixfold the
sum earned by students In the university
five years ago. This is true In most col
leges. When President Hadley was In
stalled he spoke of the Increasing difficulty
of paying for a college education. This Is
a mistake. It was never so easy to get a
college education as now. The newspapers
alone pay enough for college news to sup
port a number of men. The work In the
community by which a man .can earn
money while studying has greatly In
creased. Wealth has brought to college
many stupid and idle boys and their pay
for "tutoring" keeps a number of students
going In the lnstltutfons for men and a
few 4n colleges for women, as yet little
cursed by the student sent to college for
social" advantages. The colleges, too.
have made It easier by requiring less. It
a man can get through college and play
foot ball he OUHht to be able to earn his
hvlng and go through college. The real
difficulty cornea when a man leaves college
with his degree. It Is no unusual thing for
a boy to And' that he could support himself
easier In college than gvet a living after he
got out, .
Stevens Mill Stick.
Linking oceans is a big enough Job for
any man and John F.- Btevens says ha will
dig the Panama r&nal or bust. He didn't
any it Just that way, but he said It bluntly
and plctureaquely enough to let people know
that he la not a quitter. "To the best of
my lights," he told the Washington cor
respondent of the News, "I shall at
tack the task and stick to It. For the
test, God knows." A good text, and if Mr.
Stevens digs as well aa he talks, which we
hope he will, the canal will be built. Rut
there is bigger work at Panama than dig
ging dirt and building bulkheads. There
are fevers and mosquitoes to fight, and a
scientific cleaning up must pave the way for
the engineers. Mr. Shonts' Idea of a wide
open Isthmus has much common sense In It.
Puritanic morals will no more suit Panama
than frljoles and chilli would take the
place of Boston baked beans In the Hub.
There has got to be a good doal of spice in
life to hold the American who goes to
Panama to work,' and If the Isthmus Is
made healthy and the monotony of a new
country wiped out, as It has been In Daw
son City and the new towns In the south
west, things will move along. Stevens says
he Intends to keep things going, and he says
he will stlck-twoa-xcellent Qualities for the
canal engineer. Make It healthy, and do
these things, Mr. Stevens, and you will
have Mr. Wallace looking for that point of
the earth where he can drop off with the
CHILD LABOR IN NECESSARY,
Adalts Bhonld Do tbe Work that le
Now nonei by Children.
If all the children who hold certificates
showing they are Just 13 years of age under
the child labor act of 1901 were actually 13
years of age Major John C. pelaney, chluf
factory lnapector, might be Jusilnd In his
answer to the Kensington textile workers
proposing not to disturb these children In
the few months left befors they reach 14
years, the age required under the new act
But it Is notorious that under tho act of
11 a host of children hold certificates
who were really only 11 or 12 yoars old or
younger. Moreover, the act of 1W6 not only
raided the age to 11, but It required a new
Children with only a few months before
they are 14 must, we fear, suffer the sad
and unmerited penalty of labor and Insuffi
cient instruction. But It is Major Delaney's
plain duty to challenge all labor certificates
under the act of 19ul where children stem
too young (under 13) and require the record
evidence provided by the act at 19ij6.
If these children have not enough school
ing let them go to school. Let Major Uela
ney enforce the law Instead of dodging It
Neither need Major Ielany be so anxious
to prevent a child from having to study
until be or she Is 18. slnoe the law requires
this of children unschooled. Who Is Major
Delaney to put himself above the lawT
It la monstrous, to, that the "chief fac
tory inspector" ahould speak of thia "necee
alty" of child labor. No child labor la
necessary. Every child whose work la
stopped will be replaced by an adult.
"Necessary" child labor may be to employ
ers' profits. To this commonwealth it is
not only unnecessary, it Is pernicious.
If night labor is still required of mere
children In this state la glasaworke, where
poor, stunted children are having their
strength sapped by working through weary
nights, It is not because of any "necessity,'
but because of the hardness of men's
hearts, and one of the hardest of all was
Major Delaney's who surrendered the fight
against night child labor in (liswotJs be
fore il bad begun.
ARMY GOMir H WAMHSCITO.
Carrent Events (ilraned from the
Army and nvy Rrilitrr.
The War department hns Issued the order
designating officers of the army. thirty from
the Infantry and fifteen from the cavalry,
for a term of Instruction at tho Infantry
and cavalry school at Fort leavenworth.
Kan. The preparation of the order was
attended with considerable difficulty. Inas
much as the commanding officers making
the nominations from among the officers
of their regiments failed to observe the
regulations limiting the ilrtal's to those
who had served four years This was as
sumed In many casea to render ellslble
those officers of cavalry and infantry regi
ments who had been appointed on Feb
ruary 2, 1901, upon which date many of
ficers are recorded as entering the military
service. As a matter of fact, most of those
who were appointed at that time did not
ccept until some time afterward. In sev
eral rases the period being months. It
so happened that In many of the nomina
tions made by regimental commanders the
Junior officers had not served four years
In the military establishment, taking tho
date of acceptance aa the one from which
the four-year period should be reckoned.
This has caused much rorrespondanee be
tween the war department and the officers
who are called upon to submit the names.
and resulted In the delay In the completion
of the draft of the order in the military
Secretary's office. Of course, the selection
of officers for duty at the Fort Icavcn
worth school is confined to those of regi
ments serving In this country, and while
there will be an equivalent of one officer
for each regiment of Infantry and cavalry,
there are commands from which more than
one officer Is chosen, to make up for the
absences caused by the regiments stationed
In the Philippines and Alaska.
The War department Is advised of the
arrival at the front with the Russian
troops of General T. H. Barry and Cap
tain 8. A. Cloman, Twenty-third Infantry.
It Is understood that those officers ere at
the Russian headquarters. Nothing has
beon heard of Colonel John Van K. lloff of
the medical department, who left this
country with General Barry and Captain
Cloman as a military observer, but It la
believed he Is rt one of the base hospitals,
possibly at Harbin. It Is also learned that
Major M. M. Macomb of the artillery corps
and general staff Is at the same place from
which General Barry reported. It Is be
lieved that the officers with the Russian
troops are able to see very little of what
has been going on lately, and from all
accounts the attaches with the Japanese
army are In no better position to con
duct their observations. All our army of
ficers who have returned from duty in
Manchuria have made their reports with
the exception of Colonel E. H. Crowder,
who Is at work on his comment.
Arrangements have been made by the
army ordinance office for the manufacture
Of the new scabbard for the bayonet.
adopted by the War department as a result
of the consideration of the subject by a
special committee of the general staff and
In accordance with a report which has been
printed in the Register.' The scabbard will
be made of pine, covered with hard raw
hide, which will be allowed ta shrink, and
then bo covered with russet leather, which
Is also put on wet. Altogether this will
furnish a fine looking article. It has been
decided by the ordinance officers to have
the mouthpiece of steel, with a hook of
the Bame form as that now used on the
present scabbard. The new bayonet has a
16-Inch blade, and will have a new de
sign of catoh which not only secures the
bayonet to the rifle, but also holds It In
the scabbard. The bayonets will be made
at the Springfield armory and at the Rock
Island arsenal, while all the scabbards will
be made at Rock Island.
The chief of ordinance of the army has
taken such action as will place the service
In pot-session of 1.000 of the new
type of sword, adopted on tho recommen
dation of the speclul committee of the gen
eral staff, the report from which source
has been printed In full In these, columns.
It Is planned to Issue the swords to the
cavalry and mounted field officers and the
noncommissioned staff of infantry regi
ments, for the purpose of giving it a full
and complete trial under practical condi
tions at service. It Is required that re
ports shall be submitted from the sources
where the sword Is thus used, in oruer 10
see whether there Is necessity for further
change as a result of the experience of
the officers. The new sword will have the
same blade as that now in service, the
handle being longer and the guard of solid
metal. The scabbard will be of wood,
covered with leather.
a nhanlnln of the Michigan mllltla does
not see why there should not be distinctive
Inainnla for those of his rank and calling
In tha military establishment. One of the
questions recently submitted to me general
staff of the army has come rrom (.napiain
White of the First Infantry regiment of
the National guard of that state. Ha asked
if chaplains wear insignia or ranK ana it
not b wanted to know on what grounds
.riranna nra elven such Insignia and chap
lains denied It. The reply of General Chaf
fee is that for reasons deemed conclusive
I,- uniform order prescribes that chap
lains do not wear any Insignia of rank;
that if there are any reaaona wnicn seem
to Chaplain White to Justify a change in
.iitinir regulations In that respect, if
he will forward them to Washington they
will receive consideration when tne unirorm
order Is next revised.
T1IK LAWS DELAY.
Municipal Ownership In Chicago
Strike formidable Saavar.
Actual and unquestioned municipal own
ership of the street railways of Chicago
must be regarded as something of the dis
tant future. The plans which have been
submitted by. Mayor Dunne for putting It
into effect are likely to be upset by the
courts. Even if It were posslblo to put the
principle into operation now, it is probable
that it would be found most desirable to
have the railroads operated by private com
panies under lease. In any condition of
municipal ownership the Illinois statute
requires that the fares under municipal
operation shall be high enough to pay
operating expenses, interest and sinking
fund churges on bonds Usutd for the pur
pose of acquisition. Chicago's capttallxatlon
per mile of track is coiixiderably greater
than that of Boston, yet is below the aver
age of that of most cities in this country
with more than SL'O.Oou population, being
about 109,'XI per mile, against $97,10 per
mile for Boston and 1159,000 per mile in
New Tork. A 6-eent fare, therefore, would
most likely prevail, unless the sone system
of European cities is adopted, which would
make the long haul In some cases cost as
much as 10 cents.
Doubtless the suppressed report made to
Mayor Dunne by Mr. Dalryniple. the Glas
gow expert, would shed some light upon
the operating problem in that city, and the
public ought to have it. For the present,
however, the hitch Is less an operating than
a legal one.
Easy Mathematical Problem.
Japan says the war ha cost her $1,000,000
a day. As the war has been on about
eighteen months, Sundays Included, any
mathematician ought to be able to give
RuxsU'a fair Idea of what tha indemnity
tUnU. wUl I.
THE R AIl.nOAD Ar THE PEOrt.E.
Norfolk Iesa: It must be a nice thing to
be n rallrnnd and pity your taxes with an
Albion News: The leaven Is surely work
ing. Just think of It! At the county con
vention in !.ancastrr county, the repub
lican canill lat" for congress delivered a rlp
roarlng anti-monopoly speech, and was
cheered to the echo. Still more! A reso
lution condemning the free pass was
adopted with a whoop. What doea It mean?
There Is no machine or combination power
ful enough to combat public aonttment.
Auburn Granger: The 8tate Journal attri
butes the election of a republican to con
gress from the First district of Nebraska
to the stand taken by the republicans In
convention against the free pass as a bribe.
Who'd have thunk It? The anti-free pasa
question was frensled populism a few years
ago, but let the good work go on, for the
free pass In the pocket of an official Is
surely a bribe, direct or otherwise, and
all truly patriotic Nehraskans should hall
with rejoicing the death knell thereof. If
such It be.
Bradshaw Republican: The editor of this
paper has a small suggestion to make,
though in a small and feeble way. The sug
gestion is this. Let a convention of all re
publican editors of the state be held at
some convenient point. Lincoln, for In
stance. TjH the railroad pass question to
gether with Its relative bearing and In
fluence as a bribe upon the newspaper edi
tors of the stato be canvassed, and If after
a cool, careful, deliberate and Impassioned
discussion of the entire question and situa
tion, It Is found that the pass does act as
a gag or restralner to the press in dis
cussing the evils of the free pass system,
let a resolution be passed returning to the
railroads every mile of transportation held
by all republican editors, then cut loose
w-lth a free sndN untmmmcled swing and
make a campaign so hot and furious that
the steel rails of the railroad will fairly
sltzle. Coma fellows, If you are In real
earnest about this "free pass" question
you are ready to do what Is fair no quib
bling, no squirming.
Grand Island Independent: "Business by
lawsuit" is not the kind of a proposition
that would commend itself to the average
farmer, manufacturer or merchant. Yet
that is the method of transacting affairs
which Is now proposed to fasten upon the
railroads of the country by means of tha
proposed rate legislation. Every success
ful business man knows that the best way
of doing business Is by conference and
contract between the parties Interested
rather than through the efforta of an out
side tribunal. It is only when these means
fail that recourse is had in the courts.
These excerpts are from one of the latest
made-to-order editorials provided for the
country newspapers by the railroad literary
bureau at Omaha. Business by lawsuit Is
not the best business proposition. But
what business man would want to do busi
ness In a country in which there was no
recourse to courts? Or In a line In which
he was oonvlnced he had no equal and fair
opportunity? And the average business
man, farmer and manufacturer Is becoming
convinced that at present these conditions
prevail to a greater or lesser extent In our
own country. There la abundant evidence
to show that conferences and , contracts
have been unavailing in the eradication of
disc-imlnations In favor of some firms and
localities, and hence these means have
failed. The people of the country do not
object so much to the earnings, real or
supposed, that railroads are making as
they do to the manner In which they are
Frederick W. Vanderbllt has a strong
penchant for Japanese architecture and fol
lows the lead of Mrs. W. K. Vanderbllt.
Senator Clark of Montana has furnished
means to defray the expenses of an expedi
tion to explore the unknown mountains of
H. J. Helns of Pittsburg will soon estab
lish a Japanese Sunday school worker In
Japan at his own expense, and will shortly
leave for that country to supervise.
The grand duke of Luxembourg, and not
the king of Denmark, ta the dean of Euro
pean sovereigns. He has been a general In
the Trusslan army since 1855 and was born
Prof. Albert M. Reese of the Syracuse
university has gone to Florida under the
auspices of the Smithsonian institution to
collect eggs of the alligator to work out its
Frlnce Alfonso of Bourbon has been pre
sented with a beautifully Illuminated
diploma by the Hungarian Anti-Dueling
association In recognition of his efforts to
stop the practice of dueling.
Edmund J. James will be Installed presi
dent of the 1'nlvcrsity of Illinois during the
third week In October. The ceremonies will
extend over Tuesday, Wednesday and
Thursday, October 17, 18 and II.
Pope Plux X recently gave audience to a
poor man living at Tlvoll, near Rome, who
presented the pontiff with a bunch of
asparagus of his own growing and received
In return the pope's photograph.
Simon Guggenheim, worth $15,000,000, and
one of the wealthiest men In the state of
Colorado, at ono time conducted a little
shop for the sale of embroideries and laces
In Philadelphia. He made his first money
during the Leadvllle excitement by Invest
ing In a few shares of mining stock with
the profits made in his little Philadelphia
Secretary Dudley of the civil service com
mission has kept an Interesting paper,
written by a candidate for the position of
health Inspector at a nearby city. The
paper as a whole is worth preserving. In
snswer to the question, "Py what meana
are Infectious diseases communicated?" the
candidate replied, "By malls, telephone and
telegraph." The whole paper abounds In
such unconscious gems.
' k PMilrfi
There is a reason, and the best Kind of a
reason, why Ayer's Hair Vigor makes the hair
grow long and heavy.
It is a hair-food. It feeds the hair and makes
It healthy and strong.
Healthy hair grows, keeps soft and smooth,
does not split at the ends, and never falls out. '
Give Ayer's Hair Vigor to your gray hair and
restore to it all the deep, rich color of early life.
Made by the . C. Ay.' O . Lsll, ataae.
Aim auuJMiu'w ot
ATWd'S) CmfBB PtCTOHiL-yoreoatM. ATER'S PILLS For eoettipaties.
Al' SAaaAPAitUXA- ur tke bluui. ATtM'g AO US CUM-Vof tuWnt asf SgBS.
roimoi s mors t rnosrrcTS.
Harvest of Vast Proportions Korr
Rlpenlnat In the t nlted States.
8tock exchange totals, counting Inflated
capitalisation, duplication of values, large
Injections of fictitious wealth, etc., run to
amazing figures, but after all when we get
down to tho basis of things, the harvests
of the farmers represent the solid sonrcea
of our national prosperity. It may sound
large and nationally self-satisfying to say
that the stocks listed on the New York:
Stock exchange are worth today, or at any
glen time, one thousand million dollAra
more than at the previous twelve montha
period, but this does not always mean that
the country Is really that much richer, ex
cept perhaps that the rise in securities re
flects conditions which spring from other
causes. When we say, however, that the
sun today. In its course from the eastern
shores of Maine to the Golden Gate of Cali
fornia, la shining on two to three thousand
millions of dollars' worth of growing or
matured crops, that on every hillside and
prairie farm, on vast stretches of wheat
and corn land there Is growing silently but
surely a golden harvest that means some
thing of Interest to every man, woman and
child in this country and the entire world
as well. And the reports of the Agricul
tural department indicate unquestionably
that a harvest of vast proportions is now
ripening In the United States. To the aver
age reader the array of statistics In which
the facts are set forth may appear dry and
deadly dull, but to one who reads between
the lines the story of the 1905 harvest ta an
absorbing eplo of national wealth a. paean
of prosperity that echoes better living, bet
ter times and a general uplifting of tha
standard of existence everywhere. Tha
crops of 1908, particularly since they are
now known prospectively to be of record
breaking proportions, may be likened to the
life blood of our commerce. The streams
of gold that will flow to the farmer as the
result of his hard work and the blessings
of Trovldence, will trickle In turn to every
nook and comer of this nation. No man Is
so poor and humble that he will not feel,
directly or Indirectly, the beneficent Influ
ence of Nature's reward to tbe husband
man, and the richest man, overwhelmed
though he may bo now with too great opu
lence, will find his treasure chests Inflated
anew by reason of the sunshine and rain
falling on a fertile soli fruitful with tha
seed sown by industry. Every day that
dawns between now and fall means, barring
untoward calamities of nature, the addition
of millions of dollars to the real wealth of
the country, and this means, not fictitious
valuation, or the marking up of quotations
but tangible property.
LINES TO A LAUGH.
Fllnder hear you've gone In the auto
Cinders Y'es, I thought It would be
cheaper than sending my machines out
every time they got smashed up.-Detrolt
Chief of Police But If you don't know
the name of tha clairvoyant who robbed
you, can't you at least give us a descrip
tion of her?
Victim Well, she wasn't very short nor
Chief of Police Naturally. Of course a
clairvoyant would be of modlum build.
BJackaon How much do you pay for your
lead pencils, old man?
BJohnson Why I really don't know. I
haven't bought a lead pencil for years and
years." fioinerville Journal.
"How will you estimate the carrying- ca
pacity of your flying machine?"
"By the amount or stock it will float," an
swered the practical Inventor. Washington
Mr. T-I think I shall give up my busi
ness, my dear. I might as well hava soma
enloyment out of my money.
Mrs. TOht not yet, Samuel. But when
one of us dies I Intend to give up house
keeping and see a iltUe of the world. Illus
Bill I hear Hardwacks Is making plans
for the future.
Jill Well, if he wants to preserve 'em
he'd better make 'em on asbestos. Tonk
Ajrent Here is a book you can't afford to
be without. ,
Victim I never read books.
Agent Buy It for your children.
Victim I have no family only a cat.
Agent Well, don't you need a good heavy
book to throw at the cat, sometimes?
Dlogenea was hunting tor an honest man.
"All out of that, but we can give you
something Just as good," we reply. "How
would an Investigated, vindicated one do?"
Deaf to our offers, the philosopher
trekked on his way. New Tork Sun.
"The hotel Is so crowded, sir, that tha
best we can do Is to put you in the same
room with the proprietor."
"That will be all right; Just put my val
uables In the safe." The Tatler.
BALLADH OF FISIIItfO.
The fishing season now ts hers
When men to quiet places stray,
The gladdest time of all the year,
When reel and line begin to play
Along the banks where willows swny,
And still we hear the fishers nal
"I oaught a tew good ones, but, clear!
A great big whopier got away,"
The halt and hooka and things appear,
A costly and a fine array.
The bamboo poles like forests rear
On sedgy stream anl sandy bay,
And those returning evr fay
In manner light and accents gay
With thia new saying greet the ear:
"A great big whopper got away."
Each day a brand new t'.le we hear
Of some big. distant fishing fray,
But though a few may flout and fleer
The moat some interest display.
For they have done the self same way;
These fairly tales they daren t gainsay.
For they have also said each year:
"A great big whopper gut away." '
Ah, Walton, prince of fishers, Tray
When you were fishing did uu say
The self-same words we hear today,
"A great big whopper got away?"
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